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Report on Organizational Troy
Submitted To Miss Aiman Faridi Submitted By
Imtiaz Ali Class 79 Bs(commerce) 7th evening Islamia university of Bahawalpur

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Table Of Contents
Serial No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Description Forwards Acknowledgement Dedication Information & overview of movie Cast & crew Executive summery Ch#1 Introduction to OB Ch#2 Personality & Values Ch#3 Perception & Individual Ch#4 Job Attitudes Ch#5 Motivation Concepts Ch#6 emotion & Moods Ch#7 Foundation & Group Behavior Ch#8 Power & Politics Conclusion Page No. 4 5 6 7 8 10 14 20 24 26 30 33 35 39 43

Forwards
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This Program is an important part to give students an opportunity to have experience of practical field in organizational behavior. Unless and until the students experience the novelty of practical work, their knowledge of what they study in theoretical courses remains incomplete. The most important point in an In this Program is that the student should spend their time in a true manner and with the spirit to learn practical orientation of theoretical study framework This behavioral report on this movie to apply the behavioral study on organization . I have tried to give details about the Tory Movie.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

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Up and above everything, I am thankful to Miss Aiman Faridi for providing me a chance to work in such a way to study organization behavior practically . I also offer my thanks for her valuable guidance and contribution in making my report meaningful and useful.

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Fighters for liberty & peace

Troy Information & overview
Directed by Produced by Wolfgang Petersen Wolfgang Petersen

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Diana Rathbun Colin Wilson Written by David Benioff Brad Pitt Eric Bana Orlando Bloom Diane Kruger Owain Yeoman Starring Brian Cox Sean Bean Julie Christie Peter O'Toole Rose Byrne Saffron Burrows Music by Cinematography Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget James Horner Roger Pratt Peter Honess Plan B Entertainment Warner Bros. Pictures May 14, 2004 163 minutes United States English $175 million

Cast and Crew

Brad Pitt - (Achilles)

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Eric Bana - (Prince Hector of Troy)

Orlando Bloom - (Prince Paris of Troy)

Diane Kruger - (Helen, Queen of Sparta)

Brian Cox - (Agamemnon)

Sean Bean - (Odysseus)

Brendan Gleeson - (King Menelaus)

Saffron Burrows - (Andromache)

Peter O'Toole - (Priam, King of Troy)

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Julie Christie - (Thetis)

Rose Byrne - (Briseis)

Garrett Hedlund - (Patroclus)

Jacob Smith - (Messenger Boy)

Adoni Maropis - (Agamemnon's Officer)

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Executive summary

In Sparta, Prince Hector (Eric Bana) and his young brother Paris (Orlando Bloom) negotiate peace between Troy and Sparta. Paris has fallen in love with Helen (Diane Kruger), Menelaus' (Brendan Gleeson) wife. He smuggles her back to Troy with him. Infuriated, Menelaus vows revenge. Meanwhile, Agamemnon (Menelaus' brother), who had for years harbored plans for conquering Troy (which would give him control of the Aegean Sea), uses this as a justification to invade Troy. General Nestor (John Shrapnel) asks him to take Achilles (Brad Pitt), to rally troops to the cause. Odysseus (Sean Bean) visits Phtia to persuade Achilles to fight, and finds him training with Patroclus (Garrett Hedlund), his cousin. The Greeks land at Troy and take control of the beach, landing their ships. Achilles and the Myrmidons kill many Trojans and desecrate the temple of Apollo. Briseis (Rose 10

Byrne), a member of the Trojan royal family, is captured and taken as a prize to the Greeks, despite Achilles' claim to her. Achilles and his Myrmidons do not fight the next day because of Agamemnon's unfair claim to Briseis. With Greeks surrounding Troy, Paris challenges Menelaus to a duel to settle things. Menelaus agrees. Paris is easily defeated, and wounded, but not killed. Hector intervenes and kills Menelaus. The Greeks charge the Trojan lines but are forced to fall back. Agamemnon gives Briseis to his men, but Achilles rescues her. He carries her back to his tent and tends her wounds. Briseis then tries to kill Achilles, but realizes that she loves Achilles and the two make love. The next day Achilles is readying his men to leave, much to Patroclus' indignation. The Trojans launch a surprise attack. As the Greeks seem to be on the verge of defeat, Achilles appears with the Myrmidons and joins the battle, eventually fighting against Hector. All are shocked when Achilles is beaten by Hector. However, Hector kneels and pulls Achilles' helmet off revealing it was really Patroclus whom he has mortally wounded. Both armies agree to end fighting for the day, and Odysseus informs Hector who he had killed. Achilles, who had slept through the battle, is told by Eudorus of his cousin's death. The Greeks had also mistaken Patroclus for Achilles, since he had put on the same armour, and moved the same: Achilles furiously vows revenge. Later that night, Achilles lights Patroclus's funeral pyre.

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The next day, Achilles approaches the gates of Troy alone and demands Hector to come out and face him. The two fight an evenly matched duel at the start, but Achilles soon takes the advantage. In the end Achilles kills Hector. He then ties the body to the back of his chariot, dragging it back to the Greek camp, leaving all the Trojans shocked. That night, King Priam (Peter O'Toole) visits the Greek army's camp to retrieve Hector's body. After the King makes his plea Achilles acquiesces to his request and allows him to take his son to be buried, promising him the 12 days for funerary rites. Achilles lets Priam take Briseis back as well. He later gives Eudorus one last order: to take the Myrmidons home. Maquette Trojan Horse, used in Troy film, a gift from Brad Pitt to the Turkish town Canakkale. During the twelve days while Troy mourns Hector's death, the Greeks plan to enter the city using a hollowed-out wooden horse, devised by Odysseus, desperate to stem the slaughter of his own men at the hands of the Trojans. The Greeks leave the horse at their camp, then depart, hiding their ships in a nearby cove. Priam believes his priests that the horse is an offering to Poseidon and a gift. Assuming victory, the Trojans take the horse into the city and celebrate. A band of Greeks come out of the horse at night, opening the gates to the city, allowing the main army to enter. The unprepared Trojans are overwhelmed. As the city burns, Agamemmnon and Odysseus fight their way with their army to the palace, killing Glaucus and Priam in the onslaught. While Troy is sacked, Paris sees Aeneas together with Andromache and Helen and many others escaping Troy through a secret passage and hands him the sword of Troy, saying,

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"As long as it remains in the hands of a Trojan, our people have a future. Protect them Aeneas; find them a new home." Achilles searches desperately for Briseis, who is being threatened by Agamemnon. She kills him with a concealed knife, and is saved from his guards by Achilles. While Achilles is helping Briseis to her feet, Paris shoots Achilles in his vulnerable heel, and then several times in the torso. Briseis runs to Achilles, surprising Paris. Achilles urges Briseis to join Paris as they escape the city. Achilles watches the others flee, then dies of his wounds. The soldiers arrive to see the fallen Achilles with only a single arrow through his heel, as he had removed all the others from his chest, fulfilling the myth that Achilles was killed by a single arrow to the heel. Funeral rituals are performed for him in the ruins of Troy the next day. The film ends with a speech from Odysseus; "If they ever tell my story, let them say I walked with giants. Men rise and fall like the winter wheat, but these names will never die. Let them say I lived in the time of Hector, tamer of horses. Let them say I lived in the time of Achilles."

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Chapter No 1
Introduction to OB
“OB’s goal is to understand and predict human behavior in organization; the complexities of human behavior are not easy to predict but nether all the random certain fundamental consistencies underlie the behavior of all individual behavior . Introduction to Organizational behavior I studied organizational behavior that influences individual, groups and organizational structure have on behavior with in organizational OB focuses on the three determinants of behavior in organizational individuals groups and structure although scholars increasingly agree on what topic constitute the subject of OB. The continue to debate the relative importance of each in this Movie focus on the following core topics

1) Motivation 2) Leader behavior and Power 3) Interpersonal Communication 4) Group Structure and processes 5) Perceptions and attitudes 6) Personality, Emotion and Values 7) Conflict and negotiation

In short behavior is generally predictable, and systematic study of behavior is a means to making reasonably accurate predictions. By systematic study, we mean the following: 14

• • •

Examining relationship. Attempting to attribute cause and effects. Basing our conclusions on scientific evidence.

The entire story of the Trojan War is full of stories and is quite an involved tale. The tale is gleaned from a variety of sources from Greek Literature, which include ‘The Iliad’ and ‘Odyssey" by Homer, the Cyclic Epics, and ‘The Aeneid’ by Aeneas. And as tales from myths go, this one also has its share of stories within the stories.

Here is a brief summary of the Trojan War.

On a diplomatic mission from Troy to Sparta, Helen and Paris fell in love with each other. At that time, Menelaus (husband of Helen and King of Sparta), had left for Crete to attend his uncle’s When Menelaus returned, he discovered this and was very angry. He asked his brother Agamemnon to help him get Helen back from Troy. Agamemnon then sent several emissaries to the Achaean kings and princes to help retrieve Helen. There Achaean kings and princes were the past suitors of Helen, and upon Helen’s marriage to Menelaus had taken the oath to come to Menelaus’ aid in case any harm befell Helen.

Several of these kings and princes tried tricks to avoid the ensuing war. Odysseus tried to portray that he was mad. Achilles’ mother, Thetis, disguised him as a woman so that he could not go for the war. But eventually, they were discovered, and they all gathered together.

All the suitors gathered at Aulis and made a sacrifice to Apollo. At the end of the sacrifice, a snake slithered out from the altar and then went to a sparrow’s nest and ate the mother and her eight babies and then was turned to stone. From this, they deduced that Troy would fall in the 10th year of war.

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The Achaeans left for war in ships and accidentally landed in Mysia which was ruled by King Telephus, who was the son of Heracles. They ended up fighting a war. Afterwards, the ships were caught up and scattered by a storm.

Finally, eight years after they had set sail, the ships finally gathered again at Aulis. At that time, they sought the help from the Oracles again. Calchas, a prophet, said that the goddess Artemis was angry with Agamemnon. Calchas said that the only way that he could please Artemis was by sacrificing his most beautiful daughter to her. When Agamemnon refused, the others threatened to make Palamedes the commander of these forces, rather than him. So, in the end, Agamemnon sacrificed his daughter Iphigenia to Artemis, and then set sail for Troy, again.

Calchas had also prophesized that the first Achaean to land on Troy would be the first one to die. Therefore everyone hesitated to land on Troy when they reached the shores. Eventually, Protesilaus of the Phylaceans landed first and Achilles was the second to set foot on the shores of Troy. Protesilaus and Achilles killed several Trojans upon landing, but then Protesilaus was killed by Hector, the son of Priam, the King of Troy and the brother of Paris.

The war went on for 9 more years. Not many details of these nine years are documented in the texts of Greek Literature. They mostly focus on the last year of the war.

Achilles was amongst the most aggressive of the Achaeans and he raided, looted and conquered several of the outer territories of Troy. The war lingered on and on, without stopping. Plots within plots and politics ruled the scene. The soldiers were tired at the end of the nine years and wanted to go back home and were on the verge of mutiny. It was only because of the army of Achilles, were they forced to stay back.

However, towards the end of the almost mutiny, Agamemnon took Briseis, the concubine of

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Achilles. Achilles therefore refused to participate in the war.

The Achaeans were relatively successful even after Achilles withdrew from the war. There was a fight between Menalaus and Paris, which ended with Aphrodite snatching the almost defeated Paris from the battlefield. Diomedes, an Achaean hero, won repute amongst his people by killing Pandaros, a Trojan hero, nearly wounding Aeneas and also for wounding the gods Aphrodite and Ares. But then the Trojans were enraged enough to drive the Achaeans back to their camp. The next day, the Trojans entered the Achaean camp and were about the burn down the Achaean ships.

The Achaeans then began to request Achilles to return back into the fight. Finally, Patroclus, a relative of Achilles, went into the war wearing Achilles’ clothes and armor. He was killed by Hector who thought he was killing Achilles.

Enraged by the death of Patroclus, Achilles joined the war again. Due to this Agamemnon returned Briseis back to Achilles, untouched. Back into the fray, Achilles managed to kill several Trojans. A duel raged between Hector and Achilles, which ended with Achilles killing Hector and dragging Hector’s body from his chariot. He refused to give the body back to the Trojans for the funeral. Later, King Priam came to Achilles and requested to have his son’s body back.

Later on, as the war raged on, Achilles ended up killing several of Troy’s allies including Penthesilea, the Amazon Queen, and Memnon, the King of Ethiopia. After that, Achilles entered Troy. It was at that point that Paris shot a poisoned arrow, which was guided by Apollo, into the heel of Achilles. This was the only part of his body which was vulnerable, and Achilles died on the spot.

A battle began to rage, and Ajax held back the Trojan army while Odysseus dragged Achilles’ body back to their camp.

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The war was now in its tenth year. A prophecy was made that the fall of Troy would not take place without the bow and arrow of Heracles which was now with Philoctetes. Odysseus and Diomedes found Philoctetes in Lemnos and got him Troy. He then shot Paris and killed him.

Finally to totally destroy Troy, a plan was conceived by Odysseus. A giant, hollow, wooden horse was built by Epeius under the guidance of Athena. The horse was an animal sacred to the Trojans. On that horse were inscribed the words: ‘The Greeks dedicate this offering as thanks to Athena for their return back home’. The horse was filled with troops which were led by Odysseus. The rest of the army burned their camp and set sail for Tenedos.

The Trojans rejoiced, thinking that the armies had finally left. They dragged the horse back into the city and began to debate what to do with it. Some of them wanted to burn it down, while others wanted to keep the horse and dedicate it to Athena.

Cassandra, who had been given the gift of prophecy by Apollo was also cursed by him that no one would believe her. She warned the Trojans not to keep the horse. But, of course, no one believed her.

Meanwhile, the Trojans celebrated their victory.

At midnight, when the full moon rose, the troops came out of the horse and began to attack the Trojans. Most of them were drunk or sleeping. The Achaeans massacred them. Disorganized, leaderless and disoriented, the Trojans began to fight back. But to no avail. Eventually no men were left behind in Troy and the Greeks took all the women who remained, for themselves.

King Priam was killed by Neoptolemus, the son of Achilles. Menelaus killed Deiphobus, a son of Priam and now the new husband of Helen. He was also on the verge of killing Helen, but was

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overpowered by her beauty and did not kill her.

Cassandra was raped by Ajax on the altar of Athena.

The Greeks then proceeded to burn down the city of Troy. Cassandra was given to Agamemnon and Neoptolemus got Andromache, the wife of Hector. Odysseus got Hecuba, the wife of Priam. The Achaeans killed Hector’s infant son Astyanax by throwing him from the walls of Troy. They sacrificed Priam’s daughter Polyxena to the grave of Achilles.

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Chapter No 2
Personality & Values
Value specific mode of counter or end-state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or end-state of existence.

Personality the sum total of ways in which an individual reacts to and interact with others is measured by various methods .A number of early efforts tried to identify the primary traits the govern behavior .however the most part the resulted in long listed of triads that were difficult to generalize from and provide little practical guidance of organization maker . Two exception are the

• •

Myers-Briggs type indicator Big five model Studying all above methods followin Achilles, given the title Achilleis by modern scholars. The tragedies relate the deeds of Achilles during the Trojan War, including his defeat of Hector and eventual death when an arrow shot by Paris and guided by Apollo punctures his heel. Extant fragments of the Achilleis and other Aeschylean fragments have been assembled to produce a workable modern play .Achilles' armor was the object of a feud between Odysseus and Telamonian Ajax (Ajax the greater). They competed for it by 20

giving speeches on why they were the bravest after Achilles to their Trojan prisoners, who after considering both men came to a consensus in favor of Odysseus. Furious, Ajax cursed Odysseus, which earned the ire of Athena. Athena temporarily made Ajax so mad with grief and anguish that he began killing sheep, thinking them his comrades. After a while, when Athena lifted his madness and Ajax realized that he had actually been killing sheep, he was so embarrassed that he g personalities comes in notice.

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Odysseus eventually gave the armor to Neoptolemus, the son of Achilles. In Greek mythology, Briseis, a daughter of Briseus was a princess of Lyrnessus. When Achilles led the assault on that city during the Trojan War, her family died at his hands;[2] she was subsequently given to Achilles as a war prize. According to Book 1 of the Iliad, when Agamemnon was compelled by Apollo to give up his own woman, Chryseis, he demanded Briseis as 22

compensation. This prompted a quarrel with Achilles that culminated with Briseis' delivery to Agamemnon and Achilles' protracted withdrawal from battle. His absence had disastrous consequences for the Greeks. Despite Agamemnon's grand offers of treasure and women, he did not return to the fray until the death of Patroclus. In the Iliad, Achilles loves Briseis, comparing their relationship with that of man and wife (he refers to her as his wife and bride often) and explicitly to that of Menelaus and Helen, which was, after all, what the war is about. Achilles is angry at Agamemnon, and seethes with rage in his tent: understandably made furious by the thought of Agamemnon sleeping with Briseis. When Achilles returns to the fighting to avenge Patrocles' death and Agamemnon returns Briseis to him, Agamemnon swears to Achilles that he and Briseis never shared a bed.[3] In medieval romances, starting with the Roman de Troie, Briseis becomes Briseida[4] and is the daughter of Calchas. She loves and is loved by Troilus and then Diomedes. She is later confused with Chryseis and it is under variations of that name that the character is developed further, becoming Shakespeare's Cressida.

Chapter No 3
Perception and individual decision making
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Perception Perception is process by which individual organizes and interpret their impression in order to give meanings to there environment Factors that influences perception

• • •

Perceiver Target Situation

Theory apply on perception

• • • •

Attribution theory Selective perception Halo effect Contrast effect Stereotyping

According to Dares Phrygius' Account of the Destruction of Troy,[7] the Latin summary through which the story of Achilles was transmitted to medieval Europe, Troilus was a young Trojan prince, the youngest of King Priam's (or sometimes Apollo) and Hecuba's five legitimate sons. Despite his youth, he was one of the main Trojan war leaders. Prophecies linked Troilus' fate to that of Troy and so he was ambushed in an attempt to capture him. Yet Achilles, struck by the 24

beauty of both Troilus and his sister Polyxena, and overcome with lust directed his sexual attentions on the youth — who refusing to yield found instead himself decapitated upon an altar-omphalos of Apollo. Later versions of the story suggested Troilus was accidentally killed by Achilles in an over-ardent lovers' embrace. In this version of the myth, Achilles' death therefore came in retribution for this sacrilege.[8] Ancient writers treated Troilus as the epitome of a dead child mourned by his parents. Had Troilus lived to adulthood, the First Vatican Mythographer claimed Troy would have been invincible.

Chapter No 4
Job Attitude
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In this chapter I look at attitude, there link to behavior and how employs satisfaction or dissatisfaction with there jobs effects workplace. Attitude Attitude is evaluative statement, either favorable or unfavorable about subject, person and event. Component of attitude • Cognitive component

“It is description of statement.” • Affective component

“Affect is the emotional of felling segment of and attitude.” • Behavior component

“It refer to an intention to behave in a certain way toward someone or something.” Major Job Attitudes • Job satisfaction

“It describes a positive feeling about a job.” • Job involvement

“It measures the degree to which people identify psychologically with their job and consider there perceived the performance level important to self work.” • Affective commitment

“It is an emotional attachment to the organization and a belief and its values.” • Normative commitment

“It is an obligation to remain with organization for moral an ethical.”

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When he discovered that his wife was missing, Menelaus called upon all the other suitors to fulfill their oaths, thus beginning the Trojan War. The Greek fleet gathered in Aulis, but the ships could not sail, because there was no wind. Artemis was enraged with a sacrilegious act of the Greeks, and only the sacrifice of Agamemnon's daughter, Iphigenia, could appease her. In Euripides Iphigenia in Aulis, Clytemnestra, Iphigenia's mother and Helen's sister, begs her husband to reconsider his decision, and calls Helen a "wicked woman". For Clytemnestra, sacrificing Iphigenia for Helen's sake, "it is buying what we most detest with what we hold most dear". Before the opening of hostilities, the Greeks dispatched a delegation to the Trojans under Odysseus and Menelaus; they endeavored to persuade Priam to hand Helen back without success. A popular theme, The Request of Helen (Helenes Apaitesis, Ἑλένης Απαἵτησις) was the subject of a drama by Sophocles, now lost. Homer paints a poignant, lonely picture of Helen in Troy. She is filled with self-distaste and regret for what she has caused; by the end of the war, the Trojans have come to hate her. When Hector dies, she is the third mourner at his funeral, and she says that, of all the Trojans, Hector and Priam alone were always kind to her: Wherefore I wail alike for thee and for my hapless self with grief at heart; for no longer have I anyone beside in broad Troy that is gentle to me or kind; but all men shudder at me.

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These bitter words reveal that Helen gradually realized Paris' weaknesses, and she decided to ally herself with Hector. There is an affectionate relationship between the two of them, and Helen has harsh words to say for Paris, when she compares the two brothers: Howbeit, seeing the gods thus ordained these ills, would that I had been wife to a better man, that could feel the indignation of his fellows and their many revilings. [...] But come now, enter in, and sit thee upon this chair, my brother, since above all others has trouble encompassed thy heart because of shameless me, and the folly of Alexander. During the fall of Troy, Helen's role is ambiguous. In Virgil's Aeneid, Deiphobus gives an account of Helen's treacherous stance: when the Trojan Horse was admitted into the city, she feigned Bacchic rites, leading a chorus of Trojan women, and, holding a torch among them, she signaled to the Greeks from the city's central tower. In Odyssey, however, Homer narrates a different story: Helen circled the Horse three times, and she imitated the voices of the Greek women left behind at home—she thus tortured the men inside (including Odysseus and Menelaus) with the memory of their loved ones, and brought them to the brink of destruction. After the death of Hector and Paris, Helen became the paramour of their younger brother, Deiphobus; but when the sack of Troy began, she hid her new husband's sword, and left him to the mercy of Menelaus and Odysseus. In Aeneid, Aeneas meets the mutilated Deiphobus in Hades; his wounds serve as a testimony to his ignominious end, abetted by Helen's final act of treachery. 28

However, Helen's portraits in Troy seem to contradict each other. From one side, we read about the treacherous Helen who simulated Bacchic rites and rejoiced over the carnage of Trojans. On the other hand, there is another Helen, lonely and helpless; desperate to find sanctuary, while Troy is on fire. Stesichorus narrates that both Greeks and Trojans gathered to stone her to death. When Menelaus finally found her, he raised his sword to kill her. He had demanded that only he should slay his unfaithful wife; but, when he was ready to do so, she dropped her robe from her shoulders, and the sight of her beauty caused him to let the sword drop from his hand

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Chapter No 5
Motivation Concepts
Motivation
“Motivation is the process that account for an individuals intensity direction and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal.” Theories of motivation • Hierarchy of needs theory 1. Psychological needs 2. Safety needs 3. Social needs 4. Esteem needs 5. Self actualization • • • Theory X and theory Y Two factor theory McClelland’s theory of needs 1. Need for achievement 2. Need for Power 3. Need for affiliation • Self-efficacy theory

“It refer to an individual belief that he or she is capable a task.”

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Hector Trojan prince and the greatest fighter for Troy in the Trojan War. As the son of Priam the founder of Troy . He was a prince of the royal house. He was married to Andromache, with whom he had an infant son, Astyanax. He acts as leader of the Trojans and their allies in the defense of Troy, killing 31 Greeks in all. Hector as the very noblest of all the heroes in the Iliad: he is both peace-loving and brave, thoughtful as well as bold, a good son, husband and father, and without darker motives. When the Trojans are disputing whether the omens are favorable, he retorts .

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“One omen is best: defending the fatherland.” For ten years the Achaeans besieged Troy and their allies in the east. Hector commanded the Trojan army, with a number of subordinates including Polydamas, and his brothers Deiphobus, Helenus and Paris. However, by all accounts Hector was the best warrior the Trojans and all their allies could field, and his fighting prowess was admired by Greeks and his own people alike.

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Chapter No 6 Emotion & Moods
OB Application emotion and moods
• • • Motivation Decision making Leadership

“effective leader rely on emotional apply to help convey there massages infect the expression of emotion in speeches is after the critical element that makes as accept or reject a leader massage. When leader feel excited Enthusiastic, and active, thy may be more likely to energize there some ordinate and convey sense of efficacy, competence, optimism, and enjoyment. Politicians, As a case in point, have learned to show enthusiasm when talking about there chances of wining an election , even when pools suggest otherwise. Hector of Troy was the oldest son of the magnificent King Priam and the beautiful Queen Hecuba. He was presumed to be the heir to the throne of Troy. Hector was the greatest and most famous soldier of

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Troy. He was married to Andromache and he had one son named Astyanax. Hector killed many enemies during the Trojan War. Patroclus, Achilles’ best friend, was killed by Hector. Achilles avenged that death by killing Hector. Hector was dragged around Patroclus’ grave three times. Priam came to Achilles’ camp and begged him for his son's body. Achilles gave him Hector and Hector was brought back to Troy for a Ceremony of Death.

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Chapter No 7
Foundations of Group Behavior
Group
It is defined as two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come to achieve particular purpose People join the groups for formal purposes • • • • • Security Self esteem Affiliation Power Goal Achievement

Stages of group development Five stage model • • • Forming Storming Norming 35

• •

Performing Adjourning

Group properties 1. Roles 2. Norms 3. States 4. Group size 5. Degree of cohesiveness

Odysseus is one of the most influential Greek champions during the Trojan War. Along with Nestor and Idomeneus he is one of the most trusted counsellors and advisers. He always champions the Achaean cause, especially when the king is in question, as in one instance when Thersites spoke against him. When Agamemnon, to test the morale of the Achaeans, announce his intentions to depart Troy, Odysseus restore order to the Greek camp. Later on, after many of the heroes has left the battlefield due to injuries (including Odysseus and Agamemnon), Odysseus once again persuade Agamemnon not to withdraw. Along with two other envoys, he is chosen in the failed embassy to try to persuade Achilles to return to combat. When Hector proposes a single combat duel, Odysseus is one of the Danaans who reluctantly volunteered to battle him. Telamonian Ajax, however, is the volunteer who eventually did fight Hector. Odysseus aided Diomedes during the successful night

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operations in order to kill Rhesus, because it had been foretold that if his horses drank from the Scamander river Troy could not be taken.

After Patroclus has been slain, it is Odysseus who counselees Achilles to let the Achaean men eat and rest rather than follow his rage-driven desire to go back on the offensive— and kill Trojans immediately. During the funeral games for Patroclus, Odysseus becomes involved in a wrestling match with Telamonian Ajax, as well as a foot race. With the help of the goddess Athena, who

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favoured him, and despite Apollo's helping another of the competitors, he won the race and managed to draw the wrestling match, to the surprise of all. Odysseus has traditionally been views in the Iliad as Achilles's antithesis: while Achilles's anger is all-consuming and of a self-destructive nature, Odysseus is frequently views as a man of the mean, renowned for his self-restraint and diplomatic skills. He is more conventionally viewed as the antithesis of Telamonian Ajax (Shakespeare's "beefwitted" Ajax) because the latter has only brawn to recommend him, while Odysseus is not only ingenious (as evidenced by his idea for the Trojan Horse), but an eloquent speaker, a skill perhaps best demonstrated in the embassy to Achilles in book 9 of the Iliad. And the pair are not only foils in the abstract but often opposed in practice; they have many duels and run-ins . Odysseus is the best group maker .He organizes different goals for different goals and tasks.

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Chapter No 8
Power & Politics
Power
“It refer to a capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so that B acts in accordance with A’s wishes.” Bases of power • Formal Power

“Formal power is based on an individuals position in an organization.” 1. Coercive power “Power based on fear.” 2. Reward Power “It is the power based on financial or non financial rewards” • Personal Power

1.Expert Power “It is Influence wielded as result of expertise, special skill or knowledge.”

2.Referent Power 39

“It is based on identification with a person who has desirable resources or personal traits.” Power Tactics Power tactic are used to translate power bases in specific action. Research identify nine distinct influences tactics 1. legitimacy 2. Rational persuasion 3. inspirational appeals 4. Consultation 5. Exchange 6. Personal Appeals 7. Ingratiation 8. Pressure 9. Coalition Politics “Conversion of power in to action by the people of a particular group.”

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Agamemnon, king of Mycenae is the founder of power and politics .He gathers the reluctant Greek forces to sail for TROY . Preparing to depart from Aulis which is a port in Boeotia,. in Aeschylus' play Agamemnon, Artemis is angry for the young men who will die at Troy, whereas in Sophocles' Electra, Finally, the prophet Calchas announces that the wrath of the goddess could only be propitiated. Classical dramatisations differ on how willing either father or daughter were to this fate, some include such trickery as claiming she was to be married to Achilles, but Agamemnon did eventually sacrifice Iphigenia. Her death appeased Artemis, and the Greek army set out for Troy. Several alternatives to the human sacrifice have been presented in Greek mythology. Other sources, such as Iphigenia at Aulis, claim that Agamemnon was prepared to kill his daughter, but

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that Artemis accepted a deer in her place, and whisked her away to Taurus in Crimea. Hesiod said she became the goddess Hecate. Agamemnon is the commander-in-chief of the Greeks during the Trojan War. During the fighting, Agamemnon kills Antiphus and 15 other Trojan soldiers. The Iliad tells the story of the quarrel between Agamemnon and Achilles in the final year of the war. Agamemnon took an attractive slave, Briseis, one of the spoils of war, from Achilles. Achilles, the greatest warrior of the age, withdrew from battle in revenge and nearly cost the Greek armies the war. Although not the equal of Achilles in bravery, Agamemnon is a representative of kingly authority. As commander-in-chief, he summoned the princes to the council and leads the army in battle. He take the field himself, and perform many heroic deeds until he was wounded and forced to withdraw to his tent. His chief fault is his overwhelming haughtiness; an over-exalted opinion of his position that led him to insult Chryses and Achilles, thereby bringing great disaster upon the Greeks. He always follows the strategy to get power and politics. After the capture of Troy, Cassandra, doomed prophetess and daughter of Priam, fell to Agamemnon's lot in the distribution of the prizes of war.

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Conclusion
Testing is only one aspect of video performance and although it is important I think the subjective test of viewing a movie is just as important in the whole story it Is noticed that everyone have his own behavioral traits , personality and values the proper planning’s and enthusiasm in leadership is the code of the achieving goals.

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