Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
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Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . 91 FLOOR . . . 72 COS . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .. .. ... . Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 . . . . . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . 3-3. ... . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. .. . . . . .. . ... . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . .. . . .. . 4-1. . . . . .. . . .. .. 26 .. .. . . ... . . . . . . .. . . ... 36 . . . .. . . . 5-5. . .. .. . . . . 40 . 36 . . . . . 5-3. . . . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 5-6. . . . . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . .. . . . . .. . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime .. . 22 . .. . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . . . .. .. .. . .. 5-1. . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . ..... . . . 5-4... . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . . . . 3-2. . . . . . . 2-1. . . . .. . . . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . .. . ... 6-1. . 39 . . . 25 . . . . . . . RR Format String Conversions . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . .. . . . 18 . .. . .. .. 3-4. .. . .. 23 .... . . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . 6-2. . . 6 . . . . . . 39 . . . . .. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . ..... . ... 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1. . . . . . . . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . 5-2. . TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . . . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference .. ..

x List of Tables .

scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. handle complex transformations on the data. data synchronization. including extracting. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. xi . data migration.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. and efficient manner. loading. usable. transforming. and managing data. and information hubs. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. and support high-speed loads. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely.

and workflow prefixes for the mappings.1. 7. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. Session enhancement. Row Uniqueness function. pmcmd.1. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. and workflow prefixes. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session.0. the rows that meet the business rule. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. session. Profile mapping display in the Designer. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. When you use a local parameter file. session. sessions.1.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can define default mapping.1.1. xii Preface . and MELCOM-kana. a specified percentage of data. such as JIPSEkana. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. Define mapping. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. PowerCenter 7. JEF-kana. and 7. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row.1. Flat file partitioning. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. Domain Inference function tuning. Verbose data enhancements. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can view a profile from a random sample of data.

You can export or import multiple objects at a time. You can attach document types such as XML. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. JPEG. Teradata external loader. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. you can connect to IBM. Depending on the loader you use. On SuSE Linux. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. DB2. it searches for reswords. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. ♦ SuSE Linux support.♦ SuSE Linux support. target. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. GIF. you can create and maintain a file. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. log. If any source. Oracle. or PDF. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. such as Business Objects Designer. When you export metadata. reswords. targets. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. you can now override the control file. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. You do not need to know a database user name and password. containing reserved words. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. On SuSE Linux. you can connect to IBM. If the file exists. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. and Sybase repositories. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. Preface xiii . Oracle. and repositories using native drivers. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. and Sybase sources. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. DB2. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. Reserved word support. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users.txt. you can also override the error.

Source View in the Profile Manager. Aggregator function in auto profiles. resize columns in a report. and options. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. It also includes information from the version 7. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. You store xiv Preface .0 Web Services Hub Guide.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. connectivity. Creating auto profile enhancements. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. You can also pivot the view row. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. PowerCenter 7. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. XML User Guide. and partitions in the session. targets. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function.1. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. Prepackaged domains. Workflow Administration Guide. and Transformation Guide.♦ Pipeline partitioning. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Informatica provides licenses for product. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions.

and deploy group history. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. pmlic. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. delete a relational connection from a repository. back up. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. truncate log files. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. and delete a folder. Partitioning enhancements. workflow and session log history. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time.the license keys in a license key file. and restore repositories. MX views. You can use pmrep to back up. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. upgrade. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. If you have the Partitioning option. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . or restore a repository. the PowerCenter Server Setup. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. disable. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. This improves processing performance for most sessions. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. and the command line program. pmrep. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. Object import and export enhancements.1 MX views in its schema. You can also use pmrep to create. delete repository details. or enable a repository. Increased repository performance. modify. You can choose to skip MX data.

Also. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. You can now perform lookups on flat files. Custom transformation API enhancements. You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. The quality of printed workspace has improved. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. ♦ xvi Preface . the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. Web Services Hub. or a collection of all older versions of objects. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. Midstream XML transformations. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. Enhanced printing. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. The query can return local objects that are checked out. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. such as data stored in a CLOB column. Union transformation. the latest version of checked in objects. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs.

add or delete columns from views. targets. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. Midstream XML transformations. including relational sources or targets. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. You can create views. Additional options for XML definitions. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. Synchronizing XML definitions. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. For more informations. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. or schema files. It displays folders alphabetically. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . When you import XML definitions. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. When you create views with entity relationships. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. DTD files. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. XML workspace. You can also extract data from messaging systems. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. In a view with hierarchy relationships. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. XML files. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. and define relationships between views.

Support for multiple XML output files.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. PowerCenter now supports XML files.” Upgrading metadata. suggest candidate keys. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. you can determine implicit data type. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. and evaluate join criteria. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. Installation and Configuration Guide. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. Increased performance for large XML targets.♦ Support for circular references.0. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. After you create a profiling warehouse. detect data patterns.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. − − PowerCenter 7. DTD files. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. User-defined commits. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. For example. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size.

You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. source and target tables. including session load time. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. you can now choose to load from staged files. You can create a control file containing installation information. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. Metaphone. In a server grid. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7.0 metadata. Row error logging. worklets. Functions ♦ Soundex. Preface xix ♦ ♦ .1. The Metaphone function encodes string values. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. If you purchase the Server Grid option. such as workflows. session completion status. When using external loaders on UNIX. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. server load. and transformations. Distributed processing. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. When using external loaders on Windows. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. mappings. External loading enhancements. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. and warehouse growth. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. Metadata analysis. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading.objects impacted by the upgrade process. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. session errors.

such as copy object. When you log in to the repository. importing. When you select data driven loading. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. pmrep commands. and change object status. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. Concurrent processing. checking in. update. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. Use Repository Manager privilege. The repository maintains a status for each user. and listing objects. You can track changes to repository users. Audit trail. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. upsert.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. delete. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. such as the Aggregator transformation. groups. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. Additionally. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . maintain labels. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. privileges. You can choose to insert. You can also use pmrep to run queries. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. or delete data. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. Real time processing enhancements. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. deploying. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. exporting. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. If you use LDAP. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. Trusted connections. or update. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders.

Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. you can purge it from the repository. Unlike copying a folder. Deployment. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. sessions. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. Check out and check in versioned objects. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. You can specify the icons used for transformation. such as changes to folder properties. control development on the object. Compare objects. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. If you want to permanently remove an object version. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned.audit trail log contains information. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . When you create a Custom transformation template. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. You can also compare different versions of the same object. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. worklets. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. track changes. You can compare tasks. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. and adding or removing privileges. Delete or purge a version. the colors. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. adding or removing a user or group. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. ♦ Joiner transformation. Each version is a separate object with unique properties.

You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. You can copy objects within folders. ♦ xxii Preface . XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. Labels. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. You can save queries for later use. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. and to different repositories. use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. Within the Designer. When you process an XML file or stream. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. improve query results. Comparing objects. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. XML target enhancements. format your XML file output for increased readability. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. Track changes to an object. You can make a private query. XPath support. to other folders. increase performance for large XML files. or you can share it with all users in the repository.♦ Deployment groups. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. Increased performance for large XML files. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. declare multiple namespaces. Queries. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository.

you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. expressions. such as sources. targets. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. workflows. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . you can refresh a session mapping. Revert to saved. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate.♦ Change propagation. Enhanced validation messages. View dependencies. When you edit a port in a mapping. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. Validate multiple objects. mapplets. The Designer propagates ports. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. mappings. In the Workflow Manager. You can validate sessions. When you do this. or workflows. and worklets. Enhanced partitioning interface. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. mappings. Refresh session mappings. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories.

Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. such as creating and maintaining repositories. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. XML User Guide. Web Services Provider Guide. and load data into JMS messages. folders. or DTD files. and relational or other XML definitions. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Workflow Administration Guide. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Transformation Language Reference. Getting Started. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Includes information to help you create mappings. XSD. users. Installation and Configuration Guide. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. groups. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Transformation Guide. Batch Web Services. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. build mappings. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. mapplets. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. and transformations. extract data from JMS messages. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. Designer Guide. and Metadata Web Services. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. including details on environment variables and database connections. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Troubleshooting Guide. Repository Guide. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. and permissions and privileges.

The material in this book is available for online use. Emphasized subjects. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. relational database concepts. The following paragraph provides additional facts.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. This is a code example. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. unless you follow the specified procedure. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data.

detailed descriptions of specific features.informatica. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. and locating your closest sales office. as well as literature and partner information.com. and access to the Informatica user community. user group information. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). please email webzine@informatica. go to http://my. If you have any questions. and implementation services. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. To register for an account. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals.com xxvi Preface . This journal provides solutions to common tasks. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. Informatica Webzine.informatica. the Informatica Webzine.com. upcoming events. newsletters. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal.com. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. The site contains product information.informatica. its background. You will also find product information. The site contains information about Informatica. training and education.com. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet.informatica. the Informatica Knowledgebase. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support.

m.m.5:30 p. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a.5 p. White Waltham Maidenhead.5:30 p. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service.com.m.m. .m. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.m.5:30 p.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a.563. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.The site contains information on how to create. WebSupport requires a user name and password.m.m.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd.5:30 p.m. . CA 94063 Phone: 866.m. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.6 p. . .m.9489 Hours: 6 a. market.m.m. Redwood City. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a. . (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.m.213.m.5800 Fax: 650. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.m.385. (local time) Preface xxvii .5 p.6332 or 650. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. . (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a. You can request a user name and password at http://my.5:30 p. . .informatica.

xxviii Preface .

2 Expression Syntax.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 1 . 9 Reserved Words.

Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. Operators. For details. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. such as TRUE. For more information. Stored Procedure. Workflow variables. or compare data. Local and system variables. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. You can also create local variables in transformations. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. and External Procedure transformations. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. such as the system date. combine data. Mapping parameters and variables. Constants. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. such as a state sales tax rate. Return values. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide.

When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. You can create an expression as simple as a port. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. Then. “>>>>”. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. For example. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. For example. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. such as 10. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. not byte-oriented. such as ORDERS. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . For example. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. or a numeric literal. during a workflow.

4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . not the number of bytes.string. The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server.

while SQL does not. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. but the transformation language does not. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. For example. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. it is not exactly like SQL. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. input/output. or a numeric literal (such as 10).Status). numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . On the other hand. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). variable) String literals.

. The general syntax is: :SD..external_procedure_transformation(argument1. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. The general syntax is: :SP. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote.ITEM_NAME. The general syntax is: :SEQ.source_table.5 expressions only). The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.PRICE. argument2. The general syntax is: :EXT. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . 10.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals.5 LOOKUP function.sequence_generator_transformation. :TD. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark... argument2.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. . The general syntax is: :LKP.SALES. [. For example. :TD. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition.lookup_transformation(argument1.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. .SALES. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks. 15.ITEM_ID.SALES. argument2. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition.

the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . and period (. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. or the results of another expression.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. the expression 123. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. variable. ‘1’. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. literal string or number. not a string. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. local and system variables. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. For details on workflow variables. For example: . ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. Except for literals. comma (. functions. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. You cannot add an integer and a string. Just type the number you want to include. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression.). as the start position. Except for literals. For example. External Procedure transformation. For example.4 = ‘123. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. Lookup transformation. create separate Aggregator transformations. mapping parameters and variables. Stored Procedure transformation. For example. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. If you pass a literal value to a function.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. The colon (:). If you rename a port in a connected transformation. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers.

You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. which allow only one nested aggregate function). Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables.

as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. since the last line is not a valid expression. as in: -.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. If you do not want to embed comments.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. For example. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . if you want to concatenate two strings.These are comments ♦ Two slashes.

10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. operators. are reserved for specific functions. such as constants. and system variables. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language.

Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 14 DD_UPDATE. 15 FALSE. 16 NULL. 19 11 . 17 TRUE. 13 DD_REJECT. 12 DD_INSERT.

12 Chapter 2: Constants . DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. 2. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. When you run a workflow.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. DD_DELETE.

0 ) > 2. If the result is 2 or less.DATE_SHIPPED. 0. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. DD_INSERT. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. returning the difference between the two dates. Using DATE_DIFF. the expression flags the records for rejection. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. ORDERS. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE.NAME = 'Alex'. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. 'DD' ).DD_REJECT. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. If the result is greater than 2. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. When you run a workflow. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 .

It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT.SALES > 0. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS.SALES > 0. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ).DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. DD_INSERT. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. so it includes only positive values. DD_REJECT. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . 0. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. When you run a workflow. If you flag a record as reject. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3.

The mapping loads sales for one employee. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. 1. DD_UPDATE.NAME = 'Alex'. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value.NAME = 'Alex'. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. DD_REJECT. 'DD' ). When you run a workflow. otherwise. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. it flags the records for update. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month.DATE_SHIPPED. Using DATE_DIFF. returning the difference between the two dates. If the result is greater than 2. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. ORDERS. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. the expression flags the records for rejection. If the result is 2 or less. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . 0 ) > 2. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1.

'.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Var1 = 22. Var2 = 49.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . Var2 > 30. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var1 < 23.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.'. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE.'Variable 1 was 22!'.

>=. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. <. For more information. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. However. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. or it might ignore null values. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. it might return zero or NULL. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. Functions can handle nulls differently. Therefore. For details on how each function handles null values.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. >. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. see “Functions” on page 49. !=. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. For example. <>. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. ^=. If you pass a null value to a function. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). <= For example.

which returns zero). the function returns NULL. use the ISNULL function. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. For example. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 .Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. and MOVINGSUM. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT.NULL To test for nulls. as well as CUME. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. the function does not select the record. However. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. MOVINGAVG. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL.

'Variable 1 was less than 23. Var2 > 30.'.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var2 = 49. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Var1 < 23. Var1 = 22. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1.'. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.') TRUE 19 .

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

23 String Operators. 26 21 . It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 25 Logical Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators. 24 Comparison Operators.

*. Addition. Unary plus and minus. 3. greater than or equal to. When expressions contain parentheses. The logical AND operator. modulus. Multiplication. greater than. 4. not equal to. used when specifying conditions. !=. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. >. The logical OR operator. >= =.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. <>. Concatenate. subtraction. not equal to.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. less than or equal to. used when specifying conditions. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. the equation 8 + 5 . The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. not equal to. division. /. Table 3-1. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. <=. Less than. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. 2. For example. % +. || <. depending on how you nest the operations. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. The logical NOT operator.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. Equal to.

division. Meaning Unary plus and minus. Unary minus indicates a negative value. To concatenate strings. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. *. To perform arithmetic on date values. Multiplication. use the string operator ||.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. For example. /. % +. For example. modulus. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. Arithmetic Operators 23 . Unary plus indicates a positive value. the function returns NULL. Addition.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. The expression 1. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. use the date functions. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. subtraction. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. For further information on built-in date functions. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string.

However. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. if both values are NULL. produces the same results in less time. The || operator. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. the || operator returns NULL. however. concatenates a space to the end of each first name.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns.

The expressions 123. Not equal to. For example. Not equal to. Less than or equal to. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Greater than. When you use comparison operators in an expression. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. the operands must be the same datatype. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. see “Dates” on page 33. the result is NULL. For information on how to compare dates. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. If you compare a value to a null value.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. Less than. Greater than or equal to. Comparison Operators 25 . Not equal to. manipulate data. the expression 123.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string.

Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . the operator NOT returns FALSE.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. NOT returns TRUE. For example. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. and NULL for NULL. FALSE for zero. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. For example.

28 Transaction Control Variables.Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 32 27 . 31 Local Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

30

Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 34 Date Format Strings.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 47 33 . 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings.

the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. or compare dates. truncate. ‘MM/DD/RR’). Converts a date to a string. TO_CHAR format strings. see “Variables” on page 27. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . extract one part of a date. Use to specify the format of the return string. Tests whether a string represents a date. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. and 9999 A. Date format strings. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. TO_CHAR. For example. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. Modified Julian Day. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. or perform arithmetic on a date. To pass a string to a date function. For details on built-in variables. TO_DATE. Converts a string to a date. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE.D.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates.D. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. Date functions accept date/time values only. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. With the date functions you can round. Julian Day. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. ‘MM’.

This term should not be confused with Julian Day. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE.D. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. nor with Modified Julian Day. and are not supported in PowerCenter. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. For example. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). and 9999 A.D. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. For example. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. Overview 35 . Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. By definition. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. The J format string does not convert this time component. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions.

Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. RR and YY produce different results. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. In TO_DATE expressions. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Current Year Between 50 and 99. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string.

You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . If you omit the format string. If an input value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. Use TO_CHAR(date. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. minutes. and seconds. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. while the time might include the hours. If the string is in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. The date includes the month. If you want to pass a string to a date function. and even between applications. or it is an invalid date. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. Although date formats vary from database to database. If you specify a format string.Table 5-2. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. and year. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. day. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. Dates in Relational Databases In general. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format.

12:00:00AM = 0. If you omit the format string. 1:00:00AM = 1. 12:00:00PM = 12. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Month (January = 01. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. If you specify a format string. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. For example. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits.

HH. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. YY. For example. YY. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. Hour of day (0-23). Specify the part of the date you want to round. MONTH SS. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. HH12. For example. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. Specify the part of the date you want to change. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. DAY. For example. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). you can use MM. DY. MON. YYYY. For example. Minutes (0-59. Specify the part of the date you want to return. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. HH24 MI MM. Seconds (0-59). Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. you can use HH. you can use Y. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. or YYYY to specify 1997. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. HH12. YYY.) Month (01-12). YYY. DD. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. DDD. MON. SSSS Y.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. J Description Days (01-31). or MONTH to specify APR. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Date Format Strings 39 .

M.M. AM and PM return the same values as do A. For example. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. Hour of day (01-12). Month (01-12).TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. P. including up to nine characters (for example. Hour of day (00-23). Name of day. where Sunday equals 1. Day of week (1-7). When used with TO_CHAR. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM.M. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. January). when used with TO_DATE. PM.. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. Day of month (01-31). Minutes (00-59). ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. Modified Julian Day. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. It ignores the time component of the date. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). The function removes the leading digits. Quarter of year (1-4). HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator.M. Jan). Day of year (001-366. calculated from Jan 1. changing the format for reporting purposes. including up to nine characters (for example. and P. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Seconds (00-59). Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. including leap years). Wednesday). 4713 00:00:00 BC. Name of month. and is interchangeable with.’ However. Wed). ‘RR’ produces the same results as. where January to March equals 1. For example. TO_CHAR returns 97. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. Last two digits of a year. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. A. ‘YY.

the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. 'MM. For example. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. For example. for example D””DDD. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. For example. The function removes the leading digits. Punctuation that displays in the output. SSSSS. The function removes the leading digits. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. Text that displays in the output. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. RR. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. TO_CHAR returns 1997. Entire year portion of date. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . Week of month (1-5). the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example. and YY format strings.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression.86399). For example. Last two digits of a year. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. For example. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. TO_CHAR returns 97. Last three digits of a year. and so on.Table 5-5.DD. Week of year (01-53). if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. TO_CHAR returns 997. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . For example. TO_CHAR returns 7. For example. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. The function removes the leading digits. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh.YYYY' ). It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Last digit of a year.. See the individual functions for more examples.

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. For example. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.

When you create a TO_DATE expression. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. including up to nine characters (for example. where zero is 12AM (midnight). p. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table.. If you omit the format string. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. a. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. Hour of day (1-12).TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. Wed). If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. Wednesday).m. Hour of day (0-23). AM and PM return the same values as do a. Day of year (001-366. Name of day. if any parts do not match. PM. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.m. Minutes (0-59). Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. including leap years). use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format.m. the function returns FALSE (0). If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. and p. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. Day of month (1-31).m. the function returns TRUE (1). the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. DD DDD DAY DY HH. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 .

It ignores the time component of the source string. If it does not. . Month (1-12). the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value.Table 5-6. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. Aug). If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. representing May 12. For example. If the source string year is between 50 and 99.Current Year Between 50 and 99. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. Case does not matter.Current Year Between 0 and 49. Four digits of a year. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. Use the RR or YY format string instead. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. . Use when source strings include two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Case does not matter. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. Seconds (0-59). Seconds since midnight. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. For example. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. For example. 2034). Modified Julian Day. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. 2020. Name of month. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. August). ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. 1998. to TO_DATE. including up to nine characters (for example. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03.

if you pass a string that does not match the format string. RR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks.format string. For example. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. The format string is not case-sensitive. Likewise. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. See the individual functions for more examples. Tip: By default. Example The following examples illustrate the J. and SSSSS format strings. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row.

while YY returns the year 1905. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . RR returns the year 2005.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

SET_DATE_PART. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. 31. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. 1. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. DATE_DIFF. Subtract two dates. 9999 23:59:59 AD. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. Change one part of a date. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. in alphabetical order. 49 . see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.

Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass.

MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. and returns four values.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. evaluates the AVG expression. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. Function Categories 51 . You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only.

including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. FALSE. or NULL. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. 1. and MOVINGSUM. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. By default. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. 0.2 to 1. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. MOVINGAVG. the filter condition returns FALSE. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. 1. the function selects all rows in the port. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. If you do not want to round up a value. If you pass an entire port of null values. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the function returns zero. For example. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. as well as to CUME.35 to 0) for the filter condition. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. the function returns NULL.5 to 2. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. For example. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. If the value rounds to zero. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition.

MIN. Encode strings. LOWER. UPPER.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. Convert the datatype of an input value. Replace characters in a string. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. Trim string values. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data.

For a complete list of date format strings. if you want to pass a string to a date function. extract one part of a date. see “Dates” on page 33. Date format strings are not internationalized. truncate. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. or compare dates. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. or perform arithmetic on a date. However.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. 54 Chapter 6: Functions .

if you pass a date with milliseconds. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. Therefore. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 .

the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. Unless overridden. When you run a workflow. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. Then at the end of the session. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. You can nest other functions within special functions. For example. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Filter. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions .♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. you use special functions in Expression. and Update Strategy transformations. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. At the end of the session.

If you use this function more than once for the same variable.process that pipeline. For more information on mapping variables. Function Categories 57 . the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide.

Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . The string can be any length. String. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. You can enter any valid transformation expression.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. assign ABORT as the default value. You can use ABORT to validate data. For more information on the Abort command. Return Value NULL. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. it stops transforming data at that row. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. including ERROR function calls within an expression. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. Generally. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops.

95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 .ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value.95 59. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . it returns an Integer. Return Value Positive numeric value.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. it returns a Double. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a Double. Likewise. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. if you pass an Integer.

Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. HH24. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. 'SS'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. You use the SS format string to set the second. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. YYY. 'MI'. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. Month. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. MONTH. For example. For example. YY. MON. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'YY'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. 'MONTH'. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Seconds. or YYYY. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . Day. You can use any of the day format strings: D. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. 'DD'. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 'HH'. DD. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. and DAY. For example. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. HH12. You use the MI format string to set the minute. DDD. Minute. Hour. DY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example.

amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. 'mm'. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. For example. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . 'MONTH'. days. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. Required. months. An integer value specifying the amount of years. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Also note. hours. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. for example. Passes the values you want to change. and so on by which you want to change the date value. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. 'MON'. 'MM'. Required. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. format. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port.

For example. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH'. which you specify. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY'. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY'. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. 'HH12'. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D'. 'DD'. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . you need to change the hour portion of the date. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. 'DDD'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24'. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. You can enter any valid transformation expression.535. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. before you pass any string value to ASCII. Return Value Integer. For example. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. If you pass a numeric value. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Normally. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Character string. they will still work correctly. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. however. ASCII 63 .

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function.535. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you pass a numeric value. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. it will still work correctly. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Normally. However. Character string. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. A string containing one character. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

NULL if both string values are NULL. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . Required. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). Return Value String. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. Any datatype (except Binary). Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. CONCAT returns NULL. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Alternatively. If both strings are NULL.

FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. If you want to add a space between two strings. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . ' ' ). LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. CONCAT( CHR(39). you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. For example.

Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.866025403784421 0.0 0.996194698091745 0. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3.0 0. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine.951056516295147 0. Return Value Double value.342020143325593 0. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

897 3.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.45 0 0. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.54308063481524 9. For example: COSH( MEASURES. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.0874465864177 19. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 1. Numeric datatype.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Double value.4435376920294 116.381231106176 1.66 5.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).0 2.

the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. the function returns 0. Limits the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. If you apply the value argument. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you apply the asterisk argument. Any datatype (except Binary). You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Note: By default. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. Optional. Return Value Integer. For more information. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Optionally. Passes the values you want to count. Nulls If all values are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. or NULL. Use to count all rows in a transformation. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. Syntax COUNT( value [. this function ignores columns with null values. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. this function counts all rows. However. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. FALSE. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Alternative. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT.

the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. including null values. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. returning one result for each group. The function counts all rows in a transformation. returning one value.

but do not use a filter. If you include the asterisk argument. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation.In this example. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight.

Limits the rows in the search. However. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. if all values in the selected port are NULL. CUME 79 . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. or NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. Nulls If a value is NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. or if no rows are selected (for example. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. You can enter any valid transformation expression. CUME returns NULL. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. Numeric datatype.

Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise. you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .

Required.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. The first date you want to compare. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. 1 if the second date is earlier. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. Date/Time datatype. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. Date/Time datatype. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . 0 if the two dates are equal. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. The second date you want to compare.

months. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. You can specify only one part of the date. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. or seconds. hours. hours. minutes. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. date2. Return Value Double value. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. minutes. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. days. You can request the format to be years. The format string is not case-sensitive. If date1 is earlier than date2. or seconds. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. the return value is a negative number. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. If date1 is later than date2. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Date/Time datatype. Required. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . such as 'mm'. the return value is a positive number. You can specify years. Zero if the dates are the same. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. Required. 'Mm' or 'mM'. Date/Time datatype. months. days.

5 10.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 .89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0 255. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.0 2100. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.5 87.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9.243279569892366 0. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 0.91935483870839 2. DATE_SHIPPED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.

DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. If the function finds the value. Required. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. which you define. The search value must match the value argument exactly. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. Any datatype (except Binary). not just 'Halogen'.. Optional. Required. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. second_search. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. the search does not find a matching value. you may not search for a portion of a value. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. Passes the values you want to search. DECODE 85 . second_result]. Any datatype (except Binary). Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax DECODE( value. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. If you enter 'Halogen'.[. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. Even if multiple conditions are met. first_search. For example.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. it returns a result value.. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. first_result [. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Passes the values for which you want to search.

This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . 3. 5.414213562’. The first result is an Integer. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision.414213562. For example. 'Flashlight'. ‘Archimedes’. 20.141592654. ‘Pi’. ‘Pythagoras’. 40. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. 5. 'Regulator'. When you run a session in high precision mode.414213562. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. 3. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. if at least one result is Double.141592654. 14. the datatype of the return value is Double.141592654’. ‘1. ‘Pi’. and the other results are Decimal.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. 1.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. 10. ‘Pythagoras’. 3. ‘3. 1. 'Tank'. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. For example. 'Knife'. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. ‘Archimedes’. and 3.

Var1 = 22. was more than 30. Variable 2 was more than 30.'.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. Var2 = 49. was 49!'. DECODE 87 . The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Var1 < 23.'. Also. desired ranges.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. Var2 > 30. was less than 23. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE.

If you use an output default value other than ERROR. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. and it does not log an error in the session log. The string can be any length. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. It does not skip the row. For example. Generally. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. including ERROR function calls within an expression. ‘1234’. For details about using default values. String value. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. assign ERROR as the default value. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. which you define. you use the ERROR function in an expression. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value String value. to the output port. and you assign the default value. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. The error message displays in the session log file.

Row skipped. Negative salary found. ERROR ('Error.'. Row skipped.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. Negative salary found. but skip negative values. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port.

EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). where e=2. Numeric datatype. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.4657948067 0. The value to which you want to raise e.71828183.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data. Return Value Double value. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. (The exponent in the equation e^value).38905609893065. rather than business data. You can enter any valid transformation expression.135335283236613 5166. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. For example. EXP(2) returns 7.

you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). FALSE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. or NULL. Optional. Any datatype (except Binary). see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. However. For more information. FIRST returns NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Nulls If a value is NULL. Syntax FIRST( value [. Limits the rows in the search.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. Return Value First value in a group. if all values passed from the port are NULL. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. FIRST ignores the row. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Optionally. FIRST 91 . If you pass an entire port or group of null values. or if no rows are selected (for example. However.

00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 88. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 8.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .05 150.00 29.00 31.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. returning one result for each group.00 8.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 29.00 31.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 88. returning one value. If there is no group by port.05 150. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.

FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function.79 125. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28.98 to FLOOR. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.17 to FLOOR. if you pass -3. if you pass 3. the function returns 3.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . For example. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. the function returns -4.24 NULL -100. Likewise. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. If you pass 3. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. the function returns 3.12 74.14 to FLOOR. Numeric datatype.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YY'. 'mm'. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. the format strings 'Y'. The format string is not case-sensitive. Required. 'YYY'.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. for example. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. Therefore. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. For example. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. Date/Time datatype. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks.

'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. If you omit value2. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. You can enter any valid transformation expression.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. Any datatype (except Binary). Required. Syntax IIF( condition. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. The condition you want to evaluate. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. Optional. including another IIF expression. based on the results of a condition.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. including another IIF expression. value1 [. Any datatype (except Binary).

IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. IIF( SALES < 200. SALARY2. For example. SALARY1. BONUS))). SALARY3.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. . the datatype of the return value is Double. value2 if the condition is FALSE.3333) is a decimal. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. EMP_NAME. For example. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. 1. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. IIF( SALES < 50. IIF( SALES < 100. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision.

SALARY1. DECODE may improve readability. --then return SALARY3. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. --else for sales over 199. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. SALES > 199. --then return SALARY2. For more information. SALARY3. SALARY2. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . SALARY1. return BONUS) ) ). DD_REJECT.

tab. newline. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. If your data contains multibyte characters. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. You can enter any valid transformation expression. carriage return. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . formfeed. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Any datatype (except Binary). Return Value String. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. the function returns Thomas. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric.

start [. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Optional. The string must be a character string. Optional.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. If the start position is a negative number. counting from left to right. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. The position in the string where you want to start the search. If you want to search for a character string. The set of characters you want to search for. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. Syntax INSTR( string. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . If you omit this argument. search_value [. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. If the search value appears more than once in the string. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. Must be an integer value. Any value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function uses the default value of 1. For example. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. the function uses the default value of 1. Required. If you pass a decimal. If the start position is zero. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The search value is case-sensitive. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. The results of the expression must be a character string. A positive integer greater than zero. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. if not. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. If the start position is a positive number. The default value is 1. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. counting from left to right. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. If you omit this argument. If you pass a negative integer or zero. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. For example. for example 'abc'. Passes the value you want to evaluate. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

'a'. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. starting at the beginning of each company name. 1. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. starting from the last character in the company name. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. starting at the beginning of each company name. 'a'. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. -1. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’.

'#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . starting from the end of the string.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY.-1. 1. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.INSTR( CUST_NAME.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. -1. INSTR(CUST_ID. The following expression evaluates a string. INSTR(CUST_ID.1.' ' . 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks.

Note: To test for empty strings. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. For more information. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. Any datatype (except Binary). use LENGTH. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . see “LENGTH” on page 115.

you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. In most cases. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Optional. In the first case. If the strings match the format string. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. For example. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. If you omit the format string. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. Must be a string datatype. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00).IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. not the YY format string. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. year 1900 is not a leap year. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. which returns false. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). the function returns TRUE (1). However. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. For example. which returns TRUE. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . so there is no February 29th. the function returns FALSE (0). the two format strings return the same values.

Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. and converts each valid date to a date value. If it does not. IS_DATE 105 . This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. If the value is not a valid date. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record.

Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. Therefore. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ).

FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number.45e+32’ ‘+3. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. IS_NUMBER 107 .45E-32’ ‘+3.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-). Must be a string datatype. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. You can enter any valid transformation expression.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number.

the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).00345 0. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00’ ‘-3. For example.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.00 0.45d-3’ ‘3. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.45e+3’ ‘-3.00 0.00’ ‘-3.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions . If the value is not a valid number. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123. such as TO_FLOAT.00 0.Windows only) 0 (False .00 0.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).45D-3’ ‘-3. 0.00 0.45e+3’ ‘3.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .

Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. use LENGTH. For example. A space is a blank space. a newline. Must be a string datatype. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. see “LENGTH” on page 115. or a vertical tab. a tab. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . a carriage return. a formfeed. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. For more information. To test for an empty string. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.

you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. To do this. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .column in a target table. '00000'.

Limits the rows in the search. or if no rows are selected (for example. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Note: By default. Syntax LAST( value [. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. FALSE. or NULL. Optional. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. LAST 111 . However. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Return Value Last row in a port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. Any datatype (except Binary). Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. Optionally. the function returns NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. For more information.

00 29.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.05 150. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 8.

Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. Null If a value is NULL. Return Value Date. However. returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. Date/Time datatype. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. LAST_DAY ignores the row. LAST_DAY returns NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. returning one value. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function.

TO_DATE always includes time information. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.

see “ISNULL” on page 103. use ISNULL. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. use IS_SPACES.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For details. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. To test for spaces. including trailing blanks. For details. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. String datatype. The strings you want to evaluate. LENGTH 115 .

Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm. Numeric datatype. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. LN(3)returns 1. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.04082199452026 NULL Error. For example. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. It must be a positive number.) Error. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.828313737302 -0.098612.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Return Value Double value.302585092994 4. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. greater than zero.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. zero.09 NULL 35.) Error. or 1 as a base value. Syntax LOG( base. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. exponent Return Value Double value. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number.) Error. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. The exponent of the logarithm. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Required.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . Most often. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. LOG 117 . The base of the logarithm. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0.

you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. Datatype that matches the value1. rather than creating Lookup transformations. search2. For more information. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function.. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping.5 compatibility in the session properties. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD.. value2]. You can enter any valid transformation expression.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. search1. Any datatype (except Binary). it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. ) Argument result Meaning Required. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. Specifies the values you want to match to value. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. must match search1 datatype. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). Required. value1 [. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. Syntax LOOKUP( result. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. However.

ORDERS.ITEM_NAME.ORDERS.PRICE.PRICE. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values. :TD. :TD.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. Error if the search finds more than one matching value.ORDERS.99 15. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.QTY. NULL if the search does not find any matching values. ORDERS. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD. :TD. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value.ITEM.ITEM.ORDERS.SALES for a specific item ID and price. 10. ORDERS. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100. :TD.99 15.00 15. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.SALES.PRICE.SALES.ITEM_ID. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .ORDERS. 15. RTRIM( ORDERS. :TD.SALES.ITEM.PRICE.

the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . Any string value.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Return Value Lowercase character string. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. If your data contains multibyte characters. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . Can be a character string. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. 6. RPAD returns NULL. Required. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. or if length is a negative number. length [. Can be any string value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a positive integer literal. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. LPAD( PART_NUM. Syntax LPAD( first_string. however. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. This argument is case-sensitive. When length is a negative number. You can enter a specific string literal. for example 'abc'. The strings you want to change. Optional. If you omit the second_string.

If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.**.LPAD counts the length from left to right.**..**Compass Regulator System *.. '*. If the first string is longer than the length.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. 5.Flashlight *. -5..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions . LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. For example.. LPAD truncates the string from right to left.. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. 16. '. LPAD(‘alphabetical’.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *.

the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. trim_set Return Value String. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Any string value. Most often. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. You can enter any valid transformation expression. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. LTRIM removes it.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. LTRIM 123 . starting with the left side of the string. In ASCII mode. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. Optional. Syntax LTRIM( string [. If you omit the second string. the function returns NULL. however. character-by-character. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. not 'a'. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. for example. LTRIM removes both single. Passes the strings you want to modify. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. Any string value. 'abc'. Then it returns the string. For example. with any matching characters removed. You can also enter a character string. If the trim_set is NULL. you would enter 'A'. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required.

Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. This is because LTRIM searches. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. Bender.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names.’ from S. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. 'S.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. but not the period from H. character-by-character. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. Bender. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. MacDonald Sawyer H. LTRIM removes it.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. In the example of H. and so on. For example. LTRIM removes it. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument.

Syntax MAX( date [. Optional. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 .MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. or if no rows are selected (for example. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. For more information. FALSE. Return Value Date. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. or NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE.

or if no rows are selected (for example. MAX returns NULL.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. However. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. FALSE. Note: By default. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Numeric datatype. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. or NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Nulls If a value is NULL. MAX ignores it. Limits the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Return Value Numeric value.

00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .00 PRICE 10.00 85. If there is no group by port. MAX treats all rows as one group.00 79. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.00 360. returning one value. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 55.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one result for each group.00 162.

Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or if no rows are selected (for example. MEDIAN returns NULL. If there is an odd number of values in the port. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. MEDIAN ignores the row. Note: By default. Optionally. Optional. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. Limits the rows in the search. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. the function returns NULL. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the median is the middle number. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Numeric datatype. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If there is an even number of values in the port. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If a value is NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. or NULL. However. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. For more information. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. if all values passed from the port are NULL.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. However. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Return Value Numeric value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. FALSE.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE.

you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Nulls If a single value is NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. However. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Optional. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. FALSE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Note: By default. MIN returns NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatypes. MIN (Numbers) 135 . MIN is one of several aggregate functions. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. However. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. the function returns NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. or NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. MIN ignores it. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Return Value Numeric value. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information. Limits the rows in the search.

00 360.00 162.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 55. returning one result for each group.00 79.00 85. returning one value.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions . ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10. MIN treats all rows as one group.00 PRICE 10. If there is no group by port. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.

00 NULL 20.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. MOD(8. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. You can enter any valid transformation expression. PowerCenter Server does not write row. MOD 137 .00 15. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE.5) returns 3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The divisor cannot be zero.00 25. Numeric datatype. Required. Syntax MOD( numeric_value. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. The values you want to divide. QTY ) PRICE 10.00 9. For example. The numeric value you want to divide by.00 12.

QTY )) PRICE 10.00 15.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. NULL.00 12. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero.00 25. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE. To avoid dividing by zero. IIF( QTY = 0. If the quantity is zero. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 NULL 20.00 9. you can create an expression similar to the following.The last row (25. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port.

you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. Required. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. or if no rows are selected (for example. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. Optional. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. rowset [. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. five rows at a time. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. or NULL. 5). For example. if all values are NULL. FALSE. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. MOVINGAVG 139 . Optionally. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. the function returns NULL. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average.

and thereafter. 140 Chapter 6: Functions . and 243 based on rows 3 through 7.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. 245. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES. based on the first five rows in the Sales port.8 based on rows 2 through 6.

NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. FALSE. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. or NULL. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. For example. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally. five rows at a time. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. 5 ) Optional. if all values are NULL. MOVINGSUM 141 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. However. Limits the rows in the search. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. rowset [. the function returns NULL. Numeric datatype. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Required.

5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . and thereafter. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. based on the first five rows in the Sales port.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest.

Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. Limits the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. Integer between 0 and 100. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. See the following equation for more details. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. PERCENTILE returns NULL. Optionally. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. when PERCENTILE 143 . and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. PERCENTILE ignores the row. FALSE. Nulls If a value is NULL. However. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Note: By default. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. or NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. However. inclusive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optional. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. For more information. Required. if all values in a group are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or if no rows are selected (for example. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. percentile [.

Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If i < 1. If i is an integer value.you configure the PowerCenter Server. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If there is no group by port. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. returning one result for each group. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. returning one value.

0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 9000.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 85000.0 27900. 75. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 99000.0 100000.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.0 48000.0 86000.0 NULL 55000.

If the base value is negative.0 NULL -6.5 3.0 EXPONENT 2.0 3.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.00137174211248285 0. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.00137174211248285 729. Return Value Double value. the exponent must be an integer.0 -3. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.0 5. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10. This argument is the exponent value.0 -3.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required. Numeric value.0 6. Syntax POWER( base. In this case.5 NULL 10.0 3.5 2.265625 982.0 -6. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.0 5.594307804838 NULL NULL 0.0 6.0 -3. If the base value is negative. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. the exponent must be an integer.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions . This argument is the base value.0 729. Numeric value.

the exponent must be an integer. POWER 147 .0 raised to 5.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3.5.Note that -3. If the base is negative. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.

Required. for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString. NULL if InputString is NULL. REPLACECHR returns NULL. If InputString is NULL. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. If you pass a numeric value. The characters you want to replace. the function is case-sensitive. Passes the string you want to search. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. OldCharSet. or NULL. Must be a character string. You can enter one or more characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. 'abc'. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . Must be a character string.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. the function converts it to a character string. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. REPLACECHR returns InputString. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. You can enter one character. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. the function is not case-sensitive. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. an empty string. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. If NewChar is NULL or empty. If NewChar contains more than one character. the function converts it to a character string. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. Must be an integer. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. Must be a character string.

NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index. ‘"’.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index. CUSTOMER_CODE.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0. ‘A’. ‘]["’.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .html HTTP/1.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index. CUSTOMER_CODE.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.html HTTP/1. ‘A’.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.1" GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.html HTTP/1.

NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. see “CHR” on page 68. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. INPUT. you must use the CHR function. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘14’. CHR(39). CUSTOMER_CODE. INPUT. ‘A’. including the single quote. The following expression removes multiple characters.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1.

You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. . or no character. the function converts it to a character string. That is. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. the function converts it to a character string. Required. Must be a character string. OldString1. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. REPLACESTR returns NULL. Must be a character string. multiple characters. etc. REPLACESTR 151 . for example. Must be an integer. 'abc'.. the function is not case-sensitive. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. You can enter one character. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function.. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. see the examples. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. Required. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. an empty string. You must enter at least one OldString argument. The string you want to replace. Passes the strings you want to search. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. InputString. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. If you pass a numeric value.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. OldStringN. Required. If NewString is NULL or empty. the function is case-sensitive. or NULL. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. If InputString is NULL. REPLACESTR returns InputString. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. [OldString2. multiple characters. For more information. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag.

Ms. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. ‘ab’. ‘s. Miss Mr. ‘iss’. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. WEBLOG.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions .’ ) TITLE Mrs. ‘ HTTP/1. ‘rs. MRS. ‘"’. TITLE. Mr. ‘rs.html /companyinfo/index.html /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. Ms. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.1’.NULL if InputString is NULL. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. MRS.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘s.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. RETURN VALUE Ms. ‘iss’.’ ) TITLE Mrs. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. INPUT. RETURN VALUE Ms.1" GET /companyinfo/index.’. ‘GET ’.’. ‘bc’. MRS.html HTTP/1. TITLE.

you must use the CHR function. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. ‘ab’. CONCAT(CHR(39). For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. REPLACESTR 153 . The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘s’ )). see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. CONCAT(‘it’.The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. ‘bc’. INPUT. CONCAT( CHR(39). INPUT.

For example. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. For example. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. Day. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. Hour. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. For example. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. For example. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). You can also use ROUND to round numbers. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. If the month is between January and June. For example. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . Month. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). If the month is between July and December. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. and sets the time to 00:00:00. Minute. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. the function returns January 1 of the input year. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero.

Enter a valid format string. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. If you omit the format string. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 .format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can round only one portion of the date. Optional. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.Syntax ROUND( date [. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.

The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions .

4.44. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. 0. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [.8) returns 13. Positive or negative integer.99.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. Numeric datatype. If you enter decimal precision. For example. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. ROUND(12.0 and ROUND(15. For example. ROUND(12. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. For example. If you omit the precision argument. ROUND returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the function rounds to the nearest integer.0 because the function rounds 0. 1) returns 15. ROUND(12. 1) returns 13. You can also use ROUND to round dates.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. ROUND(12. Return Value Numeric value. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . If you enter a positive precision. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. Optional. -1) returns 20.99. For example.99. If you enter a negative precision. You can enter any valid transformation expression. truncating the decimal portion of the number.99) returns 13. If one of the arguments is NULL. returning an integer.99.

0 -16.995 -18.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200. 0.8678 56.8 ) PRICE 12.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.0 57. ROUND( PRICE.0 1400.0 56.99 -18.99 56.868 56.9949 -18.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .99 -108.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.99 -15.0 -19. -2 ) PRICE 13242.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE. 3 ) PRICE 12. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.99 1435.994 15.0 -100.9936 15.99 56.

suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. This may not be the result you expect.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. To achieve the expected result. For example. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE.

Must be a positive integer literal. 5. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value String of the specified length. RPAD(‘alphabetical’. So. Regulator System Safety Knife. When length is a negative number.. Optional. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight.. RPAD counts the length from left to right. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. for example. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. This argument is casesensitive. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . Required... RPAD returns NULL. or if length is a negative number. 'abc'. If you omit the second string. Any string value. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. Compass. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. 16.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.. The strings you want to change... Any string value.. '.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. Syntax RPAD( first_string.. length [...... Specifies the length you want each string to be. For example. RPAD truncates the string from right to left. appending the string '.. if the first string is longer than the length..

16.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.. '*.. appending the string ‘*. -5.**...* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. '. Compass*.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 ..**.** Regulator System Safety Knife*..The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.

If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. Syntax RTRIM( string [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. RTRIM removes both single. It returns the string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . starting with the right side of the string. Any string value. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. trim_set Return Value String. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. however. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. for example. If you omit the second string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. Any string value. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. Passes the values you want to trim. You can also enter a text literal. character-by-character. In ASCII mode. 'abc'. with any matching characters removed. RTRIM removes it.

the last character in the string does not match. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. and so on.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . RTRIM removes it. however. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. RTRIM removes it. character-by-character. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. If. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. This is because RTRIM searches. For example. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. In the last example.

the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. Unless overridden. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. At the end of a successful session. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. For details on mapping variables. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. At the end of the session. Returns the new current value. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session is configured for a test load. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. The session is a debug session.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count.

The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. Supply. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 . It increases the count by one for each inserted row. Darkroom Co..) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc.. The next time the session runs.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. Darkroom Co. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information.Return Value The current value of the variable. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. decreases the count for each deleted row. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port.

MONTH to set the month. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. September. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. and November) in the value argument. 'SS'. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. Day. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. You can use any of the month format strings (D. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. HH24) to set the hour. Month. April. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. and DAY) to set the day. DD. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. DY. MON. For example. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. June. You use the SS format string to set the second. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. 'YY'. YYY. Seconds. HH12. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. 12=12PM. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. or YYYY to set the year. For example. You use the MI format string to set the minute. For example.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'DD'. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. For example. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. DDD. Hour. 'MONTH'. Minute. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. YY. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH'. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. 'MI'.

16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. You can enter any valid transformation expression.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. February 30). A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. format. Date/Time datatype. Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Required. the session fails. The date you want to modify. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . 'HH12'. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. If you enter an improper value (for example. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'HH24'. 'HH'.

1998). you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 'DD'. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. For example. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON'. 'YYYY'. 'YYY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YY'. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 7). such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM'. 'Y'. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'MONTH'.MM'. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.

At the end of a successful session. Unless overridden. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. For details on mapping variables. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . When used with a string mapping variable. The session is a debug session.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. Returns the new current value. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. At the end of the session. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. The session is configured for a test load.

Then. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. For example. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. The return value is the new current value of the variable. it saves the largest value to the repository. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. Required. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . The next time the session runs.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. Returns the new current value.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. When used with a string mapping variable. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. At the end of the session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . The session is a debug session. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. The session is configured for a test load. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. Unless overridden. At the end of a successful session. For details on mapping variables. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions.

25 22.00 MIN_PRICE 22.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Required. The return value is the new current value of the variable.00 26. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type.50 27. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.50 22. The next time the session runs. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.00 22.00’. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.75 25. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.25 24. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable.75 23. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .50 22. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.00 At the end of the session.00 24.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice.50 22.50. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port.00 22.50 22.00 22. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.00 22.00 22. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23.

it saves the smallest value to the repository.50 22.00 22.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions . the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition. For example. Then.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions.

Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. The session is configured for a test load. For details on mapping variables. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. At the end of a successful session. SETVARIABLE 175 . The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. The session is a debug session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Required.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. it saves a final current value to the repository. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. Returns the specified value. Unless overridden.

When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The next time the session runs.01 97. 176 Chapter 6: Functions . The next time the session runs. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.50 116.43 323.23 699.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.23 699. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534.01 97.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session.Return Value Current value of the variable.43 323. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.50 116.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value -1 for negative values. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. negative. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. 0 for 0. 1 for positive values. Numeric value. Passes the values you want to evaluate. or 0.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. NULL if NULL.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 .

Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions .50000000000003 0.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric datatype.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine.0871557427476639 0.939692620785936 0.309016994374967 0. Return Value Double value.

66 5.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.1752011936438 9. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.376934801486 0.0 2.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.4178051793031 116.45 0 0.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 . Numeric datatype. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). For example: SINH( MEASURES. Return Value Double value.897 3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0 0.03225804884884 19.

O. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. G. Q. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. E. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). J. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. For example. If string encodes to less than four characters. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. For example. Skips numbers in string. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. and encodes it in uppercase. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. P. H. X. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. F. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. K. S.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. For example. T L M. Z D. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. For example. V C. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. U. I.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the string value you want to encode. Must be a character string. string is empty.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. Return Value String. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 .

Positive numeric value. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. NULL 7. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. PowerCenter Server does not write row.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. If you pass a negative value or character value. Return Value Double value.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session.

For more information. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. STDDEV returns NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. FALSE. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Note: By default. However. Optional. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. Numeric datatypes. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. However. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can use operators to average values in different ports. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. if all values are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Nulls If a single value is NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. the function returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. STDDEV ignores it.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. STDDEV 183 . you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.

returning one value.000.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198. If there is no standard deviation.90 2256.00 ) SALES 2198.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010. the return value is zero.0 1010.90 and 153. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .0 2198. STDDEV treats all rows as one group.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.0 2198.0 153.88 3001.0 2198. If there is no group by port. returning one result for each group.0 NULL 8953. SALES > 2000. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.

start length Return Value String. including blanks. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is a negative number. Must be an integer greater than zero. The position in the string where you want to start counting. If you pass a decimal. SUBSTR 185 . the function converts it to a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. If you pass a numeric value. If the start position is a positive number. If you omit the length argument. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. the function returns an empty string. SUBSTR counts all characters. Required. Optional. Must be a character string. Must be an integer. starting at the beginning of the string. Syntax SUBSTR( string. Passes the strings you want to search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. If the start position is zero. start [.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you pass a negative integer or zero. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return.

0. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 5. -8. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 1.

1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.1 ) . 1. INSTR(CUST_ID. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. starting from the end of the string. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.' ' .INSTR( CUST_NAME.The following expression evaluates a string. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. SUBSTR 187 .1. INSTR(CUST_ID. 2. 8) returns ‘cd’. -2. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.-1. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'.

filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. SUM ignores it. Optional. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Passes the values you want to add. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information. However. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. Numeric datatype. You can use operators to add values in different ports. FALSE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. SUM is one of several aggregate functions.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. Limits the rows in the search. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default. Nulls If a single value is NULL. the function returns NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. SUM returns NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Optionally. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. or if no rows are selected (for example. or NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total.

0 1900. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.0 4519. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE . SUM treats all rows as one group. returning one value. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .0 1200. If there is no group by port.0 NULL 3458.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. returning one result for each group.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

Return Value Double value.0874886635259298 0. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.74747741945531 1. You can enter any valid transformation expression.324919696232929 57.19175359259435 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions . Numeric datatype.577350269189672 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.761594155955765 0.66 5. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .999963084213409 0. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.45 0 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent. Return Value Double value.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.0 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.993926947790665 0.897 3.998676551914886 0.0 2. Numeric datatype.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. Date/Time datatype. The format string defines the format of the return value. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. Optional. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. not the format for the values in the date argument. If you omit the format string. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value String. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

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197

Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. For example. see “Requirements” on page 44. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. use either the RR or YY format string.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Do not use the YYYY format string. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. Return Value Date. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. For details on the TO_DATE format string. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. If it does not. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. Must be a string datatype. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. If you omit the format string. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. the century will be 19. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. If you run a session in the twentieth century. PowerCenter Server skips this row. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. TO_DATE 199 . the PowerCenter Server returns an error. the century will be 19. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. If you run a session in the twentieth century.

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ).‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ).‘MM/DD/YYYY’). --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. --if true. --test third format.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). if true. For example: DECODE( TRUE. --test second format. you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. ‘MM’ ).If your target accepts different date formats. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MON DD YYYY’). ‘MON DD YYYY’). --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. if true. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.

Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. If you omit this argument. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. Optional.679 60. inclusive. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. 3 ) IN_TAX '15.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.200 118.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28.2' '118. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.348' NULL 'A12. Must be a string or numeric datatype.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [.6789' '60. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. inclusive. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

2 118.6789 60. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces. Passes the values you want to convert to double values.348' NULL 'A12. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Return Value Double value. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 .6789' '60.2' '118. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Must be a string or numeric datatype. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.

Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. or if you omit this argument. String or numeric datatype. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer. The flag must be an integer literal. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. Optional. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions .348' NULL 'A12.6789' '60.6789’ ‘-15. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion.2' '118.3Grove' ‘ 123.

23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .6789' '60.6789’ ‘-15.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.348' NULL 'A12. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.3Grove' ‘ 123.2' '118.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.

The date values you want to truncate. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. Date/Time datatype. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. Day. The format string is not case-sensitive. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. If you truncate the month portion of a date. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. Hour. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. If you omit the format string. or minute. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. For example. If you truncate the day portion of a date. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. hour. the function truncates the time portion of the date. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. day. Month. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. For example. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. Minute. setting it to 00:00:00. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. For example. For example. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. Optional. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. month. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . If you truncate the year portion of the date. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. Enter a valid format string. For example.

Return Value Date. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. Can be a positive or negative integer. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. Numeric datatype. precision If precision is a positive integer. Passes the values you want to truncate. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Return Value Numeric value. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. If you pass a decimal precision value. If you omit the precision argument.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If precision is a negative integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. Optional. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [.

99 -187.0 15.0 -18. 3 ) PRICE 12.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.9563 15.99 56.99 -18.0 -180.9995 -18.8652 56.956 15.0 50.0 1230.865 56.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 56.86 56.95 15.95 1235.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12. -1 ) PRICE 12.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.999 -18.

Return Value Uppercase string. String datatype. If your data contains multibyte characters. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Return Value Double value.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. If n is 1. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the variance is 0. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. FALSE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatype. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. Optional. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or if no rows are selected (for example. For more information.

if all values passed to the function are NULL. However. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. returning one result for each group. Note: By default.0 3001. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. returning one value. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.0 2256.Nulls If a single value is NULL. VARIANCE returns NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. returning one value. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.6666667 VARIANCE 213 .0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444.0 NULL 8953. However. If there is no group by port. VARIANCE ignores it. If there is not a group by port. or if no rows are selected.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

220 Date Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 228 For details on each function. 226 Test Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. 217 Conversion Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 223 Scientific Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 216 Character Functions. 215 . ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 225 Special Functions. 227 Variable Functions.

filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. in a group. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. found in a group. Returns the first record in a group. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. or latest date. percentile [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the maximum value. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns the standard deviation for a group. Returns the variance of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. or earliest date. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the number of records with non-null value. Returns the minimum value. Available in the Designer. found in a group. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Available in the Designer.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the last record in a group. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. Returns the sum of all records in a group. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Available in the Designer.

trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. it will still work correctly. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . Returns the position of a character set in a string. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. In ASCII mode. length [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. OldCharSet. start [. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. search_value [. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. including trailing blanks. Returns the number of characters in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. however. to set a string to a specified length. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Concatenates two strings.

Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. start [. [OldString2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. OldString1..] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or no character.. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. OldStringN. length [. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. multiple characters. .

Available in the Designer. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.

Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. OldCharSet. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. search_value [.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces.. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. counting from left to right. Returns a portion of a string. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. OldString1. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. or no character. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. multiple characters. start [. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. [OldString2. OldStringN. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. Returns whether a value is a valid date.

Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. day. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. filter_condition ) MIN( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Available in the Designer. date2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. or minute. hour. hours. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format. Returns the latest date found in a group. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. month. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. measured in the specified increment (years. format. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. days. or seconds). Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. value ) TRUNC( date [. Truncates dates to a specific year. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the earliest date found in a group. minutes. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Rounds one part of a date. months. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Returns the length of time between two dates.

Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent).71828183. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. recordset [. negative. recordset [.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. where e=2. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a running total of all numeric values. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. or 0. Available in the Designer. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value.

Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Truncates numbers to a specific digit. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

IIF IIF( condition. search2. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. second_result ]…[. value2 [. first_result [. Available in the Designer. search1. first_search. Searches a port for the specified value. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . second_search. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. based on the results of a condition. value1 [. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Returns one of two values you specify.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. Searches for a value in a lookup source column.

Test Functions 227 .Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns the new current value. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Returns the specified value. Available in the Designer. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Returns the new current value. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable.

Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 211 229 . 120. 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99.

211 counting 185 encoding 130. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 68 capitalization 99. 68. 180 removing from strings 123.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 120. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 160 ASCII characters 63. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

216 categories 50 character 52. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 220 date 54. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 217 conversion 53.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 226 test 56. 223 scientific 55. 219 data cleansing 53. 225 special 55.

Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69.

null values aggregate functions 18. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116. 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index .

47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .

72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 120. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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