Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Table of Contents

Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1.. . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . . 3-1. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language .. .. . . 6 . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . ... . . . . . .. . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . 18 . . . . . . .... . .. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions .. . .. .. . . . 22 . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . 5-1. . . 5-3. .. . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . . . .. .. . . .. . ... ... . . . . . .. . . 3-3. . .. 6-2. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . .. . . 23 . . . .. . . . . RR Format String Conversions ... METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . . . . . . . . . 36 . . . ... .. . . . . 36 . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 40 . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . .. . . .. . . . . 6-1. . . . . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . . .. . Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . .. . . . . . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . ... . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . .. . . .... .. . . . . . 5-5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 39 . 3-4. . . . . . ... TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings .. . 4-1. . . . ... . . 28 . . 2-1.. . . .. . . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . 26 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. .. . 3-2. .. .. . . .. . . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4. 5-2. .. . . 39 . TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . 5-6.. . . . 25 . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference .

x List of Tables .

PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. and information hubs.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. data migration. including extracting. handle complex transformations on the data. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. loading. data synchronization. usable. and managing data. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. xi . Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. transforming. and efficient manner. and support high-speed loads.

sessions.1. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. Domain Inference function tuning. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data.1.0. PowerCenter 7. When you use a local parameter file. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Row Uniqueness function.1. session. and MELCOM-kana. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. JEF-kana. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. You can define default mapping. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. and workflow prefixes. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. pmcmd. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results.1. and 7. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. Session enhancement. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling.1. session. xii Preface . You can view a profile from a random sample of data. Profile mapping display in the Designer.1. a specified percentage of data. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. Flat file partitioning. 7. such as JIPSEkana. Define mapping. Verbose data enhancements. the rows that meet the business rule.

If any source. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. Teradata external loader. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. such as Business Objects Designer. log. targets. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. and Sybase repositories. If the file exists. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. You can attach document types such as XML. DB2. target. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. you can connect to IBM. On SuSE Linux.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. On SuSE Linux. When you export metadata. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. DB2. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools.♦ SuSE Linux support. JPEG. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. containing reserved words. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word.txt. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. you can connect to IBM. Preface xiii . You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. You do not need to know a database user name and password. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. you can also override the error. Oracle. and repositories using native drivers. or PDF. it searches for reswords. Depending on the loader you use. you can now override the control file. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. ♦ SuSE Linux support. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. reswords. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. you can create and maintain a file. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. GIF. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. Oracle. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. Reserved word support. and Sybase sources.

Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. It also includes information from the version 7. targets. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. resize columns in a report. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. and partitions in the session. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. and options. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. XML User Guide. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. Workflow Administration Guide. Source View in the Profile Manager. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. You can also pivot the view row. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. Creating auto profile enhancements.0 Web Services Hub Guide. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function.♦ Pipeline partitioning. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. Aggregator function in auto profiles. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. PowerCenter 7. connectivity. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. Prepackaged domains.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions.1. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. You store xiv Preface . You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. Informatica provides licenses for product. and Transformation Guide. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode.

workflow and session log history. or restore a repository. and deploy group history. disable. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. You can choose to skip MX data. Increased repository performance. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. back up. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. truncate log files. This improves processing performance for most sessions. upgrade. Partitioning enhancements. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can use pmrep to back up. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . Object import and export enhancements. If you have the Partitioning option. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. MX views. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. and the command line program. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). and restore repositories. the PowerCenter Server Setup. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. delete a relational connection from a repository.1 MX views in its schema. pmlic. You can also use pmrep to create. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. pmrep. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time.the license keys in a license key file. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. modify. delete repository details. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. or enable a repository. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. and delete a folder.

Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. or a collection of all older versions of objects. the latest version of checked in objects. Also. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You can now perform lookups on flat files. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. Enhanced printing. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. Midstream XML transformations. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. Union transformation. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. Web Services Hub. The query can return local objects that are checked out. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. Custom transformation API enhancements. The quality of printed workspace has improved. ♦ xvi Preface . You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries.

You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. XML files. DTD files. It displays folders alphabetically. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . or schema files. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. Synchronizing XML definitions. When you import XML definitions. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. In a view with hierarchy relationships. add or delete columns from views. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. such as data stored in a CLOB column. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. Midstream XML transformations. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. targets. and define relationships between views. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. Additional options for XML definitions. XML workspace. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. including relational sources or targets. When you create views with entity relationships. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can create views. For more informations.

You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. Support for multiple XML output files. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. − − PowerCenter 7. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. Installation and Configuration Guide. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. Increased performance for large XML targets. For example. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. you can determine implicit data type.” Upgrading metadata. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. suggest candidate keys. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. After you create a profiling warehouse. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . DTD files. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree.♦ Support for circular references. PowerCenter now supports XML files. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. detect data patterns.0. User-defined commits. and evaluate join criteria.

and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client.objects impacted by the upgrade process. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. mappings. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects.0 metadata. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. you can now choose to load from staged files. The Metaphone function encodes string values. Metadata analysis. session errors. You can create a control file containing installation information. Row error logging. including session load time. session completion status. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. Functions ♦ Soundex. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Distributed processing. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. External loading enhancements. When using external loaders on Windows. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. source and target tables. and warehouse growth. Metaphone.1. and transformations. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. If you purchase the Server Grid option. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. When using external loaders on UNIX. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. In a server grid. server load. worklets. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). such as workflows.

and change object status. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. You can choose to insert. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. update. groups. The repository maintains a status for each user. such as the Aggregator transformation. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. exporting. upsert. Trusted connections. When you log in to the repository. importing. Audit trail. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. deploying. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. Real time processing enhancements. You can also use pmrep to run queries. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. checking in. pmrep commands. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. Concurrent processing. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. and listing objects. maintain labels. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. delete. or delete data. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. Additionally. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . You can track changes to repository users. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. privileges. When you select data driven loading. such as copy object. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. If you use LDAP. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. or update. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. Use Repository Manager privilege.

and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. control development on the object. sessions. When you create a Custom transformation template. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. You can compare tasks. adding or removing a user or group. worklets. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. Compare objects. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. You can also compare different versions of the same object. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. Unlike copying a folder. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. such as changes to folder properties. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. Check out and check in versioned objects. Deployment. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. track changes. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. you can purge it from the repository. You can specify the icons used for transformation. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository.audit trail log contains information. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. Delete or purge a version. the colors. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. and adding or removing privileges. If you want to permanently remove an object version. ♦ Joiner transformation. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository.

You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. increase performance for large XML files. Labels. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. XPath support. Track changes to an object. You can copy objects within folders. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. and to different repositories.♦ Deployment groups. use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. When you process an XML file or stream. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. Increased performance for large XML files. You can save queries for later use. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. or you can share it with all users in the repository. Comparing objects. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. Queries. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. to other folders. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. You can make a private query. Within the Designer. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. XML target enhancements. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. declare multiple namespaces. ♦ xxii Preface . You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. format your XML file output for increased readability. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. improve query results.

You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. mappings. View dependencies.♦ Change propagation. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . When you do this. and worklets. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. When you edit a port in a mapping. such as sources. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. Enhanced partitioning interface. The Designer propagates ports. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. mapplets. mappings. Enhanced validation messages. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. or workflows. Revert to saved. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. In the Workflow Manager. You can validate sessions. workflows. Refresh session mappings. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. you can refresh a session mapping. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. Validate multiple objects. targets. expressions.

Repository Guide. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. and load data into JMS messages. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Designer Guide. Batch Web Services. including details on environment variables and database connections. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. and permissions and privileges. mapplets. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. extract data from JMS messages. Troubleshooting Guide. and Metadata Web Services. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. Web Services Provider Guide. build mappings. Installation and Configuration Guide. XSD. Includes information to help you create mappings. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Workflow Administration Guide. and transformations. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. XML User Guide. Transformation Language Reference. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. users. Transformation Guide. groups. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. or DTD files. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Getting Started. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. folders. and relational or other XML definitions.

relational database concepts. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. This is a code example. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . The following paragraph provides suggested uses. Emphasized subjects. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. unless you follow the specified procedure. The following paragraph provides additional facts. The material in this book is available for online use.

the Informatica Webzine. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. newsletters.com. upcoming events. the Informatica Knowledgebase. and locating your closest sales office. detailed descriptions of specific features.informatica. user group information. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. please email webzine@informatica. and access to the Informatica user community. Informatica Webzine.com xxvi Preface . You will also find product information.informatica.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. The site contains product information. and implementation services. The site contains information about Informatica. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. as well as literature and partner information. go to http://my. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. To register for an account. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal.com.informatica. its background. training and education. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. This journal provides solutions to common tasks.informatica. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support.com. If you have any questions.com. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet.

5:30 p.6 p.m. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.213.5 p. .6332 or 650.385.m.5 p. .com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a.m.m. CA 94063 Phone: 866.m.5:30 p.9489 Hours: 6 a.The site contains information on how to create. .m. WebSupport requires a user name and password.com.5:30 p. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.m.m.563.m. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a. . market.m. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.m. . (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.informatica. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd.m. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.5:30 p. (local time) Preface xxvii . (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a. You can request a user name and password at http://my. Redwood City.5:30 p.m. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a.m. . . and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces. . White Waltham Maidenhead. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica.m.m. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.5800 Fax: 650.

xxviii Preface .

It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. 9 Reserved Words. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions. 2 Expression Syntax. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 1 .

You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Operators. Workflow variables. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. Mapping parameters and variables. or compare data. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Local and system variables. combine data. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. and External Procedure transformations. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. Stored Procedure. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. such as the system date. For details. Constants. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. such as a state sales tax rate. For more information. such as TRUE. Return values. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. You can also create local variables in transformations.

For example. during a workflow. or a numeric literal. such as 10. not byte-oriented. For example. Then. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. For example. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. “>>>>”. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. You can create an expression as simple as a port. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . such as ORDERS.

The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . not the number of bytes.string.

Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. or a numeric literal (such as 10). the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. variable) String literals. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. input/output. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. For example. it is not exactly like SQL.Status). while SQL does not. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). but the transformation language does not. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. On the other hand.

argument2.ITEM_ID. The general syntax is: :SD. The general syntax is: :LKP. [. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .ITEM_NAME. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.sequence_generator_transformation. For example.external_procedure_transformation(argument1.source_table.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals. :TD.SALES. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3..column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. The general syntax is: :SEQ. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.SALES. :TD.. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1.SALES. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation. 10.5 LOOKUP function. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation.5 expressions only).. . .. The general syntax is: :EXT. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1.PRICE. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition. argument2. argument2.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. The general syntax is: :SP.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation.lookup_transformation(argument1. 15. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.

For details on workflow variables. and period (. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. functions. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. You cannot add an integer and a string. Just type the number you want to include. the expression 123. Except for literals. For example. comma (. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. Lookup transformation. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. For example. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. local and system variables. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. not a string. For example: . External Procedure transformation. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. If you pass a literal value to a function. as the start position. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. Stored Procedure transformation. Except for literals.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. literal string or number. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. mapping parameters and variables. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. variable. create separate Aggregator transformations. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . or the results of another expression. For example.). The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. The colon (:). the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL.4 = ‘123. ‘1’.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. which allow only one nested aggregate function). You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports.

These are comments ♦ Two slashes. if you want to concatenate two strings. For example. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. If you do not want to embed comments.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. as in: -. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression. since the last line is not a valid expression.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.

10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. such as constants. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. are reserved for specific functions. operators. and system variables. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions.

Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 19 11 . 14 DD_UPDATE. 15 FALSE. 13 DD_REJECT. 16 NULL. 17 TRUE. 12 DD_INSERT.

When you run a workflow.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. 2. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. DD_DELETE. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001.

ORDERS. DD_INSERT. Using DATE_DIFF. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference.DATE_SHIPPED. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. 0.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . If the result is greater than 2. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. returning the difference between the two dates. the expression flags the records for rejection. When you run a workflow. 0 ) > 2. If the result is 2 or less.DD_REJECT. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag.NAME = 'Alex'. 'DD' ).NAME = 'Alex'. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE.

DD_INSERT.SALES > 0. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS.SALES > 0. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . DD_REJECT. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. When you run a workflow. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. If you flag a record as reject. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. 0. so it includes only positive values.

the expression flags the records for rejection. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. 1. 0 ) > 2. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. ORDERS. DD_REJECT. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . If the result is greater than 2. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only.NAME = 'Alex'. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. DD_UPDATE. If the result is 2 or less. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1.DATE_SHIPPED. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. returning the difference between the two dates. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. When you run a workflow.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. it flags the records for update. The mapping loads sales for one employee.NAME = 'Alex'. otherwise. Using DATE_DIFF. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. 'DD' ). Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals.

FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.'Variable 1 was 22!'.'.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. Var2 > 30.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Var2 = 49. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var1 = 22. Var1 < 23.'. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.

>=. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. <= For example. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Therefore. !=. For details on how each function handles null values. it might return zero or NULL. see “Functions” on page 49. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. For more information. However. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. If you pass a null value to a function. <. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. ^=. or it might ignore null values. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. Functions can handle nulls differently.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. For example. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. >. <>. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default.

the function returns NULL. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. However. the function does not select the record. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.NULL To test for nulls. and MOVINGSUM. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. 18 Chapter 2: Constants .Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. For example. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. which returns zero). use the ISNULL function. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. MOVINGAVG. as well as CUME. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.

Var2 > 30. Var1 < 23.') TRUE 19 . Var1 = 22. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1.'. Var2 = 49.'Variable 2 was 49!'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

22 Arithmetic Operators. 25 Logical Operators. 26 21 .Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 23 String Operators. 24 Comparison Operators. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.

greater than. Equal to. greater than or equal to. The logical NOT operator. 2. division. !=. <=. % +. Table 3-1.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . The logical OR operator. >= =. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. Addition. used when specifying conditions. not equal to. /. not equal to. 3. subtraction. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. less than or equal to. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. >. not equal to. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. Multiplication. used when specifying conditions. Unary plus and minus. modulus. Concatenate. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. *. <>. For example. the equation 8 + 5 .2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . Less than. 4.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. The logical AND operator. When expressions contain parentheses. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. depending on how you nest the operations. || <.

Unary minus indicates a negative value. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. Meaning Unary plus and minus. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. division. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. To perform arithmetic on date values. For further information on built-in date functions.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. Multiplication. /. use the string operator ||. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. Unary plus indicates a positive value. the function returns NULL. To concatenate strings. subtraction. The expression 1. For example. For example. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. modulus. *. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. Arithmetic Operators 23 . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. use the date functions. % +. Addition. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric.

This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. the || operator returns NULL. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. however. The || operator. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . if both values are NULL. However. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. produces the same results in less time.

Not equal to. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. manipulate data.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. When you use comparison operators in an expression. Not equal to. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. the expression 123. the operands must be the same datatype. If you compare a value to a null value. Less than or equal to. Greater than or equal to. the result is NULL.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. For information on how to compare dates. The expressions 123. Less than. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Greater than. Not equal to. see “Dates” on page 33. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. Comparison Operators 25 . For example. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to.

Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. For example. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. FALSE for zero. and NULL for NULL. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . For example. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. NOT returns TRUE. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. the operator NOT returns FALSE.

32 27 .Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 31 Local Variables. 28 Transaction Control Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 47 33 . 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. 34 Date Format Strings.

see “Variables” on page 27. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. ‘MM’. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . Use to specify the format of the return string. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A.D. For details on built-in variables. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. Converts a date to a string. truncate. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. or perform arithmetic on a date. Converts a string to a date. TO_DATE.D. ‘MM/DD/RR’). Tests whether a string represents a date.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. Date format strings. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. or compare dates. and 9999 A. For example. TO_CHAR. With the date functions you can round. TO_CHAR format strings. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. Julian Day. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. extract one part of a date. Modified Julian Day. To pass a string to a date function. Date functions accept date/time values only.

For example. and 9999 A. and are not supported in PowerCenter.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR.D. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates.D. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). which represents some fraction of 24 hours. The J format string does not convert this time component. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. By definition. nor with Modified Julian Day. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. Overview 35 . Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. For example.

RR and YY produce different results. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. Current Year Between 50 and 99. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. In TO_DATE expressions. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string.

MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. while the time might include the hours. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. minutes. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. Dates in Relational Databases In general. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If you want to pass a string to a date function. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. day. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. If an input value does not match this format. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. If the string is in the default date format. Use TO_CHAR(date. If you specify a format string. and seconds. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. and even between applications. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The date includes the month. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE.Table 5-2. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. If you omit the format string. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. Although date formats vary from database to database. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. and year. or it is an invalid date.

12:00:00AM = 0. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . If you omit the format string. 1:00:00AM = 1. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. Month (January = 01. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If you specify a format string. 12:00:00PM = 12. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. For example. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form.

Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). Specify the part of the date you want to round. you can use HH. HH12. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. DAY. Specify the part of the date you want to change. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). HH24 MI MM. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. For example. HH. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. MON. For example. J Description Days (01-31). Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. or MONTH to specify APR. you can use MM. YY. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. DY. DDD. Specify the part of the date you want to return. or YYYY to specify 1997. For example. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. DD. MON. Hour of day (0-23). Minutes (0-59. MONTH SS. YYY. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. YY. YYYY. you can use Y.) Month (01-12). This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. YYY. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. HH12. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. Date Format Strings 39 . if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. Seconds (0-59). SSSS Y. For example. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function.

AM and PM return the same values as do A. A. and is interchangeable with. Last two digits of a year. Quarter of year (1-4). including leap years). changing the format for reporting purposes. Name of day. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. 4713 00:00:00 BC. including up to nine characters (for example. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. Month (01-12).M. Day of week (1-7). where 00 is 12AM (midnight).M. Wed). including up to nine characters (for example. Modified Julian Day. When used with TO_CHAR. Minutes (00-59). where January to March equals 1. Wednesday). Seconds (00-59).M. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. where Sunday equals 1. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. PM. when used with TO_DATE.. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. January). Name of month. TO_CHAR returns 97.M.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Jan). ‘RR’ produces the same results as. Hour of day (00-23). HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. For example. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . ‘YY. The function removes the leading digits. For example.’ However. Hour of day (01-12). P. It ignores the time component of the date. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. and P. calculated from Jan 1. Day of month (01-31). Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. Day of year (001-366.

where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. TO_CHAR returns 1997. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. The function removes the leading digits. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh.Table 5-5. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . Feb 1 designates the first week of February. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. 'MM. Last digit of a year.DD. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . For example. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. Punctuation that displays in the output. The function removes the leading digits.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. For example. Text that displays in the output. and so on. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. See the individual functions for more examples. For example. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. RR. For example. For example.. Last three digits of a year. For example. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. Entire year portion of date. and YY format strings. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. The function removes the leading digits. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. SSSSS. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. Last two digits of a year. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. TO_CHAR returns 997. For example. Week of month (1-5).86399). for example D””DDD. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. TO_CHAR returns 97. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. For example.YYYY' ). Week of year (01-53). It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. TO_CHAR returns 7. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES.

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. For example. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings.

m. Minutes (0-59). use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. If you omit the format string. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table.m.m. Day of year (001-366. the function returns FALSE (0). use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. where zero is 12AM (midnight). The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. p. Name of day. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if any parts do not match. DD DDD DAY DY HH. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. AM and PM return the same values as do a. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Hour of day (1-12). TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. Hour of day (0-23). When you create a TO_DATE expression.m.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. including up to nine characters (for example. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. and p. Day of month (1-31). PM. Wednesday). TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. Wed). a. including leap years). Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. the function returns TRUE (1). TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 ..

If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Seconds (0-59). . Month (1-12). TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. to TO_DATE. Name of month. For example. . Four digits of a year. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. Use when source strings include two-digit years. 2034). Modified Julian Day. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR.Current Year Between 50 and 99. 1998. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. Seconds since midnight. including up to nine characters (for example. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. Use the RR or YY format string instead. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. 2020. Case does not matter. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. If it does not. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. representing May 12. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99.Current Year Between 0 and 49. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. For example. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. For example. Case does not matter. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. Aug). It ignores the time component of the source string. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years.Table 5-6. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. August).

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. See the individual functions for more examples. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. Tip: By default. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string.format string. Example The following examples illustrate the J. The format string is not case-sensitive. and SSSSS format strings. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Likewise. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. RR. For example. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.

while YY returns the year 1905. RR returns the year 2005.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

9999 23:59:59 AD. 31. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 .Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. Change one part of a date. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. SET_DATE_PART. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. Subtract two dates. DATE_DIFF. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. 1. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

49 . in alphabetical order. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.

With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function.

evaluates the AVG expression. and returns four values. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Function Categories 51 . The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID.

You can enter any valid transformation expression.2 to 1. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. If the value rounds to zero.5 to 2.35 to 0) for the filter condition. For example. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. If you pass an entire port of null values. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . MOVINGAVG. the filter condition returns FALSE. the function returns zero. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. FALSE. the function selects all rows in the port. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. 1. 1. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. or NULL. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. as well as to CUME. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. For example. the function returns NULL. 0.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. By default. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. and MOVINGSUM. If you do not want to round up a value. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50.

INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . LOWER. MIN.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. UPPER. Encode strings. Replace characters in a string. Trim string values. Convert the datatype of an input value. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value.

The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. truncate. or compare dates. see “Dates” on page 33. if you want to pass a string to a date function. For a complete list of date format strings. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. However.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. or perform arithmetic on a date. extract one part of a date. Date format strings are not internationalized.

The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Therefore. if you pass a date with milliseconds.

When you run a workflow. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. Unless overridden. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. Filter. You can nest other functions within special functions. For example. and Update Strategy transformations. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. you use special functions in Expression. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. At the end of the session. Then at the end of the session. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline.

see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results.process that pipeline. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. Function Categories 57 . For more information on mapping variables. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide.

It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. String. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. including ERROR function calls within an expression.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. Generally. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information on the Abort command. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. it stops transforming data at that row.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. The string can be any length. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. assign ABORT as the default value. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. You can use ABORT to validate data. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. Return Value NULL. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression.

Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. it returns a Double. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. if you pass an Integer.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.95 59. Return Value Positive numeric value. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. Likewise. You can enter any valid transformation expression.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. it returns an Integer.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. If you pass a Double. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 .

59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. DDD. You can use any of the day format strings: D. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. DD. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. or YYYY. Day. For example.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Month. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'MI'. 'SS'. 'HH'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. MON. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. You use the MI format string to set the minute. MONTH. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. and DAY. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 'MONTH'. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. HH12. HH24. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. 'YY'. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. Seconds. YYY. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. YY. DY. You use the SS format string to set the second. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Hour. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'DD'. For example. For example. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Minute.

Passes the values you want to change. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. months. An integer value specifying the amount of years. For example. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. and so on by which you want to change the date value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Also note. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Required. days. for example. Required. 'MONTH'. 'MON'. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. format. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. 'MM'. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. Date/Time datatype. hours. 'mm'. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required.

'DY'. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. which you specify. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. For example. 'D'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD'. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. 'HH12'. 'DAY'. 'HH'. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. you need to change the hour portion of the date. 'DD'. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. 'HH24'.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month.

you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Normally. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. they will still work correctly. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. If you pass a numeric value. For example. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. ASCII 63 . Character string. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. before you pass any string value to ASCII.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. however. Return Value Integer. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII.535. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. it will still work correctly. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. However. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. A string containing one character. Normally. If you pass a numeric value.535. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. Character string. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. Any datatype (except Binary). Any datatype (except Binary). Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. Return Value String. CONCAT returns NULL. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. If both strings are NULL. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. Required. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. Alternatively. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if both string values are NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required.

LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . CONCAT( CHR(39). For example. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. If you want to add a space between two strings. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. ' ' ).

342020143325593 0.951056516295147 0.996194698091745 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. For example.0 0.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Return Value Double value.0 0.866025403784421 0. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.54308063481524 9.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Numeric datatype.0874465864177 19.66 5. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). For example: COSH( MEASURES. Return Value Double value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.0 2.4435376920294 116.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .0 1.897 3.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).381231106176 1. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.45 0 0.

Use to count all rows in a transformation. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. the function returns 0. this function counts all rows. Passes the values you want to count. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Alternative. For more information. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. Any datatype (except Binary). COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. or NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Optionally. Nulls If all values are NULL. If you apply the asterisk argument. this function ignores columns with null values. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Note: By default. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. Syntax COUNT( value [. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns NULL. Optional. FALSE. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If you apply the value argument. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Return Value Integer. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). However. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.

The function counts all rows in a transformation. returning one result for each group. including null values. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. returning one value. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock.

the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation.In this example. but do not use a filter. If you include the asterisk argument. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight.

if all values in the selected port are NULL. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. Optional. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. or NULL. CUME returns NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. FALSE. However. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatype. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. Nulls If a value is NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. CUME 79 . Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise.

Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. Required. Date/Time datatype. The second date you want to compare. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. The first date you want to compare. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . NULL if one of the date values is NULL. 1 if the second date is earlier. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Date/Time datatype. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. 0 if the two dates are equal. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier.

Date/Time datatype. hours. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. 'Mm' or 'mM'. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. If date1 is earlier than date2.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. Date/Time datatype. date2. days. Required. Required. You can request the format to be years. days. the return value is a positive number. You can specify only one part of the date. such as 'mm'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. or seconds. months. For example. minutes. or seconds. hours. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. minutes. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . months. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. The format string is not case-sensitive. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. the return value is a negative number. Zero if the dates are the same. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. If date1 is later than date2. Return Value Double value. You can specify years.

DATE_SHIPPED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. DATE_SHIPPED.0 2100. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.5 10. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283.5 87.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.0 255. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.

'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 2. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.91935483870839 0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. DATE_SHIPPED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. Passes the values you want to search. Required. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. Syntax DECODE( value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. first_result [. If the function finds the value. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. not just 'Halogen'. The search value must match the value argument exactly. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. first_search. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string.[. For example. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. Passes the values for which you want to search. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function.. which you define. it returns a result value. Required. DECODE 85 . NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. Any datatype (except Binary). If you enter 'Halogen'. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you may not search for a portion of a value. second_result]. Even if multiple conditions are met. Any datatype (except Binary). the search does not find a matching value. second_search. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression.

5. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. 10. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. 1. 3. ‘Archimedes’. ‘3. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions .141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’.141592654’. 20. ‘Pythagoras’. and 3. ‘Archimedes’. if at least one result is Double. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. 40.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. 1. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. For example. 'Regulator'. For example. The first result is an Integer. the datatype of the return value is Double.141592654. 3.141592654. ‘1. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. ‘Pi’. 'Tank'. ‘Pythagoras’. 'Flashlight'. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE.414213562’. 'Knife'.414213562. When you run a session in high precision mode. 3. 14.414213562. ‘Pi’. and the other results are Decimal. 5.

Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. Var1 < 23. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. Var1 = 22. was less than 23. Var2 = 49.'. Also. was more than 30.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. desired ranges. Var2 > 30. DECODE 87 . evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Variable 2 was more than 30. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID.'. was 49!'.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID.

ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. and it does not log an error in the session log. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. you use the ERROR function in an expression. The error message displays in the session log file. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . String value. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. For details about using default values. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. It does not skip the row. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. Return Value String value. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. including ERROR function calls within an expression. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. For example. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. which you define. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. Generally. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. The string can be any length. ‘1234’. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. and you assign the default value. assign ERROR as the default value. to the output port.

'. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. ERROR ('Error. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . but skip negative values. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. Negative salary found. Negative salary found. Row skipped.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. Row skipped.

Numeric datatype. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. (The exponent in the equation e^value).55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data.135335283236613 5166. rather than business data.71828183. For example.4657948067 0. Return Value Double value. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. The value to which you want to raise e. You can enter any valid transformation expression.38905609893065.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). where e=2. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. EXP(2) returns 7.

Nulls If a value is NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Limits the rows in the search. or if no rows are selected (for example. if all values passed from the port are NULL. FIRST 91 . Return Value First value in a group. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax FIRST( value [. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However. However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Any datatype (except Binary). the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Optionally. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. Note: By default. the function returns NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. or NULL. FIRST returns NULL.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. For more information. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Optional. FIRST ignores the row.

00 8.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 88.00 29. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 88.05 150.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 29. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10. returning one result for each group. returning one value.00 31.00 8.00 31.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. FIRST treats all rows as one group. If there is no group by port. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.05 150.

79 125. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 .FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR.98 to FLOOR. the function returns 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. For example. If you pass 3. Likewise.12 74. the function returns -4. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. if you pass -3. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. the function returns 3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.24 NULL -100. Numeric datatype. For example. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value.14 to FLOOR.17 to FLOOR. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. if you pass 3.

Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. 'mm'. The format string is not case-sensitive. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. for example. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Date/Time datatype. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Required. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. 'YYY'. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Therefore. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. For example. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . 'YY'. the format strings 'Y'. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. You can enter any valid transformation expression.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value.

'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

If you omit value2.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. including another IIF expression. Required.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. value1 [. Syntax IIF( condition. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. based on the results of a condition. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. Any datatype (except Binary). including another IIF expression. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. The condition you want to evaluate. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. For example.

SALARY1. 1.3333) is a decimal. EMP_NAME. IIF( SALES < 100. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. SALARY2. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. For example. IIF( SALES < 50. value2 if the condition is FALSE. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. For example.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. the datatype of the return value is Double. . so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. BONUS))). the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. SALARY3.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. IIF( SALES < 200.

--else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. SALARY1. DD_REJECT. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. return BONUS) ) ). return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. SALARY2. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. DECODE may improve readability. --then return SALARY2. SALARY3. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. --then return SALARY3. For more information. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100.SALARY1. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . SALES > 199. --else for sales over 199. --else for sales less than or equal to zero.

newline. Return Value String. tab. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. If your data contains multibyte characters. Any datatype (except Binary). the function returns Thomas. formfeed. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. carriage return. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function uses the default value of 1. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . If you omit this argument. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. If you pass a decimal. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. The default value is 1. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. If you want to search for a character string. Passes the value you want to evaluate. A positive integer greater than zero. Optional. The results of the expression must be a character string. For example. The position in the string where you want to start the search. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. You can enter any valid transformation expression. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you omit this argument. Required. for example 'abc'. If the start position is a negative number. if not.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. The search value is case-sensitive. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. Zero if the search is unsuccessful.start [. search_value [. counting from left to right. If the start position is zero. If the start position is a positive number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. The string must be a character string. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. counting from left to right. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax INSTR( string. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. Optional. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. Must be an integer value. For example. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. If the search value appears more than once in the string. If you pass a negative integer or zero. The set of characters you want to search for. the function uses the default value of 1.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. Any value.

2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . starting at the beginning of each company name. 'a'. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. starting from the last character in the company name. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 1. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. -1. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 'a'. starting at the beginning of each company name. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’.

1. -1. The following expression evaluates a string.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. starting from the end of the string.INSTR( CUST_NAME. INSTR(CUST_ID. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions .1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. INSTR(CUST_ID. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks.-1. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.' ' . 1.

Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . Any datatype (except Binary).ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. use LENGTH. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. Note: To test for empty strings. For more information. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. see “LENGTH” on page 115. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE.

the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. However. which returns TRUE. Optional. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. You can enter any valid transformation expression. In the first case. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. If you omit the format string. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. For example. year 1900 is not a leap year. the function returns FALSE (0). If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. the two format strings return the same values. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. Must be a string datatype. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. so there is no February 29th. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. not the YY format string. which returns false. In most cases. the function returns TRUE (1). Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. For example. If the strings match the format string. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00).

and converts each valid date to a date value. If the value is not a valid date. IS_DATE 105 . IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. If it does not.

‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). Therefore. the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE.Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ).

Must be a string datatype. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-). You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype.45e+32’ ‘+3. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. IS_NUMBER 107 .45E-32’ ‘+3.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number.

00 0.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.Windows only) 0 (False . For example.00 0. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.00 0. If the value is not a valid number. 0.45e+3’ ‘-3. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).45D-3’ ‘-3.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00345 0. such as TO_FLOAT.45d-3’ ‘3.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True . and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.00’ ‘-3.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).45e+3’ ‘3.00 0.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 0.00’ ‘-3.

For more information. a carriage return.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. A space is a blank space. To test for an empty string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. Must be a string datatype. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . use LENGTH. a tab. For example. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. a newline. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. see “LENGTH” on page 115.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. a formfeed. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. or a vertical tab.

'00000'. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .column in a target table. To do this. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces.

Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default. For more information. FALSE. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. However. Any datatype (except Binary). filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Syntax LAST( value [.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). LAST is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the function returns NULL. Optional. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. or if no rows are selected (for example. LAST 111 . Limits the rows in the search. Return Value Last row in a port. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.

00 8.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.00 29.05 150.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00: LAST( ITEM_NAME. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.

returning one result for each group. However.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Return Value Date. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Null If a value is NULL. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . LAST_DAY ignores the row. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. LAST_DAY returns NULL. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one value. Date/Time datatype. If there is no group by port. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required.

'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. TO_DATE always includes time information. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date.

The strings you want to evaluate. String datatype. To test for spaces. use IS_SPACES. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. LENGTH 115 . For details. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. including trailing blanks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. For details. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. use ISNULL. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. see “ISNULL” on page 103.

098612. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. For example. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero.302585092994 4. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm.04082199452026 NULL Error.828313737302 -0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. LN(3)returns 1. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.) Error. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. greater than zero.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. It must be a positive number. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. Return Value Double value. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. The base of the logarithm. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. Syntax LOG( base. The exponent of the logarithm. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. exponent Return Value Double value. Required.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error.) Error. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.09 NULL 35. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. or 1 as a base value. LOG 117 .) Error.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. Most often. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. zero.

value2]. Required. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. For more information.. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. rather than creating Lookup transformations. Any datatype (except Binary). search1. value1 [.5 compatibility in the session properties. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Any datatype (except Binary). search2. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. Syntax LOOKUP( result. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function.. Datatype that matches the value1. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. Specifies the values you want to match to value. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. However. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. must match search1 datatype. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Required.

' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD.PRICE. :TD. :TD.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values. :TD.QTY. :TD.ITEM. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument. ORDERS. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values.ORDERS. RTRIM( ORDERS.SALES.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100. NULL if the search does not find any matching values. :TD.PRICE.SALES for a specific item ID and price. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.SALES.99 15.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .ITEM.ORDERS. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.ORDERS. ORDERS. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD. 15.ORDERS.ITEM. Error if the search finds more than one matching value.ITEM_ID.00 15.PRICE.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values.ORDERS. 10.ITEM_NAME. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value.99 15.PRICE.SALES.

If your data contains multibyte characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value Lowercase character string. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . Any string value.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.

You can enter any valid transformation expression.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. This argument is case-sensitive. Must be a positive integer literal. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. length [. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. When length is a negative number. however. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. Optional. Syntax LPAD( first_string. Can be a character string. Required. The strings you want to change. You can enter a specific string literal. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. Can be any string value. for example 'abc'. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. If you omit the second_string. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. 6. RPAD returns NULL. or if length is a negative number. LPAD( PART_NUM.

**. For example.LPAD counts the length from left to right. LPAD(‘alphabetical’. LPAD truncates the string from right to left... '. 16.**.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions . LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. '*.Flashlight *. -5. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’.**Compass Regulator System *. 5.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. If the first string is longer than the length..

LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. not 'a'. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. Syntax LTRIM( string [. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. character-by-character. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. You can also enter a character string. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. starting with the left side of the string.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. LTRIM removes both single. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. In ASCII mode. If the trim_set is NULL. Any string value. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. If you omit the second string. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. with any matching characters removed. for example. Passes the strings you want to modify. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. Optional. Any string value. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. 'abc'. trim_set Return Value String. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. Most often. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. LTRIM 123 . you would enter 'A'. Then it returns the string. LTRIM removes it. however.

Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. Bender. If it matches the second character in the trim_set.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM.’ from S. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. MacDonald Sawyer H. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. Bender. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. but not the period from H. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. In the example of H.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. This is because LTRIM searches. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. For example. and so on. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. LTRIM removes it. character-by-character. LTRIM removes it. 'S.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument.

You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Optional. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Return Value Date. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. For more information. or if no rows are selected (for example. or NULL. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax MAX( date [.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. Limits the rows in the search. Date/Time datatype. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . FALSE. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. Optional. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Limits the rows in the search. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. However. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Return Value Numeric value. Note: By default. or NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . However. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. FALSE. Numeric datatype. Nulls If a value is NULL. MAX ignores it. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. if all values passed from the port are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. MAX returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only.

00 PRICE 10. returning one result for each group. returning one value. MAX treats all rows as one group.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 360.00 85. If there is no group by port.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 . Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.00 162.00 55.00 79.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. If there is an odd number of values in the port. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. If there is an even number of values in the port. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. the function returns NULL. MEDIAN ignores the row. or if no rows are selected (for example. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. However. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. if all values passed from the port are NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the median is the middle number. Note: By default. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Optionally. or NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Return Value Numeric value. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. For more information. Limits the rows in the search. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Nulls If a value is NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. MEDIAN returns NULL. FALSE. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .

Numeric datatypes. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Return Value Numeric value. the function returns NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. or if no rows are selected (for example. However. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. MIN returns NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. if all values passed from the port are NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Nulls If a single value is NULL. MIN (Numbers) 135 . FALSE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. Note: By default. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. MIN ignores it. or NULL. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. However. Limits the rows in the search. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15.

00 55.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions . returning one value.00 162. If there is no group by port. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.00 79.00 PRICE 10.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10. MIN treats all rows as one group.00 360.00 85. returning one result for each group.

00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error.00 9. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. The numeric value you want to divide by.00 12. You can enter any valid transformation expression. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. The divisor cannot be zero. For example.00 25.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation.00 15. QTY ) PRICE 10. MOD(8.00 NULL 20. PowerCenter Server does not write row. The values you want to divide. MOD 137 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Required. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. Syntax MOD( numeric_value. Numeric datatype.5) returns 3.

0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port.00 15. IIF( QTY = 0.00 25. you can create an expression similar to the following. QTY )) PRICE 10. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. 138 Chapter 6: Functions . the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE. To avoid dividing by zero.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero. If the quantity is zero. NULL.00 NULL 20.00 9.00 12.The last row (25.

FALSE. the function returns NULL. MOVINGAVG 139 . you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. if all values are NULL. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Numeric datatype. However. Limits the rows in the search. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. or if no rows are selected (for example. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. 5). filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. or NULL. Optionally. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. Required. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optional. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. rowset [. For example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. five rows at a time. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

8 based on rows 2 through 6. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. 245.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES. and thereafter. 140 Chapter 6: Functions .

Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optionally. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. Numeric datatype. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. the function returns NULL. For example. 5 ) Optional. FALSE. or NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. However. MOVINGSUM 141 . the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Required. if all values are NULL. rowset [. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. five rows at a time. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if the function does not select any rows (for example.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero.

1229 based on rows 2 through 6. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. and thereafter.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest.

Numeric datatype. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. PERCENTILE returns NULL. percentile [. FALSE. Optionally. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. if all values in a group are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. or NULL. inclusive. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. PERCENTILE ignores the row. You can enter any valid transformation expression. when PERCENTILE 143 . See the following equation for more details. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. Integer between 0 and 100. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. Note: By default. Required. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. For more information. Optional. the function returns NULL. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. Limits the rows in the search. Nulls If a value is NULL.

see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. If i < 1. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If there is no group by port.you configure the PowerCenter Server. If i is an integer value. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. returning one value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. returning one result for each group.

0 85000.0 48000. 75.0 NULL 55000.0 9000.0 PERCENTILE 145 .000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 86000. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 99000.0 100000.0 27900.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.

0 729.5 NULL 10. Numeric value.00137174211248285 0. This argument is the base value.5 3.0 6. This argument is the exponent value.0 -6.0 5.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .0 -3. Numeric value. Return Value Double value. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.594307804838 NULL NULL 0.0 3.0 3.0 -3. If the base value is negative. Required. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.0 NULL -6.0 -3.0 5.265625 982. If the base value is negative.0 6. Syntax POWER( base. In this case.5 2. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.00137174211248285 729. the exponent must be an integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the exponent must be an integer.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 EXPONENT 2. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.

0 raised to 5.5. POWER 147 . otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. the exponent must be an integer.Note that -3. If the base is negative.

InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. Must be a character string. InputString. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. If NewChar contains more than one character. Must be a character string. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. You can enter one or more characters. Passes the string you want to search. the function converts it to a character string. the function is case-sensitive. OldCharSet. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. 'abc'. The characters you want to replace.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. Required. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. for example. or NULL. Must be an integer. the function converts it to a character string. If you pass a numeric value. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function is not case-sensitive. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. an empty string. If NewChar is NULL or empty. Required. If InputString is NULL. You can enter one character. REPLACECHR returns InputString. If you pass a numeric value. NULL if InputString is NULL. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACECHR returns NULL. Required.

1 GET /companyinfo/index. CUSTOMER_CODE.html HTTP/1.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index. ‘"’.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1" GET /companyinfo/index.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index. ‘A’.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. ‘]["’.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘A’. WEBLOG.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE.

150 Chapter 6: Functions . The following expression removes multiple characters. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. including the single quote. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘A’. you must use the CHR function. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. CUSTOMER_CODE. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. CHR(39). INPUT. see “CHR” on page 68.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. INPUT. ‘14’.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. REPLACESTR returns InputString. or NULL. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. for example. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. multiple characters. [OldString2. Must be an integer. Required. You can enter one character. the function is case-sensitive. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. OldStringN. 'abc'. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. or no character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. OldString1. Required. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString.. an empty string. Must be a character string. Must be a character string. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. If InputString is NULL. For more information. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. Required. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. the function converts it to a character string. You must enter at least one OldString argument. The string you want to replace. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. see the examples. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a numeric value. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. Must be a character string. etc. multiple characters. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. REPLACESTR 151 . the function is not case-sensitive. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. the function converts it to a character string. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. If you pass a numeric value.. InputString. If NewString is NULL or empty. That is. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. REPLACESTR returns NULL. . Passes the strings you want to search. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Mr.’.’ ) TITLE Mrs. Ms. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. ‘iss’.html /companyinfo/index. MRS.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘bc’. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. ‘rs. WEBLOG. ‘iss’.html HTTP/1. MRS. MRS.html HTTP/1. ‘ HTTP/1.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. Miss Mr. ‘GET ’.’ ) TITLE Mrs. ‘ab’. TITLE. ‘s.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.NULL if InputString is NULL. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. RETURN VALUE Ms. ‘s. RETURN VALUE Ms. ‘"’.html /companyinfo/index. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . Ms.1’.’.1" GET /companyinfo/index. ‘rs. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. INPUT. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. TITLE.

‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. CONCAT(CHR(39). ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. INPUT. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. CONCAT(‘it’. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information.The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. you must use the CHR function. ‘ab’. ‘bc’. INPUT. REPLACESTR 153 . ‘s’ )). for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. CONCAT( CHR(39).

If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. For example. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. For example. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. the function returns January 1 of the input year. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. Day. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. If the month is between January and June. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. For example. For example. For example. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. Hour. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. If the month is between July and December. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. and sets the time to 00:00:00. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. Month. Minute. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero.

Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can round only one portion of the date. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 .format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. If you omit the format string. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Optional. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Enter a valid format string.Syntax ROUND( date [. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.

'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

If one of the arguments is NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required.99. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. If you enter decimal precision. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. ROUND (Numbers) 157 .8) returns 13.99. ROUND(12. If you omit the precision argument. You can also use ROUND to round dates. For example.99. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15.4. 1) returns 15. ROUND(12. If you enter a positive precision. ROUND returns NULL. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. If you enter a negative precision. Numeric datatype.0 because the function rounds 0. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. Positive or negative integer.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. truncating the decimal portion of the number. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. For example. For example. For example. the function rounds to the nearest integer.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression.99) returns 13. -1) returns 20.99.0 and ROUND(15. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression.44. ROUND(12. 0. 1) returns 13. Return Value Numeric value. returning an integer. Optional. ROUND(12.

ROUND( PRICE. 3 ) PRICE 12.9936 15.8 ) PRICE 12.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.99 -108.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .0 1400.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.99 1435.0 -19.99 -18.8678 56.994 15.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.0 -100. 0.99 56.868 56. -2 ) PRICE 13242.0 57.9949 -18.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.995 -18. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.99 -15.0 -16.0 56.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 56.

For example.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. To achieve the expected result. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. This may not be the result you expect. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE.

The strings you want to change.... Specifies the length you want each string to be.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight.. This argument is casesensitive.. If you omit the second string. 16.. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . RPAD truncates the string from right to left. 5.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME... RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary.. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. Return Value String of the specified length.. if the first string is longer than the length. appending the string '. Required. or if length is a negative number.. RPAD(‘alphabetical’. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. '. When length is a negative number. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’.. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. RPAD returns NULL. length [.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. RPAD counts the length from left to right. 'abc'. Regulator System Safety Knife. Must be a positive integer literal. for example.... So.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Compass. Optional. Syntax RPAD( first_string. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.. Any string value. Any string value.

.** Regulator System Safety Knife*....**.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*. '*. '. 16.**.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.. -5. Compass*.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters..* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 . appending the string ‘*.

Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'abc'. It returns the string. character-by-character. trim_set Return Value String. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Any string value. for example. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. Optional.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. Syntax RTRIM( string [. starting with the right side of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. In ASCII mode. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. If you omit the second string. RTRIM removes both single. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. You can also enter a text literal. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the values you want to trim.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. however. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. RTRIM removes it. with any matching characters removed. Any string value.

the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. character-by-character. For example. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. In the last example. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. RTRIM removes it.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. If. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). and so on. RTRIM removes it. This is because RTRIM searches. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. however. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. the last character in the string does not match. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings.

the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. At the end of a successful session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . The session is configured for a test load. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. At the end of the session. For details on mapping variables. Returns the new current value. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. The session is a debug session. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. Unless overridden. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion.

decreases the count for each deleted row.. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. Darkroom Co. The next time the session runs.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. Supply.Return Value The current value of the variable.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. Darkroom Co. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 . and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd.. It increases the count by one for each inserted row. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’.

DDD. For example. For example. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'YY'. Day. For example. September. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. You can use any of the month format strings (D. HH24) to set the hour. For example. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. and November) in the value argument. YY. or YYYY to set the year. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. YYY. DD. You use the SS format string to set the second.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. You use the MI format string to set the minute. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 12=12PM. April. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'MI'. For example. MON. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. HH12. MONTH to set the month. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. June. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. For example. Minute. 'DD'. and DAY) to set the day. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. Hour. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. Month. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. DY. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'SS'. 'HH'. 'MONTH'. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Seconds. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port.

16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. If you enter an improper value (for example. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. the session fails. The format string is not case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The date you want to modify. Required. Date/Time datatype. 'HH12'. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. 'HH24'. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. February 30). format. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. Required. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH'. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

1998). 'MM'. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 'YYYY'. 'YYY'. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 'MONTH'.MM'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 'YY'. For example. 'MON'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 7). 'YYYY'. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 'DD'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'Y'. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.

When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. At the end of a successful session. When used with a string mapping variable. Unless overridden. Returns the new current value.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The session is configured for a test load. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. For details on mapping variables. At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session is a debug session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert.

The return value is the new current value of the variable. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. The next time the session runs. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . Suppose the same session contains three partitions. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. Required.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. For example. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. it saves the largest value to the repository. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Then.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

172 Chapter 6: Functions .SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. At the end of a successful session. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For details on mapping variables. The session is configured for a test load. When used with a string mapping variable. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. Unless overridden. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Returns the new current value. The session is a debug session. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. At the end of the session. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository.

It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port.25 24. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .50 22. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.50 22. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice.75 25.00 22.25 22. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23.00 22.75 23. Required.00’.00 22.00 At the end of the session.50 27. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.00 MIN_PRICE 22.00 26.00 22.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.50 22. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.00 24. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22. The return value is the new current value of the variable. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.50.50 22.00 22. The next time the session runs. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.

50 22.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions .50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition. For example.00 22. it saves the smallest value to the repository. Then.

value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. At the end of a successful session. The session is configured for a test load. SETVARIABLE 175 . the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. Unless overridden. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Returns the specified value. Required. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The session is a debug session. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. it saves a final current value to the repository.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. For details on mapping variables. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline.

the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”. The next time the session runs. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.23 699.43 323. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp.Return Value Current value of the variable.50 116. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.23 699. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .01 97. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.50 116. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.43 323. The next time the session runs.01 97.

Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. NULL if NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or 0. Passes the values you want to evaluate. 1 for positive values. 0 for 0. Numeric value. Return Value -1 for negative values.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . negative.

999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions .SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).50000000000003 0. Return Value Double value.0871557427476639 0. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3.939692620785936 0. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine.309016994374967 0. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).

Return Value Double value. For example: SINH( MEASURES.0 0.03225804884884 19. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.66 5.376934801486 0.45 0 0.0 2. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .1752011936438 9.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.4178051793031 116. You can enter any valid transformation expression.897 3.

SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. X. H. F. Z D. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. I. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. For example. V C. For example. Q. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. O. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. S. For example. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). E. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. G. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. and encodes it in uppercase. U. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. If string encodes to less than four characters. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. K. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. P. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. Skips numbers in string. For example. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. J. T L M.

Must be a character string. string is empty. Passes the string value you want to encode. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. You can enter any valid transformation expression.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. Return Value String. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 .

NULL 7. Positive numeric value. PowerCenter Server does not write row. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. If you pass a negative value or character value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. 182 Chapter 6: Functions .54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root.

If you pass an entire port or group of null values. or NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Note: By default. Limits the rows in the search. Optional.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. FALSE. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. the function returns NULL. if all values are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatypes. You can use operators to average values in different ports. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. or if no rows are selected (for example. STDDEV ignores it. For more information. However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. STDDEV returns NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Nulls If a single value is NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. STDDEV 183 . The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only.

0 2198.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.0 2198. STDDEV treats all rows as one group.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.0 1010.88 3001. returning one result for each group.00 ) SALES 2198.0 2198.90 2256. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000. If there is no standard deviation.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES. SALES > 2000. 184 Chapter 6: Functions . If there is no group by port. returning one value. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198. the return value is zero.0 153.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 NULL 8953.90 and 153.000.

The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. You can enter any valid transformation expression. SUBSTR counts all characters. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. The position in the string where you want to start counting. the function returns an empty string. SUBSTR 185 . Must be a character string. starting at the beginning of the string. If the start position is a positive number. If you pass a negative integer or zero. start length Return Value String. Syntax SUBSTR( string. If the start position is zero. If you pass a numeric value. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. If you omit the length argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. If the start position is a negative number.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. start [. Must be an integer. Passes the strings you want to search. the function converts it to a character string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. Must be an integer greater than zero. If you pass a decimal. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. Optional. Required. including blanks. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 1. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 5. -8. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 0. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port.

' ' . SUBSTR 187 . '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. -2. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID. 2.1.INSTR( CUST_NAME. 8) returns ‘cd’. INSTR(CUST_ID. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'.The following expression evaluates a string. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. starting from the end of the string.1 ) . 1. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string.-1.

you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . the function returns NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Numeric datatype. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). FALSE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. SUM returns NULL. However. For more information. if all values passed from the port are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. Optional. However. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. Optionally. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. SUM ignores it. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Nulls If a single value is NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Passes the values you want to add. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. or NULL. You can use operators to add values in different ports. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.

returning one result for each group. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total.0 4519.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. If there is no group by port. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 1200. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 . returning one value.0 1900.0 NULL 3458. SUM treats all rows as one group.

14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2. Return Value Double value.74747741945531 1.324919696232929 57. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.577350269189672 0. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3.0874886635259298 0.19175359259435 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

You can enter any valid transformation expression.66 5. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.897 3.0 0. Numeric datatype.998676551914886 0.993926947790665 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0 2.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.45 0 0. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.761594155955765 0. Return Value Double value.999963084213409 0.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .

You can enter any valid transformation expression. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If you omit the format string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. Date/Time datatype. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. Optional. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . The format string defines the format of the return value. Return Value String. not the format for the values in the date argument.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

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197

the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. If you omit the format string. If it does not. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. Do not use the YYYY format string. use either the RR or YY format string. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. Optional. For details on the TO_DATE format string. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. 198 Chapter 6: Functions .TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. For example. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. Return Value Date. Must be a string datatype. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. see “Requirements” on page 44.

the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. PowerCenter Server skips this row. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. If you run a session in the twentieth century. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. the century will be 19. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. the century will be 19. If you run a session in the twentieth century. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. TO_DATE 199 .

The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

--test third format.If your target accepts different date formats. --test second format. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MON DD YYYY’). --if true. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. if true. For example: DECODE( TRUE. ‘MON DD YYYY’).‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ).‘MM/DD/YYYY’). ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 .‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. ‘MM’ ). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. if true.

TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. Optional. If you omit this argument. 3 ) IN_TAX '15.200 118. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value.679 60. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. inclusive. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point.348' NULL 'A12.2' '118. inclusive. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Must be a string or numeric datatype.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.6789' '60. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

2 118. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15. You can enter any valid transformation expression.2' '118. Passes the values you want to convert to double values. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 .6789' '60.6789 60. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Return Value Double value.348' NULL 'A12. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).

6789’ ‘-15. Optional. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [.6789' '60. You can enter any valid transformation expression. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. or if you omit this argument. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . or the constants TRUE or FALSE. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15.3Grove' ‘ 123.348' NULL 'A12. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion.2' '118. String or numeric datatype. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. The flag must be an integer literal. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer.

6789' '60. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.3Grove' ‘ 123.2' '118.348' NULL 'A12.6789’ ‘-15.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .

The date values you want to truncate. month. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. If you truncate the year portion of the date. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. Hour. Day.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. The format string is not case-sensitive. Minute. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. If you truncate the day portion of a date. If you truncate the month portion of a date. day. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. Date/Time datatype.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. hour. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. For example. Optional. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. the function truncates the time portion of the date. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. For example. If you omit the format string. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. For example. For example. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. or minute. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. Enter a valid format string. For example. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. Month. setting it to 00:00:00.

'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.Return Value Date. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. If precision is a negative integer. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . precision If precision is a positive integer. Can be a positive or negative integer. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. If you omit the precision argument. Passes the values you want to truncate. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. Optional. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. If you pass a decimal precision value. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. Return Value Numeric value.

0 15.0 -180.8652 56.9563 15. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .99 -187.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.86 56.956 15.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.99 -18.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.0 -18.95 15.999 -18.0 56. -1 ) PRICE 12.0 50.99 56.865 56.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.9995 -18.0 1230.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.95 1235.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. String datatype. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. If your data contains multibyte characters. Return Value Uppercase string. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.

and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . For more information. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. Numeric datatype. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optional. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. Limits the rows in the search. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. If n is 1. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. Return Value Double value. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. the variance is 0. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance.

returning one value. if all values passed to the function are NULL. If there is no group by port.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. returning one value. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Note: By default.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . If there is not a group by port. the function returns NULL. However.0 NULL 8953. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. VARIANCE ignores it. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.0 2256. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. VARIANCE returns NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.Nulls If a single value is NULL. returning one result for each group.0 3001. or if no rows are selected.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 216 Character Functions. 225 Special Functions. 228 For details on each function. 220 Date Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 227 Variable Functions. 215 . see “Functions” on page 49. 226 Test Functions. 217 Conversion Functions.

Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the variance of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. in a group. found in a group. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Returns the first record in a group. Returns the sum of all records in a group.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Available in the Designer. Returns the maximum value. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Returns the number of records with non-null value. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns the standard deviation for a group. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the last record in a group. Available in the Designer. or earliest date. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. found in a group. Returns the minimum value. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. or latest date. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. percentile [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer.

Returns the position of a character set in a string. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. counting from left to right. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. including trailing blanks. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. it will still work correctly. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Returns the number of characters in a string. In ASCII mode. start [. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. length [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. In Unicode mode. OldCharSet. Concatenates two strings. search_value [. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. however. to set a string to a specified length.

Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. OldString1. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. length [.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldStringN. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2... or no character. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. multiple characters. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. .

TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).

start [. Returns whether a value is a valid date. start [. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldString1. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Returns whether a string is a valid number. OldStringN. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Returns a portion of a string. . Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase.. or no character. search_value [.

Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

months. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Returns the length of time between two dates. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. date2. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. minutes. hours.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Returns the earliest date found in a group. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. hour. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or seconds). DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. month. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. or minute. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format. format. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. day. measured in the specified increment (years. Returns the latest date found in a group. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. days. filter_condition ) MIN( date. Available in the Designer. Truncates dates to a specific year. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. value ) TRUNC( date [. Rounds one part of a date. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. where e=2. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. negative.71828183. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. recordset [. Available in the Designer.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Returns a running total of all numeric values. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. or 0. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. recordset [. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value.

TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [.Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Truncates numbers to a specific digit.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer. Returns one of two values you specify. Available in the Designer. based on the results of a condition. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. first_result [. Searches a port for the specified value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. IIF IIF( condition. search1. second_result ]…[. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . value2 [.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. Available in the Designer. first_search. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. search2. second_search. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. value1 [.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Test Functions 227 .Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Returns whether a string is a valid number.

Returns the specified value. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the new current value. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Returns the new current value.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count.

Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 120. 211 229 .

180 removing from strings 123. 68 capitalization 99. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 211 counting 185 encoding 130.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 160 ASCII characters 63. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 120. 68. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index .

SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130. 180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .

223 scientific 55. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 219 data cleansing 53. 216 categories 50 character 52. 226 test 56. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 225 special 55. 217 conversion 53. 220 date 54.

117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69.Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116.

117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.null values aggregate functions 18. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index .

47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .

211 character set 100 concatenating 24. 120. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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