Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
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Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . 94 IIF . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST .

. . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

... . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1.. .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants .. . . . . . . . . 18 . . . . . ... . .. ... . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . ... . . . . . 6 . . . . . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . . . . . ..... . . . 39 . . . .. RR Format String Conversions . . 3-2. . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . 23 .. . . . . . .. . .. . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . 5-4.. . . . . . . . 5-6. . 6-1.. . . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . .. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . . ... . . . 26 . 39 . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . 36 .. . . 4-1. . . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3. . . . . . .. .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . ... TO_CHAR Format Strings. .. .. 28 . . . 40 . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 5-1. . . .. . 6-2. . . Operators in the Transformation Language . . . .. .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . 3-4. . . .. . . . ... 5-5. . . . . . . 5-2. . . . . 36 . ... 25 .. . . . . . .. . . ... . . . ... . .. .. ... . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . .. . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . ... . . . . . .. . . . 2-1. . . . . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines .. . . .. . . . . . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . . . . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . .. .. . . . . . .. 5-3. . . . . . . . . 22 .. . . ..

x List of Tables .

The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. and managing data. data synchronization. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. xi . usable. and support high-speed loads. loading. including extracting. data migration. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. transforming. and information hubs. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. and efficient manner. handle complex transformations on the data.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely.

Session enhancement. Define mapping. the rows that meet the business rule. sessions. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. Row Uniqueness function. pmcmd. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. a specified percentage of data. When you use a local parameter file. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. xii Preface .1. You can define default mapping.1. Flat file partitioning. such as JIPSEkana. Profile mapping display in the Designer.1. Verbose data enhancements.1. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. session. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. 7.1. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. JEF-kana. Domain Inference function tuning. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. session. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. PowerCenter 7. and workflow prefixes for the mappings.0. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. and 7. and workflow prefixes. and MELCOM-kana. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.1.

DB2. On SuSE Linux. you can also override the error. Depending on the loader you use. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. it searches for reswords. and repositories using native drivers. containing reserved words. Oracle. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. and Sybase repositories. target. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. You do not need to know a database user name and password. and Sybase sources. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file.txt. Teradata external loader. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. Preface xiii . Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. On SuSE Linux. JPEG. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. targets. or PDF. you can now override the control file.♦ SuSE Linux support. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. Oracle. When you export metadata. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. Reserved word support. GIF. you can connect to IBM. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. you can connect to IBM. reswords.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. such as Business Objects Designer. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. If the file exists. DB2. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. If any source. log. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. you can create and maintain a file. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. ♦ SuSE Linux support. You can attach document types such as XML.

This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. Aggregator function in auto profiles. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. resize columns in a report. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. and partitions in the session. and Transformation Guide. You can also pivot the view row. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. Prepackaged domains. Source View in the Profile Manager. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window.♦ Pipeline partitioning. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Workflow Administration Guide. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Creating auto profile enhancements. It also includes information from the version 7. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. You store xiv Preface . and options. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. PowerCenter 7. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting.0 Web Services Hub Guide. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. Informatica provides licenses for product. targets. XML User Guide. connectivity. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function.1.

and the command line program. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. upgrade. This improves processing performance for most sessions. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. You can also use pmrep to create. Increased repository performance. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. back up. or restore a repository. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. pmrep. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. Partitioning enhancements. truncate log files. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. You can use pmrep to back up. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). and delete a folder. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. Object import and export enhancements. pmlic. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. workflow and session log history. If you have the Partitioning option. You can choose to skip MX data. and restore repositories. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. MX views. and deploy group history. disable.the license keys in a license key file. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. delete a relational connection from a repository. delete repository details. modify. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. the PowerCenter Server Setup. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics.1 MX views in its schema. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. or enable a repository.

You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. You can also extract data from messaging systems. the latest version of checked in objects. The query can return local objects that are checked out. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. Union transformation. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. Also. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. ♦ xvi Preface . Web Services Hub. When you use a dynamic lookup cache.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. Custom transformation API enhancements. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. The quality of printed workspace has improved. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. such as data stored in a CLOB column. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. or a collection of all older versions of objects. Midstream XML transformations. Enhanced printing. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. You can now perform lookups on flat files. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services.

It displays folders alphabetically. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. Synchronizing XML definitions. and define relationships between views. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. You can create views. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. When you create views with entity relationships. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. DTD files. Additional options for XML definitions. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. In a view with hierarchy relationships. or schema files. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. XML workspace. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. For more informations. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. Midstream XML transformations. You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. When you import XML definitions. including relational sources or targets. add or delete columns from views. targets. XML files.

This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. After you create a profiling warehouse.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks.0. you can determine implicit data type. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. Support for multiple XML output files. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. suggest candidate keys. Installation and Configuration Guide. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange.♦ Support for circular references.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. PowerCenter now supports XML files. Increased performance for large XML targets. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. and evaluate join criteria. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. User-defined commits. − − PowerCenter 7. detect data patterns. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. DTD files. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. For example. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub.” Upgrading metadata.

When using external loaders on UNIX. In a server grid.objects impacted by the upgrade process. Row error logging. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . worklets.0 metadata. including session load time. When using external loaders on Windows. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. session completion status. Distributed processing. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. source and target tables. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. mappings. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. External loading enhancements. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. Metadata analysis. session errors. The Metaphone function encodes string values. you can now choose to load from staged files. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). and transformations. Functions ♦ Soundex.1. You can create a control file containing installation information. such as workflows. If you purchase the Server Grid option. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. Metaphone. and warehouse growth. server load. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects.

Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. importing. and listing objects. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. You can choose to insert. pmrep commands. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. such as copy object. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. deploying. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. such as the Aggregator transformation. upsert. If you use LDAP. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. You can track changes to repository users. or delete data. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. Additionally. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . and change object status. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. The repository maintains a status for each user. checking in. exporting. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. You can also use pmrep to run queries. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. Real time processing enhancements. When you select data driven loading. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. Use Repository Manager privilege. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. Trusted connections. maintain labels. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. When you log in to the repository. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. update. privileges. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. or update. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. delete. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. Audit trail. Concurrent processing. groups. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory.

copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. Delete or purge a version. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. When you create a Custom transformation template. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. If you want to permanently remove an object version. such as changes to folder properties. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. You can also compare different versions of the same object. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. ♦ Joiner transformation. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. you can purge it from the repository. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. Unlike copying a folder. You can specify the icons used for transformation.audit trail log contains information. You can compare tasks. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. and adding or removing privileges. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. Compare objects. sessions. control development on the object. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. adding or removing a user or group. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. the colors. track changes. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. Check out and check in versioned objects. worklets. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. Deployment. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned.

Comparing objects. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. Increased performance for large XML files. When you process an XML file or stream. and to different repositories. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. Within the Designer. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. Track changes to an object. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. Labels. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. Queries. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. You can make a private query. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. format your XML file output for increased readability. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. ♦ xxii Preface . declare multiple namespaces. or you can share it with all users in the repository. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. XML target enhancements. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository.♦ Deployment groups. improve query results. to other folders. XPath support. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. use XPath to locate XML nodes. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. You can save queries for later use. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. You can copy objects within folders. increase performance for large XML files.

mappings.♦ Change propagation. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. You can validate sessions. workflows. mapplets. such as sources. or workflows. Validate multiple objects. In the Workflow Manager. mappings. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. Refresh session mappings. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. expressions. you can refresh a session mapping. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. When you do this. View dependencies. When you edit a port in a mapping. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. targets. Revert to saved. The Designer propagates ports. Enhanced partitioning interface. and worklets. Enhanced validation messages. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate.

Repository Guide. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. users. and Metadata Web Services. Installation and Configuration Guide. Batch Web Services. and relational or other XML definitions. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. Workflow Administration Guide. build mappings. folders. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. groups. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. or DTD files. Transformation Guide. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. XSD. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. and permissions and privileges. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. Includes information to help you create mappings. Designer Guide. mapplets. Troubleshooting Guide. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Getting Started. Web Services Provider Guide. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Transformation Language Reference. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. including details on environment variables and database connections.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. XML User Guide. and transformations. extract data from JMS messages. and load data into JMS messages. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. such as creating and maintaining repositories.

Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . relational database concepts. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. unless you follow the specified procedure. The material in this book is available for online use. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. The following paragraph provides additional facts. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. Emphasized subjects. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. This is a code example. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse.

This journal provides solutions to common tasks. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. the Informatica Webzine. The site contains product information. please email webzine@informatica. You will also find product information. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www.informatica. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. and implementation services. training and education.com. as well as literature and partner information. go to http://my. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support.com.informatica.com xxvi Preface . upcoming events.informatica. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal.com. its background.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. the Informatica Knowledgebase.informatica. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. The site contains information about Informatica. Informatica Webzine. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. and locating your closest sales office. user group information. To register for an account. detailed descriptions of specific features. If you have any questions.com. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. newsletters. and access to the Informatica user community.

m.5:30 p. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. .m. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.5:30 p.5 p. You can request a user name and password at http://my.m. .m.m. market. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a.5:30 p.5800 Fax: 650. CA 94063 Phone: 866.385.213.563. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.m.5:30 p.m.9489 Hours: 6 a.informatica.m. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. Redwood City.m.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a.5 p.m. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road. .m.5:30 p. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica. White Waltham Maidenhead.m. (local time) Preface xxvii . .6 p. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.com. WebSupport requires a user name and password. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a.6332 or 650. .m.The site contains information on how to create. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.m. .m. . . You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service.m.

xxviii Preface .

9 Reserved Words. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 2 Expression Syntax. 1 .

Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. Constants. Operators. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . and External Procedure transformations. Local and system variables. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. Stored Procedure. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. combine data. such as a state sales tax rate. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. Workflow variables. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. For details. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. You can also create local variables in transformations. such as TRUE. Return values. Mapping parameters and variables.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. or compare data. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. For more information. such as the system date.

“>>>>”. For example. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. or a numeric literal. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. such as 10. during a workflow. For example. For example. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. You can create an expression as simple as a port. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. such as ORDERS. Then. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. not byte-oriented. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated.

The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . not the number of bytes.string.

numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . input/output. or a numeric literal (such as 10). variable) String literals. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. while SQL does not.Status). but the transformation language does not. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). For example. On the other hand. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. it is not exactly like SQL. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input.

argument2.SALES.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. The general syntax is: :EXT. :TD.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.SALES.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1. argument2.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation. The general syntax is: :SP. . :TD. 15..source_table. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.external_procedure_transformation(argument1.ITEM_ID. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.sequence_generator_transformation.SALES. The general syntax is: :SD. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language ..5 LOOKUP function.lookup_transformation(argument1. . The general syntax is: :LKP. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation.. [..) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition. The general syntax is: :SEQ. 10. For example.5 expressions only). :SD Optional (PowerMart 3. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. argument2. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote.PRICE.ITEM_NAME.

♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. Except for literals. ‘1’. comma (. You cannot add an integer and a string. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression.4 = ‘123. Lookup transformation. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. For example: . the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. create separate Aggregator transformations. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. Except for literals. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. For example. local and system variables. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. functions. and period (. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. or the results of another expression. For example. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. For details on workflow variables. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. literal string or number. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. For example. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. mapping parameters and variables. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. If you pass a literal value to a function.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. as the start position. ♦ You can pass a value from a port.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. not a string. variable. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . The colon (:). External Procedure transformation. Just type the number you want to include. Stored Procedure transformation.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants.). see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. the expression 123. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. If you rename a port in a connected transformation.

which allow only one nested aggregate function). Do not use quotation marks to designate ports.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables.

First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -. If you do not want to embed comments. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. as in: -. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. since the last line is not a valid expression.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. For example.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. if you want to concatenate two strings. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 .

These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. and system variables.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. are reserved for specific functions. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . operators. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. such as constants. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions.

19 11 . 14 DD_UPDATE. 15 FALSE. 13 DD_REJECT. 12 DD_INSERT. 16 NULL. 17 TRUE.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE.

Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. 2.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_DELETE. When you run a workflow.

NAME = 'Alex'. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . Using DATE_DIFF. If the result is 2 or less. 0. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. the expression flags the records for rejection. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson.DATE_SHIPPED. returning the difference between the two dates. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 0 ) > 2. If the result is greater than 2. When you run a workflow. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. DD_INSERT. 'DD' ). select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag.DD_REJECT. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. ORDERS.

so it includes only positive values. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag.SALES > 0. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. DD_REJECT. 0. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals.SALES > 0. If you flag a record as reject.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. DD_INSERT. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. When you run a workflow. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file.

DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . ORDERS. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. If the result is 2 or less. 1. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. If the result is greater than 2. DD_REJECT. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. The mapping loads sales for one employee. otherwise. Using DATE_DIFF.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. 0 ) > 2. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. 'DD' ). it flags the records for update. the expression flags the records for rejection. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. DD_UPDATE. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. When you run a workflow.NAME = 'Alex'. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month.DATE_SHIPPED.

'. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var1 = 22. Var2 > 30.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'Variable 1 was 22!'. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0.'Variable 2 was 49!'. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. Var2 = 49.'.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . Var1 < 23.

the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. see “Functions” on page 49. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. For example. <. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. !=. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. <= For example. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . >. For more information. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. ^=. >=. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. Functions can handle nulls differently. Therefore. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. <>. However. If you pass a null value to a function. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). Although you can write expressions that return nulls. it might return zero or NULL. For details on how each function handles null values.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. or it might ignore null values.

see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the function does not select the record. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. 18 Chapter 2: Constants .NULL To test for nulls. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. use the ISNULL function. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. which returns zero). For example. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. However. and MOVINGSUM. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. MOVINGAVG. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. as well as CUME. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. the function returns NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.

This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. Var2 > 30. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. Var2 = 49.'Variable 1 was 22!'.') TRUE 19 .'Variable 2 was 49!'.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Var1 = 22.'. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var1 < 23.'.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence. 26 21 . 23 String Operators. 24 Comparison Operators. 25 Logical Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators.

the equation 8 + 5 .2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . not equal to. subtraction. When expressions contain parentheses. || <. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. 2. less than or equal to. <>. Equal to. >. greater than. *. Table 3-1. used when specifying conditions. division. !=. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. 4. Less than. Unary plus and minus. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. modulus. not equal to. For example. greater than or equal to. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. depending on how you nest the operations. The logical OR operator. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. /. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. >= =. The logical AND operator. used when specifying conditions. not equal to. Concatenate. <=. 3. % +. The logical NOT operator. Multiplication. Addition. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses.

