Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . 175 SIGN . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . 6-2. . 36 . . . . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . 26 . . . . . . . 5-3.. 2-1. . . .. . . . . .. 3-4. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . .. . 5-6.. . . . 40 .. . . 5-4.. ... . . . . . . 22 . .. . .... . .. . . . . . ... . .. . . . . 28 .. .. . . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . . 39 . . . . . . .. . . .. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . .. . ... . .. . .. ... . . . .. .. . . .. 6-1.. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . 4-1. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 5-1. ..List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . . .. . . .. RR Format String Conversions . . . . . . . . 5-5. . . . .. . . . ... . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . 23 . . . . . . . . 18 . . .. .. . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . . . . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . . . .. . . . . . . .. .. 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . .. . . .. . . .. . . . . . TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . . . . .. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . . .. . . . 6 ... . ... . . 36 .. . . . . 3-1. .. 39 . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 3-3. . . .. .. . . . . . . . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . ... . . .. 3-2. . . . . . . . 25 . . .. . .. .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . 5-2. ... .

x List of Tables .

including extracting. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. and support high-speed loads. loading. transforming. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. handle complex transformations on the data. and managing data. usable. data migration. and efficient manner. data synchronization. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. xi . and information hubs. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely.

You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. When you use a local parameter file.1. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. pmcmd. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. PowerCenter 7. Session enhancement. 7.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can define default mapping. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. Define mapping. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. Row Uniqueness function.1. and 7. and workflow prefixes. Verbose data enhancements. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. JEF-kana. sessions. Profile mapping display in the Designer. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. a specified percentage of data. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. session. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository.1. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. xii Preface . the rows that meet the business rule. and MELCOM-kana. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source.1. session.1.1. such as JIPSEkana. Domain Inference function tuning. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. Flat file partitioning. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server.0.

♦ SuSE Linux support. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. and repositories using native drivers. reswords. Oracle. containing reserved words. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. If any source. you can connect to IBM. log. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. Teradata external loader. If the file exists. and Sybase sources.txt. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. you can create and maintain a file. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. you can now override the control file. GIF. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. and Sybase repositories. You can attach document types such as XML. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. Reserved word support. it searches for reswords. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. You do not need to know a database user name and password. Preface xiii . You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. Oracle. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. target. On SuSE Linux. When you export metadata. targets. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. JPEG. you can connect to IBM. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. Depending on the loader you use. you can also override the error. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. DB2. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. DB2. On SuSE Linux. or PDF. such as Business Objects Designer.♦ SuSE Linux support.

Aggregator function in auto profiles. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. It also includes information from the version 7. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. Creating auto profile enhancements. PowerCenter 7. Workflow Administration Guide. You can also pivot the view row. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. You store xiv Preface . Informatica provides licenses for product. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. targets. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. and partitions in the session.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation.0 Web Services Hub Guide. Prepackaged domains. and options.1. XML User Guide. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide.♦ Pipeline partitioning. and Transformation Guide. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. resize columns in a report. Source View in the Profile Manager. connectivity.

you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. and delete a folder. You can use pmrep to back up. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. modify. and the command line program. pmrep. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console.1 MX views in its schema. or restore a repository.the license keys in a license key file. back up. If you have the Partitioning option. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. Partitioning enhancements. MX views. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. You can also use pmrep to create. disable. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. delete a relational connection from a repository. and restore repositories. This improves processing performance for most sessions. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. workflow and session log history. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. You can choose to skip MX data. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. Object import and export enhancements. delete repository details. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. upgrade. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. Increased repository performance. truncate log files. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. the PowerCenter Server Setup. or enable a repository. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. and deploy group history. pmlic. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects.

You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. the latest version of checked in objects. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. Web Services Hub.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. ♦ xvi Preface . Midstream XML transformations. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. Also. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. You can now perform lookups on flat files. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. You can also extract data from messaging systems. or a collection of all older versions of objects. Custom transformation API enhancements. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. such as data stored in a CLOB column. Enhanced printing. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. The quality of printed workspace has improved. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. The query can return local objects that are checked out. Union transformation. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. When you use a dynamic lookup cache.

the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. Synchronizing XML definitions. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. For more informations. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. You can create views. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. or schema files. DTD files. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. and define relationships between views. XML files. In a view with hierarchy relationships. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. You can also extract data from messaging systems. Additional options for XML definitions. including relational sources or targets. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. When you import XML definitions.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. targets. When you create views with entity relationships. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. such as data stored in a CLOB column. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. Midstream XML transformations. add or delete columns from views. It displays folders alphabetically. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. XML workspace.

Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. User-defined commits. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. suggest candidate keys. Support for multiple XML output files. For example. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. detect data patterns. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions.♦ Support for circular references.0. Installation and Configuration Guide. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. you can determine implicit data type.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. Increased performance for large XML targets. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. DTD files. PowerCenter now supports XML files. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. After you create a profiling warehouse. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. − − PowerCenter 7. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . and XML schemas that use circular definitions.” Upgrading metadata. and evaluate join criteria.

The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. worklets. Functions ♦ Soundex. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. source and target tables.1. Metadata analysis.objects impacted by the upgrade process. mappings. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). External loading enhancements. session completion status. server load. including session load time. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . and warehouse growth. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. The Metaphone function encodes string values. session errors. Row error logging. You can create a control file containing installation information. you can now choose to load from staged files. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. Distributed processing. In a server grid. If you purchase the Server Grid option. such as workflows. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors.0 metadata. Metaphone. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. When using external loaders on Windows. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. When using external loaders on UNIX. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. and transformations. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects.

You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. Trusted connections.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. or delete data. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. or update. such as the Aggregator transformation. such as copy object. upsert. and change object status. maintain labels. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. Use Repository Manager privilege. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. When you log in to the repository. Audit trail. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. delete. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. You can track changes to repository users. pmrep commands. When you select data driven loading. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. exporting. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. Concurrent processing. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. update. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. privileges. If you use LDAP. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. Additionally. deploying. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. You can choose to insert. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. The repository maintains a status for each user. checking in. groups. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. Real time processing enhancements. importing. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. and listing objects. You can also use pmrep to run queries. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types.

audit trail log contains information. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. You can also compare different versions of the same object. Deployment. the colors. Delete or purge a version. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. worklets. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. Compare objects. When you create a Custom transformation template. Unlike copying a folder. track changes. Check out and check in versioned objects. control development on the object. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. sessions. You can specify the icons used for transformation. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. If you want to permanently remove an object version. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. adding or removing a user or group. such as changes to folder properties. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. You can compare tasks. ♦ Joiner transformation. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . Each version is a separate object with unique properties. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. and adding or removing privileges. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. you can purge it from the repository. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle.

and to different repositories. or you can share it with all users in the repository. XML target enhancements. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. declare multiple namespaces. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. Comparing objects. Track changes to an object. use XPath to locate XML nodes. ♦ xxii Preface . format your XML file output for increased readability. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. Within the Designer. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. Queries. Labels. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. XPath support. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. increase performance for large XML files. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. When you process an XML file or stream. You can make a private query. You can copy objects within folders. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. Increased performance for large XML files. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. to other folders. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. You can save queries for later use. improve query results. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development.♦ Deployment groups. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions.

such as sources. workflows. You can validate sessions. or workflows. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. Enhanced partitioning interface. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. Revert to saved. mappings.♦ Change propagation. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. When you do this. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. you can refresh a session mapping. and worklets. The Designer propagates ports. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. When you edit a port in a mapping. mappings. targets. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. View dependencies. Enhanced validation messages. Validate multiple objects. Refresh session mappings. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. mapplets. In the Workflow Manager. expressions.

Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. and permissions and privileges. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. build mappings. such as creating and maintaining repositories. and relational or other XML definitions. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. and load data into JMS messages. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. mapplets. users. extract data from JMS messages. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Repository Guide. Designer Guide. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Troubleshooting Guide. groups. XML User Guide. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Transformation Language Reference. Transformation Guide. or DTD files. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. Workflow Administration Guide. and transformations. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Web Services Provider Guide. Getting Started. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Installation and Configuration Guide. Batch Web Services. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . XSD. and Metadata Web Services. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. folders. including details on environment variables and database connections. Includes information to help you create mappings.

This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. relational database concepts. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . The following paragraph provides additional facts. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. Emphasized subjects. unless you follow the specified procedure. The material in this book is available for online use.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. This is a code example. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL.

informatica. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. the Informatica Webzine. training and education.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. newsletters. user group information. If you have any questions. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. Informatica Webzine.com. its background. The site contains information about Informatica. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. and locating your closest sales office.com. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. detailed descriptions of specific features.com xxvi Preface . The site contains product information. You will also find product information. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. as well as literature and partner information. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). the Informatica Knowledgebase.informatica.com.informatica.com.informatica. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. go to http://my. To register for an account. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. please email webzine@informatica. and implementation services. This journal provides solutions to common tasks. upcoming events. and access to the Informatica user community.

(GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. .m. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.m.385.5:30 p. . market. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a. . Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a.m.m.m. WebSupport requires a user name and password.m.5:30 p. CA 94063 Phone: 866. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a. .5 p.m.9489 Hours: 6 a.5:30 p.m.m.m. Redwood City.informatica. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road. .m.563.5800 Fax: 650.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a. . Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.213. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.The site contains information on how to create.5:30 p.m. .m.5 p.m. You can request a user name and password at http://my. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a. White Waltham Maidenhead.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.com.m.m. . (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a. (local time) Preface xxvii .5:30 p.6 p.6332 or 650.

xxviii Preface .

9 Reserved Words. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 2 Expression Syntax. 1 . 5 Adding Comments to Expressions.

Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. and External Procedure transformations. or compare data. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. such as a state sales tax rate. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. such as TRUE. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Constants. Operators. For more information.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Mapping parameters and variables. Workflow variables. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Local and system variables. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. such as the system date. Return values. You can also create local variables in transformations. Stored Procedure. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. For details. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. combine data.

a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. such as ORDERS. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. You can create an expression as simple as a port. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. “>>>>”. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. during a workflow. such as 10. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. Then. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. For example. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. not byte-oriented. or a numeric literal. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. For example. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. For example. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

string. not the number of bytes. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server.

it is not exactly like SQL. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. input/output.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. For example. or a numeric literal (such as 10). On the other hand. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. variable) String literals. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions.Status). You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). but the transformation language does not. while SQL does not.

10. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3.external_procedure_transformation(argument1.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition.ITEM_NAME. The general syntax is: :SP.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark.ITEM_ID. . The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation. The general syntax is: :SD.. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote. [.PRICE.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1.5 expressions only).CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3.lookup_transformation(argument1. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .5 LOOKUP function. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. For example.source_table. argument2. The general syntax is: :EXT. :TD. Qualifies a source table port in an expression..SALES.sequence_generator_transformation. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation. argument2. :TD. The general syntax is: :SEQ.SALES. The general syntax is: :LKP. . argument2..SALES.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. 15. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals.

If you pass a literal value to a function. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. functions. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ .4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string.4 = ‘123. For example. the expression 123.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. create separate Aggregator transformations. comma (. For details on workflow variables. or the results of another expression. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. Lookup transformation. For example: . If you rename a port in a connected transformation. External Procedure transformation. not a string. mapping parameters and variables. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. Except for literals.). see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Just type the number you want to include. variable. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. For example. Stored Procedure transformation.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. local and system variables. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. as the start position. ‘1’. ♦ You can pass a value from a port.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. and period (. literal string or number. For example. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. You cannot add an integer and a string. Except for literals. The colon (:). Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks.

8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. which allow only one nested aggregate function). see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports.

as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. since the last line is not a valid expression. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. For example. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . If you do not want to embed comments.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. as in: -.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. if you want to concatenate two strings.

such as constants. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. and system variables. operators. are reserved for specific functions. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable.

12 DD_INSERT. 14 DD_UPDATE. 15 FALSE.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 17 TRUE. 19 11 . 13 DD_REJECT. 16 NULL.

DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. When you run a workflow. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_DELETE. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. 2.

3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME.DD_REJECT. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE.NAME = 'Alex'. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. 'DD' ). so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. ORDERS.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. 0. returning the difference between the two dates.DATE_SHIPPED. When you run a workflow.NAME = 'Alex'. 0 ) > 2. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . Using DATE_DIFF. If the result is greater than 2. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. the expression flags the records for rejection. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. DD_INSERT. If the result is 2 or less. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0.

0. DD_REJECT. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). If you flag a record as reject. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. When you run a workflow. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. DD_INSERT. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only.SALES > 0. so it includes only positive values. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file.SALES > 0.

Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. it flags the records for update. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . If the result is greater than 2. DD_UPDATE. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference.DATE_SHIPPED. DD_REJECT. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. 'DD' ). Using DATE_DIFF.NAME = 'Alex'. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. 0 ) > 2.NAME = 'Alex'. otherwise. The mapping loads sales for one employee. ORDERS. When you run a workflow. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. 1. returning the difference between the two dates. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. the expression flags the records for rejection. If the result is 2 or less.

'. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0.'Variable 1 was 22!'.'. Var2 = 49.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . Var1 = 22.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var1 < 23. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var2 > 30.

the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. If you pass a null value to a function. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. However. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. !=. <. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. see “Functions” on page 49. ^=. <= For example. For details on how each function handles null values. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. Functions can handle nulls differently. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. >=. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). the PowerCenter Server produces a null value.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. it might return zero or NULL. For example. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. <>. Therefore. or it might ignore null values. For more information. >. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 .

NULL To test for nulls. However. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. as well as CUME. the function returns NULL. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. MOVINGAVG.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. which returns zero). For example. the function does not select the record. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . and MOVINGSUM. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. use the ISNULL function. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

Var1 < 23.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. 'Variables were out of desired ranges.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Var1 = 22. Var2 > 30.'. Var2 = 49.'.') TRUE 19 .

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

24 Comparison Operators. 26 21 . 22 Arithmetic Operators. 23 String Operators. 25 Logical Operators.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.

Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. The logical NOT operator. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. Multiplication. || <. Less than. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. <=. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. not equal to. 3. The logical AND operator. The logical OR operator. not equal to.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. used when specifying conditions. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. Concatenate. *. >= =. Addition. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . modulus. When expressions contain parentheses. subtraction. !=. greater than. the equation 8 + 5 . not equal to. 4.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . greater than or equal to. Table 3-1. <>. Unary plus and minus. Equal to. For example. 2. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. used when specifying conditions. % +. depending on how you nest the operations. >. /. less than or equal to. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. division.

