Transformation Language Reference

Informatica PowerCenter®
(Version 7.1.1)

Informatica PowerCenter Transformation Language Reference Version 7.1.1 August 2004 Copyright (c) 1998–2004 Informatica Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. This software and documentation contain proprietary information of Informatica Corporation, they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and is also protected by copyright law. Reverse engineering of the software is prohibited. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior consent of Informatica Corporation. Use, duplication, or disclosure of the Software by the U.S. Government is subject to the restrictions set forth in the applicable software license agreement as provided in DFARS 227.7202-1(a) and 227.7702-3(a) (1995), DFARS 252.227-7013(c)(1)(ii) (OCT 1988), FAR 12.212(a) (1995), FAR 52.227-19, or FAR 52.227-14 (ALT III), as applicable. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Informatica Corporation does not warrant that this documentation is error free. Informatica, PowerMart, PowerCenter, PowerChannel, PowerCenter Connect, MX, and SuperGlue are trademarks or registered trademarks of Informatica Corporation in the United States and in jurisdictions throughout the world. All other company and product names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners. Portions of this software are copyrighted by DataDirect Technologies, 1999-2002. Informatica PowerCenter products contain ACE (TM) software copyrighted by Douglas C. Schmidt and his research group at Washington University and University of California, Irvine, Copyright (c) 1993-2002, all rights reserved. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from The JBoss Group, LLC. Your right to use such materials is set forth in the GNU Lesser General Public License Agreement, which may be found at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php. The JBoss materials are provided free of charge by Informatica, “as-is”, without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Portions of this software contain copyrighted material from Meta Integration Technology, Inc. Meta Integration® is a registered trademark of Meta Integration Technology, Inc. This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/). The Apache Software is Copyright (c) 1999-2004 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: Informatica Corporation provides this documentation “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability, or use for a particular purpose. The information provided in this documentation may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Informatica could make improvements and/or changes in the products described in this documentation at any time without notice.

Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
New Features and Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii PowerCenter 7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv PowerCenter 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xviii About Informatica Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Other Informatica Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting Informatica Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Webzine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Visiting the Informatica Developer Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvi Obtaining Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxvii

Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Language Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Transformation Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Internationalization and the Transformation Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Expression Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Expression Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 General Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Adding Comments to Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Reserved Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Chapter 2: Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DD_DELETE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 DD_INSERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 DD_REJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
iii

Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 DD_UPDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 FALSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 NULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Null Values in Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Null Values in Filter Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Nulls with Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 TRUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Chapter 3: Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Operator Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Arithmetic Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 String Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Comparison Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 4: Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
System Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SESSSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SYSDATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Transaction Control Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_COMMIT_AFTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Local Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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Chapter 5: Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Date/Time Datatype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Julian Day, Modified Julian Day, and the Gregorian Calendar . . . . . . . . 34 Dates in the Year 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Dates in Relational Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Dates in Flat Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Default Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Date Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Understanding Date Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Chapter 6: Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Aggregate Functions and Nulls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Date Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 ABORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 ADD_TO_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 AVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 CEIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 CHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 CHRCODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

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v

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 DATE_DIFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 IS_SPACES . . . . . 99 INSTR . . . . . . . . . . . 72 COS . . . . 125 MAX (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 LOG . . . 111 LAST_DAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 LOOKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 METAPHONE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 LPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 COUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 MOVINGSUM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 FIRST . . . 141 vi Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ISNULL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 CUME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 IS_NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 IIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 LAST . . . 103 IS_DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 DECODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 LENGTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 FLOOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 MIN (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 EXP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 COSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 MOVINGAVG . . . . 135 MOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 MIN (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . 96 INITCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 DATE_COMPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 GET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LN . . . . . . . . .CONCAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 MAX (Dates) . . . . . . . . . 85 ERROR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 MEDIAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LTRIM . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 SUBSTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 ROUND (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 TANH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 TO_CHAR (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 TRUNC (Numbers) . 178 SINH . . . . . . . . . . 180 SQRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 SOUNDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 TO_INTEGER . . . . . . . . 177 SIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 UPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Aggregate Functions . . . . . . . 143 POWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 SETMINVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 REPLACESTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 SUM . . . . .PERCENTILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 VARIANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 TO_FLOAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 TO_DATE . 212 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . . . . . . . 204 TRUNC (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 REPLACECHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 TO_CHAR (Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 TO_DECIMAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 SETVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 SETMAXVARIABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 SETCOUNTVARIABLE . 216 Character Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Table of Contents vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ROUND (Dates) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 RPAD . . . . . . . . 160 RTRIM . . . . . . . . . . 164 SET_DATE_PART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 STDDEV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 TAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 228 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Conversion Functions . . . . . . . . . . 225 Special Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Numeric Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Test Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Data Cleansing Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Date Functions . . . . . . . 227 Variable Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Scientific Functions . . . . . . . . . . . 229 viii Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .. . . .. . 43 130 180 List of Tables ix . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings . . . . . .. . .List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . .. 5-1. .. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings. . . . . . . . .. .. . .. . . . .. . . . . Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language . . 5-6.. .. . . .. . . Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings . 26 ... 3-2. ... 40 . . . TO_CHAR Format Strings. .. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines . . . .. . . . . . . . ... . . .. . 39 . . Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference . .. 3-4.. . . .. . . 22 .. . . 6 . 6-2. . Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions . . 23 . . . Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language . 2-1. . .. . . ... . . ... . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . 28 .. . . 3-3. . 5-4. . . . . . 39 .. . . . . . 18 . . . .. . . . . . .. . . .. . . .. . Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime . . . . . . . 5-3. . . Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference . . . . . . 3-1. . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5. . .. . . Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . .. . . ... . . . .. . . . . Operators in the Transformation Language . . . . . . .. . . 36 . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. RR Format String Conversions . . . . . .. . .. . .... 36 .. . . . . 5-2. . .. . . . . .. . . . 25 . 6-1. . .. . . SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants .. . . . . . . .. . . . . 4-1. ... . .. .. . . . . .. .. .

x List of Tables .

and support high-speed loads.Preface Welcome to PowerCenter. transforming. and efficient manner. scalable data integration solution addressing the complete life cycle for all data integration projects including data warehouses and data marts. usable. and information hubs. data migration. PowerCenter combines the latest technology enhancements for reliably managing data repositories and delivering information resources in a timely. loading. Informatica’s software product that delivers an open. The PowerCenter Server can extract large volumes of data from multiple platforms. The PowerCenter metadata repository coordinates and drives a variety of core functions. xi . PowerCenter can simplify and accelerate the process of moving data warehouses from development to test to production. handle complex transformations on the data. including extracting. and managing data. data synchronization.

PowerCenter supports additional Japanese language code pages. You can use parameter files that reside on a local machine with the Startworkflow command in the pmcmd program. session. When you use a local parameter file. You can specify the type of verbose data you want the PowerCenter Server to write to the Data Profiling warehouse.1. xii Preface . The Designer displays profile mappings under a profile mappings node in the Navigator. The PowerCenter Server can write all rows. JEF-kana. You can configure a maximum number of patterns and a minimum pattern frequency. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ Code page. You can configure the Data Profiling Wizard to filter the Domain Inference function results. You can determine unique rows for a source based on a selection of columns for the specified source. a specified percentage of data. When you create multiple partitions for a flat file source session. or the rows that do not meet the business rule. Define mapping. session. Session enhancement.1. sessions.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can save sessions that you create from the Profile Manager to the repository. You may want to narrow the scope of patterns returned to view only the primary domains. and 7. Row Uniqueness function. You can view a profile from a random sample of data. pmcmd.New Features and Enhancements This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. You can define default mapping. and MELCOM-kana. such as JIPSEkana. PowerCenter 7. Verbose data enhancements. 7. You can create a data profile for a sample of source data instead of the entire source.1. Domain Inference function tuning. the rows that meet the business rule. Data Profiling ♦ Data sampling. Profile mapping display in the Designer.0. and workflows generated when you create a data profile.1. you can configure the session to create multiple threads to read the flat file source. Flat file partitioning. or for a specified number of rows starting with the first row. and workflow prefixes. pmcmd passes variables and values in the file to the PowerCenter Server. or you may want to widen the scope of patterns returned to view exception data.1. and workflow prefixes for the mappings.1.

or PDF. the PowerCenter Client creates a file format recognized by the target tool. When you import web service definitions with attachment groups. Security ♦ Oracle OS Authentication. The PowerCenter Server runs on SuSE Linux. Web Services Provider ♦ Attachment support. Update a connection attribute value when you update the connection. log. ♦ SuSE Linux support. The Repository Server runs on SuSE Linux. If the file exists. You can attach document types such as XML. and repositories using native drivers. and Sybase sources. Reserved word support. The document type you can attach is based on the mime content of the WSDL file. you can connect to IBM. GIF.txt in the PowerCenter Server installation directory. You can now use Oracle OS Authentication to authenticate database users. DB2. Oracle. target. Use ODBC drivers to access other sources and targets. you can create and maintain a file. or lookup table name or column name contains a database reserved word. the PowerCenter Server places quotes around matching reserved words when it executes SQL against the database. containing reserved words. Oracle. You can use pmrep to perform the following functions: − − − Remove repositories from the Repository Server cache entry list. Repository Server ♦ pmrep. On SuSE Linux. and work table names by specifying different tables on the same or different Teradata database. you can pass attachments through the requests or responses in a service session. such as Business Objects Designer. PowerCenter uses Oracle OS Authentication when the user name for an Oracle connection is PmNullUser. If any source. and Sybase repositories. DB2. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with other tools. You do not need to know a database user name and password. you can now override the control file. you can also override the error. JPEG. Preface xiii . You can export or import multiple objects at a time. targets. You can exchange source and target metadata with other BI or data modeling tools. Enable enhanced security when you create a relational source or target connection in the repository. Oracle OS Authentication allows you to log on to an Oracle database if you have a logon to the operating system. it searches for reswords. When the PowerCenter Server initializes a session. Teradata external loader. On SuSE Linux. you can connect to IBM. When you load to Teradata using an external loader. When you export metadata. reswords.txt.♦ SuSE Linux support. Depending on the loader you use.

XML ♦ Multi-level pivoting. You can now select the columns or groups you want to include in an auto profile and enable verbose mode for the Distinct Value Count function. Purging data from the Data Profiling warehouse. and options. You can now view PowerCenter Data Profiling reports in a separate browser window. Source View in the Profile Manager. You store xiv Preface . Support for verbose mode for source-level functions. PowerCenter 7. You can now pivot more than one multiple-occurring element in an XML view. This is a new book that describes the functionality of Real-time Web Services. connectivity. Workflow Administration Guide. You can now purge data from the Data Profiling warehouse. and partitions in the session. Informatica provides a set of prepackaged domains that you can include in a Domain Validation function in a data profile. and Transformation Guide. You can now view data profiles by source definition in the Profile Manager. You can create multiple partitions in a session containing web service source and target definitions. Informatica provides licenses for product. Creating auto profile enhancements.♦ Pipeline partitioning. This book consolidates XML information previously documented in the Designer Guide. It also includes information from the version 7. and view verbose data for Distinct Value Count functions. You can now create data profiles with source-level functions and write data to the Data Profiling warehouse in verbose mode. Auto profiles now include the Aggregator function. resize columns in a report. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Documentation ♦ ♦ Web Services Provider Guide. Aggregator function in auto profiles. targets. The PowerCenter Server creates a connection to the Web Services Hub based on the number of sources.1. You can now create a data profile for VSAM sources. PowerCenter Data Profiling report enhancements. You can also pivot the view row.1 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7.0 Web Services Hub Guide. XML User Guide. Licensing Informatica provides licenses for each CPU and each repository rather than for each installation. Data Profiling ♦ ♦ Data Profiling for VSAM sources. Prepackaged domains.

PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter modified some report names and uses the PowerCenter 7. such as Cognos Report Net and Business Objects. the PowerCenter Server Setup. upgrade. delete repository details. PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 64-bit support. pmrep. This improves processing performance for most sessions. and run multiple pmrep commands sequentially. or restore a repository. and deploy group history. you can define up to 64 partitions at any partition point in a pipeline that supports multiple partitions. MX views have been added to help you analyze metadata stored in the repository. You can now read and write CLOB/BLOB datatypes. REP_SERVER_NET and REP_SERVER_NET_REF views allow you to see information about server grids. You can increase repository performance by skipping information when you copy. You can export metadata to and import metadata from other business intelligence tools. and delete a folder. Partitioning enhancements. Object import and export enhancements. truncate log files. This improves performance when PowerCenter accesses the repository. PowerCenter now identifies and updates statistics for all repository tables and indexes when you copy. ♦ ♦ Repository ♦ Exchange metadata with business intelligence tools. You can also use pmrep to create. workflow and session log history. You can manage the license files using the Repository Server Administration Console. modify. and the command line program. Repository Server ♦ Updating repository statistics. disable. MX views.the license keys in a license key file. You can use pmrep to back up. If you have the Partitioning option. or enable a repository. REP_VERSION_PROPS allows you to see the version history of all objects in a PowerCenter repository. The PowerCenter Server now reads a block of rows at a time. Increased repository performance. delete a relational connection from a repository.1 MX views in its schema. back up. ♦ ♦ Preface xv . PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. You can now run 64-bit PowerCenter Servers on AIX and HP-UX (Itanium). and restore repositories. CLOB/BLOB datatype support. You can choose to skip MX data. pmlic. You can compare objects in an XML file to objects in the target repository when you import objects.

The Custom transformation API includes new array-based functions that allow you to create procedure code that receives and outputs a block of rows at a time. When you use a dynamic lookup cache. Dynamic lookup cache enhancements. You might want to output old values from lookup/output ports when you use the Lookup transformation in a mapping that updates slowly changing dimension tables. Also. You can use the Union transformation to merge multiple sources into a single pipeline. Custom transformation API enhancements. Enhanced printing. Real-time Web Services allows you to create services using the Workflow Manager and make them available to web service clients through the Web Services Hub.Transformations ♦ Flat file lookup. Use these functions to take advantage of the PowerCenter Server processing enhancements. you can choose whether the PowerCenter Server outputs old or new values from the lookup/output ports when it updates a row. You can install the Web Services Hub on a JBoss application server. The quality of printed workspace has improved. Web Services Provider ♦ Real-time Web Services. ♦ xvi Preface . the latest version of checked in objects. You can also extract data from messaging systems. The query can return local objects that are checked out. or a collection of all older versions of objects. You can also use a lookup file parameter if you want to change the name or location of a lookup between session runs. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. the PowerCenter Server can ignore some ports when it compares values in lookup and input ports before it updates a row in the cache. The Union transformation is similar to using the UNION ALL SQL statement to combine the results from two or more SQL statements. When you create a Lookup transformation using a flat file as a lookup source. The Designer and the Workflow Manager highlight the active folder in the Navigator. Web Services Hub. The Web Services Hub now hosts Real-time Web Services in addition to Metadata Web Services and Batch Web Services. You can now perform lookups on flat files. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. Union transformation. Version Control You can run object queries that return shortcut objects. You can also run object queries based on the latest status of an object. such as data stored in a CLOB column. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. Midstream XML transformations. the Designer invokes the Flat File Wizard. The PowerCenter Server can perform parallel processing of both requestresponse and one-way services. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ ♦ Viewing active folders.

You can remove the Navigator and Output window. You can also extract data from messaging systems.Note: PowerCenter Connect for Web Services allows you to create sources. add or delete columns from views. You can open multiple instances of the Workflow Monitor on one machine. and transformations to call web services hosted by other providers. the Designer expands each element and reference under its parent element. You can create views. Midstream XML transformations. DTD files. XML workspace. you can choose how you want the Designer to represent the metadata associated with the imported files. You can simultaneously monitor multiple PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository. targets. such as data stored in a CLOB column. ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xvii . see PowerCenter Connect for Web Services User and Administrator Guide. Workflow Monitor The Workflow Monitor includes the following performance and usability enhancements: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ When you connect to the PowerCenter Server. For more informations. The Workflow Monitor displays workflow runs in Task view chronologically with the most recent run at the top. XML Support PowerCenter XML support now includes the following features: ♦ ♦ Enhanced datatype support. You can choose to generate XML views using hierarchy or entity relationships. you no longer distinguish between online or offline mode. Additional options for XML definitions. You can synchronize one or more XML definition when the underlying schema changes. In a view with hierarchy relationships. or schema files. XML files. The Workflow Monitor includes improved options for filtering tasks by start and end time. You can synchronize an XML definition with any repository definition or file used to create the XML definition. When you create views with entity relationships. The XML transformations enable you to extract XML data stored in relational tables. and define relationships between views. You can edit XML views and relationships between views in the workspace. When you import XML definitions. such as TIBCO or IBM MQSeries. You can now create an XML Parser transformation or an XML Generator transformation to parse or generate XML inside a pipeline. including relational sources or targets. It displays folders alphabetically. You can use XML schemas that contain simple and complex datatypes. the Designer creates separate entities for references and multiple-occurring elements. Synchronizing XML definitions.

Increased performance for large XML targets. Load Manager and Metadata Exchange Web Services running on the Web Services Hub. you can profile source data to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Documentation ♦ ♦ Glossary. The Installation and Configuration Guide now contains a chapter titled “Upgrading Repository Metadata. Circular references occur when an element is a direct or indirect child of itself. you can create profiling mappings and run sessions. Then you can view reports based on the profile data in the profiling warehouse. If the size of the tree exceeds the cache size. suggest candidate keys. User-defined commits. Data Profiling If you have the Data Profiling option. You can create XML files of several gigabytes in a PowerCenter 7. you can determine implicit data type. and XML schemas that use circular definitions. Support for multiple XML output files. It is comprised of two services for communication with the PowerCenter Server. The connectivity information in the Installation and Configuration Guide is consolidated into two chapters.♦ Support for circular references. − − PowerCenter 7. This book now contains chapters titled “Connecting to Databases from Windows” and “Connecting to Databases from UNIX.1 XML session by using the following enhancements: − ♦ Spill to disk.0.” This chapter describes changes to repository ♦ xviii Preface . Data Integration Web Services You can use Data Integration Web Services to write applications to communicate with the PowerCenter Server. DTD files. You can define commits to trigger flushes for XML target files. and evaluate join criteria. You can specify the size of the cache used to store the XML tree.0 This section describes new features and enhancements to PowerCenter 7. After you create a profiling warehouse. You can output XML data to multiple XML targets. The PowerCenter Client provides a Profile Manager and a Profile Wizard to complete these tasks. the XML data spills to disk in order to free up memory. PowerCenter now supports XML files. The Installation and Configuration Guide contains a glossary of new PowerCenter terms. Data Integration Web Services is a web-enabled version of the PowerCenter Server functionality available through Load Manager and Metadata Exchange. detect data patterns. You can also define the file names for XML output files in the mapping.” Upgrading metadata. For example. Installation and Configuration Guide.

The change in functionality for existing objects depends on the version of the existing objects.0 metadata. ♦ PowerCenter Server ♦ ♦ DB2 bulk loading. You can enable bulk loading when you load to IBM DB2 8. Metaphone. The Soundex function encodes a string value into a four-character string. In a server grid. You can choose to log row errors in a central location to help understand the cause and source of errors. Preface xix ♦ ♦ . you can now choose to load from a named pipe. If you purchase the Server Grid option. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter PowerCenter Metadata Reporter replaces Runtime Metadata Reporter and Informatica Metadata Reporter. The Metaphone function encodes string values.1. You can create a control file containing installation information. Row error logging. session completion status. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). Functions ♦ Soundex. Metadata analysis. worklets. When using external loaders on Windows. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to analyze operational metadata. PowerCenter Servers balance the workload among all the servers in the grid. mappings. The session configuration object has new properties that allow you to define error logging. and transformations. such as workflows. Distributed processing. session errors. You access the Informatica installation CD from the command line to create the control file and install the product. server load. including session load time. you can group PowerCenter Servers registered to the same repository into a server grid. You can use PowerCenter Metadata Reporter to browse PowerCenter 7. External loading enhancements. source and target tables. When using external loaders on UNIX. Consult the upgrade information in this chapter for each upgraded object to determine whether the upgrade applies to your current version of PowerCenter. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. and distribute it to other users to install the PowerCenter Client. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z).objects impacted by the upgrade process. PowerCenter Metadata Reporter includes the following features: ♦ Metadata browsing. you can now choose to load from staged files. and warehouse growth. ♦ Installation ♦ Remote PowerCenter Client installation.

You can export and import multiple objects and objects types. checking in. You can use pmrep to perform change management tasks. You can apply the transformation logic to rows defined by transaction boundaries. You can choose to insert. You can now use real-time processing in sessions that also process active transformations. Use Repository Manager privilege. privileges. and permissions through the Repository Server Administration Console. The ♦ ♦ xx Preface . such as the Aggregator transformation. You can now use a Microsoft SQL Server trusted connection to connect to the repository. exporting. delete. The deployment and object import commands require you to use a control file to define options and resolve conflicts. You can export and import objects with or without their dependent objects. the PowerCenter Server flags rows for insert. You can perform the same tasks in the Designer and Workflow Manager if you have the Use Designer and Use Workflow Manager privileges. The Repository Agent logs security changes to a log file stored in the Repository Server installation directory. It writes a column in the target file or named pipe to indicate the update strategy. You can now use default repository user authentication or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) to authenticate users. You can also use pmrep to run queries. and change object status. such as maintaining deployment groups and labels. the security module passes your login name to the external directory for authentication. groups. You do not have to delete user names from the repository. Real time processing enhancements.♦ External loading using Teradata Warehouse Builder. Concurrent processing. the repository maintains an association between your repository user name and your external login name. The Use Repository Manager privilege allows you to perform tasks in the Repository Manager. You can now use data driven load mode with Teradata external loaders. maintain labels. The repository maintains a status for each user. upsert. This enables more efficient joins with minimal usage of memory and disk cache. Additionally. ♦ ♦ ♦ Repository Server ♦ Object export and import enhancements. If you use LDAP. ♦ ♦ Security ♦ LDAP user authentication. or delete data. Trusted connections. importing. update. deploying. and listing objects. You can now enable or disable users from accessing the repository by changing the status. pmrep commands. You can track changes to repository users. Mixed mode processing for Teradata external loaders. Teradata Warehouse Builder can simultaneously read from multiple sources and load data into one or more tables. When you log in to the repository. The PowerCenter Server now reads data concurrently from sources within a target load order group. such as copy object. Audit trail. The control file uses these values to determine how to load data to the target. or update. You can use Teradata Warehouse Builder to load to Teradata. When you select data driven loading. You can also export objects from a query result or objects history. You can now export and import objects using the Repository Manager and pmrep.

You can compare tasks. You can use the Joiner transformation to join two data streams that originate from the same source. You can specify the icons used for transformation. The Custom transformation replaces the Advanced External Procedure transformation. When you create a Custom transformation template. ♦ Joiner transformation. This gives you greater control over the specific objects copied from one repository to another. You can recover or undelete deleted objects. If you want to permanently remove an object version. This allows you to store multiple copies of a given object during the development cycle. sessions. You can create Custom transformations with multiple input and output groups. the colors. Compare objects. You can also compare different versions of the same object. adding or removing a user or group. such as changes to folder properties. Deployment. control development on the object. Delete or purge a version. track changes. You can create templates that customize the appearance and available properties of a Custom transformation you develop. Custom transformations operate in conjunction with procedures you create outside of the Designer interface to extend PowerCenter functionality. Transformations ♦ Custom transformation. worklets. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxi . You can delete an object from view and continue to store it in the repository. Check out and check in versioned objects. Each version is a separate object with unique properties. Version control in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ Object versioning. Version control allows you to maintain multiple versions of an object. you can purge it from the repository. and use deployment groups to copy specific groups of objects from one repository to another. The Repository Manager and Workflow Manager allow you to compare two repository objects of the same type to identify differences between them. copying a deployment group allows you to copy a select number of objects from multiple folders in the source repository to multiple folders in the target repository.audit trail log contains information. The PowerCenter Client tools allow you to compare objects across open folders and repositories. Version Control The PowerCenter Client and repository introduce features that allow you to create and manage multiple versions of objects in the repository. Unlike copying a folder. and the properties a mapping developer can modify. and you can compile the procedure with any C compiler. and adding or removing privileges. and check in the object when you are ready to create a new version of the object in the repository. You can check out and reserve an object you want to edit. distribute the template with the DLL or shared library you develop. and workflows in the Workflow Manager. You can compare Designer objects and Workflow Manager objects in the Repository Manager. Individual objects in the repository are now versioned.

XML support in PowerCenter includes the following features: ♦ XML schema. You can use an XML schema to validate an XML file and to generate source and target definitions. Queries. ♦ ♦ ♦ XML Support PowerCenter contains XML features that allow you to validate an XML file against an XML schema. to other folders. You can compare workflows and tasks from the Workflow Manager.♦ Deployment groups. This allows you to associate multiple objects in groups defined by the label. improve query results. ♦ ♦ ♦ Usability ♦ Copying objects. The XML wizard allows you to view the structure of XML schema. XML schemas allow you to declare multiple namespaces so you can use prefixes for elements and attributes. You can choose to append the data to the same target file or create a new target file after each flush. You can view a history that includes all versions of an object and compare any version of the object in the history to any other version. declare multiple namespaces. You can create a deployment group that contains references to objects from multiple folders across the repository. Comparing objects. You can create a static deployment group that you manually add objects to. When you process an XML file or stream. You can make a private query. you can also copy segments of mappings to a workspace in a new folder or repository. XML schemas also allow you to define some complex datatypes. You can use XPath to locate XML nodes. you can set commits and periodically flush XML data to the target instead of writing all the output at the end of the session. You can use labels to track versioned objects during development. or create a dynamic deployment group that uses a query to populate the group. You can also configure the PowerCenter Server to not output empty elements to the XML target. and parse or generate XML data from various sources. Within the Designer. You can now copy objects from all the PowerCenter Client tools using the copy wizard to resolve conflicts. and organize groups of objects for deployment or export and import. ♦ xxii Preface . use XPath to locate XML nodes. or you can share it with all users in the repository. You can copy objects within folders. You can format the XML target file so that you can easily view the XML file in a text editor. and to different repositories. XML target enhancements. You can save queries for later use. XPath support. Track changes to an object. You can also compare all objects from within the Repository Manager. increase performance for large XML files. Increased performance for large XML files. format your XML file output for increased readability. You can create a query that specifies conditions to search for objects in the repository. A label is an object that you can apply to versioned objects in the repository. Labels. This allows you to see the changes made to an object over time.

♦ Change propagation. Refresh session mappings. You can validate sessions. You can validate multiple objects in the repository without fetching them into the workspace. or workflows. workflows. You can save and optionally check in objects that change from invalid to valid status as a result of the validation. Revert to saved. You can now revert to the last saved version of an object in the Workflow Manager. View dependencies. you can choose to propagate changed attributes throughout the mapping. Viewing dependencies help you modify objects and composite objects without breaking dependencies. and worklets. you can view dependencies to see the impact on other objects. mapplets. Validate multiple objects. mappings. targets. mappings. such as sources. The PowerCenter Client writes messages in the Output window that describe why it invalidates a mapping or workflow when you modify a dependent object. In the Workflow Manager. The Session Wizard is enhanced to provide a graphical depiction of a mapping when you configure partitioning. Before you edit or delete versioned objects. the Workflow Manager accesses the repository to retrieve the last-saved version of the object. and conditions based on the direction that you propagate and the attributes you choose to propagate. You can view parent and child dependencies and global shortcuts across repositories. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Preface xxiii . When you edit a port in a mapping. The Designer propagates ports. Enhanced partitioning interface. Enhanced validation messages. expressions. When you do this. you can refresh a session mapping.

groups. users. and load data into JMS messages. Also contains information on administering the PowerCenter Server and performance tuning. Provides information on how to create and configure each type of transformation in the Designer. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ xxiv Preface . as well as monitor workflows in the Workflow Monitor. Provides basic tutorials for getting started. Provides information to help you create and run workflows in the Workflow Manager. Provides information you need to install and configure the Web Services Hub. Provides information needed to install and configure the PowerCenter tools. Designer Guide. This guide also provides information about how to use the web services that the Web Services Hub hosts. mapplets. Includes information to help you create mappings. and transformations. Provides syntax descriptions and examples for each transformation function provided with PowerCenter. and Metadata Web Services. and relational or other XML definitions. Transformation Guide. Provides information about how to profile PowerCenter sources to evaluate source data and detect patterns and exceptions. Provides information to install PowerCenter Connect for JMS. The Web Services Hub hosts Real-time Web Services. Lists error messages that you might encounter while using PowerCenter. Batch Web Services. and permissions and privileges. Each error message includes one or more possible causes and actions that you can take to correct the condition. Troubleshooting Guide. Web Services Provider Guide. including details on environment variables and database connections. Includes details on functionality available in the Repository Manager and Administration Console. Provides information needed to administer the repository using the Repository Manager or the pmrep command line program. Includes information on running sessions with XML data. Getting Started. XSD. Also includes a description of the transformation datatypes used to process and transform source data. Provides information you need to create XML definitions from XML. such as creating and maintaining repositories. Installation and Configuration Guide. build mappings. Repository Guide. PowerCenter Connect® for JMS® User and Administrator Guide. Workflow Administration Guide. Also includes details on using the midstream XML transformations to parse or generate XML data within a pipeline. extract data from JMS messages. Provides information needed to use the Designer. XML User Guide.About Informatica Documentation The complete set of documentation for PowerCenter includes the following books: ♦ ♦ Data Profiling Guide. folders. Transformation Language Reference. or DTD files.

The following paragraph provides additional facts. This is a code example. unless you follow the specified procedure.About this Book The Transformation Language Reference is written for the developers who are responsible for building mappings to load a data warehouse. Emphasized subjects. and the interface requirements for your supporting applications. This is generic text that should be replaced with user-supplied values. This is the variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating system command. The Transformation Language Reference assumes you have knowledge of SQL. Document Conventions This guide uses the following formatting conventions: If you see… It means… The word or set of words are especially emphasized. The following paragraph provides suggested uses. This is an operating system command you enter from a prompt to run a task. relational database concepts. The material in this book is available for online use. italicized text boldfaced text italicized monospaced text Note: Tip: Warning: monospaced text bold monospaced text Preface xxv . The following paragraph notes situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data.

Visiting the Informatica Webzine The Informatica Documentation team delivers an online journal. The Informatica Webzine is a password-protected site that you can access through the Customer Portal. the Informatica Knowledgebase.Other Informatica Resources In addition to the product manuals. To register for an account. go to http://my. detailed descriptions of specific features. The site contains product information. upcoming events. The Customer Portal has an online registration form for login accounts to its webzine and web support.com. The site contains information about Informatica. please email webzine@informatica.informatica. newsletters. The services area of the site includes important information on technical support.com. This journal provides solutions to common tasks. and locating your closest sales office. You will also find product information. its background. you can access the Informatica Customer Portal site at http:// my.informatica. and tips and tricks to help you develop data warehouses.com.informatica. Informatica Webzine. Visiting the Informatica Developer Network The Informatica Developer Network is a web-based forum for third-party software developers. and access to the Informatica user community. Informatica provides these other resources: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Informatica Customer Portal Informatica Webzine Informatica web site Informatica Developer Network Informatica Technical Support Visiting Informatica Customer Portal As an Informatica customer. user group information. training and education.informatica.com. as well as literature and partner information. and implementation services. access to the Informatica customer support case management system (ATLAS). the Informatica Webzine.com xxvi Preface . If you have any questions. You can access the Informatica Developer Network at the following URL: http://devnet. Visiting the Informatica Web Site You can access Informatica’s corporate web site at http://www.

m. Obtaining Technical Support There are many ways to access Informatica technical support. . .m.213. . CA 94063 Phone: 866.m.5 p. market. (local time) Singapore Phone: +65 322 8589 Hours: 9 a. (PST/PDT) email: support@informatica.m.m.5:30 p. North America / South America Informatica Corporation 2100 Seaport Blvd.9489 Hours: 6 a.5:30 p.m.5 p.com Africa / Asia / Australia / Europe Informatica Software Ltd. You can request a user name and password at http://my. .m.informatica.6 p. Redwood City. and support customer-oriented addon solutions based on Informatica’s interoperability interfaces. (local time) France Phone: +33 1 41 38 92 26 Hours: 9 a.6332 or 650.5:30 p. 6 Waltham Park Waltham Road. (local time) Germany Phone: +49 1805 702 702 Hours: 9 a. WebSupport requires a user name and password.5:30 p.m.m.563.385. Berkshire SL6 3TN Phone: 44 870 606 1525 Fax: +44 1628 511 411 Hours: 9 a. (local time) Netherlands Phone: +31 306 082 089 Hours: 9 a.m.m. (local time) Preface xxvii . White Waltham Maidenhead.m. .5:30 p.m.The site contains information on how to create.com Belgium Phone: +32 15 281 702 Hours: 9 a. . (GMT) email: support_eu@informatica. .m. You can call or email your nearest Technical Support Center listed below or you can use our WebSupport Service.5800 Fax: 650. (local time) Switzerland Phone: +41 800 81 80 70 Hours: 8 a.m.com.m. .

xxviii Preface .

10 For information about supported datatypes and data conversions. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview.Chapter 1 The Transformation Language This chapter provides a general overview of the transformation language. 2 Expression Syntax. 1 . 5 Adding Comments to Expressions. 9 Reserved Words. see “Datatype Reference” in the Designer Guide.

Over 60 SQL-like functions allow you to change data in a mapping.Overview PowerCenter provides a transformation language to help you write expressions to transform source data. Local and system variables. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. Workflow variables. Create workflow variables for use within a workflow to write expressions referencing values that change from workflow to workflow. You can also create local variables in transformations. For details. Use built-in variables to write expressions that reference value that vary. You can write expressions in both the Designer and the Workflow Manager. combine data. You can also write expressions that include the return values from Lookup. Mapping parameters and variables. Create mapping parameters for use within a mapping or mapplet to reference values that remain constant throughout a session. For more information. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. such as the system date. such as a state sales tax rate. Operators. Constants. such as TRUE. The Designer allows you to write expressions in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregator Expression Filter Rank Router Update Strategy Link condition Decision task Assignment task The Workflow Manager allows you to write expressions in the following tasks and conditions: ♦ ♦ ♦ Transformation Language Components The transformation language includes the following components to help you create simple or complex transformation expressions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Functions. and External Procedure transformations. or compare data. Create mapping variables in mapplets or mappings to write expressions referencing values that change from session to session. Use built-in constants to reference values that remain constant. ♦ ♦ ♦ 2 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . Stored Procedure. The transformation language includes SQL-like functions so you can write expressions that modify data or test whether data matches conditions. Return values. Use transformation operators to create transformation expressions to perform mathematical computations.

or the SUM function to calculate the total sales for a specific branch. “>>>>”. For example. This indicator appears to the left of and points to the part of the expression containing the error. during a workflow. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. the LENGTH function returns the number of characters in a Overview 3 . You can create an expression as simple as a port. For example. a dialog box displays the expression with an error indicator. Internationalization and the Transformation Language Transformation language functions can handle character data in either ASCII or Unicode data movement mode. you can create a transformation expression that takes the data from a port and changes it. such as ORDERS. Transformation Expressions With the transformation language. For example. the error message displays: a = b + >>>> c Transformation language functions that evaluate character data are character-oriented. For a detailed discussion of how transformation expressions are evaluated. Use Unicode mode to handle multibyte character data. or a numeric literal. the PowerCenter Server writes results to the target tables based on the update strategies you define. not byte-oriented. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. The return values of the following functions and transformations depend on the code page of the PowerCenter Server and the data movement mode: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ INITCAP LOWER UPPER MIN (Date) MIN (Number) MAX (Date) MAX (Number) Any function that uses conditional statements to compare strings. you might use the AVG function to calculate the average salary of all your employees. Then. or combine different ports using the transformation language operators. if the expression a = b + c contains an error at c. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. When you validate an invalid expression in the expression editor. such as 10. such as IIF and DECODE MIN and MAX also return values based on the sort order associated with the PowerCenter Server code page.For details on creating expressions and local variables in the Designer.

The LOWER function returns a string in lowercase based on the code page of the PowerCenter Server. 4 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . not the number of bytes.string.

Status). input/output. You can also write complex expressions that include functions nested within functions. numeric literals Constants Functions Local and system variables Mapping parameters and mapping variables Pre-defined workflow variables User-defined workflow variables Operators Return values Expression Syntax 5 . SQL supports the keywords AS and FROM for nonaggregate functions and ALL and DISTINCT for aggregate functions. Expression Components Expressions can consist of any combination of the following components: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ports (input. the transformation language supports an optional filter condition for aggregate functions. On the other hand. You can create an expression that is as simple as a port (such as ORDERS). or a numeric literal (such as 10).Expression Syntax Although the transformation language is based on standard SQL. variable) String literals. a pre-defined workflow variable (such as $Start. or combine different columns using the transformation language operators. but the transformation language does not. For example. it is not exactly like SQL. while SQL does not.

:TD.5 expressions only). :TD. use the CHR function: 'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car' 6 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .5 LOOKUP function.. :SD Optional (PowerMart 3. argument2. The general syntax is: :SP. The general syntax is: LOOKUP(:TD. The general syntax is: :SEQ. ..Ports and Return Values When you write an expression that includes a port or return value from an unconnected transformation.sequence_generator_transformation.PRICE.CURRVAL :SP Required when you write an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Stored Procedure transformation. :TD Required when you reference a target table in a PowerMart 3.99) String and Numeric Literals You can include numeric or string literals.lookup_transformation(argument1. 15. The general syntax is: :SD. The order must match the order of the ports in the transformation.) :LKP Required when you create an expression that includes the return value from an unconnected Lookup transformation. The datatypes for the local ports must exactly match the datatype of the Lookup ports used in the lookup condition.stored_procedure_transformation( argument1. use the reference qualifiers in Table 1-1: Table 1-1.SALES.SALES. Be sure to enclose string literals within single quotation marks.ITEM_NAME. [.column_name :SEQ Required when you create an expression that includes a port in a Sequence Generator transformation.. For example. Qualifies a source table port in an expression. PROC_RESULT]) The arguments must match the arguments in the unconnected Stored Procedure transformation.external_procedure_transformation(argument1.. . 10. The general syntax is: :EXT. argument2.) The arguments are the local ports used in the lookup condition. Reference Qualifiers in Transformation Language Reference Qualifier :EXT Description Required when you write an expression that includes a return value from an External Procedure transformation. The general syntax is: :LKP. argument2. the following string is not allowed: 'Joan's car' To return a string containing a single quote.source_table. For example: 'Alice Davis' String literals are case-sensitive and can contain any character except a single quotation mark.ITEM_ID.SALES.

You cannot add an integer and a string. For example: . Separate each argument in a function with a comma. and operators see corresponding chapters in this guide. not a string. the expression 123.4’ is not valid because it compares a decimal value with a string. General Rules These general rules apply when writing all expressions: ♦ You cannot include both single-level and nested aggregate functions in an Aggregator transformation. 10) is not valid because the SUBSTR function requires an integer value. Stored Procedure transformation.4 = ‘123. or the results of another expression. For example. For details on workflow variables. local and system variables. Do not use quotation marks for literal numbers.Do not use single quotation marks with numeric literals. ♦ You can pass a value from a port. ♦ You cannot use strings in numeric expressions. create separate Aggregator transformations. the Designer propagates the name change to expressions in the transformation. see “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. ♦ You cannot mix datatypes when using comparison operators.). literal string or number. enclose literal strings within single quotation marks. For example. Lookup transformation. The PowerCenter Server treats any string value enclosed in single quotation marks as a character string. The PowerCenter Server treats a dash (-) as a minus operator. Expression Syntax 7 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ . mapping parameters and variables. variable. ♦ You cannot use strings as numeric parameters. If you rename a port in a connected transformation. the expression SUBSTR(TEXT_VAL. Use the ports tab in the Expression Editor to enter a port name into an expression. For example. comma (. If you pass a literal value to a function. The colon (:).) have special meaning and should be used only to specify syntax. Except for literals. ‘1’. functions. Just type the number you want to include. as the start position. If you need to create both single-level and nested functions. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because you can only perform addition on numeric datatypes. the transformation language is not case-sensitive. the Designer and PowerCenter Server ignore spaces. Except for literals. External Procedure transformation. and period (.05 or $$Sales_Tax Note: For details on constants.

do not use quotation marks to designate mapping parameters or variables or workflow variables. ♦ ♦ For more information on entering expressions. Do not use quotation marks to designate ports.♦ When you pass a mapping parameter or variable or a workflow variable to a function within an expression. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide and “Working with Workflows” in the Workflow Administration Guide. which allow only one nested aggregate function). The PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression starting with the innermost function. You can nest multiple functions within an expression (except aggregate functions. 8 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language .

if you want to concatenate two strings. as in: -. If you do not want to embed comments.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. the Designer and Workflow Manager do not validate the expression.These are comments ♦ Two slashes. you can add them by clicking Comment in the Expression Editor. since the last line is not a valid expression.First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table // Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 The PowerCenter Server ignores the comments and evaluates the expression as follows: FIRST_NAME || LAST_NAME You cannot continue a comment to a new line: -.Adding Comments to Expressions The transformation language provides two comment specifiers to let you insert comments in expressions: ♦ Two dashes. as in: // These are comments The PowerCenter Server ignores all text on a line preceded by these two comment specifiers. For example.This expression concatenates first and last names for customers: FIRST_NAME -. you can enter the following expression with comments in the middle of the expression: -. Adding Comments to Expressions 9 .First names from the CUST table || // Concat symbol LAST_NAME // Last names from the CUST table Joe Smith Aug 18 1998 In this case.

operators. such as constants. You can only use reserved words within transformation and workflow expressions. Reserved words have predefined meanings in expressions. and system variables.Reserved Words Some keywords in the transformation language. 10 Chapter 1: The Transformation Language . are reserved for specific functions. These include: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :EXT :LKP :SD :SEQ :SP :TD AND DD_DELETE DD_INSERT DD_REJECT DD_UPDATE FALSE NOT NULL OR PROC_RESULT SESSSTARTTIME SPOUTPUT SYSDATE TRUE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME ABORTED DISABLED FAILED NOTSTARTED STARTED STOPPED SUCCEEDED The following words are reserved for workflow expressions only: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Note: You cannot use a reserved word to name a port or local variable.

14 DD_UPDATE. 12 DD_INSERT. 13 DD_REJECT. 16 NULL. 15 FALSE. 17 TRUE.Chapter 2 Constants This chapter describes how to use the built-in constants of the transformation language: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DD_DELETE. 19 11 .

select the data-driven update strategy to delete records from a target based on this flag. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_DELETE. Informatica recommends using DD_DELETE instead of the integer literal 2. 2. Note: Use the DD_DELETE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. 12 Chapter 2: Constants . Example The following expression marks items with an ID number of 1001 for deletion. DD_DELETE is equivalent to the integer literal 2. When you run a workflow. DD_DELETE. DD_INSERT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. and all other items for insertion: IIF( ITEM_ID = 1001. 0 ) Note: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals.DD_DELETE Flags records for deletion in an update strategy expression.

DATE_SHIPPED. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. The following update strategy expression flags an employee’s sales for insertion. Note: Use the DD_INSERT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value. 'DD' ). the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. DD_INSERT is equivalent to the integer literal 0. 0 ) > 2. and rejects everything else: IIF( EMPLOYEE. 0. 3 ) Tip: The expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. DD_INSERT ) DD_INSERT 13 . If the result is 2 or less. If the result is greater than 2.DD_INSERT Flags records for insertion in an update strategy expression.DD_REJECT.NAME = 'Alex'. the expression flags the records for rejection. The following update strategy expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to find only those orders that shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. ORDERS. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates monthly sales per salesperson. DD_REJECT ) This update strategy expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( EMPLOYEE. Informatica recommends using DD_INSERT instead of the integer literal 0. DD_INSERT. so you can examine the sales of just one salesperson. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_INSERT. When you run a workflow. it flags them for insertion: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SESSSTARTTIME. Using DATE_DIFF. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag.NAME = 'Alex'. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date.

DD_REJECT is equivalent to the integer literal 3.SALES > 0. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result: IIF( ORDERS. If you flag a record as reject. The following data-driven example uses DD_REJECT and IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. DD_INSERT. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_REJECT. Use DD_REJECT to filter or validate data. 0. DD_REJECT. This update strategy expression flags records less than zero for reject and all others for insert: IIF( ORDERS. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates the sales for the current month. This expression flags records that consist entirely of spaces for reject and flags all others for insert: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals.DD_REJECT Flags records for rejection in an update strategy expression. When you run a workflow. DD_INSERT ) 14 Chapter 2: Constants . Informatica recommends using DD_REJECT instead of the integer literal 3. Note: Use the DD_REJECT constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. the PowerCenter Server skips the record and writes it to the session reject file. so it includes only positive values. select the data-driven update strategy to reject records from a target based on this flag.SALES > 0.

'DD' ). the expression flags the records for rejection. the expression subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date. 1. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2.NAME = 'Alex'. DD_UPDATE. The following update strategy expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Because DATE_DIFF returns a Double value.NAME = 'Alex'. otherwise. flagging Alex’s sales for update (1) and flagging all other sales records for rejection (3): IIF( EMPLOYEE.DATE_SHIPPED. DD_UPDATE ) DD_UPDATE 15 . 0 ) > 2.DD_UPDATE Flags records for update in an update strategy expression. DD_REJECT. The mapping loads sales for one employee. This expression flags records for Alex as updates and flags all others for rejection: IIF( EMPLOYEE. the expression uses TRUNC to truncate the difference. ORDERS. When you run a workflow. It is easier to troubleshoot complex numeric expressions if you use DD_UPDATE. 3 ) Notice that the expression using constants is easier to read than the expression using numeric literals. Using DATE_DIFF. Examples The following examples modify a mapping that calculates sales for the current month. Informatica recommends using DD_UPDATE instead of the integer literal 1. it flags the records for update. If the result is 2 or less. select the data-driven update strategy to write records to a target based on this flag. DD_REJECT ) This expression uses numeric literals to produce the same result. it flags them for rejection: IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE. If the result is greater than 2. returning the difference between the two dates. Note: Use the DD_UPDATE constant in the Update Strategy transformation only. DD_UPDATE is equivalent to the integer literal 1.

Var2 = 49.'Variable 1 was 22!'. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( FALSE. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. FALSE is equivalent to the integer 0. Example The following example uses FALSE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.FALSE Clarifies a conditional expression. Var1 < 23.'.') 16 Chapter 2: Constants .'. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. Var2 > 30.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Var1 = 22.

For details on how each function handles null values. if the PowerCenter Server tries to write a null value to a column with one of these constraints. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE Working with Null Values in Comparison Expressions By default. Be sure to consider nulls when you create transformations. the PowerCenter Server parameter is TreatNullInComparisonOperatorsAs. the database will reject the row and the PowerCenter Server will write it to the reject file. >=. If you pass a null value to a function. see “Functions” on page 49. or it might ignore null values. ^=. Working with Null Values in Boolean Expressions Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produces results that are ANSI compliant. However. suppose you have the following expressions: NULL > 1 NULL = NULL NULL 17 . <. !=. when you use a null value in an expression containing a comparison operator. When you configure the PowerCenter Server on UNIX. NULL is not equivalent to a blank or empty string (for character columns) or zero (for numerical columns). This PowerCenter Server configuration property affects the behavior of the following comparison operators in expressions: =. you can also configure the PowerCenter Server to treat null values as high or low in comparison operations. any column that has the NOT NULL or PRIMARY KEY constraint will not accept nulls. Configure how the PowerCenter Server handles null values in comparison expressions on the Configuration tab of the PowerCenter Server setup using the Treat Null In Comparison Operators As property. the PowerCenter Server produces a null value. For more information.NULL Indicates that a value is either unknown or undefined. >. <= For example. <>. it might return zero or NULL. For example. Functions can handle nulls differently. Although you can write expressions that return nulls. Therefore. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” and “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

and MOVINGSUM. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as nulls in aggregate functions. Null Values in Filter Conditions If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. MOVINGAVG. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. 18 Chapter 2: Constants . the function does not select the record. which returns zero). Nulls with Operators Any expression that uses operators (except the string operator ||) and contains a null value always evaluates to NULL. the following expression evaluates to NULL: 8 * 10 . For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. you can choose how you want it to handle null values in aggregate functions. Evaluating Null Values in Comparison Expressions Expression NULL > 1 NULL = NULL Treat Null in Comparison Operators As NULL NULL NULL HIGH TRUE TRUE LOW FALSE TRUE Null Values in Aggregate Functions By default. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL for all records in the selected port.Table 2-1 describes how the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expressions: Table 2-1. the function returns NULL. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULLs.NULL To test for nulls. use the ISNULL function. You use filter conditions with aggregate functions. the aggregate function returns NULL (except COUNT. as well as CUME. However. For example. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Var2 > 30. Var2 = 49. Var1 < 23. 'Variable 2 was more than 30. 'Variables were out of desired ranges. This is useful if you want to perform multiple searches based on a single search value: DECODE( TRUE.'.TRUE Returns a value based on the result of a comparison. Var1 = 22.'Variable 2 was 49!'. Example The following example uses TRUE in a DECODE expression to return values based on the results of a comparison.'Variable 1 was 22!'.') TRUE 19 . TRUE is equivalent to the integer 1. 'Variable 1 was less than 23.'.

20 Chapter 2: Constants .

26 21 . 24 Comparison Operators.Chapter 3 Operators This chapter describes how to use operators to perform arithmetic or comparisons within functions. 25 Logical Operators. 23 String Operators. 22 Arithmetic Operators. It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Operator Precedence.

The transformation language also supports the use of operators within nested expressions. 2. 4. >= =. /. used when specifying conditions. If you write an expression that includes multiple operators. The PowerCenter Server evaluates operators in the order they appear in the following table. Arithmetic operators String operators Comparison operators Logical operators Table 3-1 lists the precedence for all transformation language operators. Addition.2) * 8 Return Value -3 32 22 Chapter 3: Operators . the PowerCenter Server evaluates operations inside parentheses before operations outside parentheses. !=. Multiplication. less than or equal to. >. the equation 8 + 5 . When expressions contain parentheses. The logical AND operator. not equal to. greater than or equal to. division. depending on how you nest the operations. % +. subtraction. || <. Less than. <=. <>.Operator Precedence The transformation language supports the use of multiple operators and the use of operators within nested expressions. Concatenate. Operators in the Transformation Language Operator () +.2 * 8 returns different values: Equation 8+5-2*8 8 + (5 . It evaluates operators in an expression with equal precedence to all operators from left to right. *. greater than. The logical OR operator. Table 3-1. Equal to. For example. modulus. used when specifying conditions. not equal to. Operations in the innermost parentheses are evaluated first. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the expression in the following order: 1. Unary plus and minus. ^= NOT AND OR Meaning Parentheses. not equal to. The logical NOT operator. 3.

For example.Arithmetic Operators Use arithmetic operators to perform mathematical calculations on numeric data.23 + 4 / 2 is valid because all of the operands are numeric. To concatenate strings. The expression 1. Unary plus indicates a positive value. see “Understanding Date Arithmetic” on page 47. subtraction. For further information on built-in date functions. Multiplication. division. % +. Addition. Meaning Unary plus and minus. To perform arithmetic on date values. Arithmetic Operators 23 . The addition operator (+) does not concatenate strings. When you use arithmetic operators in an expression. use the date functions. Note: The transformation language provides built-in date functions that let you perform arithmetic on date/time values. the function returns NULL. Arithmetic Operators in the Transformation Language Operator +. Table 3-2 lists the arithmetic operators in order of precedence in the transformation language: Table 3-2. modulus. use the string operator ||. *. Unary minus indicates a negative value. A modulus is the remainder after dividing two integers. /. For example. If you perform arithmetic on a null value. 13 % 2 = 1 because 13 divided by 2 equals 6 with a remainder of 1. all of the operands in the expression must be numeric. the expression 1 + ‘1’ is not valid because it adds an integer to a string.

Example The following example shows an expression that concatenates employee first names and employee last names from two columns. the || operator returns NULL. concatenates a space to the end of each first name. The || operator converts operands of any datatype (except Binary) to String datatypes before concatenation: Input Value 'alpha' || 'betical' 'alpha' || 2 'alpha' || NULL Return Value alphabetical alpha2 alpha The || operator includes leading and trailing spaces. The || operator. however. However. then concatenates the last name: LTRIM( RTRIM( EMP_FIRST ) || ' ' || LTRIM( EMP_LAST )) EMP_FIRST ‘ ‘ Alfred’ Bernice’ EMP_LAST ‘ Rice ‘ RETURN VALUE Alfred Rice Bernice Kersins Proud Curt NULL ‘ Kersins’ ‘ Proud’ NULL ‘ Curt’ NULL NULL NULL Note: You can also use the CONCAT function to concatenate two string values.String Operators Use the || string operator to concatenate two strings. This expression removes the spaces from the end of the first name and the beginning of the last name. if both values are NULL. produces the same results in less time. You can use the LTRIM and RTRIM functions to trim leading and trailing spaces before concatenating two strings. Nulls The || operator ignores null values. 24 Chapter 3: Operators .

Comparison Operators 25 . Not equal to. Not equal to. the operands must be the same datatype. Greater than. manipulate data. Comparison Operators in the Transformation Language Operator = > < >= <= <> != ^= Meaning Equal to. the result is NULL. Less than or equal to. the PowerCenter Server returns NULL. and return a TRUE (1) or FALSE (0) value.4 > 123 and ‘a’ != ‘b’ are valid because the operands are the same datatype. Table 3-3 lists the comparison operators in the transformation language: Table 3-3.4 > ‘123’ is not valid because the expression compares a decimal with a string. the expression 123. The expressions 123.Comparison Operators Use comparison operators to compare character or numeric strings. Not equal to. Less than. If you compare a value to a null value. see “Dates” on page 33. If a filter condition evaluates to NULL. For information on how to compare dates. When you use comparison operators in an expression. For example. Greater than or equal to. You can use the greater than (>) and less than (<) operators to compare numeric values or return a range of rows based on the sort order for a primary key in a particular port.

Returns FALSE if one condition is not true. Logical Operators in the Transformation Reference Operator NOT AND OR Meaning Negates result of an expression. For example. if an expression evaluates to TRUE. FALSE for zero. and NULL for NULL. NOT returns TRUE. Returns FALSE if both conditions are not true. the PowerCenter Server produces the following results: ♦ ♦ NULL AND TRUE = NULL NULL AND FALSE = FALSE 26 Chapter 3: Operators . Connects two conditions and returns TRUE if any condition evaluates to TRUE. If an expression evaluates to FALSE. Nulls Expressions that combine a null value with a Boolean expression produce results that are ANSI compliant. the operator NOT returns FALSE. For example.Logical Operators Use logical operators to manipulate numeric data. Expressions that return a numeric value evaluate to TRUE for non-zero values. Table 3-4 lists the logical operators in the transformation language: Table 3-4. Joins two conditions and returns TRUE if both conditions evaluate to TRUE.

32 27 . 31 Local Variables. 28 Transaction Control Variables.Chapter 4 Variables This chapter describes how to use these variables: ♦ ♦ ♦ System Variables.

System Variables
The transformation language provides the following system variables:
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

$$$SessStartTime SESSSTARTTIME SYSDATE WORKFLOWSTARTTIME

$$$SessStartTime
$$$SessStartTime returns the initial system date value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes a session. $$$SessStartTime returns the session start time as a string value. The format of the string depends on the database you are using. Table 4-1 lists the $$$SessStartTime date and time format according to different database types:
Table 4-1. Datatype Expansion for $$$SessStartTime Database Type Oracle Sybase Microsoft SQL Server Informix ODBC IBM DB2 Date/time format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS YYYY-MM-DD-HH24:MI:SS

You can use $$$SessStartTime in a mapping or mapplet filter condition, user-defined join, or SQL override of a source qualifier. You can also use $$$SessStartTime in session-level overrides for mapping attributes. For details on using $$$SessStartTime in a mapping, see “Source Qualifier Transformation” in the Transformation Guide.
Note: Changing any database environment variable such as NLS_LANG_FORMAT for

Oracle or DBDATE for Informix does not affect the format string for datetime values the PowerCenter Server uses in the SQL override for $$$SessStartTime.

Example
The following expression uses $$$SessStartTime in the source filter condition of a source qualifier to perform an incremental extraction. The expression specifies a range of dates of all days in the week prior to when the PowerCenter Server initializes the session. The expression uses the function DATEDIFF to find the difference in the number of days between the value

28

Chapter 4: Variables

ORDER_DATE and $$$SessStartTime. If the difference between the two dates is less than or equal to seven days, the PowerCenter Server extracts that row from the source:
DATEDIFF(DAY, ORDER_DATE, ‘$$$SessStartTime’) <= 7

SESSSTARTTIME
SESSSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the session. You can use SESSSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time datatypes. SESSSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use SESSSTARTTIME in a mapping or a mapplet. You can reference SESSSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses SESSSTARTTIME to display the number of days an order has been open. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_ENTERED from SESSSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(SESSSTARTTIME, DATE_ENTERED, ‘DD’)

SYSDATE
SYSDATE returns the current date and time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server for each row passing through the transformation. SYSDATE is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. To capture a static system date, use the SESSSTARTTIME variable instead of SYSDATE.

Example
The following expression uses SYSDATE to find only those orders that have shipped in the last two days and flag them for insertion. Using DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts DATE_SHIPPED from the system date, returning the difference between the two dates. Because DATE_DIFF returns a double value, the expression truncates the difference. It then compares the result to the integer literal 2. If the result is greater than 2, the expression flags the rows for rejection. If the result is 2 or less, it flags them for insertion.
IIF( TRUNC( DATE_DIFF( SYSDATE, DATE_SHIPPED, 'DD' ), 0 ) > 2, DD_REJECT, DD_INSERT

WORKFLOWSTARTTIME
WORKFLOWSTARTTIME returns the current date and time value on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server when the server initializes the workflow. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME with any function that accepts transformation date/time

System Variables

29

datatypes. WORKFLOWSTARTTIME is stored as a transformation date/time datatype value. You can use WORKFLOWSTARTTIME in workflow tasks such as Assignment tasks, Decision tasks, and links. You can reference WORKFLOWSTARTTIME only within the expression language.

Example
The following expression uses WORKFLOWSTARTTIME to display the number of minutes between the workflow start time and the start time of a task in the workflow. Using the SQL function DATE_DIFF, the PowerCenter Server subtracts the task start time from WORKFLOWSTARTTIME and returns the result as a number of days:
DATE_DIFF(WORKFLOWSTARTTIME, $s_EmployeeData.StartTime, ‘MI’)

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Chapter 4: Variables

Transaction Control Variables
Transaction control variables define conditions to commit or rollback transactions during the processing of database rows. You use these variables in transaction control expressions that you build in the Expression Editor. Transaction control expressions use the IIF function to test each row against a condition. Depending on the return value of the condition, the PowerCenter Server commits, rolls back, or makes no transaction changes for the row. For details about transaction control, see “Transaction Control Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. The following example uses transaction control variables to determine where to process a row:
IIF (NEWTRAN=1, TC_COMMIT_BEFORE, TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION)

If NEWTRAN=1, the TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable causes a commit to occur before the current row processes. Otherwise, the TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable forces the row to process in the current transaction. You can use the following variables in the Expression Editor when you create a transaction control expression.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION TC_COMMIT_BEFORE TC_COMMIT_AFTER TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE

TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION
The PowerCenter Server does not perform any transaction change for the current row. This is the default transaction control variable value.

TC_COMMIT_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server commits the transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER
The PowerCenter Server writes the current row to the target, commits the transaction, and begins a new transaction. The current row is in the committed transaction.

TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE
The PowerCenter Server rolls back the current transaction, begins a new transaction, and writes the current row to the target. The current row is in the new transaction.

Transaction Control Variables

31

Local Variables
If you use local variables in a mapping, you can use them in any transformation expression in the mapping. For example, if you use a complex tax calculation throughout a mapping, you might want to write the expression once and designate it as a variable. You thereby increase performance since the PowerCenter Server performs the calculation only once. Local variables are especially useful when used with stored procedure expressions to capture multiple return values. For details on local variables, see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide.

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Chapter 4: Variables

40 TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings.Chapter 5 Dates This chapter describes how to use dates in transformations. 34 Date Format Strings. 43 Understanding Date Arithmetic. 47 33 . It includes the following topics: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Overview. 39 TO_CHAR Format Strings.

see “Variables” on page 27. Julian Day. TO_CHAR. and 9999 A. TO_DATE and IS_DATE format strings. ‘MM’. 34 Chapter 5: Dates . The transformation language provides the following other functions to manipulate dates: ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_DATE. Use to specify the format of the return string.Overview The transformation language provides a set of date functions and built-in date variables to help you perform transformations on dates. You can use date variables to capture the current date or session start time on the machine hosting the PowerCenter Server. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. TO_DATE. Converts a string to a date. PowerCenter stores dates internally in binary format. Use to specify the format of a string you want to convert to a date or test. The transformation language also provides the following sets of format strings: ♦ ♦ ♦ Date/Time Datatype PowerCenter provides a set of generic datatypes to help you transform data from different sources. Converts a date to a string. For details on built-in variables. ‘MM/DD/RR’). 1 ) Note: PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. Date format strings. Tests whether a string represents a date. Date functions accept date/time values only. the following expression converts a string port to date/time values and then adds one month to each date: ADD_TO_DATE( TO_DATE( STRING_PORT. For example. truncate. TO_CHAR format strings.D. first use TO_DATE to convert it to a date/time value. or perform arithmetic on a date. To pass a string to a date function.D. or compare dates. Modified Julian Day. and the Gregorian Calendar PowerCenter supports dates in the Gregorian calendar system only. Milliseconds PowerCenter supports date/time values up to the second. extract one part of a date. With the date functions you can round. If you pass a value to a date function or Date/Time port. These transformation datatypes include a Date/Time datatype. Dates expressed in a different calendar system are not supported. Use with date functions to specify the parts of a date.

MJD includes a time component expressed as a decimal. The RR format string converts data differently depending on the current year.D. For example. The MJD for a given date is the number of days to that date since Jan 1 4713 BC 00:00:00 (midnight). 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021 Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. RR Format String The transformation language provides the RR format string to convert strings with two-digit years to dates. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. Dates in the Year 2000 All transformation language date functions support the year 2000. the following TO_DATE expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. For example. and are not supported in PowerCenter. you can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. PowerCenter provides the ability to manipulate Modified Julian Day (MJD) formats using the J format string. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. Overview 35 . nor with Modified Julian Day. you can convert a string in the format MM/DD/RR to a date. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE.Note: Dates in the Julian calendar are called Julian dates. By definition. which represents some fraction of 24 hours. This term should not be confused with Julian Day. and 9999 A. The J format string does not convert this time component. Using TO_DATE and the RR format string.D. PowerCenter supports dates between 1753 A. You can also use the J format string in TO_CHAR expressions.

If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Both the RR and YY format strings specify two-digit years. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 1998 1998 TO_DATE(String. In TO_DATE expressions. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. The YY and RR format strings produce identical results when used with all date functions except TO_DATE. ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/1901 00:00:00 36 Chapter 5: Dates . Current Year Between 50 and 99. the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string.♦ Current Year Between 0 and 49. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Table 5-2 illustrates the different results each format string returns: Table 5-2. ♦ Table 5-1 summarizes how the RR format string converts to dates: Table 5-1. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. ‘MM/DD/RR’ ) ORDER_DATE ‘04/12/98’ ‘11/09/01’ RETURN_VALUE 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 Difference Between the YY and RR Format Strings PowerCenter also provides a YY format string. RR and YY produce different results. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. RR Format String Conversions Current year 0-49 0-49 50-99 50-99 Source year 0-49 50-99 0-49 50-99 RR Format String Returns Current century Previous century Next century Current century Example The following expression produces the same return values for any current year between 1950 and 2049: TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE.

the PowerCenter Server skips the row. the YY format string produces less meaningful results than the RR format string. The PowerCenter Server expects the string values to be in the default date format. The PowerCenter Server converts the date to a string in the default date format. Dates in Relational Databases In general. ‘MM/DD/RR’) 04/12/1998 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 TO_DATE(String. while the time might include the hours. You can also use IS_DATE to check if a string is a valid date before converting it with TO_DATE. Dates in Flat Files The transformation language provides the TO_DATE function to convert strings to date/ time values. and year. the PowerCenter Server only uses the default date format when you: ♦ Convert a date to a string by connecting a date/time port to a string port. If you omit the format string. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If you want to pass a string to a date function. Because PowerCenter stores dates in binary format. [format_string]) to convert dates to strings. the transformation language can read any date with a date datatype. the PowerCenter Server converts the string to a date value. Although date formats vary from database to database. and even between applications. If the string is in the default date format. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype. You can pass date/time data to any of the date functions. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. If you specify a format string. Informatica recommends using the RR format string for dates in the twenty-first century. Use TO_CHAR(date. minutes. dates stored in relational databases contain a date and time value. the PowerCenter Server returns a string in the specified format. Differences Between RR and YY Format Strings String 04/12/98 11/09/01 Current Year 2003 2003 TO_DATE(String. or it is an invalid date.Table 5-2. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The date includes the month. the PowerCenter Server returns the string in the default date format. Note: The transformation language date functions accept date values only. Overview 37 ♦ ♦ . ‘MM/DD/YY’) 04/12/2098 00:00:00 11/09/2001 00:00:00 For dates in the year 2000 and beyond. and seconds. Convert a string to a date by connecting a string port to a date/time port. day. If an input value does not match this format. Default Date Format The PowerCenter Server uses a default date format to store and manipulate strings that represent dates.

1:00:00AM = 1. For example. MM/DD/ YYYY HH24:MI:SS. 12:00:00PM = 12. the PowerCenter Server expects a string in the specified format. September = 09) Day (of the month) Year (expressed in four digits.♦ Use TO_DATE(date. [format_string]) to convert strings to dates. 12:00:00AM = 0. Month (January = 01. If you specify a format string. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format. 11:00:00PM = 23) Minutes Seconds The default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS consists of: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 38 Chapter 5: Dates . If you omit the format string. such as 1998) Hour (in 24-hour form.

For example. Date Format Strings in the Transformation Reference Format String D. you can use Y. SSSS Y. For example. Seconds (0-59).Date Format Strings You can evaluate input dates using a combination of format strings and date functions. HH. Date Functions that Use Date Format Strings Function ADD_TO_DATE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Description Specify the part of the date you want to change. HH12. Specify the part of the date you want to change. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. YYY. where zero is 12 AM (midnight). YY. You can use any of these formats to specify the entire hour portion of a date. J Description Days (01-31). Specify the part of the date to use to calculate the difference between two dates. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire day portion of a date. MONTH SS. Table 5-4 uses date functions with date format strings to evaluate input dates: Table 5-4. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. if you pass 12-APR1997 to a date function. DD. DY. Specify the part of the date you want to round. Minutes (0-59. HH12. DAY. Date Format Strings 39 . YYYY. HH24 MI MM. YYY. you can use HH. For example. RR Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. if you pass 12-APR-1997 to a date function. if you pass the date 12-APR-1997 2:01:32 PM. Hour of day (0-23). Specify the part of the date you want to return. you can use MM. you can use any of these format strings specify 12. For example. Year portion of date (1753 to 9999). MON. or MONTH to specify APR. YY. This function returns an integer value based on the default date format. Specify the part of the date you want to truncate. or HH24 to specify the hour portion of the date. MON. Table 5-3 summarizes the format strings you can use to specify a part of a date: Table 5-3. or YYYY to specify 1997.) Month (01-12). You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire year portion of a date. Date format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. DDD. You can use any of these format strings to specify the entire month portion of a date.

January). and P. When used with TO_CHAR.M. Name of day. P. where Sunday equals 1. TO_CHAR is generally used when the target is a flat file or a database that does not support a Date/Time datatype. Jan). Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Month (01-12).M. For example. Name of month.TO_CHAR Format Strings The TO_CHAR function converts a Date/Time datatype to a string with the format you specify. Day of week (1-7). when used with TO_DATE. Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. and is interchangeable with. You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. HH12 HH24 J Description Meridian indicator. changing the format for reporting purposes. Day of month (01-31). 4713 00:00:00 BC. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String AM. It ignores the time component of the date. A.M. including up to nine characters (for example.’ However. ‘J’ ) converts Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 to the string 2451544. Table 5-5 summarizes the format strings for dates in the function TO_CHAR: Table 5-5. You might use TO_CHAR to convert dates to string. The function removes the leading digits. Last two digits of a year. PM. ‘RR’ calculates the closest appropriate century and supplies the first two digits of the year. D DD DDD DAY DY HH. TO_CHAR returns 97. Wednesday). Seconds (00-59). ‘RR’ produces the same results as. Hour of day (01-12). Converts the calendar date to a string equivalent to its Modified Julian Day value.. Quarter of year (1-4). including up to nine characters (for example. Modified Julian Day. Wed). You can convert the entire date or a part of the date to a string. where January to March equals 1. including leap years). Day of year (001-366. MI MM MONTH MON Q RR SS 40 Chapter 5: Dates . calculated from Jan 1. the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. where 00 is 12AM (midnight). Hour of day (00-23). Minutes (00-59). For example. AM and PM return the same values as do A. if you use 'RR' and pass the year 1997.M. ‘YY.

TO_CHAR returns 997. The function removes the leading digits. Text that displays in the output. It must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. 'MM/DD/YYYY "Sales Were Up"' ) and pass the date Apr 1 1997. Use double quotation marks to separate ambiguous format strings. For example. You might use these symbols to separate date parts. For example. For example. For example. Entire year portion of date. The empty quotation marks do not appear in the output. See the individual functions for more examples. 'MM. where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh.Table 5-5. you might create the following expression to separate date parts with a period: TO_CHAR( DATES. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. Last three digits of a year. if you use 'YYYY' and pass the year 1997. where week 01 starts on Jan 1 and ends on Jan 7. You can enter multibyte characters that are valid in the repository code page. Last two digits of a year. For example. Y YY YYY YYYY W WW -/. TO_CHAR Format Strings 41 .86399). Feb 1 designates the first week of February.DD. Last digit of a year. and so on. For example.YYYY' ). the expression TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example. Note: The PowerCenter Server ignores the time portion of the date in a TO_CHAR expression. if you use 'YY' and pass the year 1997. the function returns the string '04/01/1997 Sales Were Up'. if you use 'YYY' and pass the year 1997. week 2 starts on the eighth day and ends on the fourteenth day. TO_CHAR returns 7. Punctuation that displays in the output. The function removes the leading digits. Week of month (1-5). if you create an output port with the expression: TO_CHAR( DATES. for example D””DDD. Week of year (01-53). Examples The following examples illustrate the J. SSSSS. week 2 starts on Jan 8 and ends on Jan 14.: "text" ““ Note: The format string is not case-sensitive. For example. When you use SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. TO_CHAR returns 1997. if you use ‘Y’ and pass the year 1997. RR. and YY format strings. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 01:02:03 to 12/31/1999 03783. TO_CHAR returns 97. The function removes the leading digits.. TO_CHAR Format Strings Format String SSSSS Description Seconds since midnight (00000 .

'J') SHIP_DATE RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 23:59:59 2451544 Jan 1 1900 01:02:03 2415021 SSSSS Format String You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 42 Chapter 5: Dates . For example. the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string.J Format String You can use the J format string in a TO_CHAR expression to convert date values to MJD values expressed as strings. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 05/17/2003 12:13:14 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03 YY Format String In TO_CHAR expressions. 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399 RR Format String The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY: TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE. For example: TO_CHAR(SHIP_DATE.

TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings The TO_DATE function converts a string with the format you specify to a date/time value..m.m.m. a. If a string does not match the specified format string or is not a valid date. A valid date is any string representing a valid date in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. TO_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table. The source string format and the format string must match exactly including any date separators. and p. If you omit the format string. The DAY format string is not case-sensitive. Table 5-6 summarizes the format strings for the functions TO_DATE and IS_DATE: Table 5-6. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String AM. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 43 . PM. the function returns FALSE (0). Wed).m. including leap years). Day of year (001-366. HH12 HH24 MI Description Meridian indicator. Note: TO_DATE and IS_DATE use the same set of format strings. where zero is 12AM (midnight). use the format strings listed in the TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings table to specify the date format. Day of month (1-31). the source string must be in the default date format MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. including up to nine characters (for example. IS_DATE format strings are not internationalized and must be entered in predefined formats as listed in the following table. if any parts do not match. the function returns TRUE (1). When you create a TO_DATE expression. p. IS_DATE tells you if a value is a valid date. Name of day. use a format string for each part of the date in the source string. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. Hour of day (1-12). Minutes (0-59). Abbreviated three-character name for a day (for example. The DY format string is not case-sensitive. Wednesday). AM and PM return the same values as do a. TO_DATE is generally used to convert strings from flat files to date/time values. Hour of day (0-23). You can use any of these format strings to specify AM and PM hours. DD DDD DAY DY HH. If the string matches the format string and is a valid date. the PowerCenter Server does not convert the string and skips the row.

if you pass the string ‘20200512’. including up to nine characters (for example. If the year value of the source string is between 50 and 99. the expression TO_DATE(‘2451544’. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the row. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the two-digit year from the source string. If the source string year is between 50 and 99. Month (1-12). If the current year is between 0 and 49 (such as 2003) and the source string year is between 0 and 49. 1998. Do not use this format string if you are passing two-digit years. ‘J’ ) converts 2451544 to Dec 31 1999 00:00:00. Four digits of a year. Case does not matter. Abbreviated three-character name for a month (for example. Aug). to TO_DATE. If it does not. representing May 12. Modified Julian Day. you must include the format string YYYYMMDD. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last digit of the year replaced with the string value. For example. SS SSSSS J MM MONTH MON Y YY YYY YYYY Requirements The PowerCenter Server expects the format of the TO_DATE string to meet the following conditions: ♦ The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators.Table 5-6. assigning all dates the time of 00:00:00. August). Use the RR or YY format string instead. For example. . If you do not include a 44 Chapter 5: Dates .Current Year Between 50 and 99. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last two digits of the year replaced with the string value. ‘MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS’) converts 12/31/1999 3783 to 12/31/1999 01:02:03. Use with TO_DATE to convert two-digit years to four-digit years.Current Year Between 0 and 49. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server with the last three digits of the year replaced with the string value. When you use SSSSS in a TO_DATE expression. the PowerCenter Server returns the previous century plus the two-digit year from the source string. Convert strings in MJD format to date values. 2020. For example. the PowerCenter Server returns the current century plus the specified two-digit year. Use when source strings include two-digit years. the PowerCenter Server only evaluates the time portion of a date. If the current year is between 50 and 99 (such as 1998) and the year value of the source string is between 0 and 49. It ignores the time component of the source string. 2034). the expression TO_DATE( DATE_STR. TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings Format String RR Description Four-digit year (for example. Name of month. Case does not matter. Seconds (0-59). Seconds since midnight. . the PowerCenter Server returns the next century plus the two-digit year from the source string.

♦ The format string must always be enclosed within single quotation marks. the PowerCenter Server uses the format string MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. See the individual functions for more examples. For example. the PowerCenter Server expects the string in the default date format MM/ DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. RR Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The format string is not case-sensitive. RR. Tip: By default. if you pass the string 2020120 to TO_DATE and include the format string YYYYMMDD. J Format String The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.format string. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row because the string does not match the format string. and SSSSS format strings. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE and IS_DATE Format Strings 45 . Likewise. if you pass a string that does not match the format string. Example The following examples illustrate the J. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR 2451544 2415021 RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. the PowerCenter Server returns an error and skips the row. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 YY Format String The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.

while YY returns the year 1905. SSSSS Format String The following expression converts strings that include the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR 04/01/98 08/17/05 RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR 12/31/1999 3783 09/15/1996 86399 RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 46 Chapter 5: Dates .TO_DATE( DATE_STR. RR returns the year 2005.

1753 00:00:00 AD and Dec. You cannot use numeric arithmetic operators (such as + or -) to add or subtract dates. DATE_DIFF. Subtract two dates. 9999 23:59:59 AD. Note: The transformation language uses the transformation Date/Time datatype to specify date values. Change one part of a date. 1. The transformation language recognizes leap years and accepts dates between Jan.Understanding Date Arithmetic The transformation language provides built-in date functions so you can perform arithmetic on date/time values as follows: ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE. 31. Add or subtract a specific portion of a date. You can only use the date functions on Date/Time values. Understanding Date Arithmetic 47 . SET_DATE_PART.

48 Chapter 5: Dates .

in alphabetical order. Each function description includes: ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax Return value Example For a quick reference to these functions. 49 .Chapter 6 Functions This chapter describes all the functions in the transformation languages. see “Function Quick Reference” on page 215.

AVG COUNT FIRST LAST MAX (Date) MAX (Number) MEDIAN MIN (Date) MIN (Number) PERCENTILE STDDEV The transformation language includes the following aggregate functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 50 Chapter 6: Functions .Function Categories The transformation language provides the following types of functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Character Conversion Data Cleansing Date Numerical Scientific Special Test Variable Aggregate Functions Aggregate functions return summary values for non-null values in selected ports. Calculate two or more aggregate values derived from the same source columns in a single pass. Use operators to perform arithmetic within the function. Apply filters to calculate values for specific rows in the selected ports. Return a single value for each group in an Aggregator transformation. With aggregate functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Calculate a single value for all rows in a group.

You can nest only one aggregate function within another aggregate function. The PowerCenter Server groups by ID.♦ ♦ SUM VARIANCE If you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. You can use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can set up an Aggregator transformation that groups by ID and nests two aggregate functions as follows: SUM( AVG( earnings ) ) where your dataset contains the following values: ID 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 EARNINGS 32 45 100 650 800 65 74 76 763 916 20 45 99 100 347 25 112 250 347 560 The return value is 1085. The PowerCenter Server will evaluate the innermost aggregate function expression. and returns four values. and use the result to evaluate the outer aggregate function expression. evaluates the AVG expression. MIN and MAX return values according to the sort order of the code page you specify in the session properties. Function Categories 51 . Then it SUMS the four averages to get the result.

MOVINGAVG. including a numeric port: MEDIAN( PRICE. the following expression calculates the median salary for all employees who make more than $50. the PowerCenter Server rounds a decimal value to an integer (for example. QUANTITY > 0 ) In all cases. Filter Conditions A filter limits the rows returned in a search. For example. 0. You can apply a filter condition to all aggregate functions. the function returns NULL. you can use the TRUNC function to truncate the value to an integer: MEDIAN( PRICE. If you do not want to round up a value. 1.5 to 2. If the filter condition evaluates to NULL or FALSE. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. FALSE. The filter condition must evaluate to TRUE. You can optionally configure the PowerCenter Server so that if you pass an entire port of null values to an aggregate function. TRUNC( QUANTITY ) > 0 ) If you omit the filter condition. the function returns zero. or NULL. If the value rounds to zero. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Character Functions The transformation language includes the following character functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ASCII CHR CHRCODE CONCAT INITCAP INSTR 52 Chapter 6: Functions . You can enter any valid transformation expression. the PowerCenter Server does not select the row.000: MEDIAN( SALARY. and MOVINGSUM. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. 1. you can enter the following as the complete syntax for the MEDIAN function.2 to 1. You can have the PowerCenter Server treat null values in aggregate functions as NULL or zero. For example. as well as to CUME. If you pass an entire port of null values. the function selects all rows in the port.35 to 0) for the filter condition. the filter condition returns FALSE.Aggregate Functions and Nulls When you configure the PowerCenter Server. SALARY > 50000 ) You can also use other numeric values as the filter condition. By default. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULL in aggregate functions.

MIN.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ LENGTH LOWER LPAD LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RPAD RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR UPPER The character functions MAX. and INITCAP use the code page of the PowerCenter Server to evaluate character data. Encode strings. LOWER. INSTR IS_DATE Function Categories 53 The transformation language includes the following data cleansing functions: ♦ ♦ . With data cleansing functions you can: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Test input value. Trim string values. Convert the datatype of an input value. Replace characters in a string. Conversion Functions The transformation language includes the following conversion functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ TO_CHAR(Date) TO_CHAR(Number) TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Data Cleansing Functions The transformation language includes a group of functions to help you eliminate data errors. UPPER.

However. see “Dates” on page 33. if you want to pass a string to a date function. 54 Chapter 6: Functions . The transformation language includes the following date functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ADD_TO_DATE DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF GET_DATE_PART LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC Several of the date functions include a format argument. For a complete list of date format strings. You can pass any value with a date datatype to any of the date functions. truncate. or perform arithmetic on a date. extract one part of a date. Date format strings are not internationalized.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE REPLACECHR REPLACESTR RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_INTEGER Date Functions The transformation language includes a group of date functions to help you round. or compare dates. You must specify one of the transformation language format strings for this argument. you must first use the TO_DATE function to convert it to a transformation Date/Time datatype.

The Date/Time transformation datatype does not support milliseconds. if you pass a date with milliseconds. the PowerCenter Server truncates the millisecond portion of the date. Numeric Functions The transformation language includes the following numeric functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ABS CEIL CUME EXP FLOOR LN LOG MOD MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER ROUND SIGN SQRT TRUNC Scientific Functions The transformation language includes the following scientific functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Special Functions The transformation language includes the following special functions: ♦ ♦ ABORT DECODE Function Categories 55 . Therefore.

At the end of the session. When you run a workflow. it uses the saved value as the start value of the variable for the next time you use this session. Test Functions The transformation language includes the following test functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ISNULL IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES Variable Functions The transformation language includes a group of variable functions to help you update the current value of a mapping variable throughout the session. the PowerCenter Server performs the aggregate function across all partitions to determine one final value to save to the repository. You can nest other functions within special functions. The PowerCenter Server calculates the minimum current value for the variable for each partition. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the start and current value of a variable at the beginning of the session based on the final value of the variable from the last session run. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. you use special functions in Expression.♦ ♦ ♦ ERROR IIF LOOKUP Generally. You can use the following variable functions: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SetCountVariable SetMaxVariable SetMinVariable SetVariable You can use different variable functions with a variable based on the aggregation type of the variable. Then at the end of the session. Filter. For example. it finds the minimum current value across all partitions and saves that value into the repository. use variable functions to determine the final value of the variable for each partition. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to 56 Chapter 6: Functions . You can also nest a special function in an aggregate function. and Update Strategy transformations. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. you use SetMinVariable to set a variable to the minimum evaluated value. Unless overridden. When using mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions.

the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. see “Pipeline Partitioning” in the Workflow Administration Guide. If you use this function more than once for the same variable. Function Categories 57 . For more information on mapping variables in sessions with multiple partitions. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. For more information on mapping variables.process that pipeline.

it stops transforming data at that row. you use ABORT within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for aborting a session. The PowerCenter Server writes to the target up to the aborted row and then rolls back all uncommitted data to the last commit point. the PowerCenter Server does not run the ABORT function. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Generally. You can perform recovery on the session after rollback. String. If you want to ensure the session stops when an error occurs. The string can be any length. The default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. Note: The PowerCenter Server handles the ABORT function and the Abort command you issue from the Workflow Manager differently. see “Working with Workflows” and “Working with Sessions” in the Workflow Administration Guide. including ERROR function calls within an expression.ABORT Availability: Designer Stops the session. You can also use ABORT to handle any kind of transformation error. You can use the ABORT function for both input and output port default values. You might use ABORT for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. If you use ABORT in an expression for an unconnected port. Syntax ABORT( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. and issues a specified error message to the session log file. When the PowerCenter Server encounters an ABORT function. You can use ABORT to validate data. assign ABORT as the default value. 58 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value NULL. For more information on the Abort command.or target-based commit interval and the buffer block size defined for the session. The message you want to display in the session log file when the session stops. It processes any rows read before the session aborts and loads them based on the source.

If you pass a Double.COST ) PRICE 250 52 169. Return Value Positive numeric value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Passes the values for which you want to return the absolute values.ABS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. ABS returns the same datatype as the numeric value passed as an argument. Example The following expression returns the difference between two numbers as a positive value.95 NULL 30 330 200 RETURN VALUE 100 4 100 NULL 40 100 100 ABS 59 . it returns a Double. it returns an Integer. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. Note: If the return value is Decimal with precision greater than 15. if you pass an Integer. Likewise.95 70 430 100 COST 150 48 69. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Numeric datatype. Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. regardless of which number is larger: ABS( PRICE .95 59.

You use the SS format string to set the second. For example. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. the expression ADD_TO_DATE ( SHIP_DATE. 'MI'. YYY. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. You can use any of the day format strings: D. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. DY. 25 ) adds 25 minutes to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use ADD_TO_DATE to change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. For example. 'SS'. MON. You use the MI format string to set the minute. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. 'HH'. Month. 'MONTH'. -10 ) subtracts 10 months from each date in the SHIP_DATE port. HH24. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. and DAY. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 60 Chapter 6: Functions . ADD_TO_DATE accepts positive and negative integer values. You can use any of the hour format strings: HH. Minute. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. For example. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. MONTH. DD. and returns a date in the same format as the date you pass to the function. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. the expression ADD_TO_DATE( SHIP_DATE. Day. 59 ) adds 59 seconds to each date in the SHIP_DATE port.ADD_TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value. or YYYY. For example. 14 ) adds 14 hours to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. 10 ) adds 10 years to all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Hour. Seconds. 10 ) adds 10 days to each date in the SHIP_DATE port. HH12. Enter a positive or negative integer in the amount argument. YY. DDD. For example. 'DD'. 'YY'.

months. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. and so on by which you want to change the date value. 'MONTH'. Example The following expressions all add one month to each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For example. Enclose the format string within single quotation marks. format. NULL if a null value is passed as an argument to the function. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. ADD_TO_DATE recognizes leap years and adds one month to Jan 29 2000: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. amount Return Value Date in the same format as the date you pass to this function. 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED.Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. 'mm'. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. Passes the values you want to change. Also note. An integer value specifying the amount of years. 'MON'. days. Note that the format string is not case-sensitive. 1 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 12 1998 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1998 6:24:45PM Jan 29 2000 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL RETURN VALUE Feb 12 1998 12:00:30AM Feb 28 1998 6:24:45PM Feb 29 2000 5:32:12AM Nov 9 1998 2:30:12PM NULL (Leap Year) ADD_TO_DATE 61 . 1 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. Required. hours. for example. 'MM'. amount ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month.

-10 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Mar 9 1996 5:32:12AM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 22 1996 12:00AM Jan 21 1997 6:24:45PM Feb 29 1996 5:32:12AM Sep 30 1997 2:30:12PM Feb 22 1996 5:12:20AM NULL (Leap Year) The following expressions subtract 15 hours from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12'. You can nest TRUNC and ROUND to help you manipulate dates. 'HH'. 'HH24'. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. -10 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. ♦ ♦ ♦ 62 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DD'. For example. if you add one month to Jan 31 1998. the PowerCenter Server returns the last day of the month. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates. which you specify. If you modify a date so that it changes from standard to daylight savings time. you need to change the hour portion of the date. If you pass a value that creates a day that does not exist in a particular month. 'DDD'. the PowerCenter Server returns Feb 28 1998. ADD_TO_DATE changes only one portion of the date.The following expressions subtract 10 days from each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY'. -15 ) ADD_TO_DATE( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D'. -15 ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 1 1997 12:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 6:24:45PM Oct 9 1997 2:30:12PM Mar 3 1996 5:12:20AM Mar 1 1996 5:32:12AM NULL RETURN VALUE Dec 31 1996 9:00:30AM Jan 31 1997 3:24:45AM Oct 8 1997 11:30:12PM Mar 2 1996 2:12:20PM Feb 29 1996 2:32:12PM NULL (Leap Year) Working with Dates Use the following tips when working with ADD_TO_DATE: ♦ ♦ You can add or subtract any part of the date by specifying a format string and making the amount argument a positive or negative integer. 'DY'.

ASCII converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. they will still work correctly. the ASCII function returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. before you pass any string value to ASCII.535. Passes the value you want to return as an ASCII value. the ASCII function returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. If you pass a numeric value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. however. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode.ASCII Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. Character string. The ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. ASCII 63 . you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65. Syntax ASCII ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. For example. You can pass a string of any size to ASCII. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Normally. If you use ASCII in your existing expressions. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Integer. but it evaluates only the first character in the string.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: ASCII( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 64 Chapter 6: Functions .

AVG
Availability: Designer

Returns the average of all values in a group of rows. Optionally, you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the average. AVG is one of several aggregate functions. You can nest only one other aggregate function within AVG, and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

Syntax
AVG( numeric_value [, filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate an average. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Numeric value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected. For example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows.
Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15, you can enable high

precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits.

Nulls
If a value is NULL, AVG ignores the row. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, AVG returns NULL.
Note: By default, the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. If

you pass an entire port or group of null values, the function returns NULL. However, when you configure the PowerCenter Server, you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server, see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

AVG

65

Group By
AVG groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is not a group by port, AVG treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
The following expression returns the average wholesale cost of flashlights:
AVG( WHOLESALE_COST, ITEM_NAME=’Flashlight’ ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 31.66 WHOLESALE_COST 35.00 8.05 150.00 29.00 88.00 31.00

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to AVG before the function calculates the average. For example:
AVG( QTY * PRICE - DISCOUNT )

66

Chapter 6: Functions

CEIL
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the numeric value passed to this function. For example, if you pass 3.14 to CEIL, the function returns 4. If you pass 3.98 to CEIL, the function returns 4. Likewise, if you pass -3.17 to CEIL, the function returns -3.

Syntax
CEIL( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. Double value if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the price rounded to the next integer:
CEIL( PRICE ) PRICE 39.79 125.12 74.24 NULL -100.99 RETURN VALUE 40 126 75 NULL -100

Tip
You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to CEIL before CEIL returns the next integer value. For example, if you wanted to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculated the smallest integer less than the modified value, you might write the function as follows:
CEIL( PRICE * 10 )

CEIL

67

CHR
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in ASCII mode, CHR returns the ASCII character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. You can pass any integer to CHR, but only ASCII codes 32 to 126 are printable characters. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to move data in Unicode mode, CHR returns the Unicode character corresponding to the numeric value you pass to this function. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65,535.

Syntax
CHR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The value you want to return as an ASCII or Unicode character. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
ASCII or Unicode character. A string containing one character. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Example
The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode character for each numeric value in the ITEM_ID port:
CHR( ITEM_ID ) ITEM_ID 65 122 NULL 88 100 71 RETURN VALUE A z NULL X d G

68

Chapter 6: Functions

Use the CHR function to concatenate a single quote onto a string. The single quote is the only character that you cannot use inside a string literal. For example:
'Joan' || CHR(39) || 's car'

returns
Joan's car

CHR

69

For example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. A string containing one character. Character string. ASCII values fall in the range 0 to 255. Normally. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. Syntax CHRCODE ( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. CHRCODE returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. However. If you pass a numeric value. you parse out the specific character you want to convert to an ASCII or Unicode value. When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in Unicode mode. Passes the values you want to return as ASCII or Unicode values.535. CHRCODE returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function.CHRCODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager When you configure the PowerCenter Server to run in ASCII mode. 70 Chapter 6: Functions . Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. it will still work correctly. CHRCODE converts it to a character string and returns the ASCII or Unicode value of the first character in the string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. before you pass any string value to CHRCODE. If you currently use ASCII in expressions. you might use RTRIM or another string-manipulation function to do this. Return Value ASCII or Unicode character. Unicode values fall in the range 0 to 65.

Example The following expression returns the ASCII or Unicode value for the first character of each value in the ITEMS port: CHRCODE( ITEMS ) ITEMS Flashlight Compass Safety Knife Depth/Pressure Gauge Regulator System RETURN VALUE 70 67 83 68 82 CHRCODE 71 .

You can enter any valid transformation expression. Alternatively. Any datatype (except Binary). LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington RETURN VALUE JohnBaer Campbell BobbiApperley JasonWood DanCovington 72 Chapter 6: Functions . second_string ) Argument first_string second_string Meaning Required. Example The following expression concatenates the names in the FIRST_NAME and LAST_NAME ports: CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. CONCAT returns NULL. Syntax CONCAT( first_string. Nulls If one of the strings is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). Using the || string operator instead of CONCAT improves PowerCenter Server performance when you run sessions. NULL if both string values are NULL.CONCAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Concatenates two strings. If both strings are NULL. Required. CONCAT converts all data to text before concatenating the strings. Return Value String. CONCAT ignores it and returns the other string. The first part of the string you want to concatenate. you can use the || string operator to concatenate strings. The second part of the string you want to concatenate.

you can write an expression with two nested CONCAT functions. The single quote is the only character you cannot use inside a string literal.FIRST_NAME Greg NULL 100 LAST_NAME NULL NULL 200 RETURN VALUE Greg NULL 100200 CONCAT does not add spaces to separate strings. CONCAT( CHR(39). ' ' ). LAST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME John NULL Bobbi Jason Dan Greg NULL LAST_NAME Baer Campbell Apperley Wood Covington NULL NULL RETURN VALUE John Baer Campbell (includes leading space) Bobbi Apperley Jason Wood Dan Covington Greg NULL Use the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. For example. the following expression first concatenates a space on the end of the first name and then concatenates the last name: CONCAT( CONCAT( FIRST_NAME. For example: CONCAT( 'Joan'. If you want to add a space between two strings. 's car' )) returns Joan's car CONCAT 73 .

Passes the values for which you want to calculate a cosine. Syntax COS( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.0 0. Return Value Double value.14159265359 / 180 ) 74 Chapter 6: Functions .951056516295147 0.0 0.COS Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). You can enter any valid transformation expression.342020143325593 0. Example The following expression returns the cosine for all values in the Degrees port: COS( DEGREES * 3. For example.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.866025403784421 0. as follows: COS( ARCS * 3.0174524064371813 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COS before the function calculates the cosine. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). you can convert the values in the port to radians before calculating the cosine.996194698091745 0.

0 2.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0874465864177 19. Numeric datatype.54308063481524 9. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.4435376920294 116. For example: COSH( MEASURES.06010513656773 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to COSH before the function calculates the hyperbolic cosine. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic cosine for the values in the Angles port: COSH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1.381231106176 1.0 1.ARCS / 360 ) COSH 75 .66 5. Syntax COSH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.897 3. Return Value Double value. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic cosine.COSH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians).45 0 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).

the function returns NULL. filter_condition] ) or COUNT( * [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. filter_condition] ) Argument value * filter_condition Meaning Required. FALSE. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the function returns 0. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. For more information. You can apply a condition to filter rows before counting them. If you apply the asterisk argument. see “Installing and Configuring the 76 Chapter 6: Functions . Passes the values you want to count. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Nulls If all values are NULL. this function ignores columns with null values. You can nest only one other aggregate function within COUNT. Return Value Integer. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. If you apply the value argument. Zero if all values passed to this function are NULL (unless you include the asterisk argument). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Any datatype (except Binary). For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. or NULL. Syntax COUNT( value [. you can include the asterisk (*) argument to count all input values in a transformation. Limits the rows in the search. Note: By default. However. Use to count all rows in a transformation. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.COUNT Availability: Designer Returns the number of rows that have non-null values in a group. Optional. this function counts all rows. Optionally. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. COUNT is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. Alternative. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. regardless if a column in a row contains a null value.

including null values. returning one result for each group. Example The following expression counts the items with less than 5 quantity in stock. returning one value. Group By COUNT groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. QTY < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 2 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 COUNT 77 . excluding null values: COUNT( ITEM_NAME. as illustrated in the following example: COUNT( *.PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. IN_STOCK < 5 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 1 IN_STOCK 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 In this example. The function counts all rows in a transformation. If there is no group by port COUNT treats all rows as one group. the function counted the Halogen flashlight but not the NULL item.

In this example. If you include the asterisk argument. the function counts the NULL item and the Halogen Flashlight. For example: COUNT( * ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Compass Regulator System Safety Knife Halogen Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 6 QTY 10 2 NULL 5 8 1 78 Chapter 6: Functions . but do not use a filter. the function counts all rows that pass into the transformation.

Passes the values for which you want to calculate a running total. Optional. if all values in the selected port are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax CUME( numeric_value [. FALSE.CUME Availability: Designer Returns a running total. You can add a condition to filter rows out of the row set before calculating the running total. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. However. CUME returns the running total for the previous row. Numeric datatype. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. CUME returns NULL. or NULL. A running total means CUME returns a total each time it adds a value. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. CUME 79 . or if no rows are selected (for example. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Use CUME and similar functions (such as MOVINGAVG and MOVINGSUM) to simplify reporting by calculating running values. Limits the rows in the search. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. You can create a nested expression to calculate a running total based on the results of the function as long as the result is a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Nulls If a value is NULL.

you can add values before calculating a running total: CUME( CA_SALES + OR_SALES ) CA_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 OR_SALES 10000 50000 2000 NULL NULL 3000 RETURN VALUE 50000 180000 222000 222000 222000 275000 80 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following sample rowset might result from using the CUME function: CUME( PERSONAL_SALES ) PERSONAL_SALES 40000 80000 40000 60000 NULL 50000 RETURN VALUE 40000 120000 160000 220000 220000 270000 Likewise.

NULL if one of the date values is NULL. Return Value -1 if the first date is earlier. 0 if the two dates are equal. Syntax DATE_COMPARE( date1. 1 if the second date is earlier. Date/Time datatype. date2 ) Argument date1 date2 Meaning Required. DATE_SHIPPED ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 22 1997 Feb 29 1996 NULL Jan 13 1997 DATE_SHIPPED Jan 13 1997 Feb 1 1997 Dec 15 1997 Apr 12 1996 Jan 6 1997 NULL RETURN VALUE -1 0 1 -1 NULL NULL (Leap year) DATE_COMPARE 81 . You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Required.DATE_COMPARE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns an integer indicating which of two dates is earlier. The second date you want to compare. The first date you want to compare. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to a date. Date/Time datatype. Note that DATE_COMPARE returns an integer value rather than a date value. and returns an integer indicating which date is earlier: DATE_COMPARE( DATE_PROMISED. Example The following expression compares each date in the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports.

Zero if the dates are the same. or seconds. Date/Time datatype. format ) Argument date1 date2 format Meaning Required. the format string 'mm' is the same as 'MM'. days. The format string is not case-sensitive. minutes. For example. The PowerCenter Server subtracts the second date from the first date and returns the difference. months. the return value is a negative number. hours.DATE_DIFF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the length of time between two dates. You can request the format to be years. 'Mm' or 'mM'. Date/Time datatype. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If date1 is later than date2. minutes. Format string specifying the date or time measurement. Passes the values for the second date you want to compare. If date1 is earlier than date2. NULL if one (or both) of the date values is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. days. date2. Passes the values for the first date you want to compare. Return Value Double value. Syntax DATE_DIFF( date1. hours. months. Enclose the format strings within single quotation marks. such as 'mm'. or seconds. Required. You can specify years. You can specify only one part of the date. 82 Chapter 6: Functions . the return value is a positive number. Required.

0 2100. 'DDD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.89166666567 The following expressions return the number of days between the DATE_PROMISED and the DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.0 255.Example The following expressions return the number of hours between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -87. DATE_SHIPPED.870486111147 DATE_DIFF 83 . DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH12' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. DATE_SHIPPED.925277777016 (Leap year) NULL NULL 6812.663553240709 (Leap year) NULL NULL 283.5 10. DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'DY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.5 87. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2100.

91935483870839 0.0288334464133489 (Leap year) NULL NULL 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.35340409697164 The following expressions return the number of years between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.The following expressions return the number of months between the DATE_PROMISED and DATE_SHIPPED ports: DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'Y' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED.779450341414304 84 Chapter 6: Functions . 'YYY' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM' ) DATE_DIFF( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -0.243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED.243279569892366 0. DATE_SHIPPED. DATE_SHIPPED.91935483870839 2. DATE_SHIPPED.346001356960187 NULL NULL 9. 'MONTH' ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Mar 10 1996 6:10:45PM NULL Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM Jun 3 1997 1:13:46PM DATE_SHIPPED Mar 29 1997 12:00:00PM Jan 1 1997 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 2:15:14AM Dec 10 1997 5:55:10PM NULL Aug 23 1996 4:20:16PM RETURN VALUE -2. DATE_SHIPPED.

. you can either trim trailing blanks with the RTRIM function or include the blanks in your search string. For example. If your data contains multibyte characters and your DECODE expression compares string data. DECODE 85 . second_result]. You can enter any valid transformation expression. which you define. If you use DECODE to search for a value in a string port. The value you want to return if the search does not find a matching value. Any value with the same datatype as the value argument. Required. Any datatype (except Binary). you must enter 'Halogen Flashlight. first_search. You can enter any valid transformation expression.. result default Return Value First_result if the search finds a matching value. not just 'Halogen'. Passes the values for which you want to search. it returns a result value. If you enter 'Halogen'. Required. second_search. Syntax DECODE( value. Any datatype (except Binary). if you want to search for the string 'Halogen Flashlight' in a particular port. you may not search for a portion of a value. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Also note that the search value is case-sensitive. first_result [. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if you omit the default argument and the search does not find a matching value. Default value if the search does not find a matching value. If the function finds the value. the search does not find a matching value.default] ) Argument value search Meaning Required. The value you want to return if the search finds a matching value.[.DECODE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Searches a port for a value you specify. Even if multiple conditions are met. The search value must match the value argument exactly. Any datatype (except Binary). You can build an unlimited number of searches within a DECODE function. Optional. Passes the values you want to search. the PowerCenter Server returns the first matching result.

and the other results are Decimal.141592654 ) The return values in this expression are 5. You cannot create a DECODE function with both string and numeric return values. 20. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer.414213562. For example. 14. Example You might use DECODE in an expression that searches for a particular ITEM_ID and returns the ITEM_NAME: DECODE( ITEM_ID. 'Regulator'. and 3.141592654. 10.DECODE and Datatypes When you use DECODE. 1. 'NONE' ) ITEM_ID 10 14 17 20 25 NULL 40 RETURN VALUE Flashlight Regulator NONE Knife NONE NONE Tank 86 Chapter 6: Functions . the Designer writes the following error message: Function cannot resolve operands of ambiguously mismatching datatypes. This expression always writes the result as a Decimal. the datatype of the return value is always the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision.414213562’. the following expression is invalid: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. 'Knife'. ‘Archimedes’. 'Flashlight'.414213562. ‘1. 1.141592654.141592654 ) When you validate the expression above. 40. ‘Pi’. 3.141592654’. For example. ‘Pythagoras’. 5. if at least one result is Double. 3. ‘3. you have the following expression: DECODE ( CONST_NAME ‘Five’. ‘Pythagoras’. The first result is an Integer. the datatype of the return value is Double. 5. 'Tank'. ‘Archimedes’. ‘Pi’. When you run a session in high precision mode. 3.

Also. DECODE 87 .Note that DECODE returns the default value of NONE for items 17 and 25 because the search values did not match the ITEM_ID.') RETURN VALUE Variable 1 was less than 23. Variable 1 was 22! Variable 2 was 49! Variables were out of desired ranges. Var2 = 49. Var1 < 23. Variable 2 was more than 30.'.'. was less than 23. The following expression tests multiple columns and conditions. Var1 = 22. DECODE returns NONE for the NULL ITEM_ID. was 49!'. 'Variables Var1 21 22 23 24 25 Var2 47 49 49 27 50 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 'Variable 1 'Variable 2 were out of was 22!'. evaluated in a top to bottom order for TRUE or FALSE: DECODE( TRUE. desired ranges. Var2 > 30. was more than 30.

to the output port. including ERROR function calls within an expression. If you use an output default value other than ERROR. see “Transformations” in the Designer Guide. Generally. The string can be any length. Return Value String value.ERROR Availability: Designer Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a row and issue an error message. You can use the ERROR function for both input and output port default values. When you use the ERROR function in an expression and in the output port default value. Each time the PowerCenter Server encounters the ERROR function in the expression. the default value overrides the ERROR function in an expression. it overrides the error with the value ‘1234’ and passes ‘1234’ to the next transformation. ‘1234’. you use the ERROR function in an expression. You can use ERROR in Expression transformations to validate data. For details about using default values. 88 Chapter 6: Functions . The PowerCenter Server does not write these skipped rows to the session reject file. It does not skip the row. and it does not log an error in the session log. which you define. The message you want to display when the PowerCenter Server skips a row based on the expression containing the ERROR function. For example. you use ERROR within an IIF or DECODE function to set rules for skipping rows. The error message displays in the session log file. and you assign the default value. assign ERROR as the default value. Use ERROR for output ports to handle any kind of transformation error. If you want to ensure the PowerCenter Server skips rows that produce an error. the PowerCenter Server skips the row and logs both the error message from the expression and the error message from the default value. You might use ERROR for input ports to keep null values from passing into a transformation. Syntax ERROR( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. String value.

ERROR ('Error. it skips the row and displays an error: IIF( SALARY < 0. Negative salary found. Row skipped. but skip negative values.'. Negative salary found.Example The following example shows how to reference a mapping that calculates the average salary for employees in all departments of your company. Row skipped. EMP_SALARY ) SALARY 10000 -15000 NULL 150000 1005 RETURN VALUE 10000 'Error. The following expression nests the ERROR function in an IIF expression so that if the PowerCenter Server finds a negative salary in the Salary port.' NULL 150000 1005 ERROR 89 .

135335283236613 5166. Return Value Double value. where e=2.55 NULL RETURN VALUE 22026. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression uses the values stored in the Numbers port as the exponent value: EXP( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 -2 8.38905609893065. Syntax EXP( exponent ) Argument exponent Meaning Required. (The exponent in the equation e^value). The value to which you want to raise e.4657948067 0. For example. NULL if a value passed as an argument to the function is NULL. EXP is the reciprocal of the LN function. which returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. rather than business data. You might use this function to analyze scientific and technical data.71828183.754427176 NULL 90 Chapter 6: Functions . EXP(2) returns 7.EXP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). Numeric datatype.

Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. For more information. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within FIRST. Limits the rows in the search. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. or if no rows are selected (for example. the function returns NULL. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to return the first value. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). If you pass an entire port or group of null values. if all values passed from the port are NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. FIRST ignores the row. Any datatype (except Binary). or NULL. FIRST is one of several aggregate functions. However. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Return Value First value in a group. Optionally. FIRST 91 .FIRST Availability: Designer Returns the first value found within a port or group. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. However. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Syntax FIRST( value [. Note: By default. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Nulls If a value is NULL. FALSE. FIRST returns NULL.

If there is no group by port.00 8.00 88.00 31.00 31. FIRST treats all rows as one group.00 The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $40.00 29.00 8.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME.05 150.Group By FIRST groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. returning one result for each group. ITEM_PRICE > 40 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Regulator System ITEM_PRICE 35. ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight Depth/Pressure Gauge Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35. Example The following expression returns the first value in the ITEM_NAME port with a price greater than $10.05 150.00 88.00 92 Chapter 6: Functions .00 29.00: FIRST( ITEM_NAME. returning one value.

Example The following expression returns the largest integer less than or equal to the values in the PRICE port: FLOOR( PRICE ) PRICE 39.12 74. For example. Double if you pass a numeric value with declared precision greater than 28. Numeric datatype. the function returns 3. the function returns 3. Likewise. If you pass 3.98 to FLOOR. Syntax FLOOR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. For example. you might write the function as follows: FLOOR( UNIT_PRICE * 10 ) FLOOR 93 . Return Value Integer if you pass a numeric value with declared precision between 0 and 28. You can enter any valid transformation expression as long as it evaluates to numeric data. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.17 to FLOOR. the function returns -4.99 RETURN VALUE 39 125 74 NULL -101 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values you pass to FLOOR.FLOOR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the numeric value you pass to this function.14 to FLOOR. if you pass 3.79 125.24 NULL -100. if you pass -3. if you want to multiply a numeric value by 10 before you calculate the largest integer less than the modified value.

'HH' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. and pass a date such as Apr 1 1997 00:00:00. Date/Time datatype. Each format string returns the entire part of the date based on the default format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. if you create an expression that returns the month portion of the date. Return Value Integer representing the specified part of the date. Example The following expressions return the hour for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. 'YYY'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. format ) Argument date format Meaning Required. Therefore.GET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. for example. 'mm'. Note that 12:00:00AM returns 0 because the default date format is based on the 24 hour interval: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. Enclose format strings within single quotation marks. 'HH12' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. the format strings 'Y'. A format string specifying the portion of the date value you want to change. Syntax GET_DATE_PART( date. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM Sep 2 1997 2:00:01AM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 0 2 12 23 NULL 94 Chapter 6: Functions . GET_DATE_PART returns 4. 'YY'. For example. or 'YYYY' all return 1997. Required. if you pass the date Apr 1 1997 to GET_DATE_PART.

'DY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM NULL RETURN VALUE 3 6 NULL The following expression return the year for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions return the day for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DDD' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'Y' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED RETURN VALUE Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM 1997 June 3 1997 11:30:44PM 1997 NULL NULL GET_DATE_PART 95 . 'YY' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Mar 13 1997 12:00:00AM June 3 1997 11:30:44PM Aug 22 1997 12:00:00PM NULL RETURN VALUE 13 3 22 NULL The following expressions return the month for each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: GET_DATE_PART( DATE_SHIPPED.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. the FALSE (value2) condition in the IIF function is not required.value2] ) Argument condition value1 Meaning Required. value1 [. The return value is always the datatype specified by this argument.IIF Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns one of two values you specify. Empty string if value1 is a String datatype. the function returns the following when the condition is FALSE: ♦ ♦ ♦ 0 if value1 is a Numeric datatype. value2 Unlike conditional functions in some systems. For example. Any datatype (except Binary). The value you want to return if the condition is TRUE. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to TRUE or FALSE. If you omit value2. Syntax IIF( condition. including another IIF expression. Any datatype (except Binary). EMP_NAME ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith '' (empty string) Sally Green '' (empty string) 96 Chapter 6: Functions . including another IIF expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. Optional. based on the results of a condition. NULL if value1 is a Date/Time datatype. The condition you want to evaluate. The value you want to return if the condition is FALSE. the following expression does not include a FALSE condition and value1 is a string datatype so the PowerCenter Server returns an empty string for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100.

the datatype of the return value is the same as the datatype of the result with the greatest precision. BONUS))). . the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. --then test to see if sales is between 1 and 49: IIF( SALES < 50.3333) is a decimal. When you run a session in high precision mode and at least one result is Double.Return Value value1 if the condition is TRUE. IIF and Datatypes When you use IIF. For example. Special Uses of IIF You can use nested IIF statements to test multiple conditions. SALARY2.3333 ) The TRUE result (1) is an integer and the FALSE result (. IIF( SALES < 50. NULL ) SALES 150 50 120 NULL EMP_NAME John Smith Pierre Bleu Sally Green Greg Jones RETURN VALUE John Smith NULL Sally Green NULL If your data contains multibyte characters and your condition argument compares string data. so the datatype of the return value is always a Decimal. The Decimal datatype has greater precision than Integer. IIF( SALES < 100. SALARY3. the following expression includes the FALSE condition NULL so the PowerCenter Server returns NULL for each row that evaluates to FALSE: IIF( SALES > 100. SALARY1. value2 if the condition is FALSE. IIF( SALES < 200. For example. --then return SALARY1 IIF 97 . 1. you have the following expression: IIF( SALES < 100. EMP_NAME. The following example tests for various conditions and returns 0 if sales is zero or negative: IIF( SALES > 0. 0 ) You can make this logic more readable by adding comments: IIF( SALES > 0. the datatype of the return value is Double.

SALES > 0 and SALES < 50. DD_REJECT. For example: IIF( ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ). --else for sales less than or equal to zero. SALARY2. return BONUS) ) ). The following shows how you can use DECODE instead of IIF using the first example from the previous section: DECODE( TRUE.SALARY1. --else test to see if sales is between 50 and 99: IIF( SALES < 100. --then return SALARY2. --else test to see if sales is between 100 and 199: IIF( SALES < 200. SALARY1. BONUS) You can often use a Filter transformation instead of IIF to maximize session performance. see “Filter Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. return 0) You can use IIF in update strategies. DECODE may improve readability. SALES > 199. DD_INSERT) Alternative to IIF You can use DECODE instead of IIF in many cases. 98 Chapter 6: Functions . --then return SALARY3. SALARY3. SALES > 99 AND SALES < 200. SALES > 49 AND SALES < 100. --else for sales over 199. For more information.

INITCAP( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME ramona 18-albert NULL ?!SAM THOMAS PierRe RETURN VALUE Ramona 18-Albert NULL ?!Sam Thomas Pierre INITCAP 99 .INITCAP Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. or vertical tab) and characters that are not alphanumeric. newline. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). if you pass the string ‘…THOMAS’. For example. Syntax INITCAP( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. Return Value String. carriage return. tab. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression capitalizes all names in the FIRST_NAME port. Words are delimited by white space (a blank space. If your data contains multibyte characters. formfeed. the function returns Thomas. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server.

the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer value. If you pass a decimal. A positive integer greater than zero. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. If the start position is a negative number. For example. if not. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. search_value [. meaning that INSTR starts the search at the first character in the string. If the start position is a positive number. Passes the value you want to evaluate. the mapping fails when you run a workflow. Optional. The string must be a character string. 'Alfred Smith') the function returns zero. counting from left to right. Must be an integer value. If the search value appears more than once in the string. The set of characters you want to search for. Zero if the search is unsuccessful. you would enter 2 to search for the second occurrence from the start position. Syntax INSTR( string. enclose the characters you want to search for in single quotation marks. If you omit this argument. counting from left to right. For example. search_value start occurrence Return Value Integer if the search is successful. the function uses the default value of 1. you can specify which occurrence you want to search for. INSTR converts the value to a string before evaluating it. meaning that INSTR searches for the first occurrence of the search value. 100 Chapter 6: Functions . The position in the string where you want to start the search. for example 'abc'. Any value. The search value is case-sensitive. If the start position is zero. if you write INSTR('Alfred Pope'. You can enter any valid transformation expression.start [. Optional. If you omit this argument. The default value is 1. Required. The results of the expression must be a character string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.INSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the position of a character set in a string. INSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. the function uses the default value of 1. Integer represents the position of the first character in the search_value. If you want to search for a character string. INSTR searches from the first character in the string. If you pass a negative integer or zero. You can enter any valid transformation expression.occurrence]] ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The search_value must match a part of the string exactly.

1. 'a'.Example The following expression returns the position of the first occurrence of the letter ‘a’. starting from the last character in the company name. Because the search_value argument is casesensitive. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 2 5 0 0 INSTR 101 . it skips the ‘A’ in 'Blue Fin Aqua Center’. and returns the position for the ‘a’ in ‘Aqua’: INSTR( COMPANY. 'a' ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 13 2 5 3 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’. starting at the beginning of each company name. starting at the beginning of each company name. Because the search_value argument is case-sensitive. -1. it skips the ‘A’ in ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’. and returns 0: INSTR( COMPANY. 'a'. 2 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 0 8 9 0 0 The following expression returns the position of the second occurrence of the letter ‘a’ in each company name.

' ' . The expression finds the last (rightmost) space in the string and then returns all characters to the left of it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID.-1. '#')+1 ) CUST_ID ID#33 #A3577 SS #712403399 RETURN VALUE ID33 A3577 SS 712403399 102 Chapter 6: Functions . -1. INSTR(CUST_ID.1. 'Blue Fin Aqua Center'.The following expression returns the position of the first character in the string ‘Blue Fin Aqua Center’ (starting from the last character in the company name): INSTR( COMPANY. 1 ) COMPANY Blue Fin Aqua Center Maco Shark Shop Scuba Gear Frank’s Dive Shop VIP Diving Club RETURN VALUE 1 0 0 0 0 Using Nested INSTR You can nest the INSTR function within other functions to accomplish more complex tasks. The following expression evaluates a string. 1. INSTR(CUST_ID.INSTR( CUST_NAME.1 )) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. starting from the end of the string.

ISNULL evaluates an empty string as FALSE. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Any datatype (except Binary). Note: To test for empty strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. For more information. see “LENGTH” on page 115. use LENGTH. FALSE (0) if the value is not NULL. Syntax ISNULL( value ) Argument value Meaning Required.ISNULL Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a value is NULL. Return Value TRUE (1) if the value is NULL. Example The following example checks for null values in the items table: ISNULL( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight NULL Regulator system ‘’ RETURN VALUE 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) Empty string is not NULL ISNULL 103 .

Passes the rows you want to evaluate. If the strings you want to test are not in the default date format. ‘YY’) is internally computed as IS_DATE(02/29/1900 00:00:00). You can enter any valid transformation expression. not the YY format string. use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the date format. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid date. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. IS_DATE evaluates strings and returns an integer value. In most cases. If you omit the format string. For example. A valid date is any string in the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Informatica recommends using the RR format string with IS_DATE. the PowerCenter Server computes the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. In the first case. You might use IS_DATE to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target. ‘RR’) as IS_DATE(02/29/2000 00:00:00). year 1900 is not a leap year.format] ) Argument value format Meaning Required. the two format strings return the same values. the expression IS_DATE(‘02/29/00’. Must be a string datatype. so there is no February 29th. 104 Chapter 6: Functions . If the strings match the format string. but there are some unique cases where YY returns incorrect results. The output port for an IS_DATE expression must be String or Numeric datatype. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. For example. Note: IS_DATE uses the same format strings as TO_DATE. the function returns FALSE (0). if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1997 12:43:10AM'. which returns false. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL or if the format string is NULL. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Syntax IS_DATE( value [. the function returns TRUE (1). which returns TRUE. FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid date.IS_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value is a valid date. Optional. However. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. If the strings passed to IS_DATE do not match the format string specified.

the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. the PowerCenter Server returns ERROR and skips the row. and converts each valid date to a date value. This expression checks the values in the INVOICE_DATE port. If it does not. ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ) If the string value does not match this format. Example The following expression checks the INVOICE_DATE port for valid dates: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ) This expression returns data similar to the following: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘04/01/1998 00:12:15’ ‘02/31/1998 12:13:55’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days ) The following IS_DATE expression specifies a format string of ‘YYYY/MM/DD’: IS_DATE( INVOICE_DATE. IS_DATE 105 . IS_DATE returns FALSE: INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 1 (TRUE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) 0 (FALSE) (February does not have 31 days) The following example shows how you can use IS_DATE to test data before using TO_DATE to convert the strings to dates. If the value is not a valid date.Warning: The format of the IS_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators.

the output port for the expression needs to be Date/Time: IIF( IS_DATE ( INVOICE_DATE. TO_DATE( INVOICE_DATE ). ‘YYYY/MM/DD’ ).Note that this example returns a Date/Time value. Therefore. ERROR(‘Not a valid date’ ) ) INVOICE_DATE NULL ‘180’ ‘04/01/98’ ‘1998/01/12’ ‘1998/11/21 00:00:13’ ‘1998/02/31’ ‘John Smith’ RETURN VALUE NULL ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 1998/01/12 ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ ‘Not a valid date’ 106 Chapter 6: Functions .

45D-32’ (Windows only) ‘. followed by one or more digits Optional white space following the number The following numbers are all valid: ‘ 100 ‘ ’ +100’ ‘-100’ ‘-3. such as the letter ‘e’ or ‘E’ (and the letter ‘d’ or ‘D’ on Windows) followed by an optional sign (+/-). Must be a string datatype. You might use IS_NUMBER to test or filter data in a flat file before writing it to a target.6804’ The output port for an IS_NUMBER expression must be a String or Numeric datatype.45e+32’ ‘+3. Passes the rows you want to evaluate. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row is a valid number. A valid number consists of the following parts: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Optional space before the number Optional sign (+/-) One or more digits with an optional decimal point Optional scientific notation. IS_NUMBER 107 . FALSE (0) if the row is not a valid number.45d+32’ (Windows only) ‘+3.45E-32’ ‘+3. Syntax IS_NUMBER( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.IS_NUMBER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string is a valid number.

the PowerCenter Server returns 0.45E-3’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123ABC’ ’ RETURN VALUE 123 -3450 0.00 0.45d-3’ ‘3.45E-’ ‘ ‘’ ‘+123abc’ ‘ 123’ ‘ ’ RETURN VALUE 1 (True) 1 (True) 1 (True . the following expression checks the values in the ITEM_PRICE port.00’ ‘-3.00 0. and converts each valid number to a double-precision floating point value.00: IIF( IS_NUMBER ( ITEM_PRICE ).45e+3’ ‘-3.00’ ‘-3.00 0.00345 0. For example.NULL if a value in the expression is NULL. 0.UNIX only) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 0 (False) 1 (True) 1 (True) 0 (False) 0 (False) NULL Incomplete number Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string Leading whitespace Trailing whitespace ‘123 ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL You can use IS_NUMBER to test data before using one of the numeric conversion functions.00 ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.00 NULL Consists entirely of whitespace Empty string ‘ABC’ ‘-ABC’ NULL 108 Chapter 6: Functions .00 0. such as TO_FLOAT.00 0. TO_FLOAT( ITEM_PRICE ). If the value is not a valid number.45D-3’ ‘-3.Windows only) 0 (False .45e+3’ ‘3. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_PRICE port for valid numbers: IS_NUMBER( ITEM_PRICE ) ITEM_PRICE ‘123.

Passes the rows you want to evaluate. For more information. see “LENGTH” on page 115. a formfeed. You can enter any valid transformation expression. a carriage return. NULL if a value in the expression is NULL.IS_SPACES Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a string value consists entirely of spaces. To test for an empty string. use LENGTH. or a vertical tab. A space is a blank space.) Tip You can use IS_SPACES to avoid writing spaces to a character column in a target table. if you have a transformation that writes customer names to a fixed length CHAR(5) IS_SPACES 109 . a newline. Example The following expression checks the ITEM_NAME port for rows that consist entirely of spaces: IS_SPACES( ITEM_NAME ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight RETURN VALUE 0 (False) 1 (True) Regulator system NULL ‘’ 0 (False) NULL 0 (FALSE) (Empty string does not contain spaces. Must be a string datatype. Syntax IS_SPACES( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. FALSE (0) if the row contains data. IS_SPACES evaluates an empty string as FALSE because there are no spaces. Return Value TRUE (1) if the row consists entirely of spaces. For example. a tab.

column in a target table. '00000'. you create an expression similar to the following: IIF( IS_SPACES( CUST_NAMES ). CUST_NAMES ) 110 Chapter 6: Functions . you might want to write ‘00000’ instead of spaces. To do this.

you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. Optionally. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). LAST 111 . Optional. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Note: By default. You can nest only one other aggregate function within LAST. FALSE. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a filter to limit the rows the PowerCenter Server reads. Passes the values for which you want to return the last row. or if no rows are selected (for example. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. or NULL.LAST Availability: Designer Returns the last row in the selected port. Return Value Last row in a port. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. the function returns NULL. Any datatype (except Binary). Syntax LAST( value [. However. filter_condition ] ) Argument value filter_condition Meaning Required. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. LAST is one of several aggregate functions. Limits the rows in the search. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50.

00 Depth/Pressure Gauge 88.00 29.00: LAST( ITEM_NAME.Example The following expression returns the last row in the ITEMS_NAME port with a price greater than $10.05 150.00 112 Chapter 6: Functions . ITEM_PRICE > 10 ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Navigation Compass Regulator System Flashlight ITEM_PRICE 35.00 Vest RETURN VALUE: Vest 31.00 8.

returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port. Passes the dates for which you want to return the last day of the month. The last day of the month for that date value you pass to this function. Example The following expression returns the last day of the month for each date in the ORDER_DATE port: LAST_DAY( ORDER_DATE ) ORDER_DATE Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 6 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 2 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM RETURN VALUE Apr 30 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 31 1998 12:00:00AM Feb 29 1996 12:00:00AM NULL Jul 31 1998 12:00:00AM (Leap year) LAST_DAY 113 . NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. Syntax LAST_DAY( date ) Argument date Meaning Required. Null If a value is NULL. LAST_DAY returns NULL. LAST_DAY treats all rows as one group. Date/Time datatype. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. returning one value. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Return Value Date. LAST_DAY ignores the row. Group By LAST_DAY groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.LAST_DAY Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port.

the date returned will include the time 00:00:00. 'DD-MON-YY' )) ORDER_DATE '18-NOV-98' '28-APR-98' NULL '18-FEB-96' RETURN VALUE Nov 30 1998 00:00:00 Apr 30 1998 00:00:00 NULL Feb 29 1996 00:00:00 (Leap year) 114 Chapter 6: Functions . The following example returns the last day of the month for each order date in the same format as the string: LAST_DAY( TO_DATE( ORDER_DATE. TO_DATE always includes time information. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.You can nest TO_DATE to convert string values to a date.

NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. To test for spaces. Return Value Integer representing the length of the string. see “ISNULL” on page 103. ‘EMPTY STRING’ ) To test for a null field. LENGTH 115 . For details. including trailing blanks. see “IS_SPACES” on page 109. Example The following expression returns the length of each customer name: LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) CUSTOMER_NAME Bernice Davis NULL John Baer Greg Brown RETURN VALUE 13 NULL 9 10 Tips You can use LENGTH to test for empty string conditions. If you want to find fields in which customer name is empty. For details. Syntax LENGTH( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression. use an expression such as: IIF( LENGTH( CUSTOMER_NAME ) = 0.LENGTH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the number of characters in a string. The strings you want to evaluate. use ISNULL. String datatype. use IS_SPACES.

(The PowerCenter Server does not write row. Syntax LN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Example The following expression returns the natural logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LN( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 10 125 0.) Note: The PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row when you pass a negative number or zero.098612.04082199452026 NULL Error.96 NULL -90 0 RETURN VALUE 2. Return Value Double value.828313737302 -0. Numeric datatype. greater than zero. The numeric_value must be a positive number greater than zero.LN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. You usually use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. You can enter any valid transformation expression. (The PowerCenter Server does not write row. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the natural logarithm.) Error. For example. LN(3)returns 1. It must be a positive number. This function is the reciprocal of the function EXP.302585092994 4. 116 Chapter 6: Functions .

(PowerCenter Server does not write the row. Most often. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row.) Note that the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row if you pass a negative number. Must be a positive numeric value other than 0 or 1.78 -9 0 10 EXPONENT 1 10 18 NULL 18 5 -2 RETURN VALUE 0 -0. or if you pass a negative value for the exponent. Must be a positive numeric value greater than 0. LOG 117 .) Error. or 1 as a base value. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number greater than 0. EXPONENT ) BASE 15 . zero. Example The following expression returns the logarithm for all values in the NUMBERS port: LOG( BASE.LOG Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. Syntax LOG( base. exponent ) Argument base Meaning Required.09 NULL 35.956244644696599 NULL NULL Error. Any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a positive number other than 0 or 1. you use this function to analyze scientific data rather than business data. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Required. The exponent of the logarithm. exponent Return Value Double value.) Error. (PowerCenter Server does not write the row. The base of the logarithm.

must match search1 datatype. Any datatype (except Binary). search2. see “Lookup Transformation” in the Transformation Guide. you need to enable the lookup caching option for 3. The LOOKUP function compares data in a lookup source to a value you specify. When you create a session based on a mapping that uses the LOOKUP function. Using the Lookup Transformation or the LOOKUP Function Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation rather than the LOOKUP function to look up values in PowerCenter mappings. Datatype that matches the value1.5 compatibility in the session properties. it returns the value from a specified column in the same row in the lookup table. When the PowerCenter Server finds the search value in the lookup table. Specifies the values you want to match to value.. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as search. You can define multiple searches for one lookup table within a LOOKUP function. Note: This function is not supported in mapplets.LOOKUP Availability: Designer Searches for a value in a lookup source column. This option exists expressly for PowerMart 3. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. For more information. Specifies the return value if the search matches the value. However.. Required. The values you want to search for in the lookup source column specified in search1. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Always preface this argument with the reference qualifier :TD. If you use the LOOKUP function in a mapping. Syntax LOOKUP( result. Any datatype (except Binary). value1 [. search1. each search must find a matching value to return the lookup value. Required.5 users who want to continue using the LOOKUP function. you must specify the database connections for $Source Connection Value and $Target Connection Value in the session properties. search1 value1 118 Chapter 6: Functions . value2]. ) Argument result Meaning Required. Must be an output port in the same lookup table as result. rather than creating Lookup transformations.

SALES.SALES for a specific item ID and price.00 15.QTY.99 15. Example The following expression searches the lookup source :TD. ORDERS.SALES. This means that both the value and the length for each row must match. :TD.99 ) ITEM_NAME Regulator Flashlight Halogen Flashlight NULL RETURN VALUE: Flashlight ITEM_ID 5 10 15 20 PRICE 100. If your lookup source is a padded char value of a specified length and your lookup search is a varchar value.ITEM_NAME.ORDERS. you need to use the RTRIM function to trim the trailing spaces from the lookup source so that the values match the lookup search: LOOKUP(:TD.ORDERS.PRICE.ITEM.PRICE.ITEM_ID. and returns the item name if both searches find a match: LOOKUP( :TD. it returns the result from the same row as the search1 argument.ORDERS. 15.PRICE. If the PowerCenter Server finds matching values.99 Tips When you compare char and varchar values.ORDERS. NULL if the search does not find any matching values.SALES. 10. :TD. :TD.99 15.ITEM.PRICE. the LOOKUP function returns a result only if the two rows match exactly. ORDERS. ' ')) Use the :TD reference qualifier in the result and search arguments of a LOOKUP function: LOOKUP(:TD.ORDERS. :TD.ITEM.QTY) LOOKUP 119 . :TD. Error if the search finds more than one matching value.Return Value Result if all searches find matching values. RTRIM( ORDERS.

LOWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. If your data contains multibyte characters. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a string. Example The following expression returns all first names to lowercase: LOWER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME antonia NULL THOMAS PierRe BERNICE RETURN VALUE antonia NULL thomas pierre bernice 120 Chapter 6: Functions . NULL if a value in the selected port is NULL. The argument passes the string values that you want to return as lowercase. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Return Value Lowercase character string. Any string value. Syntax LOWER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required.

The characters you want to append to the left-side of the first_string values. or if length is a negative number. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. '0') PART_NUM 702 1 0553 484834 RETURN VALUE 000702 000001 000553 484834 LPAD 121 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. be sure to enclose the characters you want to add to the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. the function pads the beginning of the first string with blanks. This argument specifies the length you want each string to be.second_string] ) Argument first_string length Meaning Required. 6. When length is a negative number. Example The following expression standardizes numbers to six digits by padding them with leading zeros. You can enter a specific string literal.LPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string to set the string to a specified length. for example 'abc'. Must be a positive integer literal. however. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you omit the second_string. length [. RPAD returns NULL. second_string Return Value String of the specified length. Can be a character string. Syntax LPAD( first_string. Optional. LPAD( PART_NUM. The strings you want to change. Can be any string value. This argument is case-sensitive.

5.LPAD counts the length from left to right. LPAD truncates the string from right to left. If the first string is longer than the length. ‘x’) returns the string ‘alpha’. -5.**Compass Regulator System *. LPAD(‘alphabetical’.*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE *.**. For example.*Safety Knife The following expression shows how LPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: LPAD( ITEM_NAME.. LPAD uses a portion of the second string: LPAD( ITEM_NAME. '. '*.') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL 122 Chapter 6: Functions .**... If the second string is longer than the total characters needed to return the specified length.Flashlight *.. 16..

for example. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. If the trim_set is NULL. 'abc'. Any string value. LTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. trim_set Return Value String. character-by-character. LTRIM removes it. You can also enter a character string. LTRIM removes both single. Passes the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the first string. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing characters from the beginning of a string. Any string value. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. For example. Also note that LTRIM is case-sensitive. you would enter 'A'. LTRIM 123 . In ASCII mode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if you want to remove the 'A' character from the string 'Alfredo'. You can enter any valid transformation expression. starting with the left side of the string. trim_set] ) Arguments string Meaning Required. LTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. If you omit the second string. Then it returns the string. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. If you use LTRIM to remove characters from a string.LTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Optional. Passes the strings you want to modify. however. Syntax LTRIM( string [. Most often. with any matching characters removed. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the beginning of the string within single quotation marks. not 'a'. you use LTRIM with IIF or DECODE in an Expression or Update Strategy transformation to avoid spaces in a target table. the function returns NULL. the function removes any blanks from the beginning of the string.and double-byte spaces from the beginning of a string. LTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument.

When the first character in the string does not match the corresponding character in the trim_set. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Osborne NULL MacDonald awyer H. In the example of H. For example. but not the period from H. If the first character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. so LTRIM returns the string in the LAST_NAME port and moves to the next row. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting LTRIM. 'T' ) 124 Chapter 6: Functions . Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings.’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: LTRIM( LAST_NAME. This is because LTRIM searches. If it matches the second character in the trim_set. Bender. LTRIM removes it.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘S’ and ‘. and so on. 'S. H does not match either character in the trim_set argument. LTRIM removes it.’ from S. Bender teadman LTRIM removes ‘S. MacDonald Sawyer H. Then LTRIM looks at the second character in the string. Bender. you might create an expression similar to the following: LTRIM( LTRIM( NAMES ). character-by-character. MacDonald and the ‘S’ from both Sawyer and Steadman. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument.') LAST_NAME Nelson Osborne NULL S. LTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. if you want to remove leading blanks and the character 'T' from a column of names.

Limits the rows in the search. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Passes the date for which you want to return a maximum date. MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Example You can return the maximum date for a port or group.MAX (Dates) Availability: Designer Returns the latest date found within a port or group. You can enter any valid transformation expression. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can also use MAX to return the largest numeric value in a port or group. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. The following expression returns the maximum order date for flashlights: MAX( ORDERDATE. filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL MAX (Dates) 125 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. or NULL. Syntax MAX( date [. Return Value Date. Date/Time datatype. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Optional. FALSE. For more information.

MAX is one of several aggregate functions. Nulls If a value is NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. 126 Chapter 6: Functions . Return Value Numeric value. Limits the rows in the search. Passes the numeric values for which you want to return a maximum numeric value. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. MAX ignores it. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However. or if no rows are selected (for example. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. or NULL. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. However. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. Numeric datatype. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. if all values passed from the port are NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optional. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default. MAX returns NULL. the function returns NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MAX. You can also use MAX to return the latest date in a port or group. FALSE. Syntax MAX( numeric_value [. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.MAX (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the maximum numeric value found within a port or group. If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. For more information. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

MAX treats all rows as one group.00 360. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 85.00 79. If there is no group by port. returning one value.00 PRICE 10.00 NULL MAX (Numbers) 127 . returning one result for each group.00 55. Example The first expression returns the maximum price for flashlights: MAX( PRICE.00 162.00 85.Group By MAX groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.

Syntax MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Nulls If a value is NULL. Optionally. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MEDIAN. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the function returns NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. MEDIAN ignores the row. Return Value Numeric value. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a median. Note: By default. However. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. Limits the rows in the search. If there is an even number of values in the port.MEDIAN Availability: Designer Returns the median of all values in a selected port. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the median is the middle number. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. the median is the average of the middle two values when all values are placed ordinally on a number line. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. if all values passed from the port are NULL. see “Installing and Configuring the 128 Chapter 6: Functions . The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Numeric datatype. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the median. FALSE. or NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. You can enter any valid transformation expression. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. If there is an odd number of values in the port. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. For more information. or if no rows are selected (for example. MEDIAN is one of several aggregate functions. MEDIAN returns NULL. Optional.

PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.

Group By
MEDIAN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MEDIAN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

Example
To calculate the median salary for all departments, you create an Aggregator transformation grouped by departments with a port specifying the following expression:
MEDIAN( SALARY )

The following expression returns the median value for orders of stabilizing vests:
MEDIAN( SALES, ITEM = ‘Stabilizing Vest’ ) ITEM Flashlight Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest Safety Knife Medium Titanium Knife Tank Stabilizing Vest Chisel Point Knife Stabilizing Vest Stabilizing Vest SALES 85 504 36 5 150 NULL 441 60 NULL 1044

Wrist Band Thermometer 110 RETURN VALUE: 472.5

MEDIAN

129

METAPHONE
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Encodes string values. You can specify the length of the string that you want to encode. METAPHONE encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. METAPHONE encodes characters according to the following list of rules:
♦ ♦

Skips vowels (A, E, I, O, and U) unless one of them is the first character of the input string. METAPHONE(‘CAR’) returns ‘KR’ and METAPHONE(‘AAR’) returns ‘AR’. Table 6-1 lists the METAPHONE encoding guidelines:
Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input B C Returns n/a B X S n/a K J T F F n/a J K H H n/a J K L M N J n/a K L M N Condition - when it follows M - in all other cases - when followed by IA or H - when followed by I, E, or Y - when it follows S, and is followed by I, E, or Y - in all other cases - when followed by GE, GY, or GI - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is not B, D, or H - when followed by H and the first character in the input string is B, D, or H - when followed by I, E or Y and does not repeat - in all other cases - when it does not follow C, G, P, S, or T and is followed by A, E, I, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when it follows C - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Lamb’) returns LM. - METAPHONE (‘Box’) returns BKS. - METAPHONE (‘Facial’) returns FXL. - METAPHONE (‘Fence’) returns FNS. - METAPHONE (‘Scene’) returns SN. - METAPHONE (‘Cool’) returns KL. - METAPHONE (‘Dodge’) returns TJ. - METAPHONE (‘David’) returns TFT. - METAPHONE (‘FOX’) returns FKS. - METAPHONE (‘Tough’) returns TF. - METAPHONE (‘Hugh’) returns HF. - METAPHONE (‘Magic’) returns MJK. - METAPHONE(‘GUN’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘DHAT’) returns THT. - METAPHONE (‘Chain’) returns XN. - METAPHONE (‘Jen’) returns JN. - METAPHONE (‘Ckim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (’Kim’) returns KM. - METAPHONE (‘Laura’) returns LR. - METAPHONE (‘Maggi’) returns MK. - METAPHONE (‘Nancy’) returns NNS.

D F G

130

Chapter 6: Functions

Table 6-1. METAPHONE Encoding Guidelines Input P Q R S T Returns F P K R X S X 0* n/a T V W F W n/a X Y Z KS Y n/a S Condition - when followed by H - in all other cases - in all cases - in all cases - when followed by H, IO, IA, or CHW - in all other cases - when followed by IA or IO - when followed by H - when followed by CH - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases - when followed by A, E, I, O, or U - in all other cases - in all cases Example - METAPHONE (‘Phone’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Pip’) returns PP. - METAPHONE (‘Queen’) returns KN. - METAPHONE (‘Ray’) returns R. - METAPHONE (‘Cash’) returns KX. - METAPHONE (‘Sing’) returns SNK. - METAPHONE (‘Patio’) returns PX. - METAPHONE (‘Thor’) returns 0R. - METAPHONE (‘Glitch’) returns KLTX. - METAPHINE (‘Tim’) returns TM. - METAPHONE (‘Vin’) returns FN. - METAPHONE (‘Wang’) returns WNK. - METAPHONE (‘When’) returns HN. - METAPHONE (‘Six’) returns SKS. - METAPHONE (‘Yang’) returns YNK. - METAPHONE (‘Bobby’) returns BB. - METAPHONE (‘Zack’) returns SK.

*The integer 0.

Skips the initial character and encodes the remaining string if the first two characters of the input string have one of the following values:
− − − −

KN. For example, METAPHONE(‘KNOT’) returns ‘NT’. GN. For example, METAPHONE(‘GNOB’) returns ‘NB’. PN. For example, METAPHONE(‘PNRX’) returns ‘NRKS’. AE. For example, METAPHONE(‘AERL’) returns ‘ERL’.

If a character other than “C” occurs more than once in the input string, encodes the first occurrence only. For example, METAPHONE(‘BBOX’) returns ‘BKS’ and METAPHONE(‘CCOX’) returns ‘KKKS’.

METAPHONE

131

Syntax
METAPHONE( string [,length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. Must be a character string. Passes the value you want to encode. The first character must be a character in the English language alphabet (A-Z). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Skips any non-alphabetic character in string. Optional. Must be an integer greater than zero. Specifies the number of characters in string that you want to encode. You can enter any valid transformation expression. When length is zero or a value greater than the length of string, encodes the entire input string. Default is zero.

length

Return Value
String. NULL if one of the following conditions is true:
♦ ♦ ♦

All values passed to the function are NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. string is empty.

Examples
The following expression encodes the first two characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 2 ) Employee_Name John *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JH NULL PK

The following expression encodes the first four characters in EMPLOYEE_NAME port to a string:
METAPHONE( EMPLOYEE_NAME, 4 ) Employee_Name John 1ABC *@#$ P$%%oc&&KMNL Return Value JHN ABK NULL PKKM

132

Chapter 6: Functions

MIN (Dates)
Availability: Designer

Returns the oldest date found in a port or group. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN, and the nested function must return a date datatype. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information, see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. You can also use MIN to return the minimum numeric value in a port or group.

Syntax
MIN( date [, filter_condition] ) Argument date filter_condition Meaning Required. Date/Time datatype. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE, FALSE, or NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
Date if the value argument is a date. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL, or if no rows are selected (for example, the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows).

Nulls
If a single value is NULL, MIN ignores it. However, if all values passed from the port are NULL, MIN returns NULL.

Group By
MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation, returning one result for each group. If there is no group by port, MIN treats all rows as one group, returning one value.

MIN (Dates)

133

ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: Feb 1 1998 ORDER_DATE Apr 20 1998 May 15 1998 Sep 21 1998 Aug 18 1998 Feb 1 1998 Oct 10 1998 NULL 134 Chapter 6: Functions .Example The following expression returns the oldest order date for flashlights: MIN( ORDER_DATE.

see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. You can enter any valid transformation expression. if all values passed from the port are NULL. Nulls If a single value is NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Syntax MIN( numeric_value [. MIN is one of several aggregate functions. Note: By default. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Return Value Numeric value. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can apply a filter to limit the rows in the search. or NULL. MIN (Numbers) 135 . MIN ignores it. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Optional. For more information. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). However.MIN (Numbers) Availability: Designer Returns the minimum numeric value found in a port or group. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. However. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Numeric datatypes. Passes the values for which you want to return minimum value. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. MIN returns NULL. FALSE. You can also use MIN to return the oldest date in a port or group. Limits the rows in the search. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. the function returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within MIN.

Group By MIN groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.00 85.00 360.00 PRICE 10. MIN treats all rows as one group. ITEM_NAME='Flashlight' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Regulator System Flashlight Diving Hood Halogen Flashlight Flashlight Flashlight RETURN VALUE: 10. returning one result for each group.00 NULL 136 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The following expression returns the minimum price for flashlights: MIN ( PRICE. returning one value.00 162.00 55. If there is no group by port.00 79.

Example The following expression returns the modulus of the values in the PRICE port divided by the values in the QTY port: MOD( PRICE. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. The remainder of the numeric value divided by the divisor.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL Error. MOD 137 . You can enter any valid transformation expression.MOD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the remainder of a division calculation. QTY ) PRICE 10. The values you want to divide. Required.00 9. divisor ) Argument numeric_value divisor Meaning Required. The numeric value you want to divide by.5) returns 3. MOD(8.00 25. For example. Syntax MOD( numeric_value.00 15. Numeric datatype.00 12.00 NULL 20. Return Value Numeric value of the datatype you pass to the function. The divisor cannot be zero. PowerCenter Server does not write row.

0) produced a NULL rather than an error because the IIF function replaces NULL with the zero in the QTY port. If the quantity is zero.00 9. you can create an expression similar to the following.00 25.00 NULL 20.00 QTY 2 5 2 3 3 NULL 0 RETURN VALUE 0 2 1 0 NULL NULL NULL The last row (25.00 12. which returns the modulus of Price divided by Quantity only if the quantity is not zero. 138 Chapter 6: Functions . the function returns NULL: MOD( PRICE. To avoid dividing by zero. QTY )) PRICE 10.00 15. NULL. IIF( QTY = 0. 0) produced an error because you cannot divide by zero.The last row (25.

Optionally. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value.MOVINGAVG Availability: Designer Returns the average (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. FALSE. if all values are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. The values for which you want to calculate a moving average. five rows at a time. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. if you want to calculate a moving average for a column of data. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGAVG(SALES. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). MOVINGAVG 139 . 5). Required. Numeric datatype. For example. Defines the row set for which you want to calculate the moving average. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. or NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving average. Nulls MOVINGAVG ignores null values when calculating the moving average. Syntax MOVINGAVG( numeric_value. the function returns NULL. rowset [. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. or if no rows are selected (for example. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required.

based on the first five rows in the Sales port. 5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 358 245. 245. 140 Chapter 6: Functions . and thereafter.8 243 The function returns the average for a set of five rows: 358 based on rows 1 through 5. and 243 based on rows 3 through 7.8 based on rows 2 through 6.Example The following expression returns the average order for a Stabilizing Vest. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGAVG( SALES.

You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. five rows at a time. you might write an expression such as: MOVINGSUM( SALES. However. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optionally. the function returns NULL. For example. Nulls MOVINGSUM ignores null values when calculating the moving sum. Numeric datatype. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. or NULL. Limits the rows in the search. Note: If the return value is a Decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. you can apply a condition to filter rows before calculating the moving sum. Syntax MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. if you want to calculate a moving sum for a column of data. MOVINGSUM 141 . FALSE. if all values are NULL. filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value rowset Meaning Required. or if the function does not select any rows (for example. 5 ) Optional. Defines the rowset for which you want to calculate the moving sum. Must be a positive integer literal greater than zero. rowset [. Required.MOVINGSUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum (row-by-row) of a specified set of rows. The values for which you want to calculate a moving sum.

5 ) ROW_NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SALES 600 504 36 100 550 39 490 RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL NULL 1790 1229 1215 The function returns the sum for a set of five rows: 1790 based on rows 1 through 5. and 1215 based on rows 3 through 7. 1229 based on rows 2 through 6. and thereafter.Example The following expression returns the sum of orders for a Stabilizing Vest. 142 Chapter 6: Functions . based on the first five rows in the Sales port. returns the average for the last five rows read: MOVINGSUM( SALES.

PERCENTILE ignores the row. Integer between 0 and 100. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Nulls If a value is NULL. if all values in a group are NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. For more information. or NULL. However. You can enter any valid transformation expression. PERCENTILE is one of several aggregate functions. FALSE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. inclusive. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the percentile. Optionally. Syntax PERCENTILE( numeric_value. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value percentile Meaning Required. or if no rows are selected (for example. You can nest only one other aggregate function within PERCENTILE. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Optional. Limits the rows in the search. Passes the percentile you want to calculate. However. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the function returns NULL. Required. Note: By default. PERCENTILE returns NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a percentile. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. percentile [. See the following equation for more details. If you pass a number outside the 0 to 100 range. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype.PERCENTILE Availability: Designer Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. when PERCENTILE 143 . the PowerCenter Server displays an error and does not write the row. Numeric datatype.

Otherwise PERCENTILE returns the value of n: n = [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] + [ i th element × ( i – i ) ] 144 Chapter 6: Functions . Example The PowerCenter Server calculates a percentile using the following logic: ( x + 1 ) × percentile i = ------------------------------------------------100 where: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ x is the number of elements in the group of values for which you are calculating a percentile. PERCENTILE returns the value of the first element in the list. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. returning one result for each group. If i is an integer value. PERCENTILE returns the value of the ith element in the list. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. PERCENTILE treats all rows as one group. If there is no group by port. If i < 1. returning one value. Group By PERCENTILE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.you configure the PowerCenter Server. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.

0 85000. 75.0 9000.0 RETURN VALUE: 106250. SALARY > 50000 ) SALARY 125000.0 86000.0 99000.0 NULL 55000.0 100000.0 27900.The following expression returns the salary that falls at the 75th percentile of salaries greater than $50.0 PERCENTILE 145 .0 48000.000: PERCENTILE( SALARY.

5 2. If the base value is negative. Return Value Double value. EXPONENT ) NUMBERS 10.0 3. the exponent must be an integer.0 729.00137174211248285 0.0 -3. Required.0 5. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 NULL -6. the function rounds any decimal values to the nearest integer before returning a value.594307804838 NULL NULL 0.5 RETURN VALUE 100 1838.0 -3.0 5. Example The following expression returns the values in the Numbers port raised to the values in the Exponent port: POWER( NUMBERS.5 3. the exponent must be an integer. Numeric value. This argument is the exponent value.0 3. This argument is the base value.265625 982. If the base value is negative.0 6.5 NULL 10. NULL if you pass a null value to the function.00137174211248285 729.0 -3.POWER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a value raised to the exponent you pass to the function. Syntax POWER( base. exponent ) Argument base exponent Meaning Required. Numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression.0 -6.0 146 Chapter 6: Functions .0 EXPONENT 2. In this case.0 6.

If the base is negative.5.0 raised to 6 returns the same results as -3.0 raised to 5. otherwise the PowerCenter Server rounds the exponent to the nearest integer value.Note that -3. POWER 147 . the exponent must be an integer.

NULL if InputString is NULL. You can enter one or more characters. Must be a character string. Must be an integer. If NewChar is NULL or empty. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. OldCharSet. If you pass a numeric value. You can enter any valid transformation expression. NewChar ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required.REPLACECHR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. REPLACECHR returns NULL. REPLACECHR uses the first character to replace OldCharSet. REPLACECHR removes all occurrences of all characters in OldCharSet in InputString. InputString if OldCharSet is NULL or empty. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. an empty string. If InputString is NULL. 'abc'. Empty string if REPLACECHR removes all characters in InputString. for example. InputString OldCharSet NewChar Return Value String. REPLACECHR returns InputString. Must be a character string. 148 Chapter 6: Functions . When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required. Required. the function converts it to a character string. If you pass a numeric value. REPLACECHR searches the input string for the characters you specify and replaces all occurrences of all characters with the new character you specify. the function converts it to a character string. Syntax REPLACECHR( CaseFlag. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the string you want to search. You can enter one character. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. the function is not case-sensitive. The characters you want to replace. InputString. or NULL. Must be a character string. If NewChar contains more than one character. the function is case-sensitive. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. If OldCharSet is NULL or empty.

1 NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. ‘A’.1 NULL RETURN VALUE GET /news/index.html HTTP/1. WEBLOG.Example The following expression removes the double quotes from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR( 0.1 NULL The following expression removes multiple characters for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACECHR ( 1.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1.1 GET /companyinfo/index. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC RETURN VALUE MBM MbM BBC MCC REPLACECHR 149 .html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1. ‘]["’.1" [01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700] "GET / news/index.1" NULL RETURN VALUE 29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700 31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700 GET /news/ index. ‘A’. WEBLOG.html HTTP/1. NULL ) WEBLOG [29/Oct/2001:14:13:50 -0700] [31/Oct/2000:19:45:46 -0700] "GET / news/index. ‘"’. ‘M’ ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA abA BBC ACC NULL RETURN VALUE MBM abM BBC MCC NULL The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 0.1 GET /companyinfo/index.1 01/Nov/2000:10:51:31 -0700 GET /news/ index.html HTTP/1. CUSTOMER_CODE. CUSTOMER_CODE.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.html HTTP/1.1" GET /companyinfo/index. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index.

The following expression changes part of the value of the customer code for each row in the CUSTOMER_CODE port: REPLACECHR ( 1. NULL ) INPUT 12345 4141 111115 NULL RETURN VALUE 235 NULL 5 NULL When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldCharSet or NewChar. NULL ) CUSTOMER_CODE ABA BBC ACC AAA aaa NULL aaa NULL RETURN VALUE B BBC CC [empty string] The following expression removes multiple numbers for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR ( 1. INPUT. INPUT. see “CHR” on page 68. you must use the CHR function. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACECHR (1. ‘A’. including the single quote. 150 Chapter 6: Functions . The following expression removes multiple characters. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘14’. NULL ) INPUT 'Tom Smith' 'Laura Jones' Tom's NULL RETURN VALUE Tom Smith Laura Jones Toms NULL For more information. CHR(39). CUSTOMER_CODE.

an empty string. it places the cursor after the replaced characters in InputString before searching for the next match. see the examples. InputString. You can enter any valid transformation expression. and the second OldString argument has precedence over the third OldString argument.. Required. If InputString is NULL. REPLACESTR searches the input string for all strings you specify and replaces them with the new string you specify. or NULL. That is. the function is not case-sensitive. You can enter one character. REPLACESTR returns InputString. OldStringN. [OldString2. Passes the strings you want to search. if you enter multiple OldString arguments. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can also enter a text literal enclosed within single quotation marks. Must be a character string. When CaseFlag is a null value or a zero. If you pass a numeric value. The function replaces the characters in the OldString arguments in the order they appear in the function. etc. the function is case-sensitive. Must be an integer. the first OldString argument has precedence over the second OldString argument. If NewString is NULL or empty. You can enter any valid transformation expression. REPLACESTR ignores the OldString argument. When all OldString arguments are NULL or empty. multiple characters. the function converts it to a character string.REPLACESTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Replaces characters in a string with a single character. For more information. When REPLACESTR replaces a string. Syntax REPLACESTR ( CaseFlag. You must enter at least one OldString argument. . When CaseFlag is a non-zero number. Required. You can enter one or more characters per OldString argument. 'abc'.] NewString ) Argument CaseFlag Meaning Required. Must be a character string. REPLACESTR returns NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. OldString1. the function converts it to a character string. Required. Empty string if REPLACESTR removes all characters in InputString. REPLACESTR 151 . for example. When REPLACESTR contains multiple OldString arguments. multiple characters. The string you want to replace. Must be a character string.. Determines whether the arguments in this function are casesensitive. and one or more OldString arguments is NULL or empty. or no character. REPLACESTR removes all occurrences of OldString in InputString. InputString OldString NewString Return Value String. If you pass a numeric value.

The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 0.html GET NULL NULL RETURN VALUE /news/index. NULL ) WEBLOG "GET /news/index. ‘ HTTP/1. ‘*’ ) INPUT abc abbc abbbbc bc RETURN VALUE *c ** *bb* * 152 Chapter 6: Functions . ‘iss’. Ms. TITLE. MRS. ‘rs.’. RETURN VALUE Ms. ‘rs.’ ) TITLE Mrs. Mr. ‘bc’.html /companyinfo/index. WEBLOG. The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘s.’ ) TITLE Mrs. ‘GET ’. Miss Mr.NULL if InputString is NULL. MRS. MRS. Ms. ‘"’.’. TITLE. ‘s. Example The following expression removes the double quotes and two different text strings from web log data for each row in the WEBLOG port: REPLACESTR( 1.1" GET /companyinfo/index. ‘ab’.html /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. INPUT.1’. ‘iss’.html [empty string] The following expression changes the title for certain values for each row in the TITLE port: REPLACESTR ( 1.1" "GET /companyinfo/index.html HTTP/1. RETURN VALUE Ms. InputString if all OldString arguments are NULL or empty.

The following expression shows how the REPLACESTR function replaces multiple OldString arguments for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. ‘bc’. for each row in the INPUT port: REPLACESTR ( 1. Use both the CHR and CONCAT functions to concatenate a single quote onto a string. see “CHR” on page 68 and “CONCAT” on page 72. For example: CONCAT( ‘Joan’. ‘ab’. CONCAT( CHR(39). CONCAT(‘it’. ‘s car’ )) returns Joan's car The following expression changes a string that includes the single quote. The single quote is the only character that cannot be used inside a string literal. ‘b’ ) INPUT ab bc abc abbc abbcc RETURN VALUE b b bc bb bbc When you want to use a single quote (‘) in either OldString or NewString. CONCAT(CHR(39). ‘its’ ) INPUT it's mit's mits mits' RETURN VALUE its mits mits mits' For more information. INPUT. REPLACESTR 153 . INPUT. ‘s’ )). you must use the CHR function.

'YY') returns 01/01/1998 00:00:00. 'MM') returns 4/1/1998 00:00:00. Rounds the year portion of a date based on the month. For example. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 154 Chapter 6: Functions . 'MM') returns 5/1/1998 00:00:00. the expression ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:29. Minute. If the month is between July and December. 'DD') returns 06/13/1998 00:00:00. and ROUND(06/13/1998 22:30:45. If the minute portion is 30 or greater. it rounds the date to the first day of the input month with the time set to 00:00:00. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:16:00. the expression ROUND(06/13/1998 2:30:45. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 14:00:00. Rounds the minute portion of the date based on the seconds. Rounds the hour portion of the date based on the minutes in the hour. the expression ROUND(4/15/1998 12:15:00. 'MI') returns 05/22/1998 10:15:00. For example. the expression ROUND(04/01/1998 11:29:35. the expression ROUND(06/30/1998 2:30:55. and ROUND(07/1/1998 3:10:15. For example. For example. If the time is 12:00:00 (12PM) or later. 'YY') returns 1/1/1998 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 04/01/1998 11:00:00. and ROUND(05/22/1998 10:15:30. Hour. the function rounds to the next minute and sets the seconds to zero. If the month is between January and June. Month. the function rounds the date to the next day with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). If the day of the month is between 16 and the last day of the month. Rounds the month portion of a date based on the day of the month. the function returns January 1 of the next year with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the current hour with the minutes and seconds set to zero. and ROUND(4/16/1998 8:24:19. 'DD') returns 06/14/1998 00:00:00. it rounds to the first day of the next month with the time set to 00:00:00. For example. the function returns the current minutes and sets the seconds to zero. the function returns the current date with the time set to 00:00:00 (12AM). If the minute portion of the time is between 0 and 29.ROUND (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds one part of a date. and sets the time to 00:00:00. If the time has 30 to 59 seconds. If time has 0 to 29 seconds. If the day of the month is between 1 and 15. and ROUND(04/01/1998 13:39:00. You can also use ROUND to round numbers. Rounds the day portion of the date based on the time. the function returns January 1 of the input year. This functions can round the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. If the time is between 00:00:00 (12AM) and 11:59:59AM. the function rounds to the next hour and sets the minutes and seconds to zero. Day.

the function rounds the date to the nearest day. 'Y' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if you pass a null value to the function. ROUND returns a date in the same format as the source date. 'MON' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Return Value Date with the specified part rounded. 'MM' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. You can link the results of this function to any port with a Date/Time datatype. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Date/Time datatype.Syntax ROUND( date [. You can round only one portion of the date. If you omit the format string. 'YYY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. 'YY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. This is the portion of the date that you want to round. Enter a valid format string. You can nest TO_DATE to convert strings to dates before rounding. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM May 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL ROUND (Dates) 155 . Example The following expressions round the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. Optional.

'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 2:00:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expression rounds the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 21 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions round the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:11:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Dec 20 1998 3:30:00PM Jan 1 1999 12:00:00AM NULL 156 Chapter 6: Functions . 'DDD' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions round the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) ROUND( DATE_SHIPPED.

ROUND (Numbers) 157 . ROUND(12.99. If you omit the precision argument. For example.99. -1) returns 20. ROUND(12.44.0 and ROUND(15. Positive or negative integer.0 because the function rounds 0. -1) returns 10 and ROUND(15. Return Value Numeric value. 1) returns 15.99. the function rounds to the nearest integer. the function rounds to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. For example.4. ROUND(12. For example. You can use operators to perform arithmetic before you round the values. If one of the arguments is NULL. precision] ) Argument numeric_value precision Meaning Required. 1) returns 13.ROUND (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Rounds numbers to a specified number of digits or decimal places. returning an integer. 0.99.8) returns 13. Syntax ROUND( numeric_value [.99) returns 13. truncating the decimal portion of the number. ROUND(12. If you enter a positive precision. ROUND returns NULL.8 to 1 and then evaluates the expression. If you enter a negative precision. Optional. For example. You can also use ROUND to round dates. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the function rounds this number of digits to the left of the decimal point. Note: If the return value is a decimal with precision greater than 15. You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you enter decimal precision. Numeric datatype. the function rounds to this number of decimal places.

Example The following expression returns the values in the Price port rounded to three decimal places.0 57. the function rounds to the nearest integer: ROUND( PRICE ) PRICE 12. -2 ) PRICE 13242.0 -16.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13200.95 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.0 -19.99 -108.995 -18.0 NULL 158 Chapter 6: Functions . 3 ) PRICE 12.0 -100.34 NULL RETURN VALUE 13.8 ) PRICE 12.8678 56.868 56. 0.994 15.3 NULL If you omit the precision argument.99 -18.99 -15.0 1400.9936 15.9949 -18.956 NULL You can round digits to the left of the decimal point by passing a negative integer in the precision argument: ROUND( PRICE.99 56. the PowerCenter Server rounds it to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression: ROUND( PRICE.9561 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 1435. ROUND( PRICE.0 NULL If you pass a decimal value in the precision argument.99 56.0 56.

The PowerCenter Server evaluates the following expression as TRUE: ROUND(7/3 * 3) = 7 ROUND (Numbers) 159 . When the PowerCenter Server runs in low precision mode. For example. To achieve the expected result. This may not be the result you expect. The PowerCenter Server evaluates the entire expression as FALSE.999999999999999 because it truncates the result of the first division operation. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the left hand side of the expression as 6. suppose you want to process the following expression in low precision mode: 7/3 * 3 = 7 In this case. use ROUND to round the truncated result of the left hand side of the expression to the expected result. it truncates the result of calculations if the precision of the value exceeds 15 digits.Tip You can also use ROUND to explicitly set the precision of calculated values and achieve expected results.

. For example.... 5...') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight. This argument is casesensitive.. RPAD counts the length from left to right.RPAD Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Example The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. Return Value String of the specified length. if the first string is longer than the length. Any string value. Passes the string you want to append to the right-side of the first_string values. length [. '. Syntax RPAD( first_string. 'abc'. ‘x’) would return the string ‘alpha’. for example. Enclose the characters you want to add to the end of the string within single quotation marks. RPAD truncates the string from right to left.second_string] ) Argument first_string length second_string Meaning Required.. Compass. Regulator System Safety Knife. appending the string '. If you omit the second string.. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a positive integer literal. When length is a negative number. Optional. So. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.. or if length is a negative number.' to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. The strings you want to change.. 160 Chapter 6: Functions .. 16. RPAD uses a partial part of the second_string when necessary. Specifies the length you want each string to be. RPAD returns NULL... RPAD(‘alphabetical’... Required. the function pads the end of the first string with blanks. Any string value.

') ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System RETURN VALUE NULL NULL NULL RPAD 161 ..**..*’ to the end of each item name: RPAD( ITEM_NAME. 16.. -5. '..* The following expression shows how RPAD handles negative values for the length argument for each row in the ITEM_NAME port: RPAD( ITEM_NAME..*' ) ITEM_NAME Flashlight Compass Regulator System Safety Knife RETURN VALUE Flashlight*. '*.**..The following expression returns the item name with a length of 16 characters. appending the string ‘*.** Regulator System Safety Knife*. Compass*.

If the character in the string matches any character in the trim_set. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Syntax RTRIM( string [. Passes the characters you want to remove from the end of the string. starting with the right side of the string. you must enclose the characters you want to remove from the end of the string within single quotation marks. If you use RTRIM to remove characters from a string. You can also enter a text literal. RTRIM removes only single-byte spaces. The string values with the specified characters in the trim_set argument removed. If you omit the second string. RTRIM removes both single. Also note that RTRIM is case-sensitive. RTRIM compares the trim_set to each character in the string argument. If you do not specify a trim_set parameter in your expression: ♦ ♦ In UNICODE mode. with any matching characters removed. 162 Chapter 6: Functions . RTRIM removes it.and double-byte spaces from the end of a string. In ASCII mode. Any string value. It returns the string. Optional. the function removes blanks from the end of the first string. RTRIM continues comparing and removing characters until it fails to find a matching character in the trim_set. trim_set Return Value String. character-by-character. for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 'abc'. Passes the values you want to trim. You can use operators to perform comparisons or concatenate strings before removing blanks from the end of a string.RTRIM Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. trim_set] ) Argument string Meaning Required. however. Any string value.

the last character in Nelson does not match any character in the trim_set argument. and so on. for the set of characters you specify in the trim_set argument. RTRIM returns the string and evaluates the next row. If. so RTRIM returns the string 'Nelson' and evaluates the next row. When the character in the string fails to match the trim_set. if you want to remove trailing blanks and the character ‘t’ from the end of each string in a column of names. If the last character in the string matches the first character in the trim_set. the last character in the string does not match. If the second from last character in the string matches the second character in the trim_set. you might create an expression similar to the following: RTRIM( RTRIM( NAMES ). however. character-by-character. In the last example. 't' ) RTRIM 163 . This is because RTRIM searches. Tips You can use RTRIM and LTRIM with || or CONCAT to remove leading and trailing blanks after you concatenate two strings. RTRIM removes it. Bender Steadman RETURN VALUE Nelson Pag Osborn NULL Sawy H. RTRIM compares the second character in the trim_set. Bend Steadman RTRIM removes ‘e’ from Page even though ‘r’ is the first character in the trim_set. 're') LAST_NAME Nelson Page Osborne NULL Sawyer H. For example. You can also remove multiple sets of characters by nesting RTRIM. RTRIM removes it.Example The following expression removes the characters ‘re’ from the strings in the LAST_NAME port: RTRIM( LAST_NAME.

Increases the current value by one for each row marked for insertion. Unless overridden. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. The session is a debug session. At the end of a successful session.SETCOUNTVARIABLE Availability: Designer Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping variable based on the count. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next time you use this session. the PowerCenter Server saves the last current value to the repository. 164 Chapter 6: Functions . When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. Use SETCOUNTVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Count aggregation type. Use mapping variables with a count aggregation type. For details on mapping variables. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. At the end of the session. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Keeps the current value the same for each row marked for update or reject. Returns the new current value. The session is configured for a test load. Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Argument $$Variable Meaning Required. it determines the total count for all partitions and saves the total to the repository. Decreases the current value by one for each row marked for deletion.

The next time the session runs. The PowerCenter Server saves the same value for $$CurrentDistributors to the repository for sessions with multiple partitions as for sessions with a single partition. The following expression counts the number of current distributors with the mapping variable $$CurrentDistributors and returns the current value to the CUR_DIST port. Darkroom Co.com CUR_DIST 23 24 25 25 24 25 At the end of the session. decreases the count for each deleted row. SETCOUNTVARIABLE ($$CurrentDistributors) (row marked for.Return Value The current value of the variable. Example You have a mapping that updates a slowly changing dimension table containing distributor information. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘25’ to the repository as the current value for $$CurrentDistributors. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$CurrentDistributors to ‘25’... SETCOUNTVARIABLE 165 .) DIST_ID (update) (insert) (insert) (update) (delete) (insert) 000015 000024 000025 000003 000024 000026 DISTRIBUTOR MSD Inc. Supply. Darkroom Co. It increases the count by one for each inserted row. The initial value of $$CurrentDistributors from the previous session run is 23. Howard’s Supply JNR Ltd. and keeps the count the same for all updated or rejected rows.

10 ) changes the day to 10 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. 59 ) changes the second to 59 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port.SET_DATE_PART Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Sets one part of a date/time value to a value you specify. You use the MI format string to set the minute. You can use any of the month format strings (D. You can change the seconds by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. Hour. With SET_DATE_PART you can change the following parts of a date: ♦ Year. Change the minutes by entering a positive integer between 0 and 59 in the value argument. For example. 'MI'. 2001 ) changes the year to 2001 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. You can use any of the month format strings: MM. 'MONTH'. and DAY) to set the day. YYY. Change the day by entering a positive integer between 1 and 31 (except for the months that have less than 31 days: February. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. You use the SS format string to set the second. or YYYY to set the year. Change the hour by entering a positive integer between 0 and 24 (where 0=12AM. June. 25 ) changes the minute to 25 for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. HH24) to set the hour. Change the year by entering a positive integer in the value argument. DDD. April. 12=12PM. 'HH'. You can use any of the year format strings: Y. 14 ) changes the hour to 14:00:00 (or 2:00:00PM) for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. and 24 =12AM) in the value argument. 'YY'. 10 ) changes the month to October for all dates in the SHIP_DATE port. Seconds. YY. Month. Day. For example. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. MON. HH12. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 166 Chapter 6: Functions . For example. DD. You can use any of the hour format strings (HH. Change the month by entering a positive integer between 1 and 12 (January=1 and December=12) in the value argument. and November) in the value argument. MONTH to set the month. September. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE. For example. Minute. For example. 'DD'. DY. 'SS'. the expression SET_DATE_PART( SHIP_DATE.

'HH24'. 16 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1997 4:15:56PM Feb 13 1997 4:30:01PM Mar 31 1997 4:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 4:07:33PM NULL SET_DATE_PART 167 . The date you want to modify. format. February 30). You can enter any valid transformation expression. If you enter an improper value (for example. value ) Argument date format value Meaning Required. 'HH'. Return Value Date in the same format as the source date with the specified part changed. Required. Date/Time datatype. The integer must be a valid value for the part of the date you want to change. the session fails. A format string specifying the portion of the date to be changed. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Example The following expressions change the hour to 4PM for each date in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'HH12'. The format string is not case-sensitive. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.Syntax SET_DATE_PART( date. A positive integer value assigned to the specified portion of the date. 16 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. Required.

2000 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 2000 12:15:56AM Feb 13 2000 2:30:01AM Mar 31 2000 5:10:15PM Dec 12 2000 4:07:33PM NULL Tip If you want to change multiple parts of a date at one time. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. The PowerCenter Server displays an error when you try to create a date that does not exist. 'YYY'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.MM'. 1) 168 Chapter 6: Functions . 1998). 'DD'. 7). 'YY'. 'Y'. you can nest multiple SET_DATE_PART functions within the date argument. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.The following expressions change the month to June for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port. Jun 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL The following expressions change the year to 2000 for the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 6 ) DATE_PROMISED Jan 1 1997 12:15:56AM Feb 13 1997 2:30:01AM Mar 31 1997 5:10:15PM Dec 12 1997 8:07:33AM NULL RETURN VALUE Jun 1 1997 12:15:56AM Jun 13 1997 2:30:01AM Error. 'MON'. PowerCenter Server doesn't write row. 'MM'. 6 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. For example. you might write the following expression to change all of the dates in the DATE_ENTERED port to July 1 1998: SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( SET_DATE_PART( DATE_ENTERED. 'MONTH'. 'YYYY'. 2000 ) SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED. 'YYYY'. such as changing March 31 to June 31: SET_DATE_PART( DATE_PROMISED.

SETMAXVARIABLE 169 . Returns the new current value. it saves the highest current value across all partitions to the repository. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. The SETMAXVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. SETMAXVARIABLE returns the higher string based on the sort order selected for the session.SETMAXVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. At the end of the session. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. Unless overridden. Use SETMAXVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Max aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. SETMAXVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. The session is a debug session. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. Use SETMAXVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. At the end of a successful session. When used with a string mapping variable. The session is configured for a test load. For details on mapping variables.

Then. It sets $$MaxItems to the higher of two values and returns the historically highest number of items purchased in a single transaction to the MAX_ITEMS port. it saves the largest value to the repository. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. The return value is the new current value of the variable. Suppose the same session contains three partitions. Example The following expression compares the number of items purchased in each transaction with a mapping variable $$MaxItems. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable.Syntax SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. SETMAXVARIABLE ($$MAXITEMS. the last evaluated value for $$MaxItems in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 35 23 170 Chapter 6: Functions . ITEMS) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 0100007 ITEMS 12 5 18 35 5 14 MAX_ITEMS 22 22 22 35 35 35 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘35’ to the repository as the maximum current value for $$MaxItems. For example. Use mapping variables with Max aggregation type. The next time the session runs. Required. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MaxItems for each partition. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. Return Value The higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MaxItems to ‘35’. The initial value of $$MaxItems from the previous session run is 22.

Partition Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MaxItems 22 Value for $$MaxItems saved to the repository: 35 SETMAXVARIABLE 171 .

At the end of a successful session. Unless overridden. it saves the lowest current value across all partitions to the repository. The session is a debug session. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. the PowerCenter Server generates different current values for each partition. When used with a string mapping variable. When used with a session that contains multiple partitions. 172 Chapter 6: Functions .SETMINVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specify. The session is configured for a test load. The SETMINVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert. Use SETMINVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. For details on mapping variables. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. Returns the new current value. Use SETMINVARIABLE with mapping variables with a Min aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server saves the final current value to the repository. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. SETMINVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. At the end of the session. SETMINVARIABLE returns the lower string based on the sort order selected for the session.

00 MIN_PRICE 22.00 At the end of the session. PRICE) DATE 05/01/2000 09:00:00 05/01/2000 10:00:00 05/01/2000 11:00:00 05/01/2000 12:00:00 05/01/2000 13:00:00 05/01/2000 14:00:00 05/01/2000 15:00:00 05/01/2000 16:00:00 05/01/2000 17:00:00 PRICE 23. Example The following expression compares the price of an item with a mapping variable $$MinPrice. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable.25 22.50 22.00’.Syntax SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Required.25 24.00 24.50 22. SETMINVARIABLE ($$MinPrice.50 22. The next time the session runs.50 27.00 26. SETMINVARIABLE 173 . The initial value of $$MinPrice from the previous session run is 22.50 22.75 25.00 22. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. the PowerCenter Server saves ‘22. Use with mapping variables with Min aggregation type. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value to $$MinPrice to ‘22.00 22.00 22. Return Value The lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value you specified.00’ to the repository as the minimum current value for $$MinPrice. The value you want the PowerCenter Server to compare against the current value of the variable.75 23. It sets $$MinPrice to the lower of two values and returns the historically lowest item price to the MIN_PRICE port. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. The return value is the new current value of the variable.00 22.00 22. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required.50.

50 22. the last evaluated value for $$MinPrice in each partition is as follows: Partition Partition 1 Partition 2 Partition 3 Final Current Value for $$MinPrice 22.00 22. Then. For example.00 174 Chapter 6: Functions . it saves the smallest value to the repository. The PowerCenter Server evaluates $$MinPrice for each partition.50 Value for $$MinPrice saved to the repository: 22.Suppose the same session contains three partitions.

For details on mapping variables. The session is a debug session. Unless overridden. the PowerCenter Server uses multiple threads to process that pipeline. Based on the aggregate type of the variable. it saves a final current value to the repository. The session runs in debug mode and is configured to discard session output. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a datatype compatible with the datatype of the variable. it uses the saved value as the initial value of the variable for the next session run. At the end of a successful session. The SETVARIABLE function executes only if a row is marked as insert or update. Use SETVARIABLE in the following transformations: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Expression Filter Router Update Strategy The PowerCenter Server does not save the final value of a mapping variable to the repository when any of the following conditions are true: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ The session fails to complete. If you use this function more than once for the same variable.SETVARIABLE Availability: Designer Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. SETVARIABLE 175 . The value you want to set the current value of the variable to. The session is configured for a test load. You should use SetVariable function only once for each mapping variable in a pipeline. Required. Name of the mapping variable you want to set. Use with mapping variables with Max/Min aggregation type. value ) Argument $$Variable value Meaning Required. When you create multiple partitions in a pipeline. see “Mapping Parameters and Variables” in the Designer Guide. the current value of a mapping variable may have indeterministic results. the PowerCenter Server compares the final current value of the variable to the start value of the variable. SETVARIABLE ignores all other row types and the current value remains unchanged. Syntax SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the specified value.

The next time the session runs. the PowerCenter Server saves “10/10/2000 01:34:37” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Time. TIMESTAMP) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 TOTAL 534. 176 Chapter 6: Functions . the PowerCenter Server saves “10/01/2000 12:40:31” to the repository as the last evaluated current value for $$Timestamp.01 97.43 323.50 116. SYSDATE) TRANSACTION 0100002 0100003 0100004 0100005 0100006 TOTAL 534.95 SET_$$TIMESTAMP 10/01/2000 12:01:01 10/01/2000 12:10:22 10/01/2000 12:16:45 10/01/2000 12:23:10 10/01/2000 12:40:31 At the end of the session. the PowerCenter Server evaluates the initial value of $$Timestamp to “10/01/2000 12:40:31”. When value is NULL the PowerCenter Server returns the current value of $$Variable. the PowerCenter Server evaluates all references to $$Time to “10/10/2000 01:34:37”. The following expression sets the mapping variable $$Timestamp to the timestamp associated with the row and returns the timestamp to the SET_$$TIMESTAMP port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.Return Value Current value of the variable. Example The following expression sets a mapping variable $$Time to the system date at the time the PowerCenter Server evaluates the row and returns the system date to the SET_$$TIME port: SETVARIABLE ($$Time.95 SET_$$TIME 10/10/2000 01:34:33 10/10/2000 01:34:34 10/10/2000 01:34:35 10/10/2000 01:34:36 10/10/2000 01:34:37 At the end of the session. The next time the session runs.43 323.23 699.23 699.50 116.01 97.

SIGN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns whether a numeric value is positive. 1 for positive values. Example The following expression tells you if the SALES port includes any negative values: SIGN( SALES ) SALES 100 -25. Return Value -1 for negative values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. 0 for 0. Passes the values you want to evaluate. negative. NULL if NULL. Numeric value. or 0.99 0 NULL RETURN VALUE 1 -1 0 NULL SIGN 177 . Syntax SIGN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.

Return Value Double value. You can also use operators to convert a numeric value to radians or perform arithmetic within the SIN calculation.0871557427476639 0. Syntax SIN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. For example: SIN( ARCS * 3.309016994374967 0. Numeric datatype. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the sine.14159265359 / 180 ) DEGREES 0 90 70 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 0 1 0.50000000000003 0. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). You can enter any valid transformation expression. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.14159265359 / 180 ) 178 Chapter 6: Functions .939692620785936 0.999847695156393 NULL You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SIN before the function calculates the sine.SIN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the sine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Example The following expression converts the values in the Degrees port to radians and then calculates the sine for each radian: SIN( DEGREES * 3.

SINH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic sine of the numeric value.35188478309993 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SINH before the function calculates the hyperbolic sine.ARCS / 180 ) SINH 179 . Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).0 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.1752011936438 9. Passes the values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic sine. Numeric datatype. For example: SINH( MEASURES.0 2. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic sine for the values in the Angles port: SINH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 1.03225804884884 19.897 3.45 0 0. Syntax SINH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value.376934801486 0.66 5.4178051793031 116.

P. SOUNDEX(‘J’) returns ‘J000’. SOUNDEX encodes the first occurrence and skips the remaining occurrences in the set. For example. S. T L M. SOUNDEX encodes characters according to the following list of rules: ♦ ♦ Uses the first character in string as the first character in the return value. I. For example. N R ♦ ♦ Skips the characters A. J. O. and W unless one of them is the first character in string. Q. F. U. and encodes it in uppercase. For example SOUNDEX(‘A123’) returns ‘A000’ and SOUNDEX(‘MAeiouhwC’) returns ‘M000’. SOUNDEX(‘AbbpdMN’) returns ‘A135’. both SOUNDEX(‘JohnRB’) and SOUNDEX(‘JohnRBCD’) return ‘J561’. Z D. SOUNDEX Encoding Guidelines for Consonants Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 Consonant B. For example. G. SOUNDEX works for characters in the English alphabet (A-Z). Encodes the first three unique consonants following the first character in string and ignores the rest. Table 6-2 lists SOUNDEX encoding guidelines for consonants: Table 6-2. If string encodes to less than four characters. For example. both SOUNDEX(‘Joh12n’) and SOUNDEX(‘1John’) return ‘J500’. SOUNDEX pads the resulting string with zeroes. X. Assigns a single code to consonants that sound alike. K. For example. H. If string contains a set of consecutive consonants that use the same code listed in Table 6-2 on page 180. E. ♦ ♦ ♦ 180 Chapter 6: Functions . Skips numbers in string. It uses the first character of the input string as the first character in the return value and encodes the remaining three unique consonants as numbers. both SOUNDEX(‘John’) and SOUNDEX(‘john’) return ‘J500’.SOUNDEX Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Encodes a string value into a four-character string. V C.

♦ Returns NULL if string is NULL. No character in string is a letter of the English alphabet. Syntax SOUNDEX( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. NULL if one of the following conditions is true: ♦ ♦ ♦ If value passed to the function is NULL. or if all the characters in string are not letters of the English alphabet. Example The following expression encodes the values in the EMPLOYEE_NAME port: SOUNDEX( EMPLOYEE_NAME ) EMPLOYEE_NAME John William jane joh12n 1abc NULL Return Value J500 W450 J500 J500 A120 NULL SOUNDEX 181 . string is empty. Return Value String. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Must be a character string. Passes the string value you want to encode.

182 Chapter 6: Functions .54 RETURN VALUE 10 Error.78074546557076 The value -100 results in an error during the session. Example The following expression returns the square root for the values in the Numbers port: SQRT( NUMBERS ) NUMBERS 100 -100 NULL 60. the PowerCenter Server displays a Transformation Evaluation Error and does not write the row. since the function SQRT only evaluates positive numeric values.SQRT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the square root of a non-negative numeric value. NULL 7. If you pass a negative value or character value. PowerCenter Server does not write row. You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SQRT before the function calculates the square root. Return Value Double value. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a square root. Positive numeric value. Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

or NULL. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL.STDDEV Availability: Designer Returns the standard deviation of the numeric values you pass to this function. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. STDDEV is one of several aggregate functions. STDDEV returns NULL. Note: By default. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). when you configure the PowerCenter Server. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Limits the rows in the search. if all values are NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. STDDEV ignores it. or if no rows are selected (for example. STDDEV is used to analyze statistical data. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. You can nest only one other aggregate function within STDDEV. STDDEV 183 . You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. For more information. However. Numeric datatypes. the function returns NULL. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide.filter_condition] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Optional. You can enter any valid transformation expression. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. However. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. FALSE. Nulls If a single value is NULL. This function passes the values for which you want to calculate a standard deviation or the results of a function. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. You can use operators to average values in different ports. Syntax STDDEV( numeric_value [.

0 RETURN VALUE: 0 The return value is zero because each row contains the same number (no standard deviation exists).88 3001.0 153.90 2256.60361129688 The function does not include the values 1010. Example The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows greater than $2000. the return value is zero.88 in the calculation because the filter_condition specifies sales greater than $2.0 2198.0 1010.0 NULL 8953.90 and 153. returning one result for each group. SALES > 2000. returning one value.00 in the TOTAL_SALES port: STDDEV( SALES.0 RETURN VALUE: 3254.0 2198. 184 Chapter 6: Functions .Group By STDDEV groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.000.0 2198. The following expression calculates the standard deviation of all rows in the SALES port: STDDEV(SALES) SALES 2198.00 ) SALES 2198. If there is no group by port. If there is no standard deviation. STDDEV treats all rows as one group.

If the start position is zero. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function rounds it to the nearest integer value. SUBSTR counts all characters. If you pass a numeric value. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the end of the string. If the start position is a positive number. SUBSTR locates the start position by counting from the beginning of the string. Must be a character string. Syntax SUBSTR( string.SUBSTR Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns a portion of a string. start length Return Value String. Passes the strings you want to search. start [. If the start position is a negative number. The position in the string where you want to start counting. Must be an integer. The number of characters you want SUBSTR to return. including blanks. SUBSTR returns all of the characters from the start position to the end of the string. Optional.length] ) Argument string Meaning Required. SUBSTR searches from the first character in the string. Must be an integer greater than zero. starting at the beginning of the string. If you omit the length argument. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Empty string if you pass a negative or zero length value. If you pass a negative integer or zero. If you pass a decimal. the function returns an empty string. the function converts it to a character string. SUBSTR 185 . You can enter any valid transformation expression. Required.

3 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555 555 687 NULL You can nest INSTR in the start or length argument to search for a specific string and return its position. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-0269 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL SUBSTR( PHONE. 1. 0. -8.Example The following expressions return the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. 8 ) PHONE 808-555-0269 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 555-0269 555-3915 687-6708 NULL You can also pass a negative start value to return the phone number for each row in the Phone port. 3 ) PHONE 809-555-3915 357-687-6708 NULL RETURN VALUE 809 357 NULL The following expressions return the phone number without the area code for each row in the Phone port: SUBSTR( PHONE. The expression still reads the source string from left to right when returning the result of the length argument: SUBSTR( PHONE. 5. 186 Chapter 6: Functions .

starting from the end of the string. '#')+1 ) When the length argument is longer than the string. INSTR(CUST_ID. For example: SUBSTR('abcd'. 2. 8) returns ‘cd’.' ' . INSTR(CUST_ID.1 ) .The following expression evaluates a string.-1. '#')-1 ) || SUBSTR( CUST_ID. 1. The expression finds the last (right-most) space in the string and then returns all characters preceding it: SUBSTR( CUST_NAME. -2. SUBSTR 187 .1 ) CUST_NAME PATRICIA JONES MARY ELLEN SHAH RETURN VALUE PATRICIA MARY ELLEN The following expression strips out the character '#' from a string: SUBSTR( CUST_ID. SUBSTR returns all the characters from the start position to the end of the string.INSTR( CUST_NAME.1. 8) returns ‘bcd’ and SUBSTR('abcd'.

You can use operators to add values in different ports. Numeric datatype. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Syntax SUM( numeric_value [. SUM is one of several aggregate functions. However. the filter condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). when you configure the PowerCenter Server. Nulls If a single value is NULL. You can nest only one other aggregate function within SUM.SUM Availability: Designer Returns the sum of all values in the selected port. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLS in aggregate functions. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. You can enter any valid transformation expression. see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. if all values passed from the port are NULL. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. the function returns NULL. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Note: By default. 188 Chapter 6: Functions . or if no rows are selected (for example. You can enter any valid transformation expression. SUM returns NULL. or NULL. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. filter_condition Return Value Numeric value. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL. you can apply a filter to limit the rows you read to calculate the total. SUM ignores it. Passes the values you want to add. For more information. Optionally. Limits the rows in the search. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. However. FALSE. Optional. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions.

0 RETURN VALUE: 10477. Example The following expression returns the sum of all values greater than 2000 in the Sales port: SUM( SALES. SUM treats all rows as one group.Group By SUM groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation. If there is no group by port. For example: SUM( QTY * PRICE . SALES > 2000 ) SALES 2500.0 1900.DISCOUNT ) SUM 189 .0 4519.0 NULL 3458.0 1200.0 Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to SUM before the function calculates the total. returning one result for each group. returning one value.

14159 / 180 ) DEGREES 70 50 30 5 18 89 NULL RETURN VALUE 2.577350269189672 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180). You can enter any valid transformation expression. Syntax TAN( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype.324919696232929 57. Return Value Double value.0874886635259298 0.TAN Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).74747741945531 1. Example The following expression returns the tangent for all values in the Degrees port: TAN( DEGREES * 3.2899616310952 NULL 190 Chapter 6: Functions .19175359259435 0. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the tangent.

Numeric data expressed in radians (degrees multiplied by pi divided by 180).45 0 0. You can enter any valid transformation expression.TANH Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the numeric value passed to this function.998676551914886 0.999963084213409 0.897 3. Numeric datatype. Return Value Double value.761594155955765 0. Syntax TANH( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required.993926947790665 0.0 2.66 5. Example The following expression returns the hyperbolic tangent for the values in the Angles port: TANH( ANGLES ) ANGLES 1. Passes the numeric values for which you want to calculate the hyperbolic tangent.331933853503641 NULL Tip You can perform arithmetic on the values passed to TANH before the function calculates the hyperbolic tangent.345 NULL RETURN VALUE 0. For example: TANH( ARCS / 360 ) TANH 191 .0 0. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

Syntax TO_CHAR( date [. Passes the date values you want to convert to character strings. Date/Time datatype. Return Value String. If you omit the format string. Example The following expression converts the dates in the DATE_PROMISED port to text in the format MON DD YYYY: TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED. Enter a valid TO_CHAR format string. TO_CHAR also converts numeric values to strings. 'MON DD YYYY' ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Apr 01 1998' 'Feb 22 1998' 'Oct 24 1998' NULL 192 Chapter 6: Functions . You can convert the date into any format using the TO_CHAR format strings. You can enter any valid transformation expression. the function returns a string based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.TO_CHAR (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts dates to character strings. Optional. not the format for the values in the date argument. The format string defines the format of the return value.

If you omit the format_string argument, TO_CHAR returns a string in the default date format:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED ) DATE_PROMISED Apr 1 1998 12:00:10AM Feb 22 1998 01:31:10PM Oct 24 1998 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '04/01/1997 00:00:01' '02/22/1997 13:31:10' '10/24/1997 14:12:30' NULL

The following expressions return the day of the week for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'D' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '3' '7' '6' NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DAY' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 'Tuesday' 'Saturday' 'Friday' NULL

The following expression returns the day of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '01' '22' '24' NULL

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193

The following expression returns the day of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'DDD' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE '091' '053' '297' NULL

The following expressions return the hour of the day for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH' ) TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH12' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '12' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '01' 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM '02' NULL NULL TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'HH24' ) DATE_PROMISED RETURN VALUE

04-01-1997 12:00:10AM '00' 02-22-1997 01:31:10PM '13' 10-24-1997 11:12:30PM '23' NULL NULL

The following expression converts date values to MJD values expressed as strings:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'J') SHIP_DATE Dec 31 1999 03:59:59PM Jan 1 1900 01:02:03AM RETURN_VALUE 2451544 2415021

The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/RR’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

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You can also use the format string SSSSS in a TO_CHAR expression. For example, the following expression converts the dates in the SHIP_DATE port to strings representing the total seconds since midnight:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, 'SSSSS') SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM RETURN_VALUE 3783 86399

In TO_CHAR expressions, the YY format string produces the same results as the RR format string. The following expression converts dates to strings in the format MM/DD/YY:
TO_CHAR( SHIP_DATE, ‘MM/DD/YY’) SHIP_DATE 12/31/1999 01:02:03AM 09/15/1996 03:59:59PM 05/17/2003 12:13:14AM RETURN_VALUE 12/31/99 09/15/96 05/17/03

The following expression returns the week of the month for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'W' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10AM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30PM NULL RETURN VALUE 01' 04' 04' NULL

The following expression returns the week of the year for each date in a port:
TO_CHAR( DATE_PROMISED, 'WW' ) DATE_PROMISED 04-01-1997 12:00:10PM 02-22-1997 01:31:10AM 10-24-1997 02:12:30AM NULL RETURN VALUE '18' '08' '43' NULL

Tip
You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as:
TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month, ‘MM’ ), ‘MONTH’ )

TO_CHAR (Dates)

195

TO_CHAR (Numbers)
Availability: Designer Workflow Manager

Converts numeric values to text strings. TO_CHAR also converts dates to strings. TO_CHAR converts numeric values to text strings as follows:

Converts double values to strings of up to 16 digits, with accuracy up to 15 digits. If you pass a number with more than 15 digits, TO_CHAR rounds the number to the sixteenth digit. Returns decimal notation for numbers in the ranges (-1e16,-1e-16] and [1e-16, 1e16). TO_CHAR returns scientific notation for numbers outside these ranges.

Figure 6-1 illustrates that when TO_CHAR converts numbers to strings, it returns scientific notation for all numbers that fall along the bold line. It returns all other numbers in decimal notation.
Figure 6-1. Ranges for TO_CHAR Notation
scientific notation scientific notation scientific notation

-∞

]
-1e16

(
-1e-16

)
0
1e-16

[
1e16

Note: The PowerCenter Server converts the values 1e-16 and -1e16 to scientific notation, but

returns the values 1e-16 and -1e-16 in decimal notation.

Syntax
TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. Numeric datatype. The numeric value you want to convert to a string. You can enter any valid transformation expression.

Return Value
String. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

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Example
The following expression converts the values in the SALES port to text:
TO_CHAR( SALES ) SALES 1010.99 -15.62567 10842764968208837340 1.234567890123456789e-10 1.23456789012345e17 0 33.15 NULL RETURN VALUE ‘1010.99’ ‘-15.62567’ ‘1.084276496820884e+019’

(rounded to 16th digit)

‘0.0000000001234567890123457’ (greater than 1e-16 but less than 1e16) ‘1.23456789012345e17’ ‘0’ ‘33.15’ NULL

(greater than 1e16)

TO_CHAR (Numbers)

197

You use the TO_DATE format strings to specify the exact format of the source strings.TO_DATE Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. If you omit the format string. The output port must be date/time for TO_DATE expressions. Passes the values that you want to convert to dates. Optional. format] ) Argument string format Meaning Required. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. TO_DATE always returns a date and time. the PowerCenter Server might return inaccurate values or skip the record. NULL if you pass a null value to this function. Syntax TO_DATE( string [. If you are converting two-digit years with TO_DATE. see “Requirements” on page 44. Warning: The format of the TO_DATE string must exactly match the format string including any date separators. Must be a string datatype. the string value must be in the default date of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. The format string must match the parts of the string argument exactly. if you pass the string 'Mar 15 1998 12:43:10AM'. You can map the results of this function to any target column with a date datatype. you must use the format string 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM'. For details on the TO_DATE format string. For example. Do not use the YYYY format string. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Return Value Date. If it does not. Enter a valid TO_DATE format string. use either the RR or YY format string. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. 198 Chapter 6: Functions .

TO_DATE 199 . TO_DATE always returns a date and time. If you pass a string that does not have a time value. NULL The following expression converts strings in the SHIP_DATE_MJD_STRING port to date values in the default date format: TO_DATE (SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR. PowerCenter Server skips this row. the century will be 19. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. 'MM/DD/YY' ) DATE_PROMISED '01/22/98' '05/03/98' '11/10/98' '10/19/98' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 00:00:00 May 3 1998 00:00:00 Nov 10 1998 00:00:00 Oct 19 1998 00:00:00 NULL The following expression returns date and time values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. 'J') SHIP_DATE_MJD_STR ‘2451544’ ‘2415021’ RETURN_VALUE Dec 31 1999 00:00:00 Jan 1 1900 00:00:00 Because the J format string does not include the time portion of a date. If you run a session in the twentieth century. The current year on the machine running the PowerCenter Server is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_PROMISED. 'MON DD YYYY HH12:MI:SSAM' ) DATE_PROMISED 'Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM' 'Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM' 'Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM' 'October 19 1998 ' NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 22 1998 02:14:56PM Mar 15 1998 11:11:11AM Jun 18 1998 10:10:10PM Error. the return values have the time set to 00:00:00. the PowerCenter Server returns an error. If you run a session in the twentieth century. the date returned always includes the time 00:00:00. the century will be 19.Example The following expression returns date values for the strings in the DATE_PROMISED port. If you pass a string that does not have a time value.

The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/YYY’) DATE_STR RETURN VALUE ‘04/01/998’ 04/01/1998 00:00:00 ‘08/17/995’ 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts strings that includes the seconds since midnight to date values: TO_DATE( DATE_STR.The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. 'MM/DD/YYYY SSSSS') DATE_STR ‘12/31/1999 3783’ ‘09/15/1996 86399’ RETURN_VALUE 12/31/1999 01:02:03 09/15/1996 23:59:59 200 Chapter 6: Functions . The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. The current year is 1998: TO_DATE( DATE_STR. ‘MM/DD/Y’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/8’ ‘08/17/5’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1995 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format. RR returns the year 2005 and YY returns the year 1905. ‘MM/DD/YY’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/1905 00:00:00 Note: For the second row. ‘MM/DD/RR’) DATE_STR ‘04/01/98’ ‘08/17/05’ RETURN VALUE 04/01/1998 00:00:00 08/17/2005 00:00:00 The following expression converts a string into a four-digit year format.

convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. if true. convert to date IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test second format.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ).‘MON DD YYYY’).‘MM/DD/YYYY’ ). ‘MM’ ). convert to date TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --if true. TO_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. ‘MON DD YYYY’). --test first format IS_DATE( CLOSE_DATE. --test third format. you can use TO_DATE and IS_DATE with the DECODE function to test for acceptable formats. For example: DECODE( TRUE.‘MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS’ ).‘MM/DD/YYYY’).If your target accepts different date formats. ‘MONTH’ ) TO_DATE 201 . --if none of the above ERROR( ‘NOT A VALID DATE’) ) You can combine TO_CHAR and TO_DATE to convert a numeric value for a month into the text value for a month using a function such as: TO_CHAR( TO_DATE( numeric_month. if true.

Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Syntax TO_DECIMAL( value [. Return Value Decimal of precision and scale between 0 and 28. The datatype is decimal with precision of 10 and scale of 3: TO_DECIMAL( IN_TAX.TO_DECIMAL Availability: Designer Converts a string or numeric value to a decimal value. inclusive.679 60.3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.348 NULL 0 202 Chapter 6: Functions . If you omit this argument. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX. scale] ) Argument value scale Meaning Required. You can enter any valid transformation expression.348' NULL 'A12. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. the function returns a value with the same scale as the input value. Specifies the number of digits allowed after the decimal point.2' '118.200 118. Must be an integer literal between 0 and 28.6789' '60. TO_DECIMAL ignores leading spaces. Zero if the value in the selected port is an empty string or a non-numeric character. 3 ) IN_TAX '15. Passes the values you want to convert to decimals. inclusive. Optional.

6789' '60. NULL if a value passed to this function is NULL. Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Argument value Meaning Required. Return Value Double value.6789 60.348' NULL 'A12.2' '118. Must be a string or numeric datatype. Example This expression uses values from the port IN_TAX: TO_FLOAT( IN_TAX ) IN_TAX '15. TO_FLOAT ignores leading spaces. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Passes the values you want to convert to double values.348 NULL 0 TO_FLOAT 203 .3Grove' RETURN VALUE 15.2 118.TO_FLOAT Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). Zero if the value in the port is blank or a non-numeric character.

TRUE ) IN_TAX '15. TO_INTEGER rounds the value to the nearest integer when the flag is FALSE or zero.6789’ ‘-15.6789' '60. Example The following expressions use values from the port IN_TAX: TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX. Specifies whether to truncate or round the decimal portion.2' '118. You can enter any valid transformation expression. TO_INTEGER syntax contains an optional argument that allows you to choose to round the number to the nearest integer or truncate the decimal portion.87’ RETURN VALUE 15 60 118 NULL 0 123 -15 -15 ‘-15. Syntax TO_INTEGER( value [. flag] ) Argument value flag Meaning Required. or the constants TRUE or FALSE.348' NULL 'A12.3Grove' ‘ 123. Zero if the value passed to the function contains alphanumeric characters.TO_INTEGER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts a string or numeric value to an integer. String or numeric datatype. NULL if the value passed to the function is NULL. TO_INTEGER truncates the decimal portion when the flag is TRUE or a non-zero number. Passes the value you want to convert to an integer.23’ 204 Chapter 6: Functions . Optional. or if you omit this argument. TO_INTEGER ignores leading spaces. Return Value ♦ ♦ ♦ Integer. The flag must be an integer literal.

TO_INTEGER( IN_TAX.23’ TO_INTEGER 205 .6789’ ‘-15.3Grove' ‘ 123.348' NULL 'A12. FALSE) IN_TAX '15.6789' '60.2' '118.87’ RETURN VALUE 16 60 118 NULL 0 124 -16 -15 ‘-15.

For example. You can also use TRUNC to truncate numbers. 'DD') returns 6/ 13/1997 00:00:00. If you truncate the month portion of a date. For example. Minute. The format string is not case-sensitive. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Syntax TRUNC( date [. If you omit the format string. and TRUNC(12/13/1997 22:30:45. the function returns Jan 1 of the input year with the time set to 00:00:00. and TRUNC(12/1/1997 3:10:15.format] ) Argument date format Meaning Required. the function returns the date with the minutes and seconds set to zero. If you truncate the minute portion of a date. and TRUNC(4/1/1997 13:39:00. You can truncate the following date parts: ♦ Year. Optional. 'HH') returns 4/1/ 1997 13:00:00. For example. 206 Chapter 6: Functions . month. or minute. the expression TRUNC(4/15/1997 12:15:00. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:18:00. If you truncate the year portion of the date. 'MM') returns 4/1/1997 00:00:00. Day. and TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:18:30. the function returns the date with the seconds set to zero. hour. the function returns the first day of the month with the time set to 00:00:00. the function returns the date with the time set to 00:00:00. Date/Time datatype. Month. and TRUNC(4/30/1997 3:15:46. 'MI') returns 5/22/1997 10:15:00. 'DD') returns 12/13/1997 00:00:00.TRUNC (Dates) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates dates to a specific year. For example. If you truncate the day portion of a date. the expression TRUNC(6/13/1997 2:30:45. the expression TRUNC(6/30/1997 2:30:55. the expression TRUNC(4/1/1997 11:29:35. the function truncates the time portion of the date. day. For example. Hour. If you truncate the hour portion of a date. Enter a valid format string. the expression TRUNC(5/22/1997 10:15:29. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a date. setting it to 00:00:00. 'YY') returns 1/1/1997 00:00:00. 'HH') returns 4/1/1997 11:00:00. The date values you want to truncate.

'Y' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MM' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYYY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the month portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'YYY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MON' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MONTH' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 1 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 1 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 1 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 1 1998 12:00:00AM NULL TRUNC (Dates) 207 . 'YY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.Return Value Date. Example The following expressions truncate the year portion of dates in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL.

'DDD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'MI' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:10:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:00PM NULL 208 Chapter 6: Functions . 'HH' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DY' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DD' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.The following expressions truncate the day portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH12' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'DAY' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:30AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 12:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 12:00:00AM Jun 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 12:00:00AM Dec 31 1998 12:00:00AM NULL The following expressions truncate the hour portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'HH24' ) DATE_SHIPPED Jan 15 1998 2:10:31AM Apr 19 1998 1:31:20PM Jun 20 1998 3:50:04AM Dec 20 1998 3:29:55PM Dec 31 1998 11:59:59PM NULL RETURN VALUE Jan 15 1998 2:00:00AM Apr 19 1998 1:00:00PM Jun 20 1998 3:00:00AM Dec 20 1998 3:00:00PM Dec 31 1998 11:00:00AM NULL The following expression truncates the minute portion of each date in the DATE_SHIPPED port: TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED. 'D' ) TRUNC( DATE_SHIPPED.

TRUNC returns numeric_value with the number of decimal places specified by precision. You can also use TRUNC to truncate dates. If you omit the precision argument. precision If precision is a positive integer. NULL if one of the arguments is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to a Numeric datatype. If precision is a negative integer. You can enter any valid transformation expression that evaluates to an integer. Note: If the return value is decimal with precision greater than 15. precision] ) Argument numeric_value Meaning Required. TRUNC truncates the decimal portion of numeric_value and returns an integer. If you pass a decimal precision value.TRUNC (Numbers) Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Truncates numbers to a specific digit. The integer specifies the number of digits to truncate. the PowerCenter Server rounds numeric_value to the nearest integer before evaluating the expression. Passes the values you want to truncate. Numeric datatype. TRUNC changes the specified digits to the left of the decimal point to zeros. you can enable high precision in the session properties to ensure decimal precision up to 28 digits. Return Value Numeric value. Syntax TRUNC( numeric_value [. Can be a positive or negative integer. Optional. TRUNC (Numbers) 209 .

99 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.99 -187.0 NULL TRUNC( PRICE ) PRICE 12.8652 56.9995 -18.95 15.0 -180.95 1235.99 -18.956 15. -1 ) PRICE 12.0 50.865 56.Example The following expressions truncate the values in the Price port: TRUNC( PRICE.99 NULL RETURN VALUE 10.992 NULL TRUNC( PRICE.9928 NULL RETURN VALUE 12.86 56.0 56.0 NULL 210 Chapter 6: Functions .999 -18.0 -18. 3 ) PRICE 12.0 1230.9563 15.99 56.0 15.

String datatype.UPPER Availability: Designer Workflow Manager Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. Syntax UPPER( string ) Argument string Meaning Required. the return value depends on the code page and data movement mode of the PowerCenter Server. Passes the values you want to change to uppercase text. NULL if a value passed to the function is NULL. You can enter any valid transformation expression. Example The following expression changes all names in the FIRST_NAME port to uppercase: UPPER( FIRST_NAME ) FIRST_NAME Ramona NULL THOMAS PierRe Bernice RETURN VALUE RAMONA NULL THOMAS PIERRE BERNICE UPPER 211 . Return Value Uppercase string. If your data contains multibyte characters.

see “Aggregate Functions” on page 50. Numeric datatype. Formula The function uses the following formula to calculate the variance: where: ♦ ♦ xi is one of the numeric values. You use aggregate functions in Aggregator transformations only. NULL if all values passed to the function are NULL. Limits the rows in the search. You can enter any valid transformation expression.VARIANCE Availability: Designer Returns the variance of a value you pass to it. the filter_condition evaluates to FALSE or NULL for all rows). Optional. 212 Chapter 6: Functions . If n is 1. For more information. the variance is 0. VARIANCE is one of several aggregate functions. Syntax VARIANCE( numeric_value [. n is the number of elements in the set of numeric values. VARIANCE is used to analyze statistical data. You can enter any valid transformation expression. You can nest only one other aggregate function within VARIANCE. The filter condition must be a numeric value or evaluate to TRUE. Return Value Double value. filter_condition ] ) Argument numeric_value filter_condition Meaning Required. or NULL. FALSE. Passes the values for which you want to calculate a variance. and the nested function must return a Numeric datatype. or if no rows are selected (for example.

or if no rows are selected.0 NULL 8953. For more information on configuring the PowerCenter Server. Note: By default. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. If there is not a group by port. returning one result for each group. see “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on UNIX” or “Installing and Configuring the PowerCenter Server on Windows” in the Installation and Configuration Guide. If you pass an entire port or group of null values. Group By VARIANCE groups values based on group by ports you define in the transformation.0 RETURN VALUE: 10592444. VARIANCE returns NULL. returning one value. if all values passed to the function are NULL. VARIANCE treats all rows as one group. when you configure the PowerCenter Server. However. Example The following expression calculates the variance of all rows in the TOTAL_SALES port: VARIANCE( TOTAL_SALES ) TOTAL_SALES 2198.Nulls If a single value is NULL. returning one value. However. you can choose how you want to handle null values in aggregate functions. the PowerCenter Server treats null values as NULLs in aggregate functions.6666667 VARIANCE 213 . the function returns NULL. If there is no group by port.0 2256. You can treat null values as zero in aggregate functions or as NULL.0 3001. VARIANCE ignores it.

214 Chapter 6: Functions .

225 Special Functions. see “Functions” on page 49. 217 Conversion Functions. 227 Variable Functions. 219 Data Cleansing Functions. 220 Date Functions. 228 For details on each function. 216 Character Functions. 215 . 222 Numeric Functions.Appendix A Function Quick Reference This appendix provides a quick reference for all the functions available in PowerCenter. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Aggregate Functions. 223 Scientific Functions. 226 Test Functions.

Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Returns the maximum value. Available in the Designer. Returns the last record in a group. percentile [. filter_condition ] ) SUM( numeric_value [. Returns the standard deviation for a group. filter_condition ] ) MAX( value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the number of records with non-null value. FIRST LAST MAX MEDIAN MIN PERCENTILE STDDEV SUM VARIANCE 216 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . or latest date. filter_condition ] ) or COUNT( * [.Aggregate Functions Function AVG COUNT Syntax AVG( numeric_value [. filter_condition ] ) COUNT( value [. Returns the first record in a group. in a group. filter_condition ] ) LAST( value [. Calculates the value that falls at a given percentile in a group of numbers. filter_condition ] ) PERCENTILE( numeric_value. filter_condition ] ) MIN( value [. filter_condition ] ) VARIANCE( numeric_value [. found in a group. Available in the Designer. Returns the sum of all records in a group. filter_condition ] ) FIRST( value [. filter_condition ] ) STDDEV( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer. Returns the median of all values in a selected port. Returns the minimum value. filter_condition ] ) Description Returns the average of all values in a group. Available in the Designer. or earliest date. Available in the Designer. found in a group. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. filter_condition ] ) MEDIAN( numeric_value [. Returns the variance of all records in a group.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. In Unicode mode. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet. Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. CHR CHR( numeric_value ) CHRCODE CHRCODE ( string ) CONCAT INITCAP CONCAT( first_string. NewChar ) Character Functions 217 . it will still work correctly. trim_set ] ) REPLACECHR REPLACECHR( InputString. second_string ) INITCAP( string ) INSTR INSTR( string. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Returns the number of characters in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.Character Functions Function ASCII Syntax ASCII ( string ) Description In ASCII mode. Returns the ASCII or Unicode character corresponding to the specified numeric value. This function is identical in behavior to the ASCII function. counting from left to right. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Concatenates two strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. This function is identical in behavior to the CHRCODE function. Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. occurrence ] ] ) LENGTH LENGTH( string ) LOWER LPAD LOWER( string ) LPAD( first_string. Converts uppercase string characters to lowercase. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. start [. length [. Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a string and converts all other letters to lowercase. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. to set a string to a specified length. If you use the ASCII function in existing expressions. In Unicode mode. search_value [. returns the numeric Unicode value of the first character of the string passed to the function. Adds a set of blanks or characters to the beginning of a string. Informatica recommends using the CHRCODE function instead of the ASCII function to create new expressions. second_string ] ) LTRIM LTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. however. returns the numeric ASCII value of the first character of the string passed to the function. including trailing blanks. In ASCII mode.

. OldString1... Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length ] ) UPPER( string ) 218 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .Function REPLACESTR Syntax REPLACESTR ( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. length [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. second_string ] ) Description Replaces characters in a string with a single character. OldStringN. trim_set ] ) SUBSTR( string. Converts lowercase string characters to uppercase. [OldString2. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a string to a specified length by adding blanks or characters to the end of the string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. RPAD RTRIM SUBSTR UPPER RTRIM( string [. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string.] NewString ) RPAD( first_string. or no character.

format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. TO_DECIMAL TO_FLOAT TO_DECIMAL( value [. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. Available in the Designer.Conversion Functions Function TO_CHAR TO_DATE Syntax TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. format ] ) Description Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype). scale ] ) TO_FLOAT( value ) TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Conversion Functions 219 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts numeric values and dates to text strings. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) TO_DATE( string [. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Converts any value (except binary) to a decimal. Returns a portion of a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces. start [.Data Cleansing Functions Function INSTR IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL LTRIM METAPHONE Syntax INSTR( string. scale ] ) 220 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Removes blanks or characters from the beginning of a string. Removes blanks or characters from the end of a string. length ] ) TO_CHAR( numeric_value ) TO_CHAR( date [. OldString1. counting from left to right. OldStringN. Encodes characters of the English language alphabet (A-Z). format ] ) RTRIM SOUNDEX SUBSTR TO_CHAR TO_DATE TO_DECIMAL TO_DECIMAL( value [. trim_set ] ) SOUNDEX( string ) SUBSTR( string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. search_value [. Replaces characters in a string with a single character. multiple characters. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. OldCharSet.] NewString ) RTRIM( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. It encodes both uppercase and lowercase letters in uppercase. or no character.. occurrence ] ] ) IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) LTRIM( string [. Encodes a string value into a four-character string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. . Converts a character string to a date datatype in the same format as the character string. NewChar ) REPLACESTR ( InputString. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Replaces characters in a string with a single character or no character. trim_set ] ) METAPHONE( string [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.length] ) Description Returns the position of a character set in a string. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. start [. Available in the Designer. [OldString2.. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a value is NULL. REPLACECHR REPLACESTR REPLACECHR( InputString.

Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Converts any value (except binary) to an integer by rounding the decimal portion of a value. TO_INTEGER TO_INTEGER( value ) Data Cleansing Functions 221 .Function TO_FLOAT Syntax TO_FLOAT( value ) Description Converts any value (except binary) to a double-precision floating point number (the Double datatype).

Truncates dates to a specific year. Returns the date of the last day of the month for each date in a port. filter_condition ) MIN( date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) 222 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ) ROUND( date [. format. Note: If you do not specify the year as YYYY. Returns the earliest date found in a group. the PowerCenter Server assumes the date is in the current century. days. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. measured in the specified increment (years. Returns a value indicating the earlier of two dates. Returns the length of time between two dates. hours. format ) LAST_DAY MAX MIN ROUND SET_DATE_PART TRUNC LAST_DAY( date ) MAX( date. date2 ) DATE_DIFF( date1. day. months. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. format. Rounds one part of a date. date2. minutes. and returns a date in the same format as the specified date. value ) TRUNC( date [. Returns the latest date found in a group. or seconds). Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. format ] ) SET_DATE_PART( date. format ) GET_DATE_PART GET_DATE_PART( date. amount ) Description Adds a specified amount to one part of a date/time value.Date Functions Function ADD_TO_DATE Syntax ADD_TO_DATE( date. Sets one part of a date/time value to a specified value. hour. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. or minute. month. based on the default date format of MM/DD/YYYY HH24:MI:SS. Returns the specified part of a date as an integer value. DATE_COMPARE DATE_DIFF DATE_COMPARE( date1.

recordset [. Returns the logarithm of a numeric value. filter_condition ] ) MOVINGSUM( numeric_value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. negative. Returns the remainder of a division calculation. Rounds numbers to a specified digit. Returns the largest integer less than or equal to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. where e=2. Returns a running total of all numeric values. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. recordset [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. filter_condition ] ) POWER( base. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the specified numeric value. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.71828183. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. CEIL CEIL( numeric_value ) CUME EXP CUME( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. exponent ) ROUND SIGN ROUND( numeric_value [. Returns a value raised to the specified exponent. Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric value. Returns the average (record-by-record) of a specified set of records.Numeric Functions Function ABS Syntax ABS( numeric_value ) Description Returns the absolute value of a numeric value. or 0. Returns e raised to the specified power (exponent). precision ] ) SIGN( numeric_value ) Numeric Functions 223 . Available in the Designer. exponent ) MOD( numeric_value. Notes whether a numeric value is positive. Returns the sum (record-by-record) of a specified set of records. filter_condition ] ) EXP( exponent ) FLOOR FLOOR( numeric_value ) LN LN( numeric_value ) LOG MOD LOG( base. divisor ) MOVINGAVG MOVINGSUM POWER MOVINGAVG( numeric_value.

Truncates numbers to a specific digit. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. TRUNC TRUNC( numeric_value [. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. precision ]) 224 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference .Function SQRT Syntax SQRT( numeric_value ) Description Returns the square root of a positive numeric value.

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians).Scientific Functions Function COS COSH SIN SINH TAN TANH Syntax COS( numeric_value ) COSH( numeric_value ) SIN( numeric_value ) SINH( numeric_value ) TAN( numeric_value ) TANH( numeric_value ) Description Returns the cosine of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Scientific Functions 225 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns the hyperbolic sin of a numeric value (expressed in radians). Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

value2 [. based on the results of a condition. first_result [. Informatica recommends using the Lookup transformation. Searches a port for the specified value. search1.Special Functions Function ABORT DECODE ERROR Syntax ABORT( string ) DECODE( value. value2]… ) 226 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. first_search. Searches for a value in a lookup source column. IIF IIF( condition. value1 [. Available in the Designer. value2 ] ) LOOKUP LOOKUP( result. Causes the PowerCenter Server to skip a record and issue the specified error message. second_result ]…[. search2. second_search. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer. Returns one of two values you specify. default ] ) ERROR( string ) Description Stops the session and issues a specified error message.

Returns whether a value is NULL. Returns whether a value consists entirely of spaces.Test Functions Function IS_DATE IS_NUMBER IS_SPACES ISNULL Syntax IS_DATE( value ) IS_NUMBER( value ) IS_SPACES( value ) ISNULL( value ) Description Returns whether a value is a valid date. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Test Functions 227 . Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Returns whether a string is a valid number. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager. Available in the Designer and the Workflow Manager.

Returns the specified value. Available in the Designer. value ) SETVARIABLE SETVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value.Variable Functions Function SETCOUNTVARIABLE Syntax SETCOUNTVARIABLE( $$Variable ) Description Counts the rows evaluated by the function and increments the current value of a mapping based on the count. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the higher of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. value ) SETMINVARIABLE SETMINVARIABLE( $$Variable. Returns the new current value. Sets the current value of a mapping variable to a value you specify. value ) 228 Appendix A: Function Quick Reference . Sets the current value of a mapping variable to the lower of two values: the current value of the variable or the value specified. SETMAXVARIABLE SETMAXVARIABLE( $$Variable. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer. Available in the Designer.

52 PERCENTILE 143 STDDEV 183 SUM 188 VARIANCE 212 AND reserved word 10 arithmetic date/time values 47 arithmetic operators description 23 using strings in expressions 23 using to convert data 23 ASCII See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide CHR function 68 converting ASCII values 68 converting characters to ASCII values 63 converting to Unicode values 70 ASCII function description 63 average aggregate functions for determining 65 returning 139 AVG function description 65 C calendars date types supported 34 capitalization strings 99. 120.Index A ABORT function description 58 ABS function description 59 absolute values obtaining 59 ADD_TO_DATE function description 60 aggregate functions AVG 65 COUNT 76 description 50 FIRST 91 LAST 111 list of 216 MAX (dates) 125 MAX (numbers) 126 MEDIAN 128 MIN (dates) 133 MIN (numbers) 135 null values 18. 211 229 .

68 capitalization 99. 69 CHRCODE function description 70 comments adding to expressions 9 comparison operators description 25 using strings in expressions 25 CONCAT function description 72 inserting single quotes using 73 concatenating strings 24. 68. 120. 180 removing from strings 123. 70 CHR function description 68 inserting single quotes 6. 72 constants DD_INSERT 13 DD_REJECT 14 DD_UPDATE 15 definition 2 FALSE 16 NULL 17 TRUE 19 conversion functions description 53 summary 219 TO_CHAR (dates) 192 TO_CHAR (numbers) 196 TO_DATE 198 TO_DECIMAL 202 TO_FLOAT 203 TO_INTEGER 204 converting date strings 35 COS function description 74 COSH function description 75 cosine calculating 74 calculating hyperbolic cosine 75 COUNT function description 76 CUME function description 79 D data cleansing functions description 53 summary 220 datatypes Date/Time 34 date functions ADD_TO_DATE 60 DATE_COMPARE 81 DATE_DIFF 82 GET_DATE_PART 94 LAST_DAY 113 MAX (dates) 125 MIN (dates) 133 ROUND 154 230 Index . 211 counting 185 encoding 130.case converting to uppercase 211 CEIL function description 67 character functions ASCII 63 CHR 68 CHRCODE 70 CONCAT function 72 INITCAP 99 INSTR 100 LENGTH 115 list of 52 LOWER 120 LPAD 121 LTRIM 123 METAPHONE 130 REPLACECHR 148 REPLACESTR 151 RPAD 160 RTRIM 162 SOUNDEX 180 SUBSTR 185 summary 217 UPPER 211 character strings converting from dates 192 converting to dates 198 characters adding to strings 121. 162 replacing multiple 151 replacing one 148 returning number 115 Unicode characters 63. 160 ASCII characters 63.

SET_DATE_PART 166 summary 222 TRUNC (Dates) 206 date/time values adding 60 DATE_COMPARE function description 81 DATE_DIFF function description 82 dates See also date functions converting to character strings 192 default format 37 flat files 37 format strings 39 functions 54 Julian 34 Modified Julian 34 overview 34 performing arithmetic 47 relational databases 37 rounding 154 truncating 206 year 2000 35 DD_DELETE constant description 12 reserved word 10 update strategy example 12 DD_INSERT constant description 13 reserved word 10 update strategy example 13 DD_REJECT constant description 14 reserved word 10 update strategy example 14 DD_UPDATE constant description 15 reserved word 10 update strategy example 15 decimal arithmetic See high precision decimal values converting 202 DECODE function description 85 internationalization 3 default date format defined 37 default value See also Designer Guide ERROR function 88 division calculation returning remainder 137 documentation conventions xxv description xxiv online xxv double precision values floating point numbers 203 E empty string testing for 115 encoding characters 130. 180 ERROR function default value 88 description 88 EXP function description 90 exponent values calculating 90 returning 146 expressions See also Designer Guide adding comments 9 conditional 16 in transformations 2 overview 3 syntax 5 using operators 22 using SYSDATE 29 :EXT reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 F FALSE constant description 16 reserved word 10 filter conditions aggregate functions 52 null values 18 Filter transformation See also Transformation Guide using ISNULL function 103 FIRST function description 91 Index 231 .

219 data cleansing 53.flat files dates 37 floating point number See double precision values FLOOR function description 93 format from character string to date 198 from date to character string 192 format strings dates 39 definition 34 IS_DATE function 43 Julian day 40. 44 TO_CHAR function 40 TO_DATE function 43 functions aggregate 50. 226 test 56. 216 categories 50 character 52. 223 scientific 55. 222 definition 2 internationalization 3 numeric 55. 217 conversion 53. 220 date 54. 44 matching 44 Modified Julian day 40. 225 special 55. 227 variable 56 MOVINGAVG function 139 MOVINGSUM function 141 PERCENTILE function 143 ROUND function 157 STDDEV function 183 SUM function 188 TO_DECIMAL function 202 TRUNC function 209 hyperbolic cosine function 75 hyperbolic sine function 179 hyperbolic tangent function 191 I IIF function description 96 internationalization 3 Informatica documentation xxiv Webzine xxvi INITCAP function description 99 internationalization 3 INSTR function description 100 integers converting other values 204 internationalization functions affected 3 invalid expression 3 sort order 3 IS_DATE function description 104 format strings 43 IS_NUMBER function description 107 IS_SPACES function description 109 ISNULL function description 103 G GET_DATE_PART function description 94 Gregorian calendar in date functions 34 H high precision See also Workflow Administration Guide ABS function 59 AVG function 65 CUME function 79 MAX function 126 MEDIAN function 128 MIN function 135 232 Index J J format string using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 .

117 logical operators description 26 LOOKUP function description 118 Lookup transformation See also Designer Guide instead of LOOKUP function 118 LOWER function description 120 internationalization 3 LPAD function description 121 LTRIM function description 123 mapping variables See also Designer Guide definition 2 mappings See Designer Guide MAX (dates) function description 125 internationalization 3 MAX (numbers) function description 126 internationalization 3 MEDIAN function description 128 METAPHONE description 130 milliseconds truncating 34 MIN (dates) function description 133 internationalization 3 MIN (numbers) function description 135 internationalization 3 minimum value returning 133 MOD function description 137 Modified Julian day format string 40. 44 month returning last day 113 MOVINGAVG function description 139 MOVINGSUM function description 141 multiple searches example of TRUE constant 19 N negative values SIGN 177 nested expressions operators 22 NOT reserved word 10 NULL constant description 17 reserved word 10 M mapping parameters See also Designer Guide definition 2 Index 233 . 73 single quotes requirement 6 :LKP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 LN function description 116 local variables definition 2 description 31 LOG function description 117 logarithm returning 116.Julian dates in date functions 34 Julian day format string 40. 44 L LAST function description 111 LAST_DAY function description 113 LENGTH function description 115 empty string test 115 literals single quotes in 69.

52 checking for 103 filter conditions 18 in comparison expressions 17 ISNULL 103 logical operators 26 operators 18 string operator 24 numbers rounding 157 truncating 209 numeric functions ABS 59 CEIL 67 CUME 79 description 55 EXP 90 FLOOR 93 LN 116 LOG 117 MOD 137 MOVINGAVG 139 MOVINGSUM 141 POWER 146 ROUND (numbers) 157 SIGN 177 SQRT 182 summary 223 TRUNC (numbers) 209 numeric values converting to text strings 196 returning absolute value 59 returning cosine 74 returning hyperbolic cosine of 75 returning hyperbolic sine 179 returning hyperbolic tangent 191 returning logarithms 116. 117 returning minimum 135 returning sine 178 returning square root 182 returning standard deviation 183 returning tangent 190 SIGN 177 operators arithmetic 23 comparison operators 25 definition 2 logical operators 26 null values 18 string operators 24 using strings in arithmetic 23 using strings in comparison 25 OR reserved word 10 P PERCENTILE function description 143 ports syntax 6 positive values SIGN 177 POWER function description 146 PowerCenter Server handling nulls in comparison expressions 17 PowerMart 3.5 functions LOOKUP 118 primary key constraint null values 17 PROC_RESULT variable reserved word 10 Q quotation marks inserting single using CHR function 6 R reference qualifiers description 6 relational databases dates 37 REPLACECHR function description 148 REPLACESTR function description 151 reserved words list 10 O operator precedence expressions 22 234 Index .null values aggregate functions 18.

47 SET_DATE_PART function description 166 SETCOUNTVARIABLE function description 164 SETMAXVARIABLE function description 169 SETMINVARIABLE function description 172 SETVARIABLE function description 175 SIGN function description 177 SIN function description 178 sine returning 178. 179 single quotes in string literals CHR function 69 using CHR and CONCAT functions 73 SINH function description 179 skipping rows 88 sort order internationalization 3 SOUNDEX description 180 :SP reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 spaces avoiding in rows 109 removing with DD_REJECT 14 special functions ABORT 58 DECODE 85 description 55 ERROR 88 IIF 96 LOOKUP 118 summary 226 Index 235 .return values definition 2 syntax 6 ROUND (dates) function description 154 ROUND (numbers) function description 157 rounding dates 154 numbers 157 rows avoiding spaces 109 counting 76 returning average 139 returning first row 91 returning last row 111 returning sum 141 running total 79 skipping 88 RPAD function description 160 RR format string description 35 difference between YY and RR 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 RTRIM function description 162 running total returning 79 S scientific functions COS function 74 COSH 75 description 55 SIN 178 SINH 179 summary 225 TAN 190 TANH 191 :SD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 :SEQ reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 sessions stopping 58 $$$SessStartTime description 28 example using in date functions 28 SESSSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 29.

72 converting character strings to dates 198 converting dates to characters 192 converting length 160 converting numeric values to text strings 196 number of characters 115 removing blanks 123 removing blanks and characters 162 removing characters 123 replacing multiple characters 151 replacing one character 148 returning portion 185 SUBSTR function description 185 sum returning 141. 120. 73 single quotes requirement 6 string operators description 24 strings adding blanks 121 adding characters 121 capitalization 99. 211 character set 100 concatenating 24.SPOUTPUT reserved word 10 SQRT function description 182 square root returning 182 SSSSS format string using with IS_DATE 46 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 46 standard deviation returning 183 STDDEV function description 183 stopping sessions 58 string conversion dates 35 string literals single quotes in 69. 191 TANH function description 191 TC_COMMIT_AFTER variable description 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE variable description 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION variable description 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE variable description 31 :TD reference qualifier description 6 reserved word 10 test functions description 56 IS_DATE 104 IS_NUMBER 107 IS_SPACES 109 ISNULL 103 summary 227 text strings converting numeric values 196 TO_CHAR (dates) function description 192 examples 41 format strings 40 TO_CHAR (numbers) function description 196 TO_DATE function description 198 examples 45 format strings 43 TO_DECIMAL function description 202 TO_FLOAT function description 203 236 Index . 188 SUM function description 188 syntax expression 5 general rules 7 ports 6 return values 6 SYSDATE variable description 29 example 29 reserved word 10 system variables description 28 T TAN function description 190 tangent returning 190.

TO_INTEGER function description 204 transaction control variables description 31 transformation expressions null constraints 17 overview 3 transformation language compared to SQL 5 operators 22 overview 2 reserved words 10 transformation language components overview 2 transformation language updates boolean expressions 17 comparison expressions 17 transformations See Designer Guide TRUE constant description 19 reserved word 10 TRUNC (dates) function description 206 TRUNC (numbers) function description 209 truncating date/time values 34 dates 206 numbers 209 V variable functions description 56 SETCOUNTVARIABLE 164 SETMAXVARIABLE 169 SETMINVARIABLE 172 SETVARIABLE 175 with multiple partitions 56 variables $$$SessStartTime 28 local variables 31 SESSSTARTTIME 29 SYSDATE 29 system variables 28 TC_COMMIT_AFTER 31 TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 31 TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION 31 TC_ROLLBACK_BEFORE 31 transaction control variables 31 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME 29 VARIANCE function description 212 W webzine xxvi workflow variables definition 2 WORKFLOWSTARTTIME variable description 29 reserved word 10 using in date functions 30 U Unicode See also Installation and Configuration Guide See also Workflow Administration Guide converting characters to Unicode values 63 converting to ASCII values 70 converting Unicode values 68 update strategy DD_DELETE example 12 DD_INSERT example 13 DD_REJECT example 14 DD_UPDATE example 15 UPPER function description 211 internationalization 3 Y year 2000 dates 35 YY format string difference between RR and YY 36 using with IS_DATE 45 using with TO_CHAR 42 using with TO_DATE 45 Index 237 .

238 Index .

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