SLaLe and local publlc emplovees currenLlv make up 17 percenL of nebraska's workforce. ln
oLher words, one ln everv almosL slx nebraskans works for sLaLe or local aovernmenL
!"#$%&'()*+,-. ln Cmaha, lL's one worker ln approxlmaLelv seven !"#$%&'()*+/-. ln Llncoln,
lL's worse. Cne ouL of everv four people emploved ln Llncoln works for sLaLe or local
aovernmenL !"#$%&'()*+0-.
ln a 2009 sLudv, onlv nlne sLaLes had a hlaher percenLaae of sLaLe and local aovernmenL workers
Lhan nebraska+!"#$%&'()*+1-.
8eLween Lhe 2000 and Lhe 2010 federal censuses, Lhe populauon of nebraska lncreased bv
6.7° !23*(+,-. uurlna LhaL same ume perlod, nebraska sLaLe aovernmenL expendlLures
lncreased bv 37° !"#$%&'()*+456-. 1haL poruon of sLaLe funds pald for salarles and waaes of
lLs emplovees lncreased bv 40° !23*(+/-. AL Lhe same ume, nebraskans' medlan household
lncome onlv lncreased bv [usL over PALl LhaL much (22°) !"#$%&'()*+75+7$-. 1hls doesn'L Lake
lnLo accounL lncreases ln beneñLs and penslons -- [usL salarles and waaes.
1here ls a areaLer dlsparlLv beLween Lhe beneñLs and penslons earned bv publlc emplovees and
prlvaLe emplovees. Such beneñLs are more llkelv Lo be provlded Lo publlc emplovees Lhan
prlvaLe, Lhose beneñLs are more aenerous, and a laraer share ls llkelv Lo be pald for bv Lhe
emplover, lncludlna medlcal lnsurance provlded for slnale or famllv coveraae !"#$%&'()*+85+9-.
So whaL does Lhls mean? When 1 ouL of 7 or 1 ouL of 4 people work for aovernmenL, lL ls Loo
bla. When Lhe arowLh raLe ln spendlna on compensauon for Lhose workers ls nearlv double Lhe
arowLh raLe of household lncomes, aovernmenL ls Loo bla. When overall arowLh ln aovernmenL
spendlna ls almosL nlne umes arowLh ln Lhe populauon ln Lhe same perlod, aovernmenL ls Loo
1he resulL has been an lncreaslna burden on nebraska Laxpavers, budaeL shorualls or deñclLs,
and an lncreased dependence on lederal fundlna.
ln addluon Lo nebraska's alreadv hlah Laxauon !"#$%&'()*+,:5,,5,/-, ln Lhe pasL Lwo vears, our
Lwo laraesL munlclpallues have lmposed some verv burdensome Laxes on cluzens and non-
cluzens allke, lncludlna Llncoln's Lelecomm Lax and fee sLrucLure LhaL ls Lhe hlahesL ln Lhe
nauon. 8evenues are down because nebraskans are feellna Lhe eñecLs of a lasuna economlc
downLurn, veL bllls have been lnLroduced proposlna Lo double Lhe aas Lax and lncrease lncome
and sales Laxes !23*(+0-.
8uL Laxauon alone does noL accounL for how we have pald for lncreased spendlna ln our sLaLe,
we have been Laklna ln lncreaslna amounLs of lederal fundlna !23*(+1-, and ln Lhe lasL Lwo
vears, slanlñcanL poruons were used Lo shore up publlc emplovee penslon funds !23*(+4- and Lo
avold cumna personnel from educauon !23*(+6-. ln facL, approxlmaLelv 21° of Lhe currenL
budaeL deñclL nebraska ls faclna ls dlrecLlv aurlbuLable Lo publlc emplovee salarles, healLh
lnsurance, and reuremenL !23*(+7-.
lncreaslna Lhe burden on Laxpavers ls noL a lona Lerm soluuon, nor ls becomlna lncreaslnalv
dependenL on federal monev. 1he soluuon ls Lo curLall ouL of conLrol spendlna.
As Lhe number one admlnlsLrauve expense of aovernmenL, lL's clear personnel cosLs musL be
brouahL under conLrol as one parL of a comprehenslve eñorL. 1hls brlnas us full clrcle. 8uL
Lhere's more.
Cur currenL svsLem acLuallv blocks eñorLs Lo curb spendlna. lL serves as an excuse for local
aovernmenL omclals who sav Lhelr hands are ued ln neaouauons wlLh publlc emplovees, buL aL
Lhe same ume form alllances wlLh Lhose emplovees Lo lmpede eñorLs Lo conLrol spendlna. Local
aovernmenLs and publlc emplovees have a naLural averslon Lo capplna Lhe SLaLe's ablllLv Lo
spend due Lo shared concerns over whaL Lhev sLand Lo lose.
1o clLe [usL one example, a 2006 balloL measure !"#$%&'()*+,0- LhaL would have capped SLaLe
spendlna based on prlor spendlna levels, lnßauon raLe, and populauon arowLh was successfullv
defeaLed. 1he vasL ma[orlLv of Lhe opposluon campalan conLrlbuuons came from publlc
emplovee unlons, and school board, local, and counLv aovernmenL leaaues and assoclauons
1hls Lvpe of colluslon beLween our elecLed omclals and Lhe publlc emplovee unlons, aL Lhe verv
leasL, creaLes Lhe appearance of lmproprleLv. lL leads Lhe cluzen Lo quesuon, and lealumaLelv so,
wheLher anvone Lrulv represenLs hls or her lnLeresLs aL anv level of aovernmenL. ?ou can show
us LhaL vou do bv vouna Lo advance L8664 and L829CA Lo Lhe ßoor.
ur. Llnda W. 8ohman, !.u. Shelll uawdv
Meeker Clrcle 3330 n. 73Lh SL.
Llncoln, nL Llncoln, nL 68307
402-489-8040 402-261-3373
1) uS 8ureau of Labor SLausucs, Lconomv AL a Clance: nebraska, !ulv 2010 - uecember 2010
2) uS 8ureau of Labor SLausucs, Lconomv AL a Clance: Cmaha-Councll 8luñs, !ulv 2010 -
uecember 2010
3) uS 8ureau of Labor SLausucs, Lconomv AL a Clance: Llncoln, !ulv 2010 - uecember 2010
4) CenLer for Lconomlc and Þollcv 8esearch, 1he Waae ÞenalLv for SLaLe and Local CovernmenL
Lmplovees, p. 14, Appendlx llaure 4, SLaLe and Local Lmplovees as a ÞercenL of All
Lmplovees, 18-64, 2009
3) uS Census 8ureau, SLaLe CovernmenL llnances, 2000, nebraska
6) uS Census 8ureau, SLaLe CovernmenL llnances, 2009, nebraska
7) uS Census 8ureau, Amerlcan lacL llnder, nebraska, S1901. lncome ln Lhe ÞasL 12 MonLhs (ln
2009 lnßauon-Ad[usLed uollars)
7a) uS Census 8ureau, Amerlcan lacL llnder, nebraska, lncome ln Lhe ÞasL (ln 2000 lnßauon-
Ad[usLed uollars) - noL avallable for vlewlna when reporL prepared - see llnk:
8) uS 8ureau of Labor SLausucs, Lmplovee 8eneñLs ln Lhe unlLed SLaLes - March 2010, p. 1
9) uS 8ureau of Labor SLausucs, Lmplovee 8eneñLs ln Lhe unlLed SLaLes - March 2010, p. 2,
Addluonal llndlnas
10) nebraska 8enalssance Acuon Þlan, p. 13, 1able ll.8 1ax 8aLe Comparlsons, 2006
11) klpllnaer's Map: º8euree 1ax Peavens (and Pells), Cur plcks of Lhe 10 leasL Lax-frlendlv
sLaLes for reurees", for lllusLrauon purposes
12) klpllnaer, º8euree 1ax Culde Lo nebraska", CcLober 2010
13) lnluauve Measure 423, 1exL
14) LlsL of Lop 20 conLrlbuLors Lo opposluon eñorLs for lnluauve Measure 23.
13) LlsL of Lop conLrlbuLors Lo proponenL eñorLs for lnluauve Measure 423.
Source for AuachmenLs 14 and 13: followLhemonev.ora
1) 1aken from Lhe u.S. Census 8ureau, ApporuonmenL uaLa, 2010 Census
2) 40° lncrease ln nebraska's expendlLures calculaLed uslna percenLaae chanae from 2000 -
2009, uslna ln daLa obLalned from AuachmenLs 3 and 6
3) 1he bllls menuoned have been lnLroduced ln Lhe 102nd LealslaLure, llrsL Sesslon. SenaLor
kaLhv Campbell lnLroduced L8304, whlch would lncrease Lhe fuel Laxes. SenaLor Abble
Corneu lnLroduced L8339, L8360, and L8361. 1he Lhree bllls lnLroduced would añecL
nebraska's lncome and sales Lax raLes, L8360 would sub[ecL prevlouslv exempL servlces Lo
sales Laxauon. SenaLor Corneu's bllls currenLlv do noL llsL a raLe, so Lhe amounL of her
proposed lncrease ls unknown.
4) Accordlna Lo Lhe SLaLe 1reasurer's webslLe reporuna spendlna, nebraskaSpendlna.aov,
nebraska recelved 36.77° of lLs fundlna from lederal CranLs and ConLracLs ln l?L 6-30-09.
3) a: Cne of Lwo appllcauons for Sumulus funds: Appllcauon for lnlual lundlna under Lhe SLaLe
llscal SLablllzauon lund Þroaram, CluA numbers 84.394 (Lducauon SLablllzauon lund) and
84.397 (CovernmenL Servlces lund), Slaned bv Covernor uave Pelneman, !une 8, 2009.
b) ºSLaLe's reuremenL plans accounL for 13° of budaeL deñclL", 56,*07,890.:,378;43:, AuausL 13,
6) ºSumulus monev Lo ßow Lo nebraska schools nexL vear", 56,*07,890.:,378;43:, AuausL 23,
7) ºnebraska budaeL aap expecLed Lo arow Lo $1.4bllllon", Llncoln !ournal SLar, CcLober 29,
2010. 1he ñaure of 21° ls llkelv much lower Lhan Lhe acLual percenLaae of Lhe deñclL
aurlbuLable Lo publlc emplovee pav and beneñLs. AnoLher 21° of Lhe deñclL ls school ald, funds
whlch are used Lo compensaLe Leachers and oLher emplovees. lurLhermore, Lhere ls
lnformauon LhaL lndlcaLes LhaL parL of Lhe $300 mllllon ln one ume Sumulus funds were used, ln
parL, Lo pav Leachers and oLher publlc emplovees.
People Business Geography Newsroom Subjects A to Z Search@Census

State Government Finances: 2000
(Amounts in thousands. Per capita amounts in dollars. Revised September 2002)
Amount Percent Per Capita
1 2 3

Population (thousands, April 1, 2000) 1,711 (X) (X)
Personal income (millions, calendar year 1999) 47,534 (X) (X)

Total Revenue 6,184,982 100.00 3,614.83

General revenue 5,705,724 92.25 3,334.73
Intergovernmental revenue 1,568,402 25.36 916.66
Taxes 2,981,047 48.20 1,742.28
General sales 1,027,940 16.62 600.78
Selective sales 417,228 6.75 243.85
License taxes 189,715 3.07 110.88
Individual income tax 1,173,918 18.98 686.10
Corporate income tax 140,022 2.26 81.84
Other taxes 32,224 0.52 18.83
Current charges 533,404 8.62 311.75
Miscellaneous general revenue 622,871 10.07 364.04
Utility revenue - - -
Liquor store revenue - - -
Insurance trust revenue 479,258 7.75 280.10

Total expenditure 5,772,418 100.00 3,373.71
Intergovernmental expenditure 1,585,847 27.47 926.85
Direct expenditure 4,186,571 72.53 2,446.86
Current operation 3,092,899 53.58 1,807.66
Capital outlay 657,047 11.38 384.01
Insurance benefits and repayments 235,796 4.08 137.81
Assistance and subsidies 94,489 1.64 55.22
Interest on debt 106,340 1.84 62.15
Exhibit: Salaries and wages 1,552,198 26.89 907.19

Total expenditure 5,772,418 100.00 3,373.71
General expenditure 5,536,622 95.92 3,235.90
Intergovernmental expenditure 1,585,847 27.47 926.85
Direct expenditure 3,950,775 68.44 2,309.04

General expenditures, by function
Education 1,999,065 34.63 1,168.36
Public welfare 1,392,953 24.13 814.12
Hospitals 158,457 2.75 92.61
Health 261,953 4.54 153.10
Highways 554,013 9.60 323.79

Police protection 61,331 1.06 35.85
Correction 172,628 2.99 100.89
Natural resources 156,317 2.71 91.36
Parks and recreation 27,469 0.48 16.05
Government administration 138,661 2.40 81.04

Interest on general debt 106,340 1.84 62.15
Other and unallocable 507,435 8.79 296.57

Utility expenditure - - -
Liquor store expenditure - - -
Insurance trust expenditure 235,796 4.08 137.81

Debt at end of fiscal year 1,680,323 100.00 982.07
Cash and security holdings 10,987,420 100.00 6,421.64
Abbreviations and symbols: - zero or rounds to zero; (NA) not available; (X) not applicable
Population source: U. S. Census Bureau, Population Division, released December 28, 2000
Personal income source: Survey of Current Business (October 2000) BEA, released September 12, 2000
Created: November 21 2002
Last Revised: May 14 2010
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State Government Finances
You are here: Census.gov › Business & Industry › Federal, State, & Local Governments › State Government Finances › Viewable Data
(Thousand Dollars)

Source: 2009 Annual Survey of State Government Finances. Data users who create their own estimates using
data from this report should cite the U.S. Census Bureau as the source of the original data only. The data in
this table are based on information from public records and contain no confidential data. Although the data in
this table come from a census of governmental units and are not subject to sampling error, the census results
do contain nonsampling error. Additional information on nonsampling error, response rates, and definitions
may be found at http://www2.census.gov/govs/state/09_methodology.pdf.
Item Amount
Total revenue 7,380,731

General revenue 8,403,141
Intergovernmental revenue 2,770,131
Taxes 4,000,939
General sales 1,504,174
Selective sales 511,109
License taxes 167,014
Individual income tax 1,602,091
Corporate income tax 198,442
Other taxes 18,109

Current charges 971,723
Miscellaneous general revenue 660,348

Utility revenue 0
Liquor stores revenue 0
Insurance trust revenue(1) -1,022,410

Total expenditure 9,034,186
Intergovernmental expenditure 2,064,173
Direct expenditure 6,970,013
Current operation 5,298,318
Capital outlay 926,936
Insurance benefits and repayments 485,692
Assistance and subsidies 151,017
Interest on debt 108,050
Exhibit: Salaries and wages 2,177,828

Total expenditure 9,034,186
General expenditure 8,548,494
Intergovernmental expenditure 2,064,173
Direct expenditure 6,484,321

General expenditure, by function:
Education 3,130,952
Public welfare 2,171,990
About the
How the Data
are Collected


Hospitals 248,014
Health 407,012
Highways 706,424

Police protection 89,722
Correction 228,871
Natural resources 205,476
Parks and recreation 31,178
Governmental administration 211,647

Interest on general debt 108,050
Other and unallocable 1,009,158

Utility expenditure 0
Liquor stores expenditure 0
Insurance trust expenditure 485,692

Debt at end of fiscal year 2,516,775

Cash and security holdings 12,371,787
(1) Within insurance trust revenue, net earnings of state retirement systems
is a calculated statistic (the item code in the data file is X08), and thus can be
positive or negative. Net earnings is the sum of earnings on investments plus gains on
investments minus losses on investments. The change made in 2002 for asset valuation
from book to market value in accordance with Statement 34 of the Governmental
Accounting Standards Board is reflected in the calculated statistics.

Created: January 5, 2011
Last Revised: January 13, 2011
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S1901. Income in the Past 12 Months (In 2009 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars)
Data Set: 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates
Survey: American Community Survey
NOTE. For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions,
see Survey Methodology.
Subject Households
Margin of
Error Families
Margin of
Margin of
Margin of
Total 702,637 +/-4,462 456,297 +/-3,425 363,659 +/-3,539 246,340 +/-2,809
Less than $10,000 6.8% +/-0.2 3.7% +/-0.2 1.1% +/-0.1 13.8% +/-0.5
$10,000 to $14,999 5.8% +/-0.2 2.8% +/-0.1 1.4% +/-0.1 11.9% +/-0.4
$15,000 to $24,999 11.8% +/-0.2 7.9% +/-0.2 5.4% +/-0.2 19.8% +/-0.5
$25,000 to $34,999 11.9% +/-0.2 9.6% +/-0.2 8.0% +/-0.2 16.8% +/-0.5
$35,000 to $49,999 15.6% +/-0.2 15.2% +/-0.3 14.5% +/-0.3 16.1% +/-0.5
$50,000 to $74,999 20.9% +/-0.3 24.5% +/-0.3 26.6% +/-0.4 13.1% +/-0.4
$75,000 to $99,999 12.5% +/-0.2 16.3% +/-0.3 18.9% +/-0.4 4.7% +/-0.3
$100,000 to $149,999 9.9% +/-0.2 13.6% +/-0.2 16.2% +/-0.3 2.6% +/-0.2
$150,000 to $199,999 2.5% +/-0.1 3.4% +/-0.1 4.2% +/-0.2 0.6% +/-0.1
$200,000 or more 2.2% +/-0.1 3.0% +/-0.1 3.6% +/-0.2 0.7% +/-0.1

Median income (dollars) 47,995 +/-270 60,443 +/-362 67,846 +/-396 27,548 +/-380

Mean income (dollars) 60,843 +/-343 72,777 +/-467 81,338 +/-511 36,690 +/-569

Household income in the past
12 months
21.8% (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)
Family income in the past 12
(X) (X) 21.9% (X) (X) (X) (X) (X)
Nonfamily income in the past
12 months
(X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 20.5% (X)
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005-2009 American Community Survey
Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability
is represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be
interpreted roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate
plus the margin of error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS
estimates are subject to nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling
error is not represented in these tables.
·While the 2005-2009 American Community Survey (ACS) data generally reflect the November 2008 Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
definitions of metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas; in certain instances the names, codes, and boundaries of the principal cities
shown in ACS tables may differ from the OMB definitions due to differences in the effective dates of the geographic entities.
·Estimates of urban and rural population, housing units, and characteristics reflect boundaries of urban areas defined based on Census 2000
data. Boundaries for urban areas have not been updated since Census 2000. As a result, data for urban and rural areas from the ACS do not
necessarily reflect the results of ongoing urbanization.
Explanation of Symbols:
1. An '**' entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to
compute a standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
2. An ' -' entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute
an estimate, or a ratio of medians cannot be calculated because one or both of the median estimates falls in the lowest interval or upper
interval of an open-ended distribution.
3. An ' -' following a median estimate means the median falls in the lowest interval of an open-ended distribution.
4. An '+' following a median estimate means the median falls in the upper interval of an open-ended distribution.
5. An '***' entry in the margin of error column indicates that the median falls in the lowest interval or upper interval of an open-ended
distribution. A statistical test is not appropriate.
6. An '*****' entry in the margin of error column indicates that the estimate is controlled. A statistical test for sampling variability is not
7. An 'N' entry in the estimate and margin of error columns indicates that data for this geographic area cannot be displayed because the
number of sample cases is too small.
8. An '(X)' means that the estimate is not applicable or not available.