Mekong Regional Water and Sanitation Program (MEK-WATSAN

)

EXTENSION OF WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION IN
KAMPOT DOWNTOWN PROJECT OF UN-HABITAT
COMMUNITY-BASED WATER SUPPLY AND
SANITATION PROJECT
Output Under The Cooperation Agreement Between
UN-HABITAT
and
Kampot Water Supply Utility
Report on
Questionnaire Field-tested and Modification
if necessary (D3)

2010

KAMPOT WATER
SUPPLY UTILITY
K A M P O T

S O R N

1

, CAMBODIA

B Y
S O M O L I N E

Table of Contents
1.

Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 3

2.

Objective ................................................................................................................................. 3

3.

Participations........................................................................................................................... 4

4.

Pre-test Venue and Date.......................................................................................................... 4

5. Field-test Works and Modification ............................................................................................. 4
5.1 Pre-test works........................................................................................................................ 4
5.2 Problem and Solution ............................................................................................................ 6
5.3 Modification .......................................................................................................................... 6
6.

Conclusion............................................................................................................................... 6

Annex 1: List of participants
Annex 2: Detail training and field-tested agenda
Annex 3: Revised questionnaire on water and sanitation indicators

2

1. Introduction
MEK-WATSAN is a collaborative effort between UN-HABITAT and Cambodia Government
has been implementing water and sanitation investment in Kampot town. The whole philosophy
of MEK-WATSAN is to support participating governments attain their water and sanitation
related MDGs agreed in 2000, to halve the proportion of people without access to improved
water supply and sanitation services by 2015.

The Royal Government of Cambodia has set out a CMDG which is compliant with the world
MDGs. The CMDG composes of many targets for year 2015 but two of them are focusing on
water and sanitation. MEK-WATSAN was initiated at the request of Governments of the
Mekong Region - the Royal Government of Cambodia, the People's Republic of China (Yunan
Province), the Lao People's Democratic Republic, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. MEKWATSAN program was developed to provide supports those governments in improving water
and sanitation condition in peri-urban or secondary towns in the above four countries by
expanding water supply infrastructure. The program focuses on improving the livelihood of lowincome urban population that lack adequate water facilities.

The primary purpose of Community-based Water Supply and Sanitation Project is to improve
water supply and environmental sanitation for at least 7,500 poor people or 75% of the poor in
Kampot Town.

Currently on 02 September 2010, MIME and Kampot Water Supply Utility have conducted
workshop that include stakeholder workshop and training on sampling and methodology of
baseline survey in Kampot Town.

2. Objective
The overall objective of MEK-WATSAN program is to support the Royal Government of
Cambodia to attain its water and sanitation related MDGs agreed in 2000.

The purpose of the training is to explain the questionnaire for MDG monitoring, discuss about
sampling method and plan the MDG monitoring strategies for secondary towns follow the
framework of the Urban Inequities Survey (UIS). MIME will define the rationale and objectives
of the envisaged MDG monitoring; adapt relevant indicator categories to the situation of water
and sanitation in secondary town ; oversee the design and development of a survey for
monitoring the MDGs; define criteria for suitable enumerators from community, water utility,
3

NGO and municipality; and develop an action plan. A follow up monitoring will take place at the
end of project implementation.

The field-tesed was held in Kampong Bay Tboung village, Sangkat Kampong Bay, Kampot
Municipality with the objective as following:
-

To demonstrate the questionnaire to the enumerators

-

To explain about how to choose the sample for survey

-

To show the problem faced during the interview and

-

To find the solution to conduct the survey

3. Participations
76 persons included 10 women were participated in the field-tested of data collections for water
and sanitation indicators. These participants come from Kampot Water Supply Utility and
Provincial Department of Industry, Mines and Energy, Toek Chhu District, Kampot
Municipality, Kampot Provincial Office, Provincial Department of Environment and local
authorities and two NGOs like GRET SWY, Theang Thnot Association. Detail list of
participants is attached in Annex 1.

4. Field-tested Venue and Date
The field-tested was heald on 03 September 2010 at Kampong Bay Tboung village, Sangkat
Kampong Bay, Kampot Municipality, Kampot Province. The field-tested started from 10:15 to
11:30 and after finished the pre-test survey, all participant came back to Kampot Municipal
Office to show the result of the survey and raised the problem they have met during the survey
and the solution for the further survey. The detail field-tested agenda is attached in Annex 2.

5. Field-test Works and Modification
5.1 Pre-test works
The participants were divided into three groups working on pre-testing of the baseline survey.
The pre-test was done in Kampong Bay Khang Tboung village. Each group contains about 20
persons and leaded by a local consultant. The leader of the group has conducted a demonstration
on sampling selection and asking question of the water and sanitation indicator questionnaires
about two households for example. In the next step, each group interviewed 3 more households
by themselves. Each Group has to present their survey result and share about the difficulties they
have faced during the survey.

4

5

5.2 Problem and Solution
After finished field-test, all groups has presented their survey result and raised the problem they
have faced during the survey as following:
-

Difficult to get the answer on total monthly income because some household are
labor work and had paid by days ;

-

Household tried to increase their exsense and decrese their income;

-

Question WS1: some household have many sources of water for drinking such as
piped, rain, and well. So how to write down the answer? It met the same problem
for all sources water use;

To refer to this problem, local consultant explained about how to ask about the monthly income
by asking all the occupation of all household family and calculate one by one then summed up
the total household income. Related to the increasing of expense and decrease income, the
interviwer should balance the income with the expense. About the sources of water use for every
purpose, the interviwer have to write which is the main source of water that family use.

5.3 Modification
There is no modification on the questionnaire after field-test. The questionnaire was already
modified during the stakeholder workshop as following:
-

Added the note at the beginning of the questionnaire in order to explain the
surveyor to get more understanding about the objective of the project as well as
the purpose of survey.

-

The distance of latrine to water sources like well and pond. (added in Sanitation
Section)

-

The reason of not having toilet (added in Sanitation Section, on question WS
23A)

-

Did your family get any awareness campaign on health care from the government
or NGOs so far? (added in Health Section)

-

Added the code (H1, H2, H3, H4) of each question in Health Section,

The revised questionnaire is attached in Annex 3.

6. Conclusion
At the end of field testing, H. E Heng Sok Kong, gives the close remarks by summed up the
discussion of the training workshop on sampling and Methodology for Baseline Survey.
Excellency Heng Sokong recommended all authorities to cooperate with the base survey because
this program is important and will benefit poor household to improve their health and also their
livelihood in their communities. H.E also informed the entire surveyor to read the questionnaire
6

few times more and try to understand the meaning of each questions clearly before the survey
activity will start.
All relevant stakeholders will cooperate with this baseline survey. The local authorities
especially commune/sangkat, village chiefs and village volunteers were happy to help the
program in surveying and implementing. They understood and knew about baseline survey
method and how to choose sample for conducting the survey.

7

Annex 1: List of participants in Training and Field-tested
03 September 2010
No.

Name

Sex

Position

Organization

1

Neak Sovannary

M

Chief of Kampot Municipality

Kampot Municipality

2

Te Chinarith

M

Deputy Chief

Provincial department of Industry Mine
and Energy

3

Bun Chankong

M

Chief

Kampot Water Supply Utility

4

Som Sethy

M

Officer

MIME

5

Mak Chhorvannarey

M

Office Chief

MIME

6

Bun Thorn

M

Network Chief

Kampot Water Supply Utility

7

Chun SreyTouch

F

Staff

Kampot Water Supply Utility

8

Thon Vannak

M

Staff

Kampot Water Supply Utility

9

Long Sok

M

Staff

Kampot Water Supply Utility

10

Un Sokdany

M

Staff

Kampot Water Supply Utility

11

Sor Veasna

M

Staff

Kampot Water Supply Utility

12

Ty Kean

M

Staff

Kampot Water Supply Utility

13

Kong Ma Pulim

M

Staff

Kampot Water Supply Utility

14

Vong Samon

M

Staff

Kampot Water Supply Utility

Signature

15

Nun Vanny

M

Staff

Kampot Water Supply Utility

16

Som Sorn

F

Sangkat Council Member

Treuy Koh

17

Ser Mert

M

Village Chief

Treuy Koh

18

Ung Kea

M

Village Deputy Chief

Treuy Koh

19

Kheng Sakhon

F

Sangkat Council

Ondong Khmer

20

Ou Sakhon

M

Village Deputy Chief

Ondong Khmer

21

Hang Sean

M

Sangkat Council

Ondong Khmer

22

Sem Sarath

M

Village Chief

Kampong Bay

23

Mea Bunchhoeurn

M

Village Chief

Treuy Koh

24

Svay Met

M

Provincial Department Chief

Kampot Municipal

25

Ouk Chher

M

Office Chief

Kampot Municipal

26

Ma Dol

M

Village Member

Ondong Khmer

27

Kum Bun

M

Village Deputy Chief

Ondong Khmer

28

Hem Saren

M

Village Deputy Chief

Tvy Khang Cherng

29

Pov Sinat

F

Sangkat Council

Kampong Kandal

30

Oun Somol

F

Village Deputy Chief

Krang Ampel

31

So Danavy

F

Village Member

Krang Ampel

32

Mey Touch

F

Sangkat Council

Krang Ampel

33

Sok Sopheap

F

Village Member

Krang Ampel

34

Ouk San

M

Village Chief

Krang Ampel

35

Dy Bunsang

M

Village Deputy Chief

Kampong Bay

36

Pen Sophearith

M

Municipal Officer

Kampot

37

Chhor Sorn

M

Public Work Office Chief

Public Work Office

38

Prum Vanthoeurn

M

Public Work Office Deputy Chief

Public Work Office

39

Phen Amrak

M

Provincial Department of Environment Kampot

40

Deng Pokanal

M

Provincial Department of Environment Kampot

41

Pheang Phanith

M

Administration Office Chief

Tek Chhou

42

Kouy Vanthy

F

Social Affair Office Deputy Chief

Tek Chhou

43

Keng Puthrea

M

District Officer

Tek Chhou

44

Pronh Chhoun

M

Village Deputy Chief

Chum Kreal

45

Hang Kuy Ngin

M

Village Chief

Tropang Thom

46

Tet Nan

M

Commune Chief

Kampong Krang

47

Mei Yoeurn

M

Village Deputy Chief

Chum Kreal

48

Mam Lida

M

Village Chief

Kampong Krang

49

Thorng Chhel

M

Village Deputy Chief

Tropang Thom

50

Bou Ery

M

Village Member

Tropang Thom

51

Kong Kysral

M

Municipal Officer

Kampot

52

Tem Keaty

M

Student

Kampong Bay Khang Tbong

53

Pen Rotha

M

Construction Worker

Kampong Bay Khang Cherng

54

Kum Chey

M

Student

Sovann Sakor

55

Ouk Chhoeun

M

Municipal Officer

Kampot Municipal

56

So Chhom

M

Village Chief

Ondong Khmer

57

Hean Veasna

M

Village Chief

Ondong Khmer

58

Nek Ser

M

Sangkat Deputy Chief

Treuy Koh

59

Sot Soeurn

M

Commune Council

Mak Prang

60

Mao Soeurn

M

Sangkat Deputy Chief

Krang Ampel

61

Khoun Eat

M

Sangkat Council

Kampong Bay

62

Koim Bunny

M

Village Chief

Ondong Khmer

63

Em Kimsophorn

M

Village Chief

Ondong Khmer

64

Ty Veasna

M

Village Chief

Sovann Sakor

65

Plov Pon

M

Village Chief

Krang

66

Touch Bunleang

M

Village Chief

Chum Kreal

67

Hong Horng

M

Village Chief

Chum Kreal

68

Se Dang

M

District Deputy Chief

Tek Chhou

69

Ty Komsan

M

Village Deputy Chief

Kampong Kandal

70

Long Chy

M

Municipal Administration Office
Chief

Kampot Municipal

71

Sin Hak

M

Village Chief

Kampong Bay

72

Ouch Thun

M

Village Chief

Kampong Krang

73

Sam Si Em

F

Sangkat Council

Kampong Bay

74

Yoy Sareth

M

Sangkat Representative

Ondong Khmer

75

Bun Chy

M

Village Chief

Tropang Thom

76

Nget Sothy

M

Officer

Theang Thnot Community

Annex 2: Training and Field-tested Schedule
Friday, September 03
Time

Program

7:30-8:00

Registration

8:00-8:15

Training Objective

8:15-9:00

Presentation on MDG's water and
sanitation indicators and
discussion on questionnaires
Coffee break

9:45-10:00

Responsible

Coordinator
Mr. Som Sith
Mr. Mak Chor Vanry

H.E. Heng Sok
Kong, Project
Manager
Mr. Teang Sokhom,
GIS Expert

Mr. Som Sith
Mr. Mak Chor Vanry
Mr. Som Sith
Mr. Mak Chor Vanry
Mr. Som Sith
Mr. Mak Chor Vanry

9:00-9:30

Presentation on the process and
methodology of baseline survey
Discussion the process in Kampot
town.

Ms. Sorn Somoline,
Community Expert
H.E. Heng Sokong,
Project Manager,

Mr. Som Sith
Mr. Mak Chor Vanry

9:30-10:00

Formulation of working group for
Field-tested

H.E. Heng Sokong,
Project Manager,
Ms. Sorn Somoline,
Community Expert

Mr. Som Sith
Mr. Mak Chor Vanry

10:00-10:15

Coffee break

10:15-11:30

Field-test on baseline survey
questionnaire

H.E. Heng Sokong,
Project Manager,
Ms. Sorn Somoline,
Community Expert
Mr. Teang Sokhom,
GIS Expert

Mr. Som Sith
Mr. Mak Chor Vanry

11:30-12:00

Group presentation on pre-test of
baseline survey and question and
answer

H.E. Heng Sokong,
Project Manager,
Ms. Sorn Somoline,
Community Expert
Mr. Teang Sokhom,
GIS Expert

Mr. Som Sith
Mr. Mak Chor Vanry

12:00

Closing speech

H.E. Heng Sokong,
Project Manager

Mr. Som Sith
Mr. Mak Chor Vanry

Baseline Data Collection on Water and Sanitation
The Mekong Region Water and Sanitation Initiative (MEK-WATSAN)
Province:……………………………………………
Downtown:…………………………………………
Commune:…………………………………………
Village:………………………………………………
Name of the Lead of Family:………………………………………… Male

Female

Number of People in the family:…………………. ……Male:………….Female:……………
HH. total monthly income:……………………. HH. total annual income:…………………...
HH. total monthly expenditure:………………. HH. total annual expenditure:……………..
HH. total water related monthly expenditure:……………………..
HH. total water related annual expenditure:………………………

WATER AND SANITATION MODULE

WS

This module is to be administered once for each household visited. Record only one response for each
question. If more than one response is given, record the most usual source or facility.
WS1A. WHAT IS THE MAIN SOURCE OF DRINKING
Piped water
WATER FOR MEMBERS OF YOUR HOUSEHOLD?
Piped into dwelling .................................... 11 11ÖWS5B
Piped into yard or plot ............................... 12
* PLEASE ALSO ASK QUESTION WS1B BEFORE
Public tap/standpipe .................................. 13
SKIPPING TO OTHER QUESTIONS
Tubewell/borehole ......................................... 21
Dug well
Protected well ............................................ 31
Unprotected well ........................................ 32
Water from spring
Protected spring ........................................ 41
ÖWS2A
Unprotected spring .................................... 42
Rainwater collection ...................................... 51
Vendors
Tanker-truck .............................................. 61
Cart with small tank/drum/buckets ............ 71
Power tiller with small
tank/drum/buckets ..................................... 72
Surface water (river, stream, dam, lake,
pond, canal, irrigation channel) ................. 81
Bottled water................................................ 91

WS1B. WHAT IS THE MAIN SOURCE OF WATER
USED BY YOUR HOUSEHOLD FOR OTHER
PURPOSES SUCH AS COOKING AND HAND
WASHING?

Other (specify) _______________________96
Piped water
Piped into dwelling .................................... 11
Piped into yard or plot ............................... 12
Public tap/standpipe .................................. 13
Tubewell/borehole ......................................... 21
Dug well
Protected well ............................................ 31
Unprotected well ........................................ 32
Water from spring
Protected spring ........................................ 41
Unprotected spring .................................... 42
Rainwater collection ...................................... 51
Vendors
Tanker-truck .............................................. 61
Cart with small tank/drum/buckets ............ 71
Power tiller with small
tank/drum/buckets ..................................... 72
Surface water (river, stream, dam, lake,
pond, canal, irrigation channel) ................. 81

96ÖWS3
11ÖWS5B

ÖWS2A

Bottled water................................................ 91

WS2A. HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO GO THERE,
GET WATER, AND COME BACK?

Other (specify) _______________________96
Number of minutes .............................. __ __ __
Water on premises .......................................... 1
DK ................................................................... 9

96ÖWS3
1ÖWS5B

WS2B. HOW FAR IS THE WATER SOURCE FROM
THIS DWELLING?
WS3A. IS THERE A QUEUE WAITING TO GET WATER
DURING THE RAINY SEASON?
WS3B. HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO WAIT IN A
QUEUE TO GET WATER DURING THE RAINY
SEASON?

WS4A. IS THERE A QUEUE WAITING TO GET WATER
DURING THE DRY SEASON?
WS4B. HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO WAIT IN A
QUEUE TO GET WATER DURING THE DRY
SEASON?

WS5A. WHO PRIMARILY COLLECTS DRINKING
WATER FOR THE HOUSEHOLD?
IS THIS PERSON UNDER UNDER AGE 15? WHAT
SEX?

Circle the code that best describes this person.
WS5B. AT WHAT TIME OF THE DAY IS WATER MORE
READY AVAILABLE AT THE WATER SOURCE?

WS6. IS THE LOCATION OF THE SOURCE OF WATER
CONSIDERED SAFE FOR WOMEN AND
CHILDREN?

Distance in metres............................... __ __ __
DK ................................................................... 9
Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2

2ÖWS4A

Number of minutes .............................. __ __ __
DK ................................................................... 9
Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2

2ÖWS5A

Number of minutes .............................. __ __ __
DK ................................................................... 9
Adult woman.................................................... 1
Adult man ........................................................ 2
Female child (under 15) .................................. 3
Male child (under 15) ...................................... 4
No specific person ........................................... 5
NA or delivered to the house........................... 8
No answer or DK ............................................. 9
Early morning .................................................. 1
Midday ............................................................. 2
Afternoon ......................................................... 3
Late evening .................................................... 4
Anytime ........................................................... 5
DK ................................................................... 9
Yes .................................................................. 1
No, risk of crime .............................................. 2
No, risk of accident……………………………...3
No, risk of both crime and accident

2ÖWS11

VOLUME AND PAYMENT FOR DRINKING WATER:
CONSUMERS WITH PIPED WATER CONNECTIONS

WS7A. DOES YOUR HOUSEHOLD HAVE PIPED
WATER CONNECTION?

Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2

WS7B. IS YOUR CONNECTION WORKING AT THE
PRESENT TIME?

Yes ................................................................. 1
No, service has been disconnected
because I did not pay my bill, ...................... 2
No, the connection is faulty and we are
waiting to have it repaired ........................... 3
No, but there is some other reason why
its not working, (specify) .............................. 4
Yes .................................................................. 1
Yes, but not working ........................................ 2
No .................................................................... 3
No. of cubic meters ............................. __ __ __
Meter is not read/inoperative........................... 8
DK ................................................................... 9
Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2
Flat rate per month ......................................... 1
According to monthly consumption ................. 2
Other (Specify) ............................................... 9
Amount (Riels) ............................... __ __ __ __
Meter is not read/inoperative....................... 888

WS7.1

IS YOUR PIPED WATER METERED?

WS8. WHAT WAS LAST MONTH’S WATER
CONSUMPTION ACCORDING TO THE METER
READING?

WS9. DO YOU PAY FOR YOUR WATER?
WS10. HOW DO YOU PAY FOR YOUR WATER?

WS11. AVERAGE MONTHLY BILL?

2ÖWS12

2ÖWS12
3ÖWS12
4ÖWS12
2ÖWS9
3ÖWS9

2ÖWS16

RIELS
ÖWS16

WHO PAYS FOR THE WATER BILL?

Mother:_______________
Father:_______________
Other_____________

CONSUMERS WITHOUT PIPED WATER CONNECTIONS

WS12. HOW MANY BUCKETS OF WATER DO YOU
USE EACH DAY?
Observ the bucket and convert to liter
WS13. DO YOU PAY FOR YOUR WATER?
WS14. HOW DO YOU PAY FOR YOUR WATER?

WHO PAYS FOR THE WATER:

WS15. AMOUNT PAID PER DRUM (200 LITER) OR
DRUM EQUIVALENT?

Number of buckets ................................... __ __
Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2
Pay per drum (200 liter) ................................. 1
Flat rate each week ......................................... 2
Flat rate each month ....................................... 3
Other (specify) ________________________4
Mother:…………………….
Father:……………………..
Other:……………………….
Amount (Riels) .................................... __ __ __
Other forms of payment .............................. 888

2ÖWS16

DISRUPTIONS TO THE WATER SUPPLY

WS16. DID YOU HAVE ANY DISRUPTIONS FROM
YOUR MAIN SOURCE OF DRINKING WATER
DURING THE PAST 2 WEEKS?

WS17. HOW FREQUENT WERE THESE
DISRUPTIONS?

Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2
Daily ................................................................ 1
Intermittent most days ..................................... 2
Intermittent several days ................................. 3
Occasional....................................................... 4
Several hours at a time ................................... 5
More than a day .............................................. 2
More than a week ............................................ 6
No water in the past two weeks ...................... 7
NA ................................................................... 8
DK ................................................................... 9

2ÖWS19A

HOUSEHOLD TREATMENT OF DRINKING WATER

WS18A. WHAT IS THE COLOUR OF YOUR DRINKING
WATER?

WS18B. DOES YOUR DRINKING WATER SMELL?

WS19. WHAT DO YOU DO TO THE WATER TO MAKE
IT SAFER TO DRINK?

Ask the respondent to recall the primary and
secondary methods used to make the water
safe to drink.

Clear ................................................................ 1
Not clear .......................................................... 2
Other ............................................................... 3
DK ................................................................... 9
Yes, smells of chlorine .................................... 1
Yes, smells bad ............................................... 2
No .................................................................... 3
DK ................................................................... 9
Primary Method:
Boil .................................................................. 1
Add bleach/chlorine ......................................... 2
Sieve it through a cloth .................................... 3
Use water filter (ceramic, sand, composite,
etc.) ........................................................... 4
Solar disinfection ............................................. 5
Let it stand and settle ...................................... 6
Other (specify) ________________________7
DK .................................................................. 9

Secondary:
.................. 1
.................. 2
.................. 3
.................. 4
.................. 5
.................. 6
_________ 7
.................. 9

SOURCE OF WATER FOR CLEANING, WASHING AND BATHING

WS20. IS YOUR SOURCE OF WATER FOR
CLEANING, WASHING, AND BATHING DIFFERENT
FROM YOUR SOURCE OF DRINKING WATER?

Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2

2ÖWS21B

WS21A. WHAT IS THE MAIN SOURCE OF WATER
USED FOR CLEANING, WASHING, AND BATHING
BY MEMBERS OF YOUR HOUSEHOLD?

WS21B. WHERE DO MEMBERS OF YOUR
HOUSEHOLD BATHE?

WS22.

HOW DO YOU DISPOSE OF WATER, WHICH
HAS BEEN USED FOR COOKING, WASHING
DISHES, DOING LAUNDRY AND BATHING?

Piped water
Piped into dwelling .................................... 11
Piped into yard or plot ............................... 12
Public tap/standpipe .................................. 13
Tube-well/borehole ........................................ 21
Dug well
Protected well ............................................ 31
Unprotected well ........................................ 32
Water from spring
Protected spring ........................................ 41
Unprotected spring .................................... 42
Rainwater collection ...................................... 51
Vendors
Tanker-truck .............................................. 61
Cart with small tank/drum/buckets ............ 71
Power tiller with small
tank/drum/buckets ..................................... 72
Surface water (river, stream, dam, lake,
pond, canal, irrigation channel) ................. 81
Bottled water ................................................. 91
Other (specify) _______________________96
No answer or DK ........................................... 99
Private bathroom ............................................. 1
Other’s bathroom............................................. 2
Open air ........................................................... 3
At the stream, river, lake ................................. 4
Other (specify) ________________________5

Piped into soak-away ...................................... 1
Piped into storm drain ..................................... 2
Piped onto street surface or empty space ...... 3
Piped directly to garden .................................. 4
Throw onto street surface or empty space ...... 5
Carry to garden ............................................... 6
Other (specify) ________________________8

SANITATION

WS 23 A. DO YOUR FAMILY MEMBERS USE
TOILET?

Yes………………………………………………1
No………………………………………………..2

Ö SW1

WS23B. WHAT KIND OF TOILET FACILITY DOES
YOUR HOUSEHOLD USE?

WHERE DOES IT FLUSH TO?

Modern latrine with septic tank...................... 11
Pour flush latrine with septic tank.................. 12
Pour flush latrine with no septic tank............. 13
Pit latrine with slab ........................................ 21
Pit latrine without slab/open pit ..................... 22
No facilities or bush or field ........................... 23 23ÖSW1A

If necessary, ask permission to observe the
facility.

Other (specify) _______________________96 96ÖWS24A
No facilities but use public or others’ facilities97 97ÖWS28

WS23C. HOW DO YOU EMPTY YOUR PIT LATRINES?

Manually .......................................................... 1
Commercial Exhauster .................................... 2
Abandone ........................................................ 3
DK ................................................................... 4
Other (specify) ________________________5
Yes, inside dwelling/yard/compound ............... 1
No, outside dwelling/yard/compound .............. 2
Less than 20 metres ........................................ 1
20-50 metres ................................................... 2
50-100 metres ................................................. 3
More than 100 metres ..................................... 4
Less than 30 metres or on the water source... 1
More than 30 metres ....................................... 2
Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2
NA, no children under 5 .................................. 3

If “flush” or “pour flush,” probe:

WS24A. IS THIS FACILITY LOCATED WITHIN YOUR
DWELLING, YARD, OR COMPOUND?
WS24B. HOW FAR OUTSIDE THE DWELLING, YARD,
OR COMPOUND IS THIS?

WS24C. HOW FAR FROM THE WELL
WS25. DO CHILDREN UNDER 5 USE THIS
SANITATION FACILITY?
WS26. WHAT HAPPENS WITH THE STOOLS OF
CHILDREN UNDER 5 WHEN THEY DO NOT USE
THE SANITATION FACILITY?

1ÖWS25

1ÖWS27
1ÖWS26
3ÖWS27

Thrown into the latrine ..................................... 1
Thrown outside in the yard .............................. 2
Buried outside in the yard ............................... 3
Not disposed of or left on the ground .............. 4
Other (specify) ________________________5

SEWAGE TREATMENT

WS27. WHAT TYPE OF SEWAGE TREATMENT
METHOD DOES THIS HOUSEHOLD USE?
A SEPTIC SYSTEM HAS A SEALED TANK WITH
EFFLUENT TO SOME KIND OF SOAK-AWAY.

Soak-away (seepage pit, unlined pit) .............. 1
Cesspit (sealed tank, no effluent).................... 2
Septic system .................................................. 3
Other (specify) ________________________4

Read out the responses. One answer only.
WS28. IS THERE ANY VISIBLE EFFLUENT BEING
DISCHARGED FROM YOUR SANITATION
FACILITY?

Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2

2ÖSW1A

WS29. DOES YOUR SANITATION FACILITY CAUSE
ANY PROBLEMS FOR YOU OR YOUR
NEIGHBOURS?

Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2

2ÖSW1A

WS30.

WHAT SPECIFIC PROBLEMS ARE CAUSED
BY YOUR SANITATION FACILITY?

Read out the responses. One answer only.
SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL
SW1A. HOW DOES THIS HOUSEHOLD PRIMARILY
DISPOSE OF HOUSEHOLD WASTE THAT IS NOT
COMPOSTED, RECYCLED, OR FED TO THE
ANIMALS?

SW1B. HOW OFTEN IS WASTE COLLECTED?
SW2. ESTIMATE THE AMOUNT OF HOUSEHOLD
WASTE YOU DISPOSE OF EACH DAY (INCLUDE
FOOD WASTE, PLASTICS, PAPER, TINS).
[Estimate volume in terms of plastic bag and
covert to kg]
SW3A. . DOES YOUR HOUSEHOLD CURRENTLY PAY
FOR THE REMOVAL OF SOLID WASTE / RUBBISH
/ GARBAGE?
SW3B. AVERAGE MONTHLY FEE FOR SOLID WASTE
COLLECTION?
SW4. WOULD YOUR HOUSEHOLD WILLING TO PAY
FOR SOLID WASTE COLLECTION?
SW5. HOW MUCH ARE YOU WILLING TO PAY FOR
MONTHLY COLLECTION?
SW6A. DO YOU RECYCLE SOLID WASTE?

SW6B. PLEASE IDENTIFY THE TYPES OF ITEMS
THAT YOU RECYCLE.

Circle all that apply.

SW6C. DO RECYCLING GROUPS/COMPANIES
COLLECT ANY OF YOUR WASTE FOR

Pooled sewage around the house................... 1
Odors from the facilities are unpleasant to
residents ...................................................... 2
Both pooled sewage and odors....................... 3

SW
Collected by local government/authority ......... 1
Collected by community association ............... 2
Collected by private company ......................... 3
Dumped in the compound ............................... 4
Dumped in the street/vacant plot/drain ........... 5
Burnt in the open ............................................. 6
Buried .............................................................. 7
Other (specify) _______________________ 8
…………times/week
………….times/month

No. of plastic bag each time .......... __ __ .__ __

Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2
Amount in Riels…………………..
DK ................................................................... 9
Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2

2ÖSW4
ÖSW6A
ÖSW6A

Amount in Riels…………………..
DK ................................................................... 9
Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2

2ÖSW6C

Food waste (composting) ................................ 1
Food waste (feed to animals ........................... 2
Plastic bags ..................................................... 3
Plastic (water bottles, containers) ................... 4
Paper items ..................................................... 5
Cardboards...................................................... 6
Textile .............................................................. 7
Tins .................................................................. 8
Garden waste .................................................. 9
Wood/charcoal .............................................. 10
Other (specify) _______________________99
Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2

2ÖSW7

RECYCLING?
SW6D. WHAT TYPE OF WASTE DO THEY COLLECT?

Circle all that apply.

SW7. DOES THE NEIGHBOURHOOD HAVE SMOKE,
GAS, OR BAD SMELLS ASSOCIATED WITH
BURNING RUBBISH?
SW8. ARE YOU CONCERNED ABOUT THE POSSIBLE
HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF BREATHING THE
SMOKE AND POLLUTED AIR?

SW9. OBSERVATION: DOES THE FRONT OF THE
2
HOUSE WITHIN AN AREA OF 100M HAVE A
LITTER PROBLEM?
HEALTH
H1. HAVE YOU OR YOUR FAMILY MEMBERS
SUFFERED FROM WATER-BORNE DISEASES
SUCH AS DIARRHOEA, DENGUE?
H2. FREQUENCY OF ILLNESS PER PERSON PER
YEAR?
H3. HOW MUCH MONEY DO YOU SPEND ON
TREATMENT OF ILLNESS PER YEAR?
H4. DID YOUR FAMILY GET ANY HEALTH
AWARENESS RAISING?

Food waste (composting) ................................ 1
Food waste (feed to animals ........................... 2
Plastic bags ..................................................... 3
Plastic (water bottles, containers) ................... 4
Paper items ..................................................... 5
Cardboards...................................................... 6
Textile .............................................................. 7
Tins .................................................................. 8
Garden waste .................................................. 9
Wood/charcoal .............................................. 10
Other (specify) _______________________99
Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2
Yes .................................................................. 1
No .................................................................... 2
Yes, lots of litter visible .................................... 1
Yes, some paper and plastic bags .................. 2
No litter visible ................................................. 3
Yes………………………………………………..1
No…………………………………………………2
How many time………………………….
Amount spent……………………………Riel
Yes………………………………………………..1
No…………………………………………………2

Date:
Signature of intherviewer

Date:
Signature of supervisor

2ÖSW9

2ÖSW9

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful