Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Table of Contents

Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . 178 SINH . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. .. . 40 . 5-6. . . . . . . .. . . . . .... . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . 39 .. . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . . . .. .. . . . . .. . . . .. ... . . . . . . . . . . . . RR Format String Conversions .. . . . .. . . .. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . . 3-2.. . . 5-1.. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 6-1. . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . 4-1. . . . . . . . 26 . . . . . ... . . . . 3-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . . . . 3-4. . TO_CHAR Format Strings. .. . .. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . 6 . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . . . 5-2. 6-2. .. . . . .. . . .. . . .. .. .. .. . ... Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings .. . 36 . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 2-1. 25 . . . . .. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 5-5. . . .. . .. . . .. .. . . . . ... . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . .. . . . . . 22 .. . . . . . . ... .. . . 28 . . . . 39 . . . . . 18 .. .. . . . . 3-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . ... . .. Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . ... . . 5-3. . ... . . . . . . 36 . ... . ... .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . 5-4. .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . .

x List of Tables .

and efficient manner. loading. data synchronization. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. usable. data migration. including extracting. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. and managing data. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. xi . Informatica’s software product that delivers an open.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. transforming. handle complex transformations on the data. and support high-speed loads. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. and information hubs.

such as JIPSEkana. session. You can view a profile from a random sample of data.1. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. Flat file partitioning. JEF-kana. Domain Inference function tuning. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. and MELCOM-kana.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can define default mapping. session. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. a specified percentage of data.1. 7.1. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. Row Uniqueness function. PowerCenter 7. sessions. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session.1. When you use a local parameter file. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. Session enhancement. and 7. pmcmd. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. and workflow prefixes. xii Preface . and workflows generated when you create a data profile. Verbose data enhancements. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source.1. the rows that meet the business rule. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Define mapping.0. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. Profile mapping display in the Designer. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source.1.

JPEG. containing reserved words. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. or PDF. When you export metadata. If the file exists. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. Depending on the loader you use. GIF.txt. and repositories using native drivers. you can create and maintain a file. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. you can now override the control file. You do not need to know a database user name and password. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support.♦ SuSE Linux support. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. and Sybase repositories. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. You can attach document types such as XML. DB2. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. If any source. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. you can connect to IBM. and Sybase sources. Oracle. ♦ SuSE Linux support. On SuSE Linux. targets. log. reswords. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. you can also override the error. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. On SuSE Linux. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. Preface xiii .txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. Reserved word support. Oracle. it searches for reswords. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. target. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. you can connect to IBM. DB2. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. Teradata external loader. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. such as Business Objects Designer.

This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. Prepackaged domains. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. PowerCenter 7.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. You store xiv Preface . You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. connectivity. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. Workflow Administration Guide. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. targets. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. It also includes information from the version 7.♦ Pipeline partitioning. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode.1. XML User Guide. and partitions in the session. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. You can also pivot the view row. Informatica provides licenses for product. Aggregator function in auto profiles. Creating auto profile enhancements. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. Source View in the Profile Manager. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse.0 Web Services Hub Guide. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. and Transformation Guide. resize columns in a report. and options. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources.

You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. delete a relational connection from a repository. Increased repository performance. truncate log files. Partitioning enhancements. pmrep. This improves processing performance for most sessions. and the command line program. MX views. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. and restore repositories. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. You can choose to skip MX data. and deploy group history. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. workflow and session log history. back up. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. upgrade. Object import and export enhancements. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. modify. You can use pmrep to back up. disable. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids.the license keys in a license key file. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy.1 MX views in its schema. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. pmlic. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. and delete a folder. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. or restore a repository. or enable a repository. If you have the Partitioning option. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. delete repository details. the PowerCenter Server Setup. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can also use pmrep to create. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. ♦ ♦ Preface xv .

Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. the latest version of checked in objects. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. Union transformation. Also. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. The query can return local objects that are checked out. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. You can also extract data from messaging systems. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. The quality of printed workspace has improved. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. Web Services Hub. such as data stored in a CLOB column. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. Enhanced printing. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. ♦ xvi Preface . Midstream XML transformations. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. or a collection of all older versions of objects. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. Custom transformation API enhancements. You can now perform lookups on flat files.

It displays folders alphabetically. You can create views. and define relationships between views. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii .Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. including relational sources or targets. XML files. Additional options for XML definitions. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. targets. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. add or delete columns from views. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. Midstream XML transformations. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. When you import XML definitions. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. or schema files. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. In a view with hierarchy relationships. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. Synchronizing XML definitions. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. When you create views with entity relationships. For more informations. DTD files. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. XML workspace. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You can also extract data from messaging systems.

User-defined commits. Increased performance for large XML targets. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. For example. Installation and Configuration Guide. DTD files. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX.♦ Support for circular references. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. and evaluate join criteria. PowerCenter now supports XML files. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. − − PowerCenter 7. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. you can determine implicit data type. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server.” Upgrading metadata. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. suggest candidate keys. Support for multiple XML output files. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . You can output XML data to multiple XML targets.0. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. After you create a profiling warehouse. detect data patterns. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub.

PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. If you purchase the Server Grid option. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. session completion status. The Metaphone function encodes string values. and transformations. Metaphone. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. you can now choose to load from staged files. such as workflows. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . source and target tables. Row error logging. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. When using external loaders on UNIX. including session load time. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. Metadata analysis. server load. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. You can create a control file containing installation information. Functions ♦ Soundex. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. Distributed processing. mappings. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects.0 metadata. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. session errors. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. When using external loaders on Windows.objects impacted by the upgrade process. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. worklets. External loading enhancements. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading.1. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). In a server grid. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. and warehouse growth.

Trusted connections. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. You can track changes to repository users. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. exporting. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. The repository maintains a status for each user. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. If you use LDAP. or delete data. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. When you select data driven loading. When you log in to the repository. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. Concurrent processing. Use Repository Manager privilege. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. maintain labels. privileges. such as the Aggregator transformation. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. groups. checking in. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. Audit trail. importing. update. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. such as copy object. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. or update. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. deploying. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . Additionally. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. pmrep commands. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. You can choose to insert. upsert. and change object status. You can also use pmrep to run queries.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. and listing objects. Real time processing enhancements. delete. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. You do not have to delete user names from the repository.

Compare objects. and adding or removing privileges. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. such as changes to folder properties. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. control development on the object. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. Check out and check in versioned objects. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. the colors. adding or removing a user or group. You can also compare different versions of the same object. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. Unlike copying a folder. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. You can specify the icons used for transformation. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. track changes. If you want to permanently remove an object version. ♦ Joiner transformation. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . Each version is a separate object with unique properties. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. Deployment. sessions. When you create a Custom transformation template.audit trail log contains information. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. Delete or purge a version. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. worklets. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. you can purge it from the repository. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. You can compare tasks.

format your XML file output for increased readability. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. Queries. Comparing objects. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. and parse or generate XML data from various sources.♦ Deployment groups. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. Within the Designer. to other folders. You can save queries for later use. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. When you process an XML file or stream. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. ♦ xxii Preface . You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. increase performance for large XML files. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. You can copy objects within folders. Labels. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. XPath support. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. XML target enhancements. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. declare multiple namespaces. Increased performance for large XML files. or you can share it with all users in the repository. Track changes to an object. and to different repositories. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. improve query results. You can make a private query. use XPath to locate XML nodes. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time.

When you do this. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. workflows. mappings. mappings. Refresh session mappings. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. View dependencies. Revert to saved. You can validate sessions. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. such as sources. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. The Designer propagates ports. and worklets. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. Enhanced partitioning interface. mapplets. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. Enhanced validation messages. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. expressions. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. you can refresh a session mapping. targets.♦ Change propagation. or workflows. Validate multiple objects. When you edit a port in a mapping. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. In the Workflow Manager. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager.

Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. Repository Guide. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. extract data from JMS messages. Workflow Administration Guide. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. and permissions and privileges. Installation and Configuration Guide. Getting Started. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Provides basic tutorials for getting started.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. folders. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. and Metadata Web Services. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. and load data into JMS messages. users. XML User Guide. mapplets. and relational or other XML definitions. groups. Web Services Provider Guide. Transformation Guide. Provides information needed to use the Designer. and transformations. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. or DTD files. Includes information to help you create mappings. build mappings. XSD. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Designer Guide. including details on environment variables and database connections. Troubleshooting Guide. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Transformation Language Reference. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Batch Web Services. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. Includes information on running sessions with XML data.

Emphasized subjects. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. relational database concepts. The following paragraph provides additional facts. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. The material in this book is available for online use. unless you follow the specified procedure.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. This is a code example. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications.

informatica. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. Informatica Webzine. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal.com. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. and implementation services. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. its background. You will also find product information.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. training and education. The site contains information about Informatica. go to http://my. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my.com. please email webzine@informatica. the Informatica Webzine. To register for an account. upcoming events.informatica.com.com.informatica. and access to the Informatica user community. and locating your closest sales office. This journal provides solutions to common tasks. newsletters. detailed descriptions of specific features. If you have any questions. The site contains product information. user group information.informatica.com xxvi Preface . and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. the Informatica Knowledgebase. as well as literature and partner information.

.m.5:30 p. .m.5800 Fax: 650.385. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a.com.m.m. You can request a user name and password at http://my.5 p.m. CA 94063 Phone: 866.m. market. . and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces. White Waltham Maidenhead.m. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.informatica. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.9489 Hours: 6 a.563. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.5:30 p.6332 or 650. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a. .The site contains information on how to create. . Redwood City.m.6 p. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.m.m.m. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a.5:30 p.m.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. WebSupport requires a user name and password. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a.m. . .5 p.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd.213.5:30 p. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica.m.5:30 p.m. (local time) Preface xxvii .m. .

xxviii Preface .

1 . 9 Reserved Words. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 2 Expression Syntax.

and External Procedure transformations. Mapping parameters and variables. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Workflow variables. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. For details. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. For more information. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. combine data. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. Operators. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. Return values. Stored Procedure. Constants. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. You can also create local variables in transformations. such as TRUE. Local and system variables. such as a state sales tax rate. such as the system date. or compare data.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. or a numeric literal. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. such as ORDERS. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. “>>>>”. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. You can create an expression as simple as a port. during a workflow. such as 10. Then. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. For example. not byte-oriented. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . For example. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. For example. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions.

string. The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . not the number of bytes.

SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. but the transformation language does not. On the other hand. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions.Status). numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . input/output. while SQL does not. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). For example. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. or a numeric literal (such as 10). or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. it is not exactly like SQL. variable) String literals.

stored_procedure_transformation( argument1.5 LOOKUP function. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1. .. argument2. The general syntax is: :EXT. The general syntax is: :LKP.source_table. The general syntax is: :SEQ.. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.ITEM_NAME. . argument2. 10.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. [.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition. :TD. argument2. For example. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation.external_procedure_transformation(argument1. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3.SALES. :TD. The general syntax is: :SD.SALES.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals. Qualifies a source table port in an expression. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3.SALES.sequence_generator_transformation. The general syntax is: :SP. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation.lookup_transformation(argument1..) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote.ITEM_ID.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark..PRICE.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation.5 expressions only). The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition. 15. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.

local and system variables. For example.4 = ‘123. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. the expression 123. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . variable. Lookup transformation. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. and period (. External Procedure transformation. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. comma (. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. For example. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. You cannot add an integer and a string. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. mapping parameters and variables. as the start position. ‘1’. For example. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. For details on workflow variables. Separate each argument in a function with a comma.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. literal string or number. or the results of another expression.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. Just type the number you want to include. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide.). not a string. For example: . The colon (:). the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. Except for literals. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. Stored Procedure transformation. create separate Aggregator transformations. functions. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. If you pass a literal value to a function. Except for literals.

♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. which allow only one nested aggregate function). ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide.

This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. For example. if you want to concatenate two strings.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. since the last line is not a valid expression. as in: -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 .Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. If you do not want to embed comments. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -.

are reserved for specific functions. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. operators. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. such as constants. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. and system variables.

16 NULL. 14 DD_UPDATE. 17 TRUE. 15 FALSE. 19 11 . 12 DD_INSERT.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 13 DD_REJECT.

Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. 2. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_DELETE. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. When you run a workflow.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE.

The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. If the result is 2 or less.NAME = 'Alex'. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. 0 ) > 2. ORDERS. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT.DD_REJECT. the expression flags the records for rejection. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0.NAME = 'Alex'.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. If the result is greater than 2. When you run a workflow. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. Using DATE_DIFF. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value.DATE_SHIPPED. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 'DD' ). so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. 0. DD_INSERT. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag.

DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file.SALES > 0. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. DD_REJECT. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). so it includes only positive values. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. When you run a workflow. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. DD_INSERT. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. 0. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. If you flag a record as reject. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT.SALES > 0.

When you run a workflow. ORDERS.NAME = 'Alex'. otherwise. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. The mapping loads sales for one employee. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . returning the difference between the two dates. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. it flags the records for update. DD_REJECT. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. If the result is greater than 2. 1. If the result is 2 or less. 0 ) > 2. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result.NAME = 'Alex'. 'DD' ). It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. Using DATE_DIFF. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1.DATE_SHIPPED. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. the expression flags the records for rejection. DD_UPDATE. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE.

'Variable 2 was 49!'.'. Var2 > 30. Var1 = 22. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . 'Variables were out of desired ranges.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var1 < 23. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var2 = 49. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0.'.

Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. <>. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. or it might ignore null values. For details on how each function handles null values. !=. >. see “Functions” on page 49. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. ^=. <= For example. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. Functions can handle nulls differently. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. Therefore. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. <. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass a null value to a function. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. However. >=. it might return zero or NULL. For more information. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. For example. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs.

the function returns NULL. For example. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. as well as CUME. However. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. the function does not select the record. which returns zero). the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . use the ISNULL function. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.NULL To test for nulls. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . and MOVINGSUM.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. MOVINGAVG. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT.

Var1 < 23. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'Variable 2 was 49!'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE.'. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var1 = 22.'.') TRUE 19 .TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Var2 > 30.'Variable 1 was 22!'. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var2 = 49.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

23 String Operators. 25 Logical Operators. 24 Comparison Operators. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence. 26 21 .Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 22 Arithmetic Operators.

greater than or equal to. Concatenate. For example. Less than. subtraction. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. /. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. used when specifying conditions. 3. the equation 8 + 5 . The logical NOT operator. used when specifying conditions. division. !=. The logical AND operator. >. || <. >= =. Multiplication. depending on how you nest the operations. The logical OR operator. Addition. not equal to. less than or equal to. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . not equal to. <>. Unary plus and minus. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. <=.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . When expressions contain parentheses. not equal to. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. 2.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. Equal to. 4. greater than. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. Table 3-1. *. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. % +. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. modulus.

