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Introduction

Finding sufficient supplies of clean energy for the future is one of society’s most
daunting challenges and is intimately linked with global stability, economic prosperity, and
quality of life. Because of the world energy crisis, many countries have started to take a series of
measures to resolve this problem. Finding alternative energy resources is a pressing mission for
many countries, especially for those countries lacking conventional fuel resources. The
production of biodiesel has recently received much attention worldwide.

The world total biodiesel production was estimated to be around 1.8 billion liters in 2003.
A sharp Increase in biodiesel production was observed in the past several years. It is speculated
that the production of biodiesel will be further tremendously increased because of increasing
demand for fuels and cleaner energy globally.

Biodiesel has characteristics similar to petroleum-derived diesel oil and is therefore


biodiesel rated as a strong potential alternative to diesel. Because the cost of raw material
accounts for about 75% of the total cost of biodiesel production, choosing an appropriate
feedstock is important to ensure a low biodiesel production cost. The primary biodiesel
feedstocks are soybean oil, Rapeseed oil, Jatropha etc. Because more than 95% of this type of
biodiesel is made from edible oils, the use of these first generation biodiesel sources has
generated many problems mainly due to their impact on global food markets and food security.

Third generation biodiesel feedstock’s which are derived from microalgae, have emerged
as one of the most promising alternative sources of lipid for use in biodiesel production because
of their high photosynthetic efficiency to produce biomass and their higher growth rates and
productivity compared to conventional crops. In addition to their fast generation feedstocks, they
are easier to cultivate than many other types of plants and can produce a higher yield of oil for
biodiesel production. Microalgae produce valuable co-products or by-products such as
biopolymers, proteins, carbohydrates and residual biomass, which may be used as feed or
fertilizer. In addition, cultivation of microalgae does not require herbicides or pesticides.
Objectives

• To establish a well equipped lab with a highly trained staff

• Biochemical Analysis of Biomass Produced by Microalgae

• Assessment of Bio-energy and Bio-Mass production.

Methodology

Selection of microalgae for Biomass and Bio-energy production


Among Different types of Microalgae, The one having high oil content
will be Mass cultivated.

Optimization of Growth requirements:


For optimum production physical and chemical Growth requirement will be optimized.

Production of Biodiesel

Extraction of Algal Oil


Algae oil will be extracted by physical methods (Oil Press) and Chemical
Methods
(Hexane solvants)

Biodiesel production
The Oil obtained from microalgae will be converted into Bio-Diesel by
Transesterification process

Production of Bio-Mass
The leftover biomass will be used as animal feedstock or can an anerobically
digested for
Methane production.

Estimated cost for a Model Unit : - Rs- 1000000