Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . .

. RR Format String Conversions ... 5-3. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . . . . . . 3-4. . . . ... . 2-1. . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2. . . . . 40 . . . . . . . .. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference .. . . 6-1.. . . .. . . . . ... . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 5-5. ... .. 26 . . . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . . .. . . . .. . ... .. . . .. . . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . .. . . . .. . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language ... . . .. ... . . 3-1. . . . . . . Operators in the Transformation Language . .. . 5-6... .. ... . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 22 . .. . . . . 36 .. . . . . 28 . . . . . .. 5-4. . 6 . . . .. . . 3-2.. . . . 39 . 39 . .. . . . . 25 .. .. .. . . . ... . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . . . 3-3. . . 4-1. . . .. . . . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . . ... Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . . . . . . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . 5-1. . . .. .. . . . .. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . . ...... . . . . . . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 23 .. . . 6-2.. .. . . . . . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings ... . . . .. . 36 . . .

x List of Tables .

and information hubs. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. xi . The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. including extracting. data migration. and support high-speed loads.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. and managing data. loading. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. and efficient manner. usable. handle complex transformations on the data. transforming. data synchronization. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open.

You can view a profile from a random sample of data.1. Profile mapping display in the Designer.1. PowerCenter 7. the rows that meet the business rule. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. JEF-kana. Session enhancement. Domain Inference function tuning. a specified percentage of data. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. and MELCOM-kana. When you use a local parameter file.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. and 7. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. such as JIPSEkana. Verbose data enhancements. pmcmd.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. Define mapping. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. 7. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. Row Uniqueness function. sessions. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row.1. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains.0.1. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. Flat file partitioning. xii Preface .1. You can define default mapping. and workflow prefixes. session. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source.1. session. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page.

When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. log. GIF. target. targets. On SuSE Linux. Oracle. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. you can also override the error. and Sybase sources. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. it searches for reswords. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. You do not need to know a database user name and password. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. and repositories using native drivers. Oracle. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. Depending on the loader you use. and Sybase repositories. such as Business Objects Designer. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. containing reserved words. you can create and maintain a file. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. ♦ SuSE Linux support.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. When you export metadata. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. you can connect to IBM. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. Preface xiii . you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. JPEG. If any source.txt. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. On SuSE Linux. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. DB2. you can now override the control file. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session.♦ SuSE Linux support. If the file exists. or PDF. DB2. You can attach document types such as XML. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. reswords. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. Reserved word support. Teradata external loader. you can connect to IBM.

You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. resize columns in a report. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window.♦ Pipeline partitioning. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. It also includes information from the version 7. Informatica provides licenses for product. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide.1. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function.0 Web Services Hub Guide. and Transformation Guide. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. Aggregator function in auto profiles. XML User Guide. Workflow Administration Guide. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. and options. Source View in the Profile Manager. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Prepackaged domains. You can also pivot the view row. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. PowerCenter 7. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. Creating auto profile enhancements. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. and partitions in the session. You store xiv Preface . This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. connectivity. targets.

pmrep. and deploy group history. or restore a repository.1 MX views in its schema. If you have the Partitioning option. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. and the command line program. disable. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. Object import and export enhancements. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. workflow and session log history. This improves processing performance for most sessions. You can also use pmrep to create. modify. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. MX views. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. Increased repository performance. delete a relational connection from a repository. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. pmlic. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. or enable a repository. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). upgrade. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools.the license keys in a license key file. back up. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. the PowerCenter Server Setup. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. Partitioning enhancements. You can choose to skip MX data. truncate log files. You can use pmrep to back up. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. and restore repositories. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. and delete a folder. delete repository details. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes.

the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. such as data stored in a CLOB column. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. Custom transformation API enhancements. Web Services Hub. The quality of printed workspace has improved. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. ♦ xvi Preface . You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. or a collection of all older versions of objects. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. the latest version of checked in objects. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. You can now perform lookups on flat files. The query can return local objects that are checked out. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. Also. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. Union transformation. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. Enhanced printing. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. Midstream XML transformations. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements.

You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. In a view with hierarchy relationships. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. For more informations. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. DTD files. Additional options for XML definitions. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. It displays folders alphabetically. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. and define relationships between views. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. XML workspace. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. add or delete columns from views. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. You can create views. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. Synchronizing XML definitions. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. Midstream XML transformations. or schema files. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. XML files. targets. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. including relational sources or targets. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. When you import XML definitions. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. You can also extract data from messaging systems. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. When you create views with entity relationships. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. such as data stored in a CLOB column.

Support for multiple XML output files. PowerCenter now supports XML files. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. User-defined commits. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. − − PowerCenter 7. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Increased performance for large XML targets. For example. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Installation and Configuration Guide.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface .♦ Support for circular references. After you create a profiling warehouse. and evaluate join criteria. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. detect data patterns.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. suggest candidate keys. DTD files.0. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. you can determine implicit data type. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets.” Upgrading metadata. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option.

Metadata analysis. server load. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). including session load time. In a server grid. If you purchase the Server Grid option. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. Metaphone. Functions ♦ Soundex. session completion status. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. External loading enhancements. Distributed processing. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. When using external loaders on Windows. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. session errors. The Metaphone function encodes string values. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. such as workflows. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. you can now choose to load from staged files. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. When using external loaders on UNIX. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. mappings.objects impacted by the upgrade process. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. You can create a control file containing installation information. Row error logging. and warehouse growth. worklets.1. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. and transformations. source and target tables.0 metadata. Preface xix ♦ ♦ .

♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. such as copy object. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. Audit trail. Trusted connections. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. You can choose to insert. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. Additionally. update. groups. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. You can also use pmrep to run queries. maintain labels. and listing objects. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. If you use LDAP. When you log in to the repository. When you select data driven loading. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. and change object status. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. upsert. Concurrent processing. exporting. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. delete. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. privileges. Real time processing enhancements. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. or delete data. importing. such as the Aggregator transformation. deploying. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. checking in. You can track changes to repository users. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. or update. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. pmrep commands. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. The repository maintains a status for each user. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. Use Repository Manager privilege. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders.

The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. such as changes to folder properties. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. You can specify the icons used for transformation. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . You can also compare different versions of the same object. Delete or purge a version. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. track changes. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. When you create a Custom transformation template. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. sessions. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. If you want to permanently remove an object version. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. ♦ Joiner transformation.audit trail log contains information. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. Compare objects. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. Check out and check in versioned objects. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. Deployment. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. and adding or removing privileges. adding or removing a user or group. worklets. You can compare tasks. the colors. Unlike copying a folder. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. you can purge it from the repository. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. control development on the object. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler.

or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. You can copy objects within folders. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. declare multiple namespaces. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. XML target enhancements. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. improve query results. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. When you process an XML file or stream. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. use XPath to locate XML nodes. Comparing objects. Queries. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. format your XML file output for increased readability. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. Increased performance for large XML files. Labels. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. Track changes to an object. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts.♦ Deployment groups. You can save queries for later use. Within the Designer. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. You can make a private query. XPath support. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. increase performance for large XML files. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. and to different repositories. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. or you can share it with all users in the repository. ♦ xxii Preface . to other folders.

Enhanced validation messages. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. Revert to saved. and worklets. When you edit a port in a mapping. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. mappings. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. such as sources. or workflows. mappings. View dependencies. The Designer propagates ports. Validate multiple objects. workflows. When you do this. In the Workflow Manager. expressions. Enhanced partitioning interface. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. mapplets. you can refresh a session mapping. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping.♦ Change propagation. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. You can validate sessions. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. Refresh session mappings. targets.

and transformations. Installation and Configuration Guide. users. XSD. including details on environment variables and database connections. Transformation Guide. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Getting Started. Web Services Provider Guide. and permissions and privileges. Repository Guide. Designer Guide. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Transformation Language Reference. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. or DTD files. and load data into JMS messages. Workflow Administration Guide. Troubleshooting Guide. and Metadata Web Services. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. such as creating and maintaining repositories. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. Includes information to help you create mappings. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. groups. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. folders. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. Batch Web Services. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. and relational or other XML definitions. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. mapplets. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. build mappings. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. XML User Guide. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. extract data from JMS messages.

This is a code example. The material in this book is available for online use. unless you follow the specified procedure.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. The following paragraph provides additional facts. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . relational database concepts. Emphasized subjects. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications.

Informatica Webzine. detailed descriptions of specific features.informatica. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. and locating your closest sales office. To register for an account. its background.com. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer.informatica. please email webzine@informatica. and implementation services. go to http://my. The site contains product information. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). upcoming events. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. This journal provides solutions to common tasks.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. The site contains information about Informatica.com. You will also find product information. user group information. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. newsletters. training and education. the Informatica Webzine. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. and access to the Informatica user community. If you have any questions. as well as literature and partner information. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses.informatica. the Informatica Knowledgebase.com.com xxvi Preface .informatica.com.

m. .m. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a. Redwood City.The site contains information on how to create.m. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a. .9489 Hours: 6 a. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.5 p. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a.m.m.5:30 p. White Waltham Maidenhead.5:30 p.m.5 p.m. . . (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.m. WebSupport requires a user name and password.385.m.213.5:30 p.m.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Preface xxvii .563.m.m. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.5:30 p. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.m.6332 or 650.com. You can request a user name and password at http://my.m. market.m. . and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.6 p. .informatica. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica.5800 Fax: 650.m. CA 94063 Phone: 866. . .com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a.5:30 p.

xxviii Preface .

5 Adding Comments to Expressions. 9 Reserved Words. 2 Expression Syntax. 1 . It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language.

Operators. You can also create local variables in transformations. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. Mapping parameters and variables. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. Local and system variables. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. Workflow variables. For more information. Stored Procedure. such as a state sales tax rate. and External Procedure transformations. For details. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. such as the system date. such as TRUE. Return values. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . or compare data. Constants. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. combine data.

the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. not byte-oriented. or a numeric literal. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. such as 10. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. during a workflow. Then. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. “>>>>”. For example. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. For example. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. You can create an expression as simple as a port. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. such as ORDERS. For example.

string. The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server. not the number of bytes. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. or a numeric literal (such as 10).Status). the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). input/output. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. variable) String literals. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . For example. while SQL does not. On the other hand.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. it is not exactly like SQL. but the transformation language does not. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start.

Qualifies a source table port in an expression. argument2..) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation. For example. The general syntax is: :SEQ. :TD..external_procedure_transformation(argument1. . argument2.. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3.SALES.SALES. The general syntax is: :LKP. The general syntax is: :SP. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark. The general syntax is: :SD. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. The general syntax is: :EXT.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1.. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks.SALES.lookup_transformation(argument1. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .ITEM_NAME. :TD.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation.source_table. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. [. 15. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition.sequence_generator_transformation.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.5 expressions only).5 LOOKUP function. .PRICE. argument2. 10.ITEM_ID.

Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. For example. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. Lookup transformation. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. Just type the number you want to include. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . You cannot add an integer and a string. If you pass a literal value to a function. create separate Aggregator transformations.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. Stored Procedure transformation. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value.4 = ‘123. the expression 123. For example. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. The colon (:). ‘1’. Except for literals. or the results of another expression. For details on workflow variables. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions.). and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. External Procedure transformation. For example: . enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. literal string or number. as the start position. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. functions.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. Except for literals. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. For example. comma (. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. local and system variables. and period (. variable. mapping parameters and variables. not a string. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes.

You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. which allow only one nested aggregate function). see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. For example.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. as in: -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -. since the last line is not a valid expression. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 .Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. if you want to concatenate two strings. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. If you do not want to embed comments.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor.

You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . are reserved for specific functions. such as constants. operators. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. and system variables.

16 NULL. 15 FALSE.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 19 11 . 17 TRUE. 12 DD_INSERT. 14 DD_UPDATE. 13 DD_REJECT.

12 Chapter 2: Constants . When you run a workflow. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. 2. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. DD_DELETE. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion.

DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. Using DATE_DIFF. If the result is 2 or less. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. the expression flags the records for rejection. DD_INSERT.NAME = 'Alex'. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. ORDERS.DATE_SHIPPED. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. returning the difference between the two dates. 0 ) > 2. If the result is greater than 2. When you run a workflow. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. 'DD' ). select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. 0.NAME = 'Alex'.DD_REJECT.

DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. If you flag a record as reject.SALES > 0. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . so it includes only positive values. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table.SALES > 0. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_INSERT. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. 0. DD_REJECT. When you run a workflow. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT.

1. Using DATE_DIFF. DD_UPDATE. When you run a workflow. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. The mapping loads sales for one employee. 0 ) > 2.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. DD_REJECT.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. ORDERS.NAME = 'Alex'. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. 'DD' ). The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. If the result is greater than 2. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. If the result is 2 or less. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. otherwise. it flags the records for update. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. returning the difference between the two dates. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. the expression flags the records for rejection.DATE_SHIPPED.

FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression.'Variable 2 was 49!'.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var1 < 23. Var1 = 22. Var2 > 30. Var2 = 49. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0. 'Variables were out of desired ranges.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants .'. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.

when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. Functions can handle nulls differently. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. For example.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. <>. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. Therefore. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. <. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. For details on how each function handles null values. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. <= For example. >=. However. >. it might return zero or NULL. see “Functions” on page 49. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. ^=. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. !=. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. For more information. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. If you pass a null value to a function. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). or it might ignore null values.

18 Chapter 2: Constants . If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. However. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. as well as CUME. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. use the ISNULL function. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . the function does not select the record. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. For example. which returns zero). MOVINGAVG. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. and MOVINGSUM. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.NULL To test for nulls.

'Variable 1 was 22!'.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Var1 = 22. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'. Var2 = 49.'.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. Var2 > 30. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE.') TRUE 19 . 'Variables were out of desired ranges. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var1 < 23.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 22 Arithmetic Operators. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence. 24 Comparison Operators. 25 Logical Operators. 26 21 . 23 String Operators.

!=. subtraction. Addition. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . less than or equal to. used when specifying conditions. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. 2. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. greater than. Unary plus and minus. The logical AND operator. Less than. used when specifying conditions. greater than or equal to. >= =. 4. depending on how you nest the operations. The logical NOT operator. Equal to. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. 3. the equation 8 + 5 . Table 3-1. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. || <. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. Concatenate. For example. modulus. <>. not equal to. Multiplication. % +. /. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. When expressions contain parentheses. <=. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. not equal to. >.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. division. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. *. The logical OR operator. not equal to.

Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. % +. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. division. use the string operator ||. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. *. use the date functions. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. To concatenate strings. Unary plus indicates a positive value. For example. Arithmetic Operators 23 . modulus. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. Multiplication. Unary minus indicates a negative value. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. Meaning Unary plus and minus. The expression 1. /. subtraction. Addition. For further information on built-in date functions. To perform arithmetic on date values. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. For example. the function returns NULL. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric.

however. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. The || operator.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. produces the same results in less time. However. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. if both values are NULL. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. the || operator returns NULL.

Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. the operands must be the same datatype. the result is NULL. Comparison Operators 25 . the expression 123.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. Less than or equal to.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. The expressions 123. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. Greater than or equal to. Greater than. For information on how to compare dates. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. If you compare a value to a null value. Not equal to. Less than. Not equal to. Not equal to. see “Dates” on page 33. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. For example. When you use comparison operators in an expression. manipulate data.

Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. the operator NOT returns FALSE. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. FALSE for zero. and NULL for NULL. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. For example. For example. NOT returns TRUE. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE.

31 Local Variables. 32 27 . 28 Transaction Control Variables.Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

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Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 34 Date Format Strings. 47 33 .

The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. extract one part of a date. Julian Day. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. ‘MM’. see “Variables” on page 27. Use to specify the format of the return string. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. Tests whether a string represents a date. For example. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. Converts a string to a date. ‘MM/DD/RR’). With the date functions you can round. or compare dates. or perform arithmetic on a date. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. To pass a string to a date function. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. Converts a date to a string.D. Date format strings. truncate. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port.D. Date functions accept date/time values only. TO_CHAR format strings. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . TO_CHAR. TO_DATE. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. Modified Julian Day. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. and 9999 A. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. For details on built-in variables. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported.

the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. Overview 35 . Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. By definition. For example. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. and are not supported in PowerCenter. For example. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. and 9999 A. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. The J format string does not convert this time component.D. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions.D. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. nor with Modified Julian Day. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR.

Current Year Between 50 and 99. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. RR and YY produce different results. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. In TO_DATE expressions. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49.

If you omit the format string. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. and even between applications. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. Use TO_CHAR(date. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. minutes. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. Dates in Relational Databases In general. and year. Although date formats vary from database to database. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. or it is an invalid date. If an input value does not match this format. If the string is in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. If you want to pass a string to a date function. If you specify a format string. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. day. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. The date includes the month. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates.Table 5-2. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. while the time might include the hours. and seconds. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format.

MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 12:00:00PM = 12. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. If you omit the format string. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . For example. 12:00:00AM = 0. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. If you specify a format string. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. 1:00:00AM = 1. Month (January = 01.♦ Use TO_DATE(date.

YYYY. you can use MM. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. YY. HH24 MI MM. Specify the part of the date you want to return. DDD. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. you can use HH. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. Seconds (0-59). Specify the part of the date you want to round. For example. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. YY. Minutes (0-59. HH12. MONTH SS. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. YYY. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. For example. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). Date Format Strings 39 . Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. HH.) Month (01-12). DY. or YYYY to specify 1997. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. MON. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. you can use Y. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. YYY. DD. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. Specify the part of the date you want to change. or MONTH to specify APR. Hour of day (0-23). For example. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). HH12. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. J Description Days (01-31). SSSS Y. DAY. MON. For example.

Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). 4713 00:00:00 BC. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. Hour of day (00-23).M. changing the format for reporting purposes. Quarter of year (1-4). For example.M. including leap years). ‘RR’ produces the same results as. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. Name of month. Minutes (00-59). including up to nine characters (for example. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.’ However. When used with TO_CHAR.. Day of month (01-31). January). if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. and P. calculated from Jan 1.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. TO_CHAR returns 97. Jan). PM. and is interchangeable with. Day of year (001-366. Wednesday). Modified Julian Day. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string.M. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . A. Wed). You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. including up to nine characters (for example. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. where Sunday equals 1. when used with TO_DATE. where January to March equals 1. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. Seconds (00-59). Last two digits of a year. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. It ignores the time component of the date. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. ‘YY. P. For example. Name of day. Month (01-12). Hour of day (01-12).M. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. The function removes the leading digits. AM and PM return the same values as do A. Day of week (1-7).

For example. For example. 'MM.Table 5-5. Examples The following examples illustrate the J.86399). For example. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. TO_CHAR returns 997. TO_CHAR returns 7. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. and so on. SSSSS. for example D””DDD. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. The function removes the leading digits. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. See the individual functions for more examples. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7.YYYY' ). Week of month (1-5). The function removes the leading digits. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. and YY format strings. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. Entire year portion of date.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. For example. Last three digits of a year. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Week of year (01-53). You might use these symbols to separate date parts. For example. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. Last two digits of a year. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. For example. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997.. Text that displays in the output. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. The function removes the leading digits. Last digit of a year.DD. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . Punctuation that displays in the output. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. TO_CHAR returns 97. RR. For example. For example. TO_CHAR returns 1997. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/.

‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. For example. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates .

If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. if any parts do not match. Hour of day (1-12). If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. where zero is 12AM (midnight). the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. and p.m. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. Hour of day (0-23). the function returns FALSE (0). use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. Day of year (001-366. Name of day. Wednesday). TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. the function returns TRUE (1). p. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. If you omit the format string. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. Day of month (1-31). use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. DD DDD DAY DY HH. Minutes (0-59). IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. a. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date.m.m.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. PM. When you create a TO_DATE expression. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. AM and PM return the same values as do a. including leap years). Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours.. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. Wed). including up to nine characters (for example. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.m.

the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year.Current Year Between 0 and 49.Current Year Between 50 and 99. . the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. representing May 12. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. If it does not. 2020. Case does not matter. 1998. For example. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Use the RR or YY format string instead. Seconds (0-59). The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. August). . If the source string year is between 50 and 99. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. 2034). including up to nine characters (for example. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. For example. Seconds since midnight. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. It ignores the time component of the source string. Month (1-12). Use when source strings include two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. For example. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. Name of month. Modified Julian Day. Four digits of a year. to TO_DATE.Table 5-6. Aug). If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . Case does not matter. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years.

the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. and SSSSS format strings. RR. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.format string. See the individual functions for more examples. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. Tip: By default. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. For example. Likewise. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. Example The following examples illustrate the J. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. The format string is not case-sensitive.

'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . while YY returns the year 1905. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. RR returns the year 2005.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

9999 23:59:59 AD. 31. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. Change one part of a date. SET_DATE_PART. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. Subtract two dates. DATE_DIFF. 1. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

49 . Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. in alphabetical order. see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages.

Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports.

evaluates the AVG expression. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. Function Categories 51 . Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. and returns four values.

the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. 1. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. FALSE.000: MEDIAN( SALARY.35 to 0) for the filter condition. If you do not want to round up a value. For example. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. and MOVINGSUM. MOVINGAVG. or NULL. If the value rounds to zero.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. the filter condition returns FALSE. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. as well as to CUME. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero.5 to 2. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . By default. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the function returns zero. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port of null values. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. For example. 1. 0. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. the function selects all rows in the port. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE.2 to 1. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. the function returns NULL. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search.

Encode strings. UPPER. MIN. LOWER. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. Convert the datatype of an input value. Trim string values. Replace characters in a string.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors.

see “Dates” on page 33. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. extract one part of a date. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. Date format strings are not internationalized. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . However. if you want to pass a string to a date function.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. For a complete list of date format strings. or perform arithmetic on a date. or compare dates. truncate.

if you pass a date with milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 .The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Therefore.

You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. Then at the end of the session. Unless overridden. you use special functions in Expression. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. When you run a workflow. For example. Filter. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. You can nest other functions within special functions. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. and Update Strategy transformations. At the end of the session. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline.

the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. For more information on mapping variables. Function Categories 57 .process that pipeline. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide.

String. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. The string can be any length. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. Generally. assign ABORT as the default value.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. it stops transforming data at that row. You can use ABORT to validate data. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. Return Value NULL. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. including ERROR function calls within an expression. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. For more information on the Abort command. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values.

95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . If you pass a Double. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. Return Value Positive numeric value.95 59. Likewise. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you pass an Integer.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. it returns an Integer. Numeric datatype.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. it returns a Double.

'DD'. Hour. MONTH. 'YY'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Minute. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'SS'. Day. For example. For example. Month. You use the SS format string to set the second. YYY. You can use any of the day format strings: D. DD. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. 'MONTH'. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. or YYYY. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. You use the MI format string to set the minute. 'MI'. HH24. YY. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. HH12. For example. MON. 'HH'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. Seconds. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. DY. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. DDD. and DAY. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port.

for example.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. hours. Passes the values you want to change. Required. format. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM'. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. An integer value specifying the amount of years. For example. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 'MONTH'. and so on by which you want to change the date value. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. days. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. Also note. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. 'MON'. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. months. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Date/Time datatype. Required. 'mm'. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . Enclose the format string within single quotation marks.

'HH'. 'HH24'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. you need to change the hour portion of the date. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. For example. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD'. 'DAY'. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. 'DY'. 'D'. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. which you specify. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. 'HH12'.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. ASCII 63 . If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. before you pass any string value to ASCII. Return Value Integer. For example. however. Normally. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. they will still work correctly. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Character string. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. If you pass a numeric value.535.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. it will still work correctly. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you pass a numeric value. For example. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Character string. Normally. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. A string containing one character. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values.535. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. However.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. You can enter any valid transformation expression. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. CONCAT returns NULL. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. Alternatively. Return Value String. Any datatype (except Binary). NULL if both string values are NULL. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Any datatype (except Binary). If both strings are NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Required.

LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. CONCAT( CHR(39). ' ' ). If you want to add a space between two strings. For example. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 .FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME.

14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Return Value Double value.866025403784421 0.0 0.342020143325593 0.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).951056516295147 0.996194698091745 0. For example. Numeric datatype. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.0 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine.

0 1.0874465864177 19. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0 2.381231106176 1. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Return Value Double value.45 0 0.4435376920294 116.66 5.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine. Numeric datatype. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).897 3.54308063481524 9.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine. For example: COSH( MEASURES.

You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Syntax COUNT( value [. or NULL. Return Value Integer. If you apply the asterisk argument. the function returns 0. this function ignores columns with null values. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). For more information. However. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . this function counts all rows. Nulls If all values are NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. Optional. Alternative. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If you apply the value argument. Any datatype (except Binary). FALSE. Limits the rows in the search.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. Note: By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. Use to count all rows in a transformation. Optionally. Passes the values you want to count. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [.

returning one result for each group.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. The function counts all rows in a transformation. including null values. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . returning one value. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME.

the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. but do not use a filter. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions .In this example. If you include the asterisk argument.

or NULL. Limits the rows in the search. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. However. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. or if no rows are selected (for example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Optional. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. CUME returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if all values in the selected port are NULL. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. CUME 79 . Nulls If a value is NULL. FALSE.

you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise.

1 if the second date is earlier. Date/Time datatype. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. The first date you want to compare. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. 0 if the two dates are equal.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. Required. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Date/Time datatype. The second date you want to compare.

or seconds. Return Value Double value. Required. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Date/Time datatype. 'Mm' or 'mM'. the return value is a positive number. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. or seconds. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. The format string is not case-sensitive. You can request the format to be years. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . You can specify only one part of the date. Zero if the dates are the same. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. For example. months. If date1 is earlier than date2. date2. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. You can enter any valid transformation expression. minutes. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. such as 'mm'. If date1 is later than date2. the return value is a negative number.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. months. Required. days. minutes. You can specify years. hours. days. hours. Date/Time datatype. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1.

5 10.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100.0 2100. DATE_SHIPPED.0 255.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 .5 87. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2. DATE_SHIPPED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0.243279569892366 0.91935483870839 0. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.91935483870839 2.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. second_search. the search does not find a matching value. Any datatype (except Binary). you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. If the function finds the value. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. DECODE 85 . You can enter any valid transformation expression.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. Required. Any datatype (except Binary).. second_result].[. Optional. you may not search for a portion of a value. For example. first_result [.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. first_search. not just 'Halogen'. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. it returns a result value. Syntax DECODE( value. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. The search value must match the value argument exactly. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. If you enter 'Halogen'. Even if multiple conditions are met. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. Any datatype (except Binary). the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Passes the values for which you want to search. Required. which you define. Passes the values you want to search.. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value.

For example. 1. ‘1. ‘Archimedes’. 3. ‘3. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. if at least one result is Double.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. 'Flashlight'.414213562. ‘Pythagoras’. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. 20. When you run a session in high precision mode.141592654’. 10. 1. 5.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. the datatype of the return value is Double.414213562’. 3. 40.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 'Regulator'. ‘Archimedes’. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer.414213562.141592654. 'Knife'.141592654. and the other results are Decimal. The first result is an Integer. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘Pi’. For example. 3. ‘Pythagoras’. 14. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. ‘Pi’. and 3. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. 5. 'Tank'.

Var2 > 30. desired ranges. Var1 < 23.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. was less than 23. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. Var1 = 22.'. Var2 = 49. was more than 30. DECODE 87 . was 49!'. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Variable 2 was more than 30. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. Also.'. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID.

88 Chapter 6: Functions . the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. Generally. For example. you use the ERROR function in an expression. assign ERROR as the default value. and you assign the default value. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. including ERROR function calls within an expression. Return Value String value. The string can be any length.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. to the output port. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. The error message displays in the session log file. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. which you define. ‘1234’. String value. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. For details about using default values. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. It does not skip the row. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. and it does not log an error in the session log.

' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. ERROR ('Error. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. Row skipped. but skip negative values.'.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. Negative salary found. Row skipped. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. Negative salary found.

Return Value Double value.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. EXP(2) returns 7. You can enter any valid transformation expression. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. where e=2.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. For example. rather than business data.71828183. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. The value to which you want to raise e. (The exponent in the equation e^value). Numeric datatype.4657948067 0.38905609893065.135335283236613 5166.

Any datatype (except Binary). NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. FALSE. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. Note: By default. FIRST returns NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Optionally. Nulls If a value is NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. FIRST ignores the row. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. or NULL. For more information. Return Value First value in a group. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. However. Optional. Syntax FIRST( value [. FIRST 91 . FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

00 88.00 8.00 31.00 88. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.00 29. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 29.00 31.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40. returning one result for each group. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 8. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.05 150. returning one value.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.05 150.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. If there is no group by port.

Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.79 125.98 to FLOOR. Likewise. If you pass 3.24 NULL -100. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.12 74. if you pass 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. the function returns 3.14 to FLOOR. if you pass -3.17 to FLOOR. Numeric datatype. For example. For example. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. the function returns 3. the function returns -4. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28.

Date/Time datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. the format strings 'Y'. Therefore. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. The format string is not case-sensitive. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. For example. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. 'YY'.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . Required. 'mm'. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. You can enter any valid transformation expression. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 'YYY'. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. for example.

'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

value1 [. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. Optional. For example. including another IIF expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax IIF( condition. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. Any datatype (except Binary). The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. including another IIF expression. based on the results of a condition.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. Any datatype (except Binary). If you omit value2.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. The condition you want to evaluate. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. For example. IIF( SALES < 50. SALARY3.3333) is a decimal. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. EMP_NAME. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. IIF( SALES < 100. SALARY1. 1. SALARY2. IIF( SALES < 200. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. value2 if the condition is FALSE. BONUS))).Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. the datatype of the return value is Double. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. . For example.

The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. --else for sales over 199. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. DECODE may improve readability. SALES > 199.SALARY1. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. SALARY2. For more information. DD_REJECT. return BONUS) ) ). SALARY3. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. --then return SALARY2. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). --then return SALARY3. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. SALARY1. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. Return Value String. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. carriage return. formfeed. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. newline. the function returns Thomas. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If your data contains multibyte characters. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. tab.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. For example. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. Any datatype (except Binary).

The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. counting from left to right. If the search value appears more than once in the string. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. If you omit this argument. The position in the string where you want to start the search. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. If the start position is a negative number. A positive integer greater than zero. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. The results of the expression must be a character string. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you omit this argument. The string must be a character string. If you want to search for a character string. Optional. counting from left to right. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . Required. search_value [. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. Syntax INSTR( string. if not. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the value you want to evaluate.start [. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. If the start position is zero. If you pass a decimal. The search value is case-sensitive. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. For example. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. For example. the function uses the default value of 1. If the start position is a positive number. Any value. The set of characters you want to search for. If you pass a negative integer or zero. Must be an integer value. the function uses the default value of 1. The default value is 1. for example 'abc'. Optional. Zero if the search is unsuccessful.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. starting at the beginning of each company name. 1. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 'a'. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. starting at the beginning of each company name. -1. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. 'a'. starting from the last character in the company name. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY.

'#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. The following expression evaluates a string. INSTR(CUST_ID.1.' ' . starting from the end of the string.INSTR( CUST_NAME. 1. -1.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY.-1. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions .

Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . For more information. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. see “LENGTH” on page 115. You can enter any valid transformation expression. use LENGTH. Note: To test for empty strings.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. Any datatype (except Binary).

Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. which returns TRUE. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. In the first case. If the strings match the format string. If you omit the format string. so there is no February 29th. Optional. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Must be a string datatype. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. the function returns TRUE (1). If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. which returns false. In most cases. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. However. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. the two format strings return the same values. the function returns FALSE (0). For example. For example. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. year 1900 is not a leap year.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. not the YY format string. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00).IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'.

‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. If it does not. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. If the value is not a valid date. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. and converts each valid date to a date value. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. IS_DATE 105 . IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates.

‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. Therefore.Note that this example returns a Date/Time value.

45E-32’ ‘+3.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. Must be a string datatype. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. IS_NUMBER 107 .45e+32’ ‘+3. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. You can enter any valid transformation expression.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype.

00’ ‘-3.45d-3’ ‘3.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.00 0. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True . the PowerCenter Server returns 0.00 0.00345 0.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).00 0.45e+3’ ‘3.00 0. If the value is not a valid number. For example.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.Windows only) 0 (False .00 0.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).45D-3’ ‘-3. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port. 0.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.45e+3’ ‘-3. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00’ ‘-3. such as TO_FLOAT.

or a vertical tab. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. a newline. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . Must be a string datatype. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. a tab. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. see “LENGTH” on page 115. For more information. A space is a blank space. a carriage return. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. To test for an empty string. use LENGTH. For example. a formfeed. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

column in a target table. you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. '00000'. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions . To do this.

when you configure the PowerCenter Server. For more information. FALSE. the function returns NULL. Optionally. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Return Value Last row in a port. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. or NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Note: By default. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optional.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. Syntax LAST( value [. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. Limits the rows in the search. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. LAST 111 . However. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Any datatype (except Binary).

05 150.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions . ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 8.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.00 29.

LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. LAST_DAY returns NULL. However. If there is no group by port. Null If a value is NULL. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Return Value Date. Date/Time datatype. if all values passed from the port are NULL.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. returning one value. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. returning one result for each group. LAST_DAY ignores the row. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. TO_DATE always includes time information. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE.

see “ISNULL” on page 103. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. String datatype. For details. LENGTH 115 . Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. including trailing blanks. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. The strings you want to evaluate. For details. use ISNULL. use IS_SPACES. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. To test for spaces. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

04082199452026 NULL Error.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. For example. It must be a positive number. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.302585092994 4.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. Return Value Double value.828313737302 -0. Numeric datatype. 116 Chapter 6: Functions .) Error. You can enter any valid transformation expression.098612. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. greater than zero. LN(3)returns 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. Most often. Syntax LOG( base.09 NULL 35. or 1 as a base value. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. The base of the logarithm. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 .78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0.) Error. The exponent of the logarithm. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. exponent Return Value Double value.) Error. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. zero. Required. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. LOG 117 .) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number.

) Argument result Meaning Required.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. search2. search1. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. Specifies the values you want to match to value. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. Required. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. rather than creating Lookup transformations. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions .. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. Syntax LOOKUP( result. You can enter any valid transformation expression. must match search1 datatype. value2]. Datatype that matches the value1. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets.. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. However. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. For more information. value1 [.5 compatibility in the session properties. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. Any datatype (except Binary). Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD.

Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. :TD.PRICE.QTY.PRICE. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.ORDERS.QTY) LOOKUP 119 . :TD. 10.99 15.ORDERS.ITEM_ID.00 15.PRICE. RTRIM( ORDERS.ITEM_NAME. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.PRICE.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values. :TD.SALES. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100. NULL if the search does not find any matching values. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values. :TD.ORDERS.SALES. 15.ORDERS.SALES for a specific item ID and price.ITEM. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD. Error if the search finds more than one matching value. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly. :TD. ORDERS.99 15.ORDERS.ITEM. ORDERS.ITEM.SALES.

Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Any string value. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. If your data contains multibyte characters. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. Return Value Lowercase character string.

Must be a positive integer literal.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. RPAD returns NULL. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. Can be any string value. or if length is a negative number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . If you omit the second_string. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. 6. for example 'abc'. however. LPAD( PART_NUM. You can enter a specific string literal. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. Syntax LPAD( first_string. length [. Can be a character string. Optional. The strings you want to change. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. This argument is case-sensitive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. When length is a negative number.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be.

') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions .*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *. -5. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. LPAD truncates the string from right to left. 5.**Compass Regulator System *. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.LPAD counts the length from left to right...*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. LPAD(‘alphabetical’... For example. '. 16.Flashlight *..**.**. '*. If the first string is longer than the length.

not 'a'. for example.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. If the trim_set is NULL.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. You can also enter a character string. Then it returns the string. character-by-character. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. LTRIM removes both single. Optional. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. starting with the left side of the string. 'abc'. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. Any string value. however. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. Any string value. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax LTRIM( string [. Most often. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. with any matching characters removed. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. you would enter 'A'. LTRIM 123 . LTRIM removes it. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. In ASCII mode. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the strings you want to modify. If you omit the second string. the function returns NULL. trim_set Return Value String.

Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . LTRIM removes it. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). Bender. This is because LTRIM searches. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. but not the period from H. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. For example.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. MacDonald Sawyer H. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. character-by-character. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H.’ from S. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. Bender. In the example of H. and so on. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. 'S. LTRIM removes it.

Limits the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. FALSE. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. Syntax MAX( date [. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. For more information. Return Value Date. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optional. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. or if no rows are selected (for example. or NULL. Date/Time datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 .

Limits the rows in the search. Optional. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. FALSE. Note: By default. if all values passed from the port are NULL. or NULL. MAX returns NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Return Value Numeric value. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. Numeric datatype. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. the function returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. For more information. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. However. MAX ignores it. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Nulls If a value is NULL. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. However. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

returning one value.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 PRICE 10.00 85. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85. returning one result for each group.00 162. MAX treats all rows as one group.00 55.00 360.00 79.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 . If there is no group by port.

MEDIAN returns NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. or NULL. If there is an odd number of values in the port. If there is an even number of values in the port. the function returns NULL.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Numeric value. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. For more information. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If a value is NULL. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Note: By default. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Optionally. FALSE. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). if all values passed from the port are NULL. MEDIAN ignores the row. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. Numeric datatype. However. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. However. the median is the middle number. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. Limits the rows in the search. Optional.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE.

NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. However. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. or if no rows are selected (for example. Note: By default. Nulls If a single value is NULL. or NULL. Limits the rows in the search.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. the function returns NULL. Return Value Numeric value. FALSE. MIN returns NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. For more information. MIN ignores it. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Numeric datatypes. However. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. MIN (Numbers) 135 .

00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .00 55.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 85.00 360. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10. returning one value. If there is no group by port.00 79.00 162. MIN treats all rows as one group.00 PRICE 10. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE. returning one result for each group.

The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. PowerCenter Server does not write row. The values you want to divide.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error.00 9. The divisor cannot be zero. Numeric datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. Required. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. QTY ) PRICE 10. The numeric value you want to divide by. MOD 137 . MOD(8.00 15.00 12.00 NULL 20. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. Syntax MOD( numeric_value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.00 25.5) returns 3.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation.

If the quantity is zero. QTY )) PRICE 10. you can create an expression similar to the following. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25.00 NULL 20.00 15.00 12. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero.00 25. IIF( QTY = 0. NULL. To avoid dividing by zero.00 9. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero.The last row (25.

5). However. the function returns NULL. Required. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. MOVINGAVG 139 . Optionally. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. FALSE. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. or NULL. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatype. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. rowset [. if all values are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. five rows at a time. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data.

and thereafter.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. based on the first five rows in the Sales port.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. 245. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245.8 based on rows 2 through 6. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. 140 Chapter 6: Functions .

rowset [. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. Limits the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. 5 ) Optional. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. or NULL. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. Required. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. Optionally. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. if all values are NULL. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. FALSE. MOVINGSUM 141 . Numeric datatype. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. five rows at a time. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum.

based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. and thereafter. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5.

PERCENTILE ignores the row. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Integer between 0 and 100. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. For more information. or if no rows are selected (for example. inclusive. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If a value is NULL. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. Required. if all values in a group are NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. However. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. See the following equation for more details. Limits the rows in the search. However. when PERCENTILE 143 . or NULL. percentile [. Optional. Note: By default. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. FALSE. Optionally. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. Numeric datatype. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. PERCENTILE returns NULL.

you configure the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. returning one result for each group. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If there is no group by port. returning one value. If i is an integer value. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. If i < 1. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.

SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 NULL 55000.0 48000.0 100000.0 27900.0 99000. 75.0 85000.0 9000.0 86000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.

exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required. This argument is the exponent value.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 -3. Numeric value.00137174211248285 0.0 5.0 6.5 NULL 10.0 5. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.00137174211248285 729.5 3. If the base value is negative. If the base value is negative. Required. Syntax POWER( base.0 3.5 2.265625 982.0 6.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 729. the exponent must be an integer.594307804838 NULL NULL 0. This argument is the base value.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 3. the exponent must be an integer. In this case. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.0 NULL -6.0 EXPONENT 2.0 -3. Numeric value.0 -3.0 -6.

0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. If the base is negative.5. POWER 147 .0 raised to 5. the exponent must be an integer. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.Note that -3.

Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. an empty string. Must be an integer. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. the function is case-sensitive. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. If NewChar contains more than one character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. Required. You can enter one character. NULL if InputString is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. REPLACECHR returns InputString. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. If you pass a numeric value. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. the function converts it to a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'abc'. You can enter one or more characters. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. OldCharSet. Passes the string you want to search. the function is not case-sensitive. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. If NewChar is NULL or empty. or NULL. REPLACECHR returns NULL. the function converts it to a character string. Required. If InputString is NULL.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Must be a character string. The characters you want to replace. If you pass a numeric value. InputString. for example.

1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.html HTTP/1.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 . WEBLOG.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index. ‘]["’.html HTTP/1.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘A’. WEBLOG.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE.1" GET /companyinfo/index.1 GET /companyinfo/index. ‘"’.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index. ‘A’.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.

NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . The following expression removes multiple characters.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘A’. see “CHR” on page 68. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. INPUT. CHR(39). for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. INPUT. CUSTOMER_CODE. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. including the single quote. you must use the CHR function. ‘14’.

Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. Required. multiple characters. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. Must be an integer. REPLACESTR returns InputString. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. 'abc'. Must be a character string. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. OldString1. REPLACESTR returns NULL. Required.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. an empty string. If you pass a numeric value. the function is case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. Passes the strings you want to search. You must enter at least one OldString argument. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. REPLACESTR 151 . or NULL. the function converts it to a character string. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. OldStringN. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. If NewString is NULL or empty. . etc. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function converts it to a character string. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. The string you want to replace. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag... That is. For more information. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString. Must be a character string. or no character. the function is not case-sensitive. [OldString2. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. If you pass a numeric value. When REPLACESTR replaces a string.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. multiple characters. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. You can enter one character. If InputString is NULL. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. see the examples. Must be a character string.

MRS. TITLE. ‘ HTTP/1.1" GET /companyinfo/index. ‘iss’. ‘s. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘iss’. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions .html /companyinfo/index. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. MRS.1’.html HTTP/1. TITLE.’ ) TITLE Mrs.’ ) TITLE Mrs. Ms. RETURN VALUE Ms. INPUT. Miss Mr.’. RETURN VALUE Ms.’.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘ab’. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. ‘s. MRS. ‘rs. Ms. ‘rs. Mr. WEBLOG.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.NULL if InputString is NULL. ‘"’. ‘bc’. ‘GET ’.html /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.

The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. CONCAT(CHR(39). CONCAT( CHR(39). For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. ‘ab’. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. INPUT. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. REPLACESTR 153 . Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. ‘bc’. INPUT. ‘s’ )). ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. CONCAT(‘it’. you must use the CHR function. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal.

the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. For example. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. and sets the time to 00:00:00. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. For example. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. For example. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. Month. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. If the month is between July and December. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. Minute. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). You can also use ROUND to round numbers. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. Day. the function returns January 1 of the input year. Hour. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. For example. If the month is between January and June. For example. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00.

Date/Time datatype. If you omit the format string. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Enter a valid format string. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 .Syntax ROUND( date [. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can round only one portion of the date. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Optional. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

For example.99. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. truncating the decimal portion of the number.0 and ROUND(15. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . -1) returns 20.8) returns 13. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. ROUND(12. Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. For example.4. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. If you enter a positive precision.99) returns 13. 1) returns 15.44. ROUND(12. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. 1) returns 13. For example. If you enter a negative precision. 0. If one of the arguments is NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.99. returning an integer. If you enter decimal precision. You can also use ROUND to round dates.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places.99. ROUND returns NULL.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. For example. the function rounds to the nearest integer.99. ROUND(12. ROUND(12. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. Optional. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. If you omit the precision argument.0 because the function rounds 0. Numeric datatype. Positive or negative integer.

0 -100.0 57.99 -15.99 -18.0 56.0 -19.8 ) PRICE 12. ROUND( PRICE.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.99 56.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.8678 56.0 1400.99 1435.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.994 15. -2 ) PRICE 13242.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.99 -108. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.0 -16.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.868 56.9949 -18.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.9936 15.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.995 -18.99 56. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions . 3 ) PRICE 12. 0.

When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. This may not be the result you expect. To achieve the expected result. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . For example. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE.

..RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. For example.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight... RPAD returns NULL. RPAD truncates the string from right to left..... Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. 5. appending the string '. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. for example.. So. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. 16. Specifies the length you want each string to be. '. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. 'abc'. Must be a positive integer literal. You can enter any valid transformation expression. RPAD counts the length from left to right. Optional. Return Value String of the specified length.. Syntax RPAD( first_string. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’. length [. Any string value. Any string value. RPAD(‘alphabetical’. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . Compass. This argument is casesensitive.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. if the first string is longer than the length.. When length is a negative number. or if length is a negative number... If you omit the second string. Regulator System Safety Knife. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.. Required. The strings you want to change...

'..**. appending the string ‘*. Compass*. 16.** Regulator System Safety Knife*.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .....*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. '*.**.* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. -5..

you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Passes the values you want to trim. You can enter any valid transformation expression. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. 'abc'. It returns the string. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. Any string value. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . In ASCII mode. trim_set Return Value String. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. You can also enter a text literal.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. starting with the right side of the string. Optional. If you omit the second string. character-by-character. with any matching characters removed. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. Any string value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax RTRIM( string [. RTRIM removes both single. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. for example. however. RTRIM removes it.

character-by-character. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. however. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. If. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. RTRIM removes it. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. For example. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. and so on. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. 't' ) RTRIM 163 .Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. This is because RTRIM searches. the last character in the string does not match. In the last example. RTRIM removes it.

At the end of the session. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Returns the new current value. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . Unless overridden. For details on mapping variables. At the end of a successful session. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. The session is configured for a test load. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. The session is a debug session. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion.

decreases the count for each deleted row. It increases the count by one for each inserted row..) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. Supply. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 . The next time the session runs. Darkroom Co. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition.Return Value The current value of the variable.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. Darkroom Co. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd..

and November) in the value argument. 'DD'. HH24) to set the hour. Seconds. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. For example. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Minute. HH12. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. June. For example. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Hour. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. and DAY) to set the day. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 'MONTH'. For example. MON. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. April. You use the MI format string to set the minute. YYY. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. YY. For example. DY. Day. For example. DD. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. 'HH'. 'SS'. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. DDD. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. September.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. 'YY'. You can use any of the month format strings (D. or YYYY to set the year. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Month. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. 'MI'. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. MONTH to set the month. 12=12PM. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You use the SS format string to set the second. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE.

16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. The date you want to modify. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. 'HH24'. 'HH12'. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Required. The format string is not case-sensitive. February 30). format. Date/Time datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the session fails. 'HH'. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. If you enter an improper value (for example. Required.

2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 'MONTH'. 'YYYY'.MM'. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'YYY'. 'MON'. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 'YYYY'. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 1998). 'MM'. 'DD'. 'Y'. For example. 'YY'.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 7). 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.

The session is a debug session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. At the end of a successful session.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. For details on mapping variables. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . Returns the new current value. Unless overridden. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. At the end of the session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. The session is configured for a test load. When used with a string mapping variable. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository.

For example. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. The return value is the new current value of the variable. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. Then. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. Required. it saves the largest value to the repository. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. The next time the session runs. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . Name of the mapping variable you want to set. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

The session is configured for a test load. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Returns the new current value. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. For details on mapping variables. At the end of a successful session.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. When used with a string mapping variable. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Unless overridden. The session is a debug session. At the end of the session.

the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.00 22.00 22.50 22. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.00 22. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.50 22.00 22. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23.00 24. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.25 22. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.25 24.00 At the end of the session.75 23. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .00 22.75 25. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.50 27. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.50 22.00 MIN_PRICE 22.00’. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.00 26. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. The return value is the new current value of the variable. The next time the session runs. Required. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.50 22.50. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice.

00 22. Then. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.50 22. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22. For example.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. it saves the smallest value to the repository.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions .

Unless overridden. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. The session is configured for a test load. Required. For details on mapping variables. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. Returns the specified value. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. it saves a final current value to the repository. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. SETVARIABLE 175 . SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. At the end of a successful session. The session is a debug session. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.

43 323. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session.50 116.23 699.Return Value Current value of the variable. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. The next time the session runs. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .01 97.50 116.43 323. The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session.23 699. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.01 97.

Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. 0 for 0. NULL if NULL. Return Value -1 for negative values.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. Passes the values you want to evaluate.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. 1 for positive values. or 0. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. negative. Numeric value.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions . You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation.0871557427476639 0.50000000000003 0.309016994374967 0. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. Numeric datatype. Return Value Double value.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.939692620785936 0. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).

SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value. For example: SINH( MEASURES. You can enter any valid transformation expression.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric datatype. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).897 3. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.66 5.45 0 0. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.03225804884884 19.1752011936438 9.376934801486 0.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 . Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine. Return Value Double value.4178051793031 116.0 0.0 2.

S. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. U. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. For example. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. J. I. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. Skips numbers in string. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). F. For example. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. Q. E. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . P. For example. T L M. For example. V C. Z D. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. X. For example. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. O. K. and encodes it in uppercase. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. H. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. G. If string encodes to less than four characters.

or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. Must be a character string. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . Passes the string value you want to encode. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value String. string is empty. You can enter any valid transformation expression.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL.

Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. 182 Chapter 6: Functions .54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. Positive numeric value. If you pass a negative value or character value. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. Return Value Double value. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. NULL 7. PowerCenter Server does not write row.

and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. STDDEV 183 .STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. However. Note: By default. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the function returns NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FALSE. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Numeric datatypes. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. For more information. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. STDDEV returns NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Nulls If a single value is NULL. STDDEV ignores it. Limits the rows in the search. However. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. or NULL. if all values are NULL. You can use operators to average values in different ports. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. or if no rows are selected (for example.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

0 2198. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198. SALES > 2000. the return value is zero. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists). STDDEV treats all rows as one group.0 153.0 NULL 8953.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .88 3001.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.0 1010.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 ) SALES 2198.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.90 2256.90 and 153. returning one value. If there is no standard deviation.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010. returning one result for each group.0 2198. If there is no group by port.0 2198.000.

The position in the string where you want to start counting. If you pass a decimal. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. SUBSTR counts all characters. Must be an integer greater than zero. Syntax SUBSTR( string. If you pass a negative integer or zero. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. start length Return Value String. Must be a character string. If the start position is a positive number. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. the function converts it to a character string. If you omit the length argument. SUBSTR 185 . start [. the function returns an empty string. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. Passes the strings you want to search. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. Optional. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. starting at the beginning of the string. If the start position is zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. including blanks.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. Must be an integer. If the start position is a negative number. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return.

The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 1. -8. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 0. 5. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port.

1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.' ' .The following expression evaluates a string.INSTR( CUST_NAME. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string.-1. 8) returns ‘cd’. INSTR(CUST_ID. -2. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. 2. starting from the end of the string.1. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. INSTR(CUST_ID.1 ) . '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. SUBSTR 187 . 1.

Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. if all values passed from the port are NULL. the function returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. Passes the values you want to add. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can use operators to add values in different ports. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If a single value is NULL.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Numeric datatype. For more information. Optional. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. SUM ignores it. However. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. Note: By default. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. or NULL. Optionally. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). FALSE. SUM returns NULL.

0 1900.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. SUM treats all rows as one group.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .0 4519. If there is no group by port.0 NULL 3458. returning one value. returning one result for each group. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE . SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.0 1200.

Return Value Double value. Numeric datatype. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.577350269189672 0.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .0874886635259298 0. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3.19175359259435 0.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent.324919696232929 57. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2. You can enter any valid transformation expression.74747741945531 1.

345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0. Numeric datatype. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.993926947790665 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0 0.0 2.999963084213409 0.761594155955765 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent. Return Value Double value. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 . You can enter any valid transformation expression.66 5.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).998676551914886 0.897 3.45 0 0.

TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. If you omit the format string. Return Value String.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Date/Time datatype.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. not the format for the values in the date argument. The format string defines the format of the return value. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. Optional.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

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195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

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197

use either the RR or YY format string. Optional. see “Requirements” on page 44. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . Do not use the YYYY format string. If you omit the format string. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. For example. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. Must be a string datatype. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. Return Value Date.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. If it does not. For details on the TO_DATE format string. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00.

'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. TO_DATE 199 . The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. If you run a session in the twentieth century. If you run a session in the twentieth century.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. PowerCenter Server skips this row. the century will be 19. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. the century will be 19.

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.

‘MON DD YYYY’).‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test second format. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). For example: DECODE( TRUE. you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . ‘MON DD YYYY’).‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. if true. if true. --if true. --test third format. ‘MM’ ).If your target accepts different date formats.

Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals.348' NULL 'A12. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Must be a string or numeric datatype. inclusive. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions .679 60. Optional.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.200 118.2' '118.6789' '60. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. If you omit this argument. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. inclusive.

Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.6789' '60. Passes the values you want to convert to double values.6789 60. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 . TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces. Return Value Double value.2' '118. You can enter any valid transformation expression.2 118. Must be a string or numeric datatype.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).348' NULL 'A12. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.

Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. The flag must be an integer literal. You can enter any valid transformation expression. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero.348' NULL 'A12. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.2' '118.6789' '60. or if you omit this argument.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions .3Grove' ‘ 123.6789’ ‘-15. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. Optional. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. String or numeric datatype. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer.

6789’ ‘-15.348' NULL 'A12. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.6789' '60.2' '118.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.3Grove' ‘ 123.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.

day. For example. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. Minute. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. Hour. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. If you truncate the day portion of a date. For example. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. Enter a valid format string. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. The format string is not case-sensitive. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. Day. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. hour. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. setting it to 00:00:00. For example. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. the function truncates the time portion of the date. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. Month. For example. The date values you want to truncate. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. If you truncate the month portion of a date. If you omit the format string. For example. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. Optional. or minute. Date/Time datatype. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. month. If you truncate the year portion of the date.

'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

If you pass a decimal precision value. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. precision If precision is a positive integer. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Numeric datatype. Passes the values you want to truncate. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. If precision is a negative integer. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. If you omit the precision argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Optional. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value Numeric value. Can be a positive or negative integer. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [.

992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.999 -18.9995 -18.0 15. -1 ) PRICE 12.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.956 15.9563 15.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 1230.8652 56.99 56.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .99 -18. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 56.95 1235.0 -18.0 50.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.95 15.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 -187.86 56.865 56.0 -180.

Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If your data contains multibyte characters. Return Value Uppercase string. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . String datatype. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Return Value Double value. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. the variance is 0. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. FALSE. Numeric datatype. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. For more information. If n is 1. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. or if no rows are selected (for example.

Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one result for each group. or if no rows are selected.0 3001. the function returns NULL.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . VARIANCE returns NULL. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. returning one value.Nulls If a single value is NULL. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. VARIANCE ignores it. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. if all values passed to the function are NULL.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. If there is no group by port.0 2256. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.0 NULL 8953. If there is not a group by port. Note: By default. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. However. returning one value. However. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

220 Date Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 225 Special Functions. 215 . 222 Numeric Functions. 216 Character Functions. 227 Variable Functions. 228 For details on each function.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. 217 Conversion Functions. 226 Test Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions.

or earliest date. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. Returns the maximum value. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. Returns the variance of all records in a group. Returns the first record in a group. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Returns the minimum value.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. found in a group. Returns the number of records with non-null value. Returns the last record in a group. Returns the sum of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. found in a group. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Available in the Designer. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. or latest date. Available in the Designer. percentile [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the standard deviation for a group.

In ASCII mode. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. however. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search_value [. start [. OldCharSet. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. length [. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. including trailing blanks. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. to set a string to a specified length. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Returns the number of characters in a string. Returns the position of a character set in a string. it will still work correctly. Concatenates two strings. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldString1. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldStringN. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. start [. length [.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string.. Returns a portion of a string. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. or no character. .Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . [OldString2.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal.

length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. OldStringN. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldString1. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. search_value [. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Returns whether a value is a valid date. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Replaces characters in a string with a single character.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. or no character. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Available in the Designer. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [.. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Returns whether a value is NULL. start [. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Rounds one part of a date. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. or minute. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. minutes. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the earliest date found in a group. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or seconds). format. filter_condition ) MIN( date. date2. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. hours. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. value ) TRUNC( date [. format. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. months. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. Truncates dates to a specific year. Returns the length of time between two dates. measured in the specified increment (years. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. Returns the latest date found in a group. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. day. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. hour. month. days. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent).71828183. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. or 0. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. where e=2. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. recordset [. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. negative. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent.

TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value.

Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

search2. value1 [. second_search. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. first_search. Returns one of two values you specify. IIF IIF( condition. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. Searches a port for the specified value. first_result [. search1. Available in the Designer. second_result ]…[. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. value2 [. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. based on the results of a condition.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Test Functions 227 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL.

Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Available in the Designer. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. Returns the new current value. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the specified value. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable.

Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 120. 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 211 229 .

72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 68 capitalization 99. 160 ASCII characters 63. 68. 120. 180 removing from strings 123. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 211 counting 185 encoding 130.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121.

SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130. 180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .

flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 216 categories 50 character 52. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 223 scientific 55. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 217 conversion 53. 220 date 54. 225 special 55. 226 test 56. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 219 data cleansing 53.

73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116.Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69.

null values aggregate functions 18. 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index .

return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 . 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.

188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 120. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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