Victor L. Konyago, Orest V.

Ladyzhynsky

The Legion of Ukrainian Sich Riflemen

Badges, Medals, and Other Items

The Le Ukrainian SIC

Badges, Medal/s, a

ems

Vo

2

UC535.U38K652 06

355.1'342' 9.4

1

C2006·900445-5

The Legion of Ukrainian Sich Riflemen (Ukrainian: Ukrainski Sichovi Striltsi, or USS) of the Austro-Hungarian Army was formed from volunteers in the Western Ukrainian region of Galicia in August 1914, just after the outbreak of the First World War. Ten thousand Galician Ukrainians volunteered to join the I.egion, but the Austro-Hungarian High Command set a limit of 2,500 soldiers. During the First World War the USS fought the Russian Imperial Army on the Eastern Front.

This book provides information about rare and even unique USS badges, medals, and other items. Most of what is reproduced here is in the authors' private collections.

The authors are constantly seeking other USS items and materials. They will be grateful for any new or supplementary information and welcome questions about the USS. Please write to them at the following addresses:

P.O. Box 109 Howleyville, CT 06440 USA

drzvir@dr.com

Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication

Konyago, Victor L., 1950-

The Legion of Ukrainian Sich Riflemen: badges, medals and other items I Victor L. Konyago and Orest V. Ladyzhynsky.

Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 0-9688187-5-7

1. Ukrams'k] sichovi stril'ts-Medals, badges, decorafions, etc.

I. Ladyzhynsky, Orest V., 1979- II. Naukove tovarystvo i any Shevchenka (Canada) 1[1. Title.

as: I. adyzhynsky

Contents

Introduction: The Ukrainian Sich Riflemen A Brief Chronology of the USS

4 5

The USS Cockade USS Celluloid Badges USS Metal Badges

Kyiv Sich Riflemen Badges USS Medals

USS Badges of Unknown Issue

The Ukrainian Combat Administration Austro-Hungarian Army Badges

USS Postcards

USS Postage Seals and Stamps Other USS Items

Price Lists in 1917

7 8,16 '9,21 113,42 14,45 SOl

51

53

61

66

67

113, 13

References

75

I I

· t.· 1

" b. __ . I

------------------

Introduction: The Ukrainian Sich Riflemen

The idea of providing military training of Western Ukrainian young men in the crownland of Galicia began a few years before the First World War. At that time Galicia and the adjacent Ukrainian regions of Bukovyna and Transcarpathia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The main goal of the mil'itary training was to prepare the Galician Ukrainians for participation in an immanent war of Ukrainian independence from Russia.

A paramilitary association of Sich Riflemen (Ukrainian: Sichovi striftsi, from "Sich," the name of the sixteenth- to eighteenth-oentury Cossack stronghold on an island of Dnipro River) was established on 18 March 1913 in the city of Lviv (German: Lemberg). Their first commander was a well-known lawyer, Dr. Volodymyr Starosolsky.

Austria-Hungary went to war against Serbia on 28 July 1914, after Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist. Gavrilo Princip. When Imperial Russia mobilized in support of Serbia, Austria-Hungary's ally Germany declared war on Russia and Franoe. On 2 August 1914 all Western Ukrainian political parties loyal to Austria-Hungary voluntarily united in a Supreme Ukrainian Council (Ukrainian: Holovna Ukrainska Rada, or HUR), which appointed a Ukrainian Combat Administration (Ukrainian: Ukrainska boiova uprava, or UBU). On 6 August 1914 the HUR and UBU issued a proclamation to the Ukrainian population of Austria-Hungary calling on them to join a newly created egion of Ukrainian Sich Riflemen (Ukrainian: Legion Ukrainskykh Sichovy S riltsiv, or USS; German: die Ukrainische Legion, die

U krainiscnen SchCitzen) and to take advanta.ge of the op ni:ty to fight Russia. The U BU

appointed Teodor Rozhankovsky the legion's rs co ander. Later he was replaced by

Mykhailo Halushchynsky. Some 10,000 vol eers • a vario s districts of Galicia, eager to join the USS, gathered in the village of Lany ear e to r S i at the end of August 1914. At that

time the Russian offensive had reaohe e Zolota ypa R er and the Austrian forces were

retreating from Lviv. Because he Austro- garian i Co and did not fully trust all the

Ukrainian volunteers, mos of who were eenerto 19 ." r kraine's independence but not necessarily for the Austro-Hu galien Eire .. Le size f e USS Legion was limited to 2,500

soldiers. Thousands of disa oi ted v I ,., e. ithout enlisting. The men who

were allowed to join he USS ( os y y ~ ts - . e Austro-Hungarian soldier's oath of

loyalty to the empire in e Galicia t Se ternber 1914.

The USS constituted 0 e regi attallons (Ukrainian: kureni), in

contrast to regular Austro- garian egO ba' allons, Each USS battalion

(kurin) consisted of four 00 pa ias'so so' ia) ad four platoons (chaty); and

each platoon (chota) had '0 vas never formed because

the Austro-Hungaria ir e idea of enlarging the

USS.

To stand out and to underline their cockades made of ribbons or knotted threads : national flag-on the left side of their caps. various unofficial badges, which were won tunic. Hundreds of postcards, a few postal sea ,a'produced and sold to raise money for the USS_

A Brief Chronology of e 55

From 3 September1914: brief rnilita Transcarpathia. 10 September 1914: sent to the fro 25 September 1914: first battle. ' .ear from Semeniuk's company defeated a Russia September and October 1914: divi ed i reconnoiter and harass the enemy in the Carpa -_ ...

October 1914: saw combat on the

. November 1914: assigned to reoo

Svaliava (Transcarpathia) in the east and Vy in the west

January and February 1915: foug - a From 3 March 1915: positioned nee •

14 March 1915: commended forGs 28 April-1 May 1915: combat at

of the 55th Division, issued an official co Early June 1914: combat near the

), 0 platoons

issi ~s to

e S ole county) and. osia ka urka county)

Lavochne.

Krylos.

28 June 1915: forced the Dnister . - e _

27 August 1915: combat at Zavaliv HY

Late August-mid-September 1915: co :..::e: a: ~ --:.-::a =0- -

21 September 1915: transferred

for recuperation. There, based on an order iss a: _- 22 .!._,:,

USS Regiment of the German Southern Early October-November 1915: co .

command commended the USS as the best .

Late November 1915-early August 1 ...

combat. 2-3 September 1916: combat at L so 30 September 1916: combat at Po- - By early 1917, of the 7,000 soldiers-

wounded, and 1,500 had been taken priso March 1917: stationed near Berez 15 May 1917: stationed at Koniu

30 May 1917: combat at Koniukhy _ _

USS suffered many casualties; many on ers -iC ~ ;- = --.:;;- : who did not take part in the battle (technical sta= c"'; =-:::--0= = : and close-combat units) survived.

Late July 1917: armistice on the Eas e Late August 1917: stationed near Z -

Late December 1917: stationed a S ty).

27-28 February 1918: reached Ka - e Second

(Eastern) Austro-Hunqarian Army (the XII, XVII. a: : _ _ rps; at was sent

to help the recently declared independent - -a- =- == - _ ==0-:-= = = :.. ~--: - e Red Army

from central, southern, and eastern Ukraine,

a'

er.

e German

ad been

fie sl e_ The

and 444 riflemen achme-qun

2 March 1918: marched to the town of Zhmerynka and then to the vicinity of Vapniarka (now in Tomashpil raion, Vinnytsia oblast). There the USS were attached to an army group commanded by Archduke Wilhelm Habsburg-Lothringen (also known as Vasyl Vyshyvany).

17 March 1918: transferred to Odesa.

Early April 1918: transferred to the Kherson region.

12 April 1918: stationed near the village of Bilenke, 25 km. south of the city of Oleksandrivsk (now Zaporizhzhia).

June 1918: transferred to Yelysavethrad (now Kirovohrad).

Early October 1918: transferred to Chernivtsi in Bukovyna. The Training Command was stationed in the town of Vyzhnytsia.

1 November 1918: the West.ern Ukrainian People's Republic (ZUNR) declared in Lviv,

and the Ukrainian-Polish War began.

2 November 1918: 800 USS troops sent by train from Chernivtsi to Lviv. November 1918: fighting with Polish troops in and around Lviv.

22 November 1918: retreat from Lviv.

January 1919--February 1920: the majority of USS troops constitute the First Brigade of the ZUNR's Galician Army.

1964: fifty years after he foundi 9 of I e USS, t e Brotherhood of USS veterans still had 237 registered members in the Western worT _

1974: only 86 USS ve erans ere alive-5 i e Un- eel Stat'es, 31 in Canada, and 5 in Argentina.

1980s: the last USS ve era s passed i . 0 e e·

)

The USS Cockade

The first and most common diiistincti:on of 'e' 58 volunfleeliwas the b:lue-and-yellow cockade worn on the left side of his nel:d cap. .. e cockade was sewn from yellow and blue ribbons or knitted using yeUow and bl e y,a • Yellow (rep.Flesenting wheat fields) and blue (the sky) are the colors of Ute IUkrai ian flag.

- 7-

I

L__ -

~

USS CeUuloid Badges

1. Round oelluloid badge wHh gilt copper frame. Cyrillic letters .Y.C.C. (the acronym of YKpa'IHcbKi CiYOBi CTpinbLli-'Ukrainian Sich Riflemen) and year 1914 in yellow on a dark blue background. Horizontal iron pin wi a catch on the back. Diameter 32 mm.

1 a. Like 1, but with a lighter blue background.

1b. Like 1, but with ayc.c." and "1914" in blue on a yellow background. No photo is available.

2. Round celluloid badge with iron stickpin. ".Y.C.C." and "1914" in yellow on a blue background. Diameter 23 mm.

2a. Like 2, but ".Y.C.C.n and "1914" are in bolder letters.

3. Round celluloid badge with iron stickpin. Rampant lion shield in yellow on a blue background. Above the shield is he date of departure to eo, -1 O.IX.1914," in yellow. At the bottom of the shield are the Cyrillic letters 3.Y.P, he aoronym o' 3aranbHa YKp~f(HcbKa Pana (General Ukrainian Council). Diarne er 23 m.

3a. Like 3, but withe t ada e above e s ieJd.

3b. Like 3a, but wi

3c. Like 3a, but the baokg

as.

4. Round oelluloid ba half in blue and a rig

red on a background with a left ag), Diameter 23 mm.

4a. Like 4, but wi a lig er

e

4b. Like 4, but w'

5. Round oelluloid badge ., right hand and a shie . the top is the inscriptlo -~ 44, the circular in scrip , -3 3 _ 23 mm.

6. Round oelluloi yellow on a hi e ir black and yellow (

and white (T ey):

6a Like 5, but

yellow-and-blue halfaes 2. to 6a (which have

7. Round

. e with a yellow border ers, Diameter 23

ellow. Diameter 8 mm.

--~-- -

Badges types 6 to 8 were rather cetnotic; .... ~_ ~~

e USS .

.1

USS eta! Sa

"YKPA'iHCbKI CI40BI crnnsur (U raini ~

YKpaYHcbKa 60E:Ba ynpasa [Ukrainian Co 00.USS officers wore this badge on their b east -

)

9a. Like 9, but with a double border, Ii e 9c .

.... -----" --

9b. Like 9, but with darker blue enamel a c

ea ge on their breast.

e enamel background e inscription

fa ers' name and city, - a ca- . Officers wore this

10a. Like28 10, but with a reverse as in 1

11. Like 10, in gilt bronze, but without bl e e: a city and than the engravers' name, WlE wore this badge on the fronts of their caps.

11 a. Like 11, but in a silver finish.

11 b. Like 11, but the reverse has the raised -i ... "'-,.....:;~r-'i the horizontal pin and clasp, and 1914-1917 an • pin.

11 c. Like 11 b, but in a silver finish.

11 d. Like 11 c, but the reverse is embossed '-'-'II'~__'U~ prongs (broken in the photo) instead of a i

V1IJ and has an iron

&-

11 f. Stepan Pakholko has reported a badge Ii e the rest type 11 badges are 1.8 mm thic ). ad'" -" .. : -..-, available.

.5 mm thick (all o photo is

12. Round, convex, zinc badge7 with a raised amparc . e direction than on

badges 9-11f and with "Y.C.C. 1914" in raised s"'-rs'_ --5 e erse is the mark

REINEMER & SPIEGEL WIEN Vll." in raised lerersa.-:: a - :.=-.:;. - ~- S . 9 pin. Diameter 27 mm.

12a. Like 12, but with an iron prongs ins ead of a .

- 9 -

-

.......

16a. like 16, b still partly vtsi Ie.

-;::_ _ -::'-'"I""f --6

has been worn off but is

13. Similar 0 12, bu in white metal (German silver?) and with a diameter of 29 mm. Horizontal pin with a catoon e reverse. No markings.

14. Small badge in white metal wi h a stickpin on the reverse. Diameter 16 mm. No markings.

14a. Stepan Pakholko has reported he existence of a small gilt badge similar to 14, but with a blue enamel background. No photo available.

15. Gilt bronze, shield-shaped, a badge on a chain, depicting St. Michael the Archangel holding a raised sword in his right hand and a shiel'd with a rampant lion in his left. Hallmarked "YKPAIHA" (Ukraine) a' the op and "191r at the bottom. On the back is the inscription "YKPAiHLfI MYC9ITb HYLfl-1T C91 RK YKPAiHLli MR 050POHVl nPAB YKPAiHCbKOrO HAPO,QY MV1XA~nO r=v EBCbK!llIi1 B POLlI' C'B060,QVl YKPAiHVl1917." ("Ukrainians must

unite as Ukrainians to defe e 'g is of e Ukrainian people." Mykhaylo Hrushevsky [first

president of the Ukrainian People's Rep blic (U R)] in the year of Ukraine's freedom,] 1917).

Dimensions 39 by 26 rnrn. is ba ge was prt arily designed as a pocket watch fob or a

pendant.

15a. Like 15, but in solid si

15b. Like 15a, b w' au a am, a a e 8fSe with a catch.

illegible hallmarks and a vertical pin

15c. Like 15b, but i Vertical pin .

e rear B_ e tto or an inscription on the reverse.

15d, 15e. Like pe 15, b price list, page 74.

] nas a diaeresis. See the images on the

Type 15 badges are a

e the UNR's sovereignty

. Vertical iron spring pin on

16b. like 16,

, e bottom.

16c. Like 16,

16d. Like 16

I I

I I

16e. Like 16

16g. Like 15f.

16h, 16i. . e ~ 6'" a;-:: ~::>;

16j. Li e

I

17. Like 16j, but with "1918" at the botto Dimensions 37 by 26 mm.

a car on the back.

17a. Like 17, but with blue and yellow ai it i -"'6061-- 17b. Zenon Yavorsky'" has reported havi 91 a be bronze." No photo is available.

e:;ti '0 r e 17, but made of

18. Like 16, but with "1918" in raised Ie inscription "50r 5JlArOCnOBIll" (God (the nascent country) on the left side. e oacge worn off) and yellow on the left side. Hori 0 - - 35 by 29 mm.

rn. and the embossed and "IOHYfO CTPAHY" e right side (the color is re reverse. Dimensions

18a. Like 18, but without paint on the sides.

18b. Like 18a, but blue and yellow pain (

o e ad_e

e 0 0) in the center.

Badges 15 to 18b were rather patriotic, but

19. Iron, shield-shaped, flat badge wit a pa':a:i e1 painted light blue background. Horizon al i Ternopil area wore this badge28 Dime sio s n

. fa - g to the riqht on a SS volunteers from the

19a. Like 19, but in unpainted bronze.

20. Flat, shield-shaped badge in zinc depic' right hand and a shield with a rampan lie i letters. On the right side of the pin is e a e in raised letters. On the left 'side is the raised i by Yuliian Butsmaniuk, a USS officer, art" on the reverse. Dimensions 44 by 41

a gel holding a sword in his 's· 914 eYe 1916" in raised . TP. ( krainian Sich Rifleman) (in German). Designed orizoal iron spring pin

20a. Like 20, but with a vertical brass spri g

21. Round, convex, silver metal badge ~. a -and with "1914" at the top left and uYC.C" a Horizontal pin with a catch on the reverse. as an insignia. Reportedly it was issued bef

e center facing to the left ers, Diameter 28 mm. e front of a field cap

21 a. Like 21, but in gilt metal.

21 b, 21 c. Like 21 and 21 a, but with four etal missing).

e oto one prong is

22. Round, convex, silver metal badge on a 37 the center, and embossed ".Y.C.C." and "19 - are a· .... e "REINEMER & SPIEGEL W1EN VW in raised le"'61S. u·':-'=:-worn on the front of a field cap in plaoe of . e

pe lion facing left is in e re erse marked

ts badge was often

22a. Like 22, but in gilt metal. Gymnasium ( i9

e is adge.2B

ire enamel ackground. The left

I. rack enamel

b" (Not to lament,

25. Similar to 24, but 00 Dimensions 15 by 10

e enamel on the shield. is on the reverse.

but to attain), with "1914 1915" at the bottom. Designed by Ivan Bobersky, treasurer of the Ukrainian Combat Administration." Horizontal bronze pin with a catch on the back. Diameter 26 mm.

23a. Like 23, but with darker blue enamel background on the right shield.

23b. Like 23, but with dots in "9."

23c. Like 23, but the blue and red enamel backgrounds on the shields are reversed (manufacturing error).

23d. Like 23, but with the inscription "HE PV1AAII1 AtJ,05YBAII1" (Do not lament, but attain), "1914 1918" atthe bottom, and, on the reverse, the embossed mark "L\.Y.Y.C.C."-the acronym of Lle-rrpartsuaynpaaa YKpa'iHcbKlilx CiYOBIilX Crpinsuis (Central Administration of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen).

23e. Like 23d, but on the reverse the embossed mark "Y. 5. Y."-the acronym of YKpa'lHcbKa Bocsa Ynpasa (the Ukrainian Combat Administration).

23f. Like 23d, but with a light-blue instead of white enamel background.

23g. Like 23f, but the reverse resembles 23e.

23h. Like 23d, but without color enameli .

23i. Like 23h, but the reverse resembles 23e.

25b. Like 25, bu wi h a 42- •

25c. Like 25b, b t e r

"'a' al emblem of Ukraine) at e Archangel holding a e enamel background in struction. Vertical iron

26a. A 21 .. by-15- pin with a catc

f enamel. Vertical bronze

26b. Like 26.

er red enamel and

26d. Like 25a, but with blue enamel instea legs.

nael t e Archangel with

26e, 26f. The Ukrainian collector Oleksander without tridents. The larger badge has the raised the reverse. No photo available.

es like 2.6 and 26a, but eVil, lNiowograd 60" on

26g. Like 26, but with the inscription ·cILt (Si ' , ~ c- E ~s::o -~s'".t.ea of the trident. The inscription is embossed and filled in with bJ

26h. Like 26h, but the embossed inscrip '0

In our opinion, the USS wore badges 26 and 26a ~ ' ..

of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and badges 26e. 26~ z ~ All of the badges described above were issue i

Prices for USS Badges and Other Items in 1917

From the price list on page 73:

Cockade-rosette: 50 Heller Badge 1: 50 Heller

Badge 3: 20 Heller

Badge 4: 50 Heller

Badges 9,10, and 23: 2 Kronen and 50 Heller Badge 9b: 2 Kronen and 50 Heller

Badge 11, 11 a: 1 Krone and 50 Heller

Badge 21: 60 Heller

Badge 21 b: 80 Heller

Badge 22, 22a: 80 Heller

Silver ring inscribed with "War 1914-1916-: 4 Officer's bayonet knot: 18 Kronen

From the price list on page 74.:

Badge 15: 2 Kronen Badge 15a: 10 Kronen

Badge 16d, 16e: 1 Krone and 20 Heller

Kyiv Sich Riflemen Badges

The Kyiv Sich Riflemen, also known as the Si of the UNR (1917-19). They originated as" e Gali . 1917 in Kyiv and later grew to the size of a co

were Ukrainians in the Austro-Hungarian were eager to build a free Ukrainian state. So

27. Solid-silver badge of the Sich Riflemen's C of Ci-rosi Crpinsui (Sich Riflemen)-and 9 el e relief. Designed by the sculptor Mykhailo Sry s the embossed mark (in Ukrainian) "To Lieue a •

- 1-

ngarian war ribbon, but

memory of [our] work together [in] 1918-1919, [from the] Sich Riflemen's Council." No pin; dimensions 44 by 40 mm.

27a. Like 27, but with a solid-silver pin and catch and embossed mark on the back that reads (in Ukrainian): "Sich Riflemen's Council [of] 1918-1919. Ivan Chmola."

27b. White-metal copy of 27. Made in the United States in 1988.33.34 Dimensions 42 x 38 mm.

28. Gilt "CC" badge of the Sich Riflemen's officer school. Photo of a museum quality copy, courtesy of Stepan Pakholko. Dimensions 34 by 27 mm.

29. Another example of an unknown metal "CC" monogram designed by Mykhailo Brynsky as a collar insignia27 is located in the National Museum of Ukrainian History in Kyiv. Dimensions 30 by 24 mm. The museum did not respond to the authors' request for a photo.

There was another design27 for a Sich Riflemen's Council badge in the shape of a cross with four inscriptions of the word "Lex" (law in Latin) and a round, blue-enamel center containing the gilt letters "CC". Dimensions 40 by 40 mm. This design was not manufactured.

30 Fiftieth-anniversary medal of the Sich Riflemen Corps in gilt bronze with blue enamel. At the top is a trident; in the middle, e inscriptions "1917-196T and "CC"; and at the bottom, an image of the Golden Gate of Kyiv and two crossed swords. Designed by Leonid Perfetsky." One hundred 40-by-28- mm medals with a 33-mm-wide ribbon were produced in the United States in 1967 (83 were numbered)." One hundred smaller (22 by 15 mm) versions without ribbons and one hundred with 13~mm-wide ribbons (as in e 00) were also made.

USS edals

31 a. Smaller (40 by 37 referred to this medal as . "liberation order" i not implemented.

31 b. A variatio of 31, '.

31 d. Alternate, 4 - the Second World

a; both were made after

32. The Maze

e krainian Galician Army azepa. Designed by the ;::l land. 33,34 Two-piece

:- a p crossed swords on --;:;; _ "Be as a screwback.

32e. Like 32c, but a loop is not perforated at state it was made in 1940 in Krakow, bu. i

e.

32a. Like 32, but with a ribbon and a pia'

32b. Like 32a but a single-piece consn c in silver metal and with a 37-mm-wide bla

1964.33, 34 The cross is s 38 by 29 mm.

32c. Miniature (20 by 15 mm) version of 32.' :;m'"'7S - as top but no ribbon. The reverse has a sere ~Q ~:: "'--:cssec ::E.:

KRAK6w.

a d an open loop at the a" reads J. WALENTA,

32d. Like 32c, but with a ribbon."

33. USS fiftieth-anniversary cross, made i construction. Round center in blue enamel a chromed metal cross with the years "19 4~ a Embossed number on the reverse. The coss . by 35 mm.

ree-pieoe

a gilt bronze border atop a' p a gilt bronze wreath. ri bon. Dimensions 35

1·-

- -

USS Celluloid Badges

1

2

1a

2a

- - - -

---I I -.

- I.

~ .

- -

3

- 17-

5

~ge ostcard

- ;;-

- ~----- ---'--

7

8

USS I eta Sa ges

-

-_.::. -

, -1IIIhI1 1t":1II - - .

I _

I

____ ~":.J ~-

11b

II

d

2

14

15

15a

.,

15c

II'

I

.,.-' -

a

118

18a

~ ...

- .).J -

I

- -

.., -

22 22a

23 23a

- _- -

-,.; -

r----==" "~

"

-

---

25c

-

- ... _-

269

Metal Ie ers CC SS a::a--s= - -.:.=- = zazs ~Ja e 1918. Reference15, pages

99,101 and 1 3.

The USS Veteran badge1o. Made in Canada -_ ";:and hallmarked number on the reverse. D'a~e:=- 17 mm.

Commemorative gilt-brass and blue ena and commemorative painted aluminum "YCC " ~. _--;.!

Badges 9

. ed States

- s ..

.Kyiv Sich Riifilemen Badges

Photo of Sich Rifleman Jieutenan L. Savoyka. Watercolor portrait of a Sich Rifleman by Mykola Bytynsky. Note "CC' insignia on the collar tabs.

1'" _;-"f!! _

28

31a.

31lb

31c

USS Badgles of Unknown Issue

The American colll!ector Ge,oIiQ'e L. Podlusky courtecusly provided photocopies of these badges,. wh,ich were purchased in Poland after the WWII as a group of some 30 badges. Made of white metal (German silver?) and with different screw-backs. One screw-back disk is marked "Majdanski Kij6w" (Kyiv). In our opinion, these are fantasy badges and all were made in 1940s. Such conclusion was made because one badge in this collection, which refers to Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), has already 1943-1945 dates on the obverse.

(I-r): USS, or possible G USS, or possible Galicia

"' badge; USS communication unit badge; .,', badge.

~-- -~~ -~-

The Ukrainian Combat Adminisrtri3rDoln Initially the UCA was the recruitment and 0 gaJlliZmoaciJ ...,.:>.nn..,. was responsible for USS propaqanda, ch •

Standing (I-r): Ivan Bobersky (treasurer), V Sitting (I-r): Dr. Volodymyr Starosolsky, Dr. ec Stepan Tomashivsky, Dmytro Katamai (secreta- _ -6::--_ -::- _-s -

UCA badge. Made of solid silver a

Genuine vintage photograp seal of the UCA is on the ba

UCA seal in re co . 'ians-=-::- 40mm.

Austro-Hungarian A du "g

egionnaires

55th Infantry Division badge.

129th Infantry Brigade badge. 131st Infantry Brigade badge.

- ... _ -

Uzsok (U

- ~~ - r ...

,

Kirlibaba ba ge_ Doma Watra badge.

1a......,-~:;;. --50- .::=;e Medical-service badge.

- -~ • .._ I

Top: Easter 1915 badge. Bottom, I-r: Chri the field badge, 1916; four Christmases i

USS senior officers. Top, I-r: Commander My Bottom, I-r: Otaman Myron Tarnavsky, Otaman Se--- ..... _-

More than 200 USS postcards were issued d . approximately 9 by 14 cm.

., Varyvoda.

- 61 -

uss officers (to , I-r) 0 Osyp Yarymovych.

. I-r) Hryhorii Kossak, and

Clockwise from top left: action in the Carpa Sotnyk Andrii Melnyk with his staff.

sky; and

I

I II

I

- 67' -

~-- - -- -.-~ .

Ukrainische Schlltzen

-_ -_l ;~~--~ -

- I

-_

~~ --

-----------------------------~

USS Postage Seals and Stamps

..

• - ' I

- -- - - --

Sterling silver USS ring. Shield with a ram a - "BILIlHA 1914-16" (WAR ::

and the

I I

USS officer's bayonet knot. Made of gold and blue ullion, with the blue letters "YCC" on one side and the blue shield with a gold rampant lion 0 a 0 er side. Total length 39 cm. The NCO's bayonet knot was made of yellow and blue wool. USS lord kno s were also available.

Carved NCO's bayonet handle with inlaid "YCC". An example of trench art.

s: e rock beneath for "patented"),

a in late 1918.6

I II

I

- 69-

USS officer's belt buckle with engraved rampant Iio headed eagle. Dimensions 55 by 40 mm.

-70 -

USS field cap called "Mazepynka" in honor - e I - ",,- _-""'"'"-= cockade-rosette on left side, One reference 3 states -a_- ---::-

this type of cap before INN!. -

- -ege 2lbliilbungcll en ufrllinijdJen 'nidJ Sfiifdjomcr

6. ~n~ tjdbfaprc mirb eine §ap. ieis 3 - 'gctrng,en. 9:)it' Si'appenr·1I1ette Sowen) 1I1tD al~ Umid)rift bi(' ~udjI11Q{i Sd)11t,cn, 1914).

Paragraph from the official Austro-Hungarian ec SS legionnaires to

wear "Mazepynka" with the "Ukrainian Lien" ba ge so:::. ..=:::::':: ~ L. :: .... ~ "2a .

- 1-

Brass Sich Rifleman belt buckle with the trident and mm.

Sterling silver and niello cigarette case. A gift made for the Sich Rifleman. Note letters "CC". Dimensions 61 by 48 by 23 mm.

- 72-

Price

I. ,Bpo",yp.!

1. >1YE(p:lfIlCLld Ci"'Oli C'Tpi.1::bt6 .H.:I~~· Sa"Iur'iIH,1 o,twip 6E'3 oap,a ea co 1 20 ti; Gi .~I... JtOM ~ D3.nip 6t3 o-a_pan 00 1-5tl Iii It

.AOtllll: Ma ip fI Ottp.ul :2 :t:t,

2. II~I.,.I 3o~oTol() J'f·moliO"'_ a} ~'U...I I:l ~ nop:um no (21) Hi <"") ~-4i!iIIJ! OHfUllui _l. 00 I( j. :KPC~l108ll~ =uip!l

$, .601 •••• nOTj'lOp' • aD! a:rl~ca

'1'~O 1<.

I. ~OTr"ntlh.k"''' A.n,_".l,o~Il::" 1'1;; I ~ I !i...

n. "Crl.L1CUhH,," Cioaja.o.llfIX& "3 ~ i

2'<..0 It

rl, ~C.pinenbX-'l1f m.nlroa, ~ GafoIi -

HH1-1~HGt 11.1 -I :ro.JQr"JI; 160 Ii..

7. ",CTpi.lcnbKi Dia.J- HZ 4'0~ L ~ ;a _ nt<:l:':d ... 2· 0 ti.

$, 1I'UkrA.ni,teue Legi.on"- CCIT~

U . .Ih:cTl 11:11:

I. Cpi(\uo'P!><lI ai nee uKi i ~ =, S 13».:1,:),,14 Pi DepUJO~,.tHoJ notnI:

L n.li~ Y. c. C. • ~""'"" ~ Y. c.c. ..

8 S.pa"".H!(l, 3. l(~'!_ Hap.,. 'y )I, c., C., IlU • 1i"'1'. 'I. ~ •

'f upji.l'I\tUll, BiLl; 3 De,IU,'f~ 5~ r~, ~ 3 6paTlbMK. O. nweo:::wp.~1 ~ Ii C' ..... P<>~ •••• G. t:C1'. B .l~ ~. B. Ca. '.ep".".a, . Jl.p Koct~ :r~ l J{ S."',lW<O. 9. Y.~"" 'EiO<A Ya_ J: 1915. lO. CT ..... L ~ ....... IL c. .... 1l0np~ 1ep6"1 l2. Or.:. C:-n ropfll:t 13. ~~ Hnna f)'1'ltO:(IC""HJII.'. l"~ O$i~- ;;-- •

Biocl() 2~.j9. Igl5, I", Car. P .ly

C.,'t<"A, JG. ~(. r.a.ntllli~A. ~. C. c.. p. 1~(4, H, r"""" _.., - V.C.C .• p.l~lr.-1G. IS A"";" J(o.aU!laJIT Y. C. C I po. 1916.. :!J Q j{ilt"l:.U., MU:Ut_ll,RRl' } r. C. C. • Po l'IG-J';t :>0. CoT. 3e<IO~ tJOC""""",,Ril, 21.0.. T H;'Il3(bKJl~i 2'~. \nt. OtRJlI 5) ~ n C!:7. OC811 nlJll"o8a~. 2-1. K.oqggJ 4-po

rrplflU(, '25. CoT. Te uop' p. .. , e-f-u='2. ~{;., Co'f. ItJaHi KOC'CI..:K,. '2:7~ :!!in ~T ~ "t###BOT_TEXT###quot;Ar,i::1l rp. ~lIcnTnJll •. JQI1L. ~. Hpe:IIIUIeIr1" JI.p IJ01:Tto. J[tBHrt~HA1JJ 2'!l.:I"fo.."'N ,J.~p fAns OllecURl\MHi!!t, :l0. nuCOJIL 1t p 1:Vt:ClLllO' T

.".&¢"".n. :11. x.Pl'."" 0 ~

:~2 X~pyll)JQ_ Cot~iR fa..1e"'l"R, 33. Kr

n.1C'JII)Jb HiJ:)'iJJOK lU. I(ORlIo 3-l. B • - • •

J"KOoi 1I3R CtPB'ooo.. as_.. lliI~~ I;tic.u! 3""orolO JJou • ." 36. lTp>oop Y. C. C. • CTOpi •• 31. n;>llco"".I<'. ,,~ Y.c. c..,

38. A. M " ai =~ cooo;; =Ill.

;\:1. Co~·ll'P O n il_" .... ~ 40. cr.. I" .

](ocC.lJC 1101 KUiUli, ·It. 04tiur.:pcw;aJ. .p~

Y. C. c., {~. n. Kon..u oi .'

;1:\, Jl.p I). CT!lJ]OC<>lLO""a. 4-L r U .. Tp ..... 'O! )I.p,.. Y. C. C. Jl.p C. c.aCTOIlt.ttnA't 45. no (iQI) ~....--4.. 1[1.. 19J-,:;' _ Jln(t)I~~; 4V. Ca1" !(~.MIO'f:l_!l CGiI.IlJinte 60a I~ lI'U. 1~J7, 41, CTpi~~m.HR" :.ail. Bit ~ etRBi r BiAnA U.ll6~1~1'j.

~....,..._",__

~ o:><.i.A _, C'1I1;oi __ ..a

Price list printed on the fourth page of a folded le"s :.p~ USS in Vienna, dated and postmarked Nove be brochures, postcards. photos, postage starn sa bayonet and sword knots, and so on. The pro.

. e Central Office of the fUSS books,

qs, field caps, eUSS.

">

..1 -

'I

~====:=~-=-~::~=~-

~ Bi,l{3HaK3 ~

~ CODOPHOI YKpaIHH~ ~::

~ , n ]lou.·j 191 7 ai HilMa Hllll" ~'

~ , " CIlo6olVl ."m YI.,paluB, aa·~a.w. ~

~ ,~.tOpUTlI, ~I] YKim'i"CI ... i li.laCT~I, .n. PIlIl!fCl.IW n!,I~n.lll~(j, ;H;,pa- ~.

~ 111i:h1W nlIICM;O. 113' enouun rux ne.UII:,nx UO.~HI. Ill>!. "It ne-.

~ r;aill.u.~, r;YIIHT"I. 3 ·J,I.ac KOm, ',\IIH, Y Kp,a'iIlCJ\t. ,'l:If Y "~lalll"a, fJ,u, ~. 111.'&'111111 'UI itom •• III,\~HlU;,Y, JlO"aIlY T.P· nlJmo I~a OUpaiJl~H: ~ " fp Illia ".###BOT_TEXT###quot;111"1. ooa .n;l~~\ift(~hKi rcpon: (n. l1,lxail,m !I lIU"II(,lII I ~ ~ n~fiTtm, a na ulilt'ri', .~eH. n "opi ,1IamlC "Y I'Va'illa". 11 ,W·I!IHJ ~

~ I"K 1917. ' ,:, ' ~

(lueTIn:!: .~(~~i.\~ ~:I'pOIV\mj TO'i!lpe;:'pllol lIiA~,~alm iiN~ HCl •

33',)"0110 S~M.H nlt\ : .. ~ IIpa'iJICI.!lIln. (OPOA ~ y .,1hllom, , II~n(j.u nu- ~ ~ x<:J<mnu B Hi~l ~w.W.

i;I; ua ~al"a"'fermI:X "fl'OMa~,f1n -i ml,.11M-niX ~ ~ ~l:pi.I."l(DII, 3{\or}Olfl~. CII.n.ua i xa'11Ia~T:-jlI111 ~I,H:~(j.l.'im lm6op(' (,.m ~

~ Ylqnl'ilwloIHU'O I~.apot'li:r HOII<l'[',,1 II I\I.1Ul CI.IIITl. . ~ ni,'311~t!m El DII6Wmllli AIIOHK.O: L Ui,l31111Ii.U S,l nU.lUAMWIO ~,'

((WP'U>(H~l) 110 i\pJll'iii C'I'OlHJlI'i 701:UOTb ~~IRy' L It: 20. COT. - ,

~ 2. m,J,;maliH lIa ."am~J~ul;y, lUii .. Moaili," npltCu.utTU ,,0 r~~uu. ~ ~ IIm,a n60 aacluwrn MI1Ii r.opa.n II" .aysaq, 111:1I01'b 3 I\P~ rot'O ~

~ 60li v c.ti:nlO·[Y uatmcs : ~ - "Y r.P''''illl''( :ltj:CSlTh ,'y'unn en Hli Y GpaYu~{ AAR <>6opouu' ~ "pan ,.l"llai:l!(1Io1WI'O ltapOA~'" ~hlx.aH.-to I'pYlllfwc""nii. It POI,) .

fp CIIO()V),H 19 17, <,' ;' ' ~

~ "mflj!lilaKH U1l .:,:llfl~,.niu;.r, ~laIOTr', 1J,IUY 2 Ii. 3 llR31lAitBorO ~

~ c,·.i6.t(1 ]0 It, 'lUI. uci6l1l' al\MOII:Y. '~' -

. T[u>ua a:a,~.;l1'lll~;lvaiJUo:· ".m,,:maliil 3 ~,p)~a'I;OIO"'I~ ~.,.'

.. UIAltW\I;;a H.it ."Hn~\,IIIJ"Y". . .

~ '. I~i,:\!lmum 'l\I()lf>ii~ ",)'m~l'l( ,TaM. AC CfI OIl~HicTi5a U?lt61~1'l'I;: ~

~ Xl'O a;ma!l.1I1S iJIO'lTOIO. ~O"Y'I:lfi ":'I' UOQTJ' 60 ',COT. XTO ,~:

fa '!laMiH~.'A, 11 H:\iI,'''Ie.nlll~ .5 fti(~1,',HaK'-. (",j:~a~ flOqr)~ ~ ~maE,onaH6 ~~' ' ~ Aapo:n, XTO 33111aU.1R6 mlllMeHlllc(o SL.,3Ua5..- A1C'f{1~ ,~apo'\I 4 .

notl1'y,i onaSOIlatl6_ a IHlATO fiyueU;bT.iUi onjcr. ---:"'1'OI~pItCTlm.

~ !W1\{i1:TII MO~.,Y1'b' 1~(~IH\RH1'll .. Bi.~8flas.(1 B p03~pO,~alK- i: 'bTim- ~ ~ MilHlnt OIliYCT yffiUTU na eROI 1.1,1"'", '" ~ ~ 3aIlHUI.IIH-':Ii. npOClIMO na aApec,V: ,:UiC'Ii'n 8 311l,IOllQHia",. ~ ~ .Ai I.Bi II, y.t_ l'Jc1.K:li ~I, 20. t"hporo!er.lIl~brJcbteIlA. Le!llberG.RII'):I~UI~ 20;,) ~, OI\,~.:Il~~8\-~t-.""'-'=".b!t-=-'n~,~~'=-o::>'.fI~'D

. .

Another list with descriptions and prices for badges 15d, 15e, 16d and 16e. Photocopy is a courtesy of Stepan Pakholko.

_ 74 _

Refere ces

1. Abbott, Peter, and Eugene Pinak, Ukrsi. -~.-- - ~ J;J .!-7-. 3 .... :.=- • - Osprey Publishing,

2004_

2. ApCeHVlY, neTpo I. Choei cmpiflbl_Ij_ 18<3 51 YKpaTHcbKoro

CPOH,Qy KYnbTYpVl, 1990.

(Arsenych, Petro I. The Sich Ritlemea. 1 a. .s: e Ukrainian Culture

Fund, 1990.)

3. 5V1TVlHCbKVlVI, MViKona. "Bi.V!cbKosi B- ~3 . ii_ iypmyuMocR

(Ilpara). '-I. 9 (1932), c. 47-53. (Bytynsky, Mykola. "Military Insignia 0 [1932]: 47-53.)

4. --_ "YKpa'IHcbKi sil7tcbKosi B- 3 a e. ". a' Y. 1, c. 18-24; Y. 2, c. 26-31; Y_ 3, c. 2-47_ ("Ukrainian Military Awards." Visti kombatanLa

26-31; no. 3: 42-47.) -

tIT b!O ~OpK), 1968,

o. 1: 18-24; no. 2:

5_ 506epcbKVlLI1, IBaH. YKpai'HcbKi Ci'-loei Cmpinh ynpaaa, 1915. (Bobersky, Ivan. The Ukrainian Sich Riflemen in Administration, 1915_)

6. --. lliooennu« 1918-1919, c. 18. KvfJis: axane

(Diary [of] 1918-19, p. 18. Kyiv: KM Academia. Ky" ,2 3.

7. Zirkularverordnung vom 19. Jenner 1917, Abt. 11_ t. 642 _ -r die k. k.

Landwehr. Nr. 17.

(Circular Order of 19 January 1917, Part II, No. 6420_ eg: so-Hungarian)

Land Forces. No. 17.)

8. Dubyniak, Roman, and Peter Cybaniak. The Postal Ukfainische

Legion 1914-1918, p. 5. York, UK: Austrian Sam CI

9. ,[J,YMiH, OCVln. Icmopin J7e(ioHY YKpai"HcbKux Cj 00llX Cm, t.: _;g -3-3: . e BOHa K8n!.1Ha", 1936_

(Dumin, Osyp. History of the Legion of the Ukrainian S" .1936.)

10_ riBOPCbKVlV!, 3eHoH. Cnucox HYM;3Mamu BeopcbKoao. ,[J,eTpoVlT, 1965.

(Jaworskij, Zenon. List of the Numismatic Col/ee'o Jaworskij. Detroit, 1965.)

Engineer Zenon

11. Jung, Peter. The Austro-Hungarian Forces in OIl 'a'" Publishing, 2003.

4-""916. Botley, UK: Osprey

12. iipHHK, HVlKVlq)Qp. OpaaHi3au,JR i OYXOB ¢inH,QenbcpiH: "AMepVlKa", 1955.

(Hirniak, Nykyfor. The Organization and Spiritual Philadelphia: Ameryka, 1955.)

- 7.- -

'J=

-76 -

13. fflOM03,[1a, KOCTl'lHH1H. "BiA3HaKIt1 YKpa"fHcbKoro si~cbKa .A061t1 SI--13BOflbHIt1X 3MaraHb". B. KH. tcmopin YKpaiHcbKoao eiucbKa, c. 811. Jlssia: "CBiT", 1996.

(Hlomozda, Kostiantyn. "Ukrainian Military Insignia during the Period of the Struggle for Independence." In History of the Ukrainian Military Forces, p. 811. Lviv: Svit, 1996.)

14. fHaTeBVlY, 50r,D,aH. "YKpaiHcbKi Ciuoei Cmpinbu,i". B KH. lcmopie YKpaiHcbKoao eiUcbKa. BiHHiner': IBaH TIi1KTOP, 1953.

(Hnatevych, B. "The Ukrainian Sich Riflemen". In History of the Ukrainian Armed Forces. Winnipeg: Ivan Tyktor, 1953.)

15. --, Jlea nenKVI~ ra Iaau HiMYYK. YKpaiHcbKi Cluoel Cmpinbu,i, 1914-1920, c. 191. Tperia HaKfla,[l. Moarpeans: Irop ¢le,[liB, 1955.

(--, Lev Lepky, and Ivan Nimchuk. The Ukrainian Sich Riflemen, 1914-1920, p. 191. Third edition. Montreal: thor Fediv, 1955.)

16. fYLlYfll'lK, MIt1Xa~flo. Ilepiuui) nucmoneo 1918. HblO-tI10PK i BaHKYSep: KOMiTeT BViKoHaBl.\is nV1CTOna,[lOBOrO YV1HY, 1973.

(Hutsuliak, Mykhailo. November 1, 1918. New York and Vancouver: Committee of the November First Participants, 1973.)

17. KOHs:!ro, Bikrop Ta Opecr na,[lV1)KVlHcbKvrJil. "YKpa·IH.Lli s aacrpo-yropcesla apMir." Bicmi kOM6amaHma (TOpOHTO-HblO tI10pK) , 2003, Y. 2 (234), c. 53-66.

(Konyago, Victor, and Orest Ladyzhynsky. "Ukrainians in the Austro-Hungarian Army." Visti kombatanta [Toronto and New York), 2003, no. 2 [234): p. 53-56 .. )

18. Kyya6cbKV1~, Bacnns. Kopnyc Ci-toeux Cmpinsuie, c. 205, 611, '614. L{iKaro: IOBifle~HV1~ KOMiTeT nns si,D,3HaYeHHl'l 50-piYYl'l crsope-n-s cPopMa4iT Ci40BIt1X Crpinsuia, 1969.

(Kuchabsky, Vasyl. The Sieh Riflemen Corps, pp. 205, 611, 614. Chicago: Jubilee Committee for the Commemoration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Sich Riflemen, 1969.)

19. Jlasapoaa-r, MViKona. "leu, Bu. Cmpinbu,i CiLfoeli" ... "Tepaonine: ".[J,)Kypa" , 2004. (Lazarovych, Mykola. "Hey, You, Sich Riflemen ... " Ternopil: Dzhura, 2004.)

20. Lucas, J. S. Austro-Hungarian Infantry, 1914-1918. London: Almark, 1973.

21. Jlyuis, Jlyka. Cn;oaMu cmpineusno: cneeu. ~epci-CiTi: "4epsoHa Kafll>1 Ha" , 1965. (Lutsiv, l.uka. Tracking the Riflemen's Glory. Jersey C' : Chervona Kalyna, 1965.)

22. MaKap4YK, C. A. YKpalHcbKa peeny6niKa eenu-en. Jlsela: "Carr", 1997. (Makarchuk, S. A. The Geliciens' Ukrainian Republic. Lviv: SVi, 1997.)

23. Mer'ac, OCVln. lepoucbKa YKpaiHa, 1914-1920. BiHHine : YKpaTHcbKa KHV1rapHs:!, 1920. (Megas, Osyp. Heroic Ukraine, 1914-1920. Winnipeg: Ukrainian Bookstore, 1920.)

24. MipYYK, neTpo. 8BaeH Konoeeneui: Topouro: Ilir'a B 3BO eHHl'l YKpa"lHItI, 1958.

(Mirchuk, Petro. Yevhen Konovalets. Toronto: Canadia eague for Ukraine's Liberation, 1958.)

25. Onexcua, >KV1rMoHT 50r,[laH. nieHR npo "YepeOHYKaRU : lcmopist YCC-iB onR Monooi. HblOtI10PK: "L{epsoHa xannua", 1974.

(Oleksyn, Zhyhmont Bohdan. Song about Cbetvone KaJyna: The History of the USS for Young People. New York: Chervona Kalyna, 1974.)

26. Orden-Medaillen-Auktion 2005. Mittwoch, den 29. un! 2005, p. 88, no. 453. Vienna:

Auktionshaus H.D. Rauch GMBH, 2005.

e Collegium of the _- ~.::. "fa i 'aJerystyka [Kyiv],

27. naxonKo, Crenau ra Opecr M'aprm: . ·5·· .. -~..->='"" KOMeHp,aHTa Civosnx Crpinsuia 8sreHa' -~:E.. (KItl',s), 2004, Y. 4 (32), c. 24, 25. (Pakholko, Stepan, and Orest Martyn. - Sich Riflemen's Commander Yevhen K 2004, no. 4 [32]: p. 24, 25.)

._';:':-:coI""'- ::--::-:'-S..=.G. p.a.o.a' xonerif

" . a i cpanepucmuKa

28. Podlusky, George L. 'The Awards to e 1965).

29. General Staff, War Office. The Aus London, UK, and Nashville, Tenn.: 1m eri

918. 5th ed.

-~oe.:..x Cmpinbu,ie. HblO-

Canada,

31 . ---. 3a eoruo YKpaiHu, c .. 483. b (For Ukraine's Freedom, p. 483. NewY Brotherhood, 1967.)

32. ---. YKpaiHcbKe Ciuoee Cmpine (The Ukrainian Sich Riflemen. New Yo . 33. Semotiuk, Jaroslaw. Ukrainian Milita vol. 34. Toronto, 1991.

56,

34. --. Ukrainian Military Awards: 0 revised ed. Shevchenko Scientific Socie

ems.2d,

35. COnTItlKeSItlY, flpocnas. Camom ocmeu (Soltykevych, Yaroslav. Salute of the Last '-.AJ#;.IJ:::". Brotherhood in Canada, 1964.)

36. Besondere Bestimmungen fOr die k k:

Op. Nr. 101.343. 1918. (Special Regulations for the Ukrainian Legi [Austro-HungarianJ Army. Order No. 101.343. ~ ~~

'el a d Royal

37. Crediaaia, 3eHoH. YKpaiHcbKi36po[i i KOM6aTaHT", 1947. (Stefaniv, Zenon. Ukrainian Armed Forces, J 9JC 1947.)

38. Svajncer, Janez J. Osterreich-Ungam (Austria-Hungary for Collectors.)

.."ia S, e ika, 1991.

40. Ta6aYHItlK, ,D,MItlTpO. "Haropoaa YKpaT CneLlianbHIIIVI snnyc«. PiYHItlK XXVII, 4. 1 (Tabachnyk, Dmytro. "Ukrainian Awards." no. 109 (1995): p. 27, 32, 33.)

~ 'a. S ecial issue.

41. Ta6a"lHVlK, ,lJ,MIt1TPO; BiKTOP Syaano, Bixrop BopoHiH ra iH. YKpal'HCbKa tbenepucmuse. KHVlra nepwa. KVl'iS: "nIII 6 i,o,b", 2004.

(Tabachnyk, Dmytro; Victor Buzalo, Victor Voronin et al. Ukrainian Phaleristics. Vol. 1. Kyiv:

Lybid,2004.)

42. TVlH"IeHKO, 51pocnas. APMUU YKpauHbl 1917-1920 20008, c. 129. MOCKsa: 5Vl6m1oTeKa >KypHana "TeXHIt1Ka-Mono,o,8>KVl", 2002.

(Tinchenko, Yaroslav. Ukrainian Armies of 1917-20, p. 129. Moscow: Library of the journal Tekhnika molodezhi, 2002.)

43. WerenbcbKVlVi, nOHrIllH. Bio neeeni) 00 noeeou: cnOMUHU ttpo nooi/' 8 YKpaiHi 3f{R3aHi 3 nepiuut« nucmoneoou 1918 o. Jle.sis: "Csi-rano", 2003.

(Tsehelskyi, Lonhyn. From Legends to Truth: Reminiscences about Events in Ukraine Connected to the First of November 1918, Lviv: Svichado, 2003.)

44. EHLI,UI<floneoiR YKpaiH03Ha8cmea, T, 4, c. 1390. 3a ron. pe,o,. BOnO,D,VlMVlpa Ky6iViosVl"la. nepeBVl,o,aHH51 s YKpa'fHi. Jlesls: Hayxose TOBapVlcTBo iM. T. WeS"IeHKa, 1994. (Encyclopedia of Knowledge about Ukraine. v, 4: p. 1390. Ed. in chief Volodymyr Kubiiovyc. Republished in Ukraine. Lviv: Shevchenko Scientific Society, 1994.)

45. Ibid., 10: 3957. Lviv: Shevchenko Scientific Society, 2000.

46. YCC 1914-1974. ¢in51,D,enb¢>iR ronosHa pa,o,a 5paTcTsa YCC, 1974.

(The USS, 1914-74. Philadelphia: Supreme Council of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen Brotherhood, 1974.)

47. 51KVlMOSVl"l, 50r,o,aH. 36pOLJHi cunu YKpaiHu: nepuc icmopii. Jlsala: I HCTVlTYT ykpatuoaaaecrsa iM. I. KpVln'51KeSVlya Hauiouansuoi aKa,o,eMi'! HayK YKpa'lHIt1 i 'Tlpocaira", 1996.

(Yakymovych, Bohdan. The Armed Forces of Ukraine: A Historical Survey. Lviv: Ivan Krypiakevych Institute of Ukrainian Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and Prosvita, 1996,)

48. 303yn51, 51Kis. Benuke YKpaiHcbKa peeomoui«. HblO-~OPK: YKpa'lHcbKa slnsua aKa,o,eMiS'l HayK y CWA,1967.

(Zozulia, Yakiv. The Great Ukrainian Revolution, New York: Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences in the U.S., 1967.)

I I

I

- 78-

ederal Credlit

The authors thank for their aaslstance e Canada, especially Roman Senkus; the 0 Alex Bendyna; the Ukrainian Philate'lic a especially Ingert Kuzych; and the folio . United States, Germany, and Ca.nada: lho Horodysky, Oleksander Melnyk. Serhfy 1'7V,,,,h.,,ir' SleI:laIl and Jaroslaw Semotiuk. The financial contribution of the Ukrainia Union in Wethersfield, Connecticut, is g·.--.t...n,,1Iv ac:mc:.IW1e(igE;d.

~evJ:tH!nJI"JJ o;;;:.......,.ftTi:ific Society of erica, especially

America,

k:raJn e, th e

eta Groch, Orest an~.o. George L Podlusky,

i;I; ua ~al"a"'fermI:X "fl'OMa~,f1n -i ml,.11M-niX ~ ~ ~l:pi.I."l(DII, 3{\or}Olfl~. CII.n.ua i xa'11Ia~T:-jlI111 ~I,H:~(j.l.'im lm6op(' (,.m ~

~ Ylqnl'ilwloIHU'O I~.apot'li:r HOII<l'[',,1 II I\I.1Ul CI.IIITl. . ~ ni,'311~t!m El DII6Wmllli AIIOHK.O: L Ui,l31111Ii.U S,l nU.lUAMWIO ~,'

((WP'U>(H~l) 110 i\pJll'iii C'I'OlHJlI'i 701:UOTb ~~IRy' L It: 20. COT. - ,

~ 2. m,J,;maliH lIa ."am~J~ul;y, lUii .. Moaili," npltCu.utTU ,,0 r~~uu. ~ ~ IIm,a n60 aacluwrn MI1Ii r.opa.n II" .aysaq, 111:1I01'b 3 I\P~ rot'O ~

~ 60li v c.ti:nlO·[Y uatmcs : ~ - "Y r.P''''illl''( :ltj:CSlTh ,'y'unn en Hli Y GpaYu~{ AAR <>6opouu' ~ "pan ,.l"llai:l!(1Io1WI'O ltapOA~'" ~hlx.aH.-to I'pYlllfwc""nii. It POI,) .

fp CIIO()V),H 19 17, <,' ;' ' ~

~ "mflj!lilaKH U1l .:,:llfl~,.niu;.r, ~laIOTr', 1J,IUY 2 Ii. 3 llR31lAitBorO ~

~ c,·.i6.t(1 ]0 It, 'lUI. uci6l1l' al\MOII:Y. '~' -

. T[u>ua a:a,~.;l1'lll~;lvaiJUo:· ".m,,:maliil 3 ~,p)~a'I;OIO"'I~ ~.,.'

.. UIAltW\I;;a H.it ."Hn~\,IIIJ"Y". . .

~ '. I~i,:\!lmum 'l\I()lf>ii~ ",)'m~l'l( ,TaM. AC CfI OIl~HicTi5a U?lt61~1'l'I;: ~

~ Xl'O a;ma!l.1I1S iJIO'lTOIO. ~O"Y'I:lfi ":'I' UOQTJ' 60 ',COT. XTO ,~:

fa '!laMiH~.'A, 11 H:\iI,'''Ie.nlll~ .5 fti(~1,',HaK'-. (",j:~a~ flOqr)~ ~ ~maE,onaH6 ~~' ' ~ Aapo:n, XTO 33111aU.1R6 mlllMeHlllc(o SL.,3Ua5..- A1C'f{1~ ,~apo'\I 4 .

notl1'y,i onaSOIlatl6_ a IHlATO fiyueU;bT.iUi onjcr. ---:"'1'OI~pItCTlm.

~ !W1\{i1:TII MO~.,Y1'b' 1~(~IH\RH1'll .. Bi.~8flas.(1 B p03~pO,~alK- i: 'bTim- ~ ~ MilHlnt OIliYCT yffiUTU na eROI 1.1,1"'", '" ~ ~ 3aIlHUI.IIH-':Ii. npOClIMO na aApec,V: ,:UiC'Ii'n 8 311l,IOllQHia",. ~ ~ .Ai I.Bi II, y.t_ l'Jc1.K:li ~I, 20. t"hporo!er.lIl~brJcbteIlA. Le!llberG.RII'):I~UI~ 20;,) ~, OI\,~.:Il~~8\-~t-.""'-'=".b!t-=-'n~,~~'=-o::>'.fI~'D

. .

Another list with descriptions and prices for badges 15d, 15e, 16d and 16e. Photocopy is a courtesy of Stepan Pakholko.

_ 74 _

Refere ces

1. Abbott, Peter, and Eugene Pinak, Ukrsi. -~.-- - ~ J;J .!-7-. 3 .... :.=- • - Osprey Publishing,

2004_

2. ApCeHVlY, neTpo I. Choei cmpiflbl_Ij_ 18<3 51 YKpaTHcbKoro

CPOH,Qy KYnbTYpVl, 1990.

(Arsenych, Petro I. The Sich Ritlemea. 1 a. .s: e Ukrainian Culture

Fund, 1990.)

3. 5V1TVlHCbKVlVI, MViKona. "Bi.V!cbKosi B- ~3 . ii_ iypmyuMocR

(Ilpara). '-I. 9 (1932), c. 47-53. (Bytynsky, Mykola. "Military Insignia 0 [1932]: 47-53.)

4. --_ "YKpa'IHcbKi sil7tcbKosi B- 3 a e. ". a' Y. 1, c. 18-24; Y. 2, c. 26-31; Y_ 3, c. 2-47_ ("Ukrainian Military Awards." Visti kombatanLa

26-31; no. 3: 42-47.) -

tIT b!O ~OpK), 1968,

o. 1: 18-24; no. 2:

5_ 506epcbKVlLI1, IBaH. YKpai'HcbKi Ci'-loei Cmpinh ynpaaa, 1915. (Bobersky, Ivan. The Ukrainian Sich Riflemen in Administration, 1915_)

6. --. lliooennu« 1918-1919, c. 18. KvfJis: axane

(Diary [of] 1918-19, p. 18. Kyiv: KM Academia. Ky" ,2 3.

7. Zirkularverordnung vom 19. Jenner 1917, Abt. 11_ t. 642 _ -r die k. k.

Landwehr. Nr. 17.

(Circular Order of 19 January 1917, Part II, No. 6420_ eg: so-Hungarian)

Land Forces. No. 17.)

8. Dubyniak, Roman, and Peter Cybaniak. The Postal Ukfainische

Legion 1914-1918, p. 5. York, UK: Austrian Sam CI

9. ,[J,YMiH, OCVln. Icmopin J7e(ioHY YKpai"HcbKux Cj 00llX Cm, t.: _;g -3-3: . e BOHa K8n!.1Ha", 1936_

(Dumin, Osyp. History of the Legion of the Ukrainian S" .1936.)

10_ riBOPCbKVlV!, 3eHoH. Cnucox HYM;3Mamu BeopcbKoao. ,[J,eTpoVlT, 1965.

(Jaworskij, Zenon. List of the Numismatic Col/ee'o Jaworskij. Detroit, 1965.)

Engineer Zenon

11. Jung, Peter. The Austro-Hungarian Forces in OIl 'a'" Publishing, 2003.

4-""916. Botley, UK: Osprey

12. iipHHK, HVlKVlq)Qp. OpaaHi3au,JR i OYXOB ¢inH,QenbcpiH: "AMepVlKa", 1955.

(Hirniak, Nykyfor. The Organization and Spiritual Philadelphia: Ameryka, 1955.)

- 7.- -

'J=

-76 -

13. fflOM03,[1a, KOCTl'lHH1H. "BiA3HaKIt1 YKpa"fHcbKoro si~cbKa .A061t1 SI--13BOflbHIt1X 3MaraHb". B. KH. tcmopin YKpaiHcbKoao eiucbKa, c. 811. Jlssia: "CBiT", 1996.

(Hlomozda, Kostiantyn. "Ukrainian Military Insignia during the Period of the Struggle for Independence." In History of the Ukrainian Military Forces, p. 811. Lviv: Svit, 1996.)

14. fHaTeBVlY, 50r,D,aH. "YKpaiHcbKi Ciuoei Cmpinbu,i". B KH. lcmopie YKpaiHcbKoao eiUcbKa. BiHHiner': IBaH TIi1KTOP, 1953.

(Hnatevych, B. "The Ukrainian Sich Riflemen". In History of the Ukrainian Armed Forces. Winnipeg: Ivan Tyktor, 1953.)

15. --, Jlea nenKVI~ ra Iaau HiMYYK. YKpaiHcbKi Cluoel Cmpinbu,i, 1914-1920, c. 191. Tperia HaKfla,[l. Moarpeans: Irop ¢le,[liB, 1955.

(--, Lev Lepky, and Ivan Nimchuk. The Ukrainian Sich Riflemen, 1914-1920, p. 191. Third edition. Montreal: thor Fediv, 1955.)

16. fYLlYfll'lK, MIt1Xa~flo. Ilepiuui) nucmoneo 1918. HblO-tI10PK i BaHKYSep: KOMiTeT BViKoHaBl.\is nV1CTOna,[lOBOrO YV1HY, 1973.

(Hutsuliak, Mykhailo. November 1, 1918. New York and Vancouver: Committee of the November First Participants, 1973.)

17. KOHs:!ro, Bikrop Ta Opecr na,[lV1)KVlHcbKvrJil. "YKpa·IH.Lli s aacrpo-yropcesla apMir." Bicmi kOM6amaHma (TOpOHTO-HblO tI10pK) , 2003, Y. 2 (234), c. 53-66.

(Konyago, Victor, and Orest Ladyzhynsky. "Ukrainians in the Austro-Hungarian Army." Visti kombatanta [Toronto and New York), 2003, no. 2 [234): p. 53-56 .. )

18. Kyya6cbKV1~, Bacnns. Kopnyc Ci-toeux Cmpinsuie, c. 205, 611, '614. L{iKaro: IOBifle~HV1~ KOMiTeT nns si,D,3HaYeHHl'l 50-piYYl'l crsope-n-s cPopMa4iT Ci40BIt1X Crpinsuia, 1969.

(Kuchabsky, Vasyl. The Sieh Riflemen Corps, pp. 205, 611, 614. Chicago: Jubilee Committee for the Commemoration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Sich Riflemen, 1969.)

19. Jlasapoaa-r, MViKona. "leu, Bu. Cmpinbu,i CiLfoeli" ... "Tepaonine: ".[J,)Kypa" , 2004. (Lazarovych, Mykola. "Hey, You, Sich Riflemen ... " Ternopil: Dzhura, 2004.)

20. Lucas, J. S. Austro-Hungarian Infantry, 1914-1918. London: Almark, 1973.

21. Jlyuis, Jlyka. Cn;oaMu cmpineusno: cneeu. ~epci-CiTi: "4epsoHa Kafll>1 Ha" , 1965. (Lutsiv, l.uka. Tracking the Riflemen's Glory. Jersey C' : Chervona Kalyna, 1965.)

22. MaKap4YK, C. A. YKpalHcbKa peeny6niKa eenu-en. Jlsela: "Carr", 1997. (Makarchuk, S. A. The Geliciens' Ukrainian Republic. Lviv: SVi, 1997.)

23. Mer'ac, OCVln. lepoucbKa YKpaiHa, 1914-1920. BiHHine : YKpaTHcbKa KHV1rapHs:!, 1920. (Megas, Osyp. Heroic Ukraine, 1914-1920. Winnipeg: Ukrainian Bookstore, 1920.)

24. MipYYK, neTpo. 8BaeH Konoeeneui: Topouro: Ilir'a B 3BO eHHl'l YKpa"lHItI, 1958.

(Mirchuk, Petro. Yevhen Konovalets. Toronto: Canadia eague for Ukraine's Liberation, 1958.)

25. Onexcua, >KV1rMoHT 50r,[laH. nieHR npo "YepeOHYKaRU : lcmopist YCC-iB onR Monooi. HblOtI10PK: "L{epsoHa xannua", 1974.

(Oleksyn, Zhyhmont Bohdan. Song about Cbetvone KaJyna: The History of the USS for Young People. New York: Chervona Kalyna, 1974.)

26. Orden-Medaillen-Auktion 2005. Mittwoch, den 29. un! 2005, p. 88, no. 453. Vienna:

Auktionshaus H.D. Rauch GMBH, 2005.

e Collegium of the _- ~.::. "fa i 'aJerystyka [Kyiv],

27. naxonKo, Crenau ra Opecr M'aprm: . ·5·· .. -~..->='"" KOMeHp,aHTa Civosnx Crpinsuia 8sreHa' -~:E.. (KItl',s), 2004, Y. 4 (32), c. 24, 25. (Pakholko, Stepan, and Orest Martyn. - Sich Riflemen's Commander Yevhen K 2004, no. 4 [32]: p. 24, 25.)

._';:':-:coI""'- ::--::-:'-S..=.G. p.a.o.a' xonerif

" . a i cpanepucmuKa

28. Podlusky, George L. 'The Awards to e 1965).

29. General Staff, War Office. The Aus London, UK, and Nashville, Tenn.: 1m eri

918. 5th ed.

-~oe.:..x Cmpinbu,ie. HblO-

Canada,

31 . ---. 3a eoruo YKpaiHu, c .. 483. b (For Ukraine's Freedom, p. 483. NewY Brotherhood, 1967.)

32. ---. YKpaiHcbKe Ciuoee Cmpine (The Ukrainian Sich Riflemen. New Yo . 33. Semotiuk, Jaroslaw. Ukrainian Milita vol. 34. Toronto, 1991.

56,

34. --. Ukrainian Military Awards: 0 revised ed. Shevchenko Scientific Socie

ems.2d,

35. COnTItlKeSItlY, flpocnas. Camom ocmeu (Soltykevych, Yaroslav. Salute of the Last '-.AJ#;.IJ:::". Brotherhood in Canada, 1964.)

36. Besondere Bestimmungen fOr die k k:

Op. Nr. 101.343. 1918. (Special Regulations for the Ukrainian Legi [Austro-HungarianJ Army. Order No. 101.343. ~ ~~

'el a d Royal

37. Crediaaia, 3eHoH. YKpaiHcbKi36po[i i KOM6aTaHT", 1947. (Stefaniv, Zenon. Ukrainian Armed Forces, J 9JC 1947.)

38. Svajncer, Janez J. Osterreich-Ungam (Austria-Hungary for Collectors.)

.."ia S, e ika, 1991.

40. Ta6aYHItlK, ,D,MItlTpO. "Haropoaa YKpaT CneLlianbHIIIVI snnyc«. PiYHItlK XXVII, 4. 1 (Tabachnyk, Dmytro. "Ukrainian Awards." no. 109 (1995): p. 27, 32, 33.)

~ 'a. S ecial issue.

41. Ta6a"lHVlK, ,lJ,MIt1TPO; BiKTOP Syaano, Bixrop BopoHiH ra iH. YKpal'HCbKa tbenepucmuse. KHVlra nepwa. KVl'iS: "nIII 6 i,o,b", 2004.

(Tabachnyk, Dmytro; Victor Buzalo, Victor Voronin et al. Ukrainian Phaleristics. Vol. 1. Kyiv:

Lybid,2004.)

42. TVlH"IeHKO, 51pocnas. APMUU YKpauHbl 1917-1920 20008, c. 129. MOCKsa: 5Vl6m1oTeKa >KypHana "TeXHIt1Ka-Mono,o,8>KVl", 2002.

(Tinchenko, Yaroslav. Ukrainian Armies of 1917-20, p. 129. Moscow: Library of the journal Tekhnika molodezhi, 2002.)

43. WerenbcbKVlVi, nOHrIllH. Bio neeeni) 00 noeeou: cnOMUHU ttpo nooi/' 8 YKpaiHi 3f{R3aHi 3 nepiuut« nucmoneoou 1918 o. Jle.sis: "Csi-rano", 2003.

(Tsehelskyi, Lonhyn. From Legends to Truth: Reminiscences about Events in Ukraine Connected to the First of November 1918, Lviv: Svichado, 2003.)

44. EHLI,UI<floneoiR YKpaiH03Ha8cmea, T, 4, c. 1390. 3a ron. pe,o,. BOnO,D,VlMVlpa Ky6iViosVl"la. nepeBVl,o,aHH51 s YKpa'fHi. Jlesls: Hayxose TOBapVlcTBo iM. T. WeS"IeHKa, 1994. (Encyclopedia of Knowledge about Ukraine. v, 4: p. 1390. Ed. in chief Volodymyr Kubiiovyc. Republished in Ukraine. Lviv: Shevchenko Scientific Society, 1994.)

45. Ibid., 10: 3957. Lviv: Shevchenko Scientific Society, 2000.

46. YCC 1914-1974. ¢in51,D,enb¢>iR ronosHa pa,o,a 5paTcTsa YCC, 1974.

(The USS, 1914-74. Philadelphia: Supreme Council of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen Brotherhood, 1974.)

47. 51KVlMOSVl"l, 50r,o,aH. 36pOLJHi cunu YKpaiHu: nepuc icmopii. Jlsala: I HCTVlTYT ykpatuoaaaecrsa iM. I. KpVln'51KeSVlya Hauiouansuoi aKa,o,eMi'! HayK YKpa'lHIt1 i 'Tlpocaira", 1996.

(Yakymovych, Bohdan. The Armed Forces of Ukraine: A Historical Survey. Lviv: Ivan Krypiakevych Institute of Ukrainian Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and Prosvita, 1996,)

48. 303yn51, 51Kis. Benuke YKpaiHcbKa peeomoui«. HblO-~OPK: YKpa'lHcbKa slnsua aKa,o,eMiS'l HayK y CWA,1967.

(Zozulia, Yakiv. The Great Ukrainian Revolution, New York: Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences in the U.S., 1967.)

I I

I

- 78-

ederal Credlit

The authors thank for their aaslstance e Canada, especially Roman Senkus; the 0 Alex Bendyna; the Ukrainian Philate'lic a especially Ingert Kuzych; and the folio . United States, Germany, and Ca.nada: lho Horodysky, Oleksander Melnyk. Serhfy 1'7V,,,,h.,,ir' SleI:laIl and Jaroslaw Semotiuk. The financial contribution of the Ukrainia Union in Wethersfield, Connecticut, is g·.--.t...n,,1Iv ac:mc:.IW1e(igE;d.

~evJ:tH!nJI"JJ o;;;:.......,.ftTi:ific Society of erica, especially

America,

k:raJn e, th e

eta Groch, Orest an~.o. George L Podlusky,

","static_promo_banner_cta_url":"https://www.scribd.com/"},"eligible_for_exclusive_trial_roadblock":false,"eligible_for_seo_roadblock":false,"exclusive_free_trial_roadblock_props_path":"/doc-page/exclusive-free-trial-props/48358545","flashes":[],"footer_props":{"urls":{"about":"/about","press":"/press","blog":"http://literally.scribd.com/","careers":"/careers","contact":"/contact","plans_landing":"/subscribe","referrals":"/referrals?source=footer","giftcards":"/giftcards","faq":"/faq","accessibility":"/accessibility-policy","faq_paths":{"accounts":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246346","announcements":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246066","copyright":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246086","downloading":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/articles/210135046","publishing":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246366","reading":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246406","selling":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246326","store":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246306","status":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/360001202872","terms":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246126","writing":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246366","adchoices":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/articles/210129366","paid_features":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246306","failed_uploads":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/210134586-Troubleshooting-uploads-and-conversions","copyright_infringement":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/210128946-DMCA-copyright-infringement-takedown-notification-policy","end_user_license":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/210129486","terms_of_use":"https://support.scribd.com/hc/en-us/articles/210129326-General-Terms-of-Use"},"publishers":"/publishers","static_terms":"/terms","static_privacy":"/privacy","copyright":"/copyright","ios_app":"https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/scribd-worlds-largest-online/id542557212?mt=8&uo=4&at=11lGEE","android_app":"https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.scribd.app.reader0&hl=en","books":"/books","sitemap":"/directory"}},"global_nav_props":{"header_props":{"logo_src":"/images/landing/home2_landing/scribd_logo_horiz_small.svg","root_url":"https://www.scribd.com/","search_term":"","small_logo_src":"/images/logos/scribd_s_logo.png","uploads_url":"/upload-document","search_props":{"redirect_to_app":true,"search_url":"/search","query":"","search_page":false}},"user_menu_props":null,"sidebar_props":{"urls":{"bestsellers":"https://www.scribd.com/bestsellers","home":"https://www.scribd.com/","saved":"/saved","subscribe":"/archive/pmp_checkout?doc=48358545&metadata=%7B%22context%22%3A%22pmp%22%2C%22action%22%3A%22start_trial%22%2C%22logged_in%22%3Afalse%2C%22platform%22%3A%22web%22%7D","top_charts":"/bestsellers","upload":"https://www.scribd.com/upload-document"},"categories":{"book":{"icon":"icon-ic_book","icon_filled":"icon-ic_book_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/books","name":"Books","type":"book"},"news":{"icon":"icon-ic_articles","icon_filled":"icon-ic_articles_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/news","name":"News","type":"news"},"audiobook":{"icon":"icon-ic_audiobook","icon_filled":"icon-ic_audiobook_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/audiobooks","name":"Audiobooks","type":"audiobook"},"magazine":{"icon":"icon-ic_magazine","icon_filled":"icon-ic_magazine_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/magazines","name":"Magazines","type":"magazine"},"document":{"icon":"icon-ic_document","icon_filled":"icon-ic_document_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/docs","name":"Documents","type":"document"},"sheet_music":{"icon":"icon-ic_songbook","icon_filled":"icon-ic_songbook_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/sheetmusic","name":"Sheet Music","type":"sheet_music"},"summary":{"icon":"icon-ic_globalnav_snapshot","icon_filled":"icon-ic_globalnav_snapshot_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/snapshots","name":"Snapshots","type":"summary"}},"nav_categories":["mixed","book","audiobook","magazine","document","sheet_music"],"selected_content_type":"mixed","username":"","search_overlay_props":{"search_input_props":{"focused":false,"keep_suggestions_on_blur":false}}}},"recommenders":{"related_titles_recommender":{"ids":[52880370,317347861,332438480,104280116,350244220,49698721,204901304,146904229,326036526,334988991,347318602,327556151,342296668,343080234,356457891,332349533,336456654,350522386,338685428,341274936,343080460,314870159,316863785,314157079,315708616,325963847,314157089,319326884,325657461,319161017,319235778,319018014,314870214,319236514,326035698],"title_link":null,"title":null,"track_opts":{"compilation_id":"mWDRjWKHpCHGZwOcjZJ20mOo4CY=","module_id":"UCQ9vD9j0rhQR+KcQtsjDFTmVs4=","widget_name":"right sidebar","track_id":"flattened_recommender"}},"footer_recommenders":{"recommenders":[{"ids":[52880370,317347861,332438480,104280116,350244220,49698721,204901304,146904229],"title_link":null,"title":"Documents Similar To The Legion of Ukrainian Sich Riflemen","track_opts":{"compilation_id":"mWDRjWKHpCHGZwOcjZJ20mOo4CY=","module_id":"cmvnBJ3xT0oZuAdQesvh+ssF4ys=","widget_name":"document_carousel"}},{"ids":[326036526,334988991,347318602,327556151,342296668,343080234,356457891,332349533,336456654,350522386,338685428,341274936,343080460,314870159,316863785,314157079,315708616,325963847,314157089,319326884,325657461,319161017,319235778,319018014,314870214,319236514,326035698],"title_link":null,"title":"More From andriy112","track_opts":{"compilation_id":"mWDRjWKHpCHGZwOcjZJ20mOo4CY=","module_id":"gGW+6Yp4tsOA1h8hy3FC4nyHFJ4=","widget_name":"document_carousel"}}]},"seo_new_docs_recommenders":{"recommenders":[]},"documents":{"49698721":{"type":"document","id":49698721,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/49698721/149x198/9b86d4003a/1338437174?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/49698721/298x396/d1d581fe39/1338437174?v=1","title":"kosyk_ukraina_i_nimechchyna_v_drugij_svitovij","short_title":"kosyk_ukraina_i_nimechchyna_v_drugij_svitovij","author":"smok_armanych","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":49698721,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"krro1X+Smms+cdqqgaA6fO0P5Bk="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/49698721/kosyk-ukraina-i-nimechchyna-v-drugij-svitovij","top_badge":null},"52880370":{"type":"document","id":52880370,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/52880370/149x198/7bd58a22b9/1517367267?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/52880370/298x396/4db3bf301f/1517367267?v=1","title":"UPA-Ukrainian Insurgent Army:History of Ukraine’s Unvanquished Freedom Fighters","short_title":"UPA-Ukrainian Insurgent Army:History of Ukraine’s Unvanquished Freedom Fighters","author":"Толік Триниті","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":52880370,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"/afVCTkpedHL2P9WXrUW39YCvuw="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/52880370/UPA-Ukrainian-Insurgent-Army-History-of-Ukraine-s-Unvanquished-Freedom-Fighters","top_badge":null},"104280116":{"type":"document","id":104280116,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/104280116/149x198/caf971c92b/1520526525?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/104280116/298x396/e2535d72fc/1520526525?v=1","title":"Ukrainian Underground Art, 1952","short_title":"Ukrainian Underground Art, 1952","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":104280116,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"k9nO/GslL113F3X5NpR0/NpwTuA="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/104280116/Ukrainian-Underground-Art-1952","top_badge":null},"146904229":{"type":"document","id":146904229,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/146904229/149x198/fa0f201837/1379969897?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/146904229/298x396/c1902dc67a/1379969897?v=1","title":"Military Review, November 1960","short_title":"Military Review, November 1960","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":146904229,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"m+jNhq4LCmWlv03NIG/hJytpbw4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/146904229/Military-Review-November-1960","top_badge":null},"204901304":{"type":"document","id":204901304,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/204901304/149x198/8c1fabf349/1409459410?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/204901304/298x396/b89fe19f13/1409459410?v=1","title":"How Moscow Russifies Ukraine","short_title":"How Moscow Russifies Ukraine","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":204901304,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"sbCocDgaBAHOcL4FDglTa+yS/jY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/204901304/How-Moscow-Russifies-Ukraine","top_badge":null},"314157079":{"type":"document","id":314157079,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/314157079/149x198/c11d502783/1464523989?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/314157079/298x396/a2c6ea8b9b/1464523989?v=1","title":"Karate - Das Grose Lehrbuch-1","short_title":"Karate - Das Grose Lehrbuch-1","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":314157079,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"8JqmuUW45QO+3/BtzLb8hIeY7z4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/314157079/Karate-Das-Grose-Lehrbuch-1","top_badge":null},"314157089":{"type":"document","id":314157089,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/314157089/149x198/20ffedbb00/1537945995?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/314157089/298x396/c979d01843/1537945995?v=1","title":"Karate - Das Grose Lehrbuch-2","short_title":"Karate - Das Grose Lehrbuch-2","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":314157089,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"WAVOvKkiKskcy50T/X5ItN2FWMQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/314157089/Karate-Das-Grose-Lehrbuch-2","top_badge":null},"314870159":{"type":"document","id":314870159,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/314870159/149x198/c40e794166/1465143861?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/314870159/298x396/61000fbfa7/1465143861?v=1","title":" Freier Ringkampf","short_title":" Freier Ringkampf","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":314870159,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"1vAGyETkCHnZe7gL/2qxnxX5Zp4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/314870159/Freier-Ringkampf","top_badge":null},"314870214":{"type":"document","id":314870214,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/314870214/149x198/5d9840cbf5/1465144138?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/314870214/298x396/68ebf8e5c5/1465144138?v=1","title":"Ringkampf klassisch Und Frei","short_title":"Ringkampf klassisch Und Frei","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":314870214,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"/ZXWQPTBg0SfDGhjmOwyewsqX+w="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/doc/314870214/Ringkampf-klassisch-Und-Frei","top_badge":null},"315708616":{"type":"document","id":315708616,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/315708616/149x198/451f362c60/1465925602?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/315708616/298x396/2a0819b676/1465925602?v=1","title":"Råberg Einar. Pojkarnas Brottningslek","short_title":"Råberg Einar. Pojkarnas Brottningslek","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":315708616,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"ztdDv2QS0JWHOq6aa9/D8wYSfO8="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/315708616/Råberg-Einar-Pojkarnas-Brottningslek","top_badge":null},"316863785":{"type":"document","id":316863785,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/316863785/149x198/e289aba7a3/1467049880?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/316863785/298x396/b7cb94f2b7/1467049880?v=1","title":"Krvava kniha","short_title":"Krvava kniha","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":316863785,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"Fq4QXT0msPCXdobIOlZYlatdFgc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/doc/316863785/Krvava-kniha","top_badge":null},"317347861":{"type":"document","id":317347861,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/317347861/149x198/aa41b1d143/1467538089?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/317347861/298x396/c2db21a56b/1467538089?v=1","title":"Arms of Valor","short_title":"Arms of Valor","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":317347861,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"DB4w/x5NX91lrOoo3sOw+TQwNsE="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/317347861/Arms-of-Valor","top_badge":null},"319018014":{"type":"document","id":319018014,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/319018014/149x198/ae1326aa7d/1469767560?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/319018014/298x396/163702b1ce/1469767560?v=1","title":"ПАВЛОКОМА 1441-1945. Історія Села. Павло Й. Потічний","short_title":"ПАВЛОКОМА 1441-1945. Історія Села. Павло Й. Потічний","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":319018014,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"qfQKCh98nUauUktTOUy8ZMNLu/k="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/319018014/ПАВЛОКОМА-1441-1945-Історія-Села-Павло-Й-Потічний","top_badge":null},"319161017":{"type":"document","id":319161017,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/319161017/149x198/2167bbae43/1469378605?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/319161017/298x396/72a2033a8e/1469378605?v=1","title":"Проект На Знищення Русі","short_title":"Проект На Знищення Русі","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":319161017,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"1Er7ng7HGMNb1ztzdmh6nrTCMjg="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/319161017/Проект-На-Знищення-Русі","top_badge":null},"319235778":{"type":"document","id":319235778,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/319235778/149x198/334b646707/1469454270?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/319235778/298x396/67d2e87f75/1469454270?v=1","title":"Polakkernes Pacification i Ostgalizien","short_title":"Polakkernes Pacification i Ostgalizien","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":319235778,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"5Gk4XavRDxpZo8M7RyxAwChOAMo="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/319235778/Polakkernes-Pacification-i-Ostgalizien","top_badge":null},"319236514":{"type":"document","id":319236514,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/319236514/149x198/d3ab95e249/1535164814?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/319236514/298x396/a38117d259/1535164814?v=1","title":"La Boxe Pour Tous 1924","short_title":"La Boxe Pour Tous 1924","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":319236514,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"KD0D0auyeQIVXf9evMK2oVnIOpM="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/319236514/La-Boxe-Pour-Tous-1924","top_badge":null},"319326884":{"type":"document","id":319326884,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/319326884/149x198/b56e7bac4c/1469532674?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/319326884/298x396/285ce88f05/1469532674?v=1","title":"L’UKRAINE OCCIDENTALE (Galicie). L’invasion polonaise en Ukraine Occidentale est un crime contre le Droit","short_title":"L’UKRAINE OCCIDENTALE (Galicie). L’invasion polonaise en Ukraine Occidentale est un crime contre le Droit","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":319326884,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"f/dONKwyBs67C+XkADUem1Q4uTY="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/319326884/L-UKRAINE-OCCIDENTALE-Galicie-L-invasion-polonaise-en-Ukraine-Occidentale-est-un-crime-contre-le-Droit","top_badge":null},"325657461":{"type":"document","id":325657461,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/325657461/149x198/0b5c97b086/1517364596?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/325657461/298x396/ef0abc7cd1/1517364596?v=1","title":"Який Харч - Таке Здоров’я","short_title":"Який Харч - Таке Здоров’я","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":325657461,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"LwIXzRpSSL4vdpq2RRy5tCPK0a0="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/325657461/Який-Харч-Таке-Здоров-я","top_badge":null},"325963847":{"type":"document","id":325963847,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/325963847/149x198/a6c58651d8/1489087099?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/325963847/298x396/c1e76baa9e/1489087099?v=1","title":"Тактика Легкої Піхоти Для Дій Малих Груп","short_title":"Тактика Легкої Піхоти Для Дій Малих Груп","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":325963847,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"bXi2iElaXnLHyej/rYlgC1Jhg8w="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/325963847/Тактика-Легкої-Піхоти-Для-Дій-Малих-Груп","top_badge":null},"326035698":{"type":"document","id":326035698,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/326035698/149x198/dc27645804/1475324738?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/326035698/298x396/bf14168352/1475324738?v=1","title":"Petrov R. Principles of Free-Style Wresting for Children and Adolescents","short_title":"Petrov R. Principles of Free-Style Wresting for Children and Adolescents","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":326035698,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"/liRBqgTcr/SWd9yXZIkjqj6TTM="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/326035698/Petrov-R-Principles-of-Free-Style-Wresting-for-Children-and-Adolescents","top_badge":null},"326036526":{"type":"document","id":326036526,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/326036526/149x198/1ea5cc8161/1539096868?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/326036526/298x396/dabf0523a1/1539096868?v=1","title":"Rajko Petrov. Freestyle and Greco-roman Wrestling","short_title":"Rajko Petrov. Freestyle and Greco-roman Wrestling","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":326036526,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"z6FSxirfdEmNlRWratwUX1kFswg="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/326036526/Rajko-Petrov-Freestyle-and-Greco-roman-Wrestling","top_badge":null},"327556151":{"type":"document","id":327556151,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/327556151/149x198/42089ac173/1476443212?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/327556151/298x396/eb812ae1b2/1476443212?v=1","title":"Ukrainian Americans","short_title":"Ukrainian Americans","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":327556151,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"Y5/m174VMed7ecM6H7ugwZvJCH4="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/327556151/Ukrainian-Americans","top_badge":null},"332349533":{"type":"document","id":332349533,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/332349533/149x198/9bbd3c2270/1480169529?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/332349533/298x396/d4e239207a/1480169529?v=1","title":"Про Українських Козаків, Татар Та Турків - М.Драгоманов","short_title":"Про Українських Козаків, Татар Та Турків - М.Драгоманов","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":332349533,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"H3M7kbN1iJrgxOXV8UoUcn5IVGo="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/332349533/Про-Українських-Козаків-Татар-Та-Турків-М-Драгоманов","top_badge":null},"332438480":{"type":"document","id":332438480,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/332438480/149x198/6e44e1a837/1503850585?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/332438480/298x396/a04f17b701/1503850585?v=1","title":"Ukrainian Armies 1914-55","short_title":"Ukrainian Armies 1914-55","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":332438480,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"d+u2afRhDf+xA9hR4lqCjfbPm2I="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/332438480/ukrainian-armies-1914-55","top_badge":null},"334988991":{"type":"document","id":334988991,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/334988991/149x198/3a38f3306f/1482605153?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/334988991/298x396/a5d1715147/1482605153?v=1","title":"Choi Hong Hi-Taekwon-do-The Art of Self-Defence","short_title":"Choi Hong Hi-Taekwon-do-The Art of Self-Defence","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":334988991,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"Ay/O4W/MapMrPKHz/BthJtAsDzQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/334988991/Choi-Hong-Hi-Taekwon-do-The-Art-of-Self-Defence","top_badge":null},"336456654":{"type":"document","id":336456654,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/336456654/149x198/7be8678889/1484311651?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/336456654/298x396/b1fb756d5f/1484311651?v=1","title":"Andrusiw","short_title":"Andrusiw","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":336456654,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"jHxnUWyCkA/iWlDIKXr5jVM0v9c="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/336456654/Andrusiw","top_badge":null},"338685428":{"type":"document","id":338685428,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/338685428/149x198/88c11b4dda/1496788178?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/338685428/298x396/26260b0c35/1496788178?v=1","title":"Стелла Кренцбах. Живу Ще Завдяки УПА","short_title":"Стелла Кренцбах. Живу Ще Завдяки УПА","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":338685428,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"9KnclZVispOEK35y1cal+S3PI9E="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/338685428/Стелла-Кренцбах-Живу-Ще-Завдяки-УПА","top_badge":null},"341274936":{"type":"document","id":341274936,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/341274936/149x198/c54437ffaf/1488978255?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/341274936/298x396/6024b0b376/1488978255?v=1","title":"Захист Вітчизни (10 Клас).2011","short_title":"Захист Вітчизни (10 Клас).2011","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":341274936,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"lNdqBeer19Irg60lOIrXwYjZY9M="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/341274936/Захист-Вітчизни-10-Клас-2011","top_badge":null},"342296668":{"type":"document","id":342296668,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/342296668/149x198/039c3d0744/1535407251?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/342296668/298x396/e3fef8f397/1535407251?v=1","title":"100 Coups de Jiu-Jitsu","short_title":"100 Coups de Jiu-Jitsu","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":342296668,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"5g2Fj5RpVNx0dfWQ+qmRAi6AOao="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/342296668/100-Coups-de-Jiu-Jitsu","top_badge":null},"343080234":{"type":"document","id":343080234,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/343080234/149x198/7900efabd9/1503870701?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/343080234/298x396/02af126b80/1503870701?v=1","title":"Гуцульський Калєндар На 2014 Рік ","short_title":"Гуцульський Калєндар На 2014 Рік ","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":343080234,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"ghDRqmwoh4I2iyz0O0f7Ig6qKMg="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/343080234/Г-у-ц-у-л-ь-с-ь-к-и-й-К-а-л-є-н-д-а-р-Н-а-2014-Р-і-к","top_badge":null},"343080460":{"type":"document","id":343080460,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/343080460/149x198/ecaa9b9677/1503870701?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/343080460/298x396/33f2ff1686/1503870701?v=1","title":"Гуцульський Калєндар На 2016 Рік","short_title":"Гуцульський Калєндар На 2016 Рік","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":343080460,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"EtzVjjGqpt6u8DRhRfCc8zc3QUU="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/343080460/Г-у-ц-у-л-ь-с-ь-к-и-й-К-а-л-є-н-д-а-р-Н-а-2016-Р-і-к","top_badge":null},"347318602":{"type":"document","id":347318602,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/347318602/149x198/9e9ea3f4f8/1493915971?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/347318602/298x396/799d7bf9bf/1493915971?v=1","title":"Повний Курс Шевського Крою (Львів, 1939)","short_title":"Повний Курс Шевського Крою (Львів, 1939)","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":347318602,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"Euud3jXHfn3lIK2Hlk2Hcrhz2dk="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/347318602/Повний-Курс-Шевського-Крою-Львів-1939","top_badge":null},"350244220":{"type":"document","id":350244220,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/350244220/149x198/5acd1475d3/1503885020?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/350244220/298x396/bd7a105b93/1503885020?v=1","title":"Our Ukrainian Cardinal","short_title":"Our Ukrainian Cardinal","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":350244220,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"g9WDSqy5x8deCVYHtn+92jPqIqI="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/350244220/our-ukrainian-cardinal","top_badge":null},"350522386":{"type":"document","id":350522386,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/350522386/149x198/a3f7eefe11/1503885377?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-1-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/350522386/298x396/9a24bf0bb3/1503885377?v=1","title":"Підіймання тягарів (1933)","short_title":"Підіймання тягарів (1933)","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":350522386,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"14NrixcXyDM9QHbt5+2GHg6ZXAQ="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/350522386/П-і-д-і-й-м-а-н-н-я-т-я-г-а-р-і-в-1933","top_badge":null},"356457891":{"type":"document","id":356457891,"thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/356457891/149x198/b61f1f7487/1505163765?v=1","retina_thumb_url":"https://imgv2-2-f.scribdassets.com/img/document/356457891/298x396/c9b07a14c3/1505163765?v=1","title":"Magnificent 7","short_title":"Magnificent 7","author":"andriy112","tracking":{"object_type":"document","object_id":356457891,"track":"flattened_recommender","doc_uuid":"HqEN9noY/kgqOWMAuwc3ZpGKXsc="},"url":"https://www.scribd.com/document/356457891/magnificent-7","top_badge":null}}},"seo_roadblock_props_path":"/doc-page/seo-roadblock-props/48358545","signup_context":null,"toolbar":{"search_path":"/search-4gen?allowed_pages=&auth_token=F6f7Bx%2F0dZMZ5Lp88YoGdBqNCq4%3D&authenticity_token=aOlZOBdgUZvO041ij7NGKDnkNkBegqkWgYlWjLCMleq7WcOTCbn9JLHygGDZC30Mls3a8rXLC28JgH6nF%2Bvyyw%3D%3D&expires=1540538601&wordDocumentId=48358545&wordUploadId=51120410"},"renewal_nag_props":null}-->