When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. For example. Unary minus indicates a negative value.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. use the date functions. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. Unary plus indicates a positive value. use the string operator ||. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. To concatenate strings. Meaning Unary plus and minus. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. To perform arithmetic on date values. Addition. *. the function returns NULL.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. Arithmetic Operators 23 . division. Multiplication. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. For further information on built-in date functions. subtraction. For example. modulus. /. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. The expression 1. % +. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47.

produces the same results in less time. however. The || operator. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. However. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . concatenates a space to the end of each first name. the || operator returns NULL. if both values are NULL.

the expression 123. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. Less than or equal to. see “Dates” on page 33. For information on how to compare dates. Less than.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Greater than.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. When you use comparison operators in an expression. Greater than or equal to. For example. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. Not equal to. the result is NULL. Comparison Operators 25 . the operands must be the same datatype.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. Not equal to. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. The expressions 123. manipulate data. Not equal to. If you compare a value to a null value.

Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. For example. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. For example.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. and NULL for NULL. FALSE for zero. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. NOT returns TRUE. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. the operator NOT returns FALSE.

28 Transaction Control Variables. 31 Local Variables.Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 32 27 .

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 47 33 . 34 Date Format Strings. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations.

D. and 9999 A. truncate. or perform arithmetic on a date. To pass a string to a date function.D. Converts a date to a string. Date format strings. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. extract one part of a date. For example. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. Julian Day. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. Converts a string to a date. TO_DATE. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. ‘MM’. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. TO_CHAR. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. ‘MM/DD/RR’). The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. Use to specify the format of the return string. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . Modified Julian Day. Date functions accept date/time values only. or compare dates. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. For details on built-in variables. Tests whether a string represents a date.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. TO_CHAR format strings. With the date functions you can round. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. see “Variables” on page 27.

For example.D. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. Overview 35 . The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates.D. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. nor with Modified Julian Day.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. By definition. and 9999 A. and are not supported in PowerCenter. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. The J format string does not convert this time component. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. For example. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date.

the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. Current Year Between 50 and 99. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. In TO_DATE expressions. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. RR and YY produce different results. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string.

The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If the string is in the default date format. If an input value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. If you want to pass a string to a date function. day. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. while the time might include the hours. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. Although date formats vary from database to database. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. or it is an invalid date. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. minutes. and even between applications. Use TO_CHAR(date.Table 5-2. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If you omit the format string. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. The date includes the month. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. If you specify a format string. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . Dates in Relational Databases In general. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. and seconds. and year. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string.

such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . For example. 12:00:00PM = 12. If you omit the format string. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. 1:00:00AM = 1.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. Month (January = 01. 12:00:00AM = 0. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. If you specify a format string. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

For example. For example. HH. MONTH SS. DAY. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. For example. DY. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. YYY. SSSS Y. you can use Y. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. YY. or YYYY to specify 1997. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. Minutes (0-59. HH12. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. YYYY. you can use MM. DDD. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function.) Month (01-12). This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. For example. HH24 MI MM. or MONTH to specify APR. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). YYY. YY. you can use HH. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. Date Format Strings 39 . where zero is 12 AM (midnight). HH12. MON. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Seconds (0-59). Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. J Description Days (01-31). RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. DD. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. Specify the part of the date you want to round. Hour of day (0-23). Specify the part of the date you want to change. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. Specify the part of the date you want to return. MON. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3.

Hour of day (01-12). including leap years). Seconds (00-59). Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. ‘YY. Day of week (1-7). P. PM. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). when used with TO_DATE. ‘RR’ produces the same results as. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. where January to March equals 1. Wed). D DD DDD DAY DY HH. where Sunday equals 1. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544.M. Day of month (01-31). Hour of day (00-23). TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. When used with TO_CHAR.’ However. Quarter of year (1-4). changing the format for reporting purposes. Jan). MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . and P. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. A. January). You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string.M. Name of day. Wednesday). For example. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. Last two digits of a year. including up to nine characters (for example. AM and PM return the same values as do A. Modified Julian Day. The function removes the leading digits. 4713 00:00:00 BC.M.. Day of year (001-366. calculated from Jan 1. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year.M. Minutes (00-59). TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. and is interchangeable with. TO_CHAR returns 97. including up to nine characters (for example. Month (01-12). It ignores the time component of the date. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. For example. Name of month.

TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . For example. TO_CHAR returns 1997. and so on. For example. Last digit of a year. For example. Week of month (1-5). Punctuation that displays in the output. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. Last two digits of a year. Week of year (01-53). where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive.DD. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. For example. TO_CHAR returns 97. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. TO_CHAR returns 997.Table 5-5. Last three digits of a year. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. for example D””DDD. The function removes the leading digits. Entire year portion of date. RR. and YY format strings.86399). You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. The function removes the leading digits. For example. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. 'MM. See the individual functions for more examples. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. SSSSS. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES.YYYY' ). if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. For example. TO_CHAR returns 7. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. For example. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. The function removes the leading digits. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. Text that displays in the output. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. For example..

‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates .J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. For example. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.

TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. Hour of day (1-12). Day of year (001-366. PM. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. Day of month (1-31). the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row.m. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. where zero is 12AM (midnight). Wed).. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. including leap years). TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. the function returns TRUE (1). TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. Name of day. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. Minutes (0-59). a. p. DD DDD DAY DY HH. If you omit the format string. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. including up to nine characters (for example. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. Wednesday). When you create a TO_DATE expression. Hour of day (0-23). The DY format string is not case-sensitive.m.m. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. and p.m. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if any parts do not match. the function returns FALSE (0). Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. AM and PM return the same values as do a. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format.

1998. Case does not matter. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. For example. August). The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. representing May 12. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. 2020.Current Year Between 0 and 49. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. Modified Julian Day. It ignores the time component of the source string. Seconds (0-59). assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. Month (1-12). Name of month. For example. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. For example. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. Use when source strings include two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. 2034). Case does not matter.Table 5-6.Current Year Between 50 and 99. If it does not. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. to TO_DATE. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. Four digits of a year. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. . Use the RR or YY format string instead. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. including up to nine characters (for example. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. Seconds since midnight. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Aug). Convert strings in MJD format to date values. .

♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks.format string. Example The following examples illustrate the J. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. Tip: By default. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. For example. RR. and SSSSS format strings. Likewise. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. See the individual functions for more examples. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The format string is not case-sensitive. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string.

'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates .TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. RR returns the year 2005. while YY returns the year 1905. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . Change one part of a date. 1. 31. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. DATE_DIFF. Subtract two dates. 9999 23:59:59 AD.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. SET_DATE_PART. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

in alphabetical order.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. 49 . Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.

AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function.

MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. and returns four values. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Function Categories 51 . You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. evaluates the AVG expression.

You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. or NULL.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. MOVINGAVG.35 to 0) for the filter condition. 1. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. the function selects all rows in the port. FALSE. By default. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. the function returns zero.5 to 2. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. the filter condition returns FALSE. the function returns NULL. and MOVINGSUM. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. 0. If you pass an entire port of null values. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. For example. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. You can enter any valid transformation expression.2 to 1. If the value rounds to zero. If you do not want to round up a value.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. as well as to CUME. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. For example. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. 1.

Encode strings. MIN.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. Replace characters in a string. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . UPPER. Convert the datatype of an input value. LOWER. Trim string values. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors.

However.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. or perform arithmetic on a date. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. Date format strings are not internationalized. For a complete list of date format strings. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . if you want to pass a string to a date function. see “Dates” on page 33. extract one part of a date. or compare dates. truncate.

the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . Therefore. if you pass a date with milliseconds.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds.

You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . You can nest other functions within special functions.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. Unless overridden. and Update Strategy transformations. Filter. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. At the end of the session. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. When you run a workflow. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. Then at the end of the session. you use special functions in Expression. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. For example. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions.

If you use this function more than once for the same variable. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. For more information on mapping variables. Function Categories 57 . the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results.process that pipeline. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide.

ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. assign ABORT as the default value. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. String. it stops transforming data at that row. For more information on the Abort command. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. The string can be any length. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. Generally. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. You can use ABORT to validate data. Return Value NULL. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. including ERROR function calls within an expression. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session.

COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. it returns an Integer. it returns a Double. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value.95 59. Numeric datatype. Likewise. Return Value Positive numeric value. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. if you pass an Integer.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 .95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If you pass a Double. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument.

14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. YYY. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'DD'. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'MI'. DD. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. For example. For example. 'SS'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . You can use any of the day format strings: D. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Seconds. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. HH24. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. HH12. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. 'HH'. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. and DAY. Hour. DY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'YY'. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Month. DDD. 'MONTH'. You use the MI format string to set the minute. You use the SS format string to set the second. MONTH. or YYYY. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Minute. For example. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Day. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. YY. MON.

Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. 'mm'. 'MON'. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. Also note. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. days. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. for example. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. An integer value specifying the amount of years. 'MM'. 'MONTH'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to change. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. For example. format. hours. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. months. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . Required. and so on by which you want to change the date value. Date/Time datatype. Required.

The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD'. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. 'DY'. 'DD'. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. you need to change the hour portion of the date. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24'. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. 'D'. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. which you specify. 'HH12'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH'.

535. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. If you pass a numeric value. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. ASCII 63 . ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Normally. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. they will still work correctly. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. For example. before you pass any string value to ASCII. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. however. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Return Value Integer.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . If you currently use ASCII in expressions. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. A string containing one character. However. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Normally. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you pass a numeric value. it will still work correctly. Character string.535. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. For example.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

Any datatype (except Binary). Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. Required. If both strings are NULL. NULL if both string values are NULL. Syntax CONCAT( first_string.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. Alternatively. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Return Value String. Any datatype (except Binary). CONCAT returns NULL.

you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. CONCAT( CHR(39). 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . ' ' ). For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. If you want to add a space between two strings. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. For example.

0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).342020143325593 0. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine. For example.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions .996194698091745 0.0 0. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3. Return Value Double value.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.866025403784421 0.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).0 0. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.951056516295147 0.

Return Value Double value.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .0 1. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).897 3.66 5.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example: COSH( MEASURES. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.0 2. Numeric datatype.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.4435376920294 116.54308063481524 9.0874465864177 19.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.381231106176 1.45 0 0.

filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Alternative. However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . FALSE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Use to count all rows in a transformation. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to count.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. If you apply the asterisk argument. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Return Value Integer. Note: By default. For more information. Any datatype (except Binary). If you apply the value argument. Syntax COUNT( value [. the function returns 0. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the function returns NULL. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. Optional. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. or NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Optionally. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Limits the rows in the search. Nulls If all values are NULL. this function ignores columns with null values. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. this function counts all rows.

returning one result for each group. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. The function counts all rows in a transformation.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . including null values. returning one value.

the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. but do not use a filter. If you include the asterisk argument. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions .In this example.

CUME returns the running total for the previous row. Numeric datatype. Nulls If a value is NULL. Optional. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. if all values in the selected port are NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. CUME returns NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. Limits the rows in the search. CUME 79 . or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or NULL.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. However.

Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise. you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .

NULL if one of the date values is NULL. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. 0 if the two dates are equal. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. Date/Time datatype. The second date you want to compare. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. The first date you want to compare. 1 if the second date is earlier. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Required. Date/Time datatype. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value.

Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. Return Value Double value. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. You can specify only one part of the date. Zero if the dates are the same. minutes. the return value is a negative number. If date1 is earlier than date2. such as 'mm'. For example. days. Date/Time datatype. minutes. or seconds. You can enter any valid transformation expression. days. months.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. You can specify years. date2. Date/Time datatype. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. The format string is not case-sensitive. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. Required. the return value is a positive number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. or seconds. hours. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. Required. hours. 'Mm' or 'mM'. months. You can request the format to be years. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . If date1 is later than date2.

'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 .5 10. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. DATE_SHIPPED.0 255.5 87. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0 2100. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

91935483870839 0. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 2.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions .346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.

Any datatype (except Binary). first_result [. you may not search for a portion of a value. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value.[. Even if multiple conditions are met. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. the search does not find a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. Passes the values for which you want to search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result.. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. second_search. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. not just 'Halogen'. If you enter 'Halogen'. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Any datatype (except Binary).default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. For example. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. Optional. it returns a result value. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. Syntax DECODE( value.. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. Passes the values you want to search. which you define.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. The search value must match the value argument exactly. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). If the function finds the value. DECODE 85 . first_search. second_result]. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port.

The first result is an Integer. 'Regulator'. When you run a session in high precision mode.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. and the other results are Decimal. ‘1. ‘Pythagoras’. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. 1. 3. 20. 14. and 3.141592654. 'Flashlight'. if at least one result is Double. ‘Archimedes’. For example. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. ‘Pythagoras’. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. ‘3. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’.141592654’. 1. 5. 10. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal.414213562. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. ‘Pi’. 5. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . 'Tank'. ‘Archimedes’.141592654. the datatype of the return value is Double. 3. 3.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5.414213562. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. 40. For example. ‘Pi’. 'Knife'.414213562’.

was more than 30. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Var2 > 30. desired ranges. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. Var1 = 22. DECODE 87 .'. Also. was less than 23. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. Variable 2 was more than 30. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. Var1 < 23. Var2 = 49. was 49!'.'.

88 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. It does not skip the row. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. assign ERROR as the default value. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. The error message displays in the session log file. Generally. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. which you define. and it does not log an error in the session log.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. including ERROR function calls within an expression. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. String value. you use the ERROR function in an expression. For example. ‘1234’. The string can be any length. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. For details about using default values. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value String value. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. and you assign the default value. to the output port.

' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . Negative salary found. ERROR ('Error. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. but skip negative values. Negative salary found. Row skipped. Row skipped. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0.'.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port.

For example.38905609893065. The value to which you want to raise e.135335283236613 5166. You can enter any valid transformation expression. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. Return Value Double value.4657948067 0. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. Numeric datatype.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions .55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. where e=2. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data. (The exponent in the equation e^value). Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). rather than business data.71828183. EXP(2) returns 7.

However. FALSE. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. For more information. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Any datatype (except Binary). the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. or NULL. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optionally. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Note: By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. Optional. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. or if no rows are selected (for example. FIRST returns NULL. FIRST ignores the row. Return Value First value in a group. FIRST 91 . However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Nulls If a value is NULL. Syntax FIRST( value [. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads.

00 31. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35. returning one result for each group.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.00 88. If there is no group by port.00 29.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions . returning one value.05 150.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.05 150.00 29.00 31.00 88.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 8. FIRST treats all rows as one group. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 8.

For example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28.98 to FLOOR. Likewise. Numeric datatype.17 to FLOOR.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. For example.24 NULL -100. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. if you pass -3. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. the function returns 3.79 125. the function returns -4. the function returns 3. if you pass 3.12 74. If you pass 3.14 to FLOOR.

Required. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. 'YY'. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. Date/Time datatype. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. The format string is not case-sensitive. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. the format strings 'Y'. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 'YYY'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. for example. Therefore. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. For example. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'mm'. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date.

'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. Any datatype (except Binary). Any datatype (except Binary). Required. If you omit value2. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. For example. value1 [. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. based on the results of a condition. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. Optional. The condition you want to evaluate. Syntax IIF( condition. including another IIF expression. including another IIF expression. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

--then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . IIF( SALES < 100. SALARY3.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. SALARY1.3333) is a decimal. EMP_NAME. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. 1. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. the datatype of the return value is Double. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. . you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. IIF( SALES < 200. value2 if the condition is FALSE. For example. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. IIF( SALES < 50. For example. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. SALARY2. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. BONUS))).

--then return SALARY3. SALARY1. DD_REJECT. --then return SALARY2. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. return BONUS) ) ).SALARY1. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. SALARY2. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. DECODE may improve readability. SALARY3. For more information. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. --else for sales over 199. SALES > 199. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100.

newline.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If your data contains multibyte characters. the function returns Thomas. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. Return Value String. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. carriage return. tab. Any datatype (except Binary). For example. formfeed.

search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful.start [. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the search value appears more than once in the string. If you omit this argument. the function uses the default value of 1. counting from left to right. Must be an integer value. The results of the expression must be a character string. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The search value is case-sensitive. Optional. Any value. if not. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. If the start position is a positive number. For example. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. If the start position is zero. If you want to search for a character string. The position in the string where you want to start the search. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. the function uses the default value of 1. For example. for example 'abc'. counting from left to right. If you pass a decimal. search_value [. If you pass a negative integer or zero. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the value you want to evaluate. If the start position is a negative number. Required. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . The string must be a character string. Syntax INSTR( string. Optional.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. A positive integer greater than zero. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. The default value is 1. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. If you omit this argument. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. The set of characters you want to search for.

starting from the last character in the company name. 'a'. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. starting at the beginning of each company name. starting at the beginning of each company name. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. -1. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 'a'. 1. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 .

starting from the end of the string. The following expression evaluates a string.-1.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.INSTR( CUST_NAME. INSTR(CUST_ID. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. INSTR(CUST_ID.1. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. -1. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . 1.' ' .1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.

Passes the rows you want to evaluate. use LENGTH. see “LENGTH” on page 115. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). For more information.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. Note: To test for empty strings. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. However. Optional. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. not the YY format string. For example. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. In the first case. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. If the strings match the format string. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. For example.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. Must be a string datatype. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. If you omit the format string.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. the function returns FALSE (0). which returns TRUE. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. the two format strings return the same values. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. In most cases. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. year 1900 is not a leap year. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the function returns TRUE (1). The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. which returns false. so there is no February 29th. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format.

IS_DATE 105 . IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. and converts each valid date to a date value. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. If it does not. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. If the value is not a valid date.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record.

TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ).Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. Therefore.

You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Must be a string datatype.45E-32’ ‘+3. IS_NUMBER 107 . Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3.45e+32’ ‘+3. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).

00 0.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .00’ ‘-3.00’ ‘-3. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123. 0.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.00 0.45D-3’ ‘-3.00 0. the PowerCenter Server returns 0. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).Windows only) 0 (False . such as TO_FLOAT.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.00 0.00 0.45e+3’ ‘3.45e+3’ ‘-3.45d-3’ ‘3.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port. If the value is not a valid number.00345 0. For example.

see “LENGTH” on page 115. Must be a string datatype. use LENGTH. For example. For more information. a formfeed. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 .IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. A space is a blank space. a tab. a carriage return. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. You can enter any valid transformation expression. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. or a vertical tab.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. a newline. To test for an empty string.

column in a target table. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions . you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. '00000'. To do this.

You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. or NULL. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. Limits the rows in the search. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Optionally. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Optional. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. LAST 111 . For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Note: By default. Any datatype (except Binary).LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. or if no rows are selected (for example. FALSE. For more information. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. Syntax LAST( value [. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Return Value Last row in a port. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the function returns NULL.

ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 29.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 8.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.05 150.

If there is no group by port. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. LAST_DAY ignores the row. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Date/Time datatype. Null If a value is NULL. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . returning one value. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. if all values passed from the port are NULL. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. LAST_DAY returns NULL. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. returning one result for each group. Return Value Date.

'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. TO_DATE always includes time information.

see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. For details. String datatype. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. use ISNULL. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. To test for spaces. including trailing blanks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. LENGTH 115 . use IS_SPACES. see “ISNULL” on page 103. The strings you want to evaluate.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. For details. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. LN(3)returns 1.302585092994 4. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Double value. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.) Error. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. For example. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm.828313737302 -0.098612.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. greater than zero.04082199452026 NULL Error. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. Numeric datatype.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. It must be a positive number. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.

) Error. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. The base of the logarithm. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. exponent Return Value Double value. zero.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. LOG 117 . (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.) Error. Required.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. Syntax LOG( base.09 NULL 35. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. Most often. or 1 as a base value. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. The exponent of the logarithm. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 .

Required. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Specifies the values you want to match to value. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. Any datatype (except Binary). you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. rather than creating Lookup transformations. search1. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. search2. Any datatype (except Binary).5 compatibility in the session properties. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. However. must match search1 datatype. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. Required. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. For more information. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets..LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. Syntax LOOKUP( result. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Datatype that matches the value1. value1 [. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions .. value2]. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings.

ORDERS. :TD.PRICE.QTY.SALES for a specific item ID and price. 15.ITEM_ID. NULL if the search does not find any matching values. Error if the search finds more than one matching value.ORDERS.ITEM_NAME. ORDERS. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. 10. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.SALES.PRICE.SALES. :TD. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.ITEM. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values.QTY) LOOKUP 119 . ORDERS.ORDERS.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values. :TD. :TD. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly. RTRIM( ORDERS. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.PRICE.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.PRICE.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values.ORDERS.ORDERS.SALES.99 15.99 15. :TD.ITEM.ITEM.00 15.

You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . If your data contains multibyte characters. Return Value Lowercase character string. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Any string value.

however. Required. Can be any string value. Optional. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter a specific string literal. 6.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. RPAD returns NULL. If you omit the second_string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. for example 'abc'. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. Can be a character string. The strings you want to change. LPAD( PART_NUM. This argument is case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . Must be a positive integer literal. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. When length is a negative number. Syntax LPAD( first_string. or if length is a negative number. length [.

5. 16. For example.**.. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. -5.**Compass Regulator System *.LPAD counts the length from left to right..*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *.. If the first string is longer than the length.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions .*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.Flashlight *.**. LPAD truncates the string from right to left. '*. LPAD(‘alphabetical’... '.

and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. Any string value. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. you would enter 'A'. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. LTRIM 123 . Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. You can also enter a character string. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. LTRIM removes both single. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. the function returns NULL. Optional. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. If the trim_set is NULL. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. Then it returns the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. not 'a'. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. LTRIM removes it. however. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. with any matching characters removed. In ASCII mode. starting with the left side of the string. Most often. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'abc'. character-by-character. Any string value. for example. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. For example. If you omit the second string. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. Syntax LTRIM( string [. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. trim_set Return Value String. Passes the strings you want to modify.

and so on. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. This is because LTRIM searches. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. LTRIM removes it. character-by-character. 'S. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. In the example of H. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. but not the period from H. LTRIM removes it. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. For example. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row.’ from S. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. MacDonald Sawyer H.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. Bender. Bender. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman.

The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Return Value Date.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. Optional. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. Limits the rows in the search. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Date/Time datatype. Syntax MAX( date [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. FALSE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. For more information. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group.

Limits the rows in the search. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. However. the function returns NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Optional. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Return Value Numeric value. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. Note: By default. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. if all values passed from the port are NULL.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If a value is NULL. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. However. or NULL. Numeric datatype. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. MAX returns NULL. For more information. MAX ignores it. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 . Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 PRICE 10.00 360.00 162. If there is no group by port. returning one value. returning one result for each group. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.00 79.00 55.00 85.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. MAX treats all rows as one group.

If you pass an entire port or group of null values. or if no rows are selected (for example. If there is an even number of values in the port. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Note: By default. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. Optional. MEDIAN returns NULL. For more information. FALSE. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the median is the middle number. the function returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. However. MEDIAN ignores the row. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. if all values passed from the port are NULL. However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If there is an odd number of values in the port. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Nulls If a value is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. Return Value Numeric value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or NULL. Optionally. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .

you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. MIN (Numbers) 135 . filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. However. MIN ignores it. However. Numeric datatypes. MIN returns NULL. Note: By default. FALSE. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. For more information. or NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Limits the rows in the search. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Numeric value. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. Optional. Nulls If a single value is NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. if all values passed from the port are NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15.

00 162. returning one result for each group.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 360. MIN treats all rows as one group.00 85.00 PRICE 10.00 79.00 55. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE. returning one value. If there is no group by port.

Numeric datatype.00 NULL 20. For example. MOD 137 .5) returns 3. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function.00 12.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Required. Syntax MOD( numeric_value. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required.00 15. QTY ) PRICE 10. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. MOD(8.00 25. The values you want to divide. The numeric value you want to divide by. The divisor cannot be zero.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. PowerCenter Server does not write row.00 9. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

00 15. QTY )) PRICE 10.00 NULL 20. If the quantity is zero.00 9.The last row (25. 138 Chapter 6: Functions . To avoid dividing by zero.00 25.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE.00 12. IIF( QTY = 0. you can create an expression similar to the following. NULL. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero.

or if no rows are selected (for example. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. Required. Optionally. For example. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. the function returns NULL. MOVINGAVG 139 . rowset [. FALSE. or NULL. Optional. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. 5). NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. five rows at a time.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Limits the rows in the search. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. if all values are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Numeric datatype. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero.

140 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and thereafter. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. 245.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5.8 based on rows 2 through 6. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES.

For example. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. if all values are NULL. the function returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. Optionally. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. FALSE. five rows at a time. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. rowset [. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. Numeric datatype. 5 ) Optional. However. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. MOVINGSUM 141 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. Required.

returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. and thereafter. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. based on the first five rows in the Sales port.

PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Limits the rows in the search. Required. Optionally. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. PERCENTILE returns NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. See the following equation for more details. Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. Integer between 0 and 100. if all values in a group are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. inclusive. However. when PERCENTILE 143 . filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. PERCENTILE ignores the row. However. or NULL. Optional. the function returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. FALSE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. percentile [. For more information. Nulls If a value is NULL. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row.

you configure the PowerCenter Server. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. If there is no group by port. If i < 1. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one result for each group. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. returning one value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If i is an integer value.

0 27900.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50. 75.0 100000.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 48000.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 NULL 55000. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 9000.0 86000.0 85000.0 99000.

0 -3.0 -3.0 -6.0 729.594307804838 NULL NULL 0. Required.0 5.00137174211248285 0.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838. You can enter any valid transformation expression.5 3.0 5.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions . exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.0 6. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the exponent must be an integer. If the base value is negative.5 NULL 10.0 6.0 3. This argument is the base value. In this case.0 NULL -6. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.00137174211248285 729. Syntax POWER( base. This argument is the exponent value. the exponent must be an integer. Numeric value.0 EXPONENT 2.5 2.0 -3.0 3. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Numeric value. If the base value is negative.265625 982. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS. Return Value Double value.

0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. the exponent must be an integer. POWER 147 . otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.Note that -3. If the base is negative.5.0 raised to 5.

Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. an empty string. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter one character. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. REPLACECHR returns NULL. Required. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. for example. If you pass a numeric value. The characters you want to replace. Must be an integer. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. Must be a character string. NULL if InputString is NULL. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. the function is case-sensitive. REPLACECHR returns InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. or NULL. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. If NewChar is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. Required. the function converts it to a character string. OldCharSet. the function is not case-sensitive. You can enter one or more characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the string you want to search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. InputString. Must be a character string. 'abc'. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. If NewChar contains more than one character. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. the function converts it to a character string. If you pass a numeric value. If InputString is NULL.

html HTTP/1. WEBLOG.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘"’.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.1" GET /companyinfo/index. ‘A’.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘A’.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .1 GET /companyinfo/index. WEBLOG. ‘]["’.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.

CHR(39). ‘A’.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. INPUT. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. CUSTOMER_CODE. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. The following expression removes multiple characters. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. ‘14’. INPUT. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . you must use the CHR function. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. see “CHR” on page 68. including the single quote. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the strings you want to search. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. the function converts it to a character string.. . Required. OldString1. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a numeric value. or NULL. the function converts it to a character string. Must be a character string. the function is not case-sensitive. You can enter one character. OldStringN. REPLACESTR 151 . InputString. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. You must enter at least one OldString argument. If InputString is NULL. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. If NewString is NULL or empty. REPLACESTR returns NULL. the function is case-sensitive. or no character. for example. [OldString2. For more information. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression..REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. Required. That is. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. multiple characters. Must be a character string. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. multiple characters. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. etc. see the examples. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. The string you want to replace. Required. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. an empty string. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. 'abc'. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. If you pass a numeric value. Must be a character string. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. Must be an integer. REPLACESTR returns InputString.

‘GET ’. ‘ab’.1’. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. TITLE.’ ) TITLE Mrs. ‘"’. INPUT.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. WEBLOG. MRS. ‘rs. ‘rs. Ms. ‘s.’.1" GET /companyinfo/index.html /companyinfo/index.html /companyinfo/index. ‘bc’. Miss Mr. TITLE.html HTTP/1.’ ) TITLE Mrs.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1.’. RETURN VALUE Ms. Ms. ‘iss’. Mr. ‘s. MRS.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. ‘ HTTP/1. RETURN VALUE Ms. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0.html HTTP/1. ‘iss’.NULL if InputString is NULL. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . MRS.

CONCAT( CHR(39). for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘s’ )). INPUT.The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. INPUT. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. ‘ab’. ‘bc’. CONCAT(CHR(39). you must use the CHR function. CONCAT(‘it’. REPLACESTR 153 . ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information.

and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. Minute. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. Day. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). You can also use ROUND to round numbers. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. If the month is between January and June. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. Hour. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. For example. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. For example. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . If the month is between July and December. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. Month. For example. the function returns January 1 of the input year. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. For example. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. and sets the time to 00:00:00. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. For example. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero.

'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.Syntax ROUND( date [. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. Optional. If you omit the format string. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . You can round only one portion of the date. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Enter a valid format string. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. Date/Time datatype.

'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions .

Positive or negative integer. For example. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. If you enter a negative precision. Return Value Numeric value. For example.0 and ROUND(15. -1) returns 20. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. ROUND(12. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. returning an integer. Numeric datatype. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. If one of the arguments is NULL.8) returns 13. ROUND(12.99. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. You can also use ROUND to round dates. If you enter a positive precision. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. If you enter decimal precision.99) returns 13.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places.99. Optional. 0. the function rounds to the nearest integer. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. truncating the decimal portion of the number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. ROUND(12. 1) returns 13. For example.44. If you omit the precision argument. For example.4. ROUND(12. 1) returns 15. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. ROUND returns NULL.0 because the function rounds 0.99.99.

99 56.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.995 -18.994 15. ROUND( PRICE.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions . the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12. -2 ) PRICE 13242.99 1435. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.0 -100.99 56. 3 ) PRICE 12.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.8 ) PRICE 12.0 56.0 -16.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.9936 15.8678 56.99 -18.99 -15.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.0 1400.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.99 -108.868 56.9949 -18.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.0 57. 0.0 -19.

Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . This may not be the result you expect.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. For example. To achieve the expected result. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode.

' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. This argument is casesensitive. Return Value String of the specified length.. length [.. RPAD truncates the string from right to left... RPAD returns NULL. RPAD counts the length from left to right. So. or if length is a negative number.. '. When length is a negative number.. 16. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. if the first string is longer than the length. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. 160 Chapter 6: Functions .. Required.. If you omit the second string. Must be a positive integer literal.. Syntax RPAD( first_string.. for example. Any string value. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. 'abc'. Regulator System Safety Knife. RPAD(‘alphabetical’. appending the string '. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The strings you want to change.. For example. 5. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.... Compass..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight. Specifies the length you want each string to be. Optional. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Any string value.

'..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .**. appending the string ‘*..** Regulator System Safety Knife*..**. 16..*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. '*.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*. Compass*.. -5..

If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. Optional. If you omit the second string.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. RTRIM removes both single. In ASCII mode. however. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. You can also enter a text literal. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. RTRIM removes it. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. 'abc'. Syntax RTRIM( string [. character-by-character. for example. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. starting with the right side of the string. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. Passes the values you want to trim. It returns the string.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. Any string value. Any string value. with any matching characters removed. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. trim_set Return Value String. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

and so on. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. In the last example. RTRIM removes it. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. If. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes it. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). the last character in the string does not match. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. This is because RTRIM searches. character-by-character. however. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. For example.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM.

Returns the new current value. The session is a debug session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. The session is configured for a test load. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. Unless overridden. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. At the end of the session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. At the end of a successful session. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. For details on mapping variables. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition.

and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors.. Supply. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. Darkroom Co. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. The next time the session runs. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. Darkroom Co. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 .com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. It increases the count by one for each inserted row..Return Value The current value of the variable. decreases the count for each deleted row. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port.

DDD. For example. HH24) to set the hour. For example. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. 'MONTH'. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. June. For example. 'SS'. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . DD. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. MONTH to set the month. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Seconds. September. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. Hour. Day. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Minute. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'MI'. DY. 'HH'. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. and November) in the value argument. You use the SS format string to set the second. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'YY'. Month. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. YY. You use the MI format string to set the minute. 'DD'. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. or YYYY to set the year. HH12. and DAY) to set the day.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. April. MON. YYY. 12=12PM. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. You can use any of the month format strings (D.

A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. 'HH24'. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'HH'. format. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. If you enter an improper value (for example. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. Date/Time datatype. Required. Required. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The date you want to modify. February 30). 'HH12'. the session fails. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed.

'YYYY'.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 'YY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 'YYYY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON'. 'MM'. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'DD'. 7). 'YYY'. 'Y'. 1998). The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist.MM'. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 'MONTH'. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.

The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. The session is configured for a test load. Unless overridden. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For details on mapping variables. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Returns the new current value. When used with a string mapping variable. At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. The session is a debug session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. At the end of a successful session.

the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. Required. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Then. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. For example. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . Suppose the same session contains three partitions. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. The return value is the new current value of the variable. it saves the largest value to the repository. The next time the session runs. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. Returns the new current value. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Unless overridden. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. The session is a debug session. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . When used with a string mapping variable. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. At the end of a successful session. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. The session is configured for a test load. At the end of the session.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. For details on mapping variables. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output.

The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. The return value is the new current value of the variable. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The next time the session runs. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type.75 23. Required. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23.50 22.50 22.00 22. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.25 22.00 At the end of the session.00 26.00’.00 24.50.00 22. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.75 25. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.00 22.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice.50 22. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .00 22.50 22.25 24.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.00 MIN_PRICE 22. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.00 22.50 27. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.

00 22.50 22. For example. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions . it saves the smallest value to the repository.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. Then.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.

it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Required. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. The session is a debug session. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. For details on mapping variables. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. At the end of a successful session. Unless overridden. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. it saves a final current value to the repository. Returns the specified value. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. The session is configured for a test load. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. SETVARIABLE 175 .

the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The next time the session runs.43 323.43 323.50 116.23 699. The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.Return Value Current value of the variable.23 699.50 116.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session. 176 Chapter 6: Functions . SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.01 97.01 97.

Passes the values you want to evaluate.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . NULL if NULL. 1 for positive values. Return Value -1 for negative values. negative. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. or 0. 0 for 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. Numeric value.

0871557427476639 0. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3.50000000000003 0.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine.939692620785936 0. Return Value Double value. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).309016994374967 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine. For example: SINH( MEASURES.376934801486 0.4178051793031 116.45 0 0. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value.03225804884884 19. You can enter any valid transformation expression.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .897 3. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.66 5. Numeric datatype.0 0.0 2.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.1752011936438 9. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.

I. Skips numbers in string.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. P. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). Z D. and encodes it in uppercase. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. T L M. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. X. K. For example. V C. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. For example. O. For example. J. F. If string encodes to less than four characters. For example. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. For example. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. Q. G. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. E. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. S. H. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. U. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B.

or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Passes the string value you want to encode.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. Must be a character string. string is empty. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a negative value or character value. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. PowerCenter Server does not write row. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. Return Value Double value. NULL 7.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . Positive numeric value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value.

This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. STDDEV 183 . FALSE. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. Optional. the function returns NULL. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. if all values are NULL. You can use operators to average values in different ports. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. Limits the rows in the search. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. STDDEV ignores it. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Numeric datatypes. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. STDDEV returns NULL.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. Nulls If a single value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. However. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. However. or NULL. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. Note: By default. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

90 and 153.0 1010.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. SALES > 2000. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000. If there is no standard deviation.000. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198. the return value is zero. If there is no group by port.88 3001.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.0 NULL 8953.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2. STDDEV treats all rows as one group.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.90 2256. 184 Chapter 6: Functions . returning one value.0 153.0 2198.00 ) SALES 2198.0 2198. returning one result for each group.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.0 2198.

