Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Table of Contents

Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference .. .. RR Format String Conversions . . . . .. .. . .. . . . . . .. . . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . .. . . . . . . .. 36 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . . . . . .. 28 . . .. . . .. . . ... .. .. . . 5-4.. . . . .. 3-4. . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . . . . . . . .... . . TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . .. .. . . . . . 25 . . . . . . . . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . 5-2. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants .. .. 5-6. . . .. . 6-2.. . . . . 36 . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 5-1. . . . . .. . . .. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . 2-1.. . . . .. . .. 22 . . . 6-1. 40 . .. . .. ... .. . . . .. 3-1. . . 39 . Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . 26 . . . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . .. . . . . . . 3-2. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language .. . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5.. . . . .. . . . .. . 18 . . . . .. . .. .. . . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . .. .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. .. . .. . . .. . . ... . . . .. . . . . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . . . . . .. ... . . . . . . . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions .. . . . . . . . . . 6 . . . . . . . . .. . . 23 . . 5-3... . .. .. . . . . . 39 . . . . . . ... . . . . . . .. 4-1. . .. . . . . . ... . . .. . . . . . . . . . 3-3. . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . .

x List of Tables .

usable. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. data migration. data synchronization. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. transforming. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. and information hubs. loading. including extracting. and support high-speed loads. and efficient manner.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. and managing data. xi . handle complex transformations on the data. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open.

You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. Session enhancement. Profile mapping display in the Designer. PowerCenter 7. Row Uniqueness function.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. and 7.1. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. When you use a local parameter file. session. Flat file partitioning.1. You can define default mapping. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. sessions.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.1. such as JIPSEkana. a specified percentage of data. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source.0. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator.1. pmcmd. xii Preface . You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. Domain Inference function tuning. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. JEF-kana. Define mapping. session. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. the rows that meet the business rule. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. and workflow prefixes.1. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. and MELCOM-kana. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. Verbose data enhancements. 7.1.

You do not need to know a database user name and password. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. GIF. On SuSE Linux. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. Teradata external loader. Preface xiii . or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word.♦ SuSE Linux support. Reserved word support. If any source. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. On SuSE Linux. DB2. reswords. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. Depending on the loader you use. You can attach document types such as XML. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. JPEG. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. it searches for reswords. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. log. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. Oracle. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. and Sybase repositories. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. and repositories using native drivers. you can create and maintain a file. ♦ SuSE Linux support. Oracle. When you export metadata. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. you can also override the error. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. you can connect to IBM. and Sybase sources. containing reserved words. you can now override the control file. DB2. you can connect to IBM. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. If the file exists. or PDF. target.txt. such as Business Objects Designer. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. targets.

The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources.♦ Pipeline partitioning. Informatica provides licenses for product. Creating auto profile enhancements. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting.1. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. XML User Guide. PowerCenter 7. Source View in the Profile Manager. and partitions in the session. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. and Transformation Guide. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. Workflow Administration Guide. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. and options.0 Web Services Hub Guide. connectivity.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. Prepackaged domains. resize columns in a report. You can also pivot the view row. It also includes information from the version 7. You store xiv Preface . Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. Aggregator function in auto profiles. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. targets.

upgrade. You can use pmrep to back up. If you have the Partitioning option. pmlic. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. Increased repository performance. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. You can choose to skip MX data. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). CLOB/BLOB datatype support. You can also use pmrep to create. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. or enable a repository. delete a relational connection from a repository. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. pmrep. and restore repositories. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. modify. MX views. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. truncate log files. disable. workflow and session log history. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. back up. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. delete repository details. and deploy group history. and delete a folder.1 MX views in its schema. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . Object import and export enhancements. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. and the command line program. This improves processing performance for most sessions. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. Partitioning enhancements. or restore a repository. the PowerCenter Server Setup.the license keys in a license key file.

You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. Also. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. You can now perform lookups on flat files. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. Enhanced printing. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. Web Services Hub. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. Midstream XML transformations. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. or a collection of all older versions of objects. The quality of printed workspace has improved. such as data stored in a CLOB column. Union transformation. ♦ xvi Preface . The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. The query can return local objects that are checked out. You can also extract data from messaging systems. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. the latest version of checked in objects. Custom transformation API enhancements.

You can create views. Midstream XML transformations. DTD files. Additional options for XML definitions. targets. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. For more informations. XML workspace. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. including relational sources or targets. When you create views with entity relationships. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . Synchronizing XML definitions. add or delete columns from views. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. In a view with hierarchy relationships.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. and define relationships between views. It displays folders alphabetically. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. or schema files. such as data stored in a CLOB column. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. When you import XML definitions. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. XML files.

For example. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. you can determine implicit data type. Installation and Configuration Guide. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. − − PowerCenter 7.♦ Support for circular references. and evaluate join criteria.” Upgrading metadata. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. User-defined commits. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions.0. suggest candidate keys.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. After you create a profiling warehouse. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. Increased performance for large XML targets. PowerCenter now supports XML files. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. detect data patterns.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. DTD files. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. Support for multiple XML output files. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk.

It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. source and target tables. session completion status. such as workflows. server load. When using external loaders on Windows. You can create a control file containing installation information. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. Row error logging. When using external loaders on UNIX.0 metadata. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. including session load time. and transformations. The Metaphone function encodes string values. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. worklets. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client.objects impacted by the upgrade process. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. Distributed processing. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. Functions ♦ Soundex. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. and warehouse growth. Metaphone. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading.1. you can now choose to load from staged files. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). mappings. In a server grid. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. session errors. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. If you purchase the Server Grid option. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). External loading enhancements. Metadata analysis.

You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. When you log in to the repository. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. such as the Aggregator transformation. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. upsert. exporting. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . checking in. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. groups. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. such as copy object. The repository maintains a status for each user. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. delete. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. Use Repository Manager privilege.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. update. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. privileges. You can choose to insert. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. If you use LDAP. and listing objects. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. and change object status. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. deploying. You can track changes to repository users. Additionally. or delete data. Audit trail. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. pmrep commands. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. or update. When you select data driven loading. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. importing. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. Real time processing enhancements. Concurrent processing. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. Trusted connections. maintain labels. You can also use pmrep to run queries. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts.

Unlike copying a folder. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. You can specify the icons used for transformation. If you want to permanently remove an object version. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. You can compare tasks. You can also compare different versions of the same object. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. and adding or removing privileges. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. adding or removing a user or group. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. sessions. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. worklets. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. such as changes to folder properties. ♦ Joiner transformation. control development on the object. you can purge it from the repository. Check out and check in versioned objects. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. Delete or purge a version.audit trail log contains information. track changes. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. the colors. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. Deployment. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. When you create a Custom transformation template. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. Compare objects.

Comparing objects. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. Within the Designer. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. or you can share it with all users in the repository. Track changes to an object. increase performance for large XML files. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. You can make a private query. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. to other folders. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. declare multiple namespaces. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. Labels. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes.♦ Deployment groups. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. and to different repositories. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. When you process an XML file or stream. XPath support. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. improve query results. Increased performance for large XML files. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. You can copy objects within folders. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. ♦ xxii Preface . Queries. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. XML target enhancements. You can save queries for later use. use XPath to locate XML nodes. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. format your XML file output for increased readability.

Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. In the Workflow Manager. mapplets. or workflows. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. mappings. The Designer propagates ports. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. View dependencies.♦ Change propagation. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. Revert to saved. Enhanced validation messages. Enhanced partitioning interface. you can refresh a session mapping. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . Validate multiple objects. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. expressions. workflows. Refresh session mappings. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. mappings. such as sources. When you do this. and worklets. You can validate sessions. When you edit a port in a mapping. targets. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories.

Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. XSD. users. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Installation and Configuration Guide. and relational or other XML definitions. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Web Services Provider Guide. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. Getting Started. Includes information to help you create mappings. Designer Guide. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. folders. XML User Guide. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. groups. including details on environment variables and database connections. mapplets. extract data from JMS messages. Workflow Administration Guide. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Troubleshooting Guide. and transformations. build mappings. and Metadata Web Services. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Repository Guide. Transformation Language Reference. Transformation Guide. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Provides information needed to use the Designer. and load data into JMS messages. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Batch Web Services. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . and permissions and privileges. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. or DTD files.

The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. This is a code example. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. Emphasized subjects. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. unless you follow the specified procedure. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. relational database concepts. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. The material in this book is available for online use. The following paragraph provides additional facts. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv .About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse.

training and education.com xxvi Preface .com. newsletters. please email webzine@informatica.com. and implementation services. and access to the Informatica user community. the Informatica Webzine. as well as literature and partner information.com. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. You will also find product information. upcoming events. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support.informatica. and locating your closest sales office. Informatica Webzine. user group information. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. The site contains product information.informatica. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers.informatica. go to http://my. The site contains information about Informatica. This journal provides solutions to common tasks. If you have any questions. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. its background. To register for an account. the Informatica Knowledgebase. detailed descriptions of specific features.informatica.com. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet.

m.m. . (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.m.5 p.m.5:30 p. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.5:30 p.5:30 p. Redwood City. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.213.m. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a. . North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd. WebSupport requires a user name and password. .m. .m.m. . (local time) Preface xxvii .9489 Hours: 6 a.m.m. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.m.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a.385.5800 Fax: 650. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.6332 or 650. market.563. CA 94063 Phone: 866.5 p.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. White Waltham Maidenhead. . .5:30 p. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a.informatica.6 p. You can request a user name and password at http://my.5:30 p.m.m. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a.m.com.m. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.The site contains information on how to create. . (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.m.

xxviii Preface .

9 Reserved Words. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 2 Expression Syntax. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions. 1 .

and External Procedure transformations. Stored Procedure. Operators. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. You can also create local variables in transformations. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. Workflow variables. combine data. such as TRUE. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Local and system variables. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. Return values. For details. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. such as the system date. Constants. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. For more information. such as a state sales tax rate. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. or compare data. Mapping parameters and variables. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations.

such as 10. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. For example. You can create an expression as simple as a port. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. during a workflow.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. For example. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. or a numeric literal. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. For example. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . “>>>>”. Then. not byte-oriented. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. such as ORDERS. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators.

The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server.string. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . not the number of bytes.

but the transformation language does not. it is not exactly like SQL. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. input/output. while SQL does not.Status). You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. On the other hand. variable) String literals. For example. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. or a numeric literal (such as 10). numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators.

stored_procedure_transformation( argument1. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks. [. Qualifies a source table port in an expression. The general syntax is: :SD. 15.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. argument2. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition. 10. argument2.5 expressions only). The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition.external_procedure_transformation(argument1. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.ITEM_NAME.source_table..sequence_generator_transformation. The general syntax is: :EXT. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation. The general syntax is: :SP.5 LOOKUP function. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD..CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. The general syntax is: :SEQ.SALES.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation..SALES. The general syntax is: :LKP. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark. argument2.. .lookup_transformation(argument1.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation.PRICE. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals.SALES. For example. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1.ITEM_ID. :TD. :TD. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. .

‘1’. For example: . create separate Aggregator transformations. comma (. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . not a string. variable.4 = ‘123. functions.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. Except for literals.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. the expression 123. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. or the results of another expression. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. Except for literals. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. Lookup transformation. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. Stored Procedure transformation. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. For details on workflow variables. and period (. External Procedure transformation. You cannot add an integer and a string. For example. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. If you pass a literal value to a function. as the start position. For example. literal string or number. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. mapping parameters and variables. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions.). The colon (:). Just type the number you want to include. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. local and system variables. For example. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. which allow only one nested aggregate function). You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . as in: -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -.These are comments ♦ Two slashes.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. For example.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. If you do not want to embed comments. since the last line is not a valid expression.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression. if you want to concatenate two strings.

Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. are reserved for specific functions. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . operators. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. such as constants. and system variables.

19 11 . 14 DD_UPDATE. 16 NULL.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 13 DD_REJECT. 15 FALSE. 17 TRUE. 12 DD_INSERT.

12 Chapter 2: Constants . Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. DD_DELETE. 2. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. When you run a workflow. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression.

3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. If the result is greater than 2. 0. the expression flags the records for rejection. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference.DD_REJECT. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. 0 ) > 2. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE.NAME = 'Alex'. Using DATE_DIFF. When you run a workflow. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. returning the difference between the two dates.DATE_SHIPPED. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. ORDERS. If the result is 2 or less.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. 'DD' ). Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion.NAME = 'Alex'. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_INSERT. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0.

Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. DD_INSERT. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). 0. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. If you flag a record as reject.SALES > 0. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. so it includes only positive values. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. DD_REJECT.SALES > 0.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. When you run a workflow. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS.

select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag.DATE_SHIPPED.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals.NAME = 'Alex'. If the result is 2 or less. The mapping loads sales for one employee. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. 1. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. returning the difference between the two dates. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. 0 ) > 2. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. DD_UPDATE. 'DD' ). otherwise. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. When you run a workflow. DD_REJECT. Using DATE_DIFF. the expression flags the records for rejection. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. it flags the records for update.NAME = 'Alex'. ORDERS. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference.

'Variable 2 was more than 30. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.'.'.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Var2 > 30. 'Variables were out of desired ranges.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var2 = 49. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0. Var1 = 22. Var1 < 23. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression.

For more information. !=. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. For details on how each function handles null values. If you pass a null value to a function. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. <. <= For example. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. For example. ^=. Therefore. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. Functions can handle nulls differently. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). Although you can write expressions that return nulls. see “Functions” on page 49. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. However. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. <>. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. >=.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. >. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. or it might ignore null values. it might return zero or NULL. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX.

and MOVINGSUM. the function does not select the record. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL.NULL To test for nulls. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. MOVINGAVG. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . However. as well as CUME. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. For example. which returns zero). If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. use the ISNULL function. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

'Variable 1 was less than 23. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. Var1 = 22.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var1 < 23.') TRUE 19 .'Variable 2 was 49!'. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var2 = 49.'. Var2 > 30.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

23 String Operators. 25 Logical Operators. 24 Comparison Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 26 21 . It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.

Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. When expressions contain parentheses. Multiplication. modulus. subtraction. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. division. Addition. !=. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. <>. >. *. The logical AND operator. not equal to. Unary plus and minus. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. 4. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. 2. The logical OR operator. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. Table 3-1. <=. less than or equal to. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. depending on how you nest the operations. /. greater than or equal to. 3. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. not equal to. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. used when specifying conditions. Equal to. Concatenate.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. The logical NOT operator. For example.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . not equal to. % +. >= =. the equation 8 + 5 . Less than.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . used when specifying conditions. greater than. || <.

all of the operands in the expression must be numeric.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. For further information on built-in date functions. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. For example. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. For example. % +. modulus. Arithmetic Operators 23 . Meaning Unary plus and minus. *. the function returns NULL. division. /. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. To concatenate strings. subtraction. Unary plus indicates a positive value. The expression 1. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. Addition. Unary minus indicates a negative value. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. Multiplication. use the string operator ||.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. use the date functions. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. To perform arithmetic on date values.

however.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . if both values are NULL. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. the || operator returns NULL. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. The || operator. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. However. produces the same results in less time. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. Nulls The || operator ignores null values.

4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. Less than. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. Not equal to. Greater than or equal to. The expressions 123. the expression 123. Greater than. the operands must be the same datatype. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. manipulate data. Comparison Operators 25 . Not equal to. see “Dates” on page 33. For example. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. If you compare a value to a null value. the result is NULL. Less than or equal to. Not equal to. For information on how to compare dates. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. When you use comparison operators in an expression.

Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. FALSE for zero.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. and NULL for NULL. For example. the operator NOT returns FALSE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. For example. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. NOT returns TRUE.

28 Transaction Control Variables. 31 Local Variables.Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 32 27 .

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 34 Date Format Strings. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 47 33 . 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic.

extract one part of a date. or perform arithmetic on a date.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. With the date functions you can round. For example. ‘MM/DD/RR’). If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. To pass a string to a date function. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. or compare dates. Date format strings. ‘MM’. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test.D. Converts a string to a date. Use to specify the format of the return string. see “Variables” on page 27. Tests whether a string represents a date. Julian Day. TO_CHAR. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. Converts a date to a string. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . Date functions accept date/time values only. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. TO_DATE. truncate. and 9999 A. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. Modified Julian Day. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. For details on built-in variables.D. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. TO_CHAR format strings.

PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date.D. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. For example. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. The J format string does not convert this time component. and are not supported in PowerCenter. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string.D. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. and 9999 A. Overview 35 . RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. nor with Modified Julian Day. which represents some fraction of 24 hours.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. By definition. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. For example. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight).

RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. In TO_DATE expressions. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. RR and YY produce different results. Current Year Between 50 and 99. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year.

The date includes the month. Dates in Relational Databases In general. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. If you specify a format string. day. while the time might include the hours. or it is an invalid date. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string.Table 5-2. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. and even between applications. Use TO_CHAR(date. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. and seconds. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. and year. If you want to pass a string to a date function. Although date formats vary from database to database. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. If you omit the format string. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. minutes. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. If the string is in the default date format. If an input value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates.

If you omit the format string.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. 12:00:00AM = 0. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . 1:00:00AM = 1. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. 12:00:00PM = 12. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. For example. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. If you specify a format string. Month (January = 01. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format.

For example. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. HH. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. SSSS Y. YYYY. DDD. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. HH12. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. YYY. DAY. For example. For example. Specify the part of the date you want to round. For example. you can use HH. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. HH12. Specify the part of the date you want to change. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). Minutes (0-59. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. MON. MON. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. DY.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. Hour of day (0-23). if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. you can use MM. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. MONTH SS. Date Format Strings 39 . you can use Y. Seconds (0-59). DD. or YYYY to specify 1997. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. HH24 MI MM. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date.) Month (01-12). YY. YYY. J Description Days (01-31). RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. or MONTH to specify APR. Specify the part of the date you want to return. YY. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format.

including up to nine characters (for example. ‘RR’ produces the same results as. including up to nine characters (for example. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Last two digits of a year. Wed). Modified Julian Day. ‘YY. P. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. Wednesday).M. Day of year (001-366. The function removes the leading digits. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example.. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. and P. TO_CHAR returns 97.M. Day of week (1-7). calculated from Jan 1. A. where January to March equals 1. Month (01-12). TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. For example. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. Name of day. Seconds (00-59). PM. Jan). Name of month. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. Quarter of year (1-4). D DD DDD DAY DY HH. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. 4713 00:00:00 BC. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). When used with TO_CHAR. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. Hour of day (00-23). and is interchangeable with. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. when used with TO_DATE. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5.’ However. changing the format for reporting purposes. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator.M.M. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Minutes (00-59). Day of month (01-31). including leap years). AM and PM return the same values as do A. where Sunday equals 1.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. Hour of day (01-12). For example. It ignores the time component of the date. January).

For example. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression.YYYY' ). TO_CHAR returns 7. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. For example. For example. Punctuation that displays in the output. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. The function removes the leading digits.. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. Week of year (01-53). if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. 'MM.Table 5-5. For example. Week of month (1-5). Last digit of a year. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. The function removes the leading digits. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. TO_CHAR returns 1997. TO_CHAR returns 997. TO_CHAR returns 97. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. Last three digits of a year. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. Text that displays in the output. For example. For example. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. For example. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . See the individual functions for more examples. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. Entire year portion of date. and YY format strings.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. for example D””DDD. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. The function removes the leading digits. For example. SSSSS. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. and so on. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. Last two digits of a year.DD. RR.86399).

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. For example. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.

including up to nine characters (for example. Minutes (0-59). Day of month (1-31). IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date.m. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date.m. including leap years). The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. Name of day. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. p.m. If you omit the format string. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM.m. the function returns FALSE (0). You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. AM and PM return the same values as do a. Wednesday). use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . The DAY format string is not case-sensitive.. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. and p. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. if any parts do not match. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. DD DDD DAY DY HH. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. the function returns TRUE (1). Day of year (001-366. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. a. where zero is 12AM (midnight). If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. Hour of day (0-23). use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. Wed). When you create a TO_DATE expression. Hour of day (1-12). PM.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value.

For example.Table 5-6. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. Four digits of a year. Use the RR or YY format string instead. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. Case does not matter. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. It ignores the time component of the source string. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03.Current Year Between 0 and 49.Current Year Between 50 and 99. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. . The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. Seconds (0-59). August). the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. representing May 12. Aug). Seconds since midnight. to TO_DATE. Modified Julian Day. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. 2034). Case does not matter. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. including up to nine characters (for example. Name of month. . Use when source strings include two-digit years. For example. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. 1998. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. For example. Month (1-12). If it does not. 2020. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates .

if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. and SSSSS format strings. Tip: By default. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. RR. Likewise. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. Example The following examples illustrate the J. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR.format string. The format string is not case-sensitive. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. For example. See the individual functions for more examples. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date.

SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. while YY returns the year 1905. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . RR returns the year 2005.TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

Change one part of a date. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . DATE_DIFF. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. 1. 9999 23:59:59 AD. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. 31. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. SET_DATE_PART.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. Subtract two dates.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. 49 . in alphabetical order. see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages.

Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group.

evaluates the AVG expression. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. Function Categories 51 . The PowerCenter Server groups by ID.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. and returns four values. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression.

see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. the function returns zero. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. 1.2 to 1.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server.5 to 2. If you do not want to round up a value. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. or NULL. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. as well as to CUME. FALSE.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. For example. the function selects all rows in the port. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. 1. By default. If you pass an entire port of null values. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. 0. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. the function returns NULL. For example. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. and MOVINGSUM. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions.35 to 0) for the filter condition. the filter condition returns FALSE. MOVINGAVG. If the value rounds to zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Convert the datatype of an input value. LOWER. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. MIN. Encode strings. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . UPPER. Replace characters in a string. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. Trim string values.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX.

However. see “Dates” on page 33.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. or perform arithmetic on a date. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. truncate. Date format strings are not internationalized. For a complete list of date format strings. or compare dates. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. extract one part of a date. if you want to pass a string to a date function.

The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . Therefore. if you pass a date with milliseconds. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.

The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. For example. At the end of the session. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. Filter. Then at the end of the session. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. Unless overridden. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. You can nest other functions within special functions. you use special functions in Expression. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. When you run a workflow. and Update Strategy transformations. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository.

the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. For more information on mapping variables. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide.process that pipeline. Function Categories 57 . If you use this function more than once for the same variable. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. including ERROR function calls within an expression. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. For more information on the Abort command. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. String. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. Generally. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. Return Value NULL. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. The string can be any length. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. assign ABORT as the default value. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. You can use ABORT to validate data. it stops transforming data at that row. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values.

Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. If you pass a Double.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 .95 59. it returns a Double. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Likewise. Return Value Positive numeric value. if you pass an Integer.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. it returns an Integer. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE .

YYY. For example. and DAY. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. YY. For example. Minute. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. DDD. 'YY'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Seconds. You use the SS format string to set the second. Month. Hour. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'MONTH'. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. For example. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. MONTH. MON. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. DD. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. 'SS'. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. You can use any of the day format strings: D. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. DY. or YYYY. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. You use the MI format string to set the minute. Day. 'MI'. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. HH12. 'HH'. For example. For example. 'DD'. HH24. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions .

If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. format. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. months. Also note. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. days. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'MONTH'. 'MON'. hours. for example. Required. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. For example. 'MM'. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. Passes the values you want to change. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. and so on by which you want to change the date value. An integer value specifying the amount of years. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . Required. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. 'mm'.

If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD'. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. you need to change the hour portion of the date. 'HH'. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD'. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. For example. 'D'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH12'. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. 'HH24'. 'DAY'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. which you specify.

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. ASCII 63 . This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Character string. For example. before you pass any string value to ASCII. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. Return Value Integer. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this.535. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. Normally. You can enter any valid transformation expression. however. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. If you pass a numeric value. they will still work correctly.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

535. For example. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. However.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. Normally. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. it will still work correctly. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. If you pass a numeric value. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. A string containing one character. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. Alternatively. NULL if both string values are NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. Required. CONCAT returns NULL. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. Any datatype (except Binary). The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Return Value String. If both strings are NULL. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. Any datatype (except Binary).

The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. ' ' ). you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. CONCAT( CHR(39). For example. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. If you want to add a space between two strings.

Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.0 0.951056516295147 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Double value.996194698091745 0.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. For example.0 0. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine.342020143325593 0.866025403784421 0.

0874465864177 19. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).897 3. Return Value Double value. For example: COSH( MEASURES.54308063481524 9.45 0 0. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.66 5. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 . Numeric datatype.381231106176 1.0 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.4435376920294 116.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).0 2.

see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Passes the values you want to count. the function returns 0. However. Optionally. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. Optional. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. Note: By default. Any datatype (except Binary). filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Syntax COUNT( value [. this function ignores columns with null values. Alternative. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. or NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). FALSE. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . For more information. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. Nulls If all values are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Use to count all rows in a transformation. this function counts all rows. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. If you apply the value argument. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. If you apply the asterisk argument. Return Value Integer.

IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one value. The function counts all rows in a transformation. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . returning one result for each group.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. including null values. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item.

For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions .In this example. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. but do not use a filter. the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. If you include the asterisk argument.

or NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Nulls If a value is NULL. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. CUME 79 . FALSE. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. or if no rows are selected (for example. if all values in the selected port are NULL. Numeric datatype. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. CUME returns NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optional. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. However. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.

Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise. you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .

The first date you want to compare. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . Date/Time datatype. The second date you want to compare. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. Required. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. 1 if the second date is earlier. 0 if the two dates are equal.

Format string specifying the date or time measurement. months. You can specify years. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. days. Zero if the dates are the same. the return value is a negative number. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . or seconds. For example. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. If date1 is earlier than date2. minutes. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. Date/Time datatype. minutes. or seconds. months. The format string is not case-sensitive. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. Required. Date/Time datatype. hours. hours. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. Required. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. You can enter any valid transformation expression. such as 'mm'. You can specify only one part of the date. Return Value Double value. You can request the format to be years. If date1 is later than date2. days. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. the return value is a positive number. 'Mm' or 'mM'. date2. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.0 2100.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.5 10.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0 255.5 87. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . DATE_SHIPPED.

'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.243279569892366 0.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions .The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2. DATE_SHIPPED.91935483870839 2. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.91935483870839 0. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. If you enter 'Halogen'. the search does not find a matching value.. Required. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. Passes the values you want to search. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. which you define. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional.[. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value.. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. first_search. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. not just 'Halogen'. it returns a result value. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Passes the values for which you want to search. For example. If the function finds the value. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. Any datatype (except Binary). Even if multiple conditions are met. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. second_search. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. second_result]. DECODE 85 . The search value must match the value argument exactly. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. you may not search for a portion of a value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. Syntax DECODE( value. first_result [. Any datatype (except Binary).

'Tank'. and the other results are Decimal. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. 1. For example. 'Regulator'. ‘Archimedes’.414213562’. if at least one result is Double. When you run a session in high precision mode. and 3.414213562.414213562. 5.141592654’. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. 'Knife'.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. ‘Pi’. The first result is an Integer. 3. 3. For example. ‘Pythagoras’. 1. ‘3. 3. 5. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. 10. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. the datatype of the return value is Double.141592654. ‘Archimedes’. 20. 'Flashlight'. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID.141592654. 40. ‘Pi’. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘Pythagoras’. 14. ‘1.

Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. Var1 < 23. Var1 = 22. Var2 > 30. Also. was 49!'. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Variable 2 was more than 30. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. was less than 23. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'.'.'. DECODE 87 .') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. desired ranges. Var2 = 49. was more than 30. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges.

Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. you use the ERROR function in an expression. assign ERROR as the default value. For details about using default values. For example. Generally. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. Return Value String value. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. String value. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. ‘1234’. including ERROR function calls within an expression. It does not skip the row. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. and it does not log an error in the session log. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. to the output port. and you assign the default value. which you define. The string can be any length. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. The error message displays in the session log file.

Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. but skip negative values. Negative salary found. Row skipped.'.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. ERROR ('Error. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. Negative salary found. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. Row skipped.

(The exponent in the equation e^value).55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required.38905609893065.4657948067 0. Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. EXP(2) returns 7.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions .135335283236613 5166. where e=2. rather than business data. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data. Return Value Double value. For example. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL.71828183. Numeric datatype. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. The value to which you want to raise e.

or NULL. However. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. For more information. Syntax FIRST( value [. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. However. Optionally. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. FIRST ignores the row. Any datatype (except Binary). see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Return Value First value in a group. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Optional. FALSE. Note: By default. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. or if no rows are selected (for example. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. FIRST 91 . You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Limits the rows in the search. if all values passed from the port are NULL. FIRST returns NULL.

00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40. returning one result for each group. returning one value.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 31. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35. If there is no group by port.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 31.00 88.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 29.00 29.00 88.00 8.05 150. FIRST treats all rows as one group.05 150.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 8.

99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR.98 to FLOOR.79 125.12 74. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.24 NULL -100. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . Numeric datatype. For example. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function.17 to FLOOR. the function returns 3. Likewise. if you pass -3. the function returns 3. If you pass 3. the function returns -4. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.14 to FLOOR. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. if you pass 3. For example.

'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . or 'YYYY' all return 1997. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'mm'. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Therefore. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Required. 'YYY'. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Date/Time datatype. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. 'YY'. for example. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. the format strings 'Y'. For example. The format string is not case-sensitive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 .

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. value1 [. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions .IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. Any datatype (except Binary). For example. including another IIF expression. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. Syntax IIF( condition. based on the results of a condition. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. The condition you want to evaluate. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. Optional. Any datatype (except Binary). including another IIF expression. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. If you omit value2.

--then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. SALARY3. IIF( SALES < 100. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. the datatype of the return value is Double. SALARY2.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. For example. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. SALARY1. For example. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. BONUS))). EMP_NAME. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . value2 if the condition is FALSE. IIF( SALES < 200. IIF( SALES < 50. 1. .3333) is a decimal. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100.

For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). DD_REJECT. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . return BONUS) ) ). DECODE may improve readability. For more information.SALARY1. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. SALARY2. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. SALARY3. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. --then return SALARY3. --then return SALARY2. SALES > 199. SALARY1. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. --else for sales over 199.

if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. For example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. tab. newline.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. If your data contains multibyte characters. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns Thomas. formfeed. Return Value String. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. carriage return. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . Words are delimited by white space (a blank space.

search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. The position in the string where you want to start the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a negative integer or zero. A positive integer greater than zero. The search value is case-sensitive. Optional. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. The results of the expression must be a character string. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. If the start position is zero. The default value is 1. Any value. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . Optional. if not. If you omit this argument. The set of characters you want to search for.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. the function uses the default value of 1. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. If the start position is a negative number. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. counting from left to right. You can enter any valid transformation expression. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. For example. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. If you pass a decimal. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. for example 'abc'. Passes the value you want to evaluate. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. counting from left to right. Required. If you omit this argument. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.start [. Must be an integer value. Syntax INSTR( string.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. If the search value appears more than once in the string. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. If you want to search for a character string. For example. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. If the start position is a positive number. search_value [. The string must be a character string. the function uses the default value of 1. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. -1. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. 1. 'a'. starting at the beginning of each company name. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. starting from the last character in the company name. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. starting at the beginning of each company name. 'a'. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY.

1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. INSTR(CUST_ID.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.-1. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. The following expression evaluates a string. starting from the end of the string.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. -1.' ' .INSTR( CUST_NAME. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. 1. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.1. INSTR(CUST_ID.

see “LENGTH” on page 115. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. use LENGTH. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary).ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. Note: To test for empty strings. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . For more information. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.

you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. Optional. so there is no February 29th. year 1900 is not a leap year. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. which returns false.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. Must be a string datatype. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. However. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns TRUE (1). The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. If you omit the format string. If the strings match the format string. In the first case. the function returns FALSE (0). Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. the two format strings return the same values. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . In most cases. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. For example. not the YY format string. For example. which returns TRUE. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date.

If the value is not a valid date. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. If it does not. IS_DATE 105 . the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. and converts each valid date to a date value. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row.

TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ).Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. Therefore. the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions .

FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number. You can enter any valid transformation expression.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. IS_NUMBER 107 . such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).45E-32’ ‘+3. Must be a string datatype.45e+32’ ‘+3. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Passes the rows you want to evaluate.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype.

00’ ‘-3. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).45e+3’ ‘3.00 0. 0. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.Windows only) 0 (False .00 0. For example.00 0.45d-3’ ‘3. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.45D-3’ ‘-3. If the value is not a valid number.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0. such as TO_FLOAT.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.00’ ‘-3.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .00345 0.45e+3’ ‘-3. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).00 0.00 0.

a newline. Must be a string datatype. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. FALSE (0) if the row contains data.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. For example. a carriage return. A space is a blank space. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or a vertical tab. For more information. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. use LENGTH. a tab. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . see “LENGTH” on page 115.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. To test for an empty string. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. a formfeed.

you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. '00000'. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .column in a target table. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). To do this.

You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Return Value Last row in a port. Limits the rows in the search. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Note: By default. Optionally. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. For more information. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optional. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. FALSE. or NULL. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. LAST 111 . you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or if no rows are selected (for example. Syntax LAST( value [. the function returns NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. However.

00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.00 8. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.05 150.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 29.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.

returning one result for each group. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. If there is no group by port. LAST_DAY returns NULL. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. if all values passed from the port are NULL. LAST_DAY ignores the row. Null If a value is NULL. returning one value. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . Return Value Date. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. However. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL.

'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . If you pass a string that does not have a time value. TO_DATE always includes time information. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date.

String datatype. To test for spaces. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. use IS_SPACES. The strings you want to evaluate. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. LENGTH 115 . see “ISNULL” on page 103. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. including trailing blanks. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. use ISNULL. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. For details. For details.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string.

098612. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. It must be a positive number. 116 Chapter 6: Functions .04082199452026 NULL Error.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. For example.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. greater than zero. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm.302585092994 4. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. Numeric datatype.828313737302 -0. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. LN(3)returns 1. You can enter any valid transformation expression.) Error. Return Value Double value. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.

or if you pass a negative value for the exponent.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Syntax LOG( base. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. zero.09 NULL 35. LOG 117 . Most often. or 1 as a base value. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. The base of the logarithm.) Error. The exponent of the logarithm. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. exponent Return Value Double value. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.) Error. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Required.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required.

Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. Required. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings.5 compatibility in the session properties. For more information. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. Any datatype (except Binary). When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. However. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. value2]. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. rather than creating Lookup transformations. search1.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Syntax LOOKUP( result. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties.. Any datatype (except Binary). Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. search2. Specifies the values you want to match to value. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. Datatype that matches the value1. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. value1 [. must match search1 datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function.

99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.00 15.ITEM_ID.QTY. RTRIM( ORDERS.PRICE.99 15.SALES.ITEM_NAME.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.ITEM. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD.SALES. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.ORDERS. :TD.SALES for a specific item ID and price. :TD. ORDERS. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values. :TD.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.ORDERS.ITEM.99 15. Error if the search finds more than one matching value.ORDERS. 10. :TD.ORDERS. ORDERS.SALES.PRICE.ORDERS.ITEM. :TD. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. NULL if the search does not find any matching values.PRICE. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument. 15.PRICE.

LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. Any string value. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Lowercase character string. If your data contains multibyte characters.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. Can be a character string. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. or if length is a negative number. The strings you want to change. length [. however. This argument is case-sensitive. If you omit the second_string. You can enter a specific string literal. RPAD returns NULL.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. You can enter any valid transformation expression.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. Required. Must be a positive integer literal. Can be any string value. LPAD( PART_NUM. Syntax LPAD( first_string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. for example 'abc'. When length is a negative number. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . 6. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. Optional. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values.

'. 16.**Compass Regulator System *.**. If the first string is longer than the length..**.. 5.Flashlight *.. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *.LPAD counts the length from left to right.. For example. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions . -5. LPAD(‘alphabetical’.. LPAD truncates the string from right to left.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. '*.

the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. trim_set Return Value String. Syntax LTRIM( string [. Then it returns the string. 'abc'. If you omit the second string. with any matching characters removed. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. In ASCII mode. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. LTRIM 123 . for example. LTRIM removes it. Passes the strings you want to modify.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. You can also enter a character string. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. Any string value. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. however. For example. starting with the left side of the string. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. Any string value. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. not 'a'. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. Most often. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. the function returns NULL. you would enter 'A'. LTRIM removes both single. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. character-by-character. If the trim_set is NULL. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required.

Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ).Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. but not the period from H.’ from S. Bender. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. LTRIM removes it. In the example of H. 'S. LTRIM removes it. and so on. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. This is because LTRIM searches. Bender. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. character-by-character. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. For example. MacDonald Sawyer H. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM.

or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. Syntax MAX( date [. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. FALSE. For more information. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Limits the rows in the search. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Date. Date/Time datatype. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Optional. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search.

or NULL. Numeric datatype. Return Value Numeric value. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. MAX ignores it. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Optional. However. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Note: By default. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the function returns NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. Nulls If a value is NULL. However.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. MAX returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. For more information. Limits the rows in the search. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. FALSE. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.

MAX treats all rows as one group.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 162.00 79.00 55.00 360. returning one result for each group.00 85. returning one value. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 . If there is no group by port.00 PRICE 10. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.

the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If there is an odd number of values in the port. the median is the middle number. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Note: By default. However. However. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the function returns NULL. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . MEDIAN ignores the row. or if no rows are selected (for example. If there is an even number of values in the port. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Return Value Numeric value. Numeric datatype. MEDIAN returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Optionally. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. For more information. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. or NULL. Limits the rows in the search. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Nulls If a value is NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. Optional. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FALSE.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .

the function returns NULL. However. or if no rows are selected (for example. MIN returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. However. Note: By default. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Optional. MIN (Numbers) 135 . You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. Limits the rows in the search. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Numeric datatypes. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. or NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. MIN ignores it. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. if all values passed from the port are NULL. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. For more information. Return Value Numeric value. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FALSE. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.

returning one result for each group.00 162.00 360.00 79. returning one value.00 PRICE 10. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE. MIN treats all rows as one group. If there is no group by port.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .00 55.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 85. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.

The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. For example. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required.00 25. You can enter any valid transformation expression.00 15.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error.5) returns 3. Required.00 NULL 20. The values you want to divide. MOD(8. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. The divisor cannot be zero. QTY ) PRICE 10. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. PowerCenter Server does not write row.00 12. The numeric value you want to divide by. Numeric datatype.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation.00 9. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. Syntax MOD( numeric_value. MOD 137 .

0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero.00 9.00 12. 138 Chapter 6: Functions . IIF( QTY = 0.The last row (25.00 25. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero. If the quantity is zero. To avoid dividing by zero.00 NULL 20. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. you can create an expression similar to the following. QTY )) PRICE 10.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE. NULL.00 15.

filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. rowset [. Numeric datatype. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. Optional.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. However. or if no rows are selected (for example. the function returns NULL. Optionally. if all values are NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MOVINGAVG 139 . filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. For example. Required. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. five rows at a time. Limits the rows in the search. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. 5). FALSE. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. or NULL.

based on the first five rows in the Sales port.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. 245. and thereafter. 140 Chapter 6: Functions .8 based on rows 2 through 6.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES.

five rows at a time. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. Limits the rows in the search. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. if all values are NULL. For example. FALSE. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. MOVINGSUM 141 . The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. 5 ) Optional. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. the function returns NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. Numeric datatype. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. Required. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Optionally. or NULL. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. rowset [. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum.

and thereafter. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Integer between 0 and 100. However. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. or if no rows are selected (for example. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. However. See the following equation for more details. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FALSE. if all values in a group are NULL. For more information. Note: By default. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. when PERCENTILE 143 . NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. or NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. inclusive. the function returns NULL. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Optionally. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. PERCENTILE ignores the row. PERCENTILE returns NULL. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. Nulls If a value is NULL. Required. percentile [. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile.

If i is an integer value. returning one value. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. If i < 1. If there is no group by port. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. returning one result for each group. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile.you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.

SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 86000.0 27900.0 48000.0 9000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 NULL 55000. 75.0 PERCENTILE 145 .000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 85000.0 100000.0 99000.

0 5. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.0 729.594307804838 NULL NULL 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the exponent must be an integer.0 3. If the base value is negative.0 5. This argument is the exponent value.0 NULL -6. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.0 EXPONENT 2. Numeric value. In this case.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.5 2.0 -3.00137174211248285 729.0 -6. Syntax POWER( base.5 3. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.0 6.0 3.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 6. Required. This argument is the base value.00137174211248285 0. If the base value is negative.0 -3.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions . the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value. Numeric value.265625 982. Return Value Double value. the exponent must be an integer.0 -3.5 NULL 10. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.

Note that -3.0 raised to 5. POWER 147 . the exponent must be an integer.5.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. If the base is negative. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function converts it to a character string. OldCharSet. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. Passes the string you want to search. Required. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. You can enter one or more characters. If NewChar is NULL or empty. If you pass a numeric value. the function converts it to a character string. Required. or NULL. REPLACECHR returns InputString. The characters you want to replace. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . Required. If NewChar contains more than one character. Must be a character string. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. an empty string. If InputString is NULL. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. You can enter one character. the function is not case-sensitive. 'abc'. If you pass a numeric value.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Must be an integer. for example. NULL if InputString is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. Must be a character string. Must be a character string. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. the function is case-sensitive. REPLACECHR returns NULL. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. InputString.

1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.html HTTP/1.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index. WEBLOG.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1" GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG. ‘]["’. CUSTOMER_CODE.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index. ‘A’. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘A’.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘"’. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.

‘14’. you must use the CHR function. INPUT. CHR(39). including the single quote. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. INPUT. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. see “CHR” on page 68. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. The following expression removes multiple characters. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘A’.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.

the function converts it to a character string. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. Required. Required. OldStringN. for example. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. If NewString is NULL or empty. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. If you pass a numeric value. or NULL. REPLACESTR returns NULL. The string you want to replace. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. OldString1. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. or no character. the function converts it to a character string. Required. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. REPLACESTR returns InputString. You can enter one character. multiple characters. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. Must be a character string. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. InputString. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. etc.. 'abc'. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. see the examples. multiple characters. Must be a character string. REPLACESTR 151 . That is. [OldString2. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. Passes the strings you want to search. If you pass a numeric value.. You can enter any valid transformation expression. . You must enter at least one OldString argument. Must be an integer. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. the function is not case-sensitive. If InputString is NULL. the function is case-sensitive. an empty string. When REPLACESTR replaces a string.

’ ) TITLE Mrs. RETURN VALUE Ms.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1.NULL if InputString is NULL.’ ) TITLE Mrs.1’. ‘iss’.html /companyinfo/index. ‘iss’. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘s. ‘"’. TITLE. MRS.html HTTP/1. Ms. ‘s. INPUT. ‘ab’. ‘rs.html /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.’. ‘ HTTP/1. ‘GET ’. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. Ms. TITLE. Miss Mr. ‘bc’. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. WEBLOG. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0.1" GET /companyinfo/index. MRS.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. Mr.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘rs.’. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. RETURN VALUE Ms. MRS.

CONCAT( CHR(39). CONCAT(‘it’. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. ‘ab’. REPLACESTR 153 . ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. you must use the CHR function. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. CONCAT(CHR(39). ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. INPUT. ‘bc’. ‘s’ )). see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72.The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. INPUT. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString.

the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM).ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. and sets the time to 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. Minute. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. For example. the function returns January 1 of the input year. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. Month. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. For example. Day. If the month is between July and December. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. For example. If the month is between January and June. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. Hour. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. For example. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). If the minute portion is 30 or greater. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. For example. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30.

Date/Time datatype. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. If you omit the format string. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Enter a valid format string. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.Syntax ROUND( date [. Optional. You can round only one portion of the date. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 .format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required.

'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

Numeric datatype. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. the function rounds to the nearest integer. ROUND returns NULL. If one of the arguments is NULL. 1) returns 15.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places.99.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. If you enter decimal precision. Return Value Numeric value. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If you omit the precision argument. 0. 1) returns 13. If you enter a positive precision. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. ROUND(12.8) returns 13. For example. -1) returns 20. For example. If you enter a negative precision. ROUND(12.4. ROUND(12.99. For example. truncating the decimal portion of the number. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. returning an integer.99. ROUND (Numbers) 157 .99.0 because the function rounds 0. Optional. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. ROUND(12.44. Positive or negative integer.99) returns 13.0 and ROUND(15. You can also use ROUND to round dates. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression.

0 57.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.868 56.99 56.0 56.9949 -18. ROUND( PRICE.0 -19.8678 56.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.9936 15.994 15.0 -16.99 1435.0 -100. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.99 -15.99 -108.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.0 1400.995 -18.99 56.99 -18. 0.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places. -2 ) PRICE 13242.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .8 ) PRICE 12. 3 ) PRICE 12.

For example. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. This may not be the result you expect. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. To achieve the expected result. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 .999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation.

Return Value String of the specified length. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’... the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. for example. The strings you want to change. appending the string '. length [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. Required.. So. RPAD(‘alphabetical’. For example.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. 'abc'. If you omit the second string... if the first string is longer than the length.. RPAD returns NULL.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight.. RPAD counts the length from left to right.. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax RPAD( first_string... or if length is a negative number. Compass. 5. '. When length is a negative number. Any string value. Must be a positive integer literal.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME... Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. Specifies the length you want each string to be.. 16. Regulator System Safety Knife. This argument is casesensitive. RPAD truncates the string from right to left. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . Optional... Any string value.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required.

') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .**. '. Compass*. '*..** Regulator System Safety Knife*.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.. 16.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. -5.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters... appending the string ‘*..**..

Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. Any string value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. In ASCII mode. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. RTRIM removes it.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. RTRIM removes both single. character-by-character. Optional. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. If you omit the second string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. You can also enter a text literal. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. starting with the right side of the string. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. 'abc'. however. Syntax RTRIM( string [. with any matching characters removed. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . Any string value. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. for example. trim_set Return Value String. Passes the values you want to trim. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. It returns the string. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string.

This is because RTRIM searches. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. character-by-character. For example. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. the last character in the string does not match. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. In the last example. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. RTRIM removes it. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. however. and so on. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). 't' ) RTRIM 163 . Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. If. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. RTRIM removes it.

it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. The session is configured for a test load. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. For details on mapping variables. Unless overridden. At the end of a successful session. At the end of the session. The session is a debug session. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Returns the new current value. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions.

the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd.. Supply. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. Darkroom Co. decreases the count for each deleted row.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. Darkroom Co. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information.Return Value The current value of the variable. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 .. The next time the session runs. It increases the count by one for each inserted row.

For example. MONTH to set the month. Day. For example. September. For example. or YYYY to set the year. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. For example. 'SS'. 'MONTH'. For example. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. DD. and DAY) to set the day. You use the SS format string to set the second. 12=12PM. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. DDD. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. MON. June. 'HH'. YYY. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Month. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. 'YY'. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Seconds. HH24) to set the hour. HH12. You use the MI format string to set the minute. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'MI'. April.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. and November) in the value argument. Hour. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. 'DD'. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. YY. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the month format strings (D. Minute. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. DY.

16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. Date/Time datatype. Required. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. the session fails. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The date you want to modify. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Required. February 30). 'HH24'. 'HH12'. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. 'HH'. format. If you enter an improper value (for example. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. The format string is not case-sensitive.

'YYYY'. 'DD'. 'Y'. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 'MON'. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM'. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 'YYYY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions .MM'. 1998). 'YY'. 'YYY'. 7). 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. For example.

SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. When used with a string mapping variable. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. For details on mapping variables. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. The session is a debug session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Unless overridden. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. At the end of a successful session. The session is configured for a test load. At the end of the session. Returns the new current value. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run.

Then. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. The next time the session runs. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. Required. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. it saves the largest value to the repository. The return value is the new current value of the variable. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. For example. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

When used with a string mapping variable. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. At the end of a successful session. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . Returns the new current value. For details on mapping variables. The session is configured for a test load. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. At the end of the session. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. The session is a debug session. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide.

00 22.25 24.50 22. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.75 23.00 24. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable.25 22. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice.00 22. Required. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23.00 22. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.50.00 At the end of the session.50 22.50 22.00 26. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.00 22.75 25. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. The next time the session runs. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .50 22.00 22.00’. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.50 27.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.00 MIN_PRICE 22. The return value is the new current value of the variable. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.

the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.00 22. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.Suppose the same session contains three partitions.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions .50 22. For example. it saves the smallest value to the repository. Then.

it saves a final current value to the repository. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Unless overridden. At the end of a successful session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. The session is configured for a test load. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. Required. The session is a debug session. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. For details on mapping variables. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. Returns the specified value. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. SETVARIABLE 175 . Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.

95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session.Return Value Current value of the variable.23 699. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.50 116.43 323.01 97.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session.23 699. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .43 323. The next time the session runs.01 97. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. The next time the session runs.50 116. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.

Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. Numeric value. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. negative. or 0. Passes the values you want to evaluate. 0 for 0. Return Value -1 for negative values. 1 for positive values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if NULL.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 .

Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation.309016994374967 0.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3.939692620785936 0. Numeric datatype.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions .50000000000003 0.0871557427476639 0. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

45 0 0.376934801486 0. For example: SINH( MEASURES.0 0.03225804884884 19. Numeric datatype. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).1752011936438 9. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 . Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.0 2.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.897 3.66 5.4178051793031 116. Return Value Double value.

Q. G. K. P. H. F. For example. For example. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. J. Skips numbers in string. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. U. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. and encodes it in uppercase. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z).SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . X. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. O. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. For example. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. V C. Z D. S. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. If string encodes to less than four characters. E. T L M. For example. For example. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. I.

No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. Passes the string value you want to encode. string is empty.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value String. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . Must be a character string.

PowerCenter Server does not write row. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . If you pass a negative value or character value. NULL 7. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. Return Value Double value. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Positive numeric value. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session.

However. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Optional. the function returns NULL. or NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. STDDEV ignores it. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. FALSE. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatypes.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. if all values are NULL. Note: By default. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can use operators to average values in different ports. STDDEV returns NULL. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Nulls If a single value is NULL. STDDEV 183 . You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. However. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV.

STDDEV treats all rows as one group.90 and 153. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .88 3001. returning one value.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254. the return value is zero.0 NULL 8953.00 ) SALES 2198.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.0 2198. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000. If there is no group by port.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.0 2198.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 1010.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.0 153. SALES > 2000.90 2256.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).0 2198. returning one result for each group.000. If there is no standard deviation.

starting at the beginning of the string. Syntax SUBSTR( string. Must be a character string. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. If you pass a negative integer or zero. Required. including blanks. the function converts it to a character string. Passes the strings you want to search. If you omit the length argument. SUBSTR 185 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If the start position is a positive number. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. start [. If the start position is a negative number. The position in the string where you want to start counting. If you pass a decimal. Must be an integer. start length Return Value String. SUBSTR counts all characters. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. If the start position is zero. Must be an integer greater than zero. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Optional. If you pass a numeric value. the function returns an empty string.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string.

-8. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 0.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 5. 1. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE.

2.1. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. 1. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. INSTR(CUST_ID. 8) returns ‘cd’.The following expression evaluates a string.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.1 ) . INSTR(CUST_ID.INSTR( CUST_NAME. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. SUBSTR 187 .' ' .-1. starting from the end of the string. -2.

188 Chapter 6: Functions . SUM ignores it. or if no rows are selected (for example. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Nulls If a single value is NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. SUM returns NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can use operators to add values in different ports. Optionally. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. Optional. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. the function returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to add. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Numeric datatype. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. However. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. For more information. FALSE.

0 1200.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477.0 NULL 3458. returning one value.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one result for each group.0 1900. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.0 4519. If there is no group by port. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 . SUM treats all rows as one group.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent.324919696232929 57. Numeric datatype.19175359259435 0. Return Value Double value.577350269189672 0. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).0874886635259298 0.74747741945531 1.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).897 3.45 0 0.761594155955765 0.66 5.993926947790665 0.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function.998676551914886 0.999963084213409 0. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .0 2.0 0. Numeric datatype. Return Value Double value.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent.

Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. not the format for the values in the date argument. Optional. Date/Time datatype. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. Return Value String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The format string defines the format of the return value. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you omit the format string.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

TO_CHAR (Dates)

193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

Optional.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. If you omit the format string. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. see “Requirements” on page 44. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. For details on the TO_DATE format string. If it does not. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Return Value Date. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. use either the RR or YY format string. Must be a string datatype. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . Do not use the YYYY format string.

The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. If you run a session in the twentieth century. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. If you run a session in the twentieth century. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. the century will be 19. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. TO_DATE 199 . If you pass a string that does not have a time value. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. the century will be 19. PowerCenter Server skips this row.

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions .The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). if true. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). --test second format.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). ‘MM’ ). convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. if true. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MON DD YYYY’). ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MON DD YYYY’). you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. For example: DECODE( TRUE. --if true.If your target accepts different date formats.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test third format. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.

348' NULL 'A12. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Must be a string or numeric datatype. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . inclusive. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. If you omit this argument.6789' '60. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.2' '118. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. inclusive.200 118. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces.679 60.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. Optional. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [.

Must be a string or numeric datatype.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.348' NULL 'A12. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces.6789' '60. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.2' '118.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Passes the values you want to convert to double values. Return Value Double value.2 118.6789 60.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 . Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.

flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [.6789' '60. The flag must be an integer literal. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. String or numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer.2' '118.3Grove' ‘ 123. Optional. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.348' NULL 'A12. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. or if you omit this argument. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion.6789’ ‘-15. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer.

23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .348' NULL 'A12. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.2' '118.3Grove' ‘ 123.6789’ ‘-15.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.6789' '60.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.

or minute. hour.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. The format string is not case-sensitive. Enter a valid format string. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. month. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. For example. If you truncate the month portion of a date. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. For example. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. Minute. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. If you truncate the day portion of a date. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. Day. The date values you want to truncate. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. For example. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. If you truncate the year portion of the date. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. Hour. Optional. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. day. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. the function truncates the time portion of the date. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. For example. If you omit the format string. Month. For example. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. Date/Time datatype. setting it to 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55.

Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 .

'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions .The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

Passes the values you want to truncate. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Can be a positive or negative integer. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. Return Value Numeric value. If you omit the precision argument. If you pass a decimal precision value. Optional. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. Numeric datatype. precision If precision is a positive integer. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. If precision is a negative integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer.

0 15.95 15.9563 15. -1 ) PRICE 12.9995 -18.99 56.99 -18.0 -180.956 15.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.95 1235.99 -187.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 56.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.0 50.8652 56.0 1230.86 56.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 -18.999 -18.865 56.

Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. Return Value Uppercase string. String datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. If your data contains multibyte characters. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 .

Return Value Double value. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. or NULL. FALSE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. or if no rows are selected (for example. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. If n is 1. For more information. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Optional. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. the variance is 0. Limits the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only.

VARIANCE returns NULL. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If there is not a group by port.0 3001. returning one value. VARIANCE ignores it. the function returns NULL.0 2256.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444.0 NULL 8953. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. returning one value. If there is no group by port. However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198.Nulls If a single value is NULL. returning one result for each group. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected. if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Note: By default. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. However.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

222 Numeric Functions. 215 . 219 Data Cleansing Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 223 Scientific Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 220 Date Functions. 228 For details on each function. 226 Test Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 217 Conversion Functions. 216 Character Functions. 225 Special Functions. 227 Variable Functions.

Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Returns the sum of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. Available in the Designer. percentile [. Returns the standard deviation for a group. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. found in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the minimum value. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Returns the number of records with non-null value. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. Available in the Designer. in a group. Returns the variance of all records in a group. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer. Returns the last record in a group. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. or earliest date. Available in the Designer. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. found in a group. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Returns the maximum value. Available in the Designer. Returns the first record in a group. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. or latest date.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In ASCII mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Concatenates two strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. including trailing blanks. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Returns the position of a character set in a string. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. search_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. In Unicode mode. In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. OldCharSet. length [. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. however.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. it will still work correctly. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. to set a string to a specified length. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Returns the number of characters in a string.

Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. . [OldString2.. OldString1. length [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. start [. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or no character. multiple characters. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. OldStringN.. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. Returns a portion of a string. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer.

Returns whether a value is a valid date. [OldString2. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string... Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. start [. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Returns whether a value is NULL. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. multiple characters. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldString1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. OldCharSet. search_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. . format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. OldStringN. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 .Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.

format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Returns the length of time between two dates. Truncates dates to a specific year. format. format. day. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Rounds one part of a date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. measured in the specified increment (years. or seconds). Returns the latest date found in a group. minutes. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. days. Available in the Designer. months. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. value ) TRUNC( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. month. hours. hour. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the earliest date found in a group. or minute. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. date2. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. filter_condition ) MIN( date. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value.71828183. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. negative. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. recordset [. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. where e=2. or 0. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base.

Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

value1 [. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. second_result ]…[. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Searches a port for the specified value. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . value2 [. search1. Available in the Designer. IIF IIF( condition. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. search2. Available in the Designer. first_search. based on the results of a condition. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. first_result [. second_search. Returns one of two values you specify.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. Available in the Designer.

Returns whether a value is NULL. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Test Functions 227 .Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date.

Returns the new current value. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Returns the specified value. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Returns the new current value. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified.

211 229 . 120.Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99.

68 capitalization 99. 120. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 68. 180 removing from strings 123. 160 ASCII characters 63. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121.

SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130. 180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .

220 date 54. 219 data cleansing 53. 223 scientific 55. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 226 test 56. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 217 conversion 53. 216 categories 50 character 52.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 225 special 55. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50.

44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69.Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116.

117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.null values aggregate functions 18. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index .

179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 . 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29.

120. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index .SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .