83 views

Original Title: Failure theories-IITM

Uploaded by sunil_patil_38

- Formwork Manual
- 1020 l Scheme Me
- topics strength of materials
- 1996_non-Linear Finite Element Analysis
- bme_exp_11
- dymat09175
- Nonlinear Analysis of Transmission Towers 1992
- Material Science Notes
- solid state physics
- Strength of Materials - Nptel_iitr
- ATENA 2D Users Manual
- MSc Thesis Stephen Grech
- ASTM E855 08-Metal Bending
- Buckling of Plate
- SOIL_MECHANICS_AND_FOUNDATIONS_DIVISION_Proceeding.pdf
- Bathe and bolourchi.pdf
- ME-311 Ass Welding 2018
- reviewer.pdf
- Paulay
- Som

You are on page 1of 5

LECTURE 35

While dealing with the design of structures or machine elements or any component of a particular machine the physical

properties or chief characteristics of the constituent materials are usually found from the results of laboratory experiments in which

the components are subject to the simple stress conditions. The most usual test is a simple tensile test in which the value of stress

at yield or fracture is easily determined.

However, a machine part is generally subjected simultaneously to several different types of stresses whose actions are

combined therefore, it is necessary to have some basis for determining the allowable working stresses so that failure may not occur.

Thus, the function of the theories of elastic failure is to predict from the behavior of materials in a simple tensile test when elastic

failure will occur under any conditions of applied stress.

A number of theories have been proposed for the brittle and ductile materials.

Strain Energy: The concept of strain energy is of fundamental importance in applied mechanics. The application of the load

produces strain in the bar. The effect of these strains is to increase the energy level of the bar itself. Hence a new quantity called

strain energy is defined as the energy absorbed by the bar during the loading process. This strain energy is defined as the work

done by load provided no energy is added or subtracted in the form of heat. Some times strain energy is referred to as internal work

to distinguish it from external work ‘W'. Consider a simple bar which is subjected to tensile force F, having a small element of

dimensions dx, dy and dz.

A three dimension state of stress respresented by s1, s2 and s3 may be throught of consisting of two distinct state of stresses i.e

Distortional state of stress

1 of 5 14/02/2011 8:06 AM

Lecture 35 http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-ROORKEE/strength...

Thus, The energy which is stored within a material when the material is deformed is termed as a strain energy. The total strain

energy Ur

UT = Ud+UH

Ud is the strain energy due to the Deviatoric state of stress and UH is the strain energy due to the Hydrostatic state of stress.

Futher, it may be noted that the hydrostatic state of stress results in change of volume whereas the deviatoric state of stress results

in change of shape.

Different Theories of Failure : These are five different theories of failures which are generally used

(e) Shear strain energy per unit volume Theory ( Von – Mises & Hencky )

s1,s2,s3 - the three principal stresses in the three dimensional complex state of stress systems in order of magnitude.

This theory assume that when the maximum principal stress in a complex stress system reaches the elastic limit stress in a simple

tension, failure will occur.

s1 = syp

2 of 5 14/02/2011 8:06 AM

Lecture 35 http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-ROORKEE/strength...

Where sx, sy and txy are the stresses in the any given complex stress system.

This theory states that teh failure can be assumed to occur when the maximum shear stress in the complex stress system is equal to

the value of maximum shear stress in simple tension.

3 of 5 14/02/2011 8:06 AM

Lecture 35 http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-ROORKEE/strength...

This Theory assumes that failure occurs when the maximum strain for a complex state of stress system becomes equals to the

strain at yield point in the tensile test for the three dimensional complex state of stress system.

For a 3 - dimensional state of stress system the total strain energy Ut per unit volume in equal to the total work done by the system

and given by the equation

The theory assumes that the failure occurs when the total strain energy for a complex state of stress system is equal to that at the

yield point a tensile test.

It may be noted that this theory gives fair by good results for ductile materials.

4 of 5 14/02/2011 8:06 AM

Lecture 35 http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-ROORKEE/strength...

This theory states that the failure occurs when the maximum shear strain energy component for the complex state of stress system

is equal to that at the yield point in the tensile test.

As we know that a general state of stress can be broken into two components i.e,

(i) Hydrostatic state of stress ( the strain energy associated with the hydrostatic state of stress is known as the volumetric strain

energy )

(ii) Distortional or Deviatoric state of stress ( The strain energy due to this is known as the shear strain energy )

This is the distortion strain energy for a complex state of stress, this is to be equaled to the maximum distortion energy in the simple

tension test. In order to get we may assume that one of the principal stress say (s1 ) reaches the yield point (syp ) of the material.

Thus, putting in above equation s2 = s3 = 0 we get distortion energy for the simple test i.e

Goto Home

5 of 5 14/02/2011 8:06 AM

- Formwork ManualUploaded byNicholas Thompson
- 1020 l Scheme MeUploaded bytskcbe
- topics strength of materialsUploaded byKing Calma
- 1996_non-Linear Finite Element AnalysisUploaded bybsaragct
- bme_exp_11Uploaded bysumanroyal123
- dymat09175Uploaded bymichaelpj5
- Nonlinear Analysis of Transmission Towers 1992Uploaded bycisco
- Material Science NotesUploaded byanon-709110
- solid state physicsUploaded bysoumendra ghorai
- Strength of Materials - Nptel_iitrUploaded byAnkuran Saha
- ATENA 2D Users ManualUploaded bySana'a Aamir
- MSc Thesis Stephen GrechUploaded byJamesFarrugia
- ASTM E855 08-Metal BendingUploaded byIrfan Maulana
- Buckling of PlateUploaded byvarshasdm1987
- SOIL_MECHANICS_AND_FOUNDATIONS_DIVISION_Proceeding.pdfUploaded byRakesh7770
- Bathe and bolourchi.pdfUploaded byjvasilva13
- ME-311 Ass Welding 2018Uploaded byNitin jaiswal
- reviewer.pdfUploaded byfuck
- PaulayUploaded byfoush basha
- SomUploaded byTejas Adak
- AI Simulation 2011 GetStartUploaded byblazaaaaaaaa
- SUD EXCUploaded byP Allen Samuel Ignatius
- Young's ModulusUploaded byWinnie Lim
- FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR OF POST TENSIONED CONCRETE BEAMS WITH OPENINGS IN SHEAR REGIONS.Uploaded byIJAR Journal
- 20020107Uploaded bycaojin259
- AMOS Assignment 1Uploaded bySanthosh Kumar Gugulothu
- Tutorial 5Uploaded byPravinkumarGhodake
- 17042Uploaded byravi_uwa
- Lecture 11+12Uploaded byVaida Cosmin-Ionut
- 20.Huurman_1996Uploaded byvananhlt18

- IME-403-ME-403(CP) - FINALUploaded byArjun Verma
- Contact Modeeling With DynaUploaded byitzranjeeth
- Diseño de Atiesador TriangularUploaded byMauricio Sierra
- 517-522Uploaded bySinhroo
- Working StressUploaded byAnonymous HJ7hmihh
- chapter-753617Uploaded bypriyanka236
- Stainless SteelUploaded bySci Hub
- FEA of Punching Shear Resistance of SCFRC Ribbed SlabUploaded bybezatul89
- 3bUploaded byadnandj
- SSS DBD for SMA IsolatorsUploaded bygayalam
- A 416 A416-M – 99Uploaded byTan Tanju
- 12008_PipingManualStainlessSteelPipesForBuildingsUploaded byAdnan RiVa'i
- activity 2 3 2 tensile testing with the ssaUploaded byapi-280597717
- Finite Element Modelling of Anisotropic Elasto-plastic Timber Composite Beams With OpeningsUploaded byKhairul Salleh Baharudin
- Document 2Uploaded byAFBsniper
- 64bestPaper1Uniaxial True Stress-Strain after NeckingUploaded byBrian Forsman
- Tips on TensUploaded byGuru Raja Ragavendran Nagarajan
- 10.1.1.466.1552.pdfUploaded byAg Patria
- Muttoni - Influence of Shear on Rotation Capacity of Reinforced Concrete Members Without Shear Reinforcement(2010).pdfUploaded byhejjas
- FatigueUploaded byJay Shukla
- Prediction of Compressive Strength and Ultimate Loads for Reactive Powder Concrete ColumnsUploaded byTI Journals Publishing
- Discussion 5.3 Stress-StrainUploaded byYow Sheng Tan
- Chapter05-Probs1-13Uploaded byMichael Guo
- Military Doc - Cannon Brittle FractureUploaded byGrafton Montgomery
- Nonlinearanalysisofreinforcedconcretestructuresusinganewconstitutivemodel.pdfUploaded byLuciano Reis
- Potential Energy Curves & Material PropertiesUploaded byAnonymous qsOTUf1L
- Damage Accumulation and Fracture Initiation XueUploaded bymeriem nouira
- Shear Behaviour and Design of Lipped Channel Beams With 2017 Thin Walled StUploaded byamer
- 2Uploaded byHarish Bk
- Finite element analysis of Locking Compression plate in bendingUploaded byNeville Lawless