Test 1 Study Guide: Hardware Chapters 1 - 7
Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. In order to perform a computing task, hardware is used by software for all tasks except ____. a. input c. storage b. processing d. None of the above. 2. The binary number system uses ____. a. 0, 1, 2 c. 1, 2 b. 0, 1 d. on, off 3. The digits in the binary number system are called ____. a. bytes c. bits b. nibbles d. cells 4. Eight bits compose ____. a. one byte c. one nibble b. two bytes d. Either B or C. 5. Four bits compose ____. a. one byte c. one nibble b. two bytes d. Either B or C. 6. Typically, ____ cables are flat and wide. a. data c. expansion b. power d. circuit 7. A(n) ____ port is often used for an external modem. a. parallel c. serial b. USB d. data 8. All devices in a computer are ____. a. installed directly on the motherboard b. linked to the motherboard by a cable connected to a port on the motherboard c. indirectly linked to the motherboard by expansion cards d. All of the above. 9. The CPU could not do its job without the assistance of the ____, a group of microchips on the motherboard that control the flow of data and instructions to and from the CPU, providing careful timing of activities. a. processors c. CMOS b. chip set d. BIOS 10. ____ does not hold data and instructions while it is processing them. a. Primary storage c. Secondary storage b. Memory d. Both A and B. 11. Most motherboards today use ____. a. SIMMs c. RIMMs b. TIMMs d. DIMMS 12. The first "E" in EIDE stands for ____. a. Extra c. Electronic b. Enhanced d. Existing 13. Which is not true? a. 3 1/2 inch disks hold more data than 5 1/4 inch disks. b. Older motherboards did not provide a connector for a floppy drive. c. The drive connected to the middle of the floppy drive cable is drive A.
d. None of the above. The lines on the top and bottom of the motherboard's surface, sometimes called ____, are circuits of paths that enable data, instructions, and power to move from component to component on the board. a. protocols c. jumpers b. buses d. processor lines The width of a data bus is called the ____. a. data width c. bus line b. data path size d. bus setup The main bus on the motherboard is the ____ bus. a. CPU c. PCI b. system d. AGP The ____ expansion slot is used for high-speed input/output devices. a. AGP c. PCI b. EIDE d. ISA The ____ expansion slot is used for a video card. a. AGP c. PCI b. EIDE d. ISA The ____ expansion slot is used by older and/or slower devices. a. AGP c. PCI b. EIDE d. ISA Which is not a speed at which most motherboards operate? a. 100 MHz c. 133 MHz b. 166 MHz d. 200 MHz Which is not true? a. A computer's power supply generates electricity. b. A computer's power supply runs a fan directly from the electrical output voltage to help cool the inside of the computer case. c. A temperature level of over 185 degrees Fahrenheit can cause components inside the computer case to fail. d. None of the above. Newer power supplies do not provide ____ volts DC. a. 3.3 c. 5 b. 9 d. 12 The motherboard contains a vital ____ chip that contains the programming necessary to start the computer and to perform other fundamental functions. a. system c. configuration b. CMOS RAM d. ROM BIOS The ____ chip is responsible for remembering system information such as how memory is allocated and which hard drives are present. a. system c. configuration b. CMOS RAM d. ROM BIOS When a computer is first turned on, it looks to the ____ chip to find out what hardware it should expect to find. a. system c. configuration b. CMOS RAM d. ROM BIOS
____ 26. The arrow from the question mark in the figure above shows ____. a. jumpers c. ports b. buses d. DIP switches ____ 27. Which component of a CPU manages data and instructions entering and leaving the CPU? a. ALU c. processing unit b. I/O unit d. control unit ____ 28. Which component of a CPU performs all comparisons and calculations? a. ALU c. processing unit b. I/O unit d. control unit ____ 29. Which component of a CPU manages all activities inside the CPU itself. a. ALU c. processing unit b. I/O unit d. control unit ____ 30. In a Pentium, the back side data bus is ____ bits wide. a. 16 c. 64 b. 32 d. 128 ____ 31. In a Pentium, the front side data bus is ____ bits wide. a. 16 c. 64 b. 32 d. 128 ____ 32. A Pentium CPU has ____ ALUs. a. one c. three b. two d. up to four ____ 33. Which is not a component of a bus? a. control bus c. address bus b. processing bus d. data bus ____ 34. Which bus lines work independently of each other? a. control bus c. address bus b. data bus d. All of the above. ____ 35. Which is true? a. Memory sends addresses to the CPU. b. Other devices send address to the CPU. c. The CPU puts memory addresses on the address bus.
d. Both B and C. Which is not a resource used by a motherboard to communicate with hardware devices? a. DMA channel c. I/O address b. IRQ d. None of the above. After startup, the OS works with ____ to provide instructions to the hardware to perform tasks. a. system BIOS c. startup BIOS b. device drivers d. Both A and B. The BIOS is hard-coded into the ____ chip. a. CPU c. RAM BIOS b. ROM BIOS d. startup BIOS Which is not a category of BIOS programs? a. system BIOS c. device BIOS b. startup BIOS d. CMOS setup The "S" in ISA stands for ____. a. security c. standard b. supported d. slot The first system bus had only ____ lines for data. a. four c. six b. eight d. sixteen Which line is not required to manage a DMA channel? a. DRQ c. DACK b. DGROUND d. None of the above. The 16-bit ISA slot allows for ____ DMA channels. a. four c. thirty-two b. eight d. sixteen The "E" in EISA stands for ____. a. Extended c. Extra b. Expandable d. Expanding It is common practice today for a line to perform several functions, called ____. a. multiplexing c. multiprocessing b. interrupting d. vectoring The first PCs had only one bus, the ____ bus. a. system c. BIOS b. startup d. CMOS Many processes that the CPU carries out are initiated by interrupts, and are said to be ____. a. interrupt-based c. interrupt-initiated b. interrupt-driven d. interrupt-polled COM1 uses IRQ ____. a. 1 c. 3 b. 4 d. 5 The floppy drive controller uses IRQ ____. a. 1 c. 6 b. 0 d. 5 Memory addresses are most often displayed on the screen as ____. a. decimal numbers in dot notation b. hexadecimal numbers in segment/offset form c. binary numbers in dotted form d. None of the above.
____ 51. The CPU has a fixed number of memory addresses available to it, determined by ____. a. the CPU c. the number of DMA channels b. the bus it is using d. Both A and B. ____ 52. In Windows 9x, hex numbers in ____ memory begin with A through F. a. conventional c. upper b. extended d. base ____ 53. All programs written for today's PCs are compiled as ____ programs. a. 8-bit c. 16-bit b. 32-bit d. Either B or C. ____ 54. A pure DOS-based system can use ____ programs. a. 8-bit c. 16-bit b. 32-bit d. Either B or C. ____ 55. Windows NT/2000/XP use ____ drivers. a. 8-bit c. 16-bit b. 32-bit d. Either B or C. ____ 56. RAM is not stored on ____. a. DIMMs c. RIMMs b. TIMMs d. SIMMs ____ 57. The I/O address range for COM1 is ____. a. 0060-006F c. 0040-005F b. 03F0-03F7 d. 03F8-03FF ____ 58. Which is not designed to use DMA channels? a. mouse c. sound card b. floppy drive d. tape drive ____ 59. In a 16-bit ISA bus, DMA channel ____ is not available for I/O use. a. 0 c. 3 b. 4 d. 6 ____ 60. The Plug and Play standard does not apply to ____. a. the operating system c. BIOS on devices. b. BIOS on the motherboard d. None of the above. ____ 61. When you turn on the power to a PC, the CPU begins the process by initializing itself and then turning to the ____ for instructions. a. CMOS c. ROM BIOS b. CMOS RAM d. system BIOS ____ 62. The ____ performs POST. a. CMOS c. ROM BIOS b. CMOS RAM d. system BIOS ____ 63. Which is not true? a. POST checks RAM by writing and reading data. b. POST checks to see if a monitor is present and working. c. POST checks and verifies the video controller card. d. None of the above. ____ 64. The ____ is not included in the MBR. a. partition table c. OS boot record b. master boot program d. Both B and C. ____ 65. In Windows 9x, ____ begins the process of loading the OS into memory. a. autoexec.bat c. io.sys b. config.exe d. ntldr
____ 66. In Windows NT/2000/XP, ____ begins the process of loading the OS into memory. a. autoexec.bat c. io.sys b. config.exe d. ntldr ____ 67. The partition used for booting is called the ____ partition. a. primary c. default b. boot d. active ____ 68. The ____ file is a text file containing some parameters and switches that can be set to affect the way the OS boots. a. msdos.sys c. autoexec.bat b. config.sys d. io.sys ____ 69. The ____ file contains commands that start with Files= and Buffers=. a. msdos.sys c. autoexec.bat b. config.sys d. io.sys ____ 70. ____ causes the system to reboot. a. Restart.com c. Initialize.exe b. Reboot.exe d. Boot.com ____ 71. Electricity can be thought of as a stream of tiny charged ____ that flow like water along a path. a. amperes c. electrons b. volts d. watts ____ 72. As the electrical potential difference increases, ____. a. the electrical current increases c. Either A or B. b. the electrical current decreases d. Neither A nor B. ____ 73. A condition of low resistance that allows current to flow in a completed circuit is called ____. a. clamping voltage c. suspend time b. continuity d. potential difference ____ 74. As the electrical resistance increases, ____. a. the flow of electrons decreases c. Either A or B. b. the flow of electrons increases d. Neither A nor B. ____ 75. An electrical circuit is created by all except ____. a. voltage c. resistance b. current d. continuity ____ 76. ____ are not measured to determine their value. a. Watts c. Amps b. Volts d. None of the above. ____ 77. A computer power supply functions as a ____. a. transformer c. supplier b. rectifier d. Both A and B. ____ 78. When AC comes from the power source at the power station to your house, it travels on a(n) ____ line. a. hot c. AC b. neutral d. ground ____ 79. When AC completes the circuit from your house back to the power source, it travels on a(n) ____ line. a. hot c. AC b. neutral d. ground ____ 80. A ____ is a component included in a circuit and designed to prevent too much current from flowing through the circuit. a. resistor c. transistor b. fuse d. rectifier ____ 81. For 110-volt circuits, ____ is generally used for the hot wire.
a. white c. orange b. green d. black In PCs, ____ is generally used for the ground wire. a. white c. orange b. green d. black Gold and copper are examples of ____. a. semiconductors c. transducers b. insulators d. conductors Glass and ceramic, which resist the flow of electricity, are examples of ____. a. semiconductors c. transducers b. insulators d. conductors Silicon is an example of a(n) ____. a. semiconductor c. transducer b. insulator d. conductor If you turn off the lights in a room, scuff your feet on the carpet and touch another person, and you can hear the discharge of electricity, you have released at least ____ volts. a. 3000 c. 9000 b. 6000 d. 8000 Don't wear a grounding bracelet when working ____. a. inside a monitor c. with a laser printer b. with a power supply d. All of the above. Which do not condition the power passing through them? a. surge suppressors c. uninterruptible power supplies b. power conditioners d. None of the above. Temporary reductions of voltage are called ____. a. sinks c. brownouts b. depressions d. doze times Spikes are temporary surges of ____. a. resistance c. ohms b. amperes d. voltage Which provides backup power supply in the event that the AC fails completely? a. surge suppressors c. uninterruptible power supplies b. power conditioners d. Both B and C. ____ offers support for intelligent UPSs. a. Windows NT c. Windows 2000 b. Windows XP d. All of the above. ____ is the most popular form factor. a. Baby AT c. ATX b. Mini-ATX d. AT One problem with the ____ form factor is that the CPU is placed on the motherboard in front of the expansion slots. a. Baby AT c. ATX b. Mini-ATX d. AT A riser card is found in ____ systems. a. LPX c. ATX b. Mini-ATX d. Flex-ATX For low-end desktop systems, compact cases do not follow the ____ factor. a. LPX c. Mini-LPX
b. NPX d. Flex-ATX ____ 97. The power cord to the ____ does not supply one +5-volt circuit and one +12-volt circuit. a. floppy disk drive c. CD-ROM drive b. hard drive d. None of the above.
____ 98. The figure above shows a(n) ____ power supply. a. baby AT c. ATX b. mini-ATX d. AT ____ 99. The temperature inside the computer case should not exceed ____ degrees F. a. 100 c. 95 b. 113 d. 129 ____ 100. ____ is a power management method used with Windows 98 and Windows 2000/XP and supported by system BIOS. a. APM c. ACPI b. DPMS d. Both A and B. ____ 101. ____ is a power management method used for monitors and video cards. a. APM c. ACPI b. DPMS d. Both A and B. ____ 102. The ____ CMOS setting is the time that elapses before the system reduces 80 percent of its power consumption. a. standby time c. hang time b. suspend time d. doze time ____ 103. The ____ CMOS setting is the time before the system reduces 92 percent of its power consumption. a. standby time c. hang time b. suspend time d. doze time ____ 104. The ____ CMOS setting is the time before the system reduces 99 percent of its power consumption. a. standby time c. hang time b. suspend time d. doze time ____ 105. The "S" in DPMS stands for ____. a. Signaling c. System b. Source d. Setup ____ 106. The AT motherboard does not have ____-volt lines coming from the power supply. a. 3.3 c. 5 b. 12 d. None of the above.
____ 107. A(n) ____ motherboard uses a P1 connector. a. Baby AT c. AT b. ATX d. Both A and B. ____ 108. ____ is not considered an FRU. a. ROM BIOS c. CMOS battery b. RAM d. system clock ____ 109. Which is not a type of expansion slot on a motherboard? a. ISA c. AGP b. PSI d. IDE ____ 110. The largest number of bits the CPU can process in one operation is called ____. a. word size c. byte size b. data size d. bit size ____ 111. Which is not true? a. The size of the data path is the same as the system bus size. b. A CPU has only a fixed range of addresses that it can assign to physical memory that is housed within the computer case. c. The number of resistors in the processor circuitry is a measure of its overall computing power. d. None of the above. ____ 112. The "D" in 80386DX stands for ____. a. double c. dynamic b. dual d. dedicated ____ 113. On notebook computers, the CPU model number often has an L in it, as in 486SL-20. The "L" refers to ____. a. speed c. memory b. voltage d. size ____ 114. Pentiums have a ____-bit external path size. a. 32 c. 128 b. 16 d. 64 ____ 115. Pentium III L2 cache stored on a separate microchip within the CPU housing is called ____ L2 cache. a. external c. hidden b. adjacent d. discrete ____ 116. The first Pentium chip is known as the ____. a. Pentium Pro c. Pentium MMX b. Pentium I d. Classic Pentium ____ 117. The ____ was the first Pentium to offer Level 2 cache inside the CPU housing. a. Pentium Pro c. Pentium II b. Pentium I d. Classic Pentium ____ 118. The ____ introduced Intel's performance enhancement called SSE. a. Pentium Pro c. Pentium 4 b. Pentium III d. Pentium MMX ____ 119. The ____ uses a processor architecture that Intel calls NetBurst. a. Pentium Pro c. Pentium 4 b. Pentium III d. Pentium MMX ____ 120. Which is not a form factor used to house Intel processors in desktop PCs? a. SEP c. SEC b. SECC2 d. PGPA ____ 121. Which does not use Socket 7? a. AMD Athlon c. Cyrix M
b. Pentium MMX d. Fast Classic Pentium Which socket does not use an SPGA design? a. 5 c. 6 b. 8 d. 370 The ____ uses a flat cartridge called the pin array cartridge. a. Pentium Pro c. Pentium 4 b. Itanium d. Pentium MMX Which is contained on the CPU microchip? a. L1 cache c. L3 cache b. L2 cache d. Both A and B. The Itanium has ____. a. L1 cache c. L3 cache b. L2 cache d. All of the above. Technically speaking, EEPROM is called ____ ROM. a. system c. BIOS b. flash d. startup ____ ROM allows you to upgrade system BIOS without having to replace the ROM chip. a. System c. BIOS b. Flash d. Startup RAM does not exist on the motherboard as a ___. a. SIMM c. RIMM b. TIMM d. DIMM Buses that work asynchronously with the CPU at a much slower rate are called ____ buses. a. internal c. local b. expansion d. external The system bus is considered a(n) ____ bus. a. internal c. local b. expansion d. external Which bus does not work in sync with the CPU and the system clock? a. EISA c. PCI b. AGP d. System Many motherboards contain ____ ports such as a keyboard port and a mouse port. a. pre-configured c. local b. on-board d. embedded The PCI speed is 1/2 or 1/3 of the ____. a. CPU speed c. ISA bus speed b. system bus speed d. multiplier Configuration information is provided on the motherboard in all but which way? a. BIOS c. switches b. CMOS d. jumpers Jumpers are not used to ____. a. indicate the presence of cache memory b. communicate the type and speed of the CPU to the system c. disable keyboard power-up d. None of the above. The CMOS setup ____ menu allows you to change the system date and time. a. Main c. System b. Advanced d. Boot
____ 137. The first step in preparing the motherboard to go in the case is to ____. a. install the fan on the processor b. install the processor on the motherboard c. install RAM in the memory slots d. set the jumpers or DIP switches ____ 138. The ____ is a metal plate that comes with the motherboard and fits over the ports to create a well-fitted enclosure around them. a. drive door c. port shield b. faceplate d. All of the above. ____ 139. ____ are round plastic or metal pegs that separate the motherboard from the case. a. Dividers c. Splitters b. Standoffs d. Toggles ____ 140. To help orient the connector on the motherboard pins, look for a small ____ embedded on the connector that marks one of the outside wires as pin 1. a. square c. triangle b. circle d. number 1 ____ 141. Which port does not come directly off the motherboard? a. video c. USB b. parallel d. mouse ____ 142. COM1 is typically IRQ ____. a. 1 c. 4 b. 3 d. 7 ____ 143. Which is not true? a. Most serial ports are male. b. Parallel ports can be configured as LPT1, LPT2, LPT3, or LPT4. c. Most COM and LPT ports assignments are made in CMOS setup. d. Serial ports are sometimes called DB-9 and DB-25 connectors. ____ 144. Avoid using a parallel cable longer than ____ feet to ensure data integrity. a. 5 c. 6 b. 15 d. 12 ____ 145. ____ is bidirectional. a. SSP c. ECP b. EHP d. Both B and C. ____ 146. USB is ____, meaning that a device can be attached to a USB port while the computer is running, and the host controller will sense the device and configure it without your having to reboot the computer. a. fast-installable c. auto-programmable b. hot-pluggable d. quick-ready ____ 147. Which is not true about USB? a. It is designed to make the installation of slow peripheral devices as effortless as possible. b. It is faster than regular serial ports. c. It forces you to manually resolve resources conflicts. d. None of the above. ____ 148. As many as ____ USB devices can be daisy chained together using USB cables. a. 53 c. 127 b. 212 d. There is no limit. ____ 149. Which is not true about a USB cable? a. The B-Male connector is flat and wide. b. It has 4 wires.
c. It can connect devices or devices and a hub. d. The connector on the host computer is called the A-Male connector. Which does not support USB? a. Windows NT c. Windows 2000 b. Windows 98 d. Windows XP Which is not true about FireWire? a. It uses serial transmission of data. b. It is faster than USB. c. It is targeted to replace slow serial and parallel ports. d. None of the above. Which does not support FireWire? a. Windows NT c. Windows 2000 b. Windows 98 d. Windows XP ____ refers to enclosing wires in a protective covering to reduce interference. a. Encasing c. Covering b. Surrounding d. Shielding ____ data transfer means that data is transferred continuously without breaks. a. Nonstop c. Infinite b. Isochronous d. Whole Which is not true about PCI slots? a. They are usually white. b. They are longer than ISA slots. c. They can run at one speed while the CPU runs at a different speed. d. They are set farther away from the edge of the motherboard than ISA slots. The PCI ____, which is part of the motherboard chip set, manages the PCI bus and the expansion slots. a. bus controller c. manager b. host controller d. bus master In order for the system to use PCI bus IRQ steering, the ____ must support it. a. motherboard c. Both A and B. b. OS d. Neither A nor B.
____ 158. The figure above indicates that PCI bus IRQ steering has placed a(n) ____ on IRQ 10, making it unavailable to ISA devices. a. null status c. spacer b. holder d. block ____ 159. If the motherboard is ACPI-compliant, IRQ ____ can be shared by several PCI devices. a. 3 c. 9 b. 7 d. 4 ____ 160. The ____ bus was the first 32-bit bus for personal computers. a. EISA c. PCI b. ISA d. MCA ____ 161. Generally, expansion cards do not use ____ slots. a. PCI c. EISA b. ISA d. None of the above. ____ 162. Used on the first IBM 8088 PCs in the early 1980s, the ____ bus had an 8-bit data path. Later, IBM revised it to have a 16-bit data path. a. PCI c. EISA b. ISA d. None of the above. ____ 163. 16-bit real-mode device drivers are loaded by entries in the ____ file. a. Config.sys c. System.ini b. Autoexec.bat d. All of the above. ____ 164. Which is not a method that a keyboard connects to a PC? a. PS/2 connector c. DIN connector b. DIP switch d. USB port ____ 165. Regardless of the type of connection or construction of the keyboard, pressing a key produces a(n) ____ code a. scan c. enter b. make d. break ____ 166. Regardless of the type of connection or construction of the keyboard, releasing a key (after it has been pressed) produces a(n) ____ code
a. scan c. enter b. make d. break If keyboard keys produce the wrong characters, it is most likely because ____. a. of a dirty contact c. of a bad chip b. of excessive humidity d. the cable connection is not good Which monitor feature most affects price? a. resolution c. multiscan b. screen size d. refresh rate The ____ is the number of times in one second an electronic beam can fill the screen with lines from top to bottom. a. refresh rate c. frequency b. dot pitch d. resolution The ____ is distance between the dots on the screen that the electronic beam hits. a. refresh rate c. frequency b. dot pitch d. resolution With ____ display, a transistor that amplifies the signal is placed at every intersection in the grid, which further enhances the pixel quality. a. dual-scan passive matrix c. active-matrix b. dual-pixeling matrix d. Both A and B. The ____ is presently the most popular local bus. a. VESA c. PCI b. AGP d. DCE When discussing video memory, the number of colors available is called ____. a. color depth c. color intensity b. pitch d. pixel amount ____ is designed specifically for video card processing and can synchronize itself with the CPU bus clock, which makes the memory faster. It uses other methods to increase overall performance for graphics-intensive processing, but is not dual-ported memory. a. VRAM c. MDRAM b. SGRAM d. WRAM ____ is designed so that video memory can be accessed by both the input and output processes at the same time. The memory chips are designed so that the full width of the video bus can be used with fewer memory chips than needed to provide the full bus width access to RAM. a. VRAM c. MDRAM b. SGRAM d. WRAM Memory is not stored on memory modules called ____. a. TIMMS c. RIMMS b. SIMMS d. DIMMS The "E" in EPROM stands for ____. a. extra c. erasable b. electrically d. extended Which is not true about flash memory? a. It makes it possible to replace the programming on a chip rather than replace the chip itself. b. It holds its data as a magnetized area on a platter. c. It does not lose its data when the power is turned off. d. It is more expensive than mechanical devices, such as hard drives. Which is not a current DRAM technology?
a. Direct Rambus DRAM c. SLDRAM b. SDRAM II d. None of the above. L1 cache is located ____. a. inside the CPU housing c. on the CPU die b. on the motherboard of older systems d. None of the above. With ____ SRAM, data is sent in a two-step process: first the data address, and then a series of data transmissions. a. burst c. asynchronous b. dual d. boosted ____ is used on motherboards that range in speed from 16 to 66 MHz. a. FPM c. BEDO b. EDO d. Direct Rambus ____ is used on motherboards rated 66 MHz and higher. a. FPM c. BEDO b. EDO d. Direct Rambus Which is not a common SIMM speed? a. 60 ns c. 50 ns b. 80 ns d. 70 ns DIMMs have ____ pins on the edge connector of the board. a. 72 c. 30 b. 168 d. 184 ____ does not run at a constant speed. a. FPM c. BEDO b. EDO d. SDRAM Within a ____, data travels on a narrow 16-bit data path. a. RIMM c. TIMM b. SIMM d. DIMM Parity error 1 is an error ____. a. on an expansion board c. on the motherboard b. with the floppy drive d. with a modem ____ uses resistors to communicate the type of memory present. a. PPD c. GPF b. CL d. SPD To find out how much memory is already installed on your computer, right-click the My Computer icon and select the ____ tab. a. Memory c. General b. Properties d. Hardware Data moves from the system bus sequentially through each ____ module. a. RIMM c. TIMM b. SIMM d. DIMM For best performance, install ____ MB of memory into a Windows 9x system. a. 32 c. 128 b. 256 d. 64 For best performance, install ____ MB of memory into a Windows 2000/XP system. a. 512 c. 128 b. 256 d. 64 Most DIMMs can be installed ____. a. as a single module c. groups of 4
b. groups of 2 d. Either B or C. ____ 195. RIMMs come as double-sided modules with ____ pins. a. 72 c. 30 b. 168 d. 184 ____ 196. If you use a SIMM having one speed in one bank and a SIMM having another speed in the other bank, ____. a. your computer won't boot b. your computer will only work as fast as the slower bank c. you will receive an error message d. Both B and C.
____ 197. In the left hand column of figure above, which kind of memory is error-checking? a. 168-PIN LONG DIMMS EDO c. 72-PIN EDO b. 168-PIN LONG DIMMS SDRAM d. All of the above.
____ 198. The figure above shows the installation of a ____ module. a. RIMM c. TIMM b. SIMM d. DIMM
____ 199. The figure above shows the installation of a ____ module. a. RIMM c. TIMM b. SIMM d. DIMM ____ 200. A 3 1/2-inch double density disk holds ____ of data. a. 2.88 MB c. 1.2 MB b. 720K d. 360K ____ 201. Which is not true? a. Regardless of disk size and density, the physical hardware used to access a disk looks and works much the same way. b. A floppy drive is connected to either the controller card or motherboard by a 16-pin data cable. c. Today's computers have the floppy drive controller built into the mother board. d. None of the above.
____ 202. Data is written to the disk as ____. a. bytes c. blocks b. bits d. tracks ____ 203. ____ heads on either side of the read/write head ensure that the widths of the data tracks do not vary. a. Spacer c. Tunnel-erase b. Splitter d. Wide ____ 204. On a 3 1/2-inch high-density disk, 1 cluster holds ____ bytes of data. a. 128 c. 256 b. 512 d. 1024 ____ 205. The first sector on a disk is not called the ____. a. boot sector c. boot loader b. boot record d. None of the above. ____ 206. All of the clusters that belong to a single file are called a ____. a. cluster group c. cluster block b. cluster file d. cluster chain ____ 207. If all the clusters that belong to a single file are not stored consecutively on the disk, the file is called a(n) ____ file. a. unclustered c. scattered b. suspended d. fragmented ____ 208. Which is not true about the root directory table? a. It contains a fixed number of rows to accommodate a predetermined number of files and subdirectories. b. It contains only the starting cluster number. To find out what other clusters store the file, look in the FAT. c. It does not contain the period that is normally between the filename and file extension in OS command lines. d. None of the above. ____ 209. The ____ option with the format command makes a drive bootable. a. /s c. /v b. /b d. /u ____ 210. Errors caused by clusters that are marked in the FAT as belonging to more than one file are called ____ clusters. a. double c. cross-linked b. duplicate d. redundant ____ 211. Error messages that are in the ____ range occur when the floppy drive did not pass the POST test. a. 300 c. 500 b. 600 d. 400 ____ 212. When booting a computer, if the floppy drive light comes on and stays on, the problem is most likely caused by ____. a. the software b. the hardware c. the cable not being attached correctly to pin 1 d. the system setup losing CMOS data ____ 213. The "I" in IDE stands for ____. a. Interface c. Institute b. Integrated d. Interpreted ____ 214. Drive standards today specify ____ more than any other single factor. a. memory c. number of devices supported
b. data transfer speed d. signal integrity Which does not use a special 40-pin IDE cable? a. ATA/133 c. ATA/66 b. ATA/100 d. None of the above. Following the EIDE standard, a motherboard can support up to ____ EIDE devices. a. two c. six b. four d. None of the above. Master and slave designations for EIDE devices are not made by ____. a. setting jumpers c. using a special cable-select data cable b. setting DIP switches d. changing the BIOS Windows ____ does not support 1394. a. NT c. 98 b. 2000 d. XP Generally, ____ has the fastest speeds. a. SCSI c. 1394 b. IDE d. Both A and B. If a hard drive has four platters, it has ____ heads. a. two c. eight b. four d. sixteen Older motherboards did not have an IDE connection, so a small ____ served as a simple pass-through from the drive to the motherboard. a. data cable c. expansion card b. adapter card d. controller board On an IDE drive, every sector has ____ bytes. a. 1024 b. 256 c. 512 d. It depends on the number of sectors per track. On an older hard drive, every sector has ____ bytes. a. 1024 b. 256 c. 512 d. It depends on the number of sectors per track. With IDE drives, ____ formatting is done at the factory. a. low-level c. operating system b. high-level d. Both A and C. With IDE drives, ____ is done by the OS. a. low-level c. operating system b. high-level d. Both B and C. With IDE drives, the ____ deals with physically locating the data on the drive. a. system BIOS c. hard drive controller BIOS b. OS d. All of the above. ____ geometry is head, track, and sector information that the hard drive controller BIOS presents to system BIOS and the OS. a. Default c. Logical b. System d. Physical
____ 228. Which mode of "deception" used by newer technology has the hard drive using a complex cylinder, head, and sector organization that only the controller BIOS knows, while the controller BIOS communicates to system BIOS in terms of the older methodology? a. large c. LBA b. normal d. default ____ 229. Which mode of "deception" used by newer technology has the hard drive controller BIOS sending the logical geometry to system BIOS, but system BIOS communicating a different set of parameters to the OS and other software? a. large c. LBA b. normal d. default ____ 230. Which mode of "deception" used by newer technology uses neither physical nor logical geometry? a. large c. LBA b. normal d. default ____ 231. ECHS mode is the same as ____ mode. a. large c. LBA b. normal d. default ____ 232. CHS mode is the same as ____ mode. a. large c. LBA b. normal d. default ____ 233. Which method is used by Windows NT, 2000, and XP? a. large c. LBA b. normal d. None of the above. ____ 234. System BIOS that supports translation methods is called ____ BIOS. a. translatable c. high-capacity b. large d. enhanced ____ 235. Drives larger than 8.4 GB use ____ mode, where the BIOS and OS view the drive as addressable sectors. a. large c. LBA b. normal d. default ____ 236. For drives ____ CMOS setup reports a drive capacity that does not reflect the true size of the drive. a. less than 504 MB c. between 504 and 528 MB b. between 504 MB and 8.4 GB d. greater than 8.4 GB ____ 237. ____ is the best solution if you want to install a large-capacity drive on a PC whose BIOS does not support it. a. Upgrading the BIOS b. Upgrading the entire motherboard c. Letting the BIOS see the drive as a smaller drive d. Using software that interfaces between the older BIOS and the large-capacity drive ____ 238. With PIO mode, the ____ is in charge and manages data transfer. a. DMA controller c. CPU b. hard drive BIOS d. None of the above. ____ 239. With bus mastering using DMA, the ____ manages data transfer. a. DMA controller c. CPU b. hard drive BIOS d. None of the above. ____ 240. All Windows operating systems support ____. a. NTFS c. FAT32 b. FAT16 d. Both B and C. ____ 241. Which does not support NTFS? a. Windows NT c. Windows XP b. Windows 2000 d. Windows 98
____ 242. The Windows ____ program is used to repair damage to the program in the MBR. a. Chkdsk c. ScanDisk b. Defrag d. Fdisk ____ 243. The ____ partition is the partition on the hard drive that is used to boot the OS. a. default c. active b. boot d. loaded ____ 244. The ____ program is used to create logical drives within partitions. a. Ldisk c. Chkdsk b. ScanDisk d. Fdisk ____ 245. The command Format C:/____ makes the drive bootable. a. B c. S b. L d. R ____ 246. Which is not true? a. Keep data files in the same directories as the software so backing up will be easier. b. Do not smoke around your hard drive. c. Long spans of inactivity can cause problems with PCs. d. None of the above. ____ 247. Three beeps on most computers signal a ____ error. a. hard drive c. memory b. video d. CPU ____ 248. Any error message in the 600 range refers to the ____. a. hard drive c. memory b. floppy disk d. CPU ____ 249. During POST, if the startup BIOS displays numeric error codes in the 1700s or 10400s, they generally refer to ____ problems. a. fixed disk c. memory b. floppy disk d. CPU ____ 250. Error messages such as "Invalid media type" or "Non-DOS disk" often indicate ____. a. a damaged FAT b. a damaged root directory c. a damaged boot record on a hard drive d. bad sectors somewhere on the hard drive
Test 1 Study Guide: Hardware Chapters 1 - 7 Answer Section
MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. D B C A C A C D B C D B C B B B C A D B A B D B B A B A D B C B B A C D D B C C B
42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87.
B B A A A B B C B D C D C B B D A B D C C B C C D D A B A C A B A D A D A B B D D D B A B D
88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100. 101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. 123. 124. 125. 126. 127. 128. 129. 130. 131. 132. 133.
A C D C D C D A D D C B C B D A B A A B D D A C A B D D D A B C C A C B A D B B B B C B B B
134. 135. 136. 137. 138. 139. 140. 141. 142. 143. 144. 145. 146. 147. 148. 149. 150. 151. 152. 153. 154. 155. 156. 157. 158. 159. 160. 161. 162. 163. 164. 165. 166. 167. 168. 169. 170. 171. 172. 173. 174. 175. 176. 177. 178. 179.
A D A D B B C A C B B D B C C A A C A D B B D C B C D C B D B B D C B A B C C A B A A C B C
180. 181. 182. 183. 184. 185. 186. 187. 188. 189. 190. 191. 192. 193. 194. 195. 196. 197. 198. 199. 200. 201. 202. 203. 204. 205. 206. 207. 208. 209. 210. 211. 212. 213. 214. 215. 216. 217. 218. 219. 220. 221. 222. 223. 224. 225.
C A A D C B D A C A C A C B A D B A B D B B B C B C D D D A C B C B B D B D A C C B C C A D
226. 227. 228. 229. 230. 231. 232. 233. 234. 235. 236. 237. 238. 239. 240. 241. 242. 243. 244. 245. 246. 247. 248. 249. 250.
C C B A C A B D D C D A C B B D D C D C A C B A C