This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

The conic sections, or conics, are curves obtained by making sections, or cuts, at particular angles through a cone. The four different types of conic section are: • The circle, where the cone is cut at right-angles to its axis; • • • The ellipse, where the cone is cut at an oblique angle shallower than a generator. The parabola, where the cone is cut parallel to a generator. The hyperbola, where a double cone is cut at an angle steeper than a generator.

Where axis is the central line about which the cone is symmetric and generator is a line which, when rotated about the axis, sweeps out the cone.

ELLIPSE

An ellipse is as set of all point (x, y) in the xy plane whose distance from two fixed points in the plane is constant. The two fixed points are called foci (plural of focus). The line passing through the foci and the vertices is called the principal axis. PROPERTIES: 1. Halfway between the two foci is the center of the ellipse. 2. The points where the curve crosses the principal axis are called the vertices (plural of vertex) pf the ellipse. 3. The line that is perpendicular to the principal axis at the center is called the conjugate axis. 4. The points where the curve crosses the conjugate axis are called the intercepts. The following figure illustrates the parts of an ellipse. intercept vertex focus focus vertex center intercept Conjugate axis

Principal axis

The line through the focus and perpendicular to the directrix is the principal axis. Vertex Directrix . The line through the focus connecting two points on the parabola and perpendicular to the principal axis is called the latus rectum. 0) >b V1(a. segment AB is the latus rectum. y) in the xy plane whose distance from the fixed point is equal to the distance from the fixed line. 0) B1(a. the point of intersection of the parabola and its principal axis is called the vertex. 0) y2 = 1 b2 F (c. The vertex is halfway between the focus and the directrix on the principal axis. In the Principal Axis figure. 0) 1 How to determine the axis Foci Vertices Intercepts Length of major axis Length of minor axis To solve for the values of a. b. It is also called the focal width. b) x2 + F a22(-c. The parabola has no center. 2. c) B2(-a. 0) 2b 2a b2 = a2 + c2 a2 = b2 – c2 c2 = b2 – a2 PARABOLA A parabola is the set of all points (x. -b) Graph Equation V2(-a. Focus A B 4. ±c) F (±c. b) F1(0. PROPERTIES: 1. The length of the latus rectum is 4c. -c) V2(0. The fixed line is called the directrix. The fixed point is called the focus. 0) B (0. V (±a. ±b) B (±a. The curve is symmetric about the principal axis. 0) F1(0. 5. 0) x2 + a2 y2 = 1 b2 b>a F (0. 3. ±b) 2a 2b a2 = b2 + c2 b2 = a2 – c2 c2 = a2 – b2 V (0. 0) B1(0. or c Ca(0. 20) -b) B (0.CASE 1: PRINCIPAL AXIS IS XAXIS CASE 2: PRINCIPAL AXIS IS Y-AXIS V1(0.

axis Parabola Opens Downward x = . 0) x2 y2 Equation: 2 − 2 = 1 .c) y= c F ( 0. 0) and foci ( ± c.4cx F ( . 0) Parabola Opens to the Left x .axis x2 = 4cy F (0 . c) y=-c F ( 0. -c) HYPERBOLA A hyperbola is the set of all points in a plane. length 2a. Conjugate axis: vertical.axis y2 = .c. . b > 0 a b Vertices: ( ± a. c) y = -c y=c y . a > 0. Study the following table: PRINCIPAL EQUATION AXIS COORDINATES OF THE FOCUS EQUATION OF THE DIRECTRIX x = -c CASE GRAPH Parabola Opens to the Right x .axis y2 = 4cx F ( c. 0 ) x = -c F (c. length 2b Asymptotes: y = ± x b a Foci: ( ± c. 0) x=c Parabola Opens Upward y . 0).The discussion of the parabola is limited to a parabola whose vertex is at the origin and the principal axis is either x-axis or y-axis. the difference of whose distances from two fixed points is a constant.4cy 2 F (0 . Transverse axis: horizontal.0) where c 2 = a 2 + b 2 . 0 ) x=c F (-c. Properties of the hyperbola with centre (0.

Centre: (0.0)V2 ( − . length 2b.− a Along Y-axis: The properties of the hyperbola with centre (0. ± b).0) F1 (c. 0) Latus-rectum: vertical. length .0) W2 (0. 0) y2 x2 Equation: 2 − 2 = 1 . Conjugate axis: vertical. length 2b 2 a y =− b x a y= b x a W1 (0.− ) b b2 L1 ' c. a > 0. a F2 ( − . 0) and foci ( ± c.Centre: (0. ± c) where c 2 = a 2 + b 2 2a 2 b Latus rectum: horizontal. length 2a Asymptotes: y = ± x b a Foci: (0. b > 0 b a Vertices: (0. 0) Transverse axis: horizontal.0) c a V1 ( a. b) b L1 c.

- On 2 Nation Theory
- Pakistan and Physics, Evolution Comparison
- For CZT Density
- Geant4 GPS Users Manual
- For A by r
- Umrao Jaan Ada by Mirza Haadi Ruswa(1)
- Shaitaniyan by Dr.younas Butt
- Mazah Pursi by by Dr.younas Butt
- Kulah Baaziyan by Dr.younas Butt
- Khunda Pesh Aaniyan by Dr.younas Butt
- Gul Dasta by Dr.younas Butt
- Butt Sortiyaan by Dr. Younas Butt
- Aks Beraks by Dr.younas Butt
- Life of J.C. Maxwell
- Perturbation Theory
- conics
- Shaitan Sahib
- Zarb e kaleem
- Nuclear Security Threats

Sign up to vote on this title

UsefulNot useful- L41-Conics
- [LEC]1.2 Conic Sections
- 07 Parabola and Ellipse.pdf
- Graphing
- Ellipse 2012
- Parabola Project
- Today's Calculation Of Integral - 2012
- Yearly Lesson Plan Mathematics Form2 2013
- International Codes STAAD
- Quadratic Exploration Quiz
- Graphs Plotting
- flot-api
- ADT-CNC4240
- Calculation for Earth Electrodes
- Clx_Road_45
- copyoftip9
- Cálculo I, Aplicación de La Integral
- Space Gass Lecture Notes
- Mazatrol M2 Operator Manual
- Sinowon Vertical Video Projector VTC-2515 Operation Manual
- NC
- Rph Maths Form 2 Dlp 2017
- Untitled
- Sinowon Digital Readout DP300 Operation Manual En
- PostedMidQ1.doc
- Cylindrical Co Ordinate Robot
- Cg Questions
- Parametrics HW
- Q8 Transformations1
- ch5 Essential mathematical methods
- Conic Section

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.