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Homework Title/No. : _______1_______________Course Code :___INT406_________________ Course Instructor : _Manmeet Singh_____Course Tutor(if applicable) :________________________ Date of Allotment :_______________ Date of submission : _1-31-2011________________________ Student’s Roll No. :__A13_________________ Section No. :_E2802_____ Declaration : I declare that this assignment is my individual work. I have not copied from any other student’s work or from any other source except where due acknowledgement is made explicitly in the text,nor has any part been written for me by another person. Student’s Signatur: PANKAJ KUMAR Evaluator’s comments : ___________________________________________________________________________ Marks obtained :______________________ out of _________________________ Content of Homework should start from this page only:
QUS1. What is the difference between windows server 2003 and Red hat Linux. ANS:
1. Windows Server 2003 delivered significantly better File server throughput compared to Red Hat Linux Advanced Server 2.1 and Red Hat Linux 8.0 on the configurations we tested.
2. Windows Server 2003 delivered between 66 and 95 percent better File server throughput
in our tests on a HP DL760 server using up to eight processors compared to Red Hat Linux Advanced Server 2.1. 3. Windows Server 2003 delivered 100 percent better File server throughput in our tests on a HP DL380 server using two processors compared to Red Hat Linux Advanced Server 2.1.
Windows sever 2003:
1. Windows Server 2003 has a well-designed graphical user interface (GUI). The entire operating system is built with the GUI as part of the 'selling point' of the operating system. 2. Security is very granular, with both User-based (using Active Directory administrative GUI interfaces) and file-based security. 3. File-based security (including folder-based security) can be set on a per-user or per-group basis. 4. Only one computer in a domain can be running Windows Server 2003 for Small Business Server. 5. Windows Server 2003 for Small Business Server is limited to 4GB of RAM (Random Access Memory).
New and updated features:
1. Internet Information Services (IIS) v6.0 - A significantly improved version of IIS.
2. Increased default security over previous versions, due to the built-in firewall and having most services disabled by default.
3. Significant improvements to Message Queuing. 4. Improvements to Active Directory, such as the ability to deactivate classes from
the scheme, or to run multiple instances of thedirectory server (ADAM)
5. Provides a backup system to restore lost files. 6. Improved scripting and command line tools, which are part of Microsoft's initiative to
bring a complete command shell to the next version of Windows.
Red Hat Linux:
Red Hat Linux, assembled by the company Red Hat, was a popular Linux based operating system . It was originally called "Red Hat Commercial Linux" It was the first Linux distribution to use the RPM Package Manager as its packaging format, and over time has served as the starting point for several other distributions, such as Mandriva Linux and Yellow Dog Linux. Fedora, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat, is the free version best suited for home use.
1. Version 3.0.3 was one of the first Linux distributions to support Executable and Linkable
2. Red Hat Linux introduced a graphical installer called Anaconda, intended to be easy to
use for novices, and which has since been adopted by some other Linux distributions. It also introduced a built-in tool called Lokkit for configuring the firewallcapabilities.
3. It also introduced a built in total called lokit for configuring the firewall capabilities.
In version 6 Red Hat moved to glibc 2.1, egcs-1.2, and to the 2.2 kernel. It also introduced Kudzu, a software library for automatic discovery and configuration of hardware.
4. Red Hat Linux lacked many features due to possible copyright and patent problems. For
example, MP3 support was disabled in both Rhythmbox and XMMS; instead, Red Hat recommended using Ogg Vorbis, which has no patents. 5. Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server offers the standard Unix-based user and group provisioning capabilities, along with user- and group-based file security. File and folder security can be set on a per-user or per-group basis. 6. For Red Hat Enterprise Linux servers, postfix and sendmail are the two enterprise email offerings, with sendmail being the long-standing defacto standard.
QUS2.How can we say that NTFS file system is more secure and reliable than FAT file system. What is the default file system on open Source NOS? ANS:
1. NTFS is newer than FAT and it is better. FAT has a limit for the size of the file (4 GB,
not sure) but NTFS doesn't have that. Also, NTFS is faster than FAT. 2. FAT - the only file permissions FAT has is the ability to make a file read only, however any user may change that flag and therefor anyone with access to the file system has access to any file on that file system 3. NTFS sets read/write/execute file permissions to users and or user groups (actually NTFS can set more complex permissions than that- but thats basicly it) 4. NTFS will fix automatically the file clusters that have failed. This file system does not need file system checking feature and does not need operating system maintenance. The file cluster size partitioned will be smaller than in FAT32.
5. NTFS is a journalizing file system. It recovers from hard reboots a lot better than FAT.
6. NTFS is also called journaling file system which is a critical function of a file system. The NTFS will not allow the unauthorized users to operate and make any changes. 7. NTFS can transform the file information effectively and automatically into unreadable form. This encrypted file will be safely stored. 8. NTFS has the option to implement various security and administrative features in the operating system. It is found to support domain names of active directory. The whole thing is that on a FAT file system anyone can access anyfile, where on a NTFS file system permissions can be denyed per user, restricting access to the file system.so that the NTFS file system is more sequre then FAT.
QUS3.Compare the four flavours of Windows Server 2003. ANS: Hardware Support:
Standered edition and Web edition not support the 64-bit Support for Intel Itanium-based Computer and Hot Add Memory but Enterprise and Data center Edition support. Standerd edition support 4GB RAM,4 way SMP,Enterprise support 32GB,8way SMP,Data center edition support 64GB,32 way SMP and Web edition support 2GB RAM,2 way SMP.
Standerd,Enterprise and Data center Edition Fully support Active directory service but Web edition support partially. Enterprise and data center edition support Microsoft Identity Integration Server(MIIS) but standard and Web edition not support.
Standad and enterprise edition support Internet Connection Firewall (ICF) but Web and Data center edition not support.
All Edition support Remote Desktop for Administration.
Data center and Enterprise edition support Cluster Service but Standad and Web is not support.
Communications and Networking Services:
Standrad,Data center and Enterprise edition support Virtual Private Network(VPN) but Web edition partially support. Standrad,Data center and Enterprise edition support Internet Authentication Service but Web edition not support. Standrad,Data center and Enterprise edition support Network Bridge and Internet Connection Sharing but Web edition and Data center not support. ALL are support IPv6 for Communication.
.NET Application Services:
All are support .NET Application Services and ASP.NET. Standrad,Data center and Enterprise edition support Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration (UDDI) but Web edition not support.
QUS4. Write a short note Windows NT and Sun Solaris and what are the system requirements. ANS: Windows NT:
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. It was a powerful high-level-language-based, processor-independent, multiprocessing, multiuser operating system with features comparable toUnix. It was intended to complement consumer versions of Windows that were based on MS-DOS. NT was the first fully 32-bit version of Windows, whereas its consumer-oriented counterparts, Windows
3.1x and Windows 9x, were 16-bit/32-bit hybrids. Windows 2000,Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, Windows Home Server, Windows Server 2008, and Windows 7 are based on Windows NT, although they are not branded as Windows NT.
1. Windows NT 3.1 was the first version of Windows to utilize 32-bit "flat" virtual memory addressing on 32-bit processors. Its companion product, Windows 3.1, used segmented addressing and switches from 16-bit to 32-bit addressing in pages. 2. Windows NT 3.1 featured a core kernel providing a system API, running in supervisor mode, and a set of user-space environments with their own APIs which included the new Win32 environment, an OS/2 1.3 text-mode environment and a POSIX environment. The full preemptive multitasking kernel could interrupt running tasks to schedule other tasks, without relying on user programs to voluntarily give up control of the CPU, as in Windows 3.1 Windows applications (although MS-DOS applications were preemptively multitasked in Windows starting with Windows 1.0). 3. Notably, in Windows NT 3.x, several I/O driver subsystems, such as video and printing, were user-mode subsystems. In Windows NT 4, the video, server, and printer spooler subsystems were integrated into the kernel. Windows NT's first GUI was strongly influenced by (and programmatically compatible with) that from Windows 3.1; Windows NT 4's interface was redesigned to match that of the brand new Windows 95, moving from the Program Manager to the Start Menu/Taskbar design. 4. NTFS, a journaled, secure file system, was created for NT. Windows NT also allows for other installable file systems, and with versions 3.1 and 3.51, NT could also be installed on DOS'sFAT or OS/2's HPFS file systems. Later versions could be installed on a FAT32 partition, in select cases, including Vista versions.Windows Vista and Windows 7 require a FAT32 partition to boot on an EFI based system.
The minimum hardware specification required to run each release of the professional workstation version of Windows NT has been fairly slow-moving until the 6.0 Vista releases, which requires a minimum of 15 GB of free disk space, a 10-fold increase in free disk space alone over the previous version.
Windows NT desktop (x86) minimum hardware requirements NT version CPU RAM Free disk space NT 3.1 12 MB 386, 25 MHz 90 MB NT 3.1 Advanced Server 16 MB NT 3.5 Workstation NT 3.5 Server NT 3.51 Workstation NT 3.51 Server NT 4.0 Workstation NT 4.0 Server 2000 Professional 2000 Server 386, 25 MHz 386, 25 MHz 486, 25 MHz Pentium, 133 MHz 12 MB 16 MB 12 MB 16 MB 12 MB 16 MB 32 MB 128 MB 90 MB 90 MB 124 MB 650 MB
Solaris is a Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems. It superseded their earlier SunOS in 1992. Oracle Solaris, as it is now known, has been owned by Oracle Corporation since Oracle's acquisition of Sun in January 2010. Solaris is known for its scalability, especially on SPARC systems, and for originating many innovative features such as DTrace, ZFS and Time Slider. Solaris supports SPARC-based and x86-based workstations and servers from Sun and other vendors, with efforts underway to port to additional platforms. Solaris is registered as compliant with the Single Unix Specification.
Solaris uses a common code base for the platforms it supports: SPARC and i86pc (which includes both x86 and x86-64). Solaris has a reputation for being well-suited to symmetric multiprocessing, supporting a large number of CPUs. It has historically been tightly integrated with Sun's SPARC hardware (including support for 64-bit SPARC applications since Solaris 7), with which it is marketed as a combined package. This has often led to more reliable systems, but at a cost premium over commodity PC hardware. However, it has also supported x86 systems since Solaris 2.1 and the latest version, Solaris 10, includes support for 64-bit x86 applications, allowing Sun to
capitalize on the availability of commodity 64-bit CPUs based on the x86-64 architecture. Sun has heavily marketed Solaris for use with both its own "x64" workstations and serversbased on AMD Opteron and Intel Xeon processors, as well as x86 systems manufactured by companies such as Dell, Hewlett-Packard, and IBM. As of 2009, the following vendors support Solaris for their x86 server systems:
Dell - will "test, certify, and optimize Solaris and OpenSolaris on its rack and blade servers and offer them as one of several choices in the overall Dell software menu" IBM - also distributes Solaris and Solaris Subscriptions for select x86-based IBM System x servers and BladeCenter servers Intel Hewlett-Packard- distributes and provides software technical support for Solaris on ProLiant server and blade systems
QUS5. How active directory is installed, list two different ways and document the whole procedure. ANS:
Here is a quick list of what you must have:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
An NTFS partition with enough free space An Administrator's username and password The correct operating system version A NIC Properly configured TCP/IP (IP address, subnet mask and - optional - default gateway) A network connection (to a hub or to another computer via a crossover cable) An operational DNS server (which can be installed on the DC itself) A Domain name that you want to use The Windows Server 2003 CD media (or at least the i386 folder)
To install Active Directory on Windows Server 2003 :
1. Click Start, click Run, type dcpromo, and then click OK.
2. On the first page of the Active Directory Installation Wizard, click Next. 3. On the next page of the Active Directory Installation Wizard, click Next.
4. On the Domain Controller Type page, click Domain Controller for a new domain, and then click Next. 5. On the Create New Domain page, click Domain in a new forest, and then click Next.
6. On the New Domain Name page, in the Full DNS name for new domain box, type
corp.contoso.com, and then click Next. 7. On the Database and Log Folders page, accept the defaults in the Database folder box and the Log folder box, and then click Next. 8. On the Shared System Volume page, accept the default in the Folder location box, and then click Next. 9. On the DNS Registration Diagnostics page, click Install and configure the DNS server on this computer and set this computer to use this DNS server as its preferred DNS Server, and then click Next. 10. On the Permissions page, click Permissions compatible only with Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003 operating systems, and then click Next. 11. On the Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator Password page, enter a password in the Restore Mode Password box, retype the password to confirm it in the Confirm password box, and then click Next. 12. On the Summary page, confirm the information is correct, and then click Next. 13. When prompted to restart the computer, click Restart now. 14. After the computer restarts, log on to CONT-CA01 as a member of the Administrators group
To install AD DS on a member server by using the Windows interface:
1. Click Start, and then click Server Manager. 2. In Roles Summary, click Add Roles. 3. If necessary, review the information on the Before You Begin page, and then click Next.
4. On the Select Server Roles page, select the Active Directory Domain Services check box, and then click Next. 5. If necessary, review the information on the Active Directory Domain Services page, and then click Next. 6. On the Confirm Installation Selections page, click Install. 7. On the Installation Results page, click Close this wizard and launch the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard (dcpromo.exe). 8. On the Welcome to the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard page, click Next. If you want to install from media, identify the source domain controller for AD DS replication, or specify the Password Replication Policy (PRP) for an RODC as part of the installation of the additional domain controller, click Use advanced mode installation. 9. On the Operating System Compatibility page, review the warning about the default security settings for Windows Server 2008 domain controllers, and then click Next. 10. On the Choose a Deployment Configuration page, click Existing forest, click Add a domain controller to an existing domain, and then click Next. 11. On the Network Credentials page, type the name of any existing domain in the forest where you plan to install the additional domain controller. Under Specify the account credentials to use to perform the installation, click My current logged on credentials or click Alternate credentials, and then click Set. In the Windows Security dialog box, provide the user name and password for an account that can install the additional domain controller. To install an additional domain controller, you must be a member of the Enterprise Admins group or the Domain Admins group. When you are finished providing credentials, click Next. 12. On the Select a Domain page, select the domain of the new domain controller, and then click Next. 13. On the Select a Site page, select a site from the list or select the option to install the domain controller in the site that corresponds to its IP address, and then click Next. 14. On the Additional Domain Controller Options page, make the following selections, and then click Next:
QUS6.How many partitions we require to install WIN Server 2003.Which type of partition we require while installing Windows Server 2003 and why? ANS:
One partition required to install window server 2003. Windows Server 2003 supports the NTFS file system in addition to the file allocation table (FAT) and FAT32 file systems. Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Professional, Windows 2000, and Windows NT are the only
Microsoft operating systems that you can use to gain access to data on a local hard disk that is formatted with NTFS. If you plan to gain access to files that are on a local Windows Server 2003 partition with the Microsoft Windows 95 or Windows98 operating systems, you should format the partition with a FAT or FAT32 file system.
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