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AN EFFICIENT IMAGE FILTERING FOR GAUSSIAN NOISE REDUCTION USING FUZZY TECHNIQUE ABSTRACT

The Ultimate goal of restoration techniques is to improve an image in some predefined sense. Although there are areas of overlap, image enhancement is largely a subjective process, while image restoration is for the most part an objective process. Restoration attempts to reconstruct or recover an image that has been degraded by using a prior knowledge of the degradation phenomenon. Thus restoration techniques are oriented towards modeling the degradation and applying the inverse process in order to recover the original image. Image restoration scheme could be used to enhance satellite images. of course, since the original image is already corrupted by noise, it is not possible to obtain a numerical measure which indicates how “good” the image is. Depending On the application (The goal of this thesis work is to design an efficient image filter for Gaussian Noise Reduction e.g., Visual inspection, Segmentation), one could prefer lighter or heavier filtering. Gaussian Noise Reduction is mainly focused here. The Gaussian noise may occur in many practical cases. The Gaussian model is most often used for natural noise processes, such as those occurring from electronic no ise in the image acquisition system. This electronic noise is most problematic with poor lighting conditions or very high temperatures. The Gaussian model is also valid for film grain noise, if photographic film is part of the imaging process. Some Restora tion techniques are best formulated in the spatial domain, while others are better suited for the frequency domain. For example, spatial processing is applicable when the only degradation is additive noise. Here the focus is on Gaussian noise reduction and it is an additive noise by nature. So spatial processing is done here. Normally the Noise in an image is fuzzy in nature. So the fuzzy technique is applied for filtering Gaussian noise from images. Many Fuzzy based techniques are developed but are not spe cifically designed for Gaussian noise. Several Techniques in image noise reduction mainly deal with impulse noise.

In this thesis work, the fuzzy based filtering technique for Gaussian noise reduction are analyzed and it is found that fuzzy image filter is a good filtering technique for Gaussian noise reduction and also for edge preserving. But this filter is not well suit for high noise level reduction. So this fuzzy filter is modified to suit as an efficient filter for Gaussian Noise Reduction with high noise level. The Fuzzy image filter which reduces the Gaussian noise in the image with low noise level and it also preserved the image structure such as edges better than other filtering techniques. But it does not estimate the noise for high noise level efficiently. It estimates the noise for low noise level better. The New Fuzzy Image Filter is a technique used for Gaussian Noise Reduction with high Noise Level. It takes the advantage of fuzzy Image filter. Two Important Features in the fuzzy Image filte r as follows:

The Filter Estimates a “Fuzzy Derivative” in order to be less sensitive to local variations due to image structures such as edges.

The Membership functions are adapted according to the noise level to perform “Fuzzy Smoothing”

The Adaptive Threshold selection in the fuzzy image filter is modified to achieve filtering on high Gaussian noise level by applying new formula by using already existing method of finding variance and mean in an image. The Modified Adaptive Threshold Selection yields a better result in filtering. It also selects approximate noise level. It is also shown in the table by comparing with existing method. The Experimental results shows a better result when Gaussian noise level is higher. It also shows minimum mean square error when compared with other filtering Techniques.