Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
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Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . 82 DECODE . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5-2. . . . 39 . Operators in the Transformation Language . . RR Format String Conversions .. . . . 28 . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . . . .. . .. . .. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . ..List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . . . . . . ... . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . 22 .. . . .. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . .. .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . 5-1. . . . . .. . . 40 .. 3-1. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . .. . . . 3-4. ... . ... ... . . . .. . ... . . 2-1. . . ..... . 3-2. . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . ... . . . . .. ... . 5-4.. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings.. . .. . . . . . . . .. ... . 6-2. . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . 4-1. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. 36 ... . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . 23 . .. . . .. . . . . . . . 36 . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . 5-5. . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . . . . . . . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . . .. . . . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . . . . . . . . TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . . .. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . ... . ... . . . . . . 3-3. . . . 5-6. . . . . . . 5-3.. . 26 . .. . . . . . . .. . . 39 . . .. . . . . . . . 18 . . . . . . . 6-1. . .. .. . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . 25 . . . . .. . 6 .

x List of Tables .

PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. and support high-speed loads. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. and information hubs. and managing data. handle complex transformations on the data. data migration. usable. data synchronization. loading. and efficient manner. transforming. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. xi . The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. including extracting. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open.

0. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. PowerCenter 7. pmcmd. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results.1. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. sessions. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page.1. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data.1. Row Uniqueness function. Profile mapping display in the Designer. and MELCOM-kana.1. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. JEF-kana.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.1. Verbose data enhancements. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. the rows that meet the business rule. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. session.1. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. such as JIPSEkana. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. When you use a local parameter file. session. and 7. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. and workflow prefixes. Session enhancement. You can define default mapping. Flat file partitioning. Domain Inference function tuning. xii Preface . and workflows generated when you create a data profile. a specified percentage of data. 7. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. Define mapping.

You can attach document types such as XML. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. Oracle. If any source. You do not need to know a database user name and password. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. When you export metadata. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. you can create and maintain a file. Reserved word support. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. you can now override the control file. containing reserved words. or PDF.♦ SuSE Linux support. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. Depending on the loader you use. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. On SuSE Linux. reswords. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. and Sybase sources. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. targets. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. you can connect to IBM. and Sybase repositories. ♦ SuSE Linux support. If the file exists. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. log. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. target. you can connect to IBM. GIF. you can also override the error. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. On SuSE Linux. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. Oracle. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. Teradata external loader. and repositories using native drivers. JPEG. Preface xiii . DB2. DB2. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. such as Business Objects Designer. it searches for reswords.txt.

XML User Guide. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. and Transformation Guide.0 Web Services Hub Guide. Informatica provides licenses for product. and partitions in the session.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. You store xiv Preface . You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. Prepackaged domains. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. PowerCenter 7. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services.1. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. and options. Workflow Administration Guide. It also includes information from the version 7. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. Aggregator function in auto profiles. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. resize columns in a report. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide.♦ Pipeline partitioning. You can also pivot the view row. Source View in the Profile Manager. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. Creating auto profile enhancements. connectivity. targets. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view.

♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. MX views.1 MX views in its schema. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. and the command line program. This improves processing performance for most sessions. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. workflow and session log history. back up. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . or enable a repository. delete repository details. or restore a repository. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. pmlic. You can use pmrep to back up. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. truncate log files. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. modify. Object import and export enhancements. You can choose to skip MX data. Partitioning enhancements. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. the PowerCenter Server Setup. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. delete a relational connection from a repository. and deploy group history. You can also use pmrep to create. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. If you have the Partitioning option. upgrade.the license keys in a license key file. and restore repositories. disable. Increased repository performance. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. pmrep. and delete a folder.

such as data stored in a CLOB column. Custom transformation API enhancements. ♦ xvi Preface . The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. Union transformation. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. Also. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. Web Services Hub. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. Enhanced printing. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. The quality of printed workspace has improved. Midstream XML transformations. The query can return local objects that are checked out. You can now perform lookups on flat files. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. the latest version of checked in objects. or a collection of all older versions of objects. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. You can also extract data from messaging systems. When you use a dynamic lookup cache.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup.

XML workspace. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . When you import XML definitions. DTD files. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. XML files. Additional options for XML definitions. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. It displays folders alphabetically. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. such as data stored in a CLOB column. When you create views with entity relationships. You can also extract data from messaging systems. In a view with hierarchy relationships. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. or schema files. You can create views. add or delete columns from views. Synchronizing XML definitions. targets. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. and define relationships between views. Midstream XML transformations. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. For more informations. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. including relational sources or targets. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide.

You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . For example. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. − − PowerCenter 7.” Upgrading metadata. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. Installation and Configuration Guide. you can determine implicit data type.0. and evaluate join criteria. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. Support for multiple XML output files. Increased performance for large XML targets. User-defined commits. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. After you create a profiling warehouse. suggest candidate keys. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions.♦ Support for circular references. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. detect data patterns. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. PowerCenter now supports XML files. DTD files.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms.

PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. Distributed processing. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. source and target tables. When using external loaders on UNIX. Metaphone. including session load time. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. server load. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. If you purchase the Server Grid option. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . In a server grid. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata.0 metadata. and transformations. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). worklets. When using external loaders on Windows.1. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. External loading enhancements. Row error logging. You can create a control file containing installation information. mappings. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string.objects impacted by the upgrade process. such as workflows. The Metaphone function encodes string values. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. session completion status. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. and warehouse growth. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. Metadata analysis. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). you can now choose to load from staged files. session errors. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. Functions ♦ Soundex.

You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. Additionally. or delete data. such as copy object. Audit trail. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. and change object status. and listing objects. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. Real time processing enhancements. You can also use pmrep to run queries. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. update. deploying. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. Trusted connections. Use Repository Manager privilege. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. upsert. such as the Aggregator transformation. You can track changes to repository users. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . The repository maintains a status for each user. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. exporting. When you log in to the repository. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. maintain labels. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. importing. You can choose to insert. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. privileges. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. checking in. or update. Concurrent processing. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. pmrep commands. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. groups. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. If you use LDAP. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. When you select data driven loading. delete.

The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. Check out and check in versioned objects. You can specify the icons used for transformation. You can also compare different versions of the same object. If you want to permanently remove an object version. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. Unlike copying a folder. the colors. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. sessions. Compare objects. Deployment. and adding or removing privileges. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. you can purge it from the repository. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. worklets. control development on the object. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. track changes. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. When you create a Custom transformation template. such as changes to folder properties. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. ♦ Joiner transformation. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler.audit trail log contains information. Delete or purge a version. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. You can compare tasks. adding or removing a user or group. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation.

♦ Deployment groups. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. increase performance for large XML files. XPath support. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. or you can share it with all users in the repository. Queries. and to different repositories. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. XML target enhancements. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. Track changes to an object. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. ♦ xxii Preface . You can make a private query. to other folders. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. use XPath to locate XML nodes. Comparing objects. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. Labels. Increased performance for large XML files. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. declare multiple namespaces. format your XML file output for increased readability. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. Within the Designer. You can copy objects within folders. improve query results. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. You can save queries for later use. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. When you process an XML file or stream.

expressions. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. Revert to saved. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . or workflows. The Designer propagates ports. Refresh session mappings. mappings. mappings. In the Workflow Manager. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. When you do this. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. you can refresh a session mapping. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. targets. workflows. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. You can validate sessions. such as sources. View dependencies.♦ Change propagation. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. Enhanced partitioning interface. mapplets. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. When you edit a port in a mapping. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. Enhanced validation messages. Validate multiple objects. and worklets.

Web Services Provider Guide. and relational or other XML definitions. users. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. Designer Guide. mapplets. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. folders. XSD. extract data from JMS messages. Includes information to help you create mappings. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. including details on environment variables and database connections. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Troubleshooting Guide. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. and permissions and privileges. Batch Web Services. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Transformation Language Reference. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. or DTD files. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. XML User Guide. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Transformation Guide. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. such as creating and maintaining repositories. build mappings. and transformations. Workflow Administration Guide. and load data into JMS messages. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. Getting Started. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. groups. and Metadata Web Services. Installation and Configuration Guide. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Repository Guide.

This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. Emphasized subjects. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. The material in this book is available for online use. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. unless you follow the specified procedure. relational database concepts. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . The following paragraph provides additional facts. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. This is a code example. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications.

the Informatica Webzine. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. newsletters.informatica. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. as well as literature and partner information.informatica. If you have any questions. the Informatica Knowledgebase. upcoming events. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal.com xxvi Preface . Informatica Webzine. training and education. go to http://my. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. detailed descriptions of specific features. please email webzine@informatica. You will also find product information. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. and access to the Informatica user community. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. and implementation services. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. The site contains product information.informatica.com. To register for an account. The site contains information about Informatica. its background.com. user group information. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. and locating your closest sales office. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). The services area of the site includes important information on technical support.com.com. This journal provides solutions to common tasks.informatica.

m. WebSupport requires a user name and password.m.com.6332 or 650.m.5 p. (local time) Preface xxvii .com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a. .informatica. . market.m.m.The site contains information on how to create. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.5:30 p.m. You can request a user name and password at http://my. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.385. . (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.563.m. White Waltham Maidenhead.m.6 p.m.9489 Hours: 6 a. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a.m. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces. .5800 Fax: 650.213.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. CA 94063 Phone: 866.m.5:30 p. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.m.m.5:30 p.5:30 p. . (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a.m.5:30 p. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support. Redwood City. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica. .m. .m.5 p. . Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a.

xxviii Preface .

see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 9 Reserved Words.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 2 Expression Syntax. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. 1 .

such as TRUE. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. You can also create local variables in transformations. or compare data. such as a state sales tax rate. For details. Stored Procedure. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. combine data. Workflow variables. Return values. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Mapping parameters and variables. Constants. and External Procedure transformations. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. For more information. Operators. such as the system date. Local and system variables. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions.

For example. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. not byte-oriented. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. For example. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. during a workflow. For example. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. such as ORDERS. such as 10. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. Then. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. or a numeric literal. “>>>>”. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. You can create an expression as simple as a port. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 .

string. The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . not the number of bytes.

or a numeric literal (such as 10). On the other hand. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . input/output.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. variable) String literals. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. For example. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. but the transformation language does not.Status). You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). while SQL does not. it is not exactly like SQL. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input.

the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation. :TD.lookup_transformation(argument1. 15..) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation.. For example.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation.PRICE.. .5 LOOKUP function.sequence_generator_transformation. [.. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals. The general syntax is: :EXT. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark.ITEM_NAME. The general syntax is: :LKP. argument2. argument2.SALES.ITEM_ID.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1.SALES. Qualifies a source table port in an expression. The general syntax is: :SP.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. The general syntax is: :SEQ.5 expressions only).external_procedure_transformation(argument1. . use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation.source_table. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition. :TD. argument2. The general syntax is: :SD.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.SALES. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD. 10.

variable. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. For details on workflow variables. and period (. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . or the results of another expression. For example: .Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string.4 = ‘123.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. comma (. create separate Aggregator transformations. not a string. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. Lookup transformation.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. mapping parameters and variables. You cannot add an integer and a string. For example.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. Just type the number you want to include. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. For example. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. Except for literals. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. For example. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. The colon (:). Except for literals. ‘1’. literal string or number. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. local and system variables. External Procedure transformation. Stored Procedure transformation. If you pass a literal value to a function. the expression 123. functions.). as the start position. ♦ You can pass a value from a port.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. which allow only one nested aggregate function). 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions.

Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. For example. if you want to concatenate two strings.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression. as in: -. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. If you do not want to embed comments.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.These are comments ♦ Two slashes.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. since the last line is not a valid expression.

and system variables. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. operators.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. are reserved for specific functions. such as constants. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable.

15 FALSE. 19 11 . 14 DD_UPDATE. 16 NULL. 12 DD_INSERT. 13 DD_REJECT. 17 TRUE.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE.

2. When you run a workflow.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_DELETE. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2.

returning the difference between the two dates. 0 ) > 2. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_INSERT. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . 'DD' ). Using DATE_DIFF. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. If the result is 2 or less.NAME = 'Alex'. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE.DD_REJECT. If the result is greater than 2. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. When you run a workflow. ORDERS. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT.DATE_SHIPPED. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. the expression flags the records for rejection. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0.NAME = 'Alex'. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. 0.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression.

When you run a workflow. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3.SALES > 0. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . DD_INSERT. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression.SALES > 0. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. 0. DD_REJECT. so it includes only positive values. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. If you flag a record as reject.

DD_REJECT. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month.NAME = 'Alex'. ORDERS. the expression flags the records for rejection. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. otherwise. returning the difference between the two dates. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. 1. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. When you run a workflow.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression.DATE_SHIPPED. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2. 'DD' ). This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. 0 ) > 2. Using DATE_DIFF.NAME = 'Alex'. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. DD_UPDATE. If the result is 2 or less. it flags the records for update. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. The mapping loads sales for one employee.

'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var2 > 30.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. Var1 = 22. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.'. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0.'Variable 1 was 22!'.'Variable 2 was 49!'.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants .'. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. Var1 < 23. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var2 = 49.

any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. For details on how each function handles null values. If you pass a null value to a function. see “Functions” on page 49. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. !=. <= For example. <>. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. <. it might return zero or NULL. ^=. For more information. or it might ignore null values. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. >=. >. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. For example. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). However. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. Functions can handle nulls differently. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Therefore.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property.

For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.NULL To test for nulls. MOVINGAVG. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. which returns zero). see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. For example. use the ISNULL function. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. and MOVINGSUM. the function does not select the record. However. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. as well as CUME. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. 18 Chapter 2: Constants .

Var2 = 49.'. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Var1 < 23.'Variable 2 was 49!'.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison.'. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var2 > 30. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. 'Variables were out of desired ranges.') TRUE 19 . This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. Var1 = 22. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'Variable 1 was 22!'.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

25 Logical Operators. 24 Comparison Operators. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence. 23 String Operators.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 26 21 . 22 Arithmetic Operators.

!=. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. Unary plus and minus. The logical NOT operator. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. For example.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . Multiplication. used when specifying conditions. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. The logical AND operator. >= =. 4. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. <=.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . depending on how you nest the operations. >. % +.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. less than or equal to. /. The logical OR operator. not equal to. Table 3-1. Addition. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. 2. greater than or equal to. Less than. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. || <. greater than. used when specifying conditions. division. Equal to. 3. not equal to. subtraction. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. <>. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. not equal to. the equation 8 + 5 . *. Concatenate. modulus. When expressions contain parentheses.

Arithmetic Operators 23 . To concatenate strings. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. For example. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. division. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. The expression 1. the function returns NULL. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. Unary minus indicates a negative value. % +. To perform arithmetic on date values. /. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. Unary plus indicates a positive value. *. modulus. Multiplication.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. Addition. Meaning Unary plus and minus. subtraction. For example. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. use the string operator ||. For further information on built-in date functions. use the date functions.

This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. however. The || operator. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. if both values are NULL. However. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. the || operator returns NULL. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . produces the same results in less time. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings.

Greater than. For example. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. the operands must be the same datatype. The expressions 123. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. Less than.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. When you use comparison operators in an expression. Greater than or equal to. Comparison Operators 25 . If you compare a value to a null value.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. Less than or equal to. Not equal to. For information on how to compare dates. manipulate data. the expression 123. the result is NULL. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Not equal to. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. Not equal to. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. see “Dates” on page 33.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3.

Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . For example. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. NOT returns TRUE. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. For example. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. FALSE for zero. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. the operator NOT returns FALSE. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. and NULL for NULL. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values.

Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 28 Transaction Control Variables. 31 Local Variables. 32 27 .

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 34 Date Format Strings. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 47 33 .

Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. Tests whether a string represents a date. ‘MM/DD/RR’). If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. extract one part of a date. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. TO_CHAR.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. truncate. ‘MM’. Date format strings. Julian Day. To pass a string to a date function. For example. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Modified Julian Day. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. see “Variables” on page 27. Date functions accept date/time values only. or compare dates.D. or perform arithmetic on a date. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. and 9999 A. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. TO_DATE. For details on built-in variables. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT.D. With the date functions you can round. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . Converts a date to a string. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. TO_CHAR format strings. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. Converts a string to a date. Use to specify the format of the return string.

and are not supported in PowerCenter. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string.D. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string.D. nor with Modified Julian Day. For example. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. and 9999 A. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. The J format string does not convert this time component. For example. By definition.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. Overview 35 . 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings.

If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. RR and YY produce different results. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Current Year Between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. In TO_DATE expressions.

while the time might include the hours. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. Dates in Relational Databases In general. Use TO_CHAR(date. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. and seconds. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port.Table 5-2. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. day. or it is an invalid date. If an input value does not match this format. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. If you omit the format string. If you want to pass a string to a date function. If you specify a format string. The date includes the month. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. minutes. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. and year. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. Although date formats vary from database to database. If the string is in the default date format. and even between applications. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format.

If you omit the format string. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . For example. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. 12:00:00PM = 12. Month (January = 01. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. 1:00:00AM = 1. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. 12:00:00AM = 0. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. If you specify a format string.

DDD. MON. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. DD. YYY. For example. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). or YYYY to specify 1997. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. you can use MM. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. Seconds (0-59). Specify the part of the date you want to round. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. For example. YY. DY. HH12. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. or MONTH to specify APR. YY. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. YYYY. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. For example. HH12. YYY. HH. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM.) Month (01-12). Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. Specify the part of the date you want to return. J Description Days (01-31). DAY. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. MON. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. you can use HH.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. MONTH SS. you can use Y. HH24 MI MM. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. Minutes (0-59. SSSS Y. Date Format Strings 39 . Hour of day (0-23). Specify the part of the date you want to change. For example. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function.

For example. Quarter of year (1-4). Wed). You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours.M. including leap years). TO_CHAR returns 97. AM and PM return the same values as do A. Day of month (01-31). MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . including up to nine characters (for example. Hour of day (01-12). ‘YY.. The function removes the leading digits. where January to March equals 1. It ignores the time component of the date. Wednesday). Hour of day (00-23). Name of day. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify.M. calculated from Jan 1. and is interchangeable with. A.M. Day of week (1-7). D DD DDD DAY DY HH. Modified Julian Day. and P. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. PM. Last two digits of a year. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. When used with TO_CHAR. Name of month. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. Day of year (001-366. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. changing the format for reporting purposes. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. 4713 00:00:00 BC. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. including up to nine characters (for example. Jan). where Sunday equals 1.M. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. Seconds (00-59). Minutes (00-59). Month (01-12). P. For example. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. January). when used with TO_DATE.’ However. ‘RR’ produces the same results as.

Week of month (1-5). if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997.86399). week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. Text that displays in the output. For example. TO_CHAR returns 7.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. and so on. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. For example. For example.. Punctuation that displays in the output. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. and YY format strings. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. SSSSS. For example. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. for example D””DDD. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. You might use these symbols to separate date parts.Table 5-5. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. Last two digits of a year. Entire year portion of date. See the individual functions for more examples. TO_CHAR returns 997. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. The function removes the leading digits. TO_CHAR returns 97. For example.DD. Last digit of a year. Last three digits of a year. The function removes the leading digits. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. RR.YYYY' ). TO_CHAR returns 1997. Week of year (01-53). For example. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. For example. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. 'MM. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . For example. The function removes the leading digits. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.

For example. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.

The DY format string is not case-sensitive.m. If you omit the format string.m. DD DDD DAY DY HH. Hour of day (1-12). You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours.. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. p. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. where zero is 12AM (midnight). AM and PM return the same values as do a. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. the function returns FALSE (0). Hour of day (0-23). The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. PM. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. the function returns TRUE (1).m. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. Day of month (1-31). IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. Wednesday). TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . and p. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. including up to nine characters (for example. Day of year (001-366. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.m. Minutes (0-59). The DAY format string is not case-sensitive.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. including leap years). When you create a TO_DATE expression. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. Name of day. a. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. Wed). TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. if any parts do not match. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. . Use the RR or YY format string instead. . the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Aug). including up to nine characters (for example. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. Case does not matter. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. Case does not matter. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators.Current Year Between 0 and 49. 1998. Use when source strings include two-digit years. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. Name of month. For example. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. representing May 12. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. Modified Julian Day. For example. If it does not. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. to TO_DATE. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example.Table 5-6. 2020. Month (1-12). Seconds since midnight. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. For example. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. Seconds (0-59). August). If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR.Current Year Between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. 2034). ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. It ignores the time component of the source string. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. Four digits of a year.

the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. and SSSSS format strings. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. For example. Example The following examples illustrate the J. RR. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. Tip: By default. See the individual functions for more examples. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row.format string. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. The format string is not case-sensitive. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . Likewise. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.

RR returns the year 2005.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. while YY returns the year 1905. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates . SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.

You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. 9999 23:59:59 AD.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. Change one part of a date. DATE_DIFF. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. Subtract two dates. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. 31. 1. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . SET_DATE_PART.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215. in alphabetical order. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. 49 .Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages.

With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports.

You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. Function Categories 51 . MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. evaluates the AVG expression. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. and returns four values. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID.

or NULL. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE.000: MEDIAN( SALARY.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. the filter condition returns FALSE. If you pass an entire port of null values. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. the function returns NULL. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. the function returns zero. 1. and MOVINGSUM. By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the value rounds to zero. MOVINGAVG. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. 0. If you do not want to round up a value. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. as well as to CUME. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero.35 to 0) for the filter condition. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . FALSE. 1. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions.2 to 1. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the function selects all rows in the port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. For example. For example.5 to 2.

Convert the datatype of an input value. Trim string values. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . LOWER.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. MIN. UPPER. Encode strings. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. Replace characters in a string.

You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . or compare dates. if you want to pass a string to a date function. see “Dates” on page 33. or perform arithmetic on a date.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. For a complete list of date format strings. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. However. Date format strings are not internationalized. truncate. extract one part of a date.

The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . if you pass a date with milliseconds. Therefore. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.

Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. For example. When you run a workflow. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. and Update Strategy transformations.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. Filter. you use special functions in Expression. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. You can nest other functions within special functions. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. At the end of the session. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. Then at the end of the session.

For more information on mapping variables. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. Function Categories 57 .process that pipeline. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide.

and issues a specified error message to the session log file. For more information on the Abort command. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. The string can be any length. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. You can use ABORT to validate data. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. including ERROR function calls within an expression. assign ABORT as the default value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. String. it stops transforming data at that row. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. Return Value NULL. Generally. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function.

it returns an Integer. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE .95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. if you pass an Integer. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. it returns a Double.95 59. Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. If you pass a Double.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can enter any valid transformation expression.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Return Value Positive numeric value.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. Likewise.

Day. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Hour. and DAY. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. HH12. Seconds. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. HH24. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. Month. YY. MONTH. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. or YYYY. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. DD. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 'DD'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. YYY.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. 'MI'. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Minute. 'MONTH'. 'SS'. DDD. 'HH'. You can use any of the day format strings: D. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'YY'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. DY. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. You use the MI format string to set the minute. MON. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. You use the SS format string to set the second. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the month format strings: MM.

'mm'. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 .Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. and so on by which you want to change the date value. An integer value specifying the amount of years. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Also note. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. days. Required. 'MONTH'. 'MON'. for example. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. Date/Time datatype. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Passes the values you want to change. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. months. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. format. hours. 'MM'. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998.

You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. 'DY'. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D'. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD'.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. 'HH12'. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. you need to change the hour portion of the date. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. which you specify. For example. 'DAY'. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. 'DDD'. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. 'HH24'.

If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. Character string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. before you pass any string value to ASCII.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. If you pass a numeric value. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Normally. ASCII 63 . For example. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. however. Return Value Integer. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions.535. they will still work correctly. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

If you pass a numeric value.535. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. Character string. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. A string containing one character. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Normally. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. it will still work correctly.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

If both strings are NULL. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. Required. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. NULL if both string values are NULL. Syntax CONCAT( first_string.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. CONCAT returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. Return Value String. Any datatype (except Binary). The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Alternatively.

For example. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. ' ' ). you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. CONCAT( CHR(39). If you want to add a space between two strings.

342020143325593 0. For example. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3. Return Value Double value. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3.0 0.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions .0 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.866025403784421 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).996194698091745 0.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.951056516295147 0.

Return Value Double value.381231106176 1.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .0874465864177 19. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.0 1. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). For example: COSH( MEASURES. You can enter any valid transformation expression.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.897 3. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.0 2.45 0 0.66 5.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.54308063481524 9.4435376920294 116. Numeric datatype.

Limits the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. the function returns 0. However. Optional. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . If you apply the asterisk argument. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. For more information. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Use to count all rows in a transformation. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. Nulls If all values are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Note: By default. this function ignores columns with null values. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. Any datatype (except Binary). you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. Return Value Integer. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. this function counts all rows. Alternative. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Optionally. the function returns NULL. Passes the values you want to count. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or NULL. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. Syntax COUNT( value [. If you apply the value argument.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one result for each group. returning one value. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. including null values. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. The function counts all rows in a transformation. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example.

For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions .In this example. If you include the asterisk argument. the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. but do not use a filter. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight.

FALSE. CUME 79 . if all values in the selected port are NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Nulls If a value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. CUME returns NULL. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. However. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. Limits the rows in the search. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Optional. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. or if no rows are selected (for example.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total.

you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise.

You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. The second date you want to compare. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. 1 if the second date is earlier. Date/Time datatype. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. The first date you want to compare. Date/Time datatype. 0 if the two dates are equal. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. Required. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 .

You can request the format to be years. You can specify years. date2. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. months. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. Zero if the dates are the same. Return Value Double value. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. days. hours. months. minutes. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. Date/Time datatype. Required. The format string is not case-sensitive. the return value is a positive number. Required. the return value is a negative number. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. hours. such as 'mm'. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . or seconds. 'Mm' or 'mM'. For example. If date1 is earlier than date2. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. days. You can specify only one part of the date. or seconds. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. If date1 is later than date2. minutes.

DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.5 10.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.0 255. DATE_SHIPPED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0 2100. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. DATE_SHIPPED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 .5 87. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. DATE_SHIPPED.91935483870839 0. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.91935483870839 2. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.

if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. Optional.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. Syntax DECODE( value. Any datatype (except Binary). Passes the values for which you want to search. second_result]. second_search. DECODE 85 . If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. If the function finds the value. not just 'Halogen'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Even if multiple conditions are met. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. which you define. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. Any datatype (except Binary). For example. first_result [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. you may not search for a portion of a value. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. If you enter 'Halogen'. Any datatype (except Binary).. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data.[. Passes the values you want to search. Required. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. first_search. the search does not find a matching value. The search value must match the value argument exactly. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. Required. it returns a result value..DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.

DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. When you run a session in high precision mode. 'Flashlight'. and the other results are Decimal.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. 14. ‘Archimedes’. 3. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. 1. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. and 3. ‘Pythagoras’. ‘3. 3. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes.414213562’.141592654. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. ‘1.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. 'Regulator'. 40. 1. 10.141592654. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 'Knife'.414213562. 5. ‘Pythagoras’. ‘Pi’. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. 5. the datatype of the return value is Double. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . 'Tank'. if at least one result is Double. ‘Archimedes’.414213562. The first result is an Integer. For example. 3.141592654’. For example. ‘Pi’. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. 20.

was less than 23.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. DECODE 87 . 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. Variable 2 was more than 30. was more than 30. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. Var1 = 22. Var2 = 49.'. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Also.'. desired ranges. Var1 < 23. was 49!'. Var2 > 30.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges.

For details about using default values. Return Value String value. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. The error message displays in the session log file. which you define. Generally. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. and you assign the default value. ‘1234’. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. including ERROR function calls within an expression. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. String value. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . you use the ERROR function in an expression. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. It does not skip the row. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. to the output port. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. The string can be any length. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. and it does not log an error in the session log. For example. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. assign ERROR as the default value. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function.

Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. Row skipped. ERROR ('Error. Negative salary found. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. but skip negative values. Negative salary found. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . Row skipped.'.

For example.38905609893065. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. where e=2. (The exponent in the equation e^value). EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function.71828183.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8.135335283236613 5166. EXP(2) returns 7. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . rather than business data. Numeric datatype. Return Value Double value.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.4657948067 0. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data. The value to which you want to raise e.

The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optionally. However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. Nulls If a value is NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). when you configure the PowerCenter Server. FIRST returns NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. FIRST 91 . Limits the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. FIRST ignores the row. Return Value First value in a group. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Syntax FIRST( value [. FALSE. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Optional. if all values passed from the port are NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. or NULL. For more information. However. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads.

00 88.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 31. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 88.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.00 29.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.05 150. If there is no group by port.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 8. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 29.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 8. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.05 150. returning one result for each group.00 31. returning one value.

the function returns -4.24 NULL -100. For example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.12 74. the function returns 3.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR.79 125.98 to FLOOR. Likewise. if you pass -3. For example. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value.17 to FLOOR. Numeric datatype. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. If you pass 3. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39.14 to FLOOR. if you pass 3. the function returns 3. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 .

'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. the format strings 'Y'. 'YYY'. The format string is not case-sensitive. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. for example. Therefore. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. 'YY'. 'mm'. Required. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. Date/Time datatype. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax IIF( condition. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. value1 [. If you omit value2. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. The condition you want to evaluate. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. based on the results of a condition. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. including another IIF expression. Optional. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. including another IIF expression. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. For example. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. Any datatype (except Binary).

3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. IIF( SALES < 100. SALARY1.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. For example. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. For example. 1. EMP_NAME. IIF( SALES < 200. . value2 if the condition is FALSE. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. IIF( SALES < 50. the datatype of the return value is Double. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. SALARY2. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. BONUS))). NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data.3333) is a decimal. SALARY3. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision.

SALES > 199. return BONUS) ) ).SALARY1. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. SALARY2. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. --then return SALARY2. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. DD_REJECT. SALARY1. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). SALARY3. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. For more information. --then return SALARY3. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. DECODE may improve readability. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. --else for sales over 199.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. tab. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). Return Value String. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. formfeed. the function returns Thomas. newline. carriage return. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. For example. If your data contains multibyte characters. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 .

counting from left to right. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. the function uses the default value of 1. For example. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. Syntax INSTR( string. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. Must be an integer value.start [. The search value is case-sensitive.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. For example. If you pass a decimal. The results of the expression must be a character string. If the start position is a negative number. The position in the string where you want to start the search. The string must be a character string. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. If the start position is a positive number. If you pass a negative integer or zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you omit this argument. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. If you want to search for a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if not.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you omit this argument. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. A positive integer greater than zero. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. Optional. If the search value appears more than once in the string. Optional. counting from left to right. the function uses the default value of 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . Required. Passes the value you want to evaluate. If the start position is zero. for example 'abc'. The default value is 1. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. Any value. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. The set of characters you want to search for. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. search_value [. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string.

Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. starting at the beginning of each company name. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 1. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. starting from the last character in the company name. starting at the beginning of each company name. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. -1. 'a'. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . 'a'. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive.

1. 1. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. INSTR(CUST_ID. starting from the end of the string. INSTR(CUST_ID. The following expression evaluates a string. -1.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.-1. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions .INSTR( CUST_NAME. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks.' ' .

Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . Any datatype (except Binary).ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “LENGTH” on page 115. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. use LENGTH. Note: To test for empty strings. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. For more information. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE.

Optional. which returns false. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. In most cases. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. If the strings match the format string. year 1900 is not a leap year. For example. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. not the YY format string. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. However. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. For example. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a string datatype. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. which returns TRUE. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax IS_DATE( value [. so there is no February 29th. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. the two format strings return the same values. the function returns FALSE (0). You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. the function returns TRUE (1). In the first case. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00).IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. If you omit the format string.

This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. IS_DATE 105 . If it does not. and converts each valid date to a date value. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. If the value is not a valid date.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates.

TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions .Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. Therefore. the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE.

45E-32’ ‘+3.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number. IS_NUMBER 107 . You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Must be a string datatype. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation.45e+32’ ‘+3.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).

such as TO_FLOAT. 0.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .00 0. For example. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ). the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.00 0.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.45D-3’ ‘-3.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. the PowerCenter Server returns 0. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.00 0.00345 0.45e+3’ ‘-3. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 0.45d-3’ ‘3.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .Windows only) 0 (False .45e+3’ ‘3.00’ ‘-3. If the value is not a valid number.00’ ‘-3.00 0.

IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. To test for an empty string. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. Must be a string datatype. For more information. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. FALSE (0) if the row contains data.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. a newline. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. For example. a formfeed. You can enter any valid transformation expression. a tab. or a vertical tab. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . use LENGTH. a carriage return. A space is a blank space. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. see “LENGTH” on page 115.

To do this. '00000'. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .column in a target table. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces.

or NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Return Value Last row in a port. LAST 111 . FALSE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Limits the rows in the search. Syntax LAST( value [. For more information. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Optional. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. Note: By default. the function returns NULL.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Any datatype (except Binary). You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. or if no rows are selected (for example. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Optionally. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.

00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 8.00 29.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.05 150.

returning one value. However. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. LAST_DAY returns NULL.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. Null If a value is NULL. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Return Value Date. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. If there is no group by port. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . Date/Time datatype. LAST_DAY ignores the row. if all values passed from the port are NULL.

If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions .You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. TO_DATE always includes time information.

use ISNULL. LENGTH 115 . Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. For details. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. use IS_SPACES. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. To test for spaces. see “ISNULL” on page 103.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. The strings you want to evaluate. String datatype. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. For details. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. including trailing blanks.

It must be a positive number.) Error. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.828313737302 -0.098612. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. For example. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. LN(3)returns 1.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. Return Value Double value. greater than zero. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. 116 Chapter 6: Functions . Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm.302585092994 4.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.04082199452026 NULL Error.

Syntax LOG( base. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. LOG 117 . Most often.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. exponent Return Value Double value.09 NULL 35. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. The base of the logarithm.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. Required. zero.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error.) Error. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 .) Error. or 1 as a base value. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. The exponent of the logarithm.

value1 [.. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . Required. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. Datatype that matches the value1. value2]. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping.. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. For more information. ) Argument result Meaning Required. must match search1 datatype. rather than creating Lookup transformations. However. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table.5 compatibility in the session properties. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. Any datatype (except Binary). search2. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. Syntax LOOKUP( result. Required. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. search1. Any datatype (except Binary). Specifies the values you want to match to value. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings.

ITEM_ID.SALES for a specific item ID and price.ORDERS.SALES. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match.PRICE.ORDERS. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values. ORDERS.SALES. :TD.PRICE. 15.00 15. RTRIM( ORDERS.PRICE. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value.QTY) LOOKUP 119 . the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.ORDERS.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.ITEM.ITEM_NAME.PRICE.ORDERS. :TD.99 15.SALES.ORDERS. ORDERS. :TD. :TD. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.ITEM. :TD. Error if the search finds more than one matching value. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.99 15. 10.ITEM.QTY. NULL if the search does not find any matching values.

NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . If your data contains multibyte characters. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Any string value. Return Value Lowercase character string.

Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. second_string Return Value String of the specified length.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. for example 'abc'. or if length is a negative number. RPAD returns NULL. Can be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The strings you want to change. 6. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. Required. LPAD( PART_NUM.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. You can enter a specific string literal. however. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. If you omit the second_string. Optional. length [. Syntax LPAD( first_string. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a positive integer literal. When length is a negative number. This argument is case-sensitive. Can be any string value.

**Compass Regulator System *. -5.**. LPAD truncates the string from right to left.**.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. '*.. '.. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.. If the first string is longer than the length. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length..LPAD counts the length from left to right. 5. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. 16..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions .*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *. For example. LPAD(‘alphabetical’.Flashlight *.

LTRIM 123 . Any string value. trim_set Return Value String. Optional. character-by-character. with any matching characters removed. Any string value. Most often. If the trim_set is NULL. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. not 'a'. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. In ASCII mode. You can also enter a character string. however. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. LTRIM removes both single. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. If you omit the second string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. starting with the left side of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the strings you want to modify. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. Syntax LTRIM( string [. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. you would enter 'A'. For example. the function returns NULL. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. Then it returns the string.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. for example. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. LTRIM removes it. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. 'abc'. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument.

’ from S. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. For example. In the example of H. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. 'S. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. but not the period from H. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. LTRIM removes it. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. This is because LTRIM searches. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. character-by-character. and so on. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. MacDonald Sawyer H. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . Bender. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. LTRIM removes it. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. Bender.

MAX is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. Syntax MAX( date [. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. FALSE. Date/Time datatype. Limits the rows in the search. For more information. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Return Value Date. or NULL. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group.

The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MAX ignores it. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. or NULL. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. Return Value Numeric value. FALSE. Limits the rows in the search. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. However. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the function returns NULL. Numeric datatype. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Optional. Note: By default. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. MAX returns NULL. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Nulls If a value is NULL.

Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 PRICE 10. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85. returning one value.00 55.00 79.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 . returning one result for each group.00 360. If there is no group by port. MAX treats all rows as one group. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 85.00 162.

see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. However. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatype. If there is an even number of values in the port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. MEDIAN ignores the row. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the function returns NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optional. If there is an odd number of values in the port. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the median is the middle number. FALSE. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. or NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. Note: By default. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. MEDIAN returns NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Return Value Numeric value. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. Optionally. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. For more information.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE.

You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. Limits the rows in the search. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. However. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. MIN (Numbers) 135 . filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. However.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. Note: By default. Nulls If a single value is NULL. or NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Optional. MIN ignores it. FALSE. MIN returns NULL. the function returns NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Numeric datatypes. Return Value Numeric value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.

00 85.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 162. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.00 79. If there is no group by port. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.00 55.00 PRICE 10. MIN treats all rows as one group.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions . returning one value. returning one result for each group.00 360.

00 15. MOD(8.00 25. The values you want to divide. MOD 137 . divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. Required.5) returns 3. Syntax MOD( numeric_value.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function.00 9.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. The divisor cannot be zero. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. PowerCenter Server does not write row. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.00 12.00 NULL 20. For example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. QTY ) PRICE 10. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. The numeric value you want to divide by.

If the quantity is zero. NULL.00 12. you can create an expression similar to the following.00 NULL 20. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE. IIF( QTY = 0. To avoid dividing by zero.00 9. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero.The last row (25. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 15. QTY )) PRICE 10.00 25.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25.

Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. However. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. Optional. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. Optionally. or if no rows are selected (for example.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. For example. or NULL. Required. 5). Limits the rows in the search. if all values are NULL. rowset [. five rows at a time. the function returns NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. Numeric datatype. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. MOVINGAVG 139 . Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. FALSE. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15.

returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. 140 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest.8 based on rows 2 through 6. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and thereafter. 245.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5.

Limits the rows in the search. FALSE. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. if all values are NULL. Optionally. rowset [. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. 5 ) Optional. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. Numeric datatype. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. Required.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or NULL. MOVINGSUM 141 . Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. the function returns NULL. five rows at a time.

142 Chapter 6: Functions . 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. and thereafter.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest.

You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. PERCENTILE returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. However. Optionally. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. See the following equation for more details. Integer between 0 and 100. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Limits the rows in the search. or NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. the function returns NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. PERCENTILE ignores the row. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Required. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). inclusive. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optional. Nulls If a value is NULL. percentile [. if all values in a group are NULL. However. Numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. when PERCENTILE 143 . you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information.

PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. returning one value. If there is no group by port. returning one result for each group. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If i is an integer value. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. If i < 1. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list.you configure the PowerCenter Server.

0 100000.0 85000.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 9000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50. 75.0 NULL 55000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 27900.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 99000.0 86000.0 48000. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.

5 3.0 NULL -6.0 -3.5 2. Syntax POWER( base.0 EXPONENT 2. You can enter any valid transformation expression.00137174211248285 729. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 -6.0 3. If the base value is negative. This argument is the base value.00137174211248285 0. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .594307804838 NULL NULL 0.0 -3. Numeric value.0 729. This argument is the exponent value. Required.0 6.0 5. Numeric value.0 3. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.0 -3. Return Value Double value. If the base value is negative.0 5. In this case.265625 982.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.5 NULL 10. the exponent must be an integer.0 6. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the exponent must be an integer.

0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. POWER 147 . If the base is negative.5.0 raised to 5.Note that -3. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value. the exponent must be an integer.

Required. If you pass a numeric value. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. OldCharSet. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The characters you want to replace. an empty string. NULL if InputString is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. You can enter one character. REPLACECHR returns NULL. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. Required. If NewChar is NULL or empty. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. REPLACECHR returns InputString. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. Must be a character string. Must be a character string. You can enter one or more characters. Must be an integer. or NULL. the function converts it to a character string. If you pass a numeric value. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. If InputString is NULL. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. the function is case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function is not case-sensitive. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the string you want to search. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. If NewChar contains more than one character. Must be a character string. 'abc'. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. Required. InputString. the function converts it to a character string.

CUSTOMER_CODE.html HTTP/1.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index. CUSTOMER_CODE. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.html HTTP/1.1" GET /companyinfo/index. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. ‘A’.html HTTP/1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .1 GET /companyinfo/index. ‘]["’. ‘A’.html HTTP/1.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘"’.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.html HTTP/1.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.html HTTP/1.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.

CUSTOMER_CODE. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . you must use the CHR function.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. including the single quote. INPUT. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘14’. The following expression removes multiple characters. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. INPUT. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘A’. see “CHR” on page 68. CHR(39).

Passes the strings you want to search. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. REPLACESTR returns NULL. REPLACESTR returns InputString. REPLACESTR 151 . When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. the function is not case-sensitive. InputString. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. etc. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. Required. If InputString is NULL.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. For more information. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. Required. Must be an integer. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. or no character. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. You can enter any valid transformation expression.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function.. an empty string. If you pass a numeric value. If NewString is NULL or empty. 'abc'. multiple characters. You must enter at least one OldString argument. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. multiple characters. If you pass a numeric value. for example. OldStringN. That is. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. the function converts it to a character string. Must be a character string. the function is case-sensitive. [OldString2. Must be a character string. or NULL.. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. the function converts it to a character string. You can enter one character. Required. OldString1. Must be a character string. The string you want to replace. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. see the examples. .

1’. ‘GET ’. MRS.’. ‘rs. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘ab’.html /companyinfo/index.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1.NULL if InputString is NULL. ‘s. TITLE. WEBLOG. TITLE.html /companyinfo/index. ‘iss’. ‘rs. ‘bc’. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. ‘s.’ ) TITLE Mrs. Miss Mr. Ms. ‘iss’. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.’ ) TITLE Mrs.html HTTP/1.’. MRS. RETURN VALUE Ms. ‘"’. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘ HTTP/1. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0.1" GET /companyinfo/index. Mr.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. Ms. INPUT. MRS.html HTTP/1. RETURN VALUE Ms.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.

Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. CONCAT(CHR(39). REPLACESTR 153 . ‘s’ )). for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information.The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. CONCAT(‘it’. ‘ab’. you must use the CHR function. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. INPUT. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. CONCAT( CHR(39). INPUT. ‘bc’. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’.

'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). and sets the time to 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. For example.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. For example. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. Day. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. the function returns January 1 of the input year. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. For example. For example. Month. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. If the month is between July and December. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. Minute. Hour. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. For example. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. If the month is between January and June. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00.

ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.Syntax ROUND( date [. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can round only one portion of the date. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. Date/Time datatype. If you omit the format string. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Optional. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Enter a valid format string. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . This is the portion of the date that you want to round.

'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression.99.44. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . the function rounds to this number of decimal places. returning an integer. ROUND(12.0 and ROUND(15.99. 1) returns 15.99) returns 13.8) returns 13.0 because the function rounds 0.99. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. If you enter a positive precision. For example.4. 0. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required.99. Positive or negative integer. If one of the arguments is NULL. For example. ROUND returns NULL. Numeric datatype. ROUND(12. For example. Return Value Numeric value. ROUND(12. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Optional. You can also use ROUND to round dates. ROUND(12. For example. 1) returns 13. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. If you enter a negative precision. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. -1) returns 20.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. If you enter decimal precision. truncating the decimal portion of the number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you omit the precision argument. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the function rounds to the nearest integer.

99 -108.9949 -18.0 1400. -2 ) PRICE 13242.0 57. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .99 -15. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 -16.99 -18. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.994 15.8678 56.995 -18.9936 15.0 -100.0 -19.99 56.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13. 0.99 56.8 ) PRICE 12.99 1435.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places. ROUND( PRICE.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.868 56.0 56.

the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. For example.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. To achieve the expected result.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. This may not be the result you expect. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits.

. This argument is casesensitive. or if length is a negative number.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. '. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.. if the first string is longer than the length. Return Value String of the specified length. for example. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. Regulator System Safety Knife. RPAD counts the length from left to right. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’.. Syntax RPAD( first_string. Compass.. Any string value.. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. For example.. So... RPAD(‘alphabetical’. Specifies the length you want each string to be. length [.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight. Must be a positive integer literal. You can enter any valid transformation expression.. The strings you want to change. 5.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. 160 Chapter 6: Functions ... the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. Required. When length is a negative number. RPAD returns NULL. 'abc'.. 16... RPAD truncates the string from right to left. appending the string '. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values.. If you omit the second string. Any string value. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. Optional..RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.

.. -5.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.. 16.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .**. appending the string ‘*.** Regulator System Safety Knife*. '*.**.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. '...* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. Compass*..The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.

RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes both single. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. for example. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. trim_set Return Value String. however. Any string value. In ASCII mode. starting with the right side of the string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. Syntax RTRIM( string [. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. It returns the string. Any string value. If you omit the second string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. character-by-character. You can also enter a text literal. with any matching characters removed. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. Optional. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Passes the values you want to trim.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . RTRIM removes it. 'abc'.

You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. the last character in the string does not match. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. In the last example. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. and so on.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. For example. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes it. however. RTRIM removes it. character-by-character. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). If. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. This is because RTRIM searches. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set.

the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. Unless overridden. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. At the end of the session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. The session is a debug session. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. Returns the new current value. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. For details on mapping variables. The session is configured for a test load. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. At the end of a successful session. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository.

the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. Supply.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. Darkroom Co. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. It increases the count by one for each inserted row..Return Value The current value of the variable. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. The next time the session runs. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 . Darkroom Co.. decreases the count for each deleted row.

For example. and November) in the value argument. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. HH24) to set the hour. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. 'HH'. or YYYY to set the year. 'YY'. Hour. YY. HH12. June. MON. 'SS'. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'MONTH'. You use the MI format string to set the minute. Day. YYY. DDD. 12=12PM. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. You use the SS format string to set the second. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. Minute. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. DD. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . September. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the month format strings (D. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. 'MI'. Month. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. and DAY) to set the day. 'DD'. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. MONTH to set the month. April. For example. DY. For example. Seconds.

'HH'. the session fails. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. format.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. February 30). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Date/Time datatype. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. 'HH24'. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. 'HH12'. The date you want to modify. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Required. If you enter an improper value (for example. Required. The format string is not case-sensitive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. For example. 1998). 7). you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'DD'. 'MONTH'. 'YYY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 'MON'. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'MM'. 'YYYY'. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'. 'YY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'Y'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.MM'. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist.

For details on mapping variables. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. When used with a string mapping variable. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The session is configured for a test load. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. Returns the new current value. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session is a debug session. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. At the end of a successful session. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. At the end of the session.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. Unless overridden.

Then. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The return value is the new current value of the variable. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. Required. it saves the largest value to the repository. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. The next time the session runs.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. At the end of a successful session. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session is a debug session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Returns the new current value. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . The session is configured for a test load. Unless overridden. When used with a string mapping variable. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. At the end of the session. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. For details on mapping variables.

25 22.00 22.00 26.50 22.50 27.00’. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.50.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.75 25.00 22. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.50 22.50 22. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22. Required. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.50 22. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.75 23. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22. The return value is the new current value of the variable.00 24.00 22. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.25 24.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.00 22.00 At the end of the session. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .00 22.00 MIN_PRICE 22. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23. The next time the session runs.

50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions . The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.50 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. it saves the smallest value to the repository.00 22. For example. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22. Then.

The session is configured for a test load. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. Required. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Unless overridden. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. SETVARIABLE 175 . the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. At the end of a successful session. Returns the specified value.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. The session is a debug session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. it saves a final current value to the repository. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. For details on mapping variables.

95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time.43 323. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp.23 699.43 323. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534. The next time the session runs. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .01 97.23 699.01 97.Return Value Current value of the variable.50 116. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. The next time the session runs.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session.50 116.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric value. Passes the values you want to evaluate. or 0. Return Value -1 for negative values. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. negative. NULL if NULL.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. 1 for positive values.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. 0 for 0.

Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3.0871557427476639 0. Return Value Double value. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions .SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).50000000000003 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype.939692620785936 0.309016994374967 0.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation.

Return Value Double value.0 2.376934801486 0.0 0. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.1752011936438 9. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype.897 3. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.4178051793031 116. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).03225804884884 19.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .66 5. For example: SINH( MEASURES.45 0 0.

N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. P. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . K. For example. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. Q. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. F. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. S. T L M. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). X. E. and encodes it in uppercase. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. For example. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. H. O. I. Z D. V C. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. Skips numbers in string. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. For example. J. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. If string encodes to less than four characters. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. G. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. For example. For example. U.

Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. Passes the string value you want to encode. Must be a character string. string is empty. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value String. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL.

54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. NULL 7. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. PowerCenter Server does not write row. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. Positive numeric value. If you pass a negative value or character value. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Double value. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value.

see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. STDDEV 183 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. if all values are NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. or NULL. STDDEV ignores it. You can enter any valid transformation expression. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. FALSE. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. Optional. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. STDDEV returns NULL. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Nulls If a single value is NULL. For more information. You can use operators to average values in different ports. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. the function returns NULL.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. Numeric datatypes. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Note: By default. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Limits the rows in the search. However.

If there is no group by port. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198. STDDEV treats all rows as one group.88 3001. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.0 2198.0 2198. SALES > 2000.0 2198.90 and 153.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010. If there is no standard deviation.00 ) SALES 2198. 184 Chapter 6: Functions . returning one result for each group.0 NULL 8953.0 153.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.0 1010. the return value is zero.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.000. returning one value.90 2256.

Passes the strings you want to search. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. If you pass a numeric value.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. start length Return Value String. the function returns an empty string. SUBSTR counts all characters. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Must be an integer. Syntax SUBSTR( string. starting at the beginning of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. If you pass a decimal. Must be an integer greater than zero. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. If the start position is a positive number. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. start [. Optional. If you pass a negative integer or zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. If the start position is zero. the function converts it to a character string. including blanks. Required. If you omit the length argument. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. The position in the string where you want to start counting. SUBSTR 185 . If the start position is a negative number.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

5. 0. -8. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 1.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE.

-2. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. SUBSTR 187 . For example: SUBSTR('abcd'.1 ) . The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string.The following expression evaluates a string. 8) returns ‘cd’. INSTR(CUST_ID. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string.INSTR( CUST_NAME. INSTR(CUST_ID. 2. 1.-1.1. starting from the end of the string.' ' .

Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Limits the rows in the search. FALSE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can use operators to add values in different ports. Note: By default. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. or if no rows are selected (for example. For more information. However. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Passes the values you want to add. or NULL. SUM ignores it. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Optional. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. the function returns NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. SUM returns NULL. Numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Nulls If a single value is NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Optionally. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. However.

If there is no group by port. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES. returning one result for each group.0 1200. returning one value.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .0 4519. SUM treats all rows as one group.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .0 1900.0 NULL 3458.

14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Double value. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.577350269189672 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).74747741945531 1.19175359259435 0.324919696232929 57. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.0874886635259298 0.

TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.0 2.0 0. Numeric datatype.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent.897 3. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .45 0 0.998676551914886 0.761594155955765 0.66 5.999963084213409 0.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.993926947790665 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Return Value Double value.

You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. Return Value String. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. Optional. If you omit the format string. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. Date/Time datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. The format string defines the format of the return value. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions .format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. not the format for the values in the date argument.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

TO_CHAR (Dates)

193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

Return Value Date. Must be a string datatype. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. use either the RR or YY format string. see “Requirements” on page 44. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. Do not use the YYYY format string. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. For details on the TO_DATE format string. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If it does not. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. For example. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. Optional. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. If you omit the format string.

If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the century will be 19. the century will be 19. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. PowerCenter Server skips this row. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. TO_DATE 199 . If you run a session in the twentieth century. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you run a session in the twentieth century.

‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.

‘MON DD YYYY’). convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.If your target accepts different date formats. For example: DECODE( TRUE. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. ‘MM’ ).‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test second format. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . if true. --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. --if true. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ).‘MM/DD/YYYY’).‘MON DD YYYY’). --test third format. if true.

scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. If you omit this argument. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. Optional. Must be a string or numeric datatype.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28.679 60. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. inclusive. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions .200 118. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character.2' '118.348' NULL 'A12. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. You can enter any valid transformation expression.6789' '60. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. inclusive. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX.

Passes the values you want to convert to double values. Must be a string or numeric datatype.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).2' '118. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.348' NULL 'A12. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.6789 60. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. Return Value Double value.6789' '60.2 118.

or the constants TRUE or FALSE. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. Optional.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression.6789' '60. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.2' '118. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.3Grove' ‘ 123. or if you omit this argument. The flag must be an integer literal. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer.348' NULL 'A12. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . String or numeric datatype.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer.6789’ ‘-15. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number.

FALSE) IN_TAX '15.2' '118.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.3Grove' ‘ 123.6789’ ‘-15.6789' '60.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.348' NULL 'A12.

Day. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. Month. For example. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. day.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. Minute. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. For example. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. If you omit the format string. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. Hour. If you truncate the year portion of the date. If you truncate the day portion of a date. For example. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. setting it to 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. Enter a valid format string. For example. If you truncate the month portion of a date. Date/Time datatype. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. hour. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. the function truncates the time portion of the date. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. The date values you want to truncate. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. For example. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. month. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. or minute. Optional. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45.

'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. If precision is a negative integer. Return Value Numeric value. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. If you pass a decimal precision value. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. If you omit the precision argument. Can be a positive or negative integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. Passes the values you want to truncate. Optional. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. Numeric datatype. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. precision If precision is a positive integer. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer.

86 56.99 -18.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12. -1 ) PRICE 12.865 56.8652 56.0 -18.0 1230. 3 ) PRICE 12.95 1235.999 -18.99 56.0 -180.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.0 56.0 50.95 15.9563 15.0 15.956 15.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.99 -187.9995 -18.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. Return Value Uppercase string. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. String datatype. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . If your data contains multibyte characters.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase.

and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Numeric datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the variance is 0. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. or NULL. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Limits the rows in the search. Return Value Double value. FALSE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. For more information. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . If n is 1. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Optional. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values.

or if no rows are selected. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.0 2256. if all values passed to the function are NULL. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. However.Nulls If a single value is NULL.0 3001. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. VARIANCE ignores it. VARIANCE returns NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. returning one value. If there is no group by port. If there is not a group by port. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. returning one value.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. Note: By default. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.0 NULL 8953. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . the function returns NULL. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one result for each group. However. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

225 Special Functions. 228 For details on each function. 216 Character Functions. 227 Variable Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 220 Date Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 215 . 222 Numeric Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 217 Conversion Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 226 Test Functions. 223 Scientific Functions.

Returns the first record in a group. or latest date. Returns the number of records with non-null value. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. or earliest date. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. in a group. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. Available in the Designer.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Returns the sum of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. found in a group. Returns the maximum value. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. found in a group. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns the last record in a group. Returns the minimum value. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the variance of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. percentile [. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the standard deviation for a group.

Concatenates two strings. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. In Unicode mode. In Unicode mode. it will still work correctly. search_value [. to set a string to a specified length. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. including trailing blanks. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. counting from left to right. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the number of characters in a string. however. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. start [. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. In ASCII mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. length [. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character.

OldString1. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string.. multiple characters. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. length [. [OldString2.. OldStringN. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. Returns a portion of a string. start [. or no character. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. . Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase.

scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. [OldString2. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. OldString1. start [. Available in the Designer. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. or no character. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string..] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. Returns a portion of a string. . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Returns whether a string is a valid number.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. Returns whether a value is NULL. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. search_value [. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldStringN. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Replaces characters in a string with a single character.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. multiple characters. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [.

Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.

Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. months. days. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. Returns the length of time between two dates. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Available in the Designer. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Rounds one part of a date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. month. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. minutes. Truncates dates to a specific year. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. day. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. hours. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. measured in the specified increment (years. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. date2. filter_condition ) MIN( date. or seconds).Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. format. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. value ) TRUNC( date [. format. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. or minute. Returns the latest date found in a group. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Returns the earliest date found in a group. hour. Available in the Designer. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. where e=2. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. recordset [. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). negative. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or 0. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Available in the Designer. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.71828183. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Available in the Designer. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [.

Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

first_search.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. value2 [. Available in the Designer. based on the results of a condition. search1. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Returns one of two values you specify. Available in the Designer. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. Searches a port for the specified value. value1 [. second_search. first_result [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. second_result ]…[. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . IIF IIF( condition. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. Available in the Designer. search2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Test Functions 227 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Returns whether a value is NULL.

Returns the new current value. Returns the specified value. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Available in the Designer. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified.

52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99.Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 211 229 . 120.

120. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 180 removing from strings 123. 68 capitalization 99. 68. 160 ASCII characters 63.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

223 scientific 55. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 220 date 54.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 216 categories 50 character 52. 226 test 56. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 217 conversion 53. 219 data cleansing 53. 225 special 55.

117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40.Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69.

5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index . 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116.null values aggregate functions 18.

47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .

120. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 211 character set 100 concatenating 24.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .