Women and the Vedic Dharma
Written by Mushafiq Sultan Saturday, 01 January 2011 16:58
The destiny of nations is governed by their beliefs and ideas. How a nation treats its men and women also reflects their culture. Let us see the position of women in the Vedic Dharma.
In the Vedas wherever special prayers have been made for children, they have always been for sons. Nowhere is a prayer or charm recited to be granted a daughter. For exmaple,
1. O Bounteous Indra, make this bride blest in her sons and fortunate. Vouchsafe to her ten sons , and make her husband the eleventh man. [Rigved Mandal 10, Sookt 85, Mantra 45]
2. This is thy Soma draught, O bright Âditya: take delight therein. To this mine utterance, O ye men, give credence, what good the man and wife obtain by praying: A manly son is born and gathers riches , and thrives for ever sinless in the dwelling. [Yajurved Adhyay 8, Mantra 5]
bestow on me a babe. as whenever she visits her parents. Mantra 33]
All prayers for being granted a boy and none for a girl. [Satyarth Prakash Chapter 4.Indra himself hath said.
.". Fathers. a boy enwreathed with lotuses. The advantages and disadvantages of distant and near marriages.".
Speaking of marriage Swami Dayanad Saraswati says. there is a possibility of her parents becoming poor.
".Women and the Vedic Dharma
Written by Mushafiq Sultan Saturday. because the marriage of a girl to a man who comes from a distant country or distant part of the same country is productive of good.If the bride's people do not live very far from her husband's home.good).In Sanskrit a daughter is called duhitri (from Du . [Yajurved Adhyay 2.
". so that there may be here a man. Mantra 17 censures women by saying. Page 85]
Rigved Mandal 8. Sookt 33. Her intellect hath little weight . they will have to give her something or other by the way of a present. The mind of woman brooks not discipline. 01 January 2011 16:58
3. Hit .
it is written:
". [ Rig Veda. Her heart is like that of a hyena. Sholka 416]
A girl without a brother is called Abhratr and it is prohibited to marry such a girl. Even to the wicked.Women and the Vedic Dharma
Written by Mushafiq Sultan Saturday. they speak in a feeble manner.
The Atharva Ved says. [Manu Smriti Chapter 8. 8. 01 January 2011 16:58
At another place. The wealth that she earns is not her but her husband's. [Krishna Yajur Veda vi. 10/95/15 ]
The Krishna Yajur Veda says:
Women are without energy. 2]
A wife has no claim to property of her husband. They should not get a share in the property.There cannot be any friendship with a woman. 5.".
for ghee is a thunderbolt. and by that thunderbolt. and he is excellence. Now other libations he completes by mixing. the ghee. and light. [Atharva Ved Kaand 1. Kaand 4. the gods smote the wives and unmanned them. 01 January 2011 16:58
Those maidens there. Sookt 17.Women and the Vedic Dharma
Written by Mushafiq Sultan Saturday. Adhyay 4. smite the wives and unman them. and thus smitten and unmanned. are untruth: he should not look at these.
". for this Gharma is he that shines yonder.
They stand like women who have no brother. reft of power. like sisters who are brotherless. Kaandika 13]
The same Shatpath Brahman clubs women. With these words the simile implies the prohibition of marrying a brotherless maiden. Mantra 1]
Explaining this. truth. the dog. preachings of the 'Yajur Veda' says. and the black bird (the crow). must now stand quiet. the veins. [Shatpath Brahman. Brahaman 2. says. Nirukt.And whilst not coming into contact with Sûdras and remains of food. by that thunderbolt. they neither own any self nor do they own any heritage . lest he should
. which is the oldest Indian treatise on Etymology. 'shudras' (untouchables). Philology and Semantics. dogs and crows together and says.[Nirukt 3:4]
Shatpath Brahman. but woman. and whose path is obstructed with regard to procreation and the offering of the sacrificial cake. the ghee. and thus smitten and unmanned they neither owned any self nor did they own any heritage. but this one he diminishes.
He (the Adhvaryu) then mixes it with the residue (of ghee) which is left in the prakaranî spoon. who run their course in robes of ruddy hue. the Sûdra. And in like manner does he now.
So Hindu men should not marry women who are named Ashvini.". nor one who is an invalid. or devoid of good qualities.". Kaandika 31]
A woman can never ask for divorce.
".or of a river. a girl who has a graceful figure without any deformity. truth and untruth . Listen to him. 90]
. etc. (yet) a husband must be constantly worshipped as a god by a faithful wife.Let him choose for his wife.
