Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
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Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Table of Contents

Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . 211 VARIANCE . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . 185 SUM . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . Operators in the Transformation Language . .. . . . . . . . . . . 23 . . . . . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . . .. . . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . ... . ... . .. . 18 . . . . . . . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . . ... . . . . . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . .. . . . . . .. RR Format String Conversions . .. . 4-1. . . .. . . . . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime .. . . .. . . . . .... . . 26 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . TO_CHAR Format Strings. .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 3-4.. .. . . . . . . . . . 3-3. . . .. . . . 5-6. . . . . .. 5-4.. . ... .. .. . . . . . . 6 . . .. .. . . .. . ... . . . . . . 40 . . . . .. . . . 28 ... . . . . . . . . . 22 . . . .. . .. . . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . 25 . . . ... . .. . . . . . . .. . . . 36 . .. .. . .. . . . . . . . . 6-2. 3-1. 5-1. . . 5-2. . . . . . . 3-2. . . . 39 . .. .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines .. . . .. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . . .. .. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . . . . . . .. . . .. .. . 2-1. . .. . . . . . . . . . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . .. . 39 . . . . . . . . .. . .. . .. . 5-5.. .. 36 . . . ... 6-1. . .. . . 5-3. . . .. . . . .. . . . . ... . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants .... Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . . ..

x List of Tables .

data synchronization. including extracting. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. handle complex transformations on the data. xi . and support high-speed loads. data migration. usable. loading. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. and information hubs. and managing data. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. and efficient manner. transforming. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms.

Flat file partitioning. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. Profile mapping display in the Designer. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. session. pmcmd. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. Row Uniqueness function. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. and MELCOM-kana. 7. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator.1.1. JEF-kana. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source.1. the rows that meet the business rule. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. PowerCenter 7. You can define default mapping. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. Domain Inference function tuning.0. sessions. When you use a local parameter file. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. and workflow prefixes. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Session enhancement. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. and 7.1. Verbose data enhancements. a specified percentage of data.1.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. xii Preface . session.1. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. such as JIPSEkana. Define mapping.

containing reserved words. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. JPEG. log. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. you can connect to IBM. it searches for reswords. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. reswords. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. On SuSE Linux. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. On SuSE Linux. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. or PDF. Preface xiii . the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. you can now override the control file. such as Business Objects Designer. DB2. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. Depending on the loader you use. Reserved word support. and Sybase sources. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. If the file exists. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. Teradata external loader. target. When you export metadata.txt. You can attach document types such as XML. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. Oracle. If any source. you can also override the error. You do not need to know a database user name and password. you can create and maintain a file. and repositories using native drivers. GIF. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. and Sybase repositories. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. ♦ SuSE Linux support. targets.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. DB2. you can connect to IBM. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository.♦ SuSE Linux support. Oracle. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database.

You store xiv Preface . Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. and Transformation Guide. and options. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. targets.0 Web Services Hub Guide. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting.1. connectivity. PowerCenter 7. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. Creating auto profile enhancements. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. and partitions in the session. XML User Guide. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Informatica provides licenses for product. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. You can also pivot the view row. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. Aggregator function in auto profiles. Prepackaged domains. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function.♦ Pipeline partitioning. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. Workflow Administration Guide. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. Source View in the Profile Manager. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. It also includes information from the version 7. resize columns in a report. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view.

pmlic. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). modify. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. the PowerCenter Server Setup. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. disable. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . truncate log files. pmrep. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can choose to skip MX data. workflow and session log history. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects.the license keys in a license key file. or restore a repository. and deploy group history. Partitioning enhancements. Increased repository performance. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. delete repository details. Object import and export enhancements. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. upgrade. You can also use pmrep to create. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. and delete a folder. This improves processing performance for most sessions. and the command line program.1 MX views in its schema. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. MX views. delete a relational connection from a repository. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. back up. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. or enable a repository. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. You can use pmrep to back up. If you have the Partitioning option. and restore repositories. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions.

You can also extract data from messaging systems. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. Web Services Hub. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. Union transformation. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. Midstream XML transformations. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. Enhanced printing.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. the latest version of checked in objects. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. or a collection of all older versions of objects. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. The quality of printed workspace has improved. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. ♦ xvi Preface . The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. The query can return local objects that are checked out. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. Custom transformation API enhancements. You can now perform lookups on flat files. Also.

Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. Additional options for XML definitions. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. and define relationships between views. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. When you create views with entity relationships. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. In a view with hierarchy relationships. You can also extract data from messaging systems. XML workspace. When you import XML definitions. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. such as data stored in a CLOB column. Synchronizing XML definitions. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. or schema files. XML files. It displays folders alphabetically. DTD files. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. including relational sources or targets. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. For more informations. Midstream XML transformations. targets. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . add or delete columns from views. You can create views. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables.

Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. Increased performance for large XML targets. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. detect data patterns. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. you can determine implicit data type. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. User-defined commits. After you create a profiling warehouse. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks.” Upgrading metadata. For example. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. and XML schemas that use circular definitions.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . − − PowerCenter 7. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. PowerCenter now supports XML files.0.♦ Support for circular references. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. Support for multiple XML output files. and evaluate join criteria. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. Installation and Configuration Guide. suggest candidate keys. DTD files. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server.

session completion status. In a server grid. mappings. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). you can now choose to load from a named pipe. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. You can create a control file containing installation information. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. worklets. Row error logging. Metadata analysis. Distributed processing. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. session errors. you can now choose to load from staged files. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . Functions ♦ Soundex. source and target tables. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. When using external loaders on Windows.1. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. If you purchase the Server Grid option. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. including session load time. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. The Metaphone function encodes string values.0 metadata. External loading enhancements. Metaphone. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata.objects impacted by the upgrade process. and transformations. such as workflows. When using external loaders on UNIX. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. and warehouse growth. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. server load. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading.

You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. You can also use pmrep to run queries. and listing objects. Concurrent processing. such as copy object. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. Trusted connections. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. and change object status. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. checking in. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. importing. privileges. Audit trail. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. You can track changes to repository users. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. If you use LDAP. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. pmrep commands. When you log in to the repository. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. deploying. maintain labels. delete. The repository maintains a status for each user. Additionally. or update. Real time processing enhancements. such as the Aggregator transformation. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. You can choose to insert. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. update. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. or delete data. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. groups. Use Repository Manager privilege.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. When you select data driven loading. exporting. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. upsert. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations.

This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. adding or removing a user or group. If you want to permanently remove an object version. track changes. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. Delete or purge a version. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. You can also compare different versions of the same object. When you create a Custom transformation template. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. and adding or removing privileges. sessions. such as changes to folder properties. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . and workflows in the Workflow Manager. the colors. Compare objects. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. ♦ Joiner transformation. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. control development on the object. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. You can specify the icons used for transformation. Check out and check in versioned objects. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. You can compare tasks. Unlike copying a folder.audit trail log contains information. Deployment. you can purge it from the repository. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. worklets. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. and the properties a mapping developer can modify.

