EXPERIMENTAL STRESS ANALYSIS AT A GONDOLA WAGON

Tiberiu Ştefan MĂNESCU Nicuşor Laurenţiu ZAHARIA Ion SIMION Constantin Vasile BÎTEA Gelu BĂLAN Eftimie Murgu University, 320085 Reşiţa, 1-4 Traian Vuia Square e-mail: t.manescu@uem.ro Romanian Railway Authority - AFER, 010719 Bucharest, 393 Calea Grivitei, e-mail:, laurentiu@afer.ro, simion@afer.ro Eftimie Murgu University, 320085 Reşiţa, 1-4 Traian Vuia Square e-mail: bitea.ctin@yahoo.com Eftimie Murgu University, 320085 Reşiţa, 1-4 Traian Vuia Square gelu.balan@ardaf.ro INTRODUCTION This abstract present the experimental stress analysis of a strength structure of a gondola wagon. The gondola wagons are wagons only with side and frontal walls (without roof). Because of wide range of freight which can be loaded in those, the gondola wagons are in large number at railway freight operators; this is the reason why this type of wagon is standardized dimensionally speaking. But still, the wagon manufacturers try to improve the characteristics of the wagons. Before putting in service this wagon, a series of tests had to be carried out, among which stress analysis in accordance with international standards, as follows: • EN 12663 – Structural requirements of railway vehicle bodies; • UIC leaflet 577 (UIC = Union Internationale des Chemins de fer); • ERRI B12/RP17 (ERRI = European Rail Research Institute). The tests which are presented in this paper were performed at Romanian Railway Authority – AFER on Stress Analysis Bench Test. MEASURAMENT POINTS The measurement points were located in the relevant load areas: • Elements of the chassis; • Door case. The measurements were performed in 35 points. Hottinger LY11-10/120 strain gages were glued on the elements of the wagon with Hottinger Z70 adhesive. The diagrams of the measurement point location on the frame are shown in figures 1 and 2. TESTS The following tests were performed in accordance with the above mentioned standards: 1. 2 MN compressive force at buffer level; 2. 2 MN compressive force at coupler level; 3. 1.5 MN compressive force below buffer; 4. 0.4 MN compressive force applied diagonally at buffer level; 5. 1,5 MN tensile force in coupler area; 6. vertical loads tests; 7. lifting at one end of the vehicle; 8. lifting the whole vehicle. Horizontal loads (1...5) were applied at one end of the wagon by means of hydraulic cylinders. The other end of the wagon was leaned at buffer level, coupler level respectively. The vertical loads (6) were obtained by loading the wagon with 800 kg metal weighs. The (7) test was performed lifting the loaded wagon from under the buffer beam until the adjacent bogie got off the rails, with the other bogie still leaned on the rails. The (8) load was obtained fully lifting the wagon from under its lateral supports.

.Figure 2 Figure 1 The static tests accepted limits. the commission formed from the manufacture people and the testing team decides to offer a modified design of the area of superior door case. at area C1÷C4 strain gages. in N/mm2. CONCLUZION After consolidation of the superior door case. are shown in Table 1: Welding Welding Table 1 free area area 355 309 Horizontal loads (σaH) A 277 Vertical B 150 loads (σaV1) C 133 D 110 Class RESULTS The measured stress was below the limits for all measuring points except the following: at vertical load tests (6). the results obtain at the repeated tests was smaller than static tests accepted limits. on horizontal direction. Because the limits of the static tests were exceeded.

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