India’s First Super Critical Plant

Adani power had recently synchronised India’s first super critical power plant with a capacity of 660 MW. This is the world’s first supercritical technology based project to be certified for carbon credit under United Nation’s Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The project faced insurmountable challenges due to a major earth quake in China which impacted suppliers’ facilities. Despite all hurdles the project was completed within 36 months. Synchronisation of 660 MW unit: Adani Power (APL), a power business arm of Adani Group has recently synchronised country’s first supercritical unit of 660 megawatt (MW) at Mundra in Kutch district of Gujarat. With synchronisation of this unit APL’s coal fired thermal generation capacity stands at 1980 MW, making Adani Power the third largest power generating company in private sector today. This 660 MW unit has a unique distinction. It is the world’s first supercritical technology based project to be certified for carbon credit under United Nation’s Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Gautam Adani, Chairman and Founder, Adani Group, spoke during the launch, “This is not only the first super-critical turbine in the country but what makes it special is that this has been synchronised within 36 months from the inception, which is the fastest implementation ever by any power developer in the country.” The company has entered into long term power purchase agreements (PPA) with various state electricity utilities for supplying 7,144 MW of power which include Gujarat (2,000 MW), Haryana (1,424 MW) Maharashtra (2,520) MW and Rajasthan (1,200 MW).

Project details: APL is setting up 4620 MW coal fired power plant at Mundra, consisting of four units of 330 MW and five units of 660 MW, the 660 MW units are based on energy efficient and environment friendly super critical technology. On completion of this power project in March 2012, Mundra Power plant will become the largest coal fired station in India and one of the top five in the world. The financial closure of the entire 4620 MW project at Mundra has already been achieved. The company has made arrangements for evacuating power from the Mundra power station by laying 400 kV Mundra to Dehgam transmission line in Gujarat covering 430 km length and ± 500 kV HVDC line from Mundra to Mohindergarh covering 1000 km length. “I am pleased as we have successfully synchronized country’s first 660 MW super critical unit at Mundra today. With this historic step, we have achieved an important milestone for our power business. The supercritical technology will make our operation efficient and in turn preserve environment. We are expecting that the subsequent units will be in operation in rapid succession,” said Adani. Adani had lately focused on its power business and they hope to achieve generation capacity of more than 16,000 MW by end of 2015. Their power projects at Mundra (4,620-MW), Tiroda (3,300-MW), Kawai (1,320-MW), Dahej (2,640-MW), Bhadreshwar (3,300-MW) and Chhindwara (1,320-MW) are moving as per schedule.

Challenges faced: The project faced enormous challenges right from the beginning. producing more from the less coal and with lower emissions. the higher the efficiency. This is the critical pressure and the critical temperature. Water directly becomes steam. sub critical plants operate at 850 oF. A supercritical plant is much more efficient than a sub critical plant.6 bar. comparable with that of an existing sub-critical plant Plant costs comparable with sub-critical technology and less than other clean coal technologies Much reduced NOx. The efficiency of the thermodynamic process of a coal-fired power describes how much of the energy that is fed into the cycle is converted into electrical energy. Inspite of the delay. As the pressure increases the boiling temperature increases and the latent heat of vaporisation decreases. The greater the output of electrical energy for a given amount of energy input. For steam this occurs at 374 deg C and 220. These are sub-critical power plants. These are super-critical power plants. The new generation of power plants operate at pressures higher than the critical pressure. A further increase in pressure and temperature leads us to a point at which the latent heat of vaporisation is zero. Adani commented on the challenges while addressing media.” Why a supercritical power plant? To increase the efficiency of steam power plants the basic method is to improve the thermal efficiency by increasing the operating pressure. They were not able to deliver as per their scedule. Benefits of advanced supercritical power plants include: • • • • • • • Reduced fuel costs due to improved plant efficiency Significant reduction in CO2 emissions Excellent availability. A massive earthquake erupted in China and this affected most of the supplier’s facilities. Conventional steam power plants operate at a steam pressures in the range of 170 bar. who assure delivery of the equipment within a fraction of time. which Indian suppliers normally take to deliver. The event was beyond the control of the management of the company. or there is no boiling. “Our project management skills and abilities have been tested fully because this implementation record has been achieved despite the project facing disruptions due to major earth quake in China which impacted our suppliers’ facilities as also Chinese employment visa issues. A supercritical power plant uses a boiler/turbine system that operates at 1075oF. The company has outsourced most of its equipments from Chinese suppliers. SOx and particulate emissions Compatible with biomass co-firing Can be fully integrated with appropriate CO2 capture technology . If the pressure of water is 200 bar then the boiling takes place at 366 deg C and the latent heat of vaporisation is 584 kJ/kg. Supercritical Power plants operate at temperatures resulting in higher efficiencies – up to 46 per cent for supercritical plants – and lower emissions than traditional (sub-critical) coal-fired plants. the project could be completed in a record 36 months. The operating pressures are in the range of 230 to 265 bar.

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