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PRIGEL TUITION CENTRE

YEAR 4_SCIENCE
CHAPTER 1: BASIC NEEDS

BASIC NEEDS OF HUMANS

- Humans cannot stay alive without all these needs.

1) FOOD

- Humans need food to stay alive.


-FFood gives us energy and helps us grow.
- We need energy to walk, play and do work
- To grow and stay healthy, we need a balanced diet.
* Balanced diet- consists of the correct amounts of all kinds of food that the body needs.
- carbohydrate, protein, fat, vegetables, fruits, milk and etc.

2) WATER

- We need to drink about 8 glasses of water a day to stay healthy. We can also get water from
fruits and vegetables.
- Water helps to: a) maintain body temperature
b) carry nutrients throughout the body
c) get rid of unwanted materials from the body.

3) AIR

- Humans need air to breathe all the time. Each breath is shown by the movement of chest
- Humans cannot stay alive without air for a long time.
Q- What do humans breath in and breath out?
Humans breath in an ____________ and breath out __________________

4) SHELTER

- A shelter is a place where we live.


- Humans need shelter to protect themselves from: a) danger b) the sun c) the rain
- Humans build many types of shelters to live in:
a) Hut b) Flats c) Bungalow d) Terraced house e) Longhouse
BASIC NEEDS OF ANIMALS

1) FOOD

- Animals need food to stay alive.


- They need food to grow and stay healthy.
- Animals die if they do not get food for a certain period of time.
Q- Do all animals eat the same type of food? Answer: _______________
* After a few days, the mouse in jar P is still alive because it has food while the mouse in jar Q is
dead because there is no food.

2) WATER

- Animals need water to stay alive and healthy


- Animals die if they do not get water for a certain period of time
* After a few days, the snail in container R is alive because there is water while the snail in
container S is dead because there is no water.

3) AIR

- Animals need air to breathe


- They cannot stay alive for long without air.
* 4)
After a while, the dragonfly in container U is alive because there is air while the dragonfly in
SHELTER
container T is dead because there is no air. It cannot breathe.
- Animals need shelter to protect themselves from danger, the Sun and the rain.
- There are different types of shelters for animals.

a) Nests and hives


b) Caves

c) Holes

d) Cages
BASIC NEEDS OF PLANTS

- The basic needs of plants are: a) water b) air c) sunlight


- Plants can make their own food. They need sunlight to make food.
- Plants need air to stay alive. Without air, plants will die.
- Plants absorb water from the soil through their roots. They will wilt and die if they do not get any
water.