uav;tawG;tufaq; q

uav;tawG ;
t uf a q ; ( 7 )

63

64 qrif;cku
d pf ;dk pef
uav;tawG; (7)

uav;tawG;tufaq; q

65

(1)
]][Jh. . . om;? wpfukd,fvHk; npfywfaya&vkdYygvm;? bm
jzpfvmwmvJ}}
]]om;oli,fcsif;awGeJU upm;vmwmyg arar}}
]]atmifrav; om;&,f. . . b,fvkdupm;enf;rsKd;rkdYvkdY
'Davmufawmif npfywfaya&vmwmvJ}}
]]bmupm;enf ; vJ a wmh r od b l ; arar. . . uRef a wmf u
abmvHk;tjzpfeJY yg0ifcJh&w,f}}
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66 qrif;cku
d pf ;dk pef

(2)
20-&mpk ukefqHk;oGm;wJh umvrSm txl;jcm;qHk; jzpf&yf
uawmh ppfat;wkdufyGJ NyD;qHk;oGm;wmygyJ (uRefawmfi,fi,f
wkef;uawmh vlBuD;awGajymajymaewJh ]ppfat;wkdufyGJ} qkdwJh
pum;vHk;udk em;axmifNyD; wpfzufeJYwpfzuf a&cJwHk;awGeJYayguf
a&cJa&awGeJY yufMuwJh ppfyGJrsm;vm;vkdYawmif awG;rdygao;
w,f/ aemuf. . . BuD;vmawmhrS t&if;&Sif0g'eJU uGefjrLepf0g'
wkYd wpfzufeYJ wpfzuf tjyeftvSe0f g'wku
d yf JG qifEw
JT hJ ppfjzpf
rSef; oabmaygufvm&wmyg)
ynm&Sif tawmfrsm;rsm;u oHk;oyfcJhMuwmuawmh ppf
at;wkdufyGJtNyD;rSm urÇmBuD;twGuf xifusef&pfcJhwJh tjrwf
tpGef;ESpfck &Sdw,fvkdY qkdygw,f/ tJ'gawGuawmh. . .
(1) enf;ynmwkd;wufrI. . . eJU
(2) vlY&JU tcef;u@ukd tav;xm;&aumif;rSef; ykdrkd
em;vnfodjrifvmrI. . . wkdYygyJ/
|||

uav;tawG;tufaq; q

67

(3)
ppfat;umv tawmtwGif;rSmawmh tcsKdUaom EkdifiH
i,fawGu qkdAD,uf OD;aqmifwJh uGefjrLepft&dyf tm0goukd
ckdvIHMuw,f/ wcsKdU EkdifiHi,fawGuawmh tar&duefOD;aqmif
wJh t&if;&Sif'Drkdua&pD cHwyfbufrSm wyfpGJMuw,f/
EkdifiHBuD;awGu olwkdY&JU yv’ift&if;rSm 0yfqif;vmwJh
EkdifiHi,fawGukd toHk;csp&m&Sd&ifom toHk;cs usm;uGufa&TUcJh
Muwmyg/ wu,fwrf; ta&;&,ftaMumif;&,f BuHKvmNyDqkd&if
[kwfwdywfwd ulnDyHhydk;EkdifcJhMuwm r[kwfygbl;/
½lar;eD;,m;EkdifiHrSm a&BuD;vkdY a&ab;'ku©onfawGukd
urÇmwpf0ef;vHk;u ulnDay;ae&wJhumv (1970 0ef;usifvdkY
xifygw,f) wke;f uawmif qkAd ,
D uf ½k&mS ;eJY ywfoufNyD; avSmif
ajymifoa&mfwJh [moawG xGufay:cJhygao;w,f/ ½lar;eD;,m;

68 qrif;cku
d pf ;dk pef
uvnf; uGefjrLepf0g' xlaxmifNyD; qkdAD,uf ½k&Sm;buf,drf;wJh
vuf0JEkdifiHi,fuav;qkdawmh. . . tJ'DEkdifiH&JU a&ab;'ku©onf
awGukd ulnDzkdY qkdAD,uf ½k&Sm;rSm t"du wm0ef&Sdw,fayghav/
tJ'geJY. . . ½lar;eD;,m;EkdifiHqDudk ]a&ab;'ku©onfrsm;
twGuf u,fq,fa&;ypönf;rsm;} qkdNyD;awmh qkdAD,uf ½k&Sm;qD
u ydkYvkdufwJh vufaqmifxkyfBuD;wpfxkyf a&mufvmw,f/
0rf;omtm;& zGifhMunfhvkdufMuw,f/
txJrSm. . . ]a&ul;enf;pmtkyf} awGyJ ygowJh/
|||

uav;tawG;tufaq; q

69

(4)
aemufNyD;awmh. . . tar&duefeJY qkdAD,ufwkdYvkd ekdifiHBuD;
awG&JU ppfat;wkdufyGJMum;rSm wwd,urÇm EkdifiHi,fav;awG
twGuf tmrcHcsuf r&SdyHk? ukvor*¾[mvnf; wu,fwrf;
xdxda&mufa&muf rukdifwG,fEkdifyHkukd avSmifajymifoa&mfwJh
[moawG&ydS gao;w,f/ Oyrmwpfck ajymjyygr,f/ 'gu tar;
tajzyHpk eH YJ yg/
ar;/ / EkdifiHi,fav;awG tcsif;csif;jyóemwuf&if bmjzpf
rvJ?
ajz/ / jyóem uG,faysmuf (NyD;qHk;) oGm;w,f/

70 qrif;cku
d pf ;dk pef
ar;/ / EkdifiHBuD;wpfEkdifiHeJY EkdifiHi,fav;wpfEkdifiH jyóem
wuf&ifaum bmjzpfoGm;rvJ?
ajz/ / EkdifiHi,fav; uG,faysmufoGm;w,f/
ar;/ / EkdifiHBuD;ESpfEkdifiH jyóemwuf&ifaum?
ajz/ / ukvor*¾ uG,faysmufoGm;w,f/
uRefawmf ajymcsifwmu 'Dvkdyg/ ppfat;wkdufyGJBuD;rSm
EkdifiHBuD;awG[m b,fvkdupm;enf;rsKd; upm;cJhMuw,fawmh
rodbl;/ EkdifiHi,fav;awGuawmh abmvHk;tjzpfeJY yg0ifcJhMu
w,f/
yGJvnf;NyD;a&m npfywfaya&vkdY. . . ? temw&awG jzpf
usefcJh&wmaygh/
tckvnf; upm;aeMujyefNyD/ wpfzufu
ization vkdY

ajymw,f/ wpfzufuawmh

American-

Cultural Relativism

vkdY ajymw,f/ bmawG jzpfOD;rvJawmh rodbl;/
'gayrJ h . . . uRef a wmf w k d Y uawmh ]abmvH k ; } rjzpf z k d Y
vkdr,fxifw,f/
|||

uav;tawG;tufaq; q

71

(5)
tJ'Dvkd pOf;pm;Munfhvkdufjyefawmh urÇmhtBuD;us,f
tcrf;em;qHk;jzpf&yfawGyifvQif ]uav;tawG;} jzpfvkdYaeyg
awmhw,f/
q

72 qrif;cku
d pf ;dk pef

uRefawmfwkdY[m 'ku©wpfckck? tusyftwnf;wpfckckeJY
&ifqkdif&rSmukd aMumufMuw,f/ jzpfEdkif&if &ifrqkdifcsifbl;/
a&Smifwdrf;ykef;atmif;csifMuw,f/
tJonfvkd a&Smifwdrf;vkdYa&m 'ku©uae
vGwfajrmufoGm;ovm;qkdawmh rvGwfajrmufEkdifMuygbl;/
ydkNyD; qkd;&Gm;wJh tusyftwnf;atmufrSm
&TJ&TJpkdvsufom; jzpfoGm;MuwmygyJ/