Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Table of Contents

Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Character Functions . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . 3-4. . 36 . . . . .. .. . . . . 18 . . . . . .. . . ... . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . 39 . . .. . . 28 . . 6-2. . . . .. .. . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . .. .. . . . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference .. . . .. . . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . 5-6. . . . . . . 6-1. 5-2. . . . . ... . . . 5-5. . .. .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . . .. . .. . . . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . . . 6 . .. . . Operators in the Transformation Language .. . .. . . . . . . . .. . . 4-1. . .. . . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . .. 5-3. 3-1. .. . . ... .. . .. 39 .. . .. . . ... . .. . . . . . Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. 2-1. . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 26 . . . . . RR Format String Conversions ... . . . . . . . . . . . . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . . . ... . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3. .. .. . . . ... . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . .. 5-1. . . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . . TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . 22 . .. . . . .. 43 130 180 List of Tables ix ... . 40 . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language ... ... . 3-2. . . .. . . .. . 36 . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . ... . . .. . .. 5-4. . . . . . . . . . 23 . 25 . . . .. ... . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language .

x List of Tables .

and information hubs. and managing data. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. transforming. handle complex transformations on the data. data migration. loading. and support high-speed loads. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. and efficient manner. data synchronization. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. including extracting. xi . usable.

When you use a local parameter file. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. Verbose data enhancements. Define mapping. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages.1. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. Session enhancement.0. and workflow prefixes.1. session. Profile mapping display in the Designer.1. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. the rows that meet the business rule. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. JEF-kana. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page.1. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. xii Preface . and MELCOM-kana.1. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. Flat file partitioning. You can define default mapping. a specified percentage of data. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. pmcmd.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. Row Uniqueness function. PowerCenter 7. 7. sessions. such as JIPSEkana. Domain Inference function tuning. and 7. session. and workflow prefixes for the mappings.1. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. or the rows that do not meet the business rule.

the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. reswords. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. Oracle. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. You can attach document types such as XML. containing reserved words. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux.♦ SuSE Linux support. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. you can create and maintain a file. JPEG. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. Preface xiii .txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. When you export metadata. On SuSE Linux. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. such as Business Objects Designer. Reserved word support. and Sybase sources. On SuSE Linux. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. If the file exists. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. you can now override the control file. you can connect to IBM. DB2. DB2. You do not need to know a database user name and password. and Sybase repositories. or PDF. ♦ SuSE Linux support. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. it searches for reswords. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file.txt. targets. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. and repositories using native drivers. Oracle. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. you can connect to IBM. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. If any source. Depending on the loader you use. log. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. GIF. you can also override the error. target. Teradata external loader. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support.

You store xiv Preface . Workflow Administration Guide.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. and Transformation Guide. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements.♦ Pipeline partitioning. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. and partitions in the session. Informatica provides licenses for product. connectivity. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse.0 Web Services Hub Guide. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. You can also pivot the view row. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. resize columns in a report. Prepackaged domains. targets. Creating auto profile enhancements. PowerCenter 7. Source View in the Profile Manager. and options. XML User Guide. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. Aggregator function in auto profiles.1. It also includes information from the version 7.

Object import and export enhancements. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. or enable a repository. back up. the PowerCenter Server Setup. MX views. and the command line program. Increased repository performance. You can use pmrep to back up. truncate log files. You can also use pmrep to create. and restore repositories. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. pmrep. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. upgrade. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. delete repository details. and delete a folder. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. If you have the Partitioning option. You can choose to skip MX data. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. pmlic. delete a relational connection from a repository. or restore a repository. This improves processing performance for most sessions. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. workflow and session log history.the license keys in a license key file. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. disable. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. modify.1 MX views in its schema. Partitioning enhancements. and deploy group history. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time.

Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. Web Services Hub. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. ♦ xvi Preface . When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. The quality of printed workspace has improved. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. Midstream XML transformations. such as data stored in a CLOB column. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. Enhanced printing. You can also extract data from messaging systems. or a collection of all older versions of objects. the latest version of checked in objects. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. Custom transformation API enhancements. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. Union transformation. You can now perform lookups on flat files. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. Also. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. The query can return local objects that are checked out. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard.

DTD files.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. and define relationships between views. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. Synchronizing XML definitions. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. When you import XML definitions. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. such as data stored in a CLOB column. add or delete columns from views. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. targets. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can remove the Navigator and Output window. You can create views. When you create views with entity relationships. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. Additional options for XML definitions. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. XML workspace. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. Midstream XML transformations. or schema files. including relational sources or targets. It displays folders alphabetically. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. XML files. For more informations. In a view with hierarchy relationships.

You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. User-defined commits. Installation and Configuration Guide. suggest candidate keys. Increased performance for large XML targets. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. and evaluate join criteria. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. DTD files. Support for multiple XML output files. After you create a profiling warehouse. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface .0. PowerCenter now supports XML files. For example. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server.♦ Support for circular references. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. you can determine implicit data type. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. − − PowerCenter 7.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions.” Upgrading metadata. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. detect data patterns. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server.

PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. Metaphone. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . and warehouse growth. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). you can now choose to load from a named pipe. External loading enhancements. session completion status. You can create a control file containing installation information.1. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. Functions ♦ Soundex. Distributed processing. and transformations. When using external loaders on UNIX. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode.0 metadata. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. When using external loaders on Windows. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. worklets. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. server load. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. you can now choose to load from staged files. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. session errors. Row error logging. including session load time. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. such as workflows. mappings. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. Metadata analysis. If you purchase the Server Grid option. The Metaphone function encodes string values. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. In a server grid. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. source and target tables.objects impacted by the upgrade process. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata.

exporting.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. checking in. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. privileges. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. such as the Aggregator transformation. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. maintain labels. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. groups. The repository maintains a status for each user. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. You can track changes to repository users. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. Trusted connections. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. update. or update. When you select data driven loading. Audit trail. upsert. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. You can also use pmrep to run queries. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. Concurrent processing. or delete data. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. When you log in to the repository. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . pmrep commands. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. importing. and listing objects. such as copy object. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. Additionally. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. deploying. delete. If you use LDAP. and change object status. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. Use Repository Manager privilege. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. Real time processing enhancements. You can choose to insert.

sessions. such as changes to folder properties. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. Check out and check in versioned objects. ♦ Joiner transformation. the colors. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. If you want to permanently remove an object version. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. you can purge it from the repository. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. worklets. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. adding or removing a user or group. Deployment. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. Delete or purge a version. track changes. control development on the object. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. When you create a Custom transformation template. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. Unlike copying a folder.audit trail log contains information. You can also compare different versions of the same object. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. Compare objects. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. You can compare tasks. and adding or removing privileges. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. You can specify the icons used for transformation. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository.

format your XML file output for increased readability. or you can share it with all users in the repository. XML target enhancements. Track changes to an object. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. XPath support. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label.♦ Deployment groups. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. improve query results. and to different repositories. Within the Designer. use XPath to locate XML nodes. increase performance for large XML files. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. You can save queries for later use. Comparing objects. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. Increased performance for large XML files. You can copy objects within folders. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. ♦ xxii Preface . You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. to other folders. Queries. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. You can make a private query. declare multiple namespaces. Labels. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. When you process an XML file or stream.

you can refresh a session mapping. workflows. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. mappings. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. Validate multiple objects. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . Before you edit or delete versioned objects. mappings. The Designer propagates ports. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. targets. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. Enhanced validation messages. Enhanced partitioning interface. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. expressions. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. such as sources. Revert to saved. View dependencies. When you do this. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. or workflows. In the Workflow Manager. Refresh session mappings. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. mapplets. You can validate sessions. When you edit a port in a mapping. and worklets. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories.♦ Change propagation.

and load data into JMS messages. users. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Troubleshooting Guide. and Metadata Web Services. Installation and Configuration Guide. Batch Web Services. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. including details on environment variables and database connections. build mappings. folders. extract data from JMS messages. and relational or other XML definitions. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Transformation Guide. Includes information to help you create mappings. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. and permissions and privileges. Transformation Language Reference. Designer Guide. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. mapplets. Repository Guide. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. XSD. or DTD files. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. and transformations. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Web Services Provider Guide. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. Workflow Administration Guide. Getting Started. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. groups. XML User Guide.

Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. relational database concepts. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. This is a code example. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. Emphasized subjects. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. unless you follow the specified procedure.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. The following paragraph provides additional facts. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. The material in this book is available for online use.

com. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS).informatica. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers.informatica. The site contains information about Informatica.com. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. its background.com. go to http://my.com xxvi Preface . as well as literature and partner information. please email webzine@informatica. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support. upcoming events. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. You will also find product information. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. and implementation services. and locating your closest sales office. This journal provides solutions to common tasks.com. To register for an account. and access to the Informatica user community. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. newsletters. If you have any questions. the Informatica Webzine. detailed descriptions of specific features.informatica. training and education. Informatica Webzine. the Informatica Knowledgebase. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www. The site contains product information.informatica. user group information.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support.

563.The site contains information on how to create.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a. You can request a user name and password at http://my.com. WebSupport requires a user name and password.m. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Preface xxvii .m.5:30 p. . . White Waltham Maidenhead.6 p.5:30 p.5 p.m. (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica.m.m.5:30 p. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd.5800 Fax: 650. .5:30 p. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service.m.m. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.385.m.6332 or 650.m. CA 94063 Phone: 866. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a.213.5 p.5:30 p.informatica. market.m.m. . . (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a. .m. . and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.m.9489 Hours: 6 a. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.m. . Redwood City. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.m.m.

xxviii Preface .

5 Adding Comments to Expressions.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 1 . see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 2 Expression Syntax. 9 Reserved Words.

You can also create local variables in transformations. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. and External Procedure transformations. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. For more information. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. such as the system date. such as a state sales tax rate. Return values. or compare data. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. such as TRUE. Local and system variables. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Mapping parameters and variables. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. Constants. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. Operators. Workflow variables. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Stored Procedure. combine data. For details.

see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. or a numeric literal. For example. For example. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. For example.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. Then. such as 10. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. not byte-oriented. “>>>>”. such as ORDERS. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. You can create an expression as simple as a port. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. during a workflow. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch.

4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .string. not the number of bytes. The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server.

Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. variable) String literals. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. input/output. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . On the other hand. but the transformation language does not. or a numeric literal (such as 10). it is not exactly like SQL. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS).Status). while SQL does not. For example.

[. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.SALES. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation. The general syntax is: :SP.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation.. argument2. The general syntax is: :EXT. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3.source_table.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals. :TD.ITEM_NAME.sequence_generator_transformation. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1. For example. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. The general syntax is: :LKP. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition.external_procedure_transformation(argument1. The general syntax is: :SD.. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. . Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . argument2.ITEM_ID. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.SALES. :TD..) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition. .5 LOOKUP function.5 expressions only).CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. argument2. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3..) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation. 10.SALES.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation.lookup_transformation(argument1. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1. The general syntax is: :SEQ.PRICE. 15.

comma (. The colon (:). Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. For example. local and system variables. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. variable. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. Just type the number you want to include. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. Lookup transformation. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. literal string or number. as the start position. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. Except for literals. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. mapping parameters and variables. For example. create separate Aggregator transformations. or the results of another expression.4 = ‘123. ‘1’. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. not a string. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. For example. For example: . Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ .Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. You cannot add an integer and a string. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. Stored Procedure transformation. and period (. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. the expression 123. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. External Procedure transformation. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants. For details on workflow variables. functions. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. Except for literals. If you pass a literal value to a function.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes.).

♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. which allow only one nested aggregate function). Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide.

the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. as in: -.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 .This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. if you want to concatenate two strings. If you do not want to embed comments. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. For example. since the last line is not a valid expression. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -.

These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. and system variables. are reserved for specific functions. operators. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . such as constants.

17 TRUE.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 16 NULL. 19 11 . 13 DD_REJECT. 14 DD_UPDATE. 15 FALSE. 12 DD_INSERT.

DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. 2. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_DELETE. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. When you run a workflow. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. 12 Chapter 2: Constants .

Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. the expression flags the records for rejection. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE.DD_REJECT. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. 'DD' ). the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion.NAME = 'Alex'. 0 ) > 2. ORDERS. Using DATE_DIFF. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is 2 or less. returning the difference between the two dates. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. If the result is greater than 2.DATE_SHIPPED. When you run a workflow. DD_INSERT. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. 0.NAME = 'Alex'.

0. If you flag a record as reject. DD_INSERT. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. When you run a workflow. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. so it includes only positive values. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month.SALES > 0. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3.SALES > 0. DD_REJECT. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS.

DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. 1. If the result is 2 or less. it flags the records for update.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. When you run a workflow. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result.DATE_SHIPPED. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. DD_REJECT. the expression flags the records for rejection. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE.NAME = 'Alex'. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. ORDERS. Using DATE_DIFF. If the result is greater than 2. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. 'DD' ). Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. DD_UPDATE. returning the difference between the two dates. 0 ) > 2. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. The mapping loads sales for one employee. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. otherwise.

'Variable 1 was less than 23. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.'. Var1 = 22. Var2 = 49. Var2 > 30.'Variable 1 was 22!'.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression.'. Var1 < 23.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants . This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. 'Variables were out of desired ranges.

or it might ignore null values. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . ^=. >=. >. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass a null value to a function. see “Functions” on page 49. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. it might return zero or NULL. <>. For example. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. <. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. Functions can handle nulls differently. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. For details on how each function handles null values. Therefore. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. !=. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. However. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. For more information. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. <= For example. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value.

which returns zero). the function returns NULL. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. and MOVINGSUM. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. use the ISNULL function. MOVINGAVG. as well as CUME. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. the function does not select the record.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1.NULL To test for nulls. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. However. For example. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions.

Var2 > 30.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison.'Variable 1 was 22!'.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. Var1 < 23. Var1 = 22. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.'. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var2 = 49.') TRUE 19 .'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

23 String Operators.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 25 Logical Operators. 26 21 . 24 Comparison Operators. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence. 22 Arithmetic Operators.

depending on how you nest the operations. Concatenate. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. subtraction. The logical NOT operator. modulus. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. !=. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. used when specifying conditions. *. the equation 8 + 5 .Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. /. Unary plus and minus. The logical AND operator. 4. not equal to. Less than. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. division. Equal to. not equal to. used when specifying conditions. <>. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . >= =. For example. % +. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. 2. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. greater than or equal to. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. When expressions contain parentheses. || <. Multiplication. 3.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . Addition. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. <=. >. Table 3-1. not equal to. less than or equal to. greater than. The logical OR operator.

A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. subtraction.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. For example. Unary minus indicates a negative value. % +. *. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. Unary plus indicates a positive value. modulus. For example. /. If you perform arithmetic on a null value.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. Arithmetic Operators 23 . The expression 1. Multiplication. For further information on built-in date functions. Meaning Unary plus and minus. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. Addition. use the date functions. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. use the string operator ||. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. To concatenate strings. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. division. the function returns NULL. To perform arithmetic on date values.

the || operator returns NULL. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. However. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . produces the same results in less time. The || operator. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. however. if both values are NULL. concatenates a space to the end of each first name.

and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3. Less than.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. the operands must be the same datatype. Greater than or equal to. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. the expression 123. For example. manipulate data. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. Less than or equal to.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. Not equal to. Not equal to.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. the result is NULL. The expressions 123. When you use comparison operators in an expression. Greater than. If you compare a value to a null value. see “Dates” on page 33. For information on how to compare dates. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. Not equal to. Comparison Operators 25 .

FALSE for zero. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. and NULL for NULL. Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. For example. the operator NOT returns FALSE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . For example. NOT returns TRUE.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE.

31 Local Variables. 28 Transaction Control Variables.Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 32 27 .

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 34 Date Format Strings. 47 33 . 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings.

Julian Day. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. extract one part of a date. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. and 9999 A. With the date functions you can round. ‘MM/DD/RR’). Converts a string to a date. ‘MM’. For example. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. TO_DATE. Date functions accept date/time values only. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. see “Variables” on page 27. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. or perform arithmetic on a date. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. Modified Julian Day. or compare dates. truncate. For details on built-in variables. Tests whether a string represents a date. Converts a date to a string. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A.D. TO_CHAR format strings. Use to specify the format of the return string. 34 Chapter 5: Dates .D. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. TO_CHAR. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. Date format strings. To pass a string to a date function.

The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. For example.D. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. nor with Modified Julian Day.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. and 9999 A. The J format string does not convert this time component. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. By definition. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date.D. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. and are not supported in PowerCenter. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. For example. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. Overview 35 .

Current Year Between 50 and 99. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. RR and YY produce different results. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the source string year is between 50 and 99.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. In TO_DATE expressions. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1.

Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. and year. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. day. and seconds. If the string is in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. Dates in Relational Databases In general. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. Although date formats vary from database to database. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. and even between applications. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. minutes. The date includes the month. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . If you specify a format string.Table 5-2. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. while the time might include the hours. If you omit the format string. If you want to pass a string to a date function. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. If an input value does not match this format. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. or it is an invalid date. Use TO_CHAR(date. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

If you specify a format string. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. If you omit the format string. 12:00:00PM = 12. For example. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 12:00:00AM = 0.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. 1:00:00AM = 1. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. Month (January = 01.

Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. For example. YY. or YYYY to specify 1997. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. J Description Days (01-31). RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. MON. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. DAY. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. Specify the part of the date you want to round. MONTH SS. HH. YY. YYY. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. DD. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. or MONTH to specify APR. you can use MM. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. you can use HH. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. Specify the part of the date you want to change. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. Hour of day (0-23). For example. YYY. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. For example. DY. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. HH12. YYYY. SSSS Y. Specify the part of the date you want to return. For example. HH12. HH24 MI MM.) Month (01-12). if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. you can use Y. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. Seconds (0-59). DDD. Minutes (0-59. MON. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. Date Format Strings 39 .

Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM.M. PM. Modified Julian Day. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. Quarter of year (1-4). changing the format for reporting purposes. 4713 00:00:00 BC. and is interchangeable with. Wed). ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. It ignores the time component of the date. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. TO_CHAR returns 97. Name of day. Seconds (00-59). A. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. Day of year (001-366. AM and PM return the same values as do A. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. Minutes (00-59). You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. including up to nine characters (for example. Jan).’ However. where January to March equals 1. For example. Month (01-12). MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . Last two digits of a year.M. where Sunday equals 1. Day of month (01-31).M. ‘YY. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. including leap years). Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. and P.M.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. For example.. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). when used with TO_DATE. Name of month. including up to nine characters (for example. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. Day of week (1-7). calculated from Jan 1. P. Hour of day (01-12). ‘RR’ produces the same results as. January). The function removes the leading digits. When used with TO_CHAR. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Wednesday). Hour of day (00-23).

For example. Feb 1 designates the first week of February. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. for example D””DDD. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. and so on. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. For example.86399). if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. Last digit of a year. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. Text that displays in the output.YYYY' ). 'MM. TO_CHAR returns 1997.. TO_CHAR returns 7. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.DD. Punctuation that displays in the output. RR. Week of month (1-5). Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. For example. For example. and YY format strings. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . Last two digits of a year. Last three digits of a year. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. The function removes the leading digits.Table 5-5. SSSSS. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. See the individual functions for more examples. The function removes the leading digits. For example. The function removes the leading digits. TO_CHAR returns 97. For example. Week of year (01-53). You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. For example. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. Entire year portion of date. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. TO_CHAR returns 997. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. For example.

For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates .J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE.

If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. Day of month (1-31). a. If you omit the format string. Day of year (001-366. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. Wed). Name of day. DD DDD DAY DY HH. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table.m. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values.. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if any parts do not match. the function returns TRUE (1). AM and PM return the same values as do a. Wednesday). If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. p. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. where zero is 12AM (midnight). use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. the function returns FALSE (0). PM.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. and p.m. Hour of day (0-23). IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. including up to nine characters (for example. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. When you create a TO_DATE expression. Hour of day (1-12). The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6.m. Minutes (0-59). including leap years).m.

‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03.Current Year Between 50 and 99. For example. If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates . you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. If it does not. Seconds since midnight. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. Case does not matter. 1998. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year.Table 5-6. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. Case does not matter. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. For example. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. Month (1-12). August). 2034). 2020. including up to nine characters (for example. For example. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. Four digits of a year.Current Year Between 0 and 49. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. . . Name of month. It ignores the time component of the source string. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. Aug). Seconds (0-59). ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. Use when source strings include two-digit years. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. representing May 12. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Modified Julian Day. Use the RR or YY format string instead. to TO_DATE. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49.

RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. Example The following examples illustrate the J. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. Tip: By default. See the individual functions for more examples.format string. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. The format string is not case-sensitive. RR. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. Likewise. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. For example. and SSSSS format strings.

while YY returns the year 1905. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates .

1.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan. 31. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. Change one part of a date. DATE_DIFF. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. SET_DATE_PART. 9999 23:59:59 AD. Subtract two dates. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

49 . see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215. in alphabetical order.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions.

AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass.

evaluates the AVG expression. Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Function Categories 51 . and returns four values. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID.

QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. 1.2 to 1. 1.5 to 2. and MOVINGSUM. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. For example. the function selects all rows in the port. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. 0. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. FALSE. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If the value rounds to zero. If you do not want to round up a value. as well as to CUME. the function returns zero.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. MOVINGAVG. By default. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.35 to 0) for the filter condition. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. For example. the filter condition returns FALSE. If you pass an entire port of null values. the function returns NULL. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions .

Trim string values. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. MIN.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. Replace characters in a string. Convert the datatype of an input value. LOWER. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. Encode strings. UPPER. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ .

The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. see “Dates” on page 33.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. For a complete list of date format strings. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. Date format strings are not internationalized. or perform arithmetic on a date. extract one part of a date. if you want to pass a string to a date function. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. However. truncate. or compare dates.

Therefore. if you pass a date with milliseconds. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 .The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds.

You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. you use special functions in Expression.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. You can nest other functions within special functions. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Filter. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . When you run a workflow. Unless overridden. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. For example. and Update Strategy transformations. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. Then at the end of the session. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session.

process that pipeline. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Function Categories 57 . For more information on mapping variables.

it stops transforming data at that row. assign ABORT as the default value. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. For more information on the Abort command. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. You can enter any valid transformation expression. String. including ERROR function calls within an expression. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. You can use ABORT to validate data.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. The string can be any length. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. Return Value NULL. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. Generally.

95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . it returns an Integer. Likewise. it returns a Double. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value.95 59. if you pass an Integer. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. Return Value Positive numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. If you pass a Double. Numeric datatype. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values.

For example. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. 'HH'. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. You use the SS format string to set the second. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. or YYYY. 'SS'. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Minute. 'YY'. For example. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. YY. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. 'MI'. Hour. DDD. For example. You can use any of the day format strings: D. DY. 'MONTH'. DD. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. HH24. YYY. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. For example. Day. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 'DD'. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. Month. You can use any of the month format strings: MM.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. You use the MI format string to set the minute. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. MON. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Seconds. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. MONTH. and DAY. HH12.

A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. For example. 'MM'. days. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. format. Required. Date/Time datatype. months. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Required. 'MONTH'. 'MON'. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. Also note. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. hours. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'mm'. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Passes the values you want to change. for example. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. and so on by which you want to change the date value. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. An integer value specifying the amount of years.

'HH24'. which you specify. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY'.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. you need to change the hour portion of the date. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. 'HH'. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD'. 'D'. 'DAY'. 'DDD'. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. 'HH12'. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month.

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. however. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. For example. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. ASCII 63 . Return Value Integer. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a numeric value. but it evaluates only the first character in the string.535. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. they will still work correctly. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Character string. before you pass any string value to ASCII. Normally.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.535. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. For example. Character string. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. If you pass a numeric value. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. Normally. A string containing one character. However. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. it will still work correctly. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If both strings are NULL. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. Return Value String. Any datatype (except Binary). Syntax CONCAT( first_string. CONCAT returns NULL. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. Alternatively.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Any datatype (except Binary). Required. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. NULL if both string values are NULL.

For example. you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. If you want to add a space between two strings. LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. ' ' ). CONCAT( CHR(39).FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.996194698091745 0. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3. For example. Numeric datatype.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.0 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).342020143325593 0. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Return Value Double value.0 0.866025403784421 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.951056516295147 0.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For example: COSH( MEASURES.45 0 0.0 2.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.4435376920294 116.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.54308063481524 9.381231106176 1. Return Value Double value. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.897 3.66 5.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .0 1.0874465864177 19. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).

If you apply the value argument. Optionally. Note: By default. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. Alternative.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). Optional. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. Any datatype (except Binary). Syntax COUNT( value [. Return Value Integer. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If all values are NULL. If you apply the asterisk argument. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or NULL. For more information. However. the function returns 0. Passes the values you want to count. this function ignores columns with null values. this function counts all rows. the function returns NULL. Use to count all rows in a transformation. FALSE. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. including null values. returning one result for each group. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. The function counts all rows in a transformation. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. returning one value. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *.

the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. If you include the asterisk argument. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight.In this example. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . but do not use a filter.

Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. FALSE. Nulls If a value is NULL. Optional. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. CUME returns NULL. Numeric datatype. CUME 79 . or NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. if all values in the selected port are NULL. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value.

Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise. you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .

The second date you want to compare. The first date you want to compare. 0 if the two dates are equal. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. Required. Date/Time datatype. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. 1 if the second date is earlier. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1.

You can specify only one part of the date. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. You can enter any valid transformation expression. months. date2. You can request the format to be years. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . or seconds. days. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. The format string is not case-sensitive. Required. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. months. 'Mm' or 'mM'. days. Date/Time datatype. Date/Time datatype. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. You can specify years. hours. such as 'mm'. the return value is a positive number. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. minutes. Zero if the dates are the same. You can enter any valid transformation expression.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. the return value is a negative number. Required. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. hours. If date1 is later than date2. If date1 is earlier than date2. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. Return Value Double value. or seconds. minutes. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. For example.

DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283.5 87.5 10. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 .0 2100. DATE_SHIPPED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.0 255. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. DATE_SHIPPED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.91935483870839 0. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0.243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 2. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . DATE_SHIPPED.

the search does not find a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. second_result]. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. Even if multiple conditions are met. For example. Passes the values for which you want to search. Syntax DECODE( value. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. second_search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you may not search for a portion of a value.[. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. Passes the values you want to search. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. not just 'Halogen'.. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. Any datatype (except Binary). it returns a result value. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. If you enter 'Halogen'. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. DECODE 85 . you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight.. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. Optional. which you define. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. Required. first_result [. first_search. Required. If the function finds the value. Any datatype (except Binary). Any datatype (except Binary). NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. The search value must match the value argument exactly.

14. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. ‘3. 'Knife'. 1.141592654’. ‘Pythagoras’. and 3. 'Regulator'. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. For example. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. The first result is an Integer. For example. 1.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’.414213562’. ‘Pi’. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above.141592654.414213562. 5. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. and the other results are Decimal. if at least one result is Double. the datatype of the return value is Double. 'Tank'. ‘1. 'Flashlight'.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. ‘Pythagoras’. ‘Archimedes’. When you run a session in high precision mode. ‘Archimedes’. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . 3. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. 10.141592654. 20. 3. 5. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes.414213562. 40. 3. ‘Pi’.

Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. Var1 = 22. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID. Var1 < 23. Variable 2 was more than 30.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. was less than 23. desired ranges. Var2 > 30. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Var2 = 49. DECODE 87 . 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. Also.'.'. was more than 30. was 49!'.

Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. and it does not log an error in the session log. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. and you assign the default value. including ERROR function calls within an expression. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. to the output port. which you define. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. Generally. For example. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. you use the ERROR function in an expression. ‘1234’. For details about using default values.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. Return Value String value. The error message displays in the session log file. The string can be any length. String value. It does not skip the row. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. assign ERROR as the default value. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data.

it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. Row skipped.'. Negative salary found.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 . Row skipped. but skip negative values. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. Negative salary found. ERROR ('Error. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error.

The value to which you want to raise e.135335283236613 5166. EXP(2) returns 7. where e=2.38905609893065. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. (The exponent in the equation e^value).55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026.4657948067 0. rather than business data. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. Return Value Double value. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). For example.71828183.

For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. FALSE. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. FIRST ignores the row. or if no rows are selected (for example. Any datatype (except Binary). FIRST 91 . Limits the rows in the search. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. However. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Syntax FIRST( value [. Note: By default. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Nulls If a value is NULL. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Return Value First value in a group. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. FIRST returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Optional. Optionally. if all values passed from the port are NULL. For more information. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the function returns NULL. or NULL. However.

05 150. returning one result for each group.05 150.00 8.00 29.00 31.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 31.00 8.00 88. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35. If there is no group by port.00 29.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 88.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. returning one value. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.

For example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. If you pass 3.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. For example. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value.79 125. Numeric datatype. the function returns -4. Likewise.98 to FLOOR. if you pass 3.24 NULL -100. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. the function returns 3. the function returns 3.14 to FLOOR.12 74. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. if you pass -3. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 .17 to FLOOR.

if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. The format string is not case-sensitive. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. 'YY'. for example. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. Therefore. For example. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . the format strings 'Y'. 'mm'. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. 'YYY'. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. You can enter any valid transformation expression. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. Date/Time datatype. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. Required. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART.

'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

including another IIF expression. If you omit value2. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. value1 [. Any datatype (except Binary).value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. based on the results of a condition. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. including another IIF expression. Any datatype (except Binary). the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. The condition you want to evaluate. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. Required.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax IIF( condition. For example. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype.

IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. 1. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. the datatype of the return value is Double. SALARY1. SALARY2.3333) is a decimal. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. IIF( SALES < 50. BONUS))). When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double. IIF( SALES < 100. For example. value2 if the condition is FALSE. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. For example. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. EMP_NAME. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. IIF( SALES < 200. . SALARY3. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50.

--else for sales over 199. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies.SALARY1. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. return BONUS) ) ). SALES > 199. SALARY3. DD_REJECT. --then return SALARY3. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). SALARY1. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. DECODE may improve readability. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. --then return SALARY2. SALARY2. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. For more information. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50.

Any datatype (except Binary). the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. the function returns Thomas. newline. If your data contains multibyte characters. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. For example. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. formfeed. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. carriage return. tab. Return Value String. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . You can enter any valid transformation expression.

INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. Optional. The set of characters you want to search for. If you pass a negative integer or zero. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string.start [. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. If you pass a decimal. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. If you omit this argument. If the search value appears more than once in the string. The string must be a character string. The position in the string where you want to start the search. search_value [. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The results of the expression must be a character string. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. If you want to search for a character string. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . If the start position is a negative number. A positive integer greater than zero. Passes the value you want to evaluate. the function uses the default value of 1. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if not. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. Optional. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. If the start position is a positive number. The default value is 1. Any value. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. for example 'abc'. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. Must be an integer value. counting from left to right. Required. counting from left to right.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The search value is case-sensitive. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. If you omit this argument. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax INSTR( string. If the start position is zero. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. the function uses the default value of 1. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'.

and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. -1. starting at the beginning of each company name. 'a'. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. 'a'. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. starting from the last character in the company name. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . starting at the beginning of each company name. 1. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’.

INSTR( CUST_NAME.' ' . INSTR(CUST_ID.1.-1. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. -1. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'. 1. The following expression evaluates a string.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. INSTR(CUST_ID.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . starting from the end of the string.

FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. For more information. use LENGTH. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. Any datatype (except Binary).ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. Note: To test for empty strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. see “LENGTH” on page 115.

the function returns TRUE (1). Optional. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. You can enter any valid transformation expression.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . If the strings match the format string. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. not the YY format string. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. For example. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. the function returns FALSE (0). In the first case. However. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. If you omit the format string. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. which returns false. year 1900 is not a leap year. For example. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. which returns TRUE. Must be a string datatype. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. In most cases. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. so there is no February 29th. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the two format strings return the same values. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’.

the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. If the value is not a valid date. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. and converts each valid date to a date value. If it does not. IS_DATE 105 . IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates.

‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). Therefore. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE.Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions .

IS_NUMBER 107 .6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype.45e+32’ ‘+3. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3.45E-32’ ‘+3. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-). You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. Must be a string datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.45d-3’ ‘3.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions . TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).00 0.00 0.00’ ‘-3.00 0.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0. such as TO_FLOAT.45e+3’ ‘-3.Windows only) 0 (False .45e+3’ ‘3.45D-3’ ‘-3. 0.00345 0.00 0. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value. the PowerCenter Server returns 0.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True . For example.00’ ‘-3. If the value is not a valid number.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).00 0.

For example. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . A space is a blank space. a formfeed. To test for an empty string. a newline. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. Must be a string datatype. use LENGTH. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. You can enter any valid transformation expression.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. or a vertical tab. a carriage return.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. For more information. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. a tab. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. see “LENGTH” on page 115. Passes the rows you want to evaluate.

'00000'.column in a target table. CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions . To do this. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces.

Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. FALSE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. For more information. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. Optional. the function returns NULL. However. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. or NULL. Syntax LAST( value [. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Optionally. Any datatype (except Binary). Note: By default. Return Value Last row in a port. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. LAST 111 . when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.

00 29.00 8.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.05 150.

Null If a value is NULL. returning one value. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. LAST_DAY returns NULL. If there is no group by port. Date/Time datatype. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . if all values passed from the port are NULL. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. returning one result for each group. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. However. LAST_DAY ignores the row. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. Return Value Date.

the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions .You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. TO_DATE always includes time information.

For details. String datatype. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. The strings you want to evaluate. LENGTH 115 . use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. see “ISNULL” on page 103. use ISNULL. For details. To test for spaces. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. including trailing blanks. use IS_SPACES.

Numeric datatype.098612. LN(3)returns 1. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0. For example. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero.828313737302 -0. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. greater than zero. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP. It must be a positive number. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.04082199452026 NULL Error. Return Value Double value.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. 116 Chapter 6: Functions .302585092994 4.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. You can enter any valid transformation expression.) Error. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value.

) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. Syntax LOG( base. Required.09 NULL 35. LOG 117 .) Error. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.) Error. The base of the logarithm.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Most often. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. exponent Return Value Double value. or 1 as a base value. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. The exponent of the logarithm. zero.

search1. search2. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value.5 compatibility in the session properties. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. must match search1 datatype. rather than creating Lookup transformations. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Specifies the values you want to match to value. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function.. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . For more information. Syntax LOOKUP( result. Required. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. Any datatype (except Binary). This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. Required. value2]. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. However. Datatype that matches the value1. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function.. value1 [. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. Any datatype (except Binary). you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties.

This means that both the value and the length for each row must match. :TD.ORDERS. RTRIM( ORDERS. :TD.ITEM_ID.SALES.PRICE.00 15.PRICE.SALES. 10.ORDERS.ORDERS.QTY.ITEM. Error if the search finds more than one matching value.PRICE.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values.QTY) LOOKUP 119 .PRICE. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.ORDERS.ITEM.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.ORDERS. :TD.SALES for a specific item ID and price. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly. ORDERS. ORDERS.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values.99 15.99 15.ITEM. :TD.SALES. :TD. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD.ITEM_NAME. 15. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. NULL if the search does not find any matching values. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.

You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. If your data contains multibyte characters. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. Return Value Lowercase character string. Any string value.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.

The strings you want to change. or if length is a negative number.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. Must be a positive integer literal. however. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. 6. for example 'abc'. You can enter a specific string literal. Can be a character string. Optional. This argument is case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . When length is a negative number. Can be any string value. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. If you omit the second_string. LPAD( PART_NUM. RPAD returns NULL. Required. Syntax LPAD( first_string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. length [. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length..**. 5. -5.**Compass Regulator System *. For example. '..Flashlight *..*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. '*.LPAD counts the length from left to right..**. LPAD truncates the string from right to left.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions .*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. LPAD(‘alphabetical’. 16. If the first string is longer than the length.

you would enter 'A'. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. If you omit the second string. with any matching characters removed. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can also enter a character string. Any string value. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. Optional. For example. not 'a'. the function returns NULL. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. Then it returns the string. character-by-character. Syntax LTRIM( string [. starting with the left side of the string. LTRIM 123 . Passes the strings you want to modify. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. Most often.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. however. trim_set Return Value String. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. In ASCII mode. If the trim_set is NULL. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. LTRIM removes both single. You can enter any valid transformation expression. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. for example. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. LTRIM removes it. Any string value. 'abc'. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. 'S. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set.’ from S. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. LTRIM removes it. MacDonald Sawyer H. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. Bender. This is because LTRIM searches. and so on. LTRIM removes it. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names. In the example of H. For example. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). but not the period from H. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. Bender. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. character-by-character.

Optional. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. or if no rows are selected (for example. Limits the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. FALSE. Return Value Date. Syntax MAX( date [. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. Date/Time datatype. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. For more information. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. Nulls If a value is NULL. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. or NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. the function returns NULL. However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. FALSE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. However. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. MAX returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Optional. Note: By default. Return Value Numeric value. MAX ignores it. MAX is one of several aggregate functions.

00 79. If there is no group by port.00 360. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85. returning one result for each group.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 PRICE 10.00 162. MAX treats all rows as one group. returning one value.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .00 55.00 85.

MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. the median is the middle number. MEDIAN ignores the row. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. For more information. the function returns NULL.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . Optionally. Limits the rows in the search. MEDIAN returns NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Numeric value. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. or if no rows are selected (for example. or NULL. if all values passed from the port are NULL. If there is an odd number of values in the port. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. However. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. However. If there is an even number of values in the port. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Note: By default. FALSE. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Optional. Nulls If a value is NULL.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE.

you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Numeric datatypes. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Note: By default. MIN ignores it. MIN (Numbers) 135 . Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. However. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. However. Return Value Numeric value. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. Nulls If a single value is NULL. or NULL. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. For more information. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. MIN returns NULL. the function returns NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Limits the rows in the search. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

00 PRICE 10. If there is no group by port. returning one result for each group. MIN treats all rows as one group.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions .00 85. returning one value.00 162. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.00 79.00 55.00 360.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. The divisor cannot be zero. PowerCenter Server does not write row. Syntax MOD( numeric_value.00 15. Numeric datatype. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE.00 9.5) returns 3. MOD 137 .00 12. You can enter any valid transformation expression. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. QTY ) PRICE 10. Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.00 25. MOD(8. For example. The values you want to divide.00 NULL 20. The numeric value you want to divide by.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation.

NULL. QTY )) PRICE 10. IIF( QTY = 0. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 15. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port.00 9. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE.00 25.00 NULL 20.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. To avoid dividing by zero. If the quantity is zero.00 12. you can create an expression similar to the following.The last row (25.

Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. Optional. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. or if no rows are selected (for example. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FALSE. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. Required. MOVINGAVG 139 . you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. or NULL. five rows at a time. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. if all values are NULL. 5). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optionally. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the function returns NULL. However. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. Limits the rows in the search. Numeric datatype. rowset [. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. For example.

140 Chapter 6: Functions . returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5.8 based on rows 2 through 6. 245.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. and thereafter.

or if the function does not select any rows (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. FALSE.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MOVINGSUM 141 . or NULL. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Limits the rows in the search. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. Required. Numeric datatype. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For example. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. five rows at a time. 5 ) Optional. if all values are NULL. Optionally. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. rowset [.

1229 based on rows 2 through 6. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. and thereafter.

the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Integer between 0 and 100. For more information. percentile [. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. FALSE. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. However. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. inclusive. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. when PERCENTILE 143 . Nulls If a value is NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Required. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Limits the rows in the search.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. PERCENTILE returns NULL. if all values in a group are NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. See the following equation for more details. the function returns NULL. PERCENTILE ignores the row. Optional. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Optionally. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. Numeric datatype. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. or NULL. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE.

Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If i is an integer value. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If i < 1. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. If there is no group by port.you configure the PowerCenter Server. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. returning one value. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. returning one result for each group.

0 27900.0 NULL 55000.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 100000.0 99000. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 48000.0 86000.0 85000.0 9000. 75.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.

0 -6. Numeric value.594307804838 NULL NULL 0. This argument is the exponent value. If the base value is negative.0 6. Return Value Double value.0 5.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.00137174211248285 0. Numeric value.5 2. This argument is the base value.0 -3.265625 982.00137174211248285 729.0 -3.0 6.0 3. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS. If the base value is negative.0 3. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the exponent must be an integer. Syntax POWER( base. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.5 3. In this case.0 5.5 NULL 10.0 -3.0 EXPONENT 2.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .0 NULL -6. the exponent must be an integer. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 729.

If the base is negative. POWER 147 .0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3.0 raised to 5.5. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.Note that -3. the exponent must be an integer.

REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. If NewChar is NULL or empty. 'abc'. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. Must be an integer. Must be a character string. REPLACECHR returns NULL. If you pass a numeric value. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. If InputString is NULL. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. NULL if InputString is NULL. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. for example. Required. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. If NewChar contains more than one character. the function is not case-sensitive. REPLACECHR returns InputString. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString. Must be a character string. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. Must be a character string. OldCharSet. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. Required. The characters you want to replace. You can enter one or more characters. an empty string. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. the function converts it to a character string. the function converts it to a character string. the function is case-sensitive. You can enter one character. Passes the string you want to search. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify.

WEBLOG.html HTTP/1.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0. ‘]["’.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index. ‘"’.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 . ‘A’.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.html HTTP/1.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index. WEBLOG.1" GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. ‘A’.1 GET /companyinfo/index. CUSTOMER_CODE.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE.

‘14’. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. ‘A’. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . INPUT. you must use the CHR function. INPUT. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar.The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. CUSTOMER_CODE. including the single quote. The following expression removes multiple characters. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. CHR(39). see “CHR” on page 68. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1.

If InputString is NULL. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. If you pass a numeric value. That is. the function is case-sensitive. . the function is not case-sensitive. Must be a character string. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. You must enter at least one OldString argument. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. If NewString is NULL or empty. Must be a character string. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see the examples. Must be a character string. Required. 'abc'. Must be an integer. or no character. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. multiple characters. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument.. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. an empty string. REPLACESTR returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. for example. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. Passes the strings you want to search. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. etc. For more information. or NULL. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. OldStringN. You can enter one character. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. REPLACESTR 151 . Required. InputString. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. REPLACESTR returns InputString. The string you want to replace. If you pass a numeric value. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. [OldString2. the function converts it to a character string.. Required. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. OldString1. the function converts it to a character string. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. multiple characters.

‘s.’ ) TITLE Mrs. RETURN VALUE Ms.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1.1’.html /companyinfo/index. Ms. ‘rs.html HTTP/1. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. ‘s.html /companyinfo/index. TITLE. ‘iss’. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. Ms. TITLE. ‘iss’. MRS. ‘GET ’. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. ‘rs. ‘bc’. MRS.html HTTP/1.NULL if InputString is NULL.’ ) TITLE Mrs.’. INPUT. WEBLOG. Mr. Miss Mr. MRS.1" GET /companyinfo/index. ‘ HTTP/1. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘"’. RETURN VALUE Ms.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. ‘ab’.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index.’.

CONCAT(‘it’. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1.The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. CONCAT( CHR(39). ‘s’ )). Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. REPLACESTR 153 . you must use the CHR function. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. ‘ab’. INPUT. ‘bc’. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. CONCAT(CHR(39). INPUT. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote.

'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. For example. If the month is between January and June. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. If the month is between July and December. For example. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. Hour. Month. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. For example. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. the function returns January 1 of the input year. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. and sets the time to 00:00:00. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. For example. For example. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. Minute. Day. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45.

You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . the function rounds the date to the nearest day. If you omit the format string. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. Date/Time datatype. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Enter a valid format string. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Optional. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can round only one portion of the date. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.Syntax ROUND( date [. This is the portion of the date that you want to round.

'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

truncating the decimal portion of the number. 1) returns 13. ROUND (Numbers) 157 . the function rounds to the nearest integer.99.0 and ROUND(15. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15.4. ROUND returns NULL. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. For example. If you enter a negative precision. For example. -1) returns 20. You can enter any valid transformation expression. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. ROUND(12. If one of the arguments is NULL. If you enter decimal precision.99) returns 13. If you enter a positive precision. Positive or negative integer.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. ROUND(12. You can also use ROUND to round dates. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. Numeric datatype. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. ROUND(12.99. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. ROUND(12. If you omit the precision argument.99.99. returning an integer. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [. 1) returns 15.0 because the function rounds 0. Optional.44. For example. For example.8) returns 13. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. 0. Return Value Numeric value. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15.

0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions .99 -18.99 56.994 15. 3 ) PRICE 12.8678 56.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.0 -16.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.0 -100. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.99 56.0 -19.99 1435.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.0 56.995 -18.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13. ROUND( PRICE.99 -15. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE. -2 ) PRICE 13242.868 56.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.99 -108.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.9949 -18.0 1400.0 57.8 ) PRICE 12. 0.9936 15.

use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. For example. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. To achieve the expected result. This may not be the result you expect. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 .

length [. appending the string '. Optional.. or if length is a negative number..... RPAD counts the length from left to right. for example. Specifies the length you want each string to be.. Regulator System Safety Knife. Required.. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. RPAD truncates the string from right to left. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. For example. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. Must be a positive integer literal. RPAD(‘alphabetical’.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string... If you omit the second string. Any string value. RPAD returns NULL. Return Value String of the specified length. Any string value. So. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . Compass. Syntax RPAD( first_string. When length is a negative number. The strings you want to change.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. 'abc'... 5.. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.... Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. '.. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. 16. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if the first string is longer than the length. This argument is casesensitive.

* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME..**.*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. '.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 . -5.**. Compass*.. appending the string ‘*...*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.** Regulator System Safety Knife*.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. 16... '*.

RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. Any string value. Syntax RTRIM( string [. It returns the string. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. RTRIM removes it. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Any string value. Optional. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. If you omit the second string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. however. trim_set Return Value String. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . starting with the right side of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. Passes the values you want to trim. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. 'abc'. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. with any matching characters removed. RTRIM removes both single.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. for example. You can also enter a text literal. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. In ASCII mode. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. character-by-character. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string.

When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. RTRIM removes it. In the last example. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. For example. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. character-by-character. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. however. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. This is because RTRIM searches. and so on. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. the last character in the string does not match. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). If. RTRIM removes it. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row.

Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. At the end of the session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Returns the new current value. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. At the end of a successful session. The session is a debug session. For details on mapping variables. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. Unless overridden. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. The session is configured for a test load. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository.

SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 .. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. decreases the count for each deleted row. Darkroom Co. The next time the session runs. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. Darkroom Co. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session.Return Value The current value of the variable. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. It increases the count by one for each inserted row..) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. Supply.

DD. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . April. 'HH'. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. or YYYY to set the year. MON. YY. DY. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. and November) in the value argument. 'MONTH'. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Hour. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. You use the MI format string to set the minute. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. June. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. HH24) to set the hour. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'SS'. September. YYY. MONTH to set the month. You use the SS format string to set the second. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. You can use any of the month format strings (D. 12=12PM. Month. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. and DAY) to set the day. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. DDD. Seconds. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. For example. For example. For example. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. 'MI'. For example. HH12. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. Minute. 'DD'. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. Day. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'YY'.

The format string is not case-sensitive. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. Required. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. February 30). NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'HH24'. The date you want to modify. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. format. Date/Time datatype. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Required. the session fails. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . 'HH12'. If you enter an improper value (for example. 'HH'.

6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED.MM'. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MM'. 'MONTH'. 'DD'. 'MON'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 'YY'. 1998). 7). 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'YYYY'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYY'. 'YYYY'. 'Y'. For example. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time.

SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The session is a debug session. The session is configured for a test load. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. At the end of the session. When used with a string mapping variable. Unless overridden. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. At the end of a successful session. For details on mapping variables. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Returns the new current value. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository.

Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. it saves the largest value to the repository. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. Required. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. For example. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . Suppose the same session contains three partitions.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Then. The return value is the new current value of the variable. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. The next time the session runs. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. For details on mapping variables. When used with a string mapping variable. The session is configured for a test load. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. At the end of a successful session. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. At the end of the session. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. The session is a debug session. Returns the new current value. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition.

The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable.50 27.50 22.75 25. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.00 22. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.00 22.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.00 At the end of the session.00 22. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.50 22.00 22. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice. Required. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.50 22. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.00 22.50 22. The next time the session runs. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.25 24. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice.50.25 22. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23.00 26.00 24.75 23. The return value is the new current value of the variable.00’. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type.00 MIN_PRICE 22.

Suppose the same session contains three partitions.50 22. it saves the smallest value to the repository.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. Then.00 22. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.

At the end of a successful session. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. Required. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Unless overridden. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. The session is configured for a test load. SETVARIABLE 175 . Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the specified value. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. it saves a final current value to the repository. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. The session is a debug session.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. For details on mapping variables.

Return Value Current value of the variable. The next time the session runs.43 323. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”.01 97. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session.50 116. The next time the session runs.23 699. 176 Chapter 6: Functions . SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session.43 323.23 699. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.50 116. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534.01 97.

Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 0 for 0. Return Value -1 for negative values. or 0. Passes the values you want to evaluate. negative.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . NULL if NULL. 1 for positive values. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

For example: SIN( ARCS * 3. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).309016994374967 0.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. You can enter any valid transformation expression.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.50000000000003 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.0871557427476639 0. Numeric datatype. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.939692620785936 0. Return Value Double value.

0 2.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Return Value Double value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).1752011936438 9. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.897 3. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine.45 0 0.4178051793031 116. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value. Numeric datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .376934801486 0.0 0.66 5. For example: SINH( MEASURES.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.03225804884884 19.

If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. Q. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. J. O. S. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. Z D. G. For example. and encodes it in uppercase. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. I.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. F. X. K. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). and W unless one of them is the first character in string. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. H. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. For example. For example. E. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. V C. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. For example. For example. U. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. Skips numbers in string. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. P. T L M. If string encodes to less than four characters.

Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value String. string is empty. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. Passes the string value you want to encode. Must be a character string.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet.

Positive numeric value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you pass a negative value or character value. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. NULL 7. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values. PowerCenter Server does not write row. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Double value. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. 182 Chapter 6: Functions .54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error.

STDDEV 183 .STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optional. STDDEV ignores it. However. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Limits the rows in the search. For more information. STDDEV returns NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. However. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can use operators to average values in different ports. FALSE. or NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. if all values are NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Numeric datatypes. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Note: By default. the function returns NULL.

60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010. If there is no standard deviation.88 3001.0 2198. the return value is zero.90 2256.0 NULL 8953.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.000.00 ) SALES 2198.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).0 RETURN VALUE: 3254. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.0 2198. 184 Chapter 6: Functions . returning one value. SALES > 2000.0 2198.90 and 153. returning one result for each group. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000. If there is no group by port.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.0 1010.0 153. STDDEV treats all rows as one group.

If the start position is a negative number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. SUBSTR counts all characters.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be an integer. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. Must be an integer greater than zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns an empty string. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. If you pass a decimal. SUBSTR 185 . the function converts it to a character string. Optional. If you pass a negative integer or zero.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. start length Return Value String. If the start position is zero. Passes the strings you want to search. including blanks. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. The position in the string where you want to start counting. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax SUBSTR( string. starting at the beginning of the string. start [. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. If the start position is a positive number. If you omit the length argument.

8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 1. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. -8. 0. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 5.

2. SUBSTR 187 . 8) returns ‘cd’. -2. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME.1. INSTR(CUST_ID.INSTR( CUST_NAME. 1.The following expression evaluates a string. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string.1 ) .' ' . 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'. starting from the end of the string.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.-1. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. INSTR(CUST_ID.

SUM returns NULL. Optionally. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. Note: By default. Numeric datatype. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can use operators to add values in different ports. However.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. However. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Passes the values you want to add. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. SUM ignores it. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. or NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. FALSE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Nulls If a single value is NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). or if no rows are selected (for example. Limits the rows in the search. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. if all values passed from the port are NULL. For more information. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the function returns NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Optional. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total.

0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES. If there is no group by port.0 4519. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.0 NULL 3458. SUM treats all rows as one group.0 1900.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. returning one value. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE .0 1200. returning one result for each group.

TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).0874886635259298 0.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions . Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.577350269189672 0. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent.324919696232929 57. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).19175359259435 0.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2. Return Value Double value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3.74747741945531 1.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function.998676551914886 0. Return Value Double value. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent.897 3. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .999963084213409 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.993926947790665 0.761594155955765 0.66 5.0 0. Numeric datatype.0 2.45 0 0.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0.

format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. not the format for the values in the date argument. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Date/Time datatype. Return Value String. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. The format string defines the format of the return value. Optional. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. If you omit the format string. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions .

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Requirements” on page 44. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. If it does not. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. Return Value Date. Must be a string datatype. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. For details on the TO_DATE format string. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. use either the RR or YY format string. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. For example. If you omit the format string. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. Optional.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Do not use the YYYY format string.

PowerCenter Server skips this row. TO_DATE 199 . The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. the century will be 19. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. If you run a session in the twentieth century. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the century will be 19. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you run a session in the twentieth century.

‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.

if true.‘MON DD YYYY’). ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . --if true.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). ‘MON DD YYYY’). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MM’ ). --test third format. For example: DECODE( TRUE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ).If your target accepts different date formats. --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test second format. if true.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.

348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you omit this argument. inclusive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Optional. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.2' '118.6789' '60. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX.348' NULL 'A12. inclusive. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required.200 118.679 60.

Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 .6789 60.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).2 118. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.6789' '60. Passes the values you want to convert to double values.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.2' '118. You can enter any valid transformation expression.348' NULL 'A12. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value. Must be a string or numeric datatype. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL.

TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. The flag must be an integer literal.6789' '60. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer.348' NULL 'A12. or the constants TRUE or FALSE. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer.2' '118. You can enter any valid transformation expression. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. or if you omit this argument.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. Optional.3Grove' ‘ 123. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL.6789’ ‘-15. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. String or numeric datatype.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions .

3Grove' ‘ 123.2' '118.6789’ ‘-15.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.6789' '60.348' NULL 'A12.

day. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. For example. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. hour. Date/Time datatype. If you omit the format string. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. For example. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. setting it to 00:00:00. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. Day. Enter a valid format string. For example. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. the function truncates the time portion of the date. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. For example. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. If you truncate the day portion of a date. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. If you truncate the month portion of a date. month. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. If you truncate the year portion of the date. The date values you want to truncate. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. Month. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. Hour. Optional. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. For example. or minute. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. Minute.

'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

If you pass a decimal precision value. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. If precision is a negative integer.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. precision If precision is a positive integer. Numeric datatype. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. If you omit the precision argument. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . Can be a positive or negative integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. Passes the values you want to truncate. Optional. Return Value Numeric value. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision.

956 15.95 15.9563 15. -1 ) PRICE 12. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.0 15.86 56.99 56.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.0 1230.0 56.8652 56.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.95 1235.9995 -18.0 50.865 56.99 -18.999 -18.0 -180.99 -187.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.0 -18.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.

UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. String datatype. Return Value Uppercase string. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If your data contains multibyte characters. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

or if no rows are selected (for example. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. the variance is 0. Return Value Double value. FALSE. Limits the rows in the search. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. If n is 1. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. or NULL. For more information. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data.

returning one result for each group. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.Nulls If a single value is NULL. if all values passed to the function are NULL. or if no rows are selected. the function returns NULL. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group.0 3001. VARIANCE returns NULL. If there is not a group by port. returning one value. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group.0 2256. If there is no group by port. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. However. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. However.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. returning one value. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. VARIANCE ignores it. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Note: By default.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.0 NULL 8953.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 220 Date Functions. 226 Test Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 222 Numeric Functions. 228 For details on each function. 216 Character Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 227 Variable Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 215 . 225 Special Functions. 217 Conversion Functions. 223 Scientific Functions.

percentile [. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. found in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the maximum value. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. Returns the standard deviation for a group. Returns the first record in a group. found in a group. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the sum of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Returns the last record in a group. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. Returns the variance of all records in a group. Returns the minimum value. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Returns the number of records with non-null value. in a group. or latest date. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. or earliest date. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. however. Concatenates two strings. In Unicode mode. OldCharSet. it will still work correctly. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In ASCII mode. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. search_value [. length [. Returns the number of characters in a string. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. including trailing blanks. In Unicode mode. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. to set a string to a specified length. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. counting from left to right. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the position of a character set in a string.

. . RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. or no character. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. OldString1. OldStringN.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. start [. multiple characters. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length [. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. [OldString2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings.

or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns a portion of a string. OldStringN. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. [OldString2. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns whether a value is a valid date.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. OldString1. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. start [. search_value [. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes a string value into a four-character string.

TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. month.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. or minute. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the length of time between two dates. Available in the Designer. Returns the earliest date found in a group. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. Truncates dates to a specific year. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. format. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. hour. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. date2. filter_condition ) MIN( date. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. day. Available in the Designer. months. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. hours. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. or seconds). Returns the latest date found in a group. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. value ) TRUNC( date [. days. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. format. measured in the specified increment (years. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Rounds one part of a date. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. minutes.

Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. negative. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or 0. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [.71828183. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. where e=2. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. recordset [.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Truncates numbers to a specific digit.Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

Returns one of two values you specify. search2. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. second_search. search1. second_result ]…[. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. Searches a port for the specified value. Available in the Designer. first_result [. Available in the Designer. value1 [. Available in the Designer. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. IIF IIF( condition. Searches for a value in a lookup source column.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. value2 [. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . based on the results of a condition. first_search.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Returns whether a value is NULL. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Test Functions 227 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Available in the Designer. Returns the specified value. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Returns the new current value. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. Available in the Designer. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified.

Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 211 229 . 120. 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99.

68. 68 capitalization 99.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 160 ASCII characters 63. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 180 removing from strings 123. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 120.

180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130.

219 data cleansing 53. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 223 scientific 55. 225 special 55. 220 date 54. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 217 conversion 53. 226 test 56. 216 categories 50 character 52. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 .

73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69.Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40.

null values aggregate functions 18.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index . 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116. 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.

179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29. 47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178.

191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 211 character set 100 concatenating 24. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 120.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .