The Nine Basic Quarterback Reads in the Multiple West Coast Offense

By: Ron Jenkins Offensive Coordinator El Camino College (CA)

Basic coverages
Cover 3 Zone  Cover 2 Zone  Quarters  Cover 1 Free Man  Cover 0 Man

COVER 3 ZONE
Cover 3 Zone

FS Zone 1/3 C Zone 1/3
Hook Curl / flat

C M M N QB
Hook

Zone 1/3

SSCurl / flat T S

W

T

STRENGTHS 1. Three-deep secondary. 2. Four man rush. 3. Run support to SS.

WEAKNESSES 1. Weakside curl / flat. 2. Strong-side curl. 3. Limited fronts. 4. Flood routes. 5. Run support away from SS. 6. Dig routes. (Square-in routes) 7. Four verticals.

COVER 2 ZONE
Cover 2 Zone
Zone 1/2 FS

SS Zone 1/2

C Flat E

Flat Hash

W

Middle

M

Hash

S

C

T

T

E

QB

STRENGTHS 1. Five underneath coverage. 2. Ability to disrupt timing of outside receivers with 'jam'. 3. Can rush four. 4. Flat areas.

WEAKNESSES 1. Deep coverages; a. fade area, b. deep middle. 2. Strong-side curl. 3. Run support off-tackle.

. dbl #1. Read # 2. Man # 1. 2. Responsible for flat coverage. 3. if # 2 goes flat or drag. FS C C W M S Responsible for flat coverage. E QB STRENGTHS 1. Possible help from FS.QUARTERS COVERAGE Cover 2 Zone Quarters Man # 1. Read # 2. if # 2 goes flat or drag. Safeties are very susceptible to play-action. Be aggressive on all out routes by # 1. man-up # 2. If # 2 goes vertical. 4. dbl #1. Be aggressive on all out routes by # 1. Double coverage on # 1 can be nullified by having # 2 attack the coverage of safety. Flat coverage. E Wall off anything that comes T T underneath. 2. Allows corners to play aggresive technique on outside receivers because they have help over-the-top from safeties. man-up # 2. WEAKNESSES 1. Four-deep coverage. Run support from safeties. If # 2 goes vertical. 3. Possible help from SS SS. Ability to double cover outside receivers.

Tight coverage. Play action passes. Can rush five. . Good run support to SS. crossing routes. 3. 3. Help in the deep middle. 2. c. Out routes. b. breaking routes. a.COVER 1 FREE Cover 1 Free FS Zone Deep Middle C M W T N QB M T S SS C STRENGTHS 1. 2. pick routes. WEAKNESSES 1. No underneath help. 4.

COVER 0 MAN Cover 0 Man C FS W T M N M T S SS C QB STRENGTHS 1. Can rush six. pick routes. 3. 2. WEAKNESSES 1. Pass rush. Good run support. 4. b. a. No underneath help. Nobody in the middle of the field deep post route. . Tight coverage. breaking routes. 2. c. crossing routes.

Flat / Swing Read #6 The Sideline Stop / Seam Read #7 The Deep Out – Flat Read #8 The Deep Reads #9 Man (Single-coverage Reads) .Medium Square-in Read #5 The Curl .Flat Read / Sideline .Swing Read #3 The Dig .Drag Read #4 The Deep Square-in .Flat / Swing Read #2 The Stick .Basic Quarterback Reads          #1 The Slant .

 Is there anyone in the middle of the field? Look for the best side to read.  If the defense is going to shift. Look for the safeties.  Number of defenders vs.Quarterback Pre-snap    Always get to the line quickly with your hands under center. Number of receivers. . they will do it after you get under center.

 Know where all the routes are going to be run. Know where your hot routes are.  . or the area of the field the defender must cover.  Look for possible blitzes.  Leverage refers to the defender’s relationship to the receiver.Quarterback Pre-snap Look at the defender’s leverage.

 Throw away from the flat defender. hit the flat / swing route.#1 The Slant . hit the slant.  If he goes flat. Strong Safety or CB.Flat / Swing Read Key flat defender.  OLB.  .  If he covers the slant.

 If the flat defender is way off the LOS (College 4 – 3) . . the drop will be shallower (three-quick) so the QB can throw in front of him.  If the flat defender is close to the LOS (Pro 4 – 3) . the drop will be deeper (three-big) so the QB can throw behind him.The Slant – Flat / Swing Drop  The Quarterback’s specific drop is dependant on the flat defender’s leverage.

FLAT / SWING READ FS C W SS C QB 3 STEP (READ FLAT DEFENDER) .SLANT .

then the stick.  Look for the flat.  Check pre-snap leverage. .#2 The Stick .  Many times looking at the flat route first will open up the stick route.  Vs cover 2.Flat Read Sideline .Swing Read  / Key the strong safety or defender who will cover that area. look to the strong-side fade first.

C FS C 2 W E M T QB T S E SS 1 .

FS SS 1 2 C W E M T QB T S E C 3 BIG HOLD THROW IN THE HOLE TO THE Z RECEIVER .

#2 The Sideline .  Many times looking at the swing route first will open up the sideline route.Swing Read Key the strong safety or defender who will cover that area.  Look for the swing.  Check pre-snap leverage. then the sideline.  .

1 C FS 1 C W M S SS .

hit the drag.Drag Read Key the underneath coverage.#3 The Dig . take a look at what the linebackers are doing.  .  If they drop.  Vs. the drag usually becomes the safest throw.  While dropping back. Quarters coverage. go for the dig.  If they jump or wall the drag.

DIG . LOOK AT TE "DRAG" ROUTE FIRST. .DRAG READ FS 1 C B READ B B SS C 2 QB 7 QUICK HITCH (READ INSIDE BACKER) TO GET "DIG" ROUTE OPEN.

DIG .DRAG READ FS C W READ M S SS C QB 7 QUICK HITCH (READ BACKERS) TO GET THE "DIG" ROUTE OPEN. LOOK AT INSIDE RECEIVER "DRAG" ROUTE FIRST. .

Medium Square-in Read Key outside linebacker to the strong safety. hit the deep square-in.#4 The Deep Square-in .  If either LB or SS takes away the deep square-in.  . throw to the area they vacate.  If LB takes medium square-in route and SS takes flat area.

RB LAST .DEEP SQUARE-IN .MED SQUARE-IN READ FS 2 READ READ 1 C B B N QB C SS B 3 B 5 BIG HITCH (READ BACKER TO SS) TO GET WR OPEN LOOK TO TE FIRST.

DEEP SQUARE-IN .MED SQUARE-IN READ 1 FS 2 C W M S READ SS C 3 QB 5 BIG HITCH (READ BACKER TO STRONG SAFETY) .

 If he drops to curl. Strong Safety or CB.  Throw away from the flat defender.  If he goes flat.#5 The Curl .Flat / Swing Read Key flat defender. hit the flat / swing route.  .  OLB. hit the curl.

CURL .FLAT / SWING READ FS C 1 READ 2 1 SS C LB READ QB 2 5 BIG HITCH (READ LB or SS) TO GET CURL OPEN LOOK TO SWING or FLAT FIRST .

the sideline will automatically turn into a fade route.#6 The Sideline Stop / Seam Read     Vs cover 2. Check OLB / Strong Safety alignment.  If the flat defender can get underneath the the route. throw to the stop or seam.  OLB. . Check corner and safety alignment. Key flat defender. Strong Safety or CB.

SIDELINE .STOP / SEAM READ FS 1 C READ C1 B READ 2 2 SS QB 5 ROLL (READ LB or SS) .

If the corner runs with the WR. hit the flat route right away. If the corner comes off the WR. continue your drop and hit the WR on the Deep Out. .#7 The Deep Out – Flat Read  Great route vs. cover 2  The flat route will hold the corner.

FLAT READ 1 C FS SS 1 2 LB READ READ C 2 VS COVER 3 .DEEP OUTSIDE .

DEEP OUTSIDE .FLAT READ FS C C W SS QB VS COVER 2 VS COVER 3 5 BIG HOLD (READ CORNER TO SAFETY) .

#8 The Deep Reads     This is a timing pass. If you are not sure where to go deep with the ball on your third step (of a 5-step drop). Realize that deep passes are not high percentage completions. Get a good idea where you have the best chance to go with the ball on your pre-snap read. . let the ball go to an underneath receiver.

.DEEP READS 2 2 FS 1 SS C OUTLET C B T N B T B B OUTLET 5 BIG HITCH (READ FREE) LOOK TO THE SIDE THE BACK RELEASES TO (THIS WILL ANCHOR THE CORNER). HIT TE AS HE PASSES THE BACKER DROP. TO GET TE OPEN LOOK TO WR FIRST.

 Hit the seams as they pass by the linebackers at about 15 yards.  . Cover Three  The inside seams are the first read.  Look the safety off with a good look at the Wide Receivers as you drop.  Throw away from safety coverage.Four Verticals Four verticals vs.

DEEP READS 1 FS 1 C B B N B B SS C 5 BIG HITCH (READ FREE) TO GET SLOT OPEN LOOK TO WR FIRST. . HIT SLOT AS HE PASSES THE BACKERS DROP.

#10 Man (Single-coverage Reads)     Where is the blitz coming from?  Identify your hot route(s). What are the receiver routes?  Think about possible safety help. What are the individual match-ups?  Does a particular receiver have an advantage against his defender? Which receiver has leverage on his defender?  Which defender is in a bad position to cover the called route? .

.FS C C QB Quick Hitch: The receiver to the right would be the correct throw due to the defenders leverage and depth. He would have to go through the receiver to make the play. The left corner has inside leverage and is in a better position to make the play.

FS C C QB Quick Out: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw due to the defenders leverage and depth. . The left corner has inside leverage and would have a difficult time getting making the play.

the strong safety has a better angle to get into the passing lane. . There is a much better throwing lane on the left. Although the corners have equal leverage.FS C C B SS QB Quick Slant: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw.

FS C C B SS QB Twelve-yard Speed-out: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw. . The backer on the left side can't get into the passing lane. He is giving up the out. The corner on the left has a inside out leverage.

The corner on the right side has outside leverage and the strong safety would most likely be pulled out of the passing lane by a flat or swing route to that side. The corner on the left has a inside out leverage and therefore has got leverage on the route. .FS C C B SS QB Twelve-yard Curl: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw.

C FS C B SS QB .

The corner on the left is playing deep outside and most likely will not bite on the post move.C FS C B SS QB Post-corner route: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw. The right corner is playing the receiver tighter than the corner on the left and is more susceptible to a counter route. .

. The left corner is playing deep outside and is giving up the skinny-post. The Free Safety should be looked off before the throw.C FS C B SS QB Skinny Post: The receiver to the left would be the appropriate throw. The underneath coverage is not in a position to get into the throwing lane.

C FS C B SS QB Streak: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw. The right corner is playing more head up and tighter than the left corner. . The left corner is playing deep outside and protecting his deep third.

The Multiple West Coast Offense  Quarterback Play and Technique in The Multiple West Coast Offense  The Quick Passing Game of The Multiple West Coast Offense  The Drop Back Passing Attack of The Multiple West Coast Offense  Wide Receiver Technique in the The Multiple West Coast Offense  Plus other topics of interest……  .

The Nine Basic Quarterback Reads in the Multiple West Coast Offense By: Ron Jenkins Offensive Coordinator El Camino College (CA) .

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