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Chemical Properties of Matter
To observe the natural appearance of reactants, and then observe the appearance of the products, so as to provide evidence of whether a chemical or a physical change occurred.
y y y y y y y y y y 5 cm copper (II) sulfate solution 5 small test tubes 9 cm distilled water 2 iron nails Pair of crucible tongs Magnesium strip Mossy Zinc 3 medium sized test tubes Retort stand Test tube clamp y y y y y y y y y 10 mL Hydrochloric acid Rubber Stopper Splints Potassium chlorate Bunsen Burner A few crystals of Lead (II) nitrate A few crystals of potassium chromate Large Beaker 1 small piece of calcium
5 centimeters of copper (II) sulfate solution was placed into two small test tubes (2.5 cm per tube). About 5 centimeters of distilled water was then placed in the third small test tube. One iron nail was placed in one of the copper sulfate solutions, and another nail was placed in the water. Both were left to stand for half an hour, and then observations were taken.
With a pair of tongs, a strip of magnesium was held above a Bunsen burner flame. Observations were taken.
A small amount of mossy zinc was placed inside a medium sized test tube. 10 mL of hydrochloric acid was placed on top, and the test tube was stopped with a rubber stopper and held down. When pressure was felt on the stopper, it was removed and a lit splint was placed at the mouth of the test tube. Observations were taken.
1 cm of potassium chlorate was placed in a medium sized test tube, and then clamped at an angle. Using a Bunsen burner, the potassium was heated gently until it melted, and then it was heated strongly. When a white mist was observed at the top of the test tube, a glowing splint was placed at the mouth of the test tube. Observations were taken
2 cm of distilled water was each placed in two small test tubes. A few crystals of lead(II) nitrate was added in one and dissolved. A few crystals of potassium chromate was then added in the second test tube and dissolved. Both solutions were then mixed until there was no solid residue in either of the tubes. One solution was poured into another and observations were taken.
A large beaker was half filled with water. A medium sized test tube was then also filled with water, covered by a thumb, inverted and then placed beneath the surface of the water in the beaker. A piece of calcium was then placed inside the beaker, and the resulting gas was captured inside the test tube. When the test tube was full of gas, it was removed, inverted, and tested with a lit splint.
Sources of error
Follow up questions
Experiment 1: copper(II) sulfate+ iron = iron sulfate +copper(II) Experiment 2: __________________________________________ Experiment 3: zinc+ hydrochloric acid = hydrogen + zinc chloride Experiment 4: potassium chlorate + heat= oxygen gas + potassium chloride Experiment 5:lead(II) nitrate+ potassium chromate = lead(II) chromate+ potassium nitrate Experiment 6: calcium+ water = calcium hydroxide+ hydrogen
A chemical change often occurs when a precipitate occurs, or there is a color change, or there is an emission of light/heat. Usually, if a gas or fluid appears, then it is a chemical change, but it depends on the original state of the chemical.
The 6 chemical reactions studied in the lab are y y y y y y Experiment 1 is Single displacement Experiment 2 is _________________________ Experiment 3 is Single displacement Experiment 4 is Decomposition Experiment 5 is Double displacement Experiment 6 is Single displacement
a) Synthesis b) Single displacement c) Single displacement d) Double displacement e) Synthesis f) Decomposition g) Decomposition
a) Aluminum+ oxygen= aluminum oxide c) Zinc + copper(II) sulfate= zinc sulfate+copper(II) e) I am not familiar with the substance sopper, however, if it is a metal, then sopper(II)sulfate+ barium nitrate= sopper(II)nitrate+ barium sulfate g) Bromine + potassium iodide= bromine iodide + potassium
b) Silver nitrate+ magnesium chloride= silver chloride + magnesium nitrate d) Sodium chloride= sodium chlorine f) Water= hydrogen gas + oxygen
h) Chromium+ copper(II)sulfate= chromium sulfate+ copper
14/02/2011 i) Rubidum + fluorine= Rubidium fluoride j)
Bogdan Stanciu Silver nitrate+ sodium hydroxide = silver hydroxide + sodium nitrate
a) Frying an egg (P)
b) Boiling water (C)
c) Photosynthesis (C)
d) Melting sulfur (C) h) Breaking a stick (P) l) Dissolving sugar in water (P)
e) Developing a photograph (C) i) Formation of clouds (P)
Exploding dynamite (C) Burning sulfur (C)
g) Baking a cake (C)
k) Leaves changing color (C)
The change from iron to rust is a chemical change because oxygen bonds with iron atoms to create iron oxide, which is a different compound.