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A homeowner guide to the City of Winnipeg plumbing requirements for a single-family dwelling
It is recommended that the applicable sections of this booklet be reviewed before commencing the project. in case of a discrepancy between this booklet and the governing City of Winnipeg Bylaw. . the By-law will take precedence. Complete plumbing requirements are covered in the Manitoba Plumbing Code. and 2) Provide information on the extent to which the plumbing work must be completed before requesting an inspection. Please note that this booklet is not intended to cover all of the plumbing regulations.contents 2 General Information ________________________ 3 Inspection _________________________________ 4 New Drain and Vent Installations ______________ 5 Potable Water Systems ______________________ 15 Protection From Contamination By Cross Connections _____________________ 17 note This booklet has been written to: 1) Provide homeowners with a summary of some more common plumbing regulations. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of information contained in this booklet. However.
The owner personally must do the work.Typical Basement Plumbing Diagram Existing 11/2 in. altered. or service water heaters. When is a plumbing permit not required? A plumbing permit is not required when: a) a stoppage in the drainage system is cleared. renewed or repaired. Backwater Valve Shower Basin 3 . extended. FIGURE 1 . Property and Development Department.When is a plumbing permit required? general information general information A plumbing permit must be obtained from the City of Winnipeg Planning. Who may obtain a plumbing permit? Plumbing permits can be issued only to: a) a person who holds a Plumbing Contractor’s license from the City of Winnipeg authorizing that person to carry out business or trade in the City of Winnipeg. The permit would be issued to the owner provided the Manager of Building Inspections is confident the work will be done competently. or d) a replacement is made to existing faucets. Drain Toilet 3 in. 2 in. and b) when water supply lines in a building are replaced. b) a leak is repaired in a water distribution system. Existing 4 in. OR b) the owner of a detached single family dwelling who is also the occupant. 3 in.30 Fort Street whenever: a) a plumbing system is constructed. Unit 31 . Can a plumbing permit be transferred to an individual other than the original applicant? No! A plumbing permit is not transferable. NOTE: Lead free solder is required for all drinking water supply lines. c) a fixture is replaced without any change to the drainage system. vent connection 11/2 in.
m.39. How much does a plumbing permit cost? The plumbing permit fee is $16. . all drains and vents should be completed. The minimum permit fee is $23. The inspectors office hours are between 8:30 a.general information 4 What information is required to apply for a plumbing permit? To obtain a plumbing permit. If a fixture has been roughed-in for future use. all fixtures and equipment must be installed and ready for use.27 for the rough-in and installation of each fixture outlet. Upon completion please contact the plumbing inspector for a final inspection. d) show the location of each fixture.m. the homeowner must present a plumbing diagram for the proposed installation with the following details: a) the diagram must have a view from the side. An example of a typical plumbing diagram is shown is FIGURE 1.04. weekdays. If the plumbing in the basement has previously been roughed-in under another permit and only the fixtures are being installed at this time then the fee for finishing is $7. inspection What must be ready for the first inspection? Before calling the plumbing inspector. b) be drawn as single line. The work must not be covered before inspection. Please note that these fees are subject to change. c) show the drain and vent pipe sizes. and 9:30 a. the outlet must be sealed with an approved plug or cap. These are the only times that the inspector can be contacted to arrange an inspection. If any part of the plumbing work is found deficient during inspection. What must be ready for the final inspection? Before the final inspection. Please call the inspector the morning of the day that the inspection is required. alterations or replacement must be made as necessary. The work may be subject to additional inspections.12 per fixture. The fee for a new single family dwelling is $122.
The drains must be supported by a firm base/hanger to remain in that position. See FIGURE 3. See FIGURE 2.) for every 300 mm (1 foot) FIGURE 3 . FIGURE 2 . v v 310 mm (12 1/2 in.Fall of Fixture Trap PERMITTED NOT PERMITTED The “shaded area” that shows the fall must not be greater than the size of the fixture drain.) Firm Earth 5 .) for every 300 mm (1 foot) of pipe length. What is the total fall allowed from a fixture trap to the vent? Except for a water closet.Minimum Slope of Drains v v v Sand 10 ft. Drain sloped at 6 mm (1/4 in.new drain & vent installations new drain & vent installations What is the minimum slope requirement for drains? All drains must be installed to provide a minimum slope away from the fixture of at least 6 mm (1/4 in.) v 250 mm (10 in. the total fall from the fixture trap to the vent must not exceed the diameter of the fixture drain.
Therefore. length is twice the diameter of the fixture drain. expansion joints must be installed at the base of every soil or waste stack.) vertically. length must not exceed 1.) 2. include means to accommodate expansion and contraction of the piping system caused by temperature change. where necessary. 6. Min. Max. where plastic pipe is used. See FIGURE 4. (5 ft. Length must not exceed 900 mm (35 in.Lengths of Fixture Drains and Expansion Fitting v 1 v v 2 v v 3 v v 4 1. See FIGURE 4. v v 5 v 6 6 . Expansion fitting .). Are expansion fittings required for piping systems? Yes! The design and installation of every piping system must.5 m (5 ft.5 m. Cleanout. The distance between a vent pipe and a water closet must not exceed 3 m.size of a soil or waste stack. 5. length is 1 m (39 in).new drain & vent installations What is the maximum distance allowed between a vent pipe and a fixture trap or a water closet? The maximum distance between a vent pipe and a fixture trap must not exceed 1. 4. Max. 3.). length is 3 m (10 ft. FIGURE 4 .). Max.) horizontally and 900 mm (35 in. (10 ft.
C. C. What are the requirements for the installation of “T” and “ Y” fittings in the drainage system? Tee fittings or 90 degree elbows must not be used in the horizontal portion of a drainage system. See FIGURE 6 and FIGURE 7. Kitchen Sink W. Basin C. Backwater Valve Shower Catch Basin 7 . (Exceptions see FIGURE 8).O.Building Drainage System With Cleanout Fittings Line Cleanout Basin Basin v C. c) to permit the cleaning of vents to the flood level rim of kitchen sinks. b) at the base of every soil or waste stack. and d) at every 90 degree change of direction in sink wastes.O.O.O. Tee fittings may be used to make the connections to vent pipes. Bathtub W. W. Except that a 90-degree elbow or tee fittings may be used to change the direction of horizontal drains when the direction of flow is down to the vertical. All changes of direction must be made with the use of Y’s and 45 degree bends. Expansion Expansion C. Automatic Washer C.O.O. See FIGURE 5.C. C.new drain & vent installations What are the locations of the cleanout fittings in the drainage system? Approved cleanout fittings must be installed at the following locations: a) as close as practicable to the point where the building drain leaves the building. FIGURE 5 .C.
new drain & vent installations FIGURE 6 .Part 1 Dry Vent Vent Sanitary “T” Drains 8 .Permitted Use of Sanitary “T” (“TY”) Fittings .
new drain & vent installations FIGURE 7 .Exceptions Permitted use of “long sweep” 90 degree Permitted use of 90 degree Typical Installation Fixture Fixture NOT PERMITTED PERMITTED 9 .Part 2 PERMITTED NOT PERMITTED PERMITTED NOT PERMITTED FIGURE 8 .Permitted Use of Sanitary “T” (“TY”) Fittings .Permitted Use of Sanitary “T” (“TY”) Fittings .
new drain & vent installations Can drainage or water piping be installed in exterior walls? Where piping may be exposed to freezing conditions. Vent pipes are permitted in exterior walls. 10 Soil . and f) the fixture drains are connected separately and directly into the soil or waste pipe.09 sq. (0. Wet Vent Water Closet 1 Shower 1 /2 in. d) when two water closets are installed they are connected at the same level by an approved double fitting. Water Closet 3 in.97 sq. Is room ventilation for bathrooms required? Yes! Ventilation of bathrooms or any rooms containing a water closet must be provided by either. c) the number of vented water closets does not exceed two. 10 & 11. No drainage or water system can be installed in any exterior wall of a building. ft. m. Basin 11/4 in. thus resulting in unacceptable air quality. What requirement must be met for the venting of multiple fixtures? A soil or waste pipe extended as a stack vent or a continuous vent may serve as a single storey vent if: a) all fixtures served by the vent are in the same storey. it must be protected. e) water closets are connected downstream of all other fixtures.One Storey Venting (Back to Back) Basin 1 /4 in.Waste Stack 3 in. See FIGURES 9. or b) a mechanical exhaust system (fan) to the outdoors. . a) a window with an openable area of at least 0. b) the number of vented fixtures does not exceed four. NOTE: Natural ventilation such as an openable window is considered suitable only for summer use and tends not to be used in winter. 3 in. 1 Stack Vent 3 in.). Bathtub 11/2 in. FIGURE 9 .
1 1/2 in. Heat Duct 3 in. Wet Vent 11 . SECOND FLOOR Automatic Washer 3 in. Basin 1 1/4 in. 3 in. 2 in. Water Closet 3 in. Shower 2 in.Two Storey Venting ROOF 3 in. Basin 1 1/4 in. 3 in. 1 1/2 in. Water Closet 1 1/2 in. 3 in. FIRST FLOOR 2 in.new drain & vent installations FIGURE 10 . 2 in.
Typical Basement Plumbing Installation Showing Venting Method. A sump pit should be installed with the backwater valve.) Min. To install new rough-in “plastic” basement plumbing to existing “cast-iron” piping — use plastic to cast-iron adaptor and M. developed length 1. fall of trap arm is equal to pipe size Max. Developed length is two times pipe size v v 90 degree v Sanitary Tee 45 degree 12 45 degree Total change in direction is 135 degrees v v v 4 in. The backwater valve must be installed to protect the branch drain. (mechanical joint adaptor) clamps v Building Drain v 4 in. The backwater valve must not be installed on a building drain or building sewer unless approved by the Authority Having Jurisdiction. Wet Vent v v v Wet Vent FD Y v 45 degree v 45 degree . v Approved “Backwater Valve” must be installed on branch drain to protect all “new” plumbing that is “below grade”. to this point Water Closet 11/4 in.5 m (5 ft. 11/2 in. Shower 3 in. 2 in. v Branch Drain 2 in.J.new drain & vent installations When is a backwater valve required? All fixtures installed below street level must be protected by a backwater valve arranged to prevent sewer back-up.Location of Vent Pipes Cumulative Change in Direction Max. Basin 2 in. 11/2 in. FIGURE 11 . 2 in. 3 in. FIGURE 12 . Min. Backwater Valve & Attachment to “Cast-Iron” Piping See “Vent Pipe Connections” Page 13 v 3 in. See FIGURE 5 and FIGURE 11.
FIGURE 13 . See FIGURE 12. What are some requirements to be met when vent pipes are being connected and being run through the dwelling to the roof? a) Where a vent pipe passes through the roof. 75 mm (3 in.) in diameter immediately before penetrating the roof. d) A vent pipe must extend vertically above the flood level rim of every fixture that it serves before being connected to another vent pipe.) Vent to connect above flood level rim of fixture Vent connected to stack vent in attic space Min. b) It is recommended that a vent located in attic spaces be insulated.Vent Pipe Connections Vent terminated through roof To be increased to 75 mm (3 in.What is the maximum cumulative change in direction permitted between a fixture trap and a vent? new drain & vent installations The cumulative change of direction between a fixture trap and a vent must not exceed 135 degrees. c) Vent pipes must be installed without depressions in which moisture can collect.) v Flood Level Rim v v 13 . it must be protected from frost closure by increasing the pipe size to at least 75 mm (3 in. See FIGURE 13.
3 in. Expansion Fitting Building Drain Cleanout 4 in. Bathtub 1 /2 in. Backwater Valve 4 in.new drain & vent installations TABLE 1 . .Fixture Size Requirements FIXTURE Bathtub (with or without shower) Bidet Clothes Washer Dishwashers (no load when connected to a garbage disposal unit or a kitchen sink trap Garbage disposal units . Main Vent Kitchen Sink Basin 11/2 in. (to street) 11/2 in.Typical Drainage & Vent Sizing 11/4 in. SIZE OF FIXTURE OUTLET PIPES (inches) 11/2 11/4 11/2 11/2 11/2 11/2 11/4 11/2 11/2 3 FIGURE 14 . 3 in. Catch Basin 4 in. 3 in. 14 NOTE: Every building drain must be at least 100 mm. 4 in. v Building Drain v 4 in.) in size. 1 v Water Closet 3 in. (4 in) in size and must be terminated by a vent at least 75 mm (3 in. 11/2 in. Building Sewer Cleanout 4 in.residential type Laundry sinks Lavatories (basin) Shower Drain Sink . 11/4 in.one and two compartments with garbage disposal unit Water Closet MIN.
d) Every water closet must be provided with a shut-off valve on the water supply pipe.) of the floor or to a safe location. a) Every water service pipe must be provided with a shut-off valve where the pipe enters the building. See FIGURE 15.e. What are the requirements that must be met for the installation of a potable water system? All potable water systems must meet the following standards. a hose bib vacuum breaker must be installed on a hose bib located outside a building or inside a garage to protect against backflow.. See FIGURE 14. f) Every hot water tank must be provided with a shut-off valve and a pressure and temperature relief valve. b) A water distribution system must be installed so that the system can be drained or blown out with air c) Every fixture supplied with hot and cold water controls must have the hot water control on the left and the cold water control on the right. . Every temperature and pressure relief valve must be provided with a drain and the drain must extend to within 300 mm (12 in. lawn service) must be provided with a frost-proof hydrant or a stop-and-waste valve placed inside the building close to the outside wall or other approved location. The pressure and temperature relief valve must be designed to open when the water pressure in the tank exceeds the rated working pressure of the tank or when the water temperature exceeds 99°C (210°F).potable water systems potable water systems 15 What are the size requirements for fixture outlet pipes? The sizes of all fixture outlet pipes must comply with TABLE 1. Also. e) Every pipe that passes through an exterior wall to supply water (i.
Hot Water Tank Fittings & Water Supply Shut-off Valves Stop Valve Union Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve v v Hot Water Tank Angle Stop 16 v v v NOTE: A Temperature & Pressure Relief Valve is to be installed within 150 mm (6 in.potable water systems FIGURE 15 .) of the top of the Hot Water Tank. T&P Drain (full size) Water Closet Supply Stop and Drain Outside Lawn Service Building Control Valve Water Service Supply .
foreign matter. b) placed in elevated locations watering shrubs. See FIGURE 16. c) have chemical sprayers attached.protectoin from contamination by cross connections protectoin from contamination by cross connections 177 1 How can your potable water system be protected from contamination by cross connection? A hose bib vacuum breaker must be installed on every hose bib located outside a building or in a garage to isolate garden hose applications thus protecting the potable water supply from contamination. some of which are listed below: A garden hose can be: a) left submerged in a swimming pool. The ordinary garden hose is the most common offender as it can be easily connected to the potable water supply and used for a variety of potentially dangerous applications. and garden chemicals. A cross connection is a direct arrangement of piping which allows the potable water supply to be connected to a line that contains a contaminant. and boilers. d) positioned lying on the ground that may be contaminated with fertilizer. e) attached to a laundry tub with the end of the hose submerged in a tub full of detergent. etc. The purpose of a hose bib is to permit easy attachment of a hose for outside watering purposes. . Connections to potable water systems must be designed so that non-potable water. foreign chemicals or substances that may render the water non-potable cannot enter the system. or f) connected to the supply lines of bottom fed tanks. for spraying pesticides or herbicides.
protection from contamination by cross connections FIGURE 16.Back Siphonage & Backflow Prevention Hose Bib v Sources of Contamination What is Back Siphonage? A reversal of normal flow in the system caused by a negative pressure (vacuum or partial vacuum) in the supply piping. Hose Bib Vacuum Breaker Hose Bib Vacuum Breaker for Frost Proof Hydrants 18 .
mb.30 Fort Street WINNIPEG. Manitoba R3C 4X7 www. Property & Development Department 31 .ca/ppd .city.For more information on this booklet please contact: Plan Examination Branch PH: (204) 986-5268 FAX: (204) 986-7307 Housing Inspection Branch PH: (204) 986-5300 FAX: (204) 942-2008 City of Winnipeg Planning.winnipeg.
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