You are on page 1of 5

ME2834 Sejarah Asia Tenggara: Perdagangan Awal

Kursus ini mengkaji perkembangan perdagangan maritim di Asia


Tenggara sebelum abad ke 15 Masehi. Tema utama yang diteliti
adalah sejarah awal maritim dan perdagangan. Ianya meliputi aspek
perkapalan, pelabuhan awal, laluan perdagangan, sistem perdagangan
tradisional, kartografi, pengaruh politik dan keagamaan serta kesan-
kesan perdagangan laut ke atas pola pertempatan pesisir pantai dan
kerajaan awal di Asia Tenggara.

Bahagian A – Sejarah Maritim

Sejarah maritim Kepulauan Asia Tenggara

1. Period Neolitik hingga Period Logam (Sejak 5000 tahun Sebelum Masehi)
2. Period Proto Sejarah (Abad 1 – 10 Masehi)
3. Period Pertengahan (Abad 11 – 14 Masehi)
4. Kedatangan penjelajah maritim Barat (Abad 15 Masehi)

Teknologi dan senibena kapal tempatan

1. Perkapalan tempatan
2. Pengaruh China dan India
3. Transisi senibena kapal tempatan kepada senibena kapal Eropah

Kartografi – Sejarah awal pemetaan

1. Sumber China
2. Sumber India
3. Sumber Arab-Parsi
4. Sumber Barat

Laluan perdagangan awal

1. Faktor geografikal
2. Sumber bahan mentah

Bahagian B – Perkembangan perdagangan maritim dari Abad 1 hingga 15 Masehi

Pola pertempatan pesisir pantai dan kerajaan maritim

1. Tempat persinggahan / lindungan monsun


2. Pelabuhan dan kerajaan
Sistem perdagangan tradisional

1. Perdagangan pesisir pantai


2. Perdagangan antara pulau
3. Perdagangan antarabangsa – makro khusus dengan India, China dan Arab-Parsi
4. Bahan eksport dan import

Hubungan awal dengan India, China dan Arab-Parsi

1. Perdagangan
2. Keagamaan
3. Politik

Kedatangan Kuasa-kuasa Eropah

1. Perdagangan bebas
2. Transisi kepada perdagangan monopoli rempah
3. Kejatuhan kerajaan-kerajaan utama Kepulauan Asia Tenggara

Bacaan Asas

Bellwood, Peter and Matussin Omar. 1980. Trade pattern and political development in
Brunei and adjacent areas, A.D. 700-1500. BMJ. 4

Bellwood, Peter. 1985. Prehistory of the Indo-Malaysian archipelago. Sydney:


Academic Press.

Bradell, Roland. 1989. The study of ancient times in the Malay Peninsula and Straits of
Malacca. MBRAS. 7.

Brierly, J.H. 1994. Spices: the story of Indonesia’s spice trade. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford
University Press.

Cady, J.F. 1964. Southeast Asia: its historical development. New York: McGraw-Hill
Book Company.

Coedes. G. 1970. The Indianized states of Southeast Asia. Kuala Lumpur. University of
Malaya Press.

Chaudhiri, K.N. 1985. Trade and civilisation in the Indian Ocean: an economic history
from the rise of Islam to 1750. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Claessen, H.J.M. and Sklanik, P. (ed.) 1978. The early state. The Hague: Mouton
Publishers.
Clifford, Hugh. 1990. Further India being the story of exploration from the earliest
times in Burma, Malaya, Siam and Indo-China. Bangkok: White Lotus Ltd.

Crone, G.R. 1972. The discovery of the east. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

De Casparis, J.G. 1975. India and maritime Southeast Asia: a lasting relationship. Kuala
Lumpur: University Malaya.

Guy, J.S. 1989. Oriental trade ceramics in Southeast Asia, 9th to 16th Centuries.
Singapore: Oxford University Press.

Hall, K.R and Whitmore, J.K. (ed.) 1976. Explorations in early Southeast Asian history:
the origins of Southeast Asian statecraft. Michigan: University of Michigan.

Hall, Kenneth R. 1985. Maritime trade and state development in early Southeast Asia.
Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Hornel, James. 1946. Water transport: origins and early evolution. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.

Horridge, Adrian. 1981. The prahu: traditional sailing boats of Indonesia. Kuala
Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

K.A. Nilakanta Sastri. 1949. History of Srivijaya. Madras. University of Madras.

Kathirithamby-Wells, J. & J. Villiers (eds.) 1990. The Southeast Asian port and polity:
rise and demise. Singapore: Singapore University Press.

Lamb. A.H. 1961. Miscellaneous papres on early Hindu and Buddhist settlements in
Northern Malaya and Southern Thailand. FMJ. 6.

Leur, J.C.Van 1955. Indonesian trade and society: essays in Asian social and economic
history. The Hague-Bandung: M. Van Hoeve.

MacDonald, Malcolm. 1987. Angkor and the Khmers. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University
Press.

Majumdar, R.C. 1963. Hindu colonies in the Far East. Calcutta: Firma K.L.
Mukhopodhyay.

Majumdar, R.C. 1972. Ancient Indian colonization in Southeast Asia. University of


Baroda Press.

Majumdar, R.C. 1979. India and South East Asia. New Delhi: B.R. Publishing
Corporation.
Majumdar. R.C. 1985. Champa: history and culture of an Indian colonial kingdom in
the Far East, 2nd – 16th Centuries A.D. Delhi.

Marr, D.G and Milner, A.C (ed.) 1986. Southeast Asia in the 9th to 14th Centuries.
Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.

Marseden, W. 1966. History of Sumatera. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

Marwati D. P. dan Nugroho N. 1992. Sejarah Nasional Indonesia II. Jakarta: Balai
Pustaka.

Miller, J. Innes. 1969. The spice trade of the Roman Empire. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Moens, J.L. 1974. Buddhisme di Jawa dan Sumatera dalam masa kejayaannya terakhir.
Jakarta: Bhatara.

Nik Hassan Shuhaimi Nik Abd. Rahman. 1984. Art, archaeology and the early kingdoms
in the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra: C400 – 1400 A.D. Ph.D Thesis. University
of London.

Nik Hassan Shuhaimi Nik Abd. Rahman (ed.). 1998. The Encyclopedia of Malaysia:
early history -volume 4, Singapore: Archipelago Press.

Nik Hassan Shuhaimi Nik Abd. Rahman. 1999. Arkeologi pra-Islam pesisir Selat
Melaka: evolusi atau migrasi. Bangi: Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Quaritch-Wales. H.G. 1940. Archaeological researches on ancient Indian colonization in


Malaya. JMBRAS. 18.

Quaritch-Wales, H.G. 1952. Ancient Southeast Asian warfare. London

Richards, D.S (ed.) 1970. Islam and the Trade of Asia. Oxford: Bruno Cassirer Ltd.

Schnitger, F.M. 1939. Forgotten Kingdoms in Sumatra. Leiden. E.J. Brill.

Simkin, G.C.F. 1968. The Traditional Trade of Asia. London: Oxford Press.

Soarez, T. 1999. Early Mapping of Southeast Asia. Singapore: Periplus.

Tarling, Nicholas. 1990. The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia. Vol. VII. Singapore:
Cambridge University Press.

Tarling, Nicholas. 1992. The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia. Vol. I. Singapore:
Cambridge University Press.

Thonstone, P. 1980. The Sea-Craft of Prehistory. London: Cambridge University Press.


Tibbetts, G.R. 1956. Pre-Islamic Arabia and Southeast Asia. JMBRAS. 29.

Tibbetts. G.r. 1957. Early Muslim Traders in South-East Asia. JMBRAS. 30.

Tran Ky Phuong. 1993. Cham Ruins: Journey in Search of an Ancient Civilization.


Hanoi: The Gioi.

Van de Velde, Peiter (ed.). 1984. Prehistoric Indonesia: A Reader. Foris Publication.

Wang Gungwu. 1958. The Nanhai Trade: A Study of the Early History of Chinese Trade
in The South China Sea. JMBRAS. 31.

Wheatley, P. 1961. The Golden Khersonese: Studies in the Historical Geography of the
Malay Peninsula Before A.D. 1500. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

Wheatley, P. 1964. Impressions of the Malay Peninsula in Ancient Times. Singapore:


Eastern Universities.

Wolters, O.W. (Terj.) 1989. Perdagangan Awal Indonesia. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan
Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Wolters, O.W. 1982. History, Culture and Religion in Southeast Asian perspective.
Singapore: ISEAS.