Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . .

.. . 28 . . . . . . . 5-1... .. 5-4. . . . . . TO_CHAR Format Strings. . .. . .. .. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . .. 6-1. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . . . . 5-6. . . . . . . . 39 . . .. . . . . . 22 . . . . .. .. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. . ... .. . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . ... . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 40 . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . .. . . .. . . . . . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . . . .. . 18 . . RR Format String Conversions . .. . . . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . .. . .. .. . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . . 26 . .. 36 .. . . .. . .. . . . . . 5-3.. . . . ... . . . .. . 36 . . .. .. . . . . . . 3-2. . . . 23 . .. .. . . . . . . ... .. . . . . 2-1. . .. 3-3. . . . . ... . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . 5-5. . . . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . .. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . 3-4.. . . . . .. . . . . .. . . ... . . . . .. . . . Operators in the Transformation Language . . 5-2.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . 6-2. . . 25 . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language .. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings ... . .. 4-1. . . . . 6 . .. .. . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . . . ..

x List of Tables .

data synchronization. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. and efficient manner. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. and support high-speed loads. transforming. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. and information hubs. xi . and managing data. usable. data migration. including extracting. handle complex transformations on the data. loading.

You can view a profile from a random sample of data. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. session.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Profile mapping display in the Designer. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. and workflow prefixes. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. Session enhancement. and MELCOM-kana. 7. You can define default mapping. Row Uniqueness function. such as JIPSEkana.1. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data.1. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row.1. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. When you use a local parameter file. sessions. Verbose data enhancements. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. the rows that meet the business rule. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. Flat file partitioning. Define mapping. session. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. and 7.1. a specified percentage of data. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source.1. Domain Inference function tuning. PowerCenter 7. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. xii Preface . Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling.1. pmcmd. JEF-kana.0. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server.

When you load to Teradata using an external loader. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. such as Business Objects Designer. JPEG. Oracle. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. and repositories using native drivers. ♦ SuSE Linux support. You do not need to know a database user name and password. Oracle. containing reserved words. you can also override the error. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. target. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. DB2. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. you can create and maintain a file. you can connect to IBM. targets. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. Depending on the loader you use.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. On SuSE Linux. log. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. you can connect to IBM. you can now override the control file. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. Reserved word support. When you export metadata. or PDF. Teradata external loader. Preface xiii . You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. reswords. DB2. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session.txt. If the file exists. If any source. and Sybase repositories. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. You can attach document types such as XML. On SuSE Linux. and Sybase sources. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. GIF. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. it searches for reswords.♦ SuSE Linux support. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools.

Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. connectivity.1. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. resize columns in a report. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. XML User Guide. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. Prepackaged domains. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Aggregator function in auto profiles. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. Informatica provides licenses for product. Workflow Administration Guide. It also includes information from the version 7. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. targets. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. Creating auto profile enhancements. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. and Transformation Guide. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. and options. You store xiv Preface . You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. PowerCenter 7. and partitions in the session.♦ Pipeline partitioning. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources.0 Web Services Hub Guide. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. Source View in the Profile Manager.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can also pivot the view row.

If you have the Partitioning option. disable. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. Increased repository performance. You can choose to skip MX data. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. upgrade. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. and delete a folder. You can use pmrep to back up. MX views. the PowerCenter Server Setup. pmlic. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. You can also use pmrep to create. workflow and session log history. Object import and export enhancements. or restore a repository. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. and the command line program. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. delete repository details. and deploy group history. back up. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. modify. or enable a repository. and restore repositories. pmrep. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy.1 MX views in its schema. This improves processing performance for most sessions. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects.the license keys in a license key file. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. truncate log files. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. delete a relational connection from a repository. Partitioning enhancements.

Web Services Hub. Union transformation. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. Midstream XML transformations. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. the latest version of checked in objects. ♦ xvi Preface . Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. The query can return local objects that are checked out. Enhanced printing. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. Custom transformation API enhancements. When you use a dynamic lookup cache.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. You can also extract data from messaging systems. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. You can now perform lookups on flat files. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. Also. The quality of printed workspace has improved. or a collection of all older versions of objects. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries.

Additional options for XML definitions. DTD files. such as data stored in a CLOB column.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. In a view with hierarchy relationships. You can also extract data from messaging systems. and define relationships between views. including relational sources or targets. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. XML files. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . XML workspace. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. Midstream XML transformations. or schema files. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. targets. Synchronizing XML definitions. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. When you create views with entity relationships. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. It displays folders alphabetically. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. When you import XML definitions. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. For more informations. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can create views. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. add or delete columns from views.

and XML schemas that use circular definitions.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. User-defined commits. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. Increased performance for large XML targets. − − PowerCenter 7. you can determine implicit data type. Installation and Configuration Guide. suggest candidate keys. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. PowerCenter now supports XML files. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks.♦ Support for circular references. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions.” Upgrading metadata. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX.0. and evaluate join criteria. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. DTD files. Support for multiple XML output files. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. After you create a profiling warehouse. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. detect data patterns. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. For example. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server.

you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. and transformations. Distributed processing. External loading enhancements.objects impacted by the upgrade process. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. worklets. Metadata analysis. Row error logging. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. When using external loaders on Windows. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. In a server grid. source and target tables. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. session completion status.0 metadata. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. When using external loaders on UNIX. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. The Metaphone function encodes string values. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. Metaphone. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. you can now choose to load from staged files. Functions ♦ Soundex. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . and warehouse growth. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. session errors. mappings. such as workflows. You can create a control file containing installation information. including session load time. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). If you purchase the Server Grid option. server load. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter.1.

groups. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. When you log in to the repository. The repository maintains a status for each user. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. If you use LDAP. checking in. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. You can track changes to repository users. importing. You can also use pmrep to run queries. such as the Aggregator transformation. and listing objects. Use Repository Manager privilege. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. such as copy object. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. pmrep commands.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. exporting. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. maintain labels. Additionally. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. privileges. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. or update. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. You can choose to insert. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. When you select data driven loading. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. Real time processing enhancements. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. or delete data. delete. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . upsert. update. and change object status. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. Trusted connections. Audit trail. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. Concurrent processing. deploying.

This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. Check out and check in versioned objects. You can specify the icons used for transformation. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. adding or removing a user or group. If you want to permanently remove an object version. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. Delete or purge a version. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. such as changes to folder properties. control development on the object. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. worklets. Unlike copying a folder. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. You can also compare different versions of the same object. You can compare tasks. sessions. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. ♦ Joiner transformation. Compare objects. When you create a Custom transformation template.audit trail log contains information. Deployment. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. the colors. track changes. you can purge it from the repository. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. and adding or removing privileges.

This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. Comparing objects. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. Increased performance for large XML files. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. Within the Designer. declare multiple namespaces. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. Track changes to an object. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. You can save queries for later use. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. Queries. XPath support. to other folders. increase performance for large XML files. or you can share it with all users in the repository. use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can copy objects within folders. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. format your XML file output for increased readability. When you process an XML file or stream. improve query results. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. ♦ xxii Preface . This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. and to different repositories. Labels. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema.♦ Deployment groups. XML target enhancements. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. You can make a private query.

View dependencies. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. Enhanced partitioning interface. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. mapplets. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. When you do this. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. mappings. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. Refresh session mappings. You can validate sessions. targets. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. In the Workflow Manager. When you edit a port in a mapping. mappings. Validate multiple objects. or workflows. The Designer propagates ports. Enhanced validation messages. you can refresh a session mapping. expressions. Revert to saved. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. such as sources.♦ Change propagation. workflows. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. and worklets. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories.

