Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
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Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . 220 Date Functions . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .. . .. . . .. . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . . . . . . . . 6-1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 5-1. . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . 5-4. . . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . . 3-2. . . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . 5-5.. . 39 . . . 28 . . . . 6 . . .. .. 36 . . . RR Format String Conversions . . .. Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . . 22 . 39 . .. . .. . . ... . . .. .. . .. . . . . 40 . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . .. .. . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . . . 3-3. . . 5-6. . . . . . . . .. . . 6-2. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . ...List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . . . 5-2. . . . . . . . . . ..... Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . .. . . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix .. . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . . . . . 2-1. . . . . .. . . . . . 26 . . . . . ... . .. .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . 4-1.. .. . . 3-4... . . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . 18 . . 25 . . . 36 .. . . 5-3. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . . . . . .. 3-1.. . . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . . . . . .. ... . ..... . . . . . . .... . . . .. .. . . .. . . . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime .. TO_CHAR Format Strings... . . . . . . . .. . . . . ... . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . 23 . . . .. . . . . . .. ... Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . .

x List of Tables .

The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. data synchronization. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. xi . and efficient manner. transforming. usable. and support high-speed loads. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. including extracting. and managing data. and information hubs. handle complex transformations on the data. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. loading. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. data migration.

pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. such as JIPSEkana. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains.1. and workflow prefixes. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. and MELCOM-kana. Define mapping. Session enhancement. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. session. pmcmd. Verbose data enhancements. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. and 7. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. sessions. Profile mapping display in the Designer.1. session. JEF-kana. You can define default mapping. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. the rows that meet the business rule. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. a specified percentage of data. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program.1. xii Preface . or the rows that do not meet the business rule.0. and workflow prefixes for the mappings.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. 7. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. Domain Inference function tuning. Flat file partitioning. PowerCenter 7. When you use a local parameter file.1.1. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. Row Uniqueness function. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source.1.

You can export or import multiple objects at a time. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. Depending on the loader you use. you can now override the control file. reswords. When you export metadata. target. containing reserved words. you can connect to IBM. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. On SuSE Linux. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. Preface xiii . When you load to Teradata using an external loader. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. GIF. DB2. and Sybase repositories.txt. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. targets. Teradata external loader. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. such as Business Objects Designer. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. You do not need to know a database user name and password. DB2. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser.♦ SuSE Linux support. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. ♦ SuSE Linux support. you can also override the error. On SuSE Linux. Oracle. it searches for reswords. Reserved word support. Oracle. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. log. and Sybase sources. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. and repositories using native drivers. JPEG. you can connect to IBM. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. you can create and maintain a file. or PDF. If any source. If the file exists. You can attach document types such as XML. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets.

Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. Creating auto profile enhancements. Informatica provides licenses for product. and partitions in the session. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. Aggregator function in auto profiles. resize columns in a report. You can also pivot the view row. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. Prepackaged domains. You store xiv Preface . You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. Source View in the Profile Manager. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. It also includes information from the version 7. PowerCenter 7.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.1. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. connectivity. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. Workflow Administration Guide. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. XML User Guide. and options.♦ Pipeline partitioning. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting.0 Web Services Hub Guide. and Transformation Guide. targets. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources.

Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. and delete a folder. MX views. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server Setup.1 MX views in its schema. delete a relational connection from a repository. pmrep. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. Partitioning enhancements. modify. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. and deploy group history. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. pmlic. and restore repositories. disable. delete repository details. You can use pmrep to back up. or restore a repository. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. If you have the Partitioning option. You can choose to skip MX data. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. You can also use pmrep to create. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. workflow and session log history. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. Increased repository performance. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. Object import and export enhancements. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. and the command line program. truncate log files. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. This improves processing performance for most sessions.the license keys in a license key file. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). upgrade. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. or enable a repository. back up. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . CLOB/BLOB datatype support.

Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. or a collection of all older versions of objects. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. Enhanced printing. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. such as data stored in a CLOB column. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. ♦ xvi Preface . Web Services Hub. The query can return local objects that are checked out. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. Also. The quality of printed workspace has improved. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. Midstream XML transformations. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. Custom transformation API enhancements. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. You can also extract data from messaging systems. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. the latest version of checked in objects. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. Union transformation. You can now perform lookups on flat files.

It displays folders alphabetically.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. and define relationships between views. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. When you create views with entity relationships. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. including relational sources or targets. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. or schema files. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. targets. Midstream XML transformations. XML files. In a view with hierarchy relationships. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. XML workspace. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. DTD files. such as data stored in a CLOB column. For more informations. When you import XML definitions. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can also extract data from messaging systems. Additional options for XML definitions. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. You can create views. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. add or delete columns from views. Synchronizing XML definitions.

You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. suggest candidate keys. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks.0. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. After you create a profiling warehouse.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. you can determine implicit data type. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. and evaluate join criteria. − − PowerCenter 7. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files.” Upgrading metadata. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. Increased performance for large XML targets. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. PowerCenter now supports XML files. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . Support for multiple XML output files. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. Installation and Configuration Guide.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. User-defined commits. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. DTD files. detect data patterns.♦ Support for circular references. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. For example.

Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. source and target tables. session errors. and warehouse growth. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. External loading enhancements. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid.1. such as workflows. If you purchase the Server Grid option. mappings. You can create a control file containing installation information. The Metaphone function encodes string values.objects impacted by the upgrade process. Metaphone. When using external loaders on UNIX. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. server load. worklets. Metadata analysis. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. including session load time. session completion status.0 metadata. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. Distributed processing. In a server grid. When using external loaders on Windows. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. Row error logging. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). you can now choose to load from staged files. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. Functions ♦ Soundex. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. and transformations.

You can choose to insert. groups. or delete data. importing. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. You can also use pmrep to run queries. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. such as copy object. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. Concurrent processing. Audit trail. Real time processing enhancements. When you select data driven loading. maintain labels. pmrep commands. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. exporting.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. Additionally. or update. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. update. privileges. checking in. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. and listing objects. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. Use Repository Manager privilege. delete. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. upsert. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. deploying. You can track changes to repository users. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. such as the Aggregator transformation. and change object status. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. Trusted connections. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. When you log in to the repository. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. If you use LDAP. The repository maintains a status for each user.

the colors. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. worklets. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. adding or removing a user or group. and adding or removing privileges. If you want to permanently remove an object version. control development on the object. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. Compare objects. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. sessions. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. track changes. You can compare tasks.audit trail log contains information. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. Check out and check in versioned objects. Unlike copying a folder. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. When you create a Custom transformation template. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. you can purge it from the repository. Delete or purge a version. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. You can also compare different versions of the same object. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. such as changes to folder properties. You can specify the icons used for transformation. Deployment. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. ♦ Joiner transformation. and workflows in the Workflow Manager.

You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. XML target enhancements. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. Queries. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema.♦ Deployment groups. Comparing objects. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. Increased performance for large XML files. XPath support. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. You can make a private query. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. format your XML file output for increased readability. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. use XPath to locate XML nodes. and to different repositories. improve query results. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. Track changes to an object. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. You can save queries for later use. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. or you can share it with all users in the repository. You can copy objects within folders. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. Within the Designer. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. ♦ xxii Preface . When you process an XML file or stream. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. increase performance for large XML files. declare multiple namespaces. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. to other folders. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. Labels.

expressions. targets. you can refresh a session mapping. or workflows. You can validate sessions. workflows. When you do this. mappings. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. Validate multiple objects. Refresh session mappings. Revert to saved. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. Enhanced validation messages. mapplets. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. View dependencies. mappings.♦ Change propagation. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. In the Workflow Manager. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. such as sources. Enhanced partitioning interface. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. The Designer propagates ports. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. and worklets. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. When you edit a port in a mapping. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager.

Batch Web Services. Troubleshooting Guide. or DTD files. including details on environment variables and database connections. and Metadata Web Services. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. Designer Guide. extract data from JMS messages. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Includes information to help you create mappings. Transformation Language Reference. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. folders. and transformations. Web Services Provider Guide. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Provides information needed to use the Designer. and permissions and privileges. and load data into JMS messages. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. build mappings. mapplets. users. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. XML User Guide. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Installation and Configuration Guide. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. and relational or other XML definitions. XSD. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Workflow Administration Guide. groups. Repository Guide. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Transformation Guide. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Getting Started. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide.

unless you follow the specified procedure. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. This is a code example. The following paragraph provides additional facts. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. Emphasized subjects. relational database concepts. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. The material in this book is available for online use. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. The following paragraph provides suggested uses.

Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. and locating your closest sales office.informatica.com. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www.informatica. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers.informatica. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. the Informatica Knowledgebase. This journal provides solutions to common tasks. newsletters. and implementation services. You will also find product information. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. training and education. its background. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support.com. and access to the Informatica user community. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. The site contains product information. If you have any questions. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. Informatica Webzine. The site contains information about Informatica. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. please email webzine@informatica. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. detailed descriptions of specific features.com. the Informatica Webzine.com. To register for an account. upcoming events.informatica. as well as literature and partner information.com xxvi Preface . access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). user group information. go to http://my.

563. . You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. Redwood City. .9489 Hours: 6 a.m.m.m. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a.385.m. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.5:30 p. You can request a user name and password at http://my. .m.m.5 p.m.m. WebSupport requires a user name and password. .m.m.m.m.The site contains information on how to create. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.6332 or 650.5:30 p.m.213. .5:30 p.m. . 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.informatica. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd.5 p. (local time) Preface xxvii .5:30 p. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a. market. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica.5800 Fax: 650. . . (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a. CA 94063 Phone: 866.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a.m.m.5:30 p.6 p. White Waltham Maidenhead. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.com.

xxviii Preface .

5 Adding Comments to Expressions. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 2 Expression Syntax. 1 . It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 9 Reserved Words. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions.

Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. Return values. Operators. Stored Procedure. Mapping parameters and variables. For details. such as the system date. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. and External Procedure transformations. You can also create local variables in transformations. Constants.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Local and system variables. such as TRUE. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. such as a state sales tax rate. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. or compare data. For more information. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . combine data. Workflow variables. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary.

the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. such as ORDERS. You can create an expression as simple as a port. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. Then. For example. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. during a workflow. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. “>>>>”. For example. or a numeric literal.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. not byte-oriented. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. such as 10. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. For example.

The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server. not the number of bytes.string. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

while SQL does not. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS).Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. On the other hand. or a numeric literal (such as 10). a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. it is not exactly like SQL. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. For example. input/output. but the transformation language does not. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. variable) String literals.Status). or combine different columns using the transformation language operators.

) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1. argument2. argument2.5 expressions only). The general syntax is: :SD. The general syntax is: :SEQ. [. The general syntax is: :LKP.SALES. . the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1. The general syntax is: :SP. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark..5 LOOKUP function.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD. The general syntax is: :EXT. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.sequence_generator_transformation. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3.source_table. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. :TD.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. :TD.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.SALES. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .lookup_transformation(argument1..PRICE.SALES. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3. 10. .ITEM_ID.ITEM_NAME.. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. 15.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals.external_procedure_transformation(argument1. For example. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition. argument2.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation..

and period (. If you pass a literal value to a function. variable. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation.). the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. Except for literals. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. create separate Aggregator transformations. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Except for literals. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. Lookup transformation. For example. For example. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. mapping parameters and variables. functions. For example: . If you rename a port in a connected transformation.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. as the start position. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. External Procedure transformation. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. local and system variables. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. ‘1’. The colon (:). not a string. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. Just type the number you want to include. literal string or number. For details on workflow variables. You cannot add an integer and a string.4 = ‘123. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. or the results of another expression. Stored Procedure transformation.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. comma (. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. For example. the expression 123.

do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. which allow only one nested aggregate function). see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions.

Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. if you want to concatenate two strings.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. since the last line is not a valid expression.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression. For example. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. as in: -. If you do not want to embed comments.These are comments ♦ Two slashes.

Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. operators. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. such as constants. and system variables. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . are reserved for specific functions.

16 NULL. 19 11 . 12 DD_INSERT. 14 DD_UPDATE. 13 DD_REJECT. 15 FALSE. 17 TRUE.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE.

0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. DD_DELETE. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . 2. When you run a workflow. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001.

The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. returning the difference between the two dates.NAME = 'Alex'.DD_REJECT. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. 0. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression.DATE_SHIPPED. Using DATE_DIFF. 'DD' ). It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. If the result is 2 or less.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . When you run a workflow. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. DD_INSERT. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. the expression flags the records for rejection. 0 ) > 2. If the result is greater than 2. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. ORDERS.

If you flag a record as reject. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression.SALES > 0. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. DD_INSERT. so it includes only positive values. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_REJECT. 0. When you run a workflow. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ).SALES > 0. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3.

otherwise. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1.NAME = 'Alex'. ORDERS. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. the expression flags the records for rejection. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. Using DATE_DIFF. 'DD' ). This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. DD_UPDATE. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. returning the difference between the two dates.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_REJECT. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. 0 ) > 2. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. If the result is 2 or less. If the result is greater than 2. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. The mapping loads sales for one employee. 1. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . it flags the records for update. When you run a workflow.DATE_SHIPPED.

'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var2 = 49.'Variable 1 was 22!'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. Var1 = 22.'Variable 2 was 49!'.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression.'. Var1 < 23.'.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . Var2 > 30. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.

the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. ^=. >=. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. <. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. <>. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. it might return zero or NULL. Functions can handle nulls differently. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. For details on how each function handles null values. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). Therefore. !=. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. For more information. However. or it might ignore null values. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. see “Functions” on page 49. For example.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. <= For example. If you pass a null value to a function. >. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 .

and MOVINGSUM. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. as well as CUME. MOVINGAVG. 18 Chapter 2: Constants .NULL To test for nulls. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . which returns zero). the function returns NULL. use the ISNULL function.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. However. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. For example. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the function does not select the record. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'.') TRUE 19 .'. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var2 = 49. Var1 < 23. Var1 = 22. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.'Variable 1 was 22!'. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Var2 > 30. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

25 Logical Operators. 24 Comparison Operators. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 26 21 . 23 String Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators.

2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. not equal to. greater than or equal to. *. Addition. /. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. not equal to. 2. !=. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. 3. The logical NOT operator. Multiplication. When expressions contain parentheses. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. Unary plus and minus. The logical AND operator. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. % +. used when specifying conditions. used when specifying conditions. || <.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. >. greater than. Less than. Concatenate. For example. division. modulus.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . subtraction. The logical OR operator. the equation 8 + 5 . >= =. less than or equal to. depending on how you nest the operations. Table 3-1. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. Equal to. <>. not equal to. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. 4. <=.

23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. To perform arithmetic on date values.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. division. use the date functions. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. Unary plus indicates a positive value. For example. modulus. subtraction. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. To concatenate strings. For example. the function returns NULL. Multiplication. % +. Addition. Arithmetic Operators 23 . Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. Meaning Unary plus and minus. The expression 1. *. For further information on built-in date functions. Unary minus indicates a negative value. /. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. use the string operator ||.

You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. However. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. produces the same results in less time.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. The || operator. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. the || operator returns NULL. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . however. if both values are NULL.

Not equal to. manipulate data. the operands must be the same datatype. Greater than or equal to. the expression 123. Less than or equal to. When you use comparison operators in an expression.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. Greater than. Not equal to.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. Not equal to. Less than. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. the result is NULL. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. The expressions 123. For example. Comparison Operators 25 . For information on how to compare dates. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. If you compare a value to a null value. see “Dates” on page 33. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value.

Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. and NULL for NULL. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. the operator NOT returns FALSE. For example.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. NOT returns TRUE. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. For example. FALSE for zero.

Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 28 Transaction Control Variables. 31 Local Variables. 32 27 .

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 34 Date Format Strings. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. 47 33 . It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic.

the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. ‘MM’. For example. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. TO_DATE. TO_CHAR. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources.D. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. ‘MM/DD/RR’). Modified Julian Day. and 9999 A. truncate.D. or perform arithmetic on a date. Date functions accept date/time values only. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. Date format strings. TO_CHAR format strings. For details on built-in variables. extract one part of a date. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. To pass a string to a date function. Converts a string to a date. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. With the date functions you can round. see “Variables” on page 27. Julian Day.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. or compare dates. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. Converts a date to a string. Use to specify the format of the return string. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . Tests whether a string represents a date. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only.

'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. By definition. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). nor with Modified Julian Day. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. For example. and 9999 A. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. This term should not be confused with Julian Day.D.D. For example. and are not supported in PowerCenter. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. Overview 35 . The J format string does not convert this time component.

‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. Current Year Between 50 and 99. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. In TO_DATE expressions. RR and YY produce different results. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the source string year is between 50 and 99.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2.

If you specify a format string. If you want to pass a string to a date function. or it is an invalid date. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. Although date formats vary from database to database. Dates in Relational Databases In general.Table 5-2. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. If an input value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. If you omit the format string. while the time might include the hours. minutes. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. The date includes the month. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. If the string is in the default date format. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. day. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. Use TO_CHAR(date. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. and even between applications. and year. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . and seconds. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values.

1:00:00AM = 1. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . Month (January = 01. For example. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. 12:00:00AM = 0. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. If you omit the format string. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. 12:00:00PM = 12. If you specify a format string.

You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. YY. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. Seconds (0-59). YYYY. YYY. For example. Specify the part of the date you want to change. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. For example. DDD. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. MON. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date.) Month (01-12). HH. or MONTH to specify APR. For example. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. SSSS Y. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. J Description Days (01-31). It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. HH12. Minutes (0-59. For example. HH12. YYY. you can use HH. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). you can use MM. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. you can use Y. DD. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. or YYYY to specify 1997. Date Format Strings 39 . Hour of day (0-23). YY. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. Specify the part of the date you want to return. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. DAY. MONTH SS. HH24 MI MM. Specify the part of the date you want to round.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. DY. MON. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). This function returns an integer value based on the default date format.

including leap years). Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. where January to March equals 1. 4713 00:00:00 BC.M.. Month (01-12). ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. Modified Julian Day. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.’ However. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Day of year (001-366. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. including up to nine characters (for example.M. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. ‘YY. calculated from Jan 1. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. ‘RR’ produces the same results as.M. It ignores the time component of the date. when used with TO_DATE. and is interchangeable with. and P. Day of month (01-31). TO_CHAR returns 97. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . A.M. AM and PM return the same values as do A. For example. The function removes the leading digits. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. When used with TO_CHAR. D DD DDD DAY DY HH.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. Wed). including up to nine characters (for example. Quarter of year (1-4). You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. Jan). Last two digits of a year. PM. Hour of day (01-12). P. Wednesday). For example. Name of month. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). Name of day. changing the format for reporting purposes. Seconds (00-59). Hour of day (00-23). where Sunday equals 1. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Day of week (1-7). Minutes (00-59). January). Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value.

Week of year (01-53). It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. for example D””DDD.86399). Text that displays in the output. SSSSS. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. Last two digits of a year. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. The function removes the leading digits.DD. For example. For example. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. Last three digits of a year. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. You might use these symbols to separate date parts.. See the individual functions for more examples. For example. RR. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. For example. The function removes the leading digits. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997.Table 5-5. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. The function removes the leading digits. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . 'MM. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . For example. For example. For example. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. Punctuation that displays in the output. For example. and so on. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. TO_CHAR returns 97. and YY format strings. Last digit of a year. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. Entire year portion of date. Week of month (1-5). TO_CHAR returns 7. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive.YYYY' ). TO_CHAR returns 997. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. TO_CHAR returns 1997.

'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions.

m. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. Hour of day (0-23). the function returns FALSE (0). DD DDD DAY DY HH.m. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. p. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. if any parts do not match. AM and PM return the same values as do a. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. a. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date.m. including leap years). If you omit the format string. Day of month (1-31). PM. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. including up to nine characters (for example. the function returns TRUE (1). Day of year (001-366. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. Wednesday). Name of day. Minutes (0-59). When you create a TO_DATE expression. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date.m.. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. Wed). Hour of day (1-12). The DY format string is not case-sensitive.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. and p. where zero is 12AM (midnight).

. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Use the RR or YY format string instead. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. Seconds (0-59). 1998. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. For example. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. 2034).Current Year Between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. representing May 12.Current Year Between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. For example. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. including up to nine characters (for example. Modified Julian Day. Month (1-12). Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Case does not matter. If it does not. It ignores the time component of the source string. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. Four digits of a year. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. Aug). 2020. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. Name of month. Use when source strings include two-digit years. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. . Case does not matter. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. For example. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. Seconds since midnight. August).Table 5-6. to TO_DATE.

if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. RR. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. For example. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. See the individual functions for more examples.format string. and SSSSS format strings. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. Likewise. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . Example The following examples illustrate the J. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. The format string is not case-sensitive. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. Tip: By default.

'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . RR returns the year 2005. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. while YY returns the year 1905.

Subtract two dates. 1. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. SET_DATE_PART. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. DATE_DIFF. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. 31. Change one part of a date.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. 9999 23:59:59 AD.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215. 49 . in alphabetical order. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages.

Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports.

Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. and returns four values.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. Function Categories 51 . The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. evaluates the AVG expression. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties.

and MOVINGSUM. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. For example. as well as to CUME. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. MOVINGAVG. 1. If the value rounds to zero.5 to 2.35 to 0) for the filter condition. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. the function selects all rows in the port. If you do not want to round up a value. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. By default. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. the filter condition returns FALSE. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. the function returns NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. If you pass an entire port of null values. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. FALSE. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. For example. the function returns zero. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. 1. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. or NULL. 0.2 to 1. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function.

