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SECTION 033000

CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 SUMMARY

A. Work Includes: Cast-in-place concrete, including setting anchor blots, inserts and
embedded items, and grouting of base plates as shown and specified per Contract
Documents.

B. Work Specified Elsewhere:


1. Section 031000 CONCRETE FORMWORK.
2. Section 032000 CONCRETE REINFORCEMENT.
3. Section 033500 CONCRETE UNDERLAYMENT.
4. Section 033600 CONCRETE FINISHES.
5. Section 072616 CONCRETE VAPOR TREATMENT.
6. Section 096500 RESILIENT FLOORING.
7. Section 124813 ENTRANCE MAT & FRAMES.
8. Section 129300 SITE FURNISHINGS.

1.2 REFERENCES

A. Standards listed below, preceded by their designation, apply where designation is


cited in this Section. Where the applicable year of adoption or revision is not listed
below, the latest edition applies.

B. Where the language in any of the documents referred to herein is in the form of a
recommendation, suggestion or guide, such recommendation, suggestion or guide
shall be deemed mandatory.

C. ACI - American Concrete Institute


1. ACI 211.1 - Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for Normal, Heavy
Weight and Mass Concrete.
2. ACI 214 - Recommended Practice for Evaluation of Strength Test Results of
Concrete.
3. ACI 301 - Specifications for Structural Concrete of Buildings.
4. ACI 302.1R - Guide for Concrete Floor and Slab Construction.
5. ACI 304R - Guide for Measuring, Mixing, Transporting and Placing Concrete.
6. ACI 304.2R - Placing Concrete by Pumping Methods.
7. ACI 305R - Hot Weather Concreting.
8. ACI 306.1R - Standard Specification for Cold Weather Concreting.
9. ACI 308 - Standard Practice for Curing Concrete.
10. ACI 309R - Guide for Consolidation of Concrete.
11. ACI 311.1R - ACI Manual of Concrete Inspection.
12. ACI 311.4R - Guide for Concrete Inspection.
13. ACI 311.5R - Batch Plant Inspection and Field Testing of Ready Mixed
Concrete.
14. ACI 318 - Building Code Requirements for Reinforced Concrete.

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15. ACI 211.2 - Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for Structural Light
Weight Concrete.
16. ACI 546.1R - Repair of Bridge Superstructures.

D. ASTM - American Society for Testing and Materials


1. ASTM C33 - Specification for Concrete Aggregates.
2. ASTM C94 - Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete.
3. ASTM C143 - Test Method for Slump of Portland Cement Concrete.
4. ASTM C150 - Specification for Portland Cement.
5. ASTM C157 - Standard Test Method for Length of Change of Hardened
Hydraulic-Cement Mortar and Concrete.
6. ASTM C171 - Specification for Sheet Materials for Curing Concrete.
7. ASTM C260 - Specification for Air-Entraining Admixtures for Concrete.
8. ASTM C309 - Specification for Liquid Membrane-Forming Compounds for
Curing Concrete.
9. ASTM C494 - Specification for Chemical Admixtures for Concrete.
10. ASTM C567 - Standard Test Method for Unit Weight of Structural Lightweight
Concrete.
11. ASTM C618 - Specification for Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan
for use as a Mineral Admixture in Portland Cement Concrete.
12. ASTM E329 - Recommended Practice for Inspection and Testing Agencies for
Concrete, Steel, and Bituminous Materials as Used in Construction.

E. CRD-C 621 - Corps of Engineers Specification for Nonshrink Grout

F. ICBO - International Conference of Building Officials:


1. CCR - Title 24, Part 2, California Building Code

G. NRMCA - National Ready Mixed Concrete Association:


1. NRMCA - Check List for Certification of Ready Mixed Concrete Production
Facilities.

H. PCA - Portland Cement Association:


1. IS206T - Finishing Concrete Slabs, Exposed Aggregate, Patterns, and Colors.
2. IS180T - Sandblasting of Concrete Surfaces.
3. SP021.01A - Color and Texture in Architectural Concrete, 1980.

I. SS - State of California, Department of Transportation’s “Standard Specifications”.

J. TM - State of California, Department of Transportation’s “Testing Manual”.

K. CBSC – California Building Standards Commission


1 2007 California Building Code (CBC)

1.3 SUBMITTALS

A. Certified mix design for each class of concrete. Include results of testing or test
data used to establish mix proportions. Refer to PROPORTIONING Article of this
Section.

B. Certificates of compliance with specified standards:


1. Contractor’s Design Laboratory.

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2. Cement.
3. Aggregates.
4. Admixtures.
5. Nonshrink Grout.
6. Granular Base.
7. Concrete Mix Designs: Certified report identifying design mixes, stating where
each mix will be used, the mix proportions, and additional design information
including adjustments for seasonality or flowability of concrete.
8. Materials and Concrete Mixes: Certified test results showing that the mix
proportions and materials comply with the specified characteristics.
9. Admixtures: Certified test results and manufacturer's statements verifying that
each admixture to be used in the Work complies with specified requirements
and is non-corrosive based upon acceptable long-term testing by an
accelerated method such as electrical potential measures. Certification per
ASTM C494 for each type used; include chloride ion content.
10. Warranty: Hardener on exposed interior floors: for a period of 5 years against
any signs of dusting.

C. Quality Control Testing and Inspection Reports: Furnish reports for the specified
Source Quality Assurance and Field Quality Control inspections and tests.

D. Product Data: Manufacturer’s specifications, data, and installation instructions:


1. Curing Materials.
2. Slab Treatments.
3. Concrete Mix Designs: Contractor shall submit mix design per Requirements
for Normal Weight Concrete specified in section 2.3.D.

E. Samples: As specifically requested.

1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. Concrete work shall conform to requirements of ACI 301 as minimum standard.


Maintain copy of ACI 301 at the site.

B. Qualifications:
1. Firm specializing in cast-in-place concrete shall have a minimum of 5 years of
successful experience on projects with requirements similar to those indicated
and shall have sufficient production capacity.
2. Contractors Design Laboratory: Under direction of a Civil Engineer licensed in
the State of California and conforming to ASTM E329.
3. Workers: Work shall be done by skilled concrete workers under the direction
of experienced supervisors.
4. Contractor's Testing Laboratory: The Contractor shall employ, at his own
expense, qualified independent testing laboratory experienced with local
construction conditions and materials, to design concrete mixes, conduct tests
and submit reports for design mixes.
5. Owner's Inspection and Testing Agency: Owner will employ, at its expense,
an inspection and testing agency supervised by a qualified Professional Civil
Engineer registered in the state of California to perform the following
inspections and tests, and to submit reports of results to Construction
Manager. The inspection and testing agency shall have been continuously in
business as such at least for last five years. Testing agency shall comply with
ASTM E329. Retesting of non-conforming Work will be paid for by Contractor.

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C. Regulatory Requirements: Comply with applicable requirements of laws, codes,
ordinances and regulations of Federal, State and Municipal authorities having
jurisdiction. Obtain necessary approvals from such authorities.

D. Pre Concrete Conference: At least 35 days prior to start of concrete construction


scheduled, Contractor shall conduct a meeting to review proposed mix designs and
to discuss required methods and procedures to achieve required concrete quality.
Contractor shall send pre-concrete conference agenda to attendees 20 days prior to
scheduled date of conference.

1.5 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

A. General: Use materials from the same source from start to finish of job unless
changes have been accepted by the Architect. Deliver and store materials in
manufacturer's original packaging labeled to show name, brand, type, and grade.
Store materials in protected dry location off ground in accordance with
manufacturer's instructions. Concrete producer and suppliers shall load, transport,
handle, store and batch concrete materials in a manner that will ensure the
materials are not contaminated, unclean, segregated or affected in any way that will
damage the final product.

B. Bagged Cement: Store on raised platforms in a dry area. Use bagged cement on
the basis of first received, first used. Do not store bagged cement over 6 months.

C. Sealer Dustproofer: Deliver in manufacturer’s sealed containers.

1.6 PROJECT CONDITIONS

A. Environmental Requirements:
1. Cold Weather Placement: Per ACI 306R and as specified. When
temperature is 45 degrees F or lower, take suitable means to maintain
minimum concrete temperature of 50 degrees F at time of placing. Heat
aggregate, or mixing water, or both, as required. Provide suitable means for
maintaining concrete at temperature not less than 50 degrees F for at least 5
days after placement. Provide screens or enclosures to protect concrete from
prevailing winds and weather; provide temporary heaters if necessary.
2. Hot Weather Placement: Per ACI 305R and as specified. When temperature
is 95 degrees F and rising, take suitable means to maintain fresh concrete
temperature below 90 degrees F; use chilled water, chipped ice, or
evaporative cooling of aggregate as necessary. In addition, dampen forms,
subgrade, and reinforcing steel; cool by evaporation and protect from hot sun
and wind until concrete is placed.

1.7 WARRANTY

A. Liquid Densifier Sealer: Exposed interior floors subjected to vehicular traffic; for a
period of 5 years against any signs of dusting as a result of wear and abrasion.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.1 MATERIALS

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A. Admixtures:
1. Admixtures containing more than 0.05% chloride ions not permitted.
2. Air Entraining Admixture: ASTM C260
Euclid Chemical “Air-Mix”
Master Builders “MB-VR”
Sika Chemical “Sikamix 104, Sika AER”
W. R. Grace “Daravair
3. Water Reducing Admixture: Water Reducing Admixture: ASTM C494, Type A,
and containing not more than 0.05 percent chloride ions. Provide one of the
following: Eucon WR 75 or Eucon WR 91” by the Euclid Chemical Co.,
“Pozzolith #22N” by Master Builders, or “Plastocrete 160 by Sika Chemical
Corp.
4. High-Range Water Reducing Admixture (Superplasticizer): ASTM C494, Type
F or Type G and containing not more than 0.05 percent chloride ions.
Products: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide one of the
following: “Eucon 37” by the Euclid Chemical Co., “Rheobuild 1000” by
Master Buildings, “Sikament 300” by Sika Chemical Corp., or “Daracem-100”
by W. R. Grace.
5. Non-Chloride, Non-Corrosive Accelerating: The admixture shall conform to
ASTM C494, Type C or E, and not contain more chloride ions than are present
in municipal drinking water. The admixture manufacturer must have long-term
non-corrosive test data from an independent testing laboratory (or at least a
year’s duration) using an acceptable accelerated corrosion test method such
as that using electrical potential measures. Provide the following:
“Accelguard 80” by The Euclid Chemical Co.
6. Water Reducing Retarding Admixture: ASTM C494, Type D.
Euclid Chemical "Eucon Retarder 75"
Master Builders "Pozzolith 100 XR"
Sika Chemical "Plastocrete 16 R"
W.R. Grace "Daratard 17"
7. Fly Ash: ASTM C618 Class F, except limit loss of ignition to maximum of 6%
with maximum of 125 lbs./yd. Use fly ash only if quality of actual fly ash
material proposed for use in Work is acceptable to Architect.
8. Removable Plastic Expansion Joint Caps: Burke "Joint Cap" 3/8" wide.
9. CONCREDAMP: Use maximum 4 gallons of CONCREDAMP admixture per
cubic yard of concrete in concrete slab. Concrete mix design shall
compensate for the strength reduction due to the affect of the admixture.
10. Crystalline Waterproofing Additive: Use Xypex Admix C-1000 by Xypex
Chemical Corporation or equal for the concrete in the elevator pit. (Xypex
Chemical Corporation, 13731 Mayfield Place, Richmond, B.B., Canada V6V
2G9. Tel: 800.961.4477 Fax: 604.270.0451)
11. Prohibited Admixtures: Calcium chloride thiocyanates or admixture containing
more than 0.05 percent chloride ions are not permitted.
12. Certification: Written conformance to the above-mentioned requirements and
the chloride ion content of admixtures will be required from the admixture
manufacturer prior to mix design review by the Engineer.

B. Aggregate:

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1. For Normal Weight : ASTM C33. Gravel or crushed stone. Artificial or
natural sand. Minimum 15% passing No. 50 sieve. Minimum 3% passing No.
100 sieve.
a. General Use: Maximum Size 467.
b. Walls, Columns, Beams, and Slabs: Size 57.
c. Tight Pours: Size 7 or Size 67.
d. Sand Fineness Modulus (FM): Minimum 2.50, maximum 3.00.
e. Sand: ASTM C144, natural sand.
2. For Lightweight Concrete: ASTM C330, expanded shale; grade within limits of
5/8 in. to no. 4 sieve.
a. Absorption: Maximum 15%; coarse aggregate per ASTM C127, fine
aggregate per ASTM C128.

C. Mixing Water: Clear, drinkable, tasteless, odorless, free of deleterious materials.

D. Cement:
1. Portland Cement: ASTM C150.
a. Type II standard cement for general construction for Type A concrete as
shown, unless otherwise noted. Type III high early strength cement may
be used at Contractor's option, subject to Architect's review.
b. Type II Cement: For all below grade concrete work.
c. Type I/II Cement: Kaiser Permanente Type I/II cement used with
integral color for type B concrete as shown.

E. Curing Materials:
1. Clear Curing and Sealing Compound (VOC Compliant): 30% solids content
minimum and maximum moisture loss of 0.039 grams per sq. cm. when
applied at coverage rate of 250 sq. ft. per gallon. Products: “Super Aqua
Cure VOX” by The Euclid Chemical Co., “Super Diamond Clear VOX” by The
Euclid Chemical Co., or “MasterKure 30W” by Master Builders.
2. Sheet Materials: ASTM C171; waterproof paper, polyethylene film, or white-
burlap-polyethylene sheet.

F. Compacted Granular Fill: ASTM C33, size no. 57; 1 in. to no. 4. A minimum of 25%
of the material shall be recycled.

G. Expansion Joint Filler Strips; Premolded:


1. Bituminous Type: ASTM D1751.
2. Non-Bituminous Type: ASTM D1752, Type I or II, with factory-applied 1/2 in.
deep removable top strip of suitable material.

H. Expansion Joint Compression Seals: Preformed, heavy-duty neoprene seal with


webbed internal structure; shore A durometer hardness of 55 and tensile strength of
2000 psi; 2 inch wide, unless otherwise shown.

I. Waterstops:
1. Types and Sizes:
a. Dumbbell: 4 in. x 3/8 in., unless otherwise shown; neoprene or plastic
composition.
b. Centerbulb: 6 in. x 1/4 in. x 1 1/8 in. centerbulb, unless otherwise
shown; neoprene Composition.
c. Labyrinth Type: Size as shown; neoprene or plastic composition.

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2. Composition:
a. Neoprene: CRD C513; minimum neoprene content 65%; minimum
tensile strength 2500 psi, minimum elongation 450%, durometer 60-70.
b. Plastic: CRD C572; virgin polyvinylchloride; minimum tensile strength
1900 psi, minimum elongation 200%

J. Sealers/Densifiers:
1. Sealer Type 1: Dust proofer and chemical hardener; VOC - compliant,
colorless, aqueous solution containing a blend of magnesium fluorsilicate and
zinc fluorsilicate combined with a wetting agent, containing not less than 2 lbs.
of fluosilicate per gallon. Provide one of the following, or approved equal:
a. "Fluohard" (L&M Construction Chemicals).
b. "Lapidolith" (Sonneborn).
c. "Surfhard" (Euclid Chemical Co.).

K. Capillary Break: Free Draining gravel or crushed rock; gradation requirements


given in Geotechnical Report

L. Sand: ASTM C144, natural sand.

M. Curing Sand: Clean Sand used to protect vapor barrier; gradation and moisture
requirements given in Geotechnical Report.

N. Vapor Retarder: Meets requirements of Class C per ASTM E1745-97. Minimum


thickness shall be 10-mil.

O. Non-Shrink Grout: Master Builders’ Masterflow 928 Grout or Euclid Chemical’s


Euco Hi-Flow Grout; premixed, non-metallic, no chlorides, non-staining, and non-
shrinking per ASTM C1107.

Test Test Method

Hardened volume change CRD C621


0.00% shrinkage
0.04% expansion after set

Compressive strength; ASTM C109


minimum 5,000 psi/7days

P. Bonding and Repair Material:


1. Bonding Compound: The compound shall be a polyvinyl acetate type.
Rewettable: “Euco Weld” by The Euclid Chemical Co. or “Weldcrete” by the
Larsen Co. Use only in areas not subject to moisture.
2. Bonding Admixture: The compound shall be a latex, non-rewettable type.
Products: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide one of the
following: “Flex-Con” by The Euclid Chemical Co., “Daraweld C” by W. R.
Grace, or “SBR Latex” by The Euclid Chemical Co.
2. Anti-Corrosive Epoxy/Cementitious Adhesive: This adhesive shall be a water-
based epoxy/cementitious compound for adhesion and corrosion protection of
reinforcing members (20 hour maximum open time). Products: “Corr-Bond”
by the Euclid Chemical Co., or “Armatec 110” by Sika Chemical Co.
4. Polymer Repair Mortars: “Thin Top Supreme” or “Concrete Top Supreme”
horizontal repairs), “Verticoat or Verticoat Supreme” (vertical and overhead

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repairs) by the Euclid Chemical Co. or “Sikatop 121 or 122” (horizontal
repairs), “Sikatop 123” (vertical and overhead repairs) by Sika Chemical Corp.
These patching mortars may be used when color match of the adjacent
concrete is not required. Prior approval by the Architect is required.
5. Repair Topping: Self-leveling, polymer modified high strength topping.
Product shall be “Thin-Top Supreme” by The Euclid Chemical Co. The
topping shall exhibit the following properties:
Chaplin Abrasion Test - 0.02 mm (0.0079”) maximum @ 28 days (British
Standard 8204)

2.2 DURABILITY AND COMPATIBILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR CONCRETE AND


MATERIALS

A. General: Use materials and produce concrete which will comply with the following
requirements:

B. Alkali Content of Cement and Reactivity with Aggregates: Alkali content of cement
shall not exceed 0.6% when tested in accordance with ASTM C114, except that
alkali content may exceed 0.6% when either one of the following requirements is
satisfied.
1. Furnish certification and test reports showing that no alkali reactivity is
produced with the proposed combination of cement and aggregates when
tested in accordance with ASTM C227.
2. Pozzolan complying with ASTM C618, proven by testing in accordance with
ASTM C441 to be effective in preventing excessive expansion due to alkali-
aggregate reaction if included in concrete mix. Furnish test report.

C. Soluble Chloride Ion Content: The maximum allowable soluble chloride ion content
(percent by weight of cement) in concrete contributed from all ingredients used to
produce the concrete shall be 0.15%. Furnish test reports.

D. Admixtures: Calcium chloride and thiocyanates are not permitted. Provide only
those admixtures which produce no detrimental effect on metal components such
as form deck, reinforcing, embedments and conduit. Admixtures which when
combined with other ingredients used to produce the concrete shall result in
concrete having not more than the specified limits for soluble chloride ion content.

2.3 PROPORTIONING AND TRIAL MIXTURES

A. General: Review requirements relative to slump, seasonal variation of admixtures


and anticipated conditions in the Work, before formulating the design mixes.
Provide separate design mixes for each anticipated or actual change in the type or
proportion of basic materials, including admixtures, as well as changes due to
seasonality, slump limits and concrete flowability requirements. Provide multiple
design mixes for pumped concrete depending upon the vertical or horizontal
distances from the pump. Allow at least 6 weeks lead time for testing and
verification of mix designs, and that mixes can be reviewed by the Construction
Manager prior to use in the Work. File the mix designs in the Contractor's field
office after review by Construction Manager and prior to pouring concrete.
1. Weight of Normal Concrete: Not less than 145 PCF nor more than 150 PCF
when dry.
2. Weight of Lightweight Concrete: Per ASTM C567; not less than 110 PCF nor
more than 115 PCF at 28 days.

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3. Drying Shrinkage:
a. Test Method: Per ASTM C330.
b. At 28 Days: Not more than .035%
c. At One Year: Not more than .06%.

B. Mix Designs:
1. General: Verify adequacy of design mix as including shrinkage requirements
by trial mixes prepared by acceptable laboratory at Contractor's expense. For
concrete specified up to 5000 psi, design mixes to obtain compressive
strength 1200 psi greater than specified strength.
2. Proportions:
a. Normal Weight Concrete: ACI 211.1.
b. Lightweight Concrete: ACI 211.2
3. Past Strength Performance: ACI 301; select proportions to produce average
strength not less than design strength. 30 or more consecutive strength test
results of mixes with same materials and proportions used in similar
construction and climate conditions within past year may be used to calculate
average strength and standard deviation.

C. Integral Color: Adjust cement or sand types in mix design as required to match
Architect's sample for color.

D. Requirements for Normal Weight Concrete:


1. Maximum of Water-Cement Ratio of 0.48 for footing, 0.45 for slab.
2. Maximum of 4” slump.
3. 30% - 50% Recycled Fly Ash content.
4. Aggregate size No.467 for footing; No. 57 for stem wall and slab.
5. Minimum 25% of all aggregate shall be recycled.

E. Tempering Water: If concrete is delivered too low in slump to allow proper


placement or finishing, give immediate notification and, upon permission, add
additional mixing water to produce specified slump; total amount of water added not
to exceed 1.0 gallon per yard in truck.

F. Modification: If concrete produced from mix design proves unsatisfactory for any
reason, such as too high or too low slump, lack of sufficient plasticity to prevent
segregation, honeycombing, or insufficient strength, give immediate notification.
Submit proposed mix design changes in writing.

G. Admixtures:
1. General: Concrete shall contain specified water-reducing admixture or specified
high-range water-reducing admixture (superplasticizer). All concrete slabs
placed at air temperatures below 50 degrees F shall contain specified non-
corrosive, non-chloride accelerator. Concrete required to be air entrained shall
contain approved air entraining admixture. Pumped concrete, concrete for
industrial slabs, synthetic fiber concrete, architectural concrete, concrete
required to be watertight or concrete with water/cement ratio below 0.50 shall
contain specified high-range water-reducing admixture (superplasticizer).
2. Air Content: Concrete exposed to freezing and thawing or required to be
watertight shall have air content of 4.5% to 7.5%. All interior, slabs subject to
vehicular abrasion shall have maximum air content of 3%.
3. Fly Ash:
a. Concrete: Continuous pour; minimum 25% replacement of cement weight.

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H. Slump: All concrete containing high-range water-reducing admixture
(superplasticizer) shall have maximum slump of 9” unless otherwise approved by
Architect. Concrete shall arrive at job site at slump of 2” to 3” (3” to 4” for concrete
receiving “shake-on” hardener or lightweight concrete), be verified, then high-range
water-reducing admixture added to increase slump to approved level. Other
concrete shall have maximum slump of 4”.

I. Pumped Concrete:
1. General: Per ACI 304 and as specified. Use a different design mix per 100 ft.
of pipeline.
2. Aggregate:
a. Maximum Size: One-third of pump or pipeline opening; whichever is
smaller.
b. Grading: As close as possible to middle of specified grading range.
c. Fine Aggregate:
1) Fineness Modulus: 2.40 to 3.00 with 15 to 30% passing no. 50 sieve;
5 to 10% passing no. 100 sieve.
2) Daily Variation: 0.20 from valued use in selecting proportions.
d. Moisture Content: Not less than 24-hour absorption percentage per ASTM
C127.
3. Cement Content: Do not increase. Use HRWR admixture to improve
pumpability, maintain water/cement ratio in approved mix design.
4. Admixtures:
a. Non-Corrosive Accelerators: As required during cold weather to normalize
set and early strength gain.
b. High-Range Water Reducing Admixture (Superplasticizer): Required to
maintain water cement ratio and low water content.
5. Slump: Loss at deposit point.
a. Normal Weight Concrete: 2 in. maximum.
b. Lightweight Concrete: 3 in. maximum.

2.4 READY-MIXED CONCRETE

A. General: Per ASTM C94, Alternative No. 1 for controlled mixes. Do not use
concrete in the Work if it undergoes initial set or is not deposited within 90 minutes
after the water is introduced. Do not add water to unworkable concrete at delivery
end, except under the following conditions.
1. The Owner's Testing Laboratory accepts procedure and observes additions of
water.
2. Concrete is still unworkable after Contractor's adjustments to proportions by
Contractor's mix designer.
3. Workability without exceeding maximum slump can be attained with the site
addition of not more than 1 gal./yd³ of concrete mixed for 30 seconds/yd³.

B. Admixtures Introduced at the Site: Add to the mix separately, in solution form, and
provide additional mixing time at the rate of 30 seconds/yd³ or a minimum of 90
seconds.

C. Lightweight Concrete: Batch and mix per aggregate manufacturer's


recommendations.

2.5 LATEX MODIFIED PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE

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A. Latex Modifier: Synthetic type; polyvinyl acetates, acrylics, styrene-butadiene, or
vinylidene-chloride incorporated with proper stabilizers may be used as modifier.

B. Portland Cement: ASTM C150, Type I, II or III with a water-cement ratio of 0.40 or
less.

C. Aggregates: ASTM C33 with a nominal maximum size of 1/2 in.

D. Mix Design:
1. Aggregate-Cement Mix: 1.0 part cement; 2.5 -3.1 parts fine aggregate to 1.4 -
2.0 parts coarse aggregate, by weight.
2. Water-Cement Ratio: 0.30 - 0.40, by weight.
3. Latex Solids-Cement Ratio: 0.10 - 0.20, by weight.
4. Slump: 4 in. - 6 in.

2.6 CONCRETE USAGE

A. Concrete Strengths: As shown.

B. Aggregate Sizes:
1. Coarse Aggregate:
a. General: Maximum size not to exceed 75% of clear spacing between
reinforcement.
b. Size No. 467: 1 1/2 in. to no. 4.
c. Size No. 57: 1 in. to no. 4.
d. Size No. 7: 1/2 in. to no. 8; use where clearance does not permit passage
of size no. 57.
2. Fine Aggregate:
a. No. 50 Sieve: Minimum 15% passing.
b. No. 100 Sieve: Minimum 3% passing.
c. Fineness Modulus: 2.0 to 3.0.

C. Air Entrained Concrete: Use where shown.

2.7 SOURCE QUALITY CONTROL

A. Material Analysis Testing: Perform tests to substantiate compliance with specified


requirements for cement, aggregate and admixtures. Certified test reports of tests
performed by independent test laboratories employed by product manufacturers or
material suppliers will be acceptable. Submit reports identifying the source and
manufacturer of cement, aggregate and admixtures, the tests performed and the test
results to Architect.

B. Aggregate:
1. General: Submit representative samples of fine aggregate and each coarse
aggregate size. Submit in ample time for completion of tests to determine
acceptability of source other than specified and 28-day cylinder compression
tests from trial mixes.
2. Source Other than Specified: Following tests conducted by Owner’s Inspection
and Testing Agency; paid for by Contractor.
a. Abrasion Resistance: ASTM C131; Los Angeles Machine.
b. Cleanness Value: Test Method No. Calif. 227; coarse aggregate only.

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c. Fineness: ASTM C117.
d. Potential Reactivity: ASTM C289.
e. Organic Impurities: ASTM C40.
f. Sand Equivalent: Test Method No. Calif. 217.
g. Sieve Analysis: ASTM C136.
h. Soundness: ASTM C88.

C. Cement: Sample at manufacturing plant per ASTM C183; test per ASTM C150.

D. Concrete Batch Plant:


1. General: Inspection by Owner’s Testing Agency.
2. Batch Plant: Inspect to verify plant equipment and facilities comply with
NRMCA and plant is exercising adequate quality control to produce specified
concrete.
3. Batch Weight: Periodic review, minimum once a week.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1 PREPARATION

A. General: Remove water from excavations before depositing concrete. Divert water
flow through proper side drains; remove without washing over freshly deposited
concrete. Remove hardened concrete, debris, and other foreign materials from form
interiors, from mixing and from inner surfaces of conveying equipment. Provide
runways, or other means for wheeled equipment to convey concrete to placing
points. Do not run wheel equipment used to place concrete over reinforcement; do
not support runways on reinforcement.

B. Reinforcement: Clean surfaces previously coated with cementitious materials by


wire brushing.

C. Polyethylene Geomembrane/Vapor Barrier: Provide under slabs on grade, place


with minimum of 4 in. laps, hold the membrane in place and protect from damage
during placement of reinforcing and concrete.

3.2 CONVEYING

A. General: Per ACI 304 and as specified. Convey and place concrete in manner to
preclude segregation of constituent parts. Use chutes or tremies for vertical drops of
more than 5 ft.. If chutes are used, place at such a slope and arrange in manner to
provide a continuous uniform rate of flow. Vertical drops in transferring concrete
from one chute length to another not permitted.

B. Pumps: Per ACI 304 and as specified. If pumps are used to convey concrete, use
an acceptable method; pumping through aluminum or aluminum alloy pipe not
permitted. When placing concrete of 2 different types or strengths on same day,
completely discharge pump and piping of one type before pumping second type.

C. Belt Conveyors: Per ACI 304; use only if specifically permitted.

3.3 PLACEMENT

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Bid Set April 10, 2009
A. General: Thoroughly wet substrate and form surfaces, except coated wood forms,
prior to placing concrete. Before placing, roughen, and clean previously formed
construction joints by chipping or sandblasting; apply approved bonding grout
containing specified bonding admixture. Do not splash forms or reinforcement with
concrete before placing. Place concrete in forms as nearly as practicable in final
position to avoid rehandling. Immediately after placing, compact concrete by
agitating thoroughly in manner to force out air pockets; work mixture into corners,
around reinforcement, and other embedded items; prevent formation of voids.
Obtain a uniform appearance of surfaces. Tapping or other external vibration of
forms not permitted. Do not place concrete upon concrete sufficiently hard to cause
formation of seams and planes of weakness within section. Do not permit concrete
to drop freely over 8 ft. in unexposed work and 5 ft. in exposed work, unless
otherwise permitted. Where greater drops are required, use tremies or other
acceptable means. Control tremie discharge so concrete is compacted effectively
into horizontal layers; space tremies so segregation does not occur.

B. Grade Beams, Slabs and Caps: Place as a monolith, to their tops, in one continuous
operation between pre-established constructions joints, unless otherwise shown.
Place concrete in excavations without forms through a movable hopper with a
vertical spout for placing without hitting side walls of excavation. Do not permit
sidewall material to mix with concrete.

C. Walls, Columns and Column Encasement Around Structural Steel Sections: After
clearing forms of foreign matter, loose particles, and sawdust start pour by placing
approximately 8 in. to 12 in. in depth of flowing concrete containing HRWR
admixture. Follow immediately with flowing concrete or conventional concrete before
initial concrete attains initial set.

D. Caissons: Place concrete in dry holes free from loose materials in a continuous
pour. Place by means of a hopper attached to tremie tube of length to limit free fall
to not over 10 ft. for concrete containing HRWR admixture unless otherwise
permitted. Move hopper and tremie during placement to segregation of ingredients,
development of rock pockets, and soil erosion. Vibrate concrete to full height

3.4 CONSOLIDATION

A. General: Place concrete in layers not over 12 in. deep in normal construction and 24
in. deep in wall construction with not more than 30 minutes lapse time between
layers. Compact each layer by mechanical internal vibrating equipment; supplement
by handspading, rodding, and tamping. Do not use vibrators to transport concrete
inside forms. Use of form vibrators not permitted. Use immersion type vibrators
having not less than 7,000 impulses per minute when submerged in concrete; use
appropriate type and size. Maintain at least one vibrator as relief for every 4
vibrators in use; minimum of 2 on any pour.

B. Consolidation: Limit vibration duration to time necessary to produce satisfactory


consolidation without causing segregation; at least 20 seconds per SF of exposed
surface. Do not insert vibrators into lower courses which have begun to set. Insert
vibrators at uniformly spaced points not farther apart than visible effectiveness of
machine. Use and type of vibrator shall conform to ACI 309, “Recommended
Practice for the Consolidation of Concrete”.

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Bid Set April 10, 2009
3.5 COMPACTED CAPILARY BREAK

A. General: Provide under floor slabs on earth and where otherwise shown. Compact
to smooth surfaces acceptable to receive polyethylene geomembrane.

3.6 WORKING SLABS AND PROTECTIVE SLABS

A. Working Slabs: At contractor's option, place concrete directly on earth without


reinforcement; 3 in. thick, unless otherwise shown.

B. Protective Slabs: Place concrete over waterproofing system where shown; 2 in.
thick, unless otherwise shown. Where shown, reinforce with 2 in. x 2 in. x 14 gage
galvanized wire mesh.

C. Finish: Provided under Section 03346 CONCRETE FINISHES.

3.7 SLABS ON EARTH

A. Vapor Retarder: Place over capillary break in accordance with requirements of


ASTM E1643-98.

B. Curing Sand: Place in general conformance with recommendations given in


Geotechnical Report.

3.8 CURING AND PROTECTION

A. General: Cure and protect concrete as soon as finishing operations allow per ACI
308 and as specified.

B. Curing Methods:
1. Vertical Surfaces; Walls and Columns: Continuous wetting, sheet materials, or
curing compound.
2. Concrete Floors, Slabs, and Fills: Rough and smooth finish; sheet materials or
curing compound.

C. Curing Period:
1. Concrete; Type I Cement: 7 days.
2. Concrete; Type II Cement: 10 days.
3. Type I/II Cement: 10 days.
4. Concrete; Type III Cement or Type I Cement Non-Corrosive Accelerator: 3
days.

D. Curing Temperature:
1. Minimum: 50 degrees F.
2. Change Rate: Maximum; plus or minus 5 degrees F per hour.

E. Protection During and After Curing: Prevent damage to finished surfaces by


covering with planks, plywood, or other suitable means. Maintain as long as
construction activity poses damage hazard to area.

3.9 CONSTRUCTION JOINTS

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Bid Set April 10, 2009
A. General: Per ACI 302.1R and as specified. Carry work started in a section
continuously to construction joint. Place concrete at rate and in such manner that
concrete surfaces not carried to joint levels will not attain initial set before additional
concrete is placed. Limit pour sections to sizes specified, unless otherwise shown.
Wire brush, clean, and moisten joint surface prior to placing new concrete.

B. Supported Floor Slabs: 120 ft. maximum. Place joints within middle third of span
between supports, unless otherwise shown.

C. Walls:
1. General: 60 ft. maximum. To assure a level and straight horizontal joint in
exposed vertical surfaces, tack 3/4 in. x 1-1/4 in. strip of dressed lumber to
inside face of form at construction joint; pour concrete 1 in. above underside of
strip. During stripping, carefully remove tack strip to prevent chipping or
spalling.
2. Horizontal Surfaces: Clean surfaces at construction joints of laitance and other
deleterious material by sandblasting; protect adjacent areas to prevent damage.

D. Slabs on Grade:
1. General: Place construction joints within middle third of span between column
centerlines. Allow at least 3 days delay before pouring new sections against
previously poured sections. Run reinforcement continuously through
construction joints.
2. Long-Strip Construction:
a. General: Place all slabs-on-grade in long strips (per ACI
Recommendations Report No. 302, IR-19). Divide areas by construction
joints at not more than 20 ft centers in one direction and full length of area.
If column centerlines are more than 20 ft. apart, provide an intermediate
construction joint in same direction. Pour long-stripe in alternate fashion.
Joint spacing should not exceed 3 times slab thickness unless otherwise
noted on the drawings.
b. Contraction (Control) Joints: Primary Method: Soff-Cut System method,
by Soff-Cut International, Corona, CA (800) 776-3328. Finisher must
have documented successful experience in the use of this method prior to
this project. Install cuts within 2 hours after final finish at each saw cut
location. Use ¼ inch thick blade, cutting 1-1/4 inch into slab. Optional
Method (Where Soff-Cut System Method Equipment is Not Available):
Properly time cutting with the set of the concrete. Saw-cut control joints
within 12 hours after finishing. Start cutting as soon as the concrete has
hardened sufficiently to prevent aggregates being dislodged by the saw.
Complete cutting before shrinkage stresses become sufficient to produce
cracking. Use ¼ inch thick blade, cutting ¼ slab depth.
c. Delayed Pour Zones: Provide delayed pour zones where shown per
details. Concrete in delayed pour zones shall be place a minimum of 1
month after surrounding concrete has been placed.

E. Concrete Floor Fill: On metal decking; maximum width 160 ft. in any direction.
Where width exceeds 160 ft., divide area equally with one bay wide intermediate
strips. Pour long-strips in alternate fashion. Allow same time delay as specified for
slabs on grade before pouring intermediate strips.

3.10 ISOLATION JOINTS

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Bid Set April 10, 2009
A. General: Install where shown per ACI 302.1R and as specified to structurally
separate floors from other building elements. See Section 033600 CONCRETE
FINISHES.

3.11 EXPANSION JOINTS

A. General: Construct expansion joints as shown in the architectural and structural


drawings. Do not run reinforcement or other fixed metal items, embedded in or
bonded into concrete, continuously through joint. See Section 033600 CONCRETE
FINISHES.

B. Compression Seals: Install 2 inch wide, pre-formed seals. Flush with finished
surface, or as shown.

3.12 WATERSTOPS

A. General: Install per ACI 301 in longest lengths possible. Make watertight heat-
sealed butt joints and prefabricated corners per manufacturer's recommendations.

B. Dumbbell Type: Install at construction joints below grade.

C. Centerbulb Type: Install at expansion joints below grade.

D. Labyrinth Type: Install where shown.

3.13 EMBEDDED ITEMS

A. General: Install accessories embedded in concrete. Provide holes, openings, and


other preparations necessary to perform work of other trades. Suitable templates,
setting plans, and instructions furnished by respective trades for setting items not
placed in forms by these trades. Other trades, unless otherwise specified, furnish
anchorage items, bearing plates, and sleeves for anchoring their work to concrete.

B. Inserts and Anchorage Items:


1. General: Inserts, sleeves, anchors, hangers, anchor bolts, installed under this
Section. Accurately set items to dimensions and elevations shown; support
against displacement. Correct any errors in setting as directed and at no
expense to Owner.
2. Inserts for Suspended Ceilings: If supports are wrapped around reinforcing
steel, give proper notice so suspended ceiling supports can be installed in place
after reinforcing steel is set and prior to pouring of concrete. When flat steel
hangers are used, set anchor of same section in concrete, unless otherwise
shown.
3. Drilled-In Anchors: Use acceptable type. Drill hole for insert to exact diameter
as recommended by manufacturer. Over-sized holes, or holes mislocated so
as to produce misalignment of insert will be rejected. Refill rejected holes per
Section 033600 - 3.5 "Formed Surface Finishes".

3.14 CONCRETE FILLS

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Bid Set April 10, 2009
A. Concrete Fill: Reinforced normal weight (lightweight concrete), unless otherwise
shown; install over metal decking and where otherwise shown.

B. Equipment Bases and Foundations: Normal weight (light weight) concrete; form to
heights and areas recommended by equipment manufacturer.

C. Cement Bases: One part cement, 2 parts fine aggregate; reinforce with 2 in. x 2 in. x
18 gage galvanized wire mesh. Accurately run base with metal templates.

D. Cement Fill: For steel pan type stairs and platforms; one part cement, 1-1/2 parts
sand, and 1-1/2 parts size no. 7 coarse aggregate. Reinforce with 2 in. x 2 in. x 14
gage galvanized wire.

3.15 MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS

A. Concrete Ramps and Landings: Provide as shown; round off edge nosing to 3/4 in.
radius, unless otherwise shown.

3.16 GROUTING

A. For General Use: Use grout for setting foundation cases for floor closers, elevator
sill supports, and other such items. Grout consists of 2 parts fine aggregate, one
part cement, and sufficient water to produce required consistency. Grout in manner
to fill voids solid; strike off flush and smooth.

B. Under Column Base Plates: Use specified non-shrink grout; add water only; place
per manufacturer’s recommendations. Build forms parallel to base plate edges to
confine lateral flow of grout. Allow extra space on the grout placing side to ensure
easy grout flow under the base plate. When grout is sufficiently stiff, strike off
excess, cant edges, finish neat and smooth. Cure grout as per manufacturer’s
instructions.

3.17 SIDEWALKS, CURBS, AND GUTTERS

A. General: Provide per City's Standard Specifications for Streets and Highways and
as specified.

B. Expansion Joints: Provide where shown and otherwise required by referenced


Standard.

C. Scoring: Provide in pattern shown; form with an edging tool, unless otherwise
shown.

D. Finish: Provided under Section 033600 CONCRETE FINISHES.

3.18 SEALERS

A. Liquid Densifier/Sealer: Apply to exposed interior concrete floor surfaces subjected


to traffic such as the Trash Room, Bike Room, and Stair #2. Compound may be
mechanically scrubbed into surface in strict accordance with directions of
manufacturer and just prior to completion of construction. Spray, squeegee or roll on
liquid densifier to clean, dry concrete surface. Scrub liquid into surface with

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Bid Set April 10, 2009
mechanical scrubber. Keep surface wet with densifier during application process.
When product thickens, but not more than 60 minutes after initial application, surface
shall then be squeegeed or vacuumed to remove all excess liquid.

3.19 REPAIR OF DEFECTIVE AREAS

A. With prior approval of Architect, as to method and procedure, all repairs of defective
areas shall conform to ACI 301, Section 5.3.7, except that the specified bonding
compound must be used.

B. The specified polymer patching mortar may be used in lieu of the above-mentioned
method when color match of the adjacent concrete is not required. Prior approval by
Architect is required.

C. All structural repairs shall be made with prior approval of Architect, as to method and
procedure, using the specified low shrinkage structural repair mortar or epoxy
adhesive and/or epoxy mortar. Where epoxy injection procedures must be used, an
approved low viscosity epoxy made by the manufacturers previously specified shall
be used.

D. Leveling of floors for subsequent finished shall be achieved by use of the specified
underlayment material.

E. All exposed floors shall be leveled, where required, with the specified self-leveling
repair topping.

F. Repair methods not specified above may be used, subject to acceptance of


Architect.

3.20 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

A. By Owner’s Testing Laboratory:


1. Reinforcement: During concrete placement, check that reinforcement stays in
place and is adequately supported.
2. Slump Tests: Perform in accordance with ASTM C143.
3. Compression Tests: Test concrete over 2500 psi.
a. Criteria: Strength level of concrete will be considered satisfactory if
averages of sets of three consecutive strength test results equal or exceed
specified compressive strength, and no individual strength test result falls
below specified compressive strength by more than 500 psi.
b. Tests During Work: Make 4 cylinders from each 100 CY, or fraction
thereof, or each day's placement, whichever is less, of each different class
and each different mix design placed. Make and store cylinders per ASTM
C31. Test one cylinder at 7 days, and two at 28 days per ASTM C39.
Keep one cylinder in reserve for 56-day test in case 28-day test fails. If
28-day cylinders test successful, test reserve cylinder to yield average
strength of three cylinders at 28 days. Furnish facilities for on-site storage
of samples as required by Owner’s Testing Laboratory.
4. Lightweight Concrete: Acceptance based on fresh unit weight per ASTM C567;
variance per ACI 301.
5. Tests of Hardened Concrete:

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Bid Set April 10, 2009
a. General: In or removed from building; if any test falls below specified
criteria, Owner will require core or beam specimens and tests per ASTM
C42 and ACI 318. If test results are unsatisfactory, take measures as
directed to correct deficiency at Contractor's expense. Tests of hardened
concrete considered as retesting.
b. Testing: Limited to comparative analysis; not acceptable as basis for
actual concrete strength determination.
6. Non-Shrink Grout: Supervise as required to assure preparation, mixing, and
placement is per manufacturer's recommendations.
7. Compression Test Reports: As specifically requested.
8. Non-Compliant Test Reports: Test reports indicating non-compliance should be
faxed immediately to all parties on the test report distribution list. Copies shall
be on different colored paper.

B. Contractor shall:
1. Submit ticket for each batch of concrete delivered to job site. Ticket shall bear
the following information:
a. Design mix number of Contractor’s Testing Laboratory.
b. Signature or initials of ready-mix representative.
c. Time of batching.
d. Weight of cement, aggregates, water and admixtures in each batch with
maximum aggregate size.
e. Total volume of concrete in each batch.
f. Indications that ingredients are as previously certified or approved for use
in structural concrete.
g. Notation to indicate equipment was checked for contaminants prior to
batching.
2. Pay Owner’s testing laboratory for taking core specimens of hardened structure
and testing specimens according to ASTM C42 when laboratory tests of
specimen cylinders show compressive strengths below specified minimum.

C. Slab Survey: Owner’s registered surveyor shall provide as-built slab elevations.

END OF SECTION

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Bid Set April 10, 2009