Time for Geography Copyright 2008 by Paul Blankenship Some rights reserved.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA. Grade-Level Expectation Geography The World in Spatial Terms Benchmark G-1A-M2 interpreting and developing maps, globes, graphs, charts, models, and databases to analyze spatial distributions and patterns; (1, 2, 3, 4) GLE #1. Use time zones in the United States or the International Date Line to interpret a map or representation of a globe and calculate current times in different places (G-1A-M2) Objective We will use time zones in the United States and the International Date Line to interpret a map or representation of a globe and calculate current times in different places. Introduction The measurement of time in the past was a local matter. Each town had its own time set by observation of the sun. The invention and construction of the railroads required a new precision in the measurement of time. Time zones were invented to standardize time across large areas of the Earth. Standard Time Long distance rail travel in the nineteenth century (the 1800s) required that time-keeping be coordinated over long distances, especially in North America. Sir Sandford Fleming, a Canadian railway planner, developed a plan for a worldwide system of standard time during the 1870s that was adopted by many nations, including the United States, in 1884. UTC Coordinated Universal Time (abbreviated UTC) was established in 1963 to resolve the differences between time measured by atomic clocks (atomic time) and astronomical time (known as Universal Time 1). UTC is the basis for civil (legal) and scientific timekeeping around the world. Time Zones Time zones are large areas of the Earth that share the same clock time. The time zones run from the North Pole to the South Pole and are about 15 degrees longitude wide. The Earth has 24 time zones. Within these areas some governments, such as Afghanistan, may operate on their own local time.

including its territories.8 Daylight Savings Time = UTC . Some islands (such as Wake Island) fall outside these legally recognized time zones.8 . UTC Standard = UTC .Time Zones and the United States The United States. UTC Standard = UTC . Four standard time zones cover the continental United States. but not the Aleutian Islands. UTC Standard = UTC . Louisiana is in the Central Time Zone.4 Central Standard Time Central Time covers the central United States from Alabama to Texas.5 Daylight Savings Time = UTC .7 Time Zones of Alaska and Hawaii Alaska and Hawaii cover two time zones: Alaskan Time Hawaii-Aleutian Time Alaskan Standard Time Alaskan Time covers the mainland of Alaska. spans nine official standard time zones. and islands possessed by the United States.6 Pacific Standard Time Pacific Time covers the Pacific coast of the United States. MST v.7 Daylight Savings Time = UTC .5 Mountain Standard Time Mountain Time covers the Rocky Mountain area of the United States. The Continental United States The Continental United States includes four standard time zones. Hawaii. UTC Standard = UTC . UTC Standard = UTC . Five others cover Alaska. EST v. AST v. CST v. From East to West these are: Eastern Time Central Time Mountain Time Pacific Time Eastern Standard Time Eastern Time covers the Atlantic coast states and part of the Ohio Valley.9 Daylight Savings Time = UTC . PST v.6 Daylight Savings Time = UTC .

4 Daylight Savings = UTC .S. Resources For helpful links see http://del. ChST v.us/louisianastudies/gle01 For more links. UTC Standard = UTC . it’s not that kind of date line.com/search/label/gle01 . SST v. UTC Standard = UTC + 10 Daylight Savings Time is not used in this time zone.9 Other U. The International Date Line Just as a traveller crossing into another time zone sets his or her watch to a new hour. UTC Standard = UTC . Atlantic Standard Time v. S. and information about how Mr. UTC Standard = UTC . Virgin Islands.icio.blogspot. Blankenship teaches this GLE see http://lastudies. videos. S. The line shifts to keep the Aleutian Islands in the same day as Alaska and some South Pacific Islands in the same day as New Zealand. Chamorro Standard Time Chamorro Time covers the islands of Guam and the Northern Marianas. Virgin Islands do not observe DST) Samoa Standard Time Samoa Time covers the island of Samoa. Going east across the International Date Line requires the traveller to set the calendar back one day.3 (Puerto Rico and the U. a traveller crossing the International Date Line would set his calendar. The International Date Line is an imaginary line running from pole to pole at about 180 degrees longitude.Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time Hawaii-Aleutian Time the Aleutian and Hawaiian Islands. HAST v. The International Date Line Mnemonic: Don’t call 180-LINE if you are lonely.10 Daylight Savings Time = UTC . Time Zones The other time zones of the United States beyond the 50 states are: Atlantic Standard Time Samoa Standard Time Chamorro Standard Time Atlantic Standard Time Atlantic Time is used in Puerto Rico and the U. Going west across the International Date Line requires the traveller to set the calendar ahead one day.11 Daylight Savings Time is not used in Samoa.

com and http://idisk.For other presentations see http://www.mac.paulblankenship.com/ kd5rui-Public?view=web .

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