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INTRODUCTION Ageing is very natural process. It beings at conception and continues throughout the life cycle. The manner in which some one ages depends on heredity, physical health nutrition, mental and other unknown factors some scientists feel that human beings have a built in biological clock which loud run for 130 years in no diseases or illness affected in the body. Perhaps it can be said that the 20th century was the beginning of the end of the manner of perception of old people. New advance in medical science helped in the lengthening of lives and the industrial revolution coupled with large scale migration and the subsequent advent of the nuclear family and the society. L. David states that one of the biggest challenges that confronts the modern society today is the provision of adequate and effective care to the aged. The growing old is a painful process in modern society where modernization is leading to the degradation of status, authority, love and affection ties of the aged consequently the integrity of the family and the existence of the elderly as an integral part of the family are being uprooted. The ageing need a lot of care for their sustenance as they get physically and mentally weak as their age advance. Depression and emotional shocks are common among the aged. They feel isloted and side tracked by the society. Medical advancement has pushed a large number of people to their 60s and 70s.The aged involves not only medical but social, psychological and adjustment problems as well.
The aged are being forced to find their own ways to fond for themselves. . In their concept while they are struggling very hard to find a foothold from themselves in the highly competitive world it is really hard to accommodate the aged parents who seem to be a misfit in this constant run which requires youthful zeal prowess.THE PROBLEMS OF THE AGED a) A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The aged population all around the world are facing almost the same kind of problems. The scenario in the developed countries is expected to improve in the developed countries from among the 80 plus age-group which growing most rapidly. as a result of growing developments and the emergence of the small family system. the aged face more or less the same problems like a growing urge for industrialization.10 billion by 2020 it is expected that there will be a serious imbalance in the sex ratio in the developing countries. But may in third world countries. Coupled with this comes other worries for the aged like their economic and social problems when they will not have enough money to look after themselves and also health problems. The 2001 estimated of the WHO puts the number of the aged around the world close to 3. When children start working they move away from their parents and start living of their own. In developed countries the social security system for citizen runs in a very efficient manner and certain extent it can be said that the government looks after them. emergence of the nuclear family etc. As a result we see the emergency of a large number of nursing homes and homes for the aged where incapable of looking after themselves are taken care of in a specialized manner. In many developed countries in the world. They will not have the energy required for their action but will have no one with them.
social and psychological sphere. Protective measures for people are very less when compared to developed countries. This is a turn made the emergence of homes for the aged and nursing homes a much needed development in the care and well being of the aged. Then in their old age when the time comes when they cannot find for themselves they are left alone with no one to look after them and nothing left in terms of monetary income. urbanization the growing importance of the nuclear family all are gripping problems for the aged when we consider the fact the time is not very for when the Indian culture was the centre force in any home any community in India. It is understood that the number of the aged in this country is out numbering the number of youth. . Suddenly all this fades away and the aged find the ground under them eroding coupled with this emotional aspect comes other problems in the economical. The aged were the central force in any home any community in India. It has to be remembered that in India.b) INDIAN PERSPECTIVE In any part of the world the problem of the aged of growing significance is India. The growing emergence of industrialization.
In India parents were once honoured as gods and it was the duty of the sons. family life and wellbeing of people has to be born by a relatively smaller younger group of adult workers. Unfortunately professionals policy makers and families are often unprepared or ignorant about aging one professional group issued the following statement (The stereotype of an older person who must inevitably suffer because of reduced mobility health and status is not . Serviced apartments are also not easily available to senior citizens. the eldest son bears the responsibility of caring for the aged parents. Age related changes occur at different rates for different persons. The joint family has broken down and older people are considered a burden by the younger generation. Quality old age homes are few and they can only be found in India major metropolitan areas. AGEING Ageing is a highly individual experience chronological age may differ from a person functional age. This tradition is practiced by both the rich and the poor. If there was more than son. The means India populations on health economic security. Through the ancient description of the life span of man as a 100 years is no more applicable at present in India or any where in the world modern medicine and health care facilities have now led to a large preparation of the population reaching the estimate of the days of man. In our country mandatory retirement fixes old age at years. to respect and care for his parents. The ears of age. Even now in most homes older parents live with their sons and families. The state does not have adequate sources to meet the demand on its service.CHANGING TRADITIONAL INDIAN FAMILY According to the United Nations almost million people in India are over 60 and by the year 2021 that number will increase to 137 million.
The old age homes will be residential unit for atleast 25 poor destitute aged persons of 60 years and above. THE RELEVANCE OF OLDAGE 1} Migration of young couples from the rural areas to cities in search of better employment opportunities to found for themselves. . 4} Elders are some times too incapacitation or unwell to look after themselves or get medical care especially in an emergency. If old age homes are the way out many of them will turn out to be dumping homes.consistent with the fact that most older person given supportive circumstances and connections are quite capable of enjoying life fully until the end of their lives) OLD AGE HOMES The schemes are being implemented through organizations institutions. Running old age homes should never be the sole responsibility of the NGOs Even financial institutions like banks religious and charitable bodies may also come forward to fulfill this obligates to society. statutory bodies like panchayat Raj Institutions. Red Cross Societies. 3} Youngsters on their part are sometimes resentful of the attitude of their parents. 2} Elderly who have been in control or the house hold for a long time are unwilling to give up the responsibility to their children. Municipal bodies including Charitable Trust and other registered bodies set up by the Industrialists Business houses etc.
One is Free type which cares for the destitute old age people who have no one else to care for them. They are given shelter food. clothing and medical care. loved. Quality of life is tied to perception of meaning. . Quality of life is an important concept in the field of international development. Within development theory. THE TYPES OF OLD AGE HOMES There are two types of old age homes in India. The quest for meaning is central to the human condition. So even if they cannot accommodate their parents in their own homes. believed in or left as a legacy. there are varying ideas concerning what constitutes desirable change for a particular society and the different ways that the quality of life is defined by institutions therefore shapes how these organizations work for improvement. The second types is the paid home where care is provided for a fee Now-a-days such retirement homes have become very popular to India and they are well worth considering. however. since it allows development to be analyzed on a measure broader than standard of living. QUALITY OF LIFE The best way of approaching quality of life measurement is to measure the extent to which peoples happiness requirement are met those requirement which area necessary condition of any one happiness those without which no member of the human race can be happy.5} Many youngsters have moved to places for away from their native homes and in the resent past to many countries abroad. and we are brought in tough with a sense of meaning when we reflect on that which we have created.
The term quality of life is used to evaluate the general well-being of individuals and societies. Quality of life should not be confused with the concept of standard of living. recreation and leisure time and social belonging. Possibilities result from the opportunities and limitations each person has in his or her life and reflect the interaction of personal and environmental factors. which is based primarily on income. education. Instead standard indicators of the quality of life include not only wealth and employment but also the built environment. health care and politics. physical and mental health. . The term is used in a wide range of contexts. including the fields of international development.DEFINITION Quality of life is the degree to which a person enjoys the important possibilities of his or her life.
. 3) cook (1981) recommend that for optimum level of satisfaction of the aged need an environment that permits freedom peace of mind good recreational facilities. The young generation finds with the behavior and the beliefs of the old. The aged who have lost their spouse are the worst sufferers of loneliness they have nobody to understand their own matters to attend to impairement of vision and hearing and various chronic ailments make social interaction difficult and attitudes of self pity or centering of interest may alienate family and friends alike. good health care. In many cases. 4) A study conducted in kerala in 1988 found that in a majority of cases. social relation ship between the young and old was not very cordial many reported that quarrel between themselves and their aged parents was a usual phenomenon. the day the aged spend their time social acceptance and relationship with outsider.REVIEW OF LITERATURE 1) According to Mark (1979) studied the role of social interaction in life satisfaction. The result of there study shows that the quality of interactions and not the quality which was a more important determinant of life satisfaction. work people do. older persons also become increasingly rigid and intolerant in their outlook and unable to make effective use of the oppournities for meaningful social interaction that still remain open. 2) Smith and Benson (1979) Indicated that a majority of the institutionalized expressed improvement in family ties when compared to the non-institutionalized aged living in their homes.
The fact remains that they may not be happy in that condition because of an emotional distance by the children to lives there because of kind of a social stigma attached to it RESEARCH DESIGN The survey research technique was adopted in the study. UNIVERSE AND SAMPLING The universe for the present study was community people. The data was analyzed using percentage method. tabulation and interpretation and learned to write research report. The researcher selected 30 respondents from the population and conducted the survey. learn to develop and administer a measurement tool. It has to be said that there are various causative factors which prompt the study to be made there are a large number of the aged people living in their own homes with their grown up children.RESEARCH METHODOLOGY A study on the Quality of life main aim of this study is understand the life satisfaction attitude of the old aged people. METHOD OF ANALYSIS The data that was collected through questionnaire were transformed into master sheet. The questionnaire was properly filled in and accepted for analysis. The researcher selected 50 were the random sampling method. Keeping the learning objectives and other limitations into consideration. data processing. Considering the life style in todays world. The secondary source of data was collected from the books. SOURCE OF DATA The primary source of data was the respondents. journals and websites etc. Coding was done and simple table were prepared. conduct field work. However. the scope of the study was limited to fulfilling some learning objectives. .
3) To study the quality of life satisfaction of the Non-institutionalized aged. 2) To study the relationship of Non-institutionalized with their family members. .OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 1) To study the socio-demographic status of the Non-institutionalized aged.
QUALITY OF LIFE IN AGED PEOPLE SL. .NO 1. Quality of Life Satisfied Not Satisfied Total Frequency 24 26 50 Percentage 48 52 100 The above table explain that 48% of the respondents are satisfied with the quality of life and 52% of the respondents are not satisfied with the quality of life. 2.
. There are a large number of the aged people living in their own homes with their grown up children. The researcher conducted a study was to under stand the life satisfaction of the old age people. fighting successfully by ensuring the well-being of the family as well as nation up to their maximum strength. They are the actual heroes of their lives. It can be conducted that the aged people who are living in home are not happy in their life.CONCLUSION The aged are the treasure of practical knowledge and experience. They are the custodians of our rich cultural heritage and universal values which have been a part of our social system for long with proven eternity and humanism.