Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Table of Contents

Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . .

. . . . . . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . .. . . .. . . .. . .. . 3-4. . . . . ... . . . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . .. ... . . . 3-1. . 2-1.. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . TO_CHAR Format Strings.. . 18 . . .. . . . . .. . . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . . 26 .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1.. . 6-1. . 36 .. ... . . . . . 23 .. . .. . . . . .. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . . . . . . . . . . .. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings .. . . . . .... . . . . 5-4. . 5-5. . . . .. . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . 28 . 5-2. 3-3. . . . .. 22 . 25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . .. 6 . 39 . 40 . . . .. . . . 5-1.. . . . . . . . .. 36 . .. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . . . .. . . . . . . . .. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . 5-6. . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . .. . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. ... .. .. . . .. . . . . . . ... . . . . . .. . .. . . . . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . 6-2. . . . . . .. . . . 3-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. . . . . . ... .. . . .. . . .. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . .. . . . . 4-1. .. . . . .. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . .. . . 5-3. . .. .. . . . . . . . .. Operators in the Transformation Language . . RR Format String Conversions . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . 39 . . .. .. . . .. .

x List of Tables .

and efficient manner. transforming. loading. data synchronization. handle complex transformations on the data. xi . including extracting. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. and managing data. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. and support high-speed loads. data migration. usable. and information hubs. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open.

7. such as JIPSEkana.1. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. pmcmd. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. and workflow prefixes. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row.1. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. and 7. a specified percentage of data. Define mapping. session. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Verbose data enhancements. Row Uniqueness function. JEF-kana.1. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source.1. When you use a local parameter file. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. and MELCOM-kana. PowerCenter 7. Profile mapping display in the Designer. You can define default mapping. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. Flat file partitioning.0. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. session. Domain Inference function tuning. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. Session enhancement. the rows that meet the business rule.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. xii Preface . You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency.1. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data.1. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. sessions. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator.

target. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. targets. you can create and maintain a file. ♦ SuSE Linux support. you can connect to IBM. log. When you export metadata. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session.♦ SuSE Linux support. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. Teradata external loader. On SuSE Linux. If the file exists. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. containing reserved words. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. On SuSE Linux. such as Business Objects Designer. Oracle. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. You can attach document types such as XML. reswords. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. or PDF. you can now override the control file. Depending on the loader you use. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. and repositories using native drivers. DB2. and Sybase repositories. you can also override the error. JPEG. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. Oracle. If any source. and Sybase sources. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. it searches for reswords. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. DB2. GIF. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. you can connect to IBM. You do not need to know a database user name and password.txt. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. Reserved word support. Preface xiii .

PowerCenter 7. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. Workflow Administration Guide. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. It also includes information from the version 7. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. You can also pivot the view row. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Source View in the Profile Manager.0 Web Services Hub Guide. Aggregator function in auto profiles. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. XML User Guide. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. connectivity. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. Prepackaged domains. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. You store xiv Preface . Creating auto profile enhancements.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. and options.♦ Pipeline partitioning. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. resize columns in a report. Informatica provides licenses for product. and Transformation Guide.1. targets. and partitions in the session.

PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. or enable a repository. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. delete repository details. workflow and session log history. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . the PowerCenter Server Setup. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. and delete a folder. You can choose to skip MX data. truncate log files. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. and the command line program. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. pmrep. pmlic.1 MX views in its schema. Partitioning enhancements. You can use pmrep to back up. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. If you have the Partitioning option. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. and restore repositories. back up.the license keys in a license key file. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. disable. This improves processing performance for most sessions. or restore a repository. modify. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. Object import and export enhancements. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. delete a relational connection from a repository. upgrade. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. You can also use pmrep to create. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). and deploy group history. Increased repository performance. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. MX views. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions.

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. Union transformation. You can now perform lookups on flat files. ♦ xvi Preface . The quality of printed workspace has improved. Midstream XML transformations. You can also extract data from messaging systems. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. Web Services Hub. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. Enhanced printing. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. Custom transformation API enhancements. such as data stored in a CLOB column.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. the latest version of checked in objects. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. The query can return local objects that are checked out. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. or a collection of all older versions of objects. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. Also. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects.

The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. DTD files. including relational sources or targets. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. In a view with hierarchy relationships. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. You can also extract data from messaging systems. When you create views with entity relationships. or schema files. You can create views. For more informations.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. It displays folders alphabetically. When you import XML definitions. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. and define relationships between views. targets. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. add or delete columns from views. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. Additional options for XML definitions. such as data stored in a CLOB column. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. Synchronizing XML definitions. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . Midstream XML transformations. XML files. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. XML workspace.

suggest candidate keys.♦ Support for circular references. Increased performance for large XML targets. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. detect data patterns.” Upgrading metadata. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface .0. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. PowerCenter now supports XML files. − − PowerCenter 7. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. Installation and Configuration Guide. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. After you create a profiling warehouse. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. and evaluate join criteria. DTD files. User-defined commits. you can determine implicit data type. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. Support for multiple XML output files. For example. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX.

You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. source and target tables. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. Row error logging. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. and warehouse growth. including session load time. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. you can now choose to load from staged files.1. External loading enhancements. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). session errors. Functions ♦ Soundex. session completion status. server load. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. In a server grid. If you purchase the Server Grid option. When using external loaders on Windows.objects impacted by the upgrade process. You can create a control file containing installation information. and transformations. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. worklets. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. Metaphone. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. When using external loaders on UNIX. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. mappings. Metadata analysis.0 metadata. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. such as workflows. The Metaphone function encodes string values. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. Distributed processing.

♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. You can also use pmrep to run queries. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. and listing objects. Audit trail. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. When you select data driven loading. or update. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. deploying. or delete data. Trusted connections. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. Use Repository Manager privilege. You can track changes to repository users. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. checking in. groups. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. You can choose to insert. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. privileges. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. exporting. Concurrent processing. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. pmrep commands. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. The repository maintains a status for each user. upsert. and change object status. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. such as the Aggregator transformation. Real time processing enhancements. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. importing. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. Additionally. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. If you use LDAP. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. update. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. maintain labels. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. such as copy object. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. When you log in to the repository. delete.

You can compare tasks. You can specify the icons used for transformation. ♦ Joiner transformation. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. adding or removing a user or group. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. If you want to permanently remove an object version. worklets. and adding or removing privileges. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. sessions. control development on the object. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. You can also compare different versions of the same object. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. Check out and check in versioned objects. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. you can purge it from the repository. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. Compare objects. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. Delete or purge a version. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . Unlike copying a folder. such as changes to folder properties. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. When you create a Custom transformation template.audit trail log contains information. Deployment. the colors. track changes.

You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. XPath support. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. ♦ xxii Preface . you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. Track changes to an object. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. increase performance for large XML files. and to different repositories. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. Within the Designer. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. You can save queries for later use. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. Labels. Comparing objects. improve query results. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can copy objects within folders. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. Increased performance for large XML files. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. to other folders. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. or you can share it with all users in the repository. XML target enhancements. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. When you process an XML file or stream. declare multiple namespaces.♦ Deployment groups. You can make a private query. Queries. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. format your XML file output for increased readability.

♦ Change propagation. or workflows. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. When you do this. Revert to saved. When you edit a port in a mapping. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . expressions. you can refresh a session mapping. targets. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. and worklets. Refresh session mappings. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. such as sources. You can validate sessions. View dependencies. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. mappings. workflows. mappings. mapplets. Enhanced partitioning interface. Validate multiple objects. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. Enhanced validation messages. The Designer propagates ports. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. In the Workflow Manager. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies.

Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Includes information to help you create mappings. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. and load data into JMS messages. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. folders. Workflow Administration Guide. extract data from JMS messages. Troubleshooting Guide. and permissions and privileges. Designer Guide. Transformation Guide. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Installation and Configuration Guide. Batch Web Services. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. XSD. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. or DTD files. groups. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. and relational or other XML definitions. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Getting Started. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. mapplets. Repository Guide. including details on environment variables and database connections. Provides information needed to use the Designer.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. such as creating and maintaining repositories. XML User Guide. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. and transformations. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. build mappings. Transformation Language Reference. users. Web Services Provider Guide. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. and Metadata Web Services. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML.

Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. Emphasized subjects. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv .About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. The material in this book is available for online use. unless you follow the specified procedure. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. The following paragraph provides additional facts. relational database concepts. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. This is a code example. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task.

training and education. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. the Informatica Knowledgebase. The site contains information about Informatica. upcoming events. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. The site contains product information. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. To register for an account.informatica. as well as literature and partner information. You will also find product information. and locating your closest sales office.com. and implementation services. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses.com xxvi Preface . If you have any questions. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. please email webzine@informatica. detailed descriptions of specific features. This journal provides solutions to common tasks.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. newsletters.com. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet.informatica. the Informatica Webzine.informatica. Informatica Webzine. go to http://my.informatica. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers.com. and access to the Informatica user community. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). user group information.com. its background.

(local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a.m.m. .6332 or 650. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.385.m. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.informatica.5:30 p.5800 Fax: 650. WebSupport requires a user name and password.com. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a. CA 94063 Phone: 866.m. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.563. White Waltham Maidenhead.6 p. .5 p.5:30 p.m.5:30 p. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service.m.m.m. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. market. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a. .m. . . You can request a user name and password at http://my.5:30 p.m.5:30 p. Redwood City.m.m.m. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.5 p. . (local time) Preface xxvii . .The site contains information on how to create.m.9489 Hours: 6 a. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.213.m.m. . (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.

xxviii Preface .

see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. 2 Expression Syntax. 9 Reserved Words. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 1 . It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.

Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. Return values. Constants. Local and system variables. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. such as a state sales tax rate. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. such as the system date. such as TRUE. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. and External Procedure transformations. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. Mapping parameters and variables. Workflow variables. For details. or compare data. You can also create local variables in transformations. For more information. combine data. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. Operators. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Stored Procedure.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session.

you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. such as 10. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. or a numeric literal. during a workflow. For example. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. such as ORDERS. not byte-oriented. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. You can create an expression as simple as a port. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. For example. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. Then. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. “>>>>”. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. For example.

string. not the number of bytes. The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . or combine different columns using the transformation language operators.Status). but the transformation language does not. On the other hand. For example. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. or a numeric literal (such as 10). variable) String literals. input/output. while SQL does not. it is not exactly like SQL.

5 LOOKUP function. 10. For example.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. . The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation.PRICE..SALES. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3.ITEM_ID. The general syntax is: :LKP. 15.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition.lookup_transformation(argument1.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1.sequence_generator_transformation.SALES. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark. :TD. [. argument2. The general syntax is: :SD.. The general syntax is: :SEQ.external_procedure_transformation(argument1.SALES.. argument2. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals.5 expressions only). The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. The general syntax is: :SP.ITEM_NAME.. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.source_table. :TD.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1. Qualifies a source table port in an expression. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3. argument2. . The general syntax is: :EXT.

the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. literal string or number. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. For details on workflow variables. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. the expression 123. For example. comma (. External Procedure transformation. Just type the number you want to include.4 = ‘123. Except for literals. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . ‘1’. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. variable. mapping parameters and variables. as the start position. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. For example. The colon (:). the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. local and system variables. If you pass a literal value to a function. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. For example. Except for literals. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. Stored Procedure transformation. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. functions. or the results of another expression. For example: . Lookup transformation. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. You cannot add an integer and a string. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. create separate Aggregator transformations. not a string. Separate each argument in a function with a comma.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. and period (.).

which allow only one nested aggregate function). You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression.

as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . if you want to concatenate two strings. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression. For example.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. as in: -. since the last line is not a valid expression.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes.These are comments ♦ Two slashes.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -. If you do not want to embed comments. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.

10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. operators. such as constants.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. and system variables. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. are reserved for specific functions.

16 NULL. 12 DD_INSERT. 19 11 .Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 14 DD_UPDATE. 13 DD_REJECT. 17 TRUE. 15 FALSE.

0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. When you run a workflow. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. 2. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_DELETE. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE.

The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . ORDERS. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. If the result is greater than 2.NAME = 'Alex'. 0 ) > 2. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. 0. DD_INSERT. 'DD' ). the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date.DATE_SHIPPED. the expression flags the records for rejection. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. When you run a workflow. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. returning the difference between the two dates. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson.DD_REJECT. Using DATE_DIFF. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. If the result is 2 or less.

DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. If you flag a record as reject.SALES > 0. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. 0. so it includes only positive values. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. When you run a workflow.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. DD_INSERT. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. DD_REJECT. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag.SALES > 0.

DD_REJECT. If the result is 2 or less. it flags the records for update. Using DATE_DIFF. The mapping loads sales for one employee. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. 1.DATE_SHIPPED. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. DD_UPDATE. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 .NAME = 'Alex'. ORDERS. If the result is greater than 2. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. 0 ) > 2. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result.NAME = 'Alex'. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. When you run a workflow. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. 'DD' ). Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. the expression flags the records for rejection. otherwise. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. returning the difference between the two dates.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1.

This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. Var1 < 23. Var2 > 30. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . Var1 = 22.'. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.'Variable 2 was 49!'.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var2 = 49. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.'. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'Variable 1 was 22!'.

For details on how each function handles null values. However. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. Therefore. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). Functions can handle nulls differently. For example. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. it might return zero or NULL. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. For more information. !=. >. <. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. >=. or it might ignore null values. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. <= For example. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. see “Functions” on page 49. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. If you pass a null value to a function. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. ^=. <>. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property.

see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. MOVINGAVG.NULL To test for nulls. as well as CUME. However.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. the function does not select the record. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. For example. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. which returns zero). Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. the function returns NULL. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. use the ISNULL function. and MOVINGSUM. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions.

'Variables were out of desired ranges.'. Var2 = 49.'Variable 1 was 22!'. Var1 < 23. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1.') TRUE 19 . 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.'Variable 2 was 49!'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. Var1 = 22.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison.'. Var2 > 30.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

26 21 . 22 Arithmetic Operators. 23 String Operators. 25 Logical Operators. 24 Comparison Operators.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.

the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. used when specifying conditions. !=. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. not equal to. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. The logical OR operator. Unary plus and minus. 2. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. /. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. >= =. The logical AND operator. >. greater than. depending on how you nest the operations. subtraction. <=. <>. less than or equal to. 4. greater than or equal to. not equal to. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. division. *. % +. || <. used when specifying conditions. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. When expressions contain parentheses. Equal to. Less than.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . For example. Table 3-1.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . 3. The logical NOT operator. Multiplication. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. modulus. not equal to. the equation 8 + 5 . Concatenate. Addition.