When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. For further information on built-in date functions. division.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. To perform arithmetic on date values. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. the function returns NULL. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. /. Arithmetic Operators 23 . For example. modulus. To concatenate strings. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. Multiplication. use the date functions.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. Addition. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. Unary minus indicates a negative value. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. The expression 1. subtraction. % +. Unary plus indicates a positive value. For example. *. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. use the string operator ||. Meaning Unary plus and minus.

however. the || operator returns NULL. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. The || operator. However. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. produces the same results in less time. if both values are NULL. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . concatenates a space to the end of each first name.

the expression 123. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Not equal to. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. Less than. Not equal to. Less than or equal to. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. Not equal to. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. For information on how to compare dates. Greater than. Greater than or equal to. When you use comparison operators in an expression. manipulate data.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. see “Dates” on page 33. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. Comparison Operators 25 . For example. the operands must be the same datatype. The expressions 123. the result is NULL. If you compare a value to a null value.

Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. NOT returns TRUE. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. For example. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. FALSE for zero. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. the operator NOT returns FALSE. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . and NULL for NULL. For example.

31 Local Variables.Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 32 27 . 28 Transaction Control Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

39 TO_CHAR Format Strings.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 34 Date Format Strings. 47 33 .

PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. For example. To pass a string to a date function. Converts a date to a string. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. or perform arithmetic on a date. Date functions accept date/time values only. extract one part of a date. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A.D. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. TO_CHAR. Modified Julian Day.D. With the date functions you can round. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. ‘MM/DD/RR’). TO_CHAR format strings. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. ‘MM’. Julian Day. For details on built-in variables. truncate. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. and 9999 A. TO_DATE. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. see “Variables” on page 27. Converts a string to a date. Date format strings. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. Tests whether a string represents a date. or compare dates. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. Use to specify the format of the return string.

For example. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. The J format string does not convert this time component.D. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. By definition. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. and 9999 A. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. and are not supported in PowerCenter. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. Overview 35 . For example. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string.D. nor with Modified Julian Day. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression.

‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. RR and YY produce different results. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. Current Year Between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. In TO_DATE expressions. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates .♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49.

the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. and year. Although date formats vary from database to database. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. while the time might include the hours. If you want to pass a string to a date function. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. day. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. or it is an invalid date. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. If the string is in the default date format. and seconds. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port.Table 5-2. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. and even between applications. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. Dates in Relational Databases In general. The date includes the month. If you specify a format string. Use TO_CHAR(date. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. minutes. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. If you omit the format string. If an input value does not match this format. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values.

♦ Use TO_DATE(date. 12:00:00PM = 12. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. For example. If you specify a format string. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. 1:00:00AM = 1. Month (January = 01. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. If you omit the format string. 12:00:00AM = 0. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

Specify the part of the date you want to return. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. you can use HH. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. SSSS Y. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. HH12. YYYY. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. Specify the part of the date you want to round. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. MON. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. For example. MONTH SS. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). you can use MM. you can use Y. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. DY. DD. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. or YYYY to specify 1997. HH. J Description Days (01-31). HH12. YY. YY. Hour of day (0-23). YYY. HH24 MI MM. Specify the part of the date you want to change. For example. For example. Seconds (0-59). or MONTH to specify APR. YYY. Minutes (0-59. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. DAY.) Month (01-12). if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. For example. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. MON. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. Date Format Strings 39 . DDD. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date.

Hour of day (00-23). if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. including leap years).M. PM. AM and PM return the same values as do A. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. Minutes (00-59). ‘YY. ‘RR’ produces the same results as.M.’ However. January). the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Day of week (1-7). MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . including up to nine characters (for example. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. Month (01-12).. Day of year (001-366. Hour of day (01-12). changing the format for reporting purposes. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. and P. Jan). Modified Julian Day. For example. including up to nine characters (for example. calculated from Jan 1. Wednesday). Quarter of year (1-4). where 00 is 12AM (midnight). It ignores the time component of the date.M. when used with TO_DATE. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. When used with TO_CHAR. TO_CHAR returns 97. Seconds (00-59). where Sunday equals 1.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. 4713 00:00:00 BC. The function removes the leading digits. P. Name of day. Name of month. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. Day of month (01-31). Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. A. where January to March equals 1. Last two digits of a year. For example. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Wed).M. and is interchangeable with.

See the individual functions for more examples. The function removes the leading digits. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. 'MM.YYYY' ). You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. For example. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. and YY format strings. Week of year (01-53). if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997.. Last three digits of a year. Last two digits of a year. and so on. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 .86399). where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. Entire year portion of date. TO_CHAR returns 1997. Week of month (1-5). It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. For example. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. The function removes the leading digits. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. For example. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. TO_CHAR returns 97. Punctuation that displays in the output. SSSSS. for example D””DDD. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. For example. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Last digit of a year. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. For example. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. The function removes the leading digits. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. TO_CHAR returns 997.DD. Text that displays in the output. For example. For example.Table 5-5. TO_CHAR returns 7. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. RR. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. For example.

J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example.

where zero is 12AM (midnight). p. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. including up to nine characters (for example. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. a. Name of day. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. When you create a TO_DATE expression. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. the function returns FALSE (0).m. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the function returns TRUE (1). TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM.m. including leap years).m. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. and p. if any parts do not match. DD DDD DAY DY HH. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. Wednesday). If you omit the format string. AM and PM return the same values as do a. Minutes (0-59). Wed). TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table..m. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. Day of year (001-366. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. Hour of day (0-23). PM. Day of month (1-31). Hour of day (1-12).

SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Case does not matter. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If it does not. August). you must include the format string YYYYMMDD.Current Year Between 50 and 99. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. For example. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. to TO_DATE. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. Four digits of a year. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. For example.Current Year Between 0 and 49. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. Seconds since midnight. Case does not matter. Use the RR or YY format string instead. . Modified Julian Day. 2020. representing May 12. 1998. Month (1-12). Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. including up to nine characters (for example. . Use when source strings include two-digit years. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99.Table 5-6. Aug). the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. Seconds (0-59). If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. It ignores the time component of the source string. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Name of month. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. For example. 2034). Convert strings in MJD format to date values. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00.

the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. and SSSSS format strings. For example. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. RR. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. Example The following examples illustrate the J. The format string is not case-sensitive. See the individual functions for more examples. Tip: By default.format string. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. Likewise. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.

while YY returns the year 1905.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . RR returns the year 2005. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. 1. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. 9999 23:59:59 AD. Change one part of a date. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. DATE_DIFF. Subtract two dates. SET_DATE_PART. 31. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

in alphabetical order.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. 49 . see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.

Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group.

and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. Function Categories 51 . The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. and returns four values. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. evaluates the AVG expression.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode.

Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. For example. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. and MOVINGSUM. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. If you pass an entire port of null values.5 to 2. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. If you do not want to round up a value. the function selects all rows in the port.35 to 0) for the filter condition.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. For example. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. the function returns zero. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. MOVINGAVG. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. 0. FALSE.2 to 1. If the value rounds to zero. or NULL. as well as to CUME. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. 1. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. By default. 1. the filter condition returns FALSE.

Encode strings. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. Trim string values. MIN. Replace characters in a string. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . Convert the datatype of an input value.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. UPPER. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. LOWER.

if you want to pass a string to a date function. However. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. see “Dates” on page 33. Date format strings are not internationalized. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. or compare dates. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. extract one part of a date. or perform arithmetic on a date. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. truncate. For a complete list of date format strings.

the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . if you pass a date with milliseconds. Therefore.

You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. Unless overridden. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. When you run a workflow. You can nest other functions within special functions. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. you use special functions in Expression. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. Then at the end of the session. and Update Strategy transformations. Filter. At the end of the session. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. For example. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline.

For more information on mapping variables. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. Function Categories 57 . see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions.process that pipeline.

assign ABORT as the default value. The string can be any length. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. String. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. For more information on the Abort command. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. You can enter any valid transformation expression.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. including ERROR function calls within an expression. You can use ABORT to validate data. Return Value NULL. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . Generally. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. and issues a specified error message to the session log file.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. it stops transforming data at that row. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops.

COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 .95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. it returns an Integer.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. If you pass a Double. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.95 59. it returns a Double. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . Return Value Positive numeric value. Likewise. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. if you pass an Integer.

10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. 'DD'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'HH'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Hour. DD. DY. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. YYY. 'YY'. Day. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. MONTH. Seconds. For example. You use the MI format string to set the minute. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'MI'. or YYYY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the day format strings: D. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. HH12. You use the SS format string to set the second. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. DDD. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. YY. For example. MON. and DAY. 'MONTH'. For example. For example. 'SS'. Minute. Month. HH24. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions .

Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. and so on by which you want to change the date value. format. 'MM'. Also note. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. Required. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. 'mm'. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. hours. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Passes the values you want to change. days. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. 'MONTH'. For example. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. months. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. Required.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. Date/Time datatype. 'MON'. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. for example. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. An integer value specifying the amount of years. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

-10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. which you specify. 'DY'. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. you need to change the hour portion of the date. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. 'HH'. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. For example. 'HH24'. 'DDD'. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DD'. 'HH12'. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. 'D'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998.

the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. If you pass a numeric value. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. ASCII 63 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. before you pass any string value to ASCII. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. they will still work correctly. however. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. Character string. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. Return Value Integer. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example.535. but it evaluates only the first character in the string.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Normally.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

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Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

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Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. If you pass a numeric value. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. Character string. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. it will still work correctly. However. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. You can enter any valid transformation expression.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode.535. A string containing one character. Normally. For example. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

You can enter any valid transformation expression. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. Any datatype (except Binary). Required. Any datatype (except Binary). LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. If both strings are NULL. Return Value String. CONCAT returns NULL. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Alternatively. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. NULL if both string values are NULL. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string.

For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. For example.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. ' ' ). the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. If you want to add a space between two strings. CONCAT( CHR(39).

you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3.342020143325593 0.866025403784421 0. Return Value Double value.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. Numeric datatype. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions .951056516295147 0. For example. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.0 0.0 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine.996194698091745 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Numeric datatype.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 . Return Value Double value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.0 1. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.54308063481524 9. For example: COSH( MEASURES. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.897 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).66 5.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.0874465864177 19. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.4435376920294 116.0 2.381231106176 1.45 0 0.

when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Syntax COUNT( value [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. or NULL. Alternative. If you apply the value argument. For more information. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. Passes the values you want to count. Nulls If all values are NULL. Optionally. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the function returns 0. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Return Value Integer. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the function returns NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Optional. However. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Note: By default. this function ignores columns with null values. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. Use to count all rows in a transformation.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). FALSE. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. If you apply the asterisk argument. this function counts all rows. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument).

as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one result for each group. The function counts all rows in a transformation. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. including null values. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. returning one value. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 .

the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight.In this example. the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. but do not use a filter. If you include the asterisk argument. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions .

Limits the rows in the search. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can enter any valid transformation expression. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. CUME 79 .CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. Numeric datatype. or NULL. if all values in the selected port are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. or if no rows are selected (for example. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. Nulls If a value is NULL. CUME returns NULL. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. However. Optional. FALSE. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.

you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise.

Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . The second date you want to compare. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. 0 if the two dates are equal. Date/Time datatype. 1 if the second date is earlier. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. Date/Time datatype. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. The first date you want to compare.

hours. hours. minutes. For example. days.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . the return value is a negative number. You can specify only one part of the date. months. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. such as 'mm'. date2. minutes. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. You can specify years. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the return value is a positive number. months. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. Return Value Double value. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. Date/Time datatype. days. Required. or seconds. You can request the format to be years. The format string is not case-sensitive. or seconds. If date1 is earlier than date2. Zero if the dates are the same. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. 'Mm' or 'mM'. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If date1 is later than date2.

'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.5 10. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0 2100. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87.0 255.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. DATE_SHIPPED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.5 87. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.

'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.243279569892366 0. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 2. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions .The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. DATE_SHIPPED.

Required. The search value must match the value argument exactly. second_result].. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. Any datatype (except Binary). the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. first_result [.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. second_search. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. DECODE 85 . first_search. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. which you define.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. For example. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. If you enter 'Halogen'. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. it returns a result value. If the function finds the value. Required. Passes the values you want to search. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. not just 'Halogen'. Any datatype (except Binary). the search does not find a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.[. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. Passes the values for which you want to search. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive.. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. you may not search for a portion of a value. Any datatype (except Binary). if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. Optional. Even if multiple conditions are met. Syntax DECODE( value. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string.

141592654’. ‘Pythagoras’. 14.141592654. ‘3. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. ‘1. 'Knife'. 3. 10. the datatype of the return value is Double. 5.414213562’. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. ‘Archimedes’. 'Tank'. For example. For example. The first result is an Integer.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. ‘Pi’. 5. 3. ‘Pythagoras’. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. if at least one result is Double. 'Flashlight'.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. 1. and 3. ‘Archimedes’. ‘Pi’. 20. 1. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. 'Regulator'. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. 40.141592654.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5.414213562. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. and the other results are Decimal. When you run a session in high precision mode.414213562. 3.

was 49!'. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. DECODE 87 . The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions.'. was more than 30. desired ranges. Var1 < 23.'. Var2 > 30.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. Var2 = 49.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. Var1 = 22. Also. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. Variable 2 was more than 30. was less than 23.

you use the ERROR function in an expression. For example. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. ‘1234’. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. to the output port. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. assign ERROR as the default value. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. The error message displays in the session log file. String value. Generally. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. and you assign the default value. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. It does not skip the row. which you define. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. The string can be any length. including ERROR function calls within an expression. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. For details about using default values. Return Value String value. and it does not log an error in the session log. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation.

it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 .'.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. ERROR ('Error. Row skipped. Negative salary found. Negative salary found. but skip negative values. Row skipped. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port.

EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). (The exponent in the equation e^value). Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. Return Value Double value. For example. rather than business data.38905609893065. Numeric datatype.4657948067 0. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. You can enter any valid transformation expression.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. EXP(2) returns 7. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data. The value to which you want to raise e. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. where e=2.135335283236613 5166.71828183.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026.

filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. or NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. For more information. However. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. FIRST ignores the row. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Any datatype (except Binary). FALSE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. or if no rows are selected (for example. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Syntax FIRST( value [. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. Nulls If a value is NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. if all values passed from the port are NULL. However. Optional. Return Value First value in a group. FIRST returns NULL. Optionally. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. FIRST 91 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions.

