1

MERCURY
Dirty Energy’s Assault on our Health:
January 2011
2
3
DIRTY ENERGY’S ASSAULT
ON OUR HEALTH: MERCURY
Shelley Vinyard and Lauren Randall,
Environment Missouri Research & Policy Center
January 2011
4
Acknowledgements
1he authors wish to thank Dr. Michael Ash oí the Uni·ersitv oí Massachusetts-Amherst Department oí Lconomics. Ann
\eeks oí the (lean Air 1ask lorce. and Lmilv ligdor oí Ln·ironment Maine íor re·iewing the report. 1hanks also to
Anna Aurilio. Nathan \illcox. 1onv Dutzik. Adam Garber. Bill Reillv. Julian Boggs. and (atherine Bowes íor additional
research assistance and editorial support.
Photo (redit: Users írom llickr (reati·e (ommons: imperíect escape. mrjoro. Shanna Leigh: Shutterstock: Mark Smith
Ln·ironment Missouri Research & Policv (enter bears responsibilitv íor anv íactual errors. 1he recommendations are those
oí Ln·ironment Missouri Research & Policv (enter and do not necessarilv renect the ·iews oí those who pro·ided editorial
re·iew or the íunders oí Ln·ironment Missouri Research & Policv (enter.
(opvright 2011 Ln·ironment Missouri Research & Policv (enter.
1he Ln·ironment Missouri Research & Policv (enter is a 501c,3, organization. \e are dedicated to protecting Missouri`s
air. water and open spaces. \e in·estigate problems. craít solutions. educate the public and decision-makers. and help Mis-
sourians make their ·oices heard in local. state and national debates o·er the qualitv oí our en·ironment and our li·es.
lor more iníormation about Ln·ironment Missouri Research & Policv (enter or íor additional copies oí this report.
please ·isit
www.Ln·ironmentMissouri.org.
5
Table of Contents
Executive Summary 7-10
The Public Health Threats of Mercury in our Environment 10-12
Other Environmental Effects of Mercury 12-14
Mercury Pollution and Power Plants 14-17
Protecting Our World and Our Health: Cleaning up the Dirtiest
Source of Pollution 18-19
Moving Forward with the EPA
Recommendations
Statewide Initiatives
A Mandatory Step: Moving Beyond State Action
Methodology 20
Appendices 21-64
Appendix A: Mercury Pollution from Power Plants 2000-2009
Appendix B: Electric Utilities in the United States Ranked by Pounds of Mercury
Emitted in 2009
Appendix C: Electric Utilities in Each State Ranked by Pounds of Mercury
Emitted in 2009
Appendix D: Mercury Emissions by State from Top 25 Worst Power Plants
Appendix E: Top 25 Worst Power Plants for Mercury Pollution, with Owner
Appendix F: Total Mercury Emissions from Power Plants in 2009,
Broken Down by State
Appendix G: Total Statewide Plans for Reducing Mercury Emissions from Power Plants
Endnotes 65-71
6
7
Executive Summary
Our dependence on oil and coal-£red power plants
has broad detrimental impacts on our health and our
en·ironment. Power plants represent America`s single
biggest source oí air pollution. aííecting our water-
wavs. destroving ecosvstems. and polluting the air we
breathe.
1
Pollution írom coal-£red power plants in par-
ticular contributes to íour oí the £·e leading causes
oí mortalitv in the United States: heart disease. cancer.
stroke. and chronic respiratorv diseases.
2

!"#$%&'()#*%+,&-,,./0$&1(&1/#&2).0$3 is a series oí reports
examining the numerous threats that power plants pose
to our en·ironment and our health. Lach segment in
the series íocuses on a diííerent pollutant emitted bv
power plants.
1his report looks at the health and en·ironmental im-
pacts oí mercurv pollution írom power plants.
Dirty Energy’s Assault on our Health:
Mercury
Lauren Randall and Shelley Vinyard
In the United States, mercury contamination
is widespread.
· According to the United States Ln·ironmental Pro-
tection Agencv. mercurv impairs 3.¯81 bodies oí water
across the countrv. and 6.363.¯0¯ acres oí lakes. reser-
·oirs. and ponds in the United States are contaminated
bv mercurv pollution.
3
.
4
See LS ligure 1.
· Because mercurv is the most common contaminant
in £sh in the U.S.. e·erv state has set some sort oí £sh
ad·isorv due to unsaíe le·els oí the toxic pollutant.
5
.
6


· O·erall. more U.S. waters are closed to £shing be-
cause oí mercurv contamination than because oí anv
other toxic contamination problem.
¯

Lakes, 8eservolrs, and Þonds 6,363,707 acres
8lvers and SLreams 46,922 mlles
8avs and LsLuarles 2,080 square mlles
Cceans and near CoasLal 4,639 square mlles
WeLlands 223,786 acres
CreaL Lakes Cpen WaLer 31,961 square mlles
E.S. Figure 1. Areas of National Watersheds Affected by Mercury Pollution
8
8
Mercury poses a substantial health threat.
· (hildren who are exposed to low-dosage le·els oí
mercurv in utero can ha·e impaired brain íunctions. in-
cluding ·erbal. attention. motor control. and language
de£cits. and lower IOs.
9
Additionallv. when children
exposed to mercurv in the womb are monitored at ages
¯ and 14. these impairments still exist. which suggests
that the eííects oí e·en low-le·el mercurv exposure
mav be irre·ersible.
10

· Studies show that one in six women oí childbearing
age has enough mercurv in her bloodstream to put her
child at risk oí the health eííects oí mercurv exposure
should she become pregnant.
11
1his means that more
than 689.000 out oí the 4.1 million babies born e·erv
vear could be exposed to dangerous le·els oí mercurv
pollution.
12

· \hile adults are at lower risk oí neurological impair-
ment than children. e·idence shows that a low-le·el
dose oí mercurv írom £sh consumption in adults can
lead to deíects similar to those íound in children.
13
as
well as íertilitv and cardio·ascular problems.
14

· Adult and in utero exposure to higher. acute le·els
oí mercurv has been linked to mental retardation. sei-
zures. blindness. and e·en death.
15

Mercury pollution puts entire ecosystems
at risk.
· \ildliíe that is exposed to mercurv mav die or. de-
pending upon the le·el oí exposure. ha·e reduced íer-
tilitv or complete reproducti·e íailure. as well as slower
growth and de·elopment.
16
.


· (ommon loons in Maine suííer írom abnormal be-
ha·ior and phvsiologv and decreased reproducti·e suc-
cess because oí mercurv pollution.
18
.
19
· 1he llorida Panther Societv íound that chronic expo-
sure to mercurv mav be a signi£cant íactor responsible
íor lower than expected population densities oí pan-
thers in large portions oí their range. and is likelv con-
tributing to the extinction oí this endangered animal.
20

· L·en small le·els oí mercurv in waterwavs contami-
nate wildliíe. Scientists íound that a gram oí mercurv
- about a drop - deposited in a mid-sized lake in \is-
consin o·er the course oí a vear was enough to ac-
count íor all oí the mercurv subsequentlv íound in that
lake`s £sh population.
21

Power plants continue to spew mercury into
our air, waterways, wildlife, and bodies.
· 1he amount oí mercurv emitted írom coal-£red
power plants íar exceeds the total mercurv pollution
írom the 10 next biggest sources oí the pollutant.
22
In
total. coal-£red power plants emitted 134.365 pounds
oí mercurv in 2009.
23

· lour plants in 1exas made it in to the top 10 most
polluting power plants in the United States in 2009.
with the Martin Lake Steam Llectric Station & Lignite
Mine the worst in the nation. emitting 2.660 pounds
oí mercurv. Power plants in Pennsvl·ania. Ohio.
Georgia. and \est Virginia also íell into the top 10
most polluting power plants in the countrv. See LS
ligure 2.
To protect the public and the environment
from mercury pollution, the United States
must require power plants meet modern
pollution standards that will substantially
reduce emissions of toxic mercury.
· Under the (lean Air Act. the Obama administration`s
LPA is legallv obligated to propose the Maximum
Achie·able (ontrol 1echnologv` standard to reduce
mercurv and other toxic air pollution írom power plants
bv March 2011. Using science and the regulatorv tools
thev ha·e at hand. the LPA should implement the stron-
gest standard possible. and speci£callv cut mercurv pol-
lution bv more than 90° to protect our health and our
en·ironment. \hile 19 states ha·e alreadv enacted state-
wide mercurv limits íor power plants. the LPA must set
a strong íederal standard that cuts mercurv írom power
plants bv more than 90°. because mercurv pollution
tra·els bevond state boundaries and puts all Americans
at risk oí its harmíul eííects.
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0 300 600 900 1,200 150
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0 230 460 690 920 115
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AIaska
Dirty Energy's AssauIt on our HeaIth: Mercury
!
Source: U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency
TRÌ Explorer: Releases:
Trends Reports
Mercury Emissions
!
0 - 100 Lbs.
!
101 - 500 Lbs.
!
501 - 1,000 Lbs.
!
1,001 - 2,660 Lbs.
Map of all mercury emissions from power plants in the United States
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe
Zlp
Code
1oLal mercurv
emlsslons
(ln lbs.)
1 MA81ln LAkL S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn &
LlCnl1L MlnL
1aLum 1x 73691 2,660
2 88l LnL8C? lnC kL?S1CnL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 ShelocLa ÞA 13774 2,164
3 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CAvln ÞLAn1 Cheshlre CP 43620 2,099
4 88l LnL8C? lnC CCnLMAuCP ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 new llorence ÞA 13944 2,060
3 MCn1lCLLLC S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn &
LlCnl1L MlnL
MounL Þleas-
anL
1x 73433 1,828
6 SCPL8L8 S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 !ulleue CA 31046 1,649
7 LlMLS1CnL LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn !eweu 1x 73846 1,647
8 CAM88lA CCCLn CC Lbensbura ÞA 13931 1,644
9 uCMlnlCn MCun1 S1C8M ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn MounL SLorm Wv 26739 1,371
10 SAn MlCuLL LLLC18lC CCCÞL8A1lvL lnC Chrlsune 1x 78012 1,360
E.S. Figure 2. Top 10 Most Polluting Power Plants in the United States
24
10
· 1he United States as well as indi·idual states should
take action to promote the U.S.`s transition awav írom
dangerous power plants. and the liíe-threatening mer-
curv pollution thev emit. to a clean energv economv.
Lach state can:
through a renewable energv standard. help en-
sure that America generates at least 25 percent
oí its electricitv írom renewable sources oí
energv such as wind and solar bv 2025:
strengthen energv eí£ciencv standards and
codes íor appliances and buildings bv 50 per-
cent bv 2020 and ensure that all new buildings
use zero net energv bv 2030:
ramp up in·estment in solar power through
tax credits. speci£c targets in state renewable
electricitv standards. requirements íor solar
readv homes.` rebate programs. and other
measures: and
end subsidies to íossil íuel industries.
The Public Health
Threats of Mercury in
our Environment
\hen coal-£red power plants and industrial boilers
emit mercurv into the air. the toxic chemical oíten
winds up in waterwavs. Rain. snow. and dust particles
wash` mercurv out oí the air. onto land. and into
waterwavs. Once mercurv is in waterwavs. it`s oíten
con·erted into methvlmercurv. an organic íorm oí
mercurv that builds up in £sh and accumulates up the
íood chain. It is this methvlmercurv contamination
that poses risks to human health and wildliíe.
1his tvpe oí mercurv pollution is a ·erv real problem
íor human health. (hildren who are exposed to low-
dosage le·els oí mercurv in utero can ha·e impaired
brain íunctions. including ·erbal. attention. motor con-
trol. and language de£cits. and lower IOs.
25
Adult and
in utero exposure to high. acute le·els oí mercurv has
been linked to mental retardation. seizures. blindness.
impaired motor control. and e·en death.
26
lumans are
exposed to mercurv almost entirelv through consump-
tion oí mercurv-contaminated £sh.

Because mercurv
is one oí the most common contaminants in America`s
waterwavs. manv ri·ers. lakes. and streams in the United
States ha·e mercurv-contaminated £sh. which people
catch and eat. 1hus. le·els oí human exposure to mer-
curv can be quite high.
28
Recent studies ha·e íound that
as manv as one in six women oí childbearing age has
enough mercurv in her bloodstream to put her child at
risk oí suííering írom the health eííects oí mercurv pol-
lution.
29
1his means that more than 689.000 out oí the
4.1 million babies born e·erv vear could be exposed to
dangerous le·els oí mercurv pollution.
30
Chr|sty Go|dfuss |s a new
mother |n Wash|ngton, DC.
unforLunaLelv, whlle she was
preananL, she had Lo llmlL her
ñsh consumpuon because of
Lhe rlsk LhaL mercurv conLam-
lnauon posed Lo her babv. ºl
love ñsh, buL Lhe healLh of
mv son came ñrsL durlna mv
preanancv. 8ecause mercurv
ln ñsh ls such a bla problem
ln Lhe unlLed SLaLes, l had Lo
pav close auenuon Lo how
much and whaL klnds of ñsh l
aLe." she sald.
Mercurv is dangerous because it causes manv diííerent
de·elopmental disorders and delavs. and it accumu-
lates in the bloodstream and up the íood chain. 1his
means that while small £sh in a mercurv-contaminated
lake mav ha·e some concentration oí mercurv in their
bloodstreams. larger £sh that eat them will ha·e high-
er mercurv concentrations. and humans consuming
higher quantities oí £sh will ha·e e·en higher. oíten
unsaíe le·els oí mercurv in their bodies. 1he LPA rec-
ommends that women oí childbearing age and voung
children a·oid entirelv the consumption oí large £sh
11
like shark. sword£sh. King mackerel. and tile£sh. and
suggests limiting consumption oí other smaller £sh to
two 12 oz. ser·ings a week.
31
See 1able 1 below íor
the LPA`s recommendations íor £sh consumption na-
tionwide,. Additionallv. when consuming £sh caught
locallv. Americans should £rst reíer to local £sh ad·i-
sories. and where no local ad·isorv exists. thev should
limit consumption to 6 oz. oí locallv-caught £sh per
week. and no additional £sh consumption.
32
EPA Fish Consumption Advisories
Mercurv is known as a persistent bioaccumulati·e tox-
in PB1,. 1his means that in addition to building up in
the íood chain o·er time. or bioaccumulating. mercurv
is long-lasting and accumulates íaster than it decavs in
the bodv.
33

It is widelv known that acute. short-term exposure to
mercurv can lead to mercurv poisoning. 1wo cases oí
mass poisoning in Japan and Iraq írom the 1950s to
the 19¯0s were studied to gauge the eííects oí expo-
sure to high concentrations oí mercurv. In Minimata
Bav. Japan. a chemical industrv dumped ·ast quantities
oí mercurv into the waters where manv local £sher-
men £shed. Because the ·illagers ate much oí the £sh
caught bv the local £shermen. exposure was high and
manv people became ill or died in the íollowing íew
vears.
34
In Iraq. merchants sold grain that was treated
with a íungicide that contained mercurv. 1housands oí
Iraqis consumed the grain. ultimatelv killing anvwhere
between 450 and 5.000 people.
35

1he cases in Japan and Iraq re·ealed that mercurv ex-
posure primarilv aííects the ner·ous svstem. and that
de·eloping íetuses and children are more susceptible
to the pollutant than adults. In Japan. e·en íetuses
írom mothers who did not displav e·idence oí mer-
curv poisoning later de·eloped se·ere neurological dis-
orders due to high exposure in the womb.
36

\hile acute. short-term exposure to mercurv can
cause signi£cant dangerous health eííects. chronic.
long-term exposure írom continual small doses is
much more common and can cause subtle neurological
deíects that ha·e widespread consequences.


(hronic exposure oíten comes írom eating contaminat-
ed £sh írom mercurv-polluted waterwavs.
38
Moreo·er.
scientists recentlv íound that manv oí the bene£cial im-
pacts on brain de·elopment írom £sh consumption are
negated bv consuming mercurv-contaminated £sh.
39

\hen pregnant women are exposed to mercurv írom
eating £sh. that mercurv is oíten transmitted to the
íetus. where the child`s de·eloping brain is put at risk.
\oung children or iníants who were exposed to lower
le·els oí mercurv in utero can ha·e impaired brain íunc-
tions. including ·erbal. attention. motor control. and
language de£cits. and lower IOs.
40
Additionallv. when
children who were exposed to mercurv in the womb
are monitored at ages ¯ and 14. these impairments still
exist. which suggests that the eííects oí e·en low-le·el
mercurv exposure mav be irre·ersible.
41
A recent studv
bv scientists at the Uni·ersitv oí (aliíornia-Los Ange-
les íound that chronic mercurv exposure increased dra-
maticallv írom 1999 to 2006. 1he studv. which analvzed
blood inorganic mercurv le·els in o·er 6.000 women oí
childbearing age. íound that while mercurv was íound in
just 2° oí that population in 1999. the toxic metal was
detected in 30° oí women in 2006.
42

In 2000. the National Academv oí Sciences and the Na-
tional Research (ouncil presented a studv to (ongress
on the health eííects oí mercurv exposure. 1he scien-
tists conducting the studv íound that the neurological
disorders associated with mercurv exposure likelv result
in more children who struggle in the classroom and who
must attend remedial classes or special education.
43

uo noL consume:



- Shark
- Swordñsh
- klna Mackerel
- 1lleñsh
up Lo Lwo 12
oz. servlnas per
week:




- Shrlmp
- Canned llahL Luna
- Salmon
- Þollock
- Caulsh
Cne 6 oz. servlna
per week:

- Albacore (whlLe) Luna
- llsh cauahL from local
waLers
12
A studv published bv lealth and Place. using data írom
the 1exas Lducation Department and the LPA. íound
an association between en·ironmentallv released mer-
curv. special education. and autism rates in 1exas. In
short. rates oí special education students and autism
rates increased in association with increases in en·iron-
mentallv released mercurv. On a·erage. íor each 1.000
pounds oí en·ironmentallv released mercurv. there
was a 43° increase in the rate oí special education ser-
·ices and a 61° increase in the rate oí autism in 1exas.
1he total mercurv emissions írom 1exan power plants
reached 16.350 pounds in 2009.
44

Because íetuses are so sensiti·e to mercurv exposure
and because the metal remains in the bodv íor long
periods oí time. e·en women oí childbearing age who
are not pregnant but mav become pregnant are still en-
couraged to limit consumption oí certain tvpes oí £sh
known to ha·e higher concentrations oí mercurv. Ad-
ditionallv. while adults are at lower risk oí neurological
impairment. e·idence has shown that a low-le·el dose
oí mercurv írom £sh consumption in adults can lead
to deíects similar to those íound in children.
45
as well
as íertilitv and cardio·ascular problems.
46
A studv bv
scientists in linland íound that middle-aged men with
high le·els oí mercurv in their bloodstream. due to in-
creased £sh consumption. ha·e a 60° increased risk
oí coronarv e·ents. and a ¯0° increased risk oí car-
dio·ascular death compared to men with lower blood
mercurv le·els.

(urrentlv. e·erv state has set some
sort oí £sh ad·isorv due to unsaíe le·els oí the toxic
pollutant.
48
which is up írom 41 states with £sh ad·iso-
ries írom mercurv pollution in December 2000.
49

Other Environmental
Effects of Mercury
Right now mercurv is the most common contaminant
in £sh in the United States and (anada.
50
\ildliíe that
is exposed to mercurv mav die or. depending upon the
le·el oí exposure. ha·e reduced íertilitv or complete
reproducti·e íailure. as well as slower growth and de-
·elopment.
51
.
52
A recent studv suggests that mercurv
pollution could be changing animal beha·ior and in the
process hampering some species` reproducti·e abilities.
lor instance. American white ibises írom south llorida
that consumed methvlmercurv were more likelv to en-
gage in same-sex pairings - a phenomenon unknown
to wild populations oí this species with no exposure to
the pollutant.
53

L·en minute le·els oí mercurv in waterwavs contaminate
wildliíe. Scientists íound that a gram oí mercurv - about
a drop - deposited in a mid-sized lake in \isconsin o·er
the course oí a vear was enough to account íor all oí
the mercurv subsequentlv íound in that lake`s £sh popula-
tion.
54
Additionallv. a team oí Minnesota researchers de-
termined that mercurv concentrations in £sh mav ha·e
increased bv a íactor oí 10 o·er the last centurv. based on
comparing modern £sh to £sh preser·ed in the 1930s.
55

As power plants continue to emit thousands oí pounds
oí mercurv into our air e·erv vear. wildliíe continues to be
at risk oí mortalitv and reproducti·e íailure.
56

1he table below lists the top ten states with the highest
le·els oí mercurv pollution írom power plants. \hen
power plants spew out thousands oí pounds oí mercurv
pollution in states like 1exas. Pennsvl·ania. and Ohio.
thev pose serious threats to wildliíe and our en·ironment.
In Pennsvl·ania. íor instance. mercurv contamination is
so per·asi·e that the state set a blanket ad·isorv recom-
mending that consumption oí anv £sh caught in Pennsvl-
·ania waters be limited to one meal per week.


The Top Ten: States with the Highest Levels
of Mercury Pollution from Power Plants
58
8ank SLaLe Lmlsslons (ln lbs.)
1 1exas 16,330
2 Þennsvlvanla 13,330
3 Chlo 9,318
4 WesL vlralnla 6,793
3 lndlana 6,046
6 kenLuckv 3,930
7 llllnols 4,973
8 norLh Carollna 4,702
9 Alabama 4,324
10 Mlchlaan 4,012
(See Appendix D for full table)
13
lish. and those birds and mammals. including humans.
that eat £sh. are at greatest risk oí mercurv contamina-
tion and the ad·erse eííects associated with it.
59
Mer-
curv pollution accumulates in £sh o·er the course oí
their liíetimes. Mo·ing up the íood chain. anv preda-
tors that consume £sh-eating animals are also at risk
oí consuming unsaíe le·els oí mercurv. meaning that
the eííects oí mercurv pollution in waterwavs can be
íound in species that mav not ha·e anv direct inter-
actions with a polluted waterwav. 1he LPA estimates
that 3.¯81 waterwavs in the United States ha·e unsaíe
le·els oí mercurv pollution in them
60
see Appendix L
íor íull list,. and 6.363.¯0¯ acres oí lakes. reser·oirs.
and ponds in the United States are contaminated bv
mercurv pollution see chart below. areas oí national
watersheds aííected bv mercurv pollution,.
61
.
62

Areas of National Watersheds Affected by
Mercury Pollution
63
Scientists ha·e detected mercurv in a wide range oí
species: írom tuna. sword£sh. and shark. to eagles.
otters. and endangered llorida panthers. 1he llorida
Panther Societv íound that chronic exposure to mer-
curv mav be a signi£cant íactor responsible íor lower
than expected population densities oí panthers in large
portions oí their range. and is likelv contributing to
the extinction oí this endangered animal.
64
lish such
as largemouth bass and sun£sh in the L·erglades Na-
tional Park are at risk oí contamination and mortalitv.
and common loons in Maine suííer írom abnormal
beha·ior and phvsiologv. and decreased reproducti·e
success because oí mercurv pollution.
65
.
66
Oí the £·e
loon species íound in the world. onlv the common
loon breeds in Maine.

Uníortunatelv. studies oí the
New Lngland common loon breeding populations
conducted írom 1994 to 2003 show that the birds are
at a high le·el oí risk to mercurv contamination. Dur-
ing the studv period. 324 abandoned eggs and blood
and íeathers írom 408 adults and 142 ju·enile com-
mon loons were collected írom Maine lakes. Bv 2004.
22° oí the common loon breeding population in
Maine was considered to be at risk.
68

In addition. a studv bv Garv l. leinz. írom the Patux-
ent \ildliíe Research (enter in Laurel. Marvland. as-
sessed the eííects oí mercurv on three generations
oí mallard ducks. 1he second generation oí mallard
ducks were subjected to mercurv pollution at the le·el
oí 0.5 parts per million. a le·el that is íound in 1 out
oí 5 (olorado reser·oirs.
69
1hese ducks suííered ad-
·erse reproducti·e eííects including eggs laid outside
the nest box. a reduced number oí ducklings sur·i·ing
to one week oí age. and reduced growth oí ducklings.
1he third generation oí mallards also demonstrated
ad·erse reproducti·e eííects. a reduced number oí ·i-
able eggs laid per dav. and thinner egg shells.
¯0

\hile £sh. and predators that eat £sh. are at greatest
risk oí mercurv contamination. scientists recentlv dis-
co·ered that birds li·ing in íorests - íar írom water-
wavs and £sh - are also accumulating mercurv.
¯1
Mer-
curv can be con·erted into methvlmercurv in íorest
soils. where insects and spiders are exposed to it. Birds
that consume these insects and spiders thus build up
mercurv in their bodies. Scientists recentlv íound high
le·els oí mercurv in \ood 1hrush birds. a species that
íeeds on spiders and other in·ertebrates and is com-
mon to the woodlands oí the eastern United States.
Some scientists speculate that the combined impact oí
mercurv exposure and acid rain might be contributing
to the near disappearance oí breeding \ood 1hrushes
írom the Adirondack Mountains.
¯2

O·erall. more U.S. waters are closed to £shing because
oí mercurv contamination than because oí anv other
toxic contamination problem.
¯3
Not onlv does this
pose serious en·ironmental issues. but it also aííects
the industries that depend on healthv waterwavs. lor
Lakes, 8eservolrs, and
Þonds
6,363,707
acres
8lvers and SLreams 46,922
mlles
8avs and LsLuarles 2,080 s
quare mlles
Cceans and near
CoasLal
4,639
square mlles
WeLlands 223,786
acres
CreaL Lakes Cpen
WaLer
31,961
square mlles
14
more than 100 vears. Onondaga Lake in upstate New
\ork was a commerciallv-·iable cold water £sherv. íull
oí white£sh and Atlantic salmon. As it attracted more
£shermen and tourists. a number oí resorts were built
along its shoreline. \et aíter the lake became a disposal
site íor industrial waste. £shing was banned due to
dangerous le·els oí mercurv pollution.
¯4
As a result.
£shermen and the £shing industrv suííered.
(urrentlv. an a·erage oí 1.5 million £sh are caught bv
anglers each vear in Lake Lrie and surrounding bavs
and tributaries.
¯5
\et. between 1990 and 200¯. re-
searchers íound that le·els oí mercurv in Lake Lrie
£sh were increasing.
¯6
1he polluted waters could seri-
ouslv harm Lake Lrie`s £shing industrv and the health
oí aquatic species exposed to the pollution.
Mercury Pollution and
Power Plants
(oal-£red power plants are bv íar the largest single
source oí mercurv pollution in the United States.
emitting 41.6 percent oí all the industrial sources oí
mercurv pollution in the United States in 1999. the last
vear íor which this data is a·ailable. (ommercial and
industrial boilers and chlorine manuíacturing íacilities
are the next largest sources oí mercurv pollution. ac-
counting íor 8.3 percent and 5.6 percent oí the nation-
al total. respecti·elv. 1he amount oí mercurv emitted
írom coal-£red power plants íar exceeds the total mer-
curv pollution írom the ten next largest sources oí the
pollutant.
¯¯
Additionallv. despite signi£cant ad·ance-
ments in the technologv used to reduce mercurv pollu-
tion írom coal-£red power plants. and the existence oí
manv state regulatorv programs. mercurv írom power
plants in the United States still remains largelv uncon-
trolled. Power plants emitted 134.365 pounds oí mer-
curv in 2009 See chart in Appendix A,.
¯8

Mercurv occurs naturallv in our en·ironment and can
be íound in manv diííerent rocks and geological struc-
tures. including coal.
¯9
\hen power plants burn coal.
thev emit mercurv and other dangerous toxic pollutants
like lead and arsenic-polluting our air and waterwavs.
Mercurv is deposited into our en·ironment írom coal-
£red power plants in three diííerent íorms: gaseous
elemental mercurv. oxidized mercurv. and particulate-
bound mercurv.
\hen coal-£red power plants emit mercurv in its el-
emental íorm. the emissions remain in the atmosphere
íor se·eral months and can migrate. meaning that
emissions írom one countrv or continent will oíten
end up on other continents. Scientists ha·e íound
mercurv pollution in (aliíornia that can be traced to
emissions írom (hina.
81

The Process of Mercury Deposition into Air and Waterways
Source: University of Wisconsin Solid and Hazardous Waste Education Center
80

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16
lowe·er. oxidized and particulate-bound mercurv
remains in the atmosphere íor much shorter periods.
and so these emissions tra·el signi£cantlv shorter dis-
tances than the elemental íorm-anvwhere between
50 and 500 miles írom their originating source.
82
In its
extensi·e 199¯ Mercurv Studv Report to (ongress. the
LPA estimates that 60 percent oí mercurv pollution in
the United States comes írom U.S. sources. írom oxi-
dized and particulate-bound mercurv.
83
1his means that
mercurv deposited in either oí these two íorms will
be more concentrated in the area near the source oí
the emissions than íurther awav. creating mercurv hot
spots where people and wildliíe are particularlv at risk
oí the detrimental eííects oí the pollutant. Addition-
allv. a 200¯ studv in Bioscience íound hot spots in the
northeastern United States and southeastern (anada
near local sources oí mercurv pollution. like coal-£red
power plants. 1hese hot spots caused signi£cantlv el-
e·ated le·els oí mercurv in £sh and birds tested in the
region.
84
See chart below íor the top 25 most polluting
power plants in the United States. and map oí all mer-
curv emissions írom power plants in the United States,.
Top 25 Most Polluting Power Plants in the United States
85
(See Appendices B and C for data for all mercury pollution from
power plants in the United States)
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe
Zlp
Code
1oLal Pa
emlsslons
(ln lbs.)
1 MA81ln LAkL S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn & LlCnl1L MlnL 1aLum 1x 73691 2,660
2 88l LnL8C? lnC kL?S1CnL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 ShelocLa ÞA 13774 2,164
3 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CAvln ÞLAn1 Cheshlre CP 43620 2,099
4 88l LnL8C? lnC CCnLMAuCP ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 new llorence ÞA 13944 2,060
3 MCn1lCLLLC S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn & LlCnl1L MlnL MounL ÞleasanL 1x 73433 1,828
6 SCPL8L8 S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 !ulleue CA 31046 1,649
7 LlMLS1CnL LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn !eweu 1x 73846 1,647
8 CAM88lA CCCLn CC Lbensbura ÞA 13931 1,644
9 uCMlnlCn MCun1 S1C8M ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn MounL SLorm Wv 26739 1,371
10 SAn MlCuLL LLLC18lC CCCÞL8A1lvL lnC Chrlsune 1x 78012 1,360
11 CCLS18lÞ S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn ColsLrlp M1 39323 1,490
12 lCu8 CC8nL8S S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn lrulLland nM 87416 1,481
13 8lC 88CWn S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn & LlCnl1L MlnL lalrñeld 1x 73840 1,426
14 MlLLL8 S1LAM ÞLAn1 CulnLon AL 33130 1,334
13 AML8LnuL LA8AulL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Labadle MC 63033 1,297
16 WA ÞA8lSP LLLC18lC CLnL8A1ln C S1A1lCn 1hompsons 1x 77481 1,289
17 uL18Cl1 LulSCn MCn8CL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Monroe Ml 48161 1,233
18 !M S1uA81 S1A1lCn ManchesLer CP 43144 1,234
19 AML8lCAn LLLC1lC ÞCWL8 8CCkÞC81 ÞLAn1 8ockporL ln 47633 1,226
20 SAnuCW S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn 8ockdale 1x 76367 1,183
21 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 PW Þl8kL? ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Pallsvllle 1x 73630 1,134
22 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 AMCS ÞLAn1 Wlnñeld Wv 23213 1,110
23 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - 8Cx8C8C S1LAM LLLC-
18lC ÞLAn1
Semora nC 27343 1,079
24 88l LnL8C? lnC SPAWvlLLL S1A1lCn Shawvllle ÞA 16873 1,071
23 88uCL MAnSllLLu ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 ShlpplnaporL ÞA 13077 1,023
17
According to data írom the 1oxics Release In·ento-
rv. the top 25 largest emitters oí mercurv pollution
are located in just 12 states. with íour states-1exas.
Pennsvl·ania. Ohio. and \est Virginia-responsible
íor 68° oí that pollution. See chart below and
Appendix D.,
86
Amount of mercury emitted by top 25 power
plants by state
Additionallv. onlv 16 companies own all the top 25 big-
gest mercurv polluting íacilities. 1he top 25 íacilities.
out oí 451 power plants. are responsible íor 38.933
pounds oí mercurv. or nearlv 28° oí the total mer-
curv emissions írom power plants in the United States.
Just íour companies own 13 oí the worst 25 plants-
Luminant. American Llectric Power. RRI Lnergv Inc.
íormerlv Reliant Lnergv,. and NRG Lnergv-which
cumulati·elv produce 20.919 pounds oí mercurv pol-
lution e·erv vear. or o·er 15° oí total mercurv emis-
sions írom all power plants in the United States. See
table at right and Appendix L.,

Studies show that when local sources oí mercurv pol-
lution are limited. concentration le·els in waterwavs
rapidlv decrease. So while international sources oí
mercurv pollution do plav a role in mercurv hot spots
and o·erall pollution le·els in the United States. reduc-
ing mercurv pollution írom U.S. sources is imperati·e
to cutting mercurv pollution le·els across the countrv.
Mercury emissions from top 25 worst power
plants, by ownership company
88
Cwner
Mercurv emlsslons
from Lop 23 planLs
(ln lbs.)
LumlnanL 7,099
Amerlcan LlecLrlc
Þower
3,389
88l Lnerav lnc. 3,293
n8C Lnerav 2,933
norLhern SLar
Cenerauon
1,644
uomlnlon 1,371
San Mlauel LlecLrlc
Cooperauve lnc.
1,360
ÞuaeL Sound Lnerav 1,490
AÞS lnc. 1,481
SouLhern Companv 1,334
Ameren uL 1,297
ueLrolL Ldlson 1,233
uÞL Lnerav 1,234
Þroaress Lnerav 1,079
llrsLLnerav 1,023
1oLal 33,886
lndlana - 4°
Mlssourl - 4°
MonLana - 4°
norLh Carollna - 3°
Alabama - 4°
Ceorala - 3°
Mlchlaan - 4°
new Mexlco - 4°
1exas, Þennsvlvanla, Chlo
and WesL vlralnla - 68°
18
Protecting Our World
and Our Health: Clean-
ing up the Dirtiest
Source of Pollution
Moving Forward with the EPA
Mercurv pollution írom power plants poses signi£cant
threats to our en·ironment and our health. lortunate-
lv. the Obama Administration`s LPA is set to issue a
strong standard to limit this dangerous pollutant.
Under the (lean Air Act. the LPA will de·elop a stan-
dard to clean up mercurv pollution and other air tox-
ics írom new and existing oil and coal-£red power
plants. Aíter vears oí unlawíulness and inaction bv
the Bush administration`s LPA. the Obama admin-
istration`s LPA is now under court order to set this
standard bv March.
1he Bush administration`s LPA set illegal and se-
·erelv nawed standards íor mercurv that would ha·e
allowed power plants to continue to emit high le·els
oí the toxicant. Portions oí the Bush LPA rules were
taken word-íor-word írom industrv memos. and thev
new in the íace oí all oí the scienti£c e·idence about
the hazards oí mercurv exposure. 1hese standards
were challenged and later struck down bv the íederal
courts.
89
Scientists working íor the Bush administra-
tion`s LPA írequentlv complained oí political interíer-
ence with their o·erall work. and in 200¯. the Union oí
(oncerned Scientists reported that nearlv two-thirds
oí 1.586 staíí LPA scientists who responded to a
questionnaire reported such interíerence.
90
More than
500 LPA scientists knew oí manv` or some` cases
where LPA political appointees had inappropriatelv
in·ol·ed themsel·es in scienti£c decisions.`
91

(urrentlv. the Obama administration`s LPA is set to
propose the Llectric Generating Unit Maximum
Achie·able (ontrol 1echnologv.` or utilitv MA(1
standard. to limit air toxics including mercurv bv mid-
March 2011. with the £nal rule due out bv No·ember.
Recommendations
1he LPA should implement the strongest standards
possible to protect our health and our en·ironment
írom mercurv pollution. using science and the regula-
torv tools thev ha·e at hand.
1hrough the utilitv MA(1 - reíerred to as the air tox-
ics standard - the LPA can limit hazardous emissions
oí mercurv and other air toxics írom power plants.
1he LPA must set the standard based on the períor-
mance oí the lowest-emitting sources in the indus-
trv. using data collected o·er the past vear. 1hese low
emission le·els set a baseline that all newlv-built power
plants must achie·e. Lxisting power plants must meet
a le·el oí emission control achie·ed bv the top 12° oí
íacilities.
92
1he standard pro·ides a 3 vear implementa-
tion period íor the existing source standards. with the
possibilitv oí a one vear extension.
93

A highlv-ad·anced technologv. acti·ated carbon injec-
tion. has been used bv plants to reduce mercurv emis-
sions íor decades. Particles oí acti·ated carbon are in-
jected into power plants. downstream oí their boilers.
1he mercurv then attaches to the carbon particles and
is remo·ed. Power plants íurther utilize acti·ated car-
bon injection svstems combined with íabric £lters as
a wav to enhance mercurv remo·al. labric £lters. also
known as baghouses. £lter out mercurv írom the nue
gas streams oí power plants.
94
.
95

1he implementation oí the air toxics standard and the
increased use oí mercurv-reduction technologv should
signi£cantlv reduce the amount oí mercurv and other
air toxics emitted bv power plants. which in turn will re-
sult in less mercurv contamination in waterwavs. in wild-
liíe. and in the bodies oí children and adults. O·erall.
íewer children could íace impaired brain íunctions and
·erbal. attention. motor control. and language de£cits
due to mercurv pollution írom power plants.
96

A strong air toxics standard would also decrease the
number oí wildliíe that suííer reproducti·e íailure and
die due to mercurv exposure írom power plants. In
places like Minnesota. certain lakes contain £sh that
ha·e ten times the concentration oí mercurv in their
bodies than £sh that swam there in the 1930s.

A
19
strong air toxics standard would eííecti·elv lower the
amount oí mercurv currentlv íound in these £sh. and
as a result. increase the o·erall population oí healthv
and reproducti·elv-successíul £sh. A studv conducted
bv the llorida Department oí Ln·ironmental Protec-
tion íound that when mercurv emissions in southern
llorida declined bv close to 99° as a result oí pollu-
tion pre·ention and control policies. mercurv in £sh
and wildliíe declined bv approximatelv 60°.
98

Statewide Initiatives
In the absence oí strong action írom the LPA. states
ha·e taken initiati·e and helped to protect against mer-
curv pollution. As the table below lists. 19 states ha·e
enacted statewide mercurv limits íor power plants.
99

Statewide action has helped to lower the amount oí
mercurv pollution harming human beings and wildliíe.
lor instance. in 2006. Marvland passed the lealthv
Air Act. a standard to reduce mercurv pollution írom
coal-£red plants bv 80° bv 2010 and 90° bv 2013.
100

Scientists estimate that more than one-third oí the pol-
lution entering the (hesapeake Bav comes írom the air.
so emission standards íor Marvland power plants will
signi£cantlv reduce Bav wildliíe suííering írom the eí-
íects oí mercurv contamination.
101

States with Mercury Emission Reduction
Standards for Power Plants
102
(See appendix G for full explanation
of states’ mercury emission reduction
standards for power plants)
A Mandatory Step: Moving Beyond
State Action
\e must take action to promote the United States`
transition awav írom dangerous power plants. and the
liíe-threatening pollution thev emit. to a clean energv
economv. In addition to state-le·el limits on mercurv
pollution írom power plants. the United States. as well
as indi·idual states can:
· help ensure that America generates at least 25
percent oí its electricitv írom renewable sources oí
energv such as wind and solar bv 2025 through a
renewable energv standard:
· strengthen energv eí£ciencv standards and codes
íor appliances and buildings bv 50 percent bv 2020
and ensure that all new buildings use zero net energv
bv 2030:
· ramp up in·estment in solar power through tax
credits. speci£c targets in state renewable electricitv
standards. requirements íor solar readv homes.` re-
bate programs. and other measures: and
· end subsidies to íossil íuel industries.
31 states do not regulate dangerous mercurv pollution
írom power plants.
103
Not surprisinglv. manv oí the
states that ha·e the highest le·els oí mercurv pollution
írom power plants are those that don`t demand state-
wide regulation. like 1exas. Pennsvl·ania
a
. and Ohio.
Mercurv pollution doesn`t respect state boundaries.
\hile 19 states ha·e alreadv enacted statewide mer-
curv limits íor power plants. the LPA must set a strong
íederal standard that cuts mercurv írom power plants
bv more than 90°. because mercurv pollution tra·els
bevond state boundaries and puts all Americans at risk
oí its harmíul eííects.
1he United States has the opportunitv to set standards
that will protect our health and the health oí our en-
·ironment. and in turn. de·elop a thri·ing economv
based upon renewable energv. In order to make strides
to reduce pollution. ensure healthier íamilies and chil-
dren. and protect our en·ironment. we must clean up
power plants nationwide.
Colorado
ConnecucuL
uelaware
Ceorala
llllnols
lndlana
Marvland
Massachuseus
Mlchlaan
MlnnesoLa
MonLana
new Pampshlre
new !ersev
new Pampshlre
new ?ork
norLh Carollna
Creaon
SouLh Carollna
Wlsconsln
20
Methodology
1o analvze power plant mercurv emissions bv state. we
took data írom the Ln·ironmental Protection Agencv`s
1oxics Release In·entorv 1RI,. \e used the most re-
cent data a·ailable írom 2009 íor mercurv and mercurv
compound emissions írom electric utilities. \e gener-
ated tables using the LPA`s tool. 1RI Lxplorer a·ail-
able at www.epa.go·´triexplorer´,. 1he 1RI database
is comprised oí data on emissions oí toxic chemicals
annuallv. as reported bv íacilities. Because some íacili-
ties are not required to report mercurv emissions to
the 1RI. such as those that emit íewer than 10 pounds
oí mercurv annuallv. our analvsis co·ers onlv those re-
ported to 1RI.
\e ranked all states and power plants according to
their total mercurv emissions in 2009. and broke down
emissions data bv state and ranked power plants in each
state according to their mercurv emissions. \e also
used data írom the Lnergv Iníormation Administra-
tion`s lorm 860 to £nd the owner oí each plant ranked
in the top 25 worst mercurv-polluting power plants.
and broke down the total emissions íor each companv
who owned one or more plants in the top 25 e.g. Lu-
minant owns íour plants in the top 25. and is respon-
sible íor ¯.099 pounds oí mercurv emissions in 2009,.
Additionallv. we took data írom states` en·ironmental
websites to assess the status oí statewide mercurv reg-
ulation and assimilated that iníormation into a single
chart see Appendix G,.
a
On December 23. 2009. Pennsvl·ania actuallv o·er-
turned a rule that would limit mercurv pollution írom
power plants beginning Januarv 1. 2010. 1he Pennsvl-
·ania Supreme (ourt`s decision put an end to state eí-
íorts to speciallv regulate mercurv emissions írom power
plants - through the Pennsvl·ania Mercurv Rule - at least
until the LPA promulgates new íederal mercurv regula-
tions. or until other state legislation is passed.
21
Appendices

Appendix A: Mercury Pollution from Power Plants 2000-2009
104

?ear
Mercurv
(lbs.)
Mercurv
compounds
(lbs.)
1oLal
(lbs.)
2000 6,049 103,973 112,022
2001 7,708 146,738 134,446
2002 7,433 141,033 148,488
2003 7,788 138,773 146,361
2004 7,891 141,387 149,278
2003 3,923 147,013 132,936
2006 6,681 143,148 149,829
2007 6,633 146,763 133,396
2008 6,987 144,734 131,741
2009 6,282 132,324 134,363
22
Appendix B: Electric Utilities in the United States Ranked by Pounds of Mercury
Emitted in 2009
105

kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate
2|p
Code
1ota|
mercury
em|ss|ons
(|n |bs.)
1 MA81ln LAkL S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn &
LlCnl1L MlnL
1aLum 1x 73691 2,660
2 88l LnL8C? lnC kL?S1CnL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 ShelocLa ÞA 13774 2,164
3 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CAvln ÞLAn1 Cheshlre CP 43620 2,099
4 88l LnL8C? lnC CCnLMAuCP ÞCWL8
ÞLAn1
new llor-
ence
ÞA 13944 2,060
3 MCn1lCLLLC S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn &
LlCnl1L MlnL
MounL
ÞleasanL
1x 73433 1,828
6 SCPL8L8 S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC
ÞLAn1
!ulleue CA 31046 1,649
7 LlMLS1CnL LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn !eweu 1x 73846 1,647
8 CAM88lA CCCLn CC Lbensbura ÞA 13931 1,644
9 uCMlnlCn MCun1 S1C8M ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn MounL
SLorm
Wv 26739 1,371
10 SAn MlCuLL LLLC18lC CCCÞL8A1lvL lnC Chrlsune 1x 78012 1,360
11 CCLS18lÞ S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn ColsLrlp M1 39323 1,490
12 lCu8 CC8nL8S S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn lrulLland nM 87416 1,481
13 8lC 88CWn S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn &
LlCnl1L MlnL
lalrñeld 1x 73840 1,426
14 MlLLL8 S1LAM ÞLAn1 CulnLon AL 33130 1,334
13 AML8LnuL LA8AulL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Labadle MC 63033 1,297
16 WA ÞA8lSP LLLC18lC CLnL8A1ln C S1A1lCn 1hompsons 1x 77481 1,289
17 uL18Cl1 LulSCn MCn8CL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Monroe Ml 48161 1,233
18 !M S1uA81 S1A1lCn ManchesLer CP 43144 1,234
19 AML8lCAn LLLC1lC ÞCWL8 8CCkÞC81
ÞLAn1
8ockporL ln 47633 1,226
20 SAnuCW S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn 8ockdale 1x 76367 1,183
21 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 PW Þl8kL?
ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
Pallsvllle 1x 73630 1,134
22 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 AMCS ÞLAn1 Wlnñeld Wv 23213 1,110
23 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - 8Cx8C8C
S1LAM LLLC18lC ÞLAn1
Semora nC 27343 1,079
24 88l LnL8C? lnC SPAWvlLLL S1A1lCn Shawvllle ÞA 16873 1,071
23 88uCL MAnSllLLu ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Shlpplna-
porL
ÞA 13077 1,023
23
26 SAL1 8lvL8 Þ8C!LC1 nAvA!C CLnL8A1lnC
S1A1lCn
Þaae AZ 86040 991
27 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC-ASPLvlLLL
ÞLAn1
Arden nC 28704 973
28 CMAPA Þu8LlC ÞCWL8 ulS18lC1 nL88ASkA
Cl1? S1A1lCn
nebraska
ClLv
nL 68410 933
29 PA88lSCn ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Pavwood Wv 26366 934
30 SÞu8LCCk ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Mavsvllle k? 41036 921
31 8lC CA!un 2 new 8oads LA 70760 907
32 L8LnS8u8C ÞCWL8 CC Lbensbura ÞA 13931 901
33 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 kAMML8 /
Ml1CPLLL ÞLAn1S
Moundsvllle Wv 26041 899
34 CCAL C8LLk S1A1lCn underwood nu 48476 897
33 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CA8ulnAL
ÞLAn1
8rllllanL CP 43913 894
36 SÞ8lnCL8vlLLL CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Sprlnaervllle AZ 83938 882
37 MlnnkC1A ÞCWL8 CCCÞL8A1lvL lnC MlL-
1Cn 8 ?CunC S1A1lCn
CenLer nu 38330 872
38 xCLL LnL8C? SPL88u8nL CCun1? CLnL8-
A1lnC ÞLAn1
8ecker Mn 33308 867
39 MA8SPALL S1LAM S1A1lCn 1errell nC 28682 839
40 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CCnLSvlLLL
ÞLAn1
Conesvllle CP 43811 837
41 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 MCun1AlnLL8
ÞLAn1
new Paven Wv 23263 811
42 ln1L8MCun1Aln ÞCWL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A-
1lCn
uelLa u1 84624 809
43 LCulSvlLLL CAS & LLLC18lC CC - MlLL C8LLk
S1A1lCn
Loulsvllle k? 40272 787
44 8LACk PlLLS CC8Þ - nLlL SlMÞSCn CCMÞLLx Cllleue W? 82718 787
43 lÞL ÞL1L8S8u8C ÞeLersbura ln 47367 731
46 LML PCML8 Cl1? CLnL8A1lCn LÞ Pomer ClLv ÞA 13748 738
47 SC8u8C8ASS CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 kennerdell ÞA 16374 714
48 MluAML8lCAn LnL8C? CC WAL1L8 SCC11
!8 LnL8C? CLn1L8
Councll
8luñs
lA 31301 709
49 CC8CAS S1LAM ÞLAn1 Þarrlsh AL 33380 707
30 8lC 8lvL8S LLLC18lC CC8Þ 8Llu/C8LLn/
PMÞ&L S1A1lCn ll
8obards k? 42432 691
31 CÞ1lM LnL8C? LÞ 1Wln CAkS 8remond 1x 76629 686
32 MC8CAn1CWn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn newbura Mu 20664 683
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
24
33 C8LA1 ÞLAlnS LnL8C?LAC?CnL CLnL8A1-
lnC S1A1lCn
La Cvane kS 66040 679
34 PA1llLLu ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn MasonLown ÞA 13461 666
33 ML8CM CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Sulllvan ln 47882 661
36 CPLS1L8llLLu ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn ChesLer vA 23836 660
37 8ASln LLLC18lC LA8AMlL 8lvL8 S1A1lCn WheaLland W? 82201 660
38 CL8ALu CLn1LLMAn S1A1lCn SuLherland nL 69163 660
39 CAS1Cn S1LAM ÞLAn1 Wllsonvllle AL 33186 637
60 CCLvL8 ÞCWL8 Þ8C!LC1 Colver ÞA 13927 639
61 LulSCn ln1L8nA1lCnAL ÞCWL81Cn CLnL8-
A1lnC S1A1lCn
Þekln lL 61334 633
62 nlÞSCC 8MSCPAPlL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Wheauleld ln 46392 632
63 CC8CnAuC CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn SalnL !ohns AZ 83936 631
64 CCLuM8lA LnL8C? CLn1L8 Þardeevllle Wl 33934 627
63 uS 1vA CuM8L8LAnu lCSSlL ÞLAn1 Cumberland
ClLv
1n 37030 621
66 !Lll8L? LnL8C? CLn1L8 SalnL Marvs kS 66336 618
67 SAn !uAn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn WaLerßow nM 87421 610
68 W P SAMMlS ÞLAn1 SLrauon CP 43961 397
69 8CWLn S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC
ÞLAn1
CarLersvllle CA 30120 384
70 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 8lC SAnu?
ÞLAn1
Loulsa k? 41230 382
71 lnuLÞLnuLnCL S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn newark A8 72362 382
72 ÞLLASAn1 Þ8Al8lL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 ÞleasanL
Þralrle
Wl 33138 371
73 ÞAClllCC8Þ W?CuAk ÞLAn1 Cllleue W? 82718 370
74 WPl1L 8Lull CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 8edñeld A8 72132 339
73 ÞAClllCC8Þ Pun1L8 ÞLAn1 CasLle uale u1 84313 333
76 AML8LnuL 8uSP lSLAnu ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn lesLus MC 63028 333
77 ! P CAMÞ8LLL CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 WesL Cllve Ml 49460 333
78 Cl1? Cl ÞAlnLSvlLLL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Þalnesvllle CP 44077 346
79 ÞAClllCC8Þ !lM 88luCL8 ÞLAn1 & 88luCL8
CCAL CC
ÞolnL of
8ocks
W? 82942 344
80 S1 !CPnS 8lvL8 ÞCWL8 ÞA8k/nC81PSluL
CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn
!acksonvllle lL 32226 332
81 kLn1uCk? u1lLl1lLS CC CPLn1 S1A1lCn ChenL k? 41043 316
82 AML8Ln LnL8C? CLnL8A1lnC nLW1Cn
ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn
newLon lL 62448 316
83 CuLl ÞCWL8 CC - ÞLAn1 C8lS1 Þensacola lL 32314 313
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
25
84 uCMlnlCn klnCAlu CLnL8A1lCn LLC klncald lL 62340 306
83 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 MuSklnCuM
8lvL8 ÞLAn1
8everlv CP 43713 303
86 ALS WA88lC8 8un lnC Cumberland Mu 21302 304
87 CLll1? C8LLk S1A1lCn Madlson ln 47230 304
88 CPCC1AW CLnL8A1lCn LÞ Ackerman MS 39733 300
89 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ Cl8SCn CLnL8A1lnC
S1A1lCn
Cwensvllle ln 47663 499
90 SLMlnCLL CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn ÞalaLka lL 32177 499
91 !CLlL1 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn (#9 & #29) !olleL lL 60436 493
92 lLC8luA ÞCWL8 CC8Þ C8?S1AL 8lvL8 Ln-
L8C? CCMÞLLx
CrvsLal 8lver lL 34428 488
93 8A88? S1LAM ÞLAn1 8ucks AL 36312 483
94 WLS1L8n lA8ML8S LLLC18lC CCCÞ Puao Ck 73003 476
93 8ASln LLLC18lC An1LLCÞL vALLL? S1A1lCn 8eulah nu 38323 473
96 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 WLLSP ÞLAn1 Þlusbura 1x 34686 463
97 SAln1 nlCPCLAS CCCLnL8A1lCn Þ8C!LC1 Shenandoah ÞA 17976 464
98 88l LnL8C? lnC AvCn LAkL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Avon Lake CP 44012 463
99 ALA8AMA ÞCWL8 CC C8LLnL CCun1?
S1LAM ÞLAn1
lorkland AL 36740 462
100 ÞAn1PL8 C8LLk ÞA81nL8S nesquehon-
lna
ÞA 18240 460
101 CMAPA Þu8LlC ÞCWL8 ulS18lC1 nC81P
CMAPA S1A1lCn
Cmaha nL 68112 438
102 k?CL8 C8LLk S1A1lCn Cheshlre CP 43620 432
103 CALAvL8AS ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn San AnLonlo 1x 78263 440
104 88AnCP S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC
ÞLAn1
Mllledaevllle CA 31061 437
103 WAnSLL? S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC
ÞLAn1
CarrollLon CA 30116 432
106 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ 8LLLWS C8LLk S1LAM
S1A1lCn
8elews
Creek
nC 27009 432
107 MluAML8lCAn LnL8C? CC CLC8CL nLAL
nC81P
SeraeanL
8luñ
lA 31034 429
108 uCMlnlCn CLCvL8 ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Clover vA 24334 427
109 ALS SPAu? ÞCln1 LLC Þanama Ck 74931 420
110 LC8A lA?L11L ÞCWL8 Þ8C!LC1 La Cranae 1x 78943 417
111 uL18Cl1 LulSCn 8LLLL 8lvL8 ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
(ÞA81)
Chlna 1own-
shlp
Ml 48034 412
112 CPCLLA ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 !oseph ClLv AZ 86032 411
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
26
113 u?nLC? MluWLS1 CLnL8A1lCn lnC 8ALu-
Wln LnL8C? CCMÞLLx
8aldwln lL 62217 403
114 uL18Cl1 LulSCn S1 CLAl8 ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 LasL Chlna
1ownshlp
Ml 48034 393
113 ÞAClllCC8Þ uAvL !CPnS1Cn ÞLAn1 Clenrock W? 82637 383
116 uCLL1 PlLLS ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Mansñeld LA 71032 383
117 88AnuCn SPC8LS & WACnL8 CCMÞLLx 8alumore Mu 21226 381
118 WLS1Cn ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 8oLhschlld Wl 34474 378
119 LuCLWA1L8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Shebovaan Wl 33081 373
120 uS 1vA ÞA8AulSL lCSSlL ÞLAn1 urakesboro k? 42337 370
121 88l LnL8C? lnC ÞC81LAnu ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 MounL
8eLhel
ÞA 18343 369
122 MluAML8lCAn LnL8C?-LCulSA CLnL8A1-
lnC S1A1lCn
Muscaune lA 32761 367
123 C8Anu 8lvL8 uAM Au1PC8l1? CCAL ll8Lu
CCMÞLLx
ChouLeau Ck 74337 364
124 CPALk ÞCln1 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Aquasco Mu 20608 364
123 18AnSAL1A CLn18ALlA CLnL8A1lCn / Mln-
lnC
CenLralla WA 98331 361
126 uS 1vA ALLLn lCSSlL ÞLAn1 Memphls 1n 38109 360
127 uA?1Cn ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC klLLLn S1A1lCn ManchesLer CP 43144 338
128 CCLL1C C8LLk ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn lannln 1x 77960 334
129 lC81 MA81ln ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Maldsvllle Wv 26341 332
130 1PCMAS PlLL LnL8C? CLn1L8 - ÞCWL8 ulv Cllûon Plll MC 63244 331
131 ?A1LS S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 newnan CA 30263 349
132 C11L8 1AlL ÞCWL8 CC CC?C1L S1A1lCn 8eulah nu 38323 343
133 uS 1vA CALLA1ln lCSSlL ÞLAn1 Callaun 1n 37066 344
134 S1An1Cn LnL8C? CLn1L8 Crlando lL 32831 341
133 C8CSS CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Þlnevllle SC 29468 338
136 AML8LnuL ML8AMLC ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 SalnL Louls MC 63129 336
137 u.S. 1vA SPAWnLL lCSSlL ÞLAn1 WesL Þa-
ducah
k? 42086 332
138 WlLL CCun1? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8omeovllle lL 60446 331
139 ll8S1LnL8C? CC8Þ LAS1LAkL ÞLAn1 LasLlake CP 44093 331
140 AML8LnuL SlCux ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn WesL AlLon MC 63386 329
141 C11uMWA CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Cuumwa lA 32301 323
142 WAukLCAn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Waukeaan lL 60087 322
143 uukL LnL8C? 8LCk!C8u CLnL8A1lnC S1A-
1lCn
new 8lch-
mond
CP 43137 317
144 uS 1vA WluCWS C8LLk lCSSlL ÞLAn1 SLevenson AL 33772 313
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
27
143 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - MA?C LLLC-
18lC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1
8oxboro nC 27374 310
146 C11L8 1AlL ÞCWL8 CC 8lC S1CnL ÞLAn1 8la SLone
ClLv
Su 37216 310
147 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC CCMAn-
CPL S1A1lCn
Þueblo CC 81006 309
148 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 1AnnL8S
C8LLk ÞLAn1
Lawrence-
bura
ln 47023 306
149 8ASln LLLC18lC LLLAnu CLuS S1A1lCn SLanLon nu 38371 303
130 MCn1Cu8 S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn uanvllle ÞA 17821 293
131 LxCLL LnL8C? A. S. klnC CLnL8A1lnC
ÞLAn1
8avporL Mn 33003 293
132 SCu1PWLS1L8n Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC PA8-
8lnC1Cn S1A1lCn
Amarlllo 1x 79108 294
133 LLLC18lC LnL8C? lnC !oppa lL 62933 293
134 uS 1vA !CPn SLvlL8 lCSSlL ÞLAn1 8oaersvllle 1n 37837 291
133 lA1An CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn WesLon MC 64098 291
136 PCLCCM8 unl1 1 Polcomb kS 67831 289
137 CuLl ÞCWL8 CC ÞLAn1 LAnSlnC SMl1P SouLhporL lL 32409 278
138 uL18Cl1 LulSCn CC 18Ln1Cn CPAnnLL
ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
1renLon Ml 48183 277
139 MuSkCCLL CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn lorL Clbson Ck 74434 277
160 LCulSvlLLL CAS & LLLC18lC CC - 18lM8LL
CCun1? S1A1lCn
8edford k? 40006 273
161 8lC 8lvL8S LLLC18lC CC8Þ WlLSCn S1A1lCn CenLerLown k? 42328 272
162 8CSWLLL LnL8C? CLn1L8 CohasseL Mn 33721 270
163 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ CA?uCA CLnL8A1lnC
S1A1lCn
Cavuaa ln 47928 270
164 MluAML8lCAn LnL8C?-CLC8CL nLAL
SCu1P
Sallx lA 31032 268
163 MC8CAn1CWn LnL8C? ASSCClA1LS Moraan-
Lown
Wv 26303 263
166 88unnL8 lSLAnu S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn ?ork Paven ÞA 17370 263
167 Cl88CnS C8LLk S1LAM S1A1lCn Anderson 1x 77830 260
168 8lC 8lvL8S LLLC18lC CC8Þ CCLLMAn S1A-
1lCn
Pawesvllle k? 42348 233
169 uS 1vA !CPnSCnvlLLL lCSSlL ÞLAn1 new !ohn-
sonvllle
1n 37134 249
170 SCu1PWLS1L8n Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC 1CLk
S1A1lCn
LarLh 1x 79031 248
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
28
171 uL kA8n !C WLAuCCk CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 Lssexvllle Ml 48732 243
172 uS 1vA 8uLL 8un lCSSlL ÞLAn1 CllnLon 1n 37716 237
173 Ml8An1 ulCkL8SCn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn ulckerson Mu 20842 237
174 8 u MC88CW S8 CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 Þurvls MS 39473 234
173 CPLSWlCk ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Sprlnadale ÞA 13144 232
176 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 ÞPlLlÞ SÞC8n
ÞLAn1
new Paven Wv 23263 229
177 CAk C8LLk ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Cak Creek Wl 33134 227
178 A8lZCnA LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CCCÞL8A1lvL
lnC.
Cochlse AZ 83606 227
179 CLnCC WlLLlAMS S1A1lCn Coose Creek SC 29443 226
180 ÞLLASAn1S WlLLCW lSLAnu ÞCWL8 S1A-
1lCnS
Wlllow
lsland
Wv 26134 224
181 nC81PLAS1L8n ÞCWL8 CC McAdoo ÞA 18237 223
182 AML8Ln LnL8C? 8LSCu8CLS CLnL8A1lnC
CC
8arLonvllle lL 61607 221
183 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 nC81PLAS1-
L8n ÞLAn1
Coloaah Ck 74033 220
184 AML8Ln LnL8C? CLnL8A1lnC CCllLLn
ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn
Coñeen lL 62017 213
183 uL18Cl1 LulSCn -8lvL8 8CuCL ÞCWL8
ÞLAn1
8lver 8ouae Ml 48218 213
186 ML88lMACk S1A1lCn new Pamp-
shlre
nP 03304 214
187 PAMMCnu S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC
ÞLAn1
8ome CA 30163 209
188 8CA8uMAn ÞLAn1 8oardman C8 97818 207
189 CLlllSluL S1LAM S1A1lCn Mooresboro nC 28114 206
190 SlCLCC A 8 88CWn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn MounL ver-
non
ln 47620 203
191 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ MlAMl lC81 CLnL8A1-
lnC S1A1lCn
norLh 8end CP 43032 203
192 ÞAClllCC8Þ LnL8C? Pun1lnC1Cn ÞLAn1 PununaLon u1 84328 203
193 CAk C8CvL S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn lranklln 1x 77836 204
194 MlSSlSSlÞÞl ÞCWL8 CC - ÞLAn1 uAnlLL LscaLawpa MS 39332 204
193 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - L v Su11Cn
LLLC18lC ÞLAn1
WllmlnaLon nC 28401 201
196 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ ZlMML8 CLnL8A1lnC
S1A1lCn
Moscow CP 43133 198
197 8CuLMACPL8 ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Lena LA 71447 197
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
29
198 Ln1L8C? 8C? S nLLSCn ÞLAn1 WesLlake LA 70669 197
199 WPLLLA88A1C8 l8ACkvlLLL LnL8C? CC lnC lrackvllle ÞA 17931 196
200 CCL LnL8C? CC8Þ SCCnL8 CLnL8A1lnC
S1A1lCn
8ed 8ock Ck 74631 194
201 LCulSvlLLL CAS & LLLC18lC CC - CAnL 8un
S1A1lCn
Loulsvllle k? 40216 192
202 lÞL PA8ulnC S18LL1 S1A1lCn lndlanapolls ln 46217 190
203 uAl8?LAnu ÞCWL8 CCCÞL8A1lvL-ALMA
Sl1L
Alma Wl 34610 189
204 kLn1uCk? u1lLl1lLS CC - L W 88CWn S1A-
1lCn
Parrodsbura k? 40330 188
203 CLuA8 8A? CLnL8A1lnC CC LÞ !acksonvllle lL 32218 183
206 LAW8LnCL LnL8C? CLn1L8 Lawrence kS 66044 180
207 SCu1P CA8CLlnA LLLC18lC & CAS CC CCÞL
S1A1lCn
Cope SC 29038 179
208 MCn18CSL CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn CllnLon MC 64733 177
209 C8AWlC8u CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Chlcaao lL 60623 176
210 Luu?S1CnL CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn LddvsLone ÞA 19022 176
211 nLW CAS1LL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 WesL Þlus-
bura
ÞA 16160 173
212 LAS1 8Lnu CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8abblL Pash k? 41091 172
213 ALS 1PAMLS LLC uncasvllle C1 06382 172
214 nL88ASkA Þu8LlC ÞCWL8 ulS18lC1 SPLL-
uCn S1A1lCn
Pallam nL 68368 170
213 uunkl8k S1LAM S1A1lCn uunklrk n? 14048 170
216 LAnSlnC ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Lanslna lA 32131 169
217 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - P l LLL
S1LAM LLLC18lC ÞLAn1
Coldsboro nC 27330 168
218 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC ÞAWnLL
S1A1lCn
8rush CC 80723 166
219 ALLLCPLn? LnL8C? lnC A8MS18CnC
ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn
kluannlna ÞA 16201 163
220 uS 1vA klnCS1Cn lCSSlL ÞLAn1 Parrlman 1n 37748 163
221 CPLSAÞLAkL LnL8C? CLn1L8 Chesapeake vA 23323 162
222 WA8ASP 8lvL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn WesL 1erre
PauLe
ln 47883 161
223 ASSCClA1Lu LLLC18lC CCCÞL8A1lvL lnC
nLW MAu8lu ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
MarsLon MC 63866 160
224 CCLC8AuC SÞ8lnCS u1lLl1lLS 8A? nlxCn
ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
lounLaln CC 80817 133
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
30
223 MlSSlSSlÞÞl ÞCWL8 CC - ÞLAn1 WA1SCn CulfporL MS 39302 133
226 18l-S1A1L CLnL8A1lCn & 18AnSMlSSlCn -
C8AlC S1A1lCn
Crala CC 81626 130
227 8CnAnZA ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 vernal u1 84078 130
228 Þ8LSCuL lSLL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Marqueue Ml 49833 146
229 nlÞSCC MlCPlCAn Cl1? CLnL8A1lnC S1A-
1lCn
Mlchlaan
ClLv
ln 46360 143
230 CCCÞL8 ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn 8urnslde k? 42319 143
231 Sun8u8? CLnL8A1lCn LÞ Shamokln
uam
ÞA 17876 143
232 Ml8An1 ÞC1CMAC 8lvL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A-
1lCn
Alexandrla vA 22314 143
233 ClL8L81Cn ÞCWL8 CC lrackvllle ÞA 17931 144
234 ALS SCML8SL1 LLC 8arker n? 14012 143
233 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 kAnAWPA
8lvL8 ÞLAn1
Clasaow Wv 23086 140
236 SCPlLLL8 S1A1lCn ÞorLsmouLh nP 03801 137
237 MuSCA1lnL ÞCWL8 & WA1L8 CLnL8A1lCn Muscaune lA 32761 137
238 8u8LlnC1Cn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8urllnaLon lA 32601 133
239 CÞ C8AnL CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8alumore Mu 27339 133
240 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - CAÞL lLA8
S1LAM LLLC18lC ÞLAn1
Moncure nC 27339 130
241 u?nLC? WCCu 8lvL8 ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn AlLon lL 62002 128
242 uS 1vA CCL8L81 lCSSlL ÞLAn1 1uscumbla AL 33674 128
243 lnulAn 8lvL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn uaasboro uL 19939 127
244 !8 WPl1lnC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 Lrle Ml 48133 126
243 SCu1PL8n lLLlnClS ÞCWL8 CCCÞL8 A1lvL Marlon lL 62939 123
246 SlCLCC l 8 CuLLL? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn newburah ln 47630 124
247 CWLnS8C8C MunlClÞAL u1lLl1lLS LLML8
SMl1P S1A1lCn
Cwensboro k? 42303 120
248 SAnuCW 3 CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 8ockdale 1x 76367 120
249 SÞ8uAnCL CLnCC LLC 8lchmond vA 23234 119
230 8Llu CA8unL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Moapa nv 89023 119
231 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 lLln1 C8LLk
ÞLAn1
CenLrv A8 72734 118
232 AML8lCAn MunlClÞAL ÞCWL8 8lCPA8u P
CC8SuCP S1A1lCn
Marleua CP 43730 116
233 CPA8LLS 8 LCWMAn ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Lerov AL 36348 113
234 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CkLAunlCn
ÞLAn1
vernon 1x 76384 114
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
31
233 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ ÞLAn1 ALLLn 8elmonL nC 28012 114
236 llSk CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Chlcaao lL 60608 113
237 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC PA?uLn
S1A1lCn
Pavden CC 81639 113
238 MCuCnCuCP/A1klnSCn S1LAM LLLC18lC
CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1
Smvrna CA 30080 113
239 8CAnCkL vALLL? LnL8C? lAClLl1? Weldon nC 27890 112
260 LAnSlnC 8CA8u Cl WA1L8 & LlCP1 -LCkL81 Lanslna Ml 48901 112
261 uCMlnlCn 8LSCu8CLS lnC 88LMC ÞCWL8
S1A1lCn
8remo 8luñ vA 23022 111
262 1AMÞA LLLC18lC CC 8lC 8Lnu ÞCWL8 S1A-
1lCn
Apollo
8each
lL 33372 111
263 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CLlnCP 8lvL8
ÞLAn1
Cleveland vA 24223 111
264 ÞlnL? C8LLk LÞ Clarlon ÞA 16214 110
263 Wln?AP CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn CeoraeLown SC 29440 110
266 ÞAClllCC8Þ nAuCP1Cn ÞLAn1 kemmerer W? 83101 110
267 ALLLCPLn? LnL8C? lnC AL88lCP1 ÞCWL8
S1A1lCn
AlbrlahL Wv 26319 107
268 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ CALLACPL8 CLnL8A1-
lnC S1A1lCn
new Albanv ln 47130 106
269 nLWMCn1 nLvAuA LnL8C? lnvLS1MLn1
LLC
8eowawe nv 89821 104
270 ÞuLLlAM ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Creen 8av Wl 34303 103
271 Pun1LL? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 1onawanda n? 14130 103
272 lLC8luA C8uSPLu S1CnL CC 8rooksvllle lL 34601 101
273 ALS 8LAvL8 vALLL? LLC Monaca ÞA 13061 101
274 AML8lCAn 8l1uMlnCuS ÞCWL8 ÞA81nL8S

CranL 1own Wv 26374 101
273 AML8Ln LnL8C? 8LSCu8CLS CLnL8A1lnC
CC
CanLon lL 61320 100
276 LuCL MCC8/PA? 8CAu ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1S WllmlnaLon uL 19809 100
277 uAnSkAMML8 CLnL8A1lnC lAClLl1? newburah n? 12330 99
278 8A?SPC8L ÞLAn1 Creaon CP 43616 97
279 kAnSAS Cl1? 8Þu CulnuA8C ÞCWL8 S1A-
1lCn
kansas ClLv kS 66104 97
280 PLnnLÞln ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Pennepln lL 61327 96
281 CCLC8AuC SÞ8lnCS u1lLl1lLS MA81ln
u8AkL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
Colorado
Sprlnas
CC 80903 96
282 MAnl1CWCC Þu8LlC u1lLl1lLS ManlLowoc Wl 34220 94
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
32
283 SCu1PWLS1 ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Sprlnañeld MC 63807 93
284 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - P 8 8C8ln-
SCn S L Þ
ParLsvllle SC 29330 90
283 uCMlnlCn 8LSCu8CLS lnC ?C8k1CWn
ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn
?orkLown vA 23692 90
286 LCCAn CLnL8A1lnC CC LÞ Swedesboro n! 08083 89
287 ALS-CA?uCA LLC Lanslna n? 14882 88
288 MCun1 CA8MLL CCCLn lAClLl1? Marlon
PelahLs
ÞA 17832 88
289 Ml1CPLLL ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn CourLnev ÞA 13067 86
290 CAuSuLn S1LAM ÞLAn1 Cadsden AL 33903 83
291 Sunn?SluL CCCLnL8A1lCn ASSCClA1LS Sunnvslde u1 84339 83
292 !L CC8L11L S1LAM LLLC18lC S1 A1lCn 8llllnas M1 39107 83
293 8C CC88 CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 Muskeaon Ml 49443 83
294 PAvAnA ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Pavana lL 62644 83
293 uCMlnlCn LnL8C? 88A?1Cn ÞCln1 LLC SomerseL MA 02726 84
296 8AWPluL LnL8C? S1A1lCn WelllnaLon CC 80349 84
297 LxCLL LnL8C? 8LACk uCC CLnL8A1lnC
ÞLAn1
8urnsvllle Mn 33337 84
298 18l-S1A1L CLnL8A1lCn & 18AnSMlSSlCn -
LSCALAn1L S1A1lCn
Þrewlu nM 87043 82
299 lnulAn1CWn CCCLnL8A1lCn LÞ lndlanLown lL 34936 82
300 Cl1? WA1L8 LlCP1 & ÞCWL8 Cl1? Cl
SÞ8lnCllLLu
Sprlnañeld lL 62707 82
301 PAW1PC8n CLnL8A1lnC lAClLl1? kansas ClLv MC 64120 82
302 uCl uLvLLCÞMLn1 CC PunLCCk ÞCWL8
S1A1lCn
Punlock
Creek
ÞA 18621 81
303 . 142 WA1L8LL S1A1lCn 8u, LAS1CvL8,
SouLh Carollna 29044 (8lCPLAnu)
LasLover SC 29044 81
304 nLA8MAn C8LLk ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn kansas ClLv kS 66104 77
303 nC81P vALM? S1A1lCn valmv nv 89438 73
306 SlkLS1Cn ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn SlkesLon MC 63801 74
307 CPAM8L8S CCCLnL8A1lCn LÞ Carnevs
ÞolnL
n! 08069 73
308 uALL ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn WlnchesLer k? 40391 72
309 l8Ank L 8A11S CLnL8A1lnC S1A1 lCn ÞeLersbura ln 47367 71
310 uAl8?LAnu ÞCWL8 CCCÞL8A1lvL - CLnCA
Sl1L
Cenoa Wl 34632 71
311 ALS PAWAll lnC kapolel Pl 96707 71
312 1LCuMSLP LnL8C? CLn1L8 1ecumseh kS 66342 70
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
33
313 PA8uln CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Pardln M1 39034 70
314 nlÞSCC 8AlLL? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn ChesLerLon ln 46304 67
313 CCCLn18lx LnL8C? nC81PAMÞ1Cn CLn-
L8A1lnC ÞLAn1
norLhamp-
Lon
ÞA 18067 63
316 S1A1L LlnL LnL8C? LLC Pammond ln 46320 64
317 LAnSlnC 8CA8u Cl WA1L8 & LlCP1 -L8lCk-
SCn
Lanslna Ml 48917 62
318 Cl1? Cl C88vlLLL uLÞ1 Cl Þu8 LlC u1lLl1lLS
LLLC18lC uLÞ1
Crrvllle CP 44667 62
319 C8LA1 8lvL8 LnL8C? S1An1Cn S1A1lCn SLanLon nu 38371 62
320 LLWlS & CLA8k S1A1lCn Sldnev M1 39270 61
321 1ACCnl1L PA88C8 LnL8C? CLn1L8 Schroeder Mn 33613 61
322 !AMLS 8lvL8 ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Sprlnañeld MC 63804 60
323 M L kAÞÞ CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn CllnLon lA 32732 60
324 8M PLSkL11 S1A1lCn Mandan nu 38334 60
323 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC A8AÞA-
PCL S1A1lCn
uenver CC 80223 39
326 !AMLS 8lvL8 CCCLnL8A1lCn CC lnC. Popewell vA 23860 37
327 Cu MCln1CSP !8 ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Lakeland lL 33803 33
328 kCÞ&L C8LA1L8 MlSSCu8l CÞL8A1lCnS
Sl8LL? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn
Slblev MC 64088 34
329 8L LnCLAnu CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8eeslevs
ÞolnL
n! 08223 34
330 uCMlnlCn nC81P 88AnCP ÞCWL8 S1A-
1lCn
Cormanla Wv 26720 33
331 Ml8An1 CAnAL LLC Sandwlch MA 02363 31
332 LMÞl8L ulS18lC1 LLLC18lC CC AS8u8? CLn-
L8A1lnC S1A1lCn
Asburv MC 64832 31
333 MluAML8lCAn LnL8C?-8lvL8SluL CLnL8-
A1lnC S1A1lCn
8euendorf lA 32722 48
334 18l-S1A1L CLnL8A1lCn & 18AnSMlSSlCn -
nuCLA S1A1lCn
nucla CC 81424 47
333 nLLSCn uLWL? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Cassvllle Wl 33806 46
336 SAMuLL A CA8LSCn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn !amesLown n? 14701 46
337 MluuLL1CWn S1A1lCn MlddleLown C1 06437 46
338 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC vAL-
MCn1 S1A1lCn
8oulder CC 80302 43
339 uLCS Cl nA88CWS LLC narrows vA 24124 44
340 k8Al1 S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 ÞorL WenL-
worLh
CA 31407 44
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
34
341 WPLLAn LnL8C? CLn1L8 Pasunas nL 68901 44
342 1LS llLL8 Cl1? S1A1lCn lller ClLv Ml 49634 44
343 8LACk PlLLS LnL8C? - Wn CLA8k S1A1lCn Canon ClLv CC 81212 43
344 kLn1uCk? u1lLl1lLS CC C8LLn 8lvL8 S1A-
1lCn
CenLral ClLv k? 42330 43
343 8 L 8u8CL8 ÞLAn1 Shadvslde CP 43947 42
346 MLCkLLn8u8C ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Clarksvllle vA 23927 42
347 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ 8lvL88Lnu S1LAM S1A-
1lCn
MounL Pollv nC 28120 41
348 AML8Ln LnL8C? CLnL8A1lnC Pu1SCn-
vlLLL ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn
PuLsonvllle lL 62433 41
349 lÞL LACLL vALLL? Marunsvllle ln 46131 40
330 vL8MlLlCn ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Cakwood lL 61838 39
331 CAnAu?S S1A1lCn SouLh Caro-
llna
SC 29433 39
332 88l LnL8C? lnC 1l1uS ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 8lrdsboro ÞA 19308 39
333 C8Anu PAvLn 8CA8u Cl LlCP1 &ÞCWL8 !8
SlMS CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn
Crand Pa-
ven
Ml 49417 39
334 8lvL81Cn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8lverLon kS 66770 37
333 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ LLL S1LAM S1A1lCn 8elLon SC 29627 36
336 ASP1A8uLA ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 AshLabula CP 44004 36
337 ÞLA11L CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Crand lsland nL 68801 33
338 88l LnL8C? lnC nlLLS ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 nlles CP 44446 33
339 88CCkL?n nAv? ?A8u CCCLnL8A1lCn
lAClLl1?
8rooklvn n? 11203 33
360 Cl1? Cl l8LMCn1 uLÞA81MLn1 Cl u1lLl-
1lLS LCn u W8lCP1 ÞCWL8
lremonL nL 68023 33
361 CCCLn18lx vl8ClnlA LLASlnC CC8Þ ÞorLsmouLh vA 23703 32
362 xCLL LnL8C? 8A? l8Cn1 ÞLAn1 Ashland Wl 34806 32
363 CLn18AL lCWA ÞCWL8 CCCÞL8A1lvL
(ClÞCC) - lAl8 S1A1lCn
Muscaune lA 32761 32
364 ÞAClllCC8Þ CA88Cn ÞLAn1 Pelper u1 84326 31
363 ACL CCCLnL8A1lCn lAClLl1? 1rona CA 93632 31
366 MA81ln ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 lndlanLown lL 34936 30
367 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - W P
WLA1PL8SÞCCn ÞLAn1
LumberLon nC 28338 30
368 LxLLCn CC8Þ C8CM8? CLnL8A1lnC S1A-
1lCn
Þhoenlxvllle ÞA 19460 29
369 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ 8uCk S1LAM S1A1lCn Spencer nC 28139 28
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
35
370 ALLLCPLn? LnL8C? lnC 8 ÞAuL SMl1P
ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn
Wllllams-
porL
Mu 21793 28
371 lÞL LAuuL8uALL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 lorL Lauder-
dale
lL 33314 28
372 8LACk PlLLS CC8Þ - CSAC L ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Csaae W? 82723 27
373 S?8ACuSL LnL8C? CC8Þ Svracuse n? 13204 27
374 ÞSLC ÞCWL8 LLC PuuSCn CLnL8A1lnC
S1A1lCn
!ersev ClLv n! 07306 27
373 SCu1P CA8CLlnA CAS & LLLC18lC u8Cu-
PA81 CLnL8A1lCn S1A1lCn
8eech lsland SC 29841 26
376 MCun1 1CM CLnL8A1lnC CC LLC Polvoke MA 01040 26
377 ln1L8S1A1L ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC Su1PL8-
LAnu S1A1lCn
Marshall-
Lown
lA 30138 23
378 C11L8 1AlL ÞCWL8 CC PCC1 LAkL ÞLAn1 leraus lalls Mn 36337 23
379 ALS WLS1CvL8 !ohnson ClLv n? 13790 23
380 Au8C8A LnL8C? LLC lalrbanks Ak 99701 23
381 MA8CuL11L 8CA8u Cl LlCP1 & ÞCWL8 Marqueue Ml 49833 23
382 LASkln LnL8C? CLn1L8 PovL Lakes Mn 33730 23
383 uC?Cn u1lLl1lLS l1 WAlnW8lCP1 Ak lorL Waln-
wrlahL
Ak 99703 24
384 1uSCCLA CLnL8A1lnC lAClLl1? 1uscola lL 61933 24
383 AML8Ln LnL8C? CLnL8A1lnC ML8LuCSlA
ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn
Meredosla lL 62663 24
386 ALS C8LLnluCL LLC uresden n? 14441 24
387 WPl1LWA1L8 vALLL? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8lchmond ln 47374 24
388 PAWAllAn LLLC18lC CC lnC kAPL CLnL8A1-
lnC S1A1lCn
kapolel Pl 96707 22
389 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 ÞlCWA? ÞLAn1 Lockbourne CP 43137 22
390 88l LnL8C? lnC LL8AMA ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Llrama ÞA 13038 21
391 SPLL8? MunlClÞAL LlCP1 ÞLAn1 Shelbv CP 44873 21
392 CCLS18lÞ LnL8C? LÞ 8CSL8uu ÞCWL8
ÞLAn1
ColsLrlp M1 39323 20
393 MC8lLL LnL8C? SL8vlCLS LLC Moblle AL 36610 20
394 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CLLn L?n
ÞLAn1
Clen Lvn vA 24093 19
393 lLC8luA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC lÞL MAnA1LL
ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
Þarrlsh lL 34219 19
396 8LACk PlLLS CC8Þ - 8Ln l8LnCP ÞCWL8
ÞLAn1
8apld ClLv Su 37702 18
397 Cl1? Cl AMLS. 200 L 31P S1, AMLS, lowa
30010 (S1C8?)
Ames lA 30010 18
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
36
398 lC81 M?L8S ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 lorL Mvers lL 33903 18
399 Pl88lnC Þu8LlC u1lLl1lLS CCMMlSSlCn Plbblna Mn 33746 18
400 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC CPL8C-
kLL S1A1lCn
uenver CC 80216 17
401 Cl1? Cl lnuLÞLnuLnCL lndepen-
dence
MC 64031 17
402 8l8CPWCCu ÞCWL8 lAClLl1? klna Ceorae vA 22483 17
403 LAkLSPC8L ÞLAn1 Cleveland CP 44103 17
404 MCMLLkln S1A1lCn Columbla SC 29212 16
403 ÞCSuLl ÞCWL8 CC LÞ SLockLon CA 93203 16
406 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ uAn 8lvL8 S1LAM S1A-
1lCn
Lden nC 27288 16
407 Cl1? Cl PAMlL1Cn MunClÞAL LLLC18lC
ÞLAn1
PamllLon CP 43011 16
408 8L8CLn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8ldaeñeld n! 07637 16
409 CCLuLn vALLL? LLLC18lC ASSCClA1LS lnC
PLAL? ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
Pealv Ak 99743 16
410 SCu1PAMÞ1Cn ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn lranklln vA 23831 13
411 kALALLCA CCCLn ÞLAn1 kapolel Pl 96707 14
412 MlCPlCAn SCu1P CLn18AL ÞCWL8 ACLnC? LlLchñeld Ml 49232 14
413 LAkL 8CAu S1A1lCn SalnL !oseph MC 64304 14
414 lLC8luA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC 1u8kL? ÞCln1
ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
PomesLead lL 33033 14
413 LlnuLn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Llnden n! 07036 13
416 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC CAMLC
S1A1lCn
Þallsade CC 81326 13
417 PCLLAnu 8ÞW !AMLS uL ?CunC CLnL8A-
1lCn S1A1lCn
Polland Ml 49423 13
418 ML8CL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn PamllLon n! 08611 13
419 vl8ClnlA Þu8LlC u1lLl1lLS vlralnla Mn 33792 13
420 CAlnLSvlLLL 8LClCnAL u1lLl1lLS uLL8-
PAvLn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn
Calnesvllle lL 32633 12
421 PAWAllAn LLLC18lC CC lnC WAlAu CLnL8-
A1lnC S1A1lCn
Þearl ClLv Pl 96782 12
422 C P Pu1CPlnCS S1A1lCn Mlamlsbura CP 43342 11
423 uCvL8 LlCP1 & ÞCWL8 uover CP 44622 11
424 ÞSLC n? lnC LLC 8L1PLLPLM LnL8C? CLn-
1L8
ClenmonL n? 12077 11
423 AL1AvlS1A ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn AlLavlsLa vA 24317 11
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
37
426 !LllL8lLS CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Moncks
Corner
SC 29461 11
427 C8AlnCL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Conwav SC 29326 10
428 CCLuM8lA MunlClÞAL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Columbla MC 63203 10
429 8lCPA8u M lL?nn ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 PolLsvllle n? 11742 10
430 uLÞA81MLn1 Cl MunlClÞAL SL8vlCLS-
ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
Wvandoue Ml 48192 10
431 uu8uCuL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 uubuque lA 32001 9
432 uCMlnlCn LnL8C? SALLM PA88C8 S1A-
1lCn
Salem MA 01970 9
433 n8C LnL8C? CLn1L8-uCvL8 uelaware uL 19904 9
434 8CCPLS1L8 Þu8LlC u1lLl1lLS SlLvL8 LAkL
ÞLAn1
8ochesLer Mn 33906 8
433 nlACA8A CLnL8A1lCn LLC nlaaara lalls n? 14304 8
436 CPAMClS ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Chamols MC 63024 8
437 1AMÞA LLLC18lC CC ÞCLk ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Mulberrv lL 33860 8
438 Þ8Al8lL C8LLk CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Cedar 8ap-
lds
lA 32404 7
439 vALLL? ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Mllwaukee Wl 33233 7
440 Þ8Al8lL ÞCWL8 lnC ÞLA8L S1A1lCn Þearl lL 62361 3
441 l8vlnC1Cn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 1ucson AZ 83714 4
442 WPl1L ÞlnL LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 LLC WhlLe Þlne Ml 49971 4
443 8Þ Þ8CuuC1S nC81P AML8lCA lnC 1LxAS
Cl1? 8LllnL8?
1exas ClLv 1x 77390 2
444 LuCLCCM8 CLnCC LLC 8auleboro nC 27809 2
443 M1 ÞCSC CCCLnL8A1lCn 8akersñeld CA 93308 2
446 88l LnL8C? lnC SLWA8u ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 new llor-
ence
ÞA 13944 1
447 ÞSLC ÞCWL8 CCnnLC1lCu1 LLC 88luCL-
ÞC81 PA88C8 S1A1lCn
8rldaeporL C1 06604 1
448 8lC 88AvC ÞCSC 8akersñeld CA 93308 1
449 8lC 88AvC !ASMln 8akersñeld CA 93308 1
430 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl nLW PAMÞSPl8L
nLWlnC1Cn S1A1lCn
newlnaLon nP 03801 1
431 Al8 Þ8CuuC1S MAnulAC1u8lnC CC8Þ
S1CCk1Cn CCCLn
SLockLon CA 93206 0
kank Iac|||ty C|ty 5tate 2|p Mercury
38
8ank laclllLv
1oLal
mer-
curv
emls-
slons
(ln lbs.)
1 Au8C8A LnL8C? LLC lalrbanks Ak 99701 23
2 uC?Cn u1lLl1lLS l1 WAlnW8lCP1 Ak lorL Waln-
wrlahL
Ak 99703 24
3 CCLuLn vALLL? LLLC18lC ASSCClA1LS lnC
PLAL? ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
Pealv Ak 99743 16
1oLal Lmlsslons 63
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 MlLLL8 S1LAM ÞLAn1 CulnLon AL 33130 1,334
2 CC8CAS S1LAM ÞLAn1 Þarrlsh AL 33380 707
3 CAS1Cn S1LAM ÞLAn1 Wllsonvllle AL 33186 637
4 8A88? S1LAM ÞLAn1 8ucks AL 36312 483
3 ALA8AMA ÞCWL8 CC C8LLnL CCun1? S1LAM
ÞLAn1
lorkland AL 36740 462
6 uS 1vA WluCWS C8LLk lCSSlL ÞLAn1 SLevenson AL 33772 313
7 uS 1vA CCL8L81 lCSSlL ÞLAn1 1uscumbla AL 33674 128
8 CPA8LLS 8 LCWMAn ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Lerov AL 36348 113
9 CAuSuLn S1LAM ÞLAn1 Cadsden AL 33903 83
10 MC8lLL LnL8C? SL8vlCLS LLC Moblle AL 36610 20
1oLal Lmlsslons 4,324
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code M
1 lnuLÞLnuLnCL S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn newark A8 72362 382
2 WPl1L 8Lull CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 8edñeld A8 72132 339
3 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 lLln1 C8LLk
ÞLAn1
CenLrv A8 72734 118
1oLal Lmlsslons 1,239
Appendix C: Electric Utilities in Each State Ranked by Pounds of Mercury Emitted in
2009
106

C
l
L
v
S
L
a
L
e
Z
l
p

C
o
d
e
1
o
L
a
l

m
e
r
c
u
r
v

e
m
l
s
s
l
o
n
s

(
l
n

l
b
s
.
)
39
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 SAL1 8lvL8 Þ8C!LC1 nAvA!C CLnL8A1lnC
S1A1lCn
Þaae AZ 86040 991
2 SÞ8lnCL8vlLLL CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Sprlnaer-
vllle
AZ 83938 882
3 CC8CnAuC CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn SalnL !ohns AZ 83936 631
4 CPCLLA ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 !oseph ClLv AZ 86032 411
3 A8lZCnA LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CCCÞL8A1lvL lnC. Cochlse AZ 83606 227
6 l8vlnC1Cn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 1ucson AZ 83714 4
1oLal Lmlsslons 3,146
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 ACL CCCLnL8A1lCn lAClLl1? 1rona CA 93632 31
2 ÞCSuLl ÞCWL8 CC LÞ SLockLon CA 93203 16
3 M1 ÞCSC CCCLnL8A1lCn 8akersñeld CA 93308 2
4 8lC 88AvC ÞCSC 8akersñeld CA 93308 1
3 8lC 88AvC !ASMln 8akersñeld CA 93308 1
6 Al8 Þ8CuuC1S MAnulAC1u8lnC CC8Þ
S1CCk1Cn CCCLn
SLockLon CA 93206 0
1oLal Lmlsslons 30
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC CCMAnCPL
S1A1lCn
Þueblo CC 81006 309
2 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC ÞAWnLL
S1A1lCn
8rush CC 80723 166
3 CCLC8AuC SÞ8lnCS u1lLl1lLS 8A? nlxCn
ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
lounLaln CC 80817 133
4 18l-S1A1L CLnL8A1lCn & 18AnSMlSSlCn -
C8AlC S1A1lCn
Crala CC 81626 130
3 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC PA?uLn
S1A1lCn
Pavden CC 81639 113
6 CCLC8AuC SÞ8lnCS u1lLl1lLS MA81ln u8AkL
ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
Colorado
Sprlnas
CC 80903 96
7 8AWPluL LnL8C? S1A1lCn WelllnaLon CC 80349 84
8 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC A8AÞAPCL
S1A1lCn
uenver CC 80223 39
9 18l-S1A1L CLnL8A1lCn & 18AnSMlSSlCn -
nuCLA S1A1lCn
nucla CC 81424 47
10 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC vALMCn1
S1A1lCn
8oulder CC 80302 43
40
11 8LACk PlLLS LnL8C? - Wn CLA8k S1A1lCn Canon ClLv CC 81212 43
12 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC CPL8CkLL
S1A1lCn
uenver CC 80216 17
13 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl CCLC8AuC CAMLC
S1A1lCn
Þallsade CC 81326 13
1oLal Lmlsslons 1,297
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 ALS 1PAMLS LLC uncasvllle C1 06382 172
2 MluuLL1CWn S1A1lCn Mlddle-
Lown
C1 06437 46
3 ÞSLC ÞCWL8 CCnnLC1lCu1 LLC 88luCLÞC81
PA88C8 S1A1lCn
8rldaeporL C1 06604 1
1oLal Lmlsslons 219
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 lnulAn 8lvL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn uaasboro uL 19939 127
2 LuCL MCC8/PA? 8CAu ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1S WllmlnaLon uL 19809 100
3 n8C LnL8C? CLn1L8-uCvL8 uelaware uL 19904 9
1oLal Lmlsslons 233
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 S1 !CPnS 8lvL8 ÞCWL8 ÞA8k/nC81PSluL
CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn
!acksonvllle lL 32226 332
2 CuLl ÞCWL8 CC - ÞLAn1 C8lS1 Þensacola lL 32314 313
3 SLMlnCLL CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn ÞalaLka lL 32177 499
4 lLC8luA ÞCWL8 CC8Þ C8?S1AL 8lvL8 LnL8C?
CCMÞLLx
CrvsLal
8lver
lL 34428 488
3 S1An1Cn LnL8C? CLn1L8 Crlando lL 32831 341
6 CuLl ÞCWL8 CC ÞLAn1 LAnSlnC SMl1P SouLhporL lL 32409 278
7 CLuA8 8A? CLnL8A1lnC CC LÞ !acksonvllle lL 32218 183
8 1AMÞA LLLC18lC CC 8lC 8Lnu ÞCWL8 S1A-
1lCn
Apollo
8each
lL 33372 111
9 lLC8luA C8uSPLu S1CnL CC 8rooksvllle lL 34601 101
10 lnulAn1CWn CCCLnL8A1lCn LÞ lndlanLown lL 34936 82
11 Cu MCln1CSP !8 ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Lakeland lL 33803 33
12 MA81ln ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 lndlanLown lL 34936 30
13 lÞL LAuuL8uALL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 lorL Lau-
derdale
lL 33314 28
14 lLC8luA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC lÞL MAnA1LL
ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
Þarrlsh lL 34219 19
41
13 lC81 M?L8S ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 lorL Mvers lL 33903 18
16 lLC8luA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC 1u8kL? ÞCln1
ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
PomesLead lL 33033 14
17 CAlnLSvlLLL 8LClCnAL u1lLl1lLS uLL8PAvLn
CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn
Calnesvllle lL 32633 12
18 1AMÞA LLLC18lC CC ÞCLk ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Mulberrv lL 33860 8
1oLal Lmlsslons 3,312
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 SCPL8L8 S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 !ulleue CA 31046 1,649
2 8CWLn S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 CarLersvllle CA 30120 384
3 88AnCP S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 Mllled-
aevllle
CA 31061 437
4 WAnSLL? S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC
ÞLAn1
CarrollLon CA 30116 432
3 ?A1LS S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 newnan CA 30263 349
6 PAMMCnu S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC
ÞLAn1
8ome CA 30163 209
7 MCuCnCuCP/A1klnSCn S1LAM LLLC18lC
CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1
Smvrna CA 30080 113
8 k8Al1 S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 ÞorL WenL-
worLh
CA 31407 44
1oLal Lmlsslons 3,816
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 ALS PAWAll lnC kapolel Pl 96707 71
2 PAWAllAn LLLC18lC CC lnC kAPL CLnL8A1-
lnC S1A1lCn
kapolel Pl 96707 22
3 kALALLCA CCCLn ÞLAn1 kapolel Pl 96707 14
4 PAWAllAn LLLC18lC CC lnC WAlAu CLnL8A1-
lnC S1A1lCn
Þearl ClLv Pl 96782 12
1oLal Lmlsslons 119
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 MluAML8lCAn LnL8C? CC WAL1L8 SCC11 !8
LnL8C? CLn1L8
Councll
8luñs
lA 31301 709
2 MluAML8lCAn LnL8C? CC CLC8CL nLAL
nC81P
SeraeanL
8luñ
lA 31034 429
3 MluAML8lCAn LnL8C?-LCulSA CLnL8A1lnC
S1A1lCn
Muscaune lA 32761 367
42
4 C11uMWA CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Cuumwa lA 32301 323
3 MluAML8lCAn LnL8C?-CLC8CL nLAL SCu1P Sallx lA 31032 268
6 LAnSlnC ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Lanslna lA 32131 169
7 MuSCA1lnL ÞCWL8 & WA1L8 CLnL8A1lCn Muscaune lA 32761 137
8 8u8LlnC1Cn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8urllnaLon lA 32601 133
9 M L kAÞÞ CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn CllnLon lA 32732 60
10 MluAML8lCAn LnL8C?-8lvL8SluL CLnL8A1-
lnC S1A1lCn
8euendorf lA 32722 48
11 CLn18AL lCWA ÞCWL8 CCCÞL8A1lvL (ClÞCC)
- lAl8 S1A1lCn
Muscaune lA 32761 32
12 ln1L8S1A1L ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC Su1PL8LAnu
S1A1lCn
Marshall-
Lown
lA 30138 23
13 Cl1? Cl AMLS. 200 L 31P S1, AMLS, lowa
30010 (S1C8?)
Ames lA 30010 18
14 uu8uCuL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 uubuque lA 32001 9
13 Þ8Al8lL C8LLk CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Cedar
8aplds
lA 32404 7
1oLal Lmlsslons 2,733
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 LulSCn ln1L8nA1lCnAL ÞCWL81Cn CLnL8-
A1lnC S1A1lCn
Þekln lL 61334 633
2 AML8Ln LnL8C? CLnL8A1lnC nLW1Cn
ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn
newLon lL 62448 316
3 uCMlnlCn klnCAlu CLnL8A1lCn LLC klncald lL 62340 306
4 !CLlL1 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn (#9 & #29) !olleL lL 60436 493
3 u?nLC? MluWLS1 CLnL8A1lCn lnC 8ALuWln
LnL8C? CCMÞLLx
8aldwln lL 62217 403
6 WlLL CCun1? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8omeovllle lL 60446 331
7 WAukLCAn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Waukeaan lL 60087 322
8 LLLC18lC LnL8C? lnC !oppa lL 62933 293
9 AML8Ln LnL8C? 8LSCu8CLS CLnL8A1lnC CC 8arLonvllle lL 61607 221
10 AML8Ln LnL8C? CLnL8A1lnC CCllLLn
ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn
Coñeen lL 62017 213
11 C8AWlC8u CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Chlcaao lL 60623 176
12 u?nLC? WCCu 8lvL8 ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn AlLon lL 62002 128
13 SCu1PL8n lLLlnClS ÞCWL8 CCCÞL8 A1lvL Marlon lL 62939 123
14 llSk CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Chlcaao lL 60608 113
13 AML8Ln LnL8C? 8LSCu8CLS CLnL8A1lnC CC CanLon lL 61320 100
16 PLnnLÞln ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Pennepln lL 61327 96
17 PAvAnA ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Pavana lL 62644 83
43
18 Cl1? WA1L8 LlCP1 & ÞCWL8 Cl1? Cl SÞ8lnC-
llLLu
Sprlnañeld lL 62707 82
19 AML8Ln LnL8C? CLnL8A1lnC Pu1SCnvlLLL
ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn
PuLsonvllle lL 62433 41
20 vL8MlLlCn ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Cakwood lL 61838 39
21 1uSCCLA CLnL8A1lnC lAClLl1? 1uscola lL 61933 24
22 AML8Ln LnL8C? CLnL8A1lnC ML8LuCSlA
ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn
Meredosla lL 62663 24
23 Þ8Al8lL ÞCWL8 lnC ÞLA8L S1A1lCn Þearl lL 62361 3
1oLal Lmlsslons 4,973
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 AML8lCAn LLLC1lC ÞCWL8 8CCkÞC81 ÞLAn1 8ockporL ln 47633 1,226
2 lÞL ÞL1L8S8u8C ÞeLersbura ln 47367 731
3 ML8CM CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Sulllvan ln 47882 661
4 nlÞSCC 8MSCPAPlL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Wheauleld ln 46392 632
3 CLll1? C8LLk S1A1lCn Madlson ln 47230 304
6 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ Cl8SCn CLnL8A1lnC S1A-
1lCn
Cwensvllle ln 47663 499
7 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 1AnnL8S C8LLk
ÞLAn1
Lawrence-
bura
ln 47023 306
8 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ CA?uCA CLnL8A1lnC
S1A1lCn
Cavuaa ln 47928 270
9 SlCLCC A 8 88CWn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn MounL
vernon
ln 47620 203
10 lÞL PA8ulnC S18LL1 S1A1lCn lndlanapo-
lls
ln 46217 190
11 WA8ASP 8lvL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn WesL 1erre
PauLe
ln 47883 161
12 nlÞSCC MlCPlCAn Cl1? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Mlchlaan
ClLv
ln 46360 143
13 SlCLCC l 8 CuLLL? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn newburah ln 47630 124
14 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ CALLACPL8 CLnL8A1lnC
S1A1lCn
new Al-
banv
ln 47130 106
13 l8Ank L 8A11S CLnL8A1lnC S1A1 lCn ÞeLersbura ln 47367 71
16 nlÞSCC 8AlLL? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn ChesLerLon ln 46304 67
17 S1A1L LlnL LnL8C? LLC Pammond ln 46320 64
18 lÞL LACLL vALLL? Marunsvllle ln 46131 40
19 WPl1LWA1L8 vALLL? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8lchmond ln 47374 24
1oLal Lmlsslons 6,048
44
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 C8LA1 ÞLAlnS LnL8C?LAC?CnL CLnL8A1lnC
S1A1lCn
La Cvane kS 66040 679
2 !Lll8L? LnL8C? CLn1L8 SalnL Marvs kS 66336 618
3 PCLCCM8 unl1 1 Polcomb kS 67831 289
4 LAW8LnCL LnL8C? CLn1L8 Lawrence kS 66044 180
3 kAnSAS Cl1? 8Þu CulnuA8C ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn kansas ClLv kS 66104 97
6 nLA8MAn C8LLk ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn kansas ClLv kS 66104 77
7 1LCuMSLP LnL8C? CLn1L8 1ecumseh kS 66342 70
8 8lvL81Cn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8lverLon kS 66770 37
1oLal Lmlsslons 2,046
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 SÞu8LCCk ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Mavsvllle k? 41036 921
2 LCulSvlLLL CAS & LLLC18lC CC - MlLL C8LLk
S1A1lCn
Loulsvllle k? 40272 787
3 8lC 8lvL8S LLLC18lC CC8Þ 8Llu/C8LLn/
PMÞ&L S1A1lCn ll
8obards k? 42432 691
4 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 8lC SAnu? ÞLAn1 Loulsa k? 41230 382
3 kLn1uCk? u1lLl1lLS CC CPLn1 S1A1lCn ChenL k? 41043 316
6 uS 1vA ÞA8AulSL lCSSlL ÞLAn1 urakesboro k? 42337 370
7 u.S. 1vA SPAWnLL lCSSlL ÞLAn1 WesL Þa-
ducah
k? 42086 332
8 LCulSvlLLL CAS & LLLC18lC CC - 18lM8LL
CCun1? S1A1lCn
8edford k? 40006 273
9 8lC 8lvL8S LLLC18lC CC8Þ WlLSCn S1A1lCn CenLerLown k? 42328 272
10 8lC 8lvL8S LLLC18lC CC8Þ CCLLMAn S1A1lCn Pawesvllle k? 42348 233
11 LCulSvlLLL CAS & LLLC18lC CC - CAnL 8un
S1A1lCn
Loulsvllle k? 40216 192
12 kLn1uCk? u1lLl1lLS CC - L W 88CWn S1A1lCn Parrods-
bura
k? 40330 188
13 LAS1 8Lnu CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8abblL
Pash
k? 41091 172
14 CCCÞL8 ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn 8urnslde k? 42319 143
13 CWLnS8C8C MunlClÞAL u1lLl1lLS LLML8
SMl1P S1A1lCn
Cwensboro k? 42303 120
16 uALL ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn WlnchesLer k? 40391 72
17 kLn1uCk? u1lLl1lLS CC C8LLn 8lvL8 S1A1lCn CenLral ClLv k? 42330 43
1oLal Lmlsslons 3,930
45
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 8lC CA!un 2 new 8oads LA 70760 907
2 uCLL1 PlLLS ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Mansñeld LA 71032 383
3 8CuLMACPL8 ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Lena LA 71447 197
4 Ln1L8C? 8C? S nLLSCn ÞLAn1 WesLlake LA 70669 197
1oLal Lmlsslons 1,683
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 uCMlnlCn LnL8C? 88A?1Cn ÞCln1 LLC SomerseL MA 02726 84
2 Ml8An1 CAnAL LLC Sandwlch MA 02363 31
3 MCun1 1CM CLnL8A1lnC CC LLC Polvoke MA 01040 26
4 uCMlnlCn LnL8C? SALLM PA88C8 S1A1lCn Salem MA 01970 9
1oLal Lmlsslons 170
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 MC8CAn1CWn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn newbura Mu 20664 683
2 ALS WA88lC8 8un lnC Cumber-
land
Mu 21302 304
3 88AnuCn SPC8LS & WACnL8 CCMÞLLx 8alumore Mu 21226 381
4 CPALk ÞCln1 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Aquasco Mu 20608 364
3 Ml8An1 ulCkL8SCn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn ulckerson Mu 20842 237
6 CÞ C8AnL CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8alumore Mu 27339 133
7 ALLLCPLn? LnL8C? lnC 8 ÞAuL SMl1P ÞCWL8
S1A1lCn
Wllllams-
porL
Mu 21793 28
1oLal Lmlsslons 2,332
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 uL18Cl1 LulSCn MCn8CL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Monroe Ml 48161 1,233
2 ! P CAMÞ8LLL CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 WesL Cllve Ml 49460 333
3 uL18Cl1 LulSCn 8LLLL 8lvL8 ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
(ÞA81)
Chlna
1ownshlp
Ml 48034 412
4 uL18Cl1 LulSCn S1 CLAl8 ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 LasL Chlna
1ownshlp
Ml 48034 393
3 uL18Cl1 LulSCn CC 18Ln1Cn CPAnnLL
ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
1renLon Ml 48183 277
6 uL kA8n !C WLAuCCk CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 Lssexvllle Ml 48732 243
7 uL18Cl1 LulSCn -8lvL8 8CuCL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 8lver
8ouae
Ml 48218 213
8 Þ8LSCuL lSLL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Marqueue Ml 49833 146
9 !8 WPl1lnC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 Lrle Ml 48133 126
46
10 LAnSlnC 8CA8u Cl WA1L8 & LlCP1 -LCkL81 Lanslna Ml 48901 112
11 8C CC88 CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 Muskeaon Ml 49443 83
12 LAnSlnC 8CA8u Cl WA1L8 & LlCP1 -L8lCk-
SCn
Lanslna Ml 48917 62
13 1LS llLL8 Cl1? S1A1lCn lller ClLv Ml 49634 44
14 C8Anu PAvLn 8CA8u Cl LlCP1 &ÞCWL8 !8
SlMS CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn
Crand
Paven
Ml 49417 39
13 MA8CuL11L 8CA8u Cl LlCP1 & ÞCWL8 Marqueue Ml 49833 23
16 MlCPlCAn SCu1P CLn18AL ÞCWL8 ACLnC? LlLchñeld Ml 49232 14
17 PCLLAnu 8ÞW !AMLS uL ?CunC CLnL8A1lCn
S1A1lCn
Polland Ml 49423 13
18 uLÞA81MLn1 Cl MunlClÞAL SL8vlCLS-ÞCWL8
ÞLAn1
Wvandoue Ml 48192 10
19 WPl1L ÞlnL LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 LLC WhlLe Þlne Ml 49971 4
1oLal Lmlsslons 4,012
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 xCLL LnL8C? SPL88u8nL CCun1? CLnL8A1-
lnC ÞLAn1
8ecker Mn 33308 867
2 LxCLL LnL8C? A. S. klnC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 8avporL Mn 33003 293
3 8CSWLLL LnL8C? CLn1L8 CohasseL Mn 33721 270
4 LxCLL LnL8C? 8LACk uCC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 8urnsvllle Mn 33337 84
3 1ACCnl1L PA88C8 LnL8C? CLn1L8 Schroeder Mn 33613 61
6 C11L8 1AlL ÞCWL8 CC PCC1 LAkL ÞLAn1 leraus lalls Mn 36337 23
7 LASkln LnL8C? CLn1L8 PovL Lakes Mn 33730 23
8 Pl88lnC Þu8LlC u1lLl1lLS CCMMlSSlCn Plbblna Mn 33746 18
9 vl8ClnlA Þu8LlC u1lLl1lLS vlralnla Mn 33792 13
10 8CCPLS1L8 Þu8LlC u1lLl1lLS SlLvL8 LAkL
ÞLAn1
8ochesLer Mn 33906 8
1oLal Lmlsslons 1,664
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 AML8LnuL LA8AulL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Labadle MC 63033 1,297
2 AML8LnuL 8uSP lSLAnu ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn lesLus MC 63028 333
3 1PCMAS PlLL LnL8C? CLn1L8 - ÞCWL8 ulv Cllûon Plll MC 63244 331
4 AML8LnuL ML8AMLC ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 SalnL Louls MC 63129 336
3 AML8LnuL SlCux ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn WesL AlLon MC 63386 329
6 lA1An CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn WesLon MC 64098 291
7 MCn18CSL CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn CllnLon MC 64733 177
47
8 ASSCClA1Lu LLLC18lC CCCÞL8A1lvL lnC nLW
MAu8lu ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
MarsLon MC 63866 160
9 SCu1PWLS1 ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Sprlnañeld MC 63807 93
10 PAW1PC8n CLnL8A1lnC lAClLl1? kansas ClLv MC 64120 82
11 SlkLS1Cn ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn SlkesLon MC 63801 74
12 !AMLS 8lvL8 ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Sprlnañeld MC 63804 60
13 kCÞ&L C8LA1L8 MlSSCu8l CÞL8A1lCnS Sl8LL?
CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn
Slblev MC 64088 34
14 LMÞl8L ulS18lC1 LLLC18lC CC AS8u8? CLnL8-
A1lnC S1A1lCn
Asburv MC 64832 31
13 Cl1? Cl lnuLÞLnuLnCL lndepen-
dence
MC 64031 17
16 LAkL 8CAu S1A1lCn SalnL !o-
seph
MC 64304 14
17 CCLuM8lA MunlClÞAL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Columbla MC 63203 10
18 CPAMClS ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Chamols MC 63024 8
1oLal Lmlsslons 3,937
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 CPCC1AW CLnL8A1lCn LÞ Ackerman MS 39733 300
2 8 u MC88CW S8 CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 Þurvls MS 39473 234
3 MlSSlSSlÞÞl ÞCWL8 CC - ÞLAn1 uAnlLL LscaLawpa MS 39332 204
4 MlSSlSSlÞÞl ÞCWL8 CC - ÞLAn1 WA1SCn CulfporL MS 39302 133
1oLal Lmlsslons 1,091
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 CCLS18lÞ S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn ColsLrlp M1 39323 1,490
2 !L CC8L11L S1LAM LLLC18lC S1 A1lCn 8llllnas M1 39107 83
3 PA8uln CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Pardln M1 39034 70
4 LLWlS & CLA8k S1A1lCn Sldnev M1 39270 61
3 CCLS18lÞ LnL8C? LÞ 8CSL8uu ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 ColsLrlp M1 39323 20
1oLal Lmlsslons 1,726
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - 8Cx8C8C
S1LAM LLLC18lC ÞLAn1
Semora nC 27343 1,079
2 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC-ASPLvlLLL
ÞLAn1
Arden nC 28704 973
3 MA8SPALL S1LAM S1A1lCn 1errell nC 28682 839
48
4 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ 8LLLWS C8LLk S1LAM
S1A1lCn
8elews
Creek
nC 27009 432
3 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - MA?C LLLC-
18lC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1
8oxboro nC 27374 310
6 CLlllSluL S1LAM S1A1lCn Moores-
boro
nC 28114 206
7 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - L v Su11Cn
LLLC18lC ÞLAn1
WllmlnaLon nC 28401 201
8 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - P l LLL
S1LAM LLLC18lC ÞLAn1
Coldsboro nC 27330 168
9 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - CAÞL lLA8
S1LAM LLLC18lC ÞLAn1
Moncure nC 27339 130
10 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ ÞLAn1 ALLLn 8elmonL nC 28012 114
11 8CAnCkL vALLL? LnL8C? lAClLl1? Weldon nC 27890 112
12 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ 8lvL88Lnu S1LAM S1A-
1lCn
MounL
Pollv
nC 28120 41
13 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - W P WLA1P-
L8SÞCCn ÞLAn1
LumberLon nC 28338 30
14 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ 8uCk S1LAM S1A1lCn Spencer nC 28139 28
13 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ uAn 8lvL8 S1LAM S1A-
1lCn
Lden nC 27288 16
16 LuCLCCM8 CLnCC LLC 8auleboro nC 27809 2
1oLal Lmlsslons 4,702
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 CCAL C8LLk S1A1lCn under-
wood
nu 48476 897
2 MlnnkC1A ÞCWL8 CCCÞL8A1lvL lnC MlL1Cn
8 ?CunC S1A1lCn
CenLer nu 38330 872
3 8ASln LLLC18lC An1LLCÞL vALLL? S1A1lCn 8eulah nu 38323 473
4 C11L8 1AlL ÞCWL8 CC CC?C1L S1A1lCn 8eulah nu 38323 343
3 8ASln LLLC18lC LLLAnu CLuS S1A1lCn SLanLon nu 38371 303
6 C8LA1 8lvL8 LnL8C? S1An1Cn S1A1lCn SLanLon nu 38371 62
7 8M PLSkL11 S1A1lCn Mandan nu 38334 60
1oLal Lmlsslons 3,012
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 CMAPA Þu8LlC ÞCWL8 ulS18lC1 nL88ASkA
Cl1? S1A1lCn
nebraska
ClLv
nL 68410 933
2 CL8ALu CLn1LLMAn S1A1lCn SuLherland nL 69163 660
49
3 CMAPA Þu8LlC ÞCWL8 ulS18lC1 nC81P
CMAPA S1A1lCn
Cmaha nL 68112 438
4 nL88ASkA Þu8LlC ÞCWL8 ulS18lC1 SPLLuCn
S1A1lCn
Pallam nL 68368 170
3 WPLLAn LnL8C? CLn1L8 Pasunas nL 68901 44
6 ÞLA11L CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Crand
lsland
nL 68801 33
7 Cl1? Cl l8LMCn1 uLÞA81MLn1 Cl u1lLl1lLS
LCn u W8lCP1 ÞCWL8
lremonL nL 68023 33
1oLal Lmlsslons 2,333
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 ML88lMACk S1A1lCn new Pamp-
shlre
nP 03304 214
2 SCPlLLL8 S1A1lCn ÞorLsmouLh nP 03801 137
3 Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC Cl nLW PAMÞSPl8L nLW-
lnC1Cn S1A1lCn
newlnaLon nP 03801 1
1oLal Lmlsslons 332
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 LCCAn CLnL8A1lnC CC LÞ Swedes-
boro
n! 08083 89
2 CPAM8L8S CCCLnL8A1lCn LÞ Carnevs
ÞolnL
n! 08069 73
3 8L LnCLAnu CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8eeslevs
ÞolnL
n! 08223 34
4 ÞSLC ÞCWL8 LLC PuuSCn CLnL8A1lnC S1A-
1lCn
!ersev ClLv n! 07306 27
3 8L8CLn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 8ldaeñeld n! 07637 16
6 LlnuLn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Llnden n! 07036 13
7 ML8CL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn PamllLon n! 08611 13
1oLal Lmlsslons 284
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code M
1 lCu8 CC8nL8S S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn lrulLland nM 87416 1,481
2 SAn !uAn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn WaLerßow nM 87421 610
3 18l-S1A1L CLnL8A1lCn & 18AnSMlSSlCn -
LSCALAn1L S1A1lCn
Þrewlu nM 87043 82
1oLal Lmlsslons 2,173
50
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 8Llu CA8unL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Moapa nv 89023 119
2 nLWMCn1 nLvAuA LnL8C? lnvLS1MLn1 LLC 8eowawe nv 89821 104
3 nC81P vALM? S1A1lCn valmv nv 89438 73
1oLal Lmlsslons 298
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 uunkl8k S1LAM S1A1lCn uunklrk n? 14048 170
2 ALS SCML8SL1 LLC 8arker n? 14012 143
3 Pun1LL? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 1onawanda n? 14130 103
4 uAnSkAMML8 CLnL8A1lnC lAClLl1? newburah n? 12330 99
3 ALS-CA?uCA LLC Lanslna n? 14882 88
6 SAMuLL A CA8LSCn CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn !amesLown n? 14701 46
7 88CCkL?n nAv? ?A8u CCCLnL8A1lCn lAClL-
l1?
8rooklvn n? 11203 33
8 S?8ACuSL LnL8C? CC8Þ Svracuse n? 13204 27
9 ALS WLS1CvL8 !ohnson
ClLv
n? 13790 23
10 ALS C8LLnluCL LLC uresden n? 14441 24
11 ÞSLC n? lnC LLC 8L1PLLPLM LnL8C? CLn1L8 ClenmonL n? 12077 11
12 8lCPA8u M lL?nn ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 PolLsvllle n? 11742 10
13 nlACA8A CLnL8A1lCn LLC nlaaara
lalls
n? 14304 8
1oLal Lmlsslons 786
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CAvln ÞLAn1 Cheshlre CP 43620 2,099
2 !M S1uA81 S1A1lCn Manches-
Ler
CP 43144 1,234
3 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CA8ulnAL ÞLAn1 8rllllanL CP 43913 894
4 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CCnLSvlLLL
ÞLAn1
Conesvllle CP 43811 837
3 W P SAMMlS ÞLAn1 SLrauon CP 43961 397
6 Cl1? Cl ÞAlnLSvlLLL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Þalnesvllle CP 44077 346
7 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 MuSklnCuM
8lvL8 ÞLAn1
8everlv CP 43713 303
8 88l LnL8C? lnC AvCn LAkL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Avon Lake CP 44012 463
9 k?CL8 C8LLk S1A1lCn Cheshlre CP 43620 432
10 uA?1Cn ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC klLLLn S1A1lCn Manches-
Ler
CP 43144 338
51
11 ll8S1LnL8C? CC8Þ LAS1LAkL ÞLAn1 LasLlake CP 44093 331
12 uukL LnL8C? 8LCk!C8u CLnL8A1lnC S1A-
1lCn
new 8lch-
mond
CP 43137 317
13 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ MlAMl lC81 CLnL8A1lnC
S1A1lCn
norLh 8end CP 43032 203
14 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ ZlMML8 CLnL8A1lnC
S1A1lCn
Moscow CP 43133 198
13 AML8lCAn MunlClÞAL ÞCWL8 8lCPA8u P
CC8SuCP S1A1lCn
Marleua CP 43730 116
16 8A?SPC8L ÞLAn1 Creaon CP 43616 97
17 Cl1? Cl C88vlLLL uLÞ1 Cl Þu8 LlC u1lLl1lLS
LLLC18lC uLÞ1
Crrvllle CP 44667 62
18 8 L 8u8CL8 ÞLAn1 Shadvslde CP 43947 42
19 ASP1A8uLA ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 AshLabula CP 44004 36
20 88l LnL8C? lnC nlLLS ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 nlles CP 44446 33
21 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 ÞlCWA? ÞLAn1 Lockbourne CP 43137 22
22 SPLL8? MunlClÞAL LlCP1 ÞLAn1 Shelbv CP 44873 21
23 LAkLSPC8L ÞLAn1 Cleveland CP 44103 17
24 Cl1? Cl PAMlL1Cn MunClÞAL LLLC18lC ÞLAn1 PamllLon CP 43011 16
23 C P Pu1CPlnCS S1A1lCn Mlamls-
bura
CP 43342 11
26 uCvL8 LlCP1 & ÞCWL8 uover CP 44622 11
1oLal Lmlsslons 9,318
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 WLS1L8n lA8ML8S LLLC18lC CCCÞ Puao Ck 73003 476
2 ALS SPAu? ÞCln1 LLC Þanama Ck 74931 420
3 C8Anu 8lvL8 uAM Au1PC8l1? CCAL ll8Lu
CCMÞLLx
ChouLeau Ck 74337 364
4 MuSkCCLL CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn lorL Clbson Ck 74434 277
3 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 nC81PLAS1L8n
ÞLAn1
Coloaah Ck 74033 220
6 CCL LnL8C? CC8Þ SCCnL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A-
1lCn
8ed 8ock Ck 74631 194
1oLal Lmlsslons 1,931
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 8CA8uMAn ÞLAn1 8oardman C8 97818 207
1oLal Lmlsslons 207
52
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 88l LnL8C? lnC kL?S1CnL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 ShelocLa ÞA 13774 2,164
2 88l LnL8C? lnC CCnLMAuCP ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 new llor-
ence
ÞA 13944 2,060
3 CAM88lA CCCLn CC Lbensbura ÞA 13931 1,644
4 88l LnL8C? lnC SPAWvlLLL S1A1lCn Shawvllle ÞA 16873 1,071
3 88uCL MAnSllLLu ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Shlpplna-
porL
ÞA 13077 1,023
6 L8LnS8u8C ÞCWL8 CC Lbensbura ÞA 13931 901
7 LML PCML8 Cl1? CLnL8A1lCn LÞ Pomer ClLv ÞA 13748 738
8 SC8u8C8ASS CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 kennerdell ÞA 16374 714
9 PA1llLLu ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Mason-
Lown
ÞA 13461 666
10 CCLvL8 ÞCWL8 Þ8C!LC1 Colver ÞA 13927 639
11 SAln1 nlCPCLAS CCCLnL8A1lCn Þ8C!LC1 Shenan-
doah
ÞA 17976 464
12 ÞAn1PL8 C8LLk ÞA81nL8S nesque-
honlna
ÞA 18240 460
13 88l LnL8C? lnC ÞC81LAnu ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 MounL
8eLhel
ÞA 18343 369
14 MCn1Cu8 S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn uanvllle ÞA 17821 293
13 88unnL8 lSLAnu S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn ?ork Paven ÞA 17370 263
16 CPLSWlCk ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Sprlnadale ÞA 13144 232
17 nC81PLAS1L8n ÞCWL8 CC McAdoo ÞA 18237 223
18 WPLLLA88A1C8 l8ACkvlLLL LnL8C? CC lnC lrackvllle ÞA 17931 196
19 Luu?S1CnL CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn LddvsLone ÞA 19022 176
20 nLW CAS1LL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 WesL Þlus-
bura
ÞA 16160 173
21 ALLLCPLn? LnL8C? lnC A8MS18CnC ÞCWL8
S1A1lCn
kluannlna ÞA 16201 163
22 Sun8u8? CLnL8A1lCn LÞ Shamokln
uam
ÞA 17876 143
23 ClL8L81Cn ÞCWL8 CC lrackvllle ÞA 17931 144
24 ÞlnL? C8LLk LÞ Clarlon ÞA 16214 110
23 ALS 8LAvL8 vALLL? LLC Monaca ÞA 13061 101
26 MCun1 CA8MLL CCCLn lAClLl1? Marlon
PelahLs
ÞA 17832 88
27 Ml1CPLLL ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn CourLnev ÞA 13067 86
28 uCl uLvLLCÞMLn1 CC PunLCCk ÞCWL8 S1A-
1lCn
Punlock
Creek
ÞA 18621 81
53
29 CCCLn18lx LnL8C? nC81PAMÞ1Cn CLnL8-
A1lnC ÞLAn1
norLhamp-
Lon
ÞA 18067 63
30 88l LnL8C? lnC 1l1uS ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 8lrdsboro ÞA 19308 39
31 LxLLCn CC8Þ C8CM8? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Þhoenlx-
vllle
ÞA 19460 29
32 88l LnL8C? lnC LL8AMA ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Llrama ÞA 13038 21
33 88l LnL8C? lnC SLWA8u ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 new llor-
ence
ÞA 13944 1
1oLal Lmlsslons 13,330
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 C8CSS CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Þlnevllle SC 29468 338
2 CLnCC WlLLlAMS S1A1lCn Coose
Creek
SC 29443 226
3 SCu1P CA8CLlnA LLLC18lC & CAS CC CCÞL
S1A1lCn
Cope SC 29038 179
4 Wln?AP CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Ceorae-
Lown
SC 29440 110
3 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - P 8 8C8ln-
SCn S L Þ
ParLsvllle SC 29330 90
6 . 142 WA1L8LL S1A1lCn 8u, LAS1CvL8, SouLh
Carollna 29044 (8lCPLAnu)
LasLover SC 29044 81
7 CAnAu?S S1A1lCn SouLh Caro-
llna
SC 29433 39
8 uukL LnL8C? CC8Þ LLL S1LAM S1A1lCn 8elLon SC 29627 36
9 SCu1P CA8CLlnA CAS & LLLC18lC u8CuPA81
CLnL8A1lCn S1A1lCn
8eech
lsland
SC 29841 26
10 MCMLLkln S1A1lCn Columbla SC 29212 16
11 !LllL8lLS CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Moncks
Corner
SC 29461 11
12 C8AlnCL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Conwav SC 29326 10
1oLal Lmlsslons 1,162
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 C11L8 1AlL ÞCWL8 CC 8lC S1CnL ÞLAn1 8la SLone
ClLv
Su 37216 310
2 8LACk PlLLS CC8Þ - 8Ln l8LnCP ÞCWL8
ÞLAn1
8apld ClLv Su 37702 18
1oLal Lmlsslons 328
54
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 uS 1vA CuM8L8LAnu lCSSlL ÞLAn1 Cumber-
land ClLv
1n 37030 621
2 uS 1vA ALLLn lCSSlL ÞLAn1 Memphls 1n 38109 360
3 uS 1vA CALLA1ln lCSSlL ÞLAn1 Callaun 1n 37066 344
4 uS 1vA !CPn SLvlL8 lCSSlL ÞLAn1 8oaersvllle 1n 37837 291
3 uS 1vA !CPnSCnvlLLL lCSSlL ÞLAn1 new !ohn-
sonvllle
1n 37134 249
6 uS 1vA 8uLL 8un lCSSlL ÞLAn1 CllnLon 1n 37716 237
7 uS 1vA klnCS1Cn lCSSlL ÞLAn1 Parrlman 1n 37748 163
1oLal Lmlsslons 2,263
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 MA81ln LAkL S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn &
LlCnl1L MlnL
1aLum 1x 73691 2,660
2 MCn1lCLLLC S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn &
LlCnl1L MlnL
MounL
ÞleasanL
1x 73433 1,828
3 LlMLS1CnL LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn !eweu 1x 73846 1,647
4 SAn MlCuLL LLLC18lC CCCÞL8A1lvL lnC Chrlsune 1x 78012 1,360
3 8lC 88CWn S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn & LlC-
nl1L MlnL
lalrñeld 1x 73840 1,426
6 WA ÞA8lSP LLLC18lC CLnL8A1ln C S1A1lCn 1hompsons 1x 77481 1,289
7 SAnuCW S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn 8ockdale 1x 76367 1,183
8 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 PW Þl8kL?
ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1
Pallsvllle 1x 73630 1,134
9 CÞ1lM LnL8C? LÞ 1Wln CAkS 8remond 1x 76629 686
10 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 WLLSP ÞLAn1 Þlusbura 1x 34686 463
11 CALAvL8AS ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn San AnLo-
nlo
1x 78263 440
12 LC8A lA?L11L ÞCWL8 Þ8C!LC1 La Cranae 1x 78943 417
13 CCLL1C C8LLk ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn lannln 1x 77960 334
14 SCu1PWLS1L8n Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC PA8-
8lnC1Cn S1A1lCn
Amarlllo 1x 79108 294
13 Cl88CnS C8LLk S1LAM S1A1lCn Anderson 1x 77830 260
16 SCu1PWLS1L8n Þu8LlC SL8vlCL CC 1CLk S1A-
1lCn
LarLh 1x 79031 248
17 CAk C8CvL S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn lranklln 1x 77836 204
18 SAnuCW 3 CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 8ockdale 1x 76367 120
19 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CkLAunlCn
ÞLAn1
vernon 1x 76384 114
55
20 8Þ Þ8CuuC1S nC81P AML8lCA lnC 1LxAS
Cl1? 8LllnL8?
1exas ClLv 1x 77390 2
1oLal Lmlsslons 16,330
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 ln1L8MCun1Aln ÞCWL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A-
1lCn
uelLa u1 84624 809
2 ÞAClllCC8Þ Pun1L8 ÞLAn1 CasLle uale u1 84313 333
3 ÞAClllCC8Þ LnL8C? Pun1lnC1Cn ÞLAn1 PununaLon u1 84328 203
4 8CnAnZA ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 vernal u1 84078 130
3 Sunn?SluL CCCLnL8A1lCn ASSCClA1LS Sunnvslde u1 84339 83
6 ÞAClllCC8Þ CA88Cn ÞLAn1 Pelper u1 84326 31
1oLal Lmlsslons 1,834
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 CPLS1L8llLLu ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn ChesLer vA 23836 660
2 uCMlnlCn CLCvL8 ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Clover vA 24334 427
3 CPLSAÞLAkL LnL8C? CLn1L8 Chesa-
peake
vA 23323 162
4 Ml8An1 ÞC1CMAC 8lvL8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A-
1lCn
Alexandrla vA 22314 143
3 SÞ8uAnCL CLnCC LLC 8lchmond vA 23234 119
6 uCMlnlCn 8LSCu8CLS lnC 88LMC ÞCWL8
S1A1lCn
8remo
8luñ
vA 23022 111
7 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CLlnCP 8lvL8
ÞLAn1
Cleveland vA 24223 111
8 uCMlnlCn 8LSCu8CLS lnC ?C8k1CWn
ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn
?orkLown vA 23692 90
9 !AMLS 8lvL8 CCCLnL8A1lCn CC lnC. Popewell vA 23860 37
10 uLCS Cl nA88CWS LLC narrows vA 24124 44
11 MLCkLLn8u8C ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Clarksvllle vA 23927 42
12 CCCLn18lx vl8ClnlA LLASlnC CC8Þ ÞorLsmouLh vA 23703 32
13 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CLLn L?n ÞLAn1 Clen Lvn vA 24093 19
14 8l8CPWCCu ÞCWL8 lAClLl1? klna
Ceorae
vA 22483 17
13 SCu1PAMÞ1Cn ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn lranklln vA 23831 13
16 AL1AvlS1A ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn AlLavlsLa vA 24317 11
1oLal Lmlsslons 2,062
56
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 18AnSAL1A CLn18ALlA CLnL8A1lCn / MlnlnC CenLralla WA 98331 361
1oLal Lmlsslons 361
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 CCLuM8lA LnL8C? CLn1L8 Þardeevllle Wl 33934 627
2 ÞLLASAn1 Þ8Al8lL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 ÞleasanL
Þralrle
Wl 33138 371
3 WLS1Cn ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 8oLhschlld Wl 34474 378
4 LuCLWA1L8 CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Shebovaan Wl 33081 373
3 CAk C8LLk ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Cak Creek Wl 33134 227
6 uAl8?LAnu ÞCWL8 CCCÞL8A1lvL-ALMA Sl1L Alma Wl 34610 189
7 ÞuLLlAM ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Creen 8av Wl 34303 103
8 MAnl1CWCC Þu8LlC u1lLl1lLS ManlLowoc Wl 34220 94
9 uAl8?LAnu ÞCWL8 CCCÞL8A1lvL - CLnCA
Sl1L
Cenoa Wl 34632 71
10 nLLSCn uLWL? CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn Cassvllle Wl 33806 46
11 xCLL LnL8C? 8A? l8Cn1 ÞLAn1 Ashland Wl 34806 32
12 vALLL? ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Mllwaukee Wl 33233 7
1oLal Lmlsslons 2,720
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 uCMlnlCn MCun1 S1C8M ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn MounL
SLorm
Wv 26739 1,371
2 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 AMCS ÞLAn1 Wlnñeld Wv 23213 1,110
3 PA88lSCn ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Pavwood Wv 26366 934
4 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 kAMML8 /
Ml1CPLLL ÞLAn1S
Mounds-
vllle
Wv 26041 899
3 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 MCun1AlnLL8
ÞLAn1
new Paven Wv 23263 811
6 lC81 MA81ln ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Maldsvllle Wv 26341 332
7 MC8CAn1CWn LnL8C? ASSCClA1LS Moraan-
Lown
Wv 26303 263
8 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 ÞPlLlÞ SÞC8n
ÞLAn1
new Paven Wv 23263 229
9 ÞLLASAn1S WlLLCW lSLAnu ÞCWL8 S1A1lCnS Wlllow
lsland
Wv 26134 224
10 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 kAnAWPA 8lvL8
ÞLAn1
Clasaow Wv 23086 140
57
11 ALLLCPLn? LnL8C? lnC AL88lCP1 ÞCWL8
S1A1lCn
AlbrlahL Wv 26319 107
12 AML8lCAn 8l1uMlnCuS ÞCWL8 ÞA81nL8S LÞ CranL 1own Wv 26374 101
13 uCMlnlCn nC81P 88AnCP ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Cormanla Wv 26720 33
1oLal Lmlsslons 6,793
8ank laclllLv ClLv SLaLe Zlp Code Pa
1 8LACk PlLLS CC8Þ - nLlL SlMÞSCn CCMÞLLx Cllleue W? 82718 787
2 8ASln LLLC18lC LA8AMlL 8lvL8 S1A1lCn WheaLland W? 82201 660
3 ÞAClllCC8Þ W?CuAk ÞLAn1 Cllleue W? 82718 370
4 ÞAClllCC8Þ !lM 88luCL8 ÞLAn1 & 88luCL8
CCAL CC
ÞolnL of
8ocks
W? 82942 344
3 ÞAClllCC8Þ uAvL !CPnS1Cn ÞLAn1 Clenrock W? 82637 383
6 ÞAClllCC8Þ nAuCP1Cn ÞLAn1 kemmerer W? 83101 110
7 8LACk PlLLS CC8Þ - CSAC L ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Csaae W? 82723 27
1oLal Lmlsslons 3,082
58
!
Appendix D: Mercury Emissions by State from Top 25 Worst Power Plants
107

SLaLe
Mercurv emlsslons
from Lop 23 planLs
1exas 12,748
Þennsvlvanla 7,962
Chlo 3,334
WesL vlralnla 2,681
Ceorala 1,649
MonLana 1,490
new Mexlco 1,481
Alabama 1,334
Mlssourl 1,297
Mlchlaan 1,233
lndlana 1,226
norLh Carollna 1,079
59
!
Appendix E: Top 25 Worst Power Plants for Mercury Pollution, with Owner
108
,
109

8ank laclllLv SLaLe
1oLal
mercurv
emlsslons
(ln lbs.)
Cwner
1 MA81ln LAkL S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn & LlC-
nl1L MlnL
1x 2,660 LumlnanL
2 88l LnL8C? lnC kL?S1CnL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 ÞA 2,164 88l Lnerav lnc.
3 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 CAvln ÞLAn1 CP 2,099 Amerlcan LlecLrlc
Þower
4 88l LnL8C? lnC CCnLMAuCP ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 ÞA 2,060 88l Lnerav lnc.
3 MCn1lCLLLC S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn & LlC-
nl1L MlnL
1x 1,828 LumlnanL
6 SCPL8L8 S1LAM LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC ÞLAn1 CA 1,649 Ceorala Þower
7 LlMLS1CnL LLLC18lC CLnL8A1lnC S1A1lCn 1x 1,647 n8C Lnerav
8 CAM88lA CCCLn CC ÞA 1,644 norLhern SLar Cen-
erauon
9 uCMlnlCn MCun1 S1C8M ÞCWL8 S1A1lCn Wv 1,371 uomlnlon
10 SAn MlCuLL LLLC18lC CCCÞL8A1lvL lnC 1x 1,360 San Mlauel LlecLrlc
Cooperauve lnc.
11 CCLS18lÞ S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn M1 1,490 ÞuaeL Sound Ln-
erav
12 lCu8 CC8nL8S S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn nM 1,481 AÞS lnc.
13 8lC 88CWn S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn & LlC-
nl1L MlnL
1x 1,426 LumlnanL
14 MlLLL8 S1LAM ÞLAn1 AL 1,334 SouLhern Companv
13 AML8LnuL LA8AulL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 MC 1,297 Ameren uL
16 WA ÞA8lSP LLLC18lC CLnL8A1ln C S1A1lCn 1x 1,289 n8C Lnerav
17 uL18Cl1 LulSCn MCn8CL ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 Ml 1,233 ueLrolL Ldlson
18 !M S1uA81 S1A1lCn CP 1,234 uÞL Lnerav
19 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 8CCkÞC81 ÞLAn1 ln 1,226 Amerlcan LlecLrlc
Þower
20 SAnuCW S1LAM LLLC18lC S1A1lCn 1x 1,183 LumlnanL
21 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 PW Þl8kL? ÞCWL8
ÞLAn1
1x 1,134 Amerlcan LlecLrlc
Þower
22 AML8lCAn LLLC18lC ÞCWL8 AMCS ÞLAn1 Wv 1,110 Amerlcan LlecLrlc
Þower
23 CA8CLlnA ÞCWL8 & LlCP1 CC - 8Cx8C8C
S1LAM LLLC18lC ÞLAn1
nC 1,079 Þroaress Lnerav
24 88l LnL8C? lnC SPAWvlLLL S1A1lCn ÞA 1,071 88l Lnerav lnc.
23 88uCL MAnSllLLu ÞCWL8 ÞLAn1 ÞA 1,023 llrsLLnerav
60
Appendix F: Total Mercury Emissions from Power Plants in 2009, Broken Down by State
110

8ank SLaLe
Lmlsslons
(ln lbs.)
1 1exas 16,330
2 Þennsvlvanla 13,330
3 Chlo 9,318
4 WesL vlralnla 6,793
3 lndlana 6,046
6 kenLuckv 3,930
7 llllnols 4,973
8 norLh Carollna 4,702
9 Alabama 4,324
10 Mlchlaan 4,012
11 Mlssourl 3,937
12 Ceorala 3,817
13 llorlda 3,312
14 Arlzona 3,146
13 Wvomlna 3,082
16 norLh uakoLa 3,012
17 lowa 2,733
18 Wlsconsln 2,720
19 nebraska 2,333
20 Marvland 2,332
21 1ennessee 2,263
22 new Mexlco 2,173
23 vlralnla 2,062
24 kansas 2,046
23 Cklahoma 1,931
26 uLah 1,834
27 MonLana 1,726
28 Loulslana 1,683
29 MlnnesoLa 1,664
30 Colorado 1,297
31 Arkansas 1,239
32 SouLh Carollna 1,162
33 Mlsslsslppl 1,091
34 new ?ork 786
33 WashlnaLon 361
36 new Pampshlre 332
37 SouLh uakoLa 328
38 nevada 298
39 new !ersev 284
40 uelaware 236
41 ConnecucuL 219
42 Creaon 207
43 Massachuseus 170
44 Pawall 119
43 Alaska 63
46 Callfornla 31
47 ldaho 0
48 Malne 0
49 8hode lsland 0
30 vermonL 0
61
!
Appendix G: Total Statewide Plans for Reducing Mercury Emissions from Power Plants
Alabama Alabama ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Alaska Alaska ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Arlzona Arlzona ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Arkansas Arkansas ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Callfornla Callfornla ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Colorado
Colorado seL mercurv sLandards for exlsuna, new, modlñed and reconsLrucL-
ed coal-ñred power planLs, exempuna low emluers and new unlLs wlLh exlsL-
lna permlLs ln place. lor new or reconsLrucLed unlLs, Colorado lmplemenLs
Lhe 8esL Avallable Mercurv ConLrol 1echnoloav SLandard, wlLh a 93° mercurv
capLure aoal, and 90° capLure mlnlmum.
ConnecucuL
ConnecucuL requlres LhaL coal-ñred power planLs reduce mercurv emlsslons
bv 90°.
uelaware
uelaware beaan reaulauna mercurv polluuon from coal-ñred power planLs ln
2006, wlLh phase 1 becomlna appllcable on !anuarv 1, 2009 and phase 2 ef-
fecuve !anuarv 1, 2013. Þhase 1 seL a sLandard of 80° reducuon ln mercurv,
and Þhase 2 seL a sLandard of 90° reducuon.
llorlda llorlda awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Ceorala
AlLhouah Ceorala ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule, lL anuclpaLes mercurv
reducuons from Lhe LÞA's Clean Alr Mercurv 8ule. 1he LÞA lnLends Lo ñnallze
Lhe rule, whlch seLs alr Loxlcs sLandards for coal- and oll-ñre power planLs, bv
november 16, 2011. Ceorae has also lmplemenLed a sLaLe rule - ºMulu-pol-
luLanL ConLrol for LlecLrlc uullLv SLeam Cenerauna unlLs" LhaL alves co-bene-
ñL Lo mercurv reducuon and requlres Lhe lmplemenLauon of mercurv conLrol
on four speclñc power planLs. llnallv, Ceorala's sLaLe rule - ºMercurv Lmls-
slons from new LlecLrlc Cenerauna unlLs" - requlres Lhe use of besL avallable
conLrol Lechnoloav Lo conLrol mercurv emlsslons from new power planLs.
Pawall Pawall ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
ldaho ldaho has no appllcable power planLs Lo reaulaLe for mercurv polluuon.
llllnols
llllnols adopLed a rule whlch beaan ln !ulv of 2009 LhaL llmlLs mercurv pol-
luuon from coal-ñred power planLs. Þhase 1, whlch aoes Lhrouah uecember
2012, requlres LhaL planLs reduce mercurv bv 90°. 1he sLandard aL 90° wlll
conunue Lhrouah Þhase 2 of Lhe rule, bealnnlna !anuarv 1, 2013.
lndlana
Cn CcLober 3, 2010, Lhe lndlana Alr Þolluuon ConLrol 8oard voLed Lo adopL
Lhe lowesL sLandard for mercurv emlsslons. 1he 8oard seL a sLandard of a
66-percenL reducuon bv aL leasL 2023.
lowa lowa ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
kansas kansas ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
62
kenLuckv kenLuckv ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Loulslana Loulslana ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Malne Malne ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Marvland
under Marvland's PealLhv Alr AcL, slaned lnLo law on Aprll 6, 2006, coal-ñred
power planLs musL meeL mercurv emlsslon llmlLauons. 8ealnnlna !anuarv
1, 2010, Lhe AcL seL a sLandard of 80° reducuon ln mercurv, and bealnnlna
!anuarv 1, 2013, Lhe sLandard moves Lo a 90° reducuon. 8oLh sLandards can
be meL on a 12-monLh rolllna basls.
Massachuseus
Massachuseus requlred conunuous mercurv monlLorlna from power planLs
bv 2008. 1he sLaLe seL a sLandard of 83° mercurv capLure from power planLs
bv 2008, and 93° mercurv capLure bv 2012.
Mlchlaan
Mlchlaan seL a sLandard LhaL requlres mercurv reducuons from coal-ñred
power planLs sLaruna !anuarv 1, 2013. 1he planLs musL meeL a mlnlmum of
a 90° reducuon ln mercurv, or use Lhe mulu-polluLanL compllance sLandard,
whlch requlres planLs Lo achleve a 73° reducuon ln mercurv, alona wlLh
slanlñcanL reducuons ln nlLroaen oxldes and sulfur dloxlde.
MlnnesoLa
ln 2006, MlnnesoLa seL a sLandard LhaL requlres Lhe sLaLe's Lhree laraesL
elecLrlc power planLs Lo reduce mercurv emlsslons 90° bv 2013. 8emaln-
lna faclllues emlmna areaLer Lhan 3 pounds of mercurv per vear wlll reduce
emlsslons bv 70-90° bv 2023.
Mlsslsslppl Mlsslsslppl ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Mlssourl Mlssourl ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
MonLana
MonLana ñnallzed a sLaLe rule for mercurv conLrol from power planLs ln CcLo-
ber of 2006. SLaruna !anuarv 1, 2010, power planLs musL meeL a 0.9 pound/
18Lu mercurv llmlL, or applv for an approval bv MonLana for an lndlvldual
conLrol sLraLeav.
8v !ulv 1, 2011, power planLs mav applv for an alLernauve emlsslon llmlL lf
Lhev are unable Lo meeL Lhe orlalnal emlsslon llmlL.
nebraska nebraska ls awauna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
nevada nevada ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
new Pamp-
shlre
Cn november 6, 2001, new Pampshlre seL emlsslon reducuon LaraeLs for
sulfur dloxlde, nlLroaen oxldes, carbon dloxlde, and mercurv for power planLs
Lhrouah a cap-and-Lrade svsLem called Lhe new Pampshlre Clean Þower AcL.
A subsequenL aareemenL ln 2006 clearlv deñned LhaL Lhere musL be a 73°
reducuon ln annual mercurv emlsslon from coal-ñred power planLs com-
pared 1996/1997 emlsslons.
new !ersev
new !ersev seL a sLandard of 90° for mercurv polluuon reducuon bv uecem-
ber 13, 2007, for coal-ñred power planLs of anv slze. A mulu-polluLanL ap-
proach can reduce Lhe lnlual mercurv reducuon requlred, and exLend compll-
ance Lo uecember 13, 2012.
new Mexlco new Mexlco ls awaluna Lhe federal alr Loxlcs rule.
63
new ?ork
Cn !anuarv 27, 2007, new ?ork seL a sLandard for Lhe conLrol of mercurv
emlsslons from coal-ñred power planLs. Þhase 1 of Lhe sLaLe proposal lm-
poses annual faclllLv-wlde mercurv emlsslon llmlLauons from 2010 Lo 2014,
based upon Lhe LÞA's proposed Clean Alr Mercurv 8ule. 1he LÞA lnLends Lo
ñnallze Lhe rule, whlch seLs alr Loxlcs sLandards for coal- and oll-ñre power
planLs, bv november 16, 2011. SLaruna ln 2013, Þhase 2, ln con[uncuon wlLh
oLher LÞA rules, wlll seL a faclllLv-wlde emlsslon sLandard of a 90° reducuon
ln mercurv.
norLh Carollna
norLh Carollna ls currenLlv reallzlna ma[or reducuons ln mercurv emlsslons
from coal-ñred bollers as a dlrecL cobeneñL of Lhe norLh Carollna Clean
SmokesLacks AcL ln 2002. Addluonallv, Lhe sLaLe mercurv rule for coal-ñred
power planLs requlres a mercurv emlsslon conLrol plan from each power
planL on !anuarv 1, 2013 LhaL ldenuñes Lhe Lechnoloav proposed for use aL
each unlL, Lhe schedule for lnsLallauon and operauon of mercurv conLrols aL
each unlL, and shall ldenufv anv unlLs LhaL wlll be shuL down. Anv unlL LhaL
has noL lnsLalled conLrols as speclñed ln an approved mercurv conLrol plan bv
uecember 31, 2017 shall be shuL down.
norLh uakoLa norLh uakoLa ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Chlo Chlo ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Cklahoma Cklahoma ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Creaon
Creaon's uullLv Mercurv 8ule caps mercurv emlsslons from new planLs, and
mandaLes Lhe lnsLallauon of mercurv conLrols on Creaon's one exlsuna coal-
ñred power planL. 1he planL ls expecLed Lo reduce mercurv emlsslons bv 90
percenL bv !ulv 1, 2012.
Þennsvlvanla
1he Þennsvlvanla Supreme CourL's declslon LhaL Look place on uecember
23, 2009 puLs an end Lo sLaLe eñorLs Lo speclallv reaulaLe mercurv emlsslons
from power planLs ln Þennsvlvanla - Lhrouah Lhe Þennsvlvanla Mercurv 8ule
- aL leasL unul Lhe LÞA seLs new federal mercurv reaulauons, or unul lealsla-
uon ls passed ln Þennsvlvanla auLhorlzlna Lhe adopuon of mercurv reaula-
uons.
8hode lsland
8hode lsland has no appllcable power planLs Lo reaulaLe for mercurv pollu-
uon.
SouLh Carollna
SouLh Carollna proposed a Memorandum of AareemenL wlLh lL power planLs
Lo elLher lnsLall mercurv monlLors, or LesL coal-ñred power planLs bv !ulv
2009 Lo provlde source-speclñc mercurv emlsslon daLa. 1he ñrsL daLa from
Lhls eñorL are currenLlv belna submlued.
SouLh uakoLa SouLh uakoLa ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
1ennessee 1ennessee ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
1exas 1exas ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
uLah uLah awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
vermonL vermonL has no appllcable power planLs Lo reaulaLe for mercurv polluuon.
vlralnla vlralnla ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule
64
WashlnaLon WashlnaLon ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
WesL vlralnla WesL vlralnla ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Wlsconsln
Wlsconsln's revlsed mercurv rule became eñecuve uecember 1, 2008. Larae
coal-ñred power planLs - wlLh capaclues of 130 meaawaus or areaLer - musL
achleve a 90° mercurv emlsslon reducuon Lhrouah one of Lwo wavs. LlLher
planLs can reduce mercurv emlsslons alone bv 90° bv !anuarv 1, 2013, or
Lhev can opL for Lhe mulu-polluLanL opuon, wherebv planLs wlll reduce mer-
curv emlsslons bv 90° bv !anuarv 1, 2021, as well as reduce nlLroaen oxldes
and sulfur dloxlde emlsslons bv !anuarv 1, 2013.
Wvomlna Wvomlna ls awaluna a federal alr Loxlcs rule.
Endnot es

1
Union of Concerned Scientists, “Coal vs. Wind,” 2009.
http://www.ucsusa.org/clean_energy/coalvswind/c01.html

2
Barbara Gottlieb, Alan Lockwood, Molly Rauch, and Kristen Welker-Hood, Physicians for Social
Responsibility, Coal’s Assault on Human Health, November 2009.: http://www.psr.org/assets/pdfs/psr-
coal-fullreport.pdf

3
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, & Environmental Results, 28
December 2010.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/waters10/attains_nation_cy.control?p_report_type=T#tmdl_by_pollutant

4
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, & Environmental Results:
National Summary of State Information, 3 January 2010.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/tmdl_waters10/attains_nation_cy.control#prob_source

5
St. Louis, Vincent, Metaalicus: Mercury Experiment to Assess Atmospheric Loading in Canada and the
United States, 2 February 2000. http://www.biology.ualberta.ca/old_site/metaalicus/metaalicus.htm

6
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Fish Advisories: Advisories Where You Live, 30 November 2010.
http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/fishshellfish/fishadvisories/states.cfm

7
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development’s Science To Achieve
Results (STAR) Research in Project (a product of the National Center for Environmental Research),
Mercury Transport and Fate in Watersheds, October 2000.
http://www.epa.gov/ncer/publications/starreport/starten.pdf

8
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, and Environmental Results:
Assessed Waters of United States, 4 January 2011.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/tmdl_waters10/attains_nation_cy.control#prob_source

9
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury
(Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997, vol. 1, pp. 2-5 & 2-6.

10
Philippe Grandjean, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, testimony at
the Mercury MACT Rule Hearing, sponsored by Congressman Tom Allen, Maine State House, Augusta,
Maine, 1 March 2004.

11
Kathryn Mahaffey, Robert P. Cliffner, and Catherine Bodurow, “Blood Organic Mercury and Dietary
Mercury Intake: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999 and 2000,” Environmental
Health Perspectives, 112(5): 562-570, april 2004; Kathryn R. Mahaffey, U.S. EPA, “Methylmercury
Epidemiology Update,” Slide #9 of presentation given at the National Forum on Contaminants in Fish, San
Diego, January 2004.

12
National Center for Health Statistics. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 58, No. 25. “Births,
Marriages, Divorces, and Deaths: Provisional Data for 2009.” Aug. 27, 2010, pg. 1.

13
Edna M. Yokoo et al., “low Level Methylmercury Exposure Affects Neuropsychological Function in
Adults,” Environmental Health, 2(8), June 2003.


14
Amar, Praveen, Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants: The Case for Regulatory Action
(hereinafter Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants). Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use
Management, 2003.

15
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury
(Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997, vol. 1, pp. 2-5 & 2-6.

16
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Mercury: Environmental Effects, 1 October 2010.
http://www.epa.gov/mercury/eco.htm

17
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development’s Science To Achieve
Results (STAR) Research in Project (a product of the National Center for Environmental Research),
Mercury Transport and Fate in Watersheds, October 2000.
http://www.epa.gov/ncer/publications/starreport/starten.pdf

18
Axelrad, Donald, “Chapter 3B: Mercury and Sulfur Monitoring, Research and Environmental
Assessment in South Florida,” South Florida Environmental Report, 2008.
https://my.sfwmd.gov/portal/page/portal/pg_grp_sfwmd_sfer/portlet_sfer/tab2236041/volume1/chapters/v1
_ch_3b.pdf

19
O.P. Lane and D.C. Evers, “Methylmercury availability in New England estuaries as indicated by
Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow, 2004-2005,” Report BRI 2006-01, BioDiversity Research Institute,
Gorham, Maine, 2006. http://www.briloon.org/pub/doc/BRI%20SSTS-Report-05.pdf

20
The Florida Panther Society, Inc., Mercury Contamination in Florida Panthers
http://www.panthersociety.org/mercury.html

21
J.G. Weiner et al, “Partitioning and Bioavailability of Mercury in an Experimentally Acidified Wisconsin
Lake,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 1990,

22
Amar, Praveen, Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants: The Case for Regulatory Action
(hereinafter Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants). Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use
Management, 2003.

23
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports, 28 October 2010.
http://www.epa.gov/cgi-
bin/broker?view=USYR&trilib=TRIQ0&sort=_VIEW_&sort_fmt=1&state=All+states&county=All+count
ies&chemical=N458&industry=2211&year=All+years&core_year=&tab_rpt=1&_service=oiaa&_program
=xp_tri.sasmacr.tristart.macro. (hereinafter TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports).

24
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

25
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury
(Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997, vol. 1, pp. 2-5 & 2-6.

26
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury
(Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997, vol. 1, pp. 2-5 & 2-6.

27
New Jersey Mercury Task Force Final Report, November 2001, pg. 15.


28
United States Geological Survey. “Mercury in the Environment,” October 2001..
http://www.usgs.gov/themes/factsheet/146-00/, accessed 6 January 2011.

29
Kathryn Mahaffey, Robert P. Cliffner, and Catherine Bodurow, “Blood Organic Mercury and Dietary
Mercury Intake: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999 and 2000,” Environmental
Health Perspectives, 112(5): 562-570, april 2004; Kathryn R. Mahaffey, U.S. EPA, “Methylmercury
Epidemiology Update,” Slide #9 of presentation given at the National Forum on Contaminants in Fish, San
Diego, January 2004.

30
National Center for Health Statistics. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 58, No. 25. “Births,
Marriages, Divorces, and Deaths: Provisional Data for 2009.” Aug. 27, 2010, pg. 1.

31
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “What You Need to Know About Mercury in Fish and
Shellfish.” http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/fishshellfish/outreach/advice_index.cfm, accessed 6
January 2011.

32
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “What You Need to Know About Mercury in Fish and
Shellfish.” http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/fishshellfish/outreach/advice_index.cfm, accessed 6
January 2011.

33
Utah Department of Environmental Quality. “Persistent Bioaccumulative Toxins,”
http://www.deq.utah.gov/Issues/Mercury/PBTs.htm, accessed 6 January 2011.

34
California Office of Health Hazard Assessment, Methylmercury in Sport Fish: Information for
Consumers, http://oehha.ca.gov/fish/hg/index.html.

35
John Burke Sullivan and Gary R. Krieger, Clinical Environmental Health and Toxic Exposures. 2
nd

edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2001, pg. 856.

36
California Office of Health Hazard Assessment, Methylmercury in Sport Fish: Information for
Consumers, http://oehha.ca.gov/fish/hg/index.html.

37
Farhana Zahir, et al. “Low dose mercury toxicity and human health,” Environmental Toxicology and
Pharmacology, 2005, pg. 4.

38
Environmental Protection Agency. “Human Exposure to Mercury,” http://www.epa.gov/hg/exposure.htm,
accessed 6 January 2011.

39
M.L. Lynch, et al. “Varying coefficient function models to explore interactions between maternal
nutritional status and prenatal methylmercury toxicity in the Seychelles Child Development Nutrition
Study,” Environmental Research, December 2010.

40
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury
(Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997, vol. 1, pp. 2-5 & 2-6.

41
Philippe Grandjean, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, testimony at
the Mercury MACT Rule Hearing, sponsored by Congressman Tom Allen, Maine State House, Augusta,
Maine, 1 March 2004.
42
Dan R. Laks. “Assessment of chronic mercury exposure within the U.S. population, National Health and
Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2006,”
43
Mercury Study Report to Congress.


44
Raymond F. Palmer, Steven Blanchard, Zachary Stein, David Mandell, and Claudia Miller,
Environmental mercury release, special education rates, autism disorder: an ecological study of Texas, 1
November 2004, downloaded from http://www.seedcoalition.org/downloads/autism_study_UTHSCSA.pdf.

45
Edna M. Yokoo et al., “low Level Methylmercury Exposure Affects Neuropsychological Function in
Adults,” Environmental Health, 2(8), June 2003.

46
Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants.

47
Virtanen, J.K., et al. “Mercury, Fish Oils, and Risk of Acute Coronary Events and Cardiovascular
Disease, Coronary Heart Disease, and All-Cause Mortality in Men in Eastern Finland,” Arteriosclerosis,
Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 2005, vol. 25, p. 228.

48
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Fish Advisories: Advisories Where You Live, 30 November
2010. http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/fishshellfish/fishadvisories/states.cfm

49
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “Mercury Update: Impact on Fish Advisories,” June 2001.
http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/fish/advice/mercupd.pdf

50
St. Louis, Vincent, Metaalicus: Mercury Experiment to Assess Atmospheric Loading in Canada and the
United States, 2 February 2000. http://www.biology.ualberta.ca/old_site/metaalicus/metaalicus.htm

51
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Mercury: Environmental Effects, 1 October 2010.
http://www.epa.gov/mercury/eco.htm

52
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development’s Science To Achieve
Results (STAR) Research in Project (a product of the National Center for Environmental Research),
Mercury Transport and Fate in Watersheds, October 2000.
http://www.epa.gov/ncer/publications/starreport/starten.pdf

53
Milton, Joseph, “Mercury Causes Homosexuality in Male Ibises,” Science, 1 December 2010, DOI:
10.1038/news.2010.641. http://www.nature.com/news/2010/101201/full/news.2010.641.html

54
J.G. Weiner et al, “Partitioning and Bioavailability of Mercury in an Experimentally Acidified Wisconsin
Lake,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 1990,

55
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development’s Science To Achieve
Results (STAR) Research in Project (a product of the National Center for Environmental Research),
Mercury Transport and Fate in Watersheds, October 2000.
http://www.epa.gov/ncer/publications/starreport/starten.pdf

56
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports, 28 October 2010.
http://www.epa.gov/cgi-
bin/broker?view=USYR&trilib=TRIQ0&sort=_VIEW_&sort_fmt=1&state=All+states&county=All+count
ies&chemical=N458&industry=2211&year=All+years&core_year=&tab_rpt=1&_service=oiaa&_program
=xp_tri.sasmacr.tristart.macro

57
John Hayes, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “New advisories on eating fish caught in local waters,” 26
December 2010.

58
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports.


59
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Mercury: Environmental Effects, 1 October 2010.
http://www.epa.gov/mercury/eco.htm

60
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, & Environmental Results, 28
December 2010.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/waters10/attains_nation_cy.control?p_report_type=T#tmdl_by_pollutant

61
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, & Environmental Results, 28
December 2010.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/waters10/attains_nation_cy.control?p_report_type=T#tmdl_by_pollutant

62
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, & Environmental Results:
National Summary of State Information, 3 January 2010.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/tmdl_waters10/attains_nation_cy.control#prob_source

63
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, and Environmental Results:
Assessed Waters of United States, 4 January 2011.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/tmdl_waters10/attains_nation_cy.control#prob_source

64
The Florida Panther Society, Inc., Mercury Contamination in Florida Panthers
http://www.panthersociety.org/mercury.html

65
Axelrad, Donald, “Chapter 3B: Mercury and Sulfur Monitoring, Research and Environmental
Assessment in South Florida,” South Florida Environmental Report, 2008.
https://my.sfwmd.gov/portal/page/portal/pg_grp_sfwmd_sfer/portlet_sfer/tab2236041/volume1/chapters/v1
_ch_3b.pdf

66
O.P. Lane and D.C. Evers, “Methylmercury availability in New England estuaries as indicated by
Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow, 2004-2005,” Report BRI 2006-01, BioDiversity Research Institute,
Gorham, Maine, 2006. http://www.briloon.org/pub/doc/BRI%20SSTS-Report-05.pdf

67
The University of Maine, PEARL, “Loons.”
http://www.pearl.maine.edu/windows/community/Plants_Animals/plants_loons.htm

68
Casco Bay Estuary Partnership, “What are the Impacts of Mercury on Wildlife?”
http://www.cascobay.usm.maine.edu/pdfs/Toxics%20Chapter%206.pdf

69
Vieira, Nicole, Colorado Division of Wildlife, “Mercury in CO Fisheries: fish consumption advisories
and research to mitigate Hg contamination in walleye fisheries,” 2009.
http://www.cdphe.state.co.us/ap/toxics/Mercuryfish.pdf

70
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “Mercury Study Report to Congress, Volume VI: An Ecological
Assessment for Anthropogenic Mercury Emissions in the United States,” December 1997.
http://www.epa.gov/ttn/oarpg/t3/reports/volume6.pdf

71
National Wildlife Federation, “Poisoning Wildlife: The Reality of Mercury Pollution,” September 2006.

72
Evers, D.C. and Duron, M., “Developing an exposure profile for mercury in breeding birds of New York
and Pennsylvania,” 2005.

73
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development’s Science To Achieve
Results (STAR) Research in Project (a product of the National Center for Environmental Research),
Mercury Transport and Fate in Watersheds, October 2000.
http://www.epa.gov/ncer/publications/starreport/starten.pdf


74
Upstate Freshwater Institute, “Onondaga Lake,” 22 October 2010.
http://www.upstatefreshwater.org/html/onondaga_lake.html

75
Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Association, “Lake Erie,” 2011.
http://www.fish.state.pa.us/water/lakes/erie/00erie.htm
76
DeFranza, David, Travel & Nature, “Mercury Levels on the Rise in Lake Erie After Decades of
Decline,” 15 July 2010.
77
Amar, Praveen, Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants: The Case for Regulatory Action
(hereinafter Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants). Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use
Management, 2003.

78
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports, 28 October 2010.
http://www.epa.gov/cgi-
bin/broker?view=USYR&trilib=TRIQ0&sort=_VIEW_&sort_fmt=1&state=All+states&county=All+count
ies&chemical=N458&industry=2211&year=All+years&core_year=&tab_rpt=1&_service=oiaa&_program
=xp_tri.sasmacr.tristart.macro. (hereinafter TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports).

79
Ibid.

80
University of Wisconsin Solid and Hazardous Waste Education Center.
http://www.mercuryinschools.uwex.edu/curriculum/hg_in_env.htm, accessed 6 January 2011.

81
Douglas Steding and Russell Flegal. “Mercury concentrations in coastal California precipitation:
Evidence of local and trans-Pacific fluxes of mercury to North America,” Journal of Geophysical
Research, December 2002, vol. 107 (4764), pg. 7.

82
Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants.

83
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997.

84
David Evers, et al. “Biological Mercury Hotspots in the Northeastern United States and Southeastern
Canada,” Bioscience, January 2007, vol. 57 (1), pg. 29.

85
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

86
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

87
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

88
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

89
Made in the USA.

90
J.R. Pegg, “Survey Finds Bush Administration Interfering with EPA Scientists,” Environment News
Services, 24 April 2008. http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/apr2008/2008-04-24-10.html

91
Ibid.

92
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, Division of Air Pollution Control, MACT Standards.
http://www.epa.state.oh.us/dapc/mact/mactmain.aspx


93
42 UCS §§ 7412(d)(10), (i).

94
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Controlling Power Plant Emissions: Control Technology, 1
October 2010. http://www.epa.gov/hg/control_emissions/technology.htm

95
Institute of Clean Air Companies, Mercury Control with Fabric Filters from Coal-Fired Boilers.
http://www.icac.com/files/public/ICAC_Hg_Control_with_FF_051606.pdf

96
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury
(Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997, vol. 1, pp. 2-5 & 2-6.

97
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development’s Science To Achieve
Results (STAR) Research in Project (a product of the National Center for Environmental Research),
Mercury Transport and Fate in Watersheds, October 2000.
http://www.epa.gov/ncer/publications/starreport/starten.pdf

98
Florida Department of Environmental Protection, “The Everglades Mercury TMDL Pilot Study: Final
Report,” 2003.
99
The National Association of Clean Air Agencies, “State/Local Mercury/ Toxics Program for Utilities,” 6
April 2010. http://www.4cleanair.org/index.asp

100
Maryland: The Department of the Environment, “The Maryland Healthy Air Act.”
http://www.mde.maryland.gov/programs/Air/Pages/MD_HAA.aspx

101
Ibid.

102
The National Association of Clean Air Agencies, “State/Local Mercury/ Toxics Program for Utilities,” 6
April 2010. http://www.4cleanair.org/index.asp

103
Ibid.

104
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports.

105
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

106
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

107
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

108
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

109
United States Energy Information Administration, Form 860, December 2010.
http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html.

110
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports
Endnot es

1
Union of Concerned Scientists, “Coal vs. Wind,” 2009.
http://www.ucsusa.org/clean_energy/coalvswind/c01.html

2
Barbara Gottlieb, Alan Lockwood, Molly Rauch, and Kristen Welker-Hood, Physicians for Social
Responsibility, Coal’s Assault on Human Health, November 2009.: http://www.psr.org/assets/pdfs/psr-
coal-fullreport.pdf

3
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, & Environmental Results, 28
December 2010.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/waters10/attains_nation_cy.control?p_report_type=T#tmdl_by_pollutant

4
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, & Environmental Results:
National Summary of State Information, 3 January 2010.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/tmdl_waters10/attains_nation_cy.control#prob_source

5
St. Louis, Vincent, Metaalicus: Mercury Experiment to Assess Atmospheric Loading in Canada and the
United States, 2 February 2000. http://www.biology.ualberta.ca/old_site/metaalicus/metaalicus.htm

6
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Fish Advisories: Advisories Where You Live, 30 November 2010.
http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/fishshellfish/fishadvisories/states.cfm

7
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development’s Science To Achieve
Results (STAR) Research in Project (a product of the National Center for Environmental Research),
Mercury Transport and Fate in Watersheds, October 2000.
http://www.epa.gov/ncer/publications/starreport/starten.pdf

8
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, and Environmental Results:
Assessed Waters of United States, 4 January 2011.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/tmdl_waters10/attains_nation_cy.control#prob_source

9
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury
(Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997, vol. 1, pp. 2-5 & 2-6.

10
Philippe Grandjean, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, testimony at
the Mercury MACT Rule Hearing, sponsored by Congressman Tom Allen, Maine State House, Augusta,
Maine, 1 March 2004.

11
Kathryn Mahaffey, Robert P. Cliffner, and Catherine Bodurow, “Blood Organic Mercury and Dietary
Mercury Intake: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999 and 2000,” Environmental
Health Perspectives, 112(5): 562-570, april 2004; Kathryn R. Mahaffey, U.S. EPA, “Methylmercury
Epidemiology Update,” Slide #9 of presentation given at the National Forum on Contaminants in Fish, San
Diego, January 2004.

12
National Center for Health Statistics. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 58, No. 25. “Births,
Marriages, Divorces, and Deaths: Provisional Data for 2009.” Aug. 27, 2010, pg. 1.

13
Edna M. Yokoo et al., “low Level Methylmercury Exposure Affects Neuropsychological Function in
Adults,” Environmental Health, 2(8), June 2003.


14
Amar, Praveen, Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants: The Case for Regulatory Action
(hereinafter Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants). Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use
Management, 2003.

15
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury
(Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997, vol. 1, pp. 2-5 & 2-6.

16
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Mercury: Environmental Effects, 1 October 2010.
http://www.epa.gov/mercury/eco.htm

17
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development’s Science To Achieve
Results (STAR) Research in Project (a product of the National Center for Environmental Research),
Mercury Transport and Fate in Watersheds, October 2000.
http://www.epa.gov/ncer/publications/starreport/starten.pdf

18
Axelrad, Donald, “Chapter 3B: Mercury and Sulfur Monitoring, Research and Environmental
Assessment in South Florida,” South Florida Environmental Report, 2008.
https://my.sfwmd.gov/portal/page/portal/pg_grp_sfwmd_sfer/portlet_sfer/tab2236041/volume1/chapters/v1
_ch_3b.pdf

19
O.P. Lane and D.C. Evers, “Methylmercury availability in New England estuaries as indicated by
Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow, 2004-2005,” Report BRI 2006-01, BioDiversity Research Institute,
Gorham, Maine, 2006. http://www.briloon.org/pub/doc/BRI%20SSTS-Report-05.pdf

20
The Florida Panther Society, Inc., Mercury Contamination in Florida Panthers
http://www.panthersociety.org/mercury.html

21
J.G. Weiner et al, “Partitioning and Bioavailability of Mercury in an Experimentally Acidified Wisconsin
Lake,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 1990,

22
Amar, Praveen, Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants: The Case for Regulatory Action
(hereinafter Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants). Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use
Management, 2003.

23
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports, 28 October 2010.
http://www.epa.gov/cgi-
bin/broker?view=USYR&trilib=TRIQ0&sort=_VIEW_&sort_fmt=1&state=All+states&county=All+count
ies&chemical=N458&industry=2211&year=All+years&core_year=&tab_rpt=1&_service=oiaa&_program
=xp_tri.sasmacr.tristart.macro. (hereinafter TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports).

24
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

25
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury
(Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997, vol. 1, pp. 2-5 & 2-6.

26
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury
(Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997, vol. 1, pp. 2-5 & 2-6.

27
New Jersey Mercury Task Force Final Report, November 2001, pg. 15.


28
United States Geological Survey. “Mercury in the Environment,” October 2001..
http://www.usgs.gov/themes/factsheet/146-00/, accessed 6 January 2011.

29
Kathryn Mahaffey, Robert P. Cliffner, and Catherine Bodurow, “Blood Organic Mercury and Dietary
Mercury Intake: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999 and 2000,” Environmental
Health Perspectives, 112(5): 562-570, april 2004; Kathryn R. Mahaffey, U.S. EPA, “Methylmercury
Epidemiology Update,” Slide #9 of presentation given at the National Forum on Contaminants in Fish, San
Diego, January 2004.

30
National Center for Health Statistics. National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 58, No. 25. “Births,
Marriages, Divorces, and Deaths: Provisional Data for 2009.” Aug. 27, 2010, pg. 1.

31
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “What You Need to Know About Mercury in Fish and
Shellfish.” http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/fishshellfish/outreach/advice_index.cfm, accessed 6
January 2011.

32
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “What You Need to Know About Mercury in Fish and
Shellfish.” http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/fishshellfish/outreach/advice_index.cfm, accessed 6
January 2011.

33
Utah Department of Environmental Quality. “Persistent Bioaccumulative Toxins,”
http://www.deq.utah.gov/Issues/Mercury/PBTs.htm, accessed 6 January 2011.

34
California Office of Health Hazard Assessment, Methylmercury in Sport Fish: Information for
Consumers, http://oehha.ca.gov/fish/hg/index.html.

35
John Burke Sullivan and Gary R. Krieger, Clinical Environmental Health and Toxic Exposures. 2
nd

edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2001, pg. 856.

36
California Office of Health Hazard Assessment, Methylmercury in Sport Fish: Information for
Consumers, http://oehha.ca.gov/fish/hg/index.html.

37
Farhana Zahir, et al. “Low dose mercury toxicity and human health,” Environmental Toxicology and
Pharmacology, 2005, pg. 4.

38
Environmental Protection Agency. “Human Exposure to Mercury,” http://www.epa.gov/hg/exposure.htm,
accessed 6 January 2011.

39
M.L. Lynch, et al. “Varying coefficient function models to explore interactions between maternal
nutritional status and prenatal methylmercury toxicity in the Seychelles Child Development Nutrition
Study,” Environmental Research, December 2010.

40
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury
(Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997, vol. 1, pp. 2-5 & 2-6.

41
Philippe Grandjean, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, testimony at
the Mercury MACT Rule Hearing, sponsored by Congressman Tom Allen, Maine State House, Augusta,
Maine, 1 March 2004.
42
Dan R. Laks. “Assessment of chronic mercury exposure within the U.S. population, National Health and
Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2006,”
43
Mercury Study Report to Congress.


44
Raymond F. Palmer, Steven Blanchard, Zachary Stein, David Mandell, and Claudia Miller,
Environmental mercury release, special education rates, autism disorder: an ecological study of Texas, 1
November 2004, downloaded from http://www.seedcoalition.org/downloads/autism_study_UTHSCSA.pdf.

45
Edna M. Yokoo et al., “low Level Methylmercury Exposure Affects Neuropsychological Function in
Adults,” Environmental Health, 2(8), June 2003.

46
Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants.

47
Virtanen, J.K., et al. “Mercury, Fish Oils, and Risk of Acute Coronary Events and Cardiovascular
Disease, Coronary Heart Disease, and All-Cause Mortality in Men in Eastern Finland,” Arteriosclerosis,
Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 2005, vol. 25, p. 228.

48
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Fish Advisories: Advisories Where You Live, 30 November
2010. http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/fishshellfish/fishadvisories/states.cfm

49
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “Mercury Update: Impact on Fish Advisories,” June 2001.
http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/fish/advice/mercupd.pdf

50
St. Louis, Vincent, Metaalicus: Mercury Experiment to Assess Atmospheric Loading in Canada and the
United States, 2 February 2000. http://www.biology.ualberta.ca/old_site/metaalicus/metaalicus.htm

51
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Mercury: Environmental Effects, 1 October 2010.
http://www.epa.gov/mercury/eco.htm

52
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development’s Science To Achieve
Results (STAR) Research in Project (a product of the National Center for Environmental Research),
Mercury Transport and Fate in Watersheds, October 2000.
http://www.epa.gov/ncer/publications/starreport/starten.pdf

53
Milton, Joseph, “Mercury Causes Homosexuality in Male Ibises,” Science, 1 December 2010, DOI:
10.1038/news.2010.641. http://www.nature.com/news/2010/101201/full/news.2010.641.html

54
J.G. Weiner et al, “Partitioning and Bioavailability of Mercury in an Experimentally Acidified Wisconsin
Lake,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 1990,

55
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development’s Science To Achieve
Results (STAR) Research in Project (a product of the National Center for Environmental Research),
Mercury Transport and Fate in Watersheds, October 2000.
http://www.epa.gov/ncer/publications/starreport/starten.pdf

56
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports, 28 October 2010.
http://www.epa.gov/cgi-
bin/broker?view=USYR&trilib=TRIQ0&sort=_VIEW_&sort_fmt=1&state=All+states&county=All+count
ies&chemical=N458&industry=2211&year=All+years&core_year=&tab_rpt=1&_service=oiaa&_program
=xp_tri.sasmacr.tristart.macro

57
John Hayes, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “New advisories on eating fish caught in local waters,” 26
December 2010.

58
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports.


59
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Mercury: Environmental Effects, 1 October 2010.
http://www.epa.gov/mercury/eco.htm

60
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, & Environmental Results, 28
December 2010.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/waters10/attains_nation_cy.control?p_report_type=T#tmdl_by_pollutant

61
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, & Environmental Results, 28
December 2010.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/waters10/attains_nation_cy.control?p_report_type=T#tmdl_by_pollutant

62
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, & Environmental Results:
National Summary of State Information, 3 January 2010.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/tmdl_waters10/attains_nation_cy.control#prob_source

63
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Watershed Assessment, Tracking, and Environmental Results:
Assessed Waters of United States, 4 January 2011.
http://iaspub.epa.gov/tmdl_waters10/attains_nation_cy.control#prob_source

64
The Florida Panther Society, Inc., Mercury Contamination in Florida Panthers
http://www.panthersociety.org/mercury.html

65
Axelrad, Donald, “Chapter 3B: Mercury and Sulfur Monitoring, Research and Environmental
Assessment in South Florida,” South Florida Environmental Report, 2008.
https://my.sfwmd.gov/portal/page/portal/pg_grp_sfwmd_sfer/portlet_sfer/tab2236041/volume1/chapters/v1
_ch_3b.pdf

66
O.P. Lane and D.C. Evers, “Methylmercury availability in New England estuaries as indicated by
Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow, 2004-2005,” Report BRI 2006-01, BioDiversity Research Institute,
Gorham, Maine, 2006. http://www.briloon.org/pub/doc/BRI%20SSTS-Report-05.pdf

67
The University of Maine, PEARL, “Loons.”
http://www.pearl.maine.edu/windows/community/Plants_Animals/plants_loons.htm

68
Casco Bay Estuary Partnership, “What are the Impacts of Mercury on Wildlife?”
http://www.cascobay.usm.maine.edu/pdfs/Toxics%20Chapter%206.pdf

69
Vieira, Nicole, Colorado Division of Wildlife, “Mercury in CO Fisheries: fish consumption advisories
and research to mitigate Hg contamination in walleye fisheries,” 2009.
http://www.cdphe.state.co.us/ap/toxics/Mercuryfish.pdf

70
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “Mercury Study Report to Congress, Volume VI: An Ecological
Assessment for Anthropogenic Mercury Emissions in the United States,” December 1997.
http://www.epa.gov/ttn/oarpg/t3/reports/volume6.pdf

71
National Wildlife Federation, “Poisoning Wildlife: The Reality of Mercury Pollution,” September 2006.

72
Evers, D.C. and Duron, M., “Developing an exposure profile for mercury in breeding birds of New York
and Pennsylvania,” 2005.

73
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development’s Science To Achieve
Results (STAR) Research in Project (a product of the National Center for Environmental Research),
Mercury Transport and Fate in Watersheds, October 2000.
http://www.epa.gov/ncer/publications/starreport/starten.pdf


74
Upstate Freshwater Institute, “Onondaga Lake,” 22 October 2010.
http://www.upstatefreshwater.org/html/onondaga_lake.html

75
Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Association, “Lake Erie,” 2011.
http://www.fish.state.pa.us/water/lakes/erie/00erie.htm
76
DeFranza, David, Travel & Nature, “Mercury Levels on the Rise in Lake Erie After Decades of
Decline,” 15 July 2010.
77
Amar, Praveen, Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants: The Case for Regulatory Action
(hereinafter Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants). Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use
Management, 2003.

78
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports, 28 October 2010.
http://www.epa.gov/cgi-
bin/broker?view=USYR&trilib=TRIQ0&sort=_VIEW_&sort_fmt=1&state=All+states&county=All+count
ies&chemical=N458&industry=2211&year=All+years&core_year=&tab_rpt=1&_service=oiaa&_program
=xp_tri.sasmacr.tristart.macro. (hereinafter TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports).

79
Ibid.

80
University of Wisconsin Solid and Hazardous Waste Education Center.
http://www.mercuryinschools.uwex.edu/curriculum/hg_in_env.htm, accessed 6 January 2011.

81
Douglas Steding and Russell Flegal. “Mercury concentrations in coastal California precipitation:
Evidence of local and trans-Pacific fluxes of mercury to North America,” Journal of Geophysical
Research, December 2002, vol. 107 (4764), pg. 7.

82
Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants.

83
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997.

84
David Evers, et al. “Biological Mercury Hotspots in the Northeastern United States and Southeastern
Canada,” Bioscience, January 2007, vol. 57 (1), pg. 29.

85
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

86
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

87
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

88
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

89
Made in the USA.

90
J.R. Pegg, “Survey Finds Bush Administration Interfering with EPA Scientists,” Environment News
Services, 24 April 2008. http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/apr2008/2008-04-24-10.html

91
Ibid.

92
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, Division of Air Pollution Control, MACT Standards.
http://www.epa.state.oh.us/dapc/mact/mactmain.aspx


93
42 UCS §§ 7412(d)(10), (i).

94
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Controlling Power Plant Emissions: Control Technology, 1
October 2010. http://www.epa.gov/hg/control_emissions/technology.htm

95
Institute of Clean Air Companies, Mercury Control with Fabric Filters from Coal-Fired Boilers.
http://www.icac.com/files/public/ICAC_Hg_Control_with_FF_051606.pdf

96
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury
(Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
Mercury Study Report to Congress, December 1997, vol. 1, pp. 2-5 & 2-6.

97
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development’s Science To Achieve
Results (STAR) Research in Project (a product of the National Center for Environmental Research),
Mercury Transport and Fate in Watersheds, October 2000.
http://www.epa.gov/ncer/publications/starreport/starten.pdf

98
Florida Department of Environmental Protection, “The Everglades Mercury TMDL Pilot Study: Final
Report,” 2003.
99
The National Association of Clean Air Agencies, “State/Local Mercury/ Toxics Program for Utilities,” 6
April 2010. http://www.4cleanair.org/index.asp

100
Maryland: The Department of the Environment, “The Maryland Healthy Air Act.”
http://www.mde.maryland.gov/programs/Air/Pages/MD_HAA.aspx

101
Ibid.

102
The National Association of Clean Air Agencies, “State/Local Mercury/ Toxics Program for Utilities,” 6
April 2010. http://www.4cleanair.org/index.asp

103
Ibid.

104
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports.

105
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

106
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

107
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

108
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

109
United States Energy Information Administration, Form 860, December 2010.
http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html.

110
TRI Explorer: Releases: Trends Reports

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