3 Waste Treatment and Disposal

taping or information storage and retrieval systemswithout written permission from The Royal Society of Chemistry Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry. Thomas Graham House. Cambridge CB4 4WF Typeset by Vision Typesetting. Bath . electronic. Manchester Printed and bound in Great Britain by Bath Press. including photocopying.ISBN ISSN 0-85404-210-5 1350-7583 A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library @ The Royal Society of Chemistry 1995 All rights reserved No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in anyform or by any means-graphic. recording. Science Park.

Imperial College. Matsui. Germany. London. UK.J. UK. London. Imperial College. Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Pollution. Spiro. University of York.National Rivers Authority. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. M. SCOPE Office. UK. USA. N. P. Chave. please write to: The Royal Society of Chemistry Turpin Distribution Services Limited Blackhorse Road Letchworth Herts SG6 1HN. Consultant. Sir Frederick Warner. Princeton University. Harbour.ISSUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY EDITORS : SCIENCE AND R. Harrison.A. Gittins. Taylor.A. P. Specialist in Environmental Scienceand Regulation. Hopke. UK. Jr. Department of the Environment. For further information. Crutzen. USA. USA. P. Japan. Burdett. UK. UK. Doyle. UK. UK. Cairns. Clarkson University. UK. J. Perry. Harries. D. UK. UK R. ZenecaGroup pic. E. J. UK.K. Sir Hugh Fish. N. T. This will bring delivery of each new volume immediately upon publication. University of Binningham.. National Power PLC. Sir John Houghton. Max-Planck-lnstitut rur Chemie.H. J. S. TITLES 1 2 3 IN THE SERIES : Mining and its Environmental Impact Waste Incineration and the Environment Waste Treatment and Disposal FORTHCOMING: 4 5 6 Volatile Organic Compounds Impact in the Atmosphere Chemistry Agricultural Environmental Chemicals and the Environment of Chlorine How to obtain future titles on publication A subscription is available for this series. King. Slater. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution. UK. UK Telephone: +44 (0) 1462 672555 Fax: +44 (0) 1462 480947 . D.E. Hester. M.G. Leeds City Council. UK.K. R. Zeneca Limited. UK EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD : A. Kyoto University. P.

he has been heavily involved in national sciencepolicy and administration. He is a former member and past Chairman of the Environment Group of The Royal Society of Chemistry for whom he has edited 'Pollution : Causes. and boards.Editors Ronald E. Second Edition. Harrison is Queen Elizabeth II Birmingham Centenary Professor of Environmental Health in the University of Birmingham. a member of the UK Department of the Environment Advisory Committee on Hazardous Substances and is currently a member of the Publications and Information Board of The Royal Society of Chemistry. DSc (Birmingham). 1983) and 'Understanding Our Environment' (RSC. 1983. His more than 250 publications are mainly in the area of vibrational spectroscopy. latterly focusing on time-resolved studies of photoreaction intermediates and on biomolecular systems in solution. Hester. PhD(Cornell). He is active in environmental chemistry and is a founder member and former chairman of the Environment Group of The Royal Society of Chemistry and editor of 'Industry and the Environment in Perspective' (RSC. He was previously Lecturer in Environmental Sciences at the University of Lancaster and Reader and Director of the Institute of Aerosol Science at the University of Essex. CChem Ronald E. (RSC. 1986). Harrison. ix . panels. although his current work includes studies of human health impacts of atmospheric pollutants as well as research into the chemistry of pollution phenomena. PhD.Effects and Control' . currently being Chairman of the Department of Environment Quality of Urban Air Review Group as well as a member of the DoE Expert Panel on Air Quality Standards and Photochemical Oxidants Review Group and the Department of Health Committee on the Medical Effects of Air Pollutants. He has a close interest in scientific and policy aspects of air pollution. 1992). He was. He was for short periods a research fellow in Cambridge and an assistant professor at Comell before being appointed to a lectureship in chemistry in York in 1965. As a member of the Council of the UK Science and Engineering Research Council and several of its sub-committees. Second Edition. FRSH Roy M. FRSC. from 1991-93. 1990)and 'Understanding our Environment: An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry and Pollution' (RSC. BSc. BSc. FRSC. DSc(London). CChem. His more than 200 publications are mainly in the field of environmental chemistry . FRMetS. Hester is Professor of Chemistry in the University of York. He has been a full professor in York since 1983. Roy M.

Research on the Global Environment WC]E 6BT. Romney House. Passage Street. UK P. Loughborough. London Limited.H. Court. Pinawa. Wallbrook J. WC]E 6BT. Loughborough of Technology.M. Ogilvie. D. Wessex Water Bristol BS2 OJQ.H.L. UK D. Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Pollution. North Hinksey Lane. Culham. Price. Passage Street. Atomic Energy of Canada Pinawa. AEA Technology. London SW]P 3PY. UK Room A538. London Wessex House. Pearce. 43 Marsham Street. Technology Centre. UK Services Limited. Environmental Resources Management. Canada ROE ]LO Limited. AEA Canada ROE ]LO Technology. Oxfordshire OX]4 3DB. Whiteshell University Laboratories.Contributors I. National Environmental Culham. Manitoba. Wessex House. Leicestershire LE]] 3TU. Gillespie. Whitaker. Bristol K. UK P . Manitoba.M. Try. W. Gascoigne.J. University College London. Centre for Social and Economic University College London. Manitoba. K. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited.A.W. Slater. Eduljee. (CSERGE). Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment (CSERGE). 3DB. BS2 OJQ. Oxfordshire National OX]4 Environmental Technology Centre. Westlake. UK Gower Street. Centrefor Hazard and Risk Management. Dormuth. Gower Street. Canada ROE ]LO Whiteshell Laboratories. UK S. UK G. Whiteshell Laboratories. G. Abingdon. x . Atomic Energy of Canada Pinawa. Oxford OX2 OQS. Abingdon. UK Eaton House. Wessex Water Services Limited. S. Brisson.

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