Though destitute of virtue. MANU 3: 8. nor one with red eyes. who walks gracefully like a swan or an elephant. nor one immoderately talkative. Adhyay1. or seeking pleasure (elsewhere).Let a man never marry one who is pale and anaemic. [Kaand 14. nor one who is altogether a bigger and stronger person than himself or has a redundant member.Women and the Vedic Dharma
Written by Mushafiq Sultan Saturday. who has a pretty name. who has fine hair and lovely teeth. nor one either with no hair or too much hair or too much hair.Nor one with the name of star. Saraswati. Pages 89. [Manu Smriti 5:154]
Swami Dayanand Saraswati is teaching us in Satyarth Prakash how to choose a perfect wife. 01 January 2011 16:58
mingle excellence and sin.
". or of a mountain. MANU 3: 10
[Satyarth Prakash. Manu says. even if her husband ill treats her.
". Brahman1.of a tree. Ganga. Himalaya. and whose body is exquisitely soft. light and darkness.
V. If even then she was unable to beget a child. page 341). Pandu himself had asked his queen.' chapters 120 to 123). and as a result of which Dhartrashtra and Pandu were born.
An ancient commentator of 'Manu Smriti' (Manu's Code).Women and the Vedic Dharma
Written by Mushafiq Sultan Saturday. Kunti. 10/85/45). 01 January 2011 16:58
He forgets to teaches how to choose a husband. that when Parshu Ram started killing the Kshatriyas.
. Indication of this custom is available in Rig Veda. by Bharatratan Mahamahopdhyay. According to him there was a law that a woman or a man could have sexual intercourse with eleven persons. husband's younger brother. Swami Dayanand Saraswati had claimed to have written a commentary free from defects in the interpretation. With regard to 'Niyog'. then a woman could go to another. Similar references are found at other places in 'Mahabharata' also.
In the last century. there are detailed discussions at a number of places in other religious books.
The 'Vedas. has been given as 'Duvitya Var' that is.' also talk about 'Niyog' the custom of childless widow or woman having sexual intercourse with a person other than her husband to beget a child. of the ancient commentators on the 'Vedas. In simple words 'Niyog' means sending a married woman or widow to a particular man for sexual intercourse so that she gets a son. Kane.
In 'Aadiparva' of 'Mahabharata' (chapters 95 and 103). the second husband (Nirukt 3:15). the meaning of 'dewar' that is. Dr P. it is mentioned that Satyawati had appointed her son to bestow sons to the queens of Vichitrvirya. the younger brother of Bhishma.' Dayanand had not only accepted the prevalence of 'Niyog' but also on the basic of 'smritis' (codes of traditional Hindu laws).
It has been said in 'Aadi Parva' (chapters 64 and 104). If no child was born from the one. then she could go to the third and so on till she had intercourse with eleven men (Dayanand's commentary on Rig Veda. to have sexual intercourse with a Brahmin to get a son (Aadi Parva. thousands of female Kshatriyas started going to Brahmins to get sons. Part I. Meghatithi has clearly accepted the existence of 'Niyog‘ (quoted from 'Dharam Shastra Ka Itihas'. discussed 'Niyog' in great detail in the language of the 'Veda mantras' (Vedic hymns).
the improvement in the position and status of the women is next to impossible. Munis' and 'Brahmins' used to participate in 'Niyog' (see 'Mahabharata Aadi Parv.No woman of the Vedic age can be treated as pure. From 'Niyog pratha'. chapters 64.
Gajdhar Prasad Baudh says: ". Under the influence of intoxication of wine. The so-called caretakers of the religion were allowed to have sexual intercourse with another man's wife.Thoug h woman was married to a man. This was a cruel religious custom and the chastity of women was not safe. it can be inferred without fear of contradiction that the women were looked upon as mere child-producing machines.
Chastity of woman was not safe
In the name of 'beejdan' (seed donation).". But she was not getting share out of the property of her husband.
Till such a time as these teachings have an overwhelming influence.95. they used to have sexual intercourse with issueless women. she was considered to be the property of the entire family.103. Vedic men could not keep even the relations between brother-sister and father-daughter sacred from the oven of rape and debauchery / adultery named 'Niyog'.
In 'The Position of Women in Hindu Civilization'. they used to recognise neither sister nor daughter and also they did not keep in mind their relations with them.Women and the Vedic Dharma
Written by Mushafiq Sultan Saturday. 104). (Refer 'Arya Niti Ka Bhandaphor'. only the son could be the successor to property. Rishis. Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar writes: ". 'Devtas.
. 5th edition page 14). 01 January 2011 16:58
Woman was sometimes even forced to have sexual intercourse with men in the custom of 'Niyog'. It is evident from their debauchery and adultery what the miserable plight of women was in the society then.