Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
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Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. ... .. . . . .. . ... .. . .. 4-1. . . .. . . .. . 3-2. . . . 40 . 36 . . . . 3-3. .. .. . .. . . . . . Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 . .. . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . 5-3. . . . . . . .. . .. . .. . 25 . . . . . . 23 . . . . .. . . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings .. . . . . . . . .. . .... . . .. . 5-6. . . . . . . . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 .. . . . . 36 ... METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . .. ... . . . . 2-1. . . 3-4. . . . . . . 5-5. . . .. . .. . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants .. . . . . . . . . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . .... .. ... . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . .. . . . . . RR Format String Conversions . . . . .. . . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . .. . ... . . . .. . . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix .. . . . . . 39 . .... . . . .. . . . .. 39 . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . .. 5-4. . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . 3-1. . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . .. 26 . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . . 5-2. . . . . . . . . . .. .. ... TO_CHAR Format Strings. 6-2. 6-1. . . . . 5-1. . . . . . . . . 18 . . 6 .. . . . . . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . .. . . . . .

x List of Tables .

transforming. data synchronization. including extracting. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. usable. and information hubs. loading. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. and efficient manner. and support high-speed loads. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. data migration.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. handle complex transformations on the data. and managing data. xi .

sessions. Define mapping.1. session. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. You can define default mapping. and MELCOM-kana. Session enhancement. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse.0. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. Flat file partitioning. Row Uniqueness function. 7. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. pmcmd. Profile mapping display in the Designer. JEF-kana. and workflow prefixes.1. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. When you use a local parameter file. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. and 7. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source.1. session. xii Preface . ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. the rows that meet the business rule. Domain Inference function tuning. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. such as JIPSEkana. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. Verbose data enhancements.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. PowerCenter 7.1.1. a specified percentage of data.1. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows.

target.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. You do not need to know a database user name and password. Depending on the loader you use. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. DB2. or PDF. When you export metadata. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. On SuSE Linux. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. you can also override the error. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. Reserved word support. Oracle. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. GIF. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. On SuSE Linux. You can attach document types such as XML. log. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. If the file exists. it searches for reswords. Preface xiii .♦ SuSE Linux support. targets. ♦ SuSE Linux support. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. such as Business Objects Designer. Teradata external loader. Oracle. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. reswords. and Sybase repositories. containing reserved words. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. you can connect to IBM. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. JPEG. you can create and maintain a file. DB2. you can connect to IBM. If any source. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. you can now override the control file.txt. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. and repositories using native drivers. and Sybase sources. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools.

Prepackaged domains. and Transformation Guide. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. and options. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. and partitions in the session.0 Web Services Hub Guide. Workflow Administration Guide. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. Creating auto profile enhancements. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. Aggregator function in auto profiles. Source View in the Profile Manager. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. You store xiv Preface .1. It also includes information from the version 7. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. connectivity. PowerCenter 7. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. You can also pivot the view row. targets. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. Informatica provides licenses for product. resize columns in a report. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. XML User Guide. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function.♦ Pipeline partitioning.

This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. Partitioning enhancements. delete repository details. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. Increased repository performance. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. If you have the Partitioning option. You can use pmrep to back up. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. Object import and export enhancements. workflow and session log history. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. and delete a folder. truncate log files. and the command line program. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . This improves processing performance for most sessions. MX views. pmrep. and deploy group history. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. modify. disable. upgrade. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. pmlic.1 MX views in its schema. delete a relational connection from a repository. You can choose to skip MX data. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. back up. or enable a repository. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. the PowerCenter Server Setup. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. or restore a repository. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). and restore repositories. You can also use pmrep to create.the license keys in a license key file. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time.

or a collection of all older versions of objects. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. Enhanced printing. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. ♦ xvi Preface . such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. the latest version of checked in objects. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. Custom transformation API enhancements. Also. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. Midstream XML transformations. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. such as data stored in a CLOB column. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. The quality of printed workspace has improved. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. The query can return local objects that are checked out. Union transformation. You can now perform lookups on flat files. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. Web Services Hub. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects.

including relational sources or targets. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. or schema files. You can create views. Midstream XML transformations. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. You can also extract data from messaging systems. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. XML workspace. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. DTD files. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. Synchronizing XML definitions. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. It displays folders alphabetically. and define relationships between views. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. add or delete columns from views. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. XML files. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. targets. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. Additional options for XML definitions. When you create views with entity relationships. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. When you import XML definitions. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. In a view with hierarchy relationships. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. For more informations. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii .

DTD files. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. Support for multiple XML output files.” Upgrading metadata. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. detect data patterns. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. After you create a profiling warehouse.♦ Support for circular references. User-defined commits. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. For example. and evaluate join criteria. suggest candidate keys. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. Installation and Configuration Guide. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. − − PowerCenter 7. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . you can determine implicit data type. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. PowerCenter now supports XML files.0. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. Increased performance for large XML targets.

External loading enhancements. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. source and target tables. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. The Metaphone function encodes string values. worklets. mappings. you can now choose to load from staged files. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading.0 metadata. such as workflows. Functions ♦ Soundex.1. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. If you purchase the Server Grid option. Distributed processing. Metaphone. Metadata analysis. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. server load. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. session errors. When using external loaders on UNIX. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. In a server grid. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. Row error logging. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. You can create a control file containing installation information. and transformations. session completion status.objects impacted by the upgrade process. When using external loaders on Windows. and warehouse growth. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. including session load time. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8.

When you select data driven loading. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. importing. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. exporting. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. pmrep commands. or delete data. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. Use Repository Manager privilege. privileges. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. If you use LDAP. Additionally. Audit trail. upsert. You can also use pmrep to run queries. Concurrent processing. such as the Aggregator transformation. checking in. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . such as copy object. Trusted connections. You can choose to insert. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. or update. and listing objects. deploying. The repository maintains a status for each user. Real time processing enhancements. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. groups. When you log in to the repository. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. You can track changes to repository users. delete. and change object status. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. update. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. maintain labels. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication.

and the properties a mapping developer can modify. the colors. You can also compare different versions of the same object. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. You can compare tasks. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. Delete or purge a version. Unlike copying a folder. track changes. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository.audit trail log contains information. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. sessions. control development on the object. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. and adding or removing privileges. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. worklets. Check out and check in versioned objects. ♦ Joiner transformation. Deployment. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. adding or removing a user or group. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . and workflows in the Workflow Manager. Compare objects. you can purge it from the repository. You can specify the icons used for transformation. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. such as changes to folder properties. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. When you create a Custom transformation template. If you want to permanently remove an object version.

You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. to other folders. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. You can make a private query. declare multiple namespaces. Labels. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. XML target enhancements. Comparing objects. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. and to different repositories. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. Increased performance for large XML files. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. Within the Designer. improve query results. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can copy objects within folders. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. use XPath to locate XML nodes.♦ Deployment groups. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. When you process an XML file or stream. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. or you can share it with all users in the repository. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. format your XML file output for increased readability. XPath support. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. Track changes to an object. ♦ xxii Preface . You can save queries for later use. Queries. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. increase performance for large XML files. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session.

workflows. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. you can refresh a session mapping. View dependencies. You can validate sessions. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. Enhanced partitioning interface. expressions. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. Revert to saved. When you do this. targets. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. Validate multiple objects. The Designer propagates ports. When you edit a port in a mapping. Enhanced validation messages. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. and worklets. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager.♦ Change propagation. such as sources. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. or workflows. mappings. mappings. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . mapplets. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. Refresh session mappings. In the Workflow Manager.

mapplets. Repository Guide. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. and transformations. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. and Metadata Web Services. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. XSD. or DTD files. Includes information to help you create mappings. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. folders. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. and relational or other XML definitions. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Designer Guide. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Transformation Guide. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. users. such as creating and maintaining repositories. groups. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Getting Started. Transformation Language Reference. and load data into JMS messages.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. XML User Guide. Workflow Administration Guide. extract data from JMS messages. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. build mappings. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. and permissions and privileges. Installation and Configuration Guide. including details on environment variables and database connections. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. Batch Web Services. Web Services Provider Guide. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Troubleshooting Guide.

This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. The following paragraph provides additional facts. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. unless you follow the specified procedure.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. Emphasized subjects. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . The following paragraph provides suggested uses. relational database concepts. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. This is a code example. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. The material in this book is available for online use. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values.

access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). user group information.com.com. the Informatica Knowledgebase.informatica. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. as well as literature and partner information. its background. and implementation services.com.informatica. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. This journal provides solutions to common tasks. please email webzine@informatica. The site contains product information. upcoming events. detailed descriptions of specific features. the Informatica Webzine. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. and locating your closest sales office. The site contains information about Informatica. Informatica Webzine. and access to the Informatica user community. training and education.com.informatica. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my.com xxvi Preface . newsletters. To register for an account. You will also find product information. go to http://my. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer.informatica. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. If you have any questions.

.5:30 p.m.m. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.m.m. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.385.5:30 p.m.m.com.5:30 p. market.213.m. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.6 p. Redwood City.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a.563. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.The site contains information on how to create. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a. . (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a. WebSupport requires a user name and password.6332 or 650. .5:30 p. . . CA 94063 Phone: 866.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd.m.m. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a. .m. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd. You can request a user name and password at http://my.m. (local time) Preface xxvii .informatica.m.m.m.5 p. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a. White Waltham Maidenhead. . and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces. .m. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica.5 p.5800 Fax: 650.m.5:30 p.9489 Hours: 6 a.

xxviii Preface .

It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions. 9 Reserved Words. 2 Expression Syntax.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 1 . see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions.

Local and system variables. or compare data. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. For more information. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Workflow variables. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. Constants. For details.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. combine data. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. Return values. such as the system date. Operators. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. Mapping parameters and variables. You can also create local variables in transformations. and External Procedure transformations. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. such as a state sales tax rate. Stored Procedure. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. such as TRUE.

such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. “>>>>”. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. You can create an expression as simple as a port. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. For example. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. Then. or a numeric literal. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. such as 10. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. such as ORDERS. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. For example. For example. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. during a workflow. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. not byte-oriented.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 .

The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server. not the number of bytes. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .string.

or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. On the other hand. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. input/output.Status). variable) String literals. but the transformation language does not.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. while SQL does not. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. it is not exactly like SQL. For example. or a numeric literal (such as 10). Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 .

lookup_transformation(argument1. [. :TD.. The general syntax is: :LKP.5 expressions only). :SD Optional (PowerMart 3.SALES. :TD. The general syntax is: :EXT. argument2. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition.5 LOOKUP function.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark. For example. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD. .stored_procedure_transformation( argument1.sequence_generator_transformation.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation. 10. The general syntax is: :SP.PRICE.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation..Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation.source_table. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.SALES.external_procedure_transformation(argument1. argument2.ITEM_NAME. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1.. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. The general syntax is: :SEQ. argument2. 15.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote.. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3.SALES.ITEM_ID. The general syntax is: :SD. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition. . PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.

For example. For details on workflow variables. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. Lookup transformation. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. If you pass a literal value to a function. Just type the number you want to include. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. create separate Aggregator transformations. For example. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. You cannot add an integer and a string. For example: . 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. External Procedure transformation. not a string. as the start position. or the results of another expression. literal string or number. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions.). General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. For example. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. ‘1’. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. Except for literals. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. functions. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. Separate each argument in a function with a comma.4 = ‘123. mapping parameters and variables. local and system variables.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. Stored Procedure transformation. The colon (:). comma (.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. the expression 123. Except for literals. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. and period (. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. variable.

♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. which allow only one nested aggregate function). The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function.

If you do not want to embed comments.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -. For example. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. as in: -.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. if you want to concatenate two strings. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 .First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. since the last line is not a valid expression. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers.

are reserved for specific functions. and system variables. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . operators. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. such as constants.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language.

17 TRUE. 16 NULL. 12 DD_INSERT. 15 FALSE. 14 DD_UPDATE.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 13 DD_REJECT. 19 11 .

It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. DD_DELETE. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. When you run a workflow. 2. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression.

it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. ORDERS. 'DD' ). DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. DD_INSERT. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. the expression flags the records for rejection. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. returning the difference between the two dates. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0.DD_REJECT. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. When you run a workflow. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. If the result is 2 or less. If the result is greater than 2.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. 0. Using DATE_DIFF.NAME = 'Alex'.NAME = 'Alex'. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. 0 ) > 2. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value.DATE_SHIPPED. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion.

select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3.SALES > 0. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. 0. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. DD_REJECT. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). so it includes only positive values. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. DD_INSERT.SALES > 0. When you run a workflow. If you flag a record as reject. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file.

0 ) > 2. it flags the records for update. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. When you run a workflow. Using DATE_DIFF.NAME = 'Alex'. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. If the result is greater than 2. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 1. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag.NAME = 'Alex'. If the result is 2 or less.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. otherwise. The mapping loads sales for one employee. ORDERS. returning the difference between the two dates. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . DD_UPDATE. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. 'DD' ). DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. DD_REJECT. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE.DATE_SHIPPED. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. the expression flags the records for rejection.

'Variable 1 was 22!'.'.'. Var1 = 22. Var2 > 30. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var1 < 23. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . Var2 = 49. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression.'Variable 2 was 49!'. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.

Although you can write expressions that return nulls. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. see “Functions” on page 49. !=. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. ^=. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. it might return zero or NULL. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. However. Functions can handle nulls differently. or it might ignore null values. <. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. <= For example. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. For details on how each function handles null values. For example. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . If you pass a null value to a function. For more information.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. <>. >. >=. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. Therefore.

For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the function does not select the record. MOVINGAVG. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. use the ISNULL function. However. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 .NULL To test for nulls. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. For example. and MOVINGSUM. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. which returns zero). Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. as well as CUME. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. the function returns NULL.

'.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var2 = 49.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. Var1 = 22. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE.') TRUE 19 .'Variable 2 was 49!'. Var1 < 23. Var2 > 30.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

25 Logical Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators. 26 21 . It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 24 Comparison Operators. 23 String Operators.

less than or equal to. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. 2. not equal to. subtraction. greater than. modulus. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. >= =. The logical NOT operator. When expressions contain parentheses. /. not equal to. Unary plus and minus. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. used when specifying conditions. The logical AND operator. the equation 8 + 5 . >. depending on how you nest the operations. Equal to. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . % +. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. *. greater than or equal to. used when specifying conditions. !=. 4. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. Multiplication. The logical OR operator. division.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . || <. Table 3-1. Less than. For example. not equal to. Concatenate. <>.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. 3. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. Addition. <=.

subtraction. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. Multiplication. Addition. To perform arithmetic on date values. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. Unary minus indicates a negative value. the function returns NULL. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. Arithmetic Operators 23 . The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. The expression 1. To concatenate strings. modulus. For example. use the string operator ||. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. For further information on built-in date functions. division. /. For example. *.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. use the date functions. Unary plus indicates a positive value. % +. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. Meaning Unary plus and minus. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47.

produces the same results in less time. if both values are NULL. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. Nulls The || operator ignores null values.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. The || operator. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. however. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. the || operator returns NULL. However.

and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. If you compare a value to a null value. the operands must be the same datatype. For information on how to compare dates. the expression 123. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. Less than or equal to. When you use comparison operators in an expression. Comparison Operators 25 . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. manipulate data. Greater than or equal to.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. Greater than. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. Not equal to. see “Dates” on page 33. the result is NULL. For example. The expressions 123. Not equal to. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. Less than. Not equal to.

Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. FALSE for zero. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. For example. If an expression evaluates to FALSE.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. the operator NOT returns FALSE. For example. NOT returns TRUE. and NULL for NULL. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true.

32 27 . 31 Local Variables. 28 Transaction Control Variables.Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 34 Date Format Strings. 47 33 . It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings.

These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. With the date functions you can round. TO_DATE. and 9999 A. Modified Julian Day. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. TO_CHAR. For example. ‘MM/DD/RR’). PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. or perform arithmetic on a date. Converts a string to a date. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. To pass a string to a date function. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. or compare dates. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. TO_CHAR format strings. Converts a date to a string. Tests whether a string represents a date. Use to specify the format of the return string.D. truncate. extract one part of a date. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. For details on built-in variables. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Date format strings. ‘MM’.D. see “Variables” on page 27.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. Julian Day. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. Date functions accept date/time values only. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported.

The J format string does not convert this time component. For example. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). For example. nor with Modified Julian Day. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. and are not supported in PowerCenter. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. By definition. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. and 9999 A. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. Overview 35 . 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date.D. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.D. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal.

If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. Current Year Between 50 and 99. In TO_DATE expressions. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. RR and YY produce different results. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years.

‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS.Table 5-2. or it is an invalid date. If the string is in the default date format. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. day. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. while the time might include the hours. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. If you want to pass a string to a date function. If you specify a format string. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. minutes. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. The date includes the month. and even between applications. Use TO_CHAR(date. Dates in Relational Databases In general. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. and seconds. If you omit the format string. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. If an input value does not match this format. and year. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. Although date formats vary from database to database. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. the PowerCenter Server skips the row.

[format_string]) to convert strings to dates. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. 12:00:00AM = 0.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. If you omit the format string. For example. If you specify a format string. Month (January = 01. 1:00:00AM = 1. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. 12:00:00PM = 12. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form.

RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. YYY. DDD. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. you can use MM.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. Minutes (0-59. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. SSSS Y. For example. YYY. YY. HH24 MI MM. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. DAY. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. or YYYY to specify 1997. HH12. YYYY. DY. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. HH12. For example. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). Hour of day (0-23). if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. YY. J Description Days (01-31). you can use any of these format strings specify 12. For example. MON. MON. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. Specify the part of the date you want to change. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. or MONTH to specify APR. DD. Specify the part of the date you want to round. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. you can use HH. For example. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. Specify the part of the date you want to return. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. HH.) Month (01-12). you can use Y. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. Date Format Strings 39 . Seconds (0-59). You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. MONTH SS.

Modified Julian Day. Wed). ‘RR’ produces the same results as. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. including up to nine characters (for example. TO_CHAR returns 97.M. When used with TO_CHAR. For example.. Day of month (01-31). where 00 is 12AM (midnight). and is interchangeable with. including leap years).M. Minutes (00-59). You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Hour of day (01-12). including up to nine characters (for example. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. A. PM. and P. Last two digits of a year. calculated from Jan 1. Month (01-12). The function removes the leading digits. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.M. Name of month. Name of day. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. Day of year (001-366. January). Wednesday). ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544.M. P. ‘YY. AM and PM return the same values as do A. Quarter of year (1-4). 4713 00:00:00 BC.’ However. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. Seconds (00-59). when used with TO_DATE. Hour of day (00-23). You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. Day of week (1-7). Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. where January to March equals 1. Jan). For example. changing the format for reporting purposes. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. where Sunday equals 1. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. It ignores the time component of the date.

For example. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. For example. Text that displays in the output. Last digit of a year. Punctuation that displays in the output. See the individual functions for more examples. TO_CHAR returns 7. 'MM. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. Last three digits of a year. TO_CHAR returns 97. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. TO_CHAR returns 1997. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . For example.YYYY' ). Week of month (1-5). week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. Week of year (01-53). For example. The function removes the leading digits. and so on. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. For example. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. For example. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. The function removes the leading digits. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. and YY format strings.. Last two digits of a year. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. for example D””DDD.DD. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day.Table 5-5. Feb 1 designates the first week of February.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. For example. RR. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. Entire year portion of date. TO_CHAR returns 997. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. For example. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. SSSSS.86399). The function removes the leading digits.

the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates .

the function returns TRUE (1).m. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.m. PM. AM and PM return the same values as do a.. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. Day of year (001-366. where zero is 12AM (midnight). use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. Day of month (1-31).m. Hour of day (0-23). Hour of day (1-12). TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM.m. p. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Wednesday). TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. Wed). Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. and p. DD DDD DAY DY HH. Minutes (0-59). When you create a TO_DATE expression. including up to nine characters (for example. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. if any parts do not match. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. Name of day. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. the function returns FALSE (0). If you omit the format string.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. a. including leap years). HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator.

The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. including up to nine characters (for example. Four digits of a year. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. Aug). Case does not matter. Use the RR or YY format string instead. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. It ignores the time component of the source string. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. Month (1-12). the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. August). Case does not matter. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49.Current Year Between 50 and 99. For example. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. For example. representing May 12. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. to TO_DATE. . The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. 1998. Seconds since midnight. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string.Table 5-6. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. 2020. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. 2034). the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Name of month. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. Modified Julian Day.Current Year Between 0 and 49. If it does not. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. Use when source strings include two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. For example. . Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Seconds (0-59).

RR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. Example The following examples illustrate the J. Likewise. See the individual functions for more examples. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. if you pass a string that does not match the format string.format string. For example. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. The format string is not case-sensitive. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. Tip: By default. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. and SSSSS format strings.

'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates .TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. while YY returns the year 1905.

9999 23:59:59 AD. Subtract two dates. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. Change one part of a date. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . DATE_DIFF. SET_DATE_PART. 31. 1. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

in alphabetical order. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. 49 . see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.

Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass.

Function Categories 51 . The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. evaluates the AVG expression. and returns four values.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression.

The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. If you pass an entire port of null values. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 0.35 to 0) for the filter condition. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. 1. For example. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. or NULL. the function returns NULL. If you do not want to round up a value. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. and MOVINGSUM.5 to 2. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. as well as to CUME. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . the function returns zero. If the value rounds to zero. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.2 to 1. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. the filter condition returns FALSE. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. FALSE. MOVINGAVG. By default. For example. the function selects all rows in the port. 1. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE.

MIN.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . LOWER. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. Convert the datatype of an input value. Trim string values. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. UPPER. Replace characters in a string. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. Encode strings.

you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. For a complete list of date format strings. see “Dates” on page 33. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. Date format strings are not internationalized. if you want to pass a string to a date function. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. or compare dates.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. However. truncate. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . or perform arithmetic on a date. extract one part of a date.

the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. if you pass a date with milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 .The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. Therefore.

use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. Filter. For example. You can nest other functions within special functions. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . At the end of the session. Then at the end of the session.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. and Update Strategy transformations. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. When you run a workflow. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. you use special functions in Expression.

Function Categories 57 . For more information on mapping variables. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. If you use this function more than once for the same variable.process that pipeline. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions.

or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. You can use ABORT to validate data. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. it stops transforming data at that row. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. including ERROR function calls within an expression. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. String. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. For more information on the Abort command. The string can be any length. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Generally. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . assign ABORT as the default value. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. Return Value NULL.

Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. Return Value Positive numeric value. Numeric datatype. if you pass an Integer. it returns an Integer. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Likewise. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . it returns a Double. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169.95 59. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If you pass a Double.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69.

Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 'YY'. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'MI'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'HH'. DY. You use the SS format string to set the second. and DAY. YYY. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'DD'. For example. 'MONTH'. You use the MI format string to set the minute. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. HH24. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. Day. YY. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. HH12. For example. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. DDD. DD. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. Minute. Seconds. MON. MONTH. You can use any of the day format strings: D. For example. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. 'SS'. or YYYY. Hour. Month.

If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. for example.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. days. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. Passes the values you want to change. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Required. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. format. months. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. and so on by which you want to change the date value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. An integer value specifying the amount of years. Date/Time datatype. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. Required. Also note. 'MON'. 'mm'. For example. 'MONTH'. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. 'MM'. hours. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer.

-10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH'. you need to change the hour portion of the date. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. which you specify. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. For example. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12'. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. 'DAY'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24'. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D'. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. 'DY'. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD'. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. 'DD'. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED.

Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. For example. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. they will still work correctly. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. If you pass a numeric value. ASCII 63 . Return Value Integer. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode.535. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. however. before you pass any string value to ASCII. Normally. Character string. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

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Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. For example. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.535. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. it will still work correctly. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. A string containing one character. However. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. If you pass a numeric value. Normally. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

Required. Any datatype (except Binary). Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. If both strings are NULL. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Alternatively. Return Value String. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. NULL if both string values are NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. CONCAT returns NULL. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings.

' ' ). you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. For example. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. If you want to add a space between two strings. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. CONCAT( CHR(39). LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string.

866025403784421 0.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.951056516295147 0.996194698091745 0.0 0. Return Value Double value. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . Numeric datatype.342020143325593 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).0 0. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. For example.

4435376920294 116.45 0 0. Return Value Double value.66 5.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.897 3. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.54308063481524 9. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.0 2. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Numeric datatype.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). For example: COSH( MEASURES.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 . You can enter any valid transformation expression.381231106176 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0874465864177 19.0 1.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.

you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. Note: By default. If you apply the asterisk argument. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . this function ignores columns with null values. Optionally. this function counts all rows. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. Nulls If all values are NULL. However. Return Value Integer. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. Use to count all rows in a transformation. For more information. Limits the rows in the search. Alternative. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). Passes the values you want to count. the function returns 0. or NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Any datatype (except Binary). For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If you apply the value argument. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Optional. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. FALSE. the function returns NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Syntax COUNT( value [. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.

including null values. returning one value. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. The function counts all rows in a transformation. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. returning one result for each group.

For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions .In this example. the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. but do not use a filter. If you include the asterisk argument.

NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optional. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. CUME returns NULL. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. CUME 79 . or if no rows are selected (for example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. if all values in the selected port are NULL. Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. or NULL. Limits the rows in the search. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. FALSE. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Nulls If a value is NULL. CUME returns the running total for the previous row.

Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise. you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .

Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. Date/Time datatype.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. Date/Time datatype. 0 if the two dates are equal. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. 1 if the second date is earlier. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. Required. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. The second date you want to compare. The first date you want to compare. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value.

Required. such as 'mm'. Date/Time datatype. the return value is a negative number. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. minutes. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. hours. the return value is a positive number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. hours. You can specify only one part of the date. or seconds. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. or seconds. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Double value. days.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. Zero if the dates are the same. months. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'Mm' or 'mM'. If date1 is later than date2. For example. You can specify years. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. Required. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. You can request the format to be years. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. The format string is not case-sensitive. Date/Time datatype. minutes. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. date2. days. months. If date1 is earlier than date2.

5 10.0 2100.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.5 87.0 255. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 .925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. DATE_SHIPPED.

243279569892366 0. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0.91935483870839 2.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions .346001356960187 NULL NULL 9.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.91935483870839 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.243279569892366 0. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. DATE_SHIPPED.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. not just 'Halogen'. Syntax DECODE( value.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. Even if multiple conditions are met. second_result]. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value.. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data.[. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the search does not find a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you enter 'Halogen'. If the function finds the value. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. first_search. it returns a result value. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. Any datatype (except Binary). Passes the values you want to search. first_result [. you may not search for a portion of a value.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. DECODE 85 . Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. Any datatype (except Binary). Passes the values for which you want to search. which you define. Required. The search value must match the value argument exactly. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. Optional. second_search. For example. Required..

3. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values.141592654’. 1. 3. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. ‘Archimedes’. if at least one result is Double. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. ‘Pi’. and 3.414213562. 14. 5. ‘3. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions .141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. When you run a session in high precision mode. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. 1.414213562. 20.141592654.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. ‘Pythagoras’. 'Knife'. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. ‘Archimedes’. 'Regulator'.414213562’.141592654. 'Tank'. 5. 10. the datatype of the return value is Double. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 3. and the other results are Decimal. For example.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. 'Flashlight'. For example. The first result is an Integer. ‘Pythagoras’. ‘1. 40. ‘Pi’.

Var1 < 23. was more than 30. Var2 > 30. was 49!'.'. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. was less than 23. Var2 = 49. Also. DECODE 87 . Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. Variable 2 was more than 30.'. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. desired ranges. Var1 = 22.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23.

Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value String value. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . you use the ERROR function in an expression. and you assign the default value. to the output port. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. including ERROR function calls within an expression. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. The string can be any length. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. For example. Generally. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. which you define. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. It does not skip the row. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. ‘1234’. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. and it does not log an error in the session log. The error message displays in the session log file.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. String value. For details about using default values. assign ERROR as the default value.

EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. Negative salary found. but skip negative values. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. Negative salary found.'. ERROR ('Error. Row skipped.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . Row skipped.

135335283236613 5166. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. (The exponent in the equation e^value). Numeric datatype.71828183. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data. The value to which you want to raise e. Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . EXP(2) returns 7.4657948067 0.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. For example. Return Value Double value.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. where e=2. rather than business data. You can enter any valid transformation expression.38905609893065.

FIRST returns NULL. or NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. FIRST 91 . For more information. Return Value First value in a group. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. However. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Limits the rows in the search. Any datatype (except Binary). the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Optional. However. FIRST ignores the row. FALSE. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Syntax FIRST( value [. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. Nulls If a value is NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Optionally. the function returns NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST.

05 150.00 8.00 88. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 29.00 31.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.05 150.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40. If there is no group by port.00 29. FIRST treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group.00 88.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 31. returning one value.00 8.

79 125. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. if you pass 3. if you pass -3.24 NULL -100. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. For example. the function returns -4. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. the function returns 3.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR.12 74. Numeric datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function.14 to FLOOR.98 to FLOOR. the function returns 3. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. For example.17 to FLOOR. Likewise. If you pass 3. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 .

Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'mm'. Therefore. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. the format strings 'Y'. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. 'YYY'. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. The format string is not case-sensitive. for example. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. 'YY'. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. Date/Time datatype.

'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. including another IIF expression. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax IIF( condition. including another IIF expression. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. If you omit value2. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The condition you want to evaluate. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. Required. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. based on the results of a condition. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). Any datatype (except Binary). NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. value1 [.

--then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . the datatype of the return value is Double. SALARY1. IIF( SALES < 50. For example. SALARY2. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. . IIF( SALES < 200.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. BONUS))). so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. For example. 1. SALARY3. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. value2 if the condition is FALSE. EMP_NAME. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double.3333) is a decimal. IIF( SALES < 100. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100.

--else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100.SALARY1. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . --else for sales over 199. --then return SALARY2. SALES > 199. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. SALARY3. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. For more information. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. DD_REJECT. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. return BONUS) ) ). DECODE may improve readability. --then return SALARY3. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. SALARY2. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. SALARY1.

the function returns Thomas. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression. tab. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Return Value String. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . formfeed. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. newline.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. carriage return. For example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If your data contains multibyte characters.

The results of the expression must be a character string. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. A positive integer greater than zero.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. If you want to search for a character string. The default value is 1. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. For example. If the start position is a positive number. The string must be a character string. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. The search value is case-sensitive. For example. Optional. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. the function uses the default value of 1. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. The position in the string where you want to start the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. for example 'abc'.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. counting from left to right. Any value. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is a negative number. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. Required.start [. Passes the value you want to evaluate. If you omit this argument. if not. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a decimal. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. If the start position is zero. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. If the search value appears more than once in the string. the function uses the default value of 1. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. If you pass a negative integer or zero. The set of characters you want to search for. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. Syntax INSTR( string. Optional. counting from left to right. If you omit this argument. Must be an integer value. search_value [.

starting at the beginning of each company name. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 'a'. starting at the beginning of each company name. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. starting from the last character in the company name. 1. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. -1. 'a'. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY.

The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY.INSTR( CUST_NAME. starting from the end of the string. The following expression evaluates a string.' ' . The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. INSTR(CUST_ID. -1. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions .1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. 1.-1. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID.1. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'.

Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Note: To test for empty strings. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. use LENGTH.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. Any datatype (except Binary). see “LENGTH” on page 115.

NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. If you omit the format string. not the YY format string. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. which returns false. which returns TRUE. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). However. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. For example. the function returns TRUE (1). For example. Must be a string datatype. year 1900 is not a leap year. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. In most cases.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. If the strings match the format string. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. the two format strings return the same values. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the function returns FALSE (0). Syntax IS_DATE( value [. Optional. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. In the first case. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). so there is no February 29th. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’.

the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. If the value is not a valid date. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. If it does not. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. IS_DATE 105 . and converts each valid date to a date value. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE.

ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE.Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). Therefore.

Must be a string datatype. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype.45E-32’ ‘+3. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number.45e+32’ ‘+3. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the rows you want to evaluate.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. IS_NUMBER 107 . followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.

Windows only) 0 (False . 0.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True . and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.00 0.00345 0.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 0. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.45e+3’ ‘3.45d-3’ ‘3.45e+3’ ‘-3. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ). If the value is not a valid number.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.45D-3’ ‘-3.00’ ‘-3. such as TO_FLOAT.00 0.00’ ‘-3.00 0.00 0. For example.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ). Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .

a tab. A space is a blank space. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. To test for an empty string. For example. Must be a string datatype. use LENGTH. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. a formfeed. see “LENGTH” on page 115. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. a carriage return.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. a newline. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. or a vertical tab. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces.

To do this. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .column in a target table. '00000'.

Limits the rows in the search. Optionally. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. Return Value Last row in a port. Any datatype (except Binary). You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. the function returns NULL. Optional. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. FALSE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or NULL.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. However. LAST 111 . filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. Note: By default. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. For more information. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Syntax LAST( value [. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.

ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 8.00 29.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.05 150.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.

Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. returning one result for each group.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. However. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. LAST_DAY ignores the row. Date/Time datatype. LAST_DAY returns NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. If there is no group by port. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Return Value Date. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . returning one value. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. Null If a value is NULL. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group.

If you pass a string that does not have a time value. TO_DATE always includes time information.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE.

LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. To test for spaces. LENGTH 115 . For details. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. see “ISNULL” on page 103. use IS_SPACES. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. including trailing blanks. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. For details. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. String datatype. use ISNULL. The strings you want to evaluate. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string.

For example. 116 Chapter 6: Functions .828313737302 -0.04082199452026 NULL Error.098612.302585092994 4. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.) Error. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. Numeric datatype. Return Value Double value. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. You can enter any valid transformation expression.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. LN(3)returns 1. It must be a positive number. greater than zero.

) Error. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. LOG 117 . Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. The exponent of the logarithm. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1.) Error. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. exponent Return Value Double value.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Most often.09 NULL 35. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. The base of the logarithm. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . Required.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. Syntax LOG( base. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. zero. or 1 as a base value.

When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table.. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Required. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. search2. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function.. Specifies the values you want to match to value. rather than creating Lookup transformations. However. Datatype that matches the value1. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). For more information. search1.5 compatibility in the session properties. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. must match search1 datatype. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. Any datatype (except Binary). each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. value2]. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Required. value1 [. Syntax LOOKUP( result.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search.

:TD. :TD.QTY. :TD.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD. :TD. :TD.ITEM.ORDERS. Error if the search finds more than one matching value. 15.ITEM_NAME.PRICE. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values.00 15. 10.99 15.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.SALES for a specific item ID and price.ORDERS.ORDERS.ITEM.PRICE.SALES. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.PRICE.PRICE. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD.ORDERS.ITEM_ID. ORDERS. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.ORDERS. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. NULL if the search does not find any matching values. ORDERS.SALES.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values.SALES.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .ITEM.99 15. RTRIM( ORDERS.

The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. If your data contains multibyte characters. Return Value Lowercase character string.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Any string value.

Must be a positive integer literal. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. Can be a character string. If you omit the second_string. When length is a negative number. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. Optional. however. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. or if length is a negative number. LPAD( PART_NUM. RPAD returns NULL. Can be any string value. This argument is case-sensitive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. length [. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. Syntax LPAD( first_string. You can enter a specific string literal. You can enter any valid transformation expression. for example 'abc'. The strings you want to change. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 6. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . Required. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values.

-5..**.Flashlight *. For example... LPAD(‘alphabetical’. If the first string is longer than the length.. LPAD truncates the string from right to left.. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. '*. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.**.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *.LPAD counts the length from left to right. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. 5.**Compass Regulator System *.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions . 16. '.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. the function returns NULL. starting with the left side of the string. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. Syntax LTRIM( string [. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Passes the strings you want to modify. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. Optional. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. LTRIM removes it. If you omit the second string. Any string value. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Most often. for example. character-by-character. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. 'abc'. trim_set Return Value String. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you would enter 'A'. LTRIM 123 . with any matching characters removed. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. however. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. not 'a'. For example. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. Then it returns the string.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. LTRIM removes both single. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. In ASCII mode. Any string value. You can also enter a character string. If the trim_set is NULL.

Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string.’ from S. If it matches the second character in the trim_set.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. For example. MacDonald Sawyer H. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. and so on. LTRIM removes it. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. In the example of H.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. Bender. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. 'S. character-by-character. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. Bender. This is because LTRIM searches. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. LTRIM removes it. but not the period from H.

You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). FALSE.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. Syntax MAX( date [. Optional. or NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Limits the rows in the search. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. Return Value Date. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. For more information.

NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. or NULL. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . MAX returns NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information. Numeric datatype. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. or if no rows are selected (for example. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Note: By default. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FALSE. However. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. MAX ignores it. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. However. Return Value Numeric value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. the function returns NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Optional. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. if all values passed from the port are NULL. MAX is one of several aggregate functions.

If there is no group by port.00 162.00 85. returning one value. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. MAX treats all rows as one group.00 PRICE 10. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.00 79. returning one result for each group.00 360.00 55.

The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. FALSE. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. Numeric datatype. the median is the middle number. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If there is an odd number of values in the port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Return Value Numeric value. Optional. However. MEDIAN returns NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . MEDIAN ignores the row. For more information. If there is an even number of values in the port. Note: By default. if all values passed from the port are NULL. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Limits the rows in the search. or NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Nulls If a value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. or if no rows are selected (for example. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. the function returns NULL.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .

You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Nulls If a single value is NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Return Value Numeric value. For more information. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Optional. MIN returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. However. Note: By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. FALSE. MIN ignores it. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. Numeric datatypes. the function returns NULL. or NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. MIN (Numbers) 135 . the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. if all values passed from the port are NULL.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. Limits the rows in the search. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. However.

00 360.00 85. If there is no group by port. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 79.00 PRICE 10.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions . MIN treats all rows as one group.00 55.00 162. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10. returning one value. returning one result for each group.

divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required.00 25. MOD(8. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.00 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression.00 12. The divisor cannot be zero. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. PowerCenter Server does not write row.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. For example.00 NULL 20. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to divide by. Syntax MOD( numeric_value.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Required.00 9. The values you want to divide.5) returns 3. MOD 137 . QTY ) PRICE 10. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor.

NULL. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 NULL 20. you can create an expression similar to the following. QTY )) PRICE 10. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. If the quantity is zero.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25.00 25. To avoid dividing by zero.The last row (25.00 9. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port.00 15. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE. IIF( QTY = 0.00 12.

5). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. if all values are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. or if no rows are selected (for example. Required. the function returns NULL. MOVINGAVG 139 . Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. rowset [. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. Numeric datatype. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. Limits the rows in the search. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Optional.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. five rows at a time. However. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optionally. or NULL.

5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES.8 based on rows 2 through 6. 140 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. and thereafter. 245.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. based on the first five rows in the Sales port.

MOVINGSUM 141 . you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. or NULL. the function returns NULL. Optionally. However. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Numeric datatype. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. FALSE. Limits the rows in the search. five rows at a time. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Required. 5 ) Optional. rowset [. if all values are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.

Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and thereafter. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7.

PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Limits the rows in the search. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. See the following equation for more details. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. For more information. However. Note: By default. inclusive. if all values in a group are NULL. Numeric datatype. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. PERCENTILE returns NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. Integer between 0 and 100. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. Optionally. percentile [. Nulls If a value is NULL. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the function returns NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. or if no rows are selected (for example. PERCENTILE ignores the row. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. Required. FALSE. or NULL. Optional. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. when PERCENTILE 143 .

If i is an integer value. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. returning one result for each group. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. If there is no group by port.you configure the PowerCenter Server. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If i < 1. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. returning one value. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list.

0 9000. 75.0 99000. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 27900.0 86000.0 48000.0 NULL 55000.0 85000.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 100000.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.

EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10. Numeric value.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .594307804838 NULL NULL 0.0 -6.0 5. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.00137174211248285 729. You can enter any valid transformation expression. In this case.0 NULL -6.0 EXPONENT 2. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 6. This argument is the exponent value.0 -3.0 -3. If the base value is negative. If the base value is negative.0 3. Required. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required. the exponent must be an integer.5 3. Syntax POWER( base. Numeric value.265625 982.00137174211248285 0.5 2.0 729. the exponent must be an integer. This argument is the base value.0 6.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838. Return Value Double value. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.0 5. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.5 NULL 10.0 -3.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.0 3.

If the base is negative.0 raised to 5. POWER 147 .0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.5. the exponent must be an integer.Note that -3.

REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. for example. the function converts it to a character string. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if InputString is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If NewChar contains more than one character. You can enter one character. Must be a character string. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. Required. If you pass a numeric value. Passes the string you want to search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. The characters you want to replace. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. InputString. the function is case-sensitive. OldCharSet. Must be an integer. If NewChar is NULL or empty. Required. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. Required. You can enter one or more characters. the function is not case-sensitive. If InputString is NULL. an empty string. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. the function converts it to a character string. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR returns NULL. REPLACECHR returns InputString. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. Must be a character string. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. 'abc'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a numeric value.

html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 . CUSTOMER_CODE.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0. ‘]["’. WEBLOG. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. ‘A’.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘"’.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.html HTTP/1.1" GET /companyinfo/index.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index. ‘A’.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1. WEBLOG. CUSTOMER_CODE.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.html HTTP/1.

you must use the CHR function. CUSTOMER_CODE. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . CHR(39). INPUT. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. INPUT. ‘A’. see “CHR” on page 68. ‘14’. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. including the single quote. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. The following expression removes multiple characters.

Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. multiple characters. or no character. the function is not case-sensitive. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. If InputString is NULL. REPLACESTR returns InputString. OldString1. Required. REPLACESTR returns NULL. . Must be an integer. If NewString is NULL or empty. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. If you pass a numeric value. Must be a character string. You must enter at least one OldString argument. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. see the examples. That is. Required.. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter one character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. REPLACESTR 151 . InputString. the function is case-sensitive. an empty string. The string you want to replace. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. for example. multiple characters.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. [OldString2. OldStringN. 'abc'. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. Passes the strings you want to search. or NULL. Must be a character string. the function converts it to a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. Required. the function converts it to a character string. etc. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String.. Must be a character string. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero.

‘ HTTP/1.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index.NULL if InputString is NULL.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1.html /companyinfo/index. INPUT. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘rs. Ms. ‘"’. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. TITLE.1" GET /companyinfo/index.’ ) TITLE Mrs. Ms. ‘rs.1’. ‘iss’. RETURN VALUE Ms. MRS.’ ) TITLE Mrs.html HTTP/1. RETURN VALUE Ms. MRS.’. ‘s. ‘bc’. Mr. TITLE. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘ab’. ‘iss’. MRS. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1.’. ‘GET ’. Miss Mr.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.html /companyinfo/index. ‘s.

The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. CONCAT( CHR(39). ‘s’ )). you must use the CHR function. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. ‘bc’. INPUT. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. ‘ab’. CONCAT(‘it’. CONCAT(CHR(39). For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. REPLACESTR 153 . for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. INPUT.

'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. Minute. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. and sets the time to 00:00:00. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. Day. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. Month. If the month is between July and December. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. If time has 0 to 29 seconds.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. Hour. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. If the month is between January and June. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. the function returns January 1 of the input year. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. For example. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. For example. For example. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. For example. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29.

'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. If you omit the format string. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. You can round only one portion of the date. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Enter a valid format string. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Optional. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.Syntax ROUND( date [. the function rounds the date to the nearest day.

The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

0 and ROUND(15. If you enter decimal precision. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. ROUND returns NULL.99. ROUND(12. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. Return Value Numeric value. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. Optional. ROUND(12. -1) returns 20. ROUND(12. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. 1) returns 15. truncating the decimal portion of the number. For example. If you omit the precision argument.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can also use ROUND to round dates.99. If you enter a positive precision. If one of the arguments is NULL. For example.44. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. For example. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required.8) returns 13.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places.99) returns 13.99.4. Numeric datatype. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. For example. 0. the function rounds to the nearest integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression.99. Positive or negative integer. returning an integer.0 because the function rounds 0. 1) returns 13. ROUND(12. If you enter a negative precision.

0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.0 -16.994 15.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13. 0.9949 -18.99 -108.995 -18. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 -100.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions . -2 ) PRICE 13242.99 -15. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.8678 56.99 56.0 1400.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.9936 15.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.868 56.99 -18. ROUND( PRICE.99 1435.0 -19.0 57.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.99 56.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.0 56.8 ) PRICE 12.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. This may not be the result you expect.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. For example. To achieve the expected result.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case.

the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. Compass.. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if the first string is longer than the length. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values.. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. Must be a positive integer literal.. or if length is a negative number. When length is a negative number.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. If you omit the second string.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight. Specifies the length you want each string to be. 160 Chapter 6: Functions .. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.. Syntax RPAD( first_string.. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’... RPAD returns NULL. Return Value String of the specified length. Regulator System Safety Knife. RPAD(‘alphabetical’. RPAD truncates the string from right to left.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string... Any string value.. 5..second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. Any string value. For example. Required. appending the string '. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary.. length [. 'abc'. '. RPAD counts the length from left to right.. This argument is casesensitive. 16. The strings you want to change. for example.. So. Optional..

* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME..*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*..** Regulator System Safety Knife*.**.. Compass*.**.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. -5... '. 16. appending the string ‘*.. '*.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .

RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . character-by-character. Any string value. RTRIM removes it. 'abc'.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. It returns the string. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. with any matching characters removed. Optional. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. starting with the right side of the string. If you omit the second string. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Syntax RTRIM( string [. Passes the values you want to trim. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. however. Any string value. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. In ASCII mode. trim_set Return Value String. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes both single. You can also enter a text literal.

Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. For example. character-by-character. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes it. however. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. the last character in the string does not match. RTRIM removes it. If. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. In the last example. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. and so on. This is because RTRIM searches. 't' ) RTRIM 163 .

164 Chapter 6: Functions . Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. The session is configured for a test load. Returns the new current value. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. At the end of a successful session. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. The session is a debug session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. For details on mapping variables. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. At the end of the session.

Darkroom Co. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 .. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. Supply. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. The next time the session runs.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. Darkroom Co.Return Value The current value of the variable. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’..) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. It increases the count by one for each inserted row. decreases the count for each deleted row.

September. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 12=12PM. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. or YYYY to set the year. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. YY. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You use the SS format string to set the second. MONTH to set the month. HH12. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Seconds. 'MI'. Month. You can use any of the month format strings (D. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. Minute. For example. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. Day. YYY. DY. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. For example. and DAY) to set the day. DD. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. HH24) to set the hour. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'YY'. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. and November) in the value argument. 'DD'. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'HH'. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Hour. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. April. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You use the MI format string to set the minute. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 'MONTH'. June. For example. MON. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'SS'. DDD.

The date you want to modify. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. 'HH24'. Required. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the session fails. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. If you enter an improper value (for example.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. 'HH'. 'HH12'. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. The format string is not case-sensitive. Required. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. format. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. February 30).

7). 'YYYY'. 'MM'.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 'MONTH'. 1998). 'YYYY'. 'DD'. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YY'.MM'. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'Y'. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. For example. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 'YYY'. 'MON'.

At the end of the session. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. At the end of a successful session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. The session is configured for a test load. Unless overridden. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. Returns the new current value. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. The session is a debug session. For details on mapping variables. When used with a string mapping variable. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository.

Then. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. For example. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. it saves the largest value to the repository. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. The return value is the new current value of the variable. The next time the session runs. Required. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

At the end of a successful session. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Returns the new current value. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. For details on mapping variables. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . Unless overridden. At the end of the session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. The session is a debug session. The session is configured for a test load. When used with a string mapping variable.

50 22. Required. The next time the session runs. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port.50 27.00 26.00 MIN_PRICE 22.25 22.00 24. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.00 22.75 25. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. The return value is the new current value of the variable.50 22. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.00 22. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.75 23.00’. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.00 22.50 22. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.00 At the end of the session.50. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .50 22.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.00 22.00 22.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.25 24.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.Suppose the same session contains three partitions.50 22.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. it saves the smallest value to the repository.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22. Then. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.00 22.

Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. For details on mapping variables. it saves a final current value to the repository. At the end of a successful session. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. Unless overridden. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Required. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. SETVARIABLE 175 . If you use this function more than once for the same variable. The session is a debug session. Returns the specified value. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. The session is configured for a test load. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type.

Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.50 116. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .01 97.50 116.Return Value Current value of the variable. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534. The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534.43 323. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp.23 699. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.43 323. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session.23 699. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.01 97. The next time the session runs.

or 0. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. 0 for 0.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. Return Value -1 for negative values. Numeric value. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. NULL if NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to evaluate.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . negative. 1 for positive values.

Return Value Double value. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.939692620785936 0. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation. You can enter any valid transformation expression.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0.0871557427476639 0.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine.50000000000003 0. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. Numeric datatype.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.309016994374967 0.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions .

Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .897 3.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.45 0 0. Return Value Double value.1752011936438 9. Numeric datatype.0 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.66 5. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.03225804884884 19.0 2.376934801486 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine. You can enter any valid transformation expression.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. For example: SINH( MEASURES.4178051793031 116.

N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. For example. Z D. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. If string encodes to less than four characters. K. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. G. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. F. P. For example. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. O. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. X. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. S. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. J. Q. I. For example. Skips numbers in string. For example. V C. and encodes it in uppercase. For example. T L M. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). E. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . U. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. H.

No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the string value you want to encode.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. string is empty. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. Return Value String.

the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. If you pass a negative value or character value.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. Return Value Double value. NULL 7. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. Positive numeric value. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. PowerCenter Server does not write row. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. if all values are NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Numeric datatypes. Nulls If a single value is NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can use operators to average values in different ports. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. For more information. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns NULL. STDDEV returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Note: By default. STDDEV 183 . the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. However. STDDEV ignores it.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Optional. or NULL.

90 and 153.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254. If there is no group by port. returning one value.0 153.88 3001. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.000.0 1010.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198. STDDEV treats all rows as one group. SALES > 2000. the return value is zero.0 2198. returning one result for each group.90 2256.0 2198. 184 Chapter 6: Functions . If there is no standard deviation.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.00 ) SALES 2198.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).0 2198.0 NULL 8953.

Must be a character string. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. If you omit the length argument. If you pass a numeric value. Must be an integer. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. the function converts it to a character string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. SUBSTR counts all characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. the function returns an empty string. start length Return Value String. Required. If you pass a negative integer or zero. SUBSTR 185 . SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. starting at the beginning of the string. Syntax SUBSTR( string. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. If you pass a decimal. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is zero. The position in the string where you want to start counting. If the start position is a positive number. Passes the strings you want to search. including blanks. start [. If the start position is a negative number.

-8. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 0. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 5. 1. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE.

The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. 2. INSTR(CUST_ID. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string.The following expression evaluates a string. INSTR(CUST_ID. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. starting from the end of the string.INSTR( CUST_NAME.1 ) . '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string.' ' . 1.1. SUBSTR 187 . 8) returns ‘cd’.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. -2. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'.-1.

Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. However. SUM ignores it. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. You can use operators to add values in different ports. Optional. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Note: By default. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Numeric datatype. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Optionally. FALSE. the function returns NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . if all values passed from the port are NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. However. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Passes the values you want to add. SUM returns NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. or NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. SUM is one of several aggregate functions.

0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.0 NULL 3458. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.0 1900. returning one result for each group.0 4519. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE . If there is no group by port.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 . SUM treats all rows as one group.0 1200. returning one value.

19175359259435 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.74747741945531 1.0874886635259298 0. Return Value Double value. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. Numeric datatype. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).324919696232929 57. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).577350269189672 0.

Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.66 5.998676551914886 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .45 0 0. Return Value Double value.993926947790665 0.999963084213409 0. Numeric datatype.761594155955765 0.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0 2.0 0.897 3.

TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The format string defines the format of the return value. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you omit the format string. not the format for the values in the date argument. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. Optional. Return Value String. Date/Time datatype. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions .

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. For example. Optional. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . If you omit the format string. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. Return Value Date. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. If it does not. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. see “Requirements” on page 44. For details on the TO_DATE format string. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. You can enter any valid transformation expression. use either the RR or YY format string. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. Do not use the YYYY format string.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Must be a string datatype.

PowerCenter Server skips this row. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. the century will be 19. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. the century will be 19.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you run a session in the twentieth century. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. TO_DATE 199 . If you run a session in the twentieth century. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. TO_DATE always returns a date and time.

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. if true.‘MON DD YYYY’).If your target accepts different date formats. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). For example: DECODE( TRUE. you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MON DD YYYY’). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). --test second format. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. if true. --test third format.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). --if true. ‘MM’ ). --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month.

348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a string or numeric datatype. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. If you omit this argument. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals.679 60. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [.6789' '60.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. Optional. inclusive. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. inclusive. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value.200 118. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character.348' NULL 'A12.2' '118. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.

NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.2 118. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.6789 60.348' NULL 'A12.6789' '60. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to convert to double values. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 . TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces.2' '118. Return Value Double value.

6789’ ‘-15. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL.348' NULL 'A12.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . or the constants TRUE or FALSE.2' '118. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. String or numeric datatype. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer. Optional.3Grove' ‘ 123.6789' '60. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. You can enter any valid transformation expression.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. or if you omit this argument. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. The flag must be an integer literal. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero.

87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.2' '118.3Grove' ‘ 123.6789’ ‘-15.348' NULL 'A12.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .6789' '60. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.

For example. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. the function truncates the time portion of the date. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. If you truncate the day portion of a date. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. setting it to 00:00:00. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. month. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. or minute. Day. If you truncate the year portion of the date. hour. Hour. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. If you truncate the month portion of a date. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. Minute. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. 206 Chapter 6: Functions .TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. For example. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. Optional. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. day. Month. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. For example. The date values you want to truncate. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. If you omit the format string. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. For example. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. For example. Enter a valid format string.

'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions .The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

If you pass a decimal precision value. Numeric datatype. precision If precision is a positive integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. If you omit the precision argument. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. Passes the values you want to truncate. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. Optional. Can be a positive or negative integer. If precision is a negative integer. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Return Value Numeric value.

0 -18.99 -187.0 56. -1 ) PRICE 12.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .0 15.0 1230.956 15.99 -18.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10. 3 ) PRICE 12.999 -18.99 56.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.9563 15.0 -180.8652 56.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.86 56.9995 -18.0 50.95 15.865 56.95 1235.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.

UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. If your data contains multibyte characters. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Uppercase string. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . String datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. FALSE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Return Value Double value. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. or NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. For more information. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the variance is 0. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. or if no rows are selected (for example. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. If n is 1. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions.

However. or if no rows are selected. Note: By default. VARIANCE returns NULL. if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . VARIANCE ignores it. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. However. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. If there is not a group by port.0 2256. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. returning one value. returning one value.Nulls If a single value is NULL. If there is no group by port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. returning one result for each group.0 3001. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL.0 NULL 8953.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

226 Test Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 227 Variable Functions. 216 Character Functions. 217 Conversion Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 228 For details on each function. 220 Date Functions. 225 Special Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. 215 . see “Functions” on page 49. 223 Scientific Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter.

Available in the Designer. or earliest date. Available in the Designer. Returns the standard deviation for a group. percentile [. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Returns the first record in a group. Available in the Designer. in a group. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Available in the Designer. Returns the sum of all records in a group. Returns the last record in a group. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . found in a group. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the number of records with non-null value. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. found in a group. Returns the minimum value. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. or latest date. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Returns the maximum value. Returns the variance of all records in a group.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. to set a string to a specified length. search_value [. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . Concatenates two strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. including trailing blanks. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. start [. Returns the position of a character set in a string. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. In Unicode mode. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. In ASCII mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. it will still work correctly. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. length [. however. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the number of characters in a string. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. . Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. OldString1. OldStringN.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. start [. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. [OldString2.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. or no character. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a portion of a string. length [. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [.

or no character.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. start [. . occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldString1. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. search_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is a valid date. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. OldStringN. multiple characters.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. [OldString2. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).

and returns a date in the same format as the specified date.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. minutes. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. month. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. or minute. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. measured in the specified increment (years. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. value ) TRUNC( date [. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. day. hours. hour. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. months. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. days. Truncates dates to a specific year. Returns the earliest date found in a group. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ) MIN( date. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. or seconds). amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the latest date found in a group. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . format. date2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the length of time between two dates. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. Rounds one part of a date.

filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. where e=2. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Notes whether a numeric value is positive.71828183. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. negative. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or 0. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 .

Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. first_search.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. second_result ]…[. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. Returns one of two values you specify. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Searches a port for the specified value. based on the results of a condition. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . search2. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. value1 [. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. value2 [. search1. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. first_result [. second_search. IIF IIF( condition. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Returns whether a value is NULL. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Test Functions 227 .Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date.

Returns the specified value. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer. Returns the new current value. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Available in the Designer.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Returns the new current value. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable.

Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 211 229 . 120.

69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 68 capitalization 99. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 68. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 180 removing from strings 123. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 120. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 160 ASCII characters 63.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 226 test 56. 217 conversion 53. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 225 special 55. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 223 scientific 55. 216 categories 50 character 52. 219 data cleansing 53. 220 date 54.

Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116.

117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index . 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.null values aggregate functions 18.

179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 . 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29.

72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 120.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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