You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. Increased performance for large XML files. Queries. use XPath to locate XML nodes. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. to other folders. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. You can save queries for later use. Comparing objects. improve query results. or you can share it with all users in the repository. You can make a private query. XML target enhancements. Labels. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. Within the Designer. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. XPath support. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. ♦ xxii Preface . Track changes to an object. and to different repositories. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions.♦ Deployment groups. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. When you process an XML file or stream. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. format your XML file output for increased readability. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. increase performance for large XML files. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. You can copy objects within folders. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. declare multiple namespaces.

you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . Revert to saved. mapplets. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. Refresh session mappings. When you edit a port in a mapping. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. When you do this. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. Enhanced validation messages. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. View dependencies. or workflows. targets. mappings.♦ Change propagation. mappings. such as sources. expressions. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. you can refresh a session mapping. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. Validate multiple objects. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. In the Workflow Manager. workflows. Enhanced partitioning interface. and worklets. You can validate sessions. The Designer propagates ports.

users. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. build mappings. Repository Guide. Web Services Provider Guide. or DTD files. Provides information needed to use the Designer. folders. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. and transformations. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Transformation Language Reference. Designer Guide. Batch Web Services. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Workflow Administration Guide. Installation and Configuration Guide. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Transformation Guide. Includes information to help you create mappings. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. groups. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. and load data into JMS messages. XML User Guide. mapplets. including details on environment variables and database connections. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. such as creating and maintaining repositories. XSD. extract data from JMS messages. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. and permissions and privileges. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. and relational or other XML definitions. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Troubleshooting Guide. and Metadata Web Services. Getting Started.

This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. The following paragraph provides additional facts. Emphasized subjects. This is a code example. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. relational database concepts. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. unless you follow the specified procedure. The material in this book is available for online use. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications.

Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal.informatica. user group information. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. detailed descriptions of specific features.com xxvi Preface . as well as literature and partner information. This journal provides solutions to common tasks. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my.com.com. the Informatica Webzine.com.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. training and education. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. and locating your closest sales office. go to http://my. upcoming events.informatica.com. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). If you have any questions.informatica. The site contains information about Informatica. please email webzine@informatica. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. You will also find product information. and implementation services. newsletters.informatica. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. The site contains product information. To register for an account. the Informatica Knowledgebase. Informatica Webzine. its background. and access to the Informatica user community.

5:30 p. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a. . (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.m. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.m.m. Redwood City.563. . (local time) Preface xxvii . White Waltham Maidenhead.9489 Hours: 6 a. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica.213.m.m. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.m. market. .m.6 p.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd.m.m.385. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.5:30 p. You can request a user name and password at http://my. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support. . and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.5800 Fax: 650. WebSupport requires a user name and password.m. .6332 or 650.m. .m.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a. .5:30 p.5 p.com. CA 94063 Phone: 866. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service.m.5 p. .m.5:30 p.m. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a.The site contains information on how to create.informatica.m.5:30 p.

xxviii Preface .

It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 2 Expression Syntax.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. 9 Reserved Words. 1 .

Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. Stored Procedure. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. For more information. or compare data. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. Workflow variables. Mapping parameters and variables. such as TRUE.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. Return values. such as a state sales tax rate. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Constants. combine data. For details. You can also create local variables in transformations. Operators. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. Local and system variables. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. and External Procedure transformations. such as the system date.

or a numeric literal. not byte-oriented. For example. during a workflow. such as ORDERS.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. For example. Then. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. For example. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. “>>>>”. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. You can create an expression as simple as a port. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. such as 10.

string. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server. not the number of bytes.

Status). but the transformation language does not. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. input/output. On the other hand. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . or a numeric literal (such as 10).Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. For example. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. it is not exactly like SQL. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. variable) String literals. while SQL does not.

) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition.. argument2.source_table. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.external_procedure_transformation(argument1. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . 10. The general syntax is: :LKP.ITEM_ID.PRICE. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals. .. argument2. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote. :TD. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. [. The general syntax is: :SP. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3.5 LOOKUP function. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark. For example. . The general syntax is: :SD.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1.5 expressions only).SALES. The general syntax is: :EXT. argument2. The general syntax is: :SEQ. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.SALES.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.sequence_generator_transformation. 15. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1.. :TD. Qualifies a source table port in an expression. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3.lookup_transformation(argument1. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation..ITEM_NAME.SALES.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation.

For details on workflow variables. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. External Procedure transformation. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. Except for literals. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. mapping parameters and variables. as the start position. literal string or number. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. variable. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. functions. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. or the results of another expression.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. For example. comma (. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. Stored Procedure transformation.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. ‘1’. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. For example. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces.). not a string. You cannot add an integer and a string. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. If you pass a literal value to a function. Except for literals.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . the expression 123. and period (. Just type the number you want to include. For example.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. For example: .4 = ‘123. Lookup transformation. The colon (:). local and system variables. create separate Aggregator transformations.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. which allow only one nested aggregate function). do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions.

First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . If you do not want to embed comments. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. For example. if you want to concatenate two strings. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. since the last line is not a valid expression.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. as in: -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -.

and system variables. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. such as constants. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. are reserved for specific functions. operators.

Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 19 11 . 12 DD_INSERT. 17 TRUE. 16 NULL. 14 DD_UPDATE. 13 DD_REJECT. 15 FALSE.

Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. When you run a workflow. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 2. DD_DELETE. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. 12 Chapter 2: Constants .

'DD' ). Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT.DATE_SHIPPED. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. If the result is 2 or less.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date.NAME = 'Alex'. 0. the expression flags the records for rejection. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 0 ) > 2. ORDERS. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. DD_INSERT. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. If the result is greater than 2. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. When you run a workflow. Using DATE_DIFF. returning the difference between the two dates. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 .DD_REJECT.

This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. If you flag a record as reject. When you run a workflow. 0. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. DD_REJECT.SALES > 0. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). DD_INSERT. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . so it includes only positive values. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month.SALES > 0. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS.

select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. If the result is 2 or less.DATE_SHIPPED. ORDERS. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. 1. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. it flags the records for update. DD_REJECT. otherwise.NAME = 'Alex'. When you run a workflow. The mapping loads sales for one employee. 'DD' ). the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. DD_UPDATE.NAME = 'Alex'. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. returning the difference between the two dates. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. the expression flags the records for rejection. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. 0 ) > 2. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. If the result is greater than 2. Using DATE_DIFF.

FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression.'.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . Var2 > 30. Var1 = 22. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.'.'Variable 1 was 22!'.'Variable 2 was 49!'. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Var2 = 49. Var1 < 23.

This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. Therefore. >. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . However. Functions can handle nulls differently. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. For more information.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. see “Functions” on page 49. >=. <. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. <= For example. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. !=. it might return zero or NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. For example. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. ^=. If you pass a null value to a function. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. <>. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. or it might ignore null values. For details on how each function handles null values.

the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. and MOVINGSUM. as well as CUME. use the ISNULL function. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the function does not select the record. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . MOVINGAVG. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. However. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. the function returns NULL. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. For example. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . which returns zero).NULL To test for nulls. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL.

TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. Var1 < 23.') TRUE 19 .TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison.'. Var2 > 30. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE.'.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var1 = 22. Var2 = 49. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.'Variable 2 was 49!'.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

24 Comparison Operators. 26 21 . It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 22 Arithmetic Operators. 25 Logical Operators. 23 String Operators.

