Critical and Creative Thinking - Bloom's Taxonomy Rajendrasinh Dodia(1011001) University of Canada West Dr. Chris Tabi MBA 502 Business Environment Wednesday, 9 February 2011

As even today. .CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING . This classification contains three domains. Eventually.In year 1956. Benjamin Bloom developed a classification of levels of intellectual behavior in learning. these domains and levels are useful as you develop the critical thinking of students. psychomotor and affective.BLOOM'S TAXONOMY 2 Abstract This article will review briefly on Bloom¶s Taxonomy and strategic planning as well as the critical and creative thinking. which is mainly referred to as Bloom¶s Taxonomy. Initially Following the 1948 Delegation of the American Psychological Association. Benjamin Bloom started developing a classification of the objectives of the academic process.Bloom and his team constituted a hierarchy of academic objectives. which overlap each other: the cognitive.

along with verbs associated with common student tasks. the student should concentrate on what they are studying as well as the course of action. you learn how the information can be analyzed.CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING . 2000) . an imperceptible pursuit.BLOOM'S TAXONOMY 3 Critical and Creative Thinking . synthesized and evaluated. (Aviles. requires imagination and marks real advance in science. Gradually under critical thinking. which may be merely a matter of mathematical or experimental skill. to regard old problems from a new angle. initially you must gain knowledge and comprehensive abilities. ³Critical thinking is often apprehending as a heavy drilling of the brainpower. Figure below shows the six cognitive levels of the taxonomy arranged from the lowest level (Knowledge) to the highest (Evaluation).Now according to the Bloom¶s taxonomy. As said initially by Einstein and Infeld (1938) ³The formulation of a problem is often more important that its solution. To raise new questions. reserved for the likes of Aristotle and Einstein. a new possibility.Bloom's Taxonomy According to the British Columbia¶s Ministry of Education site. critical thinking can be defined in simple words as ³what you can generate from what you know´.´ However.´ The classification of these processes is as follows: y y y y Critical Thinking Creative Thinking Problem Solving Research According to Aviles (2000). The ones who truly learned it are the ones who can visualize mentally the content for themselves.

1984) .Published by Allyn and Bacon.BLOOM'S TAXONOMY 4 (* Created from table in B SBloom Taxonomy of educational objectives. MA. Boston.CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING .

figuring out material by bringing out more than recalling and repeating. or conclusion produced are new or unique. Creative thinking can be defined as capability of going beyond the information and consolidating . with which conclusions can be made from it. It can be very much helpful in strategic planning. it involves taking in to consideration all the above stages and conclusions produced from each of them. Application: Application is identified as process of taking leaning and educational situations to a new degree. synthesis can be considered as stage or creativity where the ideas. Moreover. defining and anticipatingof Ideas and information. In simple words. At the same time only critical thinking is not enough it has to be also creative too. 1956) Comprehension: Is the competency to analyzing. Synthesis:This is one of the most important level in taxonomy because this is the level where new ideas and information that is already being analyzed is amalgamated. information. the instructors simply use textbooks and create exams based on textbooks¶ contents because it is the most commonly used level of testing. (Bloom. In higher educational system.CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING . Evaluation: This is the final stage/level of taxonomy where final judgments are made depended on the internal and external evidences and criteria. The process can be done as a whole or in parts. Bloom¶s taxonomy and six cognitive levels can be used in almost every field. Analysis: At this level of taxonomy. breaking down and examining of various aspects of what is being learned is carried out.BLOOM'S TAXONOMY 5 Knowledge: This is the first and easiest cognitive level in bloom¶s taxonomy. In simple word.

Bloom¶s taxonomy can be more helpful in the process of planning.´Under this to take or create new decision or solutions. student must ask ³What Might I« Substitute? Combine? Adapt? Modify? Put to other uses? Eliminate? Rearrange? (Eberle. From centuries. So.CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING . there are always chances of uncertainty. under planning process even though ³How good the plan is« How good the planning process is´ there are some uncertainty attached to it. the instructors were challenged during their quest of flawless teaching and learning method. and critical thinking. Strategic Planning Learning systems are required that encourage broad reasoning. problemsolving. 1987). In such case. The four major etiquettes associated are: y y y y Fluency Flexibility Originality Elaboration SCAMPER ³Scamper is a strategy that can be used to break mind-set and enhance creative thinking. Use of bloom taxonomy and process in Strategic planning . Direct method had been condemned for falling sort on stressing practical problem solving and critical thinking.BLOOM'S TAXONOMY 6 unrelated ideas and information together and arrive with new ideas and information with modern way of expression.As the future can never be predicted correctly. BC Education website Retrieved from: http://www.CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING .coun.pdf .ca/specialed/gifted/process.&LAND S M.ed. 2000. Teaching and Testing for Critical Thinking with Bloom¶s Taxonomy of Education Objectives Retrieved from: University of Victoria website Retrieved from: http://www.html HANNAFIN M Retrieved from: http://web.utk.BLOOM'S TAXONOMY 7 References Aviles C B.

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