Must be an integer greater than zero. the function converts it to a character string. Required. including blanks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax SUBSTR( string. Passes the strings you want to search. If you pass a decimal.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. The position in the string where you want to start counting. Optional. Must be a character string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is a positive number. Must be an integer. If you omit the length argument. SUBSTR 185 . The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. SUBSTR counts all characters. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. start length Return Value String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. starting at the beginning of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is zero. the function returns an empty string. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. If you pass a negative integer or zero. If the start position is a negative number. start [. If you pass a numeric value.

1. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 5. 0.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. -8. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE.

2.-1. 8) returns ‘cd’. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. starting from the end of the string. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string.' ' .1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. 1. INSTR(CUST_ID. -2.INSTR( CUST_NAME. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string.The following expression evaluates a string.1 ) . '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. SUBSTR 187 .1.

Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Limits the rows in the search. Note: By default.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Passes the values you want to add. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. For more information. Numeric datatype. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. SUM ignores it. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. However. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can use operators to add values in different ports. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . FALSE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the function returns NULL. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. SUM returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Optional. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. However. Optionally. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.

returning one value. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .0 4519.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total.0 1900.0 1200. If there is no group by port. SUM treats all rows as one group. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE . returning one result for each group.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 NULL 3458.

TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value.74747741945531 1. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3.19175359259435 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.577350269189672 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).324919696232929 57.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. Numeric datatype.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .0874886635259298 0.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.45 0 0. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .0 0. Numeric datatype.761594155955765 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).999963084213409 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.897 3. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.66 5.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent.0 2.993926947790665 0.998676551914886 0. Return Value Double value.

Date/Time datatype. If you omit the format string. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. The format string defines the format of the return value.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Optional. Return Value String. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . not the format for the values in the date argument. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. Return Value Date. For details on the TO_DATE format string. Must be a string datatype.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. For example. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. Optional. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . If you omit the format string. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. Do not use the YYYY format string. use either the RR or YY format string. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If it does not. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. see “Requirements” on page 44.

the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the century will be 19. PowerCenter Server skips this row.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. If you run a session in the twentieth century. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If you run a session in the twentieth century. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the century will be 19. TO_DATE 199 .

‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions .The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

--if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test second format. ‘MM’ ).‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). --test third format. --if true. ‘MON DD YYYY’). --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). if true. you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. if true. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 .‘MM/DD/YYYY’). convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MON DD YYYY’). convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ).If your target accepts different date formats. For example: DECODE( TRUE. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.

6789' '60. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. Optional.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point.348' NULL 'A12. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. inclusive. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression.679 60. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. inclusive. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. 3 ) IN_TAX '15.2' '118. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. If you omit this argument. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.200 118.

2 118.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 . Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.6789 60.2' '118. You can enter any valid transformation expression. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces. Return Value Double value. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.348' NULL 'A12. Passes the values you want to convert to double values.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.6789' '60.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).

3Grove' ‘ 123. The flag must be an integer literal. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces.2' '118.348' NULL 'A12. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. String or numeric datatype. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. Optional. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL.6789’ ‘-15.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. or if you omit this argument. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.6789' '60. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. or the constants TRUE or FALSE.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number.

2' '118.6789' '60.6789’ ‘-15. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.3Grove' ‘ 123.348' NULL 'A12.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.

The date values you want to truncate. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. the function truncates the time portion of the date. For example. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. For example. Month. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. or minute. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. hour. day. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. Date/Time datatype. Hour. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Day. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. month. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. Minute. For example. setting it to 00:00:00. If you omit the format string. Optional. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. For example. If you truncate the year portion of the date. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. Enter a valid format string. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. If you truncate the day portion of a date. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. For example. If you truncate the month portion of a date. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [.

'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. precision If precision is a positive integer. Passes the values you want to truncate. If you pass a decimal precision value. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 .TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. If precision is a negative integer. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. Return Value Numeric value. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. If you omit the precision argument. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. Can be a positive or negative integer. Optional.

0 1230. -1 ) PRICE 12.8652 56.0 56.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.0 50.0 -18.99 -18.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.99 -187.86 56.95 15. 3 ) PRICE 12.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.9995 -18.99 56.956 15.9563 15.95 1235.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.999 -18.0 15.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.865 56.0 -180.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. Return Value Uppercase string. String datatype. If your data contains multibyte characters. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 .

You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the variance is 0. Optional. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Limits the rows in the search. or NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If n is 1. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. For more information. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. FALSE. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Return Value Double value. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Numeric datatype.

VARIANCE ignores it.Nulls If a single value is NULL. if all values passed to the function are NULL.0 NULL 8953. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. VARIANCE returns NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. returning one result for each group. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.0 3001. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. or if no rows are selected. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If there is no group by port.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . However.0 2256. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If there is not a group by port. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. returning one value. the function returns NULL.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. returning one value. Note: By default. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. However.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

225 Special Functions. 220 Date Functions. 216 Character Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 227 Variable Functions. 228 For details on each function. 215 .Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 217 Conversion Functions. 226 Test Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 222 Numeric Functions.

Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the variance of all records in a group. Returns the last record in a group. Returns the number of records with non-null value. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. Returns the first record in a group. found in a group. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . or earliest date. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Returns the maximum value. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Returns the minimum value.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. or latest date. Returns the sum of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. found in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Returns the standard deviation for a group. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. percentile [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. in a group. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [.

NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . it will still work correctly. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. In ASCII mode. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. including trailing blanks. OldCharSet. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. counting from left to right. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Concatenates two strings. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the number of characters in a string. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. to set a string to a specified length. length [. In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. however. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string.

or no character. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. OldStringN. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. length [. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldString1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. [OldString2. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. multiple characters. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string.. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns a portion of a string.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString.

format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string.

. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z).Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is a valid date. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Returns whether a string is a valid number. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. . Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. multiple characters. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. OldStringN. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Returns a portion of a string. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. Returns whether a value is NULL. or no character. start [. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. OldString1. search_value [. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format. filter_condition ) MIN( date. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. month. Returns the length of time between two dates. Truncates dates to a specific year. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. hour. format. measured in the specified increment (years. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. minutes. value ) TRUNC( date [. days. or seconds). Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. Rounds one part of a date. day. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Returns the earliest date found in a group. Available in the Designer. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. date2. Returns the latest date found in a group. or minute. months. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. hours.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century.

Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. or 0. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. negative.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. recordset [. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. where e=2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer.71828183. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. recordset [.

Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Truncates numbers to a specific digit. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

IIF IIF( condition.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Available in the Designer. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. first_search. value2 [. Returns one of two values you specify. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. value1 [. second_result ]…[. second_search. search1. Available in the Designer. based on the results of a condition. first_result [. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search2. Searches a port for the specified value. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

Test Functions 227 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Available in the Designer. Returns the new current value. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the specified value. Returns the new current value. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Available in the Designer.

Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 211 229 . 120. 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99.

case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 68. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 120. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 160 ASCII characters 63. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 68 capitalization 99. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 180 removing from strings 123. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index .

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

225 special 55. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 226 test 56. 216 categories 50 character 52. 220 date 54. 223 scientific 55. 219 data cleansing 53. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 .flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 217 conversion 53.

Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116.

null values aggregate functions 18. 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index . 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.

return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .

191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 120. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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