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Seed Development after Independence in Maharashtra

Introduction :
Seed is the most cost efficient means of increasing agricultural production and productivity. Improved seeds
has a special place amongst all the inputs required for agricultural production. The use of inputs like irrigation,
fertilizers, pesticides depends on rainfall situation. This is not in case with of improved seeds. The farmers plan
and commit themselves purchase to the improved seed much in advance on set of season. The seed production
and distribution planning is thus different and much more important to the farmers. Till early fifties, most of the
farmers used to be largely independent in respect of seed. Taluka seed multiplication farms were established in
the IInd Five Year Plan with an object of producing foundation seed to be multiplied on the farms of registered
seed growers and made available to the farmers for general cultivation. With the advent of hybrid technology,
the seed scenario changed radically.

Following are the important milestones in the development of seed sector.

 Signing of agreement by ICAR with Rockfeller Foundation to establish All India Coordinated Crop
Improvement Projects in 1957.
 Release of first four hybrids in Maize in the year 1961, followed by Sorghum in 1962, Bajra in 1963.
Introduction of high yielding varieties of Wheat in 1964, Paddy in 1965 and Cotton hybrids in 1968.
 Adoption of High Yielding Varieties programme by GOI in 1965 and ushering of " Green
Revolution" in mid sixties.
 Establishment of National Seeds Corporation in 1963 for undertaking systematic production of
breeder, foundation and certified seeds and guidance to Seed Industry.
 Passing of Seeds Act 1966 and adoption of Seed Rules 1968.
 Establishment of Central Seed Certification Board in 1969.
 Establishment of State Seed Certification Agency in Maharashtra in 1970.
 Establishment of Maharashtra State Seeds Corporation in 1976 under NSP.
 Establishment of autonomous Maharashtra State Seed Certification agency in 1982.
 Introduction of New policy of seed development by GOI in October,1988.
 Implementation of Seed (Control) Order 1983 with effect from July, 1994.

SEED RESEARCH :-

Seed research holds the key for sustained growth in crop yields. Seed sector is heavily dependent on research
which has to provide continue supply of improved seeds to keep pace with growing requirement. So far more
than 3,000 varieties have been notified under the Seeds Act 1966 in different crops at National level. The State
Seeds Sub- Committee has been constitutes under seed act which came into existance in the year 1969 has so
far released 183 hybrid and high yielding varieties of various crops for cultivation in Maharashtra.

Release of hybrids and High yielding varieties by State Seed Sub Committee since formation :-

Crop 1999-
1969-74 1975-79 1980-85 1986-90 1991-98 Total
group 2007
Cereals 11 11 18 21 16 20 97
Pulses - 01 12 09 16 19 57
Oilseeds 03 04 09 07 13 18 54
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Cotton 01 06 08 06 11 16 48
Total 15 22 47 43 56 73 256

In addition to the aforesaid varieties evolved by the Agril. Universities, the MSSC Akola has come out with
following research hybrids in the recent past.

Sr.No. Crop Research Hybrid


1 Hy.Jowar MBSH-7
2 Hy.Cotton MBCRH-2
3 Hy.Cotton MBCRH-4
4 Hy.Cotton MBCRH-986
5 Hy.Cotton MBCRH-106

Structure of seed industry in Maharashtra :-

The seed programme involves the participation of Central and State Governments, ICAR- SAU system, public
sector and private sector institutions. The seed sector in Maharashtra consists of Maharashtra State Seeds
Corporation, 194 Taluka Seed Farms and more than 150 Private Sector Seed producing companies. For quality
control and certification there are five seed testing laboratories each having capacity of testing 8000 to 16000
seed samples annually. 63 fulltime and 885 part time seed inspectors are appointed under Seeds Act,1966 and
Seed Control Order, 1983. There are 34931 sale points comprise cooperatives, private and public sector
institutions.

3. Different Classes of Seed and its Growth in Maharashtra :

In Seed multiplication programme, actually, three kinds seeds are produced. These are breeder seed, foundation
seed and certified seed. The growth of these seed in Maharashtra is narrated as below.

 Breeder Seed

Breeder seed is produced from nucleus seed. The seed quality standard of breeder seed like genetic purity,
germination capacity, physical purity and seed health are determined or controlled by the originating or
sponsored breeder. The breeder seed requirement in the State has increased manifold with the increase in the
use of certified seed. The production of breeder seed in the State has registered steep growth, the details of
which are as under.

Growth of breeder seed production :- ( Fig.in qtls.)

SR. CROP
1980-81 1984-85 1989-90 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99
NO GROUP
1 Cereals 21.24 1,274.47 998.19 909.65 2,534.41 2,008.64 997.57
2 Pulses 58.61 402.21 299.68 892.32 1,173.2 876.25 544.32
3 Oilseeds 66.7 291.19 1,681.48 1,411 1,719.58 816.43 594.11
4 Cotton 175.48 447.48 107.21 43.95 146.95 53.1 42.02
TOTAL 322.03 2,415.35 3,086.56 3,256.92 5,574.14 3,754.42 2,178.02

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1999-
SR. CROP 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07
NO GROUP 2000

592.62 684.82 935 565.22 627.28 546.80 538 784


1 Cereals
242.18 371.12 509 296.42 428.02 649.40 237 250
2 Pulses
1572.92 2026.48 2956 2279.41 2405.23 1724 2317 1747
3 Oilseeds
1.26 1.26 1.75 1.74 1.69 1.06 1.17 1.15
4 Cotton
2408.98 3083.68 4401.75 4173.88 4437.21 3050 4422 3202
TOTAL

Foundation Seed :-
Foundation seed is the progeny of breeeder seed or foundation stage-I seed. Foundation seed is an intermediate
in the generation system of seed production by seed companies both Public and Private, Department of
Agriculture, Agricultural Universities and also individual seed farmers for eventual production of certified seed.
The production of foundation seed went up from 10641 quintals in 1980-81 to 50133 quintals in 1998-99 and
86596 quintals in 2006-07. The details of which are as under.

Growth of foundation seed production :- ( Fig.in qtls.)

SR. CROP 1980- 1984- 1989- 1995- 1996- 1997-


1998-99
NO GROUP 81 85 90 96 97 98
1 Cereals 8,517 11,682 12,043 18,044 21,299 13,716 18,309
2 Pulses 340 2,366 424 8,009 8,594 4,259 7,265
3 Oilseeds 296 1,751 1,784 1,826 6,481 21,540 23,421
4 Cotton 1,488 3,409 1,136 3,518 4,012 1,627 1,138
TOTAL 10,641 19,208 15,387 31,397 40,386 41,142 50,133

1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005-


SR. CROP 2006-07
NO GROUP 2000 01 02 03 04 05 06

19660 15562 17078 13042 20123 17240 26441 25376


1 Cereals
5818 7925 8690 10882 8883 8788 7258 7158
2 Pulses
7365 14879 16336 22367 29715 39165 47200 53389
3 Oilseeds
4 Cotton 1189 1654 1715 1732 1095 1034 839 633

TOTAL 34032 40020 43819 48023 59816 66227 81738 86596

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Certified Seed :-

Certified seed is the progeny of foundation seed or certified stage-I seed. It is the ultimate output of seed
production chain. Certifed seed production is undertaken by Public and Private Sector Seed Companies.
Department of Agriculture and seed growers. The production of certified seed in Maharashtra rase from 1.39
lakh quintal in 80-81 to 4.13 lakh quintals in 97-98 . The quantities produced in the State in the year 1980-81to
2006-07 are as under,

Growth of certified seed production (within State) :- (Lakh quintal)

SR. CROP 1980-81 1984-85 1989-90 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99


NO GROUP
1 Cereals 1.04 1.55 1.05 0.66 1.84 1.96 2.19
2 Pulses - 0.14 0.28 0.54 0.93 0.72 0.51
3 Oilseeds - 0.1 0.14 0.54 0.45 0.67 1.23
4 Cotton 0.35 0.5 0.28 0.35 0.62 0.18 0.19
TOTAL 1.39 2.29 1.75 2.09 3.84 3.53 4.13

SR. CROP 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07
NO GROUP
1 Cereals 3.06 2.50 2.74 2.58 2.73 3.68 3.09 3.41

2 Pulses 0.68 0.66 0.76 0.64 0.68 0.69 1.89 2.10

3 Oilseeds 1.83 1.69 1.83 3.60 4.61 5.25 3.97 4.61

4 Cotton 0.25 0.18 0.25 0.14 0.17 0.14 0.06 0.08

TOTAL 5.82 5.04 5.59 6.97 8.21 9.78 9.03 10.22

Role of Public Sector in Certified and labelled seed distribution :-

Certified / labeled seed distribution prior to 1976 was done mainly through Government Institutions and total
quantum was less than 1 lakh quintals. The total seed distribution which was 2.29 lakh quintals in 1984.85 has
gone upto 10.22 lakh quintals in 2006-07. Thus, the certified /labeled seed use has tripelled in the last 20 years.

Seed Replacement Ratio (SRR) :-

The achieved SRRs in most of the crops in S tate are ones above the targets fixed at national level. Barring
Groundnut and Gram crops because of higher seed rate per hectare and cost of seed is not affordable to small
and marginal farmers.

Role of Private Sector in Seed distribution :-

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Certified/ labelled seed distribution through private sector has also gone up considerably. There has been
fourfold increase in total seed distribution in the last 20 years. The private sector is leading in supply of hybrids,
where as public sector is leading in straight varieties. Recent seed distribution trend showed nearly 50 percent
share of private sector in total seed distribution.

Perspective for the future :

The emphasis on seed production was given mostly on food, oilseeds and fibre crops. The vegetable and flower
seed production did not receive the attention it deserved. Advancement of seed technology, particularly the
tissue culture techniques, true potato seed, coupled with investment friendly environment have created
opportunities for entrepreneur to produce disease free and true to type saplings/ seeds in a big way. The
technology has obvious benefits for the farmers. As a result fifteen tissue culture units have become operational
in a recent years in M.S. producing disease free saplings of Banana, Sugarca ne, Strawberry, Gerbera,
Carnations, Roses etc. A true potato seed production unit has also become functional in the State. The quality
planting material produced with these techniques will have to be made available to the farmers to the largest
possible extent.

The crop research in vegetables and forage crops both in public and private sector has assumed greater
significance. A number of new hybrids and varieties are becoming available. The systematic efforts would be
needed to strengthen the production chain in order to reach the varieties to the farmers in shortest possible time.
New crops particularly Sunflower and Soyabean have been introduced and established in the state in the last
two decades. Inspite of impressive growth in production there is a considerable gap which remains to be bridged
between the actual yield obtained by the farmer and the potential yield. The area under soyabean and sunflower
would go up substantially, requiring certified seed in greater magnitudes.

To meet the food requirement of increasing population it is necessary to increase the foodgrains, Oilseeds and
agricultural production. As the potential for area expansion is limited, development and use of new varieties of
seed and ensuring their availability to farmers are of crucial importance to increase production. The seed
replacement rates of all crops will have to be stepped up. Special care will have to be taken to see that certified
seed use spreads in remotely accessible areas too.

Maharashtra has a rich tradition of taking lead in introduction of hybrids in different crops. This has led to the
development of strong seed industry. Following opportunities could be availed by the Maharashtra Seed
Industry which would help attain distinction for the State as a major seed producing State in the country.

A) Hybrid Rice : With the development of stable male sterile systems in India the possibility of hybrids has
become a reality. The emphasis on hybrid seed production technology by the Govt. and production of
commercial quantities of hybrid rice has further confirmed this possibility. Karjat rice hybrid varieties
developed recently by KKV,Dapoli holds promise to bring about remarkable improvement in the rice
productivity of the state.

B) Biotechnology in general and particularly the recombinant DNA technology offers a way for introducing
genes of non plant origin into plants which may be economic and add value significance for the farmers.

Technology for imparting insect resistance, particularly to Lepidopteran pests has been developed, evaluated
and is commercialised in the United States of America. A gene from bacteria Bacillus thuringensis which leads
to the manufacture of a protein has been cloned. This has been introduced into cotton plant by transformation

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with the use of a vector. The protein so manufactured by the gene in reference when ingested by above insect
leads to the perforation of the insect gut and death of the insect. This technology has tremendous potential.
Besides adding value, this leads to the reduction in pesticide use which is of great concern all over the world.
Such technologies are also being developed/have been developed for resistance to sucking pests (soft bodied
insects), fungal and viral diseases etc.

In the State context, this technology can find application in case of crops like Cotton, Pigeonpea, Castor, Potato,
Tomato etc. where Lepidopteran pests cause economically significant damage.

C) Technology for imparting tolerance to crop plants against certain class of chemicals like weedicides which
are bio-degradable have also been developed and can find application.

D) Technology for improving the shelf life of farm produce like tomatoes have been commercialised and have
potential for the Indian market.

There are other technologies which have specific relevance to food processing industry like increasing the TSS
in the Potato, Tomato, improving the quality of edible oil altering the structure of starch in Maize, Potato,
Cassava etc.

All these technologies will need to be delivered to the farmers as and when they are ready to be commercialised
and delivery through seed/planting material is the ideal and cost effective way. These developments offer
tremendous opportunities for the seed industry in Maharashtra.

Constraints in Production :-

 Kharif Jowar area is mainly concentrated in Marathwada and Vidharbha regions. These regions
generally receive rains at the time of Kharif Jowar flowering to harvest stage resulting in blackening
of seed grains ultimately affecting the seed quality. This has shifting of Jowar seed production from
Maharashtra to Andhra Pradesh.
 Uncertainty in production and supply of Breeder seed of All India Notified varieties.
 Irregular production and supply of breeder and foundation seed of parental lines of public bred Maize
hybrids. As a result of this, Maize hybrids have not become popular in Maharashtra affecting certified
seed production and supply.
 Paucity of public bred hybrids in Sunflower: This has adversely affected the certified seed production
and availability of Sunflower hybrid seeds in public sector.
 Vegetable seed production by State Seed Corporation has remained at miserably low level compared
to private sector as a result of poor research back up.
 The quality seed production and supply of Nagli and minor Millets, Mustard, Linseed and forage
crops has remained almost neglected; which need special attention henceforth.
 Inadequate post harvest handling, processing and packaging research back-up specially in respect of
Soyabean.
 Lack of financial arrangements for Buffer Stocking of breeder and foundation seed.

THRUST AREAS
The areas of concern for promoting certified seed use to the desired extent would be as under;

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I) Seed Production and distribution :-

1) The demand for different varieties must be based on a realistic assessment of the desirable and achievable
levels of seed replacement rates (SRR). While projecting the levels of SRRs which are to be achieved, there
must be a clear strategy and package of measures worked out to reach the desired levels of SRRs separately for
each crop for the state.

2) Quality breeder seed production is the key stone for the entire seed production programme. Though the
infrastructure for breeder seed production has improved significantly in recent years, there have been problems
with the quality of breeder seed notwithstanding the monitoring mechanism which are in place. It should be
ensured that breeder seed conforms to higher standards than those prescribed for foundation seed.

3) Cooperatives and non Governmental organizations should be encouraged to take up seed production
particularly in remote areas and for this purpose, subsidies which are available to Public Sector Corporation and
State Seed Farms should be made available.

4) Special production programmes may have to be taken up for production of seeds of Cotton, Horticulture,
Vegetables and Forage crops. These programmes would have to be effectively monitored to ensure that demand
of the seeds of these crops is met during XIth Plan. For horticulture crops, the emphasis will have to be on large
scale multiplication of planting material through tissue culture techniques. The existing tissue culture units will
have to attain economics of scale. It would also be necessary to develop Minimum Seed Certification Standards
for horticultural and plantation crops so that they can be brought under the purview of certification.

5) Seed Production has become a concentrated activity in many clusters. Seed production by the farmer requires
substantial investment and intensive management. It may be desirable to introduce a pilot scheme for seed
insurance. The GIC has already formulated a draft scheme for seed insurance and this could be the basis for the
development of a new scheme. By protecting farmers against losses due to natural calamities, seed insurance
will encourage more farmers to take up seed production. The crop insurance in which the designated area is
treated as the unit, for seed insurance, it may even be possible to treat individual holdings as units.

6) The private sector has started playing a significant role in seed production particularly for vegetable crops
and hybrids of certain cereals and cotton. It is necessary to give access to the private sector to term finance from
commercial banks for setting up seed production facilitie s. For this purpose, financing norms which are suited
for seed production need to be developed.

Seed Research:-
 Seed research in the XIth Plan will take place in the context of a system of plant variety protection
and protocols on exchange of germplasm b ased on the convention of Bio-diversity and the
International Undertaking being prepared by the Commission on Plant Genetic Resource. Indian
breeders will have to thoroughly familiarise themselves with different aspects of the IPR regime so
that they can obtain effective protection for the varieties evolved by them
 Research is necessary for prolonging the viability of functional life of different categories of seed
under different storage methods. Vegetable, flower, forage and fodder seeds should also rece ive
equal priority.

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 Appropriate tests are also needed to be developed for ascertaining viability of the seed to guide seed
agencies and farmers. Treatment of seeds with different fungicides/pesticides for control of different
seed-borne pathogens is another priority area for research.
 Research must also focus on a review of isolation distances, planting ratios and the generation of
data required for revision of minimum seed certification standards, grow-out test norms etc.
 The applied research on following aspects need to be carried out to provide specific answers to the
present problems.

a) Off season seed production technology specially in the food and oilseed crops.

b)Soyabean post harvest handling, processing and packing.

Notofied Crop Varieties :-

Sr No Crop Varieties /Second Name Institute SONo/Release date

1 Jowar PSH-1 MAU 004-7.8.1970

2 Jowar CSH-4 MAU 005-1.6.1976

3 Jowar CSV-2(302) MAU 011-9.2.1974

4 Jowar SDM-9(Koyana) MPKV 013-14.4.1976

5 Jowar RS-11-4(Ruchira) MPKV 023-5.9.1984

6 Jowar IMP.Ramkel PKV 023-5.9.1984

7 Jowar SPV-297 MAU 023-5.9.1984

8 Jowar SPV-504 ( Swati, RSV9R) MPKV 023-5.9.1984

9 Jowar SPH0201 MAU 025-3.2.1986

10 Jowar SPH-388(AKSH73) PKV 028-14.6.1988

11 Jowar SPV-(AKSH-37 PKV 029-28.8.1989

12 Jowar SPH-468(AKSH-14-150) PKV 029-28.8.1989

13 Jowar SPH-159 MAU 029-28.8.1989

14 Jowar PVK-400(SPV-860) MAU 030-9.9.1991

15 Jowar SSV-84 MPKV 030-9.9.1991

16 Jowar HES-4 MAU 032-9.9.1992

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17 Jowar Slection –3 MPKV 033-7.10.1994

18 Hy Jowar SPH -840 Dr.PDKV 92E- 2/2/2001

19 Hy Jowar SPH -981 MSSC 821 E-13/9/2000

20 IMP Jowar PVK-801 MAU 821 E-13/9/2000

21 Rabi Jowar Phule Yashoda MPKV 821 E-13/9/2000

22 Rabi Jowar Phule Mauli MPKV 821 E-13/9/2000

23 Rabi Jowar Parbhani Moti MAU 122 E –2/2/2005

24 Rabi Jowar Uttara MPKV 122 E –6/2/2007

25 Paddy R-24 KKV 006-3.5.1971

26 Paddy K-184 KKV 006-3.5.1971

27 Paddy TULJAPUR MAU 009-5.12.1972

28 Paddy R-68-1 KKV 012-25.8.1975

29 Paddy Karjat-14-7 KKV 012-25.8.1975

30 Paddy Radhanagari-185-2 MPKV 014-21.1.1977

31 Paddy Radhanagari-711-4 MPKV 016-20.12.1978

32 Paddy R-73-1-1 KKV 018-18.4.1980

33 Paddy SKL-6(Sakoli-6) PKV 021-11.11.1982

34 Paddy SYE-75 (Sindewahi-75) PKV 021-11.11.1982

35 Paddy Prabhawati(PBN-1) MAU 022 –4.8.1984

36 Paddy Panvel-1(PNL_5-30 KKV 022-4.8.1984

37 Paddy IGP-1-37(Dharna) MPKV 022-4.8.1984

38 Paddy Ambika(MAU SEL-1) MAU 023-5.9.1984

39 Paddy ACK-5 MPKV 024-20.9.1985

40 Paddy Ratnagiri-2 KKV 025-3.2.1986

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41 Paddy Karjat-1 KKV 025-3.2.1986

42 Paddy Ratnagari-1 KKV 025-3.2.1986

43 Paddy Pnvel-2 KKV 027-21.3.1988

44 Paddy SYE-ER-1(IET-9296 PKV 026-2.4.1988

45 Paddy Indrayani(VDN-3-51-18) MPKV 026-2.4.1988

46 Paddy Pawana (VDN-4248) MPKV 028-14.6.1988

47 Paddy Palghar KKV 028-14.6.1988

48 Paddy Kundlika(VDN-7850) MPKV 028-14.6.1988

49 Paddy Sakoli(IET-10651) PKV 028-14.6.1988

50 Paddy Terana(MAU SEL-9) MAU 029-28.8.1989

51 Paddy Ratnagiri-3 KKV 033-7.10.1994

52 Paddy Karjat-3 KKV 033-7.10.1994

53 Paddy Karjat-2 KKV 033-7.10.1994

54 Paddy Sugandha MAU 033-7.10.1994

55 Paddy Sahyadri -1 Dr.BSKKV 821 E-13/9/2000

56 Paddy Parag -401 MAU 821 E-13/9/2000

57 Paddy SYE-2001 Dr.PDKV 122 E –2/2/2005

58 Paddy PKV - Makarand Dr.PDKV 122 E –2/2/2005

59 Paddy PKV -Ganesh Dr.PDKV 122 E –2/2/2005

60 Hy.Paddy Sahyadri-2 Dr.BSKKV 122 E –6/2/2007

61 Hy.Paddy Sahyadri-3 Dr.BSKKV 122 E –6/2/2007

62 Bajra Giant Bajra PKV 022-4.8.1984

63 Bajra X-5 IARI 022-4.8.1984

64 Bajra RHR-1 MPKV 024-20.9.1985

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65 Bajra ICTP-8203 ICRISAT 027-21.3.1988

66 Bajra RHRBH-8609 MPKV 030- 9.9.1991

67 Bajra AHB-251 MAU 032-9.9.1992

68 Bajra RHRBH-8924 MPKV 036- 25.9.1995

69 Bajra AIMP -92901 MAU 1134E – 15/11/2001

70 Imp.Bajra PPC-6 MAU 122 E –2/2/2005

71 Maize Ganga -5 IARI 001-26.6.1969

72 Maize Deccan Double Hybrid IARI 001-26.6.1969

73 Maize African Tall MPKV 020-24.6.1982

74 Maize Panch Ganga MPKV 027-21.3.1988

75 Maize Majari Composit MPKV 018-10.5.1980

76 Wheat NI-917 MPKV 007-11.101971

77 Wheat NI-747-19 MPKV 007-11.101971

78 Wheat NI-5439 MPKV 009-8.12.1972

79 Wheat NI-5749 MPKV 012-25.8.1975

80 Wheat MACS-9 MACS 012-25.8.1975

81 Wheat NI-5643 MPKV 012-25.8.1975

82 Wheat CC-164 IARI 015-9.2.1978

83 Wheat HD-2189 IARI 015-9.2.1978

84 Wheat Ajantha MAU 019-17.10.1981

85 Wheat HD-2278 IARI 021-11.11.1982

86 Wheat PBN-142 MAU 029-28.8.1989

87 Wheat N-8223 MPKV 030-9.9.1991

88 Wheat AKW-381 PKV 030-9.9.1991

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89 Wheat MACS-2496 MACS 0.31-9.9.1992

90 Wheat AKW-1071 PKV 032-9.11.1992

91 Wheat PBN-51 MAU 033-7.10.1994

92 Wheat NIW-34 MPKV 036-25.9.1995

93 Wheat MACS-2694 MACS 036-25.9.1995

94 Wheat NIDW-295 MPKV 122 E –6/2/2007

95 Wheat MACS-3125 ARI, 283-E-12/3/2003

96 Wheat NIW-301 MPKV 937-E-4/9/2002

97 Nagali Dapoli-1 KKV 024-20.9.1985

98 Tur BDN-1 MAU 018-28.4.1988

99 Tur BDN-2 MAU 018-28.4.1988

100 Tur TAT-10 PKV 022-4.8.1984

101 Tur TT-6 MPKV 024-20.9.1985

102 Tur ICPL-87 ICRISAT 026-2.4.1987

103 Tur BDN-7 MAU 029-28.8.1989

104 Tur Kokan Tur-1 KKV 021-23.1.1992

105 Tur BSMR-175 MAU 032-9.9.1992

106 Tur BSMR-736 MAU 034-13.12.1994

107 Tur BSMR-853 MAU 937-E-4/9/2002

108 Tur Vipula MPKV 122 E –6/2/2007

109 Tur BDN -708 MAU 122 E –6/2/2007

110 Mug S-8 IARI 017-5.6.1987

111 Mug Tap-7 PKV 020-26.6.1982

112 Mug Phule M-2 MPKV 029-28.8.1989

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113 Mug BM-4 MAU 030-9.9.1991

114 Mug AKM-8803 PKV 032-9.9.1992

115 Mug TARM-2 PKV 032-9.9.1992

116 Mug TARM-18 PKV 036-25.9.1995

117 Mug PVK -8802 Dr.PDKV 92 E-2/2/2001

118 Mug BPMR-145 MAU 937-E-4/9/2002

119 Mug BM-2002-1 MAU 122 E –6/2/2007

120 Udid TAU-1 PKV 022-4.8.1984

121 Udid TAU-2 PKV 030-9.9.1991

122 Udid AKU-4 PKV 034-13.12.1994

123 Udid TPU-4 MPKV 034-13.12.1994

124 Udid PKV-15 Dr.PDKV 122 E –6/2/2007

125 Gram BDN-9-3 MAU 019-17.10.1981

126 Gram PG-1 MPKV 020-24.6.1984

127 Gram G-5 MPKV 024-20.9.1985

128 Gram G-12 MPKV 029-28.8.1989

129 Gram ICCV-2 ICRISAT 030-9.9.1991

130 Gram Vijay MPKV 034-13.12.1994

131 Gram Hirava Chaffa PKV 034-13.12.1994

132 Gram Vishal MPKV 036-25.5.1995

133 Gram PVK – Kabuli-2 Dr.PDKV 92 E-2/2/2001

134 Gram Gulak -1 Dr.PDKV 92 E-2/2/2001

135 Gram Virat MPKV 937-E-4/9/2002

136 Gram JAKI-9218 Dr.PDKV 122 E –6/2/2007

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137 Gram BDNG-797 MAU 122 E –6/2/2007

138 Gram Digvijay MPKV 122 E –6/2/2007

139 Cowpea S-288 MAU 023-5.9.1984

140 Cowpea Sweta MPKV 027-23.1.1988

141 Cowpea VSM-8 KKV 031.23.1.1992

142 Cowpea DFC-1 KKV 036-25.5.1995

143 Mothbean MBS-27 MPKV 029-28.8.1989

144 Pea Rachana MAU 023-5.9.1984

145 Rajama Bean HPR-35 MPKV 030-9.9.1991

146 Horse Gram Sina MPKV 023-5.9.1984

147 Horse Gram Dapoli-1 KKV 023-5.9.1984

148 Horse Gram MAN MPKV 023-5.9.1984

149 Horse Gram Dipali MAU 026-20.4.1987

150 Groundnut AK-12-24 PKV 006-3.5.1971

151 Groundnut JL-24 MPKV 017-5.7.1979

152 Groundnut TMV-10 TN 017-5.7.1979

153 Groundnut M-13 MPKV 017-5.7.1979

154 Groundnut TG-17 BARC 020-24.6.1982

155 Groundnut UF-70-103 MPKV 023-5.9.1984

156 Groundnut Kokan Gourav KKV 030-9.9.1991

157 Groundnut TAG-24 PKV 030-9.9.1991

158 Groundnut ICGS-11 MPKV 030-9.9.1991

159 Groundnut TAG-19A KKV 034-13.2.1994

160 Groundnut JL-220 MPKV 821 E-13/9/2000

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161 Groundnut LGN-2 MAU 92 E-2/2/2001

162 Groundnut AKA-159 Dr.PDKV 937-E-4/9/2002

163 Groundnut TLG-45 MAU 122 E –6/2/2007

164 Groundnut LGN-1 MAU 122 E –6/2/2007

165 Sunflower LSF-8 MAU 122 E –6/2/2007

166 Safflower Tara MPKV 013-14.4.1976

167 Safflower Bhima MPKV 020-24.6.1982

168 Safflower Nira MPKV 026-2.4.1987

169 Safflower Shradha MAU 030-9.9.1991

170 Safflower Girna MPKV 030-9.9.1991

171 Safflower LDMRSH-3 MAU 027-21.3.1988

172 Safflower LDMRSH-3 MAU 027-21.3.1988

173 Safflower Surya PKV 021-11.11.1982

174 Safflower SH-56 MPKV 028-14.6.1988

175 Safflower PKVSF-9 PKV 034-13.12.1994

176 Safflower PKVSH-27 PKV 034-13.12.1994

177 Safflower PBNS-12 MAU 122 E –6/2/2007

178 Soyabean Lee - 004-7.9.1970

179 Soyabean Brag MACS 004-7.9.1970

180 Soyabean Clark-63 - 004-7.9.1970

181 Soyabean MACS-13 MACS 022-4.8.1984

182 Soyabean PK-472 MAU 026-2.4.1987

183 Soyabean MACS-57 MACS 030-9.9.1991

184 Soyabean PKV-1 PKV 032-9.9.1992

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185 Soyabean JS-335 MAU 035-20.2.1995

186 Soyabean MAUS-2 MAU 036-25.9.1995

187 Soyabean MAUS-32 MAU 821 E-13/9/2000

188 Soyabean MAUS-47 MAU 821 E-13/9/2000

189 Soyabean MAUS-61 MAU 937-E-4/9/2002

190 Soyabean MAUS-71 MAU 937-E-4/9/2002

191 Soyabean TAMS-38 Dr.PDKV 122 E –2/2/2005

192 Soyabean DS-228 MSSC 31/5/2006

193 Soyabean TAMS-98-21 Dr.PDKV 122 E –6/2/2007

194 Sesamum PT-1 MPKV 017-5.6.1979

195 Sesamum JLT-7 MPKV 026-2.4.1987

196 Sesamum JLT-26 MPKV 031-9.9.1992

197 Sesamum AKT-64 Dr.PDKV 92 E-2/2/2001

198 Castor Girija MPKV 013-14.4.1976

199 Castor VI-9 MPKV 022-4.8.1984

200 Castor AKC-1 PKV 030-9.9.1991

201 Niger ITV-76 MPKV 022-4.8.1984

202 Mustard ACN-9 Dr.PDKV 122 E –6/2/2007

203 Linseed N-97 Dr.PDKV 92 E-2/2/2001

204 Cotton Jyoti MPKV 011-9.2.1974

205 Cotton DHY-286 PPK 012-25.8.1975

206 Cotton AKH-4 PKV 012-25.8.1975

207 Cotton RHR-253 MPKV 016-20.12.1978

208 Cotton SRT-1(GCOT-10) GAU 016.20.12.1978

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209 Cotton AK-5 PKV 019-17.10.1981

210 Cotton PKV Hy-2 PKV 019-17.10.1981

211 Cotton PA-32 MAU 020-24.6.1982

212 Cotton NH-239 MAU 022-4.8.1984

213 Cotton Rohini MAU 022-4.8.1984

214 Cotton NHH-44 MAU 022-4.8.1984

215 Cotton Godawari MAU 023-5.9.1984

216 Cotton Sampada MPKV 026-2.4.1987

217 Cotton AKH-081 PKV 026-2.4.1987

218 Cotton NHB-12 MAU 029-28.4.1989

219 Cotton PH-93 MAU 029-28.4.1989

220 Cotton AKA-8401 PKV 029-28.4.1989

221 Cotton PA-141 MAU 029-28.4.1989

222 Cotton Kirti CICIR 030-9.9.1991

223 Cotton NHH-302 MAU 031-23.1.1992

224 Cotton PH-46 MAU 034-13.12.1994

225 Cotton Kiran CICIR 034-13.12.1994

226 Cotton PHV Hy-3 PKV 034-13.12.1994

227 Cotton Ankur-651 Ankur 034-13.12.1994

228 Cotton Rajat PKV 034-13.12.1994

229 Cotton PA-183 MAU 035-20.2.1995

230 Cotton NH-452 MAU 035-20.2.1995

231 Cotton Arogya CICIR 036-25.5.1995

232 Cotton Dhaval PKV 036-25.5.1995

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233 Cotton PH -348 MAU 122 E –2/2/2005

234 Cotton AKA -7 Dr.PDKV 92 E-2/2/2001

235 Cotton PA-402 MAU 122 E –2/2/2005

236 Cotton JLA-794 MPKV 122 E –2/2/2005

237 Jute JRO-632 - 012-25.8.1975

238 Jute JRO-878 - 012-25.8.1975

239 Jute UDEO - 012-25.8.1975

240 Jute JRC-321 - 012-25.8.1975

241 Jute JRC-7447 - 012-25.8.1975

242 Jute JRO-212 - 012-25.8.1975

243 Jute HS-4228 - 012-25.8.1975

244 Jute HI-583 - 012-25.8.1975

245 Jute AMV-1 - 012-25.8.1975

246 Jute Mesta - 012-25.8.1975

247 Sugarcane COM-62175 MPKV 013-14.4.1976

248 Sugarcane COM-7219 MPKV 020-24.6.1982

249 Sugarcane COM-7125 MPKV 020-24.6.1982

250 Sugarcane CO-7527 MPKV 027.21.3.1988

251 Sugarcane COC-671 VSI 033-7.10.1994

252 Sugarcane C0-8014 MPKV 035-20.2.0995

253 Sugarcane Krishna CM88121 MPKV 821 E-13/9/2000

254 Oat Harita MPKV 122 E –6/2/2007

255 Stylohamata Kranti MPKV 122 E –6/2/2007

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