To perform arithmetic on date values. division. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. Unary plus indicates a positive value. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. modulus. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. For example. *. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. use the string operator ||. Addition. Meaning Unary plus and minus. The expression 1.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. use the date functions. Arithmetic Operators 23 .23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. For example. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. the function returns NULL. Multiplication. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. Unary minus indicates a negative value. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. For further information on built-in date functions. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. % +. /. subtraction. To concatenate strings.

However. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. the || operator returns NULL. if both values are NULL. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. The || operator. however. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. produces the same results in less time. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name.

Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. see “Dates” on page 33. manipulate data. the expression 123. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. The expressions 123. Greater than. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. Less than or equal to. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. the operands must be the same datatype. Greater than or equal to. Not equal to. Comparison Operators 25 . You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. Not equal to. the result is NULL. When you use comparison operators in an expression.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. Not equal to. For information on how to compare dates. For example. If you compare a value to a null value. Less than.

Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. FALSE for zero. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . if an expression evaluates to TRUE.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. NOT returns TRUE. For example. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. and NULL for NULL. the operator NOT returns FALSE. For example. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE.

Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 28 Transaction Control Variables. 32 27 . 31 Local Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. 34 Date Format Strings. 47 33 .Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings.

or perform arithmetic on a date. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. TO_CHAR format strings. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. see “Variables” on page 27. Tests whether a string represents a date. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . Converts a string to a date. Use to specify the format of the return string. extract one part of a date. ‘MM/DD/RR’). Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. Modified Julian Day. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. and 9999 A. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. Date functions accept date/time values only. TO_CHAR. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. For details on built-in variables. To pass a string to a date function. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. Julian Day. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. truncate. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. or compare dates.D. Converts a date to a string.D.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. With the date functions you can round. For example. Date format strings. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. ‘MM’. TO_DATE.

D. The J format string does not convert this time component. Overview 35 . and are not supported in PowerCenter. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. and 9999 A. nor with Modified Julian Day. For example. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string.D. For example. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. By definition. This term should not be confused with Julian Day.

If the source string year is between 50 and 99. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. RR and YY produce different results. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. In TO_DATE expressions. Current Year Between 50 and 99. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49.

the PowerCenter Server skips the row. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . Dates in Relational Databases In general. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. while the time might include the hours. If an input value does not match this format. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. minutes. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. day. or it is an invalid date. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. If you omit the format string.Table 5-2. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. If you specify a format string. Use TO_CHAR(date. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. and year. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. Although date formats vary from database to database. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. If you want to pass a string to a date function. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. and seconds. If the string is in the default date format. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. and even between applications. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The date includes the month.

such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. 1:00:00AM = 1. If you omit the format string. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. 12:00:00PM = 12. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . 12:00:00AM = 0.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. If you specify a format string. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Month (January = 01. For example. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format.

HH12. For example. J Description Days (01-31). YYY. Date Format Strings 39 .Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. Minutes (0-59. MON. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. or MONTH to specify APR. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. HH. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). you can use any of these format strings specify 12. HH24 MI MM. Specify the part of the date you want to return. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). MONTH SS. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. you can use HH. YY. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. For example. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. DAY. YYY. Seconds (0-59). Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. MON. For example. Specify the part of the date you want to change.) Month (01-12). This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. you can use MM. YY. HH12. or YYYY to specify 1997. you can use Y. DD. DDD. DY. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. Hour of day (0-23). YYYY. Specify the part of the date you want to round. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. SSSS Y. For example. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive.

AM and PM return the same values as do A. and is interchangeable with. including up to nine characters (for example. ‘RR’ produces the same results as. calculated from Jan 1.M. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . Name of month. The function removes the leading digits. Day of year (001-366.’ However. Seconds (00-59). ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. P. including up to nine characters (for example. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. Hour of day (01-12). You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). changing the format for reporting purposes. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. Day of week (1-7). Wed).TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. Modified Julian Day. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string.M. 4713 00:00:00 BC. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. PM.. Jan). Wednesday). Name of day. where January to March equals 1. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours.M. For example. Minutes (00-59). ‘YY. and P. For example. when used with TO_DATE. TO_CHAR returns 97. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. Month (01-12). Quarter of year (1-4). where Sunday equals 1. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5.M. Hour of day (00-23). Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. January). including leap years). if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. Last two digits of a year. A. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. When used with TO_CHAR. Day of month (01-31). It ignores the time component of the date. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM.

Table 5-5. For example. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/.. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. TO_CHAR returns 997. TO_CHAR returns 7. TO_CHAR returns 1997. Last digit of a year.86399). the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. 'MM. RR. and YY format strings. For example. Text that displays in the output. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. The function removes the leading digits. Entire year portion of date. Punctuation that displays in the output. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . and so on. for example D””DDD. For example. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. Last two digits of a year. For example.DD. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. Last three digits of a year. Week of year (01-53). It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. SSSSS. See the individual functions for more examples.YYYY' ). Week of month (1-5). you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. For example. The function removes the leading digits. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. For example. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. TO_CHAR returns 97. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. The function removes the leading digits.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. For example. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14.

For example. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions.

HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. AM and PM return the same values as do a. Hour of day (1-12). Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. When you create a TO_DATE expression. DD DDD DAY DY HH. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. Wednesday). You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. the function returns FALSE (0).TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. a. p. including leap years). Minutes (0-59). the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row.m. where zero is 12AM (midnight). IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table.m. Day of month (1-31). the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format.m. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. including up to nine characters (for example.m. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. Day of year (001-366. if any parts do not match. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . Name of day. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. PM. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. Wed). the function returns TRUE (1). If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. If you omit the format string. and p. Hour of day (0-23)..

If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. Aug). representing May 12. Modified Julian Day. . For example. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. Seconds since midnight. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. . Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Case does not matter. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Case does not matter. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. to TO_DATE. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Name of month. Seconds (0-59).Current Year Between 0 and 49.Table 5-6. Use when source strings include two-digit years. Use the RR or YY format string instead. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . For example. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. Month (1-12). assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00.Current Year Between 50 and 99. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. For example. August). Four digits of a year. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. 2020. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. 2034). Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. 1998. If it does not. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. It ignores the time component of the source string. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. including up to nine characters (for example.

if you pass a string that does not match the format string. Tip: By default. For example. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. and SSSSS format strings. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. See the individual functions for more examples. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. RR.format string. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Example The following examples illustrate the J. Likewise. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . RR returns the year 2005. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. while YY returns the year 1905.

The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. DATE_DIFF. 31. SET_DATE_PART. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. Subtract two dates. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. 1. 9999 23:59:59 AD. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. Change one part of a date.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. in alphabetical order. see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215. 49 .Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages.

Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation.

evaluates the AVG expression. and returns four values. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. Function Categories 51 . and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode.

By default. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. For example. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. MOVINGAVG. For example. as well as to CUME. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition returns FALSE. the function selects all rows in the port. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. If you do not want to round up a value. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. or NULL. If the value rounds to zero. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. 1.2 to 1. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. FALSE. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. the function returns zero. and MOVINGSUM. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. 1. If you pass an entire port of null values. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. the function returns NULL.5 to 2. 0. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search.35 to 0) for the filter condition.

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. Replace characters in a string. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. Trim string values. MIN. UPPER. Convert the datatype of an input value. Encode strings. LOWER. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors.

The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. see “Dates” on page 33. extract one part of a date. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . For a complete list of date format strings. However. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. or compare dates. if you want to pass a string to a date function.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. truncate. or perform arithmetic on a date. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. Date format strings are not internationalized.

if you pass a date with milliseconds. Therefore. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds.

it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. you use special functions in Expression. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. Then at the end of the session. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. At the end of the session. Filter. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. When you run a workflow. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. For example. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. and Update Strategy transformations. You can nest other functions within special functions.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline.

see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Function Categories 57 . For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For more information on mapping variables. If you use this function more than once for the same variable.process that pipeline.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value NULL. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. assign ABORT as the default value. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. Generally. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. String. For more information on the Abort command. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. You can use ABORT to validate data. The string can be any length. it stops transforming data at that row. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. including ERROR function calls within an expression.

95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . Numeric datatype. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . it returns an Integer. it returns a Double.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. Likewise.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. If you pass a Double. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15.95 59. Return Value Positive numeric value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. if you pass an Integer.

Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. YY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. or YYYY. MON. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Seconds. DD. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'SS'. Hour. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Month. 'MONTH'. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. 'YY'. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'MI'. You use the MI format string to set the minute. DDD.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . HH24. Minute. Day. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. You use the SS format string to set the second. For example. For example. You can use any of the day format strings: D. and DAY. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. 'DD'. 'HH'. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. DY. MONTH. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. HH12. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. YYY. For example.

NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. An integer value specifying the amount of years. 'MM'. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. hours. days. Also note. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. for example. For example. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . and so on by which you want to change the date value. Required. 'mm'. 'MON'. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. format. Passes the values you want to change. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. 'MONTH'. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. Required.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. months. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

'HH'. For example. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . 'D'. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12'. 'DAY'. you need to change the hour portion of the date. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD'. 'HH24'. 'DY'. 'DD'. which you specify. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED.

but it evaluates only the first character in the string. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Return Value Integer. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. however. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. Normally. For example. they will still work correctly. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string.535. Character string. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. before you pass any string value to ASCII. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. If you pass a numeric value. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. ASCII 63 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. However. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. If you pass a numeric value. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. it will still work correctly. Character string. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. For example. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Normally.535.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. A string containing one character.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Alternatively. You can enter any valid transformation expression. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. If both strings are NULL. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. Return Value String. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. NULL if both string values are NULL. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. CONCAT returns NULL. Any datatype (except Binary).CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. Any datatype (except Binary). Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions.

For example. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. If you want to add a space between two strings.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. ' ' ). CONCAT( CHR(39). 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).866025403784421 0.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.342020143325593 0.0 0.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Return Value Double value. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine.0 0.996194698091745 0.951056516295147 0. For example. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions .

0874465864177 19.66 5.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.0 1.45 0 0.381231106176 1.54308063481524 9. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 . Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Return Value Double value. Numeric datatype. For example: COSH( MEASURES.0 2. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.4435376920294 116. You can enter any valid transformation expression.897 3.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Nulls If all values are NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. FALSE.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. If you apply the value argument. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Syntax COUNT( value [. this function counts all rows. Alternative. For more information. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Return Value Integer. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. the function returns NULL. this function ignores columns with null values. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . If you apply the asterisk argument. Any datatype (except Binary). when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. Note: By default. the function returns 0. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Optionally. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to count. or NULL. Use to count all rows in a transformation.

as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. returning one result for each group. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. The function counts all rows in a transformation. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . including null values. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. returning one value. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group.

but do not use a filter. If you include the asterisk argument. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight.In this example. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation.

Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). CUME 79 . Limits the rows in the search. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. Optional. if all values in the selected port are NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. or NULL. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. CUME returns NULL.

Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise. you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .

Required. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. The second date you want to compare.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. 1 if the second date is earlier. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. 0 if the two dates are equal. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. The first date you want to compare. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Date/Time datatype. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED.

days. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. 'Mm' or 'mM'. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. the return value is a positive number. If date1 is earlier than date2. or seconds. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. For example. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . months. If date1 is later than date2. hours. Required. Zero if the dates are the same. You can request the format to be years. minutes. such as 'mm'. The format string is not case-sensitive. days. Date/Time datatype. You can specify years.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. Return Value Double value. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. date2. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. Date/Time datatype. months. minutes. or seconds. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. Required. the return value is a negative number. hours. You can specify only one part of the date. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

0 255. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.5 10.0 2100. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 .5 87.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

DATE_SHIPPED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 0.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.243279569892366 0.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9.243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.91935483870839 2. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.

not just 'Halogen'. If the function finds the value. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. first_search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. Even if multiple conditions are met. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. second_search. Passes the values you want to search. Syntax DECODE( value. Any datatype (except Binary). it returns a result value. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. Any datatype (except Binary). the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. second_result]. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required.. The search value must match the value argument exactly. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. the search does not find a matching value. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. DECODE 85 . NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. Any datatype (except Binary).. If you enter 'Halogen'. which you define. You can enter any valid transformation expression.[.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. For example. first_result [. Required. you may not search for a portion of a value. Required. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. Passes the values for which you want to search. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result.

20. 40. 3. 1. 10. ‘Archimedes’. The first result is an Integer. 5. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. For example. ‘Pi’.414213562’. For example.141592654. and 3. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’.414213562. 'Knife'. ‘Pi’.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. ‘3. and the other results are Decimal. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. 'Flashlight'. ‘Pythagoras’. ‘Archimedes’. ‘1. ‘Pythagoras’. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. 5. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions .141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. 'Regulator'. 1. 'Tank'. 3. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. 3.141592654. the datatype of the return value is Double. When you run a session in high precision mode.141592654’.414213562. if at least one result is Double. 14. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values.

DECODE 87 . Var1 = 22. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. was less than 23.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. was more than 30.'. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. desired ranges. Var1 < 23. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Also. Var2 = 49. Var2 > 30.'. was 49!'. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. Variable 2 was more than 30. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23.

For details about using default values. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. including ERROR function calls within an expression. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. For example.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. ‘1234’. The error message displays in the session log file. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. assign ERROR as the default value. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. The string can be any length. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. which you define. you use the ERROR function in an expression. and you assign the default value. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. It does not skip the row. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. Generally. String value. to the output port. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. and it does not log an error in the session log. Return Value String value.

Negative salary found.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . but skip negative values.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. Negative salary found.'. ERROR ('Error. Row skipped. Row skipped. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0.

38905609893065. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL.135335283236613 5166. EXP(2) returns 7. The value to which you want to raise e. rather than business data. Return Value Double value. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data. Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. (The exponent in the equation e^value).4657948067 0.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . where e=2.71828183. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. For example.

or if no rows are selected (for example. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. FALSE. However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Return Value First value in a group. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. if all values passed from the port are NULL. FIRST 91 . Syntax FIRST( value [. Limits the rows in the search. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Nulls If a value is NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Optional. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. However. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FIRST ignores the row. Optionally. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Any datatype (except Binary). see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). For more information. FIRST returns NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. Note: By default. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the function returns NULL.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group.

05 150.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 29.00 88.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 29. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35. returning one value. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.05 150.00 8. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 31.00 88. returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.00 31.00 8.

For example.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. the function returns 3. the function returns 3.79 125. If you pass 3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. For example. Likewise. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . if you pass 3.14 to FLOOR. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. the function returns -4. if you pass -3. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28.24 NULL -100.17 to FLOOR. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39.12 74. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. Numeric datatype.98 to FLOOR.

GET_DATE_PART returns 4. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Therefore. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. For example. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. for example. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY'.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. 'YYY'. the format strings 'Y'. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 'mm'. The format string is not case-sensitive. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. Required.

'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

Optional. including another IIF expression. Any datatype (except Binary). Any datatype (except Binary). value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. The condition you want to evaluate.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. value1 [. For example. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. based on the results of a condition. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. If you omit value2. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. including another IIF expression. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. Syntax IIF( condition. Required.

0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. IIF( SALES < 200. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. SALARY3. IIF( SALES < 50. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. value2 if the condition is FALSE. SALARY2. For example. For example.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. 1. . the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. the datatype of the return value is Double. SALARY1.3333) is a decimal. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. IIF( SALES < 100. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. EMP_NAME. BONUS))).

SALARY3. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. SALARY2. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100.SALARY1. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. --else for sales over 199. --then return SALARY3. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. For more information. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. DD_REJECT. SALARY1. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. --then return SALARY2. return BONUS) ) ). see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. DECODE may improve readability. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). SALES > 199.

if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. newline. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Return Value String. tab. formfeed. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. carriage return. You can enter any valid transformation expression. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . Any datatype (except Binary). For example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If your data contains multibyte characters. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. the function returns Thomas.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase.

The set of characters you want to search for.start [. The string must be a character string. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. counting from left to right. Must be an integer value. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. Required. the function uses the default value of 1. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. Any value. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. if not. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. A positive integer greater than zero. If you omit this argument. If you omit this argument. Syntax INSTR( string. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you want to search for a character string. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. If you pass a decimal. for example 'abc'. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. The results of the expression must be a character string. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. If the start position is a positive number. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. Optional. counting from left to right. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. For example. If the start position is a negative number. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you pass a negative integer or zero.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. If the start position is zero. For example. search_value [. If the search value appears more than once in the string. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. Optional. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. The position in the string where you want to start the search. Passes the value you want to evaluate. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The search value is case-sensitive. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. the function uses the default value of 1. The default value is 1. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value.

Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. 'a'. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. starting at the beginning of each company name. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . -1. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. starting at the beginning of each company name. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. starting from the last character in the company name. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. 'a'. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. 1. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’.

starting from the end of the string. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'.' ' .INSTR( CUST_NAME. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. INSTR(CUST_ID. -1. The following expression evaluates a string. 1.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.-1.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY.1. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . INSTR(CUST_ID.

For more information. see “LENGTH” on page 115. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. use LENGTH. Any datatype (except Binary). Note: To test for empty strings. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 .

The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. not the YY format string. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . In most cases. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. Must be a string datatype.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. If the strings match the format string. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. so there is no February 29th. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. For example. the function returns FALSE (0). use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. In the first case. which returns false. which returns TRUE. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. year 1900 is not a leap year. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. the two format strings return the same values. the function returns TRUE (1). Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). Syntax IS_DATE( value [. If you omit the format string. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. However. For example.

and converts each valid date to a date value. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. IS_DATE 105 . the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. If the value is not a valid date. If it does not.

‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). Therefore.Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE.

Must be a string datatype. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.45e+32’ ‘+3. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number.45E-32’ ‘+3. IS_NUMBER 107 .IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation.

00345 0. 0.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions . and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.45d-3’ ‘3.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.00 0. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.45D-3’ ‘-3.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.45e+3’ ‘-3.00 0.00 0.00’ ‘-3.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 0. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .00’ ‘-3. If the value is not a valid number. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.Windows only) 0 (False . Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.45e+3’ ‘3. For example. such as TO_FLOAT.00 0.

use LENGTH. For more information. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. or a vertical tab. To test for an empty string. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a string datatype.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. a carriage return. a tab. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 .) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. For example. A space is a blank space. a formfeed. a newline. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. see “LENGTH” on page 115.

you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions . '00000'. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). To do this.column in a target table.

Return Value Last row in a port. However. Optionally. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. For more information. or NULL. the function returns NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. Optional. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Limits the rows in the search. LAST 111 . Syntax LAST( value [. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). or if no rows are selected (for example.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads.

00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 29. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 8.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.05 150.

However. If there is no group by port. Return Value Date. LAST_DAY returns NULL. Null If a value is NULL. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. Date/Time datatype. LAST_DAY ignores the row.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . returning one value. returning one result for each group. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date.

If you pass a string that does not have a time value. TO_DATE always includes time information. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions .You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date.

Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. LENGTH 115 . For details. use IS_SPACES. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. String datatype. For details. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. use ISNULL. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The strings you want to evaluate. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. To test for spaces.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. including trailing blanks. see “ISNULL” on page 103. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty.

) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0.302585092994 4. For example. LN(3)returns 1. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . It must be a positive number. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. Numeric datatype.098612. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.828313737302 -0.) Error. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. greater than zero.04082199452026 NULL Error.

) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. Most often. The exponent of the logarithm. LOG 117 . (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. or 1 as a base value. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . exponent Return Value Double value.) Error. The base of the logarithm. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. Required.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.09 NULL 35.) Error. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. Syntax LOG( base.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. zero.

Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. Specifies the values you want to match to value. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. Any datatype (except Binary). Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. rather than creating Lookup transformations. However. value2].5 compatibility in the session properties. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. Syntax LOOKUP( result. must match search1 datatype. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. Datatype that matches the value1. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table.. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. search2.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. value1 [. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . Required. Required.. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. Any datatype (except Binary). Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. search1. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column.

PRICE.QTY.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. 10. :TD. NULL if the search does not find any matching values. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values.ITEM.ORDERS. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.00 15. Error if the search finds more than one matching value. :TD.ORDERS.ORDERS.99 15. :TD.99 15. :TD. ORDERS. RTRIM( ORDERS. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values. :TD.SALES. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD. 15.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .PRICE.SALES.ITEM_NAME.ITEM_ID.ORDERS.PRICE.SALES.ITEM.ORDERS.ITEM.SALES for a specific item ID and price. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match. ORDERS. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.PRICE. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value.

LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Return Value Lowercase character string. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . Any string value. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If your data contains multibyte characters.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. LPAD( PART_NUM. Required. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . RPAD returns NULL. 6. Must be a positive integer literal. length [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. for example 'abc'. Optional. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. or if length is a negative number. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. Can be a character string. Syntax LPAD( first_string.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. When length is a negative number. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. The strings you want to change. This argument is case-sensitive.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. Can be any string value. however. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter a specific string literal. If you omit the second_string. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks.

-5. If the first string is longer than the length.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions .**. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’... '. 5.**Compass Regulator System *. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME..*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *.**. LPAD(‘alphabetical’..LPAD counts the length from left to right. 16.. '*.Flashlight *. LPAD truncates the string from right to left.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. For example.

Any string value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. for example. LTRIM removes it. Passes the strings you want to modify. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can also enter a character string. character-by-character. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. LTRIM removes both single. the function returns NULL. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. starting with the left side of the string. Syntax LTRIM( string [. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. Most often. For example.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you would enter 'A'. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. with any matching characters removed. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. If you omit the second string.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. however. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. Any string value. 'abc'. trim_set Return Value String. Optional. In ASCII mode. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. If the trim_set is NULL. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. Then it returns the string. not 'a'. LTRIM 123 .

if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. character-by-character. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. but not the period from H. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). Bender.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. Bender. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. This is because LTRIM searches.’ from S. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. 'S. MacDonald Sawyer H. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. In the example of H. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. and so on.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. LTRIM removes it. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. LTRIM removes it.

The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. Syntax MAX( date [. Optional. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. Return Value Date. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. Date/Time datatype. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or if no rows are selected (for example. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Limits the rows in the search. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. FALSE. For more information. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. MAX is one of several aggregate functions.

see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. Optional. if all values passed from the port are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the function returns NULL. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Note: By default. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or if no rows are selected (for example. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. MAX returns NULL. FALSE. Nulls If a value is NULL. Return Value Numeric value. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. MAX ignores it. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. or NULL. Limits the rows in the search. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. However. For more information. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. MAX is one of several aggregate functions.

returning one value.00 85.00 55.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 PRICE 10. returning one result for each group.00 360. If there is no group by port. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.00 162. MAX treats all rows as one group.00 79. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .

when you configure the PowerCenter Server.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. or NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. MEDIAN returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Numeric datatype. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Note: By default. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. the median is the middle number. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. Optionally. However. If there is an odd number of values in the port. Return Value Numeric value. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. the function returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. MEDIAN ignores the row. Nulls If a value is NULL. FALSE. If there is an even number of values in the port. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .

the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. However. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. MIN ignores it. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. if all values passed from the port are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. the function returns NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. or NULL. For more information. However. Numeric datatypes. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. MIN returns NULL. FALSE. Return Value Numeric value. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. MIN (Numbers) 135 . and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Optional. Note: By default. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Nulls If a single value is NULL.

returning one value.00 162. returning one result for each group.00 79. MIN treats all rows as one group.00 55.00 360.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions . ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 PRICE 10. If there is no group by port.00 85. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.

divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. The numeric value you want to divide by. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.00 9.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error.00 15. The divisor cannot be zero. QTY ) PRICE 10. MOD(8. PowerCenter Server does not write row. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. Required.5) returns 3.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. For example. Syntax MOD( numeric_value. Numeric datatype. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. The values you want to divide.00 12.00 NULL 20. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MOD 137 .00 25.

To avoid dividing by zero. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. IIF( QTY = 0.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. If the quantity is zero.00 9. you can create an expression similar to the following.00 12. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 25. QTY )) PRICE 10. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE.The last row (25. NULL.00 NULL 20.00 15. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero.

if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. Numeric datatype. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. However. Optionally. the function returns NULL. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. MOVINGAVG 139 . For example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. rowset [.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. Required. FALSE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. if all values are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. 5). Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. five rows at a time. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. or NULL.

8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. 245. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. 140 Chapter 6: Functions . based on the first five rows in the Sales port.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. and thereafter.8 based on rows 2 through 6.

Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. five rows at a time. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. MOVINGSUM 141 . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. if all values are NULL.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Numeric datatype. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). rowset [. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. For example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the function returns NULL. FALSE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. or NULL. 5 ) Optional. However. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. Optionally. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required.

returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. 142 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and thereafter. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. when PERCENTILE 143 . Nulls If a value is NULL. inclusive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. See the following equation for more details. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. FALSE. Optional. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Passes the percentile you want to calculate. PERCENTILE returns NULL. Optionally. However. percentile [. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. or NULL. Numeric datatype. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. the function returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. Note: By default. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Required. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. PERCENTILE ignores the row. Integer between 0 and 100. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. if all values in a group are NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Limits the rows in the search. For more information. or if no rows are selected (for example.

PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group.you configure the PowerCenter Server. returning one value. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. If i is an integer value. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . returning one result for each group. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. If i < 1. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. If there is no group by port. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

0 NULL 55000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.0 48000.0 9000.0 100000. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 85000.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 99000.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 86000.0 27900. 75.

0 -3. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.0 EXPONENT 2. Return Value Double value.00137174211248285 729. Required.0 3.0 5. the exponent must be an integer. Syntax POWER( base.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 -3. In this case. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.0 5.0 -3.0 3.0 NULL -6.5 NULL 10.0 6. Numeric value. If the base value is negative.00137174211248285 0.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .0 -6. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.0 6. the exponent must be an integer. If the base value is negative. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10. Numeric value.5 3. This argument is the base value.265625 982. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.0 729.594307804838 NULL NULL 0.5 2. This argument is the exponent value.

5. If the base is negative.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value. POWER 147 .Note that -3. the exponent must be an integer.0 raised to 5.

If InputString is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The characters you want to replace. Must be a character string. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. OldCharSet. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . Required. REPLACECHR returns NULL. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. an empty string. If you pass a numeric value. the function is not case-sensitive. the function converts it to a character string. or NULL. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. If NewChar is NULL or empty. InputString. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. REPLACECHR returns InputString. Required. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. If you pass a numeric value.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. the function is case-sensitive. Must be an integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. You can enter one or more characters. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the string you want to search. Must be a character string. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. the function converts it to a character string. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. If NewChar contains more than one character. NULL if InputString is NULL. 'abc'. for example. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. You can enter one character.

html HTTP/1.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.1 GET /companyinfo/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .html HTTP/1.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘"’.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.1" GET /companyinfo/index. ‘]["’.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.html HTTP/1. ‘A’. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0. CUSTOMER_CODE.1 GET /companyinfo/index. WEBLOG. ‘A’. WEBLOG.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. CUSTOMER_CODE.html HTTP/1.

150 Chapter 6: Functions . The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. you must use the CHR function. ‘A’. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. The following expression removes multiple characters. see “CHR” on page 68. INPUT. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. including the single quote. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘14’. CHR(39). INPUT. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar.

You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument..REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. an empty string. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. the function converts it to a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String.. the function converts it to a character string. Required. multiple characters. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. If InputString is NULL. For more information. InputString. OldString1. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. 'abc'. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. for example. REPLACESTR 151 . REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. That is. If you pass a numeric value. Must be a character string. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. You must enter at least one OldString argument. Must be an integer. [OldString2. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function is case-sensitive. You can enter one character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACESTR returns NULL. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. REPLACESTR returns InputString. or NULL. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. If you pass a numeric value. . or no character. multiple characters. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. If NewString is NULL or empty. Must be a character string. Required. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. see the examples. Required. etc. the function is not case-sensitive. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. You can enter any valid transformation expression. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. The string you want to replace. OldStringN. Passes the strings you want to search. Must be a character string.

html HTTP/1.’.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions .1" GET /companyinfo/index.’ ) TITLE Mrs. TITLE. Miss Mr. MRS. ‘s.html /companyinfo/index. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. WEBLOG. Ms. ‘ab’. Ms.html /companyinfo/index. ‘iss’. ‘s. ‘bc’. RETURN VALUE Ms. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. RETURN VALUE Ms. ‘"’.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. MRS. ‘iss’. ‘GET ’. Mr.NULL if InputString is NULL. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. ‘rs.html HTTP/1. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. TITLE.1’.’ ) TITLE Mrs. INPUT. ‘rs.’. MRS. ‘ HTTP/1.

‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘ab’. CONCAT( CHR(39). ‘bc’. CONCAT(CHR(39). ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. INPUT. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. INPUT. CONCAT(‘it’. REPLACESTR 153 . ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString.The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. you must use the CHR function. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘s’ )).

You can also use ROUND to round numbers. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. and sets the time to 00:00:00. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. Hour. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. Minute. For example. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. For example. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. the function returns January 1 of the input year. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. Month. For example. For example. Day. If the month is between January and June. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. If the month is between July and December. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. If the minute portion is 30 or greater.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15.

You can round only one portion of the date. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. If you omit the format string. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.Syntax ROUND( date [. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . Date/Time datatype. Optional. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. Enter a valid format string. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype.

'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

1) returns 13. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the function rounds to the nearest integer. ROUND(12. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . For example. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15.99. ROUND(12. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15.0 because the function rounds 0.99. If you enter a positive precision. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. the function rounds to this number of decimal places.44. Positive or negative integer. 0.4. ROUND(12. returning an integer. ROUND(12. Optional.99) returns 13.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. -1) returns 20.0 and ROUND(15. ROUND returns NULL. If one of the arguments is NULL. Numeric datatype. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. 1) returns 15. Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. For example. If you enter decimal precision. For example. You can also use ROUND to round dates. For example. If you omit the precision argument. truncating the decimal portion of the number.99. If you enter a negative precision.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places.8) returns 13.99.

99 -108.994 15.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.868 56.0 -100.99 -18.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.0 1400.9949 -18.8678 56.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13. -2 ) PRICE 13242. 0.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.0 -16.8 ) PRICE 12. ROUND( PRICE.995 -18. 3 ) PRICE 12.99 -15.99 56. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.0 57.99 56.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 -19.9936 15.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.0 56.99 1435.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .

Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. To achieve the expected result. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. For example.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. This may not be the result you expect. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 .

16. Required. The strings you want to change. If you omit the second string. Syntax RPAD( first_string. Return Value String of the specified length. Any string value... RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. 'abc'. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. length [. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. if the first string is longer than the length.. 160 Chapter 6: Functions ... Compass. For example.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.. 5.. Any string value. RPAD truncates the string from right to left.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. appending the string '.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight. RPAD returns NULL. RPAD(‘alphabetical’... ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’. Must be a positive integer literal. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. '. Optional... or if length is a negative number.. This argument is casesensitive. for example... So. When length is a negative number. Regulator System Safety Knife. Specifies the length you want each string to be... Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. RPAD counts the length from left to right. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

. '. Compass*.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .. 16.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.**. -5..*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.** Regulator System Safety Knife*.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. appending the string ‘*.**. '*...* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME..

character-by-character. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. starting with the right side of the string. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. You can also enter a text literal. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. with any matching characters removed. Syntax RTRIM( string [.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Passes the values you want to trim. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes both single. Any string value. for example.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. however. RTRIM removes it. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. In ASCII mode. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . Any string value. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. It returns the string. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. If you omit the second string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. trim_set Return Value String. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Optional. 'abc'.

however. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. RTRIM removes it. This is because RTRIM searches. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. In the last example. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. and so on. If. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. the last character in the string does not match. character-by-character. RTRIM removes it. For example.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set.

At the end of a successful session. Returns the new current value. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. At the end of the session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. For details on mapping variables. Unless overridden. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . The session is a debug session. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The session is configured for a test load. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository.

Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. Darkroom Co. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. decreases the count for each deleted row.. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 .) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. It increases the count by one for each inserted row. Darkroom Co.Return Value The current value of the variable. Supply. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition.. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for.

59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. June. HH24) to set the hour. For example. DY. 'YY'. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. YYY. For example. April. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. 'MI'. Day. Minute. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. YY. DDD. HH12. Hour. Seconds. 'HH'. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. MON. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example. 'SS'. or YYYY to set the year. For example. DD. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. 'DD'. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. September. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 12=12PM. You use the MI format string to set the minute. and DAY) to set the day. You use the SS format string to set the second. and November) in the value argument. 'MONTH'. MONTH to set the month. Month. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. You can use any of the month format strings (D. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument.

The format string is not case-sensitive. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The date you want to modify. Date/Time datatype. 'HH'. Required. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. the session fails. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . February 30). If you enter an improper value (for example. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. format. Required. 'HH24'. 'HH12'. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

'MONTH'. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'DD'. 'MON'. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 7). 'Y'. 1998). 'YYYY'. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 'YY'. For example. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 'YYY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions .MM'. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.

When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. Unless overridden. When used with a string mapping variable. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . The session is configured for a test load. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. For details on mapping variables. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. Returns the new current value. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. At the end of a successful session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. The session is a debug session. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. At the end of the session.

Required. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. it saves the largest value to the repository. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. For example. The return value is the new current value of the variable.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. Then. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The next time the session runs. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

At the end of a successful session.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. When used with a string mapping variable. Unless overridden. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. For details on mapping variables. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. At the end of the session. The session is configured for a test load. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. The session is a debug session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. Returns the new current value. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. 172 Chapter 6: Functions .

50.00 22. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.00’. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .75 23. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.00 22.00 22.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.50 22. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.00 26.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.00 At the end of the session. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable.00 MIN_PRICE 22. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.50 22. Required.00 22.50 22. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22. The return value is the new current value of the variable. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.00 24.75 25. The next time the session runs.00 22. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type.50 27.25 24.25 22. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.50 22.

For example.50 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions.00 22. Then.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions .50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition. it saves the smallest value to the repository.

Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. For details on mapping variables. SETVARIABLE 175 . Unless overridden. Returns the specified value.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. At the end of a successful session. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. it saves a final current value to the repository. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. The session is configured for a test load. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. The session is a debug session. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Required. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output.

23 699. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.01 97.50 116. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.43 323. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”. The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time.Return Value Current value of the variable. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.50 116.23 699.01 97. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534. The next time the session runs.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .43 323.

SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. Return Value -1 for negative values. Numeric value. NULL if NULL. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 0 for 0. 1 for positive values.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . negative. Passes the values you want to evaluate. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. or 0.

Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.50000000000003 0. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.939692620785936 0. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).309016994374967 0. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation. Return Value Double value.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0.0871557427476639 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Numeric datatype.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions . For example: SIN( ARCS * 3.

1752011936438 9. For example: SINH( MEASURES. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).03225804884884 19.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 . Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value.4178051793031 116. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.376934801486 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.897 3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.66 5. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine. Numeric datatype.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.0 2.45 0 0.0 0.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.

Skips numbers in string. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. If string encodes to less than four characters. I. For example. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. and encodes it in uppercase. E. Q. S. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. For example. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. F. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . U. X. O. P. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. J. For example. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. V C. K. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. For example. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. For example. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. T L M. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). H. Z D. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. G.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes.

string is empty. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. Passes the string value you want to encode. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value String. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet.

Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Positive numeric value. Return Value Double value. PowerCenter Server does not write row. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL 7. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. If you pass a negative value or character value. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session.

Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Optional. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can use operators to average values in different ports. STDDEV ignores it. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. or NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Numeric datatypes. Nulls If a single value is NULL. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. if all values are NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. FALSE. STDDEV returns NULL. Note: By default. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. However. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. STDDEV 183 . For more information. Limits the rows in the search. However. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or if no rows are selected (for example.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

0 2198.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).88 3001. If there is no standard deviation. STDDEV treats all rows as one group. If there is no group by port.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .0 2198.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.00 ) SALES 2198.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES. SALES > 2000.90 2256.90 and 153.0 153.000. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000. returning one result for each group. returning one value. the return value is zero. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.0 2198.0 NULL 8953.0 1010.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.

length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. the function returns an empty string. SUBSTR counts all characters. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. Syntax SUBSTR( string. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. Must be a character string. starting at the beginning of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. The position in the string where you want to start counting. Must be an integer. including blanks. the function converts it to a character string. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. start length Return Value String.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. If the start position is a negative number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is zero. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. start [. If you omit the length argument. Must be an integer greater than zero. Passes the strings you want to search. If the start position is a positive number. Optional. If you pass a decimal. If you pass a numeric value. If you pass a negative integer or zero. SUBSTR 185 .

Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 1. 5. 0. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. -8.

1.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.-1. 2.INSTR( CUST_NAME. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'.' ' . INSTR(CUST_ID. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. INSTR(CUST_ID. SUBSTR 187 . '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. -2. 8) returns ‘cd’. starting from the end of the string.1 ) .1.The following expression evaluates a string.

you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. However. However. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Optional. Optionally. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Nulls If a single value is NULL. the function returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. or NULL. You can use operators to add values in different ports. or if no rows are selected (for example. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information. SUM ignores it. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Limits the rows in the search. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. Passes the values you want to add. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. SUM returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. FALSE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 4519.0 1200.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 . returning one result for each group.0 1900. SUM treats all rows as one group. returning one value.0 NULL 3458. If there is no group by port. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.

TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).19175359259435 0. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype.0874886635259298 0.577350269189672 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.324919696232929 57.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .74747741945531 1.

66 5. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.993926947790665 0.45 0 0.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.897 3. Numeric datatype.0 2.0 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.999963084213409 0. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 . Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).998676551914886 0.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.761594155955765 0.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.

You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. The format string defines the format of the return value. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions .format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. Return Value String. You can enter any valid transformation expression. not the format for the values in the date argument. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. If you omit the format string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. Optional. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

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195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

If you omit the format string. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. For details on the TO_DATE format string. Must be a string datatype. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. If it does not. see “Requirements” on page 44. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. Optional. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. use either the RR or YY format string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Return Value Date. For example. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. Do not use the YYYY format string.

the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. the century will be 19. If you run a session in the twentieth century. TO_DATE 199 . PowerCenter Server skips this row. the century will be 19. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. If you run a session in the twentieth century. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED.

‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.

‘MON DD YYYY’).If your target accepts different date formats. if true.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). ‘MON DD YYYY’). if true. ‘MM’ ). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if true. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. For example: DECODE( TRUE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). --test second format. --test third format. you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ).

the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.348' NULL 'A12. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. inclusive. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. If you omit this argument.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . 3 ) IN_TAX '15.200 118. Optional. inclusive.2' '118. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. Must be a string or numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.6789' '60. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals.679 60. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Passes the values you want to convert to double values. Return Value Double value.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 .348' NULL 'A12. Must be a string or numeric datatype.2' '118. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.6789' '60.6789 60. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.2 118. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). You can enter any valid transformation expression.

6789’ ‘-15. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer.6789' '60. You can enter any valid transformation expression.348' NULL 'A12. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. or if you omit this argument.3Grove' ‘ 123.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. Optional. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. The flag must be an integer literal. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. or the constants TRUE or FALSE.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . String or numeric datatype. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion.2' '118. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required.

2' '118.3Grove' ‘ 123.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.6789' '60.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .348' NULL 'A12. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.6789’ ‘-15.

the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. Month. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. For example. Enter a valid format string. month. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. The format string is not case-sensitive. If you truncate the month portion of a date. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. For example.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. the function truncates the time portion of the date. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. If you truncate the day portion of a date. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. or minute. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. If you truncate the year portion of the date. For example. day. Day. Hour. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. Minute. For example. The date values you want to truncate. If you omit the format string. hour. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. For example. setting it to 00:00:00. Date/Time datatype. Optional. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [.

'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

Passes the values you want to truncate. Numeric datatype. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. Return Value Numeric value. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If you pass a decimal precision value. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. If you omit the precision argument. If precision is a negative integer. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. precision If precision is a positive integer. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. Can be a positive or negative integer.

9563 15. 3 ) PRICE 12.99 -18.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.8652 56.9995 -18.0 -18.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.99 -187.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 50.999 -18. -1 ) PRICE 12.99 56.0 -180.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .95 15.0 56.956 15.95 1235.865 56.0 1230.0 15.86 56.

the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value Uppercase string. String datatype. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If your data contains multibyte characters.

see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. If n is 1. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. Limits the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information. Numeric datatype. or if no rows are selected (for example. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or NULL. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. Optional. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. FALSE. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. the variance is 0. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. Return Value Double value.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it.

VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. However. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If there is not a group by port. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. or if no rows are selected. VARIANCE returns NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.0 NULL 8953. If there is no group by port. returning one result for each group. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. returning one value.Nulls If a single value is NULL. Note: By default. VARIANCE ignores it. if all values passed to the function are NULL. However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.0 2256.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL.0 3001. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. returning one value.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

225 Special Functions. 216 Character Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 217 Conversion Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. 215 . 227 Variable Functions. 220 Date Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 228 For details on each function.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. 226 Test Functions.

Returns the number of records with non-null value. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. found in a group. Returns the first record in a group. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the standard deviation for a group. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Returns the last record in a group.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Returns the sum of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. or latest date. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the maximum value. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. or earliest date. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. Returns the minimum value. Returns the variance of all records in a group. percentile [. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. found in a group. in a group.

second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. Concatenates two strings. length [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. to set a string to a specified length. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Returns the position of a character set in a string. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . it will still work correctly. start [. however. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. including trailing blanks.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. OldCharSet. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Returns the number of characters in a string. search_value [. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. In ASCII mode.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length [. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns a portion of a string. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldString1.. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. OldStringN. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. start [. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. . [OldString2. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Available in the Designer. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search_value [. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. multiple characters. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. OldStringN. OldCharSet.. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Returns whether a value is a valid date. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. . [OldString2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. counting from left to right. OldString1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. value ) TRUNC( date [. hours. format. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. minutes. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. Returns the length of time between two dates. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. measured in the specified increment (years. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or minute. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. date2. day. format. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Returns the latest date found in a group. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. month. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. hour. Available in the Designer. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Rounds one part of a date. days. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. or seconds). Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Truncates dates to a specific year. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ) MIN( date. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. months. Returns the earliest date found in a group. Available in the Designer. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. recordset [. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. or 0. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. where e=2.71828183. recordset [. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. negative. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Truncates numbers to a specific digit. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Scientific Functions 225 . Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

Searches for a value in a lookup source column. based on the results of a condition. second_search. value2 [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. search1. Available in the Designer. Returns one of two values you specify. first_search. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. value1 [.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. first_result [. Searches a port for the specified value. second_result ]…[. search2. IIF IIF( condition.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Test Functions 227 .Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Returns the specified value. Available in the Designer. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Returns the new current value. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Available in the Designer.

211 229 . 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 120.Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18.

case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 68. 68 capitalization 99. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 120. 180 removing from strings 123. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 160 ASCII characters 63. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 216 categories 50 character 52. 226 test 56. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 225 special 55. 223 scientific 55.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 219 data cleansing 53. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 217 conversion 53. 220 date 54. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 .

73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69.Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 .

5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index . 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.null values aggregate functions 18.

47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .

120. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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