Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . .

Operators in the Transformation Language . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix .. 3-4.. . . . . ... . . . 3-2. . . .. . . . . . .. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference ... . . 4-1.. . . . . . . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . ... . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . 3-3. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . .. . . . .. . . . . 6-1. . . .. .. . . . . 39 . . .. . 40 . . .. 5-2. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . .. . . 5-1. . . . .. . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . .. . . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference .. . RR Format String Conversions . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . .. 25 .. 5-4. . .. . .. . . .. .. .. 5-5.. . . . .. .. . 28 . . .. .. . . . 6 . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . .. . . .. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . .. . . 26 . . .. . 5-3. 2-1. . TO_CHAR Format Strings. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . . . 23 . . . . . . 5-6. . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . 18 . . . . 3-1. . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . . . .. .. 39 . ... . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. .. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . .. 22 . . . . . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . 36 . . .. . . 36 . . .. . . . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . .. . . . . . . . .. .. 6-2. . .. . .. . . . . . . .

x List of Tables .

The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. usable. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. and efficient manner. xi . and managing data.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. data migration. data synchronization. including extracting. handle complex transformations on the data. and information hubs. loading. transforming. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. and support high-speed loads. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open.

1. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. Define mapping. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. xii Preface . sessions. PowerCenter 7. 7. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages.1. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. When you use a local parameter file. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. session. Session enhancement. such as JIPSEkana. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. JEF-kana. or the rows that do not meet the business rule.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program.1. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. You can define default mapping. the rows that meet the business rule.1. Profile mapping display in the Designer. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row.1. Flat file partitioning.1. pmcmd. Domain Inference function tuning. Row Uniqueness function. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. and MELCOM-kana. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. and 7. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. a specified percentage of data. session.0. Verbose data enhancements. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. and workflow prefixes.

Oracle. and Sybase sources.♦ SuSE Linux support. targets. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. Oracle. reswords.txt. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. When you export metadata. Teradata external loader. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. and repositories using native drivers. you can also override the error. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. and Sybase repositories. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. If the file exists. ♦ SuSE Linux support. you can connect to IBM. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. GIF. DB2. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. You can attach document types such as XML. log. containing reserved words. On SuSE Linux. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. Preface xiii . When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. you can connect to IBM. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. On SuSE Linux. it searches for reswords. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. or PDF. you can now override the control file. such as Business Objects Designer. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. DB2. target. If any source. Reserved word support. you can create and maintain a file. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. Depending on the loader you use. You do not need to know a database user name and password.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. JPEG. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools.

Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. Creating auto profile enhancements.1. resize columns in a report. and options. You store xiv Preface . and Transformation Guide. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. PowerCenter 7. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. Aggregator function in auto profiles. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode.0 Web Services Hub Guide.♦ Pipeline partitioning. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. Informatica provides licenses for product. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. You can also pivot the view row. Source View in the Profile Manager. Prepackaged domains. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. connectivity. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. and partitions in the session. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. Workflow Administration Guide. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. XML User Guide. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. It also includes information from the version 7. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. targets.

You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. and restore repositories. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. the PowerCenter Server Setup. workflow and session log history. truncate log files. back up. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. delete a relational connection from a repository. delete repository details. upgrade. You can also use pmrep to create. and deploy group history. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. modify. or enable a repository. and delete a folder. Object import and export enhancements. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. MX views. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . pmrep. You can choose to skip MX data. Partitioning enhancements.the license keys in a license key file. Increased repository performance. If you have the Partitioning option. and the command line program. disable. pmlic. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. or restore a repository. This improves processing performance for most sessions. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. You can use pmrep to back up. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository.1 MX views in its schema. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy.

You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. or a collection of all older versions of objects. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. The query can return local objects that are checked out. Custom transformation API enhancements.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. The quality of printed workspace has improved. You can now perform lookups on flat files. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. Midstream XML transformations. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. ♦ xvi Preface . Web Services Hub. Enhanced printing. You can also extract data from messaging systems. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. such as data stored in a CLOB column. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. Also. the latest version of checked in objects. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. Union transformation. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services.

You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. or schema files. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. You can create views.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. add or delete columns from views. Synchronizing XML definitions. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. For more informations. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. In a view with hierarchy relationships. When you create views with entity relationships. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. targets. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. When you import XML definitions. and define relationships between views. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. It displays folders alphabetically. including relational sources or targets. Additional options for XML definitions. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. DTD files. XML workspace. Midstream XML transformations. XML files.

” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . For example. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. detect data patterns. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. PowerCenter now supports XML files. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. and evaluate join criteria. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. After you create a profiling warehouse. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. Installation and Configuration Guide.” Upgrading metadata. suggest candidate keys.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk.0. User-defined commits. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. − − PowerCenter 7. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. DTD files. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. Support for multiple XML output files. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. Increased performance for large XML targets. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. you can determine implicit data type.♦ Support for circular references.

If you purchase the Server Grid option. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. worklets. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z).0 metadata. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . you can now choose to load from staged files. session completion status. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. The Metaphone function encodes string values. Functions ♦ Soundex. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. External loading enhancements. Metadata analysis. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. and transformations. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. such as workflows. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. server load. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. You can create a control file containing installation information.objects impacted by the upgrade process. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. including session load time. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. When using external loaders on UNIX. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter.1. Distributed processing. mappings. When using external loaders on Windows. and warehouse growth. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. In a server grid. Row error logging. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. source and target tables. session errors. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Metaphone. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client.

such as the Aggregator transformation. You can choose to insert. Use Repository Manager privilege. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. exporting. or update. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. update. pmrep commands. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. The repository maintains a status for each user. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. When you select data driven loading. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. importing. groups. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. and change object status. or delete data. When you log in to the repository. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. upsert. If you use LDAP. You can also use pmrep to run queries. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. Additionally. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. Audit trail. such as copy object. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. and listing objects. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. delete. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . privileges. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. Concurrent processing. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. You can track changes to repository users. Real time processing enhancements. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. maintain labels.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. Trusted connections. checking in. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. deploying. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges.

and adding or removing privileges. track changes. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. You can compare tasks. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. Deployment. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. worklets. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. adding or removing a user or group. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned.audit trail log contains information. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. If you want to permanently remove an object version. You can specify the icons used for transformation. control development on the object. you can purge it from the repository. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. ♦ Joiner transformation. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. such as changes to folder properties. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. Compare objects. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. You can also compare different versions of the same object. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. sessions. the colors. When you create a Custom transformation template. Check out and check in versioned objects. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . Unlike copying a folder. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. Delete or purge a version. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning.

and to different repositories. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. to other folders. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts.♦ Deployment groups. XML target enhancements. You can save queries for later use. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. Queries. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. Track changes to an object. XPath support. ♦ xxii Preface . format your XML file output for increased readability. When you process an XML file or stream. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. Labels. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. declare multiple namespaces. Increased performance for large XML files. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. improve query results. You can copy objects within folders. or you can share it with all users in the repository. You can make a private query. Comparing objects. Within the Designer. increase performance for large XML files.

The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. such as sources. View dependencies. or workflows. Enhanced partitioning interface. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager.♦ Change propagation. In the Workflow Manager. targets. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. The Designer propagates ports. mapplets. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. mappings. mappings. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. When you do this. You can validate sessions. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. Refresh session mappings. expressions. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. workflows. Revert to saved. you can refresh a session mapping. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. When you edit a port in a mapping. Enhanced validation messages. and worklets. Validate multiple objects. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii .

groups. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Repository Guide. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. mapplets. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. Batch Web Services. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Troubleshooting Guide. extract data from JMS messages. users. folders. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Transformation Guide. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. or DTD files. and permissions and privileges. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. Transformation Language Reference. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . including details on environment variables and database connections. Designer Guide.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. Installation and Configuration Guide. build mappings. and Metadata Web Services. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Includes information to help you create mappings. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. XSD. and relational or other XML definitions. and load data into JMS messages. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. Workflow Administration Guide. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Getting Started. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. XML User Guide. and transformations. Web Services Provider Guide. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts.

The following paragraph provides suggested uses. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. unless you follow the specified procedure. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . The following paragraph provides additional facts. This is a code example. The material in this book is available for online use. Emphasized subjects. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. relational database concepts. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data.

To register for an account. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS).com. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. upcoming events.com. the Informatica Webzine. user group information. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet.com xxvi Preface . Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. and implementation services. The site contains information about Informatica. and locating your closest sales office. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. newsletters. Informatica Webzine.informatica. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. its background. go to http://my. as well as literature and partner information. The site contains product information. please email webzine@informatica. and access to the Informatica user community. training and education.informatica.com. If you have any questions. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. This journal provides solutions to common tasks.informatica.com. You will also find product information.informatica. detailed descriptions of specific features. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. the Informatica Knowledgebase.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals.

5 p. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.5:30 p. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.5:30 p. (local time) Preface xxvii . 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. market.563. . . (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.m. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.5 p. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a. White Waltham Maidenhead.9489 Hours: 6 a. .m. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.6332 or 650. CA 94063 Phone: 866. . (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.m.5:30 p.m. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica.6 p. You can request a user name and password at http://my. WebSupport requires a user name and password.m.5:30 p.m.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a.385.m. .5:30 p.informatica. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.The site contains information on how to create.m. . Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd.m.com. .m.m.5800 Fax: 650. .m.m.m. Redwood City. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a.m.213.m.

xxviii Preface .

5 Adding Comments to Expressions. 9 Reserved Words. 1 . see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 2 Expression Syntax.

Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Return values.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. You can also create local variables in transformations. Workflow variables. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. such as a state sales tax rate. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. such as TRUE. Constants. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. Local and system variables. For details. and External Procedure transformations. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. Mapping parameters and variables. For more information. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. Stored Procedure. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . such as the system date. or compare data. combine data. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. Operators. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations.

such as ORDERS. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. such as 10. Then. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. For example. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. not byte-oriented. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. You can create an expression as simple as a port. For example. “>>>>”. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. or a numeric literal. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . during a workflow. For example. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

not the number of bytes. The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server.string. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

or a numeric literal (such as 10). a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. variable) String literals. For example. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. On the other hand. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . while SQL does not.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. input/output. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. it is not exactly like SQL.Status). but the transformation language does not.

use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1. argument2. [.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition. . The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition.. The general syntax is: :LKP. 15. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation..PRICE.SALES.sequence_generator_transformation.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3.SALES.ITEM_ID. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote. Qualifies a source table port in an expression. The general syntax is: :SD.external_procedure_transformation(argument1. :TD. For example. ..5 expressions only). argument2. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3.SALES. :TD. 10.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.5 LOOKUP function.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks.lookup_transformation(argument1.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD. The general syntax is: :EXT.ITEM_NAME.source_table. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation. The general syntax is: :SP. The general syntax is: :SEQ. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . argument2..

If you pass a literal value to a function. not a string. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. Just type the number you want to include. For example. or the results of another expression.4 = ‘123. Stored Procedure transformation. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. For details on workflow variables. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. The colon (:). General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. Except for literals. Except for literals. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. ‘1’. the expression 123.). the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. You cannot add an integer and a string. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. as the start position. External Procedure transformation. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. For example: .4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. mapping parameters and variables. variable. Lookup transformation. For example. local and system variables. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . For example.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. comma (. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. literal string or number. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. create separate Aggregator transformations. and period (. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. functions.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. which allow only one nested aggregate function). do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions.

Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . For example. If you do not want to embed comments.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. since the last line is not a valid expression.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. if you want to concatenate two strings. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. as in: -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -.

Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. operators. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. such as constants. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . and system variables. are reserved for specific functions.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language.

15 FALSE. 16 NULL. 13 DD_REJECT. 14 DD_UPDATE.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 12 DD_INSERT. 19 11 . 17 TRUE.

Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. 2. DD_DELETE. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. When you run a workflow. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression.

it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. 'DD' ). 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. If the result is greater than 2. ORDERS. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_INSERT. When you run a workflow. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion.DATE_SHIPPED. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . returning the difference between the two dates. If the result is 2 or less. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. the expression flags the records for rejection. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference.DD_REJECT. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. Using DATE_DIFF. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson.NAME = 'Alex'. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. 0. 0 ) > 2. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE.NAME = 'Alex'.

Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. DD_REJECT. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. If you flag a record as reject. so it includes only positive values. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. DD_INSERT.SALES > 0. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT.SALES > 0. When you run a workflow. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 0. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file.

DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. 'DD' ). 1. DD_REJECT.NAME = 'Alex'. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. it flags the records for update. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. DD_UPDATE. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . If the result is 2 or less.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. the expression flags the records for rejection. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. ORDERS. When you run a workflow. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. The mapping loads sales for one employee. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value.NAME = 'Alex'. otherwise. Using DATE_DIFF.DATE_SHIPPED. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. 0 ) > 2. If the result is greater than 2. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date.

Var2 = 49.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . 'Variable 2 was more than 30. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Var1 < 23.'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE.'.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Var1 = 22. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0.'Variable 1 was 22!'.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var2 > 30. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.

you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. <= For example. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. <. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. For more information. ^=. Therefore. For example. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. !=. If you pass a null value to a function.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. >=. Functions can handle nulls differently. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. see “Functions” on page 49. For details on how each function handles null values. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. <>. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. or it might ignore null values. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. it might return zero or NULL. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). >. However. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant.

You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. For example. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. the function does not select the record. However. and MOVINGSUM. MOVINGAVG. which returns zero). Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . as well as CUME. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.NULL To test for nulls. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. the function returns NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. use the ISNULL function.

'Variable 2 was more than 30.'. Var2 = 49. Var1 = 22. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var1 < 23.') TRUE 19 .'. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. Var2 > 30.'Variable 2 was 49!'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

25 Logical Operators. 26 21 . 24 Comparison Operators.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence. 22 Arithmetic Operators. 23 String Operators.

<>. depending on how you nest the operations. Equal to. used when specifying conditions. Unary plus and minus. not equal to. not equal to. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. || <. modulus. less than or equal to. When expressions contain parentheses. subtraction. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. >. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. % +. /. The logical AND operator. 2. For example.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. >= =. the equation 8 + 5 . greater than. Table 3-1. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. *. !=. Multiplication. 4. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. <=. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. The logical NOT operator. Less than.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . division. 3. The logical OR operator.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . Concatenate. not equal to. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. greater than or equal to. Addition. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. used when specifying conditions.

all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. The expression 1. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. Unary plus indicates a positive value. subtraction. To perform arithmetic on date values. the function returns NULL. use the string operator ||. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. Multiplication. use the date functions.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. *. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. /. % +. For example. modulus. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. To concatenate strings. For example. Unary minus indicates a negative value. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. Addition. division. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. For further information on built-in date functions. Meaning Unary plus and minus.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. Arithmetic Operators 23 . Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2.

Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. however. produces the same results in less time. The || operator. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. the || operator returns NULL. Nulls The || operator ignores null values.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. if both values are NULL. However. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values.

see “Dates” on page 33. Not equal to. Greater than. the expression 123. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. Not equal to. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. For information on how to compare dates. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. the result is NULL. the operands must be the same datatype. Comparison Operators 25 . The expressions 123. When you use comparison operators in an expression. Greater than or equal to. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Less than or equal to. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. If you compare a value to a null value. For example.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. Not equal to.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. manipulate data. Less than.

Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. NOT returns TRUE. For example. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . For example. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. and NULL for NULL. FALSE for zero. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. the operator NOT returns FALSE. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. if an expression evaluates to TRUE.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data.

Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 32 27 . 31 Local Variables. 28 Transaction Control Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

47 33 . 34 Date Format Strings. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations.

‘MM’. Modified Julian Day. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. Converts a string to a date. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. extract one part of a date.D. see “Variables” on page 27. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. Converts a date to a string. With the date functions you can round. To pass a string to a date function. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. truncate. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. or perform arithmetic on a date. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. TO_DATE. Date format strings. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. or compare dates. Use to specify the format of the return string. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . Julian Day. TO_CHAR format strings. For details on built-in variables. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. Date functions accept date/time values only.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.D. TO_CHAR. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. Tests whether a string represents a date. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. For example. ‘MM/DD/RR’). Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. and 9999 A.

'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. For example. nor with Modified Julian Day. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. and 9999 A.D. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. The J format string does not convert this time component. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight).D. Overview 35 .Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. and are not supported in PowerCenter. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. For example. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. By definition. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR.

‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. In TO_DATE expressions. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. RR and YY produce different results. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. Current Year Between 50 and 99. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year.

Table 5-2. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. If you omit the format string. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. while the time might include the hours. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Dates in Relational Databases In general. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. If an input value does not match this format. Although date formats vary from database to database. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. Use TO_CHAR(date. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. or it is an invalid date. The date includes the month. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. and year. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. and even between applications. minutes. If you specify a format string. If the string is in the default date format. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. If you want to pass a string to a date function. day. and seconds. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype.

Month (January = 01. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 12:00:00AM = 0. 12:00:00PM = 12. If you specify a format string. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. For example. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. 1:00:00AM = 1. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. If you omit the format string.♦ Use TO_DATE(date.

DDD. HH. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. you can use Y. Seconds (0-59). or MONTH to specify APR. where zero is 12 AM (midnight).) Month (01-12). if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. Specify the part of the date you want to return. YY. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. Date Format Strings 39 . if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. MON. DAY. YYY. For example. HH12. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. MONTH SS. HH12. Specify the part of the date you want to round. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. Specify the part of the date you want to change. HH24 MI MM. you can use MM. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. YYY. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. YY. For example. Hour of day (0-23). Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. Minutes (0-59. J Description Days (01-31). You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. DY.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. MON. or YYYY to specify 1997. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. For example. DD. For example. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. you can use HH. SSSS Y. YYYY. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function.

‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example.M. ‘YY. Month (01-12).. ‘RR’ produces the same results as. January). where 00 is 12AM (midnight). Modified Julian Day. AM and PM return the same values as do A. and is interchangeable with. Hour of day (00-23). A.M. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. including up to nine characters (for example. It ignores the time component of the date. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. including up to nine characters (for example.M. PM. where January to March equals 1. Last two digits of a year. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. Wed). For example.’ However. Seconds (00-59). For example. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string.M. Minutes (00-59). P. Day of week (1-7). HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. Wednesday). where Sunday equals 1. changing the format for reporting purposes. When used with TO_CHAR. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. TO_CHAR returns 97. Quarter of year (1-4). including leap years). if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. Name of day. Day of year (001-366. Jan). Name of month. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. Hour of day (01-12). Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Day of month (01-31). and P. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. calculated from Jan 1. 4713 00:00:00 BC. The function removes the leading digits. when used with TO_DATE.

Table 5-5. Last three digits of a year. Last digit of a year.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive.DD. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. Week of month (1-5). and so on. The function removes the leading digits. and YY format strings. For example. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. For example. Entire year portion of date. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression.. TO_CHAR returns 997. For example. The function removes the leading digits. The function removes the leading digits. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. For example. TO_CHAR returns 97. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. For example. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. For example. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. for example D””DDD. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date.86399). RR. Punctuation that displays in the output. See the individual functions for more examples. SSSSS. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Week of year (01-53). the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. TO_CHAR returns 1997. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. For example.YYYY' ). Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. Last two digits of a year. For example. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . Text that displays in the output. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. 'MM. TO_CHAR returns 7. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression.

J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. For example. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE.

the function returns TRUE (1). If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value..m. where zero is 12AM (midnight). PM. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. Hour of day (1-12). TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. Name of day. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . Minutes (0-59). Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. Hour of day (0-23).m. if any parts do not match. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. p. Day of month (1-31). the function returns FALSE (0). TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. including leap years). use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. When you create a TO_DATE expression. DD DDD DAY DY HH. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. Wednesday).m. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. AM and PM return the same values as do a. and p. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. Day of year (001-366. a. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. Wed). HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. including up to nine characters (for example.m. If you omit the format string.

assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. August). The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. Aug). Modified Julian Day.Table 5-6. Case does not matter. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Use the RR or YY format string instead. 2034). . including up to nine characters (for example. Name of month. to TO_DATE. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. 1998. For example. 2020. . If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. For example. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. For example. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. Four digits of a year. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string.Current Year Between 50 and 99. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. representing May 12. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. It ignores the time component of the source string. If it does not. Use when source strings include two-digit years. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. Case does not matter.Current Year Between 0 and 49. Seconds since midnight. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. Seconds (0-59). the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Month (1-12).

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. Example The following examples illustrate the J. Likewise. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. See the individual functions for more examples. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.format string. and SSSSS format strings. For example. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. Tip: By default. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row.

SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates .TO_DATE( DATE_STR. while YY returns the year 1905. RR returns the year 2005. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.

SET_DATE_PART. 31. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. DATE_DIFF. 9999 23:59:59 AD. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. Change one part of a date. Subtract two dates. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. 1.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215. 49 . in alphabetical order. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions.

AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group.

The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. evaluates the AVG expression. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. Function Categories 51 . Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. and returns four values. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression.

TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server.35 to 0) for the filter condition. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. 1. For example. or NULL. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the filter condition returns FALSE. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If the value rounds to zero.2 to 1. MOVINGAVG. FALSE. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. By default. as well as to CUME. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. the function selects all rows in the port. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port of null values. For example. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. 0. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases.5 to 2. the function returns NULL. If you do not want to round up a value. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns zero. 1. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. and MOVINGSUM.

Replace characters in a string.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. LOWER. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. MIN. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . Convert the datatype of an input value. UPPER. Trim string values. Encode strings.

extract one part of a date. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. or perform arithmetic on a date. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. if you want to pass a string to a date function.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. truncate. For a complete list of date format strings. or compare dates. However. see “Dates” on page 33. Date format strings are not internationalized.

if you pass a date with milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . Therefore.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.

it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. For example. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. You can nest other functions within special functions. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. At the end of the session. Filter.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. Then at the end of the session. and Update Strategy transformations. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. When you run a workflow. Unless overridden. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. you use special functions in Expression. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session.

For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. Function Categories 57 . see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. For more information on mapping variables.process that pipeline. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results.

including ERROR function calls within an expression. it stops transforming data at that row. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Return Value NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The string can be any length.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. For more information on the Abort command. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. String. Generally. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. You can use ABORT to validate data. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. assign ABORT as the default value.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function.

ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. Numeric datatype. if you pass an Integer.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 .95 59. it returns a Double. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . NULL if you pass a null value to the function. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. it returns an Integer. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. If you pass a Double. Likewise.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. Return Value Positive numeric value.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value.

Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Minute. 'MONTH'. 'SS'. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. MONTH. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. DD. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. You use the MI format string to set the minute. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Hour. HH12. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. You use the SS format string to set the second. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. HH24. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. Day. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. YYY. Seconds. and DAY. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. For example. 'MI'. or YYYY. For example. You can use any of the day format strings: D. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'DD'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. DDD. 'HH'. YY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. DY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'YY'. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. MON. For example. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Month. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument.

Also note. 'MONTH'. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. 'mm'. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Date/Time datatype. days. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. format.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. for example. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. 'MM'. Passes the values you want to change. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. Required. hours. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. Required. 'MON'. For example. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. and so on by which you want to change the date value. months. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. An integer value specifying the amount of years.

If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. 'DY'. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. 'DDD'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD'. 'D'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. For example. 'HH24'. 'HH12'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions .The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. 'DAY'. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. you need to change the hour portion of the date. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. which you specify. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. 'HH'.

Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. If you pass a numeric value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Character string. Normally. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. ASCII 63 . before you pass any string value to ASCII.535. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. however. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. they will still work correctly. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Return Value Integer.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

it will still work correctly. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Normally. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this.535. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. However. Character string. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. If you pass a numeric value. A string containing one character.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

Any datatype (except Binary). Return Value String. Required. NULL if both string values are NULL. If both strings are NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . Alternatively. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. CONCAT returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. The first part of the string you want to concatenate.

The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. CONCAT( CHR(39). you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. ' ' ). LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. For example. If you want to add a space between two strings.

Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine.342020143325593 0.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . as follows: COS( ARCS * 3. Numeric datatype.996194698091745 0.0 0.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3. For example.866025403784421 0. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine.0 0.951056516295147 0.

381231106176 1. Numeric datatype. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.897 3.4435376920294 116. Return Value Double value.54308063481524 9.0874465864177 19. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 1.45 0 0. For example: COSH( MEASURES.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.66 5.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .0 2.

filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Limits the rows in the search. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. If you apply the value argument. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. For more information. or NULL. FALSE. Nulls If all values are NULL. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. Optionally. Return Value Integer. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. this function ignores columns with null values. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax COUNT( value [. If you apply the asterisk argument. Note: By default. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. Any datatype (except Binary). Optional. Use to count all rows in a transformation. this function counts all rows. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the function returns 0. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. However. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). Alternative. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. the function returns NULL. Passes the values you want to count.

IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. The function counts all rows in a transformation. including null values. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one value. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. returning one result for each group.

the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . If you include the asterisk argument. but do not use a filter. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight.In this example.

or NULL. However. Optional. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. Numeric datatype. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. Limits the rows in the search. Nulls If a value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if all values in the selected port are NULL. CUME 79 . FALSE. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. CUME returns NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [.

you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise.

The first date you want to compare. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Required. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. 0 if the two dates are equal. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. Date/Time datatype. The second date you want to compare. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Date/Time datatype. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . 1 if the second date is earlier.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier.

hours. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. Return Value Double value. 'Mm' or 'mM'. the return value is a negative number. or seconds. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. the return value is a positive number. days. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If date1 is later than date2. Required. months. such as 'mm'. Date/Time datatype. or seconds. days. You can specify years. You can request the format to be years. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. For example. minutes. Required. If date1 is earlier than date2. minutes. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The format string is not case-sensitive. You can specify only one part of the date. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. Date/Time datatype. Zero if the dates are the same. months. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. date2. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. hours. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL.

'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.5 10. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812.5 87. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.0 255. DATE_SHIPPED.0 2100.

'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 2. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2. DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.243279569892366 0. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions .91935483870839 0.243279569892366 0.

you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. Optional. For example. the search does not find a matching value. Syntax DECODE( value. If the function finds the value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. second_result]. not just 'Halogen'. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression. it returns a result value.[.. If you enter 'Halogen'. first_result [. first_search. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. Any datatype (except Binary). You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. Any datatype (except Binary). the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to search.. which you define. you may not search for a portion of a value. DECODE 85 . second_search. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. Passes the values for which you want to search. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. The search value must match the value argument exactly. Required. Even if multiple conditions are met.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port.

the datatype of the return value is Double. 40.141592654. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. ‘Pythagoras’.141592654’. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. ‘Pi’. ‘3. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. ‘1. and the other results are Decimal. 5. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 5. 'Regulator'. 1. 14. 'Knife'.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above.414213562’. 20. 'Flashlight'. if at least one result is Double. and 3. 10. For example. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. 3. The first result is an Integer. For example. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. 'Tank'.414213562. When you run a session in high precision mode. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. ‘Archimedes’. ‘Archimedes’. ‘Pi’. 3. ‘Pythagoras’.141592654. 1.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’.414213562. 3. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions .

evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Variable 2 was more than 30. Var2 > 30. was 49!'.'.'.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. DECODE 87 . desired ranges.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. was more than 30. Var1 < 23. was less than 23. Var2 = 49. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. Var1 = 22. Also.

Generally. and it does not log an error in the session log. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. ‘1234’. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. The error message displays in the session log file. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. For example. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. including ERROR function calls within an expression. The string can be any length. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . For details about using default values. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. and you assign the default value. which you define. Return Value String value. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. It does not skip the row. you use the ERROR function in an expression. String value. to the output port. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. assign ERROR as the default value.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message.

Row skipped. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. but skip negative values.'. ERROR ('Error. Negative salary found. Row skipped. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. Negative salary found.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port.

rather than business data.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. Return Value Double value. The value to which you want to raise e.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. (The exponent in the equation e^value). Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. For example. where e=2.135335283236613 5166. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data. EXP(2) returns 7. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL.71828183. You can enter any valid transformation expression. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function.4657948067 0. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions .38905609893065. Numeric datatype.

However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). the function returns NULL. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. Syntax FIRST( value [. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. FIRST 91 . Optionally. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. However. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. FIRST returns NULL. FALSE. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. or NULL. FIRST ignores the row. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. Limits the rows in the search. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. Return Value First value in a group. or if no rows are selected (for example. Note: By default. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Optional. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.

00 88.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35. returning one result for each group.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions . ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.05 150.00 29.00 88.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. If there is no group by port.05 150. returning one value.00 31.00 8. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 31. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 8.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.00 29.

If you pass 3.14 to FLOOR. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value.98 to FLOOR. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . if you pass 3. the function returns -4.79 125.12 74. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. the function returns 3.24 NULL -100. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. For example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function returns 3. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28.17 to FLOOR. if you pass -3. Numeric datatype. Likewise. For example.

'YYY'. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. Date/Time datatype.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. For example. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. Required. the format strings 'Y'. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. The format string is not case-sensitive. for example. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. 'mm'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YY'. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Therefore.

'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. value1 [. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. The condition you want to evaluate. including another IIF expression. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. For example. based on the results of a condition. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. including another IIF expression. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. Syntax IIF( condition. Any datatype (except Binary). The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. Optional.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. If you omit value2.

Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. value2 if the condition is FALSE. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. IIF( SALES < 200. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. 1. EMP_NAME. the datatype of the return value is Double. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. SALARY3. SALARY1. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. IIF( SALES < 50. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. IIF( SALES < 100. . IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF.3333) is a decimal. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. BONUS))). For example. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 .3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. For example. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. SALARY2. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0.

see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. For more information. --then return SALARY3. --else for sales over 199. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. SALARY3. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. SALES > 199. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. DD_REJECT. SALARY1. --then return SALARY2. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. return BONUS) ) ). BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. DECODE may improve readability.SALARY1. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. SALARY2. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100.

For example. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. the function returns Thomas. tab. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. If your data contains multibyte characters. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. You can enter any valid transformation expression. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . newline. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. formfeed. Any datatype (except Binary).INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Return Value String. carriage return.

Syntax INSTR( string.start [. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. Passes the value you want to evaluate. The position in the string where you want to start the search. If you omit this argument. for example 'abc'. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. A positive integer greater than zero. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. For example. the function uses the default value of 1. If the search value appears more than once in the string. If you pass a decimal. If you omit this argument. If the start position is a negative number.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. The results of the expression must be a character string. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. counting from left to right. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. counting from left to right. You can enter any valid transformation expression. search_value [. Must be an integer value. Optional. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. The default value is 1. The string must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you want to search for a character string. For example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. If the start position is a positive number. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . the function uses the default value of 1. If the start position is zero. Optional. If you pass a negative integer or zero. The set of characters you want to search for. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. Any value. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. if not. The search value is case-sensitive. Required. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string.

'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. starting from the last character in the company name. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. starting at the beginning of each company name. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. starting at the beginning of each company name. 'a'. 1. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. -1. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 'a'. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY.

'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. INSTR(CUST_ID.' ' . -1. starting from the end of the string. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 1. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. INSTR(CUST_ID. The following expression evaluates a string.INSTR( CUST_NAME.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks.-1.1. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions .

Note: To test for empty strings. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. see “LENGTH” on page 115. Any datatype (except Binary). Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. use LENGTH. For more information. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 .

Optional. which returns false. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. For example. the function returns TRUE (1). A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. the function returns FALSE (0). Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. For example. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. not the YY format string. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. so there is no February 29th. In the first case. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. If you omit the format string. which returns TRUE. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. year 1900 is not a leap year. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00).IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. In most cases. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. If the strings match the format string. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. the two format strings return the same values. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. However. Must be a string datatype. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE.

and converts each valid date to a date value. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. IS_DATE 105 . the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. If the value is not a valid date. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. If it does not. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port.

‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions .Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). Therefore. the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE.

6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a string datatype.45E-32’ ‘+3. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. IS_NUMBER 107 . such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-). FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. Passes the rows you want to evaluate.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3.45e+32’ ‘+3.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘.

00’ ‘-3.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.00 0.00345 0. If the value is not a valid number.00’ ‘-3.45D-3’ ‘-3. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).45e+3’ ‘-3.Windows only) 0 (False .00 0.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.00 0.45d-3’ ‘3.00 0. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions . 0. such as TO_FLOAT.00 0. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.45e+3’ ‘3.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ). For example. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.

a formfeed. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. To test for an empty string. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. a tab. use LENGTH. a carriage return. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. a newline. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. For more information. see “LENGTH” on page 115. or a vertical tab. For example.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Must be a string datatype. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . FALSE (0) if the row contains data.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. A space is a blank space.

'00000'. To do this. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .column in a target table. you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ).

LAST 111 . You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. Limits the rows in the search. or NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Optional. Optionally. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Return Value Last row in a port. Any datatype (except Binary). For more information. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Note: By default. or if no rows are selected (for example. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. the function returns NULL. Syntax LAST( value [.

00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .

Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . LAST_DAY ignores the row. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. if all values passed from the port are NULL. returning one value.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Null If a value is NULL. If there is no group by port. Return Value Date. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. LAST_DAY returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. returning one result for each group. However. Date/Time datatype. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required.

'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions .You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. TO_DATE always includes time information.

LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For details. To test for spaces. LENGTH 115 . use ISNULL. For details. String datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. use IS_SPACES. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. see “ISNULL” on page 103. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. including trailing blanks. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. The strings you want to evaluate. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0.

) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . It must be a positive number. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. LN(3)returns 1.302585092994 4.04082199452026 NULL Error. Return Value Double value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.098612. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. For example. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm. greater than zero. Numeric datatype.) Error. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.828313737302 -0. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero.

956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Most often. exponent Return Value Double value.) Error. LOG 117 . exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Required.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. Syntax LOG( base. or 1 as a base value.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. zero. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. The exponent of the logarithm. The base of the logarithm.09 NULL 35. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE.) Error. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent.

you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. Specifies the values you want to match to value. search2. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. Any datatype (except Binary). Required. Datatype that matches the value1. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. value2]. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify..5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function.5 compatibility in the session properties. For more information. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. Required. rather than creating Lookup transformations. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. search1. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. However. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Syntax LOOKUP( result..LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. must match search1 datatype. Any datatype (except Binary). see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. value1 [.

you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. :TD. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.ORDERS. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.QTY) LOOKUP 119 . :TD.99 15.ORDERS. 10. NULL if the search does not find any matching values.PRICE.SALES for a specific item ID and price. :TD.PRICE.QTY.SALES. ORDERS.PRICE.ITEM.SALES. Error if the search finds more than one matching value.ITEM.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.ORDERS.00 15.ITEM_NAME. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.PRICE.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.99 15. :TD.SALES.ITEM_ID. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values. ORDERS. RTRIM( ORDERS.ORDERS. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value.ITEM. :TD.ORDERS. 15.

the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Any string value. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. If your data contains multibyte characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Lowercase character string.

The strings you want to change. Required. second_string Return Value String of the specified length.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. LPAD( PART_NUM. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter a specific string literal. Must be a positive integer literal. Syntax LPAD( first_string. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. When length is a negative number. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. This argument is case-sensitive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. or if length is a negative number. RPAD returns NULL. Can be a character string. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. however. If you omit the second_string. length [. Can be any string value. 6. for example 'abc'. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. Optional. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . You can enter any valid transformation expression.

... If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions .**.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *. If the first string is longer than the length. '*.**Compass Regulator System *.LPAD counts the length from left to right. LPAD truncates the string from right to left.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.Flashlight *. LPAD(‘alphabetical’. 16. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. '. 5. -5...**. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. For example.

Any string value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. trim_set Return Value String. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. however. If the trim_set is NULL. LTRIM removes it. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. Any string value. If you omit the second string. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. Then it returns the string. character-by-character. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. the function returns NULL. You can also enter a character string. you would enter 'A'.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. LTRIM removes both single. 'abc'. Syntax LTRIM( string [. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. Most often. with any matching characters removed. In ASCII mode. Optional. Passes the strings you want to modify. starting with the left side of the string. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. for example. LTRIM 123 . For example.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. not 'a'.

If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. MacDonald Sawyer H. Bender. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. 'S. LTRIM removes it.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. Bender. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. and so on. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. For example. This is because LTRIM searches. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. character-by-character. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ).') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. LTRIM removes it.’ from S. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. In the example of H. but not the period from H.

Date/Time datatype. Return Value Date. Limits the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. For more information. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. FALSE. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. Syntax MAX( date [. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . or NULL. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. Optional. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. MAX is one of several aggregate functions.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group.

MAX returns NULL. For more information. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. FALSE. the function returns NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. if all values passed from the port are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Return Value Numeric value. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Optional. However. MAX ignores it. Nulls If a value is NULL. or NULL. Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

If there is no group by port.00 162.00 79.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .00 PRICE 10.00 360. returning one result for each group. MAX treats all rows as one group.00 85. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.00 55. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE. returning one value.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. FALSE. Numeric datatype. Nulls If a value is NULL. Optionally. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. For more information. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the median is the middle number. If there is an even number of values in the port. Return Value Numeric value. or NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. However. Note: By default. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. If there is an odd number of values in the port. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. or if no rows are selected (for example. if all values passed from the port are NULL. the function returns NULL. MEDIAN ignores the row. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. MEDIAN returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .

FALSE. Nulls If a single value is NULL. However. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Limits the rows in the search. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. MIN returns NULL. Numeric datatypes. or NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. Return Value Numeric value. For more information. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. Note: By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if all values passed from the port are NULL. MIN ignores it. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Optional. the function returns NULL. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. However. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. or if no rows are selected (for example. MIN (Numbers) 135 . You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search.

00 PRICE 10. If there is no group by port. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions . returning one value. MIN treats all rows as one group.00 162.00 360.00 85. returning one result for each group.00 55.00 79.

MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. QTY ) PRICE 10. For example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The divisor cannot be zero.00 25. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. PowerCenter Server does not write row. MOD 137 . Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.00 15. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. The numeric value you want to divide by. Numeric datatype. Syntax MOD( numeric_value.00 9. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE.00 NULL 20. MOD(8. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function.00 12. The values you want to divide.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error.5) returns 3.

you can create an expression similar to the following.00 25. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 12. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE.00 9. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. QTY )) PRICE 10.The last row (25. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero. If the quantity is zero.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. IIF( QTY = 0. NULL.00 NULL 20. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. To avoid dividing by zero.00 15.

However. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. if all values are NULL. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optionally. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. MOVINGAVG 139 . filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. rowset [. the function returns NULL. Optional. five rows at a time. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. FALSE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. Required. 5). if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. or NULL. For example.

Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. 245. and thereafter. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES.8 based on rows 2 through 6.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. 140 Chapter 6: Functions . and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245.

Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. For example. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. Limits the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. rowset [. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. Optionally. Required. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Numeric datatype. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. or NULL. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. if all values are NULL. 5 ) Optional. MOVINGSUM 141 . NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However. five rows at a time. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

and thereafter. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. 142 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7.

the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the function returns NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Integer between 0 and 100. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. inclusive. However. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. if all values in a group are NULL. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. However. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Numeric datatype. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Note: By default. PERCENTILE returns NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Nulls If a value is NULL. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. when PERCENTILE 143 . the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. FALSE. Optional. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. Optionally. or if no rows are selected (for example. See the following equation for more details. Required. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. For more information. PERCENTILE ignores the row. percentile [. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If i is an integer value. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. returning one value. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.you configure the PowerCenter Server. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . If there is no group by port. returning one result for each group. If i < 1.

0 48000.0 NULL 55000.0 86000.0 100000.0 PERCENTILE 145 . SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 85000.0 99000.0 27900. 75.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 9000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.

0 6.0 5. If the base value is negative.0 -3. the exponent must be an integer.0 -6.265625 982. Required. Return Value Double value.0 -3.00137174211248285 0.594307804838 NULL NULL 0.0 3. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions . This argument is the exponent value. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.0 5.0 729. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.0 3.5 NULL 10.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Numeric value.5 2. In this case. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 NULL -6. the exponent must be an integer. Syntax POWER( base. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.0 -3. This argument is the base value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 6.00137174211248285 729. Numeric value.5 3. If the base value is negative.0 EXPONENT 2.

0 raised to 5. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value. POWER 147 . the exponent must be an integer.Note that -3. If the base is negative.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3.5.

If you pass a numeric value. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . Must be a character string. Required. an empty string. the function converts it to a character string. You can enter one or more characters. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. The characters you want to replace. If InputString is NULL. the function is case-sensitive. 'abc'. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. Passes the string you want to search. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. Must be a character string. Required. the function converts it to a character string. REPLACECHR returns NULL. If NewChar contains more than one character. OldCharSet. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. You can enter any valid transformation expression. for example. Must be an integer. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. Must be a character string. If NewChar is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. NULL if InputString is NULL. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. Required. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter one character. InputString. the function is not case-sensitive.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR returns InputString. If you pass a numeric value.

1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG. CUSTOMER_CODE.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.html HTTP/1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.html HTTP/1.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.1" GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index. WEBLOG.html HTTP/1. ‘A’. ‘]["’. ‘"’. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. ‘A’.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE.html HTTP/1.

The following expression removes multiple characters. INPUT. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. INPUT. CHR(39).The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘A’. CUSTOMER_CODE. see “CHR” on page 68. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. including the single quote. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘14’. you must use the CHR function.

You must enter at least one OldString argument. the function is not case-sensitive. For more information. Must be a character string. OldStringN. You can enter one character. If NewString is NULL or empty. Must be an integer. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. Required. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. REPLACESTR 151 . the function converts it to a character string. [OldString2. REPLACESTR returns NULL.. REPLACESTR returns InputString. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. . if you enter multiple OldString arguments. You can enter any valid transformation expression.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. If you pass a numeric value. Must be a character string. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. Required. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a numeric value.. etc. InputString. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. see the examples. an empty string. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. 'abc'. the function converts it to a character string. for example. Required. the function is case-sensitive. OldString1. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. The string you want to replace. or NULL. Must be a character string. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. multiple characters. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. If InputString is NULL. or no character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the strings you want to search. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. multiple characters. That is. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

‘s. Ms.html /companyinfo/index. Miss Mr.NULL if InputString is NULL. WEBLOG. ‘iss’. MRS. TITLE.html HTTP/1. MRS. ‘rs. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. MRS.’.1’. ‘"’. ‘rs.’. RETURN VALUE Ms.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘bc’. TITLE. ‘ab’. ‘ HTTP/1. ‘iss’.’ ) TITLE Mrs.’ ) TITLE Mrs. Mr.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. INPUT. RETURN VALUE Ms.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.1" GET /companyinfo/index. ‘s. ‘GET ’. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . Ms.html /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.

‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. INPUT.The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. CONCAT( CHR(39). ‘bc’. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. ‘s’ )). CONCAT(‘it’. REPLACESTR 153 . you must use the CHR function. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. CONCAT(CHR(39). Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. INPUT. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘ab’.

'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. For example. Minute. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. For example. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). For example. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. Hour. the function returns January 1 of the input year. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. If the month is between January and June. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. For example. For example. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. If the month is between July and December. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. Day. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. If time has 0 to 29 seconds.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. and sets the time to 00:00:00. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. Month.

the function rounds the date to the nearest day. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can round only one portion of the date. Optional. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Date/Time datatype. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.Syntax ROUND( date [. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. If you omit the format string. Enter a valid format string. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding.

'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions .

Positive or negative integer. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. 1) returns 13. If you enter decimal precision. Optional. truncating the decimal portion of the number.8) returns 13. Return Value Numeric value. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. 1) returns 15. the function rounds to this number of decimal places.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places.99. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.44. You can enter any valid transformation expression. ROUND(12. You can also use ROUND to round dates. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. For example. 0. -1) returns 20. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. For example. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [.0 because the function rounds 0. If you omit the precision argument. If you enter a positive precision.0 and ROUND(15. If one of the arguments is NULL.99) returns 13. For example. For example. ROUND(12. the function rounds to the nearest integer. ROUND returns NULL.99. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15.99.99. ROUND(12. If you enter a negative precision. ROUND(12. Numeric datatype. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. returning an integer.4.

99 -108.0 -16.0 -19. 0. ROUND( PRICE.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .0 -100.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.9949 -18.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.99 -15.0 56.99 -18.8 ) PRICE 12.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 1435.99 56.8678 56.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE. -2 ) PRICE 13242. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.0 57.0 1400.9936 15.99 56.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.868 56.995 -18.994 15. 3 ) PRICE 12.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 .Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. For example.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. This may not be the result you expect. To achieve the expected result. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode.

Syntax RPAD( first_string. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks.. Optional.. Compass.. You can enter any valid transformation expression.. Specifies the length you want each string to be.. Any string value.. RPAD counts the length from left to right. This argument is casesensitive..second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. 16.. So. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . Regulator System Safety Knife. appending the string '... Must be a positive integer literal... Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. 'abc'. Required.. '. length [.. Any string value. if the first string is longer than the length.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight. For example. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. RPAD(‘alphabetical’. for example. The strings you want to change. RPAD returns NULL. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. or if length is a negative number. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Return Value String of the specified length. When length is a negative number. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’...' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. RPAD truncates the string from right to left. If you omit the second string. 5.

.* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME... '.**.** Regulator System Safety Knife*.**.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*. -5. Compass*.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.. appending the string ‘*..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 . 16. '*..*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.

You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. with any matching characters removed. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . 'abc'. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. starting with the right side of the string. trim_set Return Value String. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. It returns the string. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. If you omit the second string. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. character-by-character. Any string value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. however. Passes the values you want to trim. You can also enter a text literal. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. RTRIM removes it. RTRIM removes both single. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. In ASCII mode. Any string value. Syntax RTRIM( string [.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. for example. Optional. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces.

the last character in the string does not match. If. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. however. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . For example. and so on. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. RTRIM removes it. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. This is because RTRIM searches. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. RTRIM removes it. character-by-character. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. In the last example.

The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For details on mapping variables. Returns the new current value. The session is configured for a test load. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. The session is a debug session. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Unless overridden. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. At the end of a successful session. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. At the end of the session. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.

SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 .. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc.Return Value The current value of the variable. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. Darkroom Co. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. Darkroom Co. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. The next time the session runs. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. Supply. It increases the count by one for each inserted row. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information.. decreases the count for each deleted row.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port.

YY. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Seconds.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. 'HH'. 'DD'. For example. 'MONTH'. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. September. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. For example. YYY. For example. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the month format strings (D. MONTH to set the month. HH24) to set the hour. MON. 12=12PM. Day. and DAY) to set the day. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'MI'. Month. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. June. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . and November) in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'SS'. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. April. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. DY. You use the MI format string to set the minute. For example. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. Minute. For example. 'YY'. For example. HH12. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. DDD. DD. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. or YYYY to set the year. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. Hour. You use the SS format string to set the second. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE.

The date you want to modify. 'HH12'. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. February 30). Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. 'HH'. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . the session fails. 'HH24'. Date/Time datatype. The format string is not case-sensitive. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. format. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Required. If you enter an improper value (for example.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date.

'YYY'. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 'MONTH'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'. 'MON'. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'.MM'. 7). you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 'Y'. 'MM'. 'YY'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 1998). you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. For example. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'DD'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.

The session is a debug session. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. Unless overridden. At the end of a successful session. Returns the new current value. When used with a string mapping variable. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. The session is configured for a test load. At the end of the session.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. For details on mapping variables. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete.

When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. Then. Required. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. The return value is the new current value of the variable. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. The next time the session runs. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. it saves the largest value to the repository. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. At the end of the session. For details on mapping variables. The session is a debug session. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. When used with a string mapping variable. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. At the end of a successful session. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The session is configured for a test load. Returns the new current value. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Unless overridden. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged.

Name of the mapping variable you want to set.50 22. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.00 MIN_PRICE 22.50 27.50 22.00 22.00 24.00 22.25 24.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice.00’.00 At the end of the session.50.50 22. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.75 25. The next time the session runs. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.75 23. The return value is the new current value of the variable. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice. Required. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable.50 22. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.00 22.00 22. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.25 22. SETMINVARIABLE 173 . value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.00 22.00 26.

00 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions .50 22. Then. For example. it saves the smallest value to the repository.

Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. Unless overridden. The session is a debug session. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. The session is configured for a test load. For details on mapping variables. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. it saves a final current value to the repository. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. At the end of a successful session. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the specified value. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. SETVARIABLE 175 . You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Required. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.

50 116.01 97. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.23 699. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session. The next time the session runs.50 116. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time.43 323.01 97. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .43 323. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534.23 699.Return Value Current value of the variable.

Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . or 0.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. 0 for 0. negative. Passes the values you want to evaluate. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if NULL. Numeric value. Return Value -1 for negative values. 1 for positive values.

Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine. Numeric datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0871557427476639 0. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions .309016994374967 0.50000000000003 0.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine.939692620785936 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.

ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .0 0. Return Value Double value.1752011936438 9. Numeric datatype. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.66 5. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine. For example: SINH( MEASURES.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.897 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 2.45 0 0.376934801486 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.4178051793031 116.03225804884884 19. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.

both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. H. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. P. O. For example. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. F. For example. U. J. Z D. For example. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. For example. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. V C. E. Q.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). Skips numbers in string. G. T L M. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. I. X. S. and encodes it in uppercase. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. For example. If string encodes to less than four characters. K.

Return Value String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the string value you want to encode.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. Must be a character string. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . string is empty. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

You can enter any valid transformation expression.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. NULL 7. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. Positive numeric value. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. Return Value Double value. If you pass a negative value or character value.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. PowerCenter Server does not write row. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 182 Chapter 6: Functions .54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error.

Nulls If a single value is NULL. STDDEV ignores it. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Numeric datatypes. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. STDDEV returns NULL. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. However. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. However. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can use operators to average values in different ports. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. Limits the rows in the search. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. if all values are NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. STDDEV 183 . You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. Note: By default. FALSE. or if no rows are selected (for example.

SALES > 2000.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.0 2198.0 NULL 8953.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.000.0 1010.90 2256. returning one value. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.0 153.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.0 2198. If there is no group by port.0 2198. 184 Chapter 6: Functions . If there is no standard deviation.88 3001. returning one result for each group.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists). STDDEV treats all rows as one group.00 ) SALES 2198. the return value is zero. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.90 and 153.

Must be a character string.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. If you pass a decimal. Passes the strings you want to search. Syntax SUBSTR( string. If the start position is a positive number. SUBSTR 185 . including blanks. the function converts it to a character string. Optional. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. The position in the string where you want to start counting. start length Return Value String. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If the start position is a negative number. If you omit the length argument. SUBSTR counts all characters. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be an integer greater than zero.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. starting at the beginning of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a negative integer or zero. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. Required. the function returns an empty string. Must be an integer. start [. If you pass a numeric value. If the start position is zero. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string.

3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 0.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 5. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. -8. 1. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE.

2.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'.1. SUBSTR 187 . INSTR(CUST_ID. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. 1. starting from the end of the string.The following expression evaluates a string. -2. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string.INSTR( CUST_NAME.-1.' ' .1 ) . 8) returns ‘cd’.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. However. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. You can use operators to add values in different ports. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . SUM returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. However. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. Optionally. FALSE. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the function returns NULL. Nulls If a single value is NULL. For more information. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Optional. Passes the values you want to add. or NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. if all values passed from the port are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Note: By default. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. SUM ignores it.

0 NULL 3458. If there is no group by port. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477.0 1900. SUM treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .0 1200. returning one value. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.0 4519.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).19175359259435 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .74747741945531 1.324919696232929 57.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2. Return Value Double value. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Numeric datatype.577350269189672 0.0874886635259298 0.

331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 0.897 3.993926947790665 0.66 5.0 2.998676551914886 0. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function.761594155955765 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0. Numeric datatype. Return Value Double value.45 0 0. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .999963084213409 0.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. not the format for the values in the date argument. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. Return Value String. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions .TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. If you omit the format string. Date/Time datatype. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Optional. The format string defines the format of the return value. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

For details on the TO_DATE format string. Syntax TO_DATE( string [.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. use either the RR or YY format string. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. Do not use the YYYY format string. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . Optional. If it does not. For example. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. Must be a string datatype. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. Return Value Date. see “Requirements” on page 44. If you omit the format string. NULL if you pass a null value to this function.

'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the century will be 19.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. PowerCenter Server skips this row. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the century will be 19. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. TO_DATE 199 . The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. If you run a session in the twentieth century. If you run a session in the twentieth century. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED.

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions .The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905.

if true. ‘MON DD YYYY’). you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MON DD YYYY’).‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). --test second format. --if true. For example: DECODE( TRUE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. if true.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MM’ ). --test third format. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 .If your target accepts different date formats.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ).

you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. inclusive. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX.6789' '60. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.348' NULL 'A12.2' '118. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. Must be a string or numeric datatype.200 118.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. inclusive.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value.679 60. Optional. If you omit this argument.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions .

6789 60. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.348' NULL 'A12.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).6789' '60.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15. Passes the values you want to convert to double values. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.2 118.2' '118.

2' '118. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion.3Grove' ‘ 123. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. String or numeric datatype. The flag must be an integer literal. You can enter any valid transformation expression.6789' '60.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions .TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.6789’ ‘-15. or if you omit this argument.348' NULL 'A12. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. Optional. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number.

TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.2' '118.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.348' NULL 'A12.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .3Grove' ‘ 123.6789’ ‘-15.6789' '60.

Optional. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. or minute. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. Enter a valid format string. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. Minute. Day. If you truncate the month portion of a date. day. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. If you truncate the year portion of the date. setting it to 00:00:00. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. Hour. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. The format string is not case-sensitive. For example. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. If you truncate the day portion of a date. hour. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. For example. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. For example. the function truncates the time portion of the date. Month. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. If you omit the format string. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. month. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. Date/Time datatype. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. For example. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. The date values you want to truncate. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00.

'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. Return Value Numeric value. If you omit the precision argument. If you pass a decimal precision value. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. Can be a positive or negative integer. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. Numeric datatype. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. If precision is a negative integer. Optional. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Passes the values you want to truncate. precision If precision is a positive integer.

99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.0 -180. -1 ) PRICE 12.95 15.0 -18.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.9563 15.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .0 56.956 15.95 1235.8652 56.9995 -18.0 15.99 -18.865 56.0 50.99 56. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 1230.999 -18.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.86 56.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 -187.

String datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If your data contains multibyte characters. Return Value Uppercase string. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 .

filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Return Value Double value. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. If n is 1. or if no rows are selected (for example. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. FALSE. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. You can enter any valid transformation expression. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. For more information. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. Numeric datatype. or NULL. Optional. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. the variance is 0.

if all values passed to the function are NULL. VARIANCE ignores it. returning one value. VARIANCE returns NULL. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. However. If there is no group by port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.0 NULL 8953. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . the function returns NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. However. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.0 2256. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one value.Nulls If a single value is NULL. If there is not a group by port. or if no rows are selected. returning one result for each group. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. Note: By default. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.0 3001. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

217 Conversion Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. 220 Date Functions. 216 Character Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 225 Special Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 222 Numeric Functions. 226 Test Functions. 215 .Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 228 For details on each function. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 227 Variable Functions.

Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the standard deviation for a group. Returns the minimum value. Returns the number of records with non-null value. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Returns the first record in a group.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. or earliest date. Returns the last record in a group. Available in the Designer. percentile [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the variance of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. found in a group. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. found in a group. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Returns the sum of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Returns the maximum value. or latest date. Available in the Designer.

it will still work correctly. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Returns the number of characters in a string. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Concatenates two strings. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Returns the position of a character set in a string. length [. however. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. search_value [. counting from left to right. including trailing blanks. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. In ASCII mode. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. In Unicode mode. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. to set a string to a specified length.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. start [. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Returns a portion of a string.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. OldStringN. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string.. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. multiple characters. or no character.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. . [OldString2. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. length [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldString1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

format ] ) TO_DATE( string [.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 .

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Returns whether a string is a valid number. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. search_value [. Available in the Designer. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. Returns a portion of a string.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. OldStringN. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [.. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. OldString1.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. . Returns whether a value is NULL. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. or no character. multiple characters. counting from left to right. OldCharSet. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 .

or minute. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. filter_condition ) MIN( date. format. Returns the earliest date found in a group. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Available in the Designer. hours. date2. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Returns the length of time between two dates. format. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. value ) TRUNC( date [. months. Returns the latest date found in a group. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Rounds one part of a date. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. minutes. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Available in the Designer. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. or seconds). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. measured in the specified increment (years. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. days. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. hour. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. Truncates dates to a specific year. day. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. month. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. or 0. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. recordset [. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. negative. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.71828183. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Available in the Designer. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. where e=2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. recordset [. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value.

Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Truncates numbers to a specific digit. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. first_result [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search1. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. Available in the Designer. first_search. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Returns one of two values you specify. Searches a port for the specified value. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. search2. second_result ]…[. second_search. based on the results of a condition. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . IIF IIF( condition. Available in the Designer. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. value1 [. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. value2 [.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. Available in the Designer.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Test Functions 227 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Available in the Designer. Returns the new current value. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. Returns the specified value. Available in the Designer. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable.

211 229 .Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 120. 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99.

211 counting 185 encoding 130.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 68 capitalization 99. 68. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 160 ASCII characters 63. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 180 removing from strings 123. 120.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

225 special 55. 223 scientific 55.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 220 date 54. 217 conversion 53. 219 data cleansing 53. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 226 test 56. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 216 categories 50 character 52.

117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 .Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116.

null values aggregate functions 18. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index . 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.

179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.

SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 120. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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