This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
" " Fundamentals of Freethought. BOTTOMLESS PIT. FOURTH EDITION NEW YORK PETER ECKLER PUBLISHING CO. WORM THAT NEVER DIETH. CHAINS OF DARKNESS. CASTING OUT DEVILS." Etc. AN EXPLANATION OF THE PAGAN ORIGIN OF THE SCRIPTURAL TERMS.THE BIOGEAPHY OF SATAN OR. 1924 . LAKE OF FIRE AND BRIMSTONE. GAUVIN Author of "Illustrated Story of Evolution. ALSO. By Author of " KERSEY GRAVES \\ The World's Sixteen Crucified Saviors" WITH A FOREWORD By MARSHALL J. ETC. A HISTORICAL EXPOSITION OF HIS FIERY THE DEVIL AND DOMINIONS DISCLOSING THE OEIENTAL ORIGIN OP THE BELIEF IN A DEVIL AND FUTURE ENDLESS PUNISHMENT.
BROOKLYN. Y.PRINTED IN THE U. . S. A. BY FREDERICK GT7MBRECHT. N.
appeals fundamentto his hope for happiness it They are interested in it because it has so largely dominated the life of humanity. a slow process. the hopes and fears. because it teaches the necessity of holding certain beliefs regarding these things. Beliefs are tenacious. But the change of thought is. And this broader culture is the product of intellectual variations. GAUVIN intellectual life of Thought has a history.countless ages mankind lived and . These features of religious belief give religion a universal interest. with We such variations only as are due to broader culture. because religion has to do with gods and devils. think over again the thoughts of our fathers. for the most part. of the past. All men are interested in religion. because for. because it presumes to tell man of his This is place in and relation to the world and the whence and whither of his being. and because ally to man's emotions and fear of pain in another world. The the present is the heritage of the beliefs and doubts. Thought varies in the direction of growth. and no beliefs are more tenacious than religious beliefs.By MAESHALL J.
ths prince of still The church has ever taught and tfce fait&ful. teaches that the devout. universe Accordingly. the Agnostic and the Atheist. "Without a knowledge of man's past. though from different points of view. the Christian and the Deist. At the bottom of the religion of the Christian world has even been and is. From what yesterday's religion was. presided over fiends. his present cannot be understood.at best but . tjie belief in an eternal fiery hell. the Theosophist and the Spiritualist. in the story of the history of the world's religious thought. by a devil. Yesterday's beliefs humanity's religious beliefs are keys to the doors of to-day's thoughts. the religion of today has become.iv FOREWORD thought and suffered almost wholly within the confines of religious sanctions because every step . the race has taken in the direction of intellectual progress has been taken in defiance of religious authority. the superstructure of tomorrow's thought will rise to challenge the winds of change and to be tested by the stressful storms of science. and on the foundations we lay down. are equally interested. because the whole range of the scientific culture of our time regarding man and the is a challenge to. the religious notions that have come down to us from the distant past. and is challenged by. whetherflimsy or secure.
the men and women of our race. Armed with that belief. Fired with that belief. with innumerable martyrs filling To satisfy that infamous belief. burnt alive. hell. under the everlasting surveillance of the Devil's That atrocious doctrine nal -the doctrine of eter- has been. filled the Christian world with spies and informers and for a long succession of generations.FOREWORD v a mere few mil be chosen to share the eternal glory of God's presence in heaven. the way between . civilization. de- stroyed the pagan religions. Urged to desperation by that belief. Christianity. Hypatia and Bruno and Vanini. the church punishment for unbelievers 1 launched herself upon the culture. imprisoned and stretched on racks and . the church filled! the world with religious hate. the church established the Inquisition. with fanaticism. Servetus and Ferrer. with intolerance of science and reason. in the mainspring. most progressive because they had brains enough to think and courage enough to express their thought. the driving force of every age. the noblest. Roman Empire. Huss. and that the countless hillions of unregenerate and unredeemed will he tortured forever in the flames of malicious leer. extinguished pagan overthrew classical and ushered the world into the noisome gulf of the Dark Ages.
and gave their ashes The belief in eternal punishment gave the world a thousand religious wars. Spurgeon. as though it were a firebrand! Be- . It put a ban on investigation. of these terrible words. It put the world beneath the feet of priests. from the lips of so otherwise good a man as the Rev. It made ignorance universal and progress impossible. Think. only a generation ago: "Only conceive the poor wretch in flames! See how his tongue hangs between his blistered How it excoriates and burns the roof of lips! his mouth.vi FOREWORD the Greek teacher in the fifth century and the Spanish educator in our own day. sealed their convictions with their blood to the winds. over and all the centuries of Christian- that heartless belief filled the lives of men and women and children with an awful fear a fear frequently amounting to terror a withering fear that only recently began to pass away. the insane notion that a hell of flames awaits the souls of unbelievers in another world did more than any other single thing to transform this world into a kind of hell. Thundered from millions of over again. during ity. pulpits. For more than fifteen hundred years. It gagged honest thought. the eminent Baptist preacher of the London Metropolitan Tabernacle. for example. Charles H.
as yet. Forever ever reigns.Forever burneth in the fire." Against such frightful teachings reason has had to fight. The emancipation of the human mind is. Forever on their chains. crying for a drop of water! I will not picture the scene.' it thou Then. dropping into verse. the thought that it is to be forever. far from complete. The old thraldom still maintains an ominous dominion. and the spirit of humanity has made way but slowly. The chains of fear still bind the beliefs of scores of millions.FOREWORD vu hold him. science has had to struggle. Wherever priests and preachers are powerful. wherever the light of modern knowledge has not yet penetrated the dark recesses of superstition. And manity still pays for being deceived by a false . The whole world of Christian orthodoxy still respects the Devil with its belief and still honors him with the the ignorance and despotism. the eloquent preacher continues: "Forever is written on their racks. the confusion and war. the belief in hell retains its hold upon the people. Thou shalt look up there on the throne of Grod. Suffice it for me to say that the hell of hells will be to thee. and on " shalt see written: 'Forever. dear sinner. that still darken the face of civilization are part of the price hutribute of its fear.
is to modern science and win the world for en- lightenment. Again and again. But some gains have been made. according to the New Test- ament. erstitions the unbelievers in these terrible supThe will multiply by the millions.viii FOKEWORD every Christian cultivation of religious doctrine that has. Son of It was Satan who carried the younger God to the pinnacle of the Temple and thence to the top of a mountain. in age. and offered him the kingdoms of the world. in spite of the puerile preaching of priests and the fulminations of the Fundamentalists. in exchange for worship. But while the Devil and his fiery dominions are disappearing from the realm of man's beliefs. it must be borne in mind that belief in His Satanic Majesty and in a place of endless torment for the major portion of mankind are vital to Christianity. The taught in the Christ. and as education adin the Devil vances. . The belief and hell has vanished from the whole intellectual world. of mission education. Christ cast devils out of human beings. It New as plainly Testament as is the reality of is reality of Satan was Satan who tempted the Grod at the close of his forty days' fast. and that goal will be reached eventually. of Mstori'cal criticism. diverted man's mind from the those concerns upon which rests his welfare in this world.
if the Devil is only a myth and hell bnt a figure of speech. "Our Father Christians which art in heaven" worship Christians fear the God whom the and the Lord of Hell God whom were "originally twin brothers . resolves itself into a priestly the wrath of fiction God Christianity is seen to be not a divine revelation. and are nowhere taught in the Old Testament. New Testament falls With the Devil and hell gone. the authority of the to the ground. but a gross superstition that has. He shows that these doctrines were derived from the mythologies of the heathen nations that sur- rounded the Jewish people. sal. betrayed and martyred mankind. punishment in hell (Matthew xxv:41. The author of this book has performed for his fellowmen the signal service of pointing out to them the fact that the Christian doctrine of a Devil and a hell were utterly unknown to the ancient Jews.FOREWORD Moreover. the atonement remains meaning the savior is left without unperformed. deceived. He shows that these doctrines were derived from the mythologies of the heathen nations that surrounded the Jewish people. If these representations are not trne. Christ threatened ix men with eternal 46). for nearly two thousand years. vation loses its an office. He shows that the God of the Old Testament and the Devil of the New Testament that is to say.
" of a Heaven. the development and migration of mythology. illumined with knowledge. and therefore Kersey Graves. but. he shows that the Christian ideas as to the future worlds of bliss and torment man by Divine revelawere borrowed by the founders tion. July 30. "Kingdom of "lake of In other words. an emancipating book. Minn." and other such ideas were borrowed from Babylonian and Persian sources. 1924. is moving to a higher plain to the altitude of science "The Biography in this forward and Rationalism. Minneapolis." of the "bottomfire and brimstone. of Satan" is an instrument it is movement because an in- forming." and that this God and were Chaldean sun-gods. And humanity is outgrowing it today because thought.FOREWORD known by this Devil He of the same titles. of Christianity from the rich treasure house of were not made known to pagan mythology. Thought has a found in history. its author. was a benefactor of mankind. rather. . shows further that the Christian notions the less pit. Christianity belongs Its origins are to the natural history of thought..
and that the numerous responses from those who availed themselves of a copy of the previous edition of the book. That motive was to expose and most terror-inciting suthat ever nestled in the bosom of the igperstition norant. groveling and trembling It is common in the prefatory exegesis of a work to explain the motives which lead to its au- thorship or compilation.PREFACE to the public the author to In presenting the present edition of this work deems it necessary only add in the preface that it has been thoroughly revised and corrected. leaves the author no reason to doubt that the motive which actuated him in the publication of it will be fully realized. so far. as to state: 5 . and reduced slave ! its possessor to the condition of an abject. or that ever prostrated the energies of the arrest the progress of the human mind. But as the motives partially which prompted this work are already disclosed in the initiatory chapter. headed "Ad- dress to the Beader. we will only add to the explanation thus furnished." and the succeeding chapter which sets forth some of the practical evils which spring legitimately from the doctrine of future or post mortem punishment.
wedded to the hope of checking this widespread river this shoreless current of mischief. arrest the almost boundless tide of terror and 2.form any just or proximate conception of the exstill is. has ever before been presented to the public since an extensive inquiry has been awakened on the subject. For no person who has not scrutinizingly investigated the matter. dogmas. We misery. by the propagation of this doctrine. and childish traditions. can . with all its various and multifarious terms. These facts. constitute our principal reason for publishing this work. The single and serious fact. that the super- stitious fear of after-death punishment furnishes the primary motive-power by which more than a million of sermons are annually dealt out from . Heathen and Christian worlds have been demoralized and flooded with misery tent to which the and unhappiness.6 1. brief exposition of the origin and design of this mischievous doctrine. 3. PREFACE rolled That notwithstanding many ages have away since the after-death penalty was first originated and promulgated to the world. and at the same time. deem it a matter of the greatest mothat some one should make the effort to ment. yet no work designed to furnish to the general reader a Ifull. of which the practical dissemination of the doctrine of endless damnation has ever been and a truly prolific source.
and still holds millions in its iron grasp.PREFACE 7 the Christian pulpits of the United States alone. too) being ignorant of the origin of these alarming superstitious doctrines. Whether these reasons furnish a ification for sufficient just- such an enterprise. levied mainly upon the pockets of the poor. for attempting the task of aiding in checking the evil and demoralizing effects of this barbarous. and the people (and most of the priests. which have the effect of exciting in the minds of the religious classes the most agonizing emotions and the most torturing fears. upon moral grounds. sands. the author considers as ample warrant. anti-civilizing and terrifying heathen superstition. even among the most virtuous. nature. is likely to be better understood in its real its pernicious effects and in its origin. is left for the can- did reader to judge. temporarily. often producing. the ruin of health and happiness. KEBSEY GMVES . It is gratifying to learn that the superstitious which in every age and country in which it has prevailed and enslaved the minds of thoufear. at a cost of many millions of dollars.
Evils and Demoralizing Effects of the Doctrine of End-
Ancient Traditions Respecting the Origin of Evil and the
Wicked Devil and an Endless Hell not Taught in the
Explanation of the Words Devil and Hell in the Old Testament ,
God (and not the
to the Bible
Devil) the Author of Evil According
the Devil Originally Twin-Brothers, and
by the same
Origin of the Terms, "Kingdom of Heaven," "Gates of Hell," etc.; also of the Tradition Respecting the
Dragon Chasing the Woman, the with the Sun, etc
Hell First Instituted in the Skies. Its Origin and Descent
Origin of the Tradition of "The Bottomless Pit."
Origin of the Belief in a Lake of Fire and Brimstone
Hell; Ancient Notions Respecting
Origin of the Idea of Man's Evil Thoughts being Prompted by a Devil
Where Imported or Borrowed
The Punitive Terms
of the Bible of Oriental Origin
to be of
The Doctrine of After-Death Punishment Proved Heathen and Priestly Origin
Explanation of Hell, Hades, Tartarus; Infernus, Gehenna, and Tophet 115
for Believers in
One Hundred and Sixty-three Questions Post Mortem Punishment
Origin of the Traditions Respecting "War in Heaven," and an Explanation of the Terms Hell, Hades, Tartar 144 rus, Gehenna, Sheol, Valley of Hinnom, etc.
and haunted with them day and night.INTRODUCTION "FEAR HATH TORMENT" FEIENDLY READEE Are you. ye prepared for the Devil and his angels?" Matt. be numbered among fire. cursed. and did you hear 11 him depict to a terror- . into everlasting "Depart from me. for weeks and months together. lurid flames of fire "ascendeth "bottomless pit. those who are to receive the terrible sentence." whose up forever and ever"). or have you ever : been a believer in the doctrine of future endless punishment? And did you ever tremble with fearful apprehension that you might be irrevocably doomed to a life of interminable woe beyond the tomb? Did you ever shudder at the horrible thought. that either yourself or some of your dearest friends might possibly. if not during long and tedious years." to witness the priest remove (in imagination) the cover from Hell's burning mouth (that blazing. Were you ever tormented and goaded with such fearful forebodings as these. as thousands upon thousands of the most devout believers in the Christian faith have been in all ages of the Church? Or were you ever present during a "religious revival. xxv: 41. in "the day of ' ' accounts.
blazing. lacerated by the swift- sped thunderbolts of Jehovah's direful vengeance aye. depicted and chill the wretched inhabitants of this world of woe. and spoke of their loud. damned souls" of the world? Did you ever listen as he porunderground millions of the trayed their agonizing sufferings. and Hell?" fear And did a shudder- steal over your nerveless frame." robed in burning brimstone. never-ceasing storms And as they essay to quench their parching thirst with this liquid fire. fresh drawn from Grod's own quiver! An old grim Lucifer. as being tossed to and fro with their naked souls upon a fathomless sea of flame a shoreless ocean . their a thousand commingling along the great arch" Heaven. dashing mountainous billows. "the worm that never dies. lashed into furious.12 INTRODUCTION " stricken audience the awful fate of the countless doomed. sulphurous fire. the barbed arrows. ever bursting. the . their doleful yells and like soul-bursting shrieks of despair. as the " pulpit orator. the blood in your very hearts in spite of your efforts to resist it and stave it off. which. of boiling. shook thunders. reverberating way ing of murky and Earth. prison. by the ever of divine wrath? thundering. terror-inspiring. we are told. their woeful groans. heart-rending wailings of anguish. makes his eternal feasts upon the vitals of their bleeding hearts." in glowing eloquence.
blistering embers down their shrieking throats! A popular D .] My head grows dizzy. with swollen and bloodshot eyes. he will tread them in his will wrath and trample them in his fury. strain toward each other's throats and hearts. and he delights to execute it. Ohio. Mr. in unquenchable fire. blistered. gulf!" Brother." and pours the red-hot. lofty climbing always has the effect to make men with small vessels float easily. Christian clergyman. as it bends over the [Quite likely. brothers off : which recently came and veins sisters. devils in form and features.INTRODUCTION deputed executor (in part) of 13 God's vengeful wrath. heedless of their doleful yells and madden- ing cries. brains giddy-headed. hideous to behold. Empty And we humbly suggest that you should have been cupped. and put to bed instanter. bled. reprobate men and wo- men. Xenia. as he collapsed. As God's vengeance is in his heart. and he stain all his garments with their blood if ! [Wonder he will then reascend his burnished and beauti- ful " emerald throne" with these bloody clothes on. pastors [mark this. let off the following "Fathers and sons. culminates the awful drama as he " woods up the fires and keeps them burning. and opiates and cooling powders administered ad . ye preachers!] and people. of inspirational turgescence in a fit and in mental explosion. husbands and wives. the Eev.
moonstruck effort to scare sinners into Heaven." or of "a rush of brains to the head." being once pregnant with the spirit of : A and not knowing. kind reader. blew up the unconverted eternal damnation. have you had any practical experience in listening to such Now. Clawson. portion of his audience in the following spasmodic style "God will heap the red-hot cinders of black : damnation upon your naked souls as high as the pyramids of Egypt. body or out of the body" (2 Cor ii:4). as "it came to pass. in every part of Christendom? Though it is true such pompous and foolish language is not always used as is found in the examples we have here presented. which we have presented here as mere specimens of the kind of priestly flummery which are continually rolling out from the pulpit upon tthe recurrence of every Sabbath. flected And have you ever calculated or re- upon the vast." We suggest that Mrs. untold and almost inconceivable amount of terror. . let me frightful and frightening ebullitions of folly and fanaticism as the foregoing. fright. a Methodist Episcopal clergyman. Mr. Partington would have considered this as rather a dangerous case of "information of the brain. yet the spirit manifested is the same.] Take another example Rev. misery and despair. as we " whether he was in the suspect.14 INTRODUCTION infinttum after such an exhausting." ask you.
and not the love of God. as is claimed by the devout disciples of every primitive religion in the world. and which go to prove most conclusively. for grinding (or scaring) sinners into saints. For certain we are.INTRODUCTION 15 and consequent destruction of happiness it has brought to millions of minds and millions of fam1 ilies of the present era. and still is. as well as those of the remotely past superstitious ages? If so. you can understand our object and appreciate our motive in throwing this book before the public. . a powerful engine in the hands of the priests for "converting souls to God" i. that if the two hundred millions of people called Christians could be made acquainted with the historical facts which will be found in this work. it would have the effect to dissipate a fathomless and shoreless ocean of fear and misery from the religious world. and certain." and consequently unhappiness. that "in fear there is torment. that the fear of endless damnation has been.. For it is now well known to every intelligent person. too.e. that the doctrine of future endless punishment was originated and concocted by designing priests. and that there has al- ways been at least ten devil-dreading. and that a benevolent and beneficent God had nothing to do with their origination. hell-fearing is Christians to one that made practically right- eous by tne natural love of virtue and truth. we are. It is the fear of the Devil.
the Devil is to virtually set upon into their track as a hound dog scare them Heaven. And does not. when interrogated upon the subject. we ask. (I have never found one that could) about how.16 INTRODUCTION which extorts from them a reluctant and tardy conformity to the principles of justice and the rules of practical honesty. And thus. but villains at heart. "like a roaring lion. is account for their blind It generally believed and assumed. ' it as a remarkable fact. that as solemnly important as this mitted to be. they are nothing less. for the former achieve the work enabling them to out-run "the grand adversary of souls. involving as it does our fate to all eternity. than drafted or rather pious sinners Christians by saints. properly speaking. and this ignorance and tenacious adherence to the supersitition. when or where it is sufficient to . They know nothing first started. to give an intelligent answer as to the origin of the doctrine of post mortem punishment." will. practice. that its primary source is the Christian Bible. And if they shall it receive the final benediction of "well done. this lamentable ignorance greatly enhance . That is. yet not one pious Christian in a thousand is momentous and subject must be ad- able. we opine. seek' And here we may note ing whom he may devour. have to be attributed more to a pair of fleet legs than to a virtuous mind." who howls upon every Christian's track.
C. of mundane priestly origin.INTRODUCTION 17 the necessity and importance of publishing and circulating a work of this character. and more enduring motives. . instead of being." as was ingeniously argued by the Grecian Poly- archists (300 B. the people may be undeceived in supposing that it is of divine institution. were ever a wise policy to try to frighten men into the path of virtue by "the fear of Hell torments. that policy is now superseded by the substitution of more honorable. as history proves.). more laudable. and that they may thereby be delivered from the agonizing thraldom of fear and If it fright which have in all past ages beset the votaries of the various fear-fraught religions. that by virtue of superior knowledge.
" We have not space for an elaborate exposition of the evils and immoral effects of the doctrine of endless torment.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN CHAPTEE EVILS 1 AND DEMORALIZING EFFECTS OF THE DOCTBINE OF ENDLESS PUNISHMENT "Grant me. : is an epitome The is (as belief in a cruel after-death punish- ment source. of which this work or abstract 1. at least. this simple. we have already shown) the prolific on their own account of groundless and tormenting. but will present a brief list of a portion of them. It is also the source of a fearful amount of the most painful unhappiness to millions of the human race in dread apprehension of the fate of their friends. almost no request: When I have wept a thousand lives away. even when but 19 little is entertained on their own account. When I have raved ten thousand years in fireYea. ten thousand times ten thousand. fears to all its believers. Let me then expire. great God. 2. condensed from our larger work on this subject. When torment has grown weary of its prey. This one. .
invests the Diety with a character absolutely dishonorable and disgraceful. the intolerable sufferings and raving torments of the millions of his fellow beings. children have been murIt dered. in order to "save their souls 6. by representing him as morally capable of inflicting the most excruciating punishment upon the major portion of his children.20 3. the bloody slaughter of millions of the human race by the efforts used to convert them. It also fastens a disgraceful libel moral attributes of lated to of upon the man. ' ' cides. even after he the just Heaven and numbered among "the spirits men made perfect. etc. if not blasphemous. infantifratricides.. unmoved. has caused numberless suicides." that he can witness. It has caused the butchery. from Hell. and thus "plunge their souls into Hell." 7. THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN The post mortem punislunent doctrine taught by the Christian world. The belief in Devil obsession and endless punishment has caused more than one hundred thousand human beings to be tortured to death in . by representing him as is trans- being so demon-hearted. 5. for fear they would lead a life of crime. consigned to endless woe. he should thus punish one of his sub- a single day. whereas he would be a cruel and hateful if monster jects for 4. and "the rest of mankind" to the true religion.
THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN 21 " Christians" who believed in various ways by the superstitious notion of witchcraft. to the bar of and " sent were made to drench the earth with by the hands of "Christians. doctrine. women and children. 8." more than forty thousand men. by appeal- human motives ing solely to the organ of fear the basest of instead of to the natural love of virtue implanted in the human mind.). as also the third and fourth. in which five millions of people slaughtered. We have an abundance of historical facts in our possession to prove all the above statements. made so in many instances by the awful thought of eternal damnation. the lines quoted from the poet Young furnish us objection in the . It books. sermons. instead of the Christian world moral heroes. 9. their blood It has contributed to fill our lunatic asy- lums with the insane. for propagating the And finally. it converts into cowards. etc. 12. tracts. has caused an enormous expenditure of time and money in the various means used (as 11. With reference to the first list. The belief in post mortem punishment was the great "motor nerve. but can not occupy space with many of them in this small work." the primary mainspring of the Spanish Inquisition in which "Christians" God." 10. It was the foundation of the fiendish war of the Crusades.
The Eev. never have an end!" Now. but it tual blasphemy. tian world tells us God answers. your raving torments shall never. as God is here represented as doing. But more and worse. Eobert Hall styles him. that "the elect (in heaven) will not be seminary in Jersey. a very popular preacher of the last century. It will cause no sorry for the damned (in Hell) uneasiness or dissatisfaction to them. president of a theological J. or rather dis- graced. when they see this sight. Listen to the following. in the most cruel manner imaginable. and "one of the brightest luminaries of the Christian Church. let me then expire. The victim of endless damna" After I have raved ten thousand tion prays that " But the Chrisyears in fire. it will occasion . but on the contrary. proclaimed from the sacred desk. the land of Christendom Edwards. est from one of tthe most popular promulgators of : the Christian faith that ever graced. inhuman monster than the most bloody-minded tyrant that ever drenched the earth with human blood! For neither Nero nor Caligula ever attempted to punish and torture.22 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN illustrative proof. "No sir. as we regard it as virrepresents God as being a more demon-hearted. even his bitter- enemy for a year." as Eev. New . much less an eternity. not only must such doctrine as this be appalling to weak nerves.
THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN
and excite them to joyful praises." Edward's Practical Sermons," No. 11). (" Now, reader, keep down "the old man," restrain your feelings of horror till we present you
another example of this kind: The Rev. Nathaniel Emmons,
stage of time in 1840, once declared in a sermon,
that "the happiness of the elect will consist in part in witnessing the torments of the damned in
among whom may be
but inparents, husbands, wives and friends ; . stead of taking the part of these miserable beings,
they will " Lord.'
Now, assuming this to be Christian doctrine, who will not blush to be called a Christian? But
perhaps some reader will reply that
Then we ask him
how Heaven can be "a
place or state of
perpetual happiness" (see Webster's Dictionary), unless its inhabitants can witness such scenes as
If "perpetually happy," they must actually enjoy every scene they witness. And hence must shout, "Amen, hallelujah, praise
the Lord," when witnessing, as they do according to the Scriptures (Luke xvi:23), their friends
and relatives, rolling, raving and shrieking with the pangs of perpetual woe. Now, reader, don't you see that Edwards and
THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN
preaching the genuine Christian
not, however, we regard such sentiments not only as blasphemous caricatures upon a just and benevolent God, but as in-
upon human nature as
spirits of the just
our friends, after entering Paradise, did really possess such a character as here ascribed to them,
I would rather be a dog and bark at the moon to all eternity, even though I should be endowed
with the perpetual charter or special privilege of singing "Old Hundred," or playing on "the
harp of a thousand strings" forever and ever. And sermous containing just such gospel rantings as these may be found in nearly every Christian library in the world, exerting a de-
moralizing influence on them.
who read and
ANCIENT TEADITIONS EESPECTING THE
propose to submit to the reader a
and condensed history of the ancient notions respecting the origin and infernal operations and
machinations of that imaginary monster, counterfoe and arch-enemy to all human bliss and blessedness, known as "the Devil," "Satan," "the
Serpent," "the Dragon," etc.; but for whom we think a more appropriate designation would be, "The Eival of Omnipotence," or "Omnipotence
Here let the reader note it and emphasize it as a remarkable fact, that God, not the Devil, was primarily believed to be the author of evil, by the
Oriental nations, and that this doctrine is taught in the Christian Bible. The words Evil and Devil
to have been originally
the latter being, as
synonymous terms, are told, a contraction of
the words "do-evil,"
personification of evil.
and hence represents a mere And there is abundance
of evidence accessible to prove that the conception of evil existed long before the Devil was dis-
covered or thought of so that should his Devilish majesty set up a claim, or any of his friends for
no room was found in the original creation for another. . and hence his sooty majesty It He was an after-thought. There being already (in the con- ception of the people) one Infinite Being (G-od). of "the drawing from the fountain of infinite good- second. Verily. power: first. was not until the off. and. or pronounced tout au contraire. "Jordan is a hard road to travel. Mm as he would be non-suited in open court. alias the Devil (like "a roaring lion"). the howling of the Serpent. He was finally gotten up as a " helpmeet " for the priests. to get a sinner into Heaven. and considered the natural action of his own faculties. second edition of creation was struck that his long-tailed lordship was thought of.e. He was assumed to be the source of both good and evil. The case would be reduced to a nolle prosequi. alias the Dragon. Heaven seems to be a place not very accessible. verily.. we find it was ascribed to the Deity him- self. the normal and divine powers and purposes. Instead of ascribing evil to the Devil in the early ages of human society. the draw-game of the priests (upon the pockets of the people).26 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN oeing the originator or author of evil. it being discovered that it would require the three-fold ' ' chords of love ness . I believe" i. third. or allowed to have any existence except among snakes. was left out.
was not yet born or hatched. that he. when according to orthodox showing. while the people sible and the conception foreign to their thoughts. 27 We have stated that the Devil was not thought and how the people were restrained from the commission of universal crime and carnage without the fear of the imaginary ghost of old king Beelzebub before their " mystery of godliness." or to see a Devil where there is to abundance of historical testimony to prove that no nation in its earlier history not even "God's holy people." which we supeyes. or "tempter of souls. those who are sufficiently spiritually- minded none. viii:21 /H^ < 1 * \ w." separate and apart from God himself. Strange. that was an age of the world in which it was all-important and indispensably necessary that he should have been incoronated and established upon his throne. while it is evident that no pos- advantage or end could have been served by the existence of such a being. is a pose only the spiritually-minded can comprehend that is. "understand the things that belong to the kingdom. and the fact extensively advertised. were ignorant of it too. ^v*^' .*.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN of in the original creation. Hence the presumption must be." had any idea or con- There is ception of the existence of a prime originator of evil. because heart we is are told that "the imagination of man's evil from his youth" Gen.-" * .
or if created." as we are virtually taught this is his "high calling. of his creation. a serious desideratum. Good and different degrees of the were primarily regarded as only same thing. both good and bad. a Devil was needed to scare them on the right track "the strait and narrow way that leadeth unto Jordan. here dates the first And ." the great end It certainly. "the evil author of everything. human beings could have no agency in producing. and both as emanations from an all-wise and perfect God. which means simply a destroyer not of souls. to neglect to make it known. whose residence then by many was believed to be the sun. then.28 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN and. or rude conception of a Devil. to omit his creation at the start. one as moral nature not now classified with. was a great blunder. ' ' And let it be noted here that the first conception of evil and a Devil was inferred from the violent and destructive operations of the elements of regarded by any and which it was known that evils. but of natural objects. hence.
is of a threefold character. The fact that all those names. 1. were entirely ignorant of. WICKED DEVIL III AND AN ENDLESS HELL NOT TAUGHT IN THE OLD TESTAMENT that the early The proof Jews (Hebrews or still Is- raelites. terms and titles now applied to the Devil. Eelative to the first of these propositions. like the heathen at a earlier period. it may be remarked. and ascribed all evil and crime. First.CHAPTER A. to God. were by the Jews applied also to God. or used to desig- nate such a being. and are still more remotely traceable to Pagan astronom- ical imagery or star-born spiritual beings. the existence of a Devil. 2. The repeated positive declarations in the same 'Holy Book. that God himself is the author ' ' ' of evil. The absence of any allusion to such a per- sonage in the Jewish Scriptures. and had no conall ception of. 3. as well as all goodness. or distinct evil principle. that orthodox Christians have often been challenged to place a finger upon a single text in the Jewish Old Testament 29 . or even to a state of punishment after death. rather). found in the Old Testament.
But ser- whether the original tempter were a Devil. or a legless. there is no intimation that he had anything to do with punishing Adam and his wife for let their "manifold " but transgressions. according to the sion ever committed no Jewish and Christian Scriptures. according to the opinion of the learned Dr. unmolested. according to our dictionaries. Adam Clarke. pent. quadru- ped. and no threat of punishment in another life as a penalty for this or any other sin. as most certainly we should. the serpent that beguiled And Eve was really nothing more nor less than an ape or monkey a very different animal (having a tail and destructive propensities) from the fancied cloven-footed Orthodox Devil. allusion to these doctrines. which either specially or by fair implication teaches the existence of either a Devil or an endless Hell. snapping-turtle. True. nonruped. . crawling reptile. But a serpent is not a Devil. we are told that Mother Eve was beguiled by a serpent to eat an apple. or any doctrine tantamount thereto If we examine the history of the first transgresby man. if these will find we doctrines were then known.30 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN (the only authentic record of their doctrine). but a snake. There is them slide over Jordan no account that either of them were consigned minus a bottom. snake. no sentence or threat of never-ending tor- to the fiery pit. or biped. believed and propagated.
in the downfall. or those who might be tempted to sin. over-arching concave of Heaven. sworn into office. and put upon duty. immediately after the first transgression of man. should have been and would have been announced. cerulean. along the moral of endless heavens as he announced the existence of a world woe for all sinners and apple eaters in the future. as a standing terror and eternal warning to sinners. and the notice engraven in race. and almost moral wreck and ruin of the entire race of man. human imperishable golden characters upon the boundless.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN for the first 31 ment or punishment beyond the grave as penalty great transgression of the human rae that "mighty sin" which resulted." and Jehovah's threatening vengeance and thunderbolts of wrath would have been rolled in fiery billows." certainly he would have been brought His out. in or- der to deter them from future transgression and . we are told. as well as the place of consignment for Father Adam and his new rib-made wife for ruin- ing the by indulging their gustatory The existence of a proclivities upon a pippin. Now. enthronement and inauguration would not have been delayed an hour. had there been a Devil then "to punish the wicked. depravity. fiery world. with its malignant. At least his existence and his fiery whereabouts would have been proclaimed "from Dan to Beersheba. restless ruler and omnipotent potentate.
" when we must presume the whole counsel of God was proclaimed." but no roasting or fiery pit punishment is even once named. and the soil But there no burning. Grandmother Eve sentenced to forth children in sorrow. too. was is to be unpropitious on his account.32 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN future crime. ' ' Not even on the occasion of issuing "the law on Mount Sinai. the punishment was only temporal. and when it is confessed the whole world was steeped in crime. or hinted at." for killing his brother. had such penal arrangements existed or been thought of. . in the earth. when he had ingly. Second. to "go it slyly." if not suffocat- on mud). and the murder. broiling or frying threatened. But instead of this. and Grandfather Adam chased out of the garden "with a sharp stick. or ever registered upon the scroll of human depravity that of the perpetration of murder. The ground was " bring cursed. hinted at. of a brother (fratriCain was to be a "fugitive and a vagabond cide). do we find the doctrine of future rewards and punishments in another life even Third. Then look at the case of the first com- mission of the greatest crime ever perpetrated by human hands. to be inflicted either in this life or "that which is to come." the serpent doomed when hungry to eat dust (except in wet weather.
or should be floating on a sea of fire. for their "numerous transgressions. that while their bodies the expansive waters of the "mighty deep. as we have shown (and we will now add to it at least one thousand more. Noah was a "preacher of righteousness." but not a preacher of "endless damnation. ." and their "wickedness of heart. that while Jehovah represented as of- ten getting angry." their "manifold backslidings." Fifth. whose towering apex stood in defiant mockery before the throne of Heaven. 33 Nor yet on the occasion of drowning the whole world for its superlative wickedness (Noah and family only excepted). There is no intimashould be floating on tion. was the fiery whereabouts of the "Evil One" Snakeship future Ms Satanic made known and announced as the home of the wicked. "We will dismiss the argument with the is remark. and as being again and again engaged in dealing out his fulminating thunders upon his "holy people" in pouring out his threats. Two thousand five hundred years thus rolled away after creation. curses and wrathful imprecations upon the "devoted heads of his own chosen nation. or to cast and brim- them into the pit without a bottom." their souls should be roasting in pandemonium below.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN Fourth." not even after they had rolled up a mountain of crime." he fire never once threatened them with stone.
the "dark ages.34 THE BIOGKAPHY OF SATAN ' basing our calculation on Jude's Christian Chronology"). before his Devilish or Snakish Majesty was born or ushered upon the stage of action. Hell-scar- ing system or policy of proclaiming the Gospel. that the world (or at least this portion of it) was in want of a "Devil" to help on the cause of Zion. before he was introduced to society. If could prosper without a Devil for then. or was yet in the labyrinths of chaos.existence. As we find no traces of him among the prophets. why could it not con- tinue to prosper without his assistance or presence through all time to come? More especially as we have the historical proof that society was not improved morally by his introduction into the world." so called. For it was not until about the dawning of the era of the Gospel Dis- pensation. during this long period. as during the Devil-preaching. at least. Now we have only to appeal to the Jewish and Christian history to show that society was as moral. or the introduction among the people of the be- . and as free from crime. which was practiced in. he either had led a very obscure and retired life. society nearly four thousand years. and frightening the people into piety and Paradise (or rather into priest-paying pews). or anybody was honored with his acquaintance. or. or even suspected his . that he was inaugurated and crowned king of pandemonium by the Christian world.
. and as is well known to every reader of his- tory. Tell us why it now requires Devil) to save a sinner or get two omnipotent powers (God and the a Christian into one leading the heaven way with the inviting language. foolish and absurd. Hence. when but one was suffi- cient during a period of four thousand years. reason and reflect. as we could amply prove. "Come. redundant. is it not evident." the other pursuing in the rear. ye blessed of my Father. . Reader. is to assume that in the economy of God something took place which was entirely useless. please answer this question before you read further. Eeader. to agent" known to society in the assume the introduction of one after the lapse of several thousand years.THE lief BIOGKAPHY OF SATAN 85 in such a being. that as there was no "prime evil early ages. howling upon his track like a roaring lion.
that the primitive Jews did not teach the doctrines of a Devil and a Hell." occur several times in the Old Testa- ment. "Devils" (always in the plural) and "Hell. nor in any writings of the Jews prior to the Babylonian captivity (600 years B. In every instance in which they are employed. as they had no place to keep him no bottomless pit of fire and sulphur to cast him into." ' ' of or "prime Devil." and in this form had reference either to heathen deities. It can not be found in the Old Testament.). or to the evil spirits which many of the Jews believed infested the minds men in this life. not be supposed that I am ignorant of the fact that the words. as appertaining to another life. they have exclusive reference to this life.CHAPTER IV EXPLANATION OF THE WOEDS " DEVIL " AND "HELL" IN THE OLD TESTAMENT I have asserted what I will here repeat. It is always in the plural "Devils. but they are never used in the sense now popularly attached to these words. It should be specially noted that the word Devil never occurs in the Old Testament. As for the word Hell where 36 it occurs in the .C. during which some of Let it the Jewish sects obtained these doctrines. They had no "king Satan.
But had sheol in this text been translated grave . (Psalm cxxxix 8). Why it translated grave in twenty-eight cases. or a red-hot furnace of living coals glowing with the most intense heat ? He could not "sleep a wink" in a month in such a situation. it is 37 translated and derived in is every instance from sheol." I will here present some proof of this. ( David exclaims: "If I make behold. that thou wouldst hide me in the grave ' ' (sheol) Job xiv ! . Job ejaculates "Oh. that it is And it is a noteworthy fact. thou art there ' ' ! my bed in Hell : slieol ) . a "mystery of godliness." where it found in the Old Testament. the original it is will hereafter be explained. Observe how much similarity of sense exists in the two texts above quoted. and the latter. clearly shows it that would have made better sense had been translated "grave. why 'did the translators render sheol Hell in the is latter. instance. Now. was not translated grave in other cases." which But the context and meaning of the word "Hell. instances where is it is and in all found in the Old Testament. Hell. : 13.THE BIOGBAPHY OF SATAN Old Testament. and sheol the He- brew word for grave. so as to make David talk of mak- ing his bed in Hell? Who that has an ounce of brains between his ears would speak or think of making his bed in a cauldron of blazing fire and brimstone. And yet the former translated grave.
grizzly king. and thou heardest me. then. . " etc. but not as hot as boiling brimstone not hot was the belly of a whale enough to singe the hair or burn a blister.) What! Hole" Did Jonah tumble through "Symme's into Tartarus (for he was too righteous a by Omnis- man to be driven thither) unobserved cience.38 THE BIOGBAPHY OF SATAN instead of Hell. Jonah cried is made to say: "Out of the belly of Hell I. who was not apprized the prophet roared of the sad catastro- and bellowed with a phe voice sufficiently stentorian to be heard over the "waitings of the damned. some of the "damned souls" occaThe truth is. which is the most reasonable translation. it would read. language which approaches much nearer to good sense. old Tisiphon. for the grave will really be our bed when our bodies are con- signed to the earth. who guards gates of Cerebus "day and night.. Hell or grave? Again. Hoppers in Pandeoff monium then and run sionally. I ask." so as to dodge through the door and make his way back to Nin- eveh? There were no Isaac T. Jonah's "belly of Hell" to construct a pretty warm place. underground railroads." How did his Jonahship get loose from the till clutches of old Splitfoot. "If I make my bed in the grave." all the way from the "belly of Hell up to the throne of Heaven. Beelzebub? Or how did he manage to elude the vigilant watch the of his jail-keeper." (Jonah ii:2.
A volume might easily be furnished of historical extracts from some of the best and most popular authors. ing provided or prepared for the wicked in another state of existence. however. therefore. both Jewish and Christian. and it 39 It is evident. admit this is not the true inter- and the context proves it. but a few must suffice : ." His feelings were analogous to those of the Methodist Episcopal clergyman. as a Christian once expressed the idea. that sheol here is inap- would not have been so translated. We hope for better things. the Universalists tell us all men are to be saved. "It would not do to have no Hell and Devil in the Old Testament. but we do not it believe it. have admitted that it had no reference to another state of being. but that. entertained the thought that it erence to any other than this life. They all know better. had refSome of them I venture to affirm that no Herisk his reputation for learn- brew scholar would ing by interpreting sheol as having reference to a place of torment after death. All Jewish history shows that they never in their earlier history had any conception of a Devil or Hell as bepretation. Commentators skilled in the language and in Jewish history. in proof of this statemnt." Let not be under- stood.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN propriately translated Hell. who exclaimed to his congregation: "Brethren. that those who translated sheol into Hell.
Arnold. so well known in English a writer. and the curses of worldly punishment. Moses. history. etc. declares that "the lawgiver. (on the one hand). p. (on the other)." "Divine Legislation. Professor of the Dutch of And that great logical defender of the Christian faith. Milman. maintained a profound silence on that fundamental article. premature death. In no one place of the Mosaic Institute. Mr. 2. war." rewards and punishments in another " History of Jews/' vol. Paley." says Mr. Bishop Warburton. and you observe that these blessings consisted altogether of worldly benefits. is there the least mention. if not of political at least of religious leg- islation life. long life. plenty and dominion. of the rewards and punishments of another life.40 THE BIOGKAPHY OF SATAN The celebrated Christian Church historian. that "the Mosaic Dispensation Reformed Church. Mayer. or any intelligent hint. Dr." Sermon xii. 117. p. dealt in temporal rewards and punishments. captivity. famine. p. and disease." says: "In the Jewish republic. i. 10. "No mention is anywhere made in the writings Moses of a judgment day at the end of the world. iii. Mr. peace." vol. such as health. etc. Church and whom both rewards and punishments promised by heaven were temporal only. styles "a great and shining ornament of the Gallican Church. . avers to the same effect.
celebrated Dr. of a world or place of gen- eral rendezvous for souls after death without dis- The ablest and most popular Christian that schol- ars. then.THE BIOGBAPHY OF SATAN 41 Bishop Watson. seemingly implying such ideas. sheol which is rendered hell in several places in our translation of the Old Testament. the champion defender of the " Christian faith against Paine 's Age of Eeason." as the Eeligious Encyclopaedia of England tells us the Jews had a conception tinction of character. admit the early Jews. known primarily as Hebrews. were intended to have reference exclusively to this sphere of being. but that all beyond words or names in the Old Testament. Campbell says. or transmundane personal Devil." tells ' ' us that devils in the Old Testament means men and women as traducers. or of a place of endless torment the confines of time . . had no conception of a personified wicked agent. that "it The learned and relative to the word ' ' sometimes signifies the state of the dead without regard to their happiness or misery.
I make peace. do all these things" (Isaiah). as we would naturally infer. things without of future being the author of The doctrine rewards and punishments constituted no part of the ancient Jewish creed. the Lord. that they regarded God as the author of evil but we have it taught in the their most explicit own " Inspired Writings. 42 Could . that the Jewish race recognized as being the author of evil by virtue of being the source of everything.CHAPTER y i GOD (AND NOT THE DEVIL) THE AUTHOR OF EVIL ACCORDING TO THE CHRISTIAN BIBLE Our next and second proposition earliest ancestors of the is. all human actions. were regarded as proceeding from their God. simply because. The sequence had God to be admitted to maintain a logical consistency." Eead and mark and unequivocal language in well this inspired utterance of the great and leading prophet of the Jews. Jehovah. all God could not be the author of evil. and I create evil. both good and bad." as they express it (in the Talmud). But we are not left to mere inference from the omission of after-life punishment for wrong-doing from their creed. I. or as being "inspired by the great Breath. "I form light and create darkness.
and says that God lied virtually with his own lips "Wilt thou be altogether to me as a liar? " "0 thou hast deceived and I : Lord. there are numerous other texts which go to show that there was not a crime known or perpetrated at that day. and thereby assuming the authorship of it. and not theirs. And the prophet Jere- miah goes further.THE BIOGKAPHY OF SATAN 43 language be more explicit than this? And the " Shall there be evil in the prophet Am$s asks. me. and the Lord hath not done it?" And Job speaks in the same strain." as it should read: but our translation makes it read. so that all the falsehoods they told were his." Now as deception and falsehood are synonymous terms it follows that Grod stands charged here . shall we not also receive evil?" And Solomon also carries the principle or doc- trine so far as to declare. besides these. "the Lord hath made even the wicked for the doing of evil. 22). kiel caps the climax: "If a prophet am And is Eze- -deceived I the Lord have deceived that prophet. "the day of evil. city. greatly deceived" (Jer. he puts a lying spirit into the mouths of the prophets (see 1 Kings. but what Jehovah himself is represented as committing or approving. For example. and puts forth the same doctrine: "We receive good at the hands of the Lord. xxii:7)." merely physical Let it not be said that it is evils that are referred to in these texts for.
why the Jews had no Devil. of murder (Deut. and also teach the same doctrine. xii:36). as well as achieved the good. i. and hence confound and . approving of theft or stealing (Ex. evince the same state of mind. and in fact of every crime known in that barbarous age. of robbery (Ex. as the Devil was afterwards in the Christian system. had the divine sanction. He is frequently represented as getting also of mad (Deut. and committing or xiii: 2).44 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN with being a liar. Of course. And let us here remark. it is easy to perceive from this. evil and immorality. it was for the best. i:37). And to punish the wicked or evil-doer with "everlasting fire. Nor is it incredible that the Jews in a state of barbarism. and trine scouted mental childhood. should have no clear conception of a line of demarkation between good and classify them all The oldest books in the Hindoo Bible together.e." would have been to build a fire around their God. Now. iii:2). "the father of lies" in the Jewish system.. evil. They had nothing for him to The Lord did it all. if every species of crime. it was all right ergo. that optimism (the belief that everything is ordered for the best) is a doc- by the Christian Church yet it certainly is the legitimate inference from the above quoted texts from their own sacred Bible. He perpetrated the evil do. and swearing.
like some of the earlier heathen nations. And the same is true of Jesus Christ and the Devil. AND KNOWN BY THE SAME TITLES Another proof that the primitive Jews.CHAPTER VI GOD AND THE DEVIL ORIGINALLY TWIN-BROTHERS. that the same titles were applied to each. an evi45 . is found in the fact that those names and titles now applied to the Devil. he still to saddle all continued to be known and designated by titles the that various nations. thus evidencing that both characters were formerly comprehended in one being. and was worshiped by several nations including some of the early Christian sects. were by them and other nations primarily applied to the Deity. and recognized but one common source for good and evil. regarding both as proceeding from Jehovah. The fact is clear (as we shall soon show) that the Devil as such was at first considered a God. and that after another being (the Devil) was hatched. had no Devil. same names and including Jews. had should used in application to God only. that being Jehovah God. whereas a being possessing opposite characteristics have been designated by a name denoting opposite qualities. created or conjured up the sins of the world on.
Baal. And this is the word or term from which the Devilish Beliel of the Christian from Baaliel. we find it terminate in Baal-Shadai. same and Baalzebub the sun while in the sign or constellation of the scorpion. virtue and vice flowing or emanating from the same fountain. Baal-Shadai was the sun in the zenith of his glory. as synonymous with Bel. saying. a Chaldean and Phoanician solar title for God. as God Almighty. and unto Jacob. Then we have Baal-Shadai God Almighty. Thus both are traceable to the same origin. and Baalzebub the Devil. in its original Chaldean and Phoenician form is Baalzebub. New Beliel is . 6. And on further research. Bible. God is represented as "I appeared unto Abraham. or Baal-iel. Lord of the Opposite." to its original analytic form. and in tracing the derivation of Beelzebub. the highest title for our or "your father the Devil. which fountain was primordially In Exodus. Beelzebub. we that find these terms are essentially the is. which means a sign or constellation opposite to the sun at any given Testament is derived. Baal-Shadai. were originally applied to the same being. unto Isaac. And then there is Baal-ial. was the Chaldean name for the Lord dwelling in the sun." Now this God Almighty is found to read in the Hebrew the sun.46 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN common dence that they were both derived in from the Pagan conception of good and evil.
"What concord hath Christ with Beliel ? " I answer. another of the numerous epithets or with which His Cloven-footed Majesty was is honored or dubbed from the Babylonian Saith- . the that is the sun in the constellation of the Satan.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN point. and On or One. found to be synonymous John speaks of "that old the Devil and Satan Serpent which great is called the Eed Dragon. and On or One. signifies Dag. Adversary being versary) to the sun. as nouns in apposition. that the Dragon was worshiped by the Canaanites under the name of Dagon. of Israel is traceable. the fish. a sign at right-angles. and a stars of heaven. and cast them to the earth" (Eev. the same that Christ hath with the Father. and with Baal and Bel. or adverse (adPaul asks. Dragon or Dagon. let it be observed. and Dagon is compounded of Dag. with seven heads and tail ten which drew the third part of the horns. And this On or One is the source to which "The Holy One" sun fish. Dragon is an- other title for the great Attorney General of the lower kingdom." 1 Peter. are used as synonymous terms. 47 Adversary. all being traceable to one and the same original source. Here Serpent. Satan and Dragon. 5-8). Now. the fish. is St. the Egyptian name for the God of the sun or in the sun. another Satanic title ("your adversary the Devil. titles. xii. is also traceable to the like Beliel same source. then. Devil. xiii).
Abba-don-Father- . it not be in this instance? Another applied to both God and the Devil. and harmless as doves." "Ye : . the are of your Father. for the impersonal Sun." Well. Abba. Apollo is. Father. in the Scripture wise as serpents (or satans). to make God and the fy the But perhaps the end will sanctimeans and if truth is sometimes stranger . (Latin. is that of Father. the Latin. "Be ye may he found. Christ spoke of "My Father in Heaven. etc. is from the Abaddon. and according to the inspired John. injunction." (John vii 44) He also referred to a certain class of believers. now. too. there Sa- is some sense and appropriateness. It may seem like a dernier expedient to get rid of a glaring contradiction Devil both one. than fiction. crying "Abba. according to this explanation of Satan. while Apollyon. however. and Don is Lord in the Hebrew. Fountain of Wisdom. then. tan is the founder of wisdom. in the two apparently incongruous Scripture texts one representing God and the other Satan as tempting David to number the people. is Abba Father. the is two together Beelzebub." And some consistency. which St. the Devil. may title. John tells us is the Hebrew for Beelzebub. Solar God." and "your Father. we are informed. (Abad-don). Devil.48 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN or Aith-ain. and is am said to mean The Word If. ix). the Bevelator. Apollo) is the Greek (Eev. Logos. after all.
Christ was "a Light to Lighten the Gentiles" . as well as the reasonableness of designating rendered more apparent when we recollect that both were considered the source of each a star. it reads: "I Jesus. there is just the difference between Lucifer and Jesus that there is between the Morning Star and the Day Star which Bailey's Astronomy. and ours so explain it in the margin Day Star. is light. Son of the morning" (Isaiah xiv:12)." is. Then Lucifer was "Son of the Day Star. of which it may be presumed his Satanship was the patentee or inventor). now. They were one and the same Star. am the bright and Morning Star. and Dupois' "Astronomy of the Ancients." Then. xxii:16. mark the evidence. It is one of the numerous titles." Well.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN Lord-Beelzebub Snakeship. Lucifer (suggestive of Lucifer matches. And this identity in the name of Christ and Luci- fer. formerly better known by this title than at present. or as some translators have it. how- by which he has always been known and honored. at least a I think the old gentlevery illustrious title. if not a common for the "Evil One. Isaiah dubs his Eoyal Majesty as "Lucifer. In Rev. rather an imposing notice title 49 for Ms We mon will now some of the titles in com- to Christ and the Devil." show to be none at all. title man was ever.
for when his Satanship offered him "all the kingdoms of this world" for one genuflection. transformation was by (II Cor. contest his proprietorship. "a Star of Light. iv:4).50 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN And Lucifer. "a as angels. or Satan. or act of worship. or the homes of angels. not a Again." But why was he "The Prince of Darkness!" Do fire and .. the appropriateness of the designation. of the Christ was "The Prince of Peace" styled "The Prince of Darkness. and were sometimes addressed ix: 15). or call in question the correctness of his boundless claim to "all the kingdoms of this world. I believe is not disputed by the Christian world. God is another honorable Christ is designation for both Christ and Satan. tan "The God of Peace" (II Cor." "The Prince Power of the Air. and Sa"The God of this world" (II Cor. xiii:ll). or as it is rendered." etc. Christ himself seems to have conceded it. and And validity of the title of the latter." Both are stars and both are lights. of (Luke ii:32). was Christ honored with the title of a "Prince ?" So was the ruleir of the brimstone 1 kingdom." He seemed if little disposed to "give the Devil his due. Satan. "an Angel Light" Star of Light" the stars anciently being considered angels. he did not dispute his title." more." "Light to Lighten. and Satan or Lucifer. We have then Christ as the "Morn- ing Star.
we are no longer the serpent in the wilderness as left in . the "Son of Morning" is. ' Now we have the most conclusive evidence that this serpent was de' signed to represent Jehovah. when he beheld the serpent of brass he lived. We are told (in Num. and it came to pass that if a serpent had bitten any man." as an Angel of Light?" However he is acknowledged to they are co-equal. the or rather emblem for "that old serpent. pent.THE BIOGEAPHY OP SATAN 51 brimstone give no light? Certainly they do. And did Christ receive the awe-imposing title of "Son of God?" So did Satan receive a sim- be a "Prince" as well as Christ. if not a direct and explicit title for the Deity. and thus far ilar title. perhaps. is that of a serthe sun. that "Moses made a serpent of brass. And then. xxi:9). would indicate that Moses serpent was designed to represent one or ' the other. its uniform use in nearly all countries to represent the Deity or the Devil. when Christ tells us that Moses lifted a type of up him (Christ). ' ' the And the among serpent was a popular emblem Jews for God also. In the first place. when the God who made morning who rules the morning. the Devil. and put it upon a pole. would there not be as much propriety in Then. God in most common title. But." as John the Saint styles him. " dubbing him "The Prince of Light. For "Son of the properly rendered.
or brazen image of God. or in the waters shall not make unto under the earth." a likeness of not this brazen figure something both "in the earth Was beneath. I ask then what does the setting up of the serpent image by Moses lack of constituting idolatry. equal to that of the great idol. than which it certainly was no less an idol. what a glaring and high handed infraction it involves of the first commandment: "Thou thyself any graven image. especially when we take into consideration the wonderful and God-like healing power ascribed to it. I think no greater power was ever ascribed distinctly to any idol nor essential attributes of Deity. and commandment breaking but the name? . nor the likeness of any thing that is in heaven above or in the earth beneath. No doubt remains of its being intended as an image or emblem of Deity. than that practically manifested or implied in this brazen serpent of Moses." and "in the waters under the earth?" Are not serpents numerous in both localities? They were especially so at that time. and constitute an image of.52 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN doubt as to which of the two (God or the Devil) it was intended to represent. Certainly it would be difficult to conceive of a deeper vein of idolatry running through the religion or mythological system of any nation. Dagon of the Babylonians. as we may truthfully style it. more Then observe.
THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN The 53 among origin of this brazen serpent's business the Jews. thus of making no yet many noiseless. The Egyptians. was suggestive or legs. however. is not hard to trace out. the earth The system that is. of serpent worship was on prevalent at that time in nearly every nation so far as to use of and venerate his them as emblems Q-od and various attributes. his entire wholeness or unitary construction of body being without limbs or external parts. as did also the Persians among whom the Jews or Israelites long sojourned. suggested serpent as an appropriate emblem of the unitary conception of the Godhead. stupendous achievements of the Deity constantly . endeavor to present a brief In the first place. and we say for a portion of them. and made much use of them as emblems in their religious worship . entertained a very high respect. among whom they dwelt for several hundred years. it susceptible of applying a great variety of of emblems for most the supposed leading attributes of the Deity. as did other Pagan nations. We will here explanation of the matter. And the reasons which led to the election of serpents for these purposes are also It was simply because its form or construction and character made peculiar easily explained. And then his the movement without feet noise. veneration for serpents.
the innumerable. The annual shedding of the skin of the serpent. "The serpent was the emblem of eternity and of the sun immortality. And especially did this represent." This was the doctrine taught in some of the very ancient religions and mythologies. were suggestive and moon leading the starry host through the heavens. he formed a circle which was the chosen emblem of eternity. but was simply renewed or . and revives very forcibly the story of Adam and Eve. as he moved silently onward those two brilliant. that beautiful. shining. and hence tempted the woman (in paradise) to bring forth immortal offspring. yet all the time observable to the devout worshiper these shining orbs being venerable and sacred as the homes of the lesser gods. which. Mr. The typical or emblematical use of the serpent to represent immortality. in their orbits. always left him in possession of a new external covering. Higgins says. in imagination. was suggested by the annual casting off the epidermis. however. noiseless revolution of the planets. visual orbs scales And situated in the front of his head. without the use of feet and legs. dazzling of the serpent.54 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN going on throughout the Universe. led many to believe that he never died. and the serpent in Eden. as well as his supposed power to change his location without walking. By putting the end of his tail in his mouth. following.
"If I be lifted Moses' serpent in the wilderness)." The Jewish prophet. while could see in the process an illustration of the soul's casting off the body in the act of being born life." which all God was supposed men. And more or than all. and he will hiss for the fly of Egypt." and born again every year. into immortal Hence its and immortality. Isaiah. the wonderful attractions of fascinating power the serpent to was beautifully suggestive of "the drawing chords of exercise love. serpent was supposed to possess wonderful sanative powers. and all natural serpents do likewise when men present themselves within the sphere of their magical powers. seems to have entertained this superstitious. Pagan idea when he eternity it use to represent The hissing of the declared.THE BIOGKAPHY OF SATAN all 55 "regenerated." This sounds rather snakish as well as heathenish. We are informed the . I will up (like draw all men unto me. And by nearly every Oriental nation reported in history. Christ declared. was supposed or fancied to resemble "the still small voice of God. appears. And Christ 's from ' ' still small voice ' ' was doubtless derived this serpentine source as a "still voice" and a "small voice" were ascribed to the serpent." In like manner did towards Moses' serpent draw men unto it. "The Lord will hiss unto them from the ends of the earth. serpent.
as a portion of the Egyptian nation. are told the Hindoos and Grecians. that Moses foster-mother (Thermuthis). from a very early period of their history. Moses (who was " skilled in all the learning of the Egyptians. according to Josephus. and of them in all probability. both appear to be derived from a serpent. with a serpent entwined around it. during their travels. the name of an Egyptian God. were. And the emblem ' was constructed upon a of the healing God Esculapius. was named for a serpent at least the told that the Hottentots Egyptians had a serpent by that name. and the word Serapis. It will be recollected that Moses brass serpent pole. The word seraphim. in the habit of And we carrying a pole. borrowed the leading idea of his brazen serpent to heal the snake-bitten Israelites. And it is a singular circumstance. was a serpent around a pole." Acts vii:22). and hence may be considered twin-brothers. according to Faber. We are from time immemorial have believed that bruising the head of the serpent with the heel will cure its bite. which calls to mind the seed of the woman bruising the serpent's . denoting an order of angels in the Hebrew theocracy (see Isaiah vi 2 6).56 THE BIOGKAPHY OF SATAN that the Egyptians were strong in this conception . and one which must : certainly be regarded as implying great vener' ation for the reptile or snakish tribe.
So that even the Christian religion seems to have been a little snakish or serpentine in its character in earlier history. is Ophiates (which the from Ophis. on account of to serpents. while Moses serpent serpent in the was an emblem of Jehovah. or Eva. And the walls of some of their oldest churches may now be seen decorated with the figures of serpents. that Eve is from Heiva. or religions. faith One of the earliest sects of Christian called noticed in history. We have already elsewhere stated. And we may state here that some of the early Christians partook of this spirit of universal homage paid was to snakes or serpents.THE BIOGRAPHY P SATAN head. Heva. After reminding the reader that the ' garden of Eden is by the Christian world identified with Satan. than the Jews and Christians made use of the serpent as a mystical figure or representation of both good and evil personified that is. Christians were in the habit of carrying serpents with them in their travels in the manner we have described some of the Pagan nations as doing. a serpent). or. a serpent. that more than a thousand years ago. homage then paid We are also informed. so far at least as appertained to his omnipotent healing energies and divine guardianship we will remark that other and older nations. as 57 speken tf in Genesis iii. he was both . both the Deity and Devil. as some expressed it.
as all the names and titles of the Father. while his (the serpent's) resistless fascinat- ing powers being supposed to resemble the wily insinuations and seductive allurements of the "Evil One.58 creator THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN and destroyer creating himself anew. Here then we have another example of the same name being used in application to both God and the Devil. most clearly indicate. while his venomous bite destroyed whomsoever made battle with him. Hence the serpent became a Devil or the Devil. every time he threw off his old exterior covering. and in some cases literally. We have shown that the same names essentially. like that deadly moral poison instilled into the souls of mortals by the the And venom great adversary and arch-enemy of the human race. were derived from the same . it was thought. were applied indiscriminately to Jehovah. from which we must certainly readily infer that they were originally considered one in essence that is. the propriety of identify- ing the Serpent and Satan together. evidencing still further the truth of our proposition. in the fangs of the serpent being fatal. that they were originally comprehended in one being. and exhibited a new one. Son and Satan. Jesus Christ and the Devil." aptly and powerfully hinted the propriety of using the former to represent the latter in other words. which we have thus far enumerated.
that all good and evil (and of course. his corroborated by The Eev. as we have indicated to have been the belief of "God's or to state the thing more the Jews. 58). quotes saying. and consequently unitary conception of good and evil blended and confounded together." The author adds: "This opinion is of immemorial antiquity. and as a a new author hunted up or conjured consequence up for the latter." had no of all conceptions one being." the Grecian poet. holy people. and a Devil. co-essentially. poets and philosophers. so that when the perception of good and evil as distinct elements and characteristics began to be made. God and Satan). legislators. were inseparably one. This view of the case Christian testimony. their personified representatives. . Pitrat (in is of Partialists' Doctrines. but comprehended good and evil in drawn between them. as p. Jehovah. if definitely.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN 59 imperfect perception. Euripides. at least. There must be a mixture of one and of the "Pagan Origin other. his names and titles were distinctive line borrowed from that compound being. and their Pagan ancestors. and has been held by theologians. "In no case is good separated from the evil. Mr." Thus the opinion is indicated to have been of general prevalency as well as of great antiquity. we recur to a very early date in human history.
that he was nations regarded as a twin-brother. as he out-generals God Almighty. and the So to the teaching of their own Bible." says God by some We will quote history in proof : an author. to evil spirits. according to their own showing. and captures nearly all his subjects.60 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN hitherto been regarded as the who had common source and creator of both good and evil. It was not until man's moral perceptions had so far matured as to fancy a distinct line of separation or demarkation between virtue and vice. nearly equal at first was the great Evil Genius of infinite goodness. Creator. the first and even Christians or original God). were so weak of the latter. except with respect to power. there was no distinct and defined separation between good and evil in "With regard . that the new-fangled or newly passed for a God. deserving homage. or appreciation of a distinction between moral and immoral actions. some nations regarded created author of the latter still him but little inferior to God (that is. In fact. In the beginning. "the growth of ideas seems to have been very gradual. And and imperfect. and not entirely devoid of moral qualities. or Author even at this period their perceptions. at this day concede him to be very nearly equal (if not in fact superior) in this respect. that a Devil or personified evil genius was created in man's imagination. as the Father.
desolating blasts of winter . also destroyed the same being who sent down the genial solar rays of vernal spring. and for a long time they rested in the opinion that the same being. the operations of the elements. the same God who had created. And it should be treasured in memory here. but was restricted entirely to the physical nature. gentle showers to revive the drooping flowers. their cogitations ripened also into conviction or conclusion that there darted was too great a difference between the creative energies . 61 In Hindoo theology. but the malignant Typho was twin-brother of Osyrus the Good. For a long period the attention of mankind seems to have been wholly directed to the phenomena of the physical external world. that the first distinction or classification of good and evil did not appertain to moral actions of men. But at length. and their perceptions became more distinct. and was not God destroyed supposed to be impelled by wicked motives in his work of destruction any more than nature is. In Egypt the two powers were divided.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN the minds of men. as men's blasting observations grew broader. and parched up dying cereals. the same and reproduced. etc. the withered grass. will as be observed from this quotation. forth the forked lightning and thunderbolt. the same God who poured down the genial. also sent the chilling.
Mr. ""We (God and Satan) proceeds from the difficulty which men in all times found in explaining by one sole cause. hence was originated the." Besides the cases and examples which we have just submitted. not of men. we might refer to the theories of various ancient nations to show that the original conception of a Devil or evil genius was that of a God ruling over a portion of the empire of Nature. two contrary powers. can be the author of all. see by this passage." says the Grecian philoso" pher and historian. or what was generally considered the ." adds the Rev. Plutarch. "It is impossible. then there is a principle causing evil as well as as one causing good. for tells God can cause no evil. in his Hermes.62 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN and desolating or destroying effects of Nature to And "be the product of one and the same being. good and evil in nature." "that one sole being." : And hence he us on the next page "We must admit two opposite causes. to stand as sponsor or author of the evil actions. leaning the one to the right and the other to the left. either good or bad. "that the true origin of the two principles Pitrat.prime Evil Genius or Evil One. but of Nature not of the moral world." Thus reasoned the priest of Apollo and philosopher of Greece. but the natural world. As the good can not produce evil.
who caused the one good and the other evil. "the and the second Typhon. as well as the Persians. the one good. Speaking of the ancients in general. In other countries his empire was more restricted. we will cite briefly a few other examples. In the ancient Chaldeo-Persian system." Of the Persians." . God. They called the first. whom they honored as two Gods. Plutarch says: "They believed in two Gods of different trades. admitted two principles." he continues. and the other bad." This accords exactly with the modern Christian theory. and the second that of darkness. eternal foe to the first. the author and embodiment of all evil. if I may say so. and the world long prevailed very before the era of Christianity. is not a tenet peculiar to Christianity. the Egyptians. Augustine tells us: "The ancient Assyrians. or advent of Christ. by excellence. "Among first was called Osyrus. he held dominion over all the aquatic portion of animals and birds. he says: "They believed that the first was of the nature of light." To show that the notion or doctrine of a personal evil agent.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN 63 adverse antagonistic or evil portion of Nature. and the second demon. but is of very ancient Heathen extensively in origin.
and their supreme ' ' "The Captain God. Guyotta. who style the great evil genius. the other evil who hovered over us to lead us into temptation. Among the Scandinavians. the one good. who dwelt in Heaven and invited us to do good. The Captain of Below. The latter is known as Touqua. who is darkness. who evil. The Oaribs admitted two sorts of spirits.64 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN The Rev. believe that two principles is light. Mr. the Devil is known by the name of The people of Coterdea believe in two Gods one white and good. The Hottentots call the good principle ' ' of Above. and Cupai as being a bad God. Demon." is the author of all The inhabitants of the kingdom of Pegu might be referred to as holding similar notions. they admit a bad principle. and is believed to make . one benevolent." He further says: "The Peruvians (of South America) revered Pacha-Carnac as being a good God. Those of Terra Firma think that there is a God in heaven the sun. the evil God is known by the name of Locke. Ishy. the other black and evil. Also the Portugese. of govern the Universe. Among the inhabitants of the island of Teneriffe. The archdemon of the native of the island of Formosa is Chang. Pitrat says: "The inhabitants Tologomy (India). Besides." and the bad principle. who and the other bad.
The sphere of his operations was most theogonies to physical nature. which they believed were controlled by a Devil or evil spirits. Ms He says also." had their evil stars (as well as good ones). who causes the tempests and who capsizes the boats verse 63. Second. The Devil of the Manicheans is Hyle. says the Rev. Pitrat. the two possessing many similar characteristics and on nearly an equal footing with respect to power or Evil Genius was. He was graciously devised to save God from the stigma of being considered the at first restricted in . whom they call Ukouna. while among the Tartars of Katzchenzi he is known as Tons. who say that. "From I will add here him all evils flow to this world." twins." which is similar whom to the idea of the Hottentots. Aguyan." Thus we First. perceive that the most ancient notions of a Devil That of a being and yet himself a God. antagonistic to God. that the Chaldeans "The dogma admitted of by two principles (two Gods) was nearly all nations. Mr. "The Siamese sacrifice to an evil spirit they consider as being the cause of all the misfortunes of mankind. being in Persia "own brothers. and jurisdiction. who is the author of all evils. and in another Ouikan. And thus says Plutarch. In Satanic Majesty passes by the name of Brazil.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN perpetual 65 war against the good God (Thor). Third. The Esquimaux. believe in a God supremely good.
as all theological conceptions at that period were connected with the starry heavens. both moral and physical. The distance of the two kingdoms apart is not known. is simply a natural concomitant the crude germinal immature state of nature. calls In Persia. or. It will be recollected that the . as Plutarch Inter-Mediator. The respective thrones stars A of the two omnipotent Gods was situated in the or among the elements. more or less. or author of that which was not good or anything evil. being situated between them.66 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN evil. could transmit messages from one to the other. A further research into of the great arcana of Nature would have taught them that all evil. author of a logical deduction from the premises that a good and pure being could not be the same. from which two kingdoms in circumstance he received the name of Mediator. while his rival antagonist was consigned to the moon or some of the planets. which will disappear as the world matures and ripens into perfection. that about the smoking pit or infernal regions. the settle their difficulties and disputes. Columbus had not as yet sailed in that direction. nothing is said it Fourth. they were situated so near together that Mithra the Mediator. It will be observed. as had not at that time been discovered or thought of. The good (rod some placed in the sun. and interfered or intermediated to him.
and textbooks used in our schools and colleges. were God and the Demon. and not invested with the odious repulsive character with which we now find him represented by the Christian world.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN the 67 system were situated so near together that Dives and Lazarus. And then we find another diagram of the Serpent in another part of the heavens under the name of "The Scorpion. which. We can easily understand. name of we find him represented under "The Hydra. that of the Crab. maps. ." beginning the winter season the three inaugurating the dreaded inauspicious October. By examining the astronomical charts. though it must have Christian required hallooing on the highest key to be heard " across the impassable gulf" situated between them. June. both good and when personified." at first a co-equal God. the Lion and the Virgin." and "An Evil God. was That the Devil. thus representing summer months. or "the Old Serpent." extending through and including three constellations. July and August. we find further evidence of in the ancient diagrams used in physical astronomy. it will be found that the Serpent is pictured under the twofold aspect or character of "A Good God. And thus he was used to represent or symbolize evil. Satan." In the the first place. or Dives and Abraham conversed together. the harbinger of cold and dreary evil Winter.
until finally they would become. "hail of Gods. directly. they would. hostile to each other. in imagination. And the statement or theological proposition. also. which furnishes evidence indisputable. see the two Gods diverging morally wider and wider apart and becoming more and more. antipodes. The third member of the Trinity in India. is still further confirmed by the fact that he was formerly in several religions a co-equal member fellow well met 'in the triads ' of the Trinity. the former constructed of brass and displayed on a pole. strife. as well therefore.68 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN why Moses and the Israelites. and I believe Mexico. though in all . ''Charge d 'Affairs" of the smoky regions was once considered a God. that they stood in the relation and occupied the position of Gods. Persia. We may legitimately conceive that although the character of the two at first nearly parallel with respect to moral attributes. yet as time rolled on and developed stood and matured the moral perception of the people and capa'citated them to demark or discriminate good and evil. that the Great Emperor. had both a good Serpent and an evil Serpent the latter figuring in Eden. and in deadly array. and opposition to each other in nearly every conceivable respect. and did become. Egypt. and personification of evil was a representation in their most ancient legends. as the Egyptians and Hindoos.
has been the work of man's imagination.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN 69 the change the Evil God did not lose his power or sway. Such . He still retained almost uncurtailed omnipotent power with which he was at first invested. and not among the physical elements or planets as formerly. though his tenure or jurisdiction was gradually removed from the physical or natural to the moral world. so that the seat of his empire is now in the minds of men.
were those produced by the violence of the the 70 ." And thus they permit "the Prince of Darkness" off the to carry off to his subterranean empire nearly created the whole retinue of souls which for God had the purpose of his own glory. OF theory. grants him the lion's share. The Christian stated restricting the as we have briefly on a previous power occasion. We from the of authorities quoted. preceded that perception and recognition of moral evil. having first permitted him to construct a broad guage or "broad road" for the purpose). THE WOMAN CLOTHED WITH THE STJN. ETC. so far from or empire of the Evil One. and thus observe. and that the physical evils first recognized. thwart the main object of creation." while they have the road leading to the other kingdom so very narrow that "few there be who find it. and "many there be who go in thereat. allowing him to carry major portion of the human family. that the perception of physical evil. or natural evil." "GATES OF HELL/' ALSO OF TRADITIONS OF THE DRAGON CHASING THE WOMAN.CHAPTER VII OEIGIN THE TEBMS " KINGDOM OF HEAVEN.
" while the winter months were denominated "the kingdom of Darkness. producing. which This ft was supposed opened to the sun as he left the tropic of Cancer to travel back to the South. the principle and most prolific source of evil i. and the growth and production of fruits and flowers." or God who dwelt in the sun. as The principal inhabitants intimated. things that were calculated to supply their natural wants. of the earth. and became known as "the true " kingdom. and destroyed those desirable operations and their results. heretofore having noticed that months of the year the powers at work in Nature were engaged in fructifying. blasted. and that during the other. and as the six Spring and Summer months were attended with almost perpetual sunshine. vivifying. etc.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN elements and the rotation of the seasons..e. was called . they hence imagined two contrary hostile powers. they were regarded as constituting.. the God of Winter. engaged in perpetual war against each other. and culinary or edible vegetables. in the estimation or imagination of the ancients." The former was also called "the kingdom of during six the Sun. with her cold bleak drapery and her widespread desolation and destruction. 71 Winter was. six months some apparently adverse power arrested. beautifying." or kingdom of Heaven. imaginary entrance to the kingdom.
John (Rev. he does hurt the vegetable productions of the five principal prolific months of the year. with a John's monster.72 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN "the gates of Heaven. St. the Lamb or astronomical sign for March. that the Devil is from above. by assuming the seven heads to be the seven Summer months (as . at one time hitching his tail over into Hades. or Devil. You will find by consulting your almanacs. the first Spring month. the zodiacal sign of Spring. xii) speaks of the Dragon having power to hurt the five months. to usher in the glorious sun. And astronomy. first Winter month (in the bisectional division of the year) that is. And the Scorpion was (though the Eagle is now) the sign of is the zodiacal or Earn. down into his bottomless and pulling down one-third of the stars. ready to drag everything accessible to his clutches or power. the latter. and astronomically speaking. or astrotheology. by dividing the year . seven heads and ten horns. Dragon. stood the hideous Scorpion. with the vengeance. though he descends below every six months pit. may find a solution in St. or sun-God." while the fancied passage through the other tropics constituted "the gates stood the Lamb. October. that Aries. Hence you will discover." At the first At steed to the portals of Paradise in early Spring. into two seasons of six months each. as hereafter explained. and not from below. as he drove up with his fiery of Hell.
is actually after the woman (Virgin) and her child. and substi- by observing or Scorpion (the Dragon same thing) is the next sign after the Virgin. when. and cast him into the bottomless tuted the eagle in his place. the Great Snake." finds an easy explanation here. (See Greorgius The great Dragon. sure enough. and was for thousands of years B. and until modern astronomers caught him. according to astronomical 8). or direct your eyes to the heavens in a cloudless night. Virgil calls him Maximus Angis. the Latin for Dragon. And then. Turn to your almanacs. Virgin.C. that the pit. which is diagrams. as the Persians show her) rises above the horizon in the East. you will observe that just after the old maid (a virgin with a child in her arms. that he is chasing her through the sky! And it How easy it is to imagine. wherein a serpent is represented as tempting a woman . up comes the old Scorpion called a serpent among the Persians . the story of the Dragon " pur suing the woman to destroy her male child. a Dragon in Phoenicia .. Draco among the Eomans. and you will notice that the Dragon or Scorpion is in pursuit of the woman. being the next sign in order in the zodiac. and duplicating the five Winter months for the horns. in the almanac. may be more than fancy to associate the woman and Serpent here with the scene in Eden.THE BIOGEAPHY OF SATAN 73 some nations divided the year in this way).
" The prophet Daniel speaks of a great contest between a ram