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Introduction Microsoft Excel 2007 is the newest version of Microsoft Office's worksheet (spreadsheet) program. Technically a worksheet is a single document inside a workbook but we often use the terms worksheet, spreadsheet and workbook interchangeably. Worksheets contain numerical information presented in tabular row and column format with text that labels the data. They can also contain graphics and charts. Like Microsoft Word 2007, Excel 2007 takes advantage of a new, results-oriented user interface to make powerful productivity tools easily accessible. Why Use Microsoft Excel 2007? With Excel 2007 you can analyse, manage and share information quickly and easily to make more informed decisions. With the new user interface, rich data visualization, and PivotTable views, professional-looking charts are easier to create and use than ever before. The introduction of a new technology called Excel Sercices (ships with Microsoft Office Sharepoint Server 2007), brings with it significant improvements to data sharing and security. By sharing a spreadsheet using Office Excel 2007 and Excel Services, you can navigate, sort, filter, input parameters, and interact with PivotTable views directly on the Web browser. Before you start entering the discussion of Microsoft Excel, it helps us to know in advance how to view Microsoft Excel that, along with some common terms that will be used.
Function Bar Column Heading Row Heading
In Microsoft Excel there are 4 main components namely:
1. Row Heading
Row Heading (Head of the line), is pointing the location of the line on the active worksheet. Row Heading also serves as one part of the cell pointer (to be discussed after this). The number of lines provided by Microsoft Excel is 65,536 lines. 2. Column Heading Column Heading (Head of the column), is pointing the location of the column on the active worksheet. Similarly, the Row Heading, Column Heading also serves as one part of the cell pointer (to be discussed after this). Column on the symbol with the alphabet A - Z and a combination thereof. After the column Z, we will find columns AA, AB Until then the column AZ BA, BB s / d BZ so so on until the last column is IV (numbered 256 columns). It is indeed a very large worksheet instead. 3. Formula Bar Formula Bar, is our place to type in the formulas we will use later. In Microsoft Excel pengetikkan formula must be preceded by a '='. For example
we want to add up the value contained in cell A1 to B1, then in the formula bar can be typed in = A1 + B1.
Cell Pointer Cell Pointer to function to the active cell pointer. What is meant by active cell is the cell that will do a particular operation. To move ponter with the Mouse can be done by clicking on the desired cell. For the cell that is not visible we can use a scroll bar to scroll the display until the cells are looking for visible and click the cell. For certain conditions it's better to use a keyboard. Here's a list of keys used to move the pointer with the keyboard:
Button ←↑→↓ Tab Enter Shift + Tab Shift + Enter Home Ctrl Home Ctrl + End PgUp PgDn Alt + PgUp Alt + PgDn Ctrl + PgUp Ctrl + PgDn +
Function Move one cell to the left, up, right or down Move one cell to the right Move one cell down Move one cell to the left Move one cell up Moving coloumn A on the currently selected row Move to cell A1 on the active worksheet Move Move Move Move Move Move Move tab to last cell position that is being used up one screen down one screen one screen to the left one screen to the right from one worksheet tab to the next sheet tab from one worksheet tab to the previous sheet
& ALLIGN CELL CONTENTS
Microsoft Excel also provides facilities merge cells and have the same functions as in Microsoft Word. Click the button on the home tab.
And to set the alignment click the following : Using Formula The formula is the most important part of Microsoft's program of Excel, because each table and typed document that we will always be associated with formulas and functions. Operators of mathematics which will often be used in the Function Addition Reduction Multiplication Distribution Powers Precentage formula is;
Symbol Function + * / ^ %
The calculation would be done according to the degree sequence of these operators, starting from the rank (^), time (*), or for the (/), plus (+) or minus (-).
Using Function The function is actually a formula that has been provided by Microsoft Excel, which will assist in the process of calculation. we just use as necessary. In general the writing function must be equipped with the argument, either numeric, label, formula, cell address or range. This argument must be written with the enclosed brackets ().
Some functions are often used:
Function is used to find the average value of data collection (range). A common form of writing is = AVERAGE (number1, number2, ...), where number1, number2, and so are the range of data to be searched average rating.
Logical IF Function(…)
This function is used if the data entered has a certain condition. For example, if the value of cell A1 = 1, then the result is 2, if not, it will be
worth 0. Usually this function is assisted by the operator relation (comparison) as follows;
Symbol = < > <= >= to <> Example :
Function same Less than Greater than less than or equal to greater than or equal Not equal to
Fill in the columns " Cara Pembelian" to the logical function IF, "K" for CREDIT and "C" for CASH! The trick is to: • Place the cursor on cell F7 • Click the Insert Function (Fx), click IF, OK • In the Logical Purchasing Code _test click the first cell (cell D7) or insert D7 = "K" • In Value_if_true fill "Credit" • In Value_if_false fill in "Cash", click OK
Then copy, so will be like this :
This function used to search for the highest value from a set of data (ranges). The general form of writing is = MAX (number1, number2, ...), where number1, number2, and so is the range of data (numeric) to be searched its highest value.
Similarly, the function max, min difference function is used to find the lowest value of a set of numerical data.
SUM function is used to add a collection of data on a range. A common form of writing this function is = SUM (number1, number2, ...). Where number1, number2, and so is the range of data to be aggregated.
Left function is used to take the character on the left of the text. The general form of writing is = LEFT (text, NUM_CHARS). Where text is the data to be retrieved some character from the left, NUM_CHARS is the number of characters that will be taken.
This function is used to retrieve some of the characters the middle of a text. The general form of the use of this function is = MID (text, start_num,
NUM_CHARS). This means taking a number of characters ranging from start_num, as much as num_char.
This function represents the opposite of left function, if function left taken a number of characters of the left, then the function takes a number of characters to the right of the text .. The general form of writing is = RIGHT (text NUM_CHARS). Where text is the data to be retrieved some character from the right, NUM_CHARS is the number of characters that will be taken.
HLOOKUP and VLOOKUP Function
HLOOKUP and VLOOKUP function is used to read a table horizontally (VLOOKUP) or vertical (VLOOKUP). A common form of writing this function are: =HLOOKUP(Lookup_value, Table_array, Row_index_num,…) =VLOOKUP(Lookup_value, Table_array, Col_index_num,…) From the formula above, it can be seen that the difference is only in its index number, if we use HLOOKUP, then used the index number of rows (Row_index_num), but to use VLOOKUP used the index number column (Col_index_num). Index number is a number to indicate the position of a column / row in the table starting with number 1 for the column / first row in the range of the data..
Using Graphs One of the superior function in Ms Excel 2007 is a graph which can see the results table is converted into into the charts quickly. With graphics functions scientists are able to display their data. Ms Excel provides a variety of forms of graphs which include Line, XY, Column, Bar, Bar, Area, Stock, and so forth. Graphs can be seen in the following INSERT menu.
Click this button
After click the button
, it will display the following menu:
After entering the Insert Chart, so please select the type of chart you want according to your tastes. If you already selected type of chart you want, please click OK. However, because it makes the graphics need a data table to display the graph.
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