# Types of matrix

Matrix
Definition

Assignment

A matrix is a collection of numbers arranged into a fixed number of rows and columns. Usually the numbers are real numbers. In general, matrices can contain complex numbers but we won't see those here. Here is an example of a matrix with three rows and three columns: A 3x3 =
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TYPE Row Matrix

DESCRIPTION A row matrix is a matrix with only one row.

EXAMPLE A=[ 5 6 8]

Column Matrix

A column matrix is a matrix with only one column.

Rectangular Matrix

A matrix for which horizontal and vertical dimensions are not the same (i.e., an matrix with ).

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Square Matrix A matrix with equal number of rows and columns. A scalar matrix is a special kind of diagonal matrix. Upper Triangular Matrix A square matrix in which all the elements below the diagonal are zero is an upper triangular matrix. It is a diagonal matrix with equal-valued elements along the diagonal. 1 2 7 3 4 8 5 6 9 Unit Matrix A unit matrix is a diagonal matrix whose elements in the diagonal are all ones. which is known as the leading diagonal ogf the matrix. Lower Triangular Matrix A square matrix in which all the elements above the diagonal are zero is a lower triangular matrix. Diagonal Matrix A diagonal matrix is a square matrix which has all its elements zeros except for those in the diagonal from top left to bottom right. Scalar Matrix .

Types of matrix 3 .