Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

iv

Table of Contents

Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

Table of Contents

v

. 120 LPAD . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .... . .. . . . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . RR Format String Conversions . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1. . . . ... . . . 2-1. . . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . .. . . . . . . .. .. .. . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . . 6-1.. 5-5.. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 39 . . . . . . 6-2.. .. . .... . . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . .. TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . 3-2.. .. .. . . . . . . . 5-1. 40 . . 36 . .. . . . . . .. .. . . . . . 25 . . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings.. . . . . . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings .. . . . . . 36 .. .. . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . .. . . . . . . 3-3.. Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 5-6... . . . .. . . . . . . . 26 . .. . . . . . . . .. .. . . . ... .. . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . . . . . . . .. .. . 3-4.. . 22 .. . . . . . . . .. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1. . . . . . . 5-4.. . .. . . 23 . ... . . . ... .. . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . 5-3. . . 18 ... . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . ... . . .... . . .. . ... . 5-2.. .. . . 6 . . 39 . 28 .

x List of Tables .

data synchronization. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. handle complex transformations on the data. and information hubs. usable. data migration. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. and efficient manner. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. xi . and support high-speed loads. and managing data. including extracting. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. loading. transforming. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts.

session. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page.1.1. PowerCenter 7. Row Uniqueness function.1. a specified percentage of data. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. Profile mapping display in the Designer. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. sessions. xii Preface . pmcmd. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling.0. 7. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. Verbose data enhancements. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.1.1. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. Session enhancement. Define mapping. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. You can define default mapping. such as JIPSEkana. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. and workflow prefixes. and MELCOM-kana.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. the rows that meet the business rule. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. JEF-kana. Domain Inference function tuning. When you use a local parameter file. session. and 7. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. Flat file partitioning.1.

When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. If any source. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. reswords. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session.txt. you can create and maintain a file. Oracle. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. it searches for reswords. targets. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. containing reserved words. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. Preface xiii . On SuSE Linux. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. JPEG. Oracle. log. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. and Sybase sources. and repositories using native drivers. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. ♦ SuSE Linux support. you can connect to IBM. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. DB2.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. On SuSE Linux. Depending on the loader you use. you can connect to IBM. and Sybase repositories. You can attach document types such as XML. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. you can now override the control file. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. or PDF. If the file exists. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. DB2. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. you can also override the error. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. When you export metadata. Teradata external loader.♦ SuSE Linux support. GIF. such as Business Objects Designer. target. Reserved word support. You do not need to know a database user name and password. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users.

You store xiv Preface . connectivity. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. Informatica provides licenses for product. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions.♦ Pipeline partitioning. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. Prepackaged domains. and partitions in the session. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. Aggregator function in auto profiles. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window.0 Web Services Hub Guide. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions.1. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. and options. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. Workflow Administration Guide. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. targets. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. Creating auto profile enhancements. PowerCenter 7. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. XML User Guide. It also includes information from the version 7. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. resize columns in a report. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. You can also pivot the view row. and Transformation Guide. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. Source View in the Profile Manager. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources.

You can also use pmrep to create. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. This improves processing performance for most sessions. If you have the Partitioning option. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. delete a relational connection from a repository. MX views. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. and delete a folder. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. or enable a repository. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository.1 MX views in its schema. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics.the license keys in a license key file. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. the PowerCenter Server Setup. upgrade. and deploy group history. and the command line program. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . pmrep. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. workflow and session log history. You can choose to skip MX data. pmlic. Increased repository performance. truncate log files. delete repository details. back up. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. Partitioning enhancements. disable. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. Object import and export enhancements. or restore a repository. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. You can use pmrep to back up. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. modify. and restore repositories. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy.

Web Services Hub. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. Union transformation. ♦ xvi Preface . You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. You can now perform lookups on flat files. Enhanced printing. or a collection of all older versions of objects. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. Also. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. You can also extract data from messaging systems. Custom transformation API enhancements. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. The query can return local objects that are checked out. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. Midstream XML transformations. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. The quality of printed workspace has improved. the latest version of checked in objects. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements.

You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. including relational sources or targets. When you create views with entity relationships. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . You can remove the Navigator and Output window. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. add or delete columns from views. and define relationships between views. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. targets. It displays folders alphabetically. DTD files. When you import XML definitions. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. or schema files. For more informations. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. You can also extract data from messaging systems. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. Midstream XML transformations. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. Synchronizing XML definitions. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. such as data stored in a CLOB column. In a view with hierarchy relationships. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. Additional options for XML definitions. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. You can create views. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. XML workspace. XML files.

The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. − − PowerCenter 7. and evaluate join criteria. PowerCenter now supports XML files. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. User-defined commits. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. suggest candidate keys.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk.♦ Support for circular references.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. Increased performance for large XML targets. Support for multiple XML output files. detect data patterns. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange.” Upgrading metadata. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. Installation and Configuration Guide. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. After you create a profiling warehouse. For example. DTD files. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server.0. you can determine implicit data type.

Row error logging. you can now choose to load from staged files. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. and warehouse growth. If you purchase the Server Grid option. In a server grid. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. source and target tables. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product.1. Distributed processing. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. such as workflows.0 metadata. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. including session load time. Functions ♦ Soundex. The Metaphone function encodes string values. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. When using external loaders on UNIX. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). mappings. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. Metadata analysis. server load. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. External loading enhancements. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. Metaphone. You can create a control file containing installation information. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. When using external loaders on Windows. session completion status. and transformations. session errors. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. Preface xix ♦ ♦ .objects impacted by the upgrade process. worklets.

You do not have to delete user names from the repository. Use Repository Manager privilege. You can choose to insert. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. Audit trail. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. deploying. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. The repository maintains a status for each user. You can track changes to repository users. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. delete. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . checking in. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. privileges. and listing objects. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. When you select data driven loading. Concurrent processing. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. maintain labels. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. importing. Trusted connections. You can also use pmrep to run queries. or update. or delete data. exporting. upsert. such as copy object. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. and change object status. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. Real time processing enhancements. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. groups. If you use LDAP. update. pmrep commands. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. Additionally. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. such as the Aggregator transformation. When you log in to the repository.

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . Transformations ♦ Custom transformation.audit trail log contains information. Delete or purge a version. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. and adding or removing privileges. sessions. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. you can purge it from the repository. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. track changes. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. adding or removing a user or group. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. Unlike copying a folder. You can also compare different versions of the same object. Check out and check in versioned objects. the colors. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. worklets. Compare objects. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. Deployment. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. control development on the object. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. When you create a Custom transformation template. ♦ Joiner transformation. If you want to permanently remove an object version. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. such as changes to folder properties. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. You can compare tasks. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. You can specify the icons used for transformation.

Within the Designer. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. You can copy objects within folders. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. Increased performance for large XML files. format your XML file output for increased readability. improve query results. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. Comparing objects. XPath support. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. You can save queries for later use. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. ♦ xxii Preface . A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. Queries. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. XML target enhancements. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. Labels. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. increase performance for large XML files. or you can share it with all users in the repository. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. When you process an XML file or stream. declare multiple namespaces. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. to other folders. You can make a private query. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. use XPath to locate XML nodes. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. and to different repositories.♦ Deployment groups. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. Track changes to an object.

mappings. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. expressions. or workflows. View dependencies. mappings. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. mapplets. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. Validate multiple objects. targets. you can refresh a session mapping. Refresh session mappings. When you do this. You can validate sessions. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. such as sources. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. In the Workflow Manager. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. Enhanced partitioning interface. When you edit a port in a mapping. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. workflows.♦ Change propagation. and worklets. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. The Designer propagates ports. Revert to saved. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . Before you edit or delete versioned objects. Enhanced validation messages.

such as creating and maintaining repositories.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. Includes information to help you create mappings. mapplets. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. groups. Web Services Provider Guide. or DTD files. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. folders. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. build mappings. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. users. Repository Guide. Installation and Configuration Guide. Transformation Guide. and relational or other XML definitions. extract data from JMS messages. XSD. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. and permissions and privileges. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Workflow Administration Guide. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. XML User Guide. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. Getting Started. Designer Guide. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Batch Web Services. including details on environment variables and database connections. and load data into JMS messages. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. Transformation Language Reference. Troubleshooting Guide. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. and transformations. and Metadata Web Services. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide.

This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. This is a code example. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. relational database concepts. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. The material in this book is available for online use. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. The following paragraph provides additional facts.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. Emphasized subjects. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. unless you follow the specified procedure.

informatica. training and education. The site contains product information. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. please email webzine@informatica. detailed descriptions of specific features. and implementation services.com. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). To register for an account. the Informatica Webzine. the Informatica Knowledgebase. as well as literature and partner information. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my.com.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals.com.informatica. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. newsletters. go to http://my. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. and locating your closest sales office. Informatica Webzine. and access to the Informatica user community. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support.informatica. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. If you have any questions. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses.informatica. You will also find product information. its background. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers.com xxvi Preface . This journal provides solutions to common tasks. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. upcoming events.com. The site contains information about Informatica. user group information.

5 p.m. CA 94063 Phone: 866.informatica.com.5:30 p.m.m. .m.213. . Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.m. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.563.The site contains information on how to create.m. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. WebSupport requires a user name and password. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.9489 Hours: 6 a. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd. (local time) Preface xxvii .m. . (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a. You can request a user name and password at http://my. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.5 p. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a.m.5:30 p. White Waltham Maidenhead.m.385.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a.m. .com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a. . Redwood City.6 p.5:30 p. . .5:30 p. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. market.5:30 p.6332 or 650.m. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.m.m. .m.5800 Fax: 650.m.m.

xxviii Preface .

It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 9 Reserved Words. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions. 2 Expression Syntax. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. 1 . see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide.

Return values. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. and External Procedure transformations. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. or compare data. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Workflow variables. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. such as TRUE. such as the system date.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. For more information. Stored Procedure. Local and system variables. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. For details. You can also create local variables in transformations. Mapping parameters and variables. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. Constants. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. combine data. such as a state sales tax rate. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. Operators. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations.

not byte-oriented. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . or a numeric literal. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. Then. You can create an expression as simple as a port. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. such as ORDERS. during a workflow. For example. such as 10. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. For example. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. “>>>>”. For example.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings.

4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . not the number of bytes. The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server.string.

or a numeric literal (such as 10). but the transformation language does not. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . it is not exactly like SQL. input/output. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. On the other hand.Status). Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. variable) String literals. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). For example. while SQL does not. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions.

For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark.ITEM_NAME. The general syntax is: :SEQ..lookup_transformation(argument1.sequence_generator_transformation. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. argument2. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1.source_table.. The general syntax is: :EXT.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals. argument2. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.PRICE.SALES. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote. :TD. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks.ITEM_ID. For example. :TD.SALES.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1.5 expressions only). 15. 10. .SALES. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation. . The general syntax is: :SP. The general syntax is: :SD.. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .5 LOOKUP function..external_procedure_transformation(argument1. [. The general syntax is: :LKP. argument2. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3.

For example. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. For example: . the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. ‘1’. variable. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. For example. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. Just type the number you want to include. If you rename a port in a connected transformation.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. not a string. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. mapping parameters and variables. You cannot add an integer and a string. Lookup transformation.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. or the results of another expression. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. The colon (:). Except for literals. External Procedure transformation. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. as the start position. literal string or number. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. For details on workflow variables.4 = ‘123. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. Except for literals. local and system variables.). comma (. functions. and period (. Stored Procedure transformation. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. For example. If you pass a literal value to a function. create separate Aggregator transformations.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. the expression 123.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. which allow only one nested aggregate function).♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions.

First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression. since the last line is not a valid expression. For example. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -. if you want to concatenate two strings. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. If you do not want to embed comments. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 .This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes.These are comments ♦ Two slashes.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. as in: -.

such as constants. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. operators. are reserved for specific functions. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. and system variables.

16 NULL.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 19 11 . 13 DD_REJECT. 17 TRUE. 14 DD_UPDATE. 12 DD_INSERT. 15 FALSE.

DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. DD_DELETE. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. 2. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. When you run a workflow.

ORDERS. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. 0 ) > 2. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. If the result is greater than 2. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. returning the difference between the two dates. When you run a workflow. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. If the result is 2 or less.DD_REJECT. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 'DD' ). It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. DD_INSERT.NAME = 'Alex'. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson.NAME = 'Alex'. 0. the expression flags the records for rejection. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0.DATE_SHIPPED.

DD_REJECT. so it includes only positive values. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. When you run a workflow. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. 0. DD_INSERT. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. If you flag a record as reject.SALES > 0.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression.SALES > 0. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ).

DD_UPDATE. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. If the result is greater than 2. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. 'DD' ). 0 ) > 2. 1. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. ORDERS. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. The mapping loads sales for one employee. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. it flags the records for update. If the result is 2 or less. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. otherwise. Using DATE_DIFF. DD_REJECT.NAME = 'Alex'.DATE_SHIPPED. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. the expression flags the records for rejection. returning the difference between the two dates. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . When you run a workflow. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month.NAME = 'Alex'.

This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0. Var1 < 23.'Variable 2 was 49!'.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants .'.'.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. Var2 = 49. Var1 = 22. Var2 > 30.'Variable 1 was 22!'. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.

NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). !=. <. Therefore. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. >=. see “Functions” on page 49. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. ^=. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. <>. For more information. For details on how each function handles null values. Functions can handle nulls differently. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. However. If you pass a null value to a function. For example. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. >. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. or it might ignore null values. <= For example. it might return zero or NULL. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value.

and MOVINGSUM. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. as well as CUME. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. For example.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. use the ISNULL function. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. However. the function does not select the record. the function returns NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. which returns zero). Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . MOVINGAVG. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.NULL To test for nulls. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default.

'Variable 2 was 49!'. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.') TRUE 19 . Var2 = 49. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.'. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var2 > 30. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. Var1 = 22. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'. Var1 < 23.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence. 24 Comparison Operators. 26 21 .Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 23 String Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators. 25 Logical Operators.

used when specifying conditions. used when specifying conditions. less than or equal to. division. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. not equal to. *. Table 3-1. Concatenate. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. greater than or equal to. The logical AND operator. not equal to. >= =. Equal to. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. <>.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . % +. Addition. <=. 2. The logical OR operator. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. Multiplication. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. When expressions contain parentheses. >. not equal to. depending on how you nest the operations. !=. The logical NOT operator. Less than. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. greater than. modulus. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. the equation 8 + 5 . For example. 4. /. subtraction. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 .Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. || <. Unary plus and minus. 3.

