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~3;

TRADITIONAL

ikido
A s taught Aikido martial art. by the Founder to the Author, and versatile is an extremely efficient It does not rely upon a weapon the body moveone holds a or weapons but shows that ments are the same whether weapon or not. The term of truths. riai means, literally, the taijutsu movements training with technique. a weapon should of the body. that one should not weapon. the tai no A good a blending through techniques using the the sword

By understanding
from

Aikido

r iai, one sees that were developed sword. Therefore,

will develop taijustu The Founder However,

said that

be used as an extension he stressed

develop a dependence upon a particular To build this feeling, basic exercises understanding and surely one should practice of ken and jo suburi, of these basic exercises with or without have purposely weapons.

henko, and kokyu dosa consistently. enable the pr act.i ti oner

will

to move smoothly

Explanations a minimum

been kept at to use under-

to encourage

the reader

the book as a guide to developing sta nding th rough practice.

About the Author was born in Ibaraki of 1928. Street. In July of 1946. Mor ihiro Saito Prefecture Morihei he met and became the student the founder the Ibaraki Founder Outdoor Dojo in Iw a ma. gawa. of Professor of A ikido. a t the Headquarters for Aikido. Tokyo. in U _ S. of 1969 after Together with the death of the FounIn his wife. At the New Year even though he held a regular was his desire to learn to the Founder. hard for the Aikido in March Ueshiba. after trip. S. JAPAN ru. morning character practices he attracted at the Main Headquarhis Sunday Dojo. A. Ueshiba. TRADING CO. A 1973 Esc! us. 1255 Howard San Francisco.ku. Minat. . lived at the dojo and worked So complete his marriage. S. he also cares next to the dojo. © 1973 by Mor-ihiro Saito ISBN: 0-87040-266-8 RESEARCH & PUBLISHING MINATO COMPANY 1 Ni sh ikubo Sa kurakawa- c ho. Mr. Calif. and Tohoku U niver si ties.lupun First Printed Printing: in Japan September. the Japan in Japan Ibaraki he also regularly Iwate.). PUBLICATIONS INC. Ibaraki. at He job. the Miyagi Branch Self Defense and from School in Tsuchiura. .o. A. 10 many students and enthusiasm by his personal He became head of the Iba raki Dojo April der. 94103. lie Distributor & Canada. instructs Gakuin Dojo and Weapons groups at Kana- for the Aiki Shrine addition. U. Other abroad Force Army Aikido also come to the Dojo for instruction. with that instead of a honeymoon and his devotion he lef t his bride to train Professor Celebration Through in 1959 he became an instructor 'tars Dojo in Tokyo.

Aiki Ibaraki Shrine Ken Ibaraki Gun Nishi Iwama Machi Yoshioka .

Morihei U eshiba. the Founder -3- of Aikido <:ffffir¥~itll#t) .

.

.

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*ft~m~iI~~~~ Mementos of the founder at Aikido on exhibition t*.:~ ~ '1' .j ~l> ? & t -8- . .J BS Headquar-ter-s D6j6.

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and the editors of Minato Research Co. the English text has been included. JO. the instructors and students of Hombu Dojo and Miyagi Branch Dojo. For this reason. Mrs. 1973 Morihiro Saito Ibaragi Ken. many foreign students have been coming to the Ibaragi Dojo to train. A second volume on advanced technique will be published later. fessor Morihei Ueshiba. Some explanation about the form of the technique and necessary mental attitude has been used to augment the photographs. A thorough understanding of basic techniques in the use of ken.henko. for their kind assistance and cooperation. To stress this point. Takako Alexander who advised on the english translation of the text. Sadao Hirata. August 3. and kokyu dosa are explained. and taijutsu is necessary when dealing with many opponents. The author would also like to express his gratitude to the second Doshu of Aikido. For this reason. Therefore. and taijutsu. Since space limitations did not allow a more detailed explanation of the fundamental techniques. from the reader. This book is dedicated in deep appreciation to the memory of Pro. the author welcomes. Recently. Nishi Ibaragi Gun Iwama Machi. the photographer Mr. It was written with the consideration that it should be used for actual practice. the reader should pay particular attention to these basic exercises. the founder of Aikido. jo. there are many photographs to be used for reference and understanding of the techniques. opinions based on actual practice. single movements of the basic Aikido exercises of t ai-no. since they are the basis of all Aikido movements.Foreword This book intends to explain the fundamental relationships between the use of ken. This book emphasizes basic technique only. Sensei Kisshomaru Ueshiba. Yoshioka 216 Telephone: 029945-2224 -12- .

.... ·.. 3t ~-~ (Introduction) § :.. ~JO)~t>it)$:(Partner if.~t?t!f (.... -(6)········· . }. ·······37 Practice with Sword) 2.....· · {}.~1~)"·····""···"·"······· usy.--------J¥.t. ··· I) · ······· ... ························. ························ ···..... ····· .33 ..b --It -(7)························ ······.. ·········28 ~t~ ~ -(4)····· ~tm ~ -(3)····· . ~ -(2)·····································.b --It -(4)······································. 26 .. .. ·· ··66 fiiij-'Fl[)[ I) [I_Q}J~lf .J9: If .x --------Aik idd System)···· .··..b --It -(3)······ ... 5. ····..... ···. l (The Combined I ~*~3t1. ····· -(1)·········· *"t!iJi. ·..· ·······...(J]l[)[ t') (7). ·····. ········ . ··. raJ (Tai no Henk o ) ·. ····. 1* (J) ~ ~IJ.. 1m /J~ ~f-~:Jt (~U!l):E_I)···························65 iETIITH t:.. ·. ·.~i:t (i*-!l):E_I) ···························66 iEUOfl t:. ·.... 34 ~11& t') -(7)" it I) it . ······. ·················· . 1m nf9:: If . ··. ··· ············ . 18 ································.tl:z······ . ·····..... ·. ·. ···...L..... ···11 :l]!_i}-~: "'::n.) ·.:~iJ5! (Basic 1.26 . ~ Method of Aiki Sword) · ·· ·····23 ·24 m ~1m_ 'J f) 5:1i:(Suburi..···························45 :z ···49 5$...ii (~IJ!l):E1[)·············· . · ·53 ·54 57 ····59 · ·. 61 4.~. ····· ···················· ···.·········· ···...§t iEooff t:.. ·.j:t ·68 -14- .b --It -(1)·······. }"'%1~lf···········"··· : iEOO:tT t:... 1m n. ······· .. ··· 1*1im'(J)!I~(Sword and Body Relationship ) iETIIT1J t:...· . ~ 1m '1& *":rm 1~JJRI) -(5)·· .·.b --It -(5)···· ·43 t~ 1}h--lt-(6)·························································44 1}. ·········30 . ···.o]_ 1'jU -r (::*OJ 'l[)[ I) ) j. ················ ·· --It -(2)········· ·39 ········40 ········41 42 15-.. ··· . ·.. · 1}.(Entering Method) · · · 51 3. ···. A .b 1}. ···..

.1. . . ·. .. ......>~J (Figure Eight Movements) (14))\t§ill. .······. . L ~ ~ ··84 85 (3Hi~ ~ ···· ··· · ······· ·.. ·. +=f-JE.. L H t.. . (4)~ ~ rf3iJiK L ················································88 (5)~ ~ 1:$1JE. · · n1Q!&i:t:(J. .. L (.. .h················································ 92 (7 ):IJ..>'00J (1)~~ ~ ··.. ·... · 106 " . .tEl51K L1&~ ~ (17).JT t.rJ.. ... (1~j'\... D!Jl g& ~~(KokyO Ho) ... 8~115 (Thrusting Movements) . .m:$)·· ·80 Method of Aiki . . ill. r¥!i'ill... .· ·. (13)h-'fAO)~ill.. .. t§ (18)T\"l1§jS L11k11.· ·..re:t1li t) $ (Subur i) C~ ~ <7. ·.. -JE. .. L (1*0)~)'"'''' iJfOO:JTt. .. ····· ...... ·72 ·73 ····74 79 6. • • .)0) O)*t(Suburi and 31 Count Kata) If ~**3K*3t5~(Basic 1.~.t7]1& t) ) jfliitr t.-f-JE. ··..E ~ .·········································· ~O)kl~AEnjg L §'ig ~ 102 104 ·.. .. .......... . . ... Q] 11 :tlHf ( ~IJ0):.....rj.. ..... . ·. L · ·· .... . ·. 108 110 112 114 116 118 120 -15- .>gB) (6)iElHi:fT t. (mttL:iJ& L (7)gB J (Flowing Moveme nts ) (19)1i::mnJlK LHt. .. .) -mOOH t. [ffi"iJ :j:jttf (i*O)~) · .<7.. .EI) iEfffiHt.. ...Ef. . •• • ·70 • 71 ·..*:rt ... J6 h 94 (8) TIfiHt. . · · ·96 (1O)J!t!: lID 11k. L (~IJ O). . ·. ··· (2)JE... · Clli:>i6OZJ.....·.. ... L 1&}J H t... . .. · ·. . . Jb. (Wrist Movements) (J:t=¥C7)g~) (l1)h=prtJ~ L (12)~Fs'h =PH t. 86 ..iEOOH t.. L·· · · · (l\*~il& L <7. . .. . ..f13ill. L····························· ·90 (Striking Movements) ·. ··· .. . . ... *li 'J ~~ t 31 31(7)}t (31 Count Ka ta }-...l... ..L~ ~ (16). .. ·. ····· ... 101 fJ1r (9mff:}T 11k~ ~ ················································98 t. .J'i.. . ··· . .. .

131 ·.. ··· 130 :t~ti~ It(Pic tu res -01f\J1[lfflt_[ . ·... ·····.... ··· ··· ..... · ···················· ... ····· .g-b1t~~(Partner Practice with . ··... ·.. ··· .. ··· 125 %:i")-tt-(5)·············································· 127 % b-tt -(6)············································ 128 %b-tt-(7)··············································· 129 %b-tt-(8) . ··· 124 %b-tt-(4) . ·. ·.. 29.. 9 132 ljtm. 8... 1.. ·. 46... 64. ·.. ·····..... ·.· ··. ·.. *to). 77 ·.... ······.... 82. ···· .. 36... ·. ·..' =1\%~m3..... ·.. ···· 122 %:b -tt -(2)······················································ 123 % b-tt-(3)··············· ... ·.....: dona ted bY Aik ida Headqua r ter s ) ~* :iI ~ .··4. 3 . 6... ·. 10.... ··· ..... 76..16) %:b-tt-(1)····· . ·... ·....2.(Glossary) -16- ..

·600 .

2:: ~ j'.ui ~iJ d: I).~ t 1111. Fist ki of his be very Where tial arts? he must with the makes Even Kendo even though they may appear to explain does Kendo in terms exist triangle. and It is diffi cul t of both wi th for Aikido also marare Judo.!iJ.:.The Combined Generally the taij utsu to separate are based creates other.@:(7) ~ljjJ]IJ 2..=.::-::> 1. Aikido receives uke of these it is a harmonious present using forms the same to be between uke Second. blending Kendd ken.:.. 0 i L J: "7 JH 2:: :t~(.::'1j.h $ l'-''' ~ W{ -:> 0 i -9 t) ~ ~Ij (7) ~ 2:: i:$:{. The When the difference in the attacker. (7) --C".L:: C7):t_t!.f.jf'j ** fJ{ 1±1:* ~ 1ft '001:1. and other an attack. example.EJL:f:E1T~: i» n..': t.Z_ 0) tI.'15~ tJt IJjJ T ~ . on the ken from those both of system s agree to Ai kidd similar. 2:: (7) . 0 iTo ::. ~ '> i.· I) iTif. --C ?Ji.{5' Ji ~ M Z I: =. rJ) /.::a#(7)f:2t.:: Xf_ ~ ti: i±I L t: < .r:J -C." .b h -tt ~ 7\ 1= H . and movements which are based In other words.' ~ 2:: ~ -C.ftEJ $ ~ 2:: -:> -r v' ~ . which that each Aikido are based Rather to the mix result when on movements of the ken..: ~ . 0 m-I:.' ~ 2:: PIi19J.l!! ~i ~~ l=f*{Jf\j (7) ~ -e.:: t.IE rJ)i1~IJ t Ri ai . ~ -r --t 0 2:: 5! -r ~ L t) 3l: .4 -:> -c t it-1r\.h Li *B\J ~ ~. is known by its taijutsu techniques.-t~~~~~~~~~L~~t(7)~iV>~iTo ~~ftEJ$ 2:: '5S. -:> iJ{:t.h k-h-C·Lifr'JmiJ{~~(7)iJ'2::-:.z_ i --t 2:: 1.~.' w{.:':tltt. Ai kido System. To *~ 1~.' ~Ij ~ iL -::> i t: ~IJ 13\17d:. -18- ."7 .:: 'd: r) i ( {.:. must two harmonize concepts king a mistake.. T tl ir. However. "7 0) Ii.:rflIJiJ'~ 0 2:: -:2 -3 ::. -t 1* {mj (7) -r V.sw1Jf:j l~\J 7d:.:. 2:: ~=(. 2:: fJf ili -I± * I) i To i: I.L]!Ji -fr1it it! 1= H ~. 2:: iJf~ in -r?f ITI~ -C".:. -r t l"t11* ~Ij *ili~ 0 -9 fill t ~Ij ~ f.p!rJ~ (: i'~"I.i~' . very speaking. 2:: --C-~D ~ tl --C H I) ~ t) ~ T iJf.CJ::' .' ~ -::> i 1](7) ~~ ~ 2:: j'. back of JudO: and visa it is in the posture. l~' ~~1jJ1l2:: tftJ!r ~ .f\j (7) . 2:: It << . 17iJ l.~-w 2:: 'd: 7d:.f-frh Ii Ii -r: H ~ 7d:. '-'.1} 5f1. If one were and expect to be similar one would be maIt would versa.:.b rJ."7 .:. be standing incorporation AikidO' unique. different difficult then.1* --c iV> ~ 2:: j'.Z_ iV> 0 I) i ott Ivo ti --i~ --t tJ L . a singl e Aikido. movements those on taijutsu. rJ)=~..

Ii".h t::f <b Q . *l3_tj:li~*m.t f. ~ 1i1t L ~ 0) 1=J1[ d) ~ L ~~A rJ.HL . This is very denger ous because.%5K~~:I±~(t~P\fb~:o'f.wt# T Q:fr 71 Ii. fl~~~ I: l§.¥. c I:: t:. C: ~ b gilt L -C~' '~O). iJ'l' ~ v ~ iTo I::1:> ~ • JI.<-)I.H: -:m~ e b ji.'@": ~-* ~ :0' i? -C"<b I) i T B L -~ 0) I: T ~ TI5t It~t1}~ff"3 ::. *Ji::kJJ. rt.to f. HC: ~ H~I:: b n i: 9' ~. the second concept.J{~~" -c ~ -c ~UI:: iUI t:. in Aikido a contest means a fi ght with a real sword. ~< .d) i? h ftto) t)... "3 tt=y. However. c 1= L t: ~ t. ~ TJ'L '.J'l'.l ~1* ~ t. 0) t) i L J: "3 Q k h Ii X_. rules must be made.~"3 iTo ::. ? -c H t:. -19- . ~. In practice.1~tl C: b ~ ~'l!'f J. without thrusting or striking..:11.crpplied techniques can be parformed at any required time. .: e b iT -:). ~ 1} i» ~ ~ ml~:.rfll:: <f:J rJ £ To ~=O)1l\:a:-%h~~ ej..4'81"$ ~ illl1{IFT ~ b -C" <f:J.< b § ~ 1=t&ffl t. 1 L tz.i_ i? f. the harmonizing of ki. has many possibili ties. it is possible to execute a strike or thrust without receiving a blow in return' In Aiki do. I: JTI: I~ -Co T e 7J.: 1Jf <f:J f) i -r 1 b n -r ~ -c ? b k" 0) 0 1}h~$. After basic techniques have been learned. -~:!1>r O)flJ ~i..:c0) * \t·~t. stance.J1'[ O)-tEtW -c' <f:J rJ iTo L:o' b.t.::.tL ~ jii\ T EIstj -C·~i\ .tL 1 i}-1l\: i" ill ifflffl 1.-:> 1= -::> It 1±'Pttn~ O)t£1=} I: -CiQ7]~ i T:of.1: i < t:' -ttA. JTI: I~ c J! i? n ~ tt Ii ~. e I ± ~F1%. H a contest is hel d.t~r:IiI=P. some people feel that for the purpose of testing techniques it would be necessary to have a match of some sort.: e b 1iJ1iI3.I::T ~ .I:1tt. forms a tri angl e alongside the outside The founder called of the ri ght foot with this stance hito e mi.l t::.2. "3 t~~A} Ii. the insi de When standing in hito e mi.i0 and kumi -tachi are done according forms and their purpose is the development of harmony of ki. for instance. in the posture of right hammi.j{- %1f\. -50 ~"* 0 *1: ~ It h If 'd::" i? ~ ~~ 0) iJ{ft'\. . k (J)~ L ~ ~-JEi~:k ~-ttQ 1:to .. The back triangle of the left foot.'-~ { 1T"3 ::.:. The dangerous techniques would not be allowed and the range of appj i ed techni ques woul d be Iimited. .llt4* 0) EI61~ b Jl!. Such a restricti on w oul d make the f rue aims of Aikido difficult to understand and Aikido would become a sport.J~tb -r < ~ 0 t {PI (J) c~ Q :Z i? n c: c: ~i\ -g.:"3::."1.ImlIUilj. even when it is possible to do so.%li=r:IiI±. Par t ner bI ento basi c ding practices such as kumi . e -C"Tf..l1 t. c :r. one tries always to blend one's ki with that of the attacker _ Thi s enables one to respond in a Iess severe manner. ~1-1. i"#l'1J • :tt~:J9'? t::.jE~ll! iJ>~~: ~:f[] ~"*«». ~~-c1l\:~1}h~~ti ~$-C<To ~*m. J\#l'1J ~#jl.f:§~ f.'.®!:Ji C: 'd::" ~::..

and taijutsu are explained through the photographs. To under stand the combined Aikido system is to r ealiz e that one is not dependent upon a ken./.. In this way. It· :.¢.. jo.L. -20- .. It should be the desire of all who practice daily practice.::_ . 0 T =f.:Er:!if -r".h -F h '{ilJm t. tt ~1'# -:> "(:tt ~ ~~ L 'd:" It. 1* ~ rJl! I). "~IJ ~ 1'# -:> -r §.C ~-!. ~ ~"li*'l!fl$ ~?\lii~ L -c It· ~ t: v' c ~Jr~T ~ ~~ -rOT 0 !::: ? ...1#9' -t. 1* ~ J1t I) _tJf ~ ... and technique does not rely upon an armory. c t. ~ ~ I).pJf'le**M ~:ijt i h ~ .B 0) f~3 c .t'. do not realize it as a sword. -:) It~ -c I. 3:tii. Their common features can be seen by careful examination. jO' and taijutsu practice to actively further himself along the way.uJ i» c rlot"lh h tut'.:: tt It' -t.!U1= iliJi t:. -r.'F I.~ f.%« -r::!tim L -r It"' ~ J c ~ -? ::. J:JJ::llt« "( ~ t: l1I!~ ~ ffi ~ $0) :51-1=. That is the world of Budo.. ~ . .:.~u .i» t= -tt. These are special rights given to students. 1n. 'd:" -c L :. This proves the adaptability of Aikido to any situation. and it is the duty of the student to accept the hardships of ken.Ja 1= Hit· -r 9iU • .= 7£ ~ c 1~ t .-r.:. 1l'EP1!t It~ t: t.o):@'~'i *IJ~ c '::_'. body.t'.JJ~"'~ 0 The more present day Budo seeks a real peace and proves the spirit of universal love. If a sword is used.. . The system of ken.t To . body. Ii r )\1.f"~ ~ /: ::. one can develop and mind without neglecting the true Aikido Spirit.7. or other weapon.~. '=~J{~ ftB Li 'd:" v"' if. Progress along the way (DO') is one of hardship resulting in everlasting joy and cherished human relationships.. If using a jo. Aikidd to develop ki. 1*1iIIj' 0).ft . but on independence of action. lllJi I? ~. but feel the common harmony in movement.EJgMIt· r: t: It ~ t c ." lE\.:.Z_ c' t H 7:J -t. True understanding comes only through study and practice. Development of mind.~ c I).:. jO'.. the more severe the process should be to attain these goals.It· iTo ~U· ~-1: • 1*. do not depend on it.. To 0) 0) 0) 0) f ~ ~ -:> ** t: LiT ~1n.ft ~ 19'-:):: c Ii. • t:t .i~.l f1I!~ t.:.

-21- .

~ Sitting -*L Bow -22- .

. tension of ki.t 1:> . c".t. than thousands to figures the navel..f{ -" it (25J{J:r:mwff~) ~ C -:J l ~) tt tL t.. -t. t. left easier.Po ~ C ~ -) (7) ti ~. ~ t:.J{.: C !: J: t). The pommel of the sword is in line with This alignment makes movement forth and back and right and -23- . 1-JiH&1C..: C ~-I~'~t~I) 1000 lIDJ: t) b 1n (7)A -:J t: ~t! t) ~Iill (7)11 f.t: ~ tJ (7)7E~ L t: ~1~ I) -c".: C c".: C !:~ . Several must be performed according to basic A ikido theory exIt is important done lightly.t)C7)I'}] ~ N$£ I:~. IT) I) itl·j: ~ ~= 0 0 0 0 Suburi Techniques The subur i techniques and philosophy.r ~ ~ ~ p ~ . ~IJ(7)m~JUi 1it 1=HfH: ~ .. .Et Po '=..t .tP!F i_ f.:.tt tL (.t .-~.(7):J:IJ{}.I • Method of Aiki Sword Basic ~:}Jji 1nlf! (7)~ 1=pt -:J t: <b (7) -c" t.:.:. X -t J T .. must be in accordance with the back triangle (refer that all suburi must be done with full suburi done with full ki extenti on are much better The beginning posture on pages 25 and 49).:.J<.:.

1% t:.t. j) First Suburi 0 *f I: ~~ii (7) 0 It is important that the sword be raised overhead and brought down in exactly a vertical line.::. during the downward stroke of the sword.t.i t) J:. If.T L t: pif I: IJI ~ 1C?}I:.JL *L Standing Bow ~m')-(l) Jr"? ij[ <.t.. -24- . (J) "C .S T . I: t. As in all Aikido suburi. ji It . ~U~:tJt:. ~"? ij[ <" 1::tJ E . c ~t~ I) "e Ii. t:. the hips must be solidly based . iJt*-w -C" j) .

tX .t (IDt sj] Ii 49J{ ) Kamae(Refer to page 49) -25- .

Jb. techniques. This alignment allows the -26- .x 1= iJlF) 0 7. J6 ts . or breath. As the right foot steps back.: 0) n~x:%(: ~f~. ~ Jl:. the sword is raised directly overhead..fN.' -~ ~ 0 ..u JJ ~ 0 :JT t..~.nt. -c :*J:J. t) - j\ . ~ llm. u J: -) I: T ~ 11 IE z.z_ I: 1$. ~IJJt ~ Jm t l t4C r"J 1=JEfIlilj ~ 4t ~ 0 .=:fT t. ij I ~.::_ C 0 Third Suburi This is one of the koky u. jbh 'i M} '(" ~~~) -(3) z.

a step is taken with the right foot. is made. twist your hips to move your body out of the line of attack. forward. and the right hip is universal ki to enter the tip of the sword and fill your whole body.Second Suburi The right foot steps back as the sword is raised strike thrust overhead. As the hold your breath and settle your body in the is made with a single exhalation of your breath. The strike -27- . side stance. At the same As the time. sword is lowered backwards.

£~ t. 1. ~ "'.. The strike of body may be. ~(/'H~ 1*:miJ ~ (7) **~ it '? --C v~ ~ It i1. the leading hip must be well turned -28- . is completed.iEtlv'Th(7)kiJ</lj-C h t) iJ{~ 'b. As the strike forward. --Co . made with for- either a right or left step ward.t G 0 Fourth Suburi This is a practice movement.

tp. Professor during practice -29- .flO.~ Morihei Ueshiba The Founder.~ O.)f#Hll Mzg.

Fifth Suburi Movement to either terminated. the sword is brought down in a vertical ward is taken. the right or left out of the line of attack strike is accompanied by a covering of the head and side with your sword. A s the motion is and a step for- -30- .

-31- .

-32- .

Jb. ~ ~ :bfPJ~g l" ~ Q (ti JE -c"n 1. is possible.h. an instant thrust stance.:tJ JE -C"~ < ) Sixth Suburi No matter which foot is forward. moving the right accompanilng -33- .JlP. A s tr ike with the right.ft.b ~~ tL 0) JE i.{ T 0 th -c :{. for inis followed by a thrust foot forward the thrust.

ti JE "cn"l? Jb Iv t_-:J~1}1ttt ~ tJ ?::VIE L -rtr:JE?::i:h L -r~ < 0 Seventh A strike Subur] is made stepping forward with the right foot. This is followed with the left foot accompanied by a thrust. by a step forward -34- .

-35- .

1933. Professor Morihei Ueshiba instructing a group of dancing teachers of the Hanayagi School at the old head quarters D6jo of Ai ki do.~~~tl~~m~~i~m . -36- .~••• "M *3Km*l!f5 IB:iB~ Bg ~ 8~ The Founder.

to the strike exercise (Refer to page 45).z ~o (~JO r i~:fJ 0 Holding the Sword Practice gripping the sword according is yonkyo.::tJ ~ 1:k~ti =f~~. This exercise The sword is gripped strongly with the little finger of the left hand.~. -37- . 1~~ (. The other fingers of the left hand hold loosely. ~t§' t ~~~:4i < . The fourth finger of the left hand holds firmly also. The right hand holds the sword in a loose manner.rrn) z: O)~i:tli ~Jmfi(7) rjrC"1Th h llt~G :t~ t) Lt:tc:=P(7)/J~m~~!i < L. 'J 51i t J I: J: 'Hi t) L 6/) ~ lit'i ~ T Go (47Ji ~.

I '(". z . ~~ -=f c WfiltD ~ c rJ. -38- . The most imporwith your opponent. c 1.h %ti. '("7\ ~-g-b-tt.b 60 T 1= c ~ bh ~ It. it does not matter whether you or defender but how you blend your ki. In Aikidc sword practice are the attacker tant thing is to harmonize with a partner."*v. ~(t Q ::. c 6 J: -3 ~= 6 ::. Mental Attitude of Partner Practice withSwords.-::>::.Gripping the Sword 1}~JiO)~U O)1}.

f (J) atf ~~ "t" . "C" ~ t: :I:~1i-. slide your body to the right stance with the right out of his line of attack and strike foot behind the right adopting the side of the body.B 0 To .t§~ iJ 1T "I? i6/. move the left triangle -39- . At the same time."-I:-JJ t) . ts .~~~~ti~(J)~~8~T~o Partner Practi ce No.~~~~~~. down.1 As your opponent performs a straight back strike.::* ~ mJ ~ "F i 1 f c.

Partner Practice No.2
As your opponent thrusts, rotate the hips and slide the body to the side striking in return.

-40-

tT 1? i6 i
I:: 1} :h -\t

h tU::t'j£ ~ h T ~: {;$: ~ IUl ~
l) iJ' £ h

( JUi A 6 ), ;t!FFiJfj!R

-c A

6

C1)

-c" it':>

6

0

1i,

BJ(: ~ -. !i tf$.Jf: L C1) ~U C1) ~~

*

If -f 7J Jf~ I)
-C" it':> 6

C1) C1)
0

5T\
f;0

Partner Practice No.3
When your opponent strikes, line of attack rotate As the hips and slide the body out of the (or step forward). the opponent lifts his sword to strike again, step forward blending with his of "Tach iKi flow. This is the secret

dori", or sword taking, and the basis of "Otonash i-no-ken" -the sword of no sound.

-41-

iID:tT i?

r 11-t:d1.. t: :I:~ii-,

11. -::> t: 1J

rVltL'{~C

\,

,,

-42-

You move to the left. A s he raise s his sword to attack again. he attempts Using his force.4 to sweep your sword down.5 with a Your opponent attacks stra ight strike. As you strike your opponent.:f-0)/J'\=fO)tb ~ ~~1}h~-cnt?A Partner Practice No. 45 6 *t>1t-(5) rr i? jb h ~ 1i ~:7)' J) L. and thrust. slide your sword under his.f~. you match his movement and strike. step forward. 60 6. -43- . l'ij-)jt jm r) 7)' j-.Partner Practice No.

. or the sword of uniting Another Ki.0) l)U ~ 7\.f§ =f.c 7J J i} h -It ~ 0 Partner Practice No. is Ki-musuhi-no *t>1t-(7) -44- . with your opponent.6 A complete name for this blending technique of Ki must be maintained vtachi. 0):tJJ ~ ~~ ~ < 1'**5 (f 0) 7.

7 his sword to strike. restrain him from striking Enter of his forearms. the underside down.123456 789 Partner Practice No. your sword against face him. As your opponent raises by projecting deeply to his rear. and strike -45-" .

-46- .

-47- .

-48- .

). movement to toward the or right and left is possible.J1[ -C Ii £j:. -49- the hips move before the feet. C') WJJ § Lt.Q Q 2': 0 0 Kamae In A ikido . It is good practice to rotate • the hips to evade an opponent's . ~JiV') 1wJJ § ~i ~ 1:~ t) jWj 11l. ~ 12 V n.. * -C' jI) . 1m}J ft ~ "'.l:"N_ It '0 i.=[ § EB § tE"'(" d:> .Q :.) g)li] (1Jf ) C') {jJJ § Ii iWi JE 1: j) t).A.(~~ 1) (~Jt: 2) m C') m i_ fJ' t. Figure front and rear The photographs 1 is the basic posture. on the next page show two possible movements front on the right and left side. thrust.Q C') ( 0 {i.. h ~ 6 t~J:l£"'(" j) h '.-7i. Do not be aware of only moving The movement of the head determines However. WJ1l1r:. (Oral Instruction) The rotation of the hips determines the movement of both feet. the movement of both hands.(.Q ~j(~[V') ~ A Lt.L.th § C') f§U"'(" d:> . In this posture. 1 7Jc~ 0 x. c (:: J: I) JE '!:'WjJ7J'T 2': Co JEt!lt l2jfff~ L -eli v' (t~· ~)o ~V') U b t) !j:*El~C') ~ § ~ 7. the feet.

.Hito e mi (Basic Stance) -50- The typical movements from Kamae.

_ ------------------ Irimi Technique This was considered escape from multiple this is "Yamahiko-noyou extend your Ki.{'v.llJ ~ r LIJ 1ft { ll:t11 . But behind him. I am already standing. your opponent's Ki because you have instantly moved past him to his (Oral lns truc tion-an old poem taught to the student) Brandishing Prepares his sword. you do not to you like an echo.l:tIFf'.~ A~Jj(~C) C) illJ .C) 1~ lL ~ 111: ~o t j. Thinking of them as one.b't~I. technique to The other narre for michi". ~0')1~ M'=-iY:J~.b<: h l .: V~. V' ~ ~ ~l.·*6o .~~1IIii!ID ~w-:> '"(*~o ~ L. As the Ki of your opponent will However. :r C)"~ r: Ii 11-t11. the path of an echo.. (Oral Instruction) Many enemies Surround In attack.i[l¥.o l. me -51- . I do battle.b{1K ~ ~T tL if LIJ jft C) ~tl < fij: C) JI\. My enemy in front to attack.b{ -:J '"( m ~ C) L"ji) (l:Jfli) ~ ( I:J fli) ::t7J. return receive to be is a secret attackers. rear.f1t ~ . lMoip t.1-.=-~ Ii lL-S It t) Jj( tJ' ~ C: ~ . tft l+ ti1 ~ f£-ii L" iY:J .A C)~ C: t: t: 7].

-52- .

Having close contact the hip as with the with your opponent. -53- .f. ibh ~V Shomen Uchi Irimi Nage Draw out your opponent's Ki and enter deeply to his rear.lEim ~1 A ~ ~!i f 1:.~ h -. throw him by rotating when striking sword.{:13=p G7)7i.tEl G7)~ 0 EI % (= ~ ~Ij G7)fJ 1. t . 1=A I) f§.) 1~ -c {-r t* < . ~ af if te L =pG7)f&1i ~Ji-e)if: *~~-tt.

A ~ ~ t f (J!l~~) 1.iE[ij ~J1:.$:tf.U ~ Ii _l[ tx C: :@: < [OJ m -r" ~ ~ 0 Shomen Uchi Irimi Nage (Sitting Technique) Same as the standing technique. -54- .

--55 - . iEoo:JT i? O)J£MtJ)(!~ '-=:itT when confronted attacking Q 1*11:IJ~ Body movements by an opwith ponent who is continuously yokomen uchi and shomen uchi.~oon O)-1§IJo i?.

-56- .

Oij1l!&t~tf (*)]1& ') ) ~~~h~.n~~L~~40*n~W0. .ffi~0~ ~U l::.51 1 1 67 -57- . Lift your arms as if raising a sword and then strike down. 1J~ T 7:>-to Kokyu his strike Nage (Tachi dori) As is beginning down. ~i11\j L --em t) 7PJ~'I). grasp his sword hilt Let your K i blend with that of your opponent. and lock his left elbow over your right arm.

Kokyu Nage (Tachi dor i) (Tsuki) -58- .

t < ~~o :f§=t(7)J5(fl?:-~mltT~ c~tFj..:-1t~ J: J ~~ 0 The Mental Attitude of Sword Taking If you let your opponent influence you. Ki in any direction easily nd then lead his -59- .. .<b ~ trL~1Tt.f i? '-e*fFf(7)~ ~ .~.::tJJn l) Q)/L.i IJ t:~ < (7) -C'. .f. it will be difficult to respond to his attack. v~ J.6-V(7)Ij:ftb'L . Rather let him feel that he can attack you you wish.

-60- .

Tai no Henko -61- .

!t:tt ~'o C V') *JL.! 71>~ )r}-1~IH: (Method of the Body) -62- .*.(t1JO)lI) (Method of the Sword) ti I? tL t: 1.I: =f Ii tiFF teL ~±~.

do not let it cross or you will receive over your oppoline as you turn his strike. (~JO)!I) (Method of the Sword) -63- .(Katate Tori) Tai no Henko If you are gripped nent's center by your left hand.

-64- .

Uchi Shi-hc-nage Ornote waza (The Method of the Sword) from front and rear. your opponents in front and rear -65- .Sword and Body Relationship j£iifin~ eg:n~~tf-~tt (~U C7)3!. Cut in one Evade attacks breath.) Shomen.

0 L (. < <" Q m ~=t9:lf Q 0 -r I'J:1-' It ~66- . Q ~Ij Z t~ t) 7J'j..iE [ij~T1:. 1m :15~ t f.~ 11 (1*O):fI) ti? ~ It.{? L 1~ Q 0) l" ~ if *§ =¥-O)]1Iij~ 0) T z..

waza Do not throw your opponent by passing under his arms wlrich are holding you.Shamen Uchi Shi-h6-Nage-Omote (Method of the Body) the sword up. Throw him by raising Shomen Uchi Shi-ho-nage-Ura (Method of the Sword) waza -67- .

~11 Ryo te Tori Shi-Ho-Nage-r Omote waza '--68- .jiJij¥-n 'J rzg}j~tt" .

-69- .

the abdomen. ~ 1L v-.and Take who was at your with the left foot and strike of the opponent the wrist (or face) of you. step of being attacke the right step to rear. -70- .M1~ a~ . a sweeping you cut a large now in rea~.}J0§jii] 1m ~ M1J0+=f(OO) -c ~ t: :f:1J*. your d and rear. .-= n-:J fill JE ~ ~ ~1~.t:r ftJi ~ ~:tT--:>c Shomen Uchi Kote Gaeshi (The Method of the Sword) In the case from front foot takes your across sweeping front opponent.

(:j =f. . -71- .C: t 1= /]- f~ ~ L --:> lJ' ~ :ti t) L 06 Q ..(:j =f..IJ\~(7)i!K L 15 ft "f. Your right hand blends with the back of the opponent's.f§ =f (7) ti =f0 (7) EtJ 1=~ :h -It 6 0 How to Turn the Wrist Begin closing your grip with the little fingers of each hand.j: ..

ilK L (¢03J.IE iii !I t. I J "=¥.) Shomen (Method Uchi Kote Gaeshi of the Body) -72- ..

Yokomen Uchi Shi-Ho-Nage (Method of the Sword) -73- .

ft fE Ii p:j < -I.g... t: ~ !' w.!. lit /J !:J:t:~ "(.. p:j < ~ < if.:Z_ ~ ft fE !'~ ~ "{ (7) ~Ij tIo < I: *1::$9: (: tIN.g.>.tEI~O')kl=f ~ on ~ m. kl fE "('1RU:~7.0') ll"l 7)' ~ #4~ 0 ~74- ..T. -t.0') ~ l".IJ T t~ 51 <0 tIJi!.. L. 1&}j 1= i) r ~ 1~~U: If ~ -t.flFf.fEI f 0') ti¥ § !' -:J tl' 7.>. jIlJ a~(: tI ~ -c .0 aif. i) 7)'Jr: i) .tEl =f 0') ii~!' 0[1 ~ f '~-I.~ Ii..IJ i) H ~ L.-t c1) tii.ftJi!.51~~"{1!i:(f"{(:J:~~tt~~'o 0 0 ~*t L"{.l:ii.

The left leg is swung alongside his body. Do not throw by withdrawing the right foot. the left hand grasps hands are raised and you advance your left leg forward. as if lifting a sword str aight up. your right foot slides to the right sid~. As you twist your opponent's The your hips .Yokomen Uchi Shi-ho-Nage In the basic technique. as the opponent strikes with his right hand. your left hand comes down on his right hand. and your right hand cuts down at an angle from his shoulder grasping his wrist. -75- . and your left foot takes a large sweeping step back. and the throw is accornplished by cutting down as with the sword. At the same tine. the body is turned.

Professor Morihei Ueshiba ~76- .The Founder.

(Ajki· do shu,

Profess er Kis shomaru U eshiba)

-77-

-78-

6.

P)k

Kokyu-ho This

(Standard) technique as raising a sword over the head.

is the same

-79-

~uV') ti
V')

I) ~
0

1i:1=l-= =¥- ~-=7t tt,

jiIij JJj1! Ii=¥-jIJ ~

trn < fjJt i:t!rZ

I) ;0' £ I),

u-fl!lk jJ

~~

7

-C";b ~

Kokyuiho (Sitting)
As if you are holding a sword, part your hands, and lift both arms up forming a half circle. This develops your breath power.

-80-

-81-

-82- .

Basic Method of Aiki-Jo • -83- .

-84- .(Suburi and 31 Count Kata) 31 (j) Ift_ Kata The 31 count Suburi Th rus ting Movem en ts Choku tsuki This is the basic thrusting movement.

~ % (!) (!)' Count (2) il& L ~ ~ ifl3o:p (7) ~ ~ ~ 7J'h L ""(~ C ( 31 (7) fto ~ %CD~ lffi ) Kaeshi Tsuki When your circular opponent thrusts. of the 31 count (}ST movement -85- . you step k ata ) to the side and bring the jo up 10 a thrust.

%~ Count ® ®' Ushiro Tsuki Place the jo along the underside to the rear. of your forearm and then thrust straight -86- .

i!f Count %® ®' --87 - ..

'5" %@ @. the movement be made -88- . Count Tsuki Gedan Gaeshi It is important with a strong that hip turn.

~ %® @' Count -89- .

Jcdan Gaeshi (4th and 5th movement) -90- .~~ (~%@.%~ Count ® ®' (5) ~ ~ J:. L ®$5~) Tsuki .

% % (j) (j)' Count -91- .

i6 th.~ %® ®' Count Striking Movements (6) jE 1m !T 1:. movement -92- . (~IjO)~f& I) -(2) $!ffi) Shomen This Uchlk orn i is identical to the second suburi with the sword.

ry- %® ®' Count -93- .-.

®~fm) ~94~ . (J). i6 t1..~ ~ Count (fg) @' (7) ilm ~T't. ®.1(~-% @.

-'5.% @ Count @' Renzoku Uchikomi -95- .

17th movements) -96- . @~.@.--'5- ~ @ @' Count (8) iW~Ti? "F$ii!& L (~41.lffi) Menuchi Gedan Gaeshi (15th . @. 16th.

-.lfj- %@ "'@' Count -97- .

1.@ "'@' Count -98- .ij- 4i.

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