Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . .. . . . . . . . . 4-1. .. . . . . .. . . . . TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . . . .. . . . .. . 3-1. 5-1. .. .. . . .. .. .. 40 . . .. . . 3-2. . .. . 25 . . . . . . .. . .. . . . ... .. . . . .. ... . . . . .. 2-1. . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . 36 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . 5-6. .. .. .. .. . 18 . . . . . 36 . .. .. . . . . . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . .. . . RR Format String Conversions . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . 5-4. . . 6-1. . .. 5-3.. . . . . .. . . .. . .. . . . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . .. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . .. . . . . . 5-2. .. .. . .. . . . .. .. . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings.. . .. . . . . . .. . ... .. .. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . .. . . . .. . .. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . . . . . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . 6 . . . . . . . . . 39 . Operators in the Transformation Language . 39 .. . . . .. . . 3-4. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 23 . 28 ... . . . . 3-3. . . .. . 26 . . . . ... . . . . . . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix .. . .. . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . 22 . . . . . .. . . . . 6-2. . 5-5. . . .. . . .. . . . . . .. . . ..List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . . . . . . . . .. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . . .

x List of Tables .

handle complex transformations on the data.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. and managing data. data migration. loading. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. and support high-speed loads. and information hubs. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. data synchronization. xi . PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. usable. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. and efficient manner. including extracting. transforming.

PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. Profile mapping display in the Designer. and MELCOM-kana. Flat file partitioning. You can define default mapping. Define mapping. PowerCenter 7. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. Session enhancement.1. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. and 7.0. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling.1. pmcmd. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. Domain Inference function tuning. session. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. JEF-kana. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. a specified percentage of data. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. the rows that meet the business rule.1. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. sessions. session. 7.1. Row Uniqueness function. xii Preface . The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. When you use a local parameter file. and workflow prefixes. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. such as JIPSEkana.1.1. Verbose data enhancements.

♦ SuSE Linux support. JPEG. log. such as Business Objects Designer.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. or PDF. Oracle. You do not need to know a database user name and password. you can now override the control file. On SuSE Linux. Preface xiii . Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. you can connect to IBM. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. On SuSE Linux. ♦ SuSE Linux support. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. reswords. you can create and maintain a file. If the file exists. you can connect to IBM. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. When you export metadata. You can attach document types such as XML. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. target. and Sybase repositories. and Sybase sources. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. DB2. Depending on the loader you use. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. you can also override the error. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. containing reserved words. DB2. targets. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. Reserved word support. Teradata external loader. GIF. Oracle. If any source. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. it searches for reswords.txt. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. and repositories using native drivers. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser.

Informatica provides licenses for product. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. It also includes information from the version 7. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. resize columns in a report. Creating auto profile enhancements. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide.0 Web Services Hub Guide.♦ Pipeline partitioning. You store xiv Preface . You can also pivot the view row. Aggregator function in auto profiles. and options.1. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. PowerCenter 7. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. Prepackaged domains. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. Workflow Administration Guide. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. and Transformation Guide. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. and partitions in the session. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. XML User Guide. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. connectivity. Source View in the Profile Manager. targets. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions.

PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. or enable a repository. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. disable. Object import and export enhancements. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. or restore a repository. You can use pmrep to back up. pmlic.the license keys in a license key file. Partitioning enhancements. You can choose to skip MX data. and deploy group history. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. This improves processing performance for most sessions.1 MX views in its schema. workflow and session log history. and restore repositories. modify. delete a relational connection from a repository. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. Increased repository performance. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. the PowerCenter Server Setup. MX views. You can also use pmrep to create. truncate log files. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. and delete a folder. upgrade. and the command line program. If you have the Partitioning option. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. delete repository details. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. back up. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. pmrep. CLOB/BLOB datatype support.

Web Services Hub.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. or a collection of all older versions of objects. the latest version of checked in objects. Midstream XML transformations. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. You can now perform lookups on flat files. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. Custom transformation API enhancements. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. Also. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. The quality of printed workspace has improved. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. The query can return local objects that are checked out. Union transformation. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. Enhanced printing. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. You can also extract data from messaging systems. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. such as data stored in a CLOB column. ♦ xvi Preface .

or schema files. add or delete columns from views. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. DTD files. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. You can also extract data from messaging systems. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. When you create views with entity relationships. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. In a view with hierarchy relationships. XML workspace. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. You can create views. targets. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. It displays folders alphabetically. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. When you import XML definitions. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. and define relationships between views. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. such as data stored in a CLOB column. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. including relational sources or targets. For more informations. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. Synchronizing XML definitions. Additional options for XML definitions. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. XML files. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. Midstream XML transformations. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes.

Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. Installation and Configuration Guide. After you create a profiling warehouse. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. Increased performance for large XML targets. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. PowerCenter now supports XML files. and evaluate join criteria. User-defined commits.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. suggest candidate keys.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions.0. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. Support for multiple XML output files. − − PowerCenter 7.” Upgrading metadata. DTD files.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. For example. detect data patterns. you can determine implicit data type. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size.♦ Support for circular references. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions.

source and target tables. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. such as workflows. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). Metadata analysis.objects impacted by the upgrade process. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. session completion status. server load. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). When using external loaders on UNIX. When using external loaders on Windows. session errors. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. Row error logging. and transformations. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. In a server grid. including session load time. you can now choose to load from staged files. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. and warehouse growth. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging.1. If you purchase the Server Grid option. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. worklets. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid.0 metadata. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. Distributed processing. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. External loading enhancements. Functions ♦ Soundex. You can create a control file containing installation information. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. mappings. The Metaphone function encodes string values. Metaphone.

The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. maintain labels. If you use LDAP. You can track changes to repository users. and listing objects. groups. Concurrent processing. checking in. You can choose to insert. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. deploying. The repository maintains a status for each user. Trusted connections. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. Audit trail. Use Repository Manager privilege. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. When you select data driven loading. importing. Real time processing enhancements. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. update. When you log in to the repository. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. delete. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. such as the Aggregator transformation. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. pmrep commands. such as copy object. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. exporting. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. or update. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. or delete data. You can also use pmrep to run queries. Additionally. and change object status. privileges. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. upsert. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert.

The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. You can compare tasks. Compare objects. Deployment. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. sessions. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. You can also compare different versions of the same object. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. adding or removing a user or group. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. When you create a Custom transformation template. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. You can specify the icons used for transformation. Delete or purge a version. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned.audit trail log contains information. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. and adding or removing privileges. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. the colors. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. Unlike copying a folder. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . You can recover or undelete deleted objects. worklets. track changes. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. If you want to permanently remove an object version. such as changes to folder properties. ♦ Joiner transformation. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. control development on the object. Check out and check in versioned objects. you can purge it from the repository. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository.

You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. Increased performance for large XML files. XPath support. Labels. Track changes to an object. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. When you process an XML file or stream. Comparing objects. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. to other folders. or you can share it with all users in the repository. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. Queries.♦ Deployment groups. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. Within the Designer. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. You can make a private query. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. You can save queries for later use. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. improve query results. ♦ xxii Preface . You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. and to different repositories. XML target enhancements. format your XML file output for increased readability. use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can copy objects within folders. declare multiple namespaces. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. increase performance for large XML files.

Enhanced partitioning interface. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. The Designer propagates ports. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. View dependencies. Validate multiple objects. targets. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. and worklets. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. mappings. or workflows. such as sources. When you edit a port in a mapping. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. Enhanced validation messages. you can refresh a session mapping. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. mapplets. workflows. expressions. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. You can validate sessions. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. Revert to saved.♦ Change propagation. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. When you do this. mappings. Refresh session mappings. In the Workflow Manager.

extract data from JMS messages. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. or DTD files. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. Transformation Language Reference. including details on environment variables and database connections. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. and permissions and privileges. groups. and load data into JMS messages. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Repository Guide. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. XSD. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Troubleshooting Guide. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Workflow Administration Guide. users. mapplets. Transformation Guide. Includes information to help you create mappings. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. build mappings. and relational or other XML definitions. Designer Guide. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Installation and Configuration Guide. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. Getting Started. XML User Guide. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Batch Web Services. Web Services Provider Guide. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. and transformations. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. and Metadata Web Services. folders. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide.

and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . Emphasized subjects. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. The material in this book is available for online use.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. relational database concepts. This is a code example. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. The following paragraph provides additional facts. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. unless you follow the specified procedure. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values.

informatica. its background. as well as literature and partner information. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support.com. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. and locating your closest sales office. You will also find product information.com. and access to the Informatica user community. user group information. To register for an account. detailed descriptions of specific features.com. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. upcoming events. please email webzine@informatica. The site contains information about Informatica. Informatica Webzine.com. training and education. go to http://my. and implementation services. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. newsletters.informatica. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. the Informatica Knowledgebase. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. The site contains product information. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses.com xxvi Preface . This journal provides solutions to common tasks. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS).informatica.informatica. If you have any questions. the Informatica Webzine. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet.

m.5 p.5:30 p. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.com. .com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a.m.informatica. White Waltham Maidenhead. . WebSupport requires a user name and password.9489 Hours: 6 a.m.m.6332 or 650.5800 Fax: 650.m. You can request a user name and password at http://my. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a. . (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a.m. (local time) Preface xxvii . .m.5:30 p. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.m.m. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. market. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a.5:30 p.m. . You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. .m.The site contains information on how to create. . . and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.m.m. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.5:30 p.563.m. Redwood City.5:30 p.m.m. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.6 p.213.385. CA 94063 Phone: 866.5 p.

xxviii Preface .

2 Expression Syntax. 1 . 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 9 Reserved Words. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide.

or compare data. For more information. Stored Procedure. Return values. such as TRUE. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . For details. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. such as the system date. such as a state sales tax rate. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Constants. Local and system variables. Workflow variables. and External Procedure transformations. You can also create local variables in transformations. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Operators. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. Mapping parameters and variables. combine data. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions.

such as ORDERS. You can create an expression as simple as a port. For example. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. For example. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. not byte-oriented. For example. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. such as 10. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. during a workflow. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. Then. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. or a numeric literal. “>>>>”.

The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server.string. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . not the number of bytes.

Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). On the other hand. but the transformation language does not.Status). numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . while SQL does not. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. it is not exactly like SQL. or a numeric literal (such as 10). variable) String literals. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. For example. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. input/output.

5 expressions only).. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3. The general syntax is: :SD.SALES.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition.ITEM_NAME.. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.external_procedure_transformation(argument1.lookup_transformation(argument1. :TD. [. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks. 10. The general syntax is: :SP. . The general syntax is: :LKP.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals. .5 LOOKUP function. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation. The general syntax is: :EXT.PRICE. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1. The general syntax is: :SEQ. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. 15.SALES.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation.ITEM_ID. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. :TD.. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation.SALES. argument2.source_table. For example. argument2..sequence_generator_transformation. argument2.

see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. For example. create separate Aggregator transformations. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. External Procedure transformation. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. For details on workflow variables. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. If you rename a port in a connected transformation.). For example: .Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. For example. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. and period (. Stored Procedure transformation. Except for literals. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. ‘1’. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. the transformation language is not case-sensitive.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. as the start position. mapping parameters and variables.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. functions. Just type the number you want to include.4 = ‘123. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. The colon (:). the expression 123. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. variable. or the results of another expression. comma (. literal string or number. If you pass a literal value to a function. Lookup transformation. not a string. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. Except for literals. For example. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. local and system variables. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. You cannot add an integer and a string. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. which allow only one nested aggregate function). see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression.

the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression. as in: -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -. since the last line is not a valid expression. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. if you want to concatenate two strings.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 .These are comments ♦ Two slashes. If you do not want to embed comments. For example.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case.

and system variables. are reserved for specific functions. such as constants. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. operators. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions.

Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 15 FALSE. 13 DD_REJECT. 14 DD_UPDATE. 17 TRUE. 16 NULL. 19 11 . 12 DD_INSERT.

Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. 2. DD_DELETE. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. When you run a workflow. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion.

DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. ORDERS. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. When you run a workflow. If the result is 2 or less. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion.NAME = 'Alex'. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. 0. If the result is greater than 2.DD_REJECT. DD_INSERT. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE.DATE_SHIPPED. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . Using DATE_DIFF. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only.NAME = 'Alex'. returning the difference between the two dates. 'DD' ). select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. the expression flags the records for rejection. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. 0 ) > 2. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0.

3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. 0. DD_INSERT. so it includes only positive values. DD_REJECT. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants .SALES > 0. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. If you flag a record as reject. When you run a workflow. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table.SALES > 0. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ).

NAME = 'Alex'. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. DD_UPDATE. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. the expression flags the records for rejection. 0 ) > 2. If the result is greater than 2. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. 1. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. DD_REJECT. returning the difference between the two dates. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. The mapping loads sales for one employee. it flags the records for update. 'DD' ).DATE_SHIPPED. ORDERS. If the result is 2 or less. Using DATE_DIFF. When you run a workflow. otherwise. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE.

FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0.'.'. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var2 = 49. Var2 > 30.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var1 = 22. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. 'Variables were out of desired ranges.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . Var1 < 23.'Variable 2 was 49!'.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.

see “Functions” on page 49. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. it might return zero or NULL. ^=. Functions can handle nulls differently. >=. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . or it might ignore null values. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. If you pass a null value to a function. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. <. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. Therefore. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. For more information. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. <= For example. >. <>. For details on how each function handles null values. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. !=. For example. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. However.

the function does not select the record. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . when you configure the PowerCenter Server. use the ISNULL function. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. and MOVINGSUM.NULL To test for nulls. However. which returns zero).Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. MOVINGAVG. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. as well as CUME. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. For example. the function returns NULL. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT.

TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. Var1 < 23. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. Var1 = 22. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var2 = 49.') TRUE 19 . This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Var2 > 30.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison.'. 'Variables were out of desired ranges.'Variable 2 was 49!'.'Variable 1 was 22!'.'.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

25 Logical Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators. 26 21 . It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence. 24 Comparison Operators. 23 String Operators.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions.

Addition. not equal to. When expressions contain parentheses.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . For example. less than or equal to. Unary plus and minus. Table 3-1. The logical AND operator. Concatenate. the equation 8 + 5 . The logical OR operator. depending on how you nest the operations. *. !=. Multiplication. || <. 4. greater than or equal to. used when specifying conditions. >= =. <=. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. 3. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. Less than. Equal to. division. >. 2. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. not equal to. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. % +. modulus. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. subtraction. The logical NOT operator. used when specifying conditions. /. <>. greater than. not equal to. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right.

A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. modulus. Meaning Unary plus and minus. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. Multiplication. division. For example. use the date functions. For example. % +. To concatenate strings. Arithmetic Operators 23 . 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. The expression 1. For further information on built-in date functions. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. Addition. Unary plus indicates a positive value. Unary minus indicates a negative value. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. use the string operator ||. *. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. subtraction. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. /.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. To perform arithmetic on date values. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. the function returns NULL.

However. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. the || operator returns NULL. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. produces the same results in less time. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. however. The || operator. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. if both values are NULL. Nulls The || operator ignores null values.

Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. the expression 123. Greater than or equal to. Not equal to.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. When you use comparison operators in an expression. Comparison Operators 25 . For information on how to compare dates. the result is NULL. Less than. see “Dates” on page 33. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. The expressions 123. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. manipulate data. Greater than. the operands must be the same datatype. For example. Less than or equal to. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. Not equal to. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. If you compare a value to a null value. Not equal to.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string.

If an expression evaluates to FALSE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . For example. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. and NULL for NULL. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. NOT returns TRUE. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. FALSE for zero. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. For example. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. the operator NOT returns FALSE.

32 27 . 31 Local Variables. 28 Transaction Control Variables.Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 34 Date Format Strings. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 47 33 . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings.

For example. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. Converts a date to a string. see “Variables” on page 27. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. or compare dates. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. To pass a string to a date function. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. For details on built-in variables. ‘MM’. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Date functions accept date/time values only. Julian Day. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. truncate. or perform arithmetic on a date. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. Date format strings. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . extract one part of a date. and 9999 A. TO_CHAR format strings. Tests whether a string represents a date. Converts a string to a date. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. ‘MM/DD/RR’). TO_CHAR. Use to specify the format of the return string. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port.D. TO_DATE. With the date functions you can round. Modified Julian Day.D.

The J format string does not convert this time component. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date.D. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. For example. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). and are not supported in PowerCenter. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. Overview 35 . and 9999 A. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. For example. nor with Modified Julian Day. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. By definition. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. This term should not be confused with Julian Day.D.

Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. In TO_DATE expressions. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. RR and YY produce different results. Current Year Between 50 and 99. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String.

Dates in Relational Databases In general. while the time might include the hours. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format.Table 5-2. and seconds. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . the PowerCenter Server skips the row. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. or it is an invalid date. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The date includes the month. Use TO_CHAR(date. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. If the string is in the default date format. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. Although date formats vary from database to database. If you omit the format string. minutes. If an input value does not match this format. and year. and even between applications. If you want to pass a string to a date function. day. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. If you specify a format string. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings.

12:00:00PM = 12. If you specify a format string. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates .♦ Use TO_DATE(date. 12:00:00AM = 0. For example. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. 1:00:00AM = 1. Month (January = 01. If you omit the format string.

You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. YY.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. YYYY. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. DD. For example. DY. YYY. Seconds (0-59). you can use MM. Specify the part of the date you want to change. SSSS Y. YYY. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. MONTH SS. you can use Y. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. HH12. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. MON. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. HH12. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. MON. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. Minutes (0-59. you can use HH. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. Hour of day (0-23). DAY. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). For example. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. DDD. or MONTH to specify APR. J Description Days (01-31). Specify the part of the date you want to return. Specify the part of the date you want to round. HH24 MI MM. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. For example. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. or YYYY to specify 1997. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. HH. For example. Date Format Strings 39 . YY.) Month (01-12).

when used with TO_DATE. The function removes the leading digits. PM. Month (01-12). ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. Seconds (00-59). January). Minutes (00-59). Day of year (001-366. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. and is interchangeable with. For example. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. Jan). changing the format for reporting purposes. Day of week (1-7). P. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. AM and PM return the same values as do A. Hour of day (01-12). 4713 00:00:00 BC. Name of day. where Sunday equals 1. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . A. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. Name of month. Quarter of year (1-4).. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘RR’ produces the same results as.M.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify.M. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. Day of month (01-31). Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Modified Julian Day. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. For example. When used with TO_CHAR. TO_CHAR returns 97. where January to March equals 1. including leap years).M. ‘YY. including up to nine characters (for example. including up to nine characters (for example. It ignores the time component of the date. where 00 is 12AM (midnight).M. Last two digits of a year.’ However. Hour of day (00-23). You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. Wednesday). calculated from Jan 1. and P. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. Wed).

'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. The function removes the leading digits. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. TO_CHAR returns 997. For example. Week of year (01-53). The function removes the leading digits.86399).YYYY' ). For example. RR. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. Last three digits of a year.. Last two digits of a year.DD. SSSSS.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. 'MM. Entire year portion of date. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. See the individual functions for more examples. for example D””DDD. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. TO_CHAR returns 7. For example. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. The function removes the leading digits. TO_CHAR returns 1997. Week of month (1-5). Examples The following examples illustrate the J. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. Punctuation that displays in the output. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . TO_CHAR returns 97. For example. and YY format strings. Last digit of a year. For example. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. For example. and so on. For example. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . For example.Table 5-5. Text that displays in the output.

the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. For example. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates .J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings.

including up to nine characters (for example. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. p. Day of year (001-366.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. If you omit the format string. where zero is 12AM (midnight). including leap years). the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. the function returns TRUE (1). if any parts do not match. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. When you create a TO_DATE expression. Minutes (0-59). Day of month (1-31). Wednesday). The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. Name of day. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. and p. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. PM.m. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. Hour of day (0-23).m. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example.m. a. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. Hour of day (1-12). If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. the function returns FALSE (0). If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.. DD DDD DAY DY HH. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 .m. Wed). The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. AM and PM return the same values as do a. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

Table 5-6. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example.Current Year Between 50 and 99. Seconds since midnight. 2020. Aug). If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. If it does not. For example. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Use when source strings include two-digit years. For example. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. Case does not matter. Case does not matter. It ignores the time component of the source string. Name of month. including up to nine characters (for example. Month (1-12). Four digits of a year. 2034). . the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . to TO_DATE. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. For example. Use the RR or YY format string instead. 1998. August).Current Year Between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Modified Julian Day. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. representing May 12. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. . Seconds (0-59).

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. Likewise. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. Example The following examples illustrate the J. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. See the individual functions for more examples. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The format string is not case-sensitive. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD.format string. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. For example. RR. Tip: By default. and SSSSS format strings.

while YY returns the year 1905.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . RR returns the year 2005. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.

Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . Subtract two dates. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. 1. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. Change one part of a date. SET_DATE_PART. DATE_DIFF. 9999 23:59:59 AD.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. 31. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. in alphabetical order.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. 49 . see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.

Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports.

Function Categories 51 . and returns four values. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. evaluates the AVG expression. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression.

QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. 0. MOVINGAVG.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. If you do not want to round up a value. the function selects all rows in the port.5 to 2. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. If you pass an entire port of null values. 1. the function returns NULL.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. as well as to CUME. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . By default.35 to 0) for the filter condition. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. For example. For example.2 to 1. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. If the value rounds to zero. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the function returns zero. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. the filter condition returns FALSE. FALSE. and MOVINGSUM. 1. or NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions.

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. MIN. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . Trim string values. Encode strings. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. Convert the datatype of an input value. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. LOWER. UPPER. Replace characters in a string.

Date format strings are not internationalized. or compare dates. or perform arithmetic on a date. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . extract one part of a date.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. For a complete list of date format strings. see “Dates” on page 33. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. However. if you want to pass a string to a date function. truncate. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument.

if you pass a date with milliseconds.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . Therefore. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.

the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. and Update Strategy transformations. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. At the end of the session. When you run a workflow. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. You can nest other functions within special functions. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Filter. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. For example. Then at the end of the session. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . you use special functions in Expression. Unless overridden.

If you use this function more than once for the same variable. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. For more information on mapping variables. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide.process that pipeline. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. Function Categories 57 .

The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. Return Value NULL. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. String. assign ABORT as the default value. Generally. including ERROR function calls within an expression. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. The string can be any length. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. For more information on the Abort command. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. You can use ABORT to validate data. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. it stops transforming data at that row. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error.

NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . Numeric datatype. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value.95 59. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Likewise. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. if you pass an Integer. Return Value Positive numeric value. it returns an Integer.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . it returns a Double. If you pass a Double. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. HH12. Day. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. Seconds. DD. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. You use the SS format string to set the second. MON. YYY. 'DD'. Hour. HH24. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. DDD.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. and DAY. or YYYY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. YY. You use the MI format string to set the minute. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Minute. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. 'HH'. DY. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. For example. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'MI'. You can use any of the day format strings: D. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. 'YY'. 'SS'. 'MONTH'. Month. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. MONTH.

'MM'. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. for example. Also note. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Required.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. 'MON'. Passes the values you want to change. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. months. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. 'mm'. Date/Time datatype. 'MONTH'. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. format. You can enter any valid transformation expression. hours. days. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. Required. An integer value specifying the amount of years. For example. and so on by which you want to change the date value. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function.

ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. 'DD'. you need to change the hour portion of the date. 'D'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24'. 'DAY'. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. 'HH12'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. 'HH'. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DDD'. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. which you specify. 'DY'. For example. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month.

Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. Return Value Integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. If you pass a numeric value. they will still work correctly. Character string. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. before you pass any string value to ASCII. but it evaluates only the first character in the string.535. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. ASCII 63 . Normally. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. however. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. For example. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. A string containing one character. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. Normally. If you pass a numeric value. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. it will still work correctly. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. Character string. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. For example. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65.535. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. However. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

Return Value String. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Alternatively. CONCAT returns NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). If both strings are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. You can enter any valid transformation expression.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. NULL if both string values are NULL. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. Required. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. Any datatype (except Binary). CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string.

CONCAT( CHR(39). ' ' ). the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . For example.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. If you want to add a space between two strings. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string.

Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine.0 0.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . For example.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine.951056516295147 0.342020143325593 0.0 0. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3. Numeric datatype. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.866025403784421 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.996194698091745 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Return Value Double value.

For example: COSH( MEASURES.66 5. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.897 3. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.0 2.0874465864177 19.381231106176 1.4435376920294 116. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric datatype. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine. You can enter any valid transformation expression.45 0 0.54308063481524 9. Return Value Double value.0 1.

see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Use to count all rows in a transformation. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. Syntax COUNT( value [. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the function returns NULL. Nulls If all values are NULL. If you apply the asterisk argument. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Optional. this function counts all rows. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions .COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. If you apply the value argument. Optionally. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Return Value Integer. Note: By default. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. However. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. FALSE. Any datatype (except Binary). Alternative. Passes the values you want to count. or NULL. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. this function ignores columns with null values. the function returns 0. Limits the rows in the search.

excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. including null values. returning one value. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . The function counts all rows in a transformation.

but do not use a filter. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . If you include the asterisk argument.In this example. the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight.

CUME 79 . CUME returns the running total for the previous row. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. CUME returns NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. However. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Optional. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. if all values in the selected port are NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. FALSE. Limits the rows in the search. or NULL. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total.

Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise. you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .

Date/Time datatype. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. The first date you want to compare.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . 1 if the second date is earlier. 0 if the two dates are equal. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. The second date you want to compare. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date.

Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. If date1 is earlier than date2. days. months. Date/Time datatype. hours. the return value is a positive number. hours. or seconds. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. You can specify years. You can enter any valid transformation expression. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. date2. the return value is a negative number. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. Date/Time datatype. Zero if the dates are the same. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . minutes. You can specify only one part of the date. The format string is not case-sensitive. days. If date1 is later than date2. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. minutes. Required. such as 'mm'. For example. Required. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. or seconds. months. 'Mm' or 'mM'. You can request the format to be years. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value.

0 255. DATE_SHIPPED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 .5 87.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.5 10.0 2100. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.

'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0.91935483870839 0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. DATE_SHIPPED.91935483870839 2.243279569892366 0.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions .The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.

. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. Passes the values for which you want to search. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. second_search. you may not search for a portion of a value. first_search. The search value must match the value argument exactly. Optional. it returns a result value.[. If the function finds the value. which you define. second_result]. Any datatype (except Binary). the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. not just 'Halogen'. DECODE 85 . Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result.. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. Required. If you enter 'Halogen'. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. the search does not find a matching value. Even if multiple conditions are met. Any datatype (except Binary).DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. Passes the values you want to search. For example. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. first_result [. Required. Syntax DECODE( value. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

1. 20. 5. 3. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. ‘Pythagoras’. ‘3. 10. For example.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5.141592654. and the other results are Decimal.141592654. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. and 3. 1. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal.414213562. ‘1.414213562. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . 3.141592654’. 40. ‘Pythagoras’. 14. the datatype of the return value is Double. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. 'Knife'. ‘Pi’. For example. ‘Pi’. When you run a session in high precision mode. 'Regulator'. 5.414213562’. ‘Archimedes’. 'Tank'. 3. ‘Archimedes’. 'Flashlight'.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. The first result is an Integer. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. if at least one result is Double. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID.

'. Var2 > 30.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. DECODE 87 . 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Var1 = 22. was less than 23. desired ranges. Var2 = 49.'. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. Variable 2 was more than 30. Also. was 49!'. was more than 30. Var1 < 23.

The string can be any length. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. to the output port. For details about using default values. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. String value. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. The error message displays in the session log file. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. assign ERROR as the default value. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. For example. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. and you assign the default value. Generally. ‘1234’. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. which you define. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. you use the ERROR function in an expression. Return Value String value. and it does not log an error in the session log. including ERROR function calls within an expression. It does not skip the row.

but skip negative values. Row skipped. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. Negative salary found. Negative salary found. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. Row skipped.'. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 .Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. ERROR ('Error.

where e=2. For example. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . The value to which you want to raise e.38905609893065.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Numeric datatype.135335283236613 5166.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. EXP(2) returns 7. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. (The exponent in the equation e^value). rather than business data.71828183. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8.4657948067 0. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.

You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. Optionally. Optional. Syntax FIRST( value [. Return Value First value in a group. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. However. FIRST 91 . For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. Any datatype (except Binary).FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Note: By default. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Nulls If a value is NULL. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. if all values passed from the port are NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. However. FALSE. or NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information. FIRST returns NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Limits the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FIRST ignores the row.

00 29.05 150. returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port. returning one value.00 31.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 88.00 29. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 8.00 88. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35. FIRST treats all rows as one group.05 150.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 31.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.00 8.

You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . the function returns 3. if you pass -3. Likewise. Numeric datatype. the function returns -4.79 125. If you pass 3.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. For example. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. if you pass 3.12 74.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function returns 3. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28.98 to FLOOR. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value.24 NULL -100. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.17 to FLOOR. For example.14 to FLOOR.

Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Therefore. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. the format strings 'Y'. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Date/Time datatype. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . Required. for example. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. The format string is not case-sensitive. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. 'YY'. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. For example. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 'YYY'. 'mm'.

'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. For example. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . If you omit value2. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. including another IIF expression. Syntax IIF( condition. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. value1 [. including another IIF expression. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). based on the results of a condition.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. The condition you want to evaluate.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype.

BONUS))). The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. SALARY2. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. For example. SALARY1. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. the datatype of the return value is Double. 1. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 .3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. EMP_NAME. SALARY3. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. For example. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. IIF( SALES < 200. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. value2 if the condition is FALSE.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. . IIF( SALES < 100. IIF( SALES < 50. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double.3333) is a decimal.

98 Chapter 6: Functions . DD_REJECT. --then return SALARY2. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. SALARY1. --else for sales over 199. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. return BONUS) ) ). SALES > 199. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. --then return SALARY3. For more information. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). DECODE may improve readability. SALARY3. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50.SALARY1. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. SALARY2.

If your data contains multibyte characters. tab. For example. formfeed.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. newline. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). carriage return. Return Value String. the function returns Thomas.

'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. The string must be a character string. Passes the value you want to evaluate. if not. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. The set of characters you want to search for. the function uses the default value of 1. Required. counting from left to right. The results of the expression must be a character string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The position in the string where you want to start the search. If you omit this argument. Must be an integer value.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. counting from left to right. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. You can enter any valid transformation expression.start [.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. If you omit this argument. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. Optional. If you pass a decimal. If you want to search for a character string. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . Zero if the search is unsuccessful. Syntax INSTR( string. If the start position is zero. If the start position is a positive number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. For example. the function uses the default value of 1. search_value [. Any value. for example 'abc'. If the search value appears more than once in the string. The search value is case-sensitive. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. For example. Optional. A positive integer greater than zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The default value is 1. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. If you pass a negative integer or zero. If the start position is a negative number. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value.

starting from the last character in the company name. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. starting at the beginning of each company name. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. -1. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. 'a'. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 'a'. starting at the beginning of each company name. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 1.

1. INSTR(CUST_ID. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. The following expression evaluates a string.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . INSTR(CUST_ID. starting from the end of the string.INSTR( CUST_NAME.' ' . -1.1.-1.

Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . Any datatype (except Binary). Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. use LENGTH. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. Note: To test for empty strings.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. see “LENGTH” on page 115. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. For more information.

so there is no February 29th. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. which returns TRUE. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. the function returns FALSE (0). 104 Chapter 6: Functions . In the first case. For example. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). the function returns TRUE (1). For example. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. Optional. Must be a string datatype. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. year 1900 is not a leap year. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. not the YY format string. the two format strings return the same values. If the strings match the format string. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. If you omit the format string. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. In most cases. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. which returns false. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. However. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'.

the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. IS_DATE 105 . Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. If the value is not a valid date. If it does not.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. and converts each valid date to a date value.

Therefore.Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions .

Must be a string datatype. IS_NUMBER 107 .45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number.45e+32’ ‘+3.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the rows you want to evaluate.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).45E-32’ ‘+3.

Windows only) 0 (False .00’ ‘-3.45d-3’ ‘3. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value. such as TO_FLOAT.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123. If the value is not a valid number.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .00 0.00 0.00345 0.00 0.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ). For example.00’ ‘-3. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.45D-3’ ‘-3.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.00 0. 0. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .45e+3’ ‘-3. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.00 0.45e+3’ ‘3. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.

A space is a blank space. use LENGTH. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. a formfeed. a newline. FALSE (0) if the row contains data.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “LENGTH” on page 115. a carriage return. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. or a vertical tab. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. To test for an empty string. For example. For more information. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. Must be a string datatype. a tab.

To do this. you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .column in a target table. '00000'.

LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. Return Value Last row in a port. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Limits the rows in the search. Note: By default. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. FALSE. the function returns NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optional. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. Any datatype (except Binary). the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Syntax LAST( value [. LAST 111 . you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. or NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Optionally. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. For more information. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. However. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.05 150.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 8.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 29.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.

Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. However. returning one result for each group. LAST_DAY returns NULL. Date/Time datatype. Null If a value is NULL. If there is no group by port. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. Return Value Date. returning one value. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . LAST_DAY ignores the row. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL.

If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. TO_DATE always includes time information. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions .

including trailing blanks. see “ISNULL” on page 103. use ISNULL. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. For details.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. The strings you want to evaluate. LENGTH 115 . For details. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. To test for spaces. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. String datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. use IS_SPACES. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty.

(The PowerCenter Server does not write row.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. greater than zero. LN(3)returns 1.04082199452026 NULL Error. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.098612.) Error. It must be a positive number. Numeric datatype. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. Return Value Double value. For example.302585092994 4.828313737302 -0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.

) Error. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. Required.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. The base of the logarithm. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.) Error. The exponent of the logarithm. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0.09 NULL 35. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 .78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. exponent Return Value Double value. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. Syntax LOG( base. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. Most often. or 1 as a base value. LOG 117 . zero.

If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping..5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. value2]. Required. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. search2. rather than creating Lookup transformations. Required. For more information. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . search1. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. must match search1 datatype. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Any datatype (except Binary). each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. Any datatype (except Binary). you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column.5 compatibility in the session properties. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Specifies the values you want to match to value. value1 [.. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. Datatype that matches the value1. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. Syntax LOOKUP( result. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. ) Argument result Meaning Required. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1.

PRICE. :TD.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .SALES. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.ITEM. :TD.SALES.99 15. 10.ORDERS.PRICE. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match. ORDERS.ITEM_NAME. 15.SALES for a specific item ID and price. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.SALES.00 15. RTRIM( ORDERS.ITEM_ID. NULL if the search does not find any matching values. ORDERS.QTY. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values.PRICE.ORDERS. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD. :TD.ORDERS. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.ORDERS.ITEM. :TD. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values. :TD.ORDERS. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.99 15.PRICE. Error if the search finds more than one matching value.ITEM.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.

LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. Return Value Lowercase character string. If your data contains multibyte characters. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. Any string value.

Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. You can enter a specific string literal. LPAD( PART_NUM. however. Optional. Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. 6. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . This argument is case-sensitive. When length is a negative number. Can be any string value.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. Must be a positive integer literal. You can enter any valid transformation expression. length [. or if length is a negative number. Can be a character string. for example 'abc'. RPAD returns NULL. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. Syntax LPAD( first_string. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you omit the second_string. The strings you want to change.

LPAD counts the length from left to right. If the first string is longer than the length. -5.**Compass Regulator System *.. 5. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. LPAD(‘alphabetical’. For example. LPAD truncates the string from right to left.Flashlight *.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions . 16. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’.**. '.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *.. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length..*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. '*.**...

you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. you would enter 'A'. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. Optional. character-by-character. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. Syntax LTRIM( string [. for example. Most often. 'abc'. LTRIM removes it. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. If you omit the second string. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. starting with the left side of the string. Then it returns the string. LTRIM 123 .LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns NULL. Any string value. If the trim_set is NULL. Any string value. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. You can also enter a character string. not 'a'. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. with any matching characters removed. LTRIM removes both single. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. Passes the strings you want to modify.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. For example. however. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. In ASCII mode. trim_set Return Value String. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces.

for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. For example. In the example of H. LTRIM removes it. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. Bender. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. Bender. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). LTRIM removes it. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. 'S. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row.’ from S.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. character-by-character. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. and so on. MacDonald Sawyer H. This is because LTRIM searches. but not the period from H. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM.

The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. or if no rows are selected (for example. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. FALSE. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. Date/Time datatype.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. Return Value Date. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax MAX( date [. Optional. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Limits the rows in the search. MAX is one of several aggregate functions.

the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Limits the rows in the search. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. MAX returns NULL. However.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. if all values passed from the port are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Note: By default. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Nulls If a value is NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. FALSE. MAX ignores it. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the function returns NULL. For more information. or NULL. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Return Value Numeric value. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. However. Numeric datatype. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search.

returning one result for each group.00 PRICE 10. If there is no group by port.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .00 162. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE. returning one value.00 79.00 360.00 55.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. MAX treats all rows as one group.00 85.

see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. If there is an even number of values in the port. MEDIAN returns NULL. or NULL. MEDIAN ignores the row. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Numeric datatype. Optional. If there is an odd number of values in the port. Nulls If a value is NULL. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. Return Value Numeric value. the median is the middle number. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . Optionally. FALSE. the function returns NULL. Note: By default. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. For more information. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. However. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

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Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .

or if no rows are selected (for example. Nulls If a single value is NULL. MIN ignores it. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Optional. However. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Numeric value. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Numeric datatypes. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. Limits the rows in the search. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. or NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the function returns NULL. Note: By default. MIN returns NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. FALSE. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). MIN (Numbers) 135 . the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. For more information. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. However. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10. If there is no group by port.00 360.00 79.00 55. returning one value.00 162.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 PRICE 10. returning one result for each group. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions . MIN treats all rows as one group.00 85.

00 NULL 20. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. The divisor cannot be zero.00 9. You can enter any valid transformation expression.5) returns 3. The numeric value you want to divide by. MOD 137 . The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor.00 25.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. The values you want to divide. MOD(8. Required. QTY ) PRICE 10. PowerCenter Server does not write row.00 12. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. Numeric datatype. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required.00 15.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Syntax MOD( numeric_value.

If the quantity is zero. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero. QTY )) PRICE 10.00 12. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. 138 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25.00 9. you can create an expression similar to the following. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero.00 NULL 20.00 25.00 15. IIF( QTY = 0. To avoid dividing by zero. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE.The last row (25.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Required. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. five rows at a time. the function returns NULL. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. rowset [. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. Optional. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. or if no rows are selected (for example. MOVINGAVG 139 . 5). Numeric datatype. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Limits the rows in the search. FALSE. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. if all values are NULL. or NULL. For example.

based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and thereafter. 245.8 based on rows 2 through 6.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. 140 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest.

Required. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. Optionally. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. For example. five rows at a time. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. rowset [. if all values are NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. 5 ) Optional. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. the function returns NULL. MOVINGSUM 141 . Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. Limits the rows in the search. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. Numeric datatype. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. However. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. or NULL. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. FALSE.

based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. and thereafter. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5.

Optional. Note: By default. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. However. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Required. the function returns NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. PERCENTILE returns NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. or NULL. if all values in a group are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. PERCENTILE ignores the row. Numeric datatype. or if no rows are selected (for example. Nulls If a value is NULL. Limits the rows in the search. inclusive. percentile [. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. For more information. See the following equation for more details. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Integer between 0 and 100. when PERCENTILE 143 . FALSE. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally.

If i < 1. If i is an integer value. returning one value. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If there is no group by port. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group.you configure the PowerCenter Server. returning one result for each group. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 100000.0 99000.0 27900. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 PERCENTILE 145 . 75.0 86000.0 NULL 55000.0 85000.0 48000.0 9000.

Numeric value.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions . the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.0 -3. Required.5 3.0 6. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.5 2.0 -6.0 -3.0 729. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 5.0 -3. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required. Numeric value. If the base value is negative.0 EXPONENT 2.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 6.0 NULL -6. This argument is the exponent value.594307804838 NULL NULL 0. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10. Syntax POWER( base.5 NULL 10.00137174211248285 0. the exponent must be an integer.265625 982. the exponent must be an integer. This argument is the base value.0 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression.00137174211248285 729. Return Value Double value. If the base value is negative. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.0 5.0 3. In this case.

the exponent must be an integer. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3.Note that -3.5. POWER 147 . If the base is negative.0 raised to 5.

Required. If NewChar is NULL or empty. You can enter one or more characters. Must be an integer. Passes the string you want to search. InputString. the function converts it to a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . the function is case-sensitive. for example. Must be a character string. If InputString is NULL. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. the function is not case-sensitive. If NewChar contains more than one character. Required. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. The characters you want to replace. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. If you pass a numeric value. OldCharSet. the function converts it to a character string. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. Must be a character string. an empty string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. 'abc'. REPLACECHR returns InputString. You can enter one character. REPLACECHR returns NULL. Required. Must be a character string. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. NULL if InputString is NULL. If you pass a numeric value. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty.

1" GET /companyinfo/index. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .html HTTP/1. ‘A’.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index. ‘]["’.html HTTP/1.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0. CUSTOMER_CODE.html HTTP/1.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1. CUSTOMER_CODE. WEBLOG. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index. ‘"’.html HTTP/1. ‘A’.1 GET /companyinfo/index.

‘14’. see “CHR” on page 68. ‘A’. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . CUSTOMER_CODE. INPUT. INPUT.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. The following expression removes multiple characters. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. including the single quote. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. you must use the CHR function. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. CHR(39).

When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. an empty string. multiple characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. Must be a character string. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. or no character. Must be a character string. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. InputString.. Required. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. The string you want to replace. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. the function is case-sensitive. the function converts it to a character string. REPLACESTR returns InputString. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. etc. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. [OldString2. OldString1. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. If you pass a numeric value. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. Must be an integer. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. the function converts it to a character string. If InputString is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. You must enter at least one OldString argument. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. REPLACESTR returns NULL. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. . You can enter any valid transformation expression. for example. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. You can enter one character. 'abc'. Passes the strings you want to search.. the function is not case-sensitive. or NULL. REPLACESTR 151 .REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. That is. If NewString is NULL or empty. multiple characters. Required. Required. If you pass a numeric value. OldStringN. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. For more information. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. see the examples.

Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. ‘iss’. MRS. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. INPUT. MRS. WEBLOG. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. Ms.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1.’. MRS.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index.NULL if InputString is NULL.html HTTP/1.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. RETURN VALUE Ms. ‘iss’. Ms. RETURN VALUE Ms. ‘ HTTP/1. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . TITLE.’ ) TITLE Mrs.html HTTP/1.1’. ‘ab’. ‘"’. TITLE. ‘bc’.html /companyinfo/index. ‘GET ’. ‘s. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. Miss Mr.1" GET /companyinfo/index.’ ) TITLE Mrs. Mr.html /companyinfo/index. ‘rs. ‘rs.’. ‘s.

see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. INPUT. CONCAT(CHR(39).The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. REPLACESTR 153 . CONCAT(‘it’. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. you must use the CHR function. ‘s’ )). ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. INPUT. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. CONCAT( CHR(39). ‘bc’. ‘ab’. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString.

and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. For example. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. the function returns January 1 of the input year. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. If the month is between July and December. Day. For example. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. Month. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. If the month is between January and June. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. For example. For example.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. and sets the time to 00:00:00. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. Minute. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. For example. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. Hour. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero.

'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.Syntax ROUND( date [. Date/Time datatype. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can round only one portion of the date. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Enter a valid format string. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. If you omit the format string. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Optional. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype.

'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

truncating the decimal portion of the number. For example. Positive or negative integer. Optional. If you omit the precision argument.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. If you enter a positive precision.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places.99. For example. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.8) returns 13. You can also use ROUND to round dates. returning an integer.0 and ROUND(15. the function rounds to the nearest integer. ROUND returns NULL. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. 1) returns 15. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. -1) returns 20. ROUND(12. ROUND(12.99. If you enter a negative precision. Return Value Numeric value. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. For example. 1) returns 13. ROUND(12.4. If you enter decimal precision. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. ROUND(12. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required.99. If one of the arguments is NULL. Numeric datatype.44.0 because the function rounds 0. 0. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15.99) returns 13.99. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

-2 ) PRICE 13242. 0.99 -18.99 -15.99 56.8 ) PRICE 12. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.0 -19. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.0 1400.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12. ROUND( PRICE.868 56.9949 -18.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .0 -100.0 57. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 -16.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.994 15.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.0 56.99 56.99 -108.8678 56.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.995 -18.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.9936 15.99 1435.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.

the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. This may not be the result you expect. For example. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. To achieve the expected result. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation.

if the first string is longer than the length. 16. '. 5. RPAD truncates the string from right to left. You can enter any valid transformation expression.. Required... for example.. If you omit the second string. Compass. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. appending the string '. Return Value String of the specified length. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks... 160 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values.. RPAD(‘alphabetical’. Must be a positive integer literal.. RPAD returns NULL. 'abc'.. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Regulator System Safety Knife.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’... length [. Any string value.. Specifies the length you want each string to be. For example.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. So. Syntax RPAD( first_string. This argument is casesensitive. Any string value. or if length is a negative number. RPAD counts the length from left to right. When length is a negative number. The strings you want to change.... Optional.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight.

The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.** Regulator System Safety Knife*.**. appending the string ‘*. Compass*.. -5.. 16. '*.**.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .. '..* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME...

Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. You can also enter a text literal. trim_set Return Value String. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. Any string value. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. for example. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes both single.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. however. Optional. It returns the string. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. with any matching characters removed. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. character-by-character. Syntax RTRIM( string [. Passes the values you want to trim. starting with the right side of the string. 'abc'. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you omit the second string. RTRIM removes it. You can enter any valid transformation expression. In ASCII mode. Any string value.

for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. For example. This is because RTRIM searches. and so on. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). RTRIM removes it. however. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. character-by-character. RTRIM removes it. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. If. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. the last character in the string does not match. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . In the last example. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings.

it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. 164 Chapter 6: Functions .SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. For details on mapping variables. Unless overridden. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. The session is configured for a test load. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. At the end of a successful session. Returns the new current value. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. The session is a debug session.

Supply. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for.Return Value The current value of the variable. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port.. Darkroom Co.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. It increases the count by one for each inserted row.. decreases the count for each deleted row. The next time the session runs. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. Darkroom Co. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 .

Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. HH24) to set the hour. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . You use the SS format string to set the second. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'SS'. Month. and November) in the value argument. YYY. 'YY'. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. MON. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. YY. Seconds. DDD. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. 'MI'. 12=12PM. September. 'MONTH'. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. You can use any of the month format strings (D. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. or YYYY to set the year. For example. MONTH to set the month. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. April. Hour. For example. DD. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. and DAY) to set the day. 'DD'.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Day. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. June. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. HH12. Minute. DY. You use the MI format string to set the minute. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. For example. For example. 'HH'. For example. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port.

The date you want to modify. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'HH12'. format. Date/Time datatype. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Required. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. 'HH24'. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. Required. If you enter an improper value (for example. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH'. the session fails. February 30). The format string is not case-sensitive. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.

'YY'. 1998). 'MON'. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH'. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 7). 'YYY'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. For example.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument.MM'. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 'Y'. 'MM'. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 'YYYY'. 'YYYY'. 'DD'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.

The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The session is configured for a test load. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Unless overridden. The session is a debug session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Returns the new current value. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. At the end of the session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . At the end of a successful session. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. For details on mapping variables. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. When used with a string mapping variable.

The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. Required. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. it saves the largest value to the repository. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. The return value is the new current value of the variable. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. Then. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. The next time the session runs.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

The session is configured for a test load. At the end of the session. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . When used with a string mapping variable. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. At the end of a successful session. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Unless overridden. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The session is a debug session. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. Returns the new current value. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. For details on mapping variables. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions.

00 24. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.00 26. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.50 22.00 22.75 25. The return value is the new current value of the variable.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.50.50 27.25 24. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.50 22. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.00 At the end of the session.00 22.00 22.25 22. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22. Required. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. The next time the session runs. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.00 22. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.75 23.00’.50 22. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice.00 22.50 22. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .00 MIN_PRICE 22. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23.

00 174 Chapter 6: Functions .50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.50 22.00 22. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition. it saves the smallest value to the repository. Then. For example.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.

value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. The session is configured for a test load. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Required. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Returns the specified value. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. SETVARIABLE 175 . At the end of a successful session. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. For details on mapping variables. The session is a debug session. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. it saves a final current value to the repository. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. Unless overridden.

The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.50 116. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.23 699.Return Value Current value of the variable. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time.43 323.01 97. The next time the session runs. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534.50 116.43 323. The next time the session runs. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .23 699. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.01 97.

You can enter any valid transformation expression.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. or 0.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . 0 for 0. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. Passes the values you want to evaluate. Numeric value. NULL if NULL. 1 for positive values. negative. Return Value -1 for negative values. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric datatype. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).0871557427476639 0. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine.309016994374967 0.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions . For example: SIN( ARCS * 3.939692620785936 0.50000000000003 0.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value.

4178051793031 116.45 0 0.376934801486 0. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.66 5. For example: SINH( MEASURES.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Double value.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .1752011936438 9. Numeric datatype.03225804884884 19.0 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).0 2.897 3.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.

Z D. O. V C. For example. K.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. H. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. Q. T L M. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. For example. For example. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. F. G. Skips numbers in string. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. X. and encodes it in uppercase. S. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. E. For example. P. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. U. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. If string encodes to less than four characters. I. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. For example. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. J. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B.

Must be a character string. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value String. Passes the string value you want to encode. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . string is empty. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet.

NULL 7.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value. Positive numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. If you pass a negative value or character value. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . PowerCenter Server does not write row.

the function returns NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. STDDEV ignores it. Note: By default. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Numeric datatypes.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or if no rows are selected (for example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. STDDEV returns NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. STDDEV 183 . Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. For more information. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can use operators to average values in different ports. However. or NULL. Nulls If a single value is NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Limits the rows in the search. FALSE. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Optional. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. However. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. if all values are NULL.

0 1010.00 ) SALES 2198.0 153.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).0 2198. STDDEV treats all rows as one group.0 2198.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.000. If there is no group by port.90 2256. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.88 3001.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.0 NULL 8953.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. 184 Chapter 6: Functions . the return value is zero. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000. If there is no standard deviation. SALES > 2000.90 and 153. returning one value.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.0 2198. returning one result for each group.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.

SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. including blanks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. start length Return Value String. If the start position is zero. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. The position in the string where you want to start counting. the function returns an empty string. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Required. starting at the beginning of the string. Syntax SUBSTR( string. the function converts it to a character string. If the start position is a positive number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be an integer greater than zero. start [. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. SUBSTR counts all characters. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. Optional. Must be an integer. Must be a character string. If you pass a decimal. Passes the strings you want to search. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. If you omit the length argument. If you pass a negative integer or zero. SUBSTR 185 . If the start position is a negative number. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value.

3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 0. 5.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 1. -8. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE.

SUBSTR 187 . INSTR(CUST_ID. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. 1.-1.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. 2. INSTR(CUST_ID. starting from the end of the string.1. -2. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string.' ' .The following expression evaluates a string.1 ) . The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 8) returns ‘cd’.INSTR( CUST_NAME.

Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. if all values passed from the port are NULL. SUM ignores it. or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Passes the values you want to add. Nulls If a single value is NULL. SUM returns NULL. However. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. Numeric datatype. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. Optionally. For more information. Limits the rows in the search. However. You can use operators to add values in different ports. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. or NULL. Note: By default.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Optional. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the function returns NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

returning one value.0 1900.0 1200.0 NULL 3458.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .0 4519.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500. If there is no group by port.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE . SUM treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Numeric datatype.577350269189672 0.0874886635259298 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.324919696232929 57.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .74747741945531 1. Return Value Double value.19175359259435 0.

Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).761594155955765 0.0 0.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent.45 0 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Double value.993926947790665 0.897 3. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. You can enter any valid transformation expression.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.999963084213409 0. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .66 5. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.0 2. Numeric datatype.998676551914886 0.

You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. Return Value String.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Optional.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . Date/Time datatype. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. The format string defines the format of the return value. not the format for the values in the date argument. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. If you omit the format string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

TO_CHAR (Dates)

193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Date. For example. For details on the TO_DATE format string. use either the RR or YY format string. see “Requirements” on page 44. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . TO_DATE always returns a date and time. Do not use the YYYY format string. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. Must be a string datatype. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. If it does not. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. If you omit the format string. Syntax TO_DATE( string [.

'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. If you run a session in the twentieth century. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. TO_DATE 199 . the century will be 19. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. PowerCenter Server skips this row. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. If you run a session in the twentieth century.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. the century will be 19.

‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.

‘MON DD YYYY’).‘MM/DD/YYYY’).‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. ‘MM’ ). For example: DECODE( TRUE.‘MON DD YYYY’).‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ).If your target accepts different date formats. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 .‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). if true. --test third format. --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if true. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test second format. if true. you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.

If you omit this argument.2' '118. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. Optional.200 118. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.679 60.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. inclusive.6789' '60.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. inclusive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.348' NULL 'A12. 3 ) IN_TAX '15.

2' '118.348' NULL 'A12. Must be a string or numeric datatype. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.6789 60.2 118. Return Value Double value. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character. Passes the values you want to convert to double values.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 .6789' '60.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.

TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. String or numeric datatype. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [.6789' '60. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion.6789’ ‘-15. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL.3Grove' ‘ 123. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.348' NULL 'A12. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.2' '118.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. or if you omit this argument.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. The flag must be an integer literal. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer.

6789’ ‘-15.348' NULL 'A12.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .3Grove' ‘ 123.6789' '60. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.2' '118.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.

If you truncate the year portion of the date. For example. For example. Enter a valid format string. hour. If you truncate the month portion of a date. Date/Time datatype. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. For example. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. Month. Hour. Optional. the function truncates the time portion of the date. setting it to 00:00:00. If you omit the format string.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. For example. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. day. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. Minute. The date values you want to truncate. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. month. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. or minute. Day. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. For example. If you truncate the day portion of a date. The format string is not case-sensitive. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00.

'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date.

'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. Return Value Numeric value. Can be a positive or negative integer. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. Numeric datatype. If precision is a negative integer. Optional. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. If you pass a decimal precision value. precision If precision is a positive integer. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . Passes the values you want to truncate. If you omit the precision argument. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit.

99 -18.0 56.0 1230.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12. -1 ) PRICE 12.865 56.95 15.95 1235.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.999 -18.8652 56.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions . 3 ) PRICE 12.0 15.0 -180.0 -18.99 -187.99 56.9563 15.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.956 15.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.9995 -18.86 56.0 50.

Return Value Uppercase string. If your data contains multibyte characters. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. String datatype. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. Optional. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. For more information. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If n is 1. Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. FALSE.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. the variance is 0. Numeric datatype. or NULL. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or if no rows are selected (for example.

or if no rows are selected.0 3001. If there is no group by port. returning one value.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.0 2256. However. VARIANCE ignores it. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If there is not a group by port. However. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. returning one value. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Note: By default.0 NULL 8953. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. VARIANCE returns NULL. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. returning one result for each group. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. if all values passed to the function are NULL.Nulls If a single value is NULL. the function returns NULL.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 228 For details on each function. see “Functions” on page 49. 217 Conversion Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. 226 Test Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. 220 Date Functions. 227 Variable Functions. 216 Character Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 225 Special Functions. 215 .

filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. in a group. Returns the first record in a group. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Available in the Designer. found in a group. Returns the sum of all records in a group. or earliest date. Returns the standard deviation for a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Returns the variance of all records in a group. percentile [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. Returns the minimum value. or latest date. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the number of records with non-null value. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Returns the last record in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Returns the maximum value. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. Available in the Designer. found in a group.

it will still work correctly. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the position of a character set in a string. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. to set a string to a specified length. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. In Unicode mode. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. length [. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. OldCharSet. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. however. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. start [. In ASCII mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. including trailing blanks. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Concatenates two strings. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Returns the number of characters in a string. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase.

Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. OldStringN.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. or no character. . RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. multiple characters. length [. OldString1. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns a portion of a string. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character.

Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 .Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings.

length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Available in the Designer. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Returns whether a value is a valid date.. search_value [.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. Returns whether a value is NULL. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. start [. or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. . OldString1. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. multiple characters.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. OldStringN. Returns a portion of a string.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. value ) TRUNC( date [. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Returns the length of time between two dates. months. Returns the earliest date found in a group. Returns the latest date found in a group. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. date2. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Truncates dates to a specific year. hours. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer. measured in the specified increment (years. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. month. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. days. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ) MIN( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. minutes. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. day. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. or seconds). or minute. hour. Rounds one part of a date.

recordset [. Available in the Designer. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Returns a running total of all numeric values.71828183. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. or 0. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. where e=2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent).Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Available in the Designer. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. negative. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Returns the remainder of a division calculation.

Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Truncates numbers to a specific digit. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians).Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer. IIF IIF( condition. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. first_search.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. second_search. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. value1 [. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. search2. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. second_result ]…[. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. Searches a port for the specified value. Available in the Designer. based on the results of a condition. value2 [. Returns one of two values you specify. first_result [. Available in the Designer. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search1.

Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Returns whether a value is NULL. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Test Functions 227 .

Returns the new current value. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Returns the specified value. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Available in the Designer.

Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 120. 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 211 229 .

68. 160 ASCII characters 63. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 120. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 68 capitalization 99. 180 removing from strings 123.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

225 special 55. 219 data cleansing 53. 220 date 54. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 216 categories 50 character 52. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 223 scientific 55. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 217 conversion 53.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 226 test 56.

73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40.Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40.

5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index . 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.null values aggregate functions 18.

179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.

72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 120.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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