Transformation Guide. and Metadata Web Services. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Installation and Configuration Guide. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Getting Started. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. and load data into JMS messages. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. or DTD files. Transformation Language Reference. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. and relational or other XML definitions. Troubleshooting Guide. groups. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . mapplets. such as creating and maintaining repositories.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Batch Web Services. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Designer Guide. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. build mappings. and transformations. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. including details on environment variables and database connections. folders. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. and permissions and privileges. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. Web Services Provider Guide. Repository Guide. Workflow Administration Guide. Includes information to help you create mappings. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. extract data from JMS messages. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. XML User Guide. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. users. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. XSD. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services.

The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. relational database concepts.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. This is a code example. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. The material in this book is available for online use. unless you follow the specified procedure. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. The following paragraph provides additional facts. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. Emphasized subjects. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv .

and locating your closest sales office.com. If you have any questions. the Informatica Knowledgebase. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. The site contains information about Informatica. You will also find product information. upcoming events.informatica. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. The site contains product information.informatica.informatica. user group information. This journal provides solutions to common tasks.com. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my.com. go to http://my. please email webzine@informatica. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). and implementation services. Informatica Webzine. the Informatica Webzine. To register for an account. and access to the Informatica user community.com xxvi Preface .informatica. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www.com. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. training and education. newsletters. as well as literature and partner information. detailed descriptions of specific features. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. its background.

5800 Fax: 650.5:30 p.m. . CA 94063 Phone: 866. market.informatica.385.563. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a. You can request a user name and password at http://my. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a.m. . and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.m. WebSupport requires a user name and password.m.m.9489 Hours: 6 a. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a. . (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. .com.m.The site contains information on how to create.5:30 p.m. .m. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road. . Redwood City. .5:30 p.m. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. .m.213.6332 or 650. White Waltham Maidenhead. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.m.6 p.m.5:30 p.5 p. (local time) Preface xxvii . (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.m.5:30 p. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.5 p.m.m.m.

xxviii Preface .

see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 9 Reserved Words. 2 Expression Syntax. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions. 1 .

Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. combine data. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. and External Procedure transformations. or compare data. such as a state sales tax rate. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. For details. Local and system variables.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. Stored Procedure. For more information. You can also create local variables in transformations. Constants. Return values. Mapping parameters and variables. such as TRUE. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. Workflow variables. such as the system date. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. Operators.

“>>>>”. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. not byte-oriented. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. such as 10. You can create an expression as simple as a port. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. For example. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. during a workflow. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. such as ORDERS. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . For example. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. For example. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. or a numeric literal. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. Then. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

not the number of bytes.string. The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). or a numeric literal (such as 10). but the transformation language does not. On the other hand. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. input/output. it is not exactly like SQL. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 .Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. while SQL does not. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. For example. variable) String literals.Status). Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input.

The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD. argument2.external_procedure_transformation(argument1. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation.5 LOOKUP function.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3.PRICE. argument2. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark..stored_procedure_transformation( argument1.. 10. . :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition.lookup_transformation(argument1.. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.sequence_generator_transformation.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition.5 expressions only). The general syntax is: :EXT.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. The general syntax is: :SEQ. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .ITEM_ID.SALES. :TD.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals.SALES. :TD.source_table. . The general syntax is: :SP.. For example. The general syntax is: :LKP. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1.SALES. [. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote.ITEM_NAME. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. The general syntax is: :SD. 15.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. argument2. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks.

and period (. For details on workflow variables. For example. comma (. or the results of another expression. not a string.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. For example. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. ‘1’. If you pass a literal value to a function. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. Lookup transformation. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. as the start position.). the transformation language is not case-sensitive. functions. For example: . External Procedure transformation. Except for literals. The colon (:). see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. the expression 123. You cannot add an integer and a string. Just type the number you want to include. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide.4 = ‘123. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. local and system variables. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. variable. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. create separate Aggregator transformations.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. Except for literals. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . mapping parameters and variables. For example. Stored Procedure transformation. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. literal string or number.

8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. which allow only one nested aggregate function).♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function.

Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. If you do not want to embed comments.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. since the last line is not a valid expression.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -. as in: -. if you want to concatenate two strings.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. For example.

Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. operators. and system variables. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . such as constants. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. are reserved for specific functions.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language.

17 TRUE. 16 NULL.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 12 DD_INSERT. 14 DD_UPDATE. 13 DD_REJECT. 19 11 . 15 FALSE.

DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. DD_DELETE. When you run a workflow. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . 2.

so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. If the result is 2 or less. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME.NAME = 'Alex'. If the result is greater than 2. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. ORDERS. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. 0. the expression flags the records for rejection. returning the difference between the two dates.DATE_SHIPPED. 0 ) > 2. 'DD' ). It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Using DATE_DIFF.DD_REJECT. When you run a workflow. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference.NAME = 'Alex'.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. DD_INSERT.

Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month.SALES > 0. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants .DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. DD_INSERT.SALES > 0. DD_REJECT. When you run a workflow. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. 0. If you flag a record as reject. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. so it includes only positive values.

ORDERS. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only.NAME = 'Alex'. If the result is 2 or less. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. it flags the records for update. returning the difference between the two dates. The mapping loads sales for one employee. otherwise. Using DATE_DIFF. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . When you run a workflow. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. 1. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. If the result is greater than 2.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. 'DD' ). it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. the expression flags the records for rejection.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. 0 ) > 2. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2.DATE_SHIPPED. DD_UPDATE. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. DD_REJECT. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE.

Var1 < 23. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var1 = 22. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.'Variable 2 was 49!'.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0.'.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var2 > 30. Var2 = 49. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE.'.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression.

the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. <>. ^=. or it might ignore null values. For example. <= For example. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . it might return zero or NULL. For details on how each function handles null values. Therefore. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. >. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. However. see “Functions” on page 49.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. >=. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. For more information. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. !=. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. If you pass a null value to a function. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. Functions can handle nulls differently. <. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default.

the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. the function does not select the record. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. and MOVINGSUM. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT.NULL To test for nulls. as well as CUME. which returns zero). use the ISNULL function. MOVINGAVG. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. For example.

'. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var2 > 30. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE.') TRUE 19 . Var2 = 49. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. Var1 < 23.'. Var1 = 22.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

26 21 . 24 Comparison Operators. 25 Logical Operators. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 23 String Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators.

Equal to. used when specifying conditions.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. For example. || <. 2. depending on how you nest the operations.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. 4. The logical AND operator. When expressions contain parentheses. modulus. division. >= =. Concatenate. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. !=. % +. >. subtraction. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. Less than. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. greater than or equal to. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. not equal to. <>. The logical OR operator. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . /. not equal to. Unary plus and minus. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. the equation 8 + 5 . The logical NOT operator. less than or equal to. 3. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. Addition. *. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. <=. not equal to. Multiplication. used when specifying conditions. greater than. Table 3-1.

% +. modulus. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. use the string operator ||. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. Unary plus indicates a positive value. *. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. /. Meaning Unary plus and minus. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. For example. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. The expression 1. To perform arithmetic on date values. For further information on built-in date functions. subtraction. use the date functions. For example. the function returns NULL.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. Addition. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. To concatenate strings. Unary minus indicates a negative value. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. division. Multiplication.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. Arithmetic Operators 23 .

concatenates a space to the end of each first name. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. the || operator returns NULL. The || operator. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. however. produces the same results in less time. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. if both values are NULL. However. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces.

Greater than. the result is NULL. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. the expression 123. The expressions 123. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. manipulate data. see “Dates” on page 33. Comparison Operators 25 .Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. the operands must be the same datatype. If you compare a value to a null value. Not equal to. Not equal to. Not equal to.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. Less than or equal to. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. When you use comparison operators in an expression. Less than. For example. For information on how to compare dates. Greater than or equal to.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype.

the operator NOT returns FALSE. For example. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. FALSE for zero. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. and NULL for NULL.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. For example. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. NOT returns TRUE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . if an expression evaluates to TRUE. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant.

31 Local Variables. 32 27 .Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 28 Transaction Control Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 47 33 . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. 34 Date Format Strings. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations.

Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. TO_CHAR format strings. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. Converts a date to a string. truncate. ‘MM’. Tests whether a string represents a date.D. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . see “Variables” on page 27. For example. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. extract one part of a date. For details on built-in variables. Date functions accept date/time values only. TO_CHAR. With the date functions you can round. or compare dates. Date format strings. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. Use to specify the format of the return string. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Converts a string to a date. ‘MM/DD/RR’). or perform arithmetic on a date. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. TO_DATE. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. To pass a string to a date function. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. and 9999 A. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server.D. Modified Julian Day. Julian Day. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second.

Overview 35 . and 9999 A. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. By definition. nor with Modified Julian Day. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. For example. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). For example.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. and are not supported in PowerCenter. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A.D.D. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. The J format string does not convert this time component. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.

If the source string year is between 50 and 99. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. In TO_DATE expressions. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. RR and YY produce different results. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Current Year Between 50 and 99. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49.

You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. Use TO_CHAR(date. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. The date includes the month. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port.Table 5-2. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. If an input value does not match this format. and even between applications. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. minutes. day. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If the string is in the default date format. or it is an invalid date. while the time might include the hours. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. and seconds. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. If you omit the format string. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. If you want to pass a string to a date function. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. If you specify a format string. Dates in Relational Databases In general. and year. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. Although date formats vary from database to database. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server skips the row.

If you specify a format string. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. 12:00:00AM = 0. Month (January = 01.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. 1:00:00AM = 1. If you omit the format string. 12:00:00PM = 12. For example. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates .

DY. YYY. you can use MM. you can use HH.) Month (01-12). you can use any of these format strings specify 12. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. YY. For example. YYY. HH. HH24 MI MM. DAY. Specify the part of the date you want to change. HH12. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. MONTH SS. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. Specify the part of the date you want to return. MON. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. you can use Y. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. Specify the part of the date you want to round. SSSS Y. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. or MONTH to specify APR. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. For example. Date Format Strings 39 . if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. Minutes (0-59. J Description Days (01-31). Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. DDD. For example.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. MON. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. DD. YY. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). Hour of day (0-23). Seconds (0-59). Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. For example. or YYYY to specify 1997. HH12. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. YYYY. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table.

M. PM. A. changing the format for reporting purposes. AM and PM return the same values as do A. When used with TO_CHAR. Month (01-12). Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). where January to March equals 1.’ However.M. Wednesday). the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.M. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. Last two digits of a year. calculated from Jan 1. Day of month (01-31). Hour of day (01-12).TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. Name of day. when used with TO_DATE. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Quarter of year (1-4).M. ‘RR’ produces the same results as. For example. and is interchangeable with. Minutes (00-59). including leap years). D DD DDD DAY DY HH. Day of week (1-7). Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. Hour of day (00-23). Name of month. 4713 00:00:00 BC. and P. Day of year (001-366. including up to nine characters (for example. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . ‘YY. where Sunday equals 1. For example. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM.. Wed). You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. P. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. Modified Julian Day. Seconds (00-59). Jan). It ignores the time component of the date. The function removes the leading digits. January). including up to nine characters (for example. TO_CHAR returns 97.

if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. You might use these symbols to separate date parts.Table 5-5. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. TO_CHAR returns 7. TO_CHAR returns 997. SSSSS. Last digit of a year. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. Punctuation that displays in the output. See the individual functions for more examples. 'MM. Week of month (1-5). Entire year portion of date. For example. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . Examples The following examples illustrate the J. For example. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . Feb 1 designates the first week of February. For example. The function removes the leading digits. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. TO_CHAR returns 97.YYYY' ). For example. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. and YY format strings. For example. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. Week of year (01-53). the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. RR. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression.86399). if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. Text that displays in the output. for example D””DDD. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. Last two digits of a year. The function removes the leading digits. TO_CHAR returns 1997.DD. Last three digits of a year. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. For example. For example. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. and so on.. For example.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. The function removes the leading digits.

For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . For example. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression.

HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. DD DDD DAY DY HH. Day of year (001-366. Name of day. Day of month (1-31). the function returns FALSE (0).m. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table.m. Hour of day (1-12). including up to nine characters (for example. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. AM and PM return the same values as do a. If you omit the format string. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. p. the function returns TRUE (1). including leap years). Wed). The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. Minutes (0-59).m. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. When you create a TO_DATE expression. Wednesday). a. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. where zero is 12AM (midnight). Hour of day (0-23). The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings.. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format.m. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. if any parts do not match. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. and p. PM. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date.

Convert strings in MJD format to date values. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date.Current Year Between 0 and 49. including up to nine characters (for example. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. Aug). the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. August). the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. Modified Julian Day. representing May 12.Current Year Between 50 and 99. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . 1998. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. 2020. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. to TO_DATE. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. 2034). Use when source strings include two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Use the RR or YY format string instead. Case does not matter. For example. . Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. For example. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. For example. Four digits of a year. Month (1-12). If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. .Table 5-6. Case does not matter. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. Seconds (0-59). It ignores the time component of the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. Name of month. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If it does not. Seconds since midnight. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example.

the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date.format string. Likewise. Example The following examples illustrate the J. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. and SSSSS format strings. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. See the individual functions for more examples. Tip: By default. RR. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. The format string is not case-sensitive. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. For example. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR.

SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005. while YY returns the year 1905. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates .

Change one part of a date. 1. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. DATE_DIFF.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. 9999 23:59:59 AD. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. Subtract two dates. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. SET_DATE_PART. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . 31. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. 49 . see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215. in alphabetical order. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions.

AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions .Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function.

evaluates the AVG expression. and returns four values. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. Function Categories 51 .♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression.

the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. the function returns NULL. FALSE. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. 1. the function selects all rows in the port. MOVINGAVG.35 to 0) for the filter condition. 0. the filter condition returns FALSE. For example. the function returns zero. By default. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. 1. and MOVINGSUM. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass an entire port of null values. If the value rounds to zero.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. If you do not want to round up a value. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions .000: MEDIAN( SALARY. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. For example.2 to 1. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. as well as to CUME.5 to 2. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE.

Encode strings. MIN. UPPER. Trim string values. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. Convert the datatype of an input value. LOWER. Replace characters in a string. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value.

or perform arithmetic on a date. see “Dates” on page 33. if you want to pass a string to a date function. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. truncate. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. However. extract one part of a date. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. For a complete list of date format strings. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. 54 Chapter 6: Functions .♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. Date format strings are not internationalized. or compare dates.

Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Therefore. if you pass a date with milliseconds.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds.

Unless overridden. Filter. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. For example. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. You can nest other functions within special functions.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. you use special functions in Expression. When you run a workflow. Then at the end of the session. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. and Update Strategy transformations. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. At the end of the session. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition.

If you use this function more than once for the same variable. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. Function Categories 57 . see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide.process that pipeline. For more information on mapping variables.

Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. The string can be any length. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. 58 Chapter 6: Functions .ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. assign ABORT as the default value. For more information on the Abort command. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. including ERROR function calls within an expression. it stops transforming data at that row. You can use ABORT to validate data. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. String.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. Generally. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. Return Value NULL. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error.

Likewise. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you pass an Integer. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69.95 59. it returns an Integer. If you pass a Double. Return Value Positive numeric value. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE .ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. it returns a Double.

Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. MONTH. Month. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. 'MONTH'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. YY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. or YYYY. You can use any of the day format strings: D. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 'HH'. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. DD. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. 'YY'. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. 'SS'. For example. YYY. You use the MI format string to set the minute. DY. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Minute. For example. Hour. For example. Seconds. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. MON. For example. DDD. For example. 'DD'. 'MI'. and DAY.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. HH24. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You use the SS format string to set the second. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. HH12. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . Day. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument.

1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Also note. Passes the values you want to change. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'mm'. for example. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. 'MONTH'. months. hours. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. 'MON'. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. An integer value specifying the amount of years. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. Date/Time datatype. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. and so on by which you want to change the date value. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. For example. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. format. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. 'MM'. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . days. Required. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function.

-10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. 'DD'. For example. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. 'HH24'. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12'. 'D'. 'DDD'. 'HH'. 'DAY'. you need to change the hour portion of the date. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. 'DY'. which you specify. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED.

Character string. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. however. they will still work correctly. Normally. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string.535. Return Value Integer. For example. ASCII 63 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you pass a numeric value. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. before you pass any string value to ASCII. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

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Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Normally. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a numeric value. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. it will still work correctly. For example. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Character string. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. A string containing one character. However.535. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . Any datatype (except Binary). If both strings are NULL. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. Any datatype (except Binary). Syntax CONCAT( first_string. Alternatively. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. CONCAT returns NULL. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Return Value String. NULL if both string values are NULL. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string.

the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. If you want to add a space between two strings. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . ' ' ).FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. For example. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. CONCAT( CHR(39).

14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.0 0. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine.951056516295147 0. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).342020143325593 0.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. Numeric datatype.996194698091745 0.866025403784421 0. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3. Return Value Double value.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).0 0. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. For example: COSH( MEASURES.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.45 0 0. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.66 5. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).0 2. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.54308063481524 9.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.4435376920294 116.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .0874465864177 19.0 1.381231106176 1.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.897 3.

Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. For more information. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. If you apply the value argument. the function returns 0. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. However. or NULL. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. this function counts all rows. this function ignores columns with null values.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. Optionally. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. Nulls If all values are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Return Value Integer. Syntax COUNT( value [. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. If you apply the asterisk argument. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Use to count all rows in a transformation. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. Alternative. Passes the values you want to count.

excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. including null values. returning one result for each group. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . The function counts all rows in a transformation. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. returning one value. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock.

In this example. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. If you include the asterisk argument. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . but do not use a filter. the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation.

Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. CUME returns NULL. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. Nulls If a value is NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. CUME 79 . FALSE. Numeric datatype. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). if all values in the selected port are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Optional. or if no rows are selected (for example. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. or NULL. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. However.

Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise. you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .

Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . NULL if one of the date values is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Date/Time datatype. 1 if the second date is earlier. The second date you want to compare. The first date you want to compare. 0 if the two dates are equal. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Required. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. Date/Time datatype. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required.

You can specify only one part of the date. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. such as 'mm'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. days. hours. hours. minutes. date2. the return value is a positive number. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. For example. If date1 is earlier than date2. You can specify years. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. The format string is not case-sensitive. the return value is a negative number. Return Value Double value. months. or seconds. 'Mm' or 'mM'. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. If date1 is later than date2. days. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. Required. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. Date/Time datatype. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. minutes. You can request the format to be years. months. Zero if the dates are the same. or seconds. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. Required. 82 Chapter 6: Functions .

DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0 2100.0 255. DATE_SHIPPED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87.5 87. DATE_SHIPPED.5 10.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9.91935483870839 0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.243279569892366 0. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.243279569892366 0. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.91935483870839 2. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.

DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. first_search. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. Any datatype (except Binary). Any datatype (except Binary). result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. Syntax DECODE( value. For example. Even if multiple conditions are met. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. Passes the values for which you want to search. DECODE 85 . The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. the search does not find a matching value..[. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you enter 'Halogen'. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. you may not search for a portion of a value. Required. second_search. Any datatype (except Binary). If the function finds the value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. first_result [. The search value must match the value argument exactly. You can enter any valid transformation expression. not just 'Halogen'. it returns a result value. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. Required. Optional.. Passes the values you want to search. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. which you define. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. second_result]. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight.

‘Pi’. The first result is an Integer. ‘Archimedes’. 3. For example. ‘Pythagoras’. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. ‘Pi’. 3. 10.141592654’. 20. 40. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’.414213562’. 14. 5. 'Tank'.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE.141592654. 'Flashlight'.414213562. ‘Archimedes’. 1. 'Regulator'.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . and 3. When you run a session in high precision mode. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal.414213562. 1. ‘1. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID.141592654. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. ‘3. if at least one result is Double. 'Knife'. 3. 5. For example. ‘Pythagoras’. the datatype of the return value is Double. and the other results are Decimal.

'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. Var2 > 30. desired ranges.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. DECODE 87 . evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. Also. Var2 = 49. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. Variable 2 was more than 30. was less than 23.'. was more than 30. was 49!'. Var1 < 23. Var1 = 22.'.

Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. For details about using default values. including ERROR function calls within an expression. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. Return Value String value. ‘1234’. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. you use the ERROR function in an expression. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. Generally. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. and you assign the default value. to the output port. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. For example. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. The error message displays in the session log file. It does not skip the row. and it does not log an error in the session log. The string can be any length. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. String value. which you define. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. assign ERROR as the default value. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. If you use an output default value other than ERROR.

EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. ERROR ('Error.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. Row skipped. Negative salary found. Row skipped. Negative salary found. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0.'. but skip negative values.

Return Value Double value.38905609893065.135335283236613 5166. EXP(2) returns 7. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data. The value to which you want to raise e. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.71828183.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. For example. (The exponent in the equation e^value). Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. You can enter any valid transformation expression.4657948067 0. Numeric datatype.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. where e=2. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). rather than business data.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax FIRST( value [. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. or NULL. FALSE. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. For more information. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. Limits the rows in the search. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Optional. Nulls If a value is NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. FIRST ignores the row. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. FIRST 91 . the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Note: By default. Optionally. Any datatype (except Binary). However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. FIRST returns NULL. Return Value First value in a group. the function returns NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.

00 8.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions . returning one value.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. FIRST treats all rows as one group. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 88.00 88.00 29. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.05 150.00 8.00 31.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 29.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40. returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port.00 31.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.05 150.

99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . the function returns -4. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.12 74.17 to FLOOR. if you pass -3. For example.79 125. Likewise. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. For example. Numeric datatype.98 to FLOOR.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function.14 to FLOOR. If you pass 3. the function returns 3.24 NULL -100. the function returns 3. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. if you pass 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. For example. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Therefore. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. 'YYY'. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. 'YY'.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Date/Time datatype. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Required. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. 'mm'. the format strings 'Y'. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 .

the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. The condition you want to evaluate. If you omit value2. based on the results of a condition. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. including another IIF expression. including another IIF expression. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. Syntax IIF( condition. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. value1 [. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. For example. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . Optional. Any datatype (except Binary).

the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. 1. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. For example. For example. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. BONUS))). value2 if the condition is FALSE. the datatype of the return value is Double. SALARY1. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double.3333) is a decimal.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. EMP_NAME. SALARY3. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. .Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . IIF( SALES < 200. IIF( SALES < 50. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. SALARY2. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. IIF( SALES < 100. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0.

For more information. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). DECODE may improve readability. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. --else for sales over 199. SALARY1. SALARY2. DD_REJECT.SALARY1. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . SALES > 199. --then return SALARY2. return BONUS) ) ). --else for sales less than or equal to zero. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. SALARY3. --then return SALARY3. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies.

Return Value String. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. formfeed. tab. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. newline. the function returns Thomas. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. carriage return. If your data contains multibyte characters. Any datatype (except Binary). the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric.

A positive integer greater than zero. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . If you want to search for a character string. The string must be a character string. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is a negative number. Syntax INSTR( string. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. The set of characters you want to search for.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. The default value is 1. If the search value appears more than once in the string. If you pass a decimal. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. Passes the value you want to evaluate. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. the function uses the default value of 1. Optional. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. If the start position is a positive number. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. if not. If you pass a negative integer or zero. The search value is case-sensitive. for example 'abc'. If the start position is zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression.start [. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. Optional. The results of the expression must be a character string. search_value [. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. For example. If you omit this argument. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. The position in the string where you want to start the search. Must be an integer value. Any value. the function uses the default value of 1. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. You can enter any valid transformation expression. counting from left to right. If you omit this argument. counting from left to right. For example. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value.

starting at the beginning of each company name. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. -1. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 'a'. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . starting from the last character in the company name. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. 'a'. 1. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. starting at the beginning of each company name.

1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. 1.' ' .1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. The following expression evaluates a string. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.-1. starting from the end of the string. INSTR(CUST_ID.1. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. INSTR(CUST_ID. -1. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions .INSTR( CUST_NAME.

ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. see “LENGTH” on page 115. Note: To test for empty strings. use LENGTH. For more information. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression.

If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. year 1900 is not a leap year. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. not the YY format string. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. For example. If you omit the format string. Optional. which returns false. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. so there is no February 29th. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). You can enter any valid transformation expression. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). Must be a string datatype. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. which returns TRUE. In most cases. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. the function returns FALSE (0). If the strings match the format string. However. For example. the function returns TRUE (1). Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. In the first case. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the two format strings return the same values.

This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. IS_DATE 105 . the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. and converts each valid date to a date value. If it does not. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. If the value is not a valid date. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE.

ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . Therefore. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ).Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ).

IS_NUMBER 107 . Must be a string datatype.45E-32’ ‘+3.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-). followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3.45e+32’ ‘+3. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation.

45e+3’ ‘-3. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.00 0.45e+3’ ‘3.00’ ‘-3.00 0. For example.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.00 0.Windows only) 0 (False . such as TO_FLOAT.45D-3’ ‘-3. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).00 0.45d-3’ ‘3.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123. If the value is not a valid number.00345 0.00 0.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .00’ ‘-3.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123. 0.

Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. a tab. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. see “LENGTH” on page 115. a newline. a carriage return. For more information. To test for an empty string. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. Must be a string datatype. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 .IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. a formfeed. For example. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. A space is a blank space. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. use LENGTH. or a vertical tab.

To do this. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .column in a target table. '00000'.

when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Optional. However. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Note: By default. Limits the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. FALSE. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. LAST 111 . filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. Optionally. Syntax LAST( value [. Any datatype (except Binary). or NULL. For more information. Return Value Last row in a port. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. or if no rows are selected (for example. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port.

00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.05 150.00 8. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 29.

However. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. returning one result for each group. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Date/Time datatype.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. returning one value. LAST_DAY returns NULL. If there is no group by port. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. Return Value Date. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Null If a value is NULL. LAST_DAY ignores the row.

'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. TO_DATE always includes time information.

String datatype. see “ISNULL” on page 103. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. including trailing blanks. For details. LENGTH 115 . Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. The strings you want to evaluate. To test for spaces. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. use ISNULL. use IS_SPACES. For details.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string.

Numeric datatype. It must be a positive number.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . For example.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm.098612.) Error. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. greater than zero. LN(3)returns 1.828313737302 -0. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero.302585092994 4.04082199452026 NULL Error. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. You can enter any valid transformation expression. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. Return Value Double value. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP.

exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. The exponent of the logarithm. LOG 117 . zero. Required.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0.) Error. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. Most often.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Syntax LOG( base. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 .) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number.09 NULL 35. The base of the logarithm. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. exponent Return Value Double value. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.) Error. or 1 as a base value. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.

The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. value2]. Specifies the values you want to match to value.. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. search1. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. Syntax LOOKUP( result. For more information. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . Any datatype (except Binary). rather than creating Lookup transformations. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function.5 compatibility in the session properties. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. must match search1 datatype. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Required. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. However. Any datatype (except Binary).. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. You can enter any valid transformation expression. search2. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. value1 [. Required. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. Datatype that matches the value1.

PRICE. ORDERS.PRICE.ORDERS. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.ORDERS. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.ORDERS.99 15. :TD.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.00 15. :TD. RTRIM( ORDERS.SALES.ORDERS. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. :TD. 15.99 15.ORDERS. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD. :TD. 10.ITEM.QTY.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values.PRICE. :TD. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.SALES for a specific item ID and price.PRICE.ITEM.SALES. NULL if the search does not find any matching values. Error if the search finds more than one matching value. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD.QTY) LOOKUP 119 . ORDERS.ITEM.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values.SALES. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.ITEM_ID.ITEM_NAME.

the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Return Value Lowercase character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. Any string value.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. If your data contains multibyte characters. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL.

Syntax LPAD( first_string. Can be any string value. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . length [. RPAD returns NULL. Can be a character string. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. When length is a negative number. The strings you want to change. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. You can enter any valid transformation expression. however. Optional. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. for example 'abc'. Required. 6. You can enter a specific string literal. If you omit the second_string. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. or if length is a negative number.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. LPAD( PART_NUM. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. Must be a positive integer literal. This argument is case-sensitive.

..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions .**. '.. For example. LPAD truncates the string from right to left. LPAD(‘alphabetical’.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *.**. 5. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. If the first string is longer than the length. 16.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME...Flashlight *. -5. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.**Compass Regulator System *.LPAD counts the length from left to right. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length. '*.

LTRIM removes it. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any string value. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. starting with the left side of the string. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. Most often. You can enter any valid transformation expression. not 'a'. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. you would enter 'A'. Then it returns the string. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. 'abc'. You can also enter a character string. with any matching characters removed. Any string value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. Syntax LTRIM( string [. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. character-by-character. for example. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. If you omit the second string. LTRIM removes both single. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. LTRIM 123 . however.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. trim_set Return Value String.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. If the trim_set is NULL. Passes the strings you want to modify. In ASCII mode. Optional. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set.

Bender. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. but not the period from H. LTRIM removes it. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). For example. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. This is because LTRIM searches. MacDonald Sawyer H. In the example of H. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. character-by-character. and so on.’ from S. 'S. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. Bender. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions .’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. LTRIM removes it.

FALSE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. or NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. Optional. Syntax MAX( date [. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Date. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. or if no rows are selected (for example. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Limits the rows in the search. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 .MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. Date/Time datatype. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. For more information.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. FALSE. Numeric datatype. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Nulls If a value is NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Return Value Numeric value. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Optional. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. However. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Note: By default. the function returns NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. MAX returns NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. or NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . MAX ignores it. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. Limits the rows in the search. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. For more information.

Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 85. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one result for each group.00 360. If there is no group by port. returning one value.00 79. MAX treats all rows as one group.00 55.00 PRICE 10.00 162.

MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . or if no rows are selected (for example. Note: By default. Limits the rows in the search. However. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. Numeric datatype. the median is the middle number. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. MEDIAN returns NULL. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. Return Value Numeric value. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. If there is an odd number of values in the port. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. MEDIAN ignores the row. or NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. If there is an even number of values in the port. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the function returns NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Optionally. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FALSE. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. if all values passed from the port are NULL. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .

Numeric datatypes. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. Optional. MIN ignores it. if all values passed from the port are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). MIN returns NULL. Note: By default. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. For more information. However. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. However. Return Value Numeric value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Limits the rows in the search. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Nulls If a single value is NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. or NULL. FALSE. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MIN (Numbers) 135 .

returning one result for each group.00 85. returning one value.00 PRICE 10. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE. If there is no group by port.00 79.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .00 360. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.00 55.00 162. MIN treats all rows as one group.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The numeric value you want to divide by. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required.5) returns 3.00 12. PowerCenter Server does not write row. The values you want to divide.00 25. You can enter any valid transformation expression. QTY ) PRICE 10. MOD 137 . Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. Numeric datatype. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. For example.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function.00 NULL 20.00 9. MOD(8. Syntax MOD( numeric_value. The divisor cannot be zero.00 15.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. Required.

QTY )) PRICE 10.00 NULL 20. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. NULL. IIF( QTY = 0. If the quantity is zero. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port.The last row (25.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. you can create an expression similar to the following. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE. To avoid dividing by zero.00 25.00 12.00 15. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 9. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero.

Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Optionally. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MOVINGAVG 139 . the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. if all values are NULL. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. Numeric datatype. 5). Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. However. Required. or NULL. Limits the rows in the search. For example. or if no rows are selected (for example. rowset [. five rows at a time. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. FALSE. the function returns NULL. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data.

245. based on the first five rows in the Sales port.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest.8 based on rows 2 through 6. and thereafter. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. 140 Chapter 6: Functions .8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES.

rowset [. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Numeric datatype. Optionally. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. or NULL. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. 5 ) Optional. MOVINGSUM 141 . the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Required. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. FALSE. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. However. For example. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. five rows at a time. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. if all values are NULL.

Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. and thereafter. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5.

see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if all values in a group are NULL. Integer between 0 and 100. Required. For more information. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. See the following equation for more details. Optional. percentile [. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. PERCENTILE ignores the row. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. FALSE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. However. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Note: By default. Nulls If a value is NULL. Numeric datatype. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. Optionally. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. However. PERCENTILE returns NULL. or NULL.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. You can enter any valid transformation expression. inclusive. when PERCENTILE 143 . The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Limits the rows in the search. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile.

You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. If i is an integer value. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. returning one value. returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.you configure the PowerCenter Server. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . If i < 1. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group.

0 PERCENTILE 145 . SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 9000. 75.0 48000.0 85000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 100000.0 27900.0 NULL 55000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 86000.0 99000.

0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .0 -3. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.0 5.00137174211248285 0.5 NULL 10.00137174211248285 729. If the base value is negative. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.0 -3. If the base value is negative. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.0 729.0 -3. In this case.0 NULL -6.594307804838 NULL NULL 0. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.5 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax POWER( base. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 5. This argument is the exponent value. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.0 6. the exponent must be an integer.0 3. the exponent must be an integer. Required.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 EXPONENT 2. This argument is the base value.5 2.0 6. Numeric value.0 3.265625 982.0 -6. Numeric value.

otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3.0 raised to 5. POWER 147 . the exponent must be an integer.Note that -3. If the base is negative.5.

REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If InputString is NULL. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. If NewChar is NULL or empty. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the string you want to search.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. the function converts it to a character string. REPLACECHR returns InputString. You can enter one or more characters. Required. Required. for example. or NULL. If you pass a numeric value. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. The characters you want to replace. the function is not case-sensitive. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. NULL if InputString is NULL. Must be a character string. the function is case-sensitive. REPLACECHR returns NULL. 'abc'. Required. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If NewChar contains more than one character. OldCharSet. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. InputString. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. You can enter one character. Must be an integer. the function converts it to a character string. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. an empty string. Must be a character string. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 148 Chapter 6: Functions .

html HTTP/1.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG. ‘"’.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘A’. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .1" GET /companyinfo/index.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0. CUSTOMER_CODE. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘A’.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.1 GET /companyinfo/index. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index. WEBLOG.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index. ‘]["’.html HTTP/1.

see “CHR” on page 68. ‘14’. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . INPUT. CHR(39). INPUT. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. you must use the CHR function. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. CUSTOMER_CODE. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. The following expression removes multiple characters. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. ‘A’. including the single quote.

You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. the function is not case-sensitive. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. OldStringN. OldString1. Required. For more information. or no character. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. REPLACESTR returns InputString. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function.. You must enter at least one OldString argument. That is. 'abc'. for example. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. multiple characters. Must be an integer. the function converts it to a character string.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. The string you want to replace. [OldString2. Required. Required. If InputString is NULL. multiple characters.. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see the examples. REPLACESTR returns NULL. REPLACESTR 151 . the function is case-sensitive. If you pass a numeric value. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. If NewString is NULL or empty. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. etc. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the strings you want to search. an empty string. . If you pass a numeric value. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. or NULL.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. You can enter one character. the function converts it to a character string. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. Must be a character string. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero.

’ ) TITLE Mrs. Ms. ‘rs. ‘s.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘GET ’. ‘iss’.NULL if InputString is NULL. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘bc’.html HTTP/1. Mr.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . MRS. TITLE.1’. ‘ HTTP/1. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. ‘iss’. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. WEBLOG. RETURN VALUE Ms.’. MRS. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.’.1" GET /companyinfo/index. TITLE. Ms. ‘s. ‘"’.’ ) TITLE Mrs.html HTTP/1. RETURN VALUE Ms. ‘rs.html /companyinfo/index.html /companyinfo/index. ‘ab’. INPUT. Miss Mr. MRS.

for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘s’ )).The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. INPUT. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. you must use the CHR function. CONCAT(CHR(39). ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. INPUT. ‘bc’. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. ‘ab’. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. CONCAT(‘it’. REPLACESTR 153 . ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. CONCAT( CHR(39).

'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. Day. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. For example. Minute. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. If the month is between July and December. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. For example. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. Hour. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. Month. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. If the month is between January and June. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). For example. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. the function returns January 1 of the input year. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. For example. and sets the time to 00:00:00. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. For example. You can also use ROUND to round numbers.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00.

You can round only one portion of the date. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.Syntax ROUND( date [. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. Optional. Enter a valid format string. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. If you omit the format string.

The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions .

8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. For example. 1) returns 13. If you enter a negative precision.4. 0. Positive or negative integer. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required.0 and ROUND(15. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. ROUND(12. If you enter decimal precision. ROUND(12. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. Return Value Numeric value. You can also use ROUND to round dates. 1) returns 15. For example.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. You can enter any valid transformation expression.99.0 because the function rounds 0.44. -1) returns 20. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. truncating the decimal portion of the number. the function rounds to the nearest integer. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. If you omit the precision argument. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point.8) returns 13. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . Numeric datatype. For example. If one of the arguments is NULL. returning an integer. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. If you enter a positive precision. ROUND(12. For example.99) returns 13. ROUND(12.99. ROUND returns NULL.99. Optional.99.

99 -15.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.99 -108.9936 15.0 -16. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.994 15.8678 56.0 56.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.99 56.99 -18. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.0 -100.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .9949 -18. 0. -2 ) PRICE 13242.0 57.99 1435.99 56. 3 ) PRICE 12. ROUND( PRICE.868 56.995 -18.0 1400.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.0 -19.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.8 ) PRICE 12.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.

When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. For example.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. This may not be the result you expect. To achieve the expected result. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case.

. So.. length [.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight. RPAD counts the length from left to right. Compass. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 160 Chapter 6: Functions .. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks.. RPAD(‘alphabetical’.. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’.. appending the string '.. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.. for example. RPAD returns NULL. When length is a negative number.. If you omit the second string. if the first string is longer than the length.. Return Value String of the specified length.. 5. Optional. RPAD truncates the string from right to left. Syntax RPAD( first_string. Must be a positive integer literal. 'abc'.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. Any string value. Any string value. For example. Specifies the length you want each string to be. '.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string... You can enter any valid transformation expression.. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. The strings you want to change. 16. Regulator System Safety Knife.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.. Required. or if length is a negative number.. This argument is casesensitive.

-5. Compass*. 16.**....*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME... '.** Regulator System Safety Knife*.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.**. '*.. appending the string ‘*.

You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. Syntax RTRIM( string [. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. character-by-character. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. Passes the values you want to trim. Any string value. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. RTRIM removes it. RTRIM removes both single. for example.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. trim_set Return Value String. You can also enter a text literal. with any matching characters removed. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. 'abc'. In ASCII mode. starting with the right side of the string. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you omit the second string. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. It returns the string. however. Optional. Any string value. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed.

If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . the last character in the string does not match. For example. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. character-by-character. however. If. This is because RTRIM searches. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. In the last example. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes it. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. RTRIM removes it. and so on. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row.

the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. Unless overridden. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. At the end of a successful session. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. The session is configured for a test load. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. For details on mapping variables. The session is a debug session. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. Returns the new current value. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. At the end of the session. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository.

The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition.. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 . Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. Darkroom Co..Return Value The current value of the variable. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. The next time the session runs. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. Supply. decreases the count for each deleted row. Darkroom Co. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. It increases the count by one for each inserted row.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session.

You use the MI format string to set the minute. For example. April. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. June. DD. 12=12PM. For example. 'DD'. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Minute. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. For example. or YYYY to set the year. Month. Seconds. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. MONTH to set the month. Day. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Hour. For example. 'SS'. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. 'YY'. For example. 'MONTH'. and DAY) to set the day. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. DY. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. For example. September. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. YYY. You use the SS format string to set the second. HH24) to set the hour. HH12. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. DDD. You can use any of the month format strings (D. MON. YY. 'MI'. and November) in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. 'HH'. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument.

The format string is not case-sensitive. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. the session fails. format. 'HH24'. 'HH12'. The date you want to modify. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. If you enter an improper value (for example.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. February 30). Date/Time datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Required. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. 'HH'. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed.

'YYYY'. 'MM'. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist.MM'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH'. 'YYY'. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'MON'. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'DD'. 7). For example. 1998). 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YY'. 'Y'. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.

Returns the new current value. When used with a string mapping variable. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. For details on mapping variables. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. The session is a debug session.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. At the end of the session. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. The session is configured for a test load. At the end of a successful session. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete.

Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. The return value is the new current value of the variable. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. it saves the largest value to the repository. Required. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. For example. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. Then. The next time the session runs. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. When used with a string mapping variable. At the end of the session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For details on mapping variables. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. Returns the new current value. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. The session is a debug session. At the end of a successful session. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . The session is configured for a test load. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert.

00 22. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. SETMINVARIABLE 173 . PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23. The next time the session runs. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port.25 24.00 At the end of the session.00 22.50.00 22.50 22. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.00’.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.00 24. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.75 25.00 26.75 23. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.50 22.00 MIN_PRICE 22.50 27. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable.50 22. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.25 22. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.50 22. The return value is the new current value of the variable.00 22.00 22. Required.

Then.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions . the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.50 22. For example.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.00 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. it saves the smallest value to the repository.

Based on the aggregate type of the variable. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. The session is a debug session. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. Returns the specified value. The session is configured for a test load. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. SETVARIABLE 175 . the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. Unless overridden. At the end of a successful session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. For details on mapping variables. it saves a final current value to the repository. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Required.

50 116.01 97. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.Return Value Current value of the variable.50 116.01 97.23 699.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session.43 323. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.43 323. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .23 699. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.

Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. negative. Return Value -1 for negative values. or 0. Numeric value. 1 for positive values. 0 for 0. Passes the values you want to evaluate.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. NULL if NULL.

SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions . Numeric datatype. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.309016994374967 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Double value.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0.939692620785936 0. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.50000000000003 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine.0871557427476639 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3.

45 0 0.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.1752011936438 9. Return Value Double value.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 . Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.897 3. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. For example: SINH( MEASURES.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.4178051793031 116.03225804884884 19.0 0.66 5.376934801486 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0 2.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.

O. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. J. T L M. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. S. For example. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. H. Q. For example. I. X. For example. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). If string encodes to less than four characters. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. P. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. F. Z D. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Skips numbers in string. V C. G. U. For example. E. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. K. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. and encodes it in uppercase. For example. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’.

Must be a character string. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . string is empty. You can enter any valid transformation expression.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. Return Value String. Passes the string value you want to encode.

Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. PowerCenter Server does not write row.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. If you pass a negative value or character value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. NULL 7. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. 182 Chapter 6: Functions .54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. Positive numeric value.

FALSE. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. STDDEV ignores it. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatypes. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. You can use operators to average values in different ports. the function returns NULL. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. However. if all values are NULL. Note: By default.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. For more information. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. Optional. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. STDDEV returns NULL. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. STDDEV 183 . or NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. or if no rows are selected (for example. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Limits the rows in the search. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. the return value is zero.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).90 2256.000.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2. If there is no standard deviation. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198. If there is no group by port.0 2198. STDDEV treats all rows as one group.0 NULL 8953.90 and 153. SALES > 2000.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES. returning one value.00 ) SALES 2198.0 2198.88 3001.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.0 1010.0 2198. returning one result for each group. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .0 153.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is a positive number. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. Required. If you omit the length argument. If the start position is a negative number.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. starting at the beginning of the string. SUBSTR counts all characters. the function returns an empty string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. start [. start length Return Value String. If you pass a numeric value. If the start position is zero. Must be an integer greater than zero. the function converts it to a character string. including blanks. Must be a character string.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. Syntax SUBSTR( string. Must be an integer. If you pass a decimal. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. SUBSTR 185 . SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. Optional. The position in the string where you want to start counting. If you pass a negative integer or zero. Passes the strings you want to search.

3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. -8. 0. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 5. 1. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 186 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position.

'#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.1.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. SUBSTR 187 . 8) returns ‘cd’.INSTR( CUST_NAME. starting from the end of the string.-1. INSTR(CUST_ID. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.The following expression evaluates a string. 2. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. INSTR(CUST_ID. -2.1 ) .' ' . 1.

if all values passed from the port are NULL. the function returns NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Nulls If a single value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. SUM ignores it. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Note: By default. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. FALSE. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can use operators to add values in different ports. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. However. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. or NULL. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Optionally. For more information. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Limits the rows in the search. Passes the values you want to add.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . However. SUM returns NULL. Numeric datatype. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.

0 RETURN VALUE: 10477.0 1900.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 . SUM treats all rows as one group. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES. returning one value. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. returning one result for each group.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 1200. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.0 4519. If there is no group by port.0 NULL 3458.

0874886635259298 0. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. You can enter any valid transformation expression.577350269189672 0. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.74747741945531 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2.324919696232929 57. Numeric datatype. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Return Value Double value.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).19175359259435 0.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .

897 3.993926947790665 0.999963084213409 0.66 5. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric datatype. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 . Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.0 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.998676551914886 0.45 0 0.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function.761594155955765 0. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.0 2. Return Value Double value.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent.

You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. If you omit the format string. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. not the format for the values in the date argument.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. Optional. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. Return Value String. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. The format string defines the format of the return value. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. If it does not. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. Do not use the YYYY format string. use either the RR or YY format string.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. For details on the TO_DATE format string. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. see “Requirements” on page 44. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. For example. Must be a string datatype. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. If you omit the format string. Return Value Date. Optional. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. NULL if you pass a null value to this function.

If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. If you run a session in the twentieth century. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. PowerCenter Server skips this row. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. the century will be 19.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. TO_DATE 199 . The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If you run a session in the twentieth century. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the century will be 19. the PowerCenter Server returns an error.

‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. if true. ‘MM’ ). if true. --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. --test third format.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). --if true.‘MM/DD/YYYY’).If your target accepts different date formats. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MON DD YYYY’). convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MON DD YYYY’). For example: DECODE( TRUE. --test second format. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. Optional. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. inclusive.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28.2' '118. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. If you omit this argument. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value.679 60. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. 3 ) IN_TAX '15.6789' '60.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . inclusive.348' NULL 'A12. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point.200 118.

2 118.6789' '60.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 .2' '118. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15. Passes the values you want to convert to double values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value.6789 60.348' NULL 'A12. Must be a string or numeric datatype. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces.

TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. Optional. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. You can enter any valid transformation expression. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. The flag must be an integer literal. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. or if you omit this argument. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters. String or numeric datatype.3Grove' ‘ 123. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15.348' NULL 'A12.6789' '60. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces.2' '118.6789’ ‘-15.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer.

23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .348' NULL 'A12. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.3Grove' ‘ 123.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.6789' '60.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.6789’ ‘-15.2' '118.

For example. For example. Date/Time datatype. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. month. Day. Hour. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. For example. Month. If you truncate the day portion of a date. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. the function truncates the time portion of the date. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. setting it to 00:00:00. Minute. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. If you truncate the year portion of the date. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. hour. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. day. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. For example. or minute. Enter a valid format string. For example. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. If you omit the format string. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. If you truncate the month portion of a date. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. The format string is not case-sensitive. Optional. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. The date values you want to truncate. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00.

'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 .Return Value Date. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. Passes the values you want to truncate. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. Numeric datatype. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value Numeric value. If you omit the precision argument. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . Can be a positive or negative integer. If precision is a negative integer. precision If precision is a positive integer. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. Optional. If you pass a decimal precision value.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression.

999 -18.0 -180.95 1235.956 15.0 56.0 15.99 -187.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.95 15.0 -18.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.9563 15.8652 56.86 56.99 -18.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .0 50.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 56. 3 ) PRICE 12.865 56. -1 ) PRICE 12.0 1230.9995 -18.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. If your data contains multibyte characters. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . String datatype. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Return Value Uppercase string.

n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. FALSE. Optional. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. or NULL. For more information.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. the variance is 0. Return Value Double value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. Numeric datatype. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. If n is 1. or if no rows are selected (for example. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). 212 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [.

when you configure the PowerCenter Server. if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default.0 NULL 8953.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If there is no group by port. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. the function returns NULL. returning one value. VARIANCE returns NULL. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.0 3001. returning one result for each group. However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.Nulls If a single value is NULL. However. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. If there is not a group by port.0 2256. returning one value. VARIANCE ignores it. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

217 Conversion Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 222 Numeric Functions. 226 Test Functions. 216 Character Functions. 228 For details on each function. 220 Date Functions. 215 . 225 Special Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 227 Variable Functions.

filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the standard deviation for a group. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns the variance of all records in a group. Returns the last record in a group. Returns the sum of all records in a group. found in a group. Returns the number of records with non-null value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. Returns the minimum value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. or latest date. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. Returns the maximum value. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. found in a group. Returns the first record in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. in a group. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. percentile [.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. or earliest date. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value.

In Unicode mode. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. including trailing blanks. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. however. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length [. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. search_value [.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. it will still work correctly. to set a string to a specified length. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. Returns the number of characters in a string. In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. In ASCII mode. Concatenates two strings. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. counting from left to right.

Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. length [. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. start [. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. multiple characters. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. OldString1. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldStringN..Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. Returns a portion of a string. .] NewString ) RPAD( first_string.

Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldString1. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. start [. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is a valid date. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. search_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. . Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Returns whether a value is NULL. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Returns a portion of a string. counting from left to right. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. start [. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. or no character. [OldString2. OldStringN. Encodes a string value into a four-character string.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. multiple characters. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.

Truncates dates to a specific year. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. hour. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. Returns the earliest date found in a group. Returns the latest date found in a group. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. format. format. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer. Rounds one part of a date. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ) MIN( date. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. measured in the specified increment (years. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Returns the length of time between two dates. date2. or seconds). days. or minute. minutes. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. hours. day. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Available in the Designer. months. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. value ) TRUNC( date [. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. month. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date.

negative. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Notes whether a numeric value is positive.71828183. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. recordset [. Available in the Designer. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. or 0.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. where e=2. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Returns the remainder of a division calculation. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Truncates numbers to a specific digit.Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Searches for a value in a lookup source column. based on the results of a condition. second_result ]…[. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. second_search. Available in the Designer. first_result [. Searches a port for the specified value. Returns one of two values you specify. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. search1. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. value1 [. search2. IIF IIF( condition. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. first_search. Available in the Designer. value2 [.

Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Test Functions 227 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Returns whether a string is a valid number.

Available in the Designer. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Available in the Designer.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Available in the Designer. Returns the new current value. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Returns the new current value. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the specified value.

211 229 . 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 120.Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18.

69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 160 ASCII characters 63. 180 removing from strings 123. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 68 capitalization 99.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 120. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 68.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 216 categories 50 character 52. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 217 conversion 53. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 223 scientific 55. 225 special 55. 226 test 56. 220 date 54.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 219 data cleansing 53.

73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69.Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40.

null values aggregate functions 18. 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index .

return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 . 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.

73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24. 120.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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