Trim string values. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. UPPER. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. MIN. Convert the datatype of an input value. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. LOWER. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . Encode strings. Replace characters in a string.

or compare dates.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. see “Dates” on page 33. truncate. However. if you want to pass a string to a date function. extract one part of a date. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. For a complete list of date format strings. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . Date format strings are not internationalized. or perform arithmetic on a date. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument.

the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. if you pass a date with milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . Therefore.

use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. When you run a workflow. At the end of the session. For example. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. Filter. you use special functions in Expression.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. Then at the end of the session. You can nest other functions within special functions. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. and Update Strategy transformations. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition.

process that pipeline. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. For more information on mapping variables. Function Categories 57 . see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. If you use this function more than once for the same variable.

It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. String.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. it stops transforming data at that row. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. The string can be any length. including ERROR function calls within an expression. Return Value NULL. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. assign ABORT as the default value. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. You can use ABORT to validate data. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. For more information on the Abort command. Generally. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function.

if you pass an Integer.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. it returns a Double. Numeric datatype. If you pass a Double. You can enter any valid transformation expression.95 59. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Return Value Positive numeric value. Likewise. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE .95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. it returns an Integer.

'HH'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'DD'. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Day. MONTH. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Month. 'YY'. For example. 'MI'. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Seconds. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. You use the SS format string to set the second. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. 'MONTH'. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. DDD. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. 'SS'. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. You can use any of the day format strings: D. For example. YY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. HH12. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. You use the MI format string to set the minute. Minute. For example. and DAY. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. YYY. Hour. DY. For example. DD. HH24. or YYYY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. MON. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port.

and so on by which you want to change the date value. 'mm'. Required. Passes the values you want to change. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. hours. An integer value specifying the amount of years. Also note. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. format. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'MM'. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. months. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Required. 'MON'. days. 'MONTH'. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. for example. Date/Time datatype. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. For example.

'HH12'. 'DY'. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. 'DAY'. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. 'HH'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. you need to change the hour portion of the date. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. which you specify. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. 'DD'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24'. 'DDD'. 'D'. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998.

the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Character string. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Normally. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Return Value Integer. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. however. If you pass a numeric value. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. before you pass any string value to ASCII. You can enter any valid transformation expression. ASCII 63 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. they will still work correctly.535. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Normally. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function.535. For example. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. If you pass a numeric value. However. Character string. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. it will still work correctly. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. A string containing one character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

Any datatype (except Binary). second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. NULL if both string values are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. Required. If both strings are NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. Alternatively. CONCAT returns NULL. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. Return Value String.

LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. If you want to add a space between two strings. For example. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. ' ' ). CONCAT( CHR(39). The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME.

Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.951056516295147 0. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions .996194698091745 0.342020143325593 0.866025403784421 0.0 0. Return Value Double value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Numeric datatype.0 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Numeric datatype.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .4435376920294 116.45 0 0.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.0 1.54308063481524 9. You can enter any valid transformation expression.66 5. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.0874465864177 19. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine. Return Value Double value.897 3.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).381231106176 1. For example: COSH( MEASURES.0 2.

Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to count. the function returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. Any datatype (except Binary). If you apply the value argument. If you apply the asterisk argument. Alternative. the function returns 0. Syntax COUNT( value [. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Optional. this function ignores columns with null values. However. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Use to count all rows in a transformation. Note: By default. For more information. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. Optionally. this function counts all rows. Nulls If all values are NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. Return Value Integer. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. FALSE. or NULL.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. including null values. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. The function counts all rows in a transformation. returning one value. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example.

the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. but do not use a filter. the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. If you include the asterisk argument.In this example. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions .

Numeric datatype. FALSE. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). if all values in the selected port are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. Nulls If a value is NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. However. Limits the rows in the search. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Optional. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. CUME 79 . Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. CUME returns NULL.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. or NULL. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise. you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .

Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . Date/Time datatype. 1 if the second date is earlier. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Date/Time datatype. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. The first date you want to compare. The second date you want to compare. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. 0 if the two dates are equal. Required. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED.

If date1 is later than date2. days. or seconds. You can specify years. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. months. Date/Time datatype. You can request the format to be years. such as 'mm'. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. Required. months. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If date1 is earlier than date2. or seconds. The format string is not case-sensitive. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. the return value is a negative number. date2. minutes. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. You can specify only one part of the date. For example. hours. the return value is a positive number.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. Date/Time datatype. minutes. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. hours. 'Mm' or 'mM'. Required. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. Return Value Double value. days. Zero if the dates are the same.

DATE_SHIPPED.5 10.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 .925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812.0 2100. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0 255.5 87. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87.

0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2. DATE_SHIPPED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions .243279569892366 0.91935483870839 0.243279569892366 0.91935483870839 2. DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. Any datatype (except Binary). the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. the search does not find a matching value. first_search. which you define. second_search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The search value must match the value argument exactly. DECODE 85 . not just 'Halogen'. Passes the values for which you want to search. Passes the values you want to search. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. Any datatype (except Binary). first_result [. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight.[. Required.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. Any datatype (except Binary).. Syntax DECODE( value. Required. second_result]. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. Optional. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. If the function finds the value. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. you may not search for a portion of a value. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. You can enter any valid transformation expression. it returns a result value.. Even if multiple conditions are met. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. If you enter 'Halogen'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example.

and the other results are Decimal. ‘Pythagoras’. 1. 40. 'Regulator'. ‘Archimedes’.141592654. ‘Pi’. 3. 'Flashlight'. 3. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. For example. ‘3. 'Tank'. 10. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. 1.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. 14.141592654’. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. 5. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . the datatype of the return value is Double. For example. 20.414213562. When you run a session in high precision mode. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. ‘Archimedes’.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. ‘Pythagoras’. if at least one result is Double. 'Knife'. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values.414213562’. 5.414213562.141592654. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. The first result is an Integer. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. ‘1. and 3. ‘Pi’. 3.

'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. Variable 2 was more than 30. desired ranges.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. Var1 = 22. Var1 < 23. Var2 = 49. was 49!'. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Also. DECODE 87 . was more than 30.'. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. Var2 > 30. was less than 23.'.

Return Value String value. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. String value. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. assign ERROR as the default value. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. including ERROR function calls within an expression. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. which you define. ‘1234’. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. and it does not log an error in the session log. For details about using default values. you use the ERROR function in an expression. and you assign the default value. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. The string can be any length. Generally. The error message displays in the session log file. It does not skip the row. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. to the output port. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression.

'. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. Row skipped. Negative salary found.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . Negative salary found. but skip negative values. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. ERROR ('Error. Row skipped.

Return Value Double value. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). You can enter any valid transformation expression.4657948067 0.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions .55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026.135335283236613 5166. where e=2. Numeric datatype. For example. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.38905609893065. rather than business data. The value to which you want to raise e.71828183. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. EXP(2) returns 7. (The exponent in the equation e^value). EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required.

Optionally. Optional. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. or NULL. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. if all values passed from the port are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FIRST 91 . Any datatype (except Binary). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Limits the rows in the search. Return Value First value in a group. FIRST ignores the row. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. FIRST returns NULL.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. However. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. However. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Note: By default. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax FIRST( value [. FALSE. the function returns NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. For more information. Nulls If a value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35. If there is no group by port.00 88. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 88. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 29. returning one value.00 29.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.00 31. returning one result for each group.00 31.00 8.05 150.05 150.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 8.

you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 .17 to FLOOR. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. the function returns 3. the function returns -4. If you pass 3. Numeric datatype.12 74. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.24 NULL -100. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. if you pass 3. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. if you pass -3.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. Likewise. the function returns 3. For example. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39.98 to FLOOR.79 125. For example.14 to FLOOR.

Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. 'mm'. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. The format string is not case-sensitive. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. Required. the format strings 'Y'. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'YY'. Date/Time datatype. For example. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. 'YYY'. for example. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . or 'YYYY' all return 1997. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. Therefore. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The condition you want to evaluate. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. If you omit value2. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. including another IIF expression. Required. Syntax IIF( condition. Any datatype (except Binary).IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. For example. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. value1 [.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. including another IIF expression. based on the results of a condition. Any datatype (except Binary).

For example. . NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. the datatype of the return value is Double. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. IIF( SALES < 200. SALARY3. 1.3333) is a decimal. IIF( SALES < 50. SALARY1. IIF( SALES < 100. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. SALARY2. For example. EMP_NAME. BONUS))). The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. value2 if the condition is FALSE.

--else for sales over 199. For more information. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200.SALARY1. DD_REJECT. SALARY3. SALARY2. return BONUS) ) ). 98 Chapter 6: Functions . BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. SALARY1. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. SALES > 199. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). --then return SALARY2. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. DECODE may improve readability. --then return SALARY3. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200.

tab. You can enter any valid transformation expression. carriage return. Any datatype (except Binary). newline. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. formfeed. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. Return Value String. For example. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. the function returns Thomas. If your data contains multibyte characters. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. If the search value appears more than once in the string. A positive integer greater than zero. The set of characters you want to search for. The string must be a character string. If the start position is zero. For example. for example 'abc'. Must be an integer value. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. the function uses the default value of 1. if not. Passes the value you want to evaluate. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. the function uses the default value of 1. If you want to search for a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax INSTR( string.start [. Any value. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. If the start position is a negative number. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. If you pass a negative integer or zero. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The search value is case-sensitive. The default value is 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you pass a decimal. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. counting from left to right. The position in the string where you want to start the search. If you omit this argument. counting from left to right. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. If the start position is a positive number. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. Optional. Zero if the search is unsuccessful.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. If you omit this argument. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. search_value [. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . Optional. The results of the expression must be a character string.

starting at the beginning of each company name. -1. 'a'. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . starting from the last character in the company name. 1. 'a'. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. starting at the beginning of each company name. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’.

1. INSTR(CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.INSTR( CUST_NAME. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks.' ' . '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. The following expression evaluates a string. starting from the end of the string. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. 1. -1.-1. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'.

ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. Note: To test for empty strings. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. For more information. use LENGTH. Any datatype (except Binary). Passes the rows you want to evaluate. You can enter any valid transformation expression. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. see “LENGTH” on page 115.

Optional. For example. However. If you omit the format string. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Must be a string datatype. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . not the YY format string. which returns TRUE. the function returns FALSE (0). Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). In most cases. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). which returns false. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. You can enter any valid transformation expression.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. For example. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. In the first case. the function returns TRUE (1). year 1900 is not a leap year. so there is no February 29th. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. the two format strings return the same values. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. If the strings match the format string. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date.

‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. If it does not. If the value is not a valid date. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. IS_DATE 105 . Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. and converts each valid date to a date value. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port.

the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions .Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. Therefore. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ).

You can enter any valid transformation expression.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. IS_NUMBER 107 .45E-32’ ‘+3.45e+32’ ‘+3. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Must be a string datatype. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).

45e+3’ ‘3. such as TO_FLOAT. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.45d-3’ ‘3.00345 0. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.00 0.45D-3’ ‘-3.00 0. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).45e+3’ ‘-3.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .00 0.00 0.00’ ‘-3. If the value is not a valid number.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions. 0.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 0.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. For example.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00’ ‘-3. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.Windows only) 0 (False .00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .

see “LENGTH” on page 115. Must be a string datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. use LENGTH. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . Passes the rows you want to evaluate. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. a newline. a formfeed. To test for an empty string. A space is a blank space. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. For more information. a carriage return. or a vertical tab. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. For example.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. a tab.

you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces.column in a target table. To do this. '00000'. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .

see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. the function returns NULL. However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. LAST 111 . FALSE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Optional. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. or if no rows are selected (for example. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optionally. Return Value Last row in a port. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information. Limits the rows in the search. Any datatype (except Binary). or NULL. Note: By default. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Syntax LAST( value [. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.

00 29.00 8. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.05 150.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .

Null If a value is NULL. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. returning one result for each group. if all values passed from the port are NULL. returning one value. If there is no group by port. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . Date/Time datatype. Return Value Date. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. LAST_DAY returns NULL. However. LAST_DAY ignores the row. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function.

You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. TO_DATE always includes time information. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE.

LENGTH 115 . use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. use ISNULL. For details. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. String datatype. including trailing blanks. For details. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. The strings you want to evaluate. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. see “ISNULL” on page 103. To test for spaces. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. use IS_SPACES.

828313737302 -0. Numeric datatype. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. Return Value Double value.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. LN(3)returns 1.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2.04082199452026 NULL Error. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. It must be a positive number. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. greater than zero. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.) Error.098612. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.302585092994 4.

exponent Return Value Double value. Required. or 1 as a base value.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value.) Error. LOG 117 . Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Syntax LOG( base. zero. Most often. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE.) Error. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. The base of the logarithm. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0.09 NULL 35. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. The exponent of the logarithm. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0.

value1 [. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. For more information.. Syntax LOOKUP( result. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. Any datatype (except Binary). Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. value2].5 compatibility in the session properties. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). search1. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . Specifies the values you want to match to value. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. rather than creating Lookup transformations. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. ) Argument result Meaning Required.. Required. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. must match search1 datatype. Datatype that matches the value1.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. search2. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. However. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search.

ORDERS. :TD. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.ORDERS. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD. NULL if the search does not find any matching values. :TD.ORDERS.PRICE.ORDERS.QTY. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.ITEM_NAME. :TD. :TD.99 15.ITEM.PRICE. 10.PRICE. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value.SALES.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values.PRICE.00 15. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .ITEM. Error if the search finds more than one matching value. ORDERS. RTRIM( ORDERS.SALES for a specific item ID and price. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly. 15. ORDERS. :TD. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.ORDERS.ITEM.SALES.SALES.99 15.ITEM_ID.

LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Lowercase character string. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. If your data contains multibyte characters. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Any string value.

6. The strings you want to change. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . Can be a character string. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. LPAD( PART_NUM. This argument is case-sensitive. for example 'abc'. however. You can enter a specific string literal. length [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. Can be any string value. When length is a negative number. Must be a positive integer literal. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax LPAD( first_string. or if length is a negative number. If you omit the second_string. Optional. RPAD returns NULL. Required.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required.

**. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. For example.**.. 16. -5... If the first string is longer than the length. LPAD(‘alphabetical’. '.Flashlight *. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.LPAD counts the length from left to right. '*.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME..**Compass Regulator System *. 5.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *. LPAD truncates the string from right to left.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions ..

You can enter any valid transformation expression. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. for example. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. If the trim_set is NULL. Then it returns the string. character-by-character. You can also enter a character string. If you omit the second string. trim_set Return Value String. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. with any matching characters removed. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. you would enter 'A'. Any string value. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax LTRIM( string [. For example.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. starting with the left side of the string. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. LTRIM removes it. LTRIM 123 . 'abc'. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. Passes the strings you want to modify. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. LTRIM removes both single. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. not 'a'.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. In ASCII mode. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. the function returns NULL. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. however. Most often. Any string value.

MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman.’ from S. Bender. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. For example. LTRIM removes it. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. Bender. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. 'S. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. MacDonald Sawyer H. This is because LTRIM searches.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. LTRIM removes it. In the example of H. character-by-character. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. but not the period from H. and so on. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. FALSE. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or if no rows are selected (for example. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. Date/Time datatype. Syntax MAX( date [. Optional. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. or NULL. Return Value Date. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. For more information.

see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. For more information. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the function returns NULL. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. However. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. or if no rows are selected (for example. or NULL. MAX returns NULL. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. MAX ignores it. Nulls If a value is NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). 126 Chapter 6: Functions . You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Return Value Numeric value. Optional. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Numeric datatype. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Limits the rows in the search. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.

00 PRICE 10.00 360.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 . MAX treats all rows as one group. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 55.00 162.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If there is no group by port. returning one value. returning one result for each group.00 85.00 79.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally. However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Note: By default. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. FALSE. If there is an odd number of values in the port. the function returns NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Limits the rows in the search. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . If there is an even number of values in the port. MEDIAN returns NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. the median is the middle number. Optional. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or NULL. MEDIAN ignores the row. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Nulls If a value is NULL. Return Value Numeric value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .

You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. MIN ignores it. Return Value Numeric value. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. MIN returns NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the function returns NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. MIN (Numbers) 135 . see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. For more information. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Numeric datatypes. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. if all values passed from the port are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. However. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Note: By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. Optional.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Limits the rows in the search. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search.

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .00 79.00 55.00 360. If there is no group by port.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. MIN treats all rows as one group.00 85. returning one value.00 PRICE 10.00 162. returning one result for each group. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.

5) returns 3. PowerCenter Server does not write row.00 NULL 20. The divisor cannot be zero. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor.00 12. For example. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function.00 9.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. QTY ) PRICE 10. Numeric datatype. MOD(8. The values you want to divide.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error.00 15. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. Syntax MOD( numeric_value.00 25. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. The numeric value you want to divide by. MOD 137 .

NULL.00 NULL 20.The last row (25. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE.00 25. QTY )) PRICE 10. you can create an expression similar to the following. If the quantity is zero. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 12. IIF( QTY = 0.00 15. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero.00 9. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. To avoid dividing by zero.

the function returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. MOVINGAVG 139 . filter_condition Return Value Numeric value.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. if all values are NULL. Required. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. five rows at a time. rowset [. 5). FALSE. Limits the rows in the search. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optional. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. or if no rows are selected (for example. However. Optionally. or NULL. For example. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required.

and thereafter.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. 245.8 based on rows 2 through 6. 140 Chapter 6: Functions .

or if the function does not select any rows (for example. Required. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Numeric datatype. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. Limits the rows in the search. 5 ) Optional. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. For example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). if all values are NULL. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. Optionally. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. five rows at a time. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. FALSE. MOVINGSUM 141 . Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. rowset [. However. the function returns NULL. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

142 Chapter 6: Functions . based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. and thereafter. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES.

see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Note: By default. PERCENTILE ignores the row. However. However. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. or NULL. Required. inclusive. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. Optional. See the following equation for more details. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. if all values in a group are NULL. the function returns NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. percentile [. PERCENTILE returns NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. For more information. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. when PERCENTILE 143 . You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. Passes the percentile you want to calculate.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. FALSE. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. Integer between 0 and 100. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. or if no rows are selected (for example.

returning one result for each group. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If i < 1. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If i is an integer value. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group.you configure the PowerCenter Server. If there is no group by port. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. returning one value. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list.

SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 NULL 55000.0 9000.0 85000.0 86000.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 27900. 75.0 100000.0 48000.0 99000.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.0 -3. the exponent must be an integer. In this case.0 6. Numeric value. Return Value Double value. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS. If the base value is negative.5 2.0 3. If the base value is negative. Syntax POWER( base. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 -6. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.5 3.0 729. This argument is the base value.594307804838 NULL NULL 0.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .5 NULL 10. Numeric value.00137174211248285 729. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value. Required.0 3.0 EXPONENT 2.0 -3.0 NULL -6.265625 982.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838. This argument is the exponent value.0 6.0 5.0 -3.00137174211248285 0. the exponent must be an integer.0 5. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.

Note that -3.5.0 raised to 5. If the base is negative. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value. POWER 147 . the exponent must be an integer.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3.

OldCharSet.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. 'abc'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. an empty string. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . Must be an integer. If you pass a numeric value. Must be a character string. You can enter one character. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. the function is case-sensitive. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. the function is not case-sensitive. Required. the function converts it to a character string. or NULL. for example. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. If NewChar contains more than one character. NULL if InputString is NULL. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. Required. the function converts it to a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR returns NULL. REPLACECHR returns InputString. Passes the string you want to search. Required. You can enter one or more characters. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. If you pass a numeric value. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The characters you want to replace. If NewChar is NULL or empty. Must be a character string. If InputString is NULL.

1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.1" GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘"’.html HTTP/1. ‘A’.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘A’.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. ‘]["’. WEBLOG.1 GET /companyinfo/index. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1. WEBLOG.1 GET /companyinfo/index.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.

CUSTOMER_CODE. including the single quote. INPUT. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. INPUT. you must use the CHR function. CHR(39). NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. The following expression removes multiple characters. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘14’. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘A’. see “CHR” on page 68.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. . REPLACESTR returns NULL. If you pass a numeric value. if you enter multiple OldString arguments.. or no character. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If NewString is NULL or empty. an empty string. Required. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. Must be a character string. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. Must be a character string. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. or NULL. for example. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. see the examples. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. REPLACESTR returns InputString. multiple characters. If InputString is NULL. multiple characters. 'abc'. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. You can enter one character. etc. Passes the strings you want to search. the function converts it to a character string. OldString1. the function is not case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. OldStringN. If you pass a numeric value. REPLACESTR 151 . For more information. Required. You must enter at least one OldString argument. InputString. [OldString2.. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. the function is case-sensitive. Required. That is. The string you want to replace. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. the function converts it to a character string. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. Must be an integer. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments.

‘rs.html /companyinfo/index.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.’. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. INPUT. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. ‘iss’. TITLE. MRS. ‘"’. Mr. Miss Mr.html /companyinfo/index.1" GET /companyinfo/index. ‘s. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1.html HTTP/1. ‘rs.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. TITLE. Ms. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘s. WEBLOG.’ ) TITLE Mrs. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. ‘GET ’. MRS. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. RETURN VALUE Ms. MRS. ‘iss’.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index.html HTTP/1. Ms. ‘bc’. ‘ab’. RETURN VALUE Ms.’ ) TITLE Mrs.1’.NULL if InputString is NULL.’. ‘ HTTP/1.

REPLACESTR 153 .The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. CONCAT(CHR(39). ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. CONCAT( CHR(39). INPUT. ‘bc’. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. INPUT. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. you must use the CHR function. CONCAT(‘it’. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. ‘ab’. ‘s’ )). For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal.

and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. For example. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. Hour. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. For example. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. For example. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. Month. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. Day. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. If the month is between July and December. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. If the month is between January and June. For example. the function returns January 1 of the input year. and sets the time to 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. For example. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. Minute. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00.

Syntax ROUND( date [. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. If you omit the format string.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. Enter a valid format string. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . Optional. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. You can round only one portion of the date. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

0. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. ROUND returns NULL. For example. ROUND(12. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If one of the arguments is NULL. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. 1) returns 15.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. ROUND(12. 1) returns 13. If you enter a negative precision. the function rounds to the nearest integer.44.99.8) returns 13.99) returns 13. Return Value Numeric value.4. If you omit the precision argument. For example. ROUND(12.99. Numeric datatype. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . ROUND(12. You can also use ROUND to round dates.99. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. For example.99. Positive or negative integer. If you enter decimal precision.0 and ROUND(15. returning an integer. -1) returns 20. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places.0 because the function rounds 0. truncating the decimal portion of the number. For example. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. If you enter a positive precision.

0 1400.99 1435.99 56. -2 ) PRICE 13242.99 -108.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.868 56.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places. 0.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.0 56.0 -19.99 -18.0 -16.8 ) PRICE 12. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.0 -100. ROUND( PRICE.8678 56. 3 ) PRICE 12.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.994 15.99 -15.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.995 -18. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.99 56.0 57.9949 -18.9936 15.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. To achieve the expected result. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. This may not be the result you expect. For example. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6.

. So. Syntax RPAD( first_string.... the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. RPAD(‘alphabetical’.. For example.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. When length is a negative number. This argument is casesensitive. length [.. Specifies the length you want each string to be. 'abc'.. If you omit the second string. Must be a positive integer literal.. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. RPAD counts the length from left to right.. RPAD returns NULL. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 16. '.. appending the string '. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value String of the specified length. for example. if the first string is longer than the length... The strings you want to change. Regulator System Safety Knife. or if length is a negative number. Required.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight.. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary.. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any string value.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. Optional.. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. Any string value. Compass. 5.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required.. RPAD truncates the string from right to left.

*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.**.**..The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. -5. '*. '.** Regulator System Safety Knife*..*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.. appending the string ‘*.* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .. Compass*.. 16.

If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. trim_set Return Value String. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. for example. however. Passes the values you want to trim. Any string value. Optional. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. If you omit the second string. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. starting with the right side of the string.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. character-by-character.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can also enter a text literal. RTRIM removes it. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. In ASCII mode. Syntax RTRIM( string [. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. with any matching characters removed. It returns the string. 'abc'. RTRIM removes both single. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. Any string value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed.

however. In the last example. This is because RTRIM searches. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. character-by-character. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. and so on. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes it. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). 't' ) RTRIM 163 . the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. If. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. For example. RTRIM removes it. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. the last character in the string does not match.

Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Unless overridden. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. The session is a debug session. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Returns the new current value. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. For details on mapping variables. The session is configured for a test load. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. At the end of a successful session. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. At the end of the session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output.

Return Value The current value of the variable. Supply. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. Darkroom Co.. decreases the count for each deleted row. The next time the session runs. It increases the count by one for each inserted row.. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. Darkroom Co. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 . the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’.

Minute. April. You use the SS format string to set the second. and DAY) to set the day. YY. DDD. September. For example. You can use any of the month format strings (D. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'MONTH'. DD. For example. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Day. MON. 'MI'. 'YY'. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Hour. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . MONTH to set the month. 'SS'. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. YYY. HH12. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. 'DD'. You use the MI format string to set the minute. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. For example. Seconds. and November) in the value argument. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Month. HH24) to set the hour. For example. June. DY.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. 12=12PM. or YYYY to set the year. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. 'HH'.

A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. 'HH12'. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. The date you want to modify. February 30). the session fails. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. If you enter an improper value (for example. Date/Time datatype. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. Required. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. 'HH24'. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH'. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. format. The format string is not case-sensitive.

2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. For example. 'YY'. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 'YYYY'. 'DD'. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 7). 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 1998). PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'. 'MONTH'. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions .MM'. 'Y'. 'MM'. 'MON'.

see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. Unless overridden. At the end of a successful session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. The session is a debug session. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. Returns the new current value. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. When used with a string mapping variable. At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. For details on mapping variables. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. The session is configured for a test load. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 .SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged.

Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. The next time the session runs. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. Then. Required. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. The return value is the new current value of the variable. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. it saves the largest value to the repository. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. For example.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. At the end of a successful session. The session is configured for a test load. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. The session is a debug session. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . When used with a string mapping variable. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Unless overridden. For details on mapping variables. Returns the new current value. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run.

SETMINVARIABLE 173 . The return value is the new current value of the variable. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.25 24.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.50 22. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.50 27. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.00 At the end of the session.50 22.50 22. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type.75 23. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The next time the session runs.00 26.75 25.00 22. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.00 22. Required.00’. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.50.00 22.00 22. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port.00 MIN_PRICE 22. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.00 24.25 22.50 22.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.00 22.

50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.00 22.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions .50 22. Then.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. it saves the smallest value to the repository. For example. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.

You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. it saves a final current value to the repository. Required. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. The session is configured for a test load. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. SETVARIABLE 175 . The session is a debug session. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. At the end of a successful session. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the specified value. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. For details on mapping variables. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete.

When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.50 116. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.01 97.43 323.50 116.43 323. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. 176 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.01 97. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.23 699.23 699. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session. The next time the session runs.Return Value Current value of the variable.

Passes the values you want to evaluate. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if NULL. Numeric value. or 0. 0 for 0. Return Value -1 for negative values.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . negative. 1 for positive values.

939692620785936 0.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation.0871557427476639 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Double value.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions . Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine.309016994374967 0. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).50000000000003 0.

345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.1752011936438 9. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Return Value Double value.376934801486 0. For example: SINH( MEASURES.4178051793031 116.0 2. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.03225804884884 19.45 0 0.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.0 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.897 3.66 5.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .

both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. For example. F. P. Z D. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. S. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . G. and encodes it in uppercase. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. U. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). T L M. H. V C. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. Skips numbers in string. Q. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. For example. For example. K. J. If string encodes to less than four characters. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. E. X. For example. I. O. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’.

No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value String. string is empty. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Passes the string value you want to encode. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. Must be a character string.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL.

Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL 7. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. Positive numeric value. PowerCenter Server does not write row.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. If you pass a negative value or character value. Return Value Double value. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can use operators to average values in different ports. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Optional. if all values are NULL. Note: By default.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. the function returns NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Limits the rows in the search. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. STDDEV 183 . or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. However. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. For more information. FALSE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Numeric datatypes. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. STDDEV returns NULL. STDDEV ignores it. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function.

0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists). Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.90 and 153.0 2198.0 2198. If there is no group by port.90 2256.000. If there is no standard deviation.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 NULL 8953. SALES > 2000. STDDEV treats all rows as one group. 184 Chapter 6: Functions . the return value is zero.0 1010.88 3001.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.0 2198.0 153.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2. returning one result for each group. returning one value.00 ) SALES 2198.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.

Required. If you pass a numeric value. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. Syntax SUBSTR( string. SUBSTR 185 .SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. start length Return Value String. SUBSTR counts all characters. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. starting at the beginning of the string. the function returns an empty string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. The position in the string where you want to start counting. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. Optional. If the start position is zero. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If the start position is a positive number.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be an integer greater than zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. Must be an integer. start [. Passes the strings you want to search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a negative integer or zero. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. the function converts it to a character string. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. If the start position is a negative number. including blanks. If you pass a decimal. If you omit the length argument.

3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 186 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. -8. 0. 1. 5. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE.

-1.' ' .The following expression evaluates a string. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'.1. 1. INSTR(CUST_ID. 8) returns ‘cd’. SUBSTR 187 . INSTR(CUST_ID.1 ) .INSTR( CUST_NAME. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. starting from the end of the string.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. -2. 2.

Optional. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Nulls If a single value is NULL. You can use operators to add values in different ports. the function returns NULL. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. However.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Optionally. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. SUM ignores it. Passes the values you want to add. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Note: By default. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. However. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. SUM returns NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . FALSE.

0 NULL 3458.0 1900.0 1200.0 4519.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one result for each group.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 . SUM treats all rows as one group. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500. If there is no group by port. returning one value.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.

Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).577350269189672 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).19175359259435 0. Numeric datatype. Return Value Double value.0874886635259298 0. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .74747741945531 1.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.324919696232929 57.

0 2.45 0 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .66 5. Numeric datatype.998676551914886 0.0 0. Return Value Double value.993926947790665 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.761594155955765 0. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.999963084213409 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.897 3. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.

not the format for the values in the date argument. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. The format string defines the format of the return value. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Optional. If you omit the format string. Return Value String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Date/Time datatype. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions .

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

If it does not. For details on the TO_DATE format string. Do not use the YYYY format string. Optional.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . TO_DATE always returns a date and time. Return Value Date. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. For example. If you omit the format string. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. use either the RR or YY format string. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. see “Requirements” on page 44. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a string datatype. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.

the century will be 19. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. PowerCenter Server skips this row. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. the century will be 19. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. TO_DATE 199 . If you run a session in the twentieth century. If you run a session in the twentieth century.

'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.

convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). if true. ‘MM’ ). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . ‘MON DD YYYY’). --test second format. if true.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ).If your target accepts different date formats. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). For example: DECODE( TRUE. --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if true. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. --test third format.‘MON DD YYYY’).‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats.

6789' '60. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.2' '118.679 60. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.348' NULL 'A12. Optional. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. If you omit this argument. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. inclusive. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required.200 118. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. inclusive. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value.

Passes the values you want to convert to double values.348' NULL 'A12. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.2 118.6789' '60. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.6789 60. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces. Return Value Double value. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Must be a string or numeric datatype. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.2' '118.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 .3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.

The flag must be an integer literal.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [.6789’ ‘-15. String or numeric datatype. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required.2' '118. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. or the constants TRUE or FALSE.348' NULL 'A12. or if you omit this argument.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer.3Grove' ‘ 123. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer.6789' '60. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.

348' NULL 'A12.3Grove' ‘ 123.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.6789’ ‘-15.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 . FALSE) IN_TAX '15.6789' '60.2' '118.

If you truncate the year portion of the date. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. Minute. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. For example. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. For example. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. hour.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. For example. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. Day. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. If you truncate the month portion of a date. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. For example. Month. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. Optional. setting it to 00:00:00. Date/Time datatype. For example. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. the function truncates the time portion of the date. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. day. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. If you omit the format string. If you truncate the day portion of a date. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. The date values you want to truncate. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. Enter a valid format string. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. Hour. or minute. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. month. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [.

Return Value Date. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 .

The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions .

If you pass a decimal precision value. Return Value Numeric value. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. Numeric datatype. precision If precision is a positive integer. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. Passes the values you want to truncate.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Can be a positive or negative integer. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. If precision is a negative integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. If you omit the precision argument. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 .

9563 15.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.99 56.95 1235.0 -18. -1 ) PRICE 12.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.0 56.95 15.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.999 -18.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .8652 56.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 -180.0 50.9995 -18.956 15.99 -187.865 56.0 1230.0 15.86 56. 3 ) PRICE 12.99 -18.

You can enter any valid transformation expression.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Return Value Uppercase string. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. String datatype. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . If your data contains multibyte characters. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or if no rows are selected (for example. For more information. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the variance is 0. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. or NULL. Return Value Double value. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. If n is 1. FALSE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Optional. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. Limits the rows in the search. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.

VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group. if all values passed to the function are NULL. the function returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.0 NULL 8953. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. or if no rows are selected. If there is no group by port.0 3001. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. If there is not a group by port. Note: By default.0 2256. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. VARIANCE returns NULL. However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. returning one value.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . VARIANCE ignores it. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.Nulls If a single value is NULL. However. returning one value. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

222 Numeric Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 228 For details on each function. 225 Special Functions. 215 . 216 Character Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 227 Variable Functions. 217 Conversion Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. 220 Date Functions. 226 Test Functions.

found in a group. or earliest date. in a group. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. percentile [. Returns the maximum value. Returns the variance of all records in a group. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Returns the last record in a group. or latest date. Returns the standard deviation for a group. Returns the sum of all records in a group. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Returns the minimum value. Returns the first record in a group. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the number of records with non-null value. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. found in a group. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [.

Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. In ASCII mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. counting from left to right. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. search_value [.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. Concatenates two strings. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. to set a string to a specified length. Returns the number of characters in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. including trailing blanks. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. it will still work correctly. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. however. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. In Unicode mode. length [. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Returns the position of a character set in a string. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function.

Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. . RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. start [. or no character.. multiple characters. OldStringN. [OldString2. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldString1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string..

Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. search_value [. [OldString2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or no character. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. OldString1.. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. start [. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. OldStringN. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a portion of a string. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.

Returns the earliest date found in a group. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. or minute. month. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Returns the latest date found in a group. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. Returns the length of time between two dates. date2. or seconds). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. hour. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Rounds one part of a date. Available in the Designer. Truncates dates to a specific year. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . day. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. hours. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ) MIN( date. format. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. minutes. value ) TRUNC( date [. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. format.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. months. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. days. measured in the specified increment (years.

Rounds numbers to a specified digit. or 0. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Available in the Designer. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Returns a running total of all numeric values. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. recordset [. negative. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Available in the Designer.71828183. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. where e=2. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value.

Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

IIF IIF( condition. Available in the Designer. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. value1 [. second_search. Searches a port for the specified value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. based on the results of a condition. first_search. search2. second_result ]…[. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. Available in the Designer. search1. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. Available in the Designer. value2 [. first_result [. Returns one of two values you specify.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value.

Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Returns whether a value is NULL. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Test Functions 227 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns the new current value. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer. Returns the new current value. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Returns the specified value. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Available in the Designer.

Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 211 229 . 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 120.

180 removing from strings 123. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 68. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 160 ASCII characters 63. 120. 68 capitalization 99. 211 counting 185 encoding 130.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

225 special 55. 216 categories 50 character 52. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 226 test 56. 220 date 54. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 219 data cleansing 53.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 223 scientific 55. 217 conversion 53.

44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 .Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40.

117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.null values aggregate functions 18.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index .

return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .

72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 211 character set 100 concatenating 24. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 120.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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