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U/G Piping Installation Procedure

Contract No : H9301
Project Title : South Steel Project
Location : Jizan
Client : SSC

0 02Jan2011 Issued for Information

Rev. Date Description Prp’d Chk’d Rev’d Rev’d Client


SSC-stx co. ltd U/G Piping Installation Procedure Doc.No.:
South Steel-Project
of In Saudi Arabia Rev. : A
Page : 2 of 11

(QA) App’d

Table of Contents

1. Scope

2. References

3. Excavation

4. Coating and Wrapping

5. Backfill

6. Inspection and Examination

7. Attachment
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1.0 Scope
This procedure describes the general requirements of underground piping
work which include the performance of all activities such as excavation work,
backfilling, protective coating and wrapping of carbon steel pipe.

2.0 References

2.1 The related procedures which supplement this procedure are as follows :
- STX STD. Specification
Doc. Underground Piping installation and Testing
- General Welding Procedure.
- Piping Fabrication and Installation Procedure.

2.2 The codes and standards applicable to this procedure are as described in
Piping Fabrication and Installation Procedure.

3.0 Excavation

3.1 Depth of burial of pipes shall be in accordance with Piping Arrangement


Drawings. Excavation shall be done considering the safety of the work,
whereby protective measure shall be taken to prevent side wall collapse which
can cause accident to personnel.

3.2 Before excavation, it must be confirmed that there is no other buried


installation around the place of excavation.

3.3 Type of pipe bed for the pipe shall be granular soil bed.

3.4 Under roads and in trucking areas all underground pipe work shall be
protected from damage by superimposed loads by the provision of sleeves
surrounded by reinforced concrete encasement.

4.0 Coating and Wrapping


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The following requirements can be changed per specification and/or contract.

4.1 Materials

4.1.1 Prime
The primer shall compatible with and from the same source as the tape
wrapping.

4.1.2 Tape wrapping


Tape shall be nonwoven Spunbond Polyester fabric, with adhesive shall be
unaffected by bacteria, fungus and other microorganisms.

4.1.3 Coating for Valves, Flanges, and Patchwork Irregular shaped components
shall be coated with Polyken #938 or Tape coat TC mastic and wrapped with
tape.

4.2 Applied Coating and Wrapping

4.2.1 Joint and regular shaped fittings.


1) Coating and wrapping for field weld joints shall only be done after all
nondestructive examinations (NDE) and pressure testing are completed
and be left clean.
2) Remove all weld spatters, loose mill scale, loose rust, lacquer, oil, grease,
dirt, moisture and other foreign matter by wire brushing or grinding.
3) All joints and fittings shall be given a uniform coat of primer compatible with
the existing line coating system.
4) The outer layer of the line coating adjacent to the joint or fitting shall be wire
brushed back at least 50mm. The exposed undercoating and joint or fitting
shall be given a uniform coat of primer.
5) Apply one and one-quarter turns of tape over the weld prior to wrapping the
joint.
6) Each roll should overlap the adjacent roll by 10 cms. and 15 cms. overlap
for each endlaps.

4.2.2 Valves and Flanges


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Valves and flanges in underground service shall have a mastic coating


sprayed or brush coated over entire exposed surface and tape wrapping shall
be applied in accordance with the requirements of Construction Specification.
Care shall be taken to insure complete coverage of valves and flanges and
that a tight seal is made with adjacent pipe wrap.

4.2.3 Risers
Risers, from underground pipe, shall be wrapped with tape to a minimum of
75mm above finished grade (top of paving) and neatly terminated with two full
laps of tape.

4.2.4 Repairs to coated pipe.


Damage areas of polyester coating, including areas of coating disbandment,
shall be cut away. Cutouts shall be smooth and tapered, without notches
longitudinal cuts or sharp corner which could develop into slits in the coating.
(i.e., circle or elliptical cutouts, not square cutouts). Rough, damaged or
protruding areas which may penetrate the protective wrap shall be removed or
repaired by abrading, filling or sanding. Field repairs shall be made using tape
system in accordance with para. 4.2.1. Field repairs shall extended to adjacent
sound coating for a minimum distance of 75mm. All repairs shall be electrically
reinspected in accordance with para. 6.4.

5.0 Backfill

5.1 When the work of backfill pipe are carried out protective measure shall be
taken in consideration to prevent accident such as side wall collages, flooding
of water etc. which can cause damage to pipe and injuries to personnel.

5.2 Care shall be taken to prevent soil and sand from following into pipes, and to
prevent pipes from re-flatting due to underground water or rainwater.

5.3 For bedding and underground pipe, the trench shall be excavated 100 to
150mm below the pipe and filled with granular soil material to a height of at
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least the middle of the pipe. Backfill material paced in an excavated trench
shall be compacted with equipment which will produce the degree of
compaction specified.

5.4 In case additional soil and sand for backfilling contain gravel, crushed stone
etc. this shall be used only for upper portion of underground pipes to prevent
damage to pipe coatings.

5.5 Back-filling shall be done with appropriate tamping and 50-100mm overlapping
shall be maintained. Tamping may be done by any one of the following :
- Water binding method
- Rammer method
- Vibrator method
- Compact roller method
- Combination of above methods
The amount of water used in compaction shall be limited to that indicated by
Modified Proctor Test; through soaking or flooding shall not be allowed.

5.6 Back-filling shall be done in layers of uniform thickness is dependant upon the
compaction equipment.

5.7 Backfill material to be used shall be suitable soil, sand or gravel.

5.8 Back-filling shall only be done after coating and wrapping of welding portions is
completed.

5.9 Pipe supports such as wooden sleeper, sand bag may be installed for aligning
as well as preventing subsidence or movement of pipes, if necessary. After
alignment, wooden sleepers shall be removed and sand bags shall be splited.

6.0 Inspection and Examination (the different requirements can be applied to:)

6.1 Inspection prior to coating and wrapping


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The surface to be coated and wrapped shall be dry and clean of rust, oil or
other foreign materials.

6.2 Inspection for coating and wrapping materials.


Types and specification of these materials shall be checked before application.

6.3 Appearance
Finished conditions of coated and wrapped parts shall be inspected visually to
confirm that these materials are fully clinging to the surface of pipe.

6.4 Pin-hole Test


After coating and wrapping operating have complete, the surface shall be
tested with an electrical holiday detector set at 8,000 to 10,000 volts D.C. Any
"pinholes" or missed shots located by the detector shall be repaired and
retested prior to shipment.
Pin hole test shall be done to check that there is a continuous coating over the
piping surface.

7.0 Attachment

7.1 Visual Inspection Record.


7.2 Coating and Wrapping Holiday Test Record.
7.3 Material Coating / Wrapping Specification.

Attachment 7.1 (Visual Inspection Record)

VISUAL INSPECTION
RECORD
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Project No. Report No.


Project Name Subcon Name
Unit Sheet Joint Wrapping
S/N Line No. Remarks
No. No. No. Accepted Rejected

Inspected By Witnessed By (STX) Approved By (SSC)


Name: Name: Name:

Date Date Date

Form No. :

Attachment 7.2 (Coating and Wrapping Holiday Test Record)

COATING AND WRAPPING HOLIDAY TEST


RECORD
Project No. Report No.
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Project Name Subcon Name


Unit Sheet Joint Result
S/N Line No. Remarks
No. No. No. Wrapping Holiday Test

Inspected By Witnessed By (STX) Approved By (SSC)


Name: Name: Name:

Date Date Date


Form No. :

Attachment 7.3 (Material Coating / Wrapping Specification)


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