Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 5-6. .... .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 28 . .. . . . . . . . . .. ... .. . 39 . . . .. . . . . . . . 3-1. . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . .. .. . 4-1. . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . . . . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines .. . . . . .. .. . TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . . .. . . . 3-3. 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . . . . . . 40 . .. .. 23 . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . .. .. .. ... . . . Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language .. . . 26 . . . 6-2. . . . .. . .. 5-5. . . 36 . . .. . . .. . . . . 18 . RR Format String Conversions . .. .. . ... . . . . .. . . . . . . . 36 . ... . . . .. . 5-2. . . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants .. . 6 . . . . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . . . 3-2. . 2-1. ... . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . 6-1. . . . .. . 5-3. .. . . . . .. . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . 5-1.. .. .. . .. .. .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . 5-4. . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . .. . . .. . . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . 22 .. . . . . . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . .. . . . . . 39 . . . . 3-4. . .. . . .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . ... . 25 . . . .

x List of Tables .

and managing data. transforming. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. xi . handle complex transformations on the data. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. loading. including extracting. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. data migration. and information hubs. and support high-speed loads. usable.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. data synchronization. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. and efficient manner. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely.

0. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. such as JIPSEkana. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. 7. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. sessions. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source.1. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. a specified percentage of data. Define mapping. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. xii Preface . PowerCenter 7. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository.1. session. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. Flat file partitioning. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server.1. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. session. Verbose data enhancements. Profile mapping display in the Designer. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. When you use a local parameter file. You can define default mapping. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.1. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. and 7. JEF-kana. Session enhancement. and workflow prefixes.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.1. Domain Inference function tuning. pmcmd. Row Uniqueness function. and MELCOM-kana.1. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. the rows that meet the business rule.

You can attach document types such as XML. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. you can now override the control file. targets. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. You do not need to know a database user name and password. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. and repositories using native drivers. On SuSE Linux. DB2. Reserved word support. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. If any source. JPEG. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. you can connect to IBM. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. Oracle. you can also override the error.♦ SuSE Linux support. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. DB2.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. When you export metadata. target. you can create and maintain a file. Depending on the loader you use. or PDF. it searches for reswords. Oracle. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. and Sybase sources. containing reserved words. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. GIF. log. ♦ SuSE Linux support. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. and Sybase repositories. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. If the file exists. reswords.txt. such as Business Objects Designer. you can connect to IBM. On SuSE Linux. Teradata external loader. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. Preface xiii . You can export or import multiple objects at a time.

You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. You store xiv Preface . and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. It also includes information from the version 7. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. You can also pivot the view row. XML User Guide. and Transformation Guide. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions.0 Web Services Hub Guide. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. resize columns in a report. and options. and partitions in the session.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. Prepackaged domains. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. Creating auto profile enhancements. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Aggregator function in auto profiles. PowerCenter 7. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation.♦ Pipeline partitioning. Informatica provides licenses for product. connectivity. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. Source View in the Profile Manager. targets. Workflow Administration Guide.1.

disable. workflow and session log history. pmrep. upgrade. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. You can choose to skip MX data. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. This improves processing performance for most sessions. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. and the command line program. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. delete a relational connection from a repository. and delete a folder. modify.1 MX views in its schema. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. delete repository details. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. Object import and export enhancements. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. You can also use pmrep to create. back up. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. and deploy group history. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. truncate log files. the PowerCenter Server Setup. If you have the Partitioning option. and restore repositories. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. MX views. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). or enable a repository. or restore a repository. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . pmlic. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. You can use pmrep to back up. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7.the license keys in a license key file. Partitioning enhancements. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. Increased repository performance. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support.

You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. The quality of printed workspace has improved. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. Custom transformation API enhancements. Midstream XML transformations. You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can now perform lookups on flat files. Web Services Hub. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. Also. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. such as data stored in a CLOB column. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. Enhanced printing. The query can return local objects that are checked out. ♦ xvi Preface . The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. or a collection of all older versions of objects. Union transformation.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. the latest version of checked in objects. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard.

or schema files. In a view with hierarchy relationships. such as data stored in a CLOB column. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . When you create views with entity relationships. For more informations. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. XML files. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. Synchronizing XML definitions. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. It displays folders alphabetically. Additional options for XML definitions. You can also extract data from messaging systems. DTD files. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. Midstream XML transformations. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. add or delete columns from views. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. When you import XML definitions. including relational sources or targets. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. targets. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can create views. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. XML workspace. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. and define relationships between views.

and XML schemas that use circular definitions.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. Increased performance for large XML targets. Support for multiple XML output files. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets.♦ Support for circular references. suggest candidate keys. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory.0. you can determine implicit data type. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions.” Upgrading metadata. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. − − PowerCenter 7. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. PowerCenter now supports XML files. and evaluate join criteria. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. Installation and Configuration Guide. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. After you create a profiling warehouse. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. User-defined commits. For example. detect data patterns. DTD files.

In a server grid. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. worklets. server load. Functions ♦ Soundex. you can now choose to load from staged files. External loading enhancements. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode.0 metadata. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. source and target tables. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. session completion status. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. and transformations. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. mappings. When using external loaders on UNIX. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. Metaphone. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). including session load time. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. Metadata analysis. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter.objects impacted by the upgrade process. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. When using external loaders on Windows. If you purchase the Server Grid option. session errors. Distributed processing. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation.1. You can create a control file containing installation information. Row error logging. The Metaphone function encodes string values. and warehouse growth. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. such as workflows.

such as the Aggregator transformation. Concurrent processing. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. Trusted connections. You can choose to insert. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. or delete data. Audit trail. Use Repository Manager privilege. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. When you log in to the repository. such as copy object. delete. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. When you select data driven loading. pmrep commands. upsert. and change object status. and listing objects. The repository maintains a status for each user. maintain labels. update. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. exporting. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. Real time processing enhancements. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. deploying. or update. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. You can track changes to repository users. privileges. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. importing. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. checking in. You do not have to delete user names from the repository.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. Additionally. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. You can also use pmrep to run queries. groups. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. If you use LDAP.

Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. such as changes to folder properties. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. adding or removing a user or group. Deployment. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. track changes. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. You can specify the icons used for transformation. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. Unlike copying a folder. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. worklets. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. You can also compare different versions of the same object.audit trail log contains information. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . Compare objects. and adding or removing privileges. Delete or purge a version. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. If you want to permanently remove an object version. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. Check out and check in versioned objects. you can purge it from the repository. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. When you create a Custom transformation template. You can compare tasks. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. control development on the object. ♦ Joiner transformation. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. sessions. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. the colors. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository.

or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. Comparing objects. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. You can copy objects within folders. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. declare multiple namespaces. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. to other folders. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. When you process an XML file or stream.♦ Deployment groups. Increased performance for large XML files. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. Queries. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. format your XML file output for increased readability. or you can share it with all users in the repository. XPath support. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. Labels. You can make a private query. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. ♦ xxii Preface . You can save queries for later use. improve query results. Track changes to an object. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. increase performance for large XML files. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. XML target enhancements. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. and to different repositories. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. Within the Designer. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository.

Validate multiple objects. expressions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii .♦ Change propagation. or workflows. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. You can validate sessions. In the Workflow Manager. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. mappings. such as sources. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. View dependencies. Enhanced validation messages. When you edit a port in a mapping. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. mappings. Revert to saved. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. and worklets. workflows. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. Enhanced partitioning interface. mapplets. targets. you can refresh a session mapping. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. Refresh session mappings. The Designer propagates ports. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. When you do this. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace.

Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. Repository Guide. and permissions and privileges. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Web Services Provider Guide.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. and relational or other XML definitions. and transformations. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Troubleshooting Guide. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. and load data into JMS messages. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. Installation and Configuration Guide. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. users. XML User Guide. including details on environment variables and database connections. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Designer Guide. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. and Metadata Web Services. XSD. Transformation Guide. Workflow Administration Guide. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. mapplets. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Transformation Language Reference. extract data from JMS messages. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . groups. build mappings. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Includes information to help you create mappings. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. folders. Getting Started. or DTD files. Batch Web Services. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. Provides information needed to use the Designer.

This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. The material in this book is available for online use. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. unless you follow the specified procedure. relational database concepts. The following paragraph provides additional facts. Emphasized subjects.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. This is a code example. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv .

informatica.com.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. and locating your closest sales office.informatica. newsletters. training and education.com xxvi Preface . Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. The site contains product information.com. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. its background. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. This journal provides solutions to common tasks. Informatica Webzine. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. the Informatica Knowledgebase. and implementation services.com.com. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. The site contains information about Informatica. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. as well as literature and partner information. upcoming events. user group information. You will also find product information. To register for an account. go to http://my. the Informatica Webzine. and access to the Informatica user community. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS).informatica. detailed descriptions of specific features. please email webzine@informatica. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support.informatica. If you have any questions. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer.

m.m.m.com. . CA 94063 Phone: 866. .m.m. WebSupport requires a user name and password.m.m.m. . (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. (local time) Preface xxvii .com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. You can request a user name and password at http://my. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces. .m. . Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.5:30 p.m.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.5:30 p.5:30 p.213. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a. market. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a.5:30 p.5800 Fax: 650. . You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. .9489 Hours: 6 a.m.5 p.informatica. White Waltham Maidenhead. .m. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.5:30 p.m.385.m.m.6332 or 650. Redwood City.m.6 p.563.5 p.The site contains information on how to create.

xxviii Preface .

5 Adding Comments to Expressions. 1 . 2 Expression Syntax. 9 Reserved Words. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions.

Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. Mapping parameters and variables. For more information. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. such as TRUE. and External Procedure transformations. or compare data. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. Stored Procedure. Constants. Operators. For details. Local and system variables. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. combine data. You can also create local variables in transformations. Return values. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. such as a state sales tax rate. Workflow variables. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. such as the system date. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

such as ORDERS. not byte-oriented. For example. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . or a numeric literal. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. You can create an expression as simple as a port. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. such as 10. during a workflow. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. For example. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. For example. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. “>>>>”. Then.

not the number of bytes.string. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server.

but the transformation language does not. variable) String literals. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. or a numeric literal (such as 10). or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. input/output.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. while SQL does not. On the other hand. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 .Status). You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. For example. it is not exactly like SQL. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions.

lookup_transformation(argument1. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation.SALES.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1.SALES. .sequence_generator_transformation.5 expressions only). For example. [. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks.SALES. 10..) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals. The general syntax is: :EXT. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3.source_table. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition.ITEM_ID. 15.5 LOOKUP function.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark..external_procedure_transformation(argument1. Qualifies a source table port in an expression. argument2. argument2. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote..PRICE. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1. . PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition. The general syntax is: :SD. :TD.ITEM_NAME. :TD. argument2.. The general syntax is: :SEQ.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. The general syntax is: :SP. The general syntax is: :LKP.

Lookup transformation. If you pass a literal value to a function.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. or the results of another expression.4 = ‘123. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. create separate Aggregator transformations. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. For example. and period (. For example. For example. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. mapping parameters and variables. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. For details on workflow variables. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. literal string or number. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. the expression 123. functions. Just type the number you want to include. comma (. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. External Procedure transformation. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator.). the transformation language is not case-sensitive. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. You cannot add an integer and a string. Except for literals. The colon (:). variable. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. For example: . as the start position. ‘1’. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. Except for literals. not a string. Stored Procedure transformation.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. local and system variables.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. which allow only one nested aggregate function). You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

If you do not want to embed comments.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. For example. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor.These are comments ♦ Two slashes.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. since the last line is not a valid expression. as in: -. if you want to concatenate two strings. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes.

Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. are reserved for specific functions. such as constants. operators. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . and system variables. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions.

19 11 . 15 FALSE. 13 DD_REJECT. 12 DD_INSERT.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 17 TRUE. 16 NULL. 14 DD_UPDATE.

DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. DD_DELETE. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. 2. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. When you run a workflow. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag.

0. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. When you run a workflow. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference.DD_REJECT. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. 'DD' ).NAME = 'Alex'. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . Using DATE_DIFF. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. If the result is 2 or less. DD_INSERT. ORDERS. the expression flags the records for rejection. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. returning the difference between the two dates. If the result is greater than 2. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. 0 ) > 2.DATE_SHIPPED. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion.

When you run a workflow. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . DD_INSERT. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. If you flag a record as reject.SALES > 0. so it includes only positive values. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only.SALES > 0. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. DD_REJECT. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. 0. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3.

returning the difference between the two dates. ORDERS. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. DD_REJECT. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_UPDATE. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. the expression flags the records for rejection. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE.DATE_SHIPPED. 1. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. If the result is greater than 2. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. If the result is 2 or less. 'DD' ). The mapping loads sales for one employee. 0 ) > 2.NAME = 'Alex'. Using DATE_DIFF. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. otherwise. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. When you run a workflow. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. it flags the records for update.NAME = 'Alex'.

'Variable 1 was less than 23.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE.'Variable 1 was 22!'.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. Var2 > 30. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.'. Var1 = 22. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'Variable 2 was 49!'.'. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0. Var1 < 23. Var2 = 49.

the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. it might return zero or NULL. !=. Functions can handle nulls differently. ^=. For example. For details on how each function handles null values. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. Therefore. >. <. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. <>. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. If you pass a null value to a function. <= For example. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. see “Functions” on page 49. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. For more information. However. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. >=. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . or it might ignore null values.

see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. the function does not select the record. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. use the ISNULL function. MOVINGAVG. the function returns NULL. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. and MOVINGSUM. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. as well as CUME. which returns zero). For example.NULL To test for nulls.

TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. Var1 < 23. 'Variables were out of desired ranges.'.'Variable 1 was 22!'.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison.'. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Var1 = 22.'Variable 2 was 49!'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. Var2 = 49.') TRUE 19 . Var2 > 30. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 22 Arithmetic Operators. 23 String Operators. 25 Logical Operators. 26 21 . 24 Comparison Operators.

not equal to. greater than or equal to. subtraction. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. /. *. % +. division.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . Multiplication. Less than. 2. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. The logical OR operator. Equal to. not equal to. 4.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . >= =. !=. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. Addition. not equal to. The logical NOT operator. greater than. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. <>. modulus. <=. When expressions contain parentheses. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. Concatenate. the equation 8 + 5 . Unary plus and minus. used when specifying conditions. For example. less than or equal to. >. The logical AND operator. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. Table 3-1. used when specifying conditions. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. 3. depending on how you nest the operations.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. || <.

When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. If you perform arithmetic on a null value.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. modulus. Arithmetic Operators 23 . The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. For example. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. The expression 1. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. use the string operator ||. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. Unary plus indicates a positive value. Meaning Unary plus and minus. % +. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. *. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. subtraction. /. Addition. For further information on built-in date functions. use the date functions. Multiplication. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. To perform arithmetic on date values. To concatenate strings. division. Unary minus indicates a negative value. the function returns NULL. For example.

Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. produces the same results in less time. concatenates a space to the end of each first name.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. The || operator. however. the || operator returns NULL. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. However. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. if both values are NULL. Nulls The || operator ignores null values.

4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. the result is NULL. For example. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. Less than or equal to. When you use comparison operators in an expression. Greater than or equal to. see “Dates” on page 33. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Not equal to.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. manipulate data. Not equal to. Greater than.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. If you compare a value to a null value. The expressions 123. the expression 123. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. Less than. For information on how to compare dates. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. Comparison Operators 25 . Not equal to. the operands must be the same datatype.

Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. NOT returns TRUE. and NULL for NULL. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. For example.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. FALSE for zero. For example. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. the operator NOT returns FALSE. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4.

Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 32 27 . 28 Transaction Control Variables. 31 Local Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 47 33 . 34 Date Format Strings. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings.

or perform arithmetic on a date.D. Date functions accept date/time values only. TO_DATE. see “Variables” on page 27. and 9999 A. For details on built-in variables. ‘MM/DD/RR’). You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. Tests whether a string represents a date. Converts a string to a date. Julian Day. ‘MM’. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. Date format strings. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. extract one part of a date. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. TO_CHAR format strings. To pass a string to a date function. Converts a date to a string. truncate.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. With the date functions you can round. or compare dates. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. Modified Julian Day. TO_CHAR. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. For example. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A.D. Use to specify the format of the return string.

The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight).D. By definition. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. For example. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. and are not supported in PowerCenter. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. nor with Modified Julian Day. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. Overview 35 . you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates.D. The J format string does not convert this time component. For example. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. and 9999 A. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE.

♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. Current Year Between 50 and 99. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. In TO_DATE expressions. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. RR and YY produce different results. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string.

Dates in Relational Databases In general. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. or it is an invalid date. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Although date formats vary from database to database. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. If you omit the format string. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value.Table 5-2. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. If you specify a format string. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If you want to pass a string to a date function. If an input value does not match this format. and year. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. day. minutes. Use TO_CHAR(date. while the time might include the hours. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. If the string is in the default date format. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. and seconds. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. The date includes the month. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. and even between applications. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions.

If you omit the format string.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. 12:00:00PM = 12. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . Month (January = 01. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. For example. 1:00:00AM = 1. If you specify a format string. 12:00:00AM = 0.

Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. you can use Y. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. YY. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. For example. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. Specify the part of the date you want to change. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. HH. DAY. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. For example. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). HH24 MI MM. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. YYYY. Specify the part of the date you want to return. MON. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. you can use HH. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive.) Month (01-12). DDD. For example. DD. HH12. DY. or YYYY to specify 1997. MON. Date Format Strings 39 . J Description Days (01-31). YYY.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. or MONTH to specify APR. Minutes (0-59. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. HH12. SSSS Y. YY. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. MONTH SS. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. For example. Seconds (0-59). Hour of day (0-23). Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. Specify the part of the date you want to round. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. you can use MM. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. YYY.

where Sunday equals 1. Day of year (001-366. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). TO_CHAR returns 97. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. Jan). if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. Quarter of year (1-4). For example.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. Hour of day (01-12). AM and PM return the same values as do A. and is interchangeable with. The function removes the leading digits. When used with TO_CHAR. Wed). Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. D DD DDD DAY DY HH.. calculated from Jan 1.’ However. Hour of day (00-23). including up to nine characters (for example. and P. Seconds (00-59). January). For example.M. Name of day. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. Month (01-12). P. where January to March equals 1. 4713 00:00:00 BC. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . Minutes (00-59). Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. Wednesday). ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. Day of week (1-7). Last two digits of a year. Name of month. when used with TO_DATE. It ignores the time component of the date. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. Day of month (01-31). A. including up to nine characters (for example. Modified Julian Day.M. changing the format for reporting purposes. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string.M. including leap years). ‘YY.M. PM. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. ‘RR’ produces the same results as.

Feb 1 designates the first week of February. SSSSS. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. Last two digits of a year.. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date.Table 5-5. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. For example. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. RR. For example. and so on. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . Last three digits of a year. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. The function removes the leading digits. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . TO_CHAR returns 7. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. TO_CHAR returns 97. Text that displays in the output. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. For example. for example D””DDD. 'MM. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. Entire year portion of date. For example. The function removes the leading digits. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. Last digit of a year. TO_CHAR returns 1997. TO_CHAR returns 997. For example. For example. See the individual functions for more examples. For example. Punctuation that displays in the output.YYYY' ). week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. For example. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression.86399). The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression.DD. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Week of year (01-53). Week of month (1-5). if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. and YY format strings. The function removes the leading digits.

For example. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression.

The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. AM and PM return the same values as do a. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. PM.m. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. p. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. including up to nine characters (for example. When you create a TO_DATE expression. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. Day of month (1-31). Wednesday).m.m. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. If you omit the format string. where zero is 12AM (midnight). IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. Wed). including leap years). Name of day. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. DD DDD DAY DY HH. the function returns FALSE (0). Hour of day (0-23). a.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row.. Day of year (001-366. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. the function returns TRUE (1).m. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. Minutes (0-59). and p. Hour of day (1-12). A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if any parts do not match. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive.

Convert strings in MJD format to date values. Use when source strings include two-digit years. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. including up to nine characters (for example. Name of month. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. 2020. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. Seconds (0-59). For example. Case does not matter. For example. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. Four digits of a year. to TO_DATE. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. Month (1-12). 2034). If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example.Current Year Between 50 and 99.Table 5-6. Aug). 1998. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. Use the RR or YY format string instead. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. . the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Modified Julian Day. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. Seconds since midnight. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. It ignores the time component of the source string. If it does not. . If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. For example. August). ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. representing May 12. Case does not matter. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string.Current Year Between 0 and 49.

the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. See the individual functions for more examples. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. Tip: By default. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.format string. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. The format string is not case-sensitive. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. and SSSSS format strings. Example The following examples illustrate the J. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . For example. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. Likewise. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string.

SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. while YY returns the year 1905.TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

Subtract two dates. 1. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. Change one part of a date. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. DATE_DIFF. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. 9999 23:59:59 AD. SET_DATE_PART. 31. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. in alphabetical order.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. 49 . see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.

Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions .Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports.

You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. and returns four values. evaluates the AVG expression. Function Categories 51 . Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression.

MOVINGAVG. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. FALSE. 0.35 to 0) for the filter condition.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. If you pass an entire port of null values. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. the function returns NULL. By default. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . the filter condition returns FALSE. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row.2 to 1. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. 1.5 to 2. If the value rounds to zero. If you do not want to round up a value. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. and MOVINGSUM. For example. For example. the function selects all rows in the port. as well as to CUME. the function returns zero. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. 1. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE.

MIN. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. Replace characters in a string. Encode strings. UPPER. Convert the datatype of an input value. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . LOWER. Trim string values. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors.

truncate. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. However. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Dates” on page 33. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. Date format strings are not internationalized. or perform arithmetic on a date. For a complete list of date format strings. extract one part of a date.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. if you want to pass a string to a date function. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. or compare dates. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument.

if you pass a date with milliseconds. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. Therefore. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 .

and Update Strategy transformations. you use special functions in Expression. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. At the end of the session. Filter. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. For example. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions .♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. When you run a workflow. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. Unless overridden. Then at the end of the session. You can nest other functions within special functions.

see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. For more information on mapping variables.process that pipeline. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. Function Categories 57 .

and issues a specified error message to the session log file. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. Generally. The string can be any length. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. For more information on the Abort command. assign ABORT as the default value. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. String. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. Return Value NULL.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. You can use ABORT to validate data. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. You can enter any valid transformation expression. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. including ERROR function calls within an expression. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. it stops transforming data at that row.

it returns an Integer.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Likewise. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. if you pass an Integer. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.95 59.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. it returns a Double. Numeric datatype. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. If you pass a Double.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Positive numeric value.

For example. HH12. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Hour. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. MONTH. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. DY. MON. For example. Month. and DAY. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions .ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. 'MI'. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Minute. DD. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. 'SS'. YY. Day. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'YY'. YYY. DDD. For example. You can use any of the day format strings: D. You use the SS format string to set the second. HH24. 'HH'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 'DD'. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. You use the MI format string to set the minute. or YYYY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'MONTH'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. For example. Seconds. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port.

Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. days. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. 'MON'. 'MM'. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. 'mm'. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. Also note. format. hours. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to change. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. months. 'MONTH'. for example. For example. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. and so on by which you want to change the date value. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. Required. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. An integer value specifying the amount of years.

'DDD'. you need to change the hour portion of the date. 'HH24'. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. 'HH12'. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY'. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. 'DD'. which you specify. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY'. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. For example. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D'. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH'. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998.

ASCII 63 . Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Character string. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. however. they will still work correctly. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII.535. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. For example. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. If you pass a numeric value. Return Value Integer. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Normally. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. before you pass any string value to ASCII.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

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Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.535. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Character string. For example. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Normally. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. If you pass a numeric value.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. A string containing one character. However. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . it will still work correctly. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. Any datatype (except Binary). If both strings are NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. Alternatively. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value String. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. NULL if both string values are NULL. Required. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . The first part of the string you want to concatenate. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. CONCAT returns NULL. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary).

FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. CONCAT( CHR(39). The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. If you want to add a space between two strings. For example. ' ' ).

Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3. Return Value Double value.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression.866025403784421 0.342020143325593 0.0 0. Numeric datatype.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.996194698091745 0.951056516295147 0.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine.0 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine.

0 2.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example: COSH( MEASURES.381231106176 1.0874465864177 19.897 3. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 1.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.4435376920294 116.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.66 5. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.54308063481524 9.45 0 0. Return Value Double value. Numeric datatype.

the function returns NULL. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. If you apply the value argument. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). Optional. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Any datatype (except Binary). FALSE. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. Return Value Integer. Alternative. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. For more information. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Note: By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to count. Nulls If all values are NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. this function ignores columns with null values. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax COUNT( value [. Optionally. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Limits the rows in the search. However. the function returns 0. If you apply the asterisk argument. Use to count all rows in a transformation. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. this function counts all rows. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions .

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. returning one value. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one result for each group. including null values. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. The function counts all rows in a transformation. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 .

If you include the asterisk argument. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation.In this example. but do not use a filter.

Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. Optional. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. or NULL. if all values in the selected port are NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. CUME returns NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. However. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. CUME 79 . FALSE. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. Nulls If a value is NULL. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax CUME( numeric_value [.

Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise. you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .

Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. 0 if the two dates are equal. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. Required. Date/Time datatype. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. The first date you want to compare. The second date you want to compare. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. 1 if the second date is earlier.

the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. months. 'Mm' or 'mM'. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. If date1 is earlier than date2. Date/Time datatype. Return Value Double value. minutes. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. the return value is a negative number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. hours. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. or seconds. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. the return value is a positive number. For example. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. You can request the format to be years. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . such as 'mm'. Required. The format string is not case-sensitive. or seconds. Required. minutes. You can specify only one part of the date. days. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. You can specify years. days. hours. Zero if the dates are the same. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. date2. If date1 is later than date2.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. months.

'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.5 10.5 87. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.0 2100. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0 255. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.243279569892366 0.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.91935483870839 2. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

first_search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. second_result].[. Required.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. you may not search for a portion of a value.. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to search. The search value must match the value argument exactly. Even if multiple conditions are met. first_result [. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. Any datatype (except Binary). the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. not just 'Halogen'. If the function finds the value. If you enter 'Halogen'. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. For example. Syntax DECODE( value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). DECODE 85 . Required. which you define. it returns a result value. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). second_search. Passes the values for which you want to search. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data.. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. the search does not find a matching value. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. Optional. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument.

141592654.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. ‘Pythagoras’. 14. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . 5. ‘Pi’. 20. ‘1. 'Tank'. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’.414213562’. For example. ‘Archimedes’. 3. if at least one result is Double. ‘3. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. 'Knife'.141592654’. 1. 10. and the other results are Decimal. For example.414213562. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. ‘Pythagoras’. 3.414213562. the datatype of the return value is Double.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. ‘Pi’. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. 3. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. 'Flashlight'. The first result is an Integer.141592654. 1. 'Regulator'. When you run a session in high precision mode. 40. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. 5. ‘Archimedes’. and 3.

Var1 < 23. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. was 49!'. Var1 = 22.'. DECODE 87 . Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. Var2 > 30. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. Var2 = 49. was less than 23. desired ranges.'. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. was more than 30.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. Variable 2 was more than 30. Also.

If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. which you define. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. and you assign the default value. Return Value String value. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. you use the ERROR function in an expression. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. The string can be any length. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. assign ERROR as the default value. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. For example. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. It does not skip the row. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. ‘1234’. The error message displays in the session log file. String value.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. For details about using default values. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. and it does not log an error in the session log. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. including ERROR function calls within an expression. Generally. to the output port.

The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. Row skipped. Negative salary found. ERROR ('Error. Negative salary found.'.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. Row skipped.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. but skip negative values.

Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data.4657948067 0. For example. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. rather than business data. (The exponent in the equation e^value). NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. EXP(2) returns 7.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions .EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Return Value Double value.71828183.135335283236613 5166. You can enter any valid transformation expression. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. where e=2.38905609893065. The value to which you want to raise e.

or if no rows are selected (for example. FIRST returns NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. if all values passed from the port are NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If a value is NULL. Note: By default. However. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. or NULL. Optional.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. Limits the rows in the search. However. FALSE. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Syntax FIRST( value [. Any datatype (except Binary). Return Value First value in a group. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. FIRST 91 . Optionally. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information. FIRST ignores the row. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.

00 29.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 88. If there is no group by port. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 31. returning one value.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 31.00 88. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.05 150. returning one result for each group.00 8.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .

14 to FLOOR. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. If you pass 3.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. the function returns 3.12 74.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. For example.24 NULL -100.17 to FLOOR. the function returns 3. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. if you pass 3. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. if you pass -3. Numeric datatype. the function returns -4. Likewise. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data.79 125. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 .98 to FLOOR. For example.

if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. 'YY'. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. for example. the format strings 'Y'. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. Date/Time datatype. For example. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. 'mm'. 'YYY'. Required.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. The format string is not case-sensitive. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. Therefore. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

For example.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. Any datatype (except Binary). Syntax IIF( condition. Any datatype (except Binary). the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. based on the results of a condition. You can enter any valid transformation expression. value1 [. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. If you omit value2. The condition you want to evaluate. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. including another IIF expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. Optional. Required. including another IIF expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

IIF( SALES < 50. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. BONUS))). For example. .Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. 1. IIF( SALES < 200. SALARY3. value2 if the condition is FALSE. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. SALARY1. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. EMP_NAME. the datatype of the return value is Double. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50.3333) is a decimal. SALARY2. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. For example. IIF( SALES < 100.

SALES > 199.SALARY1. For more information. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. --then return SALARY3. DECODE may improve readability. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. SALARY1. SALARY3. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. --else for sales over 199. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. SALARY2. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. return BONUS) ) ). --then return SALARY2. DD_REJECT.

newline. For example. If your data contains multibyte characters. Any datatype (except Binary). tab. Return Value String. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. formfeed. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. the function returns Thomas. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. carriage return.

occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. If the search value appears more than once in the string. The default value is 1. the function uses the default value of 1. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. A positive integer greater than zero. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. counting from left to right. You can enter any valid transformation expression. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. Optional. The position in the string where you want to start the search. The set of characters you want to search for. If the start position is a positive number. if not. If you want to search for a character string. The string must be a character string. If the start position is a negative number. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. If you omit this argument. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . Must be an integer value. For example. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. the mapping fails when you run a workflow.start [. search_value [. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is zero. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. If you pass a negative integer or zero. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. The results of the expression must be a character string.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. Optional. The search value is case-sensitive. If you pass a decimal. Any value. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. If you omit this argument. Passes the value you want to evaluate. for example 'abc'. Syntax INSTR( string. the function uses the default value of 1. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. counting from left to right. Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. For example.

and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 1. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . 'a'.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 'a'. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. starting at the beginning of each company name. starting from the last character in the company name. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. starting at the beginning of each company name. -1. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name.

1. INSTR(CUST_ID. 1. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. -1. starting from the end of the string.' ' .INSTR( CUST_NAME.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.-1. The following expression evaluates a string.

FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. use LENGTH. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. Note: To test for empty strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “LENGTH” on page 115. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . Any datatype (except Binary). For more information.

‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. which returns TRUE. so there is no February 29th. If you omit the format string. the two format strings return the same values. Optional. In the first case. the function returns TRUE (1). the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. Must be a string datatype. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. For example. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. For example. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. the function returns FALSE (0). ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. which returns false. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. not the YY format string. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. If the strings match the format string. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can enter any valid transformation expression. year 1900 is not a leap year. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. However. In most cases. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.

IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. If it does not. and converts each valid date to a date value. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. If the value is not a valid date. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. IS_DATE 105 . Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format.

‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). Therefore. ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions .Note that this example returns a Date/Time value.

followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. IS_NUMBER 107 . such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-). Passes the rows you want to evaluate.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘.45e+32’ ‘+3. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. Must be a string datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.45E-32’ ‘+3. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.

00’ ‘-3.45D-3’ ‘-3. such as TO_FLOAT. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.00345 0.00 0.00 0.Windows only) 0 (False .NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. If the value is not a valid number.00 0.45e+3’ ‘-3.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions . 0. For example.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.00’ ‘-3.00 0.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).45d-3’ ‘3.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.00 0.45e+3’ ‘3. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).

use LENGTH. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. Must be a string datatype. A space is a blank space. For example. a tab.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. To test for an empty string. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. a formfeed. or a vertical tab. For more information. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . Passes the rows you want to evaluate. a carriage return.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. see “LENGTH” on page 115. a newline. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.

To do this. you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .column in a target table. '00000'.

For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. or if no rows are selected (for example. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally. or NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Any datatype (except Binary). For more information. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Note: By default. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optional. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. Return Value Last row in a port. Syntax LAST( value [. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. However. the function returns NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. LAST 111 .

ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 8.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.05 150.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 29.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.

LAST_DAY ignores the row. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. Date/Time datatype. returning one result for each group. Return Value Date. LAST_DAY returns NULL. However. If there is no group by port. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. Null If a value is NULL.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. if all values passed from the port are NULL. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. returning one value.

the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . TO_DATE always includes time information. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE.

For details. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. use IS_SPACES. LENGTH 115 . ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. use ISNULL.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. The strings you want to evaluate. To test for spaces. see “ISNULL” on page 103. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. including trailing blanks. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For details. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. String datatype.

For example.) Error. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.302585092994 4.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. It must be a positive number.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Return Value Double value. greater than zero. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. LN(3)returns 1. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP.098612. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . Numeric datatype.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.828313737302 -0.04082199452026 NULL Error.

Syntax LOG( base. LOG 117 .) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. Required. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1.09 NULL 35.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. Most often. exponent Return Value Double value. zero.) Error. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. or 1 as a base value.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error.) Error. The base of the logarithm. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. The exponent of the logarithm. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.

search1. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. rather than creating Lookup transformations. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. must match search1 datatype. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. value2]. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Required. Specifies the values you want to match to value. Required. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets.5 compatibility in the session properties.. For more information. However. Any datatype (except Binary). value1 [..LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. search2. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Datatype that matches the value1. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. Syntax LOOKUP( result.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. Any datatype (except Binary). Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD.

and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.ITEM_ID.99 15.SALES for a specific item ID and price.ORDERS. RTRIM( ORDERS.PRICE. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.SALES.ITEM. NULL if the search does not find any matching values.ORDERS.ITEM_NAME. :TD.ITEM.ORDERS. ORDERS.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .ORDERS. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.SALES. :TD.PRICE. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.ITEM. :TD.QTY. Error if the search finds more than one matching value.ORDERS.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. 10. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD.PRICE.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values.99 15. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values.SALES. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.PRICE. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match. :TD. :TD.00 15.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100. ORDERS. 15.

Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. If your data contains multibyte characters. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Any string value. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Return Value Lowercase character string. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase.

LPAD( PART_NUM. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. 6. You can enter a specific string literal. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. however.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. Optional. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. Can be any string value. If you omit the second_string. length [. Syntax LPAD( first_string. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. Can be a character string. When length is a negative number. RPAD returns NULL. Required. Must be a positive integer literal. You can enter any valid transformation expression. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . for example 'abc'. or if length is a negative number. The strings you want to change. This argument is case-sensitive. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros.

LPAD counts the length from left to right. '..**Compass Regulator System *. LPAD(‘alphabetical’. 5.Flashlight *.. If the first string is longer than the length.. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions . -5.**. For example..*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *.. LPAD truncates the string from right to left.**. '*.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. 16. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.

you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. character-by-character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. Syntax LTRIM( string [. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. Most often. You can also enter a character string. Any string value. Then it returns the string. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. however. Any string value. LTRIM 123 . trim_set Return Value String. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. LTRIM removes it. In ASCII mode. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. the function returns NULL. not 'a'. LTRIM removes both single. with any matching characters removed. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. If the trim_set is NULL. 'abc'.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Passes the strings you want to modify. starting with the left side of the string. For example. you would enter 'A'. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. for example. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you omit the second string.

H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. Bender. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. but not the period from H.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. In the example of H. 'S. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. character-by-character. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row.’ from S. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. This is because LTRIM searches. LTRIM removes it. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. LTRIM removes it. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. MacDonald Sawyer H. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). and so on. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. For example. Bender.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument.

You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. Syntax MAX( date [. Limits the rows in the search. Optional. For more information. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Date/Time datatype. or if no rows are selected (for example. Return Value Date. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. or NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group.

Return Value Numeric value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. FALSE. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. MAX returns NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Note: By default. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. Numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. MAX ignores it. Optional. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. if all values passed from the port are NULL. the function returns NULL. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Nulls If a value is NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. However. Limits the rows in the search.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. or NULL.

00 PRICE 10.00 162. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85. MAX treats all rows as one group.00 79.00 55. If there is no group by port.00 360. returning one value.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .00 85. returning one result for each group.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

if all values passed from the port are NULL. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. If there is an even number of values in the port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . MEDIAN ignores the row. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Optional. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. or NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. If there is an odd number of values in the port. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. the function returns NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Numeric datatype.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the median is the middle number. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. Nulls If a value is NULL. However. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Return Value Numeric value. MEDIAN returns NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. FALSE. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Optionally. Limits the rows in the search. Note: By default.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .

Nulls If a single value is NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. Return Value Numeric value. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Optional. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. However. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. Note: By default. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. or NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. For more information. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. MIN (Numbers) 135 . The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Numeric datatypes. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. MIN returns NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the function returns NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Limits the rows in the search. FALSE. or if no rows are selected (for example. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MIN ignores it. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.

00 55. returning one value.00 162.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one result for each group. MIN treats all rows as one group.00 79.00 PRICE 10. If there is no group by port. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .00 360.00 85. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.

Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor.00 12. MOD(8. PowerCenter Server does not write row.00 NULL 20. Numeric datatype.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.5) returns 3.00 9.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. Required. The divisor cannot be zero. QTY ) PRICE 10. Syntax MOD( numeric_value. MOD 137 .00 25. For example. The numeric value you want to divide by. The values you want to divide.00 15.

QTY )) PRICE 10. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. IIF( QTY = 0.00 15. NULL.00 NULL 20. To avoid dividing by zero. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 25.00 9. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE. If the quantity is zero.00 12.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. you can create an expression similar to the following.The last row (25. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. Optional. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. if all values are NULL. Optionally. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. five rows at a time. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. rowset [. or NULL. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. 5). the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Required. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns NULL. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. However. For example. MOVINGAVG 139 . filter_condition Return Value Numeric value.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. FALSE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.

140 Chapter 6: Functions . and 243 based on rows 3 through 7.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and thereafter. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. 245. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES.8 based on rows 2 through 6.

if all values are NULL. 5 ) Optional. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. MOVINGSUM 141 . filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. FALSE. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. the function returns NULL. Optionally. or NULL. Numeric datatype. rowset [. five rows at a time. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. However. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Limits the rows in the search. Required. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data.

and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . and thereafter. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest.

you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. percentile [. Required. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. FALSE. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. Integer between 0 and 100. Limits the rows in the search. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If a value is NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. the function returns NULL. PERCENTILE ignores the row. if all values in a group are NULL. See the following equation for more details. when PERCENTILE 143 . Optionally. However.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. or if no rows are selected (for example. PERCENTILE returns NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. Optional. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. For more information. Numeric datatype. inclusive. or NULL. However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.you configure the PowerCenter Server. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. If i is an integer value. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. returning one result for each group. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. If there is no group by port. If i < 1. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. returning one value. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions .

0 86000.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 NULL 55000.0 48000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 85000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.0 9000.0 99000. 75.0 100000.0 27900.0 PERCENTILE 145 . SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.

5 2.0 -3. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required. the exponent must be an integer.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 5.0 -3. Syntax POWER( base. Required.5 NULL 10. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Numeric value.0 -6. This argument is the exponent value. If the base value is negative. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.0 5. the exponent must be an integer.00137174211248285 729. You can enter any valid transformation expression.00137174211248285 0.265625 982. If the base value is negative.594307804838 NULL NULL 0.0 NULL -6.0 6. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value. In this case.0 -3. Numeric value. This argument is the base value.5 3.0 6.0 EXPONENT 2.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.0 3.0 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 729. Return Value Double value.

POWER 147 . the exponent must be an integer.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.Note that -3. If the base is negative.0 raised to 5.5.

the function is case-sensitive. for example. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. an empty string.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. OldCharSet. Required. 'abc'. the function converts it to a character string. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. If you pass a numeric value. If you pass a numeric value. If NewChar contains more than one character. You can enter one or more characters. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. You can enter one character. Must be an integer. the function converts it to a character string. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. REPLACECHR returns NULL. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. If InputString is NULL. the function is not case-sensitive. If NewChar is NULL or empty. NULL if InputString is NULL. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. Required. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the string you want to search. REPLACECHR returns InputString. Required. Must be a character string. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. InputString. The characters you want to replace.

html HTTP/1.1" GET /companyinfo/index.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index. WEBLOG.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘]["’.1 GET /companyinfo/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index. WEBLOG.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index. ‘A’.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1. CUSTOMER_CODE.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.html HTTP/1.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 . NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘A’. ‘"’.

CUSTOMER_CODE. CHR(39). ‘A’. see “CHR” on page 68. INPUT. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘14’. you must use the CHR function. INPUT. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . including the single quote. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. The following expression removes multiple characters.

You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. an empty string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function is case-sensitive. . REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag.. Required. etc. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. or NULL. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. multiple characters.. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. For more information. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. Required. the function converts it to a character string. the function converts it to a character string.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. Required. REPLACESTR 151 . When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. The string you want to replace. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. If NewString is NULL or empty. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. 'abc'. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be an integer. [OldString2. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. You can enter one character. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. Must be a character string. That is. Passes the strings you want to search. OldString1.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. for example. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. or no character. If you pass a numeric value. multiple characters. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. Must be a character string. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString. the function is not case-sensitive. OldStringN. REPLACESTR returns InputString. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. REPLACESTR returns NULL. see the examples. You must enter at least one OldString argument. If InputString is NULL. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument.

’.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. ‘"’. ‘ HTTP/1. MRS.’ ) TITLE Mrs.html HTTP/1. TITLE. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. RETURN VALUE Ms.NULL if InputString is NULL. Ms.1’.1" GET /companyinfo/index. MRS. INPUT. ‘rs.’ ) TITLE Mrs. MRS. ‘s. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. Miss Mr. ‘iss’.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘s. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. RETURN VALUE Ms. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. WEBLOG. Mr. ‘bc’. ‘iss’. ‘rs. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions .’.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. ‘ab’. ‘GET ’. Ms.html HTTP/1. TITLE.html /companyinfo/index.html /companyinfo/index.

for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. CONCAT( CHR(39). CONCAT(CHR(39). ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. INPUT. CONCAT(‘it’. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. you must use the CHR function. ‘s’ )). ‘ab’. INPUT. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. ‘bc’. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. REPLACESTR 153 . Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string.The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1.

'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . Month.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. and sets the time to 00:00:00. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. For example. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. If the month is between January and June. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. For example. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. Minute. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. the function returns January 1 of the input year. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. Day. Hour. If the month is between July and December. For example. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. For example. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year.

'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. Enter a valid format string. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. If you omit the format string. Optional. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. You can round only one portion of the date. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 .Syntax ROUND( date [. Date/Time datatype.

'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

0. Optional.0 because the function rounds 0. returning an integer. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point.0 and ROUND(15. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. You can also use ROUND to round dates. ROUND(12.99. You can enter any valid transformation expression.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. Return Value Numeric value. Positive or negative integer.99. ROUND(12.4. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression.99. 1) returns 13. For example. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. For example. ROUND(12.8) returns 13. If you enter decimal precision.99. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. If you enter a positive precision. truncating the decimal portion of the number. Numeric datatype. 1) returns 15. If you enter a negative precision. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . If you omit the precision argument. -1) returns 20. For example. ROUND returns NULL. ROUND(12.44. If one of the arguments is NULL.99) returns 13. For example. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. the function rounds to the nearest integer.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places.

0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.0 1400.99 1435. -2 ) PRICE 13242.99 56.8678 56.8 ) PRICE 12.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.0 -19.868 56.0 -16. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 57.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.99 56.9936 15.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.994 15.99 -18.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.995 -18. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 -15. 0.0 56.0 -100. ROUND( PRICE.99 -108.9949 -18.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. To achieve the expected result. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. This may not be the result you expect. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. For example. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 .

You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if length is a negative number. Any string value. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. Regulator System Safety Knife. Return Value String of the specified length. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’. '.. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Compass. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. appending the string '.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string... RPAD truncates the string from right to left. RPAD(‘alphabetical’.. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values.... RPAD returns NULL.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight.. For example.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. 16. if the first string is longer than the length. Required. Optional. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. Any string value. This argument is casesensitive.. 'abc'. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . If you omit the second string.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.. The strings you want to change. RPAD counts the length from left to right.. Specifies the length you want each string to be. 5. When length is a negative number. Syntax RPAD( first_string.. So.. length [... for example. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary.. Must be a positive integer literal.

**. -5.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.. 16. appending the string ‘*. '*...*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 . '..**.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME...** Regulator System Safety Knife*.* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. Compass*.

the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. Syntax RTRIM( string [. however. with any matching characters removed. If you omit the second string. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. Passes the values you want to trim. trim_set Return Value String. It returns the string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. In ASCII mode.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. for example. starting with the right side of the string. character-by-character. Any string value. 'abc'. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can also enter a text literal. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. RTRIM removes it. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. RTRIM removes both single. Any string value. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces.

however. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. and so on. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . If. In the last example. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). RTRIM removes it. RTRIM removes it. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. For example. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. the last character in the string does not match. character-by-character. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. This is because RTRIM searches. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H.

Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. Returns the new current value. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. 164 Chapter 6: Functions .SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. The session is a debug session. At the end of a successful session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. The session is configured for a test load. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. For details on mapping variables. At the end of the session.

and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. decreases the count for each deleted row.. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. Supply.. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 . The next time the session runs. Darkroom Co.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. Darkroom Co. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. It increases the count by one for each inserted row.Return Value The current value of the variable.

Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. 12=12PM. For example. For example. June. and November) in the value argument. Hour. DD. YY. 'HH'. or YYYY to set the year. Seconds. MON. For example. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. DDD. 'MI'. Minute. You can use any of the month format strings (D. Day. MONTH to set the month. 'DD'. September. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. 'YY'. For example. 'SS'. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. For example. April. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You use the SS format string to set the second. HH24) to set the hour. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. For example.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'MONTH'. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. HH12. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. DY. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. and DAY) to set the day. YYY. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You use the MI format string to set the minute. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. Month.

16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . The date you want to modify. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. Required. Date/Time datatype. the session fails. February 30). The format string is not case-sensitive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you enter an improper value (for example. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. format. Required. 'HH24'. 'HH'. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'HH12'. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed.

'YYY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 'Y'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 1998). 'DD'. 7). 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. For example. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 'YYYY'. 'MONTH'. 'MM'. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time.MM'. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON'. 'YY'.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 'YYYY'. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions .

When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. When used with a string mapping variable. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. At the end of a successful session. The session is a debug session. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Returns the new current value. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. The session is configured for a test load. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. Unless overridden. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. At the end of the session. For details on mapping variables.

the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. Required. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. For example. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. it saves the largest value to the repository. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The return value is the new current value of the variable. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. Then. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. Suppose the same session contains three partitions.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. The session is a debug session. Returns the new current value. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. When used with a string mapping variable. For details on mapping variables. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. At the end of a successful session. At the end of the session.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The session is configured for a test load. Unless overridden. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository.

50 22.50 27. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .00 22.25 22. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.75 23.00 22. Required.00 26.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.00 24.00 22. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The next time the session runs.00 At the end of the session.00 MIN_PRICE 22. The return value is the new current value of the variable. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.50 22. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23.25 24.50.50 22. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.00 22. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.00’.75 25.50 22.00 22.

50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22. it saves the smallest value to the repository. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition. Then. For example.00 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions.50 22.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions . the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.

the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. Unless overridden. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. Returns the specified value. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. SETVARIABLE 175 . it saves a final current value to the repository. For details on mapping variables. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. At the end of a successful session. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. The session is configured for a test load. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. The session is a debug session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Required. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete.

SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.50 116. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.43 323. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. The next time the session runs. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .01 97. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.01 97.23 699. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.43 323. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534.Return Value Current value of the variable. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp.50 116.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session.23 699.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time.

Numeric value. NULL if NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. negative. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. 0 for 0. 1 for positive values. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. Return Value -1 for negative values. or 0. Passes the values you want to evaluate.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 .

14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions .50000000000003 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric datatype.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). For example: SIN( ARCS * 3.309016994374967 0. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0.939692620785936 0. Return Value Double value. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).0871557427476639 0. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.0 2.66 5.45 0 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.0 0.1752011936438 9.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.376934801486 0. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .4178051793031 116.897 3. For example: SINH( MEASURES.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value. Return Value Double value.03225804884884 19.

P. E. T L M. If string encodes to less than four characters. I. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. For example. O. For example. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. F. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. Z D. V C. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. and encodes it in uppercase. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. X. For example. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. J. H. Skips numbers in string. K. U. S. G. and W unless one of them is the first character in string.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. Q. For example. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2.

Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. Passes the string value you want to encode. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value String. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet.

since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. NULL 7. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. PowerCenter Server does not write row. Positive numeric value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. If you pass a negative value or character value. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. Return Value Double value.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

Nulls If a single value is NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. However. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. Limits the rows in the search. However. the function returns NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or NULL. STDDEV ignores it. if all values are NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. STDDEV 183 . Note: By default. STDDEV returns NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Optional. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can use operators to average values in different ports. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Numeric datatypes.

If there is no group by port. If there is no standard deviation.0 2198. the return value is zero. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.90 and 153.88 3001.0 153.00 ) SALES 2198. returning one result for each group.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.0 2198. returning one value. SALES > 2000.0 2198.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).000.0 1010.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.90 2256. STDDEV treats all rows as one group. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.0 NULL 8953.

If you pass a numeric value. If the start position is zero. If the start position is a negative number. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. start [. Optional. Must be an integer. start length Return Value String. the function returns an empty string. starting at the beginning of the string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. If you omit the length argument. Required. If you pass a decimal. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. The position in the string where you want to start counting. including blanks. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you pass a negative integer or zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the strings you want to search. the function converts it to a character string. If the start position is a positive number. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. Must be a character string. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. SUBSTR 185 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax SUBSTR( string. Must be an integer greater than zero. SUBSTR counts all characters.

0. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . -8.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 5. 1.

1.INSTR( CUST_NAME. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. INSTR(CUST_ID.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.' ' . '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 8) returns ‘cd’. INSTR(CUST_ID. SUBSTR 187 . -2.1 ) . '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. starting from the end of the string. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. 2.The following expression evaluates a string. 1.-1.

see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Passes the values you want to add.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatype. However. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. if all values passed from the port are NULL. For more information. You can use operators to add values in different ports. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. FALSE. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Optional. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the function returns NULL. SUM returns NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. Note: By default. SUM ignores it. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Optionally. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. or NULL. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Nulls If a single value is NULL.

0 1200.0 NULL 3458.0 1900. returning one result for each group. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 . For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. SUM treats all rows as one group. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES. If there is no group by port. returning one value.0 4519.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477.

14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Return Value Double value.19175359259435 0.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.324919696232929 57.577350269189672 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. Numeric datatype.74747741945531 1.0874886635259298 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).

66 5.0 2.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent.45 0 0.897 3.0 0.761594155955765 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent. Numeric datatype. Return Value Double value.998676551914886 0.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.999963084213409 0. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 . Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).993926947790665 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. The format string defines the format of the return value.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. If you omit the format string. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . not the format for the values in the date argument. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. Return Value String. Optional. Date/Time datatype. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

TO_CHAR (Dates)

193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. Must be a string datatype. use either the RR or YY format string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Date. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. Do not use the YYYY format string. Syntax TO_DATE( string [.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. If it does not. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . If you omit the format string. For example. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. For details on the TO_DATE format string. Optional. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. see “Requirements” on page 44. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators.

TO_DATE 199 . The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. PowerCenter Server skips this row. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you run a session in the twentieth century. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. If you run a session in the twentieth century. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the century will be 19. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. the century will be 19. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED.

‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MON DD YYYY’). --test second format.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test third format. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. --if true. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. For example: DECODE( TRUE. if true.If your target accepts different date formats.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). ‘MM’ ). if true. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). ‘MON DD YYYY’).

the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. Optional.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value.6789' '60.200 118. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. inclusive. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28.348' NULL 'A12. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [.679 60. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. You can enter any valid transformation expression. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character.2' '118. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. If you omit this argument. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. inclusive.

TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).6789' '60. Must be a string or numeric datatype.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 .348' NULL 'A12. Return Value Double value.2 118. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL. Passes the values you want to convert to double values.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.6789 60. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces.2' '118.

Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer.6789’ ‘-15. or if you omit this argument. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer.2' '118. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. Optional. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.3Grove' ‘ 123.6789' '60. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. The flag must be an integer literal. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL.348' NULL 'A12. String or numeric datatype. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. or the constants TRUE or FALSE.

6789’ ‘-15.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.2' '118. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.3Grove' ‘ 123.6789' '60.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .348' NULL 'A12.

format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. day. For example. The date values you want to truncate. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. Optional. Hour. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. or minute. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. The format string is not case-sensitive. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. month. For example. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. If you truncate the year portion of the date. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. Day. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. If you truncate the month portion of a date. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. Enter a valid format string. For example. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. hour. If you truncate the day portion of a date. For example. Date/Time datatype. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. setting it to 00:00:00. Month. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. the function truncates the time portion of the date. If you omit the format string.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. For example. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. Minute.

Return Value Date. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. Return Value Numeric value. Can be a positive or negative integer. If you pass a decimal precision value. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. Passes the values you want to truncate. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. Numeric datatype. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 .TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. precision If precision is a positive integer. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. If precision is a negative integer. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. Optional. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. If you omit the precision argument.

0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.8652 56.9563 15.9995 -18.95 15. -1 ) PRICE 12.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.999 -18.956 15.86 56.0 -180.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.99 -187.0 15.99 -18.865 56. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .0 -18.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 56.95 1235.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.0 50.0 56.0 1230.

Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If your data contains multibyte characters.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. String datatype. Return Value Uppercase string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . or if no rows are selected (for example. Limits the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Return Value Double value. If n is 1. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. For more information. Numeric datatype. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the variance is 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. FALSE. Optional.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. or NULL. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values.

if all values passed to the function are NULL.0 3001. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. Note: By default.Nulls If a single value is NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. VARIANCE returns NULL. However. or if no rows are selected. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If there is not a group by port. VARIANCE ignores it. returning one value.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198.0 NULL 8953. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.0 2256. returning one value. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. However. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. the function returns NULL.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

see “Functions” on page 49. 225 Special Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 227 Variable Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 216 Character Functions. 228 For details on each function. 215 . 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 226 Test Functions. 217 Conversion Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. 220 Date Functions. 222 Numeric Functions.

Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. in a group. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. found in a group. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. Returns the variance of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. or latest date. Available in the Designer. Returns the last record in a group. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. found in a group. Available in the Designer. Returns the standard deviation for a group. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the sum of all records in a group. or earliest date. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. Returns the minimum value. Returns the number of records with non-null value. Returns the maximum value. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. percentile [. Returns the first record in a group. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

Returns the number of characters in a string. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 .Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. counting from left to right. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. start [. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. including trailing blanks. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. search_value [. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. it will still work correctly. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. however. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. In ASCII mode. Concatenates two strings. Returns the position of a character set in a string. to set a string to a specified length. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. length [. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [.

OldStringN. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . length [. OldString1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string.. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. start [..] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. Returns a portion of a string. multiple characters.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString.

TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal.

Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Returns whether a value is a valid date. counting from left to right. . OldStringN. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. OldString1. Available in the Designer.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. multiple characters.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search_value [. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. start [.. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Returns a portion of a string. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet.

Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Rounds one part of a date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. days. measured in the specified increment (years. Returns the length of time between two dates. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. month. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. day. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. hours. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. format. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. Available in the Designer. value ) TRUNC( date [. Returns the earliest date found in a group. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. date2. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. or seconds). format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. filter_condition ) MIN( date. hour. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or minute. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. Returns the latest date found in a group. months. minutes. format. Truncates dates to a specific year.

Available in the Designer. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer.71828183. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. where e=2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. recordset [. recordset [. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. or 0. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a running total of all numeric values. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. negative. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Truncates numbers to a specific digit. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [.

Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Scientific Functions 225 . Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. search2. search1. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. Available in the Designer. second_result ]…[. value2 [. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. first_result [. Available in the Designer. IIF IIF( condition. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Searches a port for the specified value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. second_search. based on the results of a condition. first_search. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Returns one of two values you specify. value1 [.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns whether a value is NULL. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Test Functions 227 .Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer. Returns the new current value. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns the specified value. Available in the Designer.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified.

52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99.Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 211 229 . 120.

69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 180 removing from strings 123. 68.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 120. 68 capitalization 99. 160 ASCII characters 63.

SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130. 180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .

225 special 55. 217 conversion 53. 223 scientific 55. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 220 date 54. 226 test 56. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 216 categories 50 character 52. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 219 data cleansing 53.

Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116.

117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.null values aggregate functions 18. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index .

179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 . 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29.

191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 120. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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