Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. 40 . . . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . .... . . . . .. . .. . . . . 3-3. .. . 5-1.. . . .. 3-4. . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . 5-2. . . . . .. . 39 . .. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . .. . . . . . . . . . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. .. . .. . . .. .. .. . . .. ... SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . .. 6 . . . . .. . . . .. 6-1. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . 4-1.. . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 . . . . . 6-2. . . . .. TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . . 28 . . . . . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . .. . . . . . . 3-1... Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . .. . . . . .. . .. Operators in the Transformation Language . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6. . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . .. . . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . .. . 18 .... . . . ... 5-4. . 5-3.. ... . . . 26 . . . .. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . . ... . .. . . . RR Format String Conversions . 2-1. . . . . . .. . . . 25 . .. 22 . . . 3-2. .. . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . .. . 5-5. . . . . . . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . . 23 .. .. 36 . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . .. . . . . 39 .

x List of Tables .

data migration. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. and information hubs. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. including extracting. transforming. handle complex transformations on the data. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. data synchronization. loading. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. and support high-speed loads. xi . The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. and managing data. and efficient manner. usable.

or the rows that do not meet the business rule. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. pmcmd.1.1. When you use a local parameter file. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. such as JIPSEkana. You can define default mapping. PowerCenter 7. Row Uniqueness function. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. Domain Inference function tuning. and workflow prefixes.1. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. session. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator.1. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. Session enhancement. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. JEF-kana.1.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. xii Preface . You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. the rows that meet the business rule.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. and 7. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. 7. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. Flat file partitioning. and MELCOM-kana. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. Define mapping. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency.1. Verbose data enhancements. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. session.0. a specified percentage of data. Profile mapping display in the Designer. sessions.

When you load to Teradata using an external loader. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. and Sybase sources. If the file exists. you can connect to IBM. Depending on the loader you use. DB2. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. targets. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. JPEG. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. you can now override the control file. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. DB2. On SuSE Linux. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. On SuSE Linux. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. Oracle. and repositories using native drivers. or PDF. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. reswords.txt. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. If any source. You can attach document types such as XML. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools.♦ SuSE Linux support. such as Business Objects Designer. you can connect to IBM. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. Teradata external loader. containing reserved words. you can create and maintain a file. you can also override the error. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. it searches for reswords. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. Reserved word support. Oracle. You do not need to know a database user name and password. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. Preface xiii . and Sybase repositories. target. When you export metadata. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. GIF. log. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. ♦ SuSE Linux support.

You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources.1. PowerCenter 7.0 Web Services Hub Guide. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. and Transformation Guide. resize columns in a report. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. targets. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. Aggregator function in auto profiles. It also includes information from the version 7. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. Workflow Administration Guide. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. connectivity. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. XML User Guide. and partitions in the session. You store xiv Preface . Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. and options. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. You can also pivot the view row. Informatica provides licenses for product. Prepackaged domains. Creating auto profile enhancements. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function.♦ Pipeline partitioning. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. Source View in the Profile Manager.

MX views. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. workflow and session log history. back up. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. delete a relational connection from a repository. upgrade. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. Increased repository performance. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. and delete a folder. Partitioning enhancements. pmrep. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. If you have the Partitioning option. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. pmlic. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. and restore repositories. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). disable. delete repository details. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. and the command line program. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. and deploy group history. the PowerCenter Server Setup. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. or enable a repository. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. Object import and export enhancements. This improves processing performance for most sessions. or restore a repository. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. You can use pmrep to back up. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. You can choose to skip MX data. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects.1 MX views in its schema. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes.the license keys in a license key file. You can also use pmrep to create. modify. truncate log files. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially.

When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. ♦ xvi Preface . Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. Union transformation. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. Web Services Hub. You can now perform lookups on flat files. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. such as data stored in a CLOB column. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. or a collection of all older versions of objects. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. Also. The query can return local objects that are checked out. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. The quality of printed workspace has improved. You can also extract data from messaging systems. Midstream XML transformations. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. Custom transformation API enhancements. the latest version of checked in objects. Enhanced printing. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders.

♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . For more informations. DTD files.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. In a view with hierarchy relationships. including relational sources or targets. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. or schema files. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. and define relationships between views. XML workspace. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. add or delete columns from views. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. When you create views with entity relationships. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. Midstream XML transformations. XML files. Synchronizing XML definitions. It displays folders alphabetically. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. When you import XML definitions. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. You can create views. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. targets. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. Additional options for XML definitions. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element.

Installation and Configuration Guide. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. DTD files. you can determine implicit data type. User-defined commits. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface .0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. Increased performance for large XML targets. For example. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. PowerCenter now supports XML files.0. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. suggest candidate keys.” Upgrading metadata. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. Support for multiple XML output files. After you create a profiling warehouse. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. − − PowerCenter 7. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange.♦ Support for circular references. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. detect data patterns. and evaluate join criteria. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks.

mappings. session completion status. you can now choose to load from staged files. In a server grid. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. Functions ♦ Soundex. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. such as workflows. External loading enhancements. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). server load. You can create a control file containing installation information. Metadata analysis. If you purchase the Server Grid option. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. When using external loaders on Windows.objects impacted by the upgrade process. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. When using external loaders on UNIX. and warehouse growth. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . source and target tables. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. The Metaphone function encodes string values.0 metadata. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. Metaphone. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. Row error logging. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. and transformations. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. worklets. Distributed processing. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. including session load time. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. session errors.1. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string.

such as the Aggregator transformation. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. such as copy object. and listing objects. and change object status. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. If you use LDAP. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. Use Repository Manager privilege. update. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. or update. pmrep commands. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. The repository maintains a status for each user. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. importing. You can also use pmrep to run queries. When you log in to the repository. Additionally. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. checking in. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. groups. delete. maintain labels. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. Concurrent processing. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. When you select data driven loading. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. deploying. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. Real time processing enhancements. upsert. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . Audit trail. Trusted connections. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. exporting. You can choose to insert. You can track changes to repository users. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. privileges. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. or delete data.

track changes. Delete or purge a version. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. Deployment. If you want to permanently remove an object version.audit trail log contains information. Compare objects. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. sessions. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. Unlike copying a folder. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. You can also compare different versions of the same object. the colors. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. You can compare tasks. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. ♦ Joiner transformation. When you create a Custom transformation template. adding or removing a user or group. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. you can purge it from the repository. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. worklets. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. such as changes to folder properties. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. and adding or removing privileges. You can specify the icons used for transformation. control development on the object. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. Check out and check in versioned objects. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository.

When you process an XML file or stream. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. You can save queries for later use. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. Track changes to an object. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. and to different repositories. You can copy objects within folders. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. XPath support. You can make a private query. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. Increased performance for large XML files. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. increase performance for large XML files. ♦ xxii Preface .♦ Deployment groups. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. declare multiple namespaces. format your XML file output for increased readability. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. Comparing objects. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. to other folders. XML target enhancements. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. use XPath to locate XML nodes. improve query results. Queries. or you can share it with all users in the repository. Within the Designer. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. Labels. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions.

expressions. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. Validate multiple objects. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . workflows. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. Refresh session mappings. targets.♦ Change propagation. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. In the Workflow Manager. Enhanced partitioning interface. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. The Designer propagates ports. You can validate sessions. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. mappings. mapplets. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. such as sources. View dependencies. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. When you edit a port in a mapping. Revert to saved. you can refresh a session mapping. and worklets. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. When you do this. mappings. or workflows. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. Enhanced validation messages.

Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Transformation Guide. Getting Started. or DTD files. extract data from JMS messages. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. build mappings. including details on environment variables and database connections. Installation and Configuration Guide. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. and permissions and privileges. Includes information to help you create mappings. XML User Guide. users. Troubleshooting Guide. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Batch Web Services. and relational or other XML definitions. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. folders. XSD. Workflow Administration Guide.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. groups. and Metadata Web Services. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. Repository Guide. Designer Guide. Web Services Provider Guide. and load data into JMS messages. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. and transformations. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Transformation Language Reference. mapplets. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor.

This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. The material in this book is available for online use. relational database concepts. The following paragraph provides additional facts. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. unless you follow the specified procedure. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. Emphasized subjects. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . This is a code example.

go to http://my.informatica. The site contains information about Informatica. detailed descriptions of specific features. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support.com xxvi Preface .com. To register for an account. user group information. and implementation services. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. its background.informatica. If you have any questions. and access to the Informatica user community.com. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. upcoming events. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. as well as literature and partner information. the Informatica Knowledgebase. Informatica Webzine. You will also find product information.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal.informatica.com. the Informatica Webzine. This journal provides solutions to common tasks. The site contains product information. newsletters.informatica.com. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. and locating your closest sales office. please email webzine@informatica. training and education.

5800 Fax: 650.m.5 p. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.m.563.m. market.informatica. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service.5 p.213.m.9489 Hours: 6 a. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.5:30 p. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.5:30 p. WebSupport requires a user name and password.m.m.m. Redwood City.m.385.m. .m.m. . You can request a user name and password at http://my. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a.6332 or 650.m. . .m. CA 94063 Phone: 866. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. White Waltham Maidenhead. .The site contains information on how to create.m. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a.5:30 p. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a.m.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. (local time) Preface xxvii .6 p. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support. . .m.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a.5:30 p. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road. .com.5:30 p.

xxviii Preface .

see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 2 Expression Syntax. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 9 Reserved Words. 1 . It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.

Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. Mapping parameters and variables. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. and External Procedure transformations. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. You can also create local variables in transformations. combine data. Constants. Stored Procedure. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. For details. Return values. such as the system date. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . For more information. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. or compare data. such as a state sales tax rate. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. such as TRUE. Local and system variables. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. Operators. Workflow variables.

a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. during a workflow. You can create an expression as simple as a port.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. such as 10. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. Then. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. or a numeric literal. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. not byte-oriented. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. For example. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. For example. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. For example. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. such as ORDERS. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. “>>>>”.

4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . not the number of bytes.string. The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server.

variable) String literals. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. For example. it is not exactly like SQL. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. On the other hand. or a numeric literal (such as 10). numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . while SQL does not. but the transformation language does not. input/output.Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS).Status).

Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation.. The general syntax is: :LKP. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation.SALES. :TD. The general syntax is: :SEQ. 15. .sequence_generator_transformation. The general syntax is: :SD.. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks. The general syntax is: :EXT. [..5 expressions only). argument2. The general syntax is: :SP. .ITEM_NAME. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals.SALES. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. 10..) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.ITEM_ID. argument2.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation. :TD.SALES.source_table. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .5 LOOKUP function. For example.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation.external_procedure_transformation(argument1.PRICE. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3. argument2. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1.lookup_transformation(argument1. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3.

the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces.4 = ‘123. For details on workflow variables. the expression 123. and period (. You cannot add an integer and a string. functions. as the start position. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. External Procedure transformation. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. variable. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. local and system variables. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . For example: . ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. ‘1’. Lookup transformation. Just type the number you want to include. For example. comma (. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. mapping parameters and variables. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. Except for literals. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. The colon (:). 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. If you pass a literal value to a function. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. not a string. Except for literals. or the results of another expression. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. Stored Procedure transformation. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. create separate Aggregator transformations. For example. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. literal string or number.). For example.

Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. which allow only one nested aggregate function).♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide.

For example.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. since the last line is not a valid expression.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression. If you do not want to embed comments.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. if you want to concatenate two strings. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . as in: -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes.

Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. and system variables. such as constants. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. are reserved for specific functions. operators.

Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 16 NULL. 14 DD_UPDATE. 19 11 . 17 TRUE. 13 DD_REJECT. 12 DD_INSERT. 15 FALSE.

DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. 2. DD_DELETE. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . When you run a workflow. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE.

NAME = 'Alex'. the expression flags the records for rejection. If the result is greater than 2. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. returning the difference between the two dates. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_INSERT. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. If the result is 2 or less.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT.DD_REJECT. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. When you run a workflow. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. Using DATE_DIFF. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion.DATE_SHIPPED. 0 ) > 2. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. 0. ORDERS. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. 'DD' ).

SALES > 0. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. DD_INSERT. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. If you flag a record as reject. When you run a workflow. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. so it includes only positive values. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS.SALES > 0. DD_REJECT. 0.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file.

0 ) > 2. 1. The mapping loads sales for one employee. returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month.NAME = 'Alex'. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. Using DATE_DIFF. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. the expression flags the records for rejection. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. otherwise.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_REJECT. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. When you run a workflow.DATE_SHIPPED. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. it flags the records for update. If the result is greater than 2. ORDERS. If the result is 2 or less. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. 'DD' ). DD_UPDATE.

') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . 'Variable 1 was less than 23. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0. Var1 = 22. Var1 < 23. 'Variables were out of desired ranges.'.'. Var2 = 49. Var2 > 30. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'Variable 2 was 49!'.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE.'Variable 1 was 22!'.

>=. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. ^=. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. Functions can handle nulls differently. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. If you pass a null value to a function. Therefore. <>. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. see “Functions” on page 49. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. <.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. !=. >. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. <= For example. it might return zero or NULL. For example. However. or it might ignore null values. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. For details on how each function handles null values. For more information.

Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. as well as CUME. the function returns NULL. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. use the ISNULL function. However.NULL To test for nulls. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. For example. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. and MOVINGSUM. the function does not select the record. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . which returns zero). MOVINGAVG. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.

'Variable 2 was more than 30.'. Var1 = 22.'Variable 2 was 49!'. 'Variables were out of desired ranges.') TRUE 19 . Var2 = 49. Var2 > 30. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. Var1 < 23. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'Variable 1 was 22!'.'.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

23 String Operators. 26 21 . 24 Comparison Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 25 Logical Operators. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.

the equation 8 + 5 . Table 3-1.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . >= =. used when specifying conditions. 4. >. subtraction. greater than or equal to. The logical AND operator. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. The logical OR operator. *. The logical NOT operator. !=. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. modulus. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. depending on how you nest the operations. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. not equal to. <>. not equal to. 3. Unary plus and minus. For example. Multiplication. Equal to. less than or equal to. Less than. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. not equal to. /. When expressions contain parentheses.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. % +. Concatenate. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. division. Addition. 2. || <.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . <=. greater than. used when specifying conditions. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +.

For example. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. Multiplication. division. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. use the date functions. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. use the string operator ||.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. For further information on built-in date functions. Addition. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. Unary plus indicates a positive value. Unary minus indicates a negative value. For example. The expression 1. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. modulus. *. To concatenate strings. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. Meaning Unary plus and minus. subtraction. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. % +. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. the function returns NULL. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. To perform arithmetic on date values. /. Arithmetic Operators 23 .

concatenates a space to the end of each first name. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. The || operator. if both values are NULL. 24 Chapter 3: Operators .String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. produces the same results in less time. However. however. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. the || operator returns NULL. Nulls The || operator ignores null values.

When you use comparison operators in an expression. Comparison Operators 25 . see “Dates” on page 33. Not equal to. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. Less than or equal to.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. manipulate data. the expression 123. For example. For information on how to compare dates. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. The expressions 123. Not equal to. Less than. Greater than or equal to. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. If you compare a value to a null value. the operands must be the same datatype. Greater than. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. Not equal to. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. the result is NULL.

the operator NOT returns FALSE. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. and NULL for NULL. For example. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. For example. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. FALSE for zero. NOT returns TRUE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators .Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data.

28 Transaction Control Variables.Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 31 Local Variables. 32 27 .

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

47 33 . 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 34 Date Format Strings. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings.

You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. Date format strings. Date functions accept date/time values only. or compare dates. Converts a string to a date. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. see “Variables” on page 27. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. Use to specify the format of the return string. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. TO_DATE. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . TO_CHAR. truncate. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. ‘MM’. Tests whether a string represents a date. and 9999 A. extract one part of a date. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. With the date functions you can round. Modified Julian Day. ‘MM/DD/RR’). If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. For details on built-in variables. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. To pass a string to a date function. Converts a date to a string.D.D. TO_CHAR format strings. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. Julian Day.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. For example. or perform arithmetic on a date.

D. By definition.D. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. and 9999 A. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. and are not supported in PowerCenter. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. Overview 35 . For example. nor with Modified Julian Day. For example. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight).Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. The J format string does not convert this time component.

‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. RR and YY produce different results. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. Current Year Between 50 and 99. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . If the source string year is between 50 and 99. In TO_DATE expressions. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string.

or it is an invalid date. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. and even between applications. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. Use TO_CHAR(date. day. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. Although date formats vary from database to database. If an input value does not match this format. while the time might include the hours. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. The date includes the month. and seconds. minutes. If the string is in the default date format. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. If you specify a format string. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. and year. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. If you omit the format string. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value.Table 5-2. If you want to pass a string to a date function. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. Dates in Relational Databases In general. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates.

12:00:00AM = 0. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. Month (January = 01. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. If you omit the format string. For example. 12:00:00PM = 12.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . If you specify a format string. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. 1:00:00AM = 1. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits.

you can use MM. MON. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. HH12. YYYY. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. YY. you can use HH.) Month (01-12). You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. MONTH SS. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. DAY. Specify the part of the date you want to change. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. Minutes (0-59. or MONTH to specify APR. SSSS Y. DY. Specify the part of the date you want to return. Specify the part of the date you want to round. YYY. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Seconds (0-59). J Description Days (01-31). HH. or YYYY to specify 1997. For example. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. Date Format Strings 39 . HH24 MI MM. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. For example. HH12. DD. YYY. YY. For example. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. Hour of day (0-23). you can use Y. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. DDD. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. For example. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. MON. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions.

M.’ However. Jan). Seconds (00-59). Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. Last two digits of a year. where January to March equals 1. Wednesday). TO_CHAR returns 97. calculated from Jan 1. ‘RR’ produces the same results as. Day of week (1-7). ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. For example.M. and is interchangeable with. AM and PM return the same values as do A. The function removes the leading digits. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Name of month. It ignores the time component of the date. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. changing the format for reporting purposes. including up to nine characters (for example. Hour of day (01-12). TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). Month (01-12). TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. When used with TO_CHAR. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. 4713 00:00:00 BC. Quarter of year (1-4).M. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . P. Wed).. ‘YY. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. Modified Julian Day. PM. Day of year (001-366.M. where Sunday equals 1. including up to nine characters (for example. For example. Hour of day (00-23). Day of month (01-31). D DD DDD DAY DY HH. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. and P. A. Name of day. Minutes (00-59). You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. January). when used with TO_DATE. including leap years). Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value.

Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. TO_CHAR returns 7. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh.YYYY' ). if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. TO_CHAR returns 997. For example. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. for example D””DDD. For example. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. For example. For example. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. For example. Punctuation that displays in the output. Last three digits of a year. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. TO_CHAR returns 97. For example. The function removes the leading digits. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. For example. The function removes the leading digits. For example. Week of year (01-53). The function removes the leading digits. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. TO_CHAR returns 1997.Table 5-5. and so on. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . Text that displays in the output. Last digit of a year. 'MM.86399). if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. Week of month (1-5). Last two digits of a year. and YY format strings. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783.DD.. SSSSS. RR. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. See the individual functions for more examples. Entire year portion of date. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'.

For example. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings.

use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. PM. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. Day of month (1-31). AM and PM return the same values as do a. if any parts do not match. the function returns TRUE (1). the function returns FALSE (0). where zero is 12AM (midnight). When you create a TO_DATE expression.m. including leap years). Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example.. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. Hour of day (0-23). If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Wed). Name of day.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values.m. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. If you omit the format string. including up to nine characters (for example. Hour of day (1-12). TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . p. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. and p. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. a. Minutes (0-59). You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours.m. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. DD DDD DAY DY HH. Day of year (001-366.m. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. Wednesday).

Convert strings in MJD format to date values. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . For example. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. 2020. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. representing May 12. Seconds since midnight. 1998. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Modified Julian Day. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. to TO_DATE.Current Year Between 0 and 49. Use the RR or YY format string instead. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49.Table 5-6. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. Name of month. It ignores the time component of the source string. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. Month (1-12). August). If it does not. . The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. Use when source strings include two-digit years. Seconds (0-59). the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. Case does not matter. Case does not matter. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. Four digits of a year. including up to nine characters (for example. . 2034).Current Year Between 50 and 99. For example. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Aug). For example.

the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. RR. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Example The following examples illustrate the J. and SSSSS format strings. Tip: By default. For example. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. Likewise. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. The format string is not case-sensitive.format string. See the individual functions for more examples. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.

TO_DATE( DATE_STR. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. while YY returns the year 1905. RR returns the year 2005. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates .

31. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. Change one part of a date. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. DATE_DIFF. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. SET_DATE_PART. 9999 23:59:59 AD.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. Subtract two dates. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. 1.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

49 . in alphabetical order. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages.

Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions .Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function.

Function Categories 51 . You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. evaluates the AVG expression. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. and returns four values. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode.

including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port of null values. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. FALSE. MOVINGAVG. For example. 1.2 to 1. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. 1.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. the function selects all rows in the port.5 to 2. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. For example. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.35 to 0) for the filter condition. 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns zero. If the value rounds to zero. By default. If you do not want to round up a value. the filter condition returns FALSE. the function returns NULL. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. as well as to CUME. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. and MOVINGSUM. or NULL.

Trim string values. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. UPPER. LOWER. Encode strings. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. Replace characters in a string. Convert the datatype of an input value. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. MIN.

54 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Dates” on page 33. extract one part of a date. if you want to pass a string to a date function. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. or compare dates. truncate.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. Date format strings are not internationalized. However. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. or perform arithmetic on a date. For a complete list of date format strings. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument.

The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. if you pass a date with milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Therefore.

it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. At the end of the session. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. Unless overridden. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. Filter. Then at the end of the session. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. When you run a workflow.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. and Update Strategy transformations. For example. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . You can nest other functions within special functions. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. you use special functions in Expression. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions.

For more information on mapping variables. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. If you use this function more than once for the same variable.process that pipeline. Function Categories 57 . see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide.

including ERROR function calls within an expression. String. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. You can use ABORT to validate data. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. The string can be any length. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. Return Value NULL. For more information on the Abort command. Generally. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. it stops transforming data at that row.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. 58 Chapter 6: Functions .or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. assign ABORT as the default value. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation.

NULL if you pass a null value to the function. it returns a Double. Likewise. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. Return Value Positive numeric value. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. If you pass a Double. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . if you pass an Integer.95 59.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. it returns an Integer.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69.

the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. DDD. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'SS'. Hour. HH12. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . DY. Seconds. 'MI'. For example. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. 'DD'. For example. MON. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. and DAY. You can use any of the day format strings: D. DD. You use the MI format string to set the minute. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Month. Minute. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. You use the SS format string to set the second. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. 'YY'. Day. or YYYY. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. HH24. YYY. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. YY. For example. MONTH. 'HH'. 'MONTH'. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port.

amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. format. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. Passes the values you want to change. For example. and so on by which you want to change the date value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 .Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Also note. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. days. 'mm'. An integer value specifying the amount of years. 'MONTH'. Date/Time datatype. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. Required. for example. 'MON'. months. Required. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. hours. 'MM'. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998.

'DY'. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY'. 'HH'. 'DDD'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. 'DD'. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. For example. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. 'D'.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. which you specify. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. you need to change the hour portion of the date. 'HH24'.

Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Character string. Return Value Integer. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. however. but it evaluates only the first character in the string. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Normally. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example. they will still work correctly. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. ASCII 63 . This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. before you pass any string value to ASCII. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. If you pass a numeric value.535. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. it will still work correctly. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values.535. Normally. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Character string. If you pass a numeric value. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. A string containing one character. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . However. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

Return Value String. Required. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. If both strings are NULL. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. NULL if both string values are NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Any datatype (except Binary). second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. Alternatively. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. CONCAT returns NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. CONCAT( CHR(39). For example. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. If you want to add a space between two strings. ' ' ).

Return Value Double value. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.0 0. Numeric datatype.951056516295147 0.342020143325593 0.866025403784421 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3.996194698091745 0.0 0.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. For example.

381231106176 1.0 1. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.45 0 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0874465864177 19.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 . For example: COSH( MEASURES.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.0 2. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Numeric datatype.897 3. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.4435376920294 116.54308063481524 9. You can enter any valid transformation expression.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.66 5. Return Value Double value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.

You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Limits the rows in the search. Syntax COUNT( value [. Nulls If all values are NULL.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. For more information. the function returns 0. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. Alternative. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. If you apply the value argument. this function counts all rows. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Return Value Integer. this function ignores columns with null values. Optional. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. However. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). FALSE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). If you apply the asterisk argument. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Passes the values you want to count. Use to count all rows in a transformation. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. Optionally. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

returning one value. including null values. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. The function counts all rows in a transformation.

In this example. but do not use a filter. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. If you include the asterisk argument.

CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. However. Limits the rows in the search. CUME 79 . the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optional. FALSE. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. or if no rows are selected (for example. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. Nulls If a value is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Numeric datatype. if all values in the selected port are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. CUME returns NULL.

you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise.

Date/Time datatype. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. The second date you want to compare. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. Required. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. The first date you want to compare. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. Date/Time datatype. 1 if the second date is earlier. 0 if the two dates are equal. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 .

Required. If date1 is later than date2. date2. You can specify only one part of the date. minutes. the return value is a negative number. months. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. or seconds. such as 'mm'. You can request the format to be years. or seconds. months. hours. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. For example. You can specify years. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. Date/Time datatype. days. Date/Time datatype. Required. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. Zero if the dates are the same. minutes. The format string is not case-sensitive. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. the return value is a positive number. days. Return Value Double value. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. If date1 is earlier than date2. hours. 'Mm' or 'mM'.

925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812.0 2100. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.5 10.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283.0 255. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 .5 87. DATE_SHIPPED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.

'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 2. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.91935483870839 0. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions .35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9.

if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. second_search. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. you may not search for a portion of a value. the search does not find a matching value. Any datatype (except Binary). Even if multiple conditions are met. second_result]. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. Optional. Required. Passes the values you want to search. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. Required. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. DECODE 85 . For example. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. The search value must match the value argument exactly. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify.[. first_result [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax DECODE( value. first_search. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. not just 'Halogen'. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. Any datatype (except Binary). If you enter 'Halogen'. it returns a result value... You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the function finds the value. Passes the values for which you want to search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. which you define. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. Any datatype (except Binary).

'Regulator'.141592654’.141592654. 1. For example. For example. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. 40. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. ‘Pi’. 'Tank'. 10. ‘1. 3. The first result is an Integer. 5. 'Flashlight'. and 3. 5. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values.414213562.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. ‘Pythagoras’. When you run a session in high precision mode. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. if at least one result is Double. ‘Archimedes’. 3. and the other results are Decimal.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. ‘Pi’. 'Knife'. ‘Archimedes’. the datatype of the return value is Double. 14. 3. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions .414213562’. ‘3.141592654. 20.414213562. ‘Pythagoras’. 1. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes.

was less than 23.'. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. Var2 > 30.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. Variable 2 was more than 30. Var1 = 22. was more than 30. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Var2 = 49.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. desired ranges. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. was 49!'. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. Var1 < 23. DECODE 87 . Also.'.

For example.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. The string can be any length. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. It does not skip the row. which you define. Generally. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. and it does not log an error in the session log. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘1234’. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. and you assign the default value. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. assign ERROR as the default value. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. For details about using default values. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. String value. including ERROR function calls within an expression. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. to the output port. Return Value String value. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. The error message displays in the session log file. you use the ERROR function in an expression. If you use an output default value other than ERROR.

The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. Row skipped.'. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 .Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. Negative salary found. Negative salary found. but skip negative values. ERROR ('Error. Row skipped.

For example. The value to which you want to raise e. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. Return Value Double value. where e=2. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data. You can enter any valid transformation expression.71828183. Numeric datatype. EXP(2) returns 7.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent).38905609893065. Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8.4657948067 0.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . rather than business data. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. (The exponent in the equation e^value).135335283236613 5166.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.

Limits the rows in the search. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. or NULL. However. FIRST 91 . you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. Syntax FIRST( value [.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. For more information. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Return Value First value in a group. Optionally. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. Note: By default. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Nulls If a value is NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. Any datatype (except Binary). the function returns NULL. FIRST ignores the row. FIRST returns NULL. However. or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. FALSE. if all values passed from the port are NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.

00 88. returning one result for each group.00 8. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 29.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 31.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 31. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.05 150.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 88. returning one value.00 8. If there is no group by port.05 150.00 29.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.

98 to FLOOR. If you pass 3.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. if you pass 3.24 NULL -100. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data.12 74. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. For example.14 to FLOOR. Likewise. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . the function returns 3. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.17 to FLOOR. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. For example. if you pass -3. the function returns -4. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function returns 3. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.

Required. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. 'YYY'. 'YY'. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions .GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Therefore. You can enter any valid transformation expression. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. for example. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. The format string is not case-sensitive. For example. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. Date/Time datatype. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. 'mm'. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. the format strings 'Y'.

The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

including another IIF expression. based on the results of a condition. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. Required.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. value1 [. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. including another IIF expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. Any datatype (except Binary). the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. If you omit value2. For example.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. Any datatype (except Binary). value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. The condition you want to evaluate. Syntax IIF( condition. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required.

3333) is a decimal. SALARY3. SALARY2. the datatype of the return value is Double. IIF( SALES < 100. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. SALARY1. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. For example. IIF( SALES < 200. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. EMP_NAME. For example. . The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. 1. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. BONUS))). NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. IIF( SALES < 50. value2 if the condition is FALSE.

see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies.SALARY1. DD_REJECT. DECODE may improve readability. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. --then return SALARY2. --else for sales over 199. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. --then return SALARY3. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. SALARY3. SALARY2. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. return BONUS) ) ). BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. SALARY1. For more information. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. SALES > 199. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ).

Any datatype (except Binary). Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . For example. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns Thomas. tab. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. If your data contains multibyte characters. Return Value String. newline. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. formfeed. carriage return. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’.

If the start position is zero. Passes the value you want to evaluate. If the start position is a positive number. For example. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. If the search value appears more than once in the string. Optional. counting from left to right. search_value [. If you omit this argument. The search value is case-sensitive. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. If you want to search for a character string. For example. the function uses the default value of 1. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. Optional.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. Must be an integer value. counting from left to right. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. for example 'abc'. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. The default value is 1. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value.start [. Syntax INSTR( string. The set of characters you want to search for. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. If the start position is a negative number. the function uses the default value of 1. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. if not. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. If you omit this argument. The string must be a character string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. Any value. The position in the string where you want to start the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A positive integer greater than zero. The results of the expression must be a character string. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a negative integer or zero. If you pass a decimal. Required. 100 Chapter 6: Functions .

and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. -1. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. starting at the beginning of each company name. 'a'. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. 1.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 'a'. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. starting at the beginning of each company name. starting from the last character in the company name. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY.

The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.' ' . 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . The following expression evaluates a string. INSTR(CUST_ID.INSTR( CUST_NAME. -1.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY.-1.1. 1. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID. starting from the end of the string.

use LENGTH.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “LENGTH” on page 115. For more information. Note: To test for empty strings. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Any datatype (except Binary). Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 .

The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. However. year 1900 is not a leap year. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. Optional. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. Passes the rows you want to evaluate.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. the function returns TRUE (1). Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. For example. not the YY format string. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. the two format strings return the same values. so there is no February 29th. Must be a string datatype. For example. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). which returns TRUE. the function returns FALSE (0). In the first case. If the strings match the format string. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. In most cases. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. which returns false. If you omit the format string. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format.

and converts each valid date to a date value. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. If the value is not a valid date. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. If it does not. IS_DATE 105 .

the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . Therefore. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ).Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ).

45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. IS_NUMBER 107 . You can enter any valid transformation expression.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).45E-32’ ‘+3.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype. Must be a string datatype.45e+32’ ‘+3. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.

45d-3’ ‘3.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ). and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0. the PowerCenter Server returns 0. If the value is not a valid number.45e+3’ ‘3.45D-3’ ‘-3.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions. 0.00 0.Windows only) 0 (False .00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .00 0.00’ ‘-3.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.00’ ‘-3.00 0.00 0. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True .00 0. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00345 0. For example. such as TO_FLOAT.45e+3’ ‘-3.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.

a newline. A space is a blank space. Must be a string datatype. use LENGTH. a tab. see “LENGTH” on page 115. a formfeed. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. a carriage return. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. For example. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . To test for an empty string.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. or a vertical tab. FALSE (0) if the row contains data.

CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions . To do this. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces.column in a target table. '00000'.

Syntax LAST( value [. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. Optional. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. For more information. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Limits the rows in the search. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). FALSE. However. LAST 111 . Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. Note: By default. Optionally. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. or NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). Return Value Last row in a port.

00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .05 150.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 8.00 29. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.

Date/Time datatype. LAST_DAY ignores the row. returning one result for each group. returning one value. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. LAST_DAY returns NULL. Null If a value is NULL. Return Value Date. If there is no group by port. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. However. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required.

The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. TO_DATE always includes time information. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions .

use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. including trailing blanks. see “ISNULL” on page 103. use IS_SPACES. String datatype.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. For details. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. The strings you want to evaluate. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. LENGTH 115 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. To test for spaces. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. For details. use ISNULL. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field.

Numeric datatype. LN(3)returns 1.302585092994 4. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.04082199452026 NULL Error. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0.828313737302 -0. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. For example.098612. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. greater than zero.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. It must be a positive number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 116 Chapter 6: Functions .) Error.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. Return Value Double value.

LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Required. or 1 as a base value. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. exponent Return Value Double value. LOG 117 . The base of the logarithm. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number.) Error. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . Most often. zero. Syntax LOG( base. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.09 NULL 35. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. The exponent of the logarithm.) Error.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error.

Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. search1.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Syntax LOOKUP( result. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. must match search1 datatype. rather than creating Lookup transformations. search2. value1 [. Any datatype (except Binary). search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . Datatype that matches the value1. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. However. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. Required. Required. Specifies the values you want to match to value.5 compatibility in the session properties. value2]. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. ) Argument result Meaning Required.. For more information..

PRICE.00 15. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. ORDERS. Error if the search finds more than one matching value.ORDERS. RTRIM( ORDERS. :TD.SALES for a specific item ID and price. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.SALES.ITEM_ID.ITEM. 15. :TD.SALES. :TD.ORDERS.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .QTY.ORDERS. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values.99 15.99 15. :TD.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values.ITEM.ITEM_NAME.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values. :TD. 10.PRICE.SALES. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match. NULL if the search does not find any matching values.ITEM. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.PRICE.PRICE.ORDERS.ORDERS. ORDERS.

LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Any string value. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. If your data contains multibyte characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. Return Value Lowercase character string. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.

Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter a specific string literal. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. LPAD( PART_NUM. for example 'abc'. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. 6. Optional. This argument is case-sensitive. If you omit the second_string. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . second_string Return Value String of the specified length. Can be a character string. length [. Syntax LPAD( first_string. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. RPAD returns NULL. or if length is a negative number. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. When length is a negative number. Can be any string value.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. Must be a positive integer literal. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. however. The strings you want to change. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length. 5. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. '*. For example.**Compass Regulator System *..*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME..*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions .**. 16.LPAD counts the length from left to right. LPAD truncates the string from right to left. LPAD(‘alphabetical’....Flashlight *.**. -5. '. If the first string is longer than the length.

If the trim_set is NULL. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. If you omit the second string. for example. however. LTRIM removes it. character-by-character. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. starting with the left side of the string. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. For example. you would enter 'A'. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. You can also enter a character string. LTRIM removes both single. Syntax LTRIM( string [. Any string value. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. not 'a'. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. Passes the strings you want to modify. with any matching characters removed. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. Then it returns the string.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. In ASCII mode. trim_set Return Value String. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. Any string value. Most often. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. 'abc'. LTRIM 123 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. and so on. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. MacDonald Sawyer H. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. Bender. For example. In the example of H.’ from S. but not the period from H. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . LTRIM removes it. 'S. Bender. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. character-by-character.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). This is because LTRIM searches. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. LTRIM removes it.

Return Value Date. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optional. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. FALSE. Date/Time datatype. For more information. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. Limits the rows in the search. Syntax MAX( date [.

However. Limits the rows in the search. MAX ignores it. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. However. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. Optional. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Nulls If a value is NULL. Note: By default. Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. or NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. MAX returns NULL. For more information. if all values passed from the port are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). FALSE.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. the function returns NULL.

MAX treats all rows as one group.00 79. returning one value. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .00 162.00 PRICE 10.00 55.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 85.00 360.

For more information. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MEDIAN ignores the row. Limits the rows in the search. If there is an odd number of values in the port. If there is an even number of values in the port. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Note: By default. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. Return Value Numeric value. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Optionally. or if no rows are selected (for example. if all values passed from the port are NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. Numeric datatype.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. or NULL. Optional. However. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. FALSE. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. However. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Nulls If a value is NULL. MEDIAN returns NULL. the function returns NULL. the median is the middle number. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE.

However. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Note: By default. Numeric datatypes. MIN ignores it. the function returns NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Optional. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. or NULL. Nulls If a single value is NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. FALSE. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. or if no rows are selected (for example.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Limits the rows in the search. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. MIN returns NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. However. For more information. Return Value Numeric value. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. MIN (Numbers) 135 . the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search.

Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.00 79.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .00 360.00 55.00 162. returning one result for each group.00 85. If there is no group by port. MIN treats all rows as one group. returning one value.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 PRICE 10.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Required.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. The values you want to divide. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE.5) returns 3. The divisor cannot be zero. Numeric datatype. MOD 137 . The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. PowerCenter Server does not write row.00 25.00 9. The numeric value you want to divide by. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. QTY ) PRICE 10.00 12. MOD(8. For example.00 15. Syntax MOD( numeric_value.00 NULL 20.

138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 15. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE.00 25. QTY )) PRICE 10. To avoid dividing by zero.The last row (25. IIF( QTY = 0.00 NULL 20. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. If the quantity is zero. NULL.00 12.00 9.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. you can create an expression similar to the following. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port.

For example. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. 5). the function returns NULL. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Numeric datatype. five rows at a time. You can enter any valid transformation expression. rowset [. or NULL. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. However. MOVINGAVG 139 . Optional. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Optionally. Required. or if no rows are selected (for example. if all values are NULL. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. Limits the rows in the search. FALSE. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

and 243 based on rows 3 through 7. 140 Chapter 6: Functions . and thereafter.8 based on rows 2 through 6. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. based on the first five rows in the Sales port.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. 245. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5.

Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. MOVINGSUM 141 . Optionally. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. Required. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. the function returns NULL. For example. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. five rows at a time. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. or NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. FALSE. rowset [. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. However. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. 5 ) Optional. if all values are NULL. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum.

1229 based on rows 2 through 6.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and thereafter. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Required. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. PERCENTILE returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Optionally. if all values in a group are NULL. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. For more information.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. PERCENTILE ignores the row. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. percentile [. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. See the following equation for more details. when PERCENTILE 143 . or if no rows are selected (for example. Nulls If a value is NULL. or NULL. FALSE. Integer between 0 and 100. However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the function returns NULL. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. inclusive. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Note: By default. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. However. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.

Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . If there is no group by port. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. returning one value. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. returning one result for each group. If i is an integer value. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.you configure the PowerCenter Server. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. If i < 1.

0 85000.0 27900.0 NULL 55000.0 48000.0 9000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.0 86000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 99000.0 100000. 75.0 PERCENTILE 145 .

Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS. In this case. If the base value is negative.00137174211248285 0. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required. the exponent must be an integer.0 -6. Numeric value.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838. Required. Numeric value.0 -3.0 6.0 5.0 729.0 6.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.265625 982. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.0 5. Return Value Double value. This argument is the base value. This argument is the exponent value. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.5 2. You can enter any valid transformation expression.5 3.00137174211248285 729. If the base value is negative.5 NULL 10. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.0 NULL -6. the exponent must be an integer.0 -3.594307804838 NULL NULL 0.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .0 -3.0 3.0 EXPONENT 2.0 3. Syntax POWER( base.

If the base is negative.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. POWER 147 . otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.Note that -3. the exponent must be an integer.5.0 raised to 5.

When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. If you pass a numeric value. If you pass a numeric value. an empty string. Must be an integer. If NewChar is NULL or empty. If NewChar contains more than one character. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACECHR returns NULL. the function is case-sensitive. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR returns InputString. Required. the function is not case-sensitive. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. or NULL. Required. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. for example. Must be a character string. the function converts it to a character string. OldCharSet. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter one or more characters. InputString. Must be a character string. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. NULL if InputString is NULL. The characters you want to replace. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If InputString is NULL. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. You can enter one character. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. Passes the string you want to search. Required. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. the function converts it to a character string. 'abc'.

1" GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘A’.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index. CUSTOMER_CODE.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 . ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0. ‘"’. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.1 GET /companyinfo/index. ‘A’.html HTTP/1.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index. WEBLOG. ‘]["’.html HTTP/1.

INPUT.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. CHR(39). NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘14’. ‘A’. INPUT. you must use the CHR function. including the single quote. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. The following expression removes multiple characters. CUSTOMER_CODE. see “CHR” on page 68. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1.

the function converts it to a character string. 'abc'. That is. InputString. [OldString2. or NULL. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. If you pass a numeric value. Must be an integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function converts it to a character string. REPLACESTR 151 . Required.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. or no character.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. the function is case-sensitive. see the examples. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. for example. If you pass a numeric value. an empty string. Must be a character string. You can enter one character. multiple characters. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. multiple characters. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. REPLACESTR returns NULL. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. Required. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. Passes the strings you want to search. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. OldString1. The string you want to replace. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. If NewString is NULL or empty. You must enter at least one OldString argument. OldStringN. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACESTR returns InputString. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. Must be a character string. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. If InputString is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. For more information. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. Must be a character string. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function.. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. etc.. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. the function is not case-sensitive. . Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString.

The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0.’ ) TITLE Mrs. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘s.’. INPUT. WEBLOG. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. ‘ HTTP/1. MRS. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. ‘GET ’. MRS. MRS. RETURN VALUE Ms. TITLE.’ ) TITLE Mrs.1’. ‘ab’. ‘iss’.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. Miss Mr. ‘rs.html /companyinfo/index. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty.html /companyinfo/index. Ms. ‘"’.1" GET /companyinfo/index. ‘iss’.html HTTP/1. ‘bc’. Ms.NULL if InputString is NULL. TITLE. RETURN VALUE Ms.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. Mr.html HTTP/1. ‘rs.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. ‘s.’.

The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. you must use the CHR function. CONCAT(‘it’. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. INPUT. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘bc’. ‘s’ )).The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. CONCAT( CHR(39). INPUT. REPLACESTR 153 . see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. CONCAT(CHR(39). Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. ‘ab’. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information.

'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). For example. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns January 1 of the input year. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. For example. For example. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. and sets the time to 00:00:00. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). Hour. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. Minute. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. For example. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. For example. If the month is between January and June. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. If the month is between July and December. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. Month. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. Day.

'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. If you omit the format string. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. Optional. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . You can round only one portion of the date. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required.Syntax ROUND( date [. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. the function rounds the date to the nearest day. Enter a valid format string. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

truncating the decimal portion of the number. You can also use ROUND to round dates. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. If you omit the precision argument. ROUND returns NULL.44. For example.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. 0. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. If you enter decimal precision. -1) returns 20. 1) returns 13. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. Optional. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values.0 because the function rounds 0.99) returns 13. You can enter any valid transformation expression.99.99. If you enter a positive precision. returning an integer. Return Value Numeric value. For example.99. If one of the arguments is NULL. If you enter a negative precision. 1) returns 15.8) returns 13.4. ROUND(12. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Positive or negative integer. the function rounds to the nearest integer. Numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.0 and ROUND(15. ROUND(12. For example.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. For example. ROUND(12. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [.99. ROUND(12.

3 ) PRICE 12.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .99 56. -2 ) PRICE 13242.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.8678 56.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.995 -18. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.9936 15. 0.0 56.99 -108.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.994 15.0 -16.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.9949 -18.99 -18.8 ) PRICE 12.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.99 1435.868 56.0 57. ROUND( PRICE.99 -15.0 1400.0 -19.99 56.0 -100.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.

suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . This may not be the result you expect.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. For example. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. To achieve the expected result.

.. Compass. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.. 'abc'. for example.. When length is a negative number... Specifies the length you want each string to be.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Must be a positive integer literal. This argument is casesensitive. RPAD(‘alphabetical’.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks... the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. For example. Any string value. if the first string is longer than the length. 160 Chapter 6: Functions .. The strings you want to change. If you omit the second string.. Syntax RPAD( first_string. 5. You can enter any valid transformation expression. RPAD counts the length from left to right. 16. So. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. Regulator System Safety Knife.. Optional. Return Value String of the specified length. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. RPAD truncates the string from right to left.. Any string value..' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.. Required. appending the string '.. length [. or if length is a negative number. RPAD returns NULL.. '.

16...* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. '. appending the string ‘*.. Compass*. '*.** Regulator System Safety Knife*.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.**..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .. -5.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.**..

It returns the string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. for example. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes both single. trim_set Return Value String.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. You can also enter a text literal. In ASCII mode. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. Any string value. character-by-character. Syntax RTRIM( string [. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . with any matching characters removed. If you omit the second string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. RTRIM removes it. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. Optional. however. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. You can enter any valid transformation expression. starting with the right side of the string. 'abc'. Any string value. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. Passes the values you want to trim.

If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. RTRIM removes it. In the last example. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. character-by-character. however.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. the last character in the string does not match. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. RTRIM removes it. and so on. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. If. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. This is because RTRIM searches. For example. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings.

The session is a debug session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. The session is configured for a test load. Returns the new current value. At the end of the session. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. At the end of a successful session.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. For details on mapping variables. Unless overridden. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion.

Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. Darkroom Co.. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. It increases the count by one for each inserted row.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session.Return Value The current value of the variable. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. The next time the session runs. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 ..) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. decreases the count for each deleted row. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. Supply. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. Darkroom Co.

Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. HH12. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. HH24) to set the hour. For example. DY. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. and November) in the value argument.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. For example. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. 'SS'. June. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. DDD. For example. MONTH to set the month. You use the MI format string to set the minute. April. YYY. YY. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. Hour. You can use any of the month format strings (D. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. Seconds. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. or YYYY to set the year. For example. DD. MON. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You use the SS format string to set the second. Minute. 12=12PM. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. 'DD'. 'HH'. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'MI'. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. and DAY) to set the day. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. 'YY'. For example. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'MONTH'. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . Month. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. September. Day. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port.

Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. If you enter an improper value (for example. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. the session fails. 'HH'.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. format. The format string is not case-sensitive. Required. Date/Time datatype. 'HH24'. 'HH12'. February 30). 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The date you want to modify. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change.

MM'. 7). 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 1998). 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 'YYYY'.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 'YYYY'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. For example. 'YY'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON'. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 'MONTH'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'MM'. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'Y'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'DD'. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.

the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. At the end of the session. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Returns the new current value. The session is configured for a test load. The session is a debug session. Unless overridden. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. When used with a string mapping variable. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. At the end of a successful session. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. For details on mapping variables.

Suppose the same session contains three partitions. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. For example. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Then. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. The return value is the new current value of the variable. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. it saves the largest value to the repository. Required. The next time the session runs. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Unless overridden. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. For details on mapping variables. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The session is a debug session. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. Returns the new current value. At the end of a successful session. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. The session is configured for a test load. At the end of the session. When used with a string mapping variable. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository.

value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The next time the session runs. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.00 22.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.25 22.50 22.00 26. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.00 22. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .00 22.00 22.50 27.00 MIN_PRICE 22. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22. The return value is the new current value of the variable. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23.25 24.50 22.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.75 23.00 22.50. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.75 25. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.00 At the end of the session. Required.50 22.00 24. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port.00’.50 22.

it saves the smallest value to the repository. For example. Then.Suppose the same session contains three partitions.50 22.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.00 22. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions .

value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. The session is a debug session. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. At the end of a successful session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. The session is configured for a test load. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. Unless overridden. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. it saves a final current value to the repository. Required. For details on mapping variables. SETVARIABLE 175 . The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. Returns the specified value. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline.

95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session. 176 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. The next time the session runs.50 116.43 323. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”.43 323. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp.50 116. The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.01 97.23 699.Return Value Current value of the variable. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534.01 97.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.23 699.

Return Value -1 for negative values. Passes the values you want to evaluate. negative.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. NULL if NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or 0.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . Numeric value. 1 for positive values. 0 for 0.

Return Value Double value.50000000000003 0. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).939692620785936 0.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0.309016994374967 0.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions . For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine.0871557427476639 0. Numeric datatype. Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

45 0 0. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.03225804884884 19. Numeric datatype.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. For example: SINH( MEASURES.897 3.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .0 2. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.1752011936438 9.376934801486 0.66 5.0 0.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.4178051793031 116. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine. Return Value Double value. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).

SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. Q. T L M. X. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. For example. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. If string encodes to less than four characters. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. F. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. Z D. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. For example.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. For example. G. H. P. and encodes it in uppercase. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. K. Skips numbers in string. O. S. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. J. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. E. V C. I. For example. For example. U. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions .

♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . Passes the string value you want to encode. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. string is empty. Return Value String. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet.

the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. If you pass a negative value or character value. Positive numeric value. PowerCenter Server does not write row. 182 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. NULL 7. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. You can enter any valid transformation expression.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. Return Value Double value.

or if no rows are selected (for example. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Nulls If a single value is NULL.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. STDDEV returns NULL.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. STDDEV ignores it. the function returns NULL. For more information. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Numeric datatypes. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. if all values are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Note: By default. However. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can use operators to average values in different ports. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. FALSE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. STDDEV 183 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL.

000. the return value is zero.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .0 153.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.0 2198. If there is no standard deviation.88 3001.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.0 2198.90 2256.0 2198.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.0 NULL 8953.90 and 153. SALES > 2000.0 1010. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198. If there is no group by port.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists). returning one value. STDDEV treats all rows as one group.00 ) SALES 2198. returning one result for each group.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000.

Must be a character string. the function converts it to a character string. Syntax SUBSTR( string. If you omit the length argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If the start position is zero. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. Optional. start [.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. starting at the beginning of the string. If the start position is a positive number. Must be an integer. SUBSTR counts all characters. including blanks. If you pass a numeric value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Required. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. Passes the strings you want to search. If you pass a decimal. the function returns an empty string. Must be an integer greater than zero. If you pass a negative integer or zero. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. If the start position is a negative number. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The position in the string where you want to start counting. SUBSTR 185 . start length Return Value String. You can enter any valid transformation expression.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string.

3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. -8. 0. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 5.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 1.

1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 2.' ' . SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string.INSTR( CUST_NAME.1. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 8) returns ‘cd’. starting from the end of the string. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'.The following expression evaluates a string. SUBSTR 187 . '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. INSTR(CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. 1. -2. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.-1.1 ) .

filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. Limits the rows in the search. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. However. For more information. SUM returns NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can use operators to add values in different ports. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. Numeric datatype. SUM ignores it. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. FALSE. the function returns NULL. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Optionally. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Passes the values you want to add. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. However. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optional. or NULL.

0 4519.0 1900.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .0 RETURN VALUE: 10477.0 NULL 3458.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE . returning one result for each group. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500. returning one value. SUM treats all rows as one group. If there is no group by port.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.0 1200.

577350269189672 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2.19175359259435 0. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3.74747741945531 1.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric datatype.0874886635259298 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression.324919696232929 57.

0 0.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.897 3. Return Value Double value.66 5.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function.761594155955765 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.993926947790665 0.999963084213409 0. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .45 0 0. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.998676551914886 0.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent. Numeric datatype.0 2.

'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . If you omit the format string.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Optional. Date/Time datatype. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. not the format for the values in the date argument. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The format string defines the format of the return value. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. Return Value String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

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197

For example. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Date.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. see “Requirements” on page 44. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. For details on the TO_DATE format string. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. Must be a string datatype. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. If it does not. If you omit the format string. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. Do not use the YYYY format string. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. use either the RR or YY format string. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record.

If you pass a string that does not have a time value. TO_DATE 199 . PowerCenter Server skips this row. the century will be 19. If you run a session in the twentieth century. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. the century will be 19. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you run a session in the twentieth century. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port.

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.

if true. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). For example: DECODE( TRUE. if true. you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.If your target accepts different date formats. ‘MM’ ).‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ).‘MM/DD/YYYY’). --test second format.‘MON DD YYYY’). --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test third format. ‘MON DD YYYY’). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if true.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.

3 ) IN_TAX '15.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. inclusive.348' NULL 'A12.6789' '60. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. Optional.679 60. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX.2' '118. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces.200 118. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. If you omit this argument.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. inclusive. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX. Must be a string or numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15.

Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces. You can enter any valid transformation expression.2' '118. Must be a string or numeric datatype.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 .TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.6789' '60.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.6789 60. Return Value Double value. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15.348' NULL 'A12.2 118. Passes the values you want to convert to double values.

Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . The flag must be an integer literal. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. String or numeric datatype. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15.6789’ ‘-15.348' NULL 'A12. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. or if you omit this argument. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. Optional.6789' '60.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer.3Grove' ‘ 123. You can enter any valid transformation expression.2' '118.

23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .2' '118.348' NULL 'A12.3Grove' ‘ 123. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.6789' '60.6789’ ‘-15.TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.

the function truncates the time portion of the date. For example. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. If you truncate the year portion of the date. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. The format string is not case-sensitive. For example. If you truncate the month portion of a date. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. setting it to 00:00:00. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. month. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. Date/Time datatype. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. Hour. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. Enter a valid format string. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. Optional. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. hour. or minute. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. Month. Minute. day. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. For example. For example. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. If you truncate the day portion of a date. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. If you omit the format string. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. For example. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. The date values you want to truncate. Day. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45.

'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 .Return Value Date. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. Return Value Numeric value. Optional. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. If you omit the precision argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. If you pass a decimal precision value. precision If precision is a positive integer. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. Passes the values you want to truncate. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. If precision is a negative integer. Can be a positive or negative integer. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Numeric datatype. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL.

99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.99 56.8652 56.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12. -1 ) PRICE 12.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .0 1230.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.9563 15.999 -18.0 50.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.86 56.9995 -18.0 -18.95 15.865 56.956 15.95 1235.0 15.99 -18.0 -180. 3 ) PRICE 12.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 56.99 -187.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . Return Value Uppercase string. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If your data contains multibyte characters.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. String datatype.

Return Value Double value. or NULL. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. For more information. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the variance is 0. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. Limits the rows in the search. FALSE. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Numeric datatype. If n is 1. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. Optional.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. VARIANCE returns NULL. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. if all values passed to the function are NULL.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. returning one value. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. VARIANCE ignores it.0 2256. However.Nulls If a single value is NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . Note: By default. or if no rows are selected. returning one result for each group. the function returns NULL. If there is no group by port. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.0 3001.0 NULL 8953. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. If there is not a group by port. However. returning one value. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

228 For details on each function. 215 . 226 Test Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 217 Conversion Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. 216 Character Functions. 220 Date Functions. 223 Scientific Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 227 Variable Functions. 225 Special Functions.

Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Returns the maximum value. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns the first record in a group. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. or earliest date. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. found in a group. Returns the number of records with non-null value. Returns the last record in a group. Returns the sum of all records in a group. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. found in a group. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. Available in the Designer. or latest date. Available in the Designer. Returns the minimum value. Returns the standard deviation for a group. in a group. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Available in the Designer. percentile [. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Available in the Designer. Returns the variance of all records in a group.

In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Concatenates two strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. Returns the number of characters in a string. In ASCII mode. In Unicode mode. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. length [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the position of a character set in a string. counting from left to right. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . including trailing blanks. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. however. search_value [. it will still work correctly. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. to set a string to a specified length. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [.

. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. OldString1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or no character. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a portion of a string. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . length [. OldStringN.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string.. [OldString2.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal.

It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Returns whether a value is NULL. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. OldString1. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search_value [. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. multiple characters. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. [OldString2. OldStringN. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. OldCharSet. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is a valid date.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. Available in the Designer. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. or no character.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 .Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value.

Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. or seconds). format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Rounds one part of a date. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. Truncates dates to a specific year. Returns the latest date found in a group. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Available in the Designer. value ) TRUNC( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. format. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. minutes. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . measured in the specified increment (years. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. Returns the earliest date found in a group. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. hours. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. month. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. months.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. hour. Returns the length of time between two dates. days. date2. filter_condition ) MIN( date. format. Available in the Designer. or minute. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. day.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. recordset [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Notes whether a numeric value is positive. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.71828183. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. or 0. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a running total of all numeric values. recordset [. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. negative.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. where e=2. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [.Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Truncates numbers to a specific digit. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .

Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search2. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. search1. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. value2 [. second_search. second_result ]…[. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. IIF IIF( condition. Available in the Designer. first_result [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns one of two values you specify. Available in the Designer. based on the results of a condition. first_search. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. Searches a port for the specified value. value1 [.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Test Functions 227 .Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number.

Available in the Designer. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Returns the specified value. Returns the new current value. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Returns the new current value.

Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 120. 211 229 .

211 counting 185 encoding 130. 160 ASCII characters 63. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index .case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 120. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 68 capitalization 99. 180 removing from strings 123. 68.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 216 categories 50 character 52. 226 test 56. 225 special 55. 217 conversion 53. 219 data cleansing 53. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 220 date 54. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 223 scientific 55.

44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116.Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40.

null values aggregate functions 18. 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116. 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index .

return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .

SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 120.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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