Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Table of Contents

Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . .. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . . .. . . . . 5-3. . . . . . . . .. 18 . . 3-2. . . .. . . . . . . 5-1. 6-2. . 28 . . . . . 23 . . . . . . . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . 22 . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . .... 3-4. . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . . .. . . . 36 . . . . .... . . . . .. . TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . . . . . . . . ... . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . .. .. . . . .. . . .. .. . .. . RR Format String Conversions ... ... . .. . . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . 6 . . 3-3. . .. . 5-6. . .. . . . . 39 . . 2-1. . . . . . . . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . .. .. . 26 . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference .. . . . . . . 40 . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 4-1. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . .. . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . ... 5-4. . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . .. ... . . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . . .. 3-1. . . . 36 .. . . .. . .. . . . . . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . . . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . 5-2. . . . 39 . . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . 25 .. . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings.. . ... . . . . . . . Operators in the Transformation Language . . .. . . . 5-5.. . . .. .. . ... . . . . .. . .... . . .. . . . . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . .. . . . .. . . . . 6-1.. .. .

x List of Tables .

scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. loading. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. and efficient manner. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. usable. transforming. xi . and managing data. and support high-speed loads. data synchronization. including extracting. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. handle complex transformations on the data. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. and information hubs. data migration.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter.

pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. Domain Inference function tuning. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data.1. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. 7. Define mapping. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. and workflow prefixes for the mappings.0.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. and MELCOM-kana. Profile mapping display in the Designer. and 7.1. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. such as JIPSEkana. Row Uniqueness function.1. Verbose data enhancements. JEF-kana. pmcmd. You can define default mapping. session. PowerCenter 7.1. Flat file partitioning. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. and workflow prefixes.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. session. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. xii Preface . When you use a local parameter file.1. a specified percentage of data. sessions. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows.1. Session enhancement. the rows that meet the business rule. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results.

When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. it searches for reswords. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. On SuSE Linux. Oracle. DB2. such as Business Objects Designer. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository.♦ SuSE Linux support. you can connect to IBM. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. you can also override the error. DB2. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. Teradata external loader.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. JPEG. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. If any source. Reserved word support. log. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. Depending on the loader you use. On SuSE Linux. If the file exists. You do not need to know a database user name and password. ♦ SuSE Linux support. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. You can attach document types such as XML. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. targets. you can connect to IBM. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. you can now override the control file. When you export metadata. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. and Sybase repositories. target. GIF. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support.txt. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. or PDF. Oracle. and Sybase sources. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. you can create and maintain a file. containing reserved words. Preface xiii . reswords. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. and repositories using native drivers.

targets. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse.0 Web Services Hub Guide. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. and partitions in the session. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide.1. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. Aggregator function in auto profiles. Prepackaged domains. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Workflow Administration Guide. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. connectivity. resize columns in a report. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. Creating auto profile enhancements. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. Informatica provides licenses for product. PowerCenter 7. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function.♦ Pipeline partitioning. You store xiv Preface . XML User Guide. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. and Transformation Guide. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. You can also pivot the view row. and options. It also includes information from the version 7. Source View in the Profile Manager.

You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. and deploy group history. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. pmrep. You can choose to skip MX data. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. and restore repositories. disable. and delete a folder. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . You can also use pmrep to create. modify. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. truncate log files. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. delete a relational connection from a repository. delete repository details. upgrade. Object import and export enhancements. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. Increased repository performance.the license keys in a license key file. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. and the command line program. the PowerCenter Server Setup. back up. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. You can use pmrep to back up. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. Partitioning enhancements. If you have the Partitioning option. MX views. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. pmlic. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics.1 MX views in its schema. or enable a repository. workflow and session log history. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. This improves processing performance for most sessions. or restore a repository. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository.

Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. Also. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. The quality of printed workspace has improved. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. the latest version of checked in objects. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. such as data stored in a CLOB column. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. ♦ xvi Preface . The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. Custom transformation API enhancements. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. You can now perform lookups on flat files. or a collection of all older versions of objects. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. Midstream XML transformations. Web Services Hub. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. The query can return local objects that are checked out. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. You can also extract data from messaging systems. Union transformation.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. Enhanced printing.

You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. Additional options for XML definitions. add or delete columns from views. including relational sources or targets. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. When you create views with entity relationships. or schema files. XML workspace. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. Synchronizing XML definitions. It displays folders alphabetically. In a view with hierarchy relationships. XML files. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. DTD files. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. and define relationships between views. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. For more informations. When you import XML definitions. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. Midstream XML transformations. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . targets. You can create views. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements.

Support for multiple XML output files. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. detect data patterns. you can determine implicit data type. PowerCenter now supports XML files. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. Increased performance for large XML targets. After you create a profiling warehouse. Installation and Configuration Guide. DTD files. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.0. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. For example. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary.” Upgrading metadata. User-defined commits. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. suggest candidate keys. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server.♦ Support for circular references. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. and evaluate join criteria. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . − − PowerCenter 7.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions.

♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. You can create a control file containing installation information. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). worklets. session completion status. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. Row error logging. and warehouse growth. and transformations.objects impacted by the upgrade process. you can now choose to load from staged files. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. source and target tables. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. If you purchase the Server Grid option. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter.1. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. Distributed processing. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. Metaphone. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . mappings. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. such as workflows. In a server grid. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. The Metaphone function encodes string values. Metadata analysis. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. including session load time. When using external loaders on UNIX.0 metadata. session errors. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. server load. Functions ♦ Soundex. When using external loaders on Windows. External loading enhancements.

You can track changes to repository users. checking in. exporting. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. upsert. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. When you log in to the repository. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. Audit trail. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. or delete data. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. Real time processing enhancements. or update. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. Trusted connections. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. importing. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. groups. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. delete. and listing objects. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. maintain labels. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . Additionally. The repository maintains a status for each user. such as copy object. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. You can also use pmrep to run queries. If you use LDAP. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. privileges. pmrep commands. deploying. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. Use Repository Manager privilege. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. Concurrent processing. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. When you select data driven loading. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. update. and change object status. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. You can choose to insert. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. such as the Aggregator transformation. You do not have to delete user names from the repository.

track changes. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. ♦ Joiner transformation. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. Deployment. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. the colors. If you want to permanently remove an object version. You can compare tasks. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. You can specify the icons used for transformation. Unlike copying a folder. When you create a Custom transformation template. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. Delete or purge a version. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. sessions. Check out and check in versioned objects. adding or removing a user or group.audit trail log contains information. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. You can also compare different versions of the same object. and adding or removing privileges. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. control development on the object. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. Compare objects. worklets. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. you can purge it from the repository. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. such as changes to folder properties. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository.

or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. XML target enhancements. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. When you process an XML file or stream. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. use XPath to locate XML nodes. and to different repositories. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. Comparing objects. improve query results. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. increase performance for large XML files. declare multiple namespaces. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. Queries. to other folders. Within the Designer. You can make a private query. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. format your XML file output for increased readability. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. You can copy objects within folders. You can save queries for later use. Increased performance for large XML files. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. Track changes to an object. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. ♦ xxii Preface . You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush.♦ Deployment groups. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. or you can share it with all users in the repository. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. Labels. XPath support. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label.

Validate multiple objects. mapplets. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . targets. Revert to saved. You can validate sessions. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. The Designer propagates ports. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. and worklets. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. mappings. workflows. Enhanced validation messages. View dependencies. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. Refresh session mappings. Enhanced partitioning interface. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. you can refresh a session mapping. such as sources.♦ Change propagation. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. expressions. In the Workflow Manager. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. When you do this. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. or workflows. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. mappings. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. When you edit a port in a mapping.

Troubleshooting Guide. mapplets. build mappings. and Metadata Web Services. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. XSD. Getting Started. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Transformation Language Reference. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Batch Web Services. and transformations. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Web Services Provider Guide. and permissions and privileges. and load data into JMS messages. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Repository Guide. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. or DTD files. and relational or other XML definitions. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. including details on environment variables and database connections. users. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. Workflow Administration Guide. groups. Transformation Guide. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. XML User Guide. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Designer Guide. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. extract data from JMS messages. folders. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Includes information to help you create mappings. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. Installation and Configuration Guide.

This is a code example. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. Emphasized subjects. unless you follow the specified procedure. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. relational database concepts. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. The material in this book is available for online use.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. The following paragraph provides additional facts. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL.

and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses.com xxvi Preface . The site contains product information. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers.com. its background. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support.com. the Informatica Knowledgebase. You will also find product information. Informatica Webzine. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals.informatica.com. detailed descriptions of specific features. This journal provides solutions to common tasks. upcoming events. The site contains information about Informatica. as well as literature and partner information. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www.informatica. newsletters. user group information. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. If you have any questions. and locating your closest sales office. the Informatica Webzine. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. go to http://my. and access to the Informatica user community. training and education. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. To register for an account. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. and implementation services. please email webzine@informatica.informatica.com.informatica.

m.m.5:30 p. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.informatica.5:30 p. .m.m.563.m.5 p. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.m.9489 Hours: 6 a.m.m. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a.m. . (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service.m. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica.m.m. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd. CA 94063 Phone: 866. You can request a user name and password at http://my. WebSupport requires a user name and password. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.5800 Fax: 650.com.m. .5:30 p.5 p. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support. White Waltham Maidenhead.m. . (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.385.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. (local time) Preface xxvii .com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a.The site contains information on how to create.6332 or 650.6 p.213. . market. . .5:30 p. Redwood City.m. .m.5:30 p. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.

xxviii Preface .

see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 2 Expression Syntax. 1 . 9 Reserved Words.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions.

Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. such as a state sales tax rate. Stored Procedure. For more information. For details. Return values. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. and External Procedure transformations. Operators. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. Local and system variables. or compare data. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. combine data. Workflow variables. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. Mapping parameters and variables. such as the system date.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Constants. such as TRUE. You can also create local variables in transformations. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary.

The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. “>>>>”. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. such as 10. For example. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. For example. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. For example. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. not byte-oriented. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . such as ORDERS. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. Then. You can create an expression as simple as a port. or a numeric literal. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. during a workflow.

The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server.string. not the number of bytes. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). On the other hand. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . or a numeric literal (such as 10). while SQL does not. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. variable) String literals.Status). but the transformation language does not. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. input/output. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. it is not exactly like SQL. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. For example.

SALES. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation.5 LOOKUP function. :TD. For example.SALES.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals. argument2.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks.sequence_generator_transformation. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3. .external_procedure_transformation(argument1. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .PRICE. argument2.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1. [.. 10. The general syntax is: :SEQ.ITEM_NAME.. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. 15.5 expressions only).lookup_transformation(argument1. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. .Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation.SALES. The general syntax is: :SD.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation.ITEM_ID. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1.source_table. argument2. The general syntax is: :SP. The general syntax is: :LKP.. :TD. The general syntax is: :EXT..

For example. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. External Procedure transformation.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. The colon (:). as the start position. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. not a string. the transformation language is not case-sensitive.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax.). Stored Procedure transformation. the expression 123. mapping parameters and variables. variable. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. literal string or number. create separate Aggregator transformations. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. functions. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. Except for literals. For example: . the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. Just type the number you want to include. If you pass a literal value to a function. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. local and system variables. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. Lookup transformation. comma (. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. ‘1’. For example.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. and period (. Except for literals. or the results of another expression.4 = ‘123. For example. For details on workflow variables. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. You cannot add an integer and a string.

You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. which allow only one nested aggregate function).

These are comments ♦ Two slashes. as in: -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. If you do not want to embed comments. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. For example. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . if you want to concatenate two strings.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. since the last line is not a valid expression.

Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. operators. such as constants. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. are reserved for specific functions. and system variables. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

12 DD_INSERT. 16 NULL.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 15 FALSE. 14 DD_UPDATE. 13 DD_REJECT. 19 11 . 17 TRUE.

0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. 2. When you run a workflow. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . DD_DELETE. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion.

DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE.NAME = 'Alex'. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. 'DD' ). 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. If the result is greater than 2. If the result is 2 or less. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. When you run a workflow. DD_INSERT. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. 0.DATE_SHIPPED. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. returning the difference between the two dates. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. the expression flags the records for rejection.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE.DD_REJECT. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. 0 ) > 2.NAME = 'Alex'. Using DATE_DIFF. ORDERS. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT.

If you flag a record as reject. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . 0. DD_INSERT.SALES > 0. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. When you run a workflow.SALES > 0. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. so it includes only positive values. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. DD_REJECT.

If the result is 2 or less. The mapping loads sales for one employee. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. DD_UPDATE. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. the expression flags the records for rejection. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. 'DD' ). returning the difference between the two dates. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. it flags the records for update. If the result is greater than 2. 1. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE.DATE_SHIPPED. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE.NAME = 'Alex'. 0 ) > 2. ORDERS. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. DD_REJECT. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date.NAME = 'Alex'. otherwise. When you run a workflow. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. Using DATE_DIFF.

This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE.'. Var1 = 22. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0. Var2 = 49. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Var1 < 23.'. Var2 > 30. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression.'Variable 1 was 22!'.'Variable 2 was 49!'.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants .

see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. <. >=.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. !=. <= For example. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. Therefore. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . For more information. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. For example. see “Functions” on page 49. <>. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. If you pass a null value to a function. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. it might return zero or NULL. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. >. ^=. or it might ignore null values. Functions can handle nulls differently. For details on how each function handles null values. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. However.

You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. However. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. MOVINGAVG. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. use the ISNULL function. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. and MOVINGSUM.NULL To test for nulls. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. For example. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the function does not select the record. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. which returns zero). Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. as well as CUME.

This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE.'. Var1 < 23. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1.'Variable 1 was 22!'.'. Var2 > 30. Var2 = 49. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.') TRUE 19 .'Variable 2 was 49!'. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Var1 = 22.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

22 Arithmetic Operators. 24 Comparison Operators. 25 Logical Operators. 23 String Operators. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence. 26 21 .Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions.

The logical OR operator. 3. The logical NOT operator. || <. Addition. >= =. Concatenate.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. greater than.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. not equal to. 4. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. Less than. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. division. <=. Table 3-1. % +.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . <>. used when specifying conditions. >. 2. modulus. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. Unary plus and minus. For example. The logical AND operator. Multiplication. less than or equal to. not equal to. not equal to. !=. *. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. used when specifying conditions. subtraction. Equal to. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. the equation 8 + 5 . When expressions contain parentheses. depending on how you nest the operations. greater than or equal to. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. /. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first.

Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. *. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. To concatenate strings. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. use the string operator ||. /. Multiplication. For further information on built-in date functions. use the date functions. Unary minus indicates a negative value. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. subtraction. For example. the function returns NULL. Meaning Unary plus and minus. The expression 1. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. Arithmetic Operators 23 . division. To perform arithmetic on date values. Addition. % +. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. For example. modulus.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. Unary plus indicates a positive value. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. If you perform arithmetic on a null value.

However. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. if both values are NULL. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. however. produces the same results in less time. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. The || operator. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . the || operator returns NULL. Nulls The || operator ignores null values.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name.

4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. For example. The expressions 123. For information on how to compare dates. When you use comparison operators in an expression. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. the expression 123. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. Not equal to.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. Less than or equal to. Not equal to. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. Greater than. see “Dates” on page 33. manipulate data. Not equal to. Comparison Operators 25 .4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. If you compare a value to a null value. the operands must be the same datatype. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. Less than. Greater than or equal to. the result is NULL.

Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. FALSE for zero. the operator NOT returns FALSE. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. For example. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. NOT returns TRUE. and NULL for NULL. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. For example.

32 27 . 31 Local Variables. 28 Transaction Control Variables.Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

47 33 .Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 34 Date Format Strings. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.

1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. For details on built-in variables. TO_CHAR format strings. Date format strings. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. extract one part of a date. Converts a date to a string.D. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. For example. or perform arithmetic on a date. Julian Day. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. TO_DATE. Use to specify the format of the return string. To pass a string to a date function. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. or compare dates. and 9999 A. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. ‘MM’. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . Converts a string to a date. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. TO_CHAR. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. With the date functions you can round. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. truncate. Tests whether a string represents a date. see “Variables” on page 27.D. Date functions accept date/time values only. ‘MM/DD/RR’). Modified Julian Day.

'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. For example. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. and are not supported in PowerCenter. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. By definition. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). Overview 35 . the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. nor with Modified Julian Day. For example. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. This term should not be confused with Julian Day.D.D. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. and 9999 A. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. The J format string does not convert this time component. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings.

RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. RR and YY produce different results. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . Current Year Between 50 and 99. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. In TO_DATE expressions. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string.

Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. and year. If the string is in the default date format. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. day. Dates in Relational Databases In general. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. The date includes the month. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Use TO_CHAR(date. and even between applications. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string.Table 5-2. If you omit the format string. Although date formats vary from database to database. and seconds. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. If an input value does not match this format. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. minutes. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. or it is an invalid date. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. If you want to pass a string to a date function. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. If you specify a format string. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. while the time might include the hours. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ .

If you specify a format string. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. If you omit the format string. 12:00:00AM = 0. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. Month (January = 01. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 12:00:00PM = 12. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. For example. 1:00:00AM = 1.

It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. HH24 MI MM. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). For example. YY. Seconds (0-59). MON. DAY. Minutes (0-59. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. Date Format Strings 39 . YYY. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. Specify the part of the date you want to change. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. SSSS Y. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. For example. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. you can use Y. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. DY. For example. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. Hour of day (0-23).) Month (01-12).Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. you can use MM. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. HH12. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. or MONTH to specify APR. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. HH12. J Description Days (01-31). you can use HH. MONTH SS. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. HH. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. YY. Specify the part of the date you want to return. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. or YYYY to specify 1997. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. For example. DD. Specify the part of the date you want to round. YYYY. MON. YYY. DDD.

Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. For example. Quarter of year (1-4). When used with TO_CHAR. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. Last two digits of a year. Name of month. Hour of day (01-12). Jan). Minutes (00-59). 4713 00:00:00 BC.M. ‘RR’ produces the same results as. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997.M. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . Seconds (00-59). Day of year (001-366.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. including up to nine characters (for example. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). including leap years). A. Name of day. Modified Julian Day. changing the format for reporting purposes. For example. Day of month (01-31). TO_CHAR returns 97. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Wednesday). Day of week (1-7). and is interchangeable with. It ignores the time component of the date. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. and P. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. AM and PM return the same values as do A. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string.. Hour of day (00-23). ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. Month (01-12). January). ‘YY. calculated from Jan 1.’ However. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. where Sunday equals 1. The function removes the leading digits. P. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Wed). including up to nine characters (for example. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours.M. where January to March equals 1.M. when used with TO_DATE. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. PM.

if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. The function removes the leading digits. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. TO_CHAR returns 97. Punctuation that displays in the output. The function removes the leading digits. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. For example. Last digit of a year. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. The function removes the leading digits. For example. Text that displays in the output. For example.DD. SSSSS. Week of year (01-53). Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. Last three digits of a year. RR.. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. for example D””DDD. See the individual functions for more examples.86399). if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. TO_CHAR returns 997. 'MM. For example. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. For example.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. For example. and so on. Last two digits of a year. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. and YY format strings.YYYY' ). It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. Week of month (1-5). TO_CHAR returns 7. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . Examples The following examples illustrate the J. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . Entire year portion of date. For example. TO_CHAR returns 1997.Table 5-5. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. For example. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression.

J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . For example. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE.

A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. Day of month (1-31).TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. When you create a TO_DATE expression.m. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. Name of day. AM and PM return the same values as do a.m. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive.m. Hour of day (0-23). Minutes (0-59). a. Wed). The DY format string is not case-sensitive. p. including leap years). DD DDD DAY DY HH. the function returns TRUE (1). TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. the function returns FALSE (0). Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. Wednesday). the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. Hour of day (1-12). HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. If you omit the format string. where zero is 12AM (midnight). IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table.. including up to nine characters (for example. PM. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. if any parts do not match. and p.m. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. Day of year (001-366. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format.

the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. 1998. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. to TO_DATE. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. Name of month. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. If it does not. For example. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. For example. For example. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. representing May 12. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. Case does not matter. Case does not matter. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. 2020. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. August). including up to nine characters (for example. Seconds (0-59). . If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. It ignores the time component of the source string. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. Aug). Modified Julian Day. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. Use the RR or YY format string instead. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. Use when source strings include two-digit years. Seconds since midnight. Month (1-12). Four digits of a year. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. if you pass the string ‘20200512’.Current Year Between 50 and 99. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. . the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression.Table 5-6. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates .Current Year Between 0 and 49. 2034).

the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Likewise. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. and SSSSS format strings. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row.format string. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. Tip: By default. For example. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. RR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. See the individual functions for more examples. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. Example The following examples illustrate the J. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. The format string is not case-sensitive. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date.

TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . RR returns the year 2005. while YY returns the year 1905. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. 9999 23:59:59 AD. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. 31. Change one part of a date.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. DATE_DIFF. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . 1. SET_DATE_PART. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. Subtract two dates. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

49 . in alphabetical order. see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages.

Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group.

Function Categories 51 . and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. evaluates the AVG expression. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. and returns four values. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression.

including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. 1. the function selects all rows in the port. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the function returns zero. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. or NULL. and MOVINGSUM. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions .35 to 0) for the filter condition. If you pass an entire port of null values. 0. By default. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. 1. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. as well as to CUME. If you do not want to round up a value. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions.5 to 2.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. For example. the function returns NULL. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. the filter condition returns FALSE. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. If the value rounds to zero. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. MOVINGAVG.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server.2 to 1. For example. FALSE. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. Encode strings. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. MIN. Replace characters in a string. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . Trim string values. LOWER. UPPER. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. Convert the datatype of an input value.

You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. extract one part of a date. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . if you want to pass a string to a date function. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. or compare dates. or perform arithmetic on a date. However. For a complete list of date format strings. see “Dates” on page 33. Date format strings are not internationalized. truncate.

if you pass a date with milliseconds. Therefore. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 .

When you run a workflow. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. Then at the end of the session. Filter. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. At the end of the session. and Update Strategy transformations. For example. Unless overridden.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. you use special functions in Expression. You can nest other functions within special functions. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline.

see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Function Categories 57 . the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. For more information on mapping variables.process that pipeline.

You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. Return Value NULL. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. Generally. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. it stops transforming data at that row. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. For more information on the Abort command. including ERROR function calls within an expression. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. The string can be any length. assign ABORT as the default value. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. You can use ABORT to validate data.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. String. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. You can enter any valid transformation expression. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session.

ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . If you pass a Double. Likewise. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. it returns a Double. if you pass an Integer. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE .95 59. Numeric datatype. Return Value Positive numeric value. it returns an Integer. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. You can enter any valid transformation expression.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument.

Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. or YYYY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. Seconds. Minute. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Hour. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. YYY. You use the SS format string to set the second. For example. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. MON. YY. Day. For example. 'MI'. You use the MI format string to set the minute. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. and DAY. DDD. HH24. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'MONTH'. 'SS'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the day format strings: D. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. DY. MONTH. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 'YY'. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. DD. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. Month.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. 'HH'. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. For example. For example. 'DD'. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. HH12.

Date/Time datatype. months. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. for example. days. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'mm'. Also note. Passes the values you want to change. Required. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. format. hours. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM'. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. 'MONTH'. 'MON'. An integer value specifying the amount of years. and so on by which you want to change the date value. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example.

you need to change the hour portion of the date. For example. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. 'HH24'. which you specify. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. 'DY'. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. 'D'. 'HH12'. 'DAY'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD'. 'HH'. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998.

ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Character string. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. For example. before you pass any string value to ASCII. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. they will still work correctly. Normally. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. Return Value Integer. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. however.535. If you pass a numeric value. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. ASCII 63 .

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

Character string. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Normally.535. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. A string containing one character. it will still work correctly. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. For example. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. However. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. If you pass a numeric value.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if both string values are NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. Required. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. CONCAT returns NULL. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. Alternatively. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. Any datatype (except Binary). The first part of the string you want to concatenate. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Return Value String. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. Any datatype (except Binary). If both strings are NULL.

For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. For example. CONCAT( CHR(39).FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. ' ' ). If you want to add a space between two strings. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME.

Numeric datatype.951056516295147 0. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.996194698091745 0.0 0.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.342020143325593 0.866025403784421 0. For example. Return Value Double value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).0 0.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.54308063481524 9.897 3.0 2.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). You can enter any valid transformation expression.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 . Return Value Double value.66 5.45 0 0. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.381231106176 1.0 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).0874465864177 19. For example: COSH( MEASURES. Numeric datatype.4435376920294 116. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.

Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. Alternative. Limits the rows in the search. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. this function ignores columns with null values. If you apply the asterisk argument. However. Use to count all rows in a transformation. FALSE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. this function counts all rows. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax COUNT( value [. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Nulls If all values are NULL. Passes the values you want to count. For more information. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. Optional. Any datatype (except Binary). Note: By default. the function returns NULL. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Return Value Integer. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. If you apply the value argument. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. the function returns 0. Optionally. or NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.

Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . The function counts all rows in a transformation. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. returning one value. including null values.

the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. but do not use a filter. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. If you include the asterisk argument. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions .In this example.

NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. CUME 79 . FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. if all values in the selected port are NULL. Numeric datatype. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. or if no rows are selected (for example. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. or NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. CUME returns NULL. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. However. Limits the rows in the search.

you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise.

Date/Time datatype. Date/Time datatype. 0 if the two dates are equal. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. The second date you want to compare. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. 1 if the second date is earlier. The first date you want to compare. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1.

Date/Time datatype. or seconds. You can specify only one part of the date. You can request the format to be years. hours. hours. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. Return Value Double value. Required.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. days. Zero if the dates are the same. minutes. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. You can specify years. minutes. days. The format string is not case-sensitive. If date1 is later than date2. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. You can enter any valid transformation expression. date2. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. months. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . months. Required. For example. 'Mm' or 'mM'. the return value is a positive number. Date/Time datatype. such as 'mm'. If date1 is earlier than date2. or seconds. the return value is a negative number. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'.

DATE_SHIPPED.5 87.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812.0 255. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. DATE_SHIPPED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100.5 10. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283.0 2100.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.91935483870839 0. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 2. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0.243279569892366 0.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

Required. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. first_search. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. which you define. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). Any datatype (except Binary). If you enter 'Halogen'. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you may not search for a portion of a value. The search value must match the value argument exactly. not just 'Halogen'. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax DECODE( value. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port.. Any datatype (except Binary). the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. second_search. Passes the values for which you want to search. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive.[.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. If the function finds the value. the search does not find a matching value. DECODE 85 . Passes the values you want to search.. Optional. Even if multiple conditions are met. For example. second_result]. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. it returns a result value.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. first_result [.

3. 1. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. The first result is an Integer.141592654.414213562.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. 1. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. ‘Archimedes’. ‘Pythagoras’. 'Tank'.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. ‘Archimedes’. and 3. ‘3. ‘1. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 'Flashlight'. 14. ‘Pi’. For example. and the other results are Decimal.414213562’. 'Regulator'. For example. When you run a session in high precision mode. if at least one result is Double. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values.414213562.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. 20.141592654. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions .141592654’. 'Knife'. ‘Pi’. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. the datatype of the return value is Double. ‘Pythagoras’. 3. 5. 5. 40. 10. 3. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision.

Also. Var1 = 22. desired ranges. DECODE 87 . Var2 = 49.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. was 49!'. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Variable 2 was more than 30. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. was less than 23. Var1 < 23.'. Var2 > 30.'. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. was more than 30.

It does not skip the row. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . and you assign the default value. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. Return Value String value. ‘1234’. assign ERROR as the default value.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. including ERROR function calls within an expression. Generally. The error message displays in the session log file. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. String value. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. For example. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. to the output port. and it does not log an error in the session log. The string can be any length. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. which you define. For details about using default values. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. you use the ERROR function in an expression.

Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . but skip negative values. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. Negative salary found. ERROR ('Error. Row skipped. Row skipped. Negative salary found. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error.'.

NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL.71828183.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. rather than business data. where e=2. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.38905609893065.135335283236613 5166. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). EXP(2) returns 7. Return Value Double value. (The exponent in the equation e^value). Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. Numeric datatype.4657948067 0. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. For example. The value to which you want to raise e.

Return Value First value in a group. However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. FALSE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Note: By default. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. Optionally. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the function returns NULL. FIRST 91 . or if no rows are selected (for example. Syntax FIRST( value [. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. For more information. if all values passed from the port are NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Limits the rows in the search.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. Nulls If a value is NULL. However. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. FIRST returns NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. FIRST ignores the row. or NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

00 8.00 29. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35. returning one result for each group.00 29.00 31.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 31. returning one value.00 88.00 88.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 8.05 150. If there is no group by port. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.05 150.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.