00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 88.00 31.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.05 150.00 31.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 29.00 29.05 150.00 8. If there is no group by port.00 88. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 8. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. returning one result for each group. returning one value.

if you pass 3.24 NULL -100. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. the function returns -4. the function returns 3. the function returns 3.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function.79 125. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. if you pass -3. For example. For example. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . If you pass 3. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. Likewise. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR.98 to FLOOR.12 74.14 to FLOOR. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value.17 to FLOOR. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28.

Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. The format string is not case-sensitive. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. the format strings 'Y'. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. for example. 'YYY'. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. Date/Time datatype. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'YY'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. 'mm'. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . Therefore. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. or 'YYYY' all return 1997.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. For example. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. Required.

'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. You can enter any valid transformation expression. including another IIF expression. Optional. The condition you want to evaluate. Syntax IIF( condition. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. including another IIF expression. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. Any datatype (except Binary). EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. value1 [. For example. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. If you omit value2. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. based on the results of a condition.

SALARY2. IIF( SALES < 200. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. EMP_NAME. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. SALARY3. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. IIF( SALES < 50. IIF( SALES < 100. BONUS))).Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. For example. 1. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. value2 if the condition is FALSE. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100.3333) is a decimal. . SALARY1. For example. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. the datatype of the return value is Double.

--else for sales less than or equal to zero. For more information. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. DD_REJECT. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. SALES > 199. --then return SALARY3. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. return BONUS) ) ). 98 Chapter 6: Functions . SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. --then return SALARY2. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). SALARY2. SALARY1. --else for sales over 199.SALARY1. SALARY3. DECODE may improve readability. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE.

Return Value String. formfeed. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. newline. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. carriage return. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. the function returns Thomas. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. tab. For example. Any datatype (except Binary). Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If your data contains multibyte characters. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port.

you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. If you omit this argument. Optional. If you omit this argument. If the start position is a negative number. For example. If the start position is a positive number. If you pass a negative integer or zero. the mapping fails when you run a workflow.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be an integer value. counting from left to right. Syntax INSTR( string. A positive integer greater than zero. The search value is case-sensitive. the function uses the default value of 1. You can enter any valid transformation expression. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. The default value is 1. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. The string must be a character string. If you want to search for a character string. If the start position is zero. Any value. The position in the string where you want to start the search. For example. If you pass a decimal. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. search_value [. for example 'abc'. The results of the expression must be a character string. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. Optional. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. the function uses the default value of 1.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. The set of characters you want to search for. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. if not. Passes the value you want to evaluate. counting from left to right. If the search value appears more than once in the string.start [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string.

starting from the last character in the company name. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. starting at the beginning of each company name. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. -1. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. starting at the beginning of each company name. 'a'. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 1. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 'a'.

INSTR(CUST_ID.' ' . 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. 1.-1. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. The following expression evaluates a string.INSTR( CUST_NAME. starting from the end of the string. -1.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.1. INSTR(CUST_ID.

FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. use LENGTH. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. see “LENGTH” on page 115. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . Note: To test for empty strings. For more information.

the two format strings return the same values. For example. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. year 1900 is not a leap year. so there is no February 29th. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. In the first case. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). However. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. the function returns FALSE (0). Optional. which returns TRUE. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). In most cases. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. For example. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. Must be a string datatype. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. which returns false. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. not the YY format string.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. If the strings match the format string. If you omit the format string. the function returns TRUE (1). A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. Syntax IS_DATE( value [.

This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. and converts each valid date to a date value.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. IS_DATE 105 . ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. If it does not. If the value is not a valid date.

TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE.Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. Therefore. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ).

followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. Must be a string datatype.45E-32’ ‘+3. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. IS_NUMBER 107 . Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).45e+32’ ‘+3. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. You can enter any valid transformation expression.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. Passes the rows you want to evaluate.

and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ). For example.45d-3’ ‘3. such as TO_FLOAT. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.00 0.00 0.45e+3’ ‘3. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.00 0.00345 0.Windows only) 0 (False . 0.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .00 0.45e+3’ ‘-3. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).00’ ‘-3. If the value is not a valid number.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 0.00’ ‘-3.45D-3’ ‘-3.

IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. For example. or a vertical tab. a carriage return. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. see “LENGTH” on page 115. For more information. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. use LENGTH. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. a newline. To test for an empty string. a tab. A space is a blank space. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Must be a string datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. a formfeed. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 .) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. Passes the rows you want to evaluate.

you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). To do this. '00000'.column in a target table. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions . you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces.

the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Optionally. or if no rows are selected (for example. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. Limits the rows in the search. However. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). LAST 111 . You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. FALSE. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. Return Value Last row in a port. Syntax LAST( value [. For more information. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. or NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns NULL. Optional. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. Note: By default. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 8.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .05 150.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.00 29.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.

Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Date/Time datatype. LAST_DAY returns NULL. If there is no group by port. Null If a value is NULL. returning one value. However. LAST_DAY ignores the row. returning one result for each group. Return Value Date.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date.

'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . TO_DATE always includes time information. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00.

String datatype. use ISNULL. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. LENGTH 115 . Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. see “ISNULL” on page 103. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For details. For details. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. You can enter any valid transformation expression.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. use IS_SPACES. including trailing blanks. The strings you want to evaluate. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. To test for spaces.

04082199452026 NULL Error.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.098612. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. It must be a positive number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. Return Value Double value. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero.828313737302 -0. LN(3)returns 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero.) Error.302585092994 4. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. greater than zero. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm. For example. 116 Chapter 6: Functions .

Required. or 1 as a base value. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. Most often.) Error. LOG 117 . (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. The exponent of the logarithm. exponent Return Value Double value. zero. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0.09 NULL 35.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number.) Error. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. Syntax LOG( base. The base of the logarithm. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1.

Any datatype (except Binary). Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. value1 [. Required.5 compatibility in the session properties. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. However. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value.. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Syntax LOOKUP( result. value2]. Any datatype (except Binary). Required. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. search2. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. rather than creating Lookup transformations.. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. Specifies the values you want to match to value. Datatype that matches the value1. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. must match search1 datatype. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. search1.

NULL if the search does not find any matching values.ORDERS. :TD. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value.99 15.PRICE. :TD.QTY.SALES.PRICE.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.SALES.ITEM.PRICE.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. :TD.00 15. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.PRICE.ORDERS. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD. Error if the search finds more than one matching value. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.ITEM.ITEM. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.ITEM_ID.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .ORDERS. 15. ORDERS. 10. :TD. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument. ORDERS. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly. RTRIM( ORDERS. :TD.99 15.SALES for a specific item ID and price.SALES.ORDERS.ITEM_NAME.ORDERS.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values.

Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value Lowercase character string. Any string value. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. If your data contains multibyte characters. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string.

be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. 6. however. You can enter a specific string literal. or if length is a negative number. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . for example 'abc'. This argument is case-sensitive. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. Optional. RPAD returns NULL. Syntax LPAD( first_string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Can be any string value. If you omit the second_string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. When length is a negative number. LPAD( PART_NUM. The strings you want to change. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. length [. Can be a character string.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. Must be a positive integer literal.

') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions . -5..**Compass Regulator System *.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *. 16. '.LPAD counts the length from left to right.. '*. For example.. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. LPAD(‘alphabetical’.**. LPAD truncates the string from right to left.. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length..Flashlight *. If the first string is longer than the length. 5.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.**.

the function returns NULL. Then it returns the string. Passes the strings you want to modify. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Most often. LTRIM removes it. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. however. for example.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. For example. You can also enter a character string. In ASCII mode. not 'a'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. LTRIM 123 . trim_set Return Value String. 'abc'. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. If you omit the second string. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. with any matching characters removed. If the trim_set is NULL. you would enter 'A'. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. Any string value. character-by-character. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. Optional. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. Any string value. Syntax LTRIM( string [. starting with the left side of the string. LTRIM removes both single.

LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. character-by-character. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. For example. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. LTRIM removes it. but not the period from H. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. Bender. This is because LTRIM searches.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . and so on.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. 'S. In the example of H. Bender. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set.’ from S. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. MacDonald Sawyer H. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. LTRIM removes it. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument.

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. or NULL. FALSE. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Date/Time datatype. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Optional. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. Limits the rows in the search. Return Value Date. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. Syntax MAX( date [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. For more information.

You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. Numeric datatype. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. MAX returns NULL. FALSE. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. However. However. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Nulls If a value is NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. or NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the function returns NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Optional. Note: By default. Limits the rows in the search. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Return Value Numeric value. MAX ignores it.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. if all values passed from the port are NULL.

00 162.00 PRICE 10.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 55.00 360.00 79. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85. returning one value.00 85. If there is no group by port.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 . Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE. MAX treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group.

If there is an odd number of values in the port. MEDIAN ignores the row. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. MEDIAN returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Note: By default. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. FALSE. or NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Numeric datatype. Return Value Numeric value. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. the function returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. However. Optionally. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Optional. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the median is the middle number. Limits the rows in the search. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. If there is an even number of values in the port. if all values passed from the port are NULL. For more information. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. However. Nulls If a value is NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. or if no rows are selected (for example. MIN returns NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. Return Value Numeric value. or NULL. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. However. Note: By default. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Numeric datatypes. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MIN ignores it. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Optional. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. For more information. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. Nulls If a single value is NULL. FALSE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. MIN (Numbers) 135 . the function returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. However. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. Limits the rows in the search. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

00 79. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.00 55. MIN treats all rows as one group.00 85.00 PRICE 10. returning one result for each group.00 162. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions . If there is no group by port. returning one value.00 360.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

00 9. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function.5) returns 3. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. Syntax MOD( numeric_value. The numeric value you want to divide by.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. For example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MOD(8. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. PowerCenter Server does not write row.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation.00 15. The values you want to divide. Numeric datatype. QTY ) PRICE 10.00 12. The divisor cannot be zero.00 25. Required.00 NULL 20. MOD 137 . The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor.

138 Chapter 6: Functions . 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. NULL. If the quantity is zero.00 25.00 12.00 15. QTY )) PRICE 10. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE.00 NULL 20.00 9. IIF( QTY = 0. you can create an expression similar to the following. To avoid dividing by zero.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25.The last row (25. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero.

Numeric datatype. Limits the rows in the search. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. or NULL. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. 5). you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. FALSE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. However. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. Optionally. rowset [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. the function returns NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. MOVINGAVG 139 . Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. Optional. if all values are NULL. five rows at a time. For example. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value.

based on the first five rows in the Sales port.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. and thereafter. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. 140 Chapter 6: Functions . and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. 245. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES.8 based on rows 2 through 6.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. 5 ) Optional. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. five rows at a time. MOVINGSUM 141 . rowset [. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Numeric datatype. However. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optionally. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Required. FALSE. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. or NULL. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. For example. if all values are NULL. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. the function returns NULL. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum.

based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. and thereafter.

PERCENTILE returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. For more information. the function returns NULL. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. inclusive. Integer between 0 and 100. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. See the following equation for more details. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. However. Optionally. Numeric datatype. if all values in a group are NULL. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. PERCENTILE ignores the row. percentile [. Optional. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. when PERCENTILE 143 . Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. However. FALSE. or NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Limits the rows in the search. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value.

returning one result for each group. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile.you configure the PowerCenter Server. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . returning one value. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If i is an integer value. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If there is no group by port. If i < 1.

0 NULL 55000.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 99000.0 85000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000. 75.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 86000.0 27900.0 48000.0 100000.0 9000.

00137174211248285 729.00137174211248285 0. Return Value Double value.265625 982. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 -6. This argument is the base value.0 EXPONENT 2.5 2.0 3.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838. Syntax POWER( base.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions . Numeric value. Numeric value.0 3. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.0 5. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 6. the exponent must be an integer. If the base value is negative.594307804838 NULL NULL 0. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Required.0 -3. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.5 NULL 10.0 729. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS. In this case. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.0 5.0 NULL -6. the exponent must be an integer.0 -3.5 3.0 6.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.0 -3. If the base value is negative. This argument is the exponent value.

Note that -3. If the base is negative. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. POWER 147 . the exponent must be an integer.0 raised to 5.5.

148 Chapter 6: Functions . REPLACECHR returns NULL. for example. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. REPLACECHR returns InputString. Must be a character string. or NULL. If InputString is NULL. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. the function converts it to a character string. You can enter one character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function is not case-sensitive. the function converts it to a character string. If you pass a numeric value. Must be an integer. Required. NULL if InputString is NULL. the function is case-sensitive. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. InputString. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. If NewChar is NULL or empty.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. If NewChar contains more than one character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. Required. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. You can enter one or more characters. Must be a character string. OldCharSet. 'abc'. Required. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. an empty string. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. Passes the string you want to search. Must be a character string. The characters you want to replace. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify.

‘A’.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG.1 GET /companyinfo/index.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index. ‘A’. ‘"’.1" GET /companyinfo/index. WEBLOG.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1. CUSTOMER_CODE.html HTTP/1.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.html HTTP/1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.html HTTP/1.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.html HTTP/1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .html HTTP/1. ‘]["’. CUSTOMER_CODE.1 GET /companyinfo/index. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.

150 Chapter 6: Functions . The following expression removes multiple characters. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. see “CHR” on page 68. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. CUSTOMER_CODE. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. ‘A’. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. INPUT. including the single quote. CHR(39). INPUT. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘14’. you must use the CHR function.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be an integer. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. The string you want to replace. the function converts it to a character string. If you pass a numeric value.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. You must enter at least one OldString argument. REPLACESTR returns InputString. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. OldStringN. for example. Must be a character string. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. . Required.. the function is case-sensitive. If InputString is NULL. the function is not case-sensitive. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. Required. etc. If NewString is NULL or empty. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments.. the function converts it to a character string. REPLACESTR 151 . multiple characters. Required. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. InputString. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. or no character. For more information. Passes the strings you want to search. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. OldString1. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. or NULL. Must be a character string. If you pass a numeric value. That is. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. [OldString2. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. see the examples. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. multiple characters. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. When REPLACESTR replaces a string.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. You can enter one character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACESTR returns NULL. 'abc'. an empty string. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty.

html /companyinfo/index.’ ) TITLE Mrs. ‘s.’ ) TITLE Mrs. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. ‘ HTTP/1. INPUT. ‘rs. WEBLOG. ‘iss’.’. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. Miss Mr. TITLE. MRS. RETURN VALUE Ms. MRS.html HTTP/1. MRS. ‘bc’. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. ‘ab’.html /companyinfo/index. RETURN VALUE Ms. Ms.1" GET /companyinfo/index.1’. ‘iss’. TITLE. ‘rs.NULL if InputString is NULL. ‘s. ‘GET ’.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. Ms. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.html HTTP/1.’.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘"’.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. Mr.

REPLACESTR 153 . see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information.The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. INPUT. you must use the CHR function. CONCAT( CHR(39). CONCAT(CHR(39). INPUT. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. CONCAT(‘it’. ‘s’ )). The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. ‘bc’. ‘ab’. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string.

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . and sets the time to 00:00:00. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. Day. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. For example. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. If the month is between January and June. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. For example. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. the function returns January 1 of the input year. If the month is between July and December. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). Month. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. For example. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. For example. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. Minute. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. Hour. For example. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35.

NULL if you pass a null value to the function. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Enter a valid format string. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can round only one portion of the date. This is the portion of the date that you want to round.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. Optional. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. If you omit the format string. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . Date/Time datatype.Syntax ROUND( date [. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

ROUND(12.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression.8) returns 13. -1) returns 20. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. ROUND returns NULL. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. the function rounds to the nearest integer. Optional. If you enter a positive precision.0 and ROUND(15. If you omit the precision argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 1) returns 13.99.0 because the function rounds 0.99. Numeric datatype. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. If you enter a negative precision. Positive or negative integer.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. 1) returns 15. For example. For example.99) returns 13. ROUND(12.99. If one of the arguments is NULL. ROUND(12. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. For example. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . ROUND(12. truncating the decimal portion of the number. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values.4. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. If you enter decimal precision.99. You can also use ROUND to round dates. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. For example. returning an integer. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. Return Value Numeric value.44. 0.

0 56.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.99 -15.0 1400.8 ) PRICE 12.99 -108. -2 ) PRICE 13242. ROUND( PRICE.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.8678 56.99 56. 0.0 -19.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.99 56.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.0 57.99 -18.9949 -18. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.994 15.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.868 56.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .995 -18.0 -100.0 -16.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.9936 15.99 1435. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.

suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . This may not be the result you expect. For example.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. To achieve the expected result. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits.

.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight. if the first string is longer than the length.. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Regulator System Safety Knife. 'abc'.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. Syntax RPAD( first_string.. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. Compass... 160 Chapter 6: Functions . Specifies the length you want each string to be. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. RPAD counts the length from left to right. Any string value. If you omit the second string. Required. The strings you want to change. RPAD(‘alphabetical’.. Any string value. When length is a negative number. RPAD truncates the string from right to left. '.. 5. RPAD returns NULL.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary.. Optional. for example.. or if length is a negative number..' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. This argument is casesensitive. length [. Return Value String of the specified length. So. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.... For example. Must be a positive integer literal. 16. appending the string '... Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.

. 16..**. '*.. appending the string ‘*..The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.**. -5.** Regulator System Safety Knife*.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .. '.* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME..*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*. Compass*.

starting with the right side of the string. Optional. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. 'abc'. In ASCII mode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. for example. Passes the values you want to trim. Any string value. Syntax RTRIM( string [. with any matching characters removed. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. however. If you omit the second string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. character-by-character. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. RTRIM removes both single. RTRIM removes it. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. It returns the string. Any string value. You can also enter a text literal. trim_set Return Value String.

Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. RTRIM removes it. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. the last character in the string does not match.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. This is because RTRIM searches. however. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. If. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. For example. character-by-character. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. In the last example. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). RTRIM removes it. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. and so on. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row.

the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session is configured for a test load. At the end of the session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Returns the new current value. At the end of a successful session. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For details on mapping variables. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. Unless overridden. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. The session is a debug session.

Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 . decreases the count for each deleted row. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23.Return Value The current value of the variable. It increases the count by one for each inserted row. Darkroom Co. Supply. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session.. Darkroom Co. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. The next time the session runs.. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for.

September. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the month format strings (D. MONTH to set the month. DD. For example. You use the SS format string to set the second. HH12. 'HH'. For example. 'DD'. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example. and DAY) to set the day. For example. Minute. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Day. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'MI'. Hour. For example. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. 'YY'. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'MONTH'. 'SS'. 12=12PM. and November) in the value argument. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. YYY. For example. June. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. or YYYY to set the year. MON. April. DDD. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Seconds. YY.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. Month. You use the MI format string to set the minute. HH24) to set the hour. DY. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February.

16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. February 30). If you enter an improper value (for example. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. Required. 'HH24'. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. Date/Time datatype. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'HH'. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH12'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Required. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. the session fails. format. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. The date you want to modify. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

'YYY'. 'YY'. 1998). 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM'. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time.MM'. 'YYYY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON'. For example. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 7). 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DD'. 'MONTH'. 'Y'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument.

When used with a string mapping variable. Returns the new current value. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. At the end of a successful session.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. Unless overridden. For details on mapping variables. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. The session is a debug session. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. The session is configured for a test load. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. At the end of the session.

Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . it saves the largest value to the repository. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The return value is the new current value of the variable. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. Then. The next time the session runs. Required.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. For example.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. For details on mapping variables. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. When used with a string mapping variable. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. At the end of the session. At the end of a successful session. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. The session is configured for a test load. The session is a debug session. Unless overridden. Returns the new current value.

00 24. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .00 22.50. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.75 23.00 22. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.00 22.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.75 25.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.25 24.00 22.00’.50 22. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.00 26.00 MIN_PRICE 22. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice. The next time the session runs. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The return value is the new current value of the variable.25 22.00 At the end of the session.50 22.50 22.50 27.00 22.50 22. Required. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port.

00 22. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.50 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. Then.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22. it saves the smallest value to the repository.

The session is a debug session. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. At the end of a successful session. Returns the specified value. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. For details on mapping variables. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. it saves a final current value to the repository. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. The session is configured for a test load. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Required.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. Unless overridden. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. SETVARIABLE 175 . If you use this function more than once for the same variable.

95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. 176 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.01 97.01 97. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session.23 699.Return Value Current value of the variable. The next time the session runs.43 323.50 116. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”. The next time the session runs. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534.50 116. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.23 699.43 323.

Return Value -1 for negative values. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. or 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric value.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. 1 for positive values. Passes the values you want to evaluate. 0 for 0. negative. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. NULL if NULL.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 .

Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.50000000000003 0.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions .0871557427476639 0.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation.939692620785936 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.309016994374967 0. Numeric datatype.

35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.0 0.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype.66 5.376934801486 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.897 3.4178051793031 116. Return Value Double value.0 2.45 0 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.1752011936438 9. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. For example: SINH( MEASURES. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.03225804884884 19.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.

X. P. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. K. If string encodes to less than four characters. For example. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. Skips numbers in string. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. U. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. Q. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. G. I. For example. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. For example. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. T L M. J. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. S. For example. E. H. and encodes it in uppercase. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. F. For example. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. V C. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . O. Z D. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string.

You can enter any valid transformation expression.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. Passes the string value you want to encode. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . string is empty. Return Value String. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. Must be a character string. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet.

the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. Positive numeric value. NULL 7. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a negative value or character value. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. PowerCenter Server does not write row.

However. STDDEV returns NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can use operators to average values in different ports. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. FALSE. STDDEV ignores it. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Optional. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. STDDEV 183 .STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. if all values are NULL. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatypes. However. For more information. or NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. Note: By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. or if no rows are selected (for example.

Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.0 2198. SALES > 2000.0 2198.0 2198.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists). returning one result for each group.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .0 153.00 ) SALES 2198.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.90 2256.0 1010.000.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.88 3001. returning one value.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If there is no standard deviation.0 NULL 8953. If there is no group by port. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.90 and 153. STDDEV treats all rows as one group. the return value is zero.

Syntax SUBSTR( string. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. the function returns an empty string. Must be a character string. If the start position is a positive number. If you omit the length argument. If you pass a numeric value. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. Passes the strings you want to search. the function converts it to a character string. If you pass a decimal. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If the start position is a negative number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. starting at the beginning of the string. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. including blanks. start length Return Value String. If you pass a negative integer or zero. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. The position in the string where you want to start counting. If the start position is zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. SUBSTR counts all characters.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. SUBSTR 185 . Must be an integer greater than zero. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. Must be an integer. Required. start [. Optional.

0. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 1.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. -8. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 5. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE.

The following expression evaluates a string. INSTR(CUST_ID. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 2. -2. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. SUBSTR 187 .' ' . SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. starting from the end of the string.INSTR( CUST_NAME. 1.1. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. INSTR(CUST_ID. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string.-1. 8) returns ‘cd’.1 ) .

SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. FALSE. However. However. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. Note: By default. For more information. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optionally. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. You can use operators to add values in different ports. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. SUM ignores it. or NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Numeric datatype. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Optional. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . when you configure the PowerCenter Server. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Passes the values you want to add. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. SUM returns NULL.

0 4519. returning one value. returning one result for each group.0 1900.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. If there is no group by port. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .0 1200. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500. SUM treats all rows as one group.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 NULL 3458.

0874886635259298 0. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. You can enter any valid transformation expression.577350269189672 0.19175359259435 0.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .74747741945531 1. Numeric datatype. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Return Value Double value.324919696232929 57.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

998676551914886 0. Numeric datatype. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.999963084213409 0.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent. You can enter any valid transformation expression.45 0 0.0 0.897 3.761594155955765 0. Return Value Double value. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .0 2.66 5. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.993926947790665 0.

Date/Time datatype. not the format for the values in the date argument. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. Optional.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The format string defines the format of the return value. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. If you omit the format string. Return Value String. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions .TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Requirements” on page 44. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. For details on the TO_DATE format string. Return Value Date. For example. use either the RR or YY format string. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. If you omit the format string. Must be a string datatype. Do not use the YYYY format string. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If it does not. Optional. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly.

If you pass a string that does not have a time value.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you run a session in the twentieth century. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. PowerCenter Server skips this row. the century will be 19. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. If you run a session in the twentieth century. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. TO_DATE 199 . the century will be 19. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error.

‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . ‘MON DD YYYY’). For example: DECODE( TRUE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). --test second format. ‘MM’ ). --if true.If your target accepts different date formats. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). if true. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). --test third format. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MON DD YYYY’). if true.

Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces.200 118. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point.6789' '60.679 60. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [.2' '118. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. If you omit this argument. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. inclusive.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. inclusive. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. Must be a string or numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. Optional.348' NULL 'A12.

348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 . NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.6789 60. Return Value Double value.6789' '60. You can enter any valid transformation expression. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces.348' NULL 'A12.2 118. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Passes the values you want to convert to double values. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.2' '118. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).

Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions .348' NULL 'A12. You can enter any valid transformation expression.6789’ ‘-15. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion.3Grove' ‘ 123.2' '118. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. String or numeric datatype. The flag must be an integer literal. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion.6789' '60. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. Optional. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. or if you omit this argument.

6789’ ‘-15.3Grove' ‘ 123.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.2' '118.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .6789' '60. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.348' NULL 'A12.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.

You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. hour. Day. If you truncate the year portion of the date. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. The format string is not case-sensitive. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. For example. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. For example. If you truncate the day portion of a date. Enter a valid format string. For example. Minute. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. For example. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. The date values you want to truncate. Month. the function truncates the time portion of the date. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. or minute. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. Optional. For example. month. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. Date/Time datatype. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. If you omit the format string. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. day. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. setting it to 00:00:00. Hour. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. If you truncate the month portion of a date.

'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.Return Value Date.

'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

Passes the values you want to truncate. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. precision If precision is a positive integer. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. If precision is a negative integer.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. If you pass a decimal precision value. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. If you omit the precision argument. Return Value Numeric value. Can be a positive or negative integer. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Optional. Numeric datatype. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate.

99 56.865 56.0 1230.99 -18.99 -187.0 56. -1 ) PRICE 12.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE. 3 ) PRICE 12.95 15.8652 56.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .9563 15.999 -18.9995 -18.956 15.0 -180.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.0 15.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.0 50.0 -18.86 56.95 1235.

the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. Return Value Uppercase string. If your data contains multibyte characters. String datatype. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. For more information. Return Value Double value. FALSE. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. the variance is 0. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . Numeric datatype. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. or NULL. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). If n is 1.

0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.Nulls If a single value is NULL.0 2256. However.0 3001.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. However.0 NULL 8953. If there is no group by port. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one value. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. VARIANCE returns NULL. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. returning one value. If there is not a group by port. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. if all values passed to the function are NULL. or if no rows are selected. VARIANCE ignores it. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. returning one result for each group.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 220 Date Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. 226 Test Functions. 228 For details on each function. 217 Conversion Functions. 227 Variable Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. 215 . 225 Special Functions. 216 Character Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter.

found in a group. or earliest date. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. Returns the maximum value. Returns the variance of all records in a group. Available in the Designer. Returns the number of records with non-null value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. percentile [. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Returns the last record in a group. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer. found in a group. Available in the Designer. Returns the minimum value. Returns the standard deviation for a group. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Returns the first record in a group. Available in the Designer. or latest date. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Returns the sum of all records in a group. Available in the Designer. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. in a group. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [.

start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. it will still work correctly. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Concatenates two strings. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. In Unicode mode. Returns the number of characters in a string. In ASCII mode. including trailing blanks. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. however. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. search_value [. length [. OldCharSet. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. to set a string to a specified length. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. multiple characters.. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. start [. . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldStringN. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. [OldString2.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length [. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or no character. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. OldString1. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string.

format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 .

Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. OldCharSet. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Returns a portion of a string. Returns whether a string is a valid number. start [. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. [OldString2. or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. counting from left to right. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. OldStringN. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search_value [.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. multiple characters. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. . Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). OldString1. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer.. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string.

TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. days. minutes. months. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. value ) TRUNC( date [. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. month. Returns the length of time between two dates. hour. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Available in the Designer. date2. Rounds one part of a date. hours. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. or seconds). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or minute. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Returns the latest date found in a group. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. filter_condition ) MIN( date. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. day. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. format. Returns the earliest date found in a group. format. Truncates dates to a specific year. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. measured in the specified increment (years. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or 0. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer.71828183. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. negative. Returns a running total of all numeric values. recordset [. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Available in the Designer. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. where e=2. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [.Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Truncates numbers to a specific digit.

Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

second_search. Searches a port for the specified value. Available in the Designer. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. value1 [. Available in the Designer. second_result ]…[. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. first_result [. search2. Returns one of two values you specify. first_search. IIF IIF( condition. search1. based on the results of a condition. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. Available in the Designer. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. value2 [. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Searches for a value in a lookup source column.

Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Test Functions 227 .

Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Available in the Designer. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns the new current value.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Available in the Designer. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer. Returns the specified value. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value.

Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 211 229 . 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 120.

68. 68 capitalization 99. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 180 removing from strings 123. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 160 ASCII characters 63.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 120. 211 counting 185 encoding 130.

SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130. 180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .

226 test 56. 219 data cleansing 53. 217 conversion 53. 225 special 55. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 220 date 54. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 223 scientific 55. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 216 categories 50 character 52.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 .

73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 .Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69.

null values aggregate functions 18.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index . 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116. 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.

47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .

120.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 211 character set 100 concatenating 24.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .