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2019-2020

ANNUAL REPORT

The Livestock Conservancy


A non-profit organization protecting endangered livestock and poultry since 1977

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CONSERVATION MATTERS
The Livestock Conservancy is a non-profit membership organization working to protect more than
150 breeds of livestock and poultry from extinction, including cattle, chickens, donkeys, ducks,
geese, goats, horses, pigs, rabbits, sheep, and turkeys.

ORGANIZATIONAL VALUES

Animal Well-being: We support practices that Quality and Integrity: We practice science-
evolved from the historical uses of endangered based genetic diversity conservation,
breeds and lead to their good health, longevity, emphasizing research and education to
and full value in American agriculture. promote endangered breeds.

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Diversity: We emphasize the diversity represent an irreplaceable piece of earth’s
of culture, perspectives, and practices in biodiversity that once lost, will be gone forever.
realizing our mission, which leads to greater
opportunities for endangered breeds and Rare breed conservation retains animals well
human prosperity. suited for sustainable, grass-based systems,
which gives some small farms a competitive
Collaboration: We encourage cooperative edge. It also broadens the marketplace with
efforts among members of the heritage diverse fiber and flavorful foods. Their unique
breed production chain, including breeders, genetic traits offer an incredible variety that
producers, processors, and consumers. may be needed for future farms, including
robust health, mothering instincts, foraging,
Stability: We ensure the integrity of and the ability to thrive in a changing climate.
endangered genetics by maintaining a strong
alliance with breeders and breed associations. As guardians of this genetic diversity, The
We promote breeder livelihoods and breed Livestock Conservancy prevents extinctions,
resilience while supporting healthy markets and expands populations, educates beginning
a strong consumer base. farmers, and helps breeders establish new
markets for their products. Our programs
PROTECTING THE FUTURE OF AGRICULTURE maintain the long-term viability and
sustainability of endangered breeds.
Rare breeds of livestock and poultry protect our
food systems, both now and into the future. By Since its inception in 1977, The Livestock
securing genetic diversity we enable healthy Conservancy has not lost a breed listed on our
agriculture development while preserving Conservation Priority List.
heritage, history, and culture. These animals

*Cover photo of American Chinchilla rabbit kits courtesy of Alexandria Brown-Haglund. This breed moved
from the Threatened to Watch category in 2020. Photo of grazing Tunis sheep courtesy of Julie Refer. Back
cover photo of a Rhode Island Red (non-industrial) chick named Cinnamon courtesy of Carolyn Elliott.

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DISCOVER | SECURE | SUSTAIN

The Livestock Conservancy discovers and studies lost livestock and poultry breeds
for possible addition to our Conservation Priority List. We investigate remnant
populations, document their numbers, and analyze their unique characteristics.

TEXAS LONGHORN CATTLE IN NEVADA CRIOLLO CATTLE

Effective breed conservation depends on the Criollo cattle descend from the first cattle brought
ongoing discovery of breed populations by by the Spaniards to the Americas more than
experienced eyes and an engaged network of 400 years ago. Criollo from Northern Mexico are
interested people. A call from David Holmgren in a rugged breed adapted to high heat loss that
Nevada alerted The Livestock Conservancy to a thrive on the sparse forage found in semi-arid
previously undocumented herd of Texas Longhorn environments. Three important herds of these cattle
cattle that is of potential conservation importance. in Texas, Colorado, and Arizona were established
with breeding stock from the Mexican state of
Recent work at the University of Córdoba, Spain, Chihuahua. In 2011, Program Manager Jeannette
documented that Texas Longhorns accepted by the Beranger visited the Texas herd to document and
Cattlemen’s Texas Longhorn Registry (CTLR) have a compare them to other Criollo and Spanish breeds.
unique “New World Criollo” genetic signature that is Confirmation of Criollo and Spanish phenotype in
otherwise unknown throughout Europe, Asia, and the majority of the Texas herd, ongoing selection
Africa. In addition to the Criollo genetic signature, for this phenotype, and the rarity of Criollo cattle
CTLR Texas Longhorns retain the characteristics throughout the Americas made them important for
that helped them survive in the Texas scrub. They conservation. In 2012, Criollo North Central Mexico
are a self-sufficient and hardy breed known for their cattle were placed in the Study category pending
longevity, ranging ability, and low-fat beef. evaluation of the Arizona and Colorado herds as well
as results from genetic studies.
The CTLR type Texas Longhorn breed is a unique
genetic resource that is Critically Endangered and In 2020, the name of the Criollo North Central
could not be reconstructed from other existing Mexico cattle was changed to Criollo Chihuahua to
breeds. Conservation is especially important for reflect the breed name used in scientific literature.
genetic resources that are found only in specific This name change allows people to connect with the
locations and cannot be duplicated by other breed history of the breed and to find information about
resources. The Holmgren herd originates from an them more easily. Criollo Chihuahua cattle are one
important Texas Longhorn root and was consistently of many Latin American breeds that include Criollo
subdivided into reasonably isolated local sub-herds. in the name, translating roughly to indigenous or
This unique situation of vast distances between landrace. Criollo Chihuahua cattle in the United
family groups, naturally facilitated by springs on States and Mexico have an exceptionally high
the RaHide Ranch, maintains isolation and allows proportion of Iberian genetics that now exist only
genetic distinctions to persist. As development in the Western Hemisphere. Their unique genetics,
consumes productive agricultural land and livestock drought tolerance, fertility, and adaptation continue
are pushed into more marginal terrain, these to make them a high priority for conservation.
adaptable, hardy cattle represent an economically
valuable opportunity and an important source of
genetic diversity for other breeds. Criollo cow from Texas herd (right) by Jeannette Beranger.

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Photo of San Clemente Island goat courtesy of Erin Link.
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The Livestock Conservancy secures populations of endangered livestock and poultry breeds
through census, pedigree registration, research, and conservation breeding plans.

GENETIC DIVERSITY AND MILK TESTING milk. With a calf to share the milk, once-a-day
milking may provide a time-saving option for busy
American Milking Devon cattle arrived with colonists farmers and offers consumers options for reduced-
in the 1600s, providing milk, oxen power, and meat fat milk or products like yogurt and kefir.
for the growing nation. By the 1970s, the breed was
all but extinct. For nearly 43 years, the American The American Milking Devon cattle milk testing
Milking Devon Cattle Association and The Livestock results are important for farmers as they adapt their
Conservancy have partnered to secure this historic milking practices for their farm objectives to increase
breed. We recently evaluated the breed’s genetic the productivity and profitability of their farms. With
health, collected semen from important bloodlines, continued genetic conservation, these truly multi-
and studied milk composition for improved purpose American cattle offer a promising future for
marketing of dairy products. the next generations of farmers.  

DNA testing of American Milking Devon cattle 2019 POULTRY SUMMIT


found moderately high genetic diversity. These
results speak favorably to breeders’ stewardship Turkeys and waterfowl face new challenges as
in the past four decades and the American Milking older breeders downsize their flocks. A summit of
Devon Cattle Association’s guidance. Future poultry leaders came together at P. Allen Smith’s
breeding recommendations include continuing the Moss Mountain Farm in Arkansas to address these
management practices that have kept inbreeding concerns. They developed an action list to guide
low while increasing the focus on rarer bull lineages. joint promotion of heritage breed poultry and
For long term genetic preservation, semen from five development of more educational resources for
top-quality bulls was collected and cryopreserved breeders. Following the Poultry Summit, participants
at both the USDA’s National Animal Germplasm launched a census of turkeys at the Ohio National
Laboratory and the breed association’s semen bank. Poultry Show, and promoted geese on social media
throughout December. The Livestock Conservancy
American Milking Devons are multi-purpose continues to promote these poultry, and other rare
cattle, valued for beef, dairy, and oxen. A survey of breeds, through monthly species-specific social
current producers found that, while 43% used their media content.
animals primarily for beef production, an equivalent
percentage used them for dairy or for multiple
purposes. To evaluate American Milking Devon
milk components (protein and butterfat) and milk
fatty acid composition, farmers across the nation
collected milk samples for testing. Fatty acid studies
confirmed that American Milking Devon milk has a
healthier fatty acid profile than regular grocery store
milk, with a healthful Omega-6 to Omega-3 ratio.

While protein content was similar across samples,


Master Breeder Gerald Donnelly’s Shetland geese (above) by Jeannette
cows milked twice a day (rather than once) yielded Beranger. American Milking Devon cow and calf at Colonial Williamsburg
much higher milk fat than typical grocery store (left) by Brittany Sweeney.

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INTERNATIONAL GENETIC RESEARCH SWINE INITIATIVE

The Livestock Conservancy launched a genetic After years of extensive collaborative efforts from
survey of Suffolk horses in the United States many organizations and farmers, new life and new
and the United Kingdom in 2019. Early results genetics were introduced to Large Black Hog herds
point to distinct genetic differences between the this summer. The first critically-endangered Large
populations, with more genetic diversity in the U.S. Black piglets bred from frozen imported semen were
group. These results underline the importance of born at Purdue University. This brings two new boar
international collaboration for saving our rarest bloodlines from the United Kingdom to herds in the
breeds. More than half of the global population of United States.
Suffolk horses now reside in the U.S., and genetic
comparisons of breed groups lays the groundwork Not surprisingly, heritage breed pig reproductive
for joint conservation efforts. cycling is different from commercial pigs, where
artificial insemination is common. For nearly two
The Livestock Conservancy also began analyzing years, Purdue University scientists studied female
herdbook data for Dexter cattle in the U.S. and reproduction in 20 Large Black pigs donated by
U.K. The research will trace foundation bloodlines farmers across the nation. With USDA support,
using DNA and herdbook analyses. The results the researchers refined a sow cycling protocol
will guide the optimal management of current that allowed them to predict ovulation, thaw
herds to maximize the preservation of unique and frozen, imported semen at just the right time, and
irreplaceable international genetics. inseminate the females to produce healthy half-U.S./
half-U.K. piglets.
Many small farmers depend on this hardy breed
for beef and dairy production. The U.S. and the U.K. Researchers will share these techniques with
hold most, if not all, of the genetic variation found heritage pig breeders, enabling them to use on-farm
in Dexter cattle today. With population challenges artificial insemination with frozen semen to produce
in both countries, some Dexter genetic lines are in their own Large Black breeding stock. Frozen semen
danger of being lost forever. can be more widely exchanged between breeders to
keep endangered herds genetically healthy.
“An early peek into the genetic influences of
present-day Dexter cattle “When I heard that The Livestock
holds tantalizing hope Conservancy was having trouble finding
that some of those earliest enough girls for this research project, I
threads are still available to thought I would donate four sisters that
breeders on both sides of were weaned and ready to go,” said
the Atlantic,” said Dr. Phil Felicia Krock, Registrar and Secretary of
Sponenberg, The Livestock the Large Black Hog Association and a
Conservancy’s Technical member of The Livestock Conservancy.
Advisor. “Bringing all of this “This was such a great opportunity
information together and to enhance the survivability of a very
scientifically documenting it special breed.”
will allow breeders to make
informed decisions, whatever With more than a decade of research
their goals.” and partnership, the Swine Initiative
Half-U.S./half-U.K. Large Black piglet
illustrates the power of collaboration to
(right) courtesy of Felicia Krock. Dexter advance rare breed conservation.
cow and calf courtesy of Emily Gates.

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CONSERVATION PRIORITY LIST 2020 inspected individually to ensure that each animal
meets the breed standard before registration.
The Livestock Conservancy determines conservation Typically this takes place at exhibitions sanctioned
priorities based on a breed’s annual number of by the American Rabbit Breeders Association
registrations in the United States, its estimated (ARBA). Therefore, the two non-profit organizations
global population size, and its genetic history. These partnered to develop new parameters to evaluate
numbers are used to rank the threat of extinction for rare rabbit breeds more accurately.
an individual breed using the following criteria:
“Our new formula incorporates rabbit show numbers
• Critical breeds have fewer than 200 annual from the ARBA National Convention and the national
registrations in the U.S. and an estimated global breed clubs,” said Alison Martin, The Livestock
population less than 2,000. Conservancy’s Executive Director. “Combined with
• Threatened breeds have fewer than 1,000 registration data, the results are more representative
annual registrations in the U.S. and an of the breed populations nationwide.”
estimated global population less than 5,000.
• Watch breeds have fewer than 2,500 annual Critical rabbit breeds now include the Blanc de
registrations in the U.S. and an estimated global Hotot, Silver, and Silver Marten. Threatened breeds
population less than 10,000. are the Argent Brun, Checkered Giant, Crème d’Argent,
• Recovering breeds have improved in numbers and Standard Chinchilla. Several breeds are in the
and are approaching graduation from the Watch category, including the American, American
Conservation Priority List. Chinchilla, Giant Chinchilla, Lilac, Palomino, and
Rhinelander. A few breeds were found in more
The Puerto Rican Paso Fino was added as a significant numbers at rabbit shows, leading to their
Threatened breed. They descend from horses listing within the Recovering category, including the
brought to the island by Spanish colonists and have Belgian Hare, Beveren, and Silver Fox.
long held an important place among gaited breeds
native to the Americas. Rabbits remain a popular beginner animal for many
livestock breeders while serving an important role
Teeswater sheep were added as a Critical breed. In for small homesteading operations.
the United States, the breed includes sheep graded
up from other longwool
breeds and a few animals
resulting from semen
and purebred embryos
imported from the United
Kingdom. Breeders in
the U.S. contribute to the
Teeswater’s international
survival since numbers
remain low among all longwool sheep breeds
throughout the world.

Rabbit breeds on the Conservation Priority List were


updated with more accurate listings in 2020. Unlike
other livestock species, rabbits are not registered Girl with Blanc de Hotot rabbit by Crystalline Photography (left). Teeswater
sheep by Staci Holtby (middle). Puerto Rican Paso Fino by Xiomara Arias.
by litter or parentage. Instead, rabbits must be
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DRAFTING THE FUTURE POITOU DONKEY PROGRESS

The American Cream Draft is the only surviving draft The Livestock Conservancy’s Jeannette Beranger met
horse breed developed in the United States. Good with Races Mulassières du Poitou representatives in
dispositions and a willingness to work make them France and received their endorsement to launch
an easily managed breed on small farms, where the first Poitou donkey census in the United States.
they can be used for many types of riding, hitching, Documenting the U.S. population is the first step
and driving. Despite their multiple uses, the breed in developing a successful recovery plan for this
remains critically rare. The Livestock Conservancy critically endangered equine breed. Next steps in
recently partnered with the American Cream Draft the plan include translating the breed standard and
Horse Association to launch a genetic survey and evaluation protocols into English and establishing a
promotional activities. Herdbook studies guide U.S. pedigree registry.
the collection of DNA samples from a variety of
bloodlines and will be analyzed for an updated A MILESTONE YEAR
genetic profile of the breed.
The Livestock Conservancy registered Sneelock as
Engagement of young owners and breeders is the 2,000th Hog Island sheep in 2020. The breed has
critical for the future of the American Cream Draft come a long way since the remaining sheep left the
breed. Brint Corson of Idaho received the first Youth Virginia island in 1978. Still critically endangered,
scholarship in 2019 to support his conservation work this breed is gaining fans thanks to their prominent
with American Cream Draft horses. He estimated the place in notable living history museums like George
coat color probabilities for 2020 foals born into his Washington’s Mount Vernon. Mount Vernon led the
family’s breeding herd. Cream coat color is part of launch of the Hog Island Sheep Breeders Association
the breed standard, although darker horses can still in 2019 with guidance from The Livestock
be registered in the registry’s appendix. Additional Conservancy. The museum was also excited to
scholarships will be offered in the future. register Lorax as their 600th lamb this year!

Brint Corson with one of his American Cream Draft horses (left) by Charlene Couch. Hog Island lamb courtesy of Megan Bannon (right). Poitou donkey
(next page) courtesy of Patrick Archer and Christopher Jones.

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The Livestock Conservancy works as a catalyst to sustain rare livestock and poultry breeds
by reintegrating these animals into agriculture and food systems. We give jobs back to
endangered animals and train the next generation of farmers to become breed stewards.

FARM TO FASHION said Charis Walker, a fiber provider. “Shave ‘Em to


Save ‘Em allowed me to sell all of my roving, yarn,
Now in its second year, the Shave ‘Em to Save ‘Em and fleeces within 2 weeks of listing it on Etsy. When
Initiative continues to positively impact the financial I started my flock, I was concerned about how I
success of rare breed shepherds. Many of the 700 would sell my fiber. This program has exceeded
fiber providers sold out of wool for the first time, and my expectations and allows me to more effectively
some are increasing their breeding flocks to meet promote the breed to my guild members, my local
wool demand. In July, a survey confirmed that 37% community, and the fiber community at large. The
of shepherds had sold between 50-200% more wool impact can be measured in my sales and traffic to
than before the program began. my Etsy site and website. My ability to grow my flock
larger than my original intention is tied in large part
Driving the demand for rare breed wool are more to the interest in my fiber and breeding stock, which
than 2,000 fiber artists, who are working to fill their I credit to Shave ‘Em to Save ‘Em.”
passports with stickers verifying their purchase of
wool from 23 rare sheep breeds. Fiber providers can The success of the program is also attracting
directly market their fiber products to artists through interest from the fashion world. The Parsons
Shave ‘Em to Save ‘Em Facebook and Ravelry groups, School of Design in New York and The Livestock
as well as our annual Directory: Rare Breeds And Conservancy’s Ambassador, Isabella Rossellini,
Products Resource Guide. Maintaining a long-term created a scholarship program to support fashion
rare fiber market is aided by marketing training students working with rare breed wool. Parsons’
for shepherds. As of August 2020, 745 people had student Katya Ekimian studied all aspects of the
signed up for online workshops on Marketing Your wool supply chain while creating a farm-to-fashion
Fiber Products and From Farm to Fiber Folks. line of clothing with rare breed wool for her senior
project. Inspired by our mission and the work of rare
“I farm in an economically-depressed market, which breed shepherds, Ekimian also became a Livestock
makes marketing my fiber particularly challenging,” Conservancy Ambassador.

EMERGENCY RESPONSE FUND To help farmers and breed stewards cope with
the changing landscape of farm profitability
The Livestock Conservancy established a fund during a global pandemic, we also created a
for emergency assistance to rare breed stewards web page dedicated to COVID-19 Emergency
and organizations. The fund will operate Resources (bit.ly/TLCCOVID19Resources)
on a case-by-case basis to help breeders of and launched an updated Heritage Breed
genetically-important herds and flocks affected Marketplace (HeritageBreedMarketplace.com).
by environmental catastrophe, global crisis, or
owner death or disability. We hope to sustain
this fund so we can respond quickly to future
emergencies, preventing farm crises from
turning into breed crises.

Photo courtesy of Katya Ekimian for her senior project using rare wool. Vogue France Paris Fashion Week KIDSUPER collection.
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2019 MICROGRANT RECIPIENTS

Small financial awards make a big difference for heritage breeders. Microgrants put funds into
the hands of people who steward rare livestock and poultry for the security of tomorrow’s
food and fiber system. In 2019, The Livestock Conservancy awarded $19,342.65 to 11 farmers,
ranchers, and shepherds across the United States.

Youth Microgrant Youth Microgrant


recipient Liam Beheler winners Monica and
used his Microgrant to Pauline Kennedy
build a chicken tractor installed permanent
and coop to expand his perimeter fencing for
flocks of Nankin and their flock of Jacob
Dominique chickens. and Oxford sheep.

Steve Edwards made James McClay built


rotational grazing and improved the
improvements at mare/foal run-outs
Gwaltney Frontier Farm. and stallion paddock
This will reduce the for his Traditional
need for supplemental Morgan horse
hay and enable savings breeding program,
to be put back into increasing safety for
educational programs. animals and humans.

Stephanie Hays
collected semen for Lynn Moody
multiple breedings expanded her Santa
from her Baca Chica Cruz sheep barn and
horses, including the pastures to improve
only breeding colt grazing and provide
from the Baca herd’s a space for shearing
foundation stallion. and on-farm events.

Sister Telchilde Joe & Shelly Trumpey


Hinckley, on behalf of added a new boar
the Abbey of Regina bloodline to their
Laudis, purchased Mulefoot swine herd
semen to improve the and improved their
genetic diversity of the pastures and grain
Abbey’s Dutch Belted storage at their farm
cattle herd. in Michigan.
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Andrew, Kathy, and
Lily Van Ord purchased Travis Wright
a semen tank, liquid is preserving
nitrogen, and multiple foundation lines
straws of semen from of Leicester
several quality American Longwool sheep
Milking Devon bulls with frozen semen
to improve their small from the original
herd’s breeding genetics. breed imports.

Joshua Ream, on behalf


of the Last Frontier
Poultry Association,
will purchase cages
and pay for a licensed
poultry judge to
travel to a heritage
poultry exhibition in
Alaska. Plans are on
hold because of the
COVID-19 pandemic.

The Endangered Equine Alliance unites more than


50 equine breed associations, university partners,
industry leaders, and horse sport associations
to save rare horse and donkey breeds. In 2019-
2020, The Livestock Conservancy continued its
support for equine breed associations through
joint promotion efforts, genetic studies and
cryopreservation of important bloodlines.

Archery on Canadian horseback courtesy of Gregory Beldam.

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OUTREACH

Education and outreach are the best ways to engage a larger audience in the
conservation conversation. The experience of seeing and touching a heritage breed
or their products for the first time can be life-changing. Even though the COVID-19
pandemic limited the amount of hands-on experiences in 2020, we still made
important connections through virtual events and social media.

CHICKS IN THE CLASSROOM

Rare breed poultry in second- and fourth-grade


classrooms have taught students about embryology,
heritage breeds, and genetic conservation. Each
spring, teachers guide students through a hands-
on 4-H embryology curriculum on incubation and
the embryonic life cycle. In 2020, the COVID-19
pandemic triggered school closures weeks before
incubation began. To help teachers with online
learning and programming, Jeannette Beranger, The
Livestock Conservancy’s Senior Program Manager,
developed 15 short videos with Victoria Brewer, NC
4-H Cooperative Extension Agent. The videos aired
in virtual classrooms across the world, receiving
more than 5,800 views.
Watch the Chicks in the Classroom series
on YouTube at https://bit.ly/ChickVideos.
SPECIALTY RABBIT SHOWS

Using the Conservation Priority List to determine


breed eligibility for entry, the American Rabbit
Breeders Association (ARBA) sanctioned the first
Rare Breed Specialty shows in January 2020. These
shows increased exposure and excitement around
heritage breed rabbits before public events were
widely canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. We
look forward to celebrating this new opportunity for
rare breed rabbits in the future.

“Rare Breed Specialty shows will be a wonderful


opportunity for our members to showcase their
rare breeds and market these animals to individuals
sharing a similar passion for breed conservation,”
said Eric Stewart, Executive Director of ARBA.
Jazzalyn Hamilton, age 9, presenting her American Chinchilla buck named
Tucker to Judge Dan Saunier at the February 2020 Stark County RCBA
show in Canton, Ohio. Photo courtesy of Alexandria Haglund-Brown.

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WORKSHOP AND FAIR HIGHLIGHTS

Akhal Teke Association of America


General Meeting, ON
American Cream Draft Horse Association
Annual Meeting, IA
American Milking Devon Cattle
Association Annual Meeting, VT
American Rabbit Breeders Association
Annual Convention, NV
Boys and Girls Club of North America, NC
Central Carolina Community College, NC
The Economist: Feeding the Future,
United Kingdom
Food Forever Solutions Summit, DC
Global Agenda for Sustainable
Livestock, KS
2019 HERITAGE BREEDS Homegrown Food Summit Online
CONFERENCE Maryland Sheep and Wool Festival, MD
Mother Earth News Fairs, PA, KS, TX, OR
The “All Things Sheep!” New York Sheep and Wool Festival, NY
Ohio National Poultry Show, OH
Conference drew shepherds,
Saint Croix Hair Sheep International
shearers, fiber mills, and fiber Association Annual Meeting, KS
artists to Santa Rosa, California, State Botanical Garden of Georgia, GA
to network and learn about USDA Genetics Policy Coordinating
targeted grazing, shearing, Committee Meeting, TX
marketing, breed recovery, and State Fair of Virginia, American Milking
Devon show, VA
livestock guardian dogs. Despite
the smoke from local fires,
participants tried their hands
at dyeing wool and attended
a demonstration of machine
felting by a local artisan using
heritage breed wool.

INTERNATIONAL HERITAGE BREEDS WEEK


SPECIAL PUBLICATION
International Heritage Breeds Week
raises global awareness about The Livestock Conservancy’s
endangered livestock and poultry Technical Advisor, D. Phillip
breeds. Heritage breeds around Sponenberg, DVM, Ph.D., served as a
the world continue to be replaced guest editor for the scientific journal
with modern “improved” breeds Diversity, Special Issue: Conservation
at the expense of a massive loss of of Rare Breeds of Livestock. Published
genetic diversity. Worldwide, about online in October 2019, the Special
one domesticated livestock breed Issue included 15 worldwide
is lost to extinction every month. articles featuring the variety of
Celebrated the third week of May, genetic resources represented
International Heritage Breeds in domesticated animals, their
Week highlights international diminishing genetic status, and
partners and the global impact of rare breed stewards. strategies for effective conservation.

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MEMBERS & SUPPORTERS
THANK YOU for your membership and support. You are helping discover goat
herds that have nearly disappeared, secure Poitou donkeys through census
and registration, and sustain rare breed sheep through the marketplace.
Your membership makes a difference every day.

$10,000 AND ABOVE $2,000 - $4,999 Elizabeth Schaffner James P. Richardson


Anonymous (2) Clif Bar Family Foundation Marion & Vi Stanley Jesse E. Roberts Jr.
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Lawrence E. Rushton Ken & Oogie McGuire Bart Noll Katherine McLeod
Dutch Hookbill duck (below) courtesy of Kyle Just. San Clemente Island goat (right) courtesy of Erin Link.

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Suzanne Paroski Laurie Harris
Karen J. Philhower James E. Held
Beth & Randy Sears Mary L. Henze
Sedgwick County Zoo Joyce Herman
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Ann Staples William E. Hine Jr.
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Anonymous Cindra A. Kerscher
Penni Addis Mary Keyes
Tracey L. Allen Douglas & Cynthia Kirk
Lucta J. Allen-Gerald Tom & Sue Krebs
Judith Andrews Robert & Joy Kwapien
Frances Aprile Nick & Lisa Lynn
Charles D. Ballard Timothy R. Lucas
Charles & Marilyn Barnes Alison Martin
Mary T. Bender Robert C. & Diane May
Nancy P. Bent William Edwin McDonald
Barry & Linda Bolewicz Melissa Merrill
Madelon L. Bradshaw Lisa Messenger
Lois Bueler Microsoft Corporation -
Jeff Bump Microsoft Matching Gifts
Susan A. Carver Program
Gary Cattell Dana Mirsky
Byran L. Childress Kayla Mitchell
John E. Colwell Frances Fisher Moore
Charlene & Paul Couch Susan Morningstar
William Coughlin Robert & Kathryn Morrow
Diane C. Craddock Newhall Farms
Eleanor Crosby Cynthia Nordstrom William Speiden Patty J. Blanton & Bob
Carolann E. Curry North American Shetland Emily Stemmler McConnaughey
Lynda Davies Sheepbreeders Association Michael & Kay Strauss Dylan Boeken
Debbie & Don W. Davis Martha Oberholtzer Ellen Swandiak Nancy Boschetto
Jonee Davis Libby O’Connell Karl Tegtmeyer Laurie Branson
Stafford Dean George L. Ohrstrom II Landon K. Thorne Edie Brown
Richard L. Douglas Janet & Jan Orazem Lynne Updegrove Samuel J. Brungardt
Barclay Dunn Manuel Ovando T. Tench Vans-Murray- Caryl Buck
Laura M. Easter Jennifer Pitino Robertson Laura M. Bullock
Aliza Eliazarov Bob & Sandy Priscott Peter D. Weigl Dorothy Butler-Landes
Louis Eubanks Susan M. Rau Effie E. Westervelt Cynthia Capers
Farms & Barns Real Estate LLC Walker & Marjorie Rayburn Minna White Sandra Christian
Gretchen Frederick Frances M. Rehwald Marilee Williams Linda Ruth Church
Jan French Deborah J. Remer Susan L. Wright Katherine Clark
Kris Fulwiler Margaret Rich Karen E. Young Elizabeth H. Coe
Garfield Farm Museum Walter & Susan Richter Rosa Zapata Community Health Charities
Caryn Ginsberg & Michael Rex Rieke David Zimrin Crystal Criswell
Levitin Deborah Robson Douglas M. Crosby
Sunny Goodier Henry E. Rodegerdts $25 - $99 Carla Cruise
David S. & Lynda Grant Jeff R. Sage Janet G. Atkins Ruth Culbertson
Jo-Ellen & Mike Greene Bill & Cathy Schoen Susan A. Barrett Sherri & Hardy Dawkins
Carla R. Gregory Jane G. Schoneman Joshua Belkin Laura Day
Vincent & Vickie Gresham Margaret Couch & Tod Serfass Anna Belt Nancy de Caprariis
Harry & Gail Groot Elaine Shirley Donna Benedict Alaine Depner
John Haftek, Jr. James Neal Simms Jeannette & Fred Beranger Catherine Devine
Dorothy Hammett Ann Socolofsky Hesperia Bevan Daniel Digiulio
Kendall & Anne Harris Sonja Maria Solomonson Elaina Blankinship Michael G. Dinunzio
The Livestock Conservancy 2019-2020 Annual Report | 21
MEMBERS & SUPPORTERS CONTINUED
Richard Dolan Earl Hampton Lisa Keep Pennyanne Meyers
Richard Dunlap Adam Harmon Carol A. Kellish Anna Minnetto
Melissa Dunning Robert & Alice Hawes Karolyn R. Kingman Victoria Mongold
Martha Dutton Chris & Christina Haymond Esther Kleinkauf Elizabeth Montgomery
Helga Y. Eaddy Charles F. Heidgen Robin Kohanowich Lynn & Jim Moody
Jack Ebersole Brian D. Heldberg Keith Kuhnsman Robert & Eric Mueller
Cynthia Edwards Bryant C. Helvey Jessa Lane Jo Ann & Wayne Myers
Andrew Ehret Kelly Henley Zeus & Terry B. Lary David Nemarnik
Karena Elliott Laurie A. Herman Nanette Leaman Pamela Niesslein
Jennifer Farrington Vernon & Sarah Hiller Darlene M. Lee Meredith Norwich
Hildy Feen Danny Honeycutt Tamera M. Lewis Gilcemeire Ochs
Laurel Field C. Nelson Hoy & Elizabeth Chris Line Joyce M. Okuniewicz
Ruth Federico Biggs Stephen Linne Debra Olive
Patricia Frisella & Emmanuel Suzanne E. Huber Maria Losh Barbara Oslund
Krasner Robert Hughes Ken Lukaszewski & Family Will & Louise Pape
Betty Funkhouser Guy Hunker Bill Mahler & Kate Potter Charles F. Parker
Margaret Garland Donald J. Hutzel Becky Mahoney Steve Pegram
Michelle Geiger iGive Lawrence Marquette Lance E. Perryman
Susan Gidley Linda & Peter N. Ingvertsen Margaret Wile Marsh Jennifer G. Phillips
Richardson B. Gill Michelle Jernstedt Kathleen & Alan Matthews Stephen Platt
Ernesto F. Gonzalez Joel Johnson Victoria Marie McKay David L. Pollock
Bob & Susan Grimm Lloyd B. Johnson William R. McNeal Jr. Susan Quick
Nina Haas Sarah Juracich Patricia McNulty Linda S. Raynolds
Matthew Hallett Theodore Katsigianis Randy Merka Lynn Razaitis

22 |The Livestock Conservancy 2019-2020 Annual Report


LIVESTOCK CONSERVANCY LIFE MEMBERS
Richard D. Reynnells Anonymous (2)
David & Diane Robertson Debbie Adams
Laura Rodriguez Leticia A. Alamia
Mike & Debra Rohrig American Mammoth
Barbara L. Rosholdt Jackstock Association
Marisa G. Rubino Julie Atwood
Randall Ruble Jared & Amanda Baldwin
Amanda Sarmiento Linda D. Barta Mike Hansen Michael Anthony &
Laura Schuck Charles & Maryann Bassett Matt Hemmer Autumn Elizabeth Pena
Joan Schnieber F. James Becher, Jr. Cheryl Hershberger David E. Pepe
Carl Schwartz Brandon Berry David & Millie Holderread Nathan Peters
Anne Marie H. Scrivener Kristina Bielenberg David Holmgren Jim Reichardt
Cynthia Seaman Donald & Patricia Bixby Ann Huebner-Waller The Rose Family
Michael N. Sears Warwich P. Bonsal Ideal Poultry Breeding Susan Hope Schaberg
Judi Seaver Paul Bradshaw Farms, Inc. Christa B. Schmidt
Craig Shuba I. Lehr Brisbin Elizabeth D. Jeffords Shelley Schorsch
Rich Smelser Corinna Bryant JPR Acres, LLC Don Shadow
Michael Smith Liz Crain Michael T. Kovack Linda L. Sherrill
Kay Spencer Emily Davidson Dennis V. Lange Ridgway F. Shinn III
Springs of Living Water Farms Teresa M. DeLorenzo Brian Larson & Jennifer Kerry W. & Kristen Skelton
James Strother Lisa L. Douglas Garrett P. Allen Smith
Elizabeth B. Strub Kelli Dunaj Lowell & Carolyn T. Larson Kyle Sonnenberg
Ross W. Stuedemann Mark & MaLea Easterly Live Laugh Love Life - Sydney L. Sparkes
Irene M. Takahashi Jill Eaton The Carly Imbierowicz Julianne S. Spears
Renee Thelen Bradley P. Edin Foundation David W. Sperling
Chuck & Catherine Thode Mary Margaret F. Edwards David & Heather Loomis Ann Staples
Jerry Thomas Geoff Eldringhoff Patricia Lusted Lisa Steele
Angelique Thompson Karena Elliott Nick & Lisa Lynn Michael & Kay Strauss
Tim & Mary Thompson Mark A. Fields Jacqueline Badger Mars Heidi Stucki & Philip Larson
Cliff Tohtz Dielle Fleischmann JoAnn C. McCall Marcia V. Stucki
Lisa Towery Jan French Mary Carter McConnell Charles Taft
Frank S. Tremel Jr. Amy P. Goldman Foundation Ken & Oogie McGuire Mae Ellen E. Terrebonne
Joseph E. Trumpey Lou & Kelly Gonda Linda H. McKittrick Dugan Tillman-Brown
Catherine L. Ullman Elizabeth P. Gordon Lyle G. McNeal Jason Turner
Stephanie Van Parys Gabrielle Gordon Sally McVeigh Therry Vargas & Lindsey
Bonnie Van Ryswyk-Lund Mariel R. Goss Sue Meyer & Mike Hansen Koob
Tamara Visser Temple Grandin Robyn & Robert M. Metcalfe John & Leslie Wheelock
Ryan J. & Katie N. Walker Barbara Grasseschi & John and Sharon Metzer Mickey Willenbring
Karen J. Wanek Tony Crabb Marie & Stephen Minnich Ron Wilson
Vicki Wares Elyse Marie Grasso Jane Moran Terry & Judy Wollen
Julie M. Wasser Lisa & Stephen Grubb Mary Ellen Nicholas William J. Woods
Linda Wattonville John Haftek, Jr. Byron Olson Kayla Wright
Brent R. Weisman & Barbara Hamilton Rare Breeds The Onota Foundation Melissa Wubben
Cloud-Weisman Foundation / Pat Hastings Mike Palmer & Sue McAlister
Anna Wiker
Tracy Case Winger
Marcy H. Witherington
Ambershawn Withrow
Alexandra Wolkowicz
Madeleine Yeh
Steve & Anne Young
Glenda Zeeb
Yvonne Zweede-Tucker

Royal Palm turkeys (left)


by Lana Foley.
Millie and David Holderread The LivestockHeather Loomis2019-2020
Conservancy and a Romeldale/CVM
Annual Reportsheep
| 23
PARTNERS & BOARD OF DIRECTORS

THANK YOU to our Partners, whose expertise,


collaboration, and boots-on-the-ground
support saves rare breeds from extinction.

American Cream Draft associations, clubs, and


Horse Association registries
American Horse Council Mother Earth News
American Milking Devon Murray McMurray
Cattle Association Hatchery
American Poultry NC 4-H and Cooperative
Association Extension Service
American Rabbit North Carolina Horse
Breeders Association Council
American Suffolk Horse Purdue University
Association Races Mulassières du
Animal Health Trust Poitou
Central Carolina Rare Breeds Survival Trust
Community College Santa Rosa Community
Colonial Williamsburg College
Fibershed SVF Foundation
George Washington’s Texas A&M University
Mount Vernon Texas Poitou Donkeys
Heritage Livestock United Nations Food and
Canada Agriculture
Heritage Poultry Organization (FAO)
Conservancy University of Missouri
Large Black Hog USDA National Animal
Association Germplasm Program Graduate student Katharine Sharp holds one of the first half-British/
Metzer Farms Virginia Tech half-American Large Black Hog piglets born in the United States from
More than 150 breed frozen imported semen. Photo courtesy of Purdue University.

Committed to The Livestock Conservancy’s Brian Larson (Chair) Cindy Dvergsten


nonprofit mission, the Board of Directors Patricia Johnston Adam Dixon
(Vice-Chair) Julie Gauthier
brings a wealth of experience and expertise Isabela Castaneda Andrew Heltsley
to the governing body. These volunteers set (Treasurer) Steve Kerns
policies and priorities for the organization. Richard Browning Heather Loomis
Directors are elected by the membership and (Secretary) Marie Minnich
serve three-year terms. THANK YOU to our Gloria Basse Lawrence Rushton
Silas Bernardoni John Wilkes
Board of Directors who generously support Rick Blaney Brice Yocum
The Livestock Conservancy with their time, Jerry Calvert
knowledge, and leadership. David Day (Board Listing June 30, 2020)

24 |The Livestock Conservancy 2019-2020 Annual Report


AMBASSADORS

Ambassadors serve as spokespeople for heritage breeds. As well-known public figures


in their fields, Ambassadors carry our message to the world. THANK YOU to our
Ambassadors who generously give their time for important outreach.

Wendell Berry, a member of The Local school groups often visit her Long Island farm,
Livestock Conservancy since 1986, called MAMA Farm, where Rosselini teaches them
is a novelist, poet, environmental about animal conservation.
activist, cultural critic, and farmer.
He raises sheep and horses while
supporting sustainable agriculture, Antoinne Westermann, an
appropriate technologies, and acclaimed French chef, maintained
healthy rural communities. Known a three-star Michelin rating at his
for connection to place, as well as Le Buerehiesel restaurant for more
the pleasures of good food, farming, and work, Berry than 31 years. He currently owns
is a respected advocate for local economics, the and operates the restaurant “Le Coq
miracle of life, fidelity, frugality, reverence, and the Rico” in Paris and opened a second
interconnectedness of life. location in New York City in 2016,
highlighting the flavor diversity of
oft-overlooked heritage breeds of poultry through
Ariane Daguin is the founder of simple dishes, expertly prepared.
D’Artagnan Foods, the leading
purveyor of organic poultry,
game, pâtés, sausages, smoked
delicacies, and wild mushrooms in Our newest Ambassador, Katya Ekimian is a
the United States. Internationally young knitwear designer who focuses on rare
recognized for her food-related breed sheep wool. Her interest in this fiber led
accomplishments by The James her to work on a farm where she was exposed
Beard Foundation, Bon Appetit to every step of the production process, from
Magazine, and the French Legion d’Honneur, Daguin caring for and shearing sheep to knitting the
serves on the board of City Harvest and is active in finished spun product. For her farm to fashion
both The American Institute of Wine and Food and work with heritage breed sheep, Katya received
the Women Chefs and Restaurateurs organization. the prestigious 2019 Woolmark Scholarship.
She is also the founding president of Les Nouvelles
Mères Cuisinières, an international association of “By bringing together game changers from
prestigious women chefs. all walks of industry and
diversifying making at
every step, we are creating
Isabella Rosselini, an actress and garments resulting in a
model, raises heritage goats, sheep, demand for these sheep
pigs, and chickens. She also grows and their fiber. Fighting
organic vegetables and produces for agricultural diversity
honey. She has published the through cultural diversity.”
children’s book My Chickens and I
and completed a Master’s degree in ~ Katya Ekimian
Animal Behavior and Conservation.
The Livestock Conservancy 2019-2020 Annual Report | 25
VOLUNTEERS

THANK YOU to our volunteers who generously give their time to The Livestock
Conservancy. Your expertise and passion for rare farm animals continues to
inspire members and the general public across the United States.

MEMBER SPOTLIGHT
THANK YOU VOLUNTEERS!
Many members of The Livestock Conservancy enjoy
sharing their love of farming and heritage breeds with David Anderson Gina Lawler
others. In addition to their daily farm chores, they Julie Atwood Lucy Leaf
Hannah Baljeu Denise Luttrell
volunteer as active members of their breed association, as
Rodrigo Barrios Catherine Marguerat
local FFA or 4-H teachers, and as fiber arts instructors. We Diane Barrows Patrick Martins
know how hard our members work, so we are incredibly Fred Beranger Kevin Matthews
grateful when they make time to promote The Livestock Don Bixby Mary Carter McConnell
Conservancy to the public. Kathy Bottorff Kristine McGuire
Deborah Burns Oogie McGuire
Walt Cooley Alan and Amy McKamey
In August 2019, Shannon
Paul Couch Ed McMillan
Sillanpaa of Sillanpaa Family Therese Coucher John Metzer
Farms in Maine took The Mike DuBois Joni Mickna
Livestock Conservancy’s Jeffrey Elliott Grace Mitchell
traveling display on the Janet Fulton (photo below)
road. She and her Hereford W. Cabell Garbee II Lauren Nicholas
Susan Gaston William Phelps
hogs (top photo) attended
Liz Gipson Mark Podgwaite
the Skowhegan Fair, self- Zane Graham Joe Putnam
billed as “The Nation’s Oldest Jessica Switzer Green Callene Rapp
Consecutively Running John Haftek Frank Reese
Agricultural Fair.” Aside from Leslie Hansen Christy Reich
hauling her hogs to the Bob Hatton Heidi Reinhardt
Hillary Heckler Deborah Robson
fairgrounds, Shannon set up
Jane Henningson P. Allen Smith
The Livestock Conservancy Paul Henningson Allison Stapleton
display, answered questions, Toia Jackson Ryan Sweeney
handed out brochures and J.J. Jones Paula Waggoner
Conservation Priority Lists, David Kendall Cliff Williamson
and promoted the benefits of Letty Klein Judy Wollen
David LaCount Bud Wood
rare livestock and poultry.

Shannon became a Livestock


Conservancy Member in 2019
and has already participated
in the American Milking Devon Project and become a fiber
provider for the Shave ‘Em to Save ‘Em Initiative. On her
multigenerational family farm, Shannon raises Hereford
pigs, American Milking Devon cattle, Dorset Horn sheep,
Miniature Donkeys (bottom photo) and several breeds of
heritage poultry. Sillanpaa Family Farms sells breeding
stock, meat, eggs, and fleeces.
26 |The Livestock Conservancy 2019-2020 Annual Report
re n
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FINANCIAL REPORTS | SPONSORS | STAFF
Foun
Contr

FINANCIAL REPORTS 2019-2020


THANK YOU to our Sponsors, who generously
support efforts to keep endangered breeds of
livestock and poultry from extinction.

PLATINUM PLATINUM GOLD

BRONZE Heritage Shorthorn Society


Grow Network The Lippitt Club, Inc.
Marushka Farms Loadview by
Smithsonian and SVF Dotcom-Monitor
SUPPORT AND REVENUE Preservation Project National Romeldale-
Contributions - $352,921 CVM Conservancy
PARTNER Organic Valley
Foundation Grants - $353,843 Chapel Hill Farm Vermont Sheep and
Creek Road Farms, LLC Wool Festival
Membership - $87,210
Metzer Farms WebHostingBuddy.com
Sponsorship - $25,400 Randall Lineback Whispering Hills Farm
Breed Association
Conference/Program Services - $73,916 Seven Springs Farm SHAVE ‘EM TO SAVE ‘EM
Standlee Premium
Merchandise Sales - $3,407
STEWARD Western Forage
Other Revenue - $7,224 American Sheep Industry Premier 1
Halter Project Unicorn
Thorvin Marushka Farms
Solitude Wool
EXPENSES
Progam/Outreach - $480,793 SUPPORTER Storey Publishing
American Guinea JG Switzer
Progam/Outreach
Management - $480,793
& General
Progam/Outreach - -$480,793
$280,369 Hog Association Ply Magazine
Management & General - $280,369
Management
Fundraising & General
- $41,498
Progam/Outreach - $480,793- $280,369 Bleak Hill Lincoln Living Felt
Fundraising - $41,498 Longwools A Sheep Like Faith
Progam/Outreach - $480,793
Fundraising
Management - $41,498
& General - $280,369 Cornerstone Morgan Richert Ranch
Management & General - Fundraising
$280,369 - $41,498 Horse Club Baize Shetlands
Fundraising - $41,498 Driven Coffee Roasters

FULL-TIME STAFF MEMBERS:


Alison Martin, Ph.D., Executive Director
Jeannette Beranger, Senior Program Manager
Michele Brane, Donor Information Manager
Charlene Couch, Ph.D., Senior Program Manager
Rhyne Cureton, Breed Association Manager
Karena Elliott, M.Ed., Development Director
Cindra Kersher, Program Coordinator
Brittany Sweeney, Communications Manager
Angelique Thompson, Operations Director

CONTRACT STAFF MEMBERS:


Lettie Haver, Communications Associate
Jaime Isaac, Graphics Design/Marketing Intern
Deborah Niemann-Boehle, Program Research Associate
Cathy R. Payne, Ed.D., Program Research Associate
Jeannette Beranger pets a Leicester Longwool ram, photo by Brittany Sweeney.
TECHNICAL ADVISOR: D. Phillip Sponenberg, DVM, Ph.D.
The Livestock Conservancy 2019-2020 Annual Report | 27
28 |The Livestock Conservancy 2019-2020 Annual Report