Revised Jan 2011

Livelihoods Technical Competency Framework
Technical competency Understanding of: Broad policy framework Knowledge Required        

International architecture for aid and high-level development goals (e.g. MDGs) International trade and intellectual property regimes and how these impact men's and women's livelihoods Food and nutrition security as a policy and practical objective International climate and environmental commitments Climate Science & understanding impact of climate change on (rural based) livelihoods Poverty reduction strategies and how they impact on, for example, the agricultural sector, food and nutrition security, etc. Public financial management Governance as a key factor in securing effective development outcomes

Enabling advisers to:  Work with other cadres and contribute to high-level debates  Work with and influence partners to develop effective policy environment for livelihood improvement  Ensure that on-the-ground work is aligned with and informs higher-level debate 

International and domestic institutions

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Roles and functioning of key international (e.g. World Bank, EU, G20, key donors such as USAID Feed the Future, CGIAR, Global Donor Platform for Rural Development, various Foundations and NGOs) and regional (e.g. development banks, CAADP, Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa, etc.) players International architecture surrounding agriculture, food and nutrition security and forestry (technology, marketing, trade, environmental agreements, etc.) and other natural resources Roles of other UK Government departments in agriculture, natural resources and private sector support and of domestic NGOs

Enabling advisers to:  Understand their role within the broader system and identify opportunities for linkages and collaboration  Work as part of multi-institutional teams to achieve common goals (Managing for Development Results) and develop an effective policy environment for livelihood improvement


etc. privatisation) on livelihoods of men and women Impact of agriculture on poverty reduction. agricultural services reform. women. and diversification) in meeting the needs of the poor and extreme poor Impact of public sector reforms (e. food and nutrition insecurity and crop failure Insecurity of tenure Gender-based risks HIV/Aids and other health risks to livelihoods Food price shocks and related needs to adapt livelihoods programming to cushion increasing volatility The links between different risks and the vulnerability of different social groups.g. land policy. history and current engagement        History.Revised Jan 2011 Livelihoods Technical Competency Framework  Rural development policy. decentralisation. food and nutrition security (FNS).)  Ensure that current work builds on lessons of the past            Sources of risk and insecurity and their impacts on livelihoods Climate risk and the impact of climate shocks Resource scarcity Political economy and the impact of elites on access to resources Fragile states and how to tailor work to these environments Conflict (civil and resource-based) Predictable hunger. impact and degree of success of development interventions (including participation.g. lead and contribute to evidence-based analysis of the context of rural and urban livelihoods  Introduce livelihoods perspective into policy and programming  Identify best practice and new opportunities in programme design  Design programmes that work for the poorest and for particular groups (e. both rural and urban. FNS and its differing impact on men and women The role of the private sector in development and growth and the enabling environment for private sector trade/making markets work for the poor The importance of technology to growth (especially agricultural technology but also opportunities for applications of new communications and low carbon technologies in rural areas) and possible trade-offs with FNS and poverty reduction Social and economic links between rural and urban areas Political economy factors including power Social protection as a tool for securing livelihoods Enabling advisers to:  Design. Enabling advisers to:  Ensure that programmes and policies meet current and future needs and are not derailed by predictable threats  Help people manage risk more effectively  Build resilience amongst people living in poverty  Incorporate principles of disaster risk reduction (DRR) strategies into programming Page1of1 . migrants.

including credit. FNS and for the sustainable management of natural resources Resource-based mitigation of climate change Access to financial services. impact of political changes. extension. awareness of differing dynamics in middle income and low income countries ) Urban livelihoods and linkages between urban and rural areas Enabling advisers to:  Ensure that programmes and policies cater to real needs of dynamic populations and do not lose their relevance  Capitalise upon positive trends and help facilitate changes that improve livelihoods Page1of1 . their sources and likely trajectories (especially migration. savings and insurance Enabling advisers to:  Design. manage and monitor livelihoods programmes in a range of country and resource contexts  Identify and address capacity-building requirements and make linkages between different levels of government and nongovernmental institutions  Identify opportunities for people living in poverty to engage more fully in markets (including in new markets for low-carbon products or for carbon sequestration services)  Identify and address major constraints to livelihood improvement and work with others to overcome these  Dynamics of change  Major changes taking place in rural areas. inputs) Resource management regimes. institutions and options and ways of building capacity within these Supply and value chains for agricultural/forest/livestock/fishery inputs and products Water resources management and urban/rural water issues in the context of diminishing supply Adaptation and building resilience to climate change in agriculture. urbanisation. changes in gender roles or composition.Revised Jan 2011 Livelihoods Technical Competency Framework        Natural resource-based livelihoods Agricultural services policy and delivery (research. movement in and out of resourcebased livelihoods.

systematic reviews etc. Climate Change Adaptation. stakeholder analysis) Special approaches for working in fragile or conflict areas Delivery mechanisms and how to effect change Enabling advisers to:  Ensure that methodologies in use incorporate best practice and quality evidence from livelihoods area  Make effective contributions and develop lasting partnerships Development effectiveness agenda. consensus building. methods for valuing natural capital. impact assessments. Poverty and Social Impact Analysis. lesson learning and innovation     Current thinking on ways of increasing effectiveness (approaches such as Managing for Development Results. livestock. development outcomes and impact. able to engage in research and judge quality of evidence  Lead the design of livelihoods interventions that draw on international experience. DFID management tools such as logframes. ways of disaggregating populations) Ways of developing and maintaining partnerships (skill requirements. research. including progress towards higher-level goals  Analyse programme weaknesses and revise accordingly Note: Livelihoods advisers filling specialist positions (e. forest. Drivers of Change. Environmental Impact Analysis. Page1of1 . etc policy will be required to have detailed technical knowledge in these specialist areas.g. indicators & results frameworks.) Value for money as a key tool for maximising impact Ways of identifying lessons and feeding learning back Professional networks and sources of support Enabling advisers to:  Be highly literate. evidence gathering. quality evidence and best practice  Monitor and assess expenditures and value for money. trade. Disaster Risk Reduction.Revised Jan 2011 Livelihoods Technical Competency Framework  Analytic tools and ways of working    Key tools and methodologies (including Livelihoods Frameworks. fisheries. capacity development. Making Markets Work for the Poor.

Support and develop effective donor partnerships. Government departments and role of Parliament. ‘influencing’ approaches and policy partnerships. Knowledge of resource and contact networks among policy professionals in own area. up-to-date awareness of other advisory areas). Build partnerships and coalitions with a range of stakeholders around complex issues in own advisory area. budget support. international financial institutions.       Page1of1 . SWAPs. academics. other agencies. global funds. coordination and division of labour with key government. Influence the integration of own advisory area into development planning processes. donor and civil society stakeholders around sector plans and strategies. research organisations etc). These include projects. Repeat of earlier? Advise and support complementary programmes and initiatives involving relevant Whitehall departments in terms of effectiveness and reduced transaction costs. Collaborate successfully with key multilateral institutions on sector plans and programmes. regional institutions such as EC and African Union). The international institutional architecture for development (UN system. including international and national NGOs. modes of working with they work and are deployed. White Papers. Advise DFID and external colleagues on the appropriateness of specific aid instruments. technical assistance. drawing on international experience and best practice. Paris aid effectiveness principles and their application in fragile states.     Enabling advisers to:    Work with other donors to improve the effectiveness of aid instruments Support the work of other professional groups by being familiar with their tools. private sector. such as MDGs. Aid instruments used by DFID and the international community. instruments and methodologies. Public Service Agreements. Understanding how to translate principles from own specialist area to the range of interventions and aid instruments across the DFID portfolio (drawing on a broad. G8 and Spending targets.Revised Jan 2011 Livelihoods Technical Competency Framework SHARED TECHNICAL COMPETENCY COMMON TO ALL GROUPS Knowledge of the development effectiveness agenda/ International development system/ Institutional and organisational knowledge    International and UK commitments. Work with partner governments to build their capacity to promote and undertake sustainable development.

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