Community Development Changing Lives ABOUT INDIA
The vast and diverse Indian sub-continent has long been fought over. From Aryan, Afghan and Persian invasions to the British Raj, India has been under foreign rule from the early 1800s until independence in 1947. The subsequent division of the sub-continent into Pakistan and India has not been an easy one. Three wars over disputed territories have marred an otherwise successful bid for freedom from colonialism. India has a romance that is at once beautiful and terrible. Bollywood success, majestic buildings, a large skilled workforce, economic reform and courtship by the world’s superpowers – India seems to be on the rise. But then there’s the other side of the coin. Extreme poverty stalks the land, as the world’s largest slums continue to spread. Communal, caste and regional tensions haunt Indian culture. As new wealth lands next door to the most desperate of human circumstances, India struggles with unimaginable poverty amidst the creation of economic success.

Full name: Republic of the India Population: 1.1 billion (UN, 2005) Capital and largest city: New Delhi Most Populated City: Mumbai (Bombay) Major Languages: Hindi, English and at least 16 other languages Major religion: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddism, Jainism Life expectancy: 62 years (men), 65 years (women) Main exports: Agricultural products, textile goods, gems and jewellery, software services and technology, engineering goods, chemicals, leather products. GNI per capita: US $720 (World Bank, 2006

EFICOR Wells for Villages Project. In a remote area of India the Evangelical Fellowship of India Commission on Relief (Eficor), is providing safe drinking water to villages. Nabarangapur and Koraput districts of Orissa are home to the poorest tribal groups in India. Finding sources of clean drinking water in this drought-prone region is a huge challenge, let alone finding water close to their villages. Current water sources are rivers but these are usually some distance from the villages and are often contaminated. Village ponds are used for washing and cleaning but are also used by animals, so they are not suitable for drinking. In some places the villagers dig pits in the ground and wait for the water to collect but water gathered this way is muddy. This vital project supplies wells to this area by sending in teams of workers and drilling rigs. How it works: • The community participates in the decision-making process, forming a committee to oversee the drilling process and ensuring optimum use for the water when it is provided. • Community members help make access roads for the drilling rig. • The community helps in transporting the rig to the site. The community’s water committee and local leaders oversee the process. • Hand pumps are installed and members of the community are trained to repair them.

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Community Development Changing Lives COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
TEAR Fund community development works by empowering poor communities to find their own solutions to issues. This significantly reduces overheads by operating through local staff. We work directly with the poorest allowing us to identify and address the root causes of poverty not just the symptoms. TEAR Fund partners with indigenous Christian organisations who carry out the work themselves. Assistance is given regardless of beliefs. Tear Fund takes an holistic approach to all of its projects which takes the local community on a journey of transformation through improved physical, social and economic circumstances, and often on an individual level, spiritual change. HoW CoMMUNIty DEvElopMENt tRANSfoRMS • Physical – meets targeted need such as health • Social – unites and empowers • Economic – often creates opportunities for income generation • Spiritual – opens doors for gospel

Kenduguda is one of the most interior and un-developed villages situated within the Koraput District, Orissa. There are no proper roads and people are living without proper infrastructure such as school, hospital or clinics. Basic survival is a great challenge for the villagers, who earn daily wages working in other villages. They are dependent on forest products and rainwater for cultivation. Their economic problems were compounded by a lack of safe drinking water as they relied on a seasonal stream about 100 metres from the village TEAR Fund’s partner in India, EFICOR, specialises in drilling wells. Although the terrain was difficult at Kenduguda village, the drilling team met the challenge head-on. A temporary road was created with the community’s help, using mud and hard soil so that the rig vehicle could reach their village. After a week of construction and repairs to the road, the drilling was completed. The drilling was done to a depth of 350 feet, where good safe water was tapped. The villagers, and especially the women, couldn’t stop laughing joyfully. They gave their heartfelt thanks to EFICOR as they will no longer fear to fetch water, even at night. Now the women can save a lot of time in fetching water, enabling them to do other chores and spend quality time with their families. “It is beyond our imagination the way you people brought such a big vehicle to our village to give us this clean water. Thank you so much for taking the risk,” said a villager. Waterborne diseases have been significantly reduced ensuring a healthier community. Drilling a tube well and providing a hand pump for the people of a remote village is a simple step to ensure a community has a better life.

National Office: PO Box 8315, Symonds St, Auckland 1150 New Zealand Freephone: 0800 800 777 Facsimile: (09) 629 1050 Email: Website:


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