Data Center essentials

Infrastructure: Data Centre design should cover the following

Availability through a design that includes appropriate use of tier levels and the ability to support multiple tiers in the same datacenter Agility through a design that’s flexible and adaptable, ready to align IT resources with changing business objectives Efficiency that’s implemented with an emphasis on appropriately sizing IT equipment and its supporting cabling, power, and cooling infrastructures Future-proofing by design to escape the costs and inconvenience occasioned by the need to refresh technology Environmental consciousness (“going green”) Intelligent monitoring that enables power consumption to be monitored at every level in the power distribution hierarchy

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Essential criteria for data center design:     Physical capacity: Space and weight capacity of equipments Power :Connection to different part of grid and utilization of UPS and other redundant power supply to increase uptime Cooling: Bandwidth : This is dependent of device and customer requirement

Raised Floor: Data center should have raised floor constructed on a grounded framework consisting of interchangeable tiles. The height of raises floor is usually between 18’’-40’’ .The raised floor serves as a separation between the room and the slab.

Power supply: Electric power requirements for data centers became an important issue for.  computer technology, was creating higher heat density in smaller and smaller geometries. The simultaneous compaction and increase in electrical power caused concern over the ability to cool future generations of IT equipment.

 facilities that support the Internet Total power required can be calculated by Total Rack Location Unit i. UPS should be capable of maintaining power supply for a minimum 15 minutes during power failure and carry 150% of powerload. component wise electricity usage percentage UPS: Uninterruptible Power Supply is critical for high availability of services. fire control.e. Backup Power Generator: Generator should be uses as an alternative source of power. . Installation of generator should be properly done accordind to code compliance. total equipment power consumption plus 70 % of this for HVAC units. monitoring etc. Data center electricity usage by different components: fig 1.

compressors and air handlers create the optimal computing environment.Dry Cooling STATE OF THE ART Direct Liquid Cooling Close-Coupled Cooling . PUE and DCE relationship The cooling infrastructure: is a significant part of a data center. Proper HVAC(heating .Evaporative Cooling .fig2. ensuring the longevity of the servers installed within. temperature range 18°C to 27°C humidity range 5. As much as 40% of a data center's energy bill is from cooling equipment.5°C DP to 60% RH & 15°C DP Bellow different cooling techniques practiced in data centers are given: BEST PRACTICE Free Cooling Air Side Economizers Water Side Economizers . The complex connection of chillers.ventilation and air conditioning) system should be in place.

Basic principles of equipment layout are • Control the airflow using a hot-aisle/cold-aisle rack • Provide access ways that are safe and convenient • Align the floor or ceiling tile systems with the equipment . equipment layout: The equipment layout shows the footprint of IT equipment and the footprint of power and cooling equipment. Floor planning: A data center floor plan has two components 1.3: room dimension and number of row 2. IT equipment usually defined as rack locations without regard for the specific devices in the cabinets. As power needs increase. structural layout : This includes location of walls rooms.PDU (Power distribution units): Most data-center-class PDU (power distribution units) and UPS vendors offer systems with a modular capacity in rack-sized cabinets that can initially be outfitted to deliver 25 percent to 50 percent of total capacity. additional power modules can be easily installed in the existing cabinets without adding floor space and without column and key utility connections.Basic principles of structural layout are • fig.

In cabling use Point of Distribution (POD) rack for modular and manageable connection. Data centers may have rack mounted servers or blade servers. The storage is basically provided by FC SAN though cheaper alternatives like iSCSI SAN’s and NAS servers can work parallel with FS-SAN storage systems. Cat5/6 and Fibre ports for cross patching . Both ends of a cable should be labeled for better management of network connectivity problems.• Minimize isolated IT devices and maximize row length Rack Location Placement: The floor layout dependent on the number of rack location that are possible in the room . FC SAN is fastest and low latency storage servers while iSCSI SAN and NAS servers are easily manageable and cost effective. fiber channel. and changes Support for storage devices (i. On average. the number of IT rack locations possible can be estimated by dividing the room area by 28 sq ft / rack (2. enclosures. The RJ-45 connector is very common but one can use LC. Servers and cabling: Data centers may have rack mounted servers or blade servers. the actual number of racks for a particular data center can vary greatly from this typical value.e.6 sq meters / rack)1. POD contains the following items • • • Switches and sub switches: for administrative work Network Terminal Servers: allows connect physical console of a device to a port. SCSI or NAS) Redundancy and path diversity High performance and high bandwidth with growth factors incorporated(10G or higher) Proper racking. General consideration for cabling • • • • • Fast deployment and accurate moves. adds. downloading information must be done as quickly as possible.SC or ST connector. meaning data center cabling systems must provide fast data rates and be capable of reliably handling the stream of data while enabling migration to higher data rates when necessary. pathways and access flooring With daily system backups becoming a routine.

Fig 4. A Flexible Data center architecture .

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