Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Table of Contents

Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . 25 .. . . . . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . ... . . . . ... . . . 5-4. . . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . . . . . . . . . 3-4. . . . .. . . . 18 .. . 36 .. . . . . .. . 6-1. . . . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . 2-1. . . . .. . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . 5-6. . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings .. .. . . . . .. . . . . . ... Operators in the Transformation Language . 5-5. 22 .. . . . . . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . . . 5-2. . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . 39 . 3-2.. . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. . . . . .. .. .. . . . 3-1. .. .. . ... . . .. . . TO_CHAR Format Strings.. . . .. . . . . . .. . ... ... . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . ... .. . . . .... . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings.. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . 40 . ... .. . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . 5-3. 4-1. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . . 36 . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . . ... . 5-1.. 3-3. . . . .. . . . 23 .. . . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . ... .. 26 . .. 39 . .. . . 6-2. ..List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . . . . .. . . 28 . RR Format String Conversions ... . 6 . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . .. . . .. . . . .

x List of Tables .

usable. transforming.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. and information hubs. including extracting. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. xi . handle complex transformations on the data. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. and managing data. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. and support high-speed loads. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. loading. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. data migration. data synchronization. and efficient manner.

1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. JEF-kana. Verbose data enhancements. Profile mapping display in the Designer. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. Session enhancement. You can define default mapping. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. such as JIPSEkana. Flat file partitioning. the rows that meet the business rule. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. xii Preface . and workflows generated when you create a data profile. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. and 7. pmcmd. When you use a local parameter file. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency.1.1. PowerCenter 7.1. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. Row Uniqueness function.1. Define mapping.0.1. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. a specified percentage of data. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. session. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. and workflow prefixes. sessions. 7.1. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. and MELCOM-kana. session. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. Domain Inference function tuning.

When you load to Teradata using an external loader. such as Business Objects Designer. Oracle. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. Oracle. it searches for reswords. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. Teradata external loader. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. and Sybase repositories. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. and Sybase sources. DB2. Preface xiii . you can now override the control file. On SuSE Linux. JPEG. log.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory.♦ SuSE Linux support. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. or PDF. target. You can attach document types such as XML. Depending on the loader you use. containing reserved words. targets. Reserved word support. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. If the file exists. reswords. DB2. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. If any source. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. you can connect to IBM. GIF. You do not need to know a database user name and password. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. and repositories using native drivers. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. you can connect to IBM. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. you can create and maintain a file. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. ♦ SuSE Linux support. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. you can also override the error. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. When you export metadata. On SuSE Linux.txt. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system.

resize columns in a report. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. It also includes information from the version 7.♦ Pipeline partitioning. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. Aggregator function in auto profiles. targets. and partitions in the session. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. Source View in the Profile Manager. Creating auto profile enhancements. and options. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. Informatica provides licenses for product. You can also pivot the view row. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function.0 Web Services Hub Guide. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. PowerCenter 7. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. connectivity. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. and Transformation Guide. XML User Guide. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. Prepackaged domains. You store xiv Preface . and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions.1. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Workflow Administration Guide. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function.

and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. upgrade. Object import and export enhancements. and restore repositories. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. modify. and deploy group history. MX views. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. back up. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. delete a relational connection from a repository. If you have the Partitioning option. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. workflow and session log history. or restore a repository. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. or enable a repository. disable. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. and delete a folder. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. the PowerCenter Server Setup. You can choose to skip MX data. pmrep. This improves processing performance for most sessions. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. truncate log files. You can also use pmrep to create. and the command line program.1 MX views in its schema. Increased repository performance. Partitioning enhancements. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects.the license keys in a license key file. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. You can use pmrep to back up. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. pmlic. delete repository details.

When you use a dynamic lookup cache. Enhanced printing. Custom transformation API enhancements. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. or a collection of all older versions of objects. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can also extract data from messaging systems. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. the latest version of checked in objects. Midstream XML transformations. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. Union transformation. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. The quality of printed workspace has improved. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. ♦ xvi Preface . ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. You can now perform lookups on flat files. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. The query can return local objects that are checked out. Also. Web Services Hub.

such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. XML workspace. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. When you create views with entity relationships. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. such as data stored in a CLOB column. or schema files. It displays folders alphabetically. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. You can also extract data from messaging systems. For more informations. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. DTD files. XML files. add or delete columns from views. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. and define relationships between views. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. targets. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. Midstream XML transformations. Synchronizing XML definitions. Additional options for XML definitions. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. including relational sources or targets. In a view with hierarchy relationships. You can create views. When you import XML definitions.

suggest candidate keys. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. For example. Increased performance for large XML targets. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . you can determine implicit data type. DTD files. Installation and Configuration Guide. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. After you create a profiling warehouse. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server.0. PowerCenter now supports XML files. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. Support for multiple XML output files. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. detect data patterns. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. and evaluate join criteria. User-defined commits. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. − − PowerCenter 7. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size.” Upgrading metadata.♦ Support for circular references. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree.

The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). When using external loaders on UNIX. Functions ♦ Soundex. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. If you purchase the Server Grid option. including session load time. External loading enhancements. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. and transformations. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. session completion status. session errors. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. The Metaphone function encodes string values.1. In a server grid. mappings. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. worklets. You can create a control file containing installation information. Metadata analysis. server load. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . Distributed processing.0 metadata. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. you can now choose to load from staged files. such as workflows. Metaphone. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. source and target tables. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation.objects impacted by the upgrade process. and warehouse growth. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. When using external loaders on Windows. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Row error logging.

You do not have to delete user names from the repository. exporting. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. upsert. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. delete. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. When you select data driven loading. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. or delete data. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. deploying. importing. Audit trail. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. privileges. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. You can choose to insert. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. or update. such as copy object. When you log in to the repository. Trusted connections. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. maintain labels. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. If you use LDAP. Use Repository Manager privilege.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. groups. and change object status. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. checking in. The repository maintains a status for each user. Concurrent processing. such as the Aggregator transformation. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. update. You can also use pmrep to run queries. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. and listing objects. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. You can track changes to repository users. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. pmrep commands. Real time processing enhancements. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. Additionally.

Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. If you want to permanently remove an object version. sessions.audit trail log contains information. When you create a Custom transformation template. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. Compare objects. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. You can specify the icons used for transformation. and adding or removing privileges. worklets. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. You can compare tasks. track changes. Delete or purge a version. You can also compare different versions of the same object. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. Unlike copying a folder. control development on the object. Check out and check in versioned objects. ♦ Joiner transformation. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. adding or removing a user or group. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. such as changes to folder properties. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. you can purge it from the repository. the colors. Deployment.

XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. XPath support. to other folders. Within the Designer. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. Labels. You can copy objects within folders. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. increase performance for large XML files. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. Increased performance for large XML files. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. format your XML file output for increased readability. Track changes to an object. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. and to different repositories. ♦ xxii Preface . or you can share it with all users in the repository. You can save queries for later use. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. improve query results. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. When you process an XML file or stream. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. Queries. You can make a private query. use XPath to locate XML nodes. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. XML target enhancements. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. Comparing objects. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. declare multiple namespaces.♦ Deployment groups. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush.

You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. When you edit a port in a mapping. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. and worklets. Enhanced validation messages. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. such as sources. You can validate sessions. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. mappings. When you do this. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. Refresh session mappings. Revert to saved. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. or workflows. expressions. mapplets. View dependencies. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . you can refresh a session mapping. targets. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. In the Workflow Manager. The Designer propagates ports. mappings. workflows.♦ Change propagation. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. Validate multiple objects. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. Enhanced partitioning interface.

Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. Designer Guide. users. including details on environment variables and database connections. Transformation Language Reference. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Batch Web Services. Provides information needed to use the Designer. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. folders. Installation and Configuration Guide. Web Services Provider Guide. XML User Guide. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Repository Guide. and transformations. Troubleshooting Guide. Transformation Guide. extract data from JMS messages. groups. and permissions and privileges. and relational or other XML definitions. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. build mappings. Workflow Administration Guide. or DTD files. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Includes information to help you create mappings. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. and Metadata Web Services. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. Getting Started. XSD. mapplets. and load data into JMS messages. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor.

The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. Emphasized subjects. The following paragraph provides additional facts. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. relational database concepts. This is a code example. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. unless you follow the specified procedure. The material in this book is available for online use.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse.

training and education.com xxvi Preface . and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS).informatica.informatica. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my.com.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. If you have any questions. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. This journal provides solutions to common tasks. The site contains product information. You will also find product information. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet.informatica. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. and access to the Informatica user community.com.com. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www.com.informatica. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. go to http://my. please email webzine@informatica. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. the Informatica Knowledgebase. user group information. detailed descriptions of specific features. newsletters. The site contains information about Informatica. To register for an account. its background. and implementation services. and locating your closest sales office. as well as literature and partner information. Informatica Webzine. the Informatica Webzine. upcoming events. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers.

5 p. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.m.5:30 p. WebSupport requires a user name and password. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a.m. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a. . You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service.m. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road. White Waltham Maidenhead.com.9489 Hours: 6 a.213. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a.m. . . North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.5:30 p.6 p. .m. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.385.5:30 p.5:30 p.m. (local time) Preface xxvii . . .com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd.5800 Fax: 650. You can request a user name and password at http://my.m. market. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.m. .informatica.m. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica.m.5:30 p.m. Redwood City.m.6332 or 650. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.m. .563.m.m. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.m.5 p.The site contains information on how to create. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a. CA 94063 Phone: 866.

xxviii Preface .

It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 1 . 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. 2 Expression Syntax. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 9 Reserved Words. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language.

Local and system variables. such as the system date. Mapping parameters and variables. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. For details. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. and External Procedure transformations. or compare data. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Constants. Stored Procedure. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. such as TRUE. Workflow variables. Operators. Return values. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. For more information. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. combine data. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . such as a state sales tax rate. You can also create local variables in transformations.

or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . “>>>>”. such as ORDERS. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. Then. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. You can create an expression as simple as a port. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. For example. such as 10. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. during a workflow. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. not byte-oriented. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. For example. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. For example. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. or a numeric literal. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer.

The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server.string. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . not the number of bytes.

For example. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. but the transformation language does not. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. variable) String literals. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). input/output. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. or a numeric literal (such as 10). while SQL does not. it is not exactly like SQL. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start.Status).Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. On the other hand.

ITEM_ID.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals. argument2. The general syntax is: :LKP. For example. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.PRICE. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark..ITEM_NAME. :TD..CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote. The general syntax is: :SEQ.. . 10.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation.source_table. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1.lookup_transformation(argument1. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. 15.sequence_generator_transformation. argument2. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation.SALES. The general syntax is: :EXT. argument2. :TD.SALES.5 expressions only). The general syntax is: :SD.5 LOOKUP function.SALES. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3. [.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition. . The general syntax is: :SP.external_procedure_transformation(argument1..

The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. If you rename a port in a connected transformation.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. literal string or number. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. functions. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . or the results of another expression. Except for literals. the expression 123. ‘1’.). Except for literals. Stored Procedure transformation.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. For example. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. For details on workflow variables. comma (.4 = ‘123. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. as the start position. Lookup transformation. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. not a string. If you pass a literal value to a function. External Procedure transformation. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. mapping parameters and variables. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. For example. The colon (:). see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. and period (.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. create separate Aggregator transformations. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. variable.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. Just type the number you want to include. You cannot add an integer and a string. For example. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. For example: . local and system variables.

which allow only one nested aggregate function). ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function.

if you want to concatenate two strings.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. If you do not want to embed comments. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression. since the last line is not a valid expression. as in: -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. For example. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -.

10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . and system variables. are reserved for specific functions. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. operators. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. such as constants.

16 NULL. 12 DD_INSERT. 17 TRUE. 15 FALSE.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 14 DD_UPDATE. 13 DD_REJECT. 19 11 .

DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. DD_DELETE. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 2. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. When you run a workflow.

3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals.NAME = 'Alex'. 'DD' ). If the result is 2 or less. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0.NAME = 'Alex'.DATE_SHIPPED. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_INSERT. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. If the result is greater than 2. Using DATE_DIFF. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. 0. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. returning the difference between the two dates.DD_REJECT. the expression flags the records for rejection. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. When you run a workflow. 0 ) > 2. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . ORDERS. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE.

Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. DD_INSERT. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag.SALES > 0. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ).DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression.SALES > 0. If you flag a record as reject. 0. so it includes only positive values. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. DD_REJECT. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. When you run a workflow. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT.

DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. If the result is 2 or less. If the result is greater than 2. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference.DATE_SHIPPED. ORDERS. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. it flags the records for update. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. returning the difference between the two dates. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. 1. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE.NAME = 'Alex'. 0 ) > 2. the expression flags the records for rejection. When you run a workflow. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date.NAME = 'Alex'. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. otherwise. The mapping loads sales for one employee.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_UPDATE. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. DD_REJECT. Using DATE_DIFF. 'DD' ). Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1.

Var2 > 30.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . Var1 = 22. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0.'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE.'. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. Var1 < 23.'Variable 1 was 22!'. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var2 = 49. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.'Variable 2 was 49!'.

For details on how each function handles null values. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. !=. <>. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . Although you can write expressions that return nulls. see “Functions” on page 49. or it might ignore null values. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. Therefore. >. However. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. it might return zero or NULL. Functions can handle nulls differently. <. For more information. For example. >=. ^=. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). If you pass a null value to a function. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. <= For example. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant.

Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. For example. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. as well as CUME. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. MOVINGAVG. the function returns NULL. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . the function does not select the record. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. use the ISNULL function.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. which returns zero). Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. and MOVINGSUM. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. However.NULL To test for nulls.

TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. Var1 < 23.'.'.') TRUE 19 . 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var1 = 22.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. Var2 = 49. Var2 > 30. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.'Variable 1 was 22!'.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

23 String Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators. 25 Logical Operators. 24 Comparison Operators. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence. 26 21 .Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions.

Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. 4. When expressions contain parentheses. The logical OR operator. /. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. Less than. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. less than or equal to. >. used when specifying conditions. depending on how you nest the operations. used when specifying conditions. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. % +. <=. 2. not equal to. division. 3. Equal to. not equal to.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . Concatenate. Table 3-1. the equation 8 + 5 . || <. !=. For example. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. *. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. subtraction. The logical NOT operator. Multiplication.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . not equal to. <>.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. greater than. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. greater than or equal to. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. Addition. Unary plus and minus. modulus. The logical AND operator. >= =. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right.

subtraction. For further information on built-in date functions. Multiplication. division. For example. % +. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. the function returns NULL. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. The expression 1. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. Meaning Unary plus and minus. use the date functions. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. Unary plus indicates a positive value. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. For example. Addition. modulus. *. Arithmetic Operators 23 . /. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. use the string operator ||.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. Unary minus indicates a negative value. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. To concatenate strings. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. To perform arithmetic on date values.

produces the same results in less time. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. however. The || operator. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. if both values are NULL. However. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. the || operator returns NULL.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings.

Not equal to. When you use comparison operators in an expression. see “Dates” on page 33. Not equal to. the expression 123. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. Less than or equal to. the operands must be the same datatype. the result is NULL. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. For information on how to compare dates. Greater than. Less than. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. For example.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. Not equal to. If you compare a value to a null value. Greater than or equal to. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. The expressions 123. Comparison Operators 25 . manipulate data.

Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. NOT returns TRUE. FALSE for zero. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. the operator NOT returns FALSE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . For example. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. For example. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. and NULL for NULL.

31 Local Variables.Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 32 27 . 28 Transaction Control Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. 47 33 . 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 34 Date Format Strings. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.

TO_DATE. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. Converts a date to a string. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test.D. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. To pass a string to a date function. or perform arithmetic on a date. Converts a string to a date. extract one part of a date. ‘MM’. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. TO_CHAR. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. Date format strings. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.D. ‘MM/DD/RR’). and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. Tests whether a string represents a date. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. and 9999 A. truncate. Modified Julian Day. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. Use to specify the format of the return string. Date functions accept date/time values only. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. For details on built-in variables. Julian Day. With the date functions you can round. TO_CHAR format strings. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . For example. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. see “Variables” on page 27. or compare dates.

and 9999 A. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. nor with Modified Julian Day. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.D. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A.D. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. For example. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. By definition.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. Overview 35 . Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. The J format string does not convert this time component. For example. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. and are not supported in PowerCenter.

If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Current Year Between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. In TO_DATE expressions. RR and YY produce different results. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string.

MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. Dates in Relational Databases In general. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. If you want to pass a string to a date function. If the string is in the default date format. If you omit the format string. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. If you specify a format string. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. while the time might include the hours. and seconds. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. Use TO_CHAR(date. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The date includes the month. and year.Table 5-2. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. minutes. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. and even between applications. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. Although date formats vary from database to database. If an input value does not match this format. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. day. or it is an invalid date. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE.

1:00:00AM = 1. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . Month (January = 01. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. 12:00:00AM = 0. If you omit the format string. 12:00:00PM = 12. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If you specify a format string. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. For example.♦ Use TO_DATE(date.

you can use any of these format strings specify 12. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. Date Format Strings 39 . YYY. or MONTH to specify APR. HH24 MI MM. MON. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. Hour of day (0-23). Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. MON. YY. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. DDD. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. J Description Days (01-31). HH12. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). or YYYY to specify 1997. DAY. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. YYY. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. DY. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). Specify the part of the date you want to change. Specify the part of the date you want to return. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function.) Month (01-12).Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. HH. Minutes (0-59. you can use Y. Seconds (0-59). You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. For example. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. YYYY. For example. SSSS Y. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. For example. HH12. MONTH SS. Specify the part of the date you want to round. For example. DD. YY. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. you can use HH. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. you can use MM.

Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example.M. calculated from Jan 1. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. Hour of day (01-12). Modified Julian Day. Last two digits of a year. including up to nine characters (for example. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Name of day. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. and P. When used with TO_CHAR. Wednesday). Jan). changing the format for reporting purposes.M. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates .M. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. ‘YY. Wed). Name of month. TO_CHAR returns 97. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. 4713 00:00:00 BC. including leap years). where Sunday equals 1. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. It ignores the time component of the date. A. The function removes the leading digits.’ However.M. January). P. PM. ‘RR’ produces the same results as. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. where January to March equals 1. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. when used with TO_DATE. Day of month (01-31). Day of year (001-366. AM and PM return the same values as do A. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. Quarter of year (1-4). Day of week (1-7). For example. and is interchangeable with.. Hour of day (00-23). For example. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. Month (01-12). the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. including up to nine characters (for example. Minutes (00-59). Seconds (00-59).

you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES.Table 5-5. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. See the individual functions for more examples.86399). The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. Text that displays in the output. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. Week of year (01-53). For example. Last two digits of a year. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. 'MM. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. Last digit of a year. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. The function removes the leading digits. and YY format strings. For example. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. TO_CHAR returns 1997. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . TO_CHAR returns 7. For example. The function removes the leading digits. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. Punctuation that displays in the output. For example. For example. For example. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. RR. For example.DD. and so on.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. TO_CHAR returns 997. Last three digits of a year. Entire year portion of date. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. Week of month (1-5). if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . Feb 1 designates the first week of February.. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page.YYYY' ). for example D””DDD. SSSSS. The function removes the leading digits. TO_CHAR returns 97. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks.

'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates .

IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. Hour of day (1-12). Wed). Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. where zero is 12AM (midnight). including leap years). The DY format string is not case-sensitive. AM and PM return the same values as do a. Name of day. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date.m. If you omit the format string. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string.m. including up to nine characters (for example. PM. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. Wednesday). IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. p. and p.m.m. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. Hour of day (0-23). HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. a. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. When you create a TO_DATE expression. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the function returns TRUE (1). The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. the function returns FALSE (0). Day of year (001-366. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. if any parts do not match. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date.. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . DD DDD DAY DY HH. Day of month (1-31). Minutes (0-59).

the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. . ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. For example.Table 5-6. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. 1998. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. Month (1-12). SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. August). The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. 2034). the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. including up to nine characters (for example.Current Year Between 0 and 49. Aug). If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. It ignores the time component of the source string. Modified Julian Day. 2020. Case does not matter. Name of month. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. representing May 12. Seconds (0-59). Four digits of a year. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. to TO_DATE. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. . ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. If the source string year is between 50 and 99.Current Year Between 50 and 99. For example. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. For example. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. If it does not. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Use when source strings include two-digit years. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. Use the RR or YY format string instead. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . Seconds since midnight. Case does not matter.

and SSSSS format strings. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. The format string is not case-sensitive.format string. Example The following examples illustrate the J. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. RR. Likewise. For example. See the individual functions for more examples. Tip: By default.

‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . while YY returns the year 1905. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

9999 23:59:59 AD. Change one part of a date. SET_DATE_PART. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . DATE_DIFF. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. Subtract two dates. 31.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. 1. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

49 . Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. in alphabetical order. see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages.

With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions .

♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. and returns four values. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. evaluates the AVG expression. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. Function Categories 51 . MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID.

the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. the filter condition returns FALSE. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. For example.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. as well as to CUME.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. the function returns zero. For example. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. If you pass an entire port of null values. or NULL. the function selects all rows in the port. the function returns NULL. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. and MOVINGSUM. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. By default. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. MOVINGAVG. If the value rounds to zero. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. FALSE.5 to 2. 0. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function.35 to 0) for the filter condition. 1. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero.2 to 1. 1. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. If you do not want to round up a value. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . Encode strings. Replace characters in a string. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. Convert the datatype of an input value. MIN. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. LOWER. UPPER. Trim string values. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors.

54 Chapter 6: Functions . extract one part of a date. For a complete list of date format strings. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. see “Dates” on page 33. if you want to pass a string to a date function. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. or compare dates. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. Date format strings are not internationalized. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. truncate. However. or perform arithmetic on a date.

the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . if you pass a date with milliseconds. Therefore.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds.

You can nest other functions within special functions. Unless overridden. For example. When you run a workflow. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . you use special functions in Expression. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. Then at the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. and Update Strategy transformations. At the end of the session. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. Filter. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable.

For more information on mapping variables. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide.process that pipeline. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. Function Categories 57 . If you use this function more than once for the same variable. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide.

and issues a specified error message to the session log file. including ERROR function calls within an expression. For more information on the Abort command. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can use ABORT to validate data. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. assign ABORT as the default value.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. String.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. it stops transforming data at that row. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. Generally. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. Return Value NULL. The string can be any length.

ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Likewise. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. it returns a Double. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. it returns an Integer. Numeric datatype. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. if you pass an Integer. Return Value Positive numeric value. If you pass a Double.95 59. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 .

ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 'SS'. YYY. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. 'MI'. You use the SS format string to set the second. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. HH24. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. and DAY. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. MONTH. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. For example. YY. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . You can use any of the day format strings: D. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Minute. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. Day. 'DD'. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'HH'. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. or YYYY. For example. HH12. MON. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Seconds. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Month. 'MONTH'. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. DDD. For example. DD. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Hour. For example. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'YY'. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You use the MI format string to set the minute. DY.

amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. Also note. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . days. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Required. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. and so on by which you want to change the date value. 'MON'. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. format. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. months. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. for example. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. Date/Time datatype. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'MONTH'. 'mm'. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. For example. 'MM'. An integer value specifying the amount of years. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Passes the values you want to change. hours.

You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. 'HH12'.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. For example. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH'. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. 'DD'. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. 'HH24'. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY'. which you specify. you need to change the hour portion of the date. 'D'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY'. 'DDD'.

The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. before you pass any string value to ASCII.535. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. however. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Normally. For example. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. they will still work correctly. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you pass a numeric value. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. ASCII 63 . Return Value Integer. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Character string.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

535. If you pass a numeric value. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Character string. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. A string containing one character. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. it will still work correctly. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. However. Normally. For example.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. Return Value String. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. If both strings are NULL. CONCAT returns NULL. Required. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. Any datatype (except Binary). Any datatype (except Binary). CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. NULL if both string values are NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Alternatively.

' ' ). If you want to add a space between two strings. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. For example. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. CONCAT( CHR(39).FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings.

0 0.951056516295147 0. Return Value Double value. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.996194698091745 0. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3. Numeric datatype.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine.866025403784421 0.0 0.342020143325593 0.

0 2. Numeric datatype.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 . For example: COSH( MEASURES.897 3.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).45 0 0.66 5. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine. Return Value Double value.381231106176 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.54308063481524 9. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.0874465864177 19.4435376920294 116. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 1.

Limits the rows in the search. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Alternative. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. If you apply the value argument. the function returns 0. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. However. or NULL. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. FALSE. Optional. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. If you apply the asterisk argument. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax COUNT( value [. Nulls If all values are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Use to count all rows in a transformation. this function ignores columns with null values. For more information. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. Passes the values you want to count. Any datatype (except Binary). this function counts all rows. Return Value Integer. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required.

excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . returning one value. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. The function counts all rows in a transformation. including null values. returning one result for each group. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

but do not use a filter. If you include the asterisk argument.In this example. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation.

CUME returns the running total for the previous row.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. or NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. CUME 79 . Nulls If a value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. CUME returns NULL. FALSE. if all values in the selected port are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatype. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. Optional. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. However. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value.

Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise. you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .

The first date you want to compare. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. The second date you want to compare.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. 0 if the two dates are equal. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. 1 if the second date is earlier. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. Required. Date/Time datatype. NULL if one of the date values is NULL.

days. Zero if the dates are the same. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. Return Value Double value. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. If date1 is earlier than date2. Required. 'Mm' or 'mM'. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. the return value is a negative number. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. You can enter any valid transformation expression. such as 'mm'.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. For example. the return value is a positive number. or seconds. minutes. Required. months. You can specify only one part of the date. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . The format string is not case-sensitive. hours. You can request the format to be years. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. Date/Time datatype. date2. months. You can specify years. days. minutes. If date1 is later than date2. Date/Time datatype. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. hours. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. or seconds.

DATE_SHIPPED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283.5 10. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812.0 2100.5 87. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.0 255.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0.243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions .0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 0.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 2.

second_search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. first_search. Passes the values you want to search. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. For example. which you define. second_result]. first_result [. Required.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. If you enter 'Halogen'.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to search.. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. Any datatype (except Binary). If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data.[. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. it returns a result value. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Any datatype (except Binary). not just 'Halogen'. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. Optional. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. Any datatype (except Binary). Even if multiple conditions are met. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. DECODE 85 . you may not search for a portion of a value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result.. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. The search value must match the value argument exactly. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. Syntax DECODE( value. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. the search does not find a matching value. If the function finds the value.

The first result is an Integer. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. ‘Pi’. ‘3. the datatype of the return value is Double.414213562’. 3. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. 'Flashlight'. For example. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. and 3. ‘1. if at least one result is Double. 'Regulator'.414213562. ‘Pi’. ‘Pythagoras’.414213562.141592654. 40. 'Tank'. 3. ‘Archimedes’. 14. 10. 5. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. ‘Archimedes’. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 'Knife'.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. 5. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. ‘Pythagoras’. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . 20. 1. For example.141592654’. and the other results are Decimal. 1. 3.141592654. When you run a session in high precision mode.

was less than 23. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. Var2 = 49. Var1 < 23. Also.'. was 49!'. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. desired ranges. Var1 = 22. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Var2 > 30. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. DECODE 87 . was more than 30. Variable 2 was more than 30.'.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23.

The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. ‘1234’. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. you use the ERROR function in an expression. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. to the output port. and it does not log an error in the session log. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. assign ERROR as the default value. and you assign the default value. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. String value. Generally. For example. including ERROR function calls within an expression. The error message displays in the session log file. For details about using default values. which you define. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . The string can be any length. Return Value String value. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. It does not skip the row. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value.

' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . ERROR ('Error.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company.'. Row skipped. Negative salary found. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. but skip negative values. Row skipped. Negative salary found. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port.

rather than business data. EXP(2) returns 7. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.135335283236613 5166. The value to which you want to raise e. Return Value Double value. (The exponent in the equation e^value).55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. Numeric datatype.71828183. You can enter any valid transformation expression.38905609893065. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data.4657948067 0. Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. where e=2.

Note: By default. FIRST ignores the row. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Return Value First value in a group. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. or NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Limits the rows in the search. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. the function returns NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. Syntax FIRST( value [.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. or if no rows are selected (for example. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. However. However. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Optionally. FIRST returns NULL. Optional. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). FALSE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. FIRST 91 . when you configure the PowerCenter Server.

00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. If there is no group by port. returning one result for each group. FIRST treats all rows as one group. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.05 150.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one value. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.00 29.00 31.00 88.00 29.00 8.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .05 150.00 8. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 31.00 88.

Numeric datatype.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . the function returns 3.14 to FLOOR. the function returns 3. If you pass 3.98 to FLOOR. For example.17 to FLOOR. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. if you pass 3. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28.12 74. the function returns -4. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. if you pass -3.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example.79 125. Likewise.24 NULL -100.

the format strings 'Y'. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'YY'. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. Required. 'YYY'. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. The format string is not case-sensitive. Date/Time datatype.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. For example. 'mm'. for example. Therefore. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. including another IIF expression. including another IIF expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). The condition you want to evaluate.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. value1 [. Any datatype (except Binary). The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. based on the results of a condition. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax IIF( condition. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. Optional. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. Required. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. If you omit value2.

When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. . the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. value2 if the condition is FALSE.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. IIF( SALES < 50. the datatype of the return value is Double. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 .3333) is a decimal. For example. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. IIF( SALES < 200. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. EMP_NAME. SALARY2. For example. 1. IIF( SALES < 100. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. BONUS))). SALARY1. SALARY3. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal.

DECODE may improve readability. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. SALARY3. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). SALARY1. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. --else for sales over 199. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. return BONUS) ) ). For more information. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. SALES > 199. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. SALARY2. --then return SALARY3. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. DD_REJECT. --then return SALARY2.SALARY1.

Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. For example. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. the function returns Thomas. If your data contains multibyte characters. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value String. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). formfeed. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 .INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. tab. newline. carriage return.

Optional. If you pass a decimal. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. You can enter any valid transformation expression.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. if not. Required. Passes the value you want to evaluate. For example. The results of the expression must be a character string. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. If you omit this argument. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. Must be an integer value. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. The set of characters you want to search for. the function uses the default value of 1. The string must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A positive integer greater than zero. Syntax INSTR( string. The default value is 1. the function uses the default value of 1. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. Any value. For example.start [. The position in the string where you want to start the search. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the search value appears more than once in the string.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a negative integer or zero. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. counting from left to right. counting from left to right. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. search_value [. If the start position is a negative number. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. If the start position is a positive number. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. If the start position is zero. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. If you want to search for a character string. for example 'abc'. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. The search value is case-sensitive. If you omit this argument. 100 Chapter 6: Functions .

starting at the beginning of each company name. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. starting at the beginning of each company name. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. 'a'. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. 'a'. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 1. starting from the last character in the company name. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. -1.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 .

1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks.INSTR( CUST_NAME.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. -1. starting from the end of the string. 1.-1.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. The following expression evaluates a string.' ' . '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. INSTR(CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID.1. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.

use LENGTH. Any datatype (except Binary). Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. Note: To test for empty strings. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . see “LENGTH” on page 115. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE.

Optional. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. which returns TRUE. In the first case. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. Must be a string datatype. For example. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. so there is no February 29th. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. the function returns TRUE (1). If you omit the format string. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. If the strings match the format string. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. the two format strings return the same values. However. In most cases. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. which returns false. year 1900 is not a leap year. For example. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. not the YY format string. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). the function returns FALSE (0). You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’.

the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. and converts each valid date to a date value. If it does not. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. IS_DATE 105 . If the value is not a valid date. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format.

Therefore. ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions .Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ).

IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. IS_NUMBER 107 .45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. Must be a string datatype. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-). Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype.45E-32’ ‘+3. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number.45e+32’ ‘+3. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).00 0.00’ ‘-3.00 0.Windows only) 0 (False .UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .45e+3’ ‘-3.00 0. 0.00 0.45D-3’ ‘-3. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123. For example.45d-3’ ‘3. If the value is not a valid number. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. the PowerCenter Server returns 0. such as TO_FLOAT.00345 0.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00’ ‘-3.45e+3’ ‘3.00 0.

a formfeed. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . a tab. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. To test for an empty string. A space is a blank space. For example. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. or a vertical tab.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. For more information. a carriage return.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. use LENGTH. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. Must be a string datatype. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. a newline. see “LENGTH” on page 115. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. FALSE (0) if the row contains data.

To do this. you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions . you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). '00000'.column in a target table.

the function returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally. LAST 111 . or if no rows are selected (for example.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. Return Value Last row in a port. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. or NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Note: By default. Optional. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. For more information. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. However. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Any datatype (except Binary). Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. FALSE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax LAST( value [.

00 8.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.05 150.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 29.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.

Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. Null If a value is NULL. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. LAST_DAY returns NULL. However. returning one result for each group. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. Date/Time datatype.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. LAST_DAY ignores the row. if all values passed from the port are NULL. returning one value. Return Value Date. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. If there is no group by port.

'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. TO_DATE always includes time information.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date.

see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. see “ISNULL” on page 103. use IS_SPACES. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. To test for spaces. LENGTH 115 . Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. String datatype. The strings you want to evaluate. For details. use ISNULL. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. For details. including trailing blanks.

This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. Return Value Double value.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.) Error. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm.828313737302 -0.098612. It must be a positive number. You can enter any valid transformation expression.04082199452026 NULL Error.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric datatype. For example. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. LN(3)returns 1.302585092994 4. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. greater than zero. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.

or 1 as a base value. The exponent of the logarithm.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. The base of the logarithm. Syntax LOG( base. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. Most often. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. LOG 117 .09 NULL 35. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Required.) Error. zero. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. exponent Return Value Double value. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value.) Error. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 .

You can enter any valid transformation expression. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search.5 compatibility in the session properties. Any datatype (except Binary). search1.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. value2]. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. For more information.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. Required. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. Required. must match search1 datatype. value1 [. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. Syntax LOOKUP( result. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. search2. rather than creating Lookup transformations. Specifies the values you want to match to value. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. Any datatype (except Binary).. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. ) Argument result Meaning Required.. Datatype that matches the value1. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. However. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD.

NULL if the search does not find any matching values. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.ITEM.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. :TD. 10.ORDERS. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.ORDERS.ITEM_NAME.ITEM_ID.00 15.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .QTY. 15. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match. Error if the search finds more than one matching value. RTRIM( ORDERS.99 15.PRICE. ORDERS. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.ITEM.ORDERS.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.ORDERS.PRICE. :TD.ITEM. :TD.SALES for a specific item ID and price. :TD.SALES.ORDERS. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD. ORDERS.99 15. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value.PRICE.PRICE. :TD.SALES. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values.SALES.

LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Return Value Lowercase character string. Any string value. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. If your data contains multibyte characters. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions .

6. however.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. If you omit the second_string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Required. You can enter a specific string literal. RPAD returns NULL. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. Can be any string value. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. The strings you want to change. Optional. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax LPAD( first_string. Must be a positive integer literal. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. LPAD( PART_NUM.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. When length is a negative number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. This argument is case-sensitive. or if length is a negative number. length [. for example 'abc'. Can be a character string.

LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. -5.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions ..*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *. '*.. 16.**Compass Regulator System *. If the first string is longer than the length.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. LPAD(‘alphabetical’.**.. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’.Flashlight *. 5.. For example.**.. '. LPAD truncates the string from right to left.LPAD counts the length from left to right. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.

Then it returns the string. starting with the left side of the string. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. LTRIM 123 . Any string value. trim_set Return Value String. If the trim_set is NULL. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. however. In ASCII mode. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. Any string value. for example. Syntax LTRIM( string [. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. If you omit the second string. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. not 'a'. 'abc'. LTRIM removes it. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. You can also enter a character string. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. character-by-character. LTRIM removes both single. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. Most often. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. you would enter 'A'. with any matching characters removed. Passes the strings you want to modify. the function returns NULL. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string.

character-by-character. LTRIM removes it. Bender. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. MacDonald Sawyer H. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument.’ from S. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. LTRIM removes it. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. but not the period from H. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . Bender. In the example of H. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. and so on. 'S. For example. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. This is because LTRIM searches. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S.

Optional. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. Syntax MAX( date [. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . Limits the rows in the search. FALSE. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. or if no rows are selected (for example. For more information.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. Return Value Date. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. or NULL. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Date/Time datatype. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE.

when you configure the PowerCenter Server.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). FALSE. Numeric datatype. However. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Limits the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. or if no rows are selected (for example. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. However. Nulls If a value is NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. Return Value Numeric value. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. MAX ignores it. Optional. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. MAX returns NULL. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . For more information. Note: By default. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the function returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

MAX treats all rows as one group.00 55. returning one value. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 162. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 . returning one result for each group.00 85. If there is no group by port.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 360.00 79.00 PRICE 10.

For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If there is an odd number of values in the port. FALSE. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. Nulls If a value is NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Optionally. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. However. For more information. Return Value Numeric value.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. If there is an even number of values in the port. Optional. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the function returns NULL. MEDIAN returns NULL. the median is the middle number. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. or if no rows are selected (for example. Numeric datatype. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Limits the rows in the search. Note: By default. However. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MEDIAN ignores the row.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE.

For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Note: By default. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Nulls If a single value is NULL. However. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. However. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. For more information. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the function returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Return Value Numeric value. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Limits the rows in the search. MIN ignores it. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optional. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. MIN returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). MIN (Numbers) 135 . or if no rows are selected (for example. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Numeric datatypes.

Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If there is no group by port.00 360. MIN treats all rows as one group.00 162.00 PRICE 10. returning one value.00 79.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .00 55. returning one result for each group.00 85. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.

QTY ) PRICE 10. MOD 137 .00 NULL 20.00 12. For example.00 25. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. PowerCenter Server does not write row.00 9. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. Required.00 15.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. The divisor cannot be zero. MOD(8. Syntax MOD( numeric_value. The values you want to divide.5) returns 3. The numeric value you want to divide by. Numeric datatype. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function.

which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero.00 NULL 20.00 15.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25.The last row (25. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. QTY )) PRICE 10.00 9.00 25. NULL. To avoid dividing by zero. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE.00 12. you can create an expression similar to the following. If the quantity is zero. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. IIF( QTY = 0. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .

Optionally. FALSE. five rows at a time. For example. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. MOVINGAVG 139 . Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. 5). However. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Limits the rows in the search. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Required. the function returns NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. or if no rows are selected (for example. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. rowset [. if all values are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

140 Chapter 6: Functions . and thereafter. 245.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245.8 based on rows 2 through 6. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES.

Optionally. rowset [. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. MOVINGSUM 141 . five rows at a time. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. Numeric datatype.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. if all values are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the function returns NULL. 5 ) Optional. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. For example. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. However. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. Required. FALSE. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum.

returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. and thereafter. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6.

Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. PERCENTILE returns NULL. However. inclusive. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. when PERCENTILE 143 . percentile [. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Integer between 0 and 100. Numeric datatype. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optional. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Required. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. See the following equation for more details.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. PERCENTILE ignores the row. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. Note: By default. or NULL. if all values in a group are NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. Optionally. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype.

If there is no group by port. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.you configure the PowerCenter Server. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. If i < 1. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If i is an integer value. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one value. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.

000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 9000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 86000.0 85000. 75.0 NULL 55000.0 100000.0 48000.0 99000.0 27900. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.

0 NULL -6. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.594307804838 NULL NULL 0. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10. You can enter any valid transformation expression.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.0 3. If the base value is negative. the exponent must be an integer.5 3.0 -6. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required. Required. In this case. If the base value is negative. Return Value Double value.0 -3.0 5. You can enter any valid transformation expression.265625 982.0 -3. This argument is the exponent value. the exponent must be an integer.0 5.0 729. Numeric value.5 2.00137174211248285 0.0 6.0 3. Numeric value.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 EXPONENT 2. This argument is the base value.0 -3.0 6. Syntax POWER( base.5 NULL 10.00137174211248285 729. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if you pass a null value to the function.

0 raised to 5. POWER 147 .0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3.Note that -3. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value. If the base is negative.5. the exponent must be an integer.

REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The characters you want to replace. You can enter one character. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. OldCharSet. REPLACECHR returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. the function converts it to a character string. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. If NewChar is NULL or empty. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function is not case-sensitive. If InputString is NULL. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. Must be a character string. Required. Must be a character string. 'abc'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. If NewChar contains more than one character. an empty string. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. You can enter one or more characters. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. the function converts it to a character string. Must be an integer. for example. or NULL. Required. NULL if InputString is NULL.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. InputString. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. If you pass a numeric value. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. Must be a character string. REPLACECHR returns InputString. Passes the string you want to search. If you pass a numeric value. the function is case-sensitive.

html HTTP/1. ‘]["’.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.html HTTP/1. ‘"’. WEBLOG. WEBLOG.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index. ‘A’.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.1" GET /companyinfo/index. ‘A’. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .

The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘14’. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. INPUT. including the single quote. ‘A’. CUSTOMER_CODE. see “CHR” on page 68. The following expression removes multiple characters. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. you must use the CHR function. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. INPUT. CHR(39). NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar.

InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. 'abc'. OldStringN. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. Required. Must be a character string. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. The string you want to replace. REPLACESTR 151 . the function is not case-sensitive. You can enter one character. That is. If InputString is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. an empty string. or no character. if you enter multiple OldString arguments.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. You must enter at least one OldString argument. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. the function converts it to a character string. the function is case-sensitive. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. REPLACESTR returns NULL. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. OldString1. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks.. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the strings you want to search. Must be an integer. Must be a character string. If you pass a numeric value.. If NewString is NULL or empty. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. etc. or NULL. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. see the examples. . REPLACESTR returns InputString. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. Required. multiple characters. For more information. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. the function converts it to a character string. Required. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. InputString. Must be a character string. for example. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. multiple characters. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. [OldString2.

‘bc’. ‘rs. TITLE. ‘s. ‘ HTTP/1.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. MRS. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1.html HTTP/1. Ms. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. Miss Mr. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. Ms.html HTTP/1. ‘s.html /companyinfo/index.’ ) TITLE Mrs. RETURN VALUE Ms.’ ) TITLE Mrs. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. MRS.1’. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘iss’. Mr.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. ‘rs.1" GET /companyinfo/index. MRS. ‘ab’. ‘iss’. ‘"’.’. TITLE. INPUT.NULL if InputString is NULL.html /companyinfo/index. RETURN VALUE Ms. WEBLOG.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. ‘GET ’.’.

The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. CONCAT(CHR(39). For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. INPUT. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘bc’. ‘s’ )). ‘ab’. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. REPLACESTR 153 . CONCAT(‘it’. you must use the CHR function. INPUT. CONCAT( CHR(39). ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote.

For example. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. Month. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. If the month is between July and December. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. Minute. Hour. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. If the month is between January and June. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. For example. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. and sets the time to 00:00:00. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. For example. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . the function returns January 1 of the input year. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. For example. Day. For example. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero.

Date/Time datatype. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. You can round only one portion of the date.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Optional. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. If you omit the format string. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded.Syntax ROUND( date [. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Enter a valid format string. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. You can also use ROUND to round dates. 1) returns 13. 1) returns 15.4. -1) returns 20. Optional. For example.99. If you enter a positive precision.99. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression.0 because the function rounds 0.99. Positive or negative integer. returning an integer. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. ROUND(12. the function rounds to this number of decimal places.8) returns 13. If you omit the precision argument.0 and ROUND(15. ROUND(12. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. Return Value Numeric value. ROUND returns NULL. truncating the decimal portion of the number. Numeric datatype. the function rounds to the nearest integer. ROUND(12.44. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. For example. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15.99. If you enter decimal precision. If one of the arguments is NULL. For example.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. For example. 0. ROUND(12.99) returns 13. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. If you enter a negative precision. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places. 0.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.868 56.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 -19.0 56.994 15. ROUND( PRICE. -2 ) PRICE 13242.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.99 56.0 1400.99 -15.9936 15.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.995 -18. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.99 1435.8 ) PRICE 12.99 -18.0 -16.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.8678 56.9949 -18.99 -108.0 -100. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .99 56.0 57.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.

it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. For example. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. To achieve the expected result. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. This may not be the result you expect.

Compass. '. Must be a positive integer literal... RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’. For example. Any string value. length [. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. 'abc'... You can enter any valid transformation expression. RPAD(‘alphabetical’.. RPAD truncates the string from right to left. 5. Specifies the length you want each string to be. Any string value..RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.. The strings you want to change. if the first string is longer than the length... If you omit the second string.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. or if length is a negative number... RPAD returns NULL. Required.. 16. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. appending the string '. RPAD counts the length from left to right. Return Value String of the specified length. Syntax RPAD( first_string.. This argument is casesensitive.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight.. Regulator System Safety Knife. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . Optional. So. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values..second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. for example.. When length is a negative number.

appending the string ‘*.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.**. '*..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 . Compass*.. -5.**...*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*. '...* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. 16.** Regulator System Safety Knife*.

162 Chapter 6: Functions . If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. Syntax RTRIM( string [. Any string value. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. trim_set Return Value String. In ASCII mode.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. Optional. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. character-by-character. If you omit the second string. however. 'abc'. Any string value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. with any matching characters removed. RTRIM removes it. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. RTRIM removes both single. It returns the string. starting with the right side of the string. for example. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. Passes the values you want to trim. You can also enter a text literal.

and so on. character-by-character. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. If. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. however. RTRIM removes it. the last character in the string does not match. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. For example. In the last example. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). RTRIM removes it. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. This is because RTRIM searches. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument.

Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. At the end of a successful session. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Returns the new current value. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. The session is a debug session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. For details on mapping variables. The session is configured for a test load. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. At the end of the session.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Unless overridden.

com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. The next time the session runs.. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 .. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. It increases the count by one for each inserted row.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. Supply. Darkroom Co. decreases the count for each deleted row. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. Darkroom Co.Return Value The current value of the variable. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’.

25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. MON. You use the MI format string to set the minute. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Day. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the month format strings (D. 'MI'. September. and DAY) to set the day. For example. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. 'SS'. HH12. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. April. Seconds. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. 'HH'. Hour. or YYYY to set the year. HH24) to set the hour. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. YYY. June. and November) in the value argument. You use the SS format string to set the second. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Month. You can use any of the month format strings: MM.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. YY. 'YY'. DY. DDD. 'MONTH'. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 12=12PM. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. Minute. 'DD'. For example. MONTH to set the month. DD. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . For example.

Date/Time datatype. Required. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. 'HH'. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . 'HH12'. Required. The format string is not case-sensitive. If you enter an improper value (for example. 'HH24'. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. You can enter any valid transformation expression. February 30). Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The date you want to modify. the session fails. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. format.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

'DD'. 'YY'. 'YYY'. For example. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'Y'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 7).The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.MM'. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'MONTH'. 1998). such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 'MM'. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 'YYYY'. 'MON'. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions .

The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. When used with a string mapping variable. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. At the end of the session. At the end of a successful session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Unless overridden.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. The session is a debug session. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. For details on mapping variables. The session is configured for a test load. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . Returns the new current value. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete.

Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. The return value is the new current value of the variable. it saves the largest value to the repository. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. Required. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. Then. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. The next time the session runs. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The session is a debug session. At the end of a successful session. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . When used with a string mapping variable. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. The session is configured for a test load. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. At the end of the session. Unless overridden. Returns the new current value. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. For details on mapping variables.

The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.00 22. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.75 23.00 At the end of the session.00 22.00 22.25 22. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.50 22.00 24.50. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.00 22.00 26.00’. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.50 22.50 27.50 22. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. Required. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.25 24.75 25. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type.00 MIN_PRICE 22.00 22. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23. The next time the session runs. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. The return value is the new current value of the variable.50 22. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .

50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. Then. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition. For example.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions . it saves the smallest value to the repository.00 22. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.50 22.

the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. Unless overridden. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. The session is a debug session. Required. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. SETVARIABLE 175 . Based on the aggregate type of the variable. it saves a final current value to the repository. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. The session is configured for a test load. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. At the end of a successful session. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Returns the specified value. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. For details on mapping variables.

the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.43 323.01 97. The next time the session runs. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.01 97.50 116.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.43 323. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534. 176 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.50 116.Return Value Current value of the variable.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.23 699. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. The next time the session runs.23 699. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp.

Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. 0 for 0. or 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. 1 for positive values. negative. Passes the values you want to evaluate. NULL if NULL. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . Numeric value. Return Value -1 for negative values.

14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).939692620785936 0.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. Numeric datatype. Return Value Double value. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation.0871557427476639 0. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.309016994374967 0.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions .50000000000003 0. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine.

Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.4178051793031 116.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 . Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.45 0 0.03225804884884 19.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0 2. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 0.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value. For example: SINH( MEASURES.1752011936438 9.897 3. Numeric datatype.66 5.376934801486 0. Return Value Double value.

E. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. V C. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. For example. P. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. For example. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. O. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. G. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. For example.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. U. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. K. X. For example. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. F. H. T L M. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. and encodes it in uppercase. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. Q. I. If string encodes to less than four characters. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. Z D. Skips numbers in string. S. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). J. For example. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’.

Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value String. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. Must be a character string. Passes the string value you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. string is empty.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL.

Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. NULL 7. Return Value Double value. If you pass a negative value or character value. Positive numeric value. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. PowerCenter Server does not write row. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values.

You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). when you configure the PowerCenter Server. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. STDDEV ignores it. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. However. Limits the rows in the search. STDDEV returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. or NULL. FALSE. or if no rows are selected (for example. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. if all values are NULL. Note: By default. Numeric datatypes. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. However. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. STDDEV 183 .STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Nulls If a single value is NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. the function returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. You can use operators to average values in different ports. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. For more information. Optional. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.

returning one result for each group.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 1010. STDDEV treats all rows as one group.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254. If there is no group by port. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.0 2198. returning one value.90 and 153.0 NULL 8953. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).88 3001. the return value is zero.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES. If there is no standard deviation.0 153.000.00 ) SALES 2198.0 2198.0 2198.90 2256. 184 Chapter 6: Functions . SALES > 2000.

If the start position is a positive number. If the start position is zero. start length Return Value String. starting at the beginning of the string. the function converts it to a character string. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. Syntax SUBSTR( string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. Must be a character string. Must be an integer greater than zero. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The position in the string where you want to start counting. If the start position is a negative number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. If you pass a decimal. Must be an integer. If you omit the length argument. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. start [.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Optional. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. SUBSTR 185 . The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. If you pass a negative integer or zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. SUBSTR counts all characters. including blanks. If you pass a numeric value. Passes the strings you want to search. the function returns an empty string.

Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. -8. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 0. 1. 5. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position.

INSTR( CUST_NAME. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string.1 ) . The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.-1.The following expression evaluates a string.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. starting from the end of the string. SUBSTR 187 . 8) returns ‘cd’.' ' .1. -2. 2. INSTR(CUST_ID. 1. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string.

the function returns NULL. Nulls If a single value is NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. For more information. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optionally. Note: By default. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can use operators to add values in different ports.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. However. or NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). 188 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Optional. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. Numeric datatype. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. SUM ignores it. SUM returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. FALSE. Passes the values you want to add. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. Limits the rows in the search. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES. returning one value.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 . SUM treats all rows as one group.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500. returning one result for each group.0 NULL 3458.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. If there is no group by port.0 1900.0 1200.0 4519. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .0 RETURN VALUE: 10477.

2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. Numeric datatype.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).74747741945531 1. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).324919696232929 57. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.19175359259435 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0874886635259298 0.577350269189672 0.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2. Return Value Double value.

Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.0 0. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.897 3.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent.999963084213409 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype.998676551914886 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).0 2. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .993926947790665 0. Return Value Double value.761594155955765 0.45 0 0.66 5. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.

the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Optional. If you omit the format string. not the format for the values in the date argument. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. Date/Time datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The format string defines the format of the return value. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. Return Value String. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. For example. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. use either the RR or YY format string. Optional. If it does not. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. see “Requirements” on page 44. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. Must be a string datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. Do not use the YYYY format string. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. If you omit the format string. For details on the TO_DATE format string.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Return Value Date. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . If you pass a string that does not have a time value.

'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. TO_DATE 199 . TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If you run a session in the twentieth century. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. PowerCenter Server skips this row. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. the century will be 19. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. If you run a session in the twentieth century. the century will be 19. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.

‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

if true.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). --if true. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. ‘MON DD YYYY’). if true. --test second format. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MM’ ).‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. For example: DECODE( TRUE.If your target accepts different date formats. --test third format.‘MON DD YYYY’). --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month.

Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character.679 60. You can enter any valid transformation expression.6789' '60.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . inclusive. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals.2' '118. Must be a string or numeric datatype.200 118. inclusive. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. Optional. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. If you omit this argument. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point.348' NULL 'A12.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value.

Return Value Double value.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 .6789 60. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces.348' NULL 'A12. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL. Passes the values you want to convert to double values. You can enter any valid transformation expression.2 118.6789' '60.2' '118. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.

TRUE ) IN_TAX '15.348' NULL 'A12. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . or the constants TRUE or FALSE.6789’ ‘-15.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. The flag must be an integer literal. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. You can enter any valid transformation expression. String or numeric datatype. Optional. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.6789' '60. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [.2' '118. or if you omit this argument.3Grove' ‘ 123. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer.

6789’ ‘-15.3Grove' ‘ 123.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .6789' '60.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.2' '118.348' NULL 'A12. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.

and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. For example. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. Month. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. month. If you truncate the day portion of a date. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. If you truncate the year portion of the date. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. For example. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. the function truncates the time portion of the date. Optional.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. For example. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. If you omit the format string. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. setting it to 00:00:00. Enter a valid format string. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. For example. The date values you want to truncate. Date/Time datatype. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. or minute. Day. Minute. hour.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. day. If you truncate the month portion of a date. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. Hour. For example. The format string is not case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15.

'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. Passes the values you want to truncate. precision If precision is a positive integer. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. If you omit the precision argument. Optional. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. If you pass a decimal precision value.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. Can be a positive or negative integer. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If precision is a negative integer. Return Value Numeric value. Numeric datatype. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer.

0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .865 56.999 -18.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.956 15. 3 ) PRICE 12.95 15.0 -18.0 -180.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 56.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 -18.0 15.95 1235.99 56.0 1230.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12. -1 ) PRICE 12.8652 56.9995 -18.86 56.9563 15.99 -187.0 50.

the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Return Value Uppercase string. If your data contains multibyte characters. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. String datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 .

FALSE. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. Return Value Double value. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. Numeric datatype. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. For more information. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. the variance is 0. Limits the rows in the search. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. If n is 1.

when you configure the PowerCenter Server. However.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. VARIANCE returns NULL. Note: By default. VARIANCE ignores it. returning one value. returning one value. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.0 2256.0 3001. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. if all values passed to the function are NULL. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198.0 NULL 8953. If there is no group by port.Nulls If a single value is NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. or if no rows are selected. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. returning one result for each group. However. If there is not a group by port.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 216 Character Functions. 228 For details on each function. 226 Test Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. 220 Date Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 217 Conversion Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 227 Variable Functions. 225 Special Functions. 215 .

or earliest date. Returns the variance of all records in a group. Returns the number of records with non-null value. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns the sum of all records in a group. found in a group. in a group. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. percentile [. Returns the standard deviation for a group. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Returns the first record in a group. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the minimum value. Returns the last record in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the maximum value. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. or latest date. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. found in a group. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer.

returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. start [. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. In ASCII mode. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. counting from left to right. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. it will still work correctly. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. In Unicode mode. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. however. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. Returns the number of characters in a string. including trailing blanks. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Concatenates two strings.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search_value [. In Unicode mode. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length [. to set a string to a specified length.

OldString1. length [.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . start [. or no character. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. multiple characters. . trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. [OldString2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a portion of a string. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. OldStringN.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. OldString1. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. start [.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search_value [. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is a valid date. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. counting from left to right. Returns a portion of a string. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. OldCharSet. . Available in the Designer. OldStringN. [OldString2. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Returns whether a value is NULL.

TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).

the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. months. value ) TRUNC( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. date2. Returns the latest date found in a group. days.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. format. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns the length of time between two dates. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. minutes. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. day. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. measured in the specified increment (years. filter_condition ) MIN( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Truncates dates to a specific year. hour. or minute. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Rounds one part of a date. format. or seconds). month. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. hours. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the earliest date found in a group.

Available in the Designer. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Returns a running total of all numeric values. or 0.71828183. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. where e=2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. negative.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). recordset [. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Available in the Designer. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value.

TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [.Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Truncates numbers to a specific digit. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians).Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

value1 [. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. Returns one of two values you specify. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. based on the results of a condition. second_search. first_search. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. search2. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. Searches a port for the specified value. value2 [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. search1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. first_result [. Available in the Designer. second_result ]…[. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . IIF IIF( condition.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Test Functions 227 .

SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns the specified value. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Returns the new current value. Available in the Designer. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify.

52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 211 229 . 120.Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18.

72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 180 removing from strings 123. 211 counting 185 encoding 130.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 68 capitalization 99. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 68. 120. 160 ASCII characters 63.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 223 scientific 55. 220 date 54. 226 test 56. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 219 data cleansing 53. 225 special 55. 216 categories 50 character 52. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 .flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 217 conversion 53.

44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116.Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40.

null values aggregate functions 18. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index . 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.

47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29.

188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24. 120.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index .

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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