The Nine Basic Quarterback Reads in the Multiple West Coast Offense

By: Ron Jenkins Offensive Coordinator El Camino College (CA)

Basic coverages
Cover 3 Zone  Cover 2 Zone  Quarters  Cover 1 Free Man  Cover 0 Man

COVER 3 ZONE
Cover 3 Zone

FS Zone 1/3 C Zone 1/3
Hook Curl / flat

C M M N QB
Hook

Zone 1/3

SSCurl / flat T S

W

T

STRENGTHS 1. Three-deep secondary. 2. Four man rush. 3. Run support to SS.

WEAKNESSES 1. Weakside curl / flat. 2. Strong-side curl. 3. Limited fronts. 4. Flood routes. 5. Run support away from SS. 6. Dig routes. (Square-in routes) 7. Four verticals.

COVER 2 ZONE
Cover 2 Zone
Zone 1/2 FS

SS Zone 1/2

C Flat E

Flat Hash

W

Middle

M

Hash

S

C

T

T

E

QB

STRENGTHS 1. Five underneath coverage. 2. Ability to disrupt timing of outside receivers with 'jam'. 3. Can rush four. 4. Flat areas.

WEAKNESSES 1. Deep coverages; a. fade area, b. deep middle. 2. Strong-side curl. 3. Run support off-tackle.

dbl #1. Allows corners to play aggresive technique on outside receivers because they have help over-the-top from safeties. Possible help from FS. 3. FS C C W M S Responsible for flat coverage. E Wall off anything that comes T T underneath. 2. Be aggressive on all out routes by # 1. Run support from safeties. Be aggressive on all out routes by # 1. Safeties are very susceptible to play-action. Double coverage on # 1 can be nullified by having # 2 attack the coverage of safety. WEAKNESSES 1. Responsible for flat coverage. if # 2 goes flat or drag.QUARTERS COVERAGE Cover 2 Zone Quarters Man # 1. Ability to double cover outside receivers. If # 2 goes vertical. Flat coverage. if # 2 goes flat or drag. Possible help from SS SS. Man # 1. 4. man-up # 2. man-up # 2. dbl #1. 3. If # 2 goes vertical. Read # 2. 2. E QB STRENGTHS 1. Four-deep coverage. . Read # 2.

b. 2.COVER 1 FREE Cover 1 Free FS Zone Deep Middle C M W T N QB M T S SS C STRENGTHS 1. Can rush five. Out routes. WEAKNESSES 1. 3. 2. crossing routes. Good run support to SS. c. 4. a. No underneath help. pick routes. Play action passes. Help in the deep middle. . breaking routes. Tight coverage. 3.

. WEAKNESSES 1. 4. crossing routes. a. Good run support.COVER 0 MAN Cover 0 Man C FS W T M N M T S SS C QB STRENGTHS 1. breaking routes. 2. No underneath help. Pass rush. 3. Nobody in the middle of the field deep post route. Tight coverage. Can rush six. 2. c. b. pick routes.

Flat Read / Sideline .Flat / Swing Read #6 The Sideline Stop / Seam Read #7 The Deep Out – Flat Read #8 The Deep Reads #9 Man (Single-coverage Reads) .Swing Read #3 The Dig .Basic Quarterback Reads          #1 The Slant .Drag Read #4 The Deep Square-in .Flat / Swing Read #2 The Stick .Medium Square-in Read #5 The Curl .

 Is there anyone in the middle of the field? Look for the best side to read. Look for the safeties. they will do it after you get under center.  If the defense is going to shift.  Number of defenders vs. Number of receivers. .Quarterback Pre-snap    Always get to the line quickly with your hands under center.

Quarterback Pre-snap Look at the defender’s leverage.  Know where all the routes are going to be run.  Look for possible blitzes.  Leverage refers to the defender’s relationship to the receiver. Know where your hot routes are. or the area of the field the defender must cover.  .

hit the flat / swing route. Strong Safety or CB.Flat / Swing Read Key flat defender.  .  Throw away from the flat defender.  If he goes flat.  If he covers the slant.#1 The Slant .  OLB. hit the slant.

the drop will be shallower (three-quick) so the QB can throw in front of him.The Slant – Flat / Swing Drop  The Quarterback’s specific drop is dependant on the flat defender’s leverage. . the drop will be deeper (three-big) so the QB can throw behind him.  If the flat defender is way off the LOS (College 4 – 3) .  If the flat defender is close to the LOS (Pro 4 – 3) .

SLANT .FLAT / SWING READ FS C W SS C QB 3 STEP (READ FLAT DEFENDER) .

then the stick.  Check pre-snap leverage. look to the strong-side fade first.  Look for the flat.Flat Read Sideline .  Many times looking at the flat route first will open up the stick route.#2 The Stick .Swing Read  / Key the strong safety or defender who will cover that area.  Vs cover 2. .

C FS C 2 W E M T QB T S E SS 1 .

FS SS 1 2 C W E M T QB T S E C 3 BIG HOLD THROW IN THE HOLE TO THE Z RECEIVER .

 Look for the swing. then the sideline.#2 The Sideline .  Many times looking at the swing route first will open up the sideline route.  .Swing Read Key the strong safety or defender who will cover that area.  Check pre-snap leverage.

1 C FS 1 C W M S SS .

Drag Read Key the underneath coverage.  . the drag usually becomes the safest throw.  If they jump or wall the drag.#3 The Dig . go for the dig. Quarters coverage. hit the drag.  While dropping back. take a look at what the linebackers are doing.  If they drop.  Vs.

.DRAG READ FS 1 C B READ B B SS C 2 QB 7 QUICK HITCH (READ INSIDE BACKER) TO GET "DIG" ROUTE OPEN. LOOK AT TE "DRAG" ROUTE FIRST.DIG .

LOOK AT INSIDE RECEIVER "DRAG" ROUTE FIRST.DIG .DRAG READ FS C W READ M S SS C QB 7 QUICK HITCH (READ BACKERS) TO GET THE "DIG" ROUTE OPEN. .

 If either LB or SS takes away the deep square-in.  If LB takes medium square-in route and SS takes flat area. throw to the area they vacate.#4 The Deep Square-in . hit the deep square-in.Medium Square-in Read Key outside linebacker to the strong safety.  .

RB LAST .MED SQUARE-IN READ FS 2 READ READ 1 C B B N QB C SS B 3 B 5 BIG HITCH (READ BACKER TO SS) TO GET WR OPEN LOOK TO TE FIRST.DEEP SQUARE-IN .

MED SQUARE-IN READ 1 FS 2 C W M S READ SS C 3 QB 5 BIG HITCH (READ BACKER TO STRONG SAFETY) .DEEP SQUARE-IN .

 If he goes flat. Strong Safety or CB. hit the flat / swing route.Flat / Swing Read Key flat defender. hit the curl.#5 The Curl .  Throw away from the flat defender.  OLB.  If he drops to curl.  .

CURL .FLAT / SWING READ FS C 1 READ 2 1 SS C LB READ QB 2 5 BIG HITCH (READ LB or SS) TO GET CURL OPEN LOOK TO SWING or FLAT FIRST .

 If the flat defender can get underneath the the route. the sideline will automatically turn into a fade route. throw to the stop or seam. Check corner and safety alignment. Strong Safety or CB.#6 The Sideline Stop / Seam Read     Vs cover 2. Check OLB / Strong Safety alignment.  OLB. . Key flat defender.

SIDELINE .STOP / SEAM READ FS 1 C READ C1 B READ 2 2 SS QB 5 ROLL (READ LB or SS) .

If the corner comes off the WR.#7 The Deep Out – Flat Read  Great route vs. hit the flat route right away. If the corner runs with the WR. . cover 2  The flat route will hold the corner. continue your drop and hit the WR on the Deep Out.

FLAT READ 1 C FS SS 1 2 LB READ READ C 2 VS COVER 3 .DEEP OUTSIDE .

FLAT READ FS C C W SS QB VS COVER 2 VS COVER 3 5 BIG HOLD (READ CORNER TO SAFETY) .DEEP OUTSIDE .

If you are not sure where to go deep with the ball on your third step (of a 5-step drop). Realize that deep passes are not high percentage completions. let the ball go to an underneath receiver. Get a good idea where you have the best chance to go with the ball on your pre-snap read.#8 The Deep Reads     This is a timing pass. .

. HIT TE AS HE PASSES THE BACKER DROP. TO GET TE OPEN LOOK TO WR FIRST.DEEP READS 2 2 FS 1 SS C OUTLET C B T N B T B B OUTLET 5 BIG HITCH (READ FREE) LOOK TO THE SIDE THE BACK RELEASES TO (THIS WILL ANCHOR THE CORNER).

Cover Three  The inside seams are the first read.Four Verticals Four verticals vs.  Look the safety off with a good look at the Wide Receivers as you drop.  Hit the seams as they pass by the linebackers at about 15 yards.  .  Throw away from safety coverage.

.DEEP READS 1 FS 1 C B B N B B SS C 5 BIG HITCH (READ FREE) TO GET SLOT OPEN LOOK TO WR FIRST. HIT SLOT AS HE PASSES THE BACKERS DROP.

What are the individual match-ups?  Does a particular receiver have an advantage against his defender? Which receiver has leverage on his defender?  Which defender is in a bad position to cover the called route? . What are the receiver routes?  Think about possible safety help.#10 Man (Single-coverage Reads)     Where is the blitz coming from?  Identify your hot route(s).

The left corner has inside leverage and is in a better position to make the play. .FS C C QB Quick Hitch: The receiver to the right would be the correct throw due to the defenders leverage and depth. He would have to go through the receiver to make the play.

FS C C QB Quick Out: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw due to the defenders leverage and depth. The left corner has inside leverage and would have a difficult time getting making the play. .

There is a much better throwing lane on the left. the strong safety has a better angle to get into the passing lane. Although the corners have equal leverage.FS C C B SS QB Quick Slant: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw. .

The corner on the left has a inside out leverage. The backer on the left side can't get into the passing lane. He is giving up the out. .FS C C B SS QB Twelve-yard Speed-out: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw.

FS C C B SS QB Twelve-yard Curl: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw. The corner on the left has a inside out leverage and therefore has got leverage on the route. The corner on the right side has outside leverage and the strong safety would most likely be pulled out of the passing lane by a flat or swing route to that side. .

C FS C B SS QB .

. The right corner is playing the receiver tighter than the corner on the left and is more susceptible to a counter route. The corner on the left is playing deep outside and most likely will not bite on the post move.C FS C B SS QB Post-corner route: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw.

C FS C B SS QB Skinny Post: The receiver to the left would be the appropriate throw. The left corner is playing deep outside and is giving up the skinny-post. The underneath coverage is not in a position to get into the throwing lane. . The Free Safety should be looked off before the throw.

The left corner is playing deep outside and protecting his deep third. .C FS C B SS QB Streak: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw. The right corner is playing more head up and tighter than the left corner.

The Multiple West Coast Offense  Quarterback Play and Technique in The Multiple West Coast Offense  The Quick Passing Game of The Multiple West Coast Offense  The Drop Back Passing Attack of The Multiple West Coast Offense  Wide Receiver Technique in the The Multiple West Coast Offense  Plus other topics of interest……  .

The Nine Basic Quarterback Reads in the Multiple West Coast Offense By: Ron Jenkins Offensive Coordinator El Camino College (CA) .