Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . 182 STDDEV . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. 5-5. . . . . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . .. .. . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . . . 23 . . . .. . .... . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . .. . . . . . . 39 . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . 6-2. . . . 26 . 22 . 28 . .. . . . . . . . . . . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . .. TO_CHAR Format Strings. . .. . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . . .. . . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . .. ... . . . . .. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions .. . .. . . . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . . .. .. . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . . 5-1.. . . . Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . 36 .. . . . RR Format String Conversions . ... METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines .. . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . . . . . .. . . ... . ... . ... . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . 3-4. . . 18 . . . . . . ... . . . . . .. . . . .. . .. .. 3-3. .. . .. . 3-2. . . . . .. . . ... . . . . . . .. 4-1.. . . . . . . 6-1. . . . . 5-2.. . 40 . . . . . . . .. . . . . 5-4. . . .. . 5-3. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . . . . . . . . 39 . . 5-6.. . .. .. . . . . . 36 . . . .. . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . .. . . 25 .. 2-1. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 6 . . . 3-1. . . ..

x List of Tables .

Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. and information hubs. loading. usable. and support high-speed loads. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. data synchronization. handle complex transformations on the data. data migration. xi . scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. and managing data. transforming. and efficient manner. including extracting. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter.

and workflows generated when you create a data profile. 7. JEF-kana. session. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. You can define default mapping. sessions. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. pmcmd. and workflow prefixes. You can view a profile from a random sample of data.1. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. a specified percentage of data. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. Define mapping. Profile mapping display in the Designer. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows.1. and 7. and MELCOM-kana. session. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. such as JIPSEkana. Flat file partitioning. Verbose data enhancements. Domain Inference function tuning. When you use a local parameter file. PowerCenter 7.0. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source.1. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. the rows that meet the business rule. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program.1. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. Session enhancement. Row Uniqueness function.1. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results.1. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. xii Preface .

If the file exists. Reserved word support. you can connect to IBM. reswords. it searches for reswords. JPEG. you can create and maintain a file. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. You can attach document types such as XML. Oracle.♦ SuSE Linux support. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. targets. ♦ SuSE Linux support. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. you can connect to IBM. If any source. Oracle. On SuSE Linux. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. and repositories using native drivers. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. log. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. containing reserved words. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. and Sybase repositories. Depending on the loader you use. DB2. you can now override the control file. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. DB2. You do not need to know a database user name and password. Preface xiii . ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux.txt. GIF. On SuSE Linux.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. such as Business Objects Designer. you can also override the error. and Sybase sources. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. or PDF. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. When you export metadata. Teradata external loader. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. target.

You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. PowerCenter 7. targets. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. and Transformation Guide.0 Web Services Hub Guide.♦ Pipeline partitioning. Creating auto profile enhancements. Prepackaged domains. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. connectivity. and options. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. Aggregator function in auto profiles. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. XML User Guide. Workflow Administration Guide. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. Informatica provides licenses for product. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide.1. and partitions in the session. It also includes information from the version 7. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. You can also pivot the view row.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. Source View in the Profile Manager. You store xiv Preface . resize columns in a report.

the license keys in a license key file. and the command line program. This improves processing performance for most sessions. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. or enable a repository. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. back up. modify. pmlic. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. and restore repositories. Partitioning enhancements. MX views. the PowerCenter Server Setup. upgrade. disable. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. You can use pmrep to back up. You can choose to skip MX data. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. You can also use pmrep to create. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. and delete a folder. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. If you have the Partitioning option. delete a relational connection from a repository. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. Object import and export enhancements. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. delete repository details. Increased repository performance. or restore a repository. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository.1 MX views in its schema. pmrep. and deploy group history. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. truncate log files. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. workflow and session log history. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support.

You can also extract data from messaging systems. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. Union transformation. or a collection of all older versions of objects. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. The quality of printed workspace has improved. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. You can now perform lookups on flat files. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. such as data stored in a CLOB column. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. The query can return local objects that are checked out. Midstream XML transformations. Also. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. Web Services Hub. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. Enhanced printing. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. the latest version of checked in objects. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. Custom transformation API enhancements. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. ♦ xvi Preface . You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline.

You can remove the Navigator and Output window. and define relationships between views. Synchronizing XML definitions. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. XML workspace. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. You can also extract data from messaging systems. or schema files. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. For more informations. It displays folders alphabetically. XML files. targets. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. Additional options for XML definitions. In a view with hierarchy relationships. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. You can create views. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. including relational sources or targets. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. add or delete columns from views.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. Midstream XML transformations. DTD files. When you create views with entity relationships. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. When you import XML definitions.

you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. PowerCenter now supports XML files. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. For example. DTD files. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. and evaluate join criteria. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms.0. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. After you create a profiling warehouse. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. detect data patterns. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. suggest candidate keys. Increased performance for large XML targets. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. you can determine implicit data type.♦ Support for circular references. and XML schemas that use circular definitions.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . User-defined commits. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary.” Upgrading metadata. Support for multiple XML output files. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. − − PowerCenter 7. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. Installation and Configuration Guide. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX.

It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. and warehouse growth. If you purchase the Server Grid option. Distributed processing.1. session errors. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. When using external loaders on UNIX. External loading enhancements. You can create a control file containing installation information. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. mappings. Functions ♦ Soundex. In a server grid. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. such as workflows.0 metadata. Metaphone. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. server load. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. Row error logging. Metadata analysis. you can now choose to load from staged files. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. including session load time. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. The Metaphone function encodes string values. session completion status. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. source and target tables. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). worklets. and transformations. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z).objects impacted by the upgrade process. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. When using external loaders on Windows. you can now choose to load from a named pipe.

♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. exporting. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. You can also use pmrep to run queries. pmrep commands. groups. or update. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. Concurrent processing. Real time processing enhancements. You can choose to insert. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. such as copy object. The repository maintains a status for each user. or delete data. If you use LDAP. delete. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. update. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. and change object status. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. maintain labels. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. importing. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. When you log in to the repository. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. deploying. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. Audit trail. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. such as the Aggregator transformation. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface .♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. checking in. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. When you select data driven loading. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. You can track changes to repository users. Additionally. Trusted connections. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. upsert. privileges. Use Repository Manager privilege. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. and listing objects. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status.

Deployment.audit trail log contains information. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. such as changes to folder properties. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. worklets. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. you can purge it from the repository. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. sessions. Compare objects. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. When you create a Custom transformation template. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. adding or removing a user or group. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. You can specify the icons used for transformation. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. Check out and check in versioned objects. and adding or removing privileges. If you want to permanently remove an object version. track changes. You can also compare different versions of the same object. You can compare tasks. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. Delete or purge a version. the colors. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. control development on the object. Unlike copying a folder. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. ♦ Joiner transformation. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality.

Labels. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. Comparing objects. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. When you process an XML file or stream. You can save queries for later use. Within the Designer. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. ♦ xxii Preface . XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository.♦ Deployment groups. to other folders. You can copy objects within folders. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. format your XML file output for increased readability. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. Queries. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. Track changes to an object. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. increase performance for large XML files. improve query results. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. declare multiple namespaces. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. Increased performance for large XML files. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. You can make a private query. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. XPath support. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. XML target enhancements. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. and to different repositories. or you can share it with all users in the repository. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version.

The Designer propagates ports. When you do this. Enhanced partitioning interface. targets. mapplets. You can validate sessions. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. and worklets. Validate multiple objects. View dependencies.♦ Change propagation. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . Enhanced validation messages. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. mappings. Revert to saved. mappings. When you edit a port in a mapping. In the Workflow Manager. or workflows. such as sources. Refresh session mappings. expressions. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. workflows. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. you can refresh a session mapping.

Designer Guide. folders. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Transformation Language Reference. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. extract data from JMS messages. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. build mappings. Transformation Guide. Web Services Provider Guide. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Getting Started. including details on environment variables and database connections. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Workflow Administration Guide. users. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Repository Guide.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. Troubleshooting Guide. Installation and Configuration Guide. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. and permissions and privileges. and Metadata Web Services. and load data into JMS messages. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. and transformations. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. Includes information to help you create mappings. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. mapplets. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. XML User Guide. and relational or other XML definitions. XSD. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Batch Web Services. or DTD files. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. groups.

Emphasized subjects. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. The material in this book is available for online use. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. This is a code example. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. The following paragraph provides additional facts. relational database concepts. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. unless you follow the specified procedure.

com.com. go to http://my. its background.informatica. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. detailed descriptions of specific features.informatica. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. The site contains information about Informatica.com xxvi Preface . You will also find product information.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. and locating your closest sales office. as well as literature and partner information. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS).informatica. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. Informatica Webzine. To register for an account.informatica. user group information. the Informatica Webzine. and access to the Informatica user community. If you have any questions. and implementation services. training and education. The site contains product information. please email webzine@informatica. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. newsletters. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet.com. the Informatica Knowledgebase. This journal provides solutions to common tasks. upcoming events.com. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses.

(GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. Redwood City. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.5800 Fax: 650. .m. CA 94063 Phone: 866. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a. You can request a user name and password at http://my.5:30 p.9489 Hours: 6 a.385.m.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a.213. market.5:30 p. (local time) Preface xxvii .m. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a. .m.The site contains information on how to create. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. . .m.m.m.5 p.com. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.informatica. .m. White Waltham Maidenhead.m.m.m. .m.m. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.m. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.563.6332 or 650.m. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.6 p.5:30 p. WebSupport requires a user name and password.5:30 p. .5 p. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.5:30 p. .m.

xxviii Preface .

1 . 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 9 Reserved Words. 2 Expression Syntax. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions.

Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. Local and system variables. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. and External Procedure transformations. such as TRUE. You can also create local variables in transformations. such as the system date. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. Return values. Workflow variables.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. Operators. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . or compare data. For more information. Stored Procedure. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. such as a state sales tax rate. Constants. Mapping parameters and variables. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For details. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. combine data.

When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. For example. such as 10. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. Then. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. For example. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. such as ORDERS. For example. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. or a numeric literal. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. You can create an expression as simple as a port. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. during a workflow. not byte-oriented. “>>>>”. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page.

string. not the number of bytes. The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

or a numeric literal (such as 10).Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. variable) String literals. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). it is not exactly like SQL. input/output. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. On the other hand. For example.Status). or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . but the transformation language does not. while SQL does not.

ITEM_ID. 15..SALES. The general syntax is: :EXT.PRICE. :TD. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1. argument2.ITEM_NAME. argument2. The general syntax is: :SEQ.source_table. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3.external_procedure_transformation(argument1. The general syntax is: :SD. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3. [. For example.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation.. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.. .stored_procedure_transformation( argument1.sequence_generator_transformation. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote.SALES.. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation.5 expressions only). 10. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation.5 LOOKUP function. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . The general syntax is: :LKP. The general syntax is: :SP.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. . :TD.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks.SALES.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. argument2.lookup_transformation(argument1.

the transformation language is not case-sensitive. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. create separate Aggregator transformations. For example. The colon (:). Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. Just type the number you want to include. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. mapping parameters and variables. and period (.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. Stored Procedure transformation.). the expression 123. For details on workflow variables. Except for literals. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. For example. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. External Procedure transformation. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. variable. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . or the results of another expression. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. literal string or number. local and system variables.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. not a string. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. Lookup transformation. For example: . enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. ‘1’.4 = ‘123. You cannot add an integer and a string. If you pass a literal value to a function. comma (. For example. as the start position. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. Except for literals. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. functions. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes.

which allow only one nested aggregate function). do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. If you do not want to embed comments. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 .Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. as in: -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. if you want to concatenate two strings.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. For example. since the last line is not a valid expression. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor.

and system variables. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. are reserved for specific functions. such as constants. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. operators. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

17 TRUE. 13 DD_REJECT. 12 DD_INSERT. 14 DD_UPDATE. 16 NULL. 19 11 . 15 FALSE.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE.

When you run a workflow. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. 2. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_DELETE. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE.

When you run a workflow. Using DATE_DIFF. If the result is 2 or less. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson.DD_REJECT. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. ORDERS. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT.NAME = 'Alex'.DATE_SHIPPED. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_INSERT. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. the expression flags the records for rejection. 0 ) > 2. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . returning the difference between the two dates. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson.NAME = 'Alex'. 0. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. 'DD' ). If the result is greater than 2. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0.

This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS.SALES > 0. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. DD_REJECT. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. When you run a workflow. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. 0. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. If you flag a record as reject. so it includes only positive values. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. DD_INSERT. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ).SALES > 0. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table.

0 ) > 2. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. When you run a workflow. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. The mapping loads sales for one employee. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. ORDERS. If the result is greater than 2. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. DD_REJECT. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. 1. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. If the result is 2 or less. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE.DATE_SHIPPED. the expression flags the records for rejection.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression.NAME = 'Alex'. 'DD' ). it flags the records for update. Using DATE_DIFF. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_UPDATE. otherwise.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. returning the difference between the two dates.

'Variable 2 was 49!'. Var1 = 22. Var1 < 23. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants .'.'.'Variable 1 was 22!'.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Var2 > 30. Var2 = 49. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.

Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. <>. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. >. <= For example. <. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. Therefore. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. see “Functions” on page 49. ^=. >=. However. For example. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. or it might ignore null values. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. If you pass a null value to a function. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. For more information. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). !=. For details on how each function handles null values. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. it might return zero or NULL. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. Functions can handle nulls differently.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined.

Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. use the ISNULL function. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . which returns zero). the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions.NULL To test for nulls. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. However. For example. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. and MOVINGSUM. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. as well as CUME. the function does not select the record. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. the function returns NULL. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. MOVINGAVG. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.

'. 'Variables were out of desired ranges.'.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Var1 = 22. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Var2 = 49.') TRUE 19 . This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var1 < 23.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var2 > 30.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

24 Comparison Operators. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 25 Logical Operators. 23 String Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators. 26 21 .

Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. not equal to. !=. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. The logical NOT operator. division. used when specifying conditions. *. 4. When expressions contain parentheses. used when specifying conditions. Addition. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. modulus. not equal to.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . depending on how you nest the operations. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. >. || <. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. <>. % +. greater than. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. Table 3-1. <=. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. 2. Multiplication. 3. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. Equal to. >= =.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . The logical AND operator. /. less than or equal to. For example. the equation 8 + 5 . not equal to. Concatenate. Unary plus and minus. subtraction. Less than. greater than or equal to. The logical OR operator.

division. subtraction. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. *. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. To perform arithmetic on date values. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. Multiplication. /. modulus.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. To concatenate strings. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. Unary minus indicates a negative value. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. The expression 1. Arithmetic Operators 23 . For example. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. the function returns NULL. % +. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. Addition. Meaning Unary plus and minus. For example. use the string operator ||. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. For further information on built-in date functions. use the date functions. Unary plus indicates a positive value.

24 Chapter 3: Operators . the || operator returns NULL.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. However. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. however. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. The || operator. produces the same results in less time. if both values are NULL.

You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. Not equal to. Not equal to. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. the expression 123. Greater than or equal to. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. The expressions 123. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. Greater than. When you use comparison operators in an expression.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. If you compare a value to a null value. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. manipulate data. see “Dates” on page 33. Not equal to. Less than. For example. Comparison Operators 25 . Less than or equal to.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. the operands must be the same datatype. the result is NULL. For information on how to compare dates.

the operator NOT returns FALSE. and NULL for NULL. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. For example. NOT returns TRUE.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. For example. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. FALSE for zero. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators .

Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 32 27 . 31 Local Variables. 28 Transaction Control Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

34 Date Format Strings. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 47 33 . 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic.

and 9999 A. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only.D. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. With the date functions you can round. Date format strings. Date functions accept date/time values only. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. extract one part of a date. Modified Julian Day. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. truncate. TO_DATE. see “Variables” on page 27.D. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . Converts a string to a date. Tests whether a string represents a date. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. For example. To pass a string to a date function. TO_CHAR format strings. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. Converts a date to a string. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. Julian Day. Use to specify the format of the return string. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. ‘MM’. For details on built-in variables. ‘MM/DD/RR’). or compare dates. or perform arithmetic on a date. TO_CHAR.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates.

Overview 35 . and are not supported in PowerCenter. nor with Modified Julian Day. By definition. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. For example. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. For example. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE.D. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. and 9999 A. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.D. The J format string does not convert this time component.

the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. Current Year Between 50 and 99. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. In TO_DATE expressions. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. RR and YY produce different results. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. If the source string year is between 50 and 99.

MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. or it is an invalid date. If the string is in the default date format. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. Dates in Relational Databases In general. Use TO_CHAR(date. and even between applications. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. and seconds. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. The date includes the month. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. If you want to pass a string to a date function. Although date formats vary from database to database. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. If an input value does not match this format. minutes. while the time might include the hours. If you omit the format string. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. day. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. and year. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS.Table 5-2. If you specify a format string. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond.

♦ Use TO_DATE(date. Month (January = 01. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. If you specify a format string. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. For example. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. 1:00:00AM = 1. If you omit the format string. 12:00:00PM = 12. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. 12:00:00AM = 0. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format.

you can use HH. YY. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. YYYY. For example. YYY. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. YYY.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM.) Month (01-12). Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). Date Format Strings 39 . or YYYY to specify 1997. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. MONTH SS. YY. HH12. Specify the part of the date you want to return. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. For example. For example. DD. Seconds (0-59). Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. DY. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. MON. MON. SSSS Y. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. Minutes (0-59. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. HH24 MI MM. For example. HH. you can use Y. Specify the part of the date you want to change. DDD. or MONTH to specify APR. HH12. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. J Description Days (01-31). you can use any of these format strings specify 12. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). DAY. Specify the part of the date you want to round. you can use MM. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. Hour of day (0-23).

Day of month (01-31). including up to nine characters (for example. Name of day. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM.M. Quarter of year (1-4). where 00 is 12AM (midnight). ‘RR’ produces the same results as. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year.. AM and PM return the same values as do A. January). For example.M. and P.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. TO_CHAR returns 97. A.M.’ However. Hour of day (01-12). P. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. where January to March equals 1. Minutes (00-59). Jan). You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. Last two digits of a year. including up to nine characters (for example. when used with TO_DATE. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. ‘YY. PM. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. calculated from Jan 1. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. Day of year (001-366. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. When used with TO_CHAR. Modified Julian Day. Wednesday). Seconds (00-59). and is interchangeable with. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. changing the format for reporting purposes. Month (01-12). For example. It ignores the time component of the date. Day of week (1-7). where Sunday equals 1. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. Name of month. Hour of day (00-23). including leap years). The function removes the leading digits.M. Wed). TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. 4713 00:00:00 BC.

The function removes the leading digits. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. Last digit of a year. The function removes the leading digits. Text that displays in the output. For example. For example. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. SSSSS. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. TO_CHAR returns 7.YYYY' ). You might use these symbols to separate date parts. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. 'MM. TO_CHAR returns 1997. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Punctuation that displays in the output. For example. RR. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. For example. Week of year (01-53). the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. for example D””DDD. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. See the individual functions for more examples.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings.86399). if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. The function removes the leading digits. For example. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. For example. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Entire year portion of date. Week of month (1-5). and so on. For example. TO_CHAR returns 997. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. and YY format strings. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. For example. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES.Table 5-5.. Last three digits of a year. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression.DD. TO_CHAR returns 97. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . Last two digits of a year. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page.

'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. For example. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions.

including leap years). When you create a TO_DATE expression. p. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. the function returns FALSE (0). If you omit the format string. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. Hour of day (0-23). and p. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. where zero is 12AM (midnight).m.m. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. the function returns TRUE (1). HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. Wednesday). the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Name of day. AM and PM return the same values as do a. a. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. Wed).m. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. Day of year (001-366. PM. Day of month (1-31). Hour of day (1-12). IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. if any parts do not match. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. including up to nine characters (for example..TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. DD DDD DAY DY HH. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. Minutes (0-59).m.

Case does not matter. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value.Current Year Between 0 and 49. It ignores the time component of the source string. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. Use when source strings include two-digit years. If it does not. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. For example. . Seconds (0-59). 2034). the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. Seconds since midnight. August). Month (1-12). For example. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. including up to nine characters (for example. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Modified Julian Day. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. . Four digits of a year. 1998. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. For example. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. representing May 12. Aug). If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. 2020. Use the RR or YY format string instead.Table 5-6. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. to TO_DATE. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. Convert strings in MJD format to date values.Current Year Between 50 and 99. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . Case does not matter. Name of month. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’.

the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. The format string is not case-sensitive. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. Example The following examples illustrate the J. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks.format string. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. and SSSSS format strings. For example. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. Tip: By default. See the individual functions for more examples. Likewise. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR.

‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . while YY returns the year 1905. RR returns the year 2005.TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. 1. SET_DATE_PART. Change one part of a date. Subtract two dates. 31. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. 9999 23:59:59 AD.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. DATE_DIFF. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . Add or subtract a specific portion of a date.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. 49 . in alphabetical order.

Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions .Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function.

You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. and returns four values. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. evaluates the AVG expression. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Function Categories 51 . The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result.

TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. the function returns zero. FALSE.35 to 0) for the filter condition. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. If the value rounds to zero. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. If you pass an entire port of null values. If you do not want to round up a value. 0. By default. as well as to CUME. or NULL. 1. MOVINGAVG. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. For example. For example. and MOVINGSUM. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. the function selects all rows in the port. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. 1.2 to 1.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. the filter condition returns FALSE. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row.5 to 2.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. the function returns NULL.

Trim string values. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. MIN. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . LOWER.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. Replace characters in a string. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. Encode strings. UPPER. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. Convert the datatype of an input value.

you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. or compare dates. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. Date format strings are not internationalized. or perform arithmetic on a date. truncate. if you want to pass a string to a date function. 54 Chapter 6: Functions .♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. extract one part of a date. see “Dates” on page 33. However. For a complete list of date format strings.

Therefore. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . if you pass a date with milliseconds.

it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. and Update Strategy transformations. You can nest other functions within special functions. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. you use special functions in Expression. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. At the end of the session. Then at the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. Filter. When you run a workflow. Unless overridden. For example. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value.

For more information on mapping variables. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results.process that pipeline. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. Function Categories 57 . see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions.

If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. Return Value NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. assign ABORT as the default value. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. String. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. For more information on the Abort command. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. The string can be any length. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. including ERROR function calls within an expression. it stops transforming data at that row. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. You can use ABORT to validate data. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. Generally. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point.

regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE .95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. If you pass a Double. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.95 59. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. Numeric datatype. it returns a Double. You can enter any valid transformation expression. it returns an Integer. if you pass an Integer. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. Return Value Positive numeric value. Likewise. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. You can use any of the day format strings: D. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Day. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'HH'. 'MONTH'. HH24. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Seconds. Month. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Minute. DD. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. DY.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. 'SS'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. 'DD'. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Hour. MONTH. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. For example. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. YY. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 'MI'. MON. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. HH12. For example. You use the MI format string to set the minute. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. and DAY. 'YY'. You use the SS format string to set the second. For example. For example. or YYYY. DDD. For example. YYY.

Required. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Also note. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. for example. Passes the values you want to change. days. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. format. 'MM'. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. An integer value specifying the amount of years. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. months. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. and so on by which you want to change the date value. Date/Time datatype. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'mm'.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. 'MON'. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Required. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. 'MONTH'. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. hours.

The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. 'DY'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. 'DD'. 'DDD'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12'. 'HH24'. 'D'. which you specify. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. you need to change the hour portion of the date. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. 'HH'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. For example. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month.

Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. before you pass any string value to ASCII. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. they will still work correctly. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Normally. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. For example. however. If you pass a numeric value. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. ASCII 63 . you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Integer. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function.535. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. it will still work correctly. However. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. Character string. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. If you currently use ASCII in expressions.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. If you pass a numeric value. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. Normally. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions.535. For example. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. A string containing one character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. NULL if both string values are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. CONCAT returns NULL. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. If both strings are NULL. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. Return Value String. Alternatively.

's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. If you want to add a space between two strings. CONCAT( CHR(39). For example. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. ' ' ).

0 0. For example. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine. Numeric datatype.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.342020143325593 0.951056516295147 0.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine.866025403784421 0. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.996194698091745 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Double value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 0.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions .

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric datatype. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.66 5. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.897 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 1.45 0 0.381231106176 1.0874465864177 19.4435376920294 116. Return Value Double value.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 . Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.0 2.54308063481524 9. For example: COSH( MEASURES.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. Syntax COUNT( value [. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. FALSE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. For more information. If you apply the asterisk argument. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . Any datatype (except Binary). Alternative. this function counts all rows. However. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Return Value Integer. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns 0. this function ignores columns with null values. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. Use to count all rows in a transformation. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. If you apply the value argument. Optionally. Passes the values you want to count. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. Limits the rows in the search. Note: By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If all values are NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. the function returns NULL. Optional.

Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 .PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. returning one value. returning one result for each group. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. including null values. The function counts all rows in a transformation. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item.

the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . but do not use a filter.In this example. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. If you include the asterisk argument.

the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optional. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. Numeric datatype. Nulls If a value is NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. if all values in the selected port are NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. CUME 79 . Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. CUME returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. However. or NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. FALSE.

you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise.

and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. The first date you want to compare. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. 0 if the two dates are equal. Required.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. Date/Time datatype. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. The second date you want to compare. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . 1 if the second date is earlier. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. Date/Time datatype.

DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. Return Value Double value. days. minutes. 'Mm' or 'mM'. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. the return value is a negative number. hours. hours. months. such as 'mm'. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. or seconds. The format string is not case-sensitive. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. You can specify only one part of the date. or seconds. Date/Time datatype. days. For example. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. You can specify years. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. If date1 is earlier than date2. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. Date/Time datatype. date2. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. If date1 is later than date2. the return value is a positive number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. minutes. You can request the format to be years. months. Zero if the dates are the same.

'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.5 87. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100.0 2100. DATE_SHIPPED.5 10. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812.0 255.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 2. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions .243279569892366 0. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.91935483870839 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9.243279569892366 0. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. it returns a result value. second_result]. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. If you enter 'Halogen'.. Any datatype (except Binary). DECODE 85 . second_search. first_result [. first_search. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. Passes the values you want to search. Optional. Passes the values for which you want to search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Even if multiple conditions are met.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. not just 'Halogen'. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. which you define. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the function finds the value. the search does not find a matching value. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. Syntax DECODE( value. The search value must match the value argument exactly. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. you may not search for a portion of a value. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Any datatype (except Binary).[. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value.

The first result is an Integer. ‘3.141592654. 'Tank'. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. ‘Archimedes’. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. For example. ‘Pythagoras’. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . 10. 5.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision.141592654’. if at least one result is Double.414213562. ‘Pythagoras’.414213562’.141592654. For example. 5. 40. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 3. 3. 20. ‘1. 'Knife'.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. 1. ‘Archimedes’. 'Flashlight'. 1. When you run a session in high precision mode. 'Regulator'.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. the datatype of the return value is Double. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. ‘Pi’. 3. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. 14. ‘Pi’. and the other results are Decimal. and 3.414213562.

Var2 > 30. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. DECODE 87 . DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. Variable 2 was more than 30. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Also. Var2 = 49. was 49!'. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. was less than 23. was more than 30. Var1 = 22.'.'. Var1 < 23. desired ranges. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID.

and it does not log an error in the session log. For example. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. assign ERROR as the default value. The string can be any length. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. which you define. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. String value. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. The error message displays in the session log file. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. 88 Chapter 6: Functions .ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. including ERROR function calls within an expression. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. It does not skip the row. and you assign the default value. ‘1234’. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. Generally. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. you use the ERROR function in an expression. Return Value String value. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. For details about using default values. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. to the output port. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error.

Row skipped. but skip negative values. Negative salary found. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. Negative salary found.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company.'. ERROR ('Error. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. Row skipped. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 .

4657948067 0. For example. Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data. EXP(2) returns 7.38905609893065.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. where e=2. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. Numeric datatype.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. (The exponent in the equation e^value).71828183. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. rather than business data. The value to which you want to raise e. Return Value Double value.135335283236613 5166.

FIRST is one of several aggregate functions.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. Optionally. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Return Value First value in a group. FIRST ignores the row. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. or NULL. FIRST returns NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Limits the rows in the search. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. However. FALSE. FIRST 91 . The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. However. For more information. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Note: By default. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. Syntax FIRST( value [. Any datatype (except Binary). You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Nulls If a value is NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Optional. the function returns NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example.

Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 29.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 88.00 8.05 150. returning one value.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.00 31. If there is no group by port. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35. returning one result for each group.00 31. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 88. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.05 150.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 29. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 8.

Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. if you pass 3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28.79 125. the function returns 3.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. Likewise. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . the function returns -4.14 to FLOOR. Numeric datatype. the function returns 3.12 74. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28.17 to FLOOR. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. For example. For example.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. if you pass -3. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. If you pass 3.24 NULL -100.98 to FLOOR.

Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 'mm'. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. For example. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. for example. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. 'YYY'.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Required. the format strings 'Y'. 'YY'. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. Date/Time datatype. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Therefore.

'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . Any datatype (except Binary). Syntax IIF( condition. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. The condition you want to evaluate. value1 [. based on the results of a condition. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. If you omit value2. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. including another IIF expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. For example. including another IIF expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. Any datatype (except Binary). Empty string if value1 is a String datatype.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype.

SALARY2. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. For example. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. IIF( SALES < 50. the datatype of the return value is Double. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. IIF( SALES < 200. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. For example. 1. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. value2 if the condition is FALSE.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. EMP_NAME. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. . The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. SALARY3. IIF( SALES < 100. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50.3333) is a decimal. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . SALARY1. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. BONUS))). you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100.

--else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. SALARY1. DECODE may improve readability. --else for sales over 199. --then return SALARY3. DD_REJECT. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. SALARY3. --then return SALARY2.SALARY1. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. SALES > 199. return BONUS) ) ). SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. For more information. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. SALARY2.

INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. For example. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. the function returns Thomas. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Return Value String. formfeed. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. carriage return. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Any datatype (except Binary). newline. If your data contains multibyte characters. tab.

If you omit this argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is a negative number. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. the function uses the default value of 1. If you omit this argument. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. Optional. If you want to search for a character string. The search value is case-sensitive. If the search value appears more than once in the string. Must be an integer value. Passes the value you want to evaluate. The position in the string where you want to start the search. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. Syntax INSTR( string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. The set of characters you want to search for. If the start position is zero. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. The default value is 1. If the start position is a positive number. If you pass a decimal. counting from left to right. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. search_value [. The string must be a character string. for example 'abc'. the function uses the default value of 1. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. For example. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. The results of the expression must be a character string. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. counting from left to right. If you pass a negative integer or zero. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. A positive integer greater than zero. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required.start [. if not. Any value. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. Required.

2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. starting at the beginning of each company name. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 'a'. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. starting at the beginning of each company name. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. 'a'. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. starting from the last character in the company name. 1.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. -1. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive.

-1. INSTR(CUST_ID. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. -1. starting from the end of the string.INSTR( CUST_NAME.' ' .1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions .1. INSTR(CUST_ID. The following expression evaluates a string. 1.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks.

Any datatype (except Binary). ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. see “LENGTH” on page 115. Note: To test for empty strings.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information. use LENGTH. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL.

the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. If you omit the format string. For example. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. In the first case. year 1900 is not a leap year. the function returns FALSE (0). use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). not the YY format string. However. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. the function returns TRUE (1). the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. so there is no February 29th. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. If the strings match the format string. which returns TRUE. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. Must be a string datatype.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. Optional. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. In most cases. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. For example. which returns false. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. the two format strings return the same values. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00).

Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. If it does not. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. and converts each valid date to a date value. If the value is not a valid date. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. IS_DATE 105 . IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE.

Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). Therefore. ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE.

Must be a string datatype. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number.45e+32’ ‘+3.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-). A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. IS_NUMBER 107 .IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.45E-32’ ‘+3. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3.

00 0. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.00’ ‘-3.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.45e+3’ ‘-3.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).00 0.00345 0. For example. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.Windows only) 0 (False . If the value is not a valid number.00 0.45d-3’ ‘3. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ). such as TO_FLOAT.00 0.00’ ‘-3. the PowerCenter Server returns 0. 0.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .45D-3’ ‘-3.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 0.45e+3’ ‘3.

Passes the rows you want to evaluate. For example. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. a newline. use LENGTH. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. a formfeed. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. For more information. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. You can enter any valid transformation expression. a carriage return. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. see “LENGTH” on page 115.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. A space is a blank space. a tab. To test for an empty string.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. or a vertical tab. Must be a string datatype.

'00000'. To do this. you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .column in a target table. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ).

see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. For more information. Any datatype (except Binary). LAST 111 . you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optionally. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Limits the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. or NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. FALSE. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. Return Value Last row in a port. Syntax LAST( value [.

00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.00 29.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 8.05 150.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.

LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. returning one result for each group. LAST_DAY returns NULL. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. However. Null If a value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. Date/Time datatype. If there is no group by port. LAST_DAY ignores the row. returning one value. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Return Value Date. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 .

the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. TO_DATE always includes time information. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date.

use IS_SPACES. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The strings you want to evaluate. LENGTH 115 . To test for spaces. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. For details. use ISNULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For details. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. including trailing blanks. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. String datatype. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. see “ISNULL” on page 103. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.

The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero.098612. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. For example.) Error. You can enter any valid transformation expression.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0.04082199452026 NULL Error.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm. Numeric datatype. Return Value Double value. greater than zero. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP.828313737302 -0.302585092994 4. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. It must be a positive number. LN(3)returns 1.

Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. The exponent of the logarithm. The base of the logarithm. Required. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.) Error. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error.09 NULL 35. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. Syntax LOG( base. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 .) Error.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. LOG 117 . Most often. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. exponent Return Value Double value. or 1 as a base value. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. zero.

This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. Any datatype (except Binary). rather than creating Lookup transformations. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. However. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value.. Syntax LOOKUP( result. value1 [. Required. must match search1 datatype. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. value2]. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. For more information. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. Any datatype (except Binary). Specifies the values you want to match to value. Required. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function.. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. search2. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. ) Argument result Meaning Required. search1. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD.5 compatibility in the session properties. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . Datatype that matches the value1.

:TD. Error if the search finds more than one matching value. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.ORDERS. :TD. 10.ITEM.SALES.PRICE.ORDERS. RTRIM( ORDERS.ORDERS.ITEM.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values.ITEM_ID.SALES for a specific item ID and price. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.ORDERS.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.SALES.PRICE. NULL if the search does not find any matching values.QTY) LOOKUP 119 . :TD.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.ITEM. ORDERS. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.ORDERS. ORDERS. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD.00 15. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values.99 15. :TD.99 15.PRICE.PRICE.SALES.ITEM_NAME. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.QTY. :TD. 15.

Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. If your data contains multibyte characters. Any string value.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Return Value Lowercase character string. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. length [. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 .LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Can be a character string. If you omit the second_string. Required. Optional. Must be a positive integer literal. second_string Return Value String of the specified length.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. or if length is a negative number. Can be any string value. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. This argument is case-sensitive. You can enter a specific string literal. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. LPAD( PART_NUM. You can enter any valid transformation expression. however. for example 'abc'. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. Syntax LPAD( first_string. 6. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. The strings you want to change. When length is a negative number. RPAD returns NULL.

LPAD truncates the string from right to left. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’.**Compass Regulator System *...**. 5. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *. '*. -5. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.. LPAD(‘alphabetical’..LPAD counts the length from left to right.**..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions . For example.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. If the first string is longer than the length.Flashlight *. 16. '.

character-by-character.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. LTRIM removes it. trim_set Return Value String. however. LTRIM removes both single. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. with any matching characters removed. Passes the strings you want to modify. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. for example. starting with the left side of the string. In ASCII mode. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. 'abc'. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. you would enter 'A'. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. Syntax LTRIM( string [. Optional. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. If the trim_set is NULL. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. Most often. You can enter any valid transformation expression. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. If you omit the second string. LTRIM 123 . Then it returns the string. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. not 'a'. For example. You can also enter a character string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. Any string value. Any string value. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set.

Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. Bender. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings.’ from S. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. but not the period from H. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. This is because LTRIM searches. MacDonald Sawyer H.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. LTRIM removes it. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. LTRIM removes it. and so on. Bender. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. character-by-character. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. In the example of H. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). 'S. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row.

MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Return Value Date. Syntax MAX( date [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. For more information. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. FALSE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . or NULL. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. or if no rows are selected (for example. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Limits the rows in the search. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date.

126 Chapter 6: Functions . You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information. Numeric datatype. However. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. However. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Note: By default. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the function returns NULL. Optional. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. or NULL. Limits the rows in the search. FALSE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. MAX returns NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). when you configure the PowerCenter Server. MAX ignores it.

Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 85. If there is no group by port. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 79.00 55.00 PRICE 10.00 360.00 162. returning one result for each group. returning one value. MAX treats all rows as one group.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .

If you pass an entire port or group of null values.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. or NULL. However. if all values passed from the port are NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). If there is an odd number of values in the port. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Limits the rows in the search. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. MEDIAN ignores the row. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Note: By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Numeric value. Nulls If a value is NULL. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the function returns NULL. However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Optional. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. If there is an even number of values in the port. FALSE. Optionally. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information. the median is the middle number. MEDIAN returns NULL.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE.

However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. MIN ignores it. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. MIN returns NULL. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. Note: By default. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Return Value Numeric value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. However. MIN (Numbers) 135 . see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. or NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. or if no rows are selected (for example. Numeric datatypes. For more information.

00 79.00 162. returning one value. If there is no group by port. MIN treats all rows as one group. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.00 360. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10. returning one result for each group.00 PRICE 10.00 85.00 55.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .

00 25.00 9. Numeric datatype. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The numeric value you want to divide by. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. PowerCenter Server does not write row. The divisor cannot be zero. The values you want to divide.00 12. QTY ) PRICE 10.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. MOD 137 .5) returns 3. Required. MOD(8.00 NULL 20. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax MOD( numeric_value. For example.00 15.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error.

To avoid dividing by zero.00 9.00 12.The last row (25. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero.00 NULL 20. you can create an expression similar to the following.00 25.00 15. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. 138 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL. If the quantity is zero.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. QTY )) PRICE 10. IIF( QTY = 0. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero.

filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. Numeric datatype.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. However. rowset [. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. MOVINGAVG 139 . NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. if all values are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. five rows at a time. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. or NULL. the function returns NULL. For example. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. 5). Optionally. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). FALSE. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Limits the rows in the search. Required.

8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES. 245. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and thereafter.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7.8 based on rows 2 through 6. 140 Chapter 6: Functions .

You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. Limits the rows in the search. rowset [.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. or NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. Required. if all values are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. However. 5 ) Optional. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. Numeric datatype. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Optionally. five rows at a time. MOVINGSUM 141 . or if the function does not select any rows (for example. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. FALSE. the function returns NULL.

Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. and thereafter. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Integer between 0 and 100. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. However. Optionally. Nulls If a value is NULL. Limits the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. or NULL. Note: By default. percentile [. inclusive. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. or if no rows are selected (for example. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. However. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. when PERCENTILE 143 . PERCENTILE ignores the row. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. if all values in a group are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. PERCENTILE returns NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. See the following equation for more details. Numeric datatype. FALSE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

If i is an integer value. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list.you configure the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. returning one value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . returning one result for each group. If i < 1. If there is no group by port.

0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 85000.0 9000.0 NULL 55000. 75.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 100000.0 48000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 86000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.0 99000.0 27900.

Numeric value.265625 982.0 -3. In this case. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.5 NULL 10. the exponent must be an integer.0 -6.0 NULL -6. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value.0 5.00137174211248285 729. If the base value is negative.0 EXPONENT 2.0 -3.0 3. the exponent must be an integer.0 5. Required.0 -3. This argument is the exponent value. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax POWER( base. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838. This argument is the base value.5 2. If the base value is negative. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.00137174211248285 0. Numeric value.0 729.594307804838 NULL NULL 0.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .5 3.0 6.0 6.0 3. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.

POWER 147 . the exponent must be an integer. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.5.Note that -3.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. If the base is negative.0 raised to 5.

REPLACECHR returns InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a numeric value.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. If NewChar is NULL or empty. Must be a character string. NULL if InputString is NULL. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. the function is case-sensitive. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. the function is not case-sensitive. OldCharSet. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter one or more characters. Must be an integer. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. You can enter one character. or NULL. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. the function converts it to a character string. If InputString is NULL. the function converts it to a character string. for example. Passes the string you want to search. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. Required. an empty string. Required. REPLACECHR returns NULL. If NewChar contains more than one character. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . Must be a character string. The characters you want to replace. InputString. 'abc'.

CUSTOMER_CODE.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1 GET /companyinfo/index.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. ‘A’.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index. ‘"’.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1" GET /companyinfo/index.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.html HTTP/1.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index. WEBLOG. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 . ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. ‘]["’.html HTTP/1. ‘A’. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.

you must use the CHR function. including the single quote. INPUT. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. CHR(39).The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. CUSTOMER_CODE. The following expression removes multiple characters. see “CHR” on page 68. ‘A’. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. ‘14’. INPUT.

Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. OldString1. If InputString is NULL.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. You can enter one character. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. an empty string. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. Must be a character string. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. If you pass a numeric value. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACESTR 151 . If NewString is NULL or empty. REPLACESTR returns InputString. If you pass a numeric value. [OldString2. REPLACESTR returns NULL. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. OldStringN. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. Required. That is. multiple characters. the function is case-sensitive. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. InputString. You must enter at least one OldString argument. the function converts it to a character string. Passes the strings you want to search. the function is not case-sensitive. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. Required. Must be a character string. etc. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. . Must be a character string. The string you want to replace. multiple characters. 'abc'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. or no character.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. or NULL. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. for example. if you enter multiple OldString arguments... Must be an integer. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. see the examples. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. the function converts it to a character string.

Ms.1" GET /companyinfo/index.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1.html /companyinfo/index. ‘s. TITLE. ‘s.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. Mr. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. ‘ HTTP/1.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index.’. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . INPUT. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. ‘bc’. ‘iss’. RETURN VALUE Ms.’ ) TITLE Mrs. ‘"’.’ ) TITLE Mrs.1’. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. TITLE. WEBLOG. ‘GET ’.’. RETURN VALUE Ms.html HTTP/1. MRS. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. Miss Mr. Ms. ‘ab’. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. ‘iss’.NULL if InputString is NULL. MRS. MRS. ‘rs.html HTTP/1. ‘rs.html /companyinfo/index.

For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. REPLACESTR 153 . The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal.The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. you must use the CHR function. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. ‘s’ )). CONCAT( CHR(39). ‘bc’. CONCAT(CHR(39). ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. INPUT. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. CONCAT(‘it’. INPUT. ‘ab’. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information.

Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. If the month is between January and June. Minute. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. Month. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. For example. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. For example. and sets the time to 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. Hour. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. For example. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. the function returns January 1 of the input year. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. If the month is between July and December. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). If the minute portion is 30 or greater. For example. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. For example. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. Day. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month.

You can round only one portion of the date. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Enter a valid format string. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. the function rounds the date to the nearest day.Syntax ROUND( date [. Optional. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. If you omit the format string. Date/Time datatype. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 .

'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

If one of the arguments is NULL. For example. Positive or negative integer.8) returns 13.44. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. Return Value Numeric value. 1) returns 13. -1) returns 20. You can enter any valid transformation expression.99.4.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. If you enter decimal precision. ROUND(12. Numeric datatype.99. the function rounds to this number of decimal places.99. Optional.0 and ROUND(15. For example. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. ROUND returns NULL.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. If you omit the precision argument. returning an integer. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [.0 because the function rounds 0. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. ROUND(12. If you enter a positive precision. 1) returns 15. ROUND(12. For example.99) returns 13. the function rounds to the nearest integer. truncating the decimal portion of the number. 0. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If you enter a negative precision. ROUND(12.99. For example. You can also use ROUND to round dates.

99 56.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.868 56.0 -19. 0.0 -100.99 56.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.9949 -18.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.99 -108. ROUND( PRICE.0 57.9936 15.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13. -2 ) PRICE 13242.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .0 56. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.99 -18.994 15. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.8 ) PRICE 12.0 1400.8678 56.99 -15.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12. 3 ) PRICE 12.99 1435.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.995 -18.0 -16.

To achieve the expected result. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. For example. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. This may not be the result you expect. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result.

Specifies the length you want each string to be..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight.. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. When length is a negative number. Required. RPAD returns NULL. 'abc'. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’. length [.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. So. The strings you want to change. 16.. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. if the first string is longer than the length. Any string value. Compass. 160 Chapter 6: Functions .. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. for example. or if length is a negative number.. Return Value String of the specified length... RPAD truncates the string from right to left.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. For example.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. 5. '... This argument is casesensitive.. Regulator System Safety Knife. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks... You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax RPAD( first_string. Optional. appending the string '. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary.. RPAD counts the length from left to right.. Must be a positive integer literal. Any string value... If you omit the second string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. RPAD(‘alphabetical’.

.. 16.**.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. Compass*.* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME..**.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.. '.** Regulator System Safety Knife*.. appending the string ‘*.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .. -5. '*.

Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. however.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. starting with the right side of the string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. Any string value. Optional. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. It returns the string. RTRIM removes both single. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. Passes the values you want to trim. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. trim_set Return Value String. In ASCII mode. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. 'abc'. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you omit the second string. You can also enter a text literal. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. RTRIM removes it. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . for example. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. with any matching characters removed. Syntax RTRIM( string [. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. Any string value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. character-by-character.

Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. For example. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. This is because RTRIM searches. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . RTRIM removes it. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. character-by-character. however. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. If. and so on. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes it. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). the last character in the string does not match. In the last example.

Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. The session is a debug session. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Returns the new current value. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . Name of the mapping variable you want to set. At the end of a successful session. For details on mapping variables.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. The session is configured for a test load.

It increases the count by one for each inserted row.Return Value The current value of the variable. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. Darkroom Co. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc.. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. Darkroom Co. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. The next time the session runs. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. Supply. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. decreases the count for each deleted row. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 ..com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session.

September. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. 12=12PM. 'DD'. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. DY. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'MONTH'. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Seconds. MON. 'HH'. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. For example. 'MI'. For example. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the month format strings (D. HH24) to set the hour. Day. April. YYY. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. You use the MI format string to set the minute. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Minute. June. Month. Hour. or YYYY to set the year. MONTH to set the month. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'YY'. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. You use the SS format string to set the second. For example. HH12. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. DDD. and DAY) to set the day. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. DD. and November) in the value argument. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. 'SS'. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. YY.

Date/Time datatype. Required. The format string is not case-sensitive. February 30). the session fails. 'HH12'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'HH'. 'HH24'. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. The date you want to modify. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. format. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. If you enter an improper value (for example. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Required.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change.

such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'. 7). The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 'DD'. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 'YY'. 'MONTH'. For example. 'Y'. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON'. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions .MM'. 'YYY'. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 1998). 'YYYY'.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port.

the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. At the end of the session. The session is configured for a test load. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. At the end of a successful session. When used with a string mapping variable. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. For details on mapping variables. Returns the new current value.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. Unless overridden. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. The session is a debug session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition.

The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. Required. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. For example. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. Then. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. The return value is the new current value of the variable. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The next time the session runs.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. it saves the largest value to the repository. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. At the end of the session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. The session is a debug session. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. The session is configured for a test load. For details on mapping variables. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Returns the new current value. When used with a string mapping variable. Unless overridden. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. At the end of a successful session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session.

00 At the end of the session. The next time the session runs.00’. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.00 22. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.50 22. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.75 25. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.50 22.00 22. Required. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.00 22.00 MIN_PRICE 22. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice. The return value is the new current value of the variable.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.25 22. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.75 23.50 27.00 24.50 22.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port.25 24. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .00 22.00 26.00 22.50 22.50.

00 174 Chapter 6: Functions . Then.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.00 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.50 22. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition. For example. it saves the smallest value to the repository.

the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. If you use this function more than once for the same variable.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. For details on mapping variables. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. Returns the specified value. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. it saves a final current value to the repository. Required. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. SETVARIABLE 175 . Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. The session is a debug session. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. The session is configured for a test load. At the end of a successful session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. Unless overridden. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.

The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.43 323. The next time the session runs.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. 176 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.01 97.23 699. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.Return Value Current value of the variable.23 699. The next time the session runs. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.50 116.50 116.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session.01 97.43 323.

or 0. 1 for positive values. 0 for 0.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . NULL if NULL.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to evaluate. negative. Numeric value. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. Return Value -1 for negative values. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

939692620785936 0.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.50000000000003 0.309016994374967 0.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. Numeric datatype. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation. Return Value Double value.0871557427476639 0. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.376934801486 0. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.897 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example: SINH( MEASURES.66 5. Return Value Double value.0 0. Numeric datatype.1752011936438 9. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .0 2.45 0 0.03225804884884 19.4178051793031 116. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.

J. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. G. For example. Skips numbers in string. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. U. For example. For example. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. S. H. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. I. T L M. E. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . Q. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. V C. K. and encodes it in uppercase. Z D. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. If string encodes to less than four characters. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. P. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. O. X. For example. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. F. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike.

No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. Must be a character string. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value String.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. Passes the string value you want to encode. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. string is empty. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 .

PowerCenter Server does not write row. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. You can enter any valid transformation expression.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. Positive numeric value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL 7. If you pass a negative value or character value. Return Value Double value.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values.

STDDEV 183 . you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. However. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. However. Nulls If a single value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. FALSE. or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. if all values are NULL. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. You can use operators to average values in different ports. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the function returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. Numeric datatypes. STDDEV returns NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optional. STDDEV ignores it. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.

the return value is zero.0 2198. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.0 NULL 8953. If there is no standard deviation.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.0 2198. STDDEV treats all rows as one group.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.00 ) SALES 2198.000. returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. SALES > 2000.0 153.90 and 153. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.0 1010.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.0 2198. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .0 RETURN VALUE: 3254. returning one value.90 2256.88 3001.

SUBSTR 185 . Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. Syntax SUBSTR( string. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. start [. Passes the strings you want to search. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. the function returns an empty string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. including blanks. If the start position is zero. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. the function converts it to a character string. starting at the beginning of the string. Must be a character string. If you pass a numeric value. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. If you omit the length argument. The position in the string where you want to start counting. If you pass a negative integer or zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is a negative number. If the start position is a positive number.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. SUBSTR counts all characters. Must be an integer. Must be an integer greater than zero. If you pass a decimal. start length Return Value String.

3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 0. -8. 5. 1. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE.

INSTR( CUST_NAME. 1. -2.-1. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. INSTR(CUST_ID. SUBSTR 187 .1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.1 ) . starting from the end of the string. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. 8) returns ‘cd’.' ' . 2. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string.The following expression evaluates a string.1. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.

see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. For more information. or NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. You can use operators to add values in different ports. Limits the rows in the search.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. However. if all values passed from the port are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the values you want to add. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. FALSE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns NULL. However. Optionally. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. Nulls If a single value is NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. SUM ignores it. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. SUM returns NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Numeric datatype. Note: By default.

returning one result for each group.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .0 NULL 3458.0 4519.0 1900. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES. returning one value. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. If there is no group by port.0 1200.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. SUM treats all rows as one group. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.

Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).19175359259435 0.324919696232929 57. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. Numeric datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.74747741945531 1. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent.0874886635259298 0. Return Value Double value.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).577350269189672 0.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2.

998676551914886 0.761594155955765 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.999963084213409 0.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0. Return Value Double value.66 5. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.0 2.45 0 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.993926947790665 0. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .897 3.0 0. Numeric datatype.

You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. not the format for the values in the date argument. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. The format string defines the format of the return value. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. Optional. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If you omit the format string. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. Return Value String. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions .

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. Return Value Date. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If it does not. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. For details on the TO_DATE format string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Requirements” on page 44. If you omit the format string. Optional. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. Must be a string datatype. For example. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. Do not use the YYYY format string. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. use either the RR or YY format string. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string.

'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. TO_DATE 199 . the century will be 19. If you run a session in the twentieth century. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the century will be 19. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. If you run a session in the twentieth century.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. PowerCenter Server skips this row.

'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.

if true.If your target accepts different date formats. you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. For example: DECODE( TRUE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test third format. if true. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MON DD YYYY’). ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . --if true.‘MON DD YYYY’). convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MM’ ).‘MM/DD/YYYY’). --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). --test second format. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.

3 ) IN_TAX '15.200 118. You can enter any valid transformation expression. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. Optional. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.679 60.2' '118. If you omit this argument.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. inclusive. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Must be a string or numeric datatype. inclusive. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions .6789' '60. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28.348' NULL 'A12. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals.

348' NULL 'A12. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 .2' '118. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.6789' '60.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.6789 60.2 118. Passes the values you want to convert to double values.

Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [.2' '118. The flag must be an integer literal. or if you omit this argument.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions .348' NULL 'A12.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion.3Grove' ‘ 123. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero.6789' '60. String or numeric datatype. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer. Optional. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL.6789’ ‘-15. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

6789' '60.348' NULL 'A12.2' '118.3Grove' ‘ 123.6789’ ‘-15.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 . FALSE) IN_TAX '15.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.

'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. If you omit the format string. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . If you truncate the year portion of the date. For example. If you truncate the month portion of a date. For example. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. For example. hour. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. For example. If you truncate the day portion of a date. The date values you want to truncate. or minute. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. Date/Time datatype. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. Optional.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. month. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. Day. day. Minute. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. Month. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. The format string is not case-sensitive.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. For example. Hour. Enter a valid format string. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. the function truncates the time portion of the date. setting it to 00:00:00. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. If you truncate the hour portion of a date.

'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Can be a positive or negative integer. If precision is a negative integer. Return Value Numeric value. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. Optional. If you omit the precision argument. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. If you pass a decimal precision value. Numeric datatype. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. precision If precision is a positive integer. Passes the values you want to truncate. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression.

-1 ) PRICE 12.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.999 -18.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .99 56.956 15.865 56.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 -18.99 -187. 3 ) PRICE 12.8652 56.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.9995 -18.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.9563 15.0 15.95 15.99 -18.86 56.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.0 50.0 -180.0 56.95 1235.0 1230.

If your data contains multibyte characters. Return Value Uppercase string. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. String datatype. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase.

VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. If n is 1. or if no rows are selected (for example. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. For more information. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Limits the rows in the search.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. Optional. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. or NULL. the variance is 0. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. Numeric datatype. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Note: By default. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. returning one result for each group.0 2256. However. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. VARIANCE ignores it.Nulls If a single value is NULL. If there is no group by port. returning one value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. VARIANCE returns NULL. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If there is not a group by port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. or if no rows are selected. returning one value.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444.0 NULL 8953. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.0 3001.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . However. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 216 Character Functions. 225 Special Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 226 Test Functions. 217 Conversion Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 215 . 228 For details on each function. 220 Date Functions. 227 Variable Functions.

Returns the variance of all records in a group. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. found in a group. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. Returns the maximum value. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. in a group. Returns the first record in a group. Returns the last record in a group. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. percentile [. Returns the number of records with non-null value. Available in the Designer. or latest date. Available in the Designer. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer. Returns the standard deviation for a group. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Returns the sum of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. or earliest date. Available in the Designer. Returns the minimum value. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. found in a group.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. start [. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. length [. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. it will still work correctly. counting from left to right. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Concatenates two strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. including trailing blanks. however. search_value [. Returns the number of characters in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Returns the position of a character set in a string. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. In ASCII mode. to set a string to a specified length. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns a portion of a string. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. or no character. [OldString2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. multiple characters. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. . OldString1. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length [. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. OldStringN. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string.

format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [.

Returns whether a value is a valid date. OldStringN. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. OldString1.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a portion of a string. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString.. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. or no character. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer. search_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. start [. Returns whether a value is NULL. .length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z).

Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. or minute. or seconds). Truncates dates to a specific year. Rounds one part of a date. date2. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. Available in the Designer. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. minutes. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. Available in the Designer. format. measured in the specified increment (years. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. Returns the earliest date found in a group. months. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . day. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. days. hour. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. month. value ) TRUNC( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the length of time between two dates. filter_condition ) MIN( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Returns the latest date found in a group. hours.

Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records.71828183. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Available in the Designer. where e=2. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. negative. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. recordset [. or 0.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians).Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

second_result ]…[. value1 [. value2 [. based on the results of a condition. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. first_search. search1. search2. Available in the Designer.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. Searches a port for the specified value. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . IIF IIF( condition. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns one of two values you specify. second_search. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. first_result [.

Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Test Functions 227 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns the specified value.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Returns the new current value. Returns the new current value. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer.

52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 211 229 .Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 120.

211 counting 185 encoding 130.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 160 ASCII characters 63. 120. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 180 removing from strings 123. 68 capitalization 99. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 68.

SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130. 180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .

220 date 54. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 219 data cleansing 53. 225 special 55. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 223 scientific 55. 217 conversion 53. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 226 test 56.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 216 categories 50 character 52.

Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40.

117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.null values aggregate functions 18. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index .

return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 . 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.

SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 120. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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