The Zhouyi

Principal text of the Yijing (I Ching)

In simple English translation By Shawn Wallace
PDF v1.01, © 2008

01. Qián; Heaven / Initiating
Initiating The sublimeА fosters developmentВ, issuing harvestГ in perpetuityД Base Nine: 2nd Nine: Hidden dragon does not act Seeing the dragon in a field AdvantageousГ to see a great person 3rd Nine: The noble youth, unto the day’s end, is active and influential In the evening, alert and wary of danger Not a mistake 4th Nine: Perhaps leaping into the gulf Not a mistake 5th Nine*: Seeing the dragon in the sky AdvantageousГ to see a great person Top Nine: An excessive dragon will have regrets

Operation of Nines: Seeing a horde of dragons without heads Fortunate

02. Kūn; Earth / Responding
Responding SublimeА developmentВ manifestsГ with the steadfastnessД of a mare The noble youth has somewhere to go Leading in confusion, following gains: The host's provisionГ In the southwest, gains a companion, In the northeast, loses a companion Calm perseverenceД is fortunate Base Six: 2nd Six*: Treading on frost, solid ice comes Length, breadth and greatness Without attempting, all things can be turned to advantageГ 3rd Six: Cherishing composure, it is possible to persevereД If following in the king's service, Without seeking achievement, bring about completion 4th Six: Tying-up the sack Neither a mistake, nor ground for praise 5th Six: A yellow lower garment From the outsetА, fortunate Top Six: A dragon battles in the field His blood runs blue and yellow Operation of Sixes: AdvantageГ in everlasting steadfastnessД

03. Zhūn; Difficulty
Difficulty The sublimeА fosters developmentВ, issuing harvestГ in perpetuityД No use in having somewhere to go AdvantageousГ to appoint rulers Base Nine: A rocky impasse AdvantageousГ to dwell in perseverenceД AdvantageousГ to appoint rulers 2nd Six: In difficulty, as if turning back Chariot and horses, likewise Not a thief, but a marriage suitor The young woman is determinedД not to have children Ten years later, bearing children 3rd Six: A hunt for deer without forethought, Merely strays into the forest depths The noble youth's discernment: Not the same as giving up, When continuing brings humiliation 4th Six: A chariot and horses, likewise arrayed Seeking a marriage partner Going forth is fortunate All things can be turned to advantageГ 5th Nine*: Stockpiling his wealth While strivingД for modest increments is fortunate, PerseverenceД in great undertakings finds misfortune Top Six: A chariot and horses, likewise arrayed Tears and blood will thereby flow

04. Méng; Ignorance
Ignorance DevelopmentalВ Not I who seeks the unknowing child, The unknowing child seeks me The immediate question is answered Asking again and again is disrespectful, And disrespect implies a lack of understanding AdvantageousГ to persevereД Base Six: In dispelling ignorance, AdvantageousГ to apply a consequence to the offender Remove the shackles and cuffs, Continuing thereby brings humiliation 2nd Nine*: Containing ignorance is fortunate Taking a wife is fortunate The youth manages the household 3rd Six: No use in partnering with the woman Who beholds a golden man, And has no self-restraint No purpose is advancedГ 4th Six: Confined to ignorance Humiliating 5th Six: Childlike ignorance Fortunate Top Nine: In fighting ignorance, No advantageГ in treating with enmity, AdvantageousГ to prevent enmity

05. Xū; Anticipating
Anticipating Be realistic Brilliant developmentВ of perseverenceД is fortunate AdvantageousГ to ford the great stream Base Nine: Anticipating in the distant plain AdvantageousГ to be consistent Not a mistake 2nd Nine: Anticipating in the sand There is slight talk, But the outcome will be fortunate 3rd Nine: Anticipating in the mud Consequently, theives approach 4th Six: Anticipating in the trench Get out of the pit 5th Nine*: Anticipating amidst wine and food PerseverenceД is fortunate Top Six: Falling into a chasm Though no guests are invited, three people arrive Respect them, and the outcome will be fortunate

06. Sòng; Contending
Contending Be realistic In opposition, be careful The middle-ground is fortunate, But ultimatums lead to misfortune AdvantageousГ to see a great person Not advantageousГ to ford the great stream Base Six: Not perpetuating the state of affairs There is slight talk, But the outcome will be fortunate 2nd Nine: No success contending Concede, moreover, flee their city Three hundred households, Spared from disaster 3rd Six: In cultivating time-honored virtues, PersevereД Albeit dangerous, the outcome will be fortunate If following in the king's service, Do not seek achievement 4th Nine: No success contending Resigning fast to the course of fate Changing to calm acceptanceД Fortunate 5th Nine*: Contending From the outsetА, fortunate Top Nine: If awarded the prize leather belt, By morning’s end three strip it away

07. Shī; The Militia
The Milita PersevereД For the outstanding person, fortunate Not a mistake Base Six: The militia advances according to structure Defying orders brings misfortune 2nd Nine*: At the militia’s center Fortunate The general thrice imparts commands 3rd Six: The militia, perhaps, will cart corpses Misfortune 4th Six: The militia makes unconventional maneuvers Not a mistake 5th Six: In the field are gamefowl AdvantageousГ to limit talk It is not a mistake: For the elder son to command the militia, While the younger son carts corpses To persistД brings misfortune Top Six: The decrees of the great prince, Establish sovereignties and ruling families Common people do not take part

08. Bĭ; Union
Union Fortunate The basis of this condition is paramountА, and is thereafter perpetuatedД It is not a mistake: That desirous groups assemble straightaway, While the later aspirant meets with misfortune Base Six: In trusting union with another It is not a mistake: To have trust as an earthen-jar is filled When the end comes, there is other good fortune 2nd Six: Union with another from within PerseverenceД is fortunate 3rd Six: 4th Six: Union with another, devoid of humanity Outwardly uniting with another PerseverenceД is fortunate 5th Nine*: Union exemplified: The king denotes three sides for flushing-out game, Letting go the foreward quarry His subjects are not under threat Fortunate Top Six: Union with another, lacking direction

09. Xiăo Chù; Small Husbandry
Small Husbandry DevelopmentalВ Heavy clouds but no rain, From our western skies Base Nine: Returning to the path, How does he err? Fortunate 2nd Nine: Led to return Fortunate 3rd Nine: Spokes burst from the carriage wheels Husband and wife, with opposing views 4th Six*: With sincerity, Anxiety departs and apprehensions give way Not a mistake 5th Nine: With trust as his bond, Wealth by way of his neighbors Top Nine: Having rained, having stopped: Still, obligation to virtue is prolific A wife’s devotionД is in danger The moon is nearly full For the noble youth's campaign, misfortune

10. Lŭ; Treading
Treading Treading a tiger's tail, Not biting the person DevelopmentalВ Base Nine: Simply treading onward Not a mistake 2nd Nine: Treading a path that is level and smooth The solitary person's steadfastnessД is fortunate 3rd Six*: A one-eyed person, able to see A lame person, able to tread Treading the tiger's tail Biting the person Misfortune The soldier acts at the great monarch's behest 4th Nine: Treading the tiger's tail Fearsome and dire, but the outcome will be fortunate 5th Nine: Resolutely treading To persistД is dangerous Top Nine: In considering steps and weighing the benefits, His thoroughness from the very outsetА is fortunate

11. Tài; Affluence
Affluence The small depart, the great approach Fortunate developmentВ Base Nine: Pulling-up grasses at the roots, Whereby they cling together Campaigning is fortunate 2nd Nine*: Embracing the untamed Ride the surging Yellow River, Without forgetting the distant Friendships pass Gain, still, by walking in the middle 3rd Nine: There is no plain without a slope, Nor going without returning Firm dedicationД is not a mistake, So do not despair over these truths In eating, find happiness 4th Six: Flapping and fluttering Without wealth by way of his neighbors, Nor suspicions, by way of confidence 5th Six: Emporer Yi marries off his younger-sister Because of this blessing, fortunate from the very outsetА Top Six: Castle walls return into the moat Do not summon the militia From the city, issue a decree: To persistД brings humiliation

12. Pĭ; Disjunction
Disjunction Wherein humanity is forsaken Not advantageousГ for the noble youth to persevereД The great depart, the small approach Base Six: Pulling-up grasses at the roots, Whereby they cling together PerseverenceД is fortunate DevelopmentalВ 2nd Six: Embracing servility What is fortunate for the common person, Is for the great person, unsubstantial DevelopmentalВ 3rd Six: 4th Nine: Embracing shame Having a directive is not a mistake, Positioning to grasp blessings 5th Nine*: Retiring the disjunction For a great person, fortunate: That this passes and that passes, As bound to as the burgeoning mulberry trees Top Nine: Overturning the disjunction At first disjunction, afterward happiness

13. Tóng Rén; Fellowship
Fellowship In the countryside, DevelopmentalВ AdvantageousГ to ford the great stream AdvantageousГ for the noble youth to persevereД Base Nine: Fellowship on the threshold Not a mistake 2nd Six*: Fellowship amongst tribesmen Humiliating 3rd Nine: Concealing weapons in the underbrush Ascending his hill Three years without prosperity 4th Nine: Mounting his wall, No successful assault Fortunate 5th Nine: In fellowship, at first lamenting yet afterward laughing Great armies triumphantly join togther Top Nine: Fellowship on the outskirts No regrets

14. Dà Yoŭ; Great Possession
Great Possession The sublimeА fosters developmentВ Base Nine: Not contributing to the troublesome, Precludes blame If firm, then, no mistake is made 2nd Nine: A large wagon with its load, Has somewhere to go Not a mistake 3rd Nine: The duke performs offeringsВ to heaven's son Common people do not attain this 4th Nine: Not his domain Not a mistake 5th Six*: His sincere involvement is Equivalent to power Fortunate Top Nine: Individually, heaven intercedes Fortunate; all things can be turned to advantageГ

15. Qiān; Humility
Humility DevelopmentalВ The noble youth brings about completion Base Six: Modestly humble, the noble youth Works to ford the great stream Fortunate 2nd Six: Evident humility PerseverenceД is fortunate 3rd Nine*: Laboring humbly, the noble youth Bringing about completion is fortunate 4th Six: 5th Six: All things can be turned to advantageГ if candidly humble Without wealth by way of his neighbors, AdvantageousГ to conduct a raiding expedition All things can be turned to advantageГ Top Six: Evident humility AdvantageousГ to summon the militia Subdue the city and nation

16. Yù; Pride
Pride AdvantageousГ to appoint rulers and summon the militia Base Six: Evident pride Misfortune 2nd Six: Conceived in stone, Before the day's end PerseverenceД is fortunate 3rd Six: Gazing proudly is regrettable Delayed action is regrettable 4th Nine*: Source of pride Great possessions to gain, Do not doubt In friendship, why not unite? 5th Six: PersistentД illness Chronic but not deadly Top Six: Dimmed pride Triumphantly bringing about change Not a mistake

17. Suí; Following
Following The sublimeА fosters developmentВ, issuing harvestГ in perpetuityД Not a mistake Base Nine*: Standards are changing PerseverenceД is fortunate Going out to participate has benefits 2nd Six: Bound to the little child, Losing the competent man 3rd Six: Bound to the competent man, Losing the little child The follower's search is rewarded AdvantageousГ to dwell in perseverenceД 4th Nine: Following for rewards, To persistД brings misfortune Having trust in the path, and thereby illumination, What mistake could be made? 5th Nine: Trusting in excellence Fortunate Top Six: Seize and bind them, Thereafter confine them The king conducts a sacrificeВ upon the western mountain

18. Gŭ; Degeneracy
Degeneracy The sublimeА fosters developmentВ AdvantageousГ to ford the great stream Before the starting-point, three days After the starting-point, three days Base Six: Handling degeneracy of the father, There is a son The deceased father is not blamed Dangerous, but the outcome will be fortunate 2nd Nine: Handling degeneracy of the mother Incapable of perseveringД 3rd Nine: Handling degeneracy of the father There are slight regrets, But no great mistake is made 4th Six: Indulging degeneracy of the father Going forth to see humiliation 5th Six*: Handling degeneracy of the father Use praise Top Nine: Not serving kings or rulers, Higher yet are his affairs

19. Lín; Approach
Approach The sublimeА fosters developmentВ, issuing harvestГ in perpetuityД Arrival of the eighth month brings misfortune Base Nine: 2nd Nine*: Unified approach; perseverenceД is fortunate A unified approach is fortunate All things can be turned to advantageГ 3rd Six: Easygoing approach No purpose is advancedГ Insofar as one is prudent, No mistake is made 4th Six: Committed approach Not a mistake 5th Six: Comprehensive approach, As befits a great sovereign Fortunate Top Six: Caring approach Fortunate Not a mistake

20. Guān; Observing
Observing Hands washed, yet no offering With sincerity, as in reverence Base Six: Childlike observation Not blameworthy for common people, But for the noble youth, humiliating 2nd Six: Glimpsing observation BenefitsГ a wife's fidelityД 3rd Six: 4th Six: Observing his own life's gains and setbacks Observing a nation's splendor AdvantageousГ to be a guest of the king 5th Nine*: Observing his own life, The noble youth makes no mistake Top Nine: Observing others' lives, The noble youth makes no mistake

21. Shì Hé; Biting Through
Biting Through DevelopmentalВ AdvantageousГ to use procedure Base Nine: Foot-stocks sever the toes Not a mistake 2nd Six: Biting soft flesh and severing the nose Not a mistake 3rd Six: Biting dried meat, And encountering decay Slight humiliation, But not a mistake 4th Nine: Biting dry bony meat, And finding the gold arrowhead AdvantageousГ, with firm dedicationД Fortunate 5th Six*: Biting dried meat, And finding yellow gold To persistД is dangerous, But not a mistake Top Nine: Wearing a cangue severs the ears Misfortune

22. Bì; Adorning
Adorning In small ways, advantageГ in having somewhere to go Base Nine: Adorning his toes, He leaves the carriage and walks 2nd Six: 3rd Nine: Adorning his whiskers Adorned as if glistening Everlasting perseverenceД is fortunate 4th Six: Adorned as if unblemished white A pure-white horse, as if in flight Not a thief, but a marriage suitor 5th Six: Adornment in the hilltop garden A gift-bundle of silk, tiny and slight Humiliating, But the outcome will be fortunate Top Nine*: Pure-white adornment Not a mistake

23. Bō; Breaking Apart
Breaking Apart No advantageГ in having somewhere to go Base Six: Breaking apart the bed at its legs Dwindling steadfastnessД brings misfortune 2nd Six: Breaking apart the bed at its frame Dwindling steadfastnessД brings misfortune 3rd Six: 4th Six: Breaking apart is not a mistake Breaking apart the bed at its skin Misfortune 5th Six: A stringer of fish Along with the palace occupants' favor, All things can be turned to advantageГ Top Nine*: A tremendous fruit, yet uneaten The noble youth obtains a carriage, While common people break apart their homes

24. Fù; Return
Return DevelopmentalВ Exiting and entering unfettered For friends to arrive is not a mistake, Afar and returning are their paths In seven days comes the return AdvantageГ in having somewhere to go Base Nine*: Not far to return Not concerned with regret From the outsetА, fortunate 2nd Six: Retiring return Not a mistake 3rd Six: Repeated return Dangerous, But not a mistake 4th Six: 5th Six: In the middle walking; returning alone Sincere return No regrets Top Six: Confused return Misfortune Making disastrous mistakes: Summoning the militia, Ends in momentous defeat For his nation and its leaders, misfortune By the tenth years' arrival, no success campaigning

25. Wú Wàng; Without Presumption
Without Presumption The sublimeА fosters developmentВ, issuing harvestГ in perpetuityД He who is devoid of correctness meets with disaster No advantageГ in having somewhere to go Base Nine*: Without presumption, Going forth is fortunate 2nd Six: Neither sowing to reap, Nor ploughing in planted fields Only then, advantageГ in having somewhere to go 3rd Six: Catastrophe for one without presumption Perhaps an ox, having been tied, A passerby obtains Disastrous for the villager 4th Nine: Possible to remain steadfastД Not a mistake 5th Nine: Without presumption, falling ill Use no medicine and regain health Top Nine: Without presumption, Any movement brings disaster No purpose is advancedГ

26. Dà Chù; Large Husbandry
Large Husbandry AdvantageousГ to persevereД Not eating at home Fortunate AdvantageousГ to ford the great stream Base Nine: There is danger, AdvantageousГ to stop 2nd Nine: 3rd Nine: A carriage throws off its axle-mounts A fine horse in pursuit AdvantageГ, with firm dedicationД Daily, charioteering and maintaining defenses AdvantageГ in having somewhere to go 4th Six: The headboard of a young bull From the outsetА, fortunate 5th Six: The tusks of a gelded boar Fortunate Top Nine*: For what does heaven pervade? DevelopmentВ

27. Yí; Nourishing
Nourishing PerseverenceД is fortunate Examine the appetites, Individually seeking the mouth's fulfillment Base Nine: Dismounting your celestial tortoise Looking to me with gaping jaws Misfortune 2nd Six: The peak of nourishment Forsaking the road for the hills Rapacious feeding brings misfortune 3rd Six: Forsaking nourishment To persistД brings misfortune Ten years without acting No purpose is advancedГ 4th Six: The peak of nourishment Fortunate The tiger's glare is unrelenting and fierce His craving is to chase and pounce Not a mistake 5th Six: Forsaking the road To dwell in perseverenceД is fortunate Incapable of fording the great stream Top Nine*: Source of hunger Dangerous, yet fortunate AdvantageousГ to ford the great stream

28. Dà Guò; Greatly Exceeding
Greatly Exceeding The ridgepole is strained AdvantageГ in having somewhere to go DevelopmentalД Base Six: Spreading mats of white rushes No error 2nd Nine: A withering willow sprouts new shoots An old man gains a maidenly wife All things can be turned to advantageГ 3rd Nine: The ridgepole is strained Misfortune 4th Nine*: The ridgepole is braced Fortunate Having otherwise is humiliating 5th Nine: A withering willow sprouts new blossoms An old woman gains a vigorous husband Neither a mistake, nor ground for praise Top Six: Wading across and submerging the top of the head Misfortune, But not a mistake

29. Kăn; Water / Pitfalls
Pitfalls Be realistic Maintaining clarity of mind is developmentalВ Any movement is praiseworthy Base Six: Pitfalls Entering into an abysmal gorge Misfortune 2nd Nine: The cavern's slopes are precipitous Seek small gains 3rd Six: Climbing and descending, pitfalls within pitfalls Rough-going, even unto the pillow Entering into an abysmal gorge Do not act 4th Six: A jug of wine and rice basket for two Using earthenware, Received discretely through a window Ultimately not a mistake 5th Nine*: The pit is not overflowing Take notice, inasmuch as it has leveled Not a mistake Top Six: Bound with compounded cords, Abandoned in a thicket of briars Three years without progress Misfortune

30. Lí; Fire / Attachment
Attachment AdvantageousГ to persevereД DevelopmentalВ Raising a cow Fortunate Base Nine: Steps blunder for certain Be mindful of them Not a mistake 2nd Six*: Yellow flame From the outsetА, fortunate 3rd Nine: Light of the setting sun If not drumming on the earthen-pot and singing, Then groaning of old age Misfortune 4th Nine: As suddenly as he appears Burning brightly, Dying out, Tossed aside 5th Six: Shedding streams of tears Moaning as if anguished Fortunate Top Six: The king works to launch a campaign There is excellence, In breaking the chief, But seizing not his commoners Not a mistake

31. Xián; Sympathy
Sympathy DevelopmentalВ AdvantageousГ to persevereД Partnering with a woman is fortunate Base Six: 2nd Six: Sympathy in their big toes Sympathy in their calves Misfortune Abiding in place is fortunate 3rd Nine: Sympathy in their thighs Clinging, they follow Continuing brings humiliation 4th Nine*: PerseverenceД is fortunate, regrets vanish Fickle and flighty, going and coming, Friendships follow upon your thoughts 5th Nine: Sympathy along their spines No regrets Top Six: Sympathy in their cheeks, jaws and tongues

32. Héng; Constancy
Constancy DevelopmentalВ It is not a mistake: For there to be advantageГ in perseverenceД, And advantageГ in having somewhere to go Base Six: Ingrained adherenceД to routine brings misfortune No purpose is advancedГ 2nd Nine*: 3rd Nine: Regrets vanish No constancy to his virtue, Perhaps bearing its disgrace To persistД brings humiliation 4th Nine: 5th Six: A field without gamefowl In constant devotionД to virtue What is fortunate for a woman of maturity, Brings misfortune for a man in youth Top Six: Compelling to constancy brings misfortune

33. Dùn; Withdrawal
Withdrawal DevelopmentalВ In small ways, advantageousГ to persevereД Base Six: Withdrawing the tail in danger Not useful to have somewhere to go 2nd Six*: A fastening of yellow oxhide, Which none will succeed in undoing 3rd Nine: Entwined withdrawal, Has dangerous repercussions Nurturing courtiers and concubines is fortunate 4th Nine: Worthy withdrawal What is fortunate for the noble youth, Is for common people, unsubstantial 5th Nine: Top Nine: Excellent withdrawal, perseverenceД is fortunate Opulent withdrawal, nothing is without advantageГ

34. Dà Zhuàng; Great Strength
Great Strength AdvantageousГ to persevereД Base Nine: Strength in the toes Campaigning brings misfortune, be realistic 2nd Nine: 3rd Nine: To persevereД is fortunate Where common people use strength, The noble youth uses naught To persistД is dangerous The ram butts against a fence, Entangling his horns 4th Nine*: PerseverenceД is fortunate Regrets vanish The fence breaks open without entanglement Strength of a great carriage's axle-mounts 5th Six: Losing the sheep in a field No regrets Top Nine: The ram butts against a fence Not able to pull back, Not able to follow through No purpose is advancedГ If firm, then, fortunate

35. Jìn; Advancing
Advancing Lord Kang is awarded horses in vast number Within a day's light, thrice granted audience Base Six: Advancing as if to destroy PerseverenceД is fortunate Lacking any trust, Generosity is no error 2nd Six: Advancing as if worried PerseverenceД is fortunate Receiving now the heraldic blessing, Of his royal mother 3rd Six: 4th Nine: The multitude consents, regrets vanish Advancing like a squirrelly rat To persistД is dangerous 5th Six*: Regrets vanish Over losses and gains, do not despair Going forth is fortunate, all things can be turned to advantageГ Top Nine: Advancing his horns Maintaining by working to subjugate the city Dangerous and fortunate, this is not a mistake, But persistenceД brings humiliation

36. Míng Yí; Brightness Injured
Brightness Injured AdvantageousГ to firmly persevereД Base Nine: Brightness injured in flight Drooping his wings The noble youth wanders, For three days without eating Having somewhere to go, The hosts have words 2nd Six: Brightness injured Wounded in the left thigh Using the aid of a strong horse is fortunate 3rd Nine: Brightness injured on a southern hunt Capturing thier great cheif Impossible to do with maddened determinationД 4th Six: Entering into the left of the belly Capturing the heart of brightness injured Leave, beyond gate and courtyard 5th Six*: Jizi's brightness injured AdvantageousГ to persevereД Top Six: Not brightness but obscurity What first rises in the heavens, Afterward descends into the earth

37. Jiā Rén; People in the Home
People in the Home AdvantageГ of a wife's fidelityД Base Nine: The home has restrictions Regrets vanish 2nd Six*: Without somewhere to follow Remaining in the center preparing food PerseverenceД is fortunate 3rd Nine: People in the home, scolding and bickering, Regretting this danger is fortunate Women and children, smirking and snickering, The outcome will be humiliating 4th Six: 5th Nine: A wealthy home is greatly fortunate Majesty extends to the home Do not despair when fortunate Top Nine: Having trust as do the dignified The outcome will be fortunate

38. Kuí; Disunity
Disunity In small matters, fortunate Base Nine: Regrets vanish Losing a horse, do not pursue; by itself it returns Seeing foul people Not a mistake 2nd Nine: Meeting with the host in an alleyway Not a mistake 3rd Six: Seeing the carriage drag His oxen pulled back His people brand his forehead, furthermore cut off his nose Without a beginning, there is a conclusion 4th Nine: Alone within disunity Meeting with an essentialА person Mutually trusting The danger is not a mistake 5th Six*: Regrets vanish His clansmen bite through skin Going forth, how is this an error? Top Nine: Alone within disunity Seeing a mud-covered boar, Or a wagon bearing ghosts First drawing the bowstring, Later dismissing the bowstring Not a thief, but a marriage suitor If going forth and meeting rain, then fortunate

39. Jiăn; Encumbrance
Encumbrance AdvantageГ to the west and south, no advantageГ to the east and north AdvantageousГ to see a great person PerseverenceД is fortunate Base Six: 2nd Six: Going forth encumbered, coming into praise The sovereign's minister, encumbered and burdened For reasons not of his own 3rd Nine: 4th Six: 5th Nine*: Top Six: Going forth encumbered, coming back Going forth encumbered, coming to form associations Greatly encumbered, friends come Going forth encumbered, coming into eminence Fortunate AdvantageousГ to see a great person

40. Jiě; Liberation
Liberation AdvantageГ to the west and south Without a place to go, One's return to uniformity is fortunate Having somewhere to go, At the earliest is fortunate Base Six: 2nd Nine*: Not a mistake In a field, bagging three foxes Gaining golden arrows PerseverenceД is fortunate 3rd Six: A burden on back, yet riding a carriage Consequently, theives approach To persistД brings humiliation 4th Nine: Liberated but for the thumb Friends arrive, trust in this 5th Six: The noble youth liberates from bonds Fortunate There is trust among common people Top Six: The duke takes aim at a falcon on the uppermost wall Bagging it, all things can be turned to advantageГ

41. Sŭn; Decrease
Decrease Be realistic From the outsetА, fortunate This is not a mistake: If perhaps steadfastД, There is advantageГ in having somewhere to go How to do so? Two baskets of rice may be used in offering Base Nine: Postponing matters and hurrying forward It is not a mistake: To think over the decrease 2nd Nine: AdvantageousГ to persevereД Campaigning brings misfortune For the sake of increase, not decreasing 3rd Six: Three people walking, Tend to decreases by one person One person walking, Tends to finds his mate 4th Six: Decreasing his ailment Prompts the quick arrival of health Not a mistake 5th Six*: Perhaps increased by ten sets of tortoise shells No success refusing From the outsetА, fortunate Top Nine: For the sake of increase, not decreasing Not a mistake PerseverenceД is fortunate AdvantageГ in having somewhere to go Gaining a servant, but without a home

42. Yì; Increase
Increase AdvantageГ in having somewhere to go AdvantageousГ to ford the great stream Base Nine*: AdvantageousГ to engage in doing great works From the outsetА, fortunate; this is not a mistake 2nd Six: Perhaps increased by ten sets of tortoise shells No success refusing Everlasting perseverenceД is fortunate The king's act of offering to the lord of heaven is fortunate 3rd Six: Increased in the course of unfortunate events, It is not a mistake: To confidently walk in the middle Report to the duke using jade tablets 4th Six: In the middle walking Proclaiming alleigance to the duke AdvantageousГ to use this service as support for moving the capitol 5th Nine: Having trust and kindness of heart Do not question, from the outsetА it is fortunate, To have trust and kindness as our virtues Top Nine: For the sake of increase, there are none A chance of malevolence Comporting the heart with no regularity Misfortune

43. Guài; Resolution
Resolution Announcing at the royal court, Truthfully state the existence of peril Inform one's own city: No advantageГ in hastily taking up arms, AdvantageГ in having somewhere to go Base Nine: Strength in advance of the toes Going forth without competence, committing errors 2nd Nine: A call of alarm Late at night, bearing arms Do not despair 3rd Nine: Strength in the cheekbones, There is misfortune The noble youth is firmly resolute Alone, he walks and encounters rain As though drenched, having resentment Not a mistake 4th Nine: Buttocks stripped of skin, His movements are made with deliberateness Leading a sheep, regrets vanish The hearsay is without credibility 5th Nine*: An expanse of purslane for uprooting, with firm resolution To walk in the middle is not a mistake Top Six: Not calling out In the end, there will be misfortune

44. Gòu; Encountering
Encountering The woman is recalcitrant No use in partnering with her Base Six: Halted by an iron brake PerseverenceД is fortunate Having somewhere to go, And seeing misfortune, A starved pig will surely stamp and pace 2nd Nine: The bundle has fish It is not a mistake: For it not to benefitГ guests 3rd Nine: Buttocks stripped of skin, His movements are made with deliberateness Dangerous, But no great mistake 4th Nine: In the bundle, no fish Arising brings misfortune 5th Nine*: With willow fronds, wrapping melons Cherishing composure Having issue from heaven Top Nine: Encountering his horns Humiliating, But not a mistake

45. Cuì; Gathering
Gathering DevelopmentalВ The king communes at the ancestral shrine AdvantageousГ to see a great person DevelopmentalВ AdvantageousГ to persevereД An act of great offering is fortunate AdvantageГ in having somewhere to go Base Six*: Having trust without resolution Thereupon disorder, and thereupon gathering If crying out, a grasp of the hand brings laughter Do not despair Going forth is not a mistake 2nd Six: Being drawn together is fortunate, and not a mistake With sincerity, thus advantageousГ to conduct the spring sacrifice 3rd Six: Gathering as if to greive No purpose is advancedГ Going forth is not a mistake Slight humiliation 4th Nine: 5th Nine*: Greatly fortunate; this is not a mistake Gathering confers status Not a mistake to lack confidence If initiallyА and thereafter dedicatedД, Regrets vanish Top Six: Wailing and weeping, sobbing and sniveling Not a mistake

46. Shēng; Ascending
Ascending The sublimeА fosters developmentВ Useful to see a great person Do not despair Southward, campaigning is fortunate Base Six: 2nd Nine*: Permitting ascension is greatly fortunate With sincerity, thus advantageousГ to conduct the spring sacrifice Not a mistake 3rd Nine: 4th Six: Ascending into an empty city The king conducts a sacrificeВ upon Mount Qi Fortunate Not a mistake 5th Six*: Top Six: PerseverenceД is fortunate in ascending the stairs Darkened ascent AdvantageГ in the unceasing exercise of committmentД

47. Kùn; Constraint
Constraint DevelopmentalВ The perseverenceД of a great person is fortunate It is not a mistake: For there to be talk without credibility Base Six: Sitting constrained at the foot of a tree Entering into a gloomy valley For three years, not encountered 2nd Nine*: Constraints of wine and food The vermillion-sashed ruler straightaway comes AdvantageousГ to conduct an offering of sacrifice Campaigning brings misfortune, this is not a mistake 3rd Six: Constrained upon a rock Tangled up in thistles Entering into his palace, Not seeing his wife Misfortune 4th Nine: Approaching slowly and languidly Constrained within a golden carriage Humiliating Bring about completion 5th Nine*: Severed-nose and severed-feet Constrained by scarlet-sashed ministers Thereafter slowly, having relief AdvantageousГ to conduct a worshipful sacrifice Top Six: Constrained by creeping kudzu-vines In worry and in doubt Muttering about regrets is regrettable Campaigning is fortunate

48. Jĭng; The Well
The Well Altering the city, not altering the well Neither loss nor gain Going and coming, the well remains If almost reaching but not quite, the well rope, Or fragile his jug, Misfortune Base Six: A well of mud, not drunk from The old well is without birds 2nd Nine: In the well's depths, shooting carp The urn breaks and spills 3rd Nine: The well's abundance is not drunk from This serves to sadden my heart It is possible to draw water With the king's illumination, All share in receipt of its blessing 4th Six: 5th Nine: The well's masonry is without error The well is clear Its cool spring is drunk from Top Six*: The well's reservoir, do not obstruct Its reliability is fortunate from the very outsetА

49. Gé; Revolution
Revolution Conclude the day and thereafter trust The sublimeА fosters developmentВ AdvantageousГ to persevereД Regrets vanish Base Nine: 2nd Six: Wrapping with yellow oxhide Conclude the day and thereafter revolt Campaigning is fortunate, this is not a mistake 3rd Nine: Campaigning brings misfortune, and persistenceД is dangerous If revolution is discussed thrice over, Have confidence 4th Nine: Regrets vanish in light of truth Altering course is fortunate 5th Nine*: The great person's tiger-like transformations Yet to be realized, have confidence Top Six: The noble youth's leopard-like transformations Common people modify their faces Campaigning brings misfortune To dwell in perseverenceД is fortunate

50. Dĭng; The Cauldron
The Cauldron From the outsetА, fortunate DevelopmentalВ Base Six: The cauldron's upturned toes AdvantageousГ to throw out the unsubstantial Gaining a concubine and thereby her child Not a mistake 2nd Nine: The cauldron contains sustenance My enemy is spiteful Not unto me can he approach Fortunate 3rd Nine: The cauldron's handles are removed Its function blocked The fattened pheasant is not eaten Suddenly rain, the deficiency regrettable The outcome will be fortunate 4th Nine: The cauldron's broken feet Spilling the duke's rice porridge He looks soaked Misfortune 5th Six*: The cauldron's yellow handles with golden rings AdvantageousГ to persevereД Top Nine: The cauldron's jade rings Greatly fortunate All things can be turned to advantageГ

51. Zhèn; Thunder / Arousing
Arousing DevelopmentalВ Thunder crashes with shock and disruption Laughing and talking, ha! ha! The thunderclap startles for a hundred li, Not spilling the ladle of sacrificial wine Base Nine*: Thunder comes with shock and disruption Afterward, laughing and talking, ha! ha! Fortunate 2nd Six: Thunder comes with danger A hundred-thousand lost cowrie shells Scaling up the nine hills Do not pursue In seven days, regaining them 3rd Six: Thunder renews and revivifies Be moved to action, not disaster 4th Nine: 5th Six: Thunder, thereupon mire Thunder goes and comes dangerously Values are not lost that have purpose Top Six: Thunder menaces and threatens Looking about with fear and trepidation Campaigning brings misfortune The shock has not reached him personally, It is in his neighborhood It is not a mistake: For the marriage partner to have words

52. Gěn; Mountain / Stilling
Stilling, His back Not occupied with himself Walking in his courtyard, Not seeing his people Not a mistake Base Six: Stilling his toes It is not a mistake: For there to be advantageГ in everlasting steadfastnessД 2nd Six: Stilling his calves Not conducive to his following His heart is not satisfied 3rd Nine: Stilling his midsection Severing the base of his spine Perilously stifling the heart 4th Six: Stilling his torso Not a mistake 5th Six: Stilling his jaws Words being orderly, Regrets vanish Top Nine*: Careful stilling is fortunate

53. Jiàn; Gradual Progress
Gradual Progress For a woman to marry is fortunate AdvantageousГ to persevereД Base Six: The goose gradually progresses to the riverbank The young child's peril causes talk Not a mistake 2nd Six*: The goose gradually progresses to the firm rocks Drinking and eating in delightful indulgence Fortunate 3rd Nine: The goose gradually progresses to land The husband campaigns but does not return The wife conceives but does not give birth Misfortune AdvantageousГ to guard against enemies 4th Six: The goose gradually progresses to the branches Perhaps gaining for himself a perch Not a mistake 5th Nine*: The goose gradually progresses to the hilltop The wife for three years does not conceive In the end, nothing prevents it Fortunate Top Nine: The goose gradually progresses to land Its feathers can be used for ceremony Fortunate

54. Guī Mèi; Marrying Off the Maiden
Marrying Off the Maiden Campaigning brings misfortune No purpose is advancedГ Base Nine: Marrying off the maiden with her little-sisters A lame person, able to tread Campaigning is fortunate 2nd Nine: A one-eyed person, able to see AdvantageГ in a solitary person's perseverenceД 3rd Six: Marrying off the maiden with consorts Unequal to marrying off with her little-sisters 4th Nine: Marrying off the maiden, prolonging the date Late marriage has time 5th Six*: Emporer Yi marries off his younger-sister The sleeves of the primary-wife, Are not as superb as the sleeves of her little-sisters' The moon nearly full is fortunate Top Nine: A woman bears a basket with no sustenance A gentleman guts a sheep with no blood No purpose is advancedГ

55. Fēng; Abundance
Abundance DevelopmentalВ Approach of the king Do not be troubled, Suited to the day's midpoint Base Nine: Meeting his proper host Although ten days have passed, not a mistake Going forth is praiseworthy 2nd Six: Abundant his curtain At the day's midpoint, seeing the bushel constellation Going forth garners doubt and reproach Have confidence, as if emanating it Fortunate 3rd Nine: Abundant his banner At the day's midpoint, seeing starlight Breaking his right arm Not a mistake 4th Nine: Abundant his curtain At the day's midpoint, seeing the bushel constellation Meeting his kindred host Fortunate 5th Six*: Coming with composure Having rewards of praise is fortunate Top Six: Abundant his room Curtained his house Peering through his doorway Alone, he is without others For three years, not encountered

56. Lŭ; The Traveler
The Traveler In small ways, developmentalВ The traveler's perseverenceД is fortunate Base Six: The traveler is beset with petty trivialities In this place he obtains disaster 2nd Six: The traveler hastens to his lodging Carrying his wherewithall Obtaining the young servant's loyaltyД 3rd Nine: The traveler burns his lodging Loses his young servant PerseverenceД is perilous 4th Nine: The traveler at rest Obtains his wherewithall and an axe My heart is not satisfied 5th Six*: Shooting a pheasant With a single arrow, killed The outcome thereof is renown and high office Top Nine: A bird burns his nest The traveling one first laughs, then cries out loud Losing the cow in a field Misfortune

57. Xùn; Wind / Gently Proceeding
Gently Proceeding In small ways, developmentalВ AdvantageГ in having somewhere to go AdvantageousГ to see a great person Base Six: Advancing and retreating AdvantageГ in a military person's steadfastnessД 2nd Nine: Wind blows through the bed's underside Using priests and wizards As though profusely Fortunate Not a mistake 3rd Nine: 4th Six: Repetitive wind is humiliating Regrets vanish In the field, bagging threefold game 5th Nine*: PerseverenceД is fortunate, regrets vanish All things can be turned to advantageГ Without a beginning, there is a conclusion Before the turning-point, three days After the turning-point, three days Fortunate Top Nine: Wind blows through the bed's underside Losing his wherewithall and axe To persistД brings misfortune

58. Duì; Marsh / Joy
Joy DevelopmentalВ AdvantageousГ to persevereД Base Nine: 2nd Nine: Harmonious joy is fortunate Confident joy is fortunate Regrets vanish 3rd Six: 4th Nine: Coming joy brings misfortune Bargaining for joy is less than satisfying In acknowledging grievances, there is happiness 5th Nine*: Taking joy in degradation There is danger Top Six: Controlling joy

59. Huàn; Dispersal
Dispersal DevelopmentalВ The king communes at the ancestral shrine AdvantageousГ to ford the great stream AdvantageousГ to persevereД Base Six: 2nd Nine: Using the aid of a strong horse is fortunate The dispersed rush to their devices Regrets vanish 3rd Six: Dispersing his self Not a mistake 4th Six: Dispersing his group is fortunate from the very outsetА Among the dispersed are accumulations Not the ordinary mode of thinking 5th Nine*: Dispersing defilements by his great proclamation Dissolved! The king dwells without error Top Nine: Dispersing his blood Leaving for far beyond Not a mistake

60. Jié; Discipline
Discipline DevelopmentalВ With painful discipline, impossible to persevereД Base Nine: Not going past the door to the courtyard Not a mistake 2nd Nine: Not going past the gate of the courtyard Misfortune 3rd Six: If not as the disciplined, Then as the miserable Not a mistake 4th Six: 5th Nine*: Calm discipline is developmentalВ Amiable discipline is fortunate Going forth is praiseworthy Top Six: Painful discipline perpetuatedД brings misfortune Regrets vanish

61. Zhōng Fú; Central Truth
Central Truth For piglets and fish, fortunate AdvantageousГ to ford the great stream AdvantageousГ to persevereД Base Nine: Forethought is fortunate Others offer no assurance 2nd Nine: A crane calls from the shadows, Her young ones respond We have a good vessel of wine, I will share it with you 3rd Six: Gaining an adversary Maybe drumming, or maybe ceasing Maybe sobbing, or maybe singing 4th Six: The moon is nearly full A team horse vanishes Not a mistake 5th Nine*: Having trust as his bond Not a mistake Top Nine: The pheasant's calls rise into the sky To persistД brings misfortune

62. Xiăo Guò; The Small Predominate
The Small Predominate DevelopmentalВ AdvantageousГ to persevereД What is possible in small matters, Is not possible in great matters The flying bird leaves behind its song: Not proper that it ascend, but for it to descend, Is greatly fortunate Base Six: 2nd Six: A flying bird, thereby misfortune Bypassing his grandfather, Meeting with his grandmother Not reaching his lord, Meeting with the official Not a mistake 3rd Nine: Not bypassing his vanguard From behind, perhaps he's slain Misfortune 4th Nine: It is not a mistake: Not to bypass, but to meet Going forth, danger necessitates caution Do not use lasting persistenceД 5th Six*: Heavy clouds but no rain, From our western skies The duke fires stringed arrows, taking those in a cave Top Six: Not meeting, but bypassing The flying bird is netted Misfortune This is called a disastrous mistake

63. Jì Jì; After Crossing
After Crossing DevelopmentalВ in small ways AdvantageousГ to persevereД What has a fortunate beginning, Ends in disarray Base Nine: Braking his wheels Immersing his tail Not a mistake 2nd Six*: A woman loses her hair ornament Do not pursue In seven days, regaining it 3rd Nine: Emporer Gao Zong attacks the Gui Fang Three years in overcoming Common people do not take part 4th Six: The finest silk becomes coverings of rags Unto the day's end, be cautious 5th Nine: The eastern neighbor slaughters an ox Unequal to the western neighbor's spring sacrifice offering The substantial receives its blessing Top Six: Immersing his head Dangerous

64. Wèi Jì; Before Crossing
Before Crossing DevelopmentalВ The small fox, almost across, Immerses his tail No purpose is advancedГ Base Six: Immersing his tail Humiliating 2nd Nine: Braking his wheels PerseverenceД is fortunate 3rd Six: Before crossing, campaigning brings misfortune AdvantageousГ to ford the great stream 4th Nine: PerseverenceД is fortunate, regrets vanish Like lightning, conduct an attack on the Gui Fang In three years, having rewards from the great kingdom 5th Six*: PerseverenceД is fortunate, no regrets The noble youth's brilliance: To be realistic is fortunate Top Nine: Gaining confidence from drinking wine, Is not a mistake If immersing the head, Be confident of losing it

Key to Hexagrams
Upper Trigram

1 21 6
Lower Trigram

34 51 40 62 16 32 55 45

5 3 29 39 8 48 63 60

26 27 4 52 23 18 22 41

11 24 7 15 2 46 36 19

9 42 59 53 20 57 37 61

14 21 64 56 35 50 30 38

43 17 47 31 45 28 49 58

33 12 44 13 10

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