Likewise. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data.12 74.98 to FLOOR. Numeric datatype.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function.79 125. if you pass 3. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. For example. If you pass 3. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. if you pass -3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function returns 3.14 to FLOOR. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. the function returns 3. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 .24 NULL -100. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. the function returns -4.17 to FLOOR. For example.

'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. the format strings 'Y'. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. Required. Date/Time datatype. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. For example. Therefore. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'mm'. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YY'. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. You can enter any valid transformation expression. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. for example. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 'YYY'. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions .

'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. If you omit value2. Syntax IIF( condition. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. The condition you want to evaluate. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . Any datatype (except Binary). The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. Optional. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. based on the results of a condition. value1 [. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. including another IIF expression.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. For example. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. including another IIF expression.

Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. For example. IIF( SALES < 100.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. EMP_NAME. For example. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision.3333) is a decimal. 1. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. value2 if the condition is FALSE. BONUS))). --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . the datatype of the return value is Double. . --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. SALARY2. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. IIF( SALES < 50. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. IIF( SALES < 200. SALARY1. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. SALARY3.

BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. return BONUS) ) ). see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. SALES > 199. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. For more information. SALARY2. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. SALARY1. SALARY3. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. --then return SALARY3. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). --else for sales over 199. DECODE may improve readability. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. --then return SALARY2. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. DD_REJECT.SALARY1.

or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. tab. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . Return Value String. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. formfeed. If your data contains multibyte characters. Any datatype (except Binary). the function returns Thomas. carriage return. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. newline. For example. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’.

If the start position is a positive number. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. If you pass a decimal. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. The position in the string where you want to start the search. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. if not. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. for example 'abc'.start [. Optional. the function uses the default value of 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. If the start position is a negative number. Passes the value you want to evaluate. If you omit this argument. Optional. The string must be a character string. If the start position is zero. The search value is case-sensitive. The results of the expression must be a character string. Must be an integer value. If you omit this argument. Syntax INSTR( string. The default value is 1. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. If you pass a negative integer or zero. The set of characters you want to search for.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. For example. counting from left to right. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the search value appears more than once in the string. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. counting from left to right. If you want to search for a character string. the function uses the default value of 1. Any value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. A positive integer greater than zero. For example. search_value [. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. Required.

2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. starting at the beginning of each company name. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. 'a'. starting at the beginning of each company name. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. -1. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 'a'. starting from the last character in the company name. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 1. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive.

INSTR( CUST_NAME. The following expression evaluates a string.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY.-1.' ' . The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.1. -1.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. INSTR(CUST_ID. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . 1. INSTR(CUST_ID. starting from the end of the string.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. For more information. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. Note: To test for empty strings. Any datatype (except Binary). see “LENGTH” on page 115. use LENGTH. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL.

not the YY format string. the function returns FALSE (0). For example. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). In most cases. year 1900 is not a leap year. which returns false. If you omit the format string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. In the first case.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. the two format strings return the same values. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. However. Must be a string datatype. so there is no February 29th. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the rows you want to evaluate. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. For example. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. If the strings match the format string. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. which returns TRUE. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. Optional. the function returns TRUE (1). The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly.

If the value is not a valid date. IS_DATE 105 . If it does not. and converts each valid date to a date value. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE.

TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . Therefore.Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE.

A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. Must be a string datatype.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number.45E-32’ ‘+3.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number.45e+32’ ‘+3. IS_NUMBER 107 . Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.

00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).00 0. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.00 0.45D-3’ ‘-3.00’ ‘-3. such as TO_FLOAT. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).45d-3’ ‘3. For example.00 0.45e+3’ ‘-3.00’ ‘-3.45e+3’ ‘3. If the value is not a valid number.00 0.Windows only) 0 (False . and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.00 0.00345 0.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True . 0.

Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. use LENGTH. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a string datatype. For example. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. a carriage return.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. see “LENGTH” on page 115. For more information. a formfeed. a newline. or a vertical tab. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. To test for an empty string.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. A space is a blank space. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . a tab.

CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions . you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ).column in a target table. '00000'. you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. To do this.

when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Syntax LAST( value [. However. FALSE. Optionally. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or if no rows are selected (for example. Note: By default. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. LAST 111 . NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. or NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Any datatype (except Binary). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Return Value Last row in a port.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. Optional. For more information. the function returns NULL.

ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 8.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.05 150.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.00 29.

LAST_DAY ignores the row. If there is no group by port. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. Date/Time datatype. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. LAST_DAY returns NULL. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Null If a value is NULL. However. returning one value. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Return Value Date. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port.

the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. TO_DATE always includes time information. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions .You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE.

use ISNULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The strings you want to evaluate. String datatype. LENGTH 115 . Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. To test for spaces. use IS_SPACES. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. including trailing blanks. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. see “ISNULL” on page 103. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. For details. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. For details.

The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero.828313737302 -0. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.098612. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.) Error. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. greater than zero. LN(3)returns 1.302585092994 4. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. Return Value Double value. For example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. It must be a positive number. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. Numeric datatype.04082199452026 NULL Error.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm.

exponent Return Value Double value.) Error. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. Required.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Most often.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. The base of the logarithm.09 NULL 35. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 .LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. or 1 as a base value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. LOG 117 . Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. Syntax LOG( base. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required.) Error. zero. The exponent of the logarithm.

Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. rather than creating Lookup transformations. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Required. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). search2.5 compatibility in the session properties. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. value1 [. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. Any datatype (except Binary). The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3.. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. search1. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. However. Syntax LOOKUP( result.. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions .5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. Specifies the values you want to match to value. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. For more information.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Datatype that matches the value1. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. must match search1 datatype. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. value2].

ORDERS.99 15. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.ORDERS.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.ORDERS. :TD. RTRIM( ORDERS.00 15. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD. :TD. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.99 15.ITEM_ID. Error if the search finds more than one matching value.SALES.ITEM_NAME. 15.PRICE. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.ORDERS.ITEM.QTY.ITEM. :TD. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD. :TD.SALES. 10.PRICE. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.ORDERS.PRICE. ORDERS.ORDERS. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. NULL if the search does not find any matching values.ITEM.SALES for a specific item ID and price.SALES. :TD.PRICE.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .

The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value Lowercase character string. If your data contains multibyte characters. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. Any string value.

Can be a character string. for example 'abc'. This argument is case-sensitive. Syntax LPAD( first_string. Optional. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . LPAD( PART_NUM. RPAD returns NULL. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if length is a negative number. 6. The strings you want to change. If you omit the second_string. Required. length [. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is a negative number. Must be a positive integer literal. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. You can enter a specific string literal. however. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. Can be any string value.

‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.**. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. If the first string is longer than the length.. For example.**Compass Regulator System *. LPAD truncates the string from right to left..*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *. '.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions .. LPAD(‘alphabetical’.LPAD counts the length from left to right. -5.Flashlight *.**. 5. 16.. '*..

however. Optional. character-by-character. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. not 'a'.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. LTRIM removes it. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. LTRIM 123 . For example. starting with the left side of the string. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. You can also enter a character string. with any matching characters removed. Any string value. Any string value. trim_set Return Value String. 'abc'. Then it returns the string. the function returns NULL. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. for example. In ASCII mode. Syntax LTRIM( string [. Most often. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. If you omit the second string. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. LTRIM removes both single. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. Passes the strings you want to modify. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. If the trim_set is NULL. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. you would enter 'A'.

Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. LTRIM removes it. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. MacDonald Sawyer H. Bender.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. 'S. In the example of H. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. and so on. LTRIM removes it. For example. but not the period from H. character-by-character. This is because LTRIM searches.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. Bender.’ from S. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman.

The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. or if no rows are selected (for example. FALSE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. Optional. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Return Value Date. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Date/Time datatype. Limits the rows in the search.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. Syntax MAX( date [. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . or NULL.

MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MAX ignores it. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. Nulls If a value is NULL. Note: By default. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. if all values passed from the port are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. However. Return Value Numeric value. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. or NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FALSE. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. or if no rows are selected (for example. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Limits the rows in the search. For more information. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Numeric datatype. Optional. However. the function returns NULL. MAX returns NULL.

00 55. returning one value.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If there is no group by port.00 85. returning one result for each group. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 162.00 360.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .00 PRICE 10.00 79. MAX treats all rows as one group. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.

or NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or if no rows are selected (for example. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. Optional. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Numeric datatype. Note: By default. However. If there is an odd number of values in the port. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . Optionally. the median is the middle number. Return Value Numeric value. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information. Limits the rows in the search. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. MEDIAN returns NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. the function returns NULL.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. MEDIAN ignores the row. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. If there is an even number of values in the port. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. Nulls If a value is NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. FALSE. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE.

Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. FALSE. MIN (Numbers) 135 . You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. MIN returns NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. However. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Nulls If a single value is NULL. the function returns NULL. Note: By default. or NULL. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. MIN ignores it. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatypes. Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

MIN treats all rows as one group.00 360. returning one value.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 PRICE 10.00 79. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.00 85. If there is no group by port. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.00 162.00 55. returning one result for each group.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .

Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. MOD 137 .00 25. Numeric datatype.00 15. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. The values you want to divide. QTY ) PRICE 10. MOD(8. Syntax MOD( numeric_value.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. The numeric value you want to divide by.00 NULL 20.5) returns 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example.00 9. PowerCenter Server does not write row. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. Required. The divisor cannot be zero. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor.00 12.

QTY )) PRICE 10.00 9. 138 Chapter 6: Functions . which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero.00 12.00 15.The last row (25. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. IIF( QTY = 0.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. If the quantity is zero. you can create an expression similar to the following. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. NULL.00 NULL 20. To avoid dividing by zero.00 25. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE.

The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. However. Optional. Optionally. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. or NULL. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. if all values are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. rowset [. or if no rows are selected (for example. For example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. 5). Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. MOVINGAVG 139 . Required. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. five rows at a time. the function returns NULL. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. Numeric datatype. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. FALSE.

returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES.8 based on rows 2 through 6. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. 245.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. 140 Chapter 6: Functions . and 243 based on rows 3 through 7.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and thereafter.

the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. the function returns NULL. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. Required. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. However. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Numeric datatype. 5 ) Optional. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. rowset [. MOVINGSUM 141 . Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. or NULL. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Limits the rows in the search. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if all values are NULL.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. FALSE. Optionally. five rows at a time. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. and thereafter. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. 142 Chapter 6: Functions .

when PERCENTILE 143 . Nulls If a value is NULL. Numeric datatype. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optional. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. PERCENTILE ignores the row. However. the function returns NULL. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. See the following equation for more details. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Limits the rows in the search. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Note: By default. or NULL. Optionally. inclusive. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. if all values in a group are NULL. Required. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. percentile [. For more information. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. However. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). PERCENTILE returns NULL. Integer between 0 and 100. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. If i is an integer value. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. returning one value. returning one result for each group. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . If there is no group by port. If i < 1. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile.you configure the PowerCenter Server. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

0 86000.0 85000.0 NULL 55000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY. 75. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 27900.0 100000.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 48000.0 9000.0 99000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.

00137174211248285 729.0 6.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 NULL -6.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.0 -3.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions . the exponent must be an integer. Return Value Double value.0 -6.0 -3.5 2. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.5 3.00137174211248285 0. This argument is the exponent value. If the base value is negative. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.0 -3.0 3.5 NULL 10.0 EXPONENT 2. Syntax POWER( base.594307804838 NULL NULL 0. This argument is the base value.0 5.265625 982. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value. the exponent must be an integer. Numeric value. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric value. Required.0 3. In this case.0 6.0 5.0 729. If the base value is negative. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Note that -3. POWER 147 . otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.0 raised to 5. If the base is negative. the exponent must be an integer.5.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3.

REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. Must be a character string. NULL if InputString is NULL. or NULL. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. If InputString is NULL. You can enter one character. an empty string. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. Required. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. Passes the string you want to search. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR returns InputString. OldCharSet. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. If you pass a numeric value. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. Required. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . Must be an integer. the function converts it to a character string. REPLACECHR returns NULL. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. the function is not case-sensitive. 'abc'. If NewChar contains more than one character. You can enter one or more characters. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. InputString. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. The characters you want to replace. Must be a character string. the function is case-sensitive. the function converts it to a character string. If NewChar is NULL or empty.

‘A’.1 GET /companyinfo/index. ‘]["’. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index. CUSTOMER_CODE.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE.html HTTP/1. ‘A’.html HTTP/1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0. WEBLOG.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .1" GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.html HTTP/1.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.html HTTP/1.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index. WEBLOG.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index. ‘"’.

‘A’.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. CHR(39). NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . you must use the CHR function. INPUT. ‘14’. CUSTOMER_CODE. The following expression removes multiple characters. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. INPUT. including the single quote. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. see “CHR” on page 68.

and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function converts it to a character string. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. . etc. Passes the strings you want to search. OldString1.. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. You can enter one character. That is. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. If NewString is NULL or empty. for example. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. Required. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. InputString. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. If InputString is NULL. multiple characters. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. an empty string. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. OldStringN. If you pass a numeric value. [OldString2. Required.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. For more information. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. or no character.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. REPLACESTR returns InputString.. Must be an integer. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. Must be a character string. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. REPLACESTR 151 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. Required. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. You must enter at least one OldString argument. The string you want to replace. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. REPLACESTR returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. multiple characters. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. Must be a character string. the function is not case-sensitive. see the examples. or NULL. the function is case-sensitive. the function converts it to a character string. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. 'abc'.

html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘s. ‘iss’.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. INPUT. ‘rs.html /companyinfo/index.’ ) TITLE Mrs.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘"’. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. Miss Mr.NULL if InputString is NULL.’. Mr.’.1" GET /companyinfo/index.html /companyinfo/index. ‘ HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.’ ) TITLE Mrs.html HTTP/1. Ms. MRS. ‘iss’. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. ‘bc’. RETURN VALUE Ms.1’. ‘s. ‘GET ’. ‘ab’. ‘rs. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . MRS. WEBLOG. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. RETURN VALUE Ms. TITLE. MRS.html HTTP/1. Ms. TITLE.

‘s’ )). CONCAT( CHR(39). REPLACESTR 153 .The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. CONCAT(CHR(39). ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. INPUT. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘bc’. CONCAT(‘it’. INPUT. ‘ab’. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. you must use the CHR function. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string.

If the minute portion is 30 or greater. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. Hour. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. Minute. For example. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. Day. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. For example. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. For example. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. and sets the time to 00:00:00. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. Month. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. If the month is between January and June. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. For example. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. For example. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. the function returns January 1 of the input year. If the month is between July and December. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30.

'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . Date/Time datatype. Enter a valid format string. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. Optional. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.Syntax ROUND( date [. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. If you omit the format string. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. You can round only one portion of the date. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions .

0 and ROUND(15. If you enter a negative precision. If you omit the precision argument. For example. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. For example. For example.8) returns 13. For example. returning an integer.99. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. the function rounds to the nearest integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression.99. 0. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. ROUND(12.99. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. ROUND returns NULL. Return Value Numeric value. You can also use ROUND to round dates. If one of the arguments is NULL. truncating the decimal portion of the number.44. 1) returns 15.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. -1) returns 20. 1) returns 13.0 because the function rounds 0. ROUND(12. If you enter a positive precision. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. Numeric datatype.99) returns 13.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. ROUND(12. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. If you enter decimal precision. Positive or negative integer.4. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. ROUND(12.99. Optional.

0 -19.0 56.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200. 3 ) PRICE 12. -2 ) PRICE 13242.99 56. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.99 -108.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .99 1435.99 56. ROUND( PRICE.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.995 -18.994 15.9949 -18. 0.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 57.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.0 -16.8 ) PRICE 12.868 56.99 -15.8678 56.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.0 1400.0 -100.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.9936 15. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.99 -18.

Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. This may not be the result you expect. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 .999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. For example. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. To achieve the expected result.

For example. for example. RPAD counts the length from left to right. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary.. The strings you want to change.. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. When length is a negative number.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight. Optional. if the first string is longer than the length. Required. 16. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. Any string value. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any string value. Must be a positive integer literal.. RPAD returns NULL. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . If you omit the second string. 5. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. Regulator System Safety Knife...' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. Syntax RPAD( first_string. Return Value String of the specified length.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required.. RPAD(‘alphabetical’. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. Compass. '..... Specifies the length you want each string to be. appending the string '.. 'abc'.. or if length is a negative number. RPAD truncates the string from right to left.. length [. So. This argument is casesensitive... ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’.

'*..The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME... appending the string ‘*.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*. Compass*.**.. -5. '..**.** Regulator System Safety Knife*.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.. 16.

RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Optional. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. RTRIM removes both single.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. Syntax RTRIM( string [. trim_set Return Value String. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. 'abc'. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. character-by-character. however. Any string value. for example. You can also enter a text literal. It returns the string. with any matching characters removed. Passes the values you want to trim. In ASCII mode. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . starting with the right side of the string. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. If you omit the second string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. Any string value. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. RTRIM removes it. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required.

When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). If. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. RTRIM removes it. and so on. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. RTRIM removes it. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. For example. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. This is because RTRIM searches. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. In the last example. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. character-by-character. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. the last character in the string does not match. however.

Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Unless overridden. At the end of the session. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. The session is a debug session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session is configured for a test load. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. At the end of a successful session. Returns the new current value. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. For details on mapping variables. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion.

. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. Darkroom Co. decreases the count for each deleted row.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. Supply. It increases the count by one for each inserted row. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port.Return Value The current value of the variable. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 . The next time the session runs. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. Darkroom Co..

the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. June. DDD. Hour. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. 'YY'. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'HH'. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Seconds. For example. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You use the MI format string to set the minute. Month. DD. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Minute. 'MI'.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. You can use any of the month format strings (D. MONTH to set the month. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. April. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You use the SS format string to set the second. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 'SS'. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. For example. September. YY. For example. or YYYY to set the year. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. and November) in the value argument. 'MONTH'. DY. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example. Day. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. HH24) to set the hour. HH12. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. YYY. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. and DAY) to set the day. 12=12PM. For example. 'DD'. MON.

Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'HH'. Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. February 30). A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. format. 'HH24'. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Date/Time datatype. The date you want to modify. 'HH12'. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The format string is not case-sensitive. the session fails.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. If you enter an improper value (for example. Required.

'YYYY'. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. For example. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH'. 'DD'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM'. 'Y'. 'YYY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 1998). 'YY'. 'YYYY'. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time.MM'. 'MON'. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 7).

see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For details on mapping variables. When used with a string mapping variable. At the end of a successful session. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. At the end of the session.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Unless overridden. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session is a debug session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. Returns the new current value. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. The session is configured for a test load.

The return value is the new current value of the variable. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Then. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Required. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. it saves the largest value to the repository. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . The session is a debug session. For details on mapping variables. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. At the end of the session. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. When used with a string mapping variable. The session is configured for a test load. Returns the new current value. At the end of a successful session.

The return value is the new current value of the variable. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23.00 22. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .00 24. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.00 22.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.50. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.00 22. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.00 At the end of the session.50 22. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.25 24. The next time the session runs. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice.25 22.50 22.00 26. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.75 23. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.50 27.00 MIN_PRICE 22.50 22.50 22.00 22.75 25.00’. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.00 22. Required.

50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.00 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition. it saves the smallest value to the repository.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions .50 22. For example. Then.

SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Returns the specified value. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. If you use this function more than once for the same variable.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. Unless overridden. it saves a final current value to the repository. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. For details on mapping variables. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. The session is a debug session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. At the end of a successful session. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. SETVARIABLE 175 . The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. The session is configured for a test load. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline.

Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp.50 116.Return Value Current value of the variable. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.23 699. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.43 323.43 323. The next time the session runs. The next time the session runs. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.01 97. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .23 699.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session.01 97.50 116. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.

Passes the values you want to evaluate. Return Value -1 for negative values. 1 for positive values. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. negative. 0 for 0. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. Numeric value.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. or 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if NULL.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 .

309016994374967 0. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).939692620785936 0.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine.0871557427476639 0. Return Value Double value.50000000000003 0. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. Numeric datatype. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

For example: SINH( MEASURES.66 5.1752011936438 9. You can enter any valid transformation expression.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .376934801486 0. Return Value Double value.897 3.45 0 0.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.4178051793031 116. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.0 2. Numeric datatype. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).03225804884884 19.

U. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. E. P. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. X. G. For example. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. For example. For example. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. For example. Skips numbers in string.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. and encodes it in uppercase. S. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. F. Q. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. O. K. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . Z D. V C. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. I. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. H. For example. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. J. T L M. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). If string encodes to less than four characters.

Must be a character string. Passes the string value you want to encode. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value String.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. string is empty. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet.

Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. 182 Chapter 6: Functions .78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. PowerCenter Server does not write row. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. NULL 7. Return Value Double value. If you pass a negative value or character value.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Positive numeric value.

the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). if all values are NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. STDDEV returns NULL. STDDEV ignores it. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. However. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. or NULL. Nulls If a single value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatypes. Note: By default. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. For more information. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Limits the rows in the search. Optional. However. FALSE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. You can use operators to average values in different ports. STDDEV 183 .

00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.0 2198.00 ) SALES 2198.000. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.90 and 153. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .90 2256.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. the return value is zero. returning one value. If there is no group by port.0 NULL 8953.0 2198.88 3001.0 1010. STDDEV treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group. If there is no standard deviation.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.0 153.0 2198. SALES > 2000.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.

Passes the strings you want to search. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. Must be an integer greater than zero. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. the function returns an empty string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function converts it to a character string. start length Return Value String. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. If you pass a numeric value. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. If the start position is a negative number. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. If the start position is a positive number. The position in the string where you want to start counting. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. If you omit the length argument. SUBSTR 185 . Must be a character string. Syntax SUBSTR( string. starting at the beginning of the string. If you pass a decimal. Must be an integer. SUBSTR counts all characters. including blanks. If the start position is zero. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. If you pass a negative integer or zero. start [.

0. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 5. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 1. -8. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE.

SUBSTR 187 .-1. 8) returns ‘cd’.1.1 ) . '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 2. INSTR(CUST_ID.' ' . INSTR(CUST_ID. starting from the end of the string.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.INSTR( CUST_NAME. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string.The following expression evaluates a string. -2. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. 1.

Note: By default. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. However. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . or NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. Numeric datatype. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. However. SUM returns NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Optional. You can use operators to add values in different ports. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. or if no rows are selected (for example. Limits the rows in the search. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Nulls If a single value is NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Optionally. For more information. Passes the values you want to add. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. FALSE. SUM ignores it. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE . SUM treats all rows as one group.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. If there is no group by port.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .0 1200. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477.0 4519.0 NULL 3458.0 1900. returning one result for each group. returning one value.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.

577350269189672 0.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. Numeric datatype. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2.19175359259435 0.324919696232929 57. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Double value. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).74747741945531 1.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).0874886635259298 0. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 . Return Value Double value.66 5. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.0 0.761594155955765 0. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).897 3.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.998676551914886 0.999963084213409 0.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.0 2.45 0 0.993926947790665 0.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.

Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. Return Value String. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . The format string defines the format of the return value. Date/Time datatype. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. not the format for the values in the date argument. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. If you omit the format string.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

Syntax TO_DATE( string [. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. see “Requirements” on page 44. Must be a string datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. If you omit the format string. For details on the TO_DATE format string. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. use either the RR or YY format string. If it does not. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. Optional. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. Do not use the YYYY format string.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. Return Value Date. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly.

If you run a session in the twentieth century. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. the century will be 19. the century will be 19. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. TO_DATE 199 . PowerCenter Server skips this row. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. If you run a session in the twentieth century. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions .

‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. if true. --if true. --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). if true. ‘MON DD YYYY’).If your target accepts different date formats. For example: DECODE( TRUE. --test second format. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 .‘MON DD YYYY’). convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). --test third format. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. ‘MM’ ). convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.

679 60. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. inclusive. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28.6789' '60.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character.200 118.348' NULL 'A12.2' '118. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you omit this argument. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. Optional. inclusive. Must be a string or numeric datatype.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value.

Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.6789' '60. Passes the values you want to convert to double values.348' NULL 'A12.2 118. Must be a string or numeric datatype.2' '118.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 . TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Return Value Double value. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.6789 60. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. String or numeric datatype. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. Optional. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [.348' NULL 'A12. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion.2' '118. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions .87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. The flag must be an integer literal.6789' '60.6789’ ‘-15.3Grove' ‘ 123. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer. or if you omit this argument. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.

23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .348' NULL 'A12. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.2' '118.6789’ ‘-15.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.6789' '60.3Grove' ‘ 123.

and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. month. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. Month.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. Enter a valid format string. Day. For example. Date/Time datatype. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. If you omit the format string. For example. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. Hour. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. or minute. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. If you truncate the month portion of a date. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. hour. Optional. Minute. setting it to 00:00:00. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. For example. For example. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. The format string is not case-sensitive. The date values you want to truncate. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. the function truncates the time portion of the date. day. For example. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. If you truncate the year portion of the date. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. If you truncate the day portion of a date.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required.

'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions .

You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. If you pass a decimal precision value. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. Passes the values you want to truncate. precision If precision is a positive integer. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. Can be a positive or negative integer. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. Return Value Numeric value. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Optional. If precision is a negative integer. If you omit the precision argument. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Numeric datatype.

99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 -187.0 56.9995 -18.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 -18.99 -18.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE. 3 ) PRICE 12.999 -18.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.0 1230.0 -180.956 15.865 56.95 1235.0 50.95 15. -1 ) PRICE 12.8652 56.0 15.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.99 56.9563 15.86 56.

Return Value Uppercase string. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. If your data contains multibyte characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. String datatype. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 .

and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. the variance is 0. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Return Value Double value.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. For more information. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. If n is 1. FALSE. or NULL. Optional. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can enter any valid transformation expression. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions.

returning one result for each group. However.Nulls If a single value is NULL.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group.0 2256. If there is no group by port. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If there is not a group by port. VARIANCE ignores it.0 3001. returning one value.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. VARIANCE returns NULL. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.0 NULL 8953. However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. returning one value. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. or if no rows are selected. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default. if all values passed to the function are NULL. the function returns NULL.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

227 Variable Functions. 225 Special Functions. 215 . 216 Character Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 220 Date Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 217 Conversion Functions. see “Functions” on page 49.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 226 Test Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. 228 For details on each function.

filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. Returns the last record in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. or latest date. found in a group. Returns the maximum value. Available in the Designer. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Returns the first record in a group. Returns the minimum value. Returns the variance of all records in a group. in a group. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Available in the Designer.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the sum of all records in a group. or earliest date. Available in the Designer. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. found in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the number of records with non-null value. percentile [. Returns the standard deviation for a group. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. Available in the Designer.

counting from left to right. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. length [. In ASCII mode. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. to set a string to a specified length. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. however. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. OldCharSet. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. it will still work correctly. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the number of characters in a string. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. including trailing blanks. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Concatenates two strings. Returns the position of a character set in a string. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. start [. In Unicode mode.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. In Unicode mode. search_value [. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase.

start [.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. length [. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. OldStringN. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . [OldString2. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or no character.. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Returns a portion of a string. . OldString1.

Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Encodes a string value into a four-character string. start [. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Replaces characters in a string with a single character. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string..length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns whether a string is a valid number. or no character. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. counting from left to right. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. Returns whether a value is a valid date.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [.. OldString1. OldStringN. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Returns a portion of a string. Returns whether a value is NULL. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. search_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 .Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

hours. value ) TRUNC( date [. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Rounds one part of a date. format. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. days. Available in the Designer. or seconds). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. month. filter_condition ) MIN( date. Available in the Designer. format. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. Returns the length of time between two dates. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. months. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Truncates dates to a specific year.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. measured in the specified increment (years. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or minute. day. hour. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Returns the latest date found in a group. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. minutes. Returns the earliest date found in a group. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. date2. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1.

Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. or 0. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Available in the Designer. Returns a running total of all numeric values.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.71828183. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. where e=2. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. negative. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Available in the Designer. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Truncates numbers to a specific digit.Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. search1. Available in the Designer. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. search2. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. Returns one of two values you specify. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. value2 [. Searches a port for the specified value. first_search. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. value1 [. second_result ]…[. Available in the Designer.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. first_result [. Available in the Designer. IIF IIF( condition. second_search. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . based on the results of a condition.

Test Functions 227 . Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces.

Available in the Designer. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the specified value.

Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 211 229 . 120. 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99.

72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index .case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 160 ASCII characters 63. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 180 removing from strings 123. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 68 capitalization 99. 120. 68. 211 counting 185 encoding 130.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 223 scientific 55. 219 data cleansing 53. 217 conversion 53. 220 date 54. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 216 categories 50 character 52. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 226 test 56.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 225 special 55.

Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40.

52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.null values aggregate functions 18. 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index .

179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 . 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29.

72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 120. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 211 character set 100 concatenating 24.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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