Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Table of Contents

Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions .

. ... . . . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions .... . 4-1.. . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . .. .. . . . . . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants .. . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . 22 . . . . . . .. . . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference .. . . ... . .. . . .. 26 ..... . . . ... . .. . .. . . 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 5-4. . . . ... . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . 5-3. . . .. . . .. 39 . 5-1. . . 5-5. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . ... . 25 . . . . . . . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . 23 . . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . RR Format String Conversions . .. . .. . . . . .. 6-1.. . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 3-3.. .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . . .. . . . . . . . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . . . . . . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. .. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . .. . .. . . 3-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 . ... . . . . 36 . . ... . . 28 . . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . . . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference .. . . . . . . 36 . .. TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . . .. . 3-4. . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6. ... .. .. . . . 2-1. . . 5-2.. . . ... . . . ... . . . . .. . . . . . 39 . . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . . .. . .. . . .. . . . . . . 40 .. .. . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . 6-2.. . . . .. . . . . 3-1. . . . . .

x List of Tables .

usable. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. transforming. including extracting.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. and managing data. and support high-speed loads. data synchronization. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. xi . handle complex transformations on the data. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. and information hubs. data migration. loading. and efficient manner. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts.

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. a specified percentage of data. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse.1.1. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository.1. When you use a local parameter file. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency.1. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data.1.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. PowerCenter 7. pmcmd. Domain Inference function tuning. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. JEF-kana. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. such as JIPSEkana. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. Flat file partitioning. the rows that meet the business rule. and workflow prefixes. Profile mapping display in the Designer. 7. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. session. and 7. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. Define mapping. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source.1. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. and MELCOM-kana. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. Session enhancement. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results.0. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. Verbose data enhancements. Row Uniqueness function. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. sessions. You can define default mapping. xii Preface . session.

or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. targets. DB2. On SuSE Linux. GIF. such as Business Objects Designer. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. Depending on the loader you use. target. and repositories using native drivers. and Sybase sources. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. you can connect to IBM. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. When you export metadata. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. Preface xiii . Repository Server ♦ pmrep. JPEG. If the file exists. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. or PDF. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. log. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. containing reserved words. you can also override the error. reswords. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. and Sybase repositories. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. ♦ SuSE Linux support. Reserved word support. it searches for reswords. you can now override the control file.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. you can create and maintain a file. You do not need to know a database user name and password. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. DB2. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. Oracle.♦ SuSE Linux support. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. You can attach document types such as XML. Teradata external loader. Oracle.txt. you can connect to IBM. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. If any source. On SuSE Linux. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users.

Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse.0 Web Services Hub Guide. targets. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Aggregator function in auto profiles. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. connectivity. XML User Guide. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. Creating auto profile enhancements. It also includes information from the version 7. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view.1.♦ Pipeline partitioning. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. and partitions in the session. You can also pivot the view row. and Transformation Guide. resize columns in a report. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. Prepackaged domains. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. Informatica provides licenses for product. PowerCenter 7. Workflow Administration Guide. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. You store xiv Preface . Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. and options. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. Source View in the Profile Manager.

disable. MX views. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. You can also use pmrep to create. Partitioning enhancements. and the command line program. and restore repositories. delete repository details. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. Increased repository performance. delete a relational connection from a repository. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. This improves processing performance for most sessions. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy.1 MX views in its schema. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. or enable a repository. Object import and export enhancements. pmlic. workflow and session log history. modify. the PowerCenter Server Setup. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. You can choose to skip MX data. pmrep. If you have the Partitioning option. truncate log files. upgrade. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. CLOB/BLOB datatype support.the license keys in a license key file. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. and deploy group history. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. and delete a folder. or restore a repository. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. back up. You can use pmrep to back up. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository.

Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. the latest version of checked in objects. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. ♦ xvi Preface . Also. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. Midstream XML transformations. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. Union transformation. Web Services Hub. The quality of printed workspace has improved. The query can return local objects that are checked out. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. such as data stored in a CLOB column. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can now perform lookups on flat files. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. Enhanced printing. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. or a collection of all older versions of objects. Custom transformation API enhancements. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects.

XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. add or delete columns from views. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. When you create views with entity relationships. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. DTD files. targets. Synchronizing XML definitions. It displays folders alphabetically. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. You can create views. XML workspace. You can also extract data from messaging systems. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. When you import XML definitions. and define relationships between views. or schema files. including relational sources or targets. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. For more informations. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. XML files. Additional options for XML definitions. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. In a view with hierarchy relationships. Midstream XML transformations.

The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. Support for multiple XML output files.” Upgrading metadata. Increased performance for large XML targets.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse.0. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. you can determine implicit data type. User-defined commits. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. and evaluate join criteria. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. After you create a profiling warehouse. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. For example. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. detect data patterns. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. suggest candidate keys. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. DTD files. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms.♦ Support for circular references. Installation and Configuration Guide. − − PowerCenter 7. PowerCenter now supports XML files. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . and XML schemas that use circular definitions.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.

If you purchase the Server Grid option. Metadata analysis. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. You can create a control file containing installation information. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. source and target tables. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . In a server grid. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. Functions ♦ Soundex. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid.objects impacted by the upgrade process. session completion status. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. When using external loaders on Windows. Metaphone. When using external loaders on UNIX. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. including session load time. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. Row error logging.1. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. such as workflows. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. server load. External loading enhancements. and warehouse growth. and transformations. session errors. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z).0 metadata. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. mappings. The Metaphone function encodes string values. you can now choose to load from staged files. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. worklets. Distributed processing. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading.

You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. deploying. When you log in to the repository. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. such as copy object. and change object status. Use Repository Manager privilege. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. checking in. update. or update.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. When you select data driven loading. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. or delete data. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. privileges. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . You can choose to insert. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. maintain labels. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. Trusted connections. You can track changes to repository users. Audit trail. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. groups. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. exporting. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. Additionally. Concurrent processing. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. pmrep commands. importing. The repository maintains a status for each user. delete. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. If you use LDAP. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. upsert. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. Real time processing enhancements. and listing objects. You can also use pmrep to run queries. such as the Aggregator transformation. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks.

♦ Joiner transformation. such as changes to folder properties. Deployment. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. worklets. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. You can also compare different versions of the same object. You can specify the icons used for transformation. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. You can compare tasks. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. and adding or removing privileges.audit trail log contains information. When you create a Custom transformation template. Delete or purge a version. you can purge it from the repository. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. sessions. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. track changes. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. the colors. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . Compare objects. If you want to permanently remove an object version. control development on the object. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. Check out and check in versioned objects. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. Unlike copying a folder. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. adding or removing a user or group. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another.

you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. XML target enhancements. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository.♦ Deployment groups. Within the Designer. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. to other folders. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. declare multiple namespaces. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. Comparing objects. Queries. use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can save queries for later use. format your XML file output for increased readability. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. Track changes to an object. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can make a private query. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. and to different repositories. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. You can copy objects within folders. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. increase performance for large XML files. Increased performance for large XML files. Labels. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. or you can share it with all users in the repository. When you process an XML file or stream. improve query results. ♦ xxii Preface . You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. XPath support.

The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object.♦ Change propagation. View dependencies. Enhanced partitioning interface. workflows. expressions. you can refresh a session mapping. When you do this. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. Enhanced validation messages. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. mappings. When you edit a port in a mapping. mappings. In the Workflow Manager. Refresh session mappings. Validate multiple objects. or workflows. such as sources. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. Revert to saved. targets. and worklets. mapplets. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . You can validate sessions. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. The Designer propagates ports. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories.

Getting Started. folders.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. Repository Guide. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Includes information to help you create mappings. groups. and Metadata Web Services. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Provides information needed to use the Designer. and load data into JMS messages. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Installation and Configuration Guide. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. extract data from JMS messages. Workflow Administration Guide. XML User Guide. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. Batch Web Services. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. and transformations. Troubleshooting Guide. Transformation Guide. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. mapplets. or DTD files. users. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. including details on environment variables and database connections. and relational or other XML definitions. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Transformation Language Reference. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. and permissions and privileges. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. Web Services Provider Guide. XSD. build mappings. Designer Guide. such as creating and maintaining repositories. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor.

The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. Emphasized subjects. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. unless you follow the specified procedure. relational database concepts. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. The material in this book is available for online use. The following paragraph provides additional facts. This is a code example. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications.

Informatica Webzine. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. the Informatica Knowledgebase. detailed descriptions of specific features.informatica. its background. upcoming events. as well as literature and partner information. You will also find product information. The site contains information about Informatica. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal.informatica.com. the Informatica Webzine. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal.com. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet.informatica. To register for an account. The site contains product information. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my.informatica.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals.com. user group information. If you have any questions. newsletters. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. go to http://my. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. This journal provides solutions to common tasks.com xxvi Preface .com. and locating your closest sales office. please email webzine@informatica. and access to the Informatica user community. training and education. and implementation services.

6332 or 650.5:30 p.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a.m.m. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.m.6 p. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.563. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a.m.5:30 p. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd. CA 94063 Phone: 866. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.213. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a. Redwood City. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. . White Waltham Maidenhead.5:30 p.5:30 p. You can request a user name and password at http://my. .m. . (local time) Preface xxvii .m. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.The site contains information on how to create.5 p.m.m.9489 Hours: 6 a.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.com. market.informatica. .385.m. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.m.m.m.m. .5 p. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.m.m.5:30 p.5800 Fax: 650. . .m. WebSupport requires a user name and password. .

xxviii Preface .

1 .Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 9 Reserved Words. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. 2 Expression Syntax. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions.

Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. Return values. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Constants. such as the system date. Operators. For more information. Workflow variables. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. You can also create local variables in transformations. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Local and system variables. such as TRUE. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. such as a state sales tax rate. and External Procedure transformations. Stored Procedure. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. Mapping parameters and variables. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. For details. or compare data. combine data.

such as ORDERS. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. For example. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. For example. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. during a workflow. not byte-oriented. For example. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. or a numeric literal. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. You can create an expression as simple as a port. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. Then. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. such as 10. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. “>>>>”.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

not the number of bytes. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server.string.

while SQL does not. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. but the transformation language does not. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. For example. or a numeric literal (such as 10). numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . it is not exactly like SQL. On the other hand. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. variable) String literals. input/output.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL.Status).

SALES. argument2.SALES. :TD. The general syntax is: :EXT... For example. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation.lookup_transformation(argument1.ITEM_NAME.5 LOOKUP function. argument2.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition. [.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3. argument2. The general syntax is: :SP. 15. :TD..ITEM_ID.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.PRICE.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals.SALES. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3..sequence_generator_transformation. The general syntax is: :LKP.external_procedure_transformation(argument1. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. .5 expressions only). use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1. The general syntax is: :SEQ. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation.source_table. The general syntax is: :SD.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation. 10.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. . The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.

and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. the transformation language is not case-sensitive.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. Just type the number you want to include. Stored Procedure transformation. For example. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. create separate Aggregator transformations. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. For example. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. functions. If you pass a literal value to a function. or the results of another expression. the expression 123. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. For details on workflow variables. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. and period (. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. variable.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. mapping parameters and variables.). comma (. ‘1’. as the start position.4 = ‘123. Lookup transformation. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. local and system variables. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. Except for literals. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. For example: . External Procedure transformation. literal string or number. You cannot add an integer and a string. For example. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. not a string. The colon (:). the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. Except for literals. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value.

Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. which allow only one nested aggregate function). do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions.

Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . if you want to concatenate two strings. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. If you do not want to embed comments. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. as in: -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. For example. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. since the last line is not a valid expression.

Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. such as constants. operators. and system variables. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. are reserved for specific functions.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

17 TRUE. 14 DD_UPDATE. 19 11 .Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 12 DD_INSERT. 13 DD_REJECT. 15 FALSE. 16 NULL.

DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. DD_DELETE. 2. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. When you run a workflow. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion.

DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. the expression flags the records for rejection. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE.NAME = 'Alex'. 0. When you run a workflow. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 .DD_REJECT. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE.NAME = 'Alex'. If the result is greater than 2. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. 0 ) > 2. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. If the result is 2 or less. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. returning the difference between the two dates. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. ORDERS. 'DD' ). Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. Using DATE_DIFF.DATE_SHIPPED. DD_INSERT. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2.

SALES > 0.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. 0. so it includes only positive values. DD_INSERT. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. If you flag a record as reject. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants .SALES > 0. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. When you run a workflow. DD_REJECT. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table.

NAME = 'Alex'. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE.DATE_SHIPPED. returning the difference between the two dates. otherwise. If the result is greater than 2. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. The mapping loads sales for one employee. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. 'DD' ). 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_REJECT. DD_UPDATE. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. When you run a workflow. 0 ) > 2. it flags the records for update. ORDERS. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. the expression flags the records for rejection. If the result is 2 or less. Using DATE_DIFF. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. 1. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1.NAME = 'Alex'.

Var1 = 22.'Variable 2 was 49!'. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0.'. Var1 < 23.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants .'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. Var2 > 30. Var2 = 49.'Variable 1 was 22!'. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. 'Variables were out of desired ranges.

>=. For details on how each function handles null values. For more information. If you pass a null value to a function. <= For example. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. !=. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. For example. ^=. <. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. it might return zero or NULL. or it might ignore null values. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. However. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. <>. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. see “Functions” on page 49. Therefore. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. Functions can handle nulls differently. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. >.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined.

the function returns NULL. and MOVINGSUM. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL.NULL To test for nulls. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the function does not select the record. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. use the ISNULL function. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. which returns zero).Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. However. MOVINGAVG. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . For example. as well as CUME.

Var1 = 22. Var2 = 49. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.') TRUE 19 . Var1 < 23. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE.'. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1.'Variable 2 was 49!'.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var2 > 30.'. 'Variables were out of desired ranges.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

25 Logical Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 24 Comparison Operators. 26 21 . 23 String Operators.

greater than or equal to. depending on how you nest the operations. the equation 8 + 5 . The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. not equal to. /. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. When expressions contain parentheses. 3.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . >. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. <>. || <. used when specifying conditions. >= =. Concatenate. % +. For example. Addition.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. less than or equal to. Table 3-1. The logical AND operator. <=. not equal to. Less than. The logical OR operator. division. Unary plus and minus. Equal to. 2. modulus. 4. subtraction. not equal to. used when specifying conditions. The logical NOT operator. !=. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. *.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . greater than. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. Multiplication. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses.

To perform arithmetic on date values. modulus. Arithmetic Operators 23 . For example. division. To concatenate strings. Meaning Unary plus and minus. use the string operator ||. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. % +. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. The expression 1. the function returns NULL.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. Addition. For further information on built-in date functions. subtraction.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. use the date functions. For example. Unary plus indicates a positive value. Multiplication. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. Unary minus indicates a negative value. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. *. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. /.

String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. produces the same results in less time. The || operator. the || operator returns NULL. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. if both values are NULL. however. However. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces.

Less than or equal to.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. the expression 123. The expressions 123. manipulate data. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. the result is NULL. Greater than. When you use comparison operators in an expression. Not equal to. For information on how to compare dates. see “Dates” on page 33.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. If you compare a value to a null value. Comparison Operators 25 . Not equal to. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. the operands must be the same datatype. Less than. Greater than or equal to. For example. Not equal to.

For example. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. FALSE for zero. For example. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. the operator NOT returns FALSE. NOT returns TRUE.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. and NULL for NULL. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE.

31 Local Variables. 28 Transaction Control Variables. 32 27 .Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

34 Date Format Strings. 47 33 . 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic.

1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. Use to specify the format of the return string. Converts a date to a string. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . For example. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value.D. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. ‘MM/DD/RR’). The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. With the date functions you can round. ‘MM’. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. For details on built-in variables. Julian Day. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. Tests whether a string represents a date. Date format strings. or perform arithmetic on a date. TO_CHAR format strings. truncate. To pass a string to a date function. Converts a string to a date. Modified Julian Day. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.D. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. see “Variables” on page 27. Date functions accept date/time values only. and 9999 A. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. TO_CHAR. or compare dates. extract one part of a date. TO_DATE.

nor with Modified Julian Day. By definition. and 9999 A. For example.D. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. and are not supported in PowerCenter. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings.D. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. This term should not be confused with Julian Day.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. Overview 35 . which represents some fraction of 24 hours. For example. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. The J format string does not convert this time component.

♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. In TO_DATE expressions. RR and YY produce different results. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. Current Year Between 50 and 99. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates .

The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. while the time might include the hours. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. If you want to pass a string to a date function. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. If you omit the format string. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. If you specify a format string. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. or it is an invalid date. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. and even between applications. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. If the string is in the default date format.Table 5-2. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. minutes. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. If an input value does not match this format. Dates in Relational Databases In general. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. The date includes the month. day. and seconds. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. and year. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. Use TO_CHAR(date. Although date formats vary from database to database. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions.

1:00:00AM = 1. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. For example. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. 12:00:00PM = 12. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. If you omit the format string. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . If you specify a format string.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. 12:00:00AM = 0. Month (January = 01.

Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. DAY. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. DY. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. you can use HH. HH12.) Month (01-12). Specify the part of the date you want to change. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. DD. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. For example. For example. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. For example. HH24 MI MM. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. Hour of day (0-23). YYYY. YY. or YYYY to specify 1997. HH. MONTH SS. For example. or MONTH to specify APR. DDD. YYY. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. YY. you can use Y. you can use MM. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. J Description Days (01-31). where zero is 12 AM (midnight). Date Format Strings 39 . You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. MON. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. SSSS Y. Minutes (0-59. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. Specify the part of the date you want to round. Specify the part of the date you want to return. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. YYY. Seconds (0-59).Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. HH12. MON. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function.

Name of day. Day of month (01-31). Last two digits of a year. January). MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . and is interchangeable with.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. Hour of day (01-12). Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5.M. For example. where Sunday equals 1. It ignores the time component of the date.M. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. calculated from Jan 1. P. When used with TO_CHAR.M. Wednesday). Hour of day (00-23). Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. including leap years). Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example.’ However. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. Minutes (00-59). Jan). D DD DDD DAY DY HH. Day of year (001-366. TO_CHAR returns 97. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. including up to nine characters (for example. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. Modified Julian Day.M. ‘RR’ produces the same results as. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. The function removes the leading digits.. changing the format for reporting purposes. where January to March equals 1. PM. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. AM and PM return the same values as do A. Quarter of year (1-4). You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Name of month. A. Seconds (00-59). Day of week (1-7). 4713 00:00:00 BC. For example. and P. Month (01-12). including up to nine characters (for example. when used with TO_DATE. Wed). ‘YY.

the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. The function removes the leading digits. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14.Table 5-5. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. For example.. TO_CHAR returns 997. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'.YYYY' ).DD. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. Text that displays in the output. For example. Week of month (1-5). you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. For example. Entire year portion of date. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Last two digits of a year. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. TO_CHAR returns 97. and YY format strings. for example D””DDD. Last digit of a year. For example. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example. For example. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. For example.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . 'MM. and so on. Week of year (01-53). For example. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997.86399). Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. RR. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. Last three digits of a year. See the individual functions for more examples. TO_CHAR returns 1997. The function removes the leading digits. Punctuation that displays in the output. The function removes the leading digits. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. SSSSS. TO_CHAR returns 7. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997.

‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. For example. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string.

TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. a. Day of year (001-366. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format.m. When you create a TO_DATE expression. Name of day. Day of month (1-31). including up to nine characters (for example. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings.. DD DDD DAY DY HH. PM. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. including leap years). the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. AM and PM return the same values as do a. Minutes (0-59). use a format string for each part of the date in the source string.m. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM.m. Wed). If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. Hour of day (1-12). p. If you omit the format string. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. where zero is 12AM (midnight).TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. Wednesday). the function returns FALSE (0). Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. if any parts do not match.m. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. and p. the function returns TRUE (1). A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. Hour of day (0-23). Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table.

2034). Month (1-12). . If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Case does not matter. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. Case does not matter. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. August).Table 5-6.Current Year Between 50 and 99. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. Seconds (0-59). For example. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Use the RR or YY format string instead. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. including up to nine characters (for example. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. representing May 12. if you pass the string ‘20200512’.Current Year Between 0 and 49. . For example. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. It ignores the time component of the source string. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . Seconds since midnight. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. 2020. If it does not. Use when source strings include two-digit years. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. Aug). the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. 1998. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. Modified Julian Day. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. to TO_DATE. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. Name of month. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. For example. Four digits of a year.

J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. RR. and SSSSS format strings. For example. Tip: By default. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . The format string is not case-sensitive. Example The following examples illustrate the J. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. if you pass a string that does not match the format string.format string. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. See the individual functions for more examples. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Likewise. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

while YY returns the year 1905. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates .

You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. 9999 23:59:59 AD. Change one part of a date. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. 31. DATE_DIFF. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. SET_DATE_PART. 1. Subtract two dates.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. in alphabetical order. 49 . see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions.

With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports.

The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. Function Categories 51 . You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. evaluates the AVG expression. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. and returns four values.

You can enter any valid transformation expression.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. the function selects all rows in the port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. 1. If the value rounds to zero. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. the function returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. If you do not want to round up a value. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. or NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. By default. For example. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE.2 to 1. For example. If you pass an entire port of null values. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. and MOVINGSUM. 1. the function returns zero.35 to 0) for the filter condition. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. 0.5 to 2. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. FALSE. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. as well as to CUME. the filter condition returns FALSE. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. MOVINGAVG. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE.

With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. MIN.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. LOWER. UPPER. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . Trim string values. Replace characters in a string. Encode strings. Convert the datatype of an input value. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data.

extract one part of a date. For a complete list of date format strings. see “Dates” on page 33. if you want to pass a string to a date function. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . truncate. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. or perform arithmetic on a date. Date format strings are not internationalized.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. or compare dates. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. However. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype.

if you pass a date with milliseconds.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. Therefore. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.

When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. Then at the end of the session. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. and Update Strategy transformations. When you run a workflow. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. you use special functions in Expression. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. Filter. At the end of the session. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. For example. You can nest other functions within special functions. Unless overridden. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition.

process that pipeline. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. For more information on mapping variables. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Function Categories 57 . If you use this function more than once for the same variable.

You can use ABORT to validate data. assign ABORT as the default value. String. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . it stops transforming data at that row.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. Return Value NULL. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. including ERROR function calls within an expression. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. Generally. For more information on the Abort command. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. The string can be any length. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function.

NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Likewise.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. if you pass an Integer.95 59. You can enter any valid transformation expression. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. it returns a Double. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. it returns an Integer. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. If you pass a Double. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. Return Value Positive numeric value.

You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. For example. Day. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 'SS'. You can use any of the day format strings: D. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Seconds. DY. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. YY. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. Minute. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'MI'. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. You use the SS format string to set the second. YYY. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. and DAY. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. MON. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'HH'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Month. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. Hour. HH24. DD. HH12. 'DD'. 'YY'. For example. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. You use the MI format string to set the minute. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. DDD. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. or YYYY. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. 'MONTH'. MONTH. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. An integer value specifying the amount of years. 'MON'. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Required. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. Required. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. 'mm'. days. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 .Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Also note. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values you want to change. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. format. months. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. hours. and so on by which you want to change the date value. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. 'MM'. 'MONTH'. for example. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. For example.

'DY'. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. 'DDD'. which you specify. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. 'DD'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. you need to change the hour portion of the date. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. 'HH'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D'. For example. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24'. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. 'HH12'. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED.

If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. ASCII 63 . ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. before you pass any string value to ASCII. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. Return Value Integer. For example.535. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Normally. If you pass a numeric value. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. they will still work correctly. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. Character string. however. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. but it evaluates only the first character in the string.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

A string containing one character. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE.535. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. it will still work correctly. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. Character string. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. For example. If you pass a numeric value. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. However. Normally.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . The first part of the string you want to concatenate. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. NULL if both string values are NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). Any datatype (except Binary). If both strings are NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. Required. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. Return Value String. CONCAT returns NULL. Alternatively. The second part of the string you want to concatenate.

CONCAT( CHR(39). ' ' ). For example. you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . If you want to add a space between two strings.

14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3. Return Value Double value.0 0. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine. You can enter any valid transformation expression.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3.342020143325593 0.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine.951056516295147 0.996194698091745 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.0 0.866025403784421 0. Numeric datatype. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).

66 5.45 0 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). For example: COSH( MEASURES.381231106176 1. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).4435376920294 116.897 3.0 1.0 2.54308063481524 9.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0874465864177 19. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.

You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Passes the values you want to count. Optional. Note: By default. If you apply the value argument. Optionally. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). or NULL. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. However. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the function returns 0. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. For more information. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. this function counts all rows. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. If you apply the asterisk argument. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Alternative. the function returns NULL. Syntax COUNT( value [. Return Value Integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression. this function ignores columns with null values. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FALSE. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. Nulls If all values are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. Limits the rows in the search. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Use to count all rows in a transformation.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. Any datatype (except Binary).

If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. The function counts all rows in a transformation. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. returning one result for each group. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. returning one value. including null values.

the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. but do not use a filter.In this example. If you include the asterisk argument. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions .

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. FALSE. CUME returns NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. or NULL. if all values in the selected port are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or if no rows are selected (for example. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. CUME 79 . However. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. Limits the rows in the search. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. Numeric datatype. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value.

Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise. you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .

The second date you want to compare. 1 if the second date is earlier. 0 if the two dates are equal. Date/Time datatype. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. Required. Date/Time datatype. The first date you want to compare. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. minutes. or seconds. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. months. Required. the return value is a positive number. date2. For example. days. minutes. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . Date/Time datatype. You can specify years. The format string is not case-sensitive. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. You can request the format to be years. Zero if the dates are the same. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. or seconds. hours. Return Value Double value. If date1 is earlier than date2. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. such as 'mm'. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. the return value is a negative number. hours. days. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If date1 is later than date2. 'Mm' or 'mM'. months. You can specify only one part of the date. Required.

'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283.5 10. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. DATE_SHIPPED.0 2100. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.5 87. DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.0 255. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. DATE_SHIPPED.91935483870839 2.91935483870839 0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. DATE_SHIPPED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.243279569892366 0.243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED.

it returns a result value. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. second_result]. second_search. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression. DECODE 85 . The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. Optional. Syntax DECODE( value. If the function finds the value. Even if multiple conditions are met. first_search. The search value must match the value argument exactly. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value.[. Passes the values you want to search.. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. the search does not find a matching value. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. not just 'Halogen'. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. first_result [. If you enter 'Halogen'. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight.. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. Passes the values for which you want to search. you may not search for a portion of a value. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. which you define. Any datatype (except Binary). You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. Any datatype (except Binary). Required.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. Required.

The first result is an Integer. ‘Archimedes’.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above.414213562. ‘Pythagoras’. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. ‘Pythagoras’. When you run a session in high precision mode.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5.414213562. ‘Pi’. ‘3. For example. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 5. 'Knife'. ‘1. 3. ‘Archimedes’. For example. if at least one result is Double.141592654. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. ‘Pi’. 3. 'Tank'. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions .141592654. 'Flashlight'. the datatype of the return value is Double. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values.414213562’. 'Regulator'. 5. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. 14.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. 40. 1. 3. 20. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. and the other results are Decimal. 10. and 3. 1. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID.141592654’. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer.

DECODE 87 . 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Variable 2 was more than 30.'. was more than 30. desired ranges. Var2 > 30.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. was 49!'. Var1 = 22. Also.'. Var1 < 23. was less than 23. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. Var2 = 49.

You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. ‘1234’. and it does not log an error in the session log. and you assign the default value. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. For example. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. If you use an output default value other than ERROR.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. String value. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. The string can be any length. Generally. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . you use the ERROR function in an expression. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. For details about using default values. The error message displays in the session log file. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. which you define. assign ERROR as the default value. It does not skip the row. including ERROR function calls within an expression. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. to the output port. Return Value String value.

Row skipped. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. Negative salary found. ERROR ('Error. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. Row skipped.'. Negative salary found.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 .Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. but skip negative values.

EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. where e=2. rather than business data. (The exponent in the equation e^value). Numeric datatype.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL.38905609893065. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required.4657948067 0.135335283236613 5166. You can enter any valid transformation expression. EXP(2) returns 7. The value to which you want to raise e.71828183. Return Value Double value. For example. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent).

or if no rows are selected (for example. FIRST 91 . Optional. Note: By default. Return Value First value in a group. FIRST ignores the row. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. FIRST returns NULL. For more information. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Any datatype (except Binary). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Syntax FIRST( value [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. if all values passed from the port are NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. the function returns NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. Limits the rows in the search.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. Optionally. However. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. However. or NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

05 150. returning one result for each group. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.00 88.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 31.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.05 150.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 8.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10. If there is no group by port.00 88.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 8.00 29.00 31. FIRST treats all rows as one group. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 29. returning one value.

the function returns 3. For example. For example. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. If you pass 3. if you pass 3. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 .FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.79 125. Numeric datatype.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data.14 to FLOOR.98 to FLOOR. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39.24 NULL -100. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. the function returns 3.12 74. the function returns -4. Likewise.17 to FLOOR. if you pass -3. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value.

'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Required. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. The format string is not case-sensitive. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. the format strings 'Y'. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . 'YYY'. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. 'YY'. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Date/Time datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. Therefore. 'mm'.

'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. Optional. including another IIF expression. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. including another IIF expression. Syntax IIF( condition. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. value1 [. based on the results of a condition. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). The condition you want to evaluate. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. Required.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions .IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. If you omit value2. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. Any datatype (except Binary). For example. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument.

--then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. value2 if the condition is FALSE. For example. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. . 1. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. EMP_NAME. SALARY3. BONUS))). The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. SALARY1. IIF( SALES < 100. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. For example. SALARY2. IIF( SALES < 50. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. IIF( SALES < 200. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0.3333) is a decimal.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. the datatype of the return value is Double.

For more information. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. DECODE may improve readability.SALARY1. SALARY1. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. SALARY3. --then return SALARY2. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. SALARY2. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. return BONUS) ) ). --then return SALARY3. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . --else for sales over 199. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. SALES > 199. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. DD_REJECT.

Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. carriage return. If your data contains multibyte characters. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. Any datatype (except Binary). Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value String. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns Thomas. For example. formfeed. newline. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . tab.

For example. The string must be a character string. If you omit this argument. If you want to search for a character string. Must be an integer value. If the search value appears more than once in the string. If the start position is a positive number. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. The default value is 1. For example. Optional. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The set of characters you want to search for. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. If the start position is zero. The position in the string where you want to start the search. the function uses the default value of 1. If you pass a negative integer or zero. Any value. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. counting from left to right. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. Optional. for example 'abc'. Syntax INSTR( string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. The results of the expression must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. counting from left to right. The search value is case-sensitive. the function uses the default value of 1. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string.start [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you omit this argument. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . search_value [. If the start position is a negative number. If you pass a decimal. Passes the value you want to evaluate. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. A positive integer greater than zero. if not.

Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. 1. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. 'a'. 'a'. starting at the beginning of each company name. -1. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. starting from the last character in the company name. starting at the beginning of each company name. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY.

INSTR(CUST_ID. The following expression evaluates a string. -1.INSTR( CUST_NAME. starting from the end of the string.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. INSTR(CUST_ID.1. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. 1. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.-1.' ' .

Note: To test for empty strings. For more information. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. use LENGTH.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. see “LENGTH” on page 115. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Any datatype (except Binary). FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). which returns false. which returns TRUE.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. the function returns FALSE (0). NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. not the YY format string. However. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. For example. Must be a string datatype. In most cases. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. so there is no February 29th. In the first case. For example. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. If you omit the format string. the two format strings return the same values. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). year 1900 is not a leap year. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. the function returns TRUE (1). The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. If the strings match the format string. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly.

This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. and converts each valid date to a date value. IS_DATE 105 .Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. If it does not. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. If the value is not a valid date.

‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions .Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. Therefore. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE.

45E-32’ ‘+3. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. Passes the rows you want to evaluate.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number.45e+32’ ‘+3. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. IS_NUMBER 107 . Must be a string datatype. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 0. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.45D-3’ ‘-3. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.00 0. such as TO_FLOAT. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ). If the value is not a valid number.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .00345 0.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.Windows only) 0 (False .45d-3’ ‘3.45e+3’ ‘3. 0.00 0.00 0. For example.00’ ‘-3.45e+3’ ‘-3.00’ ‘-3.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .00 0.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.

a formfeed. For example. use LENGTH.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. A space is a blank space. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. see “LENGTH” on page 115. a newline. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Must be a string datatype. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. For more information. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. a tab. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. a carriage return.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. To test for an empty string. or a vertical tab. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces.

CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions . you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). To do this. '00000'. you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces.column in a target table.

the function returns NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax LAST( value [. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Limits the rows in the search. FALSE. Any datatype (except Binary). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Return Value Last row in a port. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Note: By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. However. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. LAST 111 . the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. or NULL. For more information. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optionally.

00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 29. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 8.05 150.

Date/Time datatype. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. However. LAST_DAY ignores the row. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. if all values passed from the port are NULL. returning one value. returning one result for each group. Return Value Date.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Null If a value is NULL. If there is no group by port. LAST_DAY returns NULL. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. TO_DATE always includes time information.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.

Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. use ISNULL. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. For details. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. For details. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. see “ISNULL” on page 103. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The strings you want to evaluate. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. To test for spaces. including trailing blanks. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. LENGTH 115 . use IS_SPACES. String datatype.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string.

04082199452026 NULL Error. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. For example.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. LN(3)returns 1. Return Value Double value. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. It must be a positive number. greater than zero.098612.) Error. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.828313737302 -0.302585092994 4. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.

exponent Return Value Double value.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. LOG 117 .09 NULL 35. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. zero. The base of the logarithm. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.) Error. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.) Error.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. Syntax LOG( base. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. The exponent of the logarithm. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . or 1 as a base value. Most often. Required.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number.

search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. must match search1 datatype. value1 [. However. Any datatype (except Binary). The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1... You can enter any valid transformation expression. search1. For more information. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. Syntax LOOKUP( result. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Specifies the values you want to match to value. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties.5 compatibility in the session properties. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. search2. Any datatype (except Binary). Required.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. Datatype that matches the value1. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. rather than creating Lookup transformations. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. value2]. Required. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search.

ORDERS.ORDERS. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.ITEM_ID.PRICE. :TD.ORDERS.ITEM. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument. :TD.PRICE. :TD.SALES for a specific item ID and price.00 15.SALES. 10.QTY. NULL if the search does not find any matching values.ITEM. :TD. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values.ITEM.SALES.ITEM_NAME.SALES.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .PRICE.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values.ORDERS. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.99 15. ORDERS. Error if the search finds more than one matching value.ORDERS. ORDERS.99 15. RTRIM( ORDERS.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100. 15. :TD.PRICE. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.

the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value Lowercase character string. Any string value. If your data contains multibyte characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string.

however. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. Can be a character string. for example 'abc'. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. or if length is a negative number. Optional. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter a specific string literal. 6. RPAD returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a positive integer literal. If you omit the second_string. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. LPAD( PART_NUM. Syntax LPAD( first_string. length [.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. This argument is case-sensitive.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. Required. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. The strings you want to change. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. Can be any string value. When length is a negative number.

16. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length. LPAD truncates the string from right to left.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.**. '. If the first string is longer than the length.**. 5.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *.LPAD counts the length from left to right. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. For example..... LPAD(‘alphabetical’..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions .**Compass Regulator System *.Flashlight *. -5. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. '*.

trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. Most often. however. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. In ASCII mode. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. trim_set Return Value String. Any string value. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. the function returns NULL.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. If you omit the second string. LTRIM removes both single. You can enter any valid transformation expression. character-by-character. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. LTRIM 123 . Then it returns the string. you would enter 'A'. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. If the trim_set is NULL. For example. Any string value. 'abc'. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. You can also enter a character string. starting with the left side of the string. for example. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. Optional. Syntax LTRIM( string [. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. LTRIM removes it. Passes the strings you want to modify. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. with any matching characters removed. not 'a'. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . Bender. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. LTRIM removes it. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. character-by-character. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. LTRIM removes it. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. This is because LTRIM searches. and so on. 'S. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. In the example of H. but not the period from H. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. For example.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. Bender. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. MacDonald Sawyer H.’ from S.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘.

NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. Return Value Date. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . Date/Time datatype. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. or NULL. For more information.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. Syntax MAX( date [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. FALSE. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. FALSE. MAX ignores it. Note: By default. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. However. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. MAX returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If a value is NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Numeric datatype.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. Return Value Numeric value. the function returns NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Optional. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. For more information. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. or NULL.

Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 162. If there is no group by port. MAX treats all rows as one group.00 85. returning one value.00 55.00 360.00 PRICE 10. returning one result for each group. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .00 79.

Nulls If a value is NULL. Note: By default. If there is an even number of values in the port. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. MEDIAN ignores the row. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the function returns NULL. If there is an odd number of values in the port. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. if all values passed from the port are NULL. FALSE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the median is the middle number. Optionally. or NULL. Numeric datatype. Return Value Numeric value. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. However. or if no rows are selected (for example. MEDIAN returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . However. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. For more information. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .

You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the function returns NULL. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Note: By default. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Numeric datatypes. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. MIN (Numbers) 135 . However. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. MIN ignores it. FALSE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. or NULL. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. For more information.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. MIN returns NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Limits the rows in the search. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. Optional. However. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Nulls If a single value is NULL.

Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 360.00 79. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10. MIN treats all rows as one group.00 85.00 PRICE 10.00 162.00 55. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE. returning one value. If there is no group by port. returning one result for each group.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .

The divisor cannot be zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. For example.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error.00 9. PowerCenter Server does not write row. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. Syntax MOD( numeric_value.00 12. The values you want to divide.00 15. MOD 137 . Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. QTY ) PRICE 10.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation.00 25. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Required. The numeric value you want to divide by.00 NULL 20. MOD(8.5) returns 3.

the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE.00 9. QTY )) PRICE 10.00 12. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. you can create an expression similar to the following.The last row (25.00 NULL 20. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. 138 Chapter 6: Functions . IIF( QTY = 0.00 15. If the quantity is zero. To avoid dividing by zero. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. NULL.00 25.

MOVINGAVG 139 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. For example. rowset [. or if no rows are selected (for example.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. the function returns NULL. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. five rows at a time. Required. or NULL. Optionally. if all values are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. Optional. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatype. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. However. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. 5). FALSE.

Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. 140 Chapter 6: Functions . 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES. and thereafter.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5.8 based on rows 2 through 6. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. 245.

if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MOVINGSUM 141 . Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. For example. if all values are NULL. Optionally. the function returns NULL. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. FALSE. or NULL. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Limits the rows in the search. five rows at a time. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. 5 ) Optional. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. rowset [. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. Numeric datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and thereafter. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the function returns NULL. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. inclusive. percentile [. Nulls If a value is NULL. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. Note: By default. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. PERCENTILE returns NULL.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. However. See the following equation for more details. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. if all values in a group are NULL. Required. or NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or if no rows are selected (for example. PERCENTILE ignores the row. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Integer between 0 and 100. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Optionally. However. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. FALSE. when PERCENTILE 143 . you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Numeric datatype. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optional. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. Limits the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only.

you configure the PowerCenter Server. If there is no group by port. returning one value. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If i < 1. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If i is an integer value. returning one result for each group. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.0 9000.0 86000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 27900.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY. 75.0 NULL 55000.0 48000.0 PERCENTILE 145 . SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 99000.0 100000.0 85000.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.0 729. Syntax POWER( base.5 3.0 6. Numeric value. the exponent must be an integer.0 6.0 NULL -6. Return Value Double value.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.0 3.0 -3. In this case.0 5.00137174211248285 729. This argument is the exponent value.594307804838 NULL NULL 0. If the base value is negative.0 -6. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric value. Required.0 5. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 3.0 -3.5 2. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.00137174211248285 0. This argument is the base value.0 -3. If the base value is negative.5 NULL 10. the exponent must be an integer.265625 982.0 EXPONENT 2. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.

5. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value. POWER 147 . If the base is negative.0 raised to 5. the exponent must be an integer.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3.Note that -3.

Must be a character string. an empty string. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter one character. the function converts it to a character string. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. Must be an integer. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . The characters you want to replace. or NULL. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function converts it to a character string. the function is not case-sensitive. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. OldCharSet. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. Must be a character string. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. 'abc'. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. If NewChar is NULL or empty. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter one or more characters. Required. If NewChar contains more than one character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACECHR returns InputString. Must be a character string. Required. for example. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. InputString. REPLACECHR returns NULL. If InputString is NULL. the function is case-sensitive. Passes the string you want to search.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. NULL if InputString is NULL. Required. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty.

html HTTP/1.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.html HTTP/1.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1" GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘"’. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘A’.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index. WEBLOG.1 GET /companyinfo/index. ‘A’.html HTTP/1.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .html HTTP/1.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0. ‘]["’. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0. WEBLOG.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.

NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. ‘14’.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. CHR(39). see “CHR” on page 68. including the single quote. INPUT. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. you must use the CHR function. The following expression removes multiple characters. INPUT. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘A’.

multiple characters. or NULL. You must enter at least one OldString argument. for example. see the examples. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. 'abc'. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. If NewString is NULL or empty.. REPLACESTR returns NULL. an empty string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information. The string you want to replace. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. InputString. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function is case-sensitive. Must be a character string. When REPLACESTR replaces a string.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. OldStringN. the function is not case-sensitive. the function converts it to a character string. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. [OldString2. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. Passes the strings you want to search. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. the function converts it to a character string. Must be an integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression. multiple characters. Must be a character string. If you pass a numeric value. REPLACESTR 151 . Required. That is. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. If InputString is NULL. Required. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. . If you pass a numeric value. Required.. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. OldString1. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Must be a character string. etc. or no character. You can enter one character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACESTR returns InputString.

‘rs. MRS.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. WEBLOG. RETURN VALUE Ms. MRS. ‘ HTTP/1. ‘"’. Ms.html /companyinfo/index. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1.’ ) TITLE Mrs.’. Mr. RETURN VALUE Ms. ‘GET ’. TITLE.html HTTP/1.html /companyinfo/index.1" GET /companyinfo/index. INPUT. TITLE.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. Miss Mr. MRS.’ ) TITLE Mrs. ‘ab’.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. ‘rs. ‘s. ‘bc’. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘iss’.NULL if InputString is NULL. ‘iss’. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. Ms. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1.1’. ‘s.html HTTP/1.’. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.

‘bc’. INPUT. ‘ab’. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. CONCAT(CHR(39). you must use the CHR function. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. CONCAT( CHR(39). see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. INPUT. CONCAT(‘it’. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘s’ )).The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. REPLACESTR 153 . for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1.

the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the function returns January 1 of the input year. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. Day. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. For example. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. For example. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. For example. and sets the time to 00:00:00. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. For example. Hour. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. Minute. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. If the month is between July and December. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. Month. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. If the month is between January and June. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. For example. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29.

Date/Time datatype. This is the portion of the date that you want to round.Syntax ROUND( date [. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. Enter a valid format string. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . Optional. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can round only one portion of the date. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. If you omit the format string.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

returning an integer.99. ROUND(12. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. If one of the arguments is NULL. If you enter decimal precision.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. For example. For example. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. ROUND(12. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values.0 because the function rounds 0. Positive or negative integer. If you enter a positive precision. 1) returns 13. For example.4. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Return Value Numeric value.99. 1) returns 15.0 and ROUND(15. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. You can also use ROUND to round dates.99. ROUND returns NULL.44.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. ROUND(12. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Numeric datatype. truncating the decimal portion of the number. -1) returns 20. 0. For example. ROUND(12. If you enter a negative precision. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15.99. Optional.99) returns 13. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you omit the precision argument.8) returns 13. the function rounds to the nearest integer. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression.

956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.0 -16. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.868 56.99 -18.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .99 56.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.9949 -18.99 1435.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.0 1400.8 ) PRICE 12. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.0 -100.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.99 -108.0 56.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12. 3 ) PRICE 12. -2 ) PRICE 13242.0 57.9936 15. ROUND( PRICE.0 -19.995 -18.8678 56. 0.994 15.99 -15.99 56.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.

the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. This may not be the result you expect. For example. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. To achieve the expected result. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits.

16. If you omit the second string. Return Value String of the specified length. Specifies the length you want each string to be. When length is a negative number... Any string value.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME... for example. So. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. Required. RPAD returns NULL. Regulator System Safety Knife. Optional. Must be a positive integer literal.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight.. The strings you want to change. For example. 160 Chapter 6: Functions .RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Syntax RPAD( first_string. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. Any string value. if the first string is longer than the length..... Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. This argument is casesensitive.. Compass... ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’.. or if length is a negative number. RPAD counts the length from left to right.. 5. 'abc'. length [.. RPAD truncates the string from right to left. RPAD(‘alphabetical’. '. appending the string '. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL..

.* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME..*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*. appending the string ‘*..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .**... Compass*.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.** Regulator System Safety Knife*. '.**. -5..*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. '*. 16.

If you omit the second string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax RTRIM( string [. Any string value. starting with the right side of the string. RTRIM removes both single. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can also enter a text literal. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. for example. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. Optional. trim_set Return Value String. RTRIM removes it. It returns the string. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. 'abc'.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. In ASCII mode. however. Any string value. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. Passes the values you want to trim. with any matching characters removed. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. character-by-character.

RTRIM removes it. character-by-character. This is because RTRIM searches. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. In the last example. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. however. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. If. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. For example. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. and so on. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. the last character in the string does not match. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. RTRIM removes it.

Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. At the end of the session. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. At the end of a successful session. The session is configured for a test load. For details on mapping variables. The session is a debug session. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. Returns the new current value.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Unless overridden. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session.

Darkroom Co. Supply... the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 .) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. The next time the session runs. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition.Return Value The current value of the variable. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. It increases the count by one for each inserted row. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. Darkroom Co. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. decreases the count for each deleted row. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port.

2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. or YYYY to set the year. and November) in the value argument. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Minute. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'MI'. 'SS'. You use the SS format string to set the second. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. MONTH to set the month. HH24) to set the hour. 'MONTH'. April. MON. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. Day. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. DY. and DAY) to set the day. For example. Hour. YY. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH'. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. For example. DDD. For example. 12=12PM. HH12. You can use any of the year format strings: Y.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'YY'. You use the MI format string to set the minute. For example. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. YYY. DD. June. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example. 'DD'. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Month. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. September. You can use any of the month format strings (D. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. For example. Seconds.

If you enter an improper value (for example. February 30). 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . Required. The date you want to modify. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. 'HH'. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. Required. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. the session fails.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. The format string is not case-sensitive. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'HH24'. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH12'. format. Date/Time datatype. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required.

1998). 'YYY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 'Y'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH'. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'DD'. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. For example. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM'. 'YYYY'. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON'. 7). The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 'YYYY'.MM'. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YY'.

see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session is configured for a test load. At the end of the session. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . Unless overridden. At the end of a successful session. For details on mapping variables. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. Returns the new current value. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. When used with a string mapping variable. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. The session is a debug session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type.

The next time the session runs. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. it saves the largest value to the repository. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. The return value is the new current value of the variable. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. For example. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. Then. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. Required.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session is configured for a test load.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The session is a debug session. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Returns the new current value. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. At the end of the session. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. For details on mapping variables. When used with a string mapping variable. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. At the end of a successful session. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. Unless overridden.

the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.00 22. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22. The return value is the new current value of the variable.75 23.50 22. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23.75 25.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. Required.50 22. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.50 27. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable.50. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.00 26.25 22.00 24. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port.00 22.50 22.25 24.00’. SETMINVARIABLE 173 . You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.00 22.50 22. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.00 MIN_PRICE 22.00 22.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.00 At the end of the session. The next time the session runs.00 22.

00 174 Chapter 6: Functions .50 22. it saves the smallest value to the repository. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.00 22. Then.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. For example. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.

see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Unless overridden. The session is configured for a test load. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. If you use this function more than once for the same variable.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. At the end of a successful session. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The session is a debug session. Returns the specified value. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Required. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. For details on mapping variables. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. it saves a final current value to the repository. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. SETVARIABLE 175 . The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update.

95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .Return Value Current value of the variable.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. The next time the session runs. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534.23 699.43 323. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.43 323. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time.01 97.23 699. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.50 116.01 97.50 116. The next time the session runs.

Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . 1 for positive values. 0 for 0. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. or 0. negative. Return Value -1 for negative values. Passes the values you want to evaluate. NULL if NULL. Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

939692620785936 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine. Numeric datatype.309016994374967 0.50000000000003 0.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions .0871557427476639 0. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation. Return Value Double value. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

0 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine. Numeric datatype. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).45 0 0.1752011936438 9. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Return Value Double value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.03225804884884 19.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.0 2.376934801486 0.897 3.4178051793031 116. For example: SINH( MEASURES. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.66 5.

both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. For example. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. U. I. and encodes it in uppercase. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. P. For example. G. K. O. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. F. For example. V C. T L M. Skips numbers in string.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. H. Q. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . E. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. For example. For example. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. J. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. If string encodes to less than four characters. X. Z D. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. S.

Must be a character string. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value String. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. string is empty.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the string value you want to encode. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 .

Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Double value. PowerCenter Server does not write row. If you pass a negative value or character value. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Positive numeric value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. NULL 7. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. FALSE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. or NULL. You can use operators to average values in different ports. the function returns NULL. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. if all values are NULL. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. or if no rows are selected (for example. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. STDDEV returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Optional. However. STDDEV ignores it. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. STDDEV 183 . Nulls If a single value is NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Note: By default. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatypes. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.

0 RETURN VALUE: 3254. If there is no group by port. the return value is zero.0 153.88 3001.90 2256.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 ) SALES 2198. If there is no standard deviation. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.0 2198.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.90 and 153.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.0 1010. returning one value.000.0 2198. returning one result for each group. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000. STDDEV treats all rows as one group. SALES > 2000.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).0 NULL 8953. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.0 2198.

including blanks. If you omit the length argument. Optional. Syntax SUBSTR( string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. start [. start length Return Value String. Required. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. Must be an integer. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. Must be a character string. If you pass a negative integer or zero. Passes the strings you want to search. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. If the start position is a positive number. The position in the string where you want to start counting. If the start position is zero. the function returns an empty string. SUBSTR counts all characters. If you pass a decimal. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be an integer greater than zero. starting at the beginning of the string. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. If you pass a numeric value. the function converts it to a character string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. SUBSTR 185 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is a negative number.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required.

-8.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 1. 5. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 0. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 186 Chapter 6: Functions .

8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'.-1. 2.' ' . starting from the end of the string. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.1 ) . SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. 1. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string.INSTR( CUST_NAME. 8) returns ‘cd’. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. SUBSTR 187 . -2.The following expression evaluates a string. INSTR(CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID.1.

Limits the rows in the search. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. However. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . if all values passed from the port are NULL. FALSE. or NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. You can use operators to add values in different ports. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Note: By default. SUM returns NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. SUM ignores it. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Optional. Passes the values you want to add. For more information. or if no rows are selected (for example. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Optionally. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Nulls If a single value is NULL.

If there is no group by port.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 . returning one value. SUM treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group.0 4519. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .0 1900.0 NULL 3458.0 1200. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.

324919696232929 57. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .74747741945531 1. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric datatype.0874886635259298 0. Return Value Double value.577350269189672 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.19175359259435 0.

For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .0 2. Numeric datatype.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.45 0 0.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.0 0.999963084213409 0. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).998676551914886 0. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.993926947790665 0.761594155955765 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.66 5.897 3.

'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . If you omit the format string. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Optional. not the format for the values in the date argument.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The format string defines the format of the return value. Return Value String. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. Date/Time datatype. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

TO_CHAR (Dates)

193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. Do not use the YYYY format string. see “Requirements” on page 44. TO_DATE always returns a date and time.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. If it does not. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. For example. Return Value Date. For details on the TO_DATE format string. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Optional. Must be a string datatype. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. use either the RR or YY format string. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. If you omit the format string. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.

'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. the century will be 19. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. TO_DATE 199 . the century will be 19. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If you run a session in the twentieth century. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. PowerCenter Server skips this row. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. If you run a session in the twentieth century. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED.

‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.

you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MON DD YYYY’). --test second format.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). --if true. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MON DD YYYY’). ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month.‘MM/DD/YYYY’).‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). ‘MM’ ). if true. --test third format. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. if true.If your target accepts different date formats. For example: DECODE( TRUE.

348' NULL 'A12. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX.6789' '60. You can enter any valid transformation expression. inclusive. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28.2' '118. inclusive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.679 60. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. Optional. If you omit this argument. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions .200 118. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces.

3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.6789' '60. You can enter any valid transformation expression.348' NULL 'A12. Passes the values you want to convert to double values. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.6789 60. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.2 118.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 . TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces. Must be a string or numeric datatype.2' '118. Return Value Double value.

String or numeric datatype. or if you omit this argument. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.3Grove' ‘ 123. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion.2' '118.6789' '60. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. The flag must be an integer literal. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. Optional.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number.348' NULL 'A12.6789’ ‘-15. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required.

FALSE) IN_TAX '15.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.6789' '60.2' '118.3Grove' ‘ 123.348' NULL 'A12.6789’ ‘-15.

You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. Date/Time datatype. If you truncate the day portion of a date. If you truncate the month portion of a date. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. If you omit the format string. For example. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. If you truncate the year portion of the date. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. For example. the function truncates the time portion of the date. Minute. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. Enter a valid format string. Day. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. hour. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. For example. setting it to 00:00:00. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. Month. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. Hour.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. The date values you want to truncate. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. The format string is not case-sensitive. For example. month. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. or minute. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. day. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. Optional. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00.

'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. Return Value Numeric value. If you pass a decimal precision value. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. Passes the values you want to truncate. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Optional. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. If precision is a negative integer. If you omit the precision argument. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . Numeric datatype. precision If precision is a positive integer. Can be a positive or negative integer.

99 -18.9563 15.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.999 -18.8652 56.0 15.865 56.0 50.95 15.956 15.0 -180.99 -187.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 -18.0 1230.0 56.86 56.9995 -18.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12. -1 ) PRICE 12.95 1235.99 56.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12. 3 ) PRICE 12.

String datatype. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If your data contains multibyte characters. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . Return Value Uppercase string. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.

Numeric datatype. or if no rows are selected (for example. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. or NULL. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. For more information. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. Optional. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. FALSE. If n is 1. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. the variance is 0. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.

Nulls If a single value is NULL.6666667 VARIANCE 213 .0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444.0 3001. Note: By default. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.0 NULL 8953. returning one value. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If there is no group by port. or if no rows are selected. However. returning one value. If there is not a group by port. However. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. the function returns NULL. VARIANCE ignores it. VARIANCE returns NULL. returning one result for each group. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.0 2256. if all values passed to the function are NULL.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

see “Functions” on page 49. 225 Special Functions. 220 Date Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 226 Test Functions. 215 . ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. 227 Variable Functions. 216 Character Functions. 217 Conversion Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 228 For details on each function.

Available in the Designer. Returns the minimum value. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. found in a group. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. percentile [. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the number of records with non-null value. Returns the last record in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. found in a group. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . or earliest date. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Returns the first record in a group. Returns the standard deviation for a group. Available in the Designer. Returns the variance of all records in a group. Available in the Designer. in a group. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. Returns the maximum value. Available in the Designer. or latest date. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the sum of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Available in the Designer.

This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. search_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. OldCharSet. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Concatenates two strings. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the number of characters in a string. In Unicode mode. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. however.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. counting from left to right. In ASCII mode. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. start [. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. to set a string to a specified length. length [. including trailing blanks. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . it will still work correctly. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. length [. Returns a portion of a string. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. or no character. OldString1. . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string..] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. OldStringN. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. multiple characters. start [. [OldString2. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string.

Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or no character.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a portion of a string. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. OldStringN. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. OldString1. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. multiple characters. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. start [.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . search_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL..

TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).

based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. day. Returns the latest date found in a group. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or seconds). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. Available in the Designer. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. format. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. date2. months. value ) TRUNC( date [. format. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Rounds one part of a date. Returns the length of time between two dates. measured in the specified increment (years. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ) MIN( date. Returns the earliest date found in a group. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. hours. month. days. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. minutes. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. or minute. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. hour. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Truncates dates to a specific year. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date.

Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. negative. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or 0. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Notes whether a numeric value is positive. where e=2. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the remainder of a division calculation.71828183. Available in the Designer. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. recordset [. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. recordset [. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Truncates numbers to a specific digit.Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . first_result [. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. IIF IIF( condition. Available in the Designer. second_search. Searches a port for the specified value. based on the results of a condition. Searches for a value in a lookup source column.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search1. value2 [. search2. Available in the Designer. second_result ]…[. value1 [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. Returns one of two values you specify. Available in the Designer. first_search. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Test Functions 227 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date.

Returns the specified value. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Available in the Designer. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. Available in the Designer. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Available in the Designer. Returns the new current value.

211 229 . 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99.Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 120.

120. 68 capitalization 99. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 68. 180 removing from strings 123. 160 ASCII characters 63. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 226 test 56. 217 conversion 53. 223 scientific 55. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 216 categories 50 character 52. 225 special 55. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 220 date 54. 219 data cleansing 53.

117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116.Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40.

117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.null values aggregate functions 18.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index . 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.

47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .

211 character set 100 concatenating 24. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 120.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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