Intelligent Drive Electronics Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) commonly known as Intelligent Driver Electronic(IDE)interface, 1.

is a generic term applied to any drive with an integrated (built-in) disk controller. 2. ANSI standard 3. IDE bus is independent type of CPU & the system bus. 4. IDE drives consist build-in controller functions, for executing command for reading a sector, looking for s read/write head, reading encoded signals ,separation of data & clock signals ,transfer data into main memory. 5. for connecting the driver to the motherboard ,only 40 wire flat conductor cable is used. 6. Only 2 driver can be connected to 1 IDE cable(master) (address 0) & other to IDE channel(slave)(address 1) 7. ATA bus has 16 data lines for transfer data at various speed using programmed Input/Output(PIO)mode, data transfer between the HDD & the system requires host microprocessor intervention. Direct Memory Access(DMA)modes Data transfer between the HDD & system memory can be performed without host microprocessor intervention . & Ultra DMA modes similar as DMA ,but adds double transition clocking for faster data transfer capability & CRC error checking & correcting for enhanced data integrity 8. ATA interface specifications probity the use of interface cables greater than 18 inches(45cm) 9. Enhanced Intelligent Drive Electronic enable faster access to the HDD & support Logical Block Addressing(LBA)for addressing HDD larger than 524MB. 10. ATA-1 is the first IDE standard, next is 1) ATA-2 also called as Enhanced IDE it’s additional are fast PIO & DMA modes, support Plug & Play ,compatibility with future requires., next is 2) ATA-3 improve reliability ,especially PIO mode 4,password-based security scheme, sophisticated power management, self monitoring Analysis & report technology(S.M.A.R.T) for warning you about certain types of impending failure, 3) ATA-4 also called as Ultra ATA-33 maximum data transfer rate of 33MB/sec , higher transfer speed was achieved by clocking data on both edges of the strobe signal. 4) ATA-5 also called ultra ATA-66 data transfer rate 66MB/sec for higher speed require 80 conductor,40 pin cable that includes 40 grounds conductors .to improve cable grounding & enhance data integrity the cable maintains plug compatibility with existing 40-pin connectors. 5) ATA-100 also called ultra ATA-100 data transfer rate 100Mybets /second, to achieved higher data transfer rate is by clocking data on both edges of the strobe signals & reducing the signals voltage to 3.3 volts from 5 volts & reducing maximum data burst timing requirement.

11. ATA Packet Interface(ATAPI) is designed for devices such as cd-roms & tape drive that plug into ATA(IDE) port & it’s cheap & can work with any PC with an IDE or EIDE adapter, compare to QIC117 floppy tape devices it can have superior performance & reliability, caching controller & other intelligent interface will not work unless it’s support ATAPI aware. Small Computer System Interface(SCSI) 1. SCSI pronounced as “SCUZZY” is a system interface that sits on system bus ,SCSI define bus system between a maximum of 8 units ,as well as the protocol for data exchange among them, example hard disks, tape driver, optical drives which fulfils SCSI specification. 2. SCSI unit controller is similar to IDE hard disk it integrated on the drive for connection to the PC 3. SCSI host adapter establishes the connection to the PC system bus ,it’s also a SCSI unit ,only 7 devices can connect to 1 host adapter, most system support up to 4 host adapters for a total of 28 devices. 4. SCSI unit is assigned a SCSI address from 0-7 ,example address 7 is for tape drive. 5. SCSI units is established by 50-wire flat conductor cable with 50-pole plugs or 25 twisted cable pairs (1 ground line is twisted with signal line) similar to centronics cables. 6. SCSI hard disk has the drive controller & SCSI adapter in one circuit & it’s called embedded SCSI driver for connecting driver like floppy, hard disk . 7. SCSI define the physical of a computer connect to the peripheral devices in daisy-chain. 8. SCSI-1 was design for narrow 8 bit ,single-ended synchronous or asynchronous disk driver that can transfer date up to 5 Mbytes/sec. 9. It has disadvantage such as it cannot not performs expected commands because is a dependent device. 10. SCSI-2 can perform well than SCSI-1 with other peripherals such as hard disk, cd-ron drive… ,it much faster than SCSI-1 it can operate 8-bit,16-bit & 32-bit wide data bus ,the 16-bit bus require 2 cables to make a connection,SCSI-1 define single-ended & different mode operation.SCSI1 & SCSI-2 have 50pins high density connector . 11. SCSI-3 has 68pins high density micro-d connector for 16-bit wide SCSI to replace using 2 cables 16-bit SCSI, 12. SCSI Parallel interface defines electrical signals & fast transfer speed up to 10 Mega-transfer/sec(20 Mbytes[sec for 16-bit],Ultra SCSI (fast-20) doubling data throughput 20mega transfer/sec(40 Mbytes/sec for 16-bit). 13. abou single-ended & differential connection please refer to your book 14. Advantage of SCSI • It’s support AT bus example APPLE computer & workstation • SCSI bus able to exchange data without the support of cpu, example 2 units can be active & exchange date at any time ,the data can be carried out between host adapter & drive or other SCSI devices example (tape drive & hard disk).