For further information on built-in date functions. Multiplication. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. To concatenate strings. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. modulus. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. *. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. To perform arithmetic on date values. the function returns NULL. use the date functions. /. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. For example. Arithmetic Operators 23 . Addition. The expression 1. Unary minus indicates a negative value. % +. subtraction.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. Unary plus indicates a positive value. division. use the string operator ||. For example. Meaning Unary plus and minus. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression.

Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. the || operator returns NULL. produces the same results in less time. if both values are NULL. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. The || operator. However. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. concatenates a space to the end of each first name.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. however.

manipulate data. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. If you compare a value to a null value. the result is NULL. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. The expressions 123. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. Not equal to. Not equal to. Comparison Operators 25 . Greater than or equal to. Less than or equal to. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. For information on how to compare dates. the operands must be the same datatype. Greater than. see “Dates” on page 33.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. the expression 123. Not equal to. When you use comparison operators in an expression. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. For example. Less than.

Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. the operator NOT returns FALSE. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. For example. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. FALSE for zero.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. and NULL for NULL. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. NOT returns TRUE. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. For example.

28 Transaction Control Variables. 32 27 .Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 31 Local Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

30

Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

32

Chapter 4: Variables

47 33 . It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. 34 Date Format Strings. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations.

Converts a date to a string. extract one part of a date. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . and 9999 A. see “Variables” on page 27. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second.D. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. truncate. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. TO_DATE. Modified Julian Day. For example.D. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. TO_CHAR format strings. or compare dates. Tests whether a string represents a date.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. TO_CHAR. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. For details on built-in variables. Converts a string to a date. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. ‘MM/DD/RR’). Use to specify the format of the return string. Date functions accept date/time values only. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. To pass a string to a date function. With the date functions you can round. or perform arithmetic on a date. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. Julian Day. ‘MM’. Date format strings.

Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. For example. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. and 9999 A. The J format string does not convert this time component. Overview 35 . nor with Modified Julian Day. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). which represents some fraction of 24 hours. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. For example. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. and are not supported in PowerCenter. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. By definition.D.D. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates.

RR and YY produce different results. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. Current Year Between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. In TO_DATE expressions. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. If the source string year is between 50 and 99.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1.

‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. and seconds. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. or it is an invalid date. The date includes the month. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. and even between applications. while the time might include the hours. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. day. and year. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. Although date formats vary from database to database. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. minutes. Dates in Relational Databases In general. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. If you specify a format string. If the string is in the default date format. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format.Table 5-2. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. Use TO_CHAR(date. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. If an input value does not match this format. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. If you omit the format string. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. If you want to pass a string to a date function.

MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. 1:00:00AM = 1. Month (January = 01. If you specify a format string. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. For example. 12:00:00AM = 0. 12:00:00PM = 12. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. If you omit the format string.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form.

you can use Y. For example. For example. YY. YYYY. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. Minutes (0-59. MON. HH12. DDD. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. DD. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. you can use MM. Specify the part of the date you want to change. DY. Date Format Strings 39 . DAY. YY. YYY. For example. or MONTH to specify APR. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. HH12. MONTH SS. SSSS Y. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. you can use any of these format strings specify 12.) Month (01-12).Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. Seconds (0-59). It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Specify the part of the date you want to round. or YYYY to specify 1997. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). J Description Days (01-31). For example. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. HH. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). Hour of day (0-23). HH24 MI MM. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. YYY. Specify the part of the date you want to return. you can use HH. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. MON.

M. Name of day. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example.M. For example. When used with TO_CHAR. and is interchangeable with. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. It ignores the time component of the date. TO_CHAR returns 97. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. Day of year (001-366. calculated from Jan 1. Last two digits of a year. A. PM.. Wednesday). Name of month. and P. Minutes (00-59). Hour of day (00-23). P. including up to nine characters (for example. 4713 00:00:00 BC. ‘YY. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value.’ However. For example. Wed).TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Month (01-12). Jan). ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. Modified Julian Day. where Sunday equals 1. changing the format for reporting purposes.M. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. including leap years). when used with TO_DATE. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype.M. including up to nine characters (for example. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Quarter of year (1-4). where 00 is 12AM (midnight). Day of month (01-31). AM and PM return the same values as do A. Hour of day (01-12). D DD DDD DAY DY HH. Seconds (00-59). The function removes the leading digits. Day of week (1-7). You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. where January to March equals 1. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. ‘RR’ produces the same results as. January).

For example. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. SSSSS. Week of month (1-5). if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. TO_CHAR returns 997. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. TO_CHAR returns 97. Last digit of a year. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. Last three digits of a year. Punctuation that displays in the output. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. The function removes the leading digits. TO_CHAR returns 7. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. The function removes the leading digits. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. 'MM. For example. for example D””DDD.DD.YYYY' ). The function removes the leading digits. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. For example. RR.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. For example. Week of year (01-53). For example. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. For example. For example. Text that displays in the output. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. See the individual functions for more examples.Table 5-5.86399). You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. Entire year portion of date. Last two digits of a year. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. TO_CHAR returns 1997. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . and so on. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. For example.. and YY format strings. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES.

the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions.

The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. including leap years). Minutes (0-59). TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. Hour of day (0-23). the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . Name of day. Wed). TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format.m. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. If you omit the format string. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6.m. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. AM and PM return the same values as do a. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format.m. Hour of day (1-12). Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. When you create a TO_DATE expression. where zero is 12AM (midnight). a. Day of year (001-366.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value.m. Wednesday). if any parts do not match. including up to nine characters (for example. and p. Day of month (1-31).. the function returns FALSE (0). If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. p. the function returns TRUE (1). If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. PM. DD DDD DAY DY HH.

SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. . Aug). If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03.Current Year Between 0 and 49. Use when source strings include two-digit years. including up to nine characters (for example.Table 5-6. 1998. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. Seconds (0-59). If it does not. Four digits of a year. Month (1-12). . Name of month. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. For example. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. 2034). the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. Use the RR or YY format string instead. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. Case does not matter. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. 2020. August). the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . representing May 12. It ignores the time component of the source string. Modified Julian Day. to TO_DATE. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. For example. For example. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. Seconds since midnight. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. Convert strings in MJD format to date values.Current Year Between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Case does not matter.

The format string is not case-sensitive. Example The following examples illustrate the J. See the individual functions for more examples. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.format string. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. RR. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. Tip: By default. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. For example. and SSSSS format strings. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. Likewise.

'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005. while YY returns the year 1905.

1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. DATE_DIFF. Subtract two dates.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. SET_DATE_PART. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. Change one part of a date. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . 1. 31. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. 9999 23:59:59 AD. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

49 . in alphabetical order. see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages.

Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function.

The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. Function Categories 51 .♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. evaluates the AVG expression. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. and returns four values. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085.

you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. or NULL. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. 1. If the value rounds to zero. 0.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. MOVINGAVG. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. 1. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. FALSE. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. the function returns NULL.35 to 0) for the filter condition. For example. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. the function returns zero. the function selects all rows in the port. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero.5 to 2. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example.2 to 1. If you pass an entire port of null values. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. the filter condition returns FALSE. as well as to CUME. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . and MOVINGSUM. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. By default.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. If you do not want to round up a value.

With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. Trim string values. Convert the datatype of an input value. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . Encode strings. LOWER. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. Replace characters in a string. UPPER. MIN.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX.

Date format strings are not internationalized. truncate. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . if you want to pass a string to a date function. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. or perform arithmetic on a date. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. extract one part of a date. For a complete list of date format strings.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. see “Dates” on page 33. or compare dates. However.

Therefore.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. if you pass a date with milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.

You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. You can nest other functions within special functions. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. When you run a workflow. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. At the end of the session. and Update Strategy transformations. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. For example. Then at the end of the session. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. Filter. you use special functions in Expression. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session.

process that pipeline. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. For more information on mapping variables. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Function Categories 57 . For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide.

String.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. The string can be any length. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. and issues a specified error message to the session log file.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. Return Value NULL. including ERROR function calls within an expression. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. For more information on the Abort command. You can use ABORT to validate data. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. it stops transforming data at that row. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. Generally. assign ABORT as the default value.

Return Value Positive numeric value. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. it returns a Double. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 .95 59.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . it returns an Integer. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. if you pass an Integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. If you pass a Double. Numeric datatype. Likewise.

Month. HH24. Day. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. MONTH. For example. Hour. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MONTH'. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 'HH'. MON. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'DD'. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. For example.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. 'YY'. You can use any of the day format strings: D. DY. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. YY. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. DDD. For example. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Seconds. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. YYY. You use the SS format string to set the second. HH12. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. 'MI'. and DAY. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'SS'. For example. For example. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. or YYYY. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. You use the MI format string to set the minute. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Minute. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. DD.

days. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. 'MM'. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. hours. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. 'MON'.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. An integer value specifying the amount of years. Required. for example. months. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. Required. and so on by which you want to change the date value. Also note. Passes the values you want to change. For example. 'MONTH'. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. format. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. 'mm'.

-15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY'. 'HH12'. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. 'HH24'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. 'HH'. which you specify. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. 'DY'. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. 'DD'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. 'D'. 'DDD'. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. For example. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . you need to change the hour portion of the date. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer.

The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Normally. they will still work correctly. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. before you pass any string value to ASCII. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. ASCII 63 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. however. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Return Value Integer. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. Character string. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. If you pass a numeric value. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value.535. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. but it evaluates only the first character in the string.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.535. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . If you currently use ASCII in expressions. Normally. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. For example. However. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. If you pass a numeric value. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Character string. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. A string containing one character. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. it will still work correctly. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

CONCAT returns NULL. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. Any datatype (except Binary). LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if both string values are NULL. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. If both strings are NULL. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. Return Value String. Any datatype (except Binary). Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. Alternatively. The second part of the string you want to concatenate.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required.

CONCAT( CHR(39). ' ' ).FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. For example. If you want to add a space between two strings. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal.

COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0 0.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Double value.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine.342020143325593 0. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine.996194698091745 0.0 0. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. Numeric datatype.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.951056516295147 0. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3.866025403784421 0.

381231106176 1.0 1. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .66 5.0874465864177 19. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value.54308063481524 9.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.0 2.897 3. Numeric datatype.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.45 0 0. For example: COSH( MEASURES.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).4435376920294 116.

filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. Nulls If all values are NULL. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. this function counts all rows. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information. Alternative. FALSE. the function returns 0. Any datatype (except Binary). If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the function returns NULL. Optional. this function ignores columns with null values. However. Limits the rows in the search. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax COUNT( value [. If you apply the value argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally. Passes the values you want to count.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. or NULL. Use to count all rows in a transformation. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. Return Value Integer. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. If you apply the asterisk argument. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions.

returning one value.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. including null values. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. The function counts all rows in a transformation. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. returning one result for each group. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock.

If you include the asterisk argument. but do not use a filter. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions .In this example. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation.

Limits the rows in the search. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Numeric datatype. Nulls If a value is NULL. FALSE. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. if all values in the selected port are NULL. or NULL. CUME 79 . filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. CUME returns NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. or if no rows are selected (for example. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. However. Optional. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise.

Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. The second date you want to compare. The first date you want to compare. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Required. 0 if the two dates are equal. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. Date/Time datatype. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. 1 if the second date is earlier.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier.

If date1 is later than date2. such as 'mm'.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. Return Value Double value. Zero if the dates are the same. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. You can specify years. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. You can enter any valid transformation expression. minutes. Date/Time datatype. date2. minutes. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. Date/Time datatype. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. days. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . Required. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If date1 is earlier than date2. or seconds. hours. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. the return value is a negative number. or seconds. the return value is a positive number. You can specify only one part of the date. months. Required. hours. 'Mm' or 'mM'. The format string is not case-sensitive. months. For example. You can request the format to be years. days.

'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0 2100. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.5 87. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812.5 10.0 255. DATE_SHIPPED.

'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions .0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 0. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.243279569892366 0.243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 2. DATE_SHIPPED.

. you may not search for a portion of a value. the search does not find a matching value. Required. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. Passes the values for which you want to search. which you define. If you enter 'Halogen'. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. Any datatype (except Binary). For example. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. Any datatype (except Binary). DECODE 85 . second_search. first_result [. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. Optional. If the function finds the value. Required. The search value must match the value argument exactly. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). first_search. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value.[. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. Even if multiple conditions are met. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. Passes the values you want to search. not just 'Halogen'.. second_result]. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. Syntax DECODE( value. it returns a result value.

'Regulator'. 5. The first result is an Integer.414213562. For example. ‘1. ‘Pythagoras’. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. ‘Archimedes’.141592654’. 'Flashlight'. 3. ‘Pythagoras’. and 3. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. 'Tank'.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. ‘3. 1.141592654. and the other results are Decimal.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. When you run a session in high precision mode. 5. 3. 1.414213562.141592654. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 40. ‘Pi’. the datatype of the return value is Double. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. if at least one result is Double. 10.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. ‘Pi’. 3. 'Knife'. For example. 20. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. ‘Archimedes’. 14.414213562’.

') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23.'. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. was 49!'. Also. Var1 < 23. Var1 = 22. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE.'. Variable 2 was more than 30. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. desired ranges. Var2 > 30. DECODE 87 . DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. was less than 23. Var2 = 49. was more than 30.

you use the ERROR function in an expression. including ERROR function calls within an expression. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. Generally. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. The error message displays in the session log file. Return Value String value. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. assign ERROR as the default value. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. ‘1234’. The string can be any length. For example.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . It does not skip the row. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. to the output port. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. For details about using default values. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. String value. and you assign the default value. which you define. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. and it does not log an error in the session log.

Negative salary found. ERROR ('Error. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. Row skipped.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company.'. but skip negative values. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. Negative salary found. Row skipped.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port.

The value to which you want to raise e. Return Value Double value. Numeric datatype.135335283236613 5166. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data. where e=2. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function.38905609893065. For example. EXP(2) returns 7.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). You can enter any valid transformation expression. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.71828183. Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. (The exponent in the equation e^value).4657948067 0. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions .55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. rather than business data.

filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. However. FALSE.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. Note: By default. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the function returns NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). FIRST 91 . FIRST returns NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. Nulls If a value is NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Return Value First value in a group. Optionally. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Syntax FIRST( value [. Limits the rows in the search. FIRST ignores the row. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. However. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.00 29.00 8. FIRST treats all rows as one group. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 8.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions . If there is no group by port.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 88.00 31.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40. returning one result for each group.05 150.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.05 150. returning one value.00 31.00 88.00 29.

99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR.24 NULL -100.14 to FLOOR. the function returns 3. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.17 to FLOOR.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. if you pass -3. Numeric datatype.79 125.98 to FLOOR. the function returns -4. For example. Likewise.12 74. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . For example. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. the function returns 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. If you pass 3. if you pass 3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Therefore. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY'. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. 'YY'. for example. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. For example.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. The format string is not case-sensitive. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. Required. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . the format strings 'Y'. 'mm'.

'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

Optional. Required. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. value1 [. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. based on the results of a condition. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. including another IIF expression. If you omit value2. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. Any datatype (except Binary). the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The condition you want to evaluate. Syntax IIF( condition. For example. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. Any datatype (except Binary).value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. including another IIF expression.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems.

NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. the datatype of the return value is Double. BONUS))). IIF( SALES < 100.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. For example. SALARY3.3333) is a decimal. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. SALARY2. value2 if the condition is FALSE. . the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. 1. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. For example. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. SALARY1. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. IIF( SALES < 50. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. IIF( SALES < 200. EMP_NAME. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0.

--then return SALARY2. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. return BONUS) ) ). --else for sales over 199. SALARY1. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. DECODE may improve readability. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200.SALARY1. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). For more information. DD_REJECT. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. SALARY3. SALES > 199. SALARY2. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. --then return SALARY3.

the function returns Thomas. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. newline. Return Value String. tab. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. Any datatype (except Binary).INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. formfeed. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . For example. carriage return. If your data contains multibyte characters. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

The position in the string where you want to start the search. search_value [. counting from left to right. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. The set of characters you want to search for. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is a positive number. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax INSTR( string. If the start position is zero. If the search value appears more than once in the string. If you omit this argument. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string.start [. for example 'abc'. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. Any value.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. A positive integer greater than zero. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . The string must be a character string. If you pass a negative integer or zero. Optional. The default value is 1. Optional. the function uses the default value of 1. counting from left to right. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. Must be an integer value. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. Required. The search value is case-sensitive. If the start position is a negative number. For example. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. if not. If you want to search for a character string. Passes the value you want to evaluate. the function uses the default value of 1. If you pass a decimal. If you omit this argument. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. The results of the expression must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. starting from the last character in the company name. -1. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. starting at the beginning of each company name. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 .Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. 'a'. starting at the beginning of each company name. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 'a'. 1. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’.

1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.INSTR( CUST_NAME.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY.' ' . INSTR(CUST_ID. The following expression evaluates a string. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. 1. starting from the end of the string.1. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. -1.-1. INSTR(CUST_ID. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.

use LENGTH. see “LENGTH” on page 115. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. Note: To test for empty strings. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. For more information. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL.

so there is no February 29th. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. In the first case. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. If you omit the format string. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. However. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. In most cases. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. For example. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. If the strings match the format string. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax IS_DATE( value [. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. the function returns TRUE (1).format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). year 1900 is not a leap year. the two format strings return the same values. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns FALSE (0). Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. which returns false. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. Must be a string datatype. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. not the YY format string. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. For example. Optional. which returns TRUE. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format.

‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. If the value is not a valid date. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. If it does not. and converts each valid date to a date value. IS_DATE 105 .

TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). Therefore.Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE.

Passes the rows you want to evaluate. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation.45E-32’ ‘+3. IS_NUMBER 107 . FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. You can enter any valid transformation expression.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. Must be a string datatype.45e+32’ ‘+3. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype.

00 0.00 0.00’ ‘-3. For example.00 0.00345 0.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.Windows only) 0 (False . 0.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ). and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.45D-3’ ‘-3.00 0.45e+3’ ‘-3. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .45e+3’ ‘3.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions . If the value is not a valid number.00’ ‘-3.45d-3’ ‘3. such as TO_FLOAT.00 0. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).

a tab. a carriage return. Must be a string datatype. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. For example. use LENGTH. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . For more information. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. or a vertical tab. A space is a blank space. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. a newline. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. To test for an empty string. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. see “LENGTH” on page 115. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. a formfeed.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces.

you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. To do this. '00000'.column in a target table. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .

the function returns NULL. Syntax LAST( value [. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. or if no rows are selected (for example. Note: By default. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). FALSE. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Any datatype (except Binary). see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally. Return Value Last row in a port. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. LAST 111 . However. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. For more information. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.

Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 29.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.00 8.05 150. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.

If there is no group by port. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . Null If a value is NULL. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. LAST_DAY ignores the row. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. LAST_DAY returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. returning one value. if all values passed from the port are NULL. However. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. Date/Time datatype. Return Value Date.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. returning one result for each group.

You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . If you pass a string that does not have a time value. TO_DATE always includes time information.

use IS_SPACES. To test for spaces. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For details. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. For details. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. String datatype. including trailing blanks. use ISNULL. The strings you want to evaluate. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. see “ISNULL” on page 103. LENGTH 115 . You can enter any valid transformation expression.

greater than zero. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. For example. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Double value. Numeric datatype.302585092994 4. LN(3)returns 1.828313737302 -0. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm.098612.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression.04082199452026 NULL Error.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. 116 Chapter 6: Functions .) Error. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. It must be a positive number.

The base of the logarithm. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. zero. Required.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 .) Error.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. The exponent of the logarithm.) Error. exponent Return Value Double value. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. LOG 117 . Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0.09 NULL 35. Syntax LOG( base. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. Most often. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. or 1 as a base value. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.

Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). must match search1 datatype. Datatype that matches the value1. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. search1.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Specifies the values you want to match to value. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . Required. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. ) Argument result Meaning Required. value1 [. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Any datatype (except Binary). Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. Syntax LOOKUP( result. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. rather than creating Lookup transformations.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function.5 compatibility in the session properties. search2. value2]. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function.. However.. For more information.

it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.ITEM_ID. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match. :TD. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.ORDERS.QTY. 10.ORDERS.ORDERS.99 15. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD.ITEM.SALES for a specific item ID and price.SALES.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.SALES.ITEM_NAME.ITEM. :TD. ORDERS.ITEM.PRICE.ORDERS.99 15. :TD. :TD. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. ORDERS. NULL if the search does not find any matching values. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.SALES. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values.PRICE.PRICE. 15. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.ORDERS.00 15.QTY) LOOKUP 119 . If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values. RTRIM( ORDERS. Error if the search finds more than one matching value. :TD.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values.PRICE.

You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Return Value Lowercase character string. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. If your data contains multibyte characters. Any string value. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions .

You can enter any valid transformation expression.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. Required. Can be any string value. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. LPAD( PART_NUM. If you omit the second_string. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. RPAD returns NULL. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. for example 'abc'. Syntax LPAD( first_string. Must be a positive integer literal. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. Optional. 6. You can enter a specific string literal. You can enter any valid transformation expression. This argument is case-sensitive. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. Can be a character string. When length is a negative number. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. however. The strings you want to change. length [. or if length is a negative number.

'.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME..LPAD counts the length from left to right. For example.. '*.Flashlight *. LPAD(‘alphabetical’.**Compass Regulator System *. -5. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.. If the first string is longer than the length.. 5. 16. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.**.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’.**.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *. LPAD truncates the string from right to left..

LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. If you omit the second string. starting with the left side of the string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. Passes the strings you want to modify. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. Any string value. however. Then it returns the string. for example.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Optional. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. LTRIM removes it. not 'a'. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. Any string value. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. Syntax LTRIM( string [. LTRIM 123 . the function returns NULL. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'abc'. In ASCII mode. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. character-by-character. with any matching characters removed. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. LTRIM removes both single. Most often. If the trim_set is NULL. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. trim_set Return Value String. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. For example. you would enter 'A'. You can also enter a character string. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set.

but not the period from H. LTRIM removes it. This is because LTRIM searches.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. Bender. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . If it matches the second character in the trim_set. LTRIM removes it. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. 'S. For example. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘.’ from S. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). character-by-character.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. Bender. MacDonald Sawyer H. and so on. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. In the example of H.

Syntax MAX( date [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Limits the rows in the search. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Date/Time datatype. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Return Value Date. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. or NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. FALSE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . or if no rows are selected (for example. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search.

For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. MAX ignores it. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . if all values passed from the port are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Nulls If a value is NULL. Return Value Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the function returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. However. Note: By default. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. MAX returns NULL. Numeric datatype. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. Optional.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Limits the rows in the search. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. or NULL. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. However. For more information. or if no rows are selected (for example.

00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 . Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 55.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one value.00 162.00 85. If there is no group by port.00 PRICE 10.00 79. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85. returning one result for each group.00 360. MAX treats all rows as one group.

For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. MEDIAN returns NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. the function returns NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. Note: By default. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. FALSE. Nulls If a value is NULL. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. or NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Return Value Numeric value. MEDIAN ignores the row. Numeric datatype. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Optionally. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the median is the middle number. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. If there is an odd number of values in the port. However. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. If there is an even number of values in the port. For more information. However. Limits the rows in the search.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .

Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. FALSE. the function returns NULL. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or NULL. Optional. However. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. MIN returns NULL. Return Value Numeric value. MIN ignores it. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. MIN (Numbers) 135 .MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Note: By default. or if no rows are selected (for example. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Numeric datatypes. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. if all values passed from the port are NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. For more information.

Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.00 55. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.00 PRICE 10.00 360.00 162. returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port.00 79. returning one value.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .00 85. MIN treats all rows as one group.

MOD 137 . Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax MOD( numeric_value.00 25.00 12.5) returns 3. Required. The numeric value you want to divide by. PowerCenter Server does not write row. MOD(8. For example. QTY ) PRICE 10.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. The divisor cannot be zero. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE.00 15.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric datatype.00 NULL 20. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. The values you want to divide.00 9.

If the quantity is zero. IIF( QTY = 0. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE. you can create an expression similar to the following.00 15. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port.00 NULL 20. QTY )) PRICE 10.The last row (25. To avoid dividing by zero.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. NULL.00 12.00 25. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 9. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero.

Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. five rows at a time. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. if all values are NULL. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. Optionally. Required. However. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. 5). if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. MOVINGAVG 139 . FALSE. rowset [. Optional.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. the function returns NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. or NULL. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero.

returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES. 140 Chapter 6: Functions . 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. and thereafter. based on the first five rows in the Sales port.8 based on rows 2 through 6. 245.

MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. if all values are NULL. MOVINGSUM 141 . if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. or NULL. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. Numeric datatype. five rows at a time. For example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. FALSE. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. Required. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. 5 ) Optional. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). rowset [. the function returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Limits the rows in the search. However.

Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. and thereafter. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. 142 Chapter 6: Functions .

filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. Integer between 0 and 100. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. FALSE. percentile [. Optional. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. when PERCENTILE 143 . and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. PERCENTILE returns NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. See the following equation for more details. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. if all values in a group are NULL. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. However. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. inclusive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. or NULL.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optionally. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. For more information. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. Limits the rows in the search. PERCENTILE ignores the row. Required. Numeric datatype. Nulls If a value is NULL. However. or if no rows are selected (for example. the function returns NULL. Note: By default.

you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. If i is an integer value. returning one result for each group. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If there is no group by port. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. If i < 1. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. returning one value. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.

0 99000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250. 75.0 86000.0 9000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 85000.0 27900.0 NULL 55000.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 100000.0 48000.0 PERCENTILE 145 .

NULL if you pass a null value to the function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.5 NULL 10.0 6. This argument is the base value.0 NULL -6.0 -3.00137174211248285 0.0 6.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .5 2. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value. the exponent must be an integer.594307804838 NULL NULL 0.0 EXPONENT 2. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the base value is negative. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS. Return Value Double value. In this case.265625 982. the exponent must be an integer.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.00137174211248285 729.0 -6. Numeric value.0 -3. Numeric value.0 729. If the base value is negative. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.0 3. This argument is the exponent value. Syntax POWER( base. Required.0 3.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.0 5.0 5.5 3.0 -3.

the exponent must be an integer. POWER 147 .0 raised to 5.Note that -3. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.5. If the base is negative.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3.

NULL if InputString is NULL. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. Must be a character string. Required. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . OldCharSet. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR returns InputString. the function is not case-sensitive. the function is case-sensitive. If NewChar is NULL or empty. for example. You can enter one character. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. 'abc'. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. or NULL. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. Passes the string you want to search. Must be an integer.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. an empty string. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. the function converts it to a character string. REPLACECHR returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a numeric value. If InputString is NULL. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. The characters you want to replace. If you pass a numeric value. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. the function converts it to a character string. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. InputString. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter one or more characters. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. If NewChar contains more than one character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. Must be a character string.

html HTTP/1.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.1 GET /companyinfo/index.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘"’. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 . NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index. WEBLOG.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.html HTTP/1. ‘A’. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘A’. CUSTOMER_CODE. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. ‘]["’. WEBLOG.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1" GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.

you must use the CHR function. see “CHR” on page 68. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. ‘14’. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. ‘A’. INPUT. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. The following expression removes multiple characters. CHR(39). CUSTOMER_CODE. including the single quote. INPUT. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. 150 Chapter 6: Functions .

If InputString is NULL. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. REPLACESTR returns InputString. You can enter one character. That is. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. or no character. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. 'abc'. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. Must be a character string. Required. see the examples.. for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The string you want to replace. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. If you pass a numeric value. For more information. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. Must be an integer. multiple characters. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You must enter at least one OldString argument. the function is not case-sensitive. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. the function is case-sensitive. multiple characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString. . If you pass a numeric value. Must be a character string. [OldString2. Required. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. REPLACESTR 151 . it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. OldString1. OldStringN. etc. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. or NULL. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero.. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. the function converts it to a character string. Must be a character string. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. an empty string. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If NewString is NULL or empty. Passes the strings you want to search. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. the function converts it to a character string. REPLACESTR returns NULL.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function.

Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. ‘iss’. Mr.NULL if InputString is NULL. ‘GET ’. Ms. ‘s. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.’. INPUT. RETURN VALUE Ms. Miss Mr. ‘rs. TITLE. ‘s.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1.html HTTP/1. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. ‘ab’. TITLE. ‘iss’. MRS. WEBLOG.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. MRS. MRS. ‘"’. RETURN VALUE Ms. ‘bc’.html /companyinfo/index. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions .’.’ ) TITLE Mrs.1" GET /companyinfo/index. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. Ms.html HTTP/1.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘ HTTP/1.’ ) TITLE Mrs.1’.html /companyinfo/index. ‘rs. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1.

‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. CONCAT(‘it’. you must use the CHR function. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. INPUT. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. CONCAT(CHR(39).The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. CONCAT( CHR(39). ‘bc’. ‘s’ )). INPUT. ‘ab’. REPLACESTR 153 . Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string.

it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. For example. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. Hour. and sets the time to 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. For example. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the function returns January 1 of the input year. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. For example. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. Minute. If the month is between January and June. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. Month. If the month is between July and December. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. Day. For example. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero.

'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. You can round only one portion of the date. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. If you omit the format string. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.Syntax ROUND( date [. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Enter a valid format string. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. Optional. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . This is the portion of the date that you want to round. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype.

The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

For example. If you enter a positive precision. For example. If you enter a negative precision. Positive or negative integer.44. Return Value Numeric value. For example. ROUND (Numbers) 157 .99. ROUND(12. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. ROUND(12.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. If you omit the precision argument. 0. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [.99.99) returns 13.4. Optional. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. If one of the arguments is NULL. ROUND(12. Numeric datatype. ROUND returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.0 and ROUND(15. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. 1) returns 13. You can also use ROUND to round dates. If you enter decimal precision. -1) returns 20. truncating the decimal portion of the number.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. the function rounds to the nearest integer. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point.99.0 because the function rounds 0. returning an integer.8) returns 13. the function rounds to this number of decimal places.99. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. 1) returns 15. ROUND(12. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values.

ROUND( PRICE.99 56.0 -19.8678 56.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.0 56. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.0 -100.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .0 57.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.9949 -18.868 56. -2 ) PRICE 13242. 3 ) PRICE 12.995 -18.0 -16.99 -108.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.0 1400.99 1435.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.99 -15. 0.99 56.8 ) PRICE 12.99 -18.9936 15.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.994 15.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . To achieve the expected result. For example. This may not be the result you expect.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6.

When length is a negative number. Any string value.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. Regulator System Safety Knife.. For example. RPAD counts the length from left to right. if the first string is longer than the length. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. The strings you want to change. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string..second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required... RPAD(‘alphabetical’.. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . This argument is casesensitive..... Must be a positive integer literal.. 'abc'. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. If you omit the second string. 5. 16. for example. Any string value. '. Optional. RPAD truncates the string from right to left. length [.. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. You can enter any valid transformation expression.. So. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’... Compass. Return Value String of the specified length. Syntax RPAD( first_string. RPAD returns NULL. Specifies the length you want each string to be... Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight. or if length is a negative number. appending the string '. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary.

** Regulator System Safety Knife*...**.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 ..**.* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.. Compass*.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. 16. '.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*. -5.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. appending the string ‘*. '*...

Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Any string value. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. 'abc'. Syntax RTRIM( string [. In ASCII mode. character-by-character. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. RTRIM removes both single. If you omit the second string. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. Optional. Any string value. Passes the values you want to trim. trim_set Return Value String. You can enter any valid transformation expression.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. for example. with any matching characters removed. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . however.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. starting with the right side of the string. You can also enter a text literal. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. It returns the string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes it. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument.

're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. however. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. If. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. the last character in the string does not match. In the last example. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. RTRIM removes it. This is because RTRIM searches. RTRIM removes it. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). For example. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. character-by-character. and so on. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument.

The session is configured for a test load. Returns the new current value. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. The session is a debug session. At the end of the session.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. For details on mapping variables. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Unless overridden. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. At the end of a successful session.

Supply. It increases the count by one for each inserted row. The next time the session runs. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. decreases the count for each deleted row. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd.Return Value The current value of the variable. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. Darkroom Co. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 .. Darkroom Co..

DD. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. Hour. 'SS'. For example. For example. June. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. YY. For example. HH12. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Day. HH24) to set the hour. DY. 'MI'. and November) in the value argument. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. You use the SS format string to set the second. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. and DAY) to set the day. 'MONTH'. For example. 12=12PM. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. MONTH to set the month. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. DDD. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the month format strings (D. 'YY'. Seconds.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. For example. April. Minute. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'DD'. Month. MON. YYY. or YYYY to set the year. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. For example. You use the MI format string to set the minute. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . September. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'HH'. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. The format string is not case-sensitive. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. The date you want to modify. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. February 30).Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH12'. format. 'HH'. the session fails. 'HH24'. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. If you enter an improper value (for example. Required. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . Date/Time datatype.

6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 'MM'. 1998). 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'Y'. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 'YYY'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. For example. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 'MON'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'. 7). 'YY'. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DD'. 'MONTH'. 'YYYY'.MM'.

Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. When used with a string mapping variable. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. The session is configured for a test load. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. At the end of the session. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. The session is a debug session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . For details on mapping variables. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. Unless overridden. Returns the new current value. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. At the end of a successful session.

Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. For example. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. Required. Then. it saves the largest value to the repository. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. The return value is the new current value of the variable. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The next time the session runs. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . The session is a debug session. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Returns the new current value. The session is configured for a test load. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. At the end of a successful session. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. At the end of the session. When used with a string mapping variable. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. For details on mapping variables.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. Unless overridden. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions.

00 24.50 22.00 22. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.00 22.00 22. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The next time the session runs.00’.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Required. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.25 24.50 22.00 22.00 26. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable.00 22.00 MIN_PRICE 22. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.50 27.50. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port.25 22. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .75 23.75 25.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23.50 22. The return value is the new current value of the variable. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type.50 22. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.00 At the end of the session. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.

Suppose the same session contains three partitions. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.00 22. For example.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22. Then.50 22.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions . The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition. it saves the smallest value to the repository.

SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Returns the specified value. SETVARIABLE 175 . Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. At the end of a successful session. Required. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. it saves a final current value to the repository. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. The session is a debug session. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. For details on mapping variables. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. The session is configured for a test load. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Unless overridden. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.

The next time the session runs.50 116.Return Value Current value of the variable.23 699.23 699. The next time the session runs.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.43 323. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.43 323. 176 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session.50 116.01 97.01 97. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.

1 for positive values. Numeric value. negative.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . Return Value -1 for negative values. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if NULL. or 0. 0 for 0. Passes the values you want to evaluate.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25.

939692620785936 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Return Value Double value.50000000000003 0. Numeric datatype. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine.0871557427476639 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. You can enter any valid transformation expression.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions .14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0.309016994374967 0. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

4178051793031 116. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).66 5.0 2. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.45 0 0.1752011936438 9.0 0. Numeric datatype.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.897 3.03225804884884 19.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.376934801486 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 . For example: SINH( MEASURES.

S. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. H. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. For example. and encodes it in uppercase. For example. P. and W unless one of them is the first character in string.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. Q. For example. Z D. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. I. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. If string encodes to less than four characters. F. X. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. E. T L M. U. G. K. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). J. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. V C. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. O. Skips numbers in string. For example. For example.

Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the string value you want to encode. Return Value String.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. Must be a character string.

Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. PowerCenter Server does not write row. Return Value Double value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. Positive numeric value. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. NULL 7. If you pass a negative value or character value.

However. if all values are NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. STDDEV ignores it. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. or NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Limits the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. Optional. FALSE. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Numeric datatypes. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information. Note: By default. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. Nulls If a single value is NULL. You can use operators to average values in different ports. STDDEV returns NULL. STDDEV 183 . You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000. the return value is zero.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010. returning one value. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.90 2256. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .0 2198.90 and 153. If there is no standard deviation.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES. returning one result for each group. STDDEV treats all rows as one group. SALES > 2000.0 2198.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.000.0 153.88 3001.00 ) SALES 2198.0 NULL 8953.0 1010.0 2198.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254. If there is no group by port.

SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. SUBSTR counts all characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax SUBSTR( string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. the function returns an empty string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you omit the length argument. the function converts it to a character string. Optional. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. Required. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The position in the string where you want to start counting. If you pass a numeric value. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. including blanks. Passes the strings you want to search. If the start position is a negative number. Must be an integer greater than zero. SUBSTR 185 . start [. If you pass a decimal. Must be a character string. starting at the beginning of the string. start length Return Value String. If the start position is a positive number. Must be an integer. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. If you pass a negative integer or zero. If the start position is zero.

3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. -8. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 5. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 1. 0. 186 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE.

2.' ' . '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.1 ) . SUBSTR 187 . '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. 8) returns ‘cd’.-1. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. -2.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. 1.INSTR( CUST_NAME. starting from the end of the string. INSTR(CUST_ID.1. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. INSTR(CUST_ID.The following expression evaluates a string.

filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can use operators to add values in different ports. Note: By default. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the function returns NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Optionally. or NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Passes the values you want to add. or if no rows are selected (for example. Limits the rows in the search. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. For more information. SUM returns NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. SUM ignores it. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. However. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Numeric datatype. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Nulls If a single value is NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. if all values passed from the port are NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. However. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [.

Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. SUM treats all rows as one group.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .0 NULL 3458.0 1200. returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port. returning one value.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .0 4519.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total.0 1900. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.

0874886635259298 0.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).19175359259435 0. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).74747741945531 1. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. Numeric datatype.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2.577350269189672 0.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Double value. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.324919696232929 57. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.761594155955765 0.897 3.45 0 0.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.998676551914886 0.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent.999963084213409 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.66 5. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent. Return Value Double value. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.0 0.0 2. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .993926947790665 0. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. The format string defines the format of the return value. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If you omit the format string. Date/Time datatype.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value String. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. not the format for the values in the date argument. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

TO_CHAR (Dates)

193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

194

Chapter 6: Functions

You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

196

Chapter 6: Functions

Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. Do not use the YYYY format string. use either the RR or YY format string. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. If it does not. Return Value Date. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. For details on the TO_DATE format string. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. If you omit the format string. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. see “Requirements” on page 44. Optional. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . Must be a string datatype. For example. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators.

If you run a session in the twentieth century. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. PowerCenter Server skips this row. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. the century will be 19. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. the century will be 19. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. If you run a session in the twentieth century. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. TO_DATE 199 .

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

‘MON DD YYYY’). ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 .‘MM/DD/YYYY’).‘MON DD YYYY’).‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ).If your target accepts different date formats. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). --test third format. --test second format.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). --if true. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. if true. ‘MM’ ). --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. For example: DECODE( TRUE. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. if true. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.

you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. inclusive.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX.6789' '60.348' NULL 'A12.2' '118. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX.679 60. If you omit this argument. Optional. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. inclusive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.200 118.

TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).2 118. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15. Return Value Double value. Passes the values you want to convert to double values.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 .6789 60.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.2' '118. Must be a string or numeric datatype.348' NULL 'A12.6789' '60. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.

Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters. Optional. The flag must be an integer literal.348' NULL 'A12.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15.6789' '60. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces.2' '118. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. String or numeric datatype. or if you omit this argument.6789’ ‘-15. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion.3Grove' ‘ 123.

3Grove' ‘ 123.348' NULL 'A12.6789’ ‘-15.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.6789' '60.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.2' '118.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 . FALSE) IN_TAX '15.

the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. setting it to 00:00:00. For example. month. Day. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. hour. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. Hour. If you truncate the day portion of a date. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. For example. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. Enter a valid format string. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. If you truncate the month portion of a date. Date/Time datatype. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. For example. If you truncate the year portion of the date. Minute. or minute.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. If you omit the format string. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. The date values you want to truncate. the function truncates the time portion of the date. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. Month. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. For example. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. Optional. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. The format string is not case-sensitive. For example. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. day.

'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

If you omit the precision argument. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. If precision is a negative integer. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. Return Value Numeric value. Optional. Numeric datatype. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. If you pass a decimal precision value. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. Can be a positive or negative integer. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Passes the values you want to truncate. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. precision If precision is a positive integer. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 .

86 56.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.0 -18.99 56.0 15.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.9995 -18.8652 56.865 56.0 1230.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10. 3 ) PRICE 12.95 1235.99 -187.95 15.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE. -1 ) PRICE 12.999 -18.9563 15.0 50.99 -18.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.956 15.0 -180.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .0 56.

Return Value Uppercase string. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 .UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. If your data contains multibyte characters. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. String datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

If n is 1. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. 212 Chapter 6: Functions .VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. Optional. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Limits the rows in the search. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. Return Value Double value. the variance is 0. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. For more information. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. FALSE. or NULL.

returning one value. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.0 3001. the function returns NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. if all values passed to the function are NULL. or if no rows are selected. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If there is no group by port. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.0 NULL 8953. However. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. Note: By default.0 2256. However.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . If there is not a group by port.Nulls If a single value is NULL. VARIANCE ignores it. returning one value. VARIANCE returns NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. returning one result for each group.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

222 Numeric Functions. 215 . 220 Date Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. 225 Special Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 216 Character Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 228 For details on each function. 226 Test Functions. 227 Variable Functions. 217 Conversion Functions.

Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. or latest date. Returns the standard deviation for a group. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. Returns the variance of all records in a group. percentile [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the last record in a group. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the minimum value. Returns the sum of all records in a group.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns the first record in a group. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the number of records with non-null value. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. found in a group. Returns the maximum value. found in a group. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. or earliest date. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value.

Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. counting from left to right. Returns the number of characters in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the position of a character set in a string. to set a string to a specified length. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. In Unicode mode. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. however. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. it will still work correctly. search_value [. length [. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. including trailing blanks. Concatenates two strings. In ASCII mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. start [. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string.

Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string.. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string.. . OldStringN. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or no character. OldString1.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length [. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string.. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. start [. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldStringN.. OldCharSet. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. [OldString2.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. multiple characters.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). OldString1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . start [. Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. .

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).

format. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. Rounds one part of a date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. minutes. Returns the length of time between two dates. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. days. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. or minute. filter_condition ) MIN( date. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. day. Available in the Designer. date2. measured in the specified increment (years. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. month. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. hours. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Returns the earliest date found in a group. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. or seconds). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. months. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Returns the latest date found in a group. Available in the Designer. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Truncates dates to a specific year. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. hour. value ) TRUNC( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Notes whether a numeric value is positive.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records.71828183. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. recordset [. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. where e=2. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. recordset [. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Returns a running total of all numeric values. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or 0. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. negative. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Returns the remainder of a division calculation.

precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Truncates numbers to a specific digit.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Scientific Functions 225 .Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. based on the results of a condition. first_search. Available in the Designer. second_search. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. search2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. value2 [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. Searches a port for the specified value. IIF IIF( condition. search1. Available in the Designer. Returns one of two values you specify. first_result [.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. value1 [. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. second_result ]…[. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

Returns whether a value is NULL. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Test Functions 227 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Available in the Designer. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Returns the specified value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the new current value. Returns the new current value. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99.Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 120. 211 229 .

120. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 160 ASCII characters 63.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 68 capitalization 99. 180 removing from strings 123. 68. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 226 test 56. 217 conversion 53. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 220 date 54. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 223 scientific 55.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 225 special 55. 219 data cleansing 53. 216 categories 50 character 52.

44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69.Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 .

null values aggregate functions 18. 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index .

47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29.

120. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .