ASSINGNMENT

FUEL ECONOMY

SUBMITTED BY: WAQAR ABDULLAH 07-NTU-103 B(WEAVING) 6 SEMESTER
TH

SUBMITTED TO: SIR HASAN SB

NATIONAL TEXTILE UNIVERSITY FAISALABAD

Fuel Economy
Fuel Economy is to minimize the consumption of fuel while keeping the output static Or to minimize the energy loses which refers to maximizing fuel efficiency.

Main Factors to Improve Fuel Economy: 
To minimize energy losses o Friction o Residual Heat  To maximize fuel efficiency o It directs to maximize the desired output obtained by the consumption of fuel.  To discover other methods of Energy o Hydro Power o Solar Energy

What Is Fuel?
Fuel is any material that stores energy that can later be extracted to perform mechanical work in a controlled manner. In other words, it is a substance that contains energy that can be released and then manipulated, mostly heat. Different types of fuel are  Chemical Fuel Chemical fuels are substances that release energy by reacting with substances around them  Bio Fuel Biofuel can be broadly defined as solid, liquid, or gas fuel consisting of, or derived from biomass.  Fossil fuel Fossil fuels are hydrocarbons, primarily coal and petroleum (liquid petroleum or natural gas), formed from the fossilized remains of ancient plants and animals  Nuclear fuel Nuclear fuel is any material that is consumed to derive nuclear energy. y Fission This type of fuel is heavy fissile elements that can be made to undergo nuclear fission chain reactions in a nuclear fission reactor; y Fusion Fuels that produce energy by the process of nuclear fusion are currently not utilized by man but are the main source of fuel for stars, the most powerful energy sources in nature.

Uses of Fuel: 
To run piston engines for o o Electricity Mechanical Energy 

To heat substance  To produce steam

Fuel Used in Textile Industry:
Fuel used in textile industry is:

o Petroleum o Gas o Coal

Petroleum is used in textile industry: 
To obtain mechanical energy  To run vehicles  For the generation of electricity

&
Gas & Coal used in Textile Industry: 
To produce Electricity  To run engines  To make steam for different processes

Recommendations to economize Petroleum, Gas & Coal in Textile Industry: 
Complete fuel combustion is necessary for fuel economy.  Excess amount of oxygen should be provided.  Unwanted gases should be removed.  More Fuel Efficient vehicles should be used.  Other ways of electricity generation like Hydro and Solar energy.  Fuel Efficient Generators  Conveyers and Lifts should be used instead of Lifter Vehicles for transportation of Material.  Other methods for Electricity generation should be used. (Hydro, Solar etc.)  Minimizing external losses by insolating ducts  Other sources of Mechanical Energy should be used like pneumatic power, etc.  Efficient Boilers having more fuel efficiency  Re-utilization of steam for other process instead of separate furnaces.  Electricity consumption should be minimizing.

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