This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Paper presentation on
RECENT CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL ULTRA HIGH STRENGTH CONCRETE
(USING REACTIVE POWDER)
Submitted by, S.RAMANAN S.B.PRASATH (pre _ final year) Contact as:
firstname.lastname@example.org _ 9566444761 email@example.com - 9965484938
A comparison of the physical. water. For increasing its compressive strength. because of its composition and performance it is used every where. Specific benefits and potential applications of RPC have also been described. Each structure is built in accordance with its needs. it contains mineral components and chemical admixtures having very specific characteristics. This concrete has higher strength as compared to that of ordinary concrete. comparing RPC with HPC. durable. Quite often. more important is being given to strength and durability of the concrete. flexural strength. RPC was first developed in France in the early 1990s and the world’s first RPC structure. while designing a structure. a new science of admixtures and the use of advanced scientific equipment to monitor concrete microstructure. and build structures that are very strong. compressive strength. generate economic benefits. Reactive powder concrete (RPC) is a developing composite material that will allow the concrete industry to optimize the material use.ULTRA HIGH STRENGTH CONCRETE (USING REACTIVE POWDER) ABSTRACT: Concrete is an essential material for construction. To consists of a special concrete where the microstructure is optimized by precise gradation of all particles in the mix to yield maximum density RPC is emerging technology that lends a new dimension to the term “High Performance Concrete “. we add the chemical admixtures into the concrete. and durability properties of RPC and high performance concrete(HPC) shows that RPC posses better strength(both compressive and flexural) Compared to HPC. The development of HPC results from the materialization of a new science of concrete. and sensitive to environment. INTRODUCTION: HPC is not a simple mixture of cement. . This paper reviews the available literature on RPC. We know that concrete is a compressive material rather than a tensile material. RPC is an ultra high-strength and high ductility cementation composite with advanced mechanical and physical properties. which impart specific properties to the concrete. and presents the results of laboratory investigation such as fresh concrete properties. so the special properties are to be satisfied by them for their good performance. The strength and durability of this concrete is mainly depends on its mix proportions. was constructed in July 1997. It has immense potential in construction due to its superior mechanical and durability properties compared to conventional high performance concrete. Nowadays. the Sherbrooke Bridge in Canada. and could even replace steel in some applications. mechanical. and aggregates.
silica fume.COMPOSITION OF RPC: Reactive powder concrete has been developed to have a strength of 200 to 800 Mpa with required ductility. 3. Steel fibers 191 kg/m3 7. synthesized precipitated silica . and silica fume). Fine sand ( 150 – 400 micron) 1051 kg/m3 3.Reactive powder concretes have compressive strength ranging from 200 Mpa to 800Mpa Typical composition of reactive powder concrete 800 Mpa Portland cement – type V 1000 kg/m3 Fine sand ( 150 – 400 micron) 5001 kg/m3 Silica fume (18 m2/gm) 390 kg/m3 2 Precipitated silica (35 m /gm) 230 kg/m3 Super plasticizer (polyacrylate) 18 kg/m3 Steel fibers (length 3mm and dia. Flexural strength 25 – 30 Mpa 10. Total water 153 kg/m3 8. 8. Precipitated silica (35 m2/gm) 10 kg/m3 5. Compressive strength (cylinder) 170 – 230 Mpa 9. Young’s modulus 54 – 60 Mpa 1. .steel fibers about 1 Cm in length and 180 micron in diameter . 7.180µ) 630 kg/m3 Total water 180 kg/m3 Compressive strength (cylinder) 490 – 680 Mpa Flexural strength 45 – 102 Mpa Typical composition of reactive powder concrete 200 Mpa 1. 9. This compactness gives RPC ultra –high strength and durability . It is new technique involved in the civil engineering . A very dense matrix is achieved by optimizing the granular packing of the dry fine powders. RPC is composed of very fine powders (cement. The super plasticizer. steel fibers (optional) and a super plasticizer. 2. sand. quartz powder. Silica fume (18 m2/gm) 229 kg/m3 4. Super plasticizer (polyacrylate) 13 kg/m3 6.Reactive powder concrete in made by replacing the conventional sand and aggregate by grounded quartz less than300 micron size. 6. decreases the water binder ratio (w\b) while improving the workability of concrete. Portland cement – type V 955 kg/m3 2. 5. used at its optimal dosage. 4.
Application of pressure (before and during setting) to improve compaction. designated RPC 200 and RPC 800. Elimination of coarse aggregates for enhancement of homogeneity. Optimization of the granular mixture can be achieved by the use of packing models. Optimization of the granular mixture for the enhancement of compacted density. 4. MECHANICAL PEFORMANCE AND DURABILITY OF RPC: The RPC family includes two types of concrete. 2. 3.PRINCIPLES FOR DEVELOPING RPC Some of the general principles for developing RPC are given below. 1. Post-set heat-treatment for the enhancement of the microstructure. Improved mechanical properties of the paste by the addition of silica fume Limitation of sand content Recommended value Maximum size of fine sand is 600 µm Type of failure eliminated Mechanical. Utilization of the pozzolanic properties of silica fume. 7. . Mechanical for the two types of RPC are given in the table. Addition to small-sized steel fibres to improve ductility. Optimal usage of super plasticizer to reduce w/b and improve work ability. 5. which offers interesting implicational possibilities in different areas. chemical & thermomechanical Enhanced mechanical properties Reduction in aggregate to matrix ratio Young’s modulus values in 50-75 Gpa range Volume of the paste is at least 20 % voids index of noncompacted sand Distribution on the mechanical stress field By any external source (for example formwork). Property of RPC Reduction in aggregate size Description Coarse aggregate are replace by fine sand. The high flexural strength of RPC is due to addition steel fibres. 6. with a reduction in the size of the coarse aggregate by a factor of about 50. PROPERTIES OF RPC: The mixture design of RPC primarily involves the creation of a dense granular skeleton.
Gpa Fracture toughness. Mpa Flexural strength. there is specification and properties have been presented in the table. it exhibits high ductility. is higher for RPC.61 Particle size range 31 µm – 7. which is a measure of energy absorbed per unit volume of material to fracture.3 µm – 1. These materials can be therefore be used for industrial and nuclear waste storage facilities.15 mm . there is no RPC given in table enable its use in chemically aggressive environments and where physical wear greatly limits the life of other concretes.15 2. 53-grade Micro silica Quartz powder Standard sand. Mpa Compressive strength (using steel aggregate).no 1. RPC have an ultra-dense microstructure.4 mm 2. 5.65 7. Apart from their exceptional mechanical properties.6mm – 0. Mpa Compressive strength (using quartz sand). As fracture toughness. Laboratory investigations: The materials used for the laboratory study. 3. Mpa Modulus of elasticity. OPC. Mpa RPC 200 Mpa None 170 to 230 30 to 60 RPC 800 Mpa 50 490 to 680 650 to 810 45 to 141 Comparison of HPC (80 Mpa) and RPC 200 Mpa: Property Compressive strength. J/m2 HPC (80 Mpa ) 80 7 40 <103 RPC 200 Mpa 200 40 60 30x103 Table shows typical mechanical properties of RPC compared to a conventional HPC having compressive strength of 80 Mpa. In comparison to HPC. low permeability.7 2. limited shrinkage and increasing corrosion resistance.8 µm 5.5 µm 5.3 µm – 1. giving advantageous water proofing and durability characters.2 2.Comparison of RPC 200 Mpa and RPC 800 Mpa: Property Pre-setting pressurization. Sample Cement. 6.3 µm 0. 4.1 2. RPC has ultra-high durability characteristic resulting from its extremely low porosity.3 mm Length: 30 mm and diameter:0. grade-1 Steel fibres (30 mm) River sand Specific gravity 3. Materials used in the study and their properties: Sl.36 mm – 0. 2. Mpa Flexural strength.
00 1.09 River sand 0.25 0. • Compressive strength • Flexural strength • Water absorption Fresh concrete properties: The workability of RPC mixtures (with and without fibres). the workability of HPC mixtures (with fibres). as shown in fig. compressive strength.Mixture design of RPC and HPC: The process of mixture selection of RPC and HPC is given below. • Fresh concrete properties.F normal curing RPC . On the other hand.31 Standard sand grade 1 1. measured using the mortar flow table test as r\per ASTMC10916. Considerable numbers of trial mixtures were prepared to obtain good RPC and HPC mixture proportions. Compressive strength: The compressive strength analysis throughout the study shows that RPC has higher compressive strength than HPC.00 Silica fume 0. Mpa HPC .12 Quartz powder 0. compressive strength is one of the factors linked with durability of a material.20 30 mm steel fibers 0. was in the range of120-140%.4 Workability and density were recorded for the fresh concrete mixtures. MIXTURE PROPORTIONS OF RPC AND HPC: Material Mixture proportions RPC – F HPC – F Cement 1. The performance of RPC and HPC was monitored over time with respect to the following parameters. measured using the slump test as per ASTM C23117.03 0.023 Admixture (polyacrylate based) Water 0. days compressive strength of RPC and HPC . Some RPC specimens were heat cured by heating in a water bath at 90o C after until the time of testing.F normal curing 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 7 14 21 28 time.4 0. was in the range of 120-150mm. Specimens of RPC and HPC were also cured in water at room temperature. The density of fresh RPC and HPC mixture was found to be in the range of 2500-2650 kg/m3.
RPC 200should have an approximate flexural strength of 40 Mpa. Here the increase of flexural strength of RPC with the addition of fibers is higher than that of HPC. while the maximum strength obtained for HPC is 75Mpa. The reason for low flexural strength obtained in the study could be that the fibers used (30mm) were long and their diameter was relatively higher. The quality of RPC is one among the desired properties of nuclear waste containment materials.The maximum compressive strength of RPC obtained from this study is as 200Mpa. The incorporation of fibres did not affect the compressive strength of HPC significantly.5 Water absorption percent 3 2. days 28 HPC RPC HPC – F NC 10 Water absorption of RPC and HPC . 3. The incorporation of fibres and use of heat curing was seen to enhance the compressive strength of RPC by 30 to 50%.5 1 0. Water absorption: A common trend of decrees in the water absorption with age is seen here both for RPC and HPC. Mpa RPC NC 11 RPC –F NC 18 HPC NC 8 NC = Normal curing. The percentage of water absorption of RPC.5 2 1. As per literature. This cost reduction in reinforcement can compensate the increase in cost by the elimination of coarse aggregates in RPC to some extent. Flexural strength: Plain RPC was found to possess marginally higher flexural strength than HPC. Fibre reinforced RPC (with appropriate fibres) has the potential to be used in structures without any additional steel reinforcement. Table clearly explains the variation in flexural strength of RPC and HPC with the addition of steel fibers. however. FLEXURAL STRENGTH AT 28 DAYS.5 0 7 14 21 Age. is very low compared to that of the HPC.
The specimen is to be placed in the machine in such a manner that the load is to be applied to the opposite side of the cubes as cast that is not at the top and bottom. The specimens are stored at a room temperature of 27o ± 2o C for 24 hours ± ½ hours form the time of addition of water to the dry ingredients. TESTING OF SPECIMEN: 1000 KN compression testing machine is used for testing specimen for its compressive strength. the specimen are marked and removed from the moulds and immediately submerged in clean water. CASTING OF CUBE: Specimen size = 10 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm Volume of one cube = 0.CASTING OF TEST SPECIMEN: Test specimens are prepared to determine the strength of concrete. The axis of the specimen is to be carefully aligned with the center of the thrust of the spherically seated platen no packing is to be used between two faces of the specimen and the steel platen of the testing machine.1 x 0. These coarse aggregate is added and mixed well. Cube specimens are used to test the compressive strength of the HPC and RPC. aggregates. Procedure: The specimen stored in water is to be tested immediately on removal from the water and they are still in the wet condition. After this period. Then inside and joints of mould are thinly coated with mould oil. Finally water and super plasticizer are added and mixed until the concrete appears to be homogeneous and has the designed consistency.1 = 0. The dimensions and weights of the specimens are to be taken. PREPARATION OF TEST SPECIMEN: Each mould is to be cleaned and assembled properly. The concrete is to be filled into the mould in layers. The bearing surface of the testing machine and the surface of the specimens are to be cleaned. Surface water and quit is to be wiped of the specimen and any projecting fines are removed.1 x 0. . Cement. admixtures and water are weighed properly. fine aggregates and mineral admixtures are mixed thoroughly in dry conditions. The specimens shall not be allowed to become dry at any time until these are tested.001 m3 PREPARATION OF MIX: The above mix calculated quantities of cement. For cubical specimen the concrete is to be subjected using table vibrator 30 seconds per layer. Placing the specimen in the testing machine. The specimens in water are taken after 28 day.
LIMITATIONS OF RPC: In a typical RPC mixture design. RPC can even replace steel in compression members where durability issues are in ( for example in marine condition ). mechanical and durability properties of RPC and HPC shows that RPC better strength (both compressive and flexural) and lower permeability compared to HPC. CONCULSION: • • • A laboratory investigation comparing RPC and HPC led to the following conclusions. The mineral component optimization alone results in a substantial increase in cost over and above that of conventional concrete (5 to 10 times higher than HPC). the least costly components of conventional concrete are basically eliminated and replaced by more expensive. RPC should be used in areas were substantial weight savings can be realized and where some of the remarkable characteristics of the material can be fully utilized . the long term properties are not yet known. . Since RPC in its infancy. the Portland cement plays the role of the fine aggregate and the silica fume that of the cement. lower than the values quoted in literature (40 Mpa). A possible reason for this could be the higher length and diameter of fibres used in this study.The movable portion is to be rotated gently by hand so that uniform seating may be obtained. This is in the RPC 200 range (175 Mpa – 225 Mpa). The maximum load applied to the specimen is to be recorded and the appearance of the concrete and any unusual features in the type of the failure is noted. The load is to be applied until the resistance of the specimen to the increasing load breaks down and no greater load can be restrained. A comparison of the measurements of the physical. The maximum flexural strength of RPC obtained was 22 Mpa. In term of size scale. A maximum compressive strength of 198 Mpa was obtained. the fine sand used in RPC becomes equivalent to the coarse aggregate of conventional concrete. Owing to its high durability.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.