Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
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Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 INSTR . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. ..... . . .. . .. . .. . 3-4. . . . . . ... .. . . . . . . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions .. . . . . . . . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . 6-1. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference .. ... . . . . .. . ... TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . 25 .. . . . .. .. . .. . . . .. . .. . .. . . .. . . . .. . .. 40 . . . . . . .. . .. . . . 3-2. . . . . . . .. . . .. . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . .. . . 2-1. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 5-2.. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . . 3-1. . .. . . 5-3. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . .. .. . . .. . 36 . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants . .. . . . RR Format String Conversions . . 28 . ... . . METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . . . . . . . . .. 26 . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . .. . . . . 6-2.. . . Operators in the Transformation Language .. . . .. 5-1. 43 130 180 List of Tables ix .. . . . .. . . . . . . . .. .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1.. . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . 5-4. . . 3-3. . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1. . . . . . . . .. . .. . .. . . .. . . .. . . . . . . ... . 23 . . . 36 . .. . 5-5. . . . 5-6. . . .. . . .. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings.. 18 .. . . . . . . . 6 . . . .. . . TO_CHAR Format Strings. . . . . . . . . .. .. 22 . ... . . . . . . . . .. . 39 . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . 39 .

x List of Tables .

and support high-speed loads. and efficient manner. data migration. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. xi . handle complex transformations on the data. and managing data. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. and information hubs. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. data synchronization. usable. including extracting. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. transforming.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. loading.

or the rows that do not meet the business rule. and 7. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. 7. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. JEF-kana. and workflows generated when you create a data profile. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. Row Uniqueness function. Session enhancement. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source. session.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency.1. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. pmcmd. Verbose data enhancements.1. sessions. You can define default mapping. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. Flat file partitioning. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. Profile mapping display in the Designer. and MELCOM-kana. such as JIPSEkana. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. a specified percentage of data. Define mapping. When you use a local parameter file.1. xii Preface .1. and workflow prefixes.1. and workflow prefixes for the mappings. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows.1.0. session. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. the rows that meet the business rule. PowerCenter 7. Domain Inference function tuning.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program.

DB2. you can connect to IBM. Depending on the loader you use. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. you can now override the control file. JPEG. Oracle. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. ♦ SuSE Linux support. If the file exists. reswords. such as Business Objects Designer. Teradata external loader. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. DB2. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database.txt. If any source. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. You can attach document types such as XML. you can also override the error. Oracle. or PDF. you can connect to IBM. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. targets. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. On SuSE Linux. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. you can create and maintain a file. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. log. containing reserved words. Preface xiii . GIF. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. Reserved word support. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. You do not need to know a database user name and password. and repositories using native drivers.♦ SuSE Linux support. On SuSE Linux. it searches for reswords. target. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. When you export metadata. and Sybase repositories. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. You can export or import multiple objects at a time. and Sybase sources. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools.

targets. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. Aggregator function in auto profiles. Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse.♦ Pipeline partitioning. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. You can also pivot the view row. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. You store xiv Preface . You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function.0 Web Services Hub Guide. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. and options. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. Prepackaged domains. resize columns in a report. XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. PowerCenter 7. Workflow Administration Guide. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. Informatica provides licenses for product.1. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. and Transformation Guide. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. Creating auto profile enhancements. XML User Guide. Source View in the Profile Manager. It also includes information from the version 7. and partitions in the session. connectivity.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide.

You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. upgrade. or enable a repository. the PowerCenter Server Setup. back up. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. You can also use pmrep to create. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. delete a relational connection from a repository. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. or restore a repository. delete repository details. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects. and restore repositories. disable. pmlic. pmrep. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. You can choose to skip MX data. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. modify. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. truncate log files. and deploy group history. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. MX views.the license keys in a license key file. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . and delete a folder. If you have the Partitioning option. You can use pmrep to back up. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). This improves processing performance for most sessions. and the command line program. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. workflow and session log history. Partitioning enhancements. PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. Object import and export enhancements. Increased repository performance.1 MX views in its schema.

You can now perform lookups on flat files. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. The quality of printed workspace has improved. the latest version of checked in objects. Also. Union transformation. or a collection of all older versions of objects. Custom transformation API enhancements.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. Enhanced printing. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. Midstream XML transformations. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. such as data stored in a CLOB column. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. ♦ xvi Preface . You can also extract data from messaging systems. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. The query can return local objects that are checked out. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders. Web Services Hub. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services.

It displays folders alphabetically. You can remove the Navigator and Output window.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. Synchronizing XML definitions. Additional options for XML definitions. In a view with hierarchy relationships. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. When you create views with entity relationships. For more informations. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. or schema files. see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. DTD files. You can create views. You can also extract data from messaging systems. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. Midstream XML transformations. add or delete columns from views. When you import XML definitions. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. and define relationships between views. XML workspace. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. XML files. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. such as data stored in a CLOB column. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. including relational sources or targets. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. targets. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server.

User-defined commits. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk.0. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree. and evaluate join criteria.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . Increased performance for large XML targets. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server.♦ Support for circular references. Installation and Configuration Guide. DTD files. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. Support for multiple XML output files. PowerCenter now supports XML files. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. detect data patterns. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.” Upgrading metadata. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. you can determine implicit data type. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. − − PowerCenter 7. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping. For example. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters. Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. suggest candidate keys. After you create a profiling warehouse. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself.

The Metaphone function encodes string values. and transformations. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. In a server grid. You can create a control file containing installation information. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Metadata analysis. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. including session load time. and warehouse growth. server load. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. such as workflows. mappings. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading.objects impacted by the upgrade process. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. Distributed processing. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. Functions ♦ Soundex.1. When using external loaders on Windows. If you purchase the Server Grid option. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . session completion status. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. session errors. you can now choose to load from staged files. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation. Metaphone. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. External loading enhancements. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. When using external loaders on UNIX. you can now choose to load from a named pipe. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. source and target tables. worklets. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product.0 metadata. Row error logging. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata.

The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . exporting. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. update. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. checking in.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. or update. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. delete. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. or delete data. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. Real time processing enhancements. When you select data driven loading. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. Use Repository Manager privilege. Audit trail. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep. importing. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. You can track changes to repository users. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. maintain labels. groups. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. When you log in to the repository. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. pmrep commands. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. You can choose to insert. and change object status. privileges. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. Concurrent processing. deploying. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. If you use LDAP. such as copy object. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. You can also use pmrep to run queries. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. and listing objects. upsert. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. The repository maintains a status for each user. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. such as the Aggregator transformation. Additionally. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. Trusted connections.

You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. Deployment. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository. If you want to permanently remove an object version. control development on the object. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. Delete or purge a version. the colors. and adding or removing privileges.audit trail log contains information. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned. Compare objects. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. ♦ Joiner transformation. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. such as changes to folder properties. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. You can specify the icons used for transformation. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. adding or removing a user or group. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. worklets. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . When you create a Custom transformation template. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. Check out and check in versioned objects. You can compare tasks. You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. track changes. Unlike copying a folder. you can purge it from the repository. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. You can also compare different versions of the same object. sessions.

XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. increase performance for large XML files. XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager. to other folders. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. Increased performance for large XML files. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. improve query results. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. XML target enhancements. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. format your XML file output for increased readability. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. Labels. Track changes to an object. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. XPath support. When you process an XML file or stream. You can save queries for later use. Comparing objects. or you can share it with all users in the repository. declare multiple namespaces. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. use XPath to locate XML nodes. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to.♦ Deployment groups. Queries. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time. You can copy objects within folders. You can make a private query. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. Within the Designer. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. and to different repositories. ♦ xxii Preface .

you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. or workflows. expressions. When you do this. and worklets. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. In the Workflow Manager. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. View dependencies. Enhanced partitioning interface. mapplets. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. Revert to saved. The Designer propagates ports. targets. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. workflows. mappings. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. Validate multiple objects. mappings. You can validate sessions. When you edit a port in a mapping. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. such as sources. Enhanced validation messages. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. Refresh session mappings. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation.♦ Change propagation. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . you can refresh a session mapping.

Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. and load data into JMS messages. folders. including details on environment variables and database connections. Workflow Administration Guide. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. or DTD files. Batch Web Services. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. and transformations. Transformation Guide. XSD. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. groups. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Includes information to help you create mappings. and Metadata Web Services. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. users. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. and relational or other XML definitions. Web Services Provider Guide. Installation and Configuration Guide. Getting Started. and permissions and privileges. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. mapplets.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. Designer Guide. Transformation Language Reference. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. XML User Guide. extract data from JMS messages. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Troubleshooting Guide. Repository Guide. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Provides information needed to use the Designer. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. build mappings. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console.

italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . unless you follow the specified procedure. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. The material in this book is available for online use. relational database concepts. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. Emphasized subjects. The following paragraph provides additional facts. The following paragraph provides suggested uses.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. This is a code example.

You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet.com. and access to the Informatica user community. the Informatica Knowledgebase. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. newsletters.informatica. The site contains product information. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. If you have any questions. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. and implementation services. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses. user group information.com. upcoming events. You will also find product information. please email webzine@informatica. its background.informatica. the Informatica Webzine. detailed descriptions of specific features. Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. The site contains information about Informatica. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www.informatica. as well as literature and partner information.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. To register for an account.com. Informatica Webzine. This journal provides solutions to common tasks. training and education.com. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). and locating your closest sales office. go to http://my.informatica.com xxvi Preface . The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support.

5:30 p.m. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a. You can request a user name and password at http://my. .m. WebSupport requires a user name and password.m. . Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a.213.m.6 p. White Waltham Maidenhead.5:30 p. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service. . market. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.m. .5:30 p. .563.5:30 p. Redwood City.m.385.m.m.5:30 p.9489 Hours: 6 a.6332 or 650. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.m. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a.m.m. (local time) Preface xxvii . (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd.informatica. . Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support.5 p. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road.m. .m.com.m.5800 Fax: 650.The site contains information on how to create. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd. .m. CA 94063 Phone: 866. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a.5 p.m.

xxviii Preface .

It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide. 2 Expression Syntax. 9 Reserved Words. 5 Adding Comments to Expressions.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 1 . 10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions.

You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. such as TRUE. For more information. combine data.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Return values. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. Operators. Mapping parameters and variables. Workflow variables. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. Local and system variables. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping. or compare data. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Stored Procedure. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations. and External Procedure transformations. such as the system date. such as a state sales tax rate. For details. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. You can also create local variables in transformations. Constants. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant.

such as 10. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. For example. For example. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. such as ORDERS. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. Then. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . You can create an expression as simple as a port. or a numeric literal. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. “>>>>”. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. For example. not byte-oriented. during a workflow.

not the number of bytes.string. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server.

it is not exactly like SQL. On the other hand. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. For example. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. variable) String literals. input/output. or a numeric literal (such as 10). You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start.Status).Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. while SQL does not. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . but the transformation language does not. SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions.

5 expressions only). The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD.. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1. The general syntax is: :EXT. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition. 10.SALES. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. The general syntax is: :SD. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . :SD Optional (PowerMart 3.source_table.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation..5 LOOKUP function.Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation. argument2.SALES. argument2. The general syntax is: :SP. [. :TD. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.external_procedure_transformation(argument1.ITEM_NAME.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation..SALES.PRICE. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3. Qualifies a source table port in an expression.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition.lookup_transformation(argument1. For example.. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark. :TD. 15. The general syntax is: :LKP.ITEM_ID.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. . the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals.sequence_generator_transformation. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation. argument2. . The general syntax is: :SEQ.

Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. For details on workflow variables. local and system variables. literal string or number.4 = ‘123. You cannot add an integer and a string. For example. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation.) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. Except for literals. Except for literals. not a string. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . For example. as the start position. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers. External Procedure transformation. comma (. For example. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. variable. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Separate each argument in a function with a comma. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. mapping parameters and variables. Just type the number you want to include. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes.). The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. The colon (:). the expression 123. Stored Procedure transformation. If you pass a literal value to a function. create separate Aggregator transformations. ‘1’. or the results of another expression. functions. For example: . Lookup transformation. and period (.

♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. which allow only one nested aggregate function). see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables.

This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. For example. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 . since the last line is not a valid expression.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression. if you want to concatenate two strings. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. as in: -. If you do not want to embed comments.

These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable. are reserved for specific functions. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . operators. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. such as constants. and system variables. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language.

17 TRUE. 19 11 . 12 DD_INSERT.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 16 NULL. 13 DD_REJECT. 14 DD_UPDATE. 15 FALSE.

DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression. Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. When you run a workflow. select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. 2. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. DD_DELETE. 12 Chapter 2: Constants .

and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression. 0. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. If the result is greater than 2. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_INSERT. If the result is 2 or less. ORDERS.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. returning the difference between the two dates. When you run a workflow. the expression flags the records for rejection.DD_REJECT. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE.NAME = 'Alex'. 'DD' ). 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Using DATE_DIFF. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. 0 ) > 2.DATE_SHIPPED.

3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. 0. so it includes only positive values. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. When you run a workflow.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). If you flag a record as reject. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . DD_REJECT.SALES > 0. Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. DD_INSERT. DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month.SALES > 0. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only.

select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression.NAME = 'Alex'. If the result is 2 or less. returning the difference between the two dates. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. If the result is greater than 2. 'DD' ). the expression flags the records for rejection. it flags the records for update.DATE_SHIPPED. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. When you run a workflow. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. The mapping loads sales for one employee. ORDERS.NAME = 'Alex'. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. otherwise. DD_UPDATE. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE. Using DATE_DIFF. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. 1. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. 0 ) > 2. DD_REJECT.

Var2 > 30. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var1 < 23. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. Var1 = 22.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants .'.'Variable 1 was 22!'.'.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Var2 = 49.

or it might ignore null values. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. >=. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. For example. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. For details on how each function handles null values. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 .NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. <= For example. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. <>. If you pass a null value to a function. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. <. For more information. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. Therefore. ^=. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). >. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. !=. This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. However. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. it might return zero or NULL. see “Functions” on page 49. Functions can handle nulls differently.

For example.NULL To test for nulls. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . 18 Chapter 2: Constants . For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. MOVINGAVG. and MOVINGSUM. the function does not select the record. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. use the ISNULL function. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. which returns zero). You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs. as well as CUME. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port. Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. However.

'Variables were out of desired ranges.'. 'Variable 2 was more than 30.') TRUE 19 . Var1 = 22. Var2 = 49. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE.'Variable 1 was 22!'.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. 'Variable 1 was less than 23. Var1 < 23.'Variable 2 was 49!'.'. Var2 > 30. TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence. 24 Comparison Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators. 26 21 . 25 Logical Operators. 23 String Operators.

greater than. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. used when specifying conditions.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. /. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +. It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. not equal to. 3. greater than or equal to. || <. >= =.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 .2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . The logical AND operator. The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. Less than. % +. division. Concatenate. not equal to. used when specifying conditions. When expressions contain parentheses. Table 3-1. <=. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. modulus. Multiplication. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. >. The logical NOT operator. Unary plus and minus. the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. not equal to. Addition. The logical OR operator. subtraction. Equal to. !=. depending on how you nest the operations. the equation 8 + 5 . 2. *. For example. less than or equal to. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. 4. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. <>.

Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. the function returns NULL. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. % +. Multiplication. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. The expression 1. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. For further information on built-in date functions. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string. Unary minus indicates a negative value. Meaning Unary plus and minus. division. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. Unary plus indicates a positive value. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. /. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data. Addition. For example. For example. To concatenate strings. use the date functions. *. modulus. Arithmetic Operators 23 . To perform arithmetic on date values. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. subtraction. use the string operator ||.

the || operator returns NULL. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. however. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. produces the same results in less time. However. Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. The || operator. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. 24 Chapter 3: Operators . if both values are NULL.

Greater than. When you use comparison operators in an expression. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. If you compare a value to a null value. Less than. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. Greater than or equal to. the result is NULL. The expressions 123. Less than or equal to.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port. For example. Not equal to.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. see “Dates” on page 33. Not equal to. Comparison Operators 25 . manipulate data. For information on how to compare dates. the operands must be the same datatype. the expression 123. Not equal to. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value.

the operator NOT returns FALSE. For example. For example. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. FALSE for zero. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. NOT returns TRUE. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. and NULL for NULL. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE. Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant.

Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables. 31 Local Variables. 32 27 . 28 Transaction Control Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings. 34 Date Format Strings. 47 33 . 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings.

Date format strings. and 9999 A. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date. Converts a string to a date. To pass a string to a date function. For details on built-in variables. truncate. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. or compare dates. TO_DATE. Use to specify the format of the return string. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. ‘MM’. 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. Modified Julian Day.D. Tests whether a string represents a date. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. TO_CHAR. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. Julian Day. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. extract one part of a date. The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server.D. or perform arithmetic on a date.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. With the date functions you can round. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. For example. Converts a date to a string. TO_CHAR format strings. ‘MM/DD/RR’). Date functions accept date/time values only. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. see “Variables” on page 27.

D. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string.D. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. By definition. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. For example. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions. MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. and 9999 A. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string. nor with Modified Julian Day. The J format string does not convert this time component. and are not supported in PowerCenter. For example. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. Overview 35 . The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight).

the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. Current Year Between 50 and 99. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. RR and YY produce different results. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . In TO_DATE expressions. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string.

and year. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. Dates in Relational Databases In general. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. the PowerCenter Server skips the row. while the time might include the hours. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates. or it is an invalid date. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. If you omit the format string. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. and even between applications. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. Although date formats vary from database to database. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Use TO_CHAR(date. day. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. If you want to pass a string to a date function. minutes. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. If the string is in the default date format. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. and seconds. If you specify a format string. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. The date includes the month. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. If an input value does not match this format.Table 5-2.

12:00:00PM = 12. 1:00:00AM = 1. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. For example. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. 12:00:00AM = 0. If you omit the format string. If you specify a format string. Month (January = 01.

For example. For example. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). DAY. HH12. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. you can use MM. For example. MONTH SS.) Month (01-12). YY. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. For example. YY. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. YYYY. Specify the part of the date you want to round. Hour of day (0-23). DY. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. YYY. Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date. Specify the part of the date you want to return. HH24 MI MM. Specify the part of the date you want to change. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. Date Format Strings 39 . Minutes (0-59. HH. YYY. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. Seconds (0-59). DD. MON. J Description Days (01-31). DDD. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive.Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. MON. HH12. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. you can use HH. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. SSSS Y. or MONTH to specify APR. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. you can use Y. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. or YYYY to specify 1997. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function.

It ignores the time component of the date. Day of year (001-366. where Sunday equals 1. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. Wed). P. Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value. Wednesday). ‘RR’ produces the same results as.M. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. changing the format for reporting purposes. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. Last two digits of a year. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. Name of day. Hour of day (00-23). ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997. ‘YY. Jan). For example. You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. 4713 00:00:00 BC. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. including up to nine characters (for example. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. TO_CHAR returns 97. January).TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. For example. where January to March equals 1. Hour of day (01-12). The function removes the leading digits. calculated from Jan 1. Day of month (01-31). the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. Quarter of year (1-4). Day of week (1-7). MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . Seconds (00-59).’ However. AM and PM return the same values as do A. when used with TO_DATE.. and P. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. Month (01-12). Name of month. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). A. When used with TO_CHAR. PM. Modified Julian Day.M. including up to nine characters (for example. and is interchangeable with. Minutes (00-59).M.M. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. including leap years).

Feb 1 designates the first week of February. TO_CHAR returns 7. Examples The following examples illustrate the J. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. SSSSS. For example. for example D””DDD. For example. 'MM. Last three digits of a year.86399). For example. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. Last two digits of a year. Entire year portion of date. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. The function removes the leading digits. Week of month (1-5). Last digit of a year. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. The function removes the leading digits.DD. For example. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. RR. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. The function removes the leading digits. TO_CHAR returns 97. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. Text that displays in the output. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 . TO_CHAR returns 997. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output.YYYY' ). You might use these symbols to separate date parts. if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES.Table 5-5. For example. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. For example. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 . For example. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. For example. and so on. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. TO_CHAR returns 1997. and YY format strings. See the individual functions for more examples. Week of year (01-53). When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression.. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. Punctuation that displays in the output.

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . For example. 'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings.

Hour of day (0-23). Name of day. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. Day of year (001-366. Wed). p. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. including up to nine characters (for example. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row. the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. PM. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. a. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. Hour of day (1-12). DD DDD DAY DY HH.TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value. If you omit the format string. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. the function returns FALSE (0). Day of month (1-31). The DY format string is not case-sensitive. if any parts do not match. AM and PM return the same values as do a. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 .m. and p. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. Minutes (0-59).m. where zero is 12AM (midnight). TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format.m. Wednesday). including leap years). The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. When you create a TO_DATE expression.m. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. the function returns TRUE (1)..

The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. Modified Julian Day. including up to nine characters (for example. 2034). .Table 5-6. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. August). Name of month. Four digits of a year. Seconds (0-59). ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. 1998. Case does not matter. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00.Current Year Between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. . Use the RR or YY format string instead. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. For example. If it does not. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. to TO_DATE. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. For example. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. Aug). When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. For example. Use when source strings include two-digit years. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Case does not matter. It ignores the time component of the source string. the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. if you pass the string ‘20200512’. representing May 12. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. Month (1-12). If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates .Current Year Between 0 and 49. Seconds since midnight. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. 2020. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string.

if you pass a string that does not match the format string. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. See the individual functions for more examples. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. Likewise.format string. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. For example. and SSSSS format strings. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. Example The following examples illustrate the J. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. The format string is not case-sensitive. ♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. Tip: By default. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. RR. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row.

'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates .TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. while YY returns the year 1905.

Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . 1. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. Subtract two dates. 31. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. SET_DATE_PART. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. Change one part of a date. 1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. 9999 23:59:59 AD. DATE_DIFF.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215. 49 . Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. in alphabetical order.Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages.

Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass.Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group. AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions . Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports.

MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. and returns four values. Function Categories 51 . Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. evaluates the AVG expression. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function.

1. the function selects all rows in the port.35 to 0) for the filter condition. If the value rounds to zero. or NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions. MOVINGAVG. 0.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. For example. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. FALSE.2 to 1. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. If you do not want to round up a value. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . and MOVINGSUM. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. If you pass an entire port of null values. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. the filter condition returns FALSE. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. By default. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. the function returns NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row. as well as to CUME. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. the function returns zero. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. For example.5 to 2. 1. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero.

With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. LOWER. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ .♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. Convert the datatype of an input value. Encode strings. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. MIN. Trim string values. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. Replace characters in a string. UPPER.

extract one part of a date. The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. or perform arithmetic on a date. However. see “Dates” on page 33. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. For a complete list of date format strings. Date format strings are not internationalized. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . or compare dates. if you want to pass a string to a date function. truncate. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions.

The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. if you pass a date with milliseconds. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . Therefore. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date.

♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. Filter. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. For example. You can nest other functions within special functions. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. When you run a workflow. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Then at the end of the session. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. At the end of the session. and Update Strategy transformations. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. Unless overridden. you use special functions in Expression.

the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. For more information on mapping variables. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. Function Categories 57 .process that pipeline.

You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. it stops transforming data at that row. assign ABORT as the default value. including ERROR function calls within an expression. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. The string can be any length. String. For more information on the Abort command. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. You can use ABORT to validate data. Generally. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value NULL.

Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values. Return Value Positive numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE . ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. it returns a Double. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . if you pass an Integer. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Likewise.95 59. Numeric datatype. If you pass a Double.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. it returns an Integer.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value.

10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. You use the MI format string to set the minute. DDD. 'HH'. YY. MONTH. Day. For example. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. For example. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. and DAY. MON. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'YY'. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. HH12. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the day format strings: D. For example. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Minute. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. Seconds. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Hour. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. 'MI'.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. You use the SS format string to set the second. YYY. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'MONTH'. 'SS'. 'DD'. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. DD. Month. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. HH24. For example. DY. or YYYY.

A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype. and so on by which you want to change the date value. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. months. For example. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Passes the values you want to change. format. 'MM'. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. hours. An integer value specifying the amount of years. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'MONTH'. days. Also note. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Required. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. Required. 'MON'. 'mm'. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. for example.

The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY'. 'HH'. which you specify. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . -10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. you need to change the hour portion of the date. 'DDD'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY'. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. For example. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. 'D'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24'. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. 'HH12'.

before you pass any string value to ASCII. ASCII 63 . You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. Normally. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. Character string. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. For example. but it evaluates only the first character in the string.535. If you pass a numeric value. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. Return Value Integer. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. however. they will still work correctly. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. it will still work correctly. Normally. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. A string containing one character. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. Character string. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this.535. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. For example. However. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you pass a numeric value. If you currently use ASCII in expressions.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

If both strings are NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. CONCAT returns NULL. Return Value String. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if both string values are NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. The second part of the string you want to concatenate. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Alternatively. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME.

you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. CONCAT( CHR(39). If you want to add a space between two strings. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 . LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. ' ' ). For example. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal.

For example. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3.996194698091745 0.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.866025403784421 0.0 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine.951056516295147 0.342020143325593 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Double value. you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine.0 0.

Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.4435376920294 116.54308063481524 9.45 0 0.897 3.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Numeric datatype. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.0 2.381231106176 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0 1.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine. For example: COSH( MEASURES. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.0874465864177 19.66 5. Return Value Double value.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine.

Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Integer. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Nulls If all values are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. this function ignores columns with null values. the function returns NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value. Passes the values you want to count. If you apply the asterisk argument. Optionally. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. Any datatype (except Binary). For more information. However. or NULL. this function counts all rows.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. Alternative. If you apply the value argument. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. the function returns 0. Optional. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Note: By default. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. Use to count all rows in a transformation. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Syntax COUNT( value [. FALSE. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument).

If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item. returning one result for each group.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . returning one value. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. The function counts all rows in a transformation. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *. including null values. excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME.

the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. but do not use a filter. If you include the asterisk argument.In this example. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions .

filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optional. Limits the rows in the search.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. Numeric datatype. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. CUME 79 . Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. CUME returns NULL. or NULL. However. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. if all values in the selected port are NULL. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. FALSE. Nulls If a value is NULL. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. or if no rows are selected (for example.

you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise.

The first date you want to compare. 0 if the two dates are equal. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . The second date you want to compare. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. 1 if the second date is earlier. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Required. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. NULL if one of the date values is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date.

DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. or seconds. hours. or seconds. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. days. If date1 is later than date2. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. Required. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. You can enter any valid transformation expression. hours. minutes. 'Mm' or 'mM'. the return value is a negative number. You can specify years. You can request the format to be years. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. The format string is not case-sensitive. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. such as 'mm'. months. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. For example. the return value is a positive number. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. You can specify only one part of the date. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. days. If date1 is earlier than date2. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . date2. Date/Time datatype. Return Value Double value. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. months. minutes. Zero if the dates are the same.

870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.0 255.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87.5 87. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100. DATE_SHIPPED.5 10. DATE_SHIPPED.0 2100.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0. DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.91935483870839 2. DATE_SHIPPED.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2.243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0.91935483870839 0.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.

you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Required. The search value must match the value argument exactly. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). it returns a result value. Even if multiple conditions are met. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the search does not find a matching value. first_result [. not just 'Halogen'. You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. Any datatype (except Binary). If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required.. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result. Passes the values you want to search. which you define. DECODE 85 . second_search. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax DECODE( value. Required. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. you may not search for a portion of a value. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. If you enter 'Halogen'. If the function finds the value. first_search. Any datatype (except Binary). Any value with the same datatype as the value argument.. second_result].DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. Passes the values for which you want to search. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. Optional. For example.[.

This expression always writes the result as a Decimal.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. and the other results are Decimal. 1. the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. 'Regulator'. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. ‘Pi’. 'Knife'. ‘Pythagoras’. 3. ‘Archimedes’. and 3. 5. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. 'Tank'.414213562. if at least one result is Double. ‘Archimedes’.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. 1. For example.414213562’. The first result is an Integer. ‘Pythagoras’. the datatype of the return value is Double.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above.414213562.141592654’.141592654. 3. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . 5. ‘Pi’. When you run a session in high precision mode. For example. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 40. ‘3.141592654. 3. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. 'Flashlight'. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 20. 10. ‘1. 14.

Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. Var1 < 23. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions.'. DECODE 87 . Also. Variable 2 was more than 30. Var1 = 22. was 49!'. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. was less than 23. Var2 > 30. Var2 = 49.'. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. was more than 30. desired ranges.Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID.

it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. For example. and it does not log an error in the session log. ‘1234’. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. Generally. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. The string can be any length. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. assign ERROR as the default value. and you assign the default value. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. you use the ERROR function in an expression. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. which you define. Return Value String value. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. to the output port. For details about using default values. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . String value. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. including ERROR function calls within an expression. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. The error message displays in the session log file. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. It does not skip the row. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression.

EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. Row skipped. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port. Negative salary found.'. Row skipped. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. Negative salary found. but skip negative values. ERROR ('Error.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 .

55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. (The exponent in the equation e^value). You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent).71828183. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. Return Value Double value.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8. Numeric datatype. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. rather than business data.4657948067 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The value to which you want to raise e.135335283236613 5166.38905609893065. EXP(2) returns 7. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. For example. where e=2.

Any datatype (except Binary). Return Value First value in a group. FIRST 91 . see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the function returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Limits the rows in the search. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. FALSE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Nulls If a value is NULL. FIRST returns NULL. Optionally. For more information. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Note: By default. or NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. However. However. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. FIRST ignores the row. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Syntax FIRST( value [. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. when you configure the PowerCenter Server.FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. or if no rows are selected (for example.

00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 88.05 150. If there is no group by port.00 29.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .05 150.00 8.00 29. returning one result for each group. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10. FIRST treats all rows as one group. returning one value.00 88.00 31.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.00 8.00 31.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.

if you pass -3. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 .99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR. the function returns -4. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. If you pass 3. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. For example.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data.98 to FLOOR. Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39. the function returns 3. Likewise.14 to FLOOR. Numeric datatype.79 125. the function returns 3.12 74.17 to FLOOR. if you pass 3.24 NULL -100. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value. For example.

if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART. Required. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. 'YY'. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. GET_DATE_PART returns 4. Therefore. Date/Time datatype. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. for example. 'YYY'. 'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the format strings 'Y'. 'mm'. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . or 'YYYY' all return 1997. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. The format string is not case-sensitive.

'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. Any datatype (except Binary). You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. For example. Any datatype (except Binary). including another IIF expression. Required. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. including another IIF expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax IIF( condition. The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. based on the results of a condition. EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. If you omit value2. The condition you want to evaluate. value1 [.

so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. IIF( SALES < 50. IIF( SALES < 100. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50. BONUS))). IIF( SALES < 200. For example. value2 if the condition is FALSE. . the datatype of the return value is Double. SALARY2.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (.3333) is a decimal. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . SALARY1. For example. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. SALARY3. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. EMP_NAME. 1.

return BONUS) ) ). --else for sales over 199. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. SALARY2. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. For more information. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100.SALARY1. --then return SALARY2. The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. --else for sales less than or equal to zero. DD_REJECT. SALARY1. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . --then return SALARY3. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. SALES > 199. SALARY3. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). DECODE may improve readability.

Return Value String. if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. formfeed. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. carriage return. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 . tab. the function returns Thomas. For example. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. You can enter any valid transformation expression.INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. If your data contains multibyte characters. newline. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.

occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you want to search for a character string. The string must be a character string. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. Must be an integer value. The set of characters you want to search for. If the start position is a positive number. If you omit this argument. The position in the string where you want to start the search. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. If the start position is zero. If you omit this argument. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function uses the default value of 1.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. INSTR searches from the first character in the string.start [. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. The default value is 1. You can enter any valid transformation expression. counting from left to right. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. Required. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. Syntax INSTR( string. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. If the search value appears more than once in the string. search_value [. for example 'abc'. The search value is case-sensitive. If you pass a decimal. if not. For example. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. A positive integer greater than zero. The results of the expression must be a character string. If the start position is a negative number. Any value. counting from left to right. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. Optional. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. Passes the value you want to evaluate. the function uses the default value of 1. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . Optional. If you pass a negative integer or zero.

1. 'a'. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. starting at the beginning of each company name. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. -1. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. starting at the beginning of each company name. 'a'.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. starting from the last character in the company name. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’.

INSTR(CUST_ID. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.-1. The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . INSTR(CUST_ID.' ' .1. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 1. -1. starting from the end of the string.INSTR( CUST_NAME. The following expression evaluates a string.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY.

You can enter any valid transformation expression.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 . use LENGTH. Note: To test for empty strings. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. see “LENGTH” on page 115. Any datatype (except Binary). Passes the rows you want to evaluate. ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. For more information.

so there is no February 29th. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified. In the first case. For example. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. Optional. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. which returns false. the function returns FALSE (0). IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. If you omit the format string. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. However. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. which returns TRUE. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. year 1900 is not a leap year. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date. For example. If the strings match the format string. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. In most cases. the two format strings return the same values.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. not the YY format string. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00).IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. Must be a string datatype. the function returns TRUE (1). if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00).

IS_DATE 105 .Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. and converts each valid date to a date value. If the value is not a valid date. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. If it does not. IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row.

Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. Therefore. ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ). TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ).

Passes the rows you want to evaluate.45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. Must be a string datatype.45E-32’ ‘+3. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-).45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype.45e+32’ ‘+3. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. IS_NUMBER 107 .

00 0.00’ ‘-3.45d-3’ ‘3. such as TO_FLOAT. the PowerCenter Server returns 0. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ).00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).45e+3’ ‘-3.Windows only) 0 (False .00 0.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .00 0.45D-3’ ‘-3. the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.00345 0.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions. If the value is not a valid number.00 0.45e+3’ ‘3.00’ ‘-3. 0.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True . Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 0. For example.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.

FALSE (0) if the row contains data. a tab. You can enter any valid transformation expression. a carriage return. see “LENGTH” on page 115.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. a newline. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. a formfeed. A space is a blank space. Must be a string datatype. For example. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. use LENGTH. To test for an empty string. or a vertical tab. For more information.

you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions .column in a target table. '00000'. you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. To do this.

the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Passes the values for which you want to return the last row.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. Limits the rows in the search. FALSE. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. LAST 111 . You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Any datatype (except Binary). see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Optionally. or if no rows are selected (for example. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Syntax LAST( value [. For more information. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. Return Value Last row in a port. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. or NULL. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Optional. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: By default. the function returns NULL.

00 29.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.00 8.00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions .00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.05 150.

However. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. if all values passed from the port are NULL. If there is no group by port. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Date/Time datatype. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. returning one value. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. LAST_DAY ignores the row. Null If a value is NULL. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. LAST_DAY returns NULL. Return Value Date. returning one result for each group.

'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . If you pass a string that does not have a time value. the date returned will include the time 00:00:00.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date. The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. TO_DATE always includes time information.

Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. use IS_SPACES.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. For details. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. use ISNULL. String datatype. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. For details. including trailing blanks. The strings you want to evaluate. You can enter any valid transformation expression. LENGTH 115 . see “ISNULL” on page 103. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0. To test for spaces.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.04082199452026 NULL Error. Numeric datatype.302585092994 4.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression.098612. 116 Chapter 6: Functions .828313737302 -0. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. greater than zero. Return Value Double value. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero. It must be a positive number. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. For example. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm. LN(3)returns 1. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0.) Error.

zero. The base of the logarithm. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. LOG 117 .78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. The exponent of the logarithm.09 NULL 35. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. Syntax LOG( base.) Error. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . Required. Most often. or 1 as a base value.) Error. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. exponent Return Value Double value.

Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. search2. must match search1 datatype. search1. value1 [. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. Specifies the values you want to match to value. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. Syntax LOOKUP( result. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function.5 compatibility in the session properties. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. value2]. Required. Required. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. Datatype that matches the value1.. For more information. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. Any datatype (except Binary). Any datatype (except Binary).. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. ) Argument result Meaning Required. However.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. rather than creating Lookup transformations. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD.

ORDERS.QTY. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD.SALES. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value. 15. :TD.SALES. ORDERS. :TD.00 15. :TD. NULL if the search does not find any matching values.SALES.PRICE.ITEM_ID.QTY) LOOKUP 119 . Error if the search finds more than one matching value.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100.ORDERS.ITEM_NAME. RTRIM( ORDERS. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD.ORDERS.ORDERS.99 15. 10.PRICE. :TD.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. ORDERS.ITEM. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match. :TD.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD.SALES for a specific item ID and price.PRICE.ITEM.ITEM.PRICE. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.99 15.ORDERS. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly.

You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. Any string value. Return Value Lowercase character string. NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. If your data contains multibyte characters.LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions .

6. Can be a character string. Can be any string value. length [. If you omit the second_string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. LPAD( PART_NUM. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 .second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. for example 'abc'. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if length is a negative number. however. When length is a negative number. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. This argument is case-sensitive. Must be a positive integer literal. Syntax LPAD( first_string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The strings you want to change. RPAD returns NULL. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. You can enter a specific string literal. Required.

*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *.. If the first string is longer than the length. '.**Compass Regulator System *.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.**. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions . '*. LPAD truncates the string from right to left. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. 16.LPAD counts the length from left to right.Flashlight *. 5.. -5.**. LPAD(‘alphabetical’. For example....

LTRIM removes it. In ASCII mode. character-by-character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you omit the second string. you would enter 'A'. You can also enter a character string. If the trim_set is NULL. LTRIM 123 . the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string. with any matching characters removed.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. for example. Optional. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. Passes the strings you want to modify. Syntax LTRIM( string [. You can enter any valid transformation expression.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. Most often. starting with the left side of the string. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. LTRIM removes both single. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. 'abc'. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. Any string value. trim_set Return Value String. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. the function returns NULL. not 'a'. Then it returns the string. For example. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string. however. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. Any string value. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. This is because LTRIM searches. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. Bender. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string.’ from S. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . LTRIM removes it. 'S.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. MacDonald Sawyer H. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. Bender. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. and so on. For example. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. In the example of H. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. LTRIM removes it. but not the period from H. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. character-by-character. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H.

Limits the rows in the search. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Syntax MAX( date [. or NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. For more information. FALSE. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. Date/Time datatype. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. Optional.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Return Value Date. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE.

For more information. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Return Value Numeric value. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. However. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. FALSE. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. MAX returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. MAX ignores it. Nulls If a value is NULL. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. the function returns NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. Note: By default. if all values passed from the port are NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. or NULL.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. Limits the rows in the search. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Numeric datatype.

MAX treats all rows as one group. If there is no group by port. returning one result for each group.00 55.00 79.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 85. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85. returning one value.00 360.00 162.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 .00 PRICE 10.

the median is the middle number. MEDIAN returns NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . However. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Nulls If a value is NULL. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Optionally. If there is an odd number of values in the port. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. the function returns NULL. Note: By default. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information. Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Limits the rows in the search. If there is an even number of values in the port. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. FALSE. However. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. Return Value Numeric value. if all values passed from the port are NULL. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. or NULL. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. MEDIAN ignores the row.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

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Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE.

if all values passed from the port are NULL. the function returns NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN. For more information. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. However. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Numeric datatypes. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. MIN ignores it.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. MIN returns NULL. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Limits the rows in the search. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optional. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. or NULL. Return Value Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. MIN (Numbers) 135 . However. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. FALSE. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Note: By default. Nulls If a single value is NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

If there is no group by port. returning one value. returning one result for each group.00 55.00 85.00 79.00 162.00 360. MIN treats all rows as one group. Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions . ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10.00 PRICE 10.Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The values you want to divide. PowerCenter Server does not write row. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation.5) returns 3.00 NULL 20. Syntax MOD( numeric_value. Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE.00 12. The numeric value you want to divide by. MOD(8.00 25.00 15.00 9. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor. Numeric datatype. MOD 137 .00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. QTY ) PRICE 10. The divisor cannot be zero.

00 NULL 20. the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE. you can create an expression similar to the following. QTY )) PRICE 10.00 15.00 12. If the quantity is zero.The last row (25. NULL.00 25. 0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25. 138 Chapter 6: Functions .00 9. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero. IIF( QTY = 0. To avoid dividing by zero. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. rowset [. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). five rows at a time. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. if all values are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. or NULL. Optional. the function returns NULL. MOVINGAVG 139 . However. Required. Limits the rows in the search. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Optionally. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. or if no rows are selected (for example. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. 5). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. Numeric datatype. For example. FALSE.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.

and 243 based on rows 3 through 7.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. and thereafter. based on the first five rows in the Sales port.8 based on rows 2 through 6. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. 245. 140 Chapter 6: Functions .

or NULL. For example. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. rowset [. 5 ) Optional. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the function returns NULL. Limits the rows in the search. if all values are NULL. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. FALSE. five rows at a time. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optionally. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Numeric datatype. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum. Required. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. MOVINGSUM 141 . you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows.

142 Chapter 6: Functions . and thereafter. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. based on the first five rows in the Sales port.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6.

Numeric datatype. when PERCENTILE 143 . However. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. FALSE. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. the function returns NULL. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. Integer between 0 and 100. Note: By default. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. PERCENTILE returns NULL. inclusive.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or NULL. Nulls If a value is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. percentile [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. Optional. or if no rows are selected (for example. However. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. if all values in a group are NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. See the following equation for more details. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. For more information. Optionally. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. PERCENTILE ignores the row. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Limits the rows in the search.

PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. If i is an integer value. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . If there is no group by port.you configure the PowerCenter Server. returning one value. If i < 1. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. returning one result for each group. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.

75.0 100000. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 86000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250.0 27900.0 9000.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.0 99000.0 85000.0 48000.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 NULL 55000.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.

POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function.0 -6. If the base value is negative.0 5.0 6. Numeric value.5 NULL 10. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the exponent must be an integer.0 EXPONENT 2.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838. This argument is the base value. Syntax POWER( base.265625 982.0 3.0 NULL -6. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required.00137174211248285 729.0 -3. This argument is the exponent value. the exponent must be an integer. If the base value is negative. In this case.594307804838 NULL NULL 0.0 -3.5 2.00137174211248285 0.0 5. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 729. Numeric value.5 3.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Double value.0 6.0 3.0 -3.

0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3. the exponent must be an integer.Note that -3. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.0 raised to 5. POWER 147 . If the base is negative.5.

REPLACECHR returns NULL. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. the function converts it to a character string. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. You can enter one character. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. Required. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. for example. If InputString is NULL. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. the function converts it to a character string. or NULL. If NewChar contains more than one character. Required. 'abc'. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. OldCharSet.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. an empty string. If you pass a numeric value. the function is case-sensitive. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The characters you want to replace. Passes the string you want to search. Must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. InputString. Must be a character string. You can enter one or more characters. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty. If NewChar is NULL or empty. REPLACECHR returns InputString. NULL if InputString is NULL. Required. Must be an integer. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. the function is not case-sensitive. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify.

html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index.1" GET /companyinfo/index.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0. WEBLOG.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. CUSTOMER_CODE. ‘A’. ‘A’. WEBLOG.html HTTP/1.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1 GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. ‘]["’.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index. CUSTOMER_CODE.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1.html HTTP/1. ‘"’.

NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . CUSTOMER_CODE. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. ‘14’. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. The following expression removes multiple characters. INPUT. CHR(39).The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. including the single quote. ‘A’. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. you must use the CHR function. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. INPUT. see “CHR” on page 68.

That is. If you pass a numeric value. Required. If NewString is NULL or empty. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. Must be an integer. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. or NULL. The string you want to replace. [OldString2. Must be a character string. When CaseFlag is a non-zero number.. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. an empty string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. multiple characters. . multiple characters. REPLACESTR 151 . Required. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. 'abc'. REPLACESTR returns NULL.. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. You can enter any valid transformation expression. InputString. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. the function converts it to a character string. You can enter one character. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. the function is not case-sensitive. OldString1. the function converts it to a character string. etc. If you pass a numeric value. for example. If InputString is NULL. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. Required. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. For more information. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. Must be a character string. Must be a character string. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. see the examples. or no character. the function is case-sensitive. Passes the strings you want to search. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. REPLACESTR returns InputString. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You must enter at least one OldString argument. OldStringN.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

‘s.html HTTP/1. Ms. ‘ HTTP/1. The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0. Ms.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index.1" "GET /companyinfo/index. TITLE. Mr.1" GET /companyinfo/index. RETURN VALUE Ms. MRS. ‘iss’.1’. ‘s.’ ) TITLE Mrs. ‘"’. WEBLOG. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. TITLE.html /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.’ ) TITLE Mrs. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. INPUT.html /companyinfo/index. RETURN VALUE Ms. ‘rs. MRS. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. ‘GET ’. Miss Mr. MRS. ‘bc’. ‘ab’.NULL if InputString is NULL.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘iss’.’. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘rs.’.

you must use the CHR function. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. REPLACESTR 153 . CONCAT( CHR(39). INPUT. CONCAT(CHR(39). INPUT. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘ab’. ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. CONCAT(‘it’. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. ‘s’ )).The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘bc’. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string.

For example. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. For example. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. For example. Minute. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). You can also use ROUND to round numbers. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. If the month is between July and December. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. For example. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. Hour. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. If the month is between January and June. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. 'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. the function returns January 1 of the input year. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. and sets the time to 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. For example. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. Day. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. Month.

the function rounds the date to the nearest day. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . This is the portion of the date that you want to round.Syntax ROUND( date [. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. If you omit the format string. Optional. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can round only one portion of the date. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Enter a valid format string. Date/Time datatype. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded.

'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

-1) returns 20.44. ROUND(12. Return Value Numeric value. If you enter a negative precision. If you omit the precision argument.99. truncating the decimal portion of the number. If one of the arguments is NULL. the function rounds to the nearest integer.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point.99. Positive or negative integer.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [.4.99.8) returns 13. 1) returns 15. ROUND returns NULL. You can also use ROUND to round dates.0 because the function rounds 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function rounds to this number of decimal places. For example. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. For example. ROUND(12. If you enter decimal precision. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. For example. ROUND (Numbers) 157 .99) returns 13. 0. ROUND(12. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. ROUND(12. Optional. returning an integer. 1) returns 13.99. Numeric datatype. For example.0 and ROUND(15. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. If you enter a positive precision.

ROUND( PRICE.9936 15.995 -18.0 -100.0 56. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.0 -19.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.99 56.99 -108.99 -15.0 1400.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.868 56.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions . 3 ) PRICE 12.0 57. -2 ) PRICE 13242.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.8678 56. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12.994 15. 0.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.8 ) PRICE 12.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.0 -16.9949 -18.99 1435.99 56.99 -18.

use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. To achieve the expected result. This may not be the result you expect.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. For example. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits.

Must be a positive integer literal. RPAD(‘alphabetical’.. Specifies the length you want each string to be... So.. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks.. Any string value.. 5. '... RPAD returns NULL... if the first string is longer than the length. 160 Chapter 6: Functions . Optional. RPAD counts the length from left to right. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’. If you omit the second string. When length is a negative number. Return Value String of the specified length. 'abc'.. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. Syntax RPAD( first_string. for example. The strings you want to change. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. For example.. This argument is casesensitive. 16. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. length [. appending the string '. Compass. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight..RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Any string value. Regulator System Safety Knife. RPAD truncates the string from right to left.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. or if length is a negative number...second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

'*. Compass*..* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME.. '.**..**.The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. 16..*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. -5..') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 .*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*.** Regulator System Safety Knife*. appending the string ‘*..

RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. In ASCII mode. starting with the right side of the string. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. It returns the string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. If you omit the second string. Any string value. for example. You can also enter a text literal. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. Any string value. Optional. RTRIM removes it. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. Syntax RTRIM( string [. with any matching characters removed. character-by-character. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes both single.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. 'abc'. however. trim_set Return Value String. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to trim.

If. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. In the last example.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . however. RTRIM removes it. For example. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. character-by-character. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. and so on. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. the last character in the string does not match. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. RTRIM removes it. the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. This is because RTRIM searches.

The session is a debug session. The session is configured for a test load. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . At the end of the session. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For details on mapping variables. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. At the end of a successful session. Returns the new current value. Unless overridden. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required.

. It increases the count by one for each inserted row. decreases the count for each deleted row.. Darkroom Co. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. Darkroom Co. SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 . and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session.) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. Supply. The next time the session runs. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd.Return Value The current value of the variable. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors.

YYY. 12=12PM. 'MONTH'. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 'SS'. 'MI'. You can use any of the month format strings (D. HH12. and November) in the value argument. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. DDD. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example. You use the MI format string to set the minute. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. or YYYY to set the year. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. April. For example. YY. MONTH to set the month. For example. For example. HH24) to set the hour. Day. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 'YY'. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. DY. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. Minute. You use the SS format string to set the second. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. Hour. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. and DAY) to set the day. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. 10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. Month. June. Seconds. 'DD'. September. MON. DD. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. 'HH'. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the month format strings: MM.

the session fails. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . February 30). The date you want to modify.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. Required. If you enter an improper value (for example. 'HH12'. 'HH24'. Date/Time datatype. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'HH'. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. format. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The format string is not case-sensitive. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. Required.

'MONTH'. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. 'YYY'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 7). 2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 'YY'. 1998).MM'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 'YYYY'. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DD'. 'MON'. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 'Y'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. For example. 'MM'.

it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Returns the new current value. At the end of the session. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. When used with a string mapping variable. The session is a debug session. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. At the end of a successful session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. For details on mapping variables. Unless overridden. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session. The session is configured for a test load. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition.

Required. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22. ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions .Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. The return value is the new current value of the variable. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. Then. The next time the session runs. For example. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. it saves the largest value to the repository. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

When used with a string mapping variable. 172 Chapter 6: Functions . The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. At the end of the session. For details on mapping variables. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. The session is configured for a test load. The session is a debug session. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session. Unless overridden. At the end of a successful session.SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Returns the new current value. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition.

25 24.50. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.50 22. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22.25 22. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice. The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.00 24. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.00 22.50 22. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. Required. Name of the mapping variable you want to set.50 27.00’. SETMINVARIABLE 173 .00 22.00 22. The return value is the new current value of the variable.50 22.00 26.50 22.75 23.00 MIN_PRICE 22. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.00 At the end of the session.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.00 22. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. The next time the session runs.00 22. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.75 25.

Then.00 22. it saves the smallest value to the repository. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions .50 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions. For example. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.

If you use this function more than once for the same variable. it saves a final current value to the repository. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The session is configured for a test load. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. SETVARIABLE 175 . Returns the specified value. Unless overridden. The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. The session is a debug session. At the end of a successful session. For details on mapping variables.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. Required. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run.

50 116.23 699. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time. The next time the session runs.01 97. 176 Chapter 6: Functions .23 699. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.01 97. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.43 323. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp.50 116.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”. The next time the session runs.43 323. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.Return Value Current value of the variable. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session.

Return Value -1 for negative values. 0 for 0.SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. Passes the values you want to evaluate. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. negative. NULL if NULL.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. or 0. Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. 1 for positive values. Numeric value.

You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation. Numeric datatype. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). Return Value Double value.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3.309016994374967 0.50000000000003 0.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine.0871557427476639 0.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.939692620785936 0.

Return Value Double value.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.376934801486 0. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine. You can enter any valid transformation expression.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 .897 3.66 5. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0 0. For example: SINH( MEASURES.4178051793031 116.0 2.SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value. Numeric datatype.1752011936438 9.03225804884884 19.45 0 0.

both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’. O. I. For example. For example. E. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. If string encodes to less than four characters. P. Q. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. G. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). For example. J. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . and W unless one of them is the first character in string. X. Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. K. F. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. Skips numbers in string. V C. S. H. and encodes it in uppercase.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. U. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. For example. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. T L M. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. Z D.

Return Value String. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. string is empty. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . Passes the string value you want to encode. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. Must be a character string.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values.54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error. NULL 7. PowerCenter Server does not write row. Positive numeric value.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. Return Value Double value. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. If you pass a negative value or character value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 182 Chapter 6: Functions .

If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Numeric datatypes.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. However. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. or if no rows are selected (for example. Optional. the function returns NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [. For more information. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. if all values are NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). You can use operators to average values in different ports. STDDEV returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Nulls If a single value is NULL. Limits the rows in the search. STDDEV 183 . FALSE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Note: By default. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. STDDEV ignores it.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.

184 Chapter 6: Functions .00 ) SALES 2198. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000. SALES > 2000.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010.Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.90 and 153. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.0 2198.0 1010.0 153. returning one value.88 3001.90 2256.0 2198.0 2198.000. STDDEV treats all rows as one group. returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port. the return value is zero.0 NULL 8953.0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES. If there is no standard deviation.

length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. the function returns an empty string. Syntax SUBSTR( string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. If you pass a decimal. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass a numeric value. start [. Must be a character string. If you pass a negative integer or zero. Must be an integer greater than zero. If the start position is a negative number. The position in the string where you want to start counting. If the start position is a positive number. including blanks. starting at the beginning of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the strings you want to search. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. If the start position is zero. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. SUBSTR 185 .SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. SUBSTR counts all characters. Optional. the function converts it to a character string. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. If you omit the length argument. start length Return Value String. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. Must be an integer.

8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 1. -8. 3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 186 Chapter 6: Functions . The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 5. 0. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE.

2. SUBSTR 187 . For example: SUBSTR('abcd'.INSTR( CUST_NAME. starting from the end of the string. INSTR(CUST_ID.1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID.The following expression evaluates a string. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. 1.1 ) . -2. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'.' ' .1. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string. INSTR(CUST_ID. 8) returns ‘cd’. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.-1.

when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Nulls If a single value is NULL.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. For more information. Note: By default. Passes the values you want to add. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Optionally. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. Optional. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. or if no rows are selected (for example. However. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However. Numeric datatype. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. or NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. SUM ignores it. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. SUM returns NULL. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can use operators to add values in different ports. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. FALSE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Limits the rows in the search. if all values passed from the port are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.

For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE . Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES.0 1900. SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500. SUM treats all rows as one group.0 1200.0 NULL 3458.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. returning one value.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If there is no group by port.0 4519. returning one result for each group.0 RETURN VALUE: 10477.

19175359259435 0. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).74747741945531 1. Return Value Double value.0874886635259298 0.14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2. You can enter any valid transformation expression.324919696232929 57. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions . Numeric datatype.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).577350269189672 0.

For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .993926947790665 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).761594155955765 0.45 0 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.897 3.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function.0 0.66 5. Return Value Double value.998676551914886 0.999963084213409 0.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Numeric datatype. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.0 2.

Return Value String. If you omit the format string. The format string defines the format of the return value. not the format for the values in the date argument.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Date/Time datatype. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. Optional. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. If it does not. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. use either the RR or YY format string. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. For example. Return Value Date. You can enter any valid transformation expression. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. Optional. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. For details on the TO_DATE format string. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. Do not use the YYYY format string. see “Requirements” on page 44. 198 Chapter 6: Functions . Must be a string datatype. You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. If you omit the format string. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.

Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you run a session in the twentieth century. the century will be 19. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. If you run a session in the twentieth century. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. PowerCenter Server skips this row. TO_DATE 199 . the century will be 19. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.

'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions .The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row.

TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. For example: DECODE( TRUE. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE.‘MM/DD/YYYY’). --test second format.‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats.‘MON DD YYYY’). ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . if true. ‘MON DD YYYY’). --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. if true.If your target accepts different date formats.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ).‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ). convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MM’ ). --test third format. --if true.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX.6789' '60. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28.348' NULL 'A12. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. inclusive.679 60. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. inclusive. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28. If you omit this argument.2' '118. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. Optional.200 118.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX.

348' NULL 'A12. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).6789' '60. Return Value Double value. Passes the values you want to convert to double values.2 118.6789 60. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 . You can enter any valid transformation expression.2' '118. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15. Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.

Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL.2' '118.6789’ ‘-15. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion. Optional.3Grove' ‘ 123.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero. TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. The flag must be an integer literal. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . or the constants TRUE or FALSE. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer.348' NULL 'A12.6789' '60.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. or if you omit this argument. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer. String or numeric datatype. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces.

23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.348' NULL 'A12.2' '118.6789' '60.6789’ ‘-15. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.3Grove' ‘ 123.

'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. month. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. If you truncate the minute portion of a date.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. the function truncates the time portion of the date. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. If you truncate the year portion of the date. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. day. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. Date/Time datatype. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. For example.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Optional. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. If you truncate the day portion of a date. For example. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. Day. The date values you want to truncate. setting it to 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. Enter a valid format string. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. If you truncate the month portion of a date. For example. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. If you omit the format string. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. hour. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00. For example. Minute. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. For example. Hour. Month. or minute. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00.

Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . 'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions .

TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. If precision is a negative integer. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. Return Value Numeric value. TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. Passes the values you want to truncate. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. Optional. If you omit the precision argument. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Can be a positive or negative integer. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 . You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. Numeric datatype. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. If you pass a decimal precision value. precision If precision is a positive integer. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype.

3 ) PRICE 12.0 15.956 15.0 -18.95 1235.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .9995 -18.0 1230.0 50. -1 ) PRICE 12.0 -180.999 -18.99 -18.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.86 56.99 -187.8652 56.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 56.0 56.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.95 15.865 56.9563 15.

Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. String datatype. Return Value Uppercase string. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. If your data contains multibyte characters.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase.

Return Value Double value. the variance is 0. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. If n is 1. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. For more information. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. FALSE. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. Numeric datatype. or NULL. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. or if no rows are selected (for example. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Limits the rows in the search.

VARIANCE treats all rows as one group.Nulls If a single value is NULL.0 3001. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. However. Note: By default. If there is no group by port.0 2256. returning one value. or if no rows are selected. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. if all values passed to the function are NULL. returning one value. returning one result for each group.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. If there is not a group by port. VARIANCE ignores it. the function returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. VARIANCE returns NULL. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198. However.0 NULL 8953. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

227 Variable Functions. 222 Numeric Functions. 228 For details on each function. see “Functions” on page 49. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 226 Test Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. 223 Scientific Functions. 220 Date Functions. 215 . 217 Conversion Functions. 225 Special Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 216 Character Functions.

filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [. Returns the first record in a group. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. Returns the last record in a group. Returns the sum of all records in a group. Returns the median of all values in a selected port.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. percentile [. Available in the Designer. Returns the variance of all records in a group. found in a group. Available in the Designer. or latest date. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. Returns the minimum value. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. in a group. or earliest date. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Returns the number of records with non-null value. found in a group. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Returns the maximum value. Available in the Designer. Returns the standard deviation for a group. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer.

Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. length [. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the number of characters in a string. to set a string to a specified length. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. Concatenates two strings. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . search_value [. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. In ASCII mode. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. however. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. including trailing blanks. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. start [. it will still work correctly. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the position of a character set in a string. In Unicode mode.

start [. multiple characters.. Returns a portion of a string. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldStringN. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. OldString1.Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. . length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . or no character. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. length [. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. [OldString2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase.

TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Available in the Designer. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Replaces characters in a string with a single character.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. OldStringN.. Returns whether a string is a valid number. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. counting from left to right. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. . occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. start [. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. OldString1. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Available in the Designer. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. start [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. Returns whether a value is NULL. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. [OldString2. or no character. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or seconds). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1. month. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Rounds one part of a date. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. Available in the Designer. or minute. days. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. months. Returns the latest date found in a group. hours. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. format. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. date2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. Available in the Designer. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. filter_condition ) MIN( date. value ) TRUNC( date [. Returns the earliest date found in a group. Truncates dates to a specific year. hour. minutes. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. day. measured in the specified increment (years. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the length of time between two dates.

Available in the Designer. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.71828183. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. recordset [.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Rounds numbers to a specified digit. where e=2. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. negative. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. or 0. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . recordset [. Returns the remainder of a division calculation.

Truncates numbers to a specific digit. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [.Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).

value1 [. search1. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . value2 [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. Searches a port for the specified value. second_result ]…[. first_result [. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message. Returns one of two values you specify. search2. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. IIF IIF( condition. based on the results of a condition. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. Available in the Designer. first_search. Available in the Designer. second_search.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. Test Functions 227 .Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Returns the specified value. Available in the Designer. Returns the new current value. Available in the Designer. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. Returns the new current value. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer.

Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 120. 52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 211 229 .

case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 120. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 68 capitalization 99. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 180 removing from strings 123. 211 counting 185 encoding 130. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 160 ASCII characters 63. 68.

SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130. 180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .

220 date 54. 223 scientific 55. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 . 217 conversion 53. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 225 special 55.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 219 data cleansing 53. 216 categories 50 character 52. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 226 test 56.

Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69. 117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 .

null values aggregate functions 18.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index . 52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116. 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.

47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29.

188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 120. 72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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