Introduction: Pizza (pronounced / pi ts / Italian: [ pit.tsa]), in the US often called pizza pie, is an ovenbaked, flat, disc-shaped bread typically topped with a tomato sauce, cheese (usually mozzarella) and various toppings depending on the culture. Since the original pizza, several other types of pizzas have evolved. Originating in Neapolitan cuisine, the dish has become popular in many different parts of the world.[1] An establishment that primarily makes and sells pizzas is called a "pizzeria". The phrases "pizza parlor", "pizza place", "pizza house" and "pizza shop" are used in the United States. The term pizza pie is dialectal, and pie is used for simplicity in some contexts, such as among pizzeria staff.

A. Recipe and Ingredients and its measurement Ingredients
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DOUGH 1 1/3 cups lukewarm water 1 package (1/4 ounce) active dry yeast Big pinch of sugar 1 1/2 tablespoons olive oil 1 1/2 teaspoons salt 3 1/4 to 31/2 cups unbleached flour TOPPING 2 tablespoons olive oil 1 1/2 cups of your favorite tomato sauce 1 1/2 cups grated white Cheddar cheese 1 cup grated mozzarella Toppers, such as sliced or chopped cooked meats and/or vegetables

Divide the dough in half. Combine the dissolved yeast with the remaining water. Brush the edge of each crust with olive oil. 5. Loosely cover the crusts with plastic wrap and let them rest for 10 minutes. 10. beating well each time. Punch down the dough several times to deflate it. about 45 minutes to 1 hour. If you're baking both on a single sheet. Now proof the yeast by stirring the sugar into it with a fork and letting it set for 5 to 8 minutes to see if the liquid turns frothy. Bake the pizzas until the cheese bubbles and the edges are golden brown. Switch the positions halfway through baking. Meanwhile. Makes 12 medium slices. knead the dough for 7 to 8 minutes. 2. Heat the oven to 425°. be sure to leave some room between them. Let the mixture rest for 5 minutes. Knead each half into a ball and set them aside on the floured surface. 8. The dough should be quite thin. . If it does. With floured hands. Sprinkle half of the Cheddar cheese onto the pizzas. When the dough can no longer be stirred and is firm enough to knead. turning it once to coat both sides. If you're using 2 sheets. 7. covered with plastic wrap. Add the remaining flour 1/3 cup at a time. lightly oil 1 very large or 2 medium-large baking sheets. Carefully lift each dough circle onto a baking sheet.Instructions 1. let it rest for 2 minutes before trying again. then top with the rest of the Cheddar cheese and all of the mozzarella. Stir well. Slide the pizzas onto large wire racks and let them cool for 5 to 8 minutes before slicing and serving. Put the dough in a large. 9. divide the tomato sauce evenly between the crusts. Then cover the bowl with plastic wrap and set it in a warm. and the salt in a large bowl. Add your choice of toppings. roll or pat each ball into a large circle. you know it's active. draft-free spot until the dough doubles in bulk. Pour 1/3 cup of the warm water into a small bowl and sprinkle the yeast over it. Once the dough has rested. If the dough springs back as you work with it. Put the baking sheet on the center oven rack. to rest for 10 minutes. stagger them on separate shelves so they aren't directly lined up with each other. or 4 to 6 servings. if not. 4. spreading it nearly up to the edge. about 18 to 22 minutes. Add 2 cups of the flour and beat well by hand for 100 strokes. 3. Dust the sheets lightly with cornmeal. clean. until smooth and elastic. lightly oiled bowl. the olive oil. 6. turn it out onto a floured surface. Next. but not paper-thin. you'll need to start again with a fresh package of yeast. about 1/4 inch. then knead it again on a lightly floured surface for 1 minute. as thickly or as sparingly as you like.

A stand mixer with a dough hook is another alternative that works well. rectangle or whatever shape you choose. Pizza stones are popular because they allow for even cooking of your pizza. If the stone isn't properly heated. . You can choose a pan made with other metals. Then use the peel to slide the pizza onto the pan or pizza stone that is already in the oven. Pizza Wheel y The best way to cut a pizza is with a pizza wheel. you will have raw dough and burned toppings. try baking your pizza on a pizza stone. Then place the raw pizza on top of it and bake it. it won't warp when heated. Pizza Peel y A pizza peel is a large tool with a long handle that is typically made of wood. Put the stone in a cold oven and heat it for about 30 minutes. Rolling Pin y Professional pizza chefs form their dough by tossing it around in the air. Try baking cookies on a pizza stone as well. Pizza Stone y Rather than using a metal pan. That is probably a skill beyond the reach of most home cooks. which means the toppings won't be pulled off as you slice. Pizza wheels are round. Sprinkle flour or cornmeal onto the peel and use it to roll your dough on. Place your ingredients in the food processor and allow it to mix for a few minutes. That means the pizza will have a crispy crust on the bottom. Because the pan is made of steel. Food Processor y If you're making your own dough. These pans are thin and heat quickly in the oven. Pizza stones are made of earthenware or masonry materials. It works with a continuous motion. use the pizza peel to pull the pie back out of the oven. a food processor is the way to go.B. This helps the dough come together and takes less time than mixing by hand. Tools and Equipment Used Steel Pan y Steel baking pans work well to bake pizzas. Use a rolling pin to roll your dough into a circle. When the pizza is done. metal knives that you roll over the pizza to cut it. but steel works especially well.

This cancer fighting antioxidant is actually stronger and healthier in a processed form like tomato sauce. More lycopene! *Fill your pizza up with vegetables. Nutritional Value Pizza can be an extremely unhealthy. *Go easy on the oil. Drink water instead of soda. free radicals. *Be careful what you eat it with. *Avoid the fatty meats. greasy food piled with high fat cheese and meats on a highly processed crust or it can be a healthy treat. If ordering a pizza. consider how it's made and watch your portions. If making your own pizza. *Make pizza with whole grain crusts instead of the highly processed white crusts. *Enjoy and eat slowly! . use a little bit of extra virginolive oil. saturated fat. Order or use little to no cheese and try soy cheese or low fat cheese instead.C. try one large piece a week or a fourth to a half of a small pizza. If you're trying to loose weight. Whole grains have much more fiber and nutrients than processed carbohydrates. Lycopene. Here are some tips for healthier pizza. *Ask for or use extra tomato sauce. and cholesterol. don't use fatty dips. Eat it no more than every few days and limit yourself to no more than two slices. *Don't over indulge in pizza. and avoid eating it with French fries or other fatty foods. *Go easy on the cheese. calories. a nutrient found in tomatoes is highly prevalent in pizza. Sausage and pepperoni are high in sodium. So while pizza can be beneficial. My personal favorite is tomatoes. wipe off the excess oil with a napkin before eating. Instead try complimenting the greasy food with a light salad (no Ranch dressing!) or other light vegetable.

D. One story has it that he wanted to sink his teeth into a food that the queen had banned from the royal court pizza. A dish of the poor people. King Ferdinand I (1751 1825) is said to have disguised himself as a commoner and. mozzarella cheese. The Romans developed placenta. and in 16th century Naples a Galetteflatbread was referred to as a pizza. In 1889. Modern pizza originated in Italy as the Neapolitan pie with tomato. History The Ancient Greeks covered their bread with oils. and basil. cheese. the pizza was covered with white sauce. Margherita of Savoy. visited a poor neighborhood in Naples. red (tomato). to represent the colors of the Italian flag. The pizza was a baker's tool: a dough used to verify the temperature of the oven. Queen Margherita of Savoy was served a pizza resembling the colurs of the Italian flag. .] This was later replaced by oil.a type of bread and dish that exists since time immemorial in the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean cuisines. In June 1889. He was the first to add cheese. it was sold in the street and was not considered a kitchen recipe for a long time. herbs and cheese. In 1843. By 997 the term had appeared in Medieval Latin. The word "pizza" is a contemporary mispronunciation of the word "pita". white (Mozzarella) and green (basil)." a pizza garnished with tomatoes. père described the diversity of pizza toppings. tomatoes or fish. a sheet of flour topped with cheese and honey and flavored with bay leaves. to honor the Queen consort of Italy. This kind of pizza has been named after the Queen as Pizza Margherita. In 1889 cheese was added. during a visit in Naples. Before the 17th century. in clandestine fashion. Alexandre Dumas. the Neapolitan chef Raffaele Esposito created the "Pizza Margherita. The sequence through which flavored flatbreads of the ancient and medieval Mediterranean became the dish popularized in the 20th century is not fully understood.

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If you realized the method to make a pizza. helps a person to protect against developing cancer. G. It indicated that people who were eating pizza at least once a week were less likely to develop certain cancers such as mouth. This study is interesting and the results should probably be looked at in the context of what we already know about the Mediterranean diet and its association with a lower risk of certain types of cancer. Advantages and disadvantages of Pizza Pie Nutrition research conducted in Europe studied the eating habits of people with cancer. We knew that tomato sauce could offer protection against certain tumors. Having Pizza at least twice a month would be alright if you were trying to maintain a healthy lifestyle. of Cancer Research UK. by using high heat. It is theorized that Lycopene. the sodium is enough to make a person with low blood pressure go high. A lot of fattening grease from the oil and cheese that clogs the arteries and carbohydrates from the dough. esophageal. And I think first must be oily. This is great news for all those pizza connoisseurs out there. told BBC News Online. and colon cancer. You would receive major/minor health issues (depending on each person's health) if you eat Pizza all the time. For those with high blood pressure. The disadvantages of eating pizza are It is high in sodium and fat lots of calories. throat.F. all nutrients will be damaged. Secondly. . Yield per Serving Makes 12 medium slices. or 4 to 6 servings. pizza is a high calories food and less nutrition food. an antioxidant found in tomatoes. Having a balanced diet and exercising would decrease health issues. you should know that pizza need a lot of oil. Nicola O Connor. but we did not expect pizza as a complete meal also to offer such protective powers.