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Anglo-Chinese School

(Barker Road)
PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION 2007

SECONDARY FOUR EXPRESS

ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
PAPER ONE

DURATION: 2 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:

Write your answers and working on the writing papers provided.


Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Answer all questions.


Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the
case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
Attach the cover page on top of your answer script.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
The total of the marks for this paper is 80.
The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.
You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

This question paper consists of 6 printed pages.


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1. ALGEBRA

Quadratic Equation

For the equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 ,

− b ± b 2 − 4ac
x= .
2a

Binomial Theorem

⎛n⎞ ⎛n⎞ ⎛n⎞


(a + b) n = a n + ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ a n −1b + ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ a n − 2b 2 + " + ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ a n − r b r + " + b n ,
⎝1⎠ ⎝2⎠ ⎝r⎠

⎛n⎞ n!
where n is a positive integer and ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ = .
⎝ r ⎠ (n − r )!r!

2. TRIGONOMETRY

Identities
sin 2 A + cos 2 A = 1 .

sec 2 A = 1 + tan 2 A .

cosec 2 A = 1 + cot 2 A .

Formulae for ΔABC

a b c
= = .
sin A sin B sin C

a 2 = b 2 + c 2 − 2bc cos A .

1
Δ= bc sin A .
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3 Anglo-Chinese School (Barker Road)

1 (a) The three sets P, Q and R are such that P ∩ R = ∅ , n( P ∩ Q) > 0 and. R ⊂ Q
Draw a clearly labelled Venn diagram to illustrate the three sets P, Q and R. [2]

(b) Of the 40 students surveyed, 28 play soccer and 15 play tennis. It is given that
ξ = {students surveyed}
S = {students who play soccer}, T = { students who play tennis }.
(i) Express in set notation: {students who neither play soccer or tennis} [1]
(ii) With the aid of a Venn diagram, find the greatest possible value of n(S ∩ T ') [2]

2 Solve the following simultaneous equations,


2x + 5 y −1 = 0 ,
x 2 + 2 xy = 2 y 2 + 1 .
Describe the geometrical significance of your answer. [4]

3 (a) A rectangle has length of (5 – 4x) m and breath of x m. Calculate the range of values of x
for which the area of the rectangle is at least 1 m2 [3]

(b) Given that the straight line y = 3 x + c intersects the curve xy + 3 = 0 at two distinct points,
find the range of values of c [3]

1 10
4 (a) Find the coefficient of x in the expansion of ( x + ) [3]
2x2

(b) Obtain the first 3 terms in the expansion (1 − p)7 in ascending powers of p.
Hence find the coefficient of x2 in the expansion (1 − 2 x − x 2 )7 [4]

5 (a) Find the number of different 4-letter arrangements that can be formed chosen from
the 7 letters of the word FIXTURE in which the first letter must not be a vowel. [2]

(b) A committee of 5 adults is to be chosen from 8 men and 6 ladies.


Find the number of possible committees that can be formed in which there are more ladies
than men [4]

dy 6
6 A curve is such that = . Given that the curve passes through the point (2,9).
dx 3x − 2

Find (i) the equation of the normal at the point (2,9), [3]

(ii) the equation of the curve. [3]

Preliminary Examination 2007


Sec 4 (Express) Additional Mathematics Paper1
4018
4 Anglo-Chinese School (Barker Road)

7 Solve the following equations,

(i) 1 + 2 log3 x = log3 (2 – x), [3]

(ii) 5 + 6 loga 3 = log3 a. [4]

8 (a) Find ∫ sin π x dx [2]

(b) The figure below shows two curves y = f(x) and y = g(x) intersecting at three points (0,0), (1,2)
and (2,0) for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2. It is given that f(x) – g(x) = 2 sin πx.
Find the area of the shaded region as shown in the figure. [4]

9 (a) The function f is defined by f : x 6 x 2 − 6 x + 5 for the domain 0 ≤ x ≤ 7 .

(i) Sketch the graph of f and hence state the range of f for the given domain [3]

The function g is defined by g : x 6 x 2 − 6 x + 5 for the domain c ≤ x ≤ 7 .


(ii) determine the smallest value of c for which g −1 exists. [1]

(b) Function h and k are defined for x ∈ ℜ by


2
h:x 6 for x ≠ 3
x−3
k : x 6 4 − x for x ≠ 1

Find the values of x such that hk ( x) = h −1 ( x) [4]

3x − 2 dy
10 Given that y = , find . Hence calculate [2]
2x +1 dx

(i) the approximate change in y when x increases from 3 to 3+ p where p is small [2]

(ii) the rate of change of x at the instant when x = 1, given that y is changing at the rate of
2.1 units per second at this instant. [3]
Preliminary Examination 2007
Sec 4 (Express) Additional Mathematics Paper1
4018
5 Anglo-Chinese School (Barker Road)

11 In the figure, ABCD is a rhombus with coordinates A(2,9) and C (8,1).


The diagonals AC and BD cut at E.

(i) Calculate the co-ordinates of E. [1]


(ii) Find the equation of BD. [2]

It is given that the equation of AD is x + 7 y − 65 = 0 .


(iii) Find the equation of BC [2]
(iv) Calculate the length of AB. [3]

12 EITHER

. (a) The table shows experimental values of two variables x and y.


x 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.7 1.8
y 0.50 1.44 2.70 5.78 6.93
It is known that x and y are related by an equation y = a x 3 + b x , where a and b are
constants.
y
(i) Using graph paper, plot against x 2 and draw a straight line graph
x
Use your graph to estimate
(ii) the value of y when x = 1.5, (iii) the value of a and that of b. [6]

(b) The diagram shows a circle, centre O of radius 10cm. The line AC is perpendicular to the
radius OA, and the line OC intersects the circle at B. Given that angle OCA is 0.5 radians,
calculate (i) the length of AC (ii) the area of the shaded region [4]

Preliminary Examination 2007


Sec 4 (Express) Additional Mathematics Paper1
4018
6 Anglo-Chinese School (Barker Road)

OR

12 (a) In order that each of the equations


ax
(i) y = (ii) yx n = k
x+b
where a , b, n and k are unknown constants, may be represented by a straight line, they each
need to be represented in the form Y = mX + c, where X and Y are each functions of x and/or
y, and m and c are constants. Copy the following table and insert in it an expression for Y, X,
m and c for each case. [5]

Y X m c
ax
y=
x+b
yx n = k

(b) The figure below shows two concentric circles, centre A, of radii r cm and 10 cm.
ABC and AED are straight lines with B, C, D and E being points on the circumferences.
The tangent at B of the inner circle meets the outer circle at D.
Given that angle BAD = 1.2 radians, calculate
(i) the value of r (ii) the area of the shaded region [5]

END OF PAPER

Preliminary Examination 2007


Sec 4 (Express) Additional Mathematics Paper1
4018