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Briefly describe what are IP addresses y An Internet Protocol (IP) address is a numerical label that is assigned to devices participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication between its nodes. ... en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IP_addresses

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pronounced as separate letters) Short for Internet Protocol. IP specifies the format of packets, also called datagrams, and the addressing scheme. Most networks combine IP with a higher-level protocol called Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), which establishes a virtual connection between a destination and a source. IP by itself is something like the postal system. It allows you to address a package and drop it in the system, but there's no direct link between you and the recipient. TCP/IP, on the other hand, establishes a connection between two hosts so that they can send messages back and forth for a period of time. The current version of IP is IPv4. A new version, called IPv6 or IPng, is under development.

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An identifier for a computer or device on a TCP/IP network. Networks using the TCP/IP protocol route messages based on the IP address of the destination. The format of an IP address is a 32-bit numeric address written as four numbers separated by periods. Each number can be zero to 255. For example, 1.160.10.240 could be an IP address. Within an isolated network, you can assign IP addresses at random as long as each one is unique. However, connecting a private network to the Internet requires using registered IP addresses (called Internet addresses) to avoid duplicates. The four numbers in an IP address are used in different ways to identify a particular network and a host on that network. Four regional Internet registries -- ARIN, RIPE NCC, LACNIC and APNIC -- assign Internet addresses from the following three classes. y Class A - supports 16 million hosts on each of 126 networks y Class B - supports 65,000 hosts on each of 16,000 networks y Class C - supports 254 hosts on each of 2 million networks The number of unassigned Internet addresses is running out, so a new classless scheme called CIDR is gradually replacing the system based on classes A, B, and C and is tied to adoption of IPv6.

2. Differentiate Static from Dynamic IP addresses (d -nam´ik nat) (n.) A type of NAT in which a private IP address is mapped to a public IP address drawing from a pool of registered (public) IP addresses. Typically, the NAT router in a network will keep a table of

or where a limited number of IP address are available to share between many computers. and others.registered IP addresses. it has a static address). .e. IPv6 An IP address identifies a computer or other device to a network. only used by locally. What's the Difference Between a Static and a Dynamic IP Address? The IP address from your ISP is assigned one of two ways: y y Set to an IP address which is unchanged for months or years at a time. Set to an IP which is only good for a limited time. that way. and which is changed according to the policy set by your ISP's DHCP server. The basic concept is simple: every device on a network needs to have its own address. This is a dynamic IP address. ISPs usually charge extra for static IPs. Advantages/ Disadvantages of using static and dynamic IP 4. (stat´ik nat) (n. where the public address is always the same IP address (i. such as a Web server. and when a private IP address requests access to the Internet. There are IP addresses are used by the whole Internet. This is a static IP address.) A type of NAT in which a private IP address is mapped to a public IP address. Network address translation. 3. This allows an internal host. some networking software requires a static IP. Another advantage of dynamic NAT is that it allows a private network to use private IP addresses that are invalid on the Internet but useful as internal addresses. data is sent to the right place. to have an unregistered (private) IP address and still be reachable over the Internet. Dynamic IPs are used in large networks where computers are frequently reconfigured.. for example in your home. the router chooses an IP address from the table that is not at the time being used by another private IP address. Because a static IP can be relied on for an indefinite period. Dynamic NAT helps to secure a network as it masks the internal configuration of a private network and makes it difficult for someone outside the network to monitor individual usage patterns. Your ISP may not be willing to give their customers static IP addresses at all. Briefly discuss IPv4.

Please tell anyone who tries to reach me to call that number. the user's computer contacts the DNS service and lets them know what IP address it has been assigned from the pool. Unless there is a reason to receive a call. much the same way people use phone numbers to locate and talk to one another on the telephone.y y y y y y A static IP address is a number (in the form of a dotted quad) that is assigned to a computer by an Internet service provider (ISP) to be its permanent address on the Internet. the service works with the DNS server to forward the correct address to the requesting DHCP computer.com server. (Think of calling the message service and saying "Hi. In that case. Even if the user reconnects immediately. or they can use a dynamic DNS service. Once the user disconnects from the Internet. . When you want to visit whatis. Requesting DHCP computers receive a dynamic IP address (think temporary phone number) for the duration of that Internet session or for some other specified amount of time. many Internet service providers limit the number of static IP addresses they allocate. which has also been called "IPng" (IP Next Generation). but when the Internet was first conceived. lengthens IP addresses from 32 bits to 128 bits and increasesthe number of available IP addressess significantly. their dynamic IP address goes back into the IP address pool so it can be assigned to another user. Either choice will probably involve an additional monthly fee. your computer asks a domain name system (DNS) server (think telephone information operator) for the correct dotted quad number (think phone number) for whatis. they would need a static IP address. There are times.com. IPv6. however. and economize on the remaining number of IP addresses they possess by temporarily assigning an IP address to a requesting Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) computer from a pool of IP addresses. they can contact their ISP and request a static IP address.44. using a dynamic IP address is similar to using a pay phone. The temporary IP address is called a dynamic IP address. Using a dynamic DNS service works as if there was an old-fashioned telephone message service at your computer's disposal. the architects didn't foresee the need for an unlimited number of IP addresses. When a user registers with a DNS service and connects to the Internet with a dynamic IP address. Consequently. To get around that problem. Computers use IP addresses to locate and talk to each other on the Internet. the user does not care what number he or she is calling from. Perhaps they want to use CU-SeeMe or use a VoIP application to make long distance phone calls using their IP connection. It would be simple if every computer that connects to the Internet could have its own static IP number.) Using a dynamic DNS service to arrange for computers to find you even though you are using a dynamic IP address is the next-best thing to having a static IP.32. To keep our telephone telephone analogy going.com and your computer uses the answer it receives to connect to the whatis. I can be reached at 435. there are not enough IP numbers to go around.111 right now. when users who connect to the Internet using dynamic IP wish to allow other computers to locate them. making static IP addresses easier and less expensive to obtain and maintain. The user has two choices. odds are they will not be assigned the same IP address from the pool.

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