Addition. The logical AND operator. the equation 8 + 5 . not equal to.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. 2. Concatenate. depending on how you nest the operations. /. 4. Table 3-1. The logical NOT operator. greater than or equal to.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . % +. division. 3. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. Equal to. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. >= =.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . Multiplication. !=. used when specifying conditions. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. not equal to. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. Less than. When expressions contain parentheses. Unary plus and minus. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. used when specifying conditions. not equal to. || <. For example. *. <>. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. The logical OR operator. >. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. subtraction. modulus. less than or equal to. <=. greater than. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1.

all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. For example. division. To concatenate strings. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. /. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. Meaning Unary plus and minus. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. subtraction. For example. To perform arithmetic on date values. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. Unary plus indicates a positive value. The expression 1. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. Arithmetic Operators 23 . If you perform arithmetic on a null value.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. modulus. use the date functions.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. % +. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. Multiplication. Addition. *. the function returns NULL. use the string operator ||. For further information on built-in date functions. Unary minus indicates a negative value.

The || operator. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . the || operator returns NULL. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. however. However. produces the same results in less time. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. if both values are NULL. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name.

the result is NULL. the expression 123. The expressions 123. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. For example. Comparison Operators 25 . If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Not equal to. If you compare a value to a null value.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. Not equal to. Greater than or equal to. see “Dates” on page 33. Less than. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. Greater than. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. the operands must be the same datatype. manipulate data.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. For information on how to compare dates. Not equal to. When you use comparison operators in an expression.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. Less than or equal to.

Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. the operator NOT returns FALSE. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. For example. and NULL for NULL. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. NOT returns TRUE. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. For example. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. FALSE for zero.

28 Transaction Control Variables. 32 27 . 31 Local Variables.Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 34 Date Format Strings. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. 47 33 .

PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. and 9999 A. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. or compare dates. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. Converts a string to a date. ‘MM/DD/RR’). TO_CHAR format strings. To pass a string to a date function. Julian Day. Use to specify the format of the return string. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. TO_CHAR. TO_DATE. Tests whether a string represents a date. For details on built-in variables. Date functions accept date/time values only. For example. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. ‘MM’. Converts a date to a string. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second.D. or perform arithmetic on a date. Date format strings. truncate. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. see “Variables” on page 27.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. Modified Julian Day. extract one part of a date. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings.D. With the date functions you can round. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. 34 Chapter 5: Dates .

you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A.D. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. For example. and 9999 A. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. nor with Modified Julian Day. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. By definition. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. and are not supported in PowerCenter. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. Overview 35 .D. The J format string does not convert this time component. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). For example. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000.

the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . RR and YY produce different results. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. Current Year Between 50 and 99. In TO_DATE expressions. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string.

The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. The date includes the month. If the string is in the default date format. while the time might include the hours. or it is an invalid date. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. and seconds. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. and even between applications. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Dates in Relational Databases In general. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. If you omit the format string. If you want to pass a string to a date function. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. minutes. and year. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. Although date formats vary from database to database. If an input value does not match this format. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS.Table 5-2. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. If you specify a format string. Use TO_CHAR(date. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. day. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server skips the row.

1:00:00AM = 1. 12:00:00PM = 12. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. If you omit the format string. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . For example.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. If you specify a format string. Month (January = 01. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. 12:00:00AM = 0.

YYYY. For example. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). DAY. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). you can use Y. you can use MM. HH24 MI MM. HH12. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. For example. you can use any of these format strings specify 12.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. HH12. SSSS Y. DDD. For example. MON. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. Date Format Strings 39 . DD. Specify the part of the date you want to round. MONTH SS. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3.) Month (01-12). RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. YYY. YY. Specify the part of the date you want to change. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. Seconds (0-59). you can use HH. HH. Specify the part of the date you want to return. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. or MONTH to specify APR. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. or YYYY to specify 1997. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. DY. Minutes (0-59. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. YY. J Description Days (01-31). Hour of day (0-23). YYY. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. For example. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. MON. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D.

When used with TO_CHAR. Seconds (00-59). Wed). Name of day. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5.. Month (01-12). changing the format for reporting purposes. including leap years). You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Day of week (1-7). TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. where Sunday equals 1. It ignores the time component of the date. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. Wednesday). ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. Last two digits of a year. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. where 00 is 12AM (midnight).M. Jan). ‘RR’ produces the same results as. Hour of day (00-23). 4713 00:00:00 BC. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. Day of month (01-31). D DD DDD DAY DY HH. For example. where January to March equals 1. Quarter of year (1-4). and P. For example. Name of month.M. A. calculated from Jan 1. Modified Julian Day.M. The function removes the leading digits. Minutes (00-59). HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. and is interchangeable with. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Day of year (001-366. when used with TO_DATE. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. TO_CHAR returns 97. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates .M.’ However. PM.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. ‘YY. January). including up to nine characters (for example. Hour of day (01-12). P. AM and PM return the same values as do A. including up to nine characters (for example.

Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. See the individual functions for more examples. Week of year (01-53). For example. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. Entire year portion of date.. For example. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. TO_CHAR returns 7. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. and YY format strings.Table 5-5.86399). The function removes the leading digits. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. Punctuation that displays in the output.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. The function removes the leading digits. Last two digits of a year. 'MM. Last three digits of a year. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. For example. TO_CHAR returns 1997. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. Text that displays in the output. RR. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh.DD. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. For example. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. For example. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. TO_CHAR returns 97. Last digit of a year. For example. For example. SSSSS. for example D””DDD. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. Week of month (1-5). TO_CHAR returns 997.YYYY' ). you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. The function removes the leading digits. and so on. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. For example. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14.

For example. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings.

HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. the function returns FALSE (0). the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Wed). The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. Wednesday). The DY format string is not case-sensitive. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. p. When you create a TO_DATE expression. Hour of day (0-23). Day of month (1-31).m. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. DD DDD DAY DY HH. Minutes (0-59). including up to nine characters (for example. AM and PM return the same values as do a. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. Hour of day (1-12). Day of year (001-366.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value.. If you omit the format string. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. Name of day. where zero is 12AM (midnight).m. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . PM. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. and p. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. if any parts do not match. a.m. including leap years). If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. the function returns TRUE (1).m. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date.

Name of month. Seconds since midnight. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value.Current Year Between 50 and 99. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. . 2020. Aug). If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string.Current Year Between 0 and 49. Case does not matter. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. Modified Julian Day. . Case does not matter. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. 2034). If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. Seconds (0-59). For example. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. Use when source strings include two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. It ignores the time component of the source string. For example. to TO_DATE. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. Month (1-12). including up to nine characters (for example.Table 5-6. If it does not. For example. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. Use the RR or YY format string instead. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. representing May 12. August). ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. Four digits of a year. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. 1998. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49.

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. For example. The format string is not case-sensitive. and SSSSS format strings. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Likewise. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. RR. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . Tip: By default. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. Example The following examples illustrate the J. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.format string. See the individual functions for more examples.

‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. while YY returns the year 1905. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates .

DATE_DIFF. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 .Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. Subtract two dates. 1. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. 31. Change one part of a date. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. SET_DATE_PART. 9999 23:59:59 AD.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. in alphabetical order. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215. 49 .

Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions .

The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. and returns four values. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. evaluates the AVG expression. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. Function Categories 51 . You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function.

the filter condition returns FALSE. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50.2 to 1. the function returns NULL. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. For example. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.5 to 2. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. 1. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. MOVINGAVG. the function selects all rows in the port. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. the function returns zero. and MOVINGSUM. If you pass an entire port of null values. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. 0. 1. For example. or NULL. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. If the value rounds to zero. If you do not want to round up a value. By default. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases.35 to 0) for the filter condition. as well as to CUME.

With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. Trim string values. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . LOWER. Convert the datatype of an input value. UPPER. Encode strings. Replace characters in a string. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. MIN.

You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. For a complete list of date format strings. 54 Chapter 6: Functions .♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. extract one part of a date. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. Date format strings are not internationalized. see “Dates” on page 33. truncate. or compare dates. or perform arithmetic on a date. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. However. if you want to pass a string to a date function. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument.

Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . Therefore. if you pass a date with milliseconds. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds.

When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. and Update Strategy transformations. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. You can nest other functions within special functions. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. you use special functions in Expression. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. For example.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Unless overridden. At the end of the session. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. Then at the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. Filter. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. When you run a workflow. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition.

For more information on mapping variables. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. Function Categories 57 . see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions.process that pipeline. If you use this function more than once for the same variable.

see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. Generally. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. Return Value NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. including ERROR function calls within an expression. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. The string can be any length. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. You can use ABORT to validate data. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. assign ABORT as the default value. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. For more information on the Abort command. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . it stops transforming data at that row.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. String. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs.

You can enter any valid transformation expression.95 59. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. if you pass an Integer. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Return Value Positive numeric value. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 .95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. Likewise. it returns an Integer.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. it returns a Double. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. If you pass a Double. Numeric datatype. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.

You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. or YYYY. 'MONTH'. You use the MI format string to set the minute. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. You use the SS format string to set the second. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. and DAY. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'MI'. 'YY'. You can use any of the day format strings: D. YY. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. Seconds. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'DD'. For example. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. For example. For example. DY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'HH'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. For example. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. HH12. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. Month. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Day. MON. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . MONTH. Minute. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'SS'. DDD. Hour. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. DD. YYY. HH24. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument.

'MONTH'. for example. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. months. Passes the values you want to change. 'mm'. For example. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. hours. An integer value specifying the amount of years. Also note. Date/Time datatype. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. Required. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM'. format. 'MON'. and so on by which you want to change the date value. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. days.

For example. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. 'D'. 'DD'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. 'DY'. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD'. which you specify. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. 'HH'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. you need to change the hour portion of the date. 'DAY'. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998.

Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions.535. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. however. Normally. For example. If you pass a numeric value. before you pass any string value to ASCII. ASCII 63 . This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. Return Value Integer.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Character string. they will still work correctly. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

Normally. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. Character string. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . A string containing one character. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. it will still work correctly. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode.535. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. If you pass a numeric value. However. If you currently use ASCII in expressions.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). Any datatype (except Binary). CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. Alternatively. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. If both strings are NULL. NULL if both string values are NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. CONCAT returns NULL. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. Return Value String. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings.

LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. ' ' ). CONCAT( CHR(39). 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. For example. If you want to add a space between two strings.

Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value.0 0. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3.866025403784421 0.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions .342020143325593 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0 0. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. For example.996194698091745 0.951056516295147 0. Numeric datatype.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.

54308063481524 9.897 3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).45 0 0. For example: COSH( MEASURES. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.66 5. Return Value Double value. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.0 1.381231106176 1. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.0 2.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.0874465864177 19.4435376920294 116. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .

You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Note: By default. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. If you apply the asterisk argument. Use to count all rows in a transformation. Limits the rows in the search. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. or NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . the function returns 0. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. Return Value Integer. FALSE. Syntax COUNT( value [. Passes the values you want to count. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. Nulls If all values are NULL. Optionally. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. this function ignores columns with null values. this function counts all rows. Alternative. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. Optional. If you apply the value argument. Any datatype (except Binary). You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. For more information. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. including null values. returning one result for each group.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. The function counts all rows in a transformation. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. returning one value.

For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. but do not use a filter.In this example. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. If you include the asterisk argument.

if all values in the selected port are NULL. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Numeric datatype. CUME returns NULL. However. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. Optional. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Nulls If a value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. FALSE. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. or if no rows are selected (for example. CUME 79 . or NULL.

you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise.

DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. 1 if the second date is earlier. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. The first date you want to compare. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. Required. Date/Time datatype. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. The second date you want to compare. 0 if the two dates are equal.

82 Chapter 6: Functions . minutes. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. date2. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. days. the return value is a positive number. hours. Zero if the dates are the same. The format string is not case-sensitive. or seconds. Return Value Double value. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. You can specify only one part of the date. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. Date/Time datatype. minutes. If date1 is later than date2. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. You can specify years. the return value is a negative number. months. Required. If date1 is earlier than date2. such as 'mm'. You can request the format to be years. days. 'Mm' or 'mM'. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. months. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. or seconds. hours. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. Date/Time datatype. Required.

DATE_SHIPPED.0 2100. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.5 87. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . DATE_SHIPPED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.5 10. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0 255.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . DATE_SHIPPED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0.243279569892366 0. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0.91935483870839 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.91935483870839 2. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary).[. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). it returns a result value.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. If you enter 'Halogen'. DECODE 85 .. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. second_result]. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. Optional. first_result [. Passes the values for which you want to search. the search does not find a matching value. Passes the values you want to search. Syntax DECODE( value. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. second_search. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. you may not search for a portion of a value. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. not just 'Halogen'. first_search. If the function finds the value. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. For example. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. Required. which you define.. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. The search value must match the value argument exactly. Even if multiple conditions are met. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. You can enter any valid transformation expression.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required.

40.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE.414213562’. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . 1. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. The first result is an Integer. ‘Archimedes’. 1.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. 'Regulator'. 20. 'Flashlight'. 5. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID.141592654’. if at least one result is Double. ‘Pi’. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. ‘Pi’. 10.141592654. 3. ‘Pythagoras’. 3. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 'Knife'.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes.141592654. ‘Pythagoras’. For example.414213562. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. ‘3. and 3.414213562. When you run a session in high precision mode. 5. For example. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. the datatype of the return value is Double. ‘Archimedes’. 14. and the other results are Decimal. 'Tank'. 3. ‘1.

was less than 23. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. desired ranges. Var1 = 22.'. Also. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Var2 = 49.'. Var1 < 23.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. was more than 30. DECODE 87 . Variable 2 was more than 30.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. was 49!'. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. Var2 > 30. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges.

The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. and it does not log an error in the session log. and you assign the default value. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. which you define. For details about using default values. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. For example. including ERROR function calls within an expression. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. you use the ERROR function in an expression. assign ERROR as the default value. String value. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. The error message displays in the session log file. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. The string can be any length. ‘1234’. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. Return Value String value. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. to the output port. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. It does not skip the row.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. Generally. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error.

Negative salary found. ERROR ('Error. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. Negative salary found.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error.'. Row skipped. but skip negative values. Row skipped.

NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. The value to which you want to raise e.71828183. For example. (The exponent in the equation e^value).55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. rather than business data. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data.135335283236613 5166. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.4657948067 0. where e=2. EXP(2) returns 7. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Numeric datatype.38905609893065.

if all values passed from the port are NULL. FIRST returns NULL. Note: By default. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. FIRST ignores the row. However. Syntax FIRST( value [. FALSE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. or NULL. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). Return Value First value in a group. Nulls If a value is NULL. For more information. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Optional. However. Limits the rows in the search. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. FIRST 91 . you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. Optionally. the function returns NULL.

If there is no group by port. returning one result for each group.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 29. returning one value.00 88.05 150.00 88. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.05 150.00 8.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 8.00 29.00 31.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 31.

12 74. if you pass 3. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. if you pass -3.79 125.24 NULL -100. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . For example. the function returns -4.17 to FLOOR. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. the function returns 3. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. For example. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. the function returns 3. Numeric datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. If you pass 3.98 to FLOOR.14 to FLOOR.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. Likewise.

GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Therefore. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. The format string is not case-sensitive. for example. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. 'mm'. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. For example. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 'YY'. Date/Time datatype. the format strings 'Y'. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'YYY'. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 .The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. including another IIF expression. The condition you want to evaluate. Any datatype (except Binary). Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. based on the results of a condition. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. Syntax IIF( condition. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . Any datatype (except Binary). NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you omit value2. Required. value1 [. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. including another IIF expression. Optional.

1. . you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. SALARY3.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. SALARY1. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. SALARY2. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal.3333) is a decimal. the datatype of the return value is Double.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. For example. value2 if the condition is FALSE. IIF( SALES < 100. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. EMP_NAME. BONUS))). NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. IIF( SALES < 200. For example. IIF( SALES < 50.

DECODE may improve readability. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. SALARY2. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. --then return SALARY3. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. For more information. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. SALARY3. --else for sales over 199. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . SALARY1. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). SALES > 199. return BONUS) ) ).SALARY1. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. DD_REJECT. --then return SALARY2. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100.

formfeed. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Return Value String. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. the function returns Thomas. newline. For example. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. Any datatype (except Binary). INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If your data contains multibyte characters. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. You can enter any valid transformation expression.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. carriage return. tab. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function uses the default value of 1. A positive integer greater than zero. If you omit this argument. for example 'abc'. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. The default value is 1. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. If the start position is a positive number. For example. Syntax INSTR( string. For example. Passes the value you want to evaluate.start [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. If you want to search for a character string. the function uses the default value of 1. If the search value appears more than once in the string. The search value is case-sensitive. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if not. The position in the string where you want to start the search. If the start position is a negative number. INSTR searches from the first character in the string.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. The set of characters you want to search for. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. Required. If the start position is zero. counting from left to right. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be an integer value. If you pass a negative integer or zero. search_value [. The results of the expression must be a character string. If you omit this argument. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. The string must be a character string. Optional. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. counting from left to right. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. If you pass a decimal. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. Any value.

'a'. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. starting at the beginning of each company name. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. starting from the last character in the company name. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . -1. 1. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. 'a'. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. starting at the beginning of each company name.

INSTR(CUST_ID. starting from the end of the string.INSTR( CUST_NAME. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . 1. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID.-1. -1.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.' ' . The following expression evaluates a string.1.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Any datatype (except Binary). FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. Note: To test for empty strings. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. For more information. see “LENGTH” on page 115. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . use LENGTH.

if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the two format strings return the same values. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. If the strings match the format string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. which returns TRUE. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. the function returns TRUE (1).format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . However. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. the function returns FALSE (0). If you omit the format string. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. Optional. year 1900 is not a leap year. which returns false. In the first case. not the YY format string. In most cases. Must be a string datatype. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. For example. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. so there is no February 29th. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00).

‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. If it does not.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. IS_DATE 105 . the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. and converts each valid date to a date value. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. If the value is not a valid date.

the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). Therefore.Note that this example returns a Date/Time value.

A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. Passes the rows you want to evaluate.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. IS_NUMBER 107 . Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. You can enter any valid transformation expression.45E-32’ ‘+3. Must be a string datatype. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number.45e+32’ ‘+3. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).

such as TO_FLOAT.00 0.00’ ‘-3.Windows only) 0 (False .45e+3’ ‘-3.00’ ‘-3. For example.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.45d-3’ ‘3. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 0. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.45D-3’ ‘-3.00 0. 0. If the value is not a valid number.00 0. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.00 0.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True . the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.45e+3’ ‘3.00345 0. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).

For example. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . a newline. or a vertical tab. To test for an empty string. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. see “LENGTH” on page 115.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. a tab. a formfeed. a carriage return. For more information. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. use LENGTH. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Must be a string datatype. A space is a blank space.

To do this. '00000'. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .column in a target table.

For more information. Return Value Last row in a port. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). when you configure the PowerCenter Server. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. Optionally. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. FALSE. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Optional. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Note: By default. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Limits the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. However. or if no rows are selected (for example.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. LAST 111 . filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax LAST( value [.

00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.05 150.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 29.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.00 8.

You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Null If a value is NULL. Date/Time datatype. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. However. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . LAST_DAY returns NULL. Return Value Date. If there is no group by port. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. returning one result for each group. LAST_DAY ignores the row. returning one value. if all values passed from the port are NULL. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port.

You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . TO_DATE always includes time information. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00.

use IS_SPACES. The strings you want to evaluate. use ISNULL. For details. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. including trailing blanks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. For details. String datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. To test for spaces. see “ISNULL” on page 103. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. LENGTH 115 .

Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. LN(3)returns 1.098612. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value.828313737302 -0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.) Error. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. For example. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm.302585092994 4. Numeric datatype. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. It must be a positive number.04082199452026 NULL Error. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. greater than zero.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.

) Error. Required.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax LOG( base. The base of the logarithm. or 1 as a base value. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. zero.09 NULL 35. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. The exponent of the logarithm. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . LOG 117 . exponent Return Value Double value. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. Most often.) Error. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent.

However. search2. value2]. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. You can enter any valid transformation expression. value1 [.. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. Datatype that matches the value1. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1.. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. Required. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. rather than creating Lookup transformations. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table.5 compatibility in the session properties. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. Specifies the values you want to match to value. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. Any datatype (except Binary). see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. For more information. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . ) Argument result Meaning Required. Any datatype (except Binary). When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. search1. must match search1 datatype. Syntax LOOKUP( result. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. Required. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD.

ITEM.ITEM_ID. :TD. :TD.PRICE.ITEM.SALES.99 15.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values.PRICE. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.ORDERS.PRICE.SALES.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100. NULL if the search does not find any matching values. :TD. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument. RTRIM( ORDERS.ORDERS. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly. ORDERS.ORDERS.QTY) LOOKUP 119 . Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD. :TD.QTY.00 15. ORDERS. 15.ORDERS.99 15.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values.SALES.PRICE.ITEM_NAME. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. :TD. Error if the search finds more than one matching value.ITEM. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD. 10. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values.ORDERS.SALES for a specific item ID and price.

Return Value Lowercase character string. Any string value. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. If your data contains multibyte characters. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax LPAD( first_string. 6. for example 'abc'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . length [. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. RPAD returns NULL. or if length is a negative number. Required. Can be a character string. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. Must be a positive integer literal. You can enter a specific string literal. Optional.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. If you omit the second_string. however. LPAD( PART_NUM.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. This argument is case-sensitive. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. When length is a negative number. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. Can be any string value. The strings you want to change.

'... 16.**. 5.**. '*.**Compass Regulator System *. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.. If the first string is longer than the length.Flashlight *. LPAD truncates the string from right to left. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.LPAD counts the length from left to right. LPAD(‘alphabetical’.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *. For example.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions .*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME... ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. -5.

If the trim_set is NULL. however. trim_set Return Value String.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. starting with the left side of the string. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. In ASCII mode. the function returns NULL. Most often. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. Then it returns the string. 'abc'. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. LTRIM removes it. If you omit the second string. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. Any string value. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can also enter a character string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. LTRIM 123 . Passes the strings you want to modify. not 'a'. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. you would enter 'A'. character-by-character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. Syntax LTRIM( string [. LTRIM removes both single. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. with any matching characters removed. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. Any string value. for example.

for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. but not the period from H. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. Bender. 'S.’ from S. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. and so on. In the example of H. LTRIM removes it. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. For example. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. MacDonald Sawyer H. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. LTRIM removes it. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. Bender. This is because LTRIM searches. character-by-character.

MAX is one of several aggregate functions. For more information. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. or if no rows are selected (for example. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. Date/Time datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. Syntax MAX( date [. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optional. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. or NULL. Return Value Date. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only.

the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. if all values passed from the port are NULL.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. the function returns NULL. or NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. MAX returns NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. However. Limits the rows in the search. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Numeric datatype. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. However. For more information. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. MAX ignores it. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. Note: By default. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Optional. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Return Value Numeric value.

00 162. If there is no group by port.00 85.00 55.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 . ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.00 PRICE 10.00 79. returning one value. MAX treats all rows as one group.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE. returning one result for each group.00 360.

FALSE. or if no rows are selected (for example. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. For more information. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. Return Value Numeric value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. if all values passed from the port are NULL. or NULL. MEDIAN returns NULL. Numeric datatype. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. Nulls If a value is NULL.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. However. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). If you pass an entire port or group of null values. If there is an even number of values in the port. Optional. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. the function returns NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If there is an odd number of values in the port. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the median is the middle number. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. MEDIAN ignores the row. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. Optionally. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE.

or if no rows are selected (for example. Numeric datatypes. Return Value Numeric value. Limits the rows in the search. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. However. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. MIN ignores it. However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Optional. MIN (Numbers) 135 . The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If a single value is NULL. FALSE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. MIN is one of several aggregate functions.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. or NULL. For more information. the function returns NULL. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. if all values passed from the port are NULL. MIN returns NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN.

returning one result for each group.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions . returning one value.00 85.00 55. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.00 162. MIN treats all rows as one group.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 PRICE 10. If there is no group by port.00 79. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.00 360.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor.00 12.00 NULL 20. PowerCenter Server does not write row. QTY ) PRICE 10. Syntax MOD( numeric_value.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. MOD(8. The numeric value you want to divide by. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The values you want to divide. Required. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE.00 25.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. The divisor cannot be zero.00 9.5) returns 3. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. Numeric datatype.00 15. MOD 137 . For example.

IIF( QTY = 0. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero.00 NULL 20. NULL. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE.00 12.The last row (25.00 9. To avoid dividing by zero. 138 Chapter 6: Functions . QTY )) PRICE 10. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero. you can create an expression similar to the following. If the quantity is zero.00 15.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25.00 25.

you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. if all values are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Numeric datatype. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. rowset [. For example. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optional. the function returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. FALSE. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or if no rows are selected (for example. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. or NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. five rows at a time. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. Optionally. However. 5). MOVINGAVG 139 . Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. Required.

5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. and thereafter.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. based on the first five rows in the Sales port.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES. 140 Chapter 6: Functions .8 based on rows 2 through 6. 245.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. if all values are NULL. For example. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. Required. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Numeric datatype. five rows at a time. Limits the rows in the search. 5 ) Optional. rowset [. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. MOVINGSUM 141 . filter_condition Return Value Numeric value.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the function returns NULL. FALSE. Optionally. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or NULL. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero.

based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and thereafter. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. 142 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5.

filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. Note: By default. Required. See the following equation for more details. when PERCENTILE 143 . If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. Optional. percentile [. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. or NULL. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Nulls If a value is NULL. if all values in a group are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. However. or if no rows are selected (for example. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. the function returns NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can enter any valid transformation expression. inclusive. Optionally.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Integer between 0 and 100. PERCENTILE ignores the row. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FALSE. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. PERCENTILE returns NULL. Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row.

Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . If i is an integer value. If i < 1. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If there is no group by port. returning one result for each group. returning one value. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.you configure the PowerCenter Server.

000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 100000.0 85000.0 NULL 55000.0 27900.0 PERCENTILE 145 . 75.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.0 9000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 99000.0 48000. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 86000.

If the base value is negative.0 6.0 3. Numeric value. This argument is the exponent value.0 -3. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value.0 EXPONENT 2. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.0 -6. In this case. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.0 NULL -6. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.0 -3. Numeric value.0 6.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.00137174211248285 0.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .5 3.00137174211248285 729.5 NULL 10. This argument is the base value.265625 982.5 2.0 -3. the exponent must be an integer.0 5. Required. the exponent must be an integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 3.594307804838 NULL NULL 0.0 729. If the base value is negative.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838. Syntax POWER( base.0 5.

otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value. POWER 147 . If the base is negative.5.0 raised to 5.Note that -3.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. the exponent must be an integer.

for example. or NULL. REPLACECHR returns InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter one character. OldCharSet. Must be a character string. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. Required. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. an empty string. Required. InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. the function is case-sensitive. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a numeric value. NULL if InputString is NULL. Required. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. 'abc'. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. the function converts it to a character string. If InputString is NULL. The characters you want to replace. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . REPLACECHR returns NULL. If NewChar contains more than one character. If NewChar is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. the function is not case-sensitive. Must be a character string. the function converts it to a character string. Must be a character string. You can enter one or more characters. Must be an integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the string you want to search. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty.

html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘A’.html HTTP/1.1" GET /companyinfo/index. ‘"’.html HTTP/1.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. WEBLOG.html HTTP/1.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.html HTTP/1.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.1 GET /companyinfo/index. ‘]["’. WEBLOG.html HTTP/1.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.html HTTP/1.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. ‘A’. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 . CUSTOMER_CODE.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.

NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘A’. The following expression removes multiple characters. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. see “CHR” on page 68. including the single quote. INPUT. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. you must use the CHR function. CHR(39). The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘14’. INPUT.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.

see the examples. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. or NULL. You can enter one character. multiple characters. multiple characters..] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. If you pass a numeric value. an empty string. or no character. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. OldString1. OldStringN. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. the function is case-sensitive. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. REPLACESTR returns InputString. Passes the strings you want to search. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. Must be an integer. Must be a character string. etc. If InputString is NULL. If NewString is NULL or empty. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You must enter at least one OldString argument. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. REPLACESTR returns NULL. . If you pass a numeric value. InputString. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. Required. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. the function converts it to a character string. Required. the function converts it to a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. REPLACESTR 151 . You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. 'abc'. For more information. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. That is. the function is not case-sensitive. for example. Required. The string you want to replace.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. [OldString2.

InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . Ms. MRS. ‘iss’.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG.’.1’. ‘ HTTP/1. ‘rs.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index.’ ) TITLE Mrs. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. ‘bc’. ‘s. ‘GET ’. TITLE.’. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. RETURN VALUE Ms. RETURN VALUE Ms. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. Mr.1" GET /companyinfo/index. ‘"’. MRS. MRS. ‘rs. ‘ab’.’ ) TITLE Mrs.html /companyinfo/index. ‘s. Ms.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1.html /companyinfo/index. ‘iss’. Miss Mr.NULL if InputString is NULL. TITLE. INPUT.

For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. ‘ab’. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. CONCAT(CHR(39). see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. INPUT. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. CONCAT( CHR(39). Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. ‘bc’. REPLACESTR 153 . ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. ‘s’ )). CONCAT(‘it’. INPUT. you must use the CHR function.The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1.

'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. For example. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. For example. Day. For example. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. and sets the time to 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. For example. For example.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. If the month is between July and December. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. Hour. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. If the month is between January and June. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. Minute. the function returns January 1 of the input year. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). Month.

This is the portion of the date that you want to round. You can round only one portion of the date. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . the function rounds the date to the nearest day. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. If you omit the format string. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Enter a valid format string. Optional. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded.Syntax ROUND( date [. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype.

'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

-1) returns 20.99) returns 13. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. Positive or negative integer. 1) returns 15. ROUND(12. returning an integer. If you omit the precision argument. ROUND(12. For example. If you enter decimal precision.99. ROUND returns NULL. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. You can also use ROUND to round dates. For example.99. ROUND (Numbers) 157 .99. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. the function rounds to the nearest integer. truncating the decimal portion of the number. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. Optional. If you enter a positive precision. Return Value Numeric value. For example. 1) returns 13.99.0 because the function rounds 0.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places.4. If one of the arguments is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you enter a negative precision.44.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. ROUND(12. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required.8) returns 13. 0. For example. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. ROUND(12.0 and ROUND(15. Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

0 -16. 0.994 15. ROUND( PRICE.868 56.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.0 57.99 56.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.0 56.995 -18. -2 ) PRICE 13242.8678 56.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .0 1400. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.99 -108.0 -19.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200. 3 ) PRICE 12. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.0 -100.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.8 ) PRICE 12.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 -18.9936 15.99 -15.99 1435.99 56.9949 -18.

Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. For example. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. This may not be the result you expect. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. To achieve the expected result. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 .

. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. RPAD truncates the string from right to left.. Specifies the length you want each string to be.. Required... 'abc'. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. When length is a negative number. Regulator System Safety Knife.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. Any string value.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. length [.. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. appending the string '. RPAD returns NULL.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.. Any string value. 5. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if length is a negative number.. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax RPAD( first_string.. So. This argument is casesensitive. Optional. '.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight. Return Value String of the specified length. if the first string is longer than the length.. RPAD counts the length from left to right. Must be a positive integer literal. Compass.. 16. for example.. If you omit the second string.. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values.. For example. RPAD(‘alphabetical’. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. The strings you want to change... ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’.

. '*. Compass*..**.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.. 16. appending the string ‘*.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters...* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. -5.**..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .** Regulator System Safety Knife*. '.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. Passes the values you want to trim.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. starting with the right side of the string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. You can also enter a text literal. however. Optional. trim_set Return Value String. for example. If you omit the second string. character-by-character. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. RTRIM removes both single. RTRIM removes it. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. Any string value. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax RTRIM( string [. It returns the string. with any matching characters removed. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. In ASCII mode. 'abc'. Any string value.

If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. and so on. If. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. character-by-character. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. however. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. RTRIM removes it. In the last example. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. the last character in the string does not match. For example. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. This is because RTRIM searches.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. RTRIM removes it. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set.

Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Returns the new current value. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. The session is configured for a test load. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. Unless overridden. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. At the end of a successful session.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. At the end of the session. The session is a debug session. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. For details on mapping variables.

Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. decreases the count for each deleted row. The next time the session runs. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port.. Darkroom Co. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. Darkroom Co. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 .. Supply.Return Value The current value of the variable. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. It increases the count by one for each inserted row. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information.

June. MONTH to set the month. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'HH'. You can use any of the month format strings (D. You use the MI format string to set the minute. For example. September. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'SS'. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. HH24) to set the hour. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'MI'. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. 'DD'. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. MON. DDD. HH12. and DAY) to set the day. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. 'YY'. YYY. DD. YY. You use the SS format string to set the second. and November) in the value argument. Hour. For example. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Seconds. or YYYY to set the year. April. 'MONTH'. 12=12PM. Month. For example. DY. For example. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. Day. Minute. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. You can use any of the year format strings: Y.

Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH'. Date/Time datatype. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'HH24'. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . format. the session fails. You can enter any valid transformation expression. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. Required. 'HH12'. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. February 30). The date you want to modify. Required. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. If you enter an improper value (for example.

6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON'. 'YYYY'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row.MM'. 'DD'. 'YYY'. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. For example. 7). 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YY'. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 'YYYY'. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 1998). 'MM'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH'. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'Y'.

see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The session is configured for a test load. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Returns the new current value. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. The session is a debug session. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. When used with a string mapping variable. At the end of the session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . At the end of a successful session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. Unless overridden. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. For details on mapping variables.

ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. The next time the session runs. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . Required.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. For example. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. The return value is the new current value of the variable. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. it saves the largest value to the repository. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Then.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

Returns the new current value. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. At the end of the session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. When used with a string mapping variable. For details on mapping variables. The session is configured for a test load. The session is a debug session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. At the end of a successful session.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Unless overridden.

the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.00 MIN_PRICE 22.00 22.00’.00 22. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.25 24.75 25.25 22.00 24. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .75 23. The return value is the new current value of the variable. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.00 At the end of the session.00 26. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.50 22. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice. Required.00 22.50 22. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.50 22.50 27. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type.00 22. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port.50. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23.50 22.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.00 22. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. The next time the session runs.

the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions . Then.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.00 22. For example.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.50 22. it saves the smallest value to the repository.

You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. The session is configured for a test load. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. Unless overridden. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. For details on mapping variables.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. it saves a final current value to the repository. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. SETVARIABLE 175 . Returns the specified value. At the end of a successful session. Required. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. The session is a debug session.

95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session.01 97. The next time the session runs.23 699. The next time the session runs. 176 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.23 699.43 323.50 116.43 323. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.50 116. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534.01 97.Return Value Current value of the variable.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.

0 for 0.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. Return Value -1 for negative values. or 0. Passes the values you want to evaluate. NULL if NULL. Numeric value. negative. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. 1 for positive values.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive.

0871557427476639 0.939692620785936 0.50000000000003 0.309016994374967 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine. Return Value Double value. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric datatype.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.

0 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric datatype. For example: SINH( MEASURES.45 0 0.1752011936438 9.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).03225804884884 19.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 . You can enter any valid transformation expression.4178051793031 116. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Return Value Double value.897 3.376934801486 0.0 2.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.66 5.

Q. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. K. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. F. G. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. O. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. For example. I. E.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. T L M. P. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. S. For example. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. Z D. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). J. H. For example. If string encodes to less than four characters. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . and encodes it in uppercase. For example. For example. Skips numbers in string. X. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. U. V C. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. Must be a character string.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. string is empty. Return Value String. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. Passes the string value you want to encode.

If you pass a negative value or character value. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . PowerCenter Server does not write row. Positive numeric value. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. Return Value Double value. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. NULL 7.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60.

or NULL. Numeric datatypes. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. For more information. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. if all values are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. However. You can use operators to average values in different ports. Note: By default. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. However. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. STDDEV 183 . the function returns NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. STDDEV ignores it. Optional. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. FALSE. Nulls If a single value is NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. STDDEV returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

00 ) SALES 2198.88 3001.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.0 NULL 8953.0 2198.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists). Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.0 2198.0 1010. If there is no standard deviation. STDDEV treats all rows as one group.90 2256. SALES > 2000.0 2198. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .90 and 153. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010. the return value is zero.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one value. If there is no group by port.0 153.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.000. returning one result for each group.

Syntax SUBSTR( string. If the start position is a positive number.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. If the start position is a negative number. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. the function converts it to a character string. Must be an integer. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. Optional. start [. SUBSTR counts all characters. starting at the beginning of the string. The position in the string where you want to start counting. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a negative integer or zero. the function returns an empty string. If you pass a decimal. You can enter any valid transformation expression. start length Return Value String. If you pass a numeric value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Must be an integer greater than zero. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. Must be a character string. including blanks. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. Required. SUBSTR 185 . If the start position is zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. If you omit the length argument. Passes the strings you want to search.

The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 5. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . -8. 0. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 1. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port.

'#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.' ' . For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. 8) returns ‘cd’.The following expression evaluates a string. -2.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID. starting from the end of the string.1 ) . 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. INSTR(CUST_ID. SUBSTR 187 . 2. 1. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.-1. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string.1.INSTR( CUST_NAME.

You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. if all values passed from the port are NULL. However. Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FALSE. Note: By default. Optional. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Nulls If a single value is NULL. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . or if no rows are selected (for example. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. Optionally. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. or NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can use operators to add values in different ports. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Passes the values you want to add. However. Limits the rows in the search. SUM ignores it. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. For more information. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). SUM returns NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.

0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .0 1900. returning one result for each group.0 NULL 3458.0 1200. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500. If there is no group by port. SUM treats all rows as one group. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES. returning one value.0 4519.

2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).74747741945531 1.324919696232929 57.0874886635259298 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. Numeric datatype. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.19175359259435 0.577350269189672 0.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. Return Value Double value.

You can enter any valid transformation expression.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.993926947790665 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.761594155955765 0.0 2.998676551914886 0.0 0. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value. Numeric datatype.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.45 0 0. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.66 5.999963084213409 0.897 3.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function.

Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. If you omit the format string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Optional. The format string defines the format of the return value. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. Date/Time datatype.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. not the format for the values in the date argument. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Return Value String. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions .

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Optional. For example. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. If it does not. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. If you omit the format string. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if you pass a null value to this function.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. use either the RR or YY format string. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Must be a string datatype. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. Do not use the YYYY format string. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. For details on the TO_DATE format string. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Date. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. see “Requirements” on page 44.

NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. If you run a session in the twentieth century. If you run a session in the twentieth century. the century will be 19. TO_DATE 199 . If you pass a string that does not have a time value. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. PowerCenter Server skips this row. the century will be 19.

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions .

For example: DECODE( TRUE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ).‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if true.‘MON DD YYYY’). ‘MM’ ). convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. if true. if true. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test third format. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MON DD YYYY’). ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 .If your target accepts different date formats. you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). --test second format. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month.

inclusive. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions .TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28.6789' '60.200 118. Optional. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Must be a string or numeric datatype.2' '118. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. inclusive.679 60. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX.348' NULL 'A12. If you omit this argument. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required.

Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).2 118. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.2' '118.6789 60.6789' '60. Return Value Double value. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces. Passes the values you want to convert to double values.348' NULL 'A12. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a string or numeric datatype.

NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces.6789' '60. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. The flag must be an integer literal.6789’ ‘-15. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required.3Grove' ‘ 123. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15.2' '118.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. or if you omit this argument.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. String or numeric datatype. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer.348' NULL 'A12. Optional.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15.

87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.348' NULL 'A12.6789' '60.3Grove' ‘ 123.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 . FALSE) IN_TAX '15.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.6789’ ‘-15.2' '118.

'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. For example. Hour. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. If you truncate the year portion of the date.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. Minute. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. If you truncate the day portion of a date. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. Optional. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. day. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. Enter a valid format string. Month. month. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. For example. If you omit the format string. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. The format string is not case-sensitive. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. If you truncate the month portion of a date. Day. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. or minute. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. For example. Date/Time datatype. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. For example.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. hour. setting it to 00:00:00. The date values you want to truncate. the function truncates the time portion of the date. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46.

'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

Optional. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. If you pass a decimal precision value. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. Passes the values you want to truncate. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. If precision is a negative integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. Numeric datatype. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Return Value Numeric value. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. If you omit the precision argument. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Can be a positive or negative integer. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. precision If precision is a positive integer.

9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 -18.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.0 56.0 -18.956 15.99 56.9563 15.0 50.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.86 56.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.9995 -18.865 56.999 -18. -1 ) PRICE 12.95 1235.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.0 15.0 -180.95 15. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 1230.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .8652 56.99 -187.

Return Value Uppercase string. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. String datatype. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. If your data contains multibyte characters. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 .UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

or if no rows are selected (for example. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatype. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . or NULL. FALSE. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. If n is 1. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Optional. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. the variance is 0. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Return Value Double value. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype.

Note: By default. returning one value. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If there is not a group by port. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.Nulls If a single value is NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. returning one value. However. VARIANCE returns NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. VARIANCE ignores it. the function returns NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . If there is no group by port.0 NULL 8953.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. However. or if no rows are selected. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group.0 3001. if all values passed to the function are NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.0 2256.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

see “Functions” on page 49. 223 Scientific Functions. 226 Test Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 225 Special Functions. 215 . ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 216 Character Functions. 228 For details on each function. 227 Variable Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. 217 Conversion Functions. 220 Date Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions.

Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the variance of all records in a group. Returns the sum of all records in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Returns the first record in a group. Returns the last record in a group. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. or latest date. Available in the Designer. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. Available in the Designer. found in a group. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Returns the minimum value. Available in the Designer. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Returns the maximum value. found in a group. Returns the standard deviation for a group. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. in a group. percentile [. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the number of records with non-null value. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. or earliest date. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

it will still work correctly. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. OldCharSet. Returns the number of characters in a string. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. length [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. Concatenates two strings. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. search_value [. including trailing blanks. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. In Unicode mode. In ASCII mode. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. to set a string to a specified length. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. start [. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. however. Returns the position of a character set in a string.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string.

start [.. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. OldString1. length [. or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. multiple characters. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. .Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a portion of a string. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. OldStringN. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string.

Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.

counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. search_value [. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. OldStringN. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). multiple characters. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces.. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldString1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or no character. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Returns a portion of a string. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. [OldString2. .

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 .Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Truncates dates to a specific year. date2. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. day. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. hour. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Rounds one part of a date. filter_condition ) MIN( date.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer. format. Returns the length of time between two dates. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. hours. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. minutes. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. value ) TRUNC( date [. or seconds). Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. Returns the latest date found in a group. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the earliest date found in a group. days. Available in the Designer. measured in the specified increment (years. or minute. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. months. month.

filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [.71828183. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. or 0. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. recordset [. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. recordset [. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. where e=2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. negative. Available in the Designer. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Scientific Functions 225 . Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer. value1 [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Searches a port for the specified value. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. value2 [. second_result ]…[. Returns one of two values you specify. search2. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. Available in the Designer. based on the results of a condition. first_search. first_result [.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. search1. second_search. IIF IIF( condition. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. Available in the Designer.

Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Test Functions 227 .Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. Returns the specified value. Available in the Designer. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify.

211 229 . 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 120.Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18.

68 capitalization 99. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 180 removing from strings 123. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index .case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 68. 120. 160 ASCII characters 63.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 226 test 56. 220 date 54. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 223 scientific 55. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 217 conversion 53. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 219 data cleansing 53. 216 categories 50 character 52. 225 special 55.

Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 .

5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index . 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116. 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.null values aggregate functions 18.

return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .

120. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .