PEKALONGAN PAINTED BATIK BACKGROUND Batik is not something foreign to the Indonesian people.

There are many regions which produce batik. In Indonesia there are many regions of batik artisans. Every region has its own unique and distinct, both in a decorative colors and layout. One of the regions is Pekalongan. Pekalongan is a city and regency on the northern coast of Central Java, Indonesia. It consists of four districts; they are West Pekalongan, North Pekalongan, East Pekalongan, and South Pekalongan. Since the Dutch colonial days, Pekalongan has been famous as a “Kota Batik” or “Batik City” and the famous batik in Pekalongan is “painted batik” or “hand drawing batik”. However, in recent years, there are not many “painted batik” or ‘hand drawing’ producers, due to the growing competition from the cheaper “printed batik” or “stamped batik” which can be produced quicker and cheaper. Batik began there around 1850 and was influenced by the Chinese and Dutch. As a Javanese, I am interested in raising the topic of batik because we know that batik now has become an international cultural heritage and batik are also a trend in the international world as a unique motif so admired by fans throughout the world of batik fashion. The problems that will be discussed in this paper are as the following questions: 1. What is batik? 2. What is the equipment used to make batik? 3. What is the process to make batik? 4. What are the Pekalongan batik motifs? 5. What are the cultural values of batik? To answer the questions above, the objectives of this paper are: 1. To explain the meaning of batik 2. To explain the equipment used to make batik 3. To explain the process to make batik 4. To explain the motifs of Pekalongan batik 5. To explain the cultural values of batik 2.1 The Meaning of Batik The word ‘batik’ was taken from the Malay word ‘titik’ which means a little dot, ’a drop’ and from Javanese, the word batik is taken from the word ‘ambatik’. The word ‘amba’ means to write and ‘tik’ means a dot. So the word ‘batik’ has the meaning ‘to write a dot or to paint a dot’. But essentially the word ‘batik’ means as a repeated process of creating and dyeing technique using wax on a fabric. The wax has the function to main and prevent the colored area so that the color absorbed. The wax here also to maintain the motifs so that the batik looks interesting. 2.2 The equipment to make Batik Drawing batik may seem very intricate but the tools used to make them are still very simple. The most important tool of the batik making process is the canting or better known as ‘tjanting’. The other equipment used to make painted batik among others are: 1. a small frying pan ( used as a place to heat up the malam (candle or wax) to become liquid) 2. a brazier (to heat up the malam with burning coals from the charcoal) 3. a fan (to keeps the embers burning) 4. a gawangan (to strings or to hang up the batik to dry) 5. a canting (the pen-like instrument used to apply wax to the cloth) 6. a cloth (to cover the thighs batik droplets) 7. a bandhul (to hold the cloth in fix position when painting) 8. a ganden (wooden hammer to beat the cloth to be soften) 9. a malam or wax (consist of a mixture of beeswax, used for its malleability, and paraffin, used for its friability. Resins can be added to increase adhesiveness and animal fats to create greater liquidity) 10. The cloth to be painted batik from cotton or silk. 1.

2. The variety of color to be more consumer interest. meticulousness. is the first dying process of the fabric to give a certain color on the motifs background of the fabric. blue and yellow as the consumer of this cloth are from India and China. These values include: 1. shirts etc. 4. produced by the craftsmen in Pekalongan. because the process of this batik needs skills. and it also depends on the weather. and motifs. animals. is making a design or pattern of motif on a white fabric (silk or cotton fabric) by drawing it with a pencil. Here are the steps to produce batik tulis or painted batik: The first batik processing. and patience. precisions. (5) Nitik (This motif is believed to be influenced by Indian cloth named ‘Patola’. each half with a distinctive design and color. in contrast to inland batik which was relatively independent of outside influences. green. fabric is hanged to dry. Preplanning is important when considering the colors used in batik. The lightest color should be dyed first then the rest according to shade as dark colors cannot be made lighter.2. The next process. after that the first dyed. like Cirebon and Pekalongan before it arrived in Keraton. that brought to Indonesia by Indian trader. (2) Cement (motif shaped plant or animal and it reflects prosperity and fertility). It is a simple matter to arrange the same cloth for two strikingly different effects. Many coastal batik motifs in the form of plants.4 Kinds of Decoration Motif Batik Pekalongan The Coastal batik tradition was more open to foreign influences in textile design. in Pekalongan the dominant colors are red. the batik or waxing process starts all over again (using canting) as the second processing applying different motifs or colors. Some of the names of decoration or motif batik Pekalongan. There’s a differences in the color used in every place. the fabric is wash and hang to dry and now it ready for used directly for designing other dressing. persistence. The pattern consists of square and rectangle form and dots as ornaments. (3) Encim (the motives and color of batik that many influenced by the distinctive colors of China). Coastal Batik more free and rich patterns and colors. Second is painting with molten wax by following the pattern from step one on both sides (back and front) using canting. experiences. brown and white color) (6) Batik Morning-Evening (is the Javanese version of reversible clothing. They are more independent and not tied to the palace and the rules that have little meaning philosophy. It is often easier to use colors which are related as the overlapping of each color affects the previous. Next. patience and also takes a lot of time to finish one of painted batik. (4) Sam Pek Eng Tay (This motif consists of buketan pattern and arranged in two different parts of both decoration and color). is repeating the first process and applying different colors if any. 3.") 2. such as: (1) Jlamprangan (has geometric motifs developed by batik Arab descent).3 Process of making Batik Batik Tulis (painted) batik is a special batik and more expensive comparing other types of batik. This period of time is suitable for common motifs and it is not very complicated. coloring. and typical environment. 2. if we observed. beauty (art). the second batik processing. When all desired motif and color have been obtain. there is contain the values that in turn can be used as a reference in daily life for the community supporters. Jogja’s Nitik are using indigo. This motive was developed from coast cities in the north of Java. It takes two weeks or more to finish one batik. . to eliminating the wax from the fabric by putting it in boiling water After the fabric is cleaned from wax and dried. The next step is to covering each part with molten wax to keep the background and then. Batik morning-evening is divided diagonally.5 Cultural Values Batik-written.

(2) brazier. and patience because without it.html . the process of making batik. is to wash the fabric and than hang it and dry it before it can use as a cloth. is drawing or writing with molten wax by following the pattern from step one on doppel sides (back and forth) using canting. is the first dye process of the fabric to give a certain color from non covering wax of the fabric. to open and close the wax.kbool. The process to make batik such as: The first batik processing. meticulousness. 11) night or wax. Batik Morning-Afternoon.wikipedia. followed by the second dye process to give the second color. The next process. meticulousness. to eliminate the wax from fabric by putting it in a boiling water After the fabric is cleaned from wax and dried. REFERENCES: http//www. ( 3) fan. CLOSURE 3. is making a design/pattern of motif on a white fabric (silk fabric) by drawing with pencil Second. The motives of batik Pekalongan such as accessed on April 9. the equipment to make batik. (8) canting. 2010 http://hubpages. Sam Pek Eng Tay. is to redraw the molten wax using canting to cover each part and keep color from the first dyed and than. encim. The equipment of making batik are 1) a small frying pan. 4) gawangan. The next step is to cover each part with molten wax to keep the white color than.The value of beauty is reflected in the variety of motives made such that radiates beauty. After the first dyed. The process. (7) uthik. the batik/waxing process starts over again (using canting) to add another color and motifs and to keep the first and the second I also try to explain about the motives of batik Pekalongan and the cultural values of batik Pekalongan. ( 5) a cloth. Nitik. 10) Ganden (wooden hammer). http://www. is repeated until all desired color and the motif complexity. Meanwhile. The last process. the fabric is hanged and dried. it is impossible to generate a good batik. and patience is reflected from the manufacturing process that requires persistence.Batik originated from the Javanese language "amba" is written and "point" of the State of Indonesia. Cement. the value of persistence.scribd.1 Conclusion In this paper I have discussed about the meaning of batik. the second batik processing. III.

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