Meaning Unary plus and minus. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. subtraction. Addition. To perform arithmetic on date values. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. division. modulus. For further information on built-in date functions. *. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. The expression 1. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. the function returns NULL.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. To concatenate strings. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. For example.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. use the string operator ||. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. use the date functions. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. % +. Multiplication. Unary minus indicates a negative value. /. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. For example. Unary plus indicates a positive value. Arithmetic Operators 23 . see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47.

String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. the || operator returns NULL. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. The || operator. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. produces the same results in less time. however. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . However. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. if both values are NULL.

Greater than or equal to. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. see “Dates” on page 33. For information on how to compare dates. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. Not equal to. the operands must be the same datatype. manipulate data. Less than or equal to. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. If you compare a value to a null value. Not equal to. Less than. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Not equal to. For example. Comparison Operators 25 .Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. the result is NULL.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. the expression 123. The expressions 123. Greater than. When you use comparison operators in an expression.

NOT returns TRUE. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. For example. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. FALSE for zero. the operator NOT returns FALSE. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. For example. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. and NULL for NULL. If an expression evaluates to FALSE.

28 Transaction Control Variables. 32 27 .Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 31 Local Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 34 Date Format Strings. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 47 33 .

1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. Converts a string to a date.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . TO_CHAR. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. ‘MM’. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Modified Julian Day. see “Variables” on page 27. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. Julian Day.D. Date format strings. or perform arithmetic on a date. To pass a string to a date function. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. Date functions accept date/time values only. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. With the date functions you can round. and 9999 A. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. Use to specify the format of the return string. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype.D. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. For details on built-in variables. extract one part of a date. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. Tests whether a string represents a date. TO_CHAR format strings. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. or compare dates. truncate. TO_DATE. Converts a date to a string. ‘MM/DD/RR’). and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. For example.

D. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. nor with Modified Julian Day. By definition. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. and are not supported in PowerCenter. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. Overview 35 . Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal.D. and 9999 A. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. The J format string does not convert this time component. For example. For example.

the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . If the source string year is between 50 and 99. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. RR and YY produce different results. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. Current Year Between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. In TO_DATE expressions. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE.

the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. The date includes the month. If you omit the format string. If you want to pass a string to a date function. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. minutes. day. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. while the time might include the hours. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. Dates in Relational Databases In general. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. Use TO_CHAR(date. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. or it is an invalid date. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. If you specify a format string. Although date formats vary from database to database. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. and even between applications. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. and seconds. and year. If an input value does not match this format. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE.Table 5-2. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. If the string is in the default date format. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format.

the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. For example. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . 1:00:00AM = 1. 12:00:00PM = 12. If you omit the format string. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. If you specify a format string. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. Month (January = 01. 12:00:00AM = 0. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format.♦ Use TO_DATE(date.

DAY. DDD. HH. YYY. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. YY. DD. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. HH24 MI MM. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). HH12. MON. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. or YYYY to specify 1997. you can use MM. MON. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. you can use any of these format strings specify 12.) Month (01-12). you can use HH. J Description Days (01-31). Specify the part of the date you want to return. YYY. YYYY. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. Seconds (0-59). SSSS Y. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). Date Format Strings 39 . DY. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. For example. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. YY. Hour of day (0-23). Specify the part of the date you want to round. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. Specify the part of the date you want to change. or MONTH to specify APR. you can use Y. MONTH SS. For example. HH12. For example. Minutes (0-59. For example.

MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . The function removes the leading digits.’ However. Minutes (00-59).M. Last two digits of a year. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. when used with TO_DATE.M. Quarter of year (1-4). changing the format for reporting purposes. TO_CHAR returns 97. where January to March equals 1. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. including leap years). Month (01-12). including up to nine characters (for example. where Sunday equals 1. AM and PM return the same values as do A. Modified Julian Day. ‘RR’ produces the same results as. calculated from Jan 1. For example. Wednesday). When used with TO_CHAR.M. Seconds (00-59). P. January). Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. For example.M. 4713 00:00:00 BC. A. It ignores the time component of the date. Wed).TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. Day of week (1-7). Name of day.. and P. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Name of month. including up to nine characters (for example. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. Hour of day (01-12). Jan). and is interchangeable with. Day of month (01-31). Day of year (001-366. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. Hour of day (00-23). where 00 is 12AM (midnight). PM. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. ‘YY.

Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. SSSSS. The function removes the leading digits.86399).DD. Week of year (01-53). Week of month (1-5). The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. Entire year portion of date. Last digit of a year.YYYY' ). if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. and so on. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. For example. TO_CHAR returns 97. Last two digits of a year. TO_CHAR returns 1997. The function removes the leading digits. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . Feb 1 designates the first week of February. For example. TO_CHAR returns 7. for example D””DDD. and YY format strings. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example. Punctuation that displays in the output. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. For example. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . You might use these symbols to separate date parts. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. Last three digits of a year. For example. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. See the individual functions for more examples. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. TO_CHAR returns 997. RR. The function removes the leading digits. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/.. Text that displays in the output. For example. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. For example. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. 'MM.Table 5-5. For example.

the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. For example. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string.

where zero is 12AM (midnight).TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. Name of day. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. Wed).m. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. p. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. including up to nine characters (for example. When you create a TO_DATE expression.m. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Wednesday). use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. if any parts do not match.m. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. Day of month (1-31). HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. including leap years). the function returns FALSE (0). If you omit the format string. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. a. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. Hour of day (1-12). IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. and p. the function returns TRUE (1). use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. AM and PM return the same values as do a. PM..m. DD DDD DAY DY HH. Minutes (0-59). Day of year (001-366. Hour of day (0-23). If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format.

For example. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. Name of month. For example. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example.Current Year Between 50 and 99. representing May 12. It ignores the time component of the source string. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. If the source string year is between 50 and 99.Current Year Between 0 and 49. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. 1998. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. Seconds (0-59). Month (1-12). assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Use when source strings include two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. Aug). . SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. Four digits of a year. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. Seconds since midnight. For example. including up to nine characters (for example. Case does not matter. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. If it does not. Modified Julian Day. August). Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. 2020.Table 5-6. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 2034). Use the RR or YY format string instead. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. . to TO_DATE. Case does not matter.

RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. RR. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.format string. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. The format string is not case-sensitive. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. Likewise. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. See the individual functions for more examples. and SSSSS format strings. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. Example The following examples illustrate the J. Tip: By default. For example.

SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. while YY returns the year 1905. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . RR returns the year 2005.

You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . DATE_DIFF. 9999 23:59:59 AD. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. Change one part of a date. 1. Subtract two dates. 31. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. SET_DATE_PART.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. in alphabetical order. 49 . Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions.

Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation.

and returns four values. Function Categories 51 . Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. evaluates the AVG expression.

the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example.35 to 0) for the filter condition. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. the function selects all rows in the port. as well as to CUME. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. If you do not want to round up a value. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. FALSE. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. and MOVINGSUM. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. or NULL. For example. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. the function returns zero. By default.2 to 1.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions.5 to 2. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. 1. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. the filter condition returns FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If the value rounds to zero. For example. MOVINGAVG. If you pass an entire port of null values. 1. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. 0. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE.

LOWER. Convert the datatype of an input value. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. Trim string values. UPPER. MIN. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ .♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. Replace characters in a string. Encode strings. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors.

However. extract one part of a date. or perform arithmetic on a date. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. see “Dates” on page 33. truncate. or compare dates. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. if you want to pass a string to a date function. Date format strings are not internationalized.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. For a complete list of date format strings.

if you pass a date with milliseconds.The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. Therefore. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 .

you use special functions in Expression. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions .♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. Filter. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. Unless overridden. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. Then at the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. At the end of the session. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. You can nest other functions within special functions. When you run a workflow. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. and Update Strategy transformations. For example.

If you use this function more than once for the same variable. Function Categories 57 .process that pipeline. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. For more information on mapping variables.

including ERROR function calls within an expression.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. it stops transforming data at that row. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. For more information on the Abort command. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. String. assign ABORT as the default value. Return Value NULL. The string can be any length. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. You can use ABORT to validate data.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. Generally. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function.

95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Return Value Positive numeric value. if you pass an Integer. it returns a Double. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. it returns an Integer. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. If you pass a Double. Likewise. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.95 59.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 .COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument.

and DAY. Month. For example. Seconds. For example. YYY. 'MONTH'. For example. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. DD. HH24. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. MON. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. You can use any of the day format strings: D. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. MONTH. Day. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. HH12. Minute. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 'SS'. or YYYY. DY. Hour. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'YY'. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. 'MI'. 'DD'. You use the SS format string to set the second. For example. 'HH'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. You use the MI format string to set the minute. DDD. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. YY. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function.

NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. Date/Time datatype. months. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. Required. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH'. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. An integer value specifying the amount of years. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. 'MM'. Also note. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. Required. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'mm'. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. for example. format. and so on by which you want to change the date value. 'MON'. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. Passes the values you want to change. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. hours. days. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 .

The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. 'DDD'. For example. 'D'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12'. which you specify. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DAY'. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY'. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. 'DD'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH'. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. you need to change the hour portion of the date. 'HH24'. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer.

Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Return Value Integer.535. however. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you pass a numeric value. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Normally. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. they will still work correctly. ASCII 63 . For example. Character string. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. before you pass any string value to ASCII. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. it will still work correctly. For example. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. If you pass a numeric value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions.535. Character string. However. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. You can enter any valid transformation expression.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Normally. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

Syntax CONCAT( first_string. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Any datatype (except Binary). NULL if both string values are NULL. Alternatively. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. If both strings are NULL. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). The first part of the string you want to concatenate. CONCAT returns NULL. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. Return Value String. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings.

you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. If you want to add a space between two strings. CONCAT( CHR(39). ' ' ). LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 .FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. For example.

0 0. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). as follows: COS( ARCS * 3. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3.342020143325593 0.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.951056516295147 0.866025403784421 0. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype.0 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).996194698091745 0. For example.

4435376920294 116. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.66 5.0 2.0 1. Return Value Double value. For example: COSH( MEASURES. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0874465864177 19.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .897 3. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.45 0 0. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.381231106176 1.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).54308063481524 9.

the function returns 0. Return Value Integer. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Passes the values you want to count. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). FALSE. this function counts all rows. If you apply the asterisk argument. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. or NULL. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. Optional. Note: By default.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. this function ignores columns with null values. Use to count all rows in a transformation. Optionally. However. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. Syntax COUNT( value [. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. For more information. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If you apply the value argument. Alternative. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Nulls If all values are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). the function returns NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.

returning one value. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. The function counts all rows in a transformation. including null values. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example.

the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. If you include the asterisk argument. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . but do not use a filter.In this example. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight.

or NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. FALSE. Limits the rows in the search. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. However. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optional. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. Nulls If a value is NULL. CUME 79 . Numeric datatype.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). if all values in the selected port are NULL. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. CUME returns NULL.

you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise.

Date/Time datatype. The first date you want to compare. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. 1 if the second date is earlier. The second date you want to compare. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . NULL if one of the date values is NULL. 0 if the two dates are equal. Date/Time datatype.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. Required. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1.

The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. minutes. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. The format string is not case-sensitive. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . hours. the return value is a negative number. hours. For example. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. Zero if the dates are the same. Date/Time datatype. Required. 'Mm' or 'mM'. Return Value Double value. or seconds. You can specify only one part of the date.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. months. days. You can request the format to be years. Date/Time datatype. date2. If date1 is later than date2. minutes. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. or seconds. If date1 is earlier than date2. You can specify years. the return value is a positive number. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. such as 'mm'. days. months.

DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0 2100. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.5 10. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. DATE_SHIPPED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. DATE_SHIPPED.5 87.0 255.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. DATE_SHIPPED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. DATE_SHIPPED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 2. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.91935483870839 0.243279569892366 0. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. it returns a result value. Any datatype (except Binary).. the search does not find a matching value. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. second_search. Even if multiple conditions are met. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. DECODE 85 . Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. Required. For example. If you enter 'Halogen'.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. first_result [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. first_search. which you define. The search value must match the value argument exactly. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. you may not search for a portion of a value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. second_result]. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. If the function finds the value. not just 'Halogen'. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument.[. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. Any datatype (except Binary). Passes the values you want to search. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. Required. Passes the values for which you want to search..default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Syntax DECODE( value. Any datatype (except Binary).

if at least one result is Double.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. 5. 3. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. 'Tank'.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. 3. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. The first result is an Integer. 1. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’.414213562. ‘3. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. ‘Archimedes’. 14. 'Flashlight'. ‘Pi’. For example.141592654.414213562’. For example. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. 1. ‘Archimedes’. and the other results are Decimal. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. When you run a session in high precision mode. 3.141592654’. ‘Pythagoras’. and 3. 'Regulator'. 'Knife'.141592654. 5. 40. 10. ‘Pythagoras’. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions .414213562. ‘1. the datatype of the return value is Double. 20. ‘Pi’.

DECODE 87 . was 49!'. Var2 > 30.'.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. Var1 = 22. was less than 23. Variable 2 was more than 30. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions.'. desired ranges.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. was more than 30. Var2 = 49. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. Also. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. Var1 < 23.

The string can be any length. The error message displays in the session log file. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. It does not skip the row. which you define. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. assign ERROR as the default value. String value. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. For details about using default values. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. you use the ERROR function in an expression. ‘1234’. including ERROR function calls within an expression. For example. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. and you assign the default value. Generally. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. and it does not log an error in the session log. to the output port. Return Value String value. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data.

Row skipped. Row skipped.'. Negative salary found. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 .Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. ERROR ('Error. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. Negative salary found. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. but skip negative values.

4657948067 0. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. (The exponent in the equation e^value). where e=2. The value to which you want to raise e. Numeric datatype.38905609893065.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function.71828183. For example. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. Return Value Double value. EXP(2) returns 7. rather than business data.135335283236613 5166. Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8.

Limits the rows in the search. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Syntax FIRST( value [. Return Value First value in a group. FALSE. However. Optionally. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. FIRST ignores the row. FIRST returns NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FIRST 91 .FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. or NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information. the function returns NULL. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. Any datatype (except Binary). you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. Optional. Note: By default. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. if all values passed from the port are NULL. However. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Nulls If a value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

00 8. If there is no group by port. FIRST treats all rows as one group.05 150. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.00 29.05 150. returning one value.00 8.00 31. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 88.00 31.00 29.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 88. returning one result for each group.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.

FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. if you pass -3.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR.12 74. the function returns -4. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value.24 NULL -100. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.79 125. the function returns 3. Numeric datatype.17 to FLOOR. For example. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . For example.98 to FLOOR. If you pass 3. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data.14 to FLOOR. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Likewise. the function returns 3. if you pass 3.

'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY'. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. for example.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. the format strings 'Y'. The format string is not case-sensitive. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 'mm'. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. 'YY'. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. Required. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. Therefore. Date/Time datatype.

'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 .The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

based on the results of a condition. If you omit value2. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). The condition you want to evaluate. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. Any datatype (except Binary). The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. Optional. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. including another IIF expression. value1 [. For example. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions .value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. Syntax IIF( condition. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. including another IIF expression.

the datatype of the return value is Double. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. SALARY1. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. IIF( SALES < 200. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. IIF( SALES < 100. 1. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100.3333) is a decimal. EMP_NAME. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. For example. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. IIF( SALES < 50. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. value2 if the condition is FALSE. . you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. SALARY3. SALARY2. For example. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. BONUS))).

SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. DECODE may improve readability. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. SALARY2. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. SALES > 199. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. For more information. 98 Chapter 6: Functions .SALARY1. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. --then return SALARY3. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. --else for sales over 199. --then return SALARY2. SALARY1. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. SALARY3. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. return BONUS) ) ). DD_REJECT. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ).

formfeed. For example. newline. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. Any datatype (except Binary). INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. If your data contains multibyte characters. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function returns Thomas.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. carriage return. tab. Return Value String. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space.

Syntax INSTR( string. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. 100 Chapter 6: Functions .occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. The string must be a character string. If you omit this argument. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. The results of the expression must be a character string. For example. counting from left to right. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. If you pass a negative integer or zero. A positive integer greater than zero. If you want to search for a character string. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. Any value. If the search value appears more than once in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function uses the default value of 1. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. Optional. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.start [. If you pass a decimal. Optional. If you omit this argument. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. Required. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. If the start position is a positive number. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. the function uses the default value of 1.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. counting from left to right. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. If the start position is zero. Must be an integer value. if not. The default value is 1. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the value you want to evaluate. The set of characters you want to search for. The search value is case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. for example 'abc'. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. The position in the string where you want to start the search. For example. If the start position is a negative number. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. search_value [. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value.

Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . starting from the last character in the company name. starting at the beginning of each company name. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 'a'. starting at the beginning of each company name. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 1. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 'a'. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. -1.

starting from the end of the string. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions .-1.1. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. INSTR(CUST_ID. -1.' ' .INSTR( CUST_NAME. The following expression evaluates a string. INSTR(CUST_ID. 1.

Passes the rows you want to evaluate. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Any datatype (except Binary).ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. see “LENGTH” on page 115. For more information. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. Note: To test for empty strings. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. use LENGTH. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 .

Syntax IS_DATE( value [. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. For example. which returns TRUE. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. which returns false. In the first case. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. If the strings match the format string. Must be a string datatype. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. In most cases. year 1900 is not a leap year. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. so there is no February 29th. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. the two format strings return the same values. However. If you omit the format string. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the function returns FALSE (0).format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. the function returns TRUE (1). You can enter any valid transformation expression.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. For example. not the YY format string. Optional. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. 104 Chapter 6: Functions .

‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. and converts each valid date to a date value. IS_DATE 105 . IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. If the value is not a valid date. If it does not.

ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ).Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. Therefore. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ).

IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a string datatype.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. IS_NUMBER 107 . followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3.45E-32’ ‘+3. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-). A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.45e+32’ ‘+3. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number.

0. such as TO_FLOAT. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.45d-3’ ‘3.00 0. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).00 0. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.45e+3’ ‘-3.00 0.45e+3’ ‘3. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.00345 0.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .00 0.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00’ ‘-3.00’ ‘-3.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0. If the value is not a valid number.45D-3’ ‘-3.Windows only) 0 (False .00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ). For example.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .00 0.

a formfeed. or a vertical tab. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. Must be a string datatype. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . use LENGTH. For more information. For example. a newline. A space is a blank space.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. see “LENGTH” on page 115. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. a carriage return. To test for an empty string. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. a tab.

CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions . you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. '00000'. To do this.column in a target table.

Syntax LAST( value [. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the function returns NULL. For more information. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Return Value Last row in a port. However. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. LAST 111 . FALSE. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Any datatype (except Binary). see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. LAST is one of several aggregate functions.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. or NULL. Note: By default. Optionally. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. or if no rows are selected (for example. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Limits the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only.

00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.05 150.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 8.00 29.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.

Null If a value is NULL.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . returning one result for each group. Return Value Date. However. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. if all values passed from the port are NULL. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. LAST_DAY ignores the row. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. returning one value. If there is no group by port. LAST_DAY returns NULL.

The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. TO_DATE always includes time information. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions .You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00.

Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. see “ISNULL” on page 103. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. use IS_SPACES. To test for spaces. String datatype. including trailing blanks. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. LENGTH 115 . For details. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For details. use ISNULL. The strings you want to evaluate. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field.

302585092994 4. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. LN(3)returns 1. It must be a positive number. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm.04082199452026 NULL Error. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression.828313737302 -0. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP.098612. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. greater than zero. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. Return Value Double value.) Error. For example.

zero. The exponent of the logarithm. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. exponent Return Value Double value.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. Syntax LOG( base. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0.) Error.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value.) Error. Required.09 NULL 35. The base of the logarithm. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. LOG 117 . (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Most often. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. or 1 as a base value.

For more information. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. Required. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Specifies the values you want to match to value. must match search1 datatype. Any datatype (except Binary).. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. search2. Datatype that matches the value1. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. However. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. rather than creating Lookup transformations.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . search1.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column.5 compatibility in the session properties. Required. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. value2]. value1 [. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result.. Syntax LOOKUP( result. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search.

:TD. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly. 10.99 15. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD.SALES for a specific item ID and price.ORDERS.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. Error if the search finds more than one matching value. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. :TD.SALES.ITEM. RTRIM( ORDERS.ORDERS.PRICE.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values.ORDERS.99 15. ORDERS. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.PRICE. ORDERS.ORDERS.ITEM_NAME.ITEM. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.QTY) LOOKUP 119 . If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values. :TD.PRICE. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.PRICE. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.SALES. NULL if the search does not find any matching values. :TD. 15.ORDERS. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.ITEM.QTY. :TD.00 15.ITEM_ID.SALES.

Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions .LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Return Value Lowercase character string. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. If your data contains multibyte characters. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Any string value.

You can enter any valid transformation expression.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. The strings you want to change. length [. Can be any string value. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. When length is a negative number. Required. Can be a character string. however. RPAD returns NULL. Must be a positive integer literal. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. This argument is case-sensitive. LPAD( PART_NUM. You can enter any valid transformation expression. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. You can enter a specific string literal. for example 'abc'. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Optional. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. 6. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. If you omit the second_string. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . or if length is a negative number. Syntax LPAD( first_string.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required.

If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length....**.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions .. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. '*. -5. LPAD truncates the string from right to left. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. For example. '.Flashlight *. 5. If the first string is longer than the length. 16.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.LPAD counts the length from left to right. LPAD(‘alphabetical’.**Compass Regulator System *..*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *.**.

for example. starting with the left side of the string. not 'a'. character-by-character. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. LTRIM removes it. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. You can also enter a character string. however. LTRIM 123 . the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. If you omit the second string. Optional. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. In ASCII mode. Most often. You can enter any valid transformation expression. with any matching characters removed. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. Syntax LTRIM( string [. LTRIM removes both single. you would enter 'A'. Passes the strings you want to modify. the function returns NULL. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. Any string value. If the trim_set is NULL. Then it returns the string.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. trim_set Return Value String. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. Any string value. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. 'abc'.

When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. character-by-character. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). This is because LTRIM searches. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. LTRIM removes it. MacDonald Sawyer H. and so on.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. but not the period from H. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. Bender. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. 'S. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. For example. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument.’ from S. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. Bender. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. LTRIM removes it. In the example of H. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument.

The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Return Value Date. FALSE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. or if no rows are selected (for example. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Date/Time datatype. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. Syntax MAX( date [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information. Limits the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. Optional. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX.

filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. Nulls If a value is NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can enter any valid transformation expression. if all values passed from the port are NULL. However. Note: By default. Limits the rows in the search. the function returns NULL. FALSE. For more information. Optional. MAX ignores it. or if no rows are selected (for example. MAX returns NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. However. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Numeric datatype. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Return Value Numeric value. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL.

00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .00 162. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85. returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port.00 79.00 360.00 85.00 55.00 PRICE 10. MAX treats all rows as one group. returning one value. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . if all values passed from the port are NULL. the median is the middle number. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. FALSE. However. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. If there is an even number of values in the port. Nulls If a value is NULL. MEDIAN returns NULL. or NULL. Limits the rows in the search. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. MEDIAN ignores the row. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Optionally. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Note: By default. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If there is an odd number of values in the port. Numeric datatype. Return Value Numeric value. Optional. However. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE.

You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. Numeric datatypes. MIN returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. FALSE. the function returns NULL. However. or if no rows are selected (for example. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Nulls If a single value is NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. However. Return Value Numeric value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. MIN (Numbers) 135 . Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optional. Note: By default. Limits the rows in the search. if all values passed from the port are NULL. MIN ignores it. You can enter any valid transformation expression. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. or NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

00 79. If there is no group by port.00 55.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 PRICE 10.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .00 162. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE. returning one value.00 85. returning one result for each group.00 360. MIN treats all rows as one group. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.

Required. For example. PowerCenter Server does not write row.00 12.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. MOD 137 . Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. The numeric value you want to divide by.00 15. Numeric datatype. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor.00 25.00 9. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The divisor cannot be zero. MOD(8.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. Syntax MOD( numeric_value. The values you want to divide.00 NULL 20.5) returns 3. QTY ) PRICE 10. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. you can create an expression similar to the following.00 15. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE. To avoid dividing by zero.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25.00 9. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 NULL 20. If the quantity is zero.The last row (25. QTY )) PRICE 10. NULL.00 12. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port.00 25. IIF( QTY = 0.

For example. rowset [. five rows at a time. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. FALSE. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optionally. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. if all values are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. or NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. or if no rows are selected (for example. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. 5). Optional. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Required. However. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Limits the rows in the search. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. Numeric datatype. the function returns NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. MOVINGAVG 139 . You can enter any valid transformation expression.

8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. 140 Chapter 6: Functions . 245.8 based on rows 2 through 6. and thereafter. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. based on the first five rows in the Sales port.

Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or NULL. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. Optionally. For example. Limits the rows in the search. if all values are NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. the function returns NULL. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. However. rowset [. Numeric datatype. five rows at a time. FALSE. Required. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. MOVINGSUM 141 . you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). 5 ) Optional. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value.

and thereafter. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES.

Numeric datatype. See the following equation for more details. However. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. if all values in a group are NULL. Integer between 0 and 100. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. Optionally. For more information. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. the function returns NULL. when PERCENTILE 143 . Limits the rows in the search. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. FALSE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Required. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. percentile [. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. However. Note: By default. inclusive. Nulls If a value is NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. PERCENTILE returns NULL. PERCENTILE ignores the row. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Optional. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions.

If there is no group by port. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. returning one value. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . If i is an integer value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.you configure the PowerCenter Server. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If i < 1. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list.

The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.0 85000. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 9000.0 100000.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 99000.0 NULL 55000.0 48000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 27900. 75.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 86000.

0 5. Syntax POWER( base. Return Value Double value.00137174211248285 729.5 2. This argument is the exponent value.0 EXPONENT 2.0 729. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the exponent must be an integer. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.0 6. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 NULL -6.0 3.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.594307804838 NULL NULL 0.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions . Numeric value. In this case. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value. the exponent must be an integer. If the base value is negative. This argument is the base value.5 3.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 -3. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.0 -6.0 3.265625 982.0 5. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. If the base value is negative. Numeric value.0 -3.0 6.0 -3.5 NULL 10.00137174211248285 0.

the exponent must be an integer. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.5. POWER 147 .0 raised to 5.Note that -3.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. If the base is negative.

'abc'. the function is case-sensitive. You can enter one character. REPLACECHR returns InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. InputString. Passes the string you want to search. Must be a character string. If you pass a numeric value. the function is not case-sensitive. You can enter one or more characters. The characters you want to replace. Required. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . the function converts it to a character string. If you pass a numeric value. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. If NewChar is NULL or empty. or NULL. the function converts it to a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If InputString is NULL. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. an empty string. NULL if InputString is NULL. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. Must be an integer. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. OldCharSet. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. for example. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. Must be a character string.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. Required. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. Required. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. REPLACECHR returns NULL. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. If NewChar contains more than one character.

NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index. ‘]["’.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 . NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. CUSTOMER_CODE.1 GET /companyinfo/index.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1 GET /companyinfo/index.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG. ‘"’. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.html HTTP/1.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index. WEBLOG. ‘A’.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.html HTTP/1. ‘A’.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1" GET /companyinfo/index. CUSTOMER_CODE.html HTTP/1.

150 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘14’. INPUT. see “CHR” on page 68. you must use the CHR function. The following expression removes multiple characters. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. CUSTOMER_CODE. CHR(39). NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. INPUT. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. ‘A’. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. including the single quote.

If you pass a numeric value. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. the function converts it to a character string. Required. REPLACESTR returns NULL. If you pass a numeric value. . Passes the strings you want to search. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. or NULL. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive.. That is. Must be an integer. For more information. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. multiple characters. You can enter one character. The string you want to replace. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACESTR 151 . REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. Must be a character string. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. etc. or no character. Must be a character string. OldStringN. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. If NewString is NULL or empty. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. [OldString2. the function converts it to a character string. InputString. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. the function is not case-sensitive. REPLACESTR returns InputString. Must be a character string. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. You must enter at least one OldString argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag.. Required. multiple characters. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. see the examples. If InputString is NULL. OldString1. an empty string. for example. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. the function is case-sensitive. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. Required. 'abc'. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

MRS. MRS. TITLE. RETURN VALUE Ms.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘s.html /companyinfo/index. Ms. MRS. WEBLOG.’.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘s. RETURN VALUE Ms. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. ‘GET ’. ‘iss’.html /companyinfo/index. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions .’. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘"’. ‘bc’.NULL if InputString is NULL.’ ) TITLE Mrs. ‘rs.html HTTP/1. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1.1’. ‘ HTTP/1. Mr. ‘ab’. Miss Mr. Ms. ‘rs.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index.’ ) TITLE Mrs.1" GET /companyinfo/index. TITLE. ‘iss’. INPUT.html HTTP/1.

CONCAT(‘it’. REPLACESTR 153 . ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. CONCAT( CHR(39). Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. INPUT. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. CONCAT(CHR(39). ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information.The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘s’ )). ‘bc’. INPUT. you must use the CHR function. ‘ab’. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote.

This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). If the month is between January and June. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. If the minute portion is 30 or greater.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . If time has 0 to 29 seconds. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. For example. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. If the month is between July and December. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. Month. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. For example. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. and sets the time to 00:00:00. Minute. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns January 1 of the input year. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. Day. For example. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. For example. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. Hour. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. For example. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35.

'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.Syntax ROUND( date [. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . Enter a valid format string. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Optional. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. If you omit the format string. You can round only one portion of the date.

'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

99) returns 13.99. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you enter decimal precision. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. Return Value Numeric value. the function rounds to the nearest integer. Numeric datatype.99. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. ROUND(12.0 because the function rounds 0. returning an integer. truncating the decimal portion of the number. 1) returns 13. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . You can also use ROUND to round dates. If you enter a negative precision.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. 0. For example. For example.0 and ROUND(15. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. ROUND(12. ROUND(12. the function rounds to this number of decimal places.99. For example.8) returns 13. If you omit the precision argument. Positive or negative integer. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.99. ROUND returns NULL.44. -1) returns 20.4.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. For example. If you enter a positive precision. Optional. 1) returns 15. If one of the arguments is NULL. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. ROUND(12. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression.

99 56. 0.994 15. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.99 -18.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13. -2 ) PRICE 13242.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument. 3 ) PRICE 12.9949 -18.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 -16. ROUND( PRICE.99 56.0 1400.0 56. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.9936 15.99 -108.0 -19.995 -18.99 -15.0 57.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.868 56.8678 56.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .8 ) PRICE 12.0 -100.99 1435.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.

Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. For example.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. To achieve the expected result. This may not be the result you expect. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode.

. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. Regulator System Safety Knife. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 16. or if length is a negative number.. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’.. RPAD counts the length from left to right. When length is a negative number.... This argument is casesensitive. Compass. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. RPAD truncates the string from right to left. for example. appending the string '. Syntax RPAD( first_string... Required. If you omit the second string. length [. Must be a positive integer literal. For example.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . if the first string is longer than the length. 'abc'..RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.. You can enter any valid transformation expression... Optional. Any string value. Specifies the length you want each string to be. Return Value String of the specified length.. 5.. RPAD returns NULL. Any string value. '..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. So. RPAD(‘alphabetical’. The strings you want to change..

** Regulator System Safety Knife*.. Compass*...*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. -5...') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. appending the string ‘*. '. '*.**..**. 16.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.

If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. Optional. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. character-by-character. however. Any string value. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. RTRIM removes it. In ASCII mode. 'abc'. starting with the right side of the string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. Any string value. It returns the string. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. with any matching characters removed. Syntax RTRIM( string [. for example. If you omit the second string. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. trim_set Return Value String. RTRIM removes both single. You can also enter a text literal. Passes the values you want to trim. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string.

RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. This is because RTRIM searches. the last character in the string does not match. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). For example. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. character-by-character. and so on. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. In the last example. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. If. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . RTRIM removes it. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes it. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. however. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H.

The session is a debug session. At the end of a successful session. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. Returns the new current value. For details on mapping variables. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. At the end of the session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. The session is configured for a test load. Unless overridden. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository.

) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc.Return Value The current value of the variable. The next time the session runs.. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. decreases the count for each deleted row. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. Darkroom Co. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 .com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. It increases the count by one for each inserted row. Darkroom Co. Supply. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23..

12=12PM. and November) in the value argument. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. YY. 'MI'. You can use any of the month format strings (D. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Month. For example. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. HH12. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. MONTH to set the month. 'HH'. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Hour. HH24) to set the hour. and DAY) to set the day. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. MON. You use the MI format string to set the minute. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. DDD. Minute. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example. Seconds. Day. For example.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. 'MONTH'. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'SS'. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. June. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. or YYYY to set the year. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. April. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You use the SS format string to set the second. DY. September. 'DD'. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. YYY. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. DD. 'YY'.

A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. 'HH24'.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. 'HH12'. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. You can enter any valid transformation expression. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. Required. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The date you want to modify. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. February 30). The format string is not case-sensitive. Required. 'HH'. format. Date/Time datatype. If you enter an improper value (for example. the session fails. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.

The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 1998). 'YY'. 7). such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. For example. 'MM'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'DD'. 'Y'. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time.MM'. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON'. 'YYYY'. 'YYY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH'. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.

SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. At the end of the session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. When used with a string mapping variable. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. For details on mapping variables. The session is configured for a test load. Unless overridden. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. The session is a debug session. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. Returns the new current value. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. At the end of a successful session.

Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. Required. The next time the session runs. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. The return value is the new current value of the variable. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. For example. it saves the largest value to the repository. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Then.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. Returns the new current value. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. When used with a string mapping variable. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. The session is a debug session. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. At the end of a successful session. For details on mapping variables. At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. The session is configured for a test load. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Unless overridden. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition.

00 22.00’.50 22. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22. SETMINVARIABLE 173 . value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice.00 At the end of the session.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Required. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.00 MIN_PRICE 22. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23. The next time the session runs.75 25.00 22.50 22.25 22.50. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.25 24.00 26.50 22. The return value is the new current value of the variable.50 22. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.00 22.50 27.75 23. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.00 22.00 24.00 22.

00 22. Then.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22. it saves the smallest value to the repository.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions .50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.50 22. For example.

Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. The session is a debug session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The session is configured for a test load. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. For details on mapping variables. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. it saves a final current value to the repository. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. SETVARIABLE 175 . Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. At the end of a successful session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. Required. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. Unless overridden. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Returns the specified value.

Return Value Current value of the variable. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.23 699. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .01 97. The next time the session runs.50 116.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session.43 323. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534. The next time the session runs.01 97. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.43 323. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session.50 116. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.23 699. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.

negative. 1 for positive values. NULL if NULL. 0 for 0. Numeric value. Passes the values you want to evaluate. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value -1 for negative values. or 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

You can enter any valid transformation expression.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.939692620785936 0. Return Value Double value.50000000000003 0. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation.309016994374967 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. Numeric datatype. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.0871557427476639 0.

Numeric datatype. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).03225804884884 19. For example: SINH( MEASURES.0 0.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 . Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.0 2.4178051793031 116.45 0 0.376934801486 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.1752011936438 9.897 3.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.66 5. Return Value Double value.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

and W unless one of them is the first character in string. O. For example. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. I. F. X. Q. If string encodes to less than four characters. H. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. E. G. K. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. For example. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. V C. J. and encodes it in uppercase. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). Z D. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. For example. T L M. P. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. U. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. S. Skips numbers in string. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. For example.

Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . Passes the string value you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. string is empty.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. Must be a character string. Return Value String.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. Positive numeric value. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. If you pass a negative value or character value. NULL 7. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. PowerCenter Server does not write row. Return Value Double value.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. 182 Chapter 6: Functions .SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

However. STDDEV 183 . You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Numeric datatypes.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. STDDEV returns NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. Optional. STDDEV ignores it. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. if all values are NULL. You can use operators to average values in different ports. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Note: By default. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. FALSE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the function returns NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. Limits the rows in the search. For more information. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

0 1010.90 and 153. STDDEV treats all rows as one group.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254. returning one value.0 2198.90 2256.0 2198.0 2198.0 NULL 8953. returning one result for each group.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010. If there is no standard deviation.000. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.00 ) SALES 2198.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000. If there is no group by port.88 3001.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists). SALES > 2000. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.0 153. the return value is zero.

including blanks. the function returns an empty string. start [. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Must be an integer. the function converts it to a character string. start length Return Value String. If you pass a numeric value. Syntax SUBSTR( string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. If you omit the length argument. Optional. The position in the string where you want to start counting. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be an integer greater than zero. Must be a character string. SUBSTR 185 . Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. Required.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. starting at the beginning of the string. SUBSTR counts all characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. Passes the strings you want to search. If the start position is a positive number. If the start position is zero. If the start position is a negative number. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. If you pass a decimal. You can enter any valid transformation expression.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. If you pass a negative integer or zero.

186 Chapter 6: Functions . 1. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 5.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 0. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. -8. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE.

1 ) . INSTR(CUST_ID. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. 8) returns ‘cd’. SUBSTR 187 . 1. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'.INSTR( CUST_NAME. -2. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.The following expression evaluates a string. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.-1. 2.' ' . For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. starting from the end of the string.1. INSTR(CUST_ID.

You can use operators to add values in different ports. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. For more information. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. However. or if no rows are selected (for example. FALSE. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Note: By default. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. SUM ignores it. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. if all values passed from the port are NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. or NULL. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). SUM returns NULL. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . Optionally. Passes the values you want to add. Optional. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Limits the rows in the search.

SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.0 1900.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE . returning one result for each group.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477.0 4519.0 1200.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 . SUM treats all rows as one group. If there is no group by port. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.0 NULL 3458.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one value.

Numeric datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.19175359259435 0.324919696232929 57. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2. You can enter any valid transformation expression.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .0874886635259298 0.74747741945531 1.577350269189672 0.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value.

761594155955765 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.66 5. Numeric datatype.897 3. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .993926947790665 0.0 2.999963084213409 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent.45 0 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).998676551914886 0. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.0 0. Return Value Double value.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function.

Optional. Date/Time datatype. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. If you omit the format string. The format string defines the format of the return value. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. not the format for the values in the date argument. Return Value String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

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195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

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197

the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. Must be a string datatype. For details on the TO_DATE format string. use either the RR or YY format string. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. If it does not. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Do not use the YYYY format string. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. Return Value Date. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. Optional. For example. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. see “Requirements” on page 44. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If you omit the format string. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. 198 Chapter 6: Functions .

The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. If you run a session in the twentieth century. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. If you run a session in the twentieth century. TO_DATE 199 . the PowerCenter Server returns an error. PowerCenter Server skips this row. the century will be 19. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the century will be 19. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port.

'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.

--test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MON DD YYYY’).If your target accepts different date formats. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). --test third format.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. For example: DECODE( TRUE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). if true. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test second format. --if true. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MON DD YYYY’).‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. ‘MM’ ). --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. if true.

inclusive. If you omit this argument. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX.2' '118. 3 ) IN_TAX '15.200 118.6789' '60.679 60. inclusive. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. Optional. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Must be a string or numeric datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [.348' NULL 'A12.

3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression.348' NULL 'A12.2 118. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces.6789' '60.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 . Passes the values you want to convert to double values. Return Value Double value. Must be a string or numeric datatype.2' '118. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.6789 60.

Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero.6789’ ‘-15. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion.2' '118. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. The flag must be an integer literal. Optional. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [.348' NULL 'A12. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. String or numeric datatype. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number.6789' '60.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer.3Grove' ‘ 123. or if you omit this argument. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. or the constants TRUE or FALSE.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions .

FALSE) IN_TAX '15.2' '118.348' NULL 'A12.3Grove' ‘ 123.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .6789’ ‘-15.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.6789' '60.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.

the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. For example. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. setting it to 00:00:00. If you truncate the year portion of the date. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. Month. Date/Time datatype. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. Minute. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. The date values you want to truncate. the function truncates the time portion of the date. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. If you truncate the month portion of a date. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. Day. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. For example. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. hour. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. For example. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. The format string is not case-sensitive. If you truncate the day portion of a date. month. For example. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. 206 Chapter 6: Functions .TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. Hour. For example. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. or minute. day. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. If you omit the format string. Enter a valid format string. Optional.

'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . If you pass a decimal precision value. Return Value Numeric value. If precision is a negative integer. Optional. Can be a positive or negative integer. Passes the values you want to truncate. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. Numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. precision If precision is a positive integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. If you omit the precision argument. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros.

999 -18.8652 56.865 56.99 -18.0 1230. 3 ) PRICE 12.9995 -18. -1 ) PRICE 12.95 1235.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.9563 15.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.95 15.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 56.0 15.0 50.0 -180.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .0 -18.956 15.99 -187.86 56.0 56.

UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. If your data contains multibyte characters. Return Value Uppercase string. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. String datatype.

and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. or NULL. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. the variance is 0. or if no rows are selected (for example. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Limits the rows in the search. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. If n is 1. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Optional. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. Return Value Double value. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. For more information. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FALSE.

you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If there is no group by port. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Note: By default. or if no rows are selected. returning one value. returning one value. VARIANCE returns NULL. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198.0 3001.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. if all values passed to the function are NULL. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. returning one result for each group. However. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. VARIANCE ignores it. If there is not a group by port.0 2256.6666667 VARIANCE 213 .0 NULL 8953.Nulls If a single value is NULL. However. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. the function returns NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

see “Functions” on page 49. 215 . 226 Test Functions. 225 Special Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 220 Date Functions. 228 For details on each function.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 216 Character Functions. 217 Conversion Functions. 227 Variable Functions.

Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Returns the variance of all records in a group. found in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the standard deviation for a group. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Returns the last record in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. found in a group. Available in the Designer. Returns the number of records with non-null value. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. or latest date. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. or earliest date. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. Returns the minimum value. Available in the Designer. Returns the sum of all records in a group. Returns the maximum value. percentile [. Available in the Designer. in a group. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Returns the first record in a group. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value.

occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Returns the number of characters in a string. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. In Unicode mode. start [. it will still work correctly. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. In ASCII mode. counting from left to right. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. to set a string to a specified length. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. however. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. length [. including trailing blanks. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Returns the position of a character set in a string. search_value [.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . Concatenates two strings. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a portion of a string. or no character. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. .] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . start [. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase.. OldString1.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length [. OldStringN. multiple characters.

Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).

scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. multiple characters. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. search_value [. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. OldStringN. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. Returns whether a string is a valid number.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. OldString1. start [.. . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings..

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 .

Returns the earliest date found in a group. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. Available in the Designer. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. Rounds one part of a date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the length of time between two dates. format. months. value ) TRUNC( date [. Returns the latest date found in a group. format. or seconds). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Truncates dates to a specific year. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. hour. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. hours. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. day. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. measured in the specified increment (years. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. Available in the Designer. or minute. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. days. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. date2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. minutes. filter_condition ) MIN( date. month. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. negative. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . or 0. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value.71828183. where e=2. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [.Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Truncates numbers to a specific digit. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

Available in the Designer. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. Returns one of two values you specify. value2 [. search2. based on the results of a condition. IIF IIF( condition. second_result ]…[. value1 [. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . search1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_search. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. Searches a port for the specified value. first_search. first_result [. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer.

Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Test Functions 227 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces.

Available in the Designer. Returns the specified value. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Available in the Designer. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. Returns the new current value.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify.

120.Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 211 229 . 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99.

120. 160 ASCII characters 63. 68 capitalization 99. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 180 removing from strings 123. 68. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6.

SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130. 180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .

225 special 55. 217 conversion 53.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 226 test 56. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 223 scientific 55. 220 date 54. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 216 categories 50 character 52. 219 data cleansing 53. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40.

117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 .Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116.

52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.null values aggregate functions 18.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index . 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.

47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29.

191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 120.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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