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“The Sixties” (H95/96)

Summer Online Version (three credits)
with Jay Moore

Course Description and Goals: This course is a comprehensive survey of the political, social and
cultural history of the “Sixties” (defined as lasting roughly from 1955 to 1975). To achieve an
overall understanding and “feel” for this important transformative period in contemporary American
and global life, we draw extensively upon music and film as well as on written texts by historical
participants, both ordinary people as well as leaders. On a steady weekly basis, students go through
online lectures prepared by the instructor and follow links chosen by him to appropriate related Web
sites. There is one book of readings to purchase, and students will also need to have access to a
source such as Netflix for obtaining the weekend movies we watch and discuss. (The UVM Library
has them, too.) Other readings, mostly taken from primary sources, are provided online in PDF form
on our Blackboard Website. After reading and reflecting on each module, students are required to
post to a discussion board and interact on it asynchronously with their peers and with the instructor.

Grading: Participation in the discussions, in terms of quantity and thoughtfulness, is the basis for
half of the final grade. (See the sample student postings.) The instructor will provide regular
feedback. The other half of the final grade will come from an instructor-approved research project
such as an oral history with a “Sixties Person,” which the student will then turn into a small, tight
but highly informative “Wiki” to share with the rest of us on Blackboard. (Don’t worry for now
about how to do that. It’s pretty easy, and more details on the logistics of that will be forthcoming.)

Textbook: Time It Was: American Stories from the Sixties ed. by Karen Manners Smith and Tim
Koster from Prentice-Hall c. $35 paper.

Instructor Contact Information: The best way to communicate is by using Blackboard’s own in-
board messaging system. I check frequently. But if you want some “real-time” communication,
don’t hesitate to phone (802-426-3777). Since we run a Bed & Breakfast, evening hours are best.
I am also doing Skype these days, if that works for you, for video calls. My handle is “pieinsky2.”

Weekly Work Schedule

* WEEK ONE - The Dark Ages (Fifties Mainstream Culture)

Lectures & Links

1. The Baby Boom
2. Back to the Depression?
3. Levittown and Downtown
4. From Patriotic Heroine to Helpless Housewife
5. The Golden Age of the Automobile
6. Consumer Culture and Advertising
7. Television
8. The Other America
Primary Sources:
1. Wini Breines, “Young, White, and Miserable: Growing Up Female in the Fifties” chapter
2. Daniel Bell, “The End of Ideology” conclusion
3. Michael Harrington, “The Other America” excerpt

* WEEK TWO - Cold War and “The Bomb”

Lectures & Links

1. The Atomic Menace
2. Peace Coexistence or Containment?
3. The Berlin Airlift and the Berlin Wall
4. The Korean War
5. Red Scare and the Witchhunt
6. The Race into Space
7. Bay of Pigs and the Cuban Missile Crisis

Primary Sources:
1. Winston Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” Speech
2. George Marshall’s “Marshall Plan” Speech
3. Pres. Kennedy’s “Man on the Moon” Speech
4. Documents on the Cuban Missile Crisis

Movie Choices:
1. On the Beach
2. Dr. Strangelove
3. Atomic Cafe

* WEEK THREE - “Juvenile Delinquents” and the Beats

Lectures & Links:

1. The Movies’ Bad Boys
2. Jack Kerouac
3. Allen Ginsberg
4. William S. Burroughs
5. The Beat Scene
6. Jazz!
7. Existentialism
8. Our Misfits and Alienated Souls

Primary Sources:
1. William Whyte’s “The Organization Man” introduction
2. Jack Kerouac’s “On the Road” excerpt
3. Allen Ginsberg’s “Howl”

Movie Choices:
1. “The Wild One”
2. “Rebel Without a Cause”
3. “Blackboard Jungle”

WEEK FOUR: National Liberation and the Third World

Lecture & Links:

1. The Sun Never Sets?
2. India’s Nehru and Ghana’s Nkrumah
3. Black Gold
4. Your CIA at Work - Iran, Guatemala
5. The Battle of Algiers
6. Egypt’s Nasser and Arab Nationalism
7. Arab-Israeli Conflict

Primary Sources:
1. Rudyard Kipling’s “The White Man’s Burden”
2. Nehru’s “Awake to Freedom” speech
3. Sukarno’s Bandung Conference speech
4. Fidel Castro’s “History Will Absolve Me” speech excerpt

Movie Choices:
1. “Battle of Algiers”
2. “Burn”
3. “Memories of Underdevelopment”

WEEK FIVE: The Civil Rights Movements

Lecture & Links:

1. Jim Crow and Apartheid
2. Strange Fruit
3. Brown v. Board of Education
4. The Montgomery Bus Boycott
5. Little Rock
6. Sit-Ins
7. The Freedom Rides
8. Sharpeville Massacre and Nelson Mandela
9. March on Washington
10. “Bomingham”
11. Freedom Summer
12. The Civil Rights Acts
13. The Betrayal of the Liberals
14. Selma to Montgomery
15. Confronting Racism in the North
Primary Sources:
1. “Remembering Jim Crow” radio oral histories
2. ANC “Freedom Charter
3. Nelson Mandela’s “I Am Prepared to Die” speech
4. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech
5. John Lewis’s March on Washington speech
6. Malcolm X’s “Farce on Washington” speech
7. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail”
8. “SNCC Founding Statement”

Movie Choices:
1. “The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman”
2. “Ghosts of Mississippi”
3. “Four Little Girls”
4. “A Dry White Season”

WEEK SIX: The Vietnam Wars

Lecture & Links:

1. Ho Chi Minh
2. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu
3. The Geneva Accords
4. The U.S. Gets Involved
5. The National Liberation Front (NLF)
6. The Demise of the Diem Regime
7. The Tonkin Gulf Incident
8. Johnson’s War
9. The Tet Offensive
10. The My Lai Massacre
11. Nixon’s War and “Vietnamization”
12. The Invasion of Cambodia
13. The Pentagon Papers
14. The Paris Peace Accords
15. Reunification and Peace at Last

Primary Sources:
1. Ho Chi Minh’s “Programme for the Viet Minh”
2. Ho Chi Minh’s “Declaration of Vietnamese Independence”
3. “Final Declaration of the Geneva Conference”
4. Pres. Eisenhower’s Letter to Diem
5. “Programme of the National Liberation Front”
6. Pres. Kennedy on the “Domino Theory”
7. “The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution”
8. Exchange of Letters between Johnson and Ho
9. Pres. Johnson’s TV 1968 Announcement
10. Ho Chi Minh’s “Final Testament”
11. Pres. Nixon’s “Vietnamization” Speech
12. Pres. Nixon’s Cambodia “Incursion” Speech
13. Pres. Nixon’s “Peace with Honor” Speech
14. James Fenton’s “Fall of Saigon” 1st-Hand Report

Movie Choices:
1. “Full Metal Jacket”
2. “Platoon”
3. “Born on the Fourth of July”
4. “Coming Home”

WEEK SEVEN: The Anti-War Movement

Lecture & Links:

1. Ban the Bomb
2. Student for a Democratic Society (SDS)
3. Naming the System
4. Draft Resistance
5. A Racist War
6. Kent State and Jackson State
7. Vietnam Veterans Against the War (VVAW)
8. Bringing the War Back Home
9. Beyond the Sixties

Primary Sources:
1. “The Port Huron Statement”
2. SDS Pres. Paul Potter’s “Naming the System” Speech
3. “A Call to Resist Illegitimate Authority”
4. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “A Time to Break the Silence”
5. Statement by the “Fort Hood Three”
6. Testimony from the “Winter Soldier Investigation”
7. Jerry Lembcke’s “Spitting Image” excerpt

Movie Choices:
1. “Rebels with a Cause”
2. “The War at Home”
3. “The Weather Underground”
4. “Sir, No Sir”

WEEK EIGHT: Counterculture: The Bay Area

Lecture & Links:

1. Bohemia on the Bay
2. Operation Abolition
3. Free Speech Movement
4. Haight-Ashbury
5. The Diggers and the Mime Troupe
6. Ken Kesey and the Acid Tests
7. The San Francisco Sound
8. The Summer of Love
9. People’s Park

Primary Sources:
1. Theodore Roszak’s “The Making of the Counterculture” excerpt
2. Mario Savio’s “when the operation of the machine becomes so odious” Speech
3. Aldous Huxley’s “The Doors of Perception” excerpt
4. Tom Wolfe’s “The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test” excerpt

Movie Choices:
1. “Berkeley in the Sixties”
2. “Flashing on the Sixties”

WEEK NINE: Counterculture: Rock ‘n Roll

Lecture & Links:

1. The Black Origins
2. “Whitening” the Music
3. The Folk Revival
4. Bob Dylan
5. The British Invasion
6. Motown and Soul
7. Andy Warhol, Pop Art and the Velvet Underground
8. Woodstock
9. Altamont and Charles Manson
10. The Doors

Primary Sources:
numerous music clips

Movie Choices:
1. “A Hard Day’s Night”
2. “Woodstock”
3. “The Doors”

WEEK TEN: Counterculture: The Sexual Revolution

Lecture & Links:

1. Repression and Denial
2. The Kinsey Reports
3. Birth Control
4. The Courts and the 1st Amendment
5. Lenny Bruce
6. Theatre and the Movies
7. Abortion Rights
8. Gay Liberation

Primary Sources:
1. Betty Friedan’s “The Feminine Mystique” excerpt
2. “The Story of Jane” excerpt
3. Gay Liberation Front “Manifesto”

Movie Choices:
1. “Kinsey”
2. “Before Stonewall”
3. “The Times of Harvey Milk”

WEEK ELEVEN: Counterculture: Turning On, Tuning In, Dropping Out

Lecture & Links:

1. “We Are Leaving”
2. Communes
3. Vermont’s Back-to-the-Land Movement
4. The New Age
5. Underground Newspapers

Primary Sources:
1. Peter Coyote’s “Sleeping Where I Fall” excerpt

Movie Choices:
1. “The Graduate”
2. “Easy Rider”
3. “Commune”

WEEK TWELVE: Liberalism Ascendant

Lecture & Links:

1. The Kennedy Mystique
2. The Kennedy Reality???
3. The Kennedy Assassination
4. LBJ’s “Great Society”
5. New Americans
6. Environmentalism

Primary Sources:
1. Pres. Kennedy’s “Inaugural Address”
2. Zapruder Film
3. Pres. Johnson’s “Proposal for a Nationwide Fight on Poverty”

Movie Choices:
1. “JFK”

WEEK THIRTEEN: 1968: An Amazing and Troubled Year

Lecture & Links:

1. The Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
2. The Columbia University Uprising
3. The Paris “Days of May”
4. The Prague Spring and the Soviet Invasion
5. The Second Kennedy Assassination
6. Women’s Liberation
7. The Chicago Democratic Convention
8. The Mexico City Olympics
9. Apollo Eight

Primary Sources:
1. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s last speech, “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop”
2. “Columbia Liberated”
3. Robert Kennedy speeches sampling
4. “No More Miss America”
5. Gloria Steinham’s “Women’s Liberation”
5. Abbie Hoffman’s “Revolution for the Hell of It”

Movie Choices:

WEEK FOURTEEN: Third World Revolutionaries

Lecture & Links:

1. Che Guevara
2. The Dominican Republic and Indonesia
3. Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam
4. “Black Power”
5. Black Panther Party
6. Mao’s “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution”
7. Hijackers and “Terrorists”
8. The American Indian Movement (AIM)
9. Soledad Brothers and the Attica Rebellion
10. Cesar Chavez and the United Farmworkers (UFW)
11. The Other 9/11
Primary Sources:
1. 10 Point Program of the Black Panther Party

Movie Choices:
1. “The Motorcycle Diaries”
2. “Panther”
3. “Malcolm X”
4. “Missing”

WEEK FIFTEEN: The Right-Wing Backlash

Lecture & Links:

1. The New Right
2. Goldwater
3. Nixon’s “Southern Strategy”
4. Nixon in China
5. The Watergate Affair
6. Economic Decline
7. Ronald Reagan

Primary Sources:
1. “The Sharon Statement”
2. Barry Goldwater’s Acceptance Speech at the Rep. Convention
3. Pres. Nixon’s “I Am Not a Crook” Speech

Movie Choices:
1. “All the President’s Men”
2. “Nixon”

WEEK SIXTEEN: Lessons & Legacies of the Sixties

Lecture & Links:

1. “Culture Wars”

1. Van Gosse’s “The World the Sixties Made”
2. Edward Morgan’s “The 60s Experience: Hard Lessons about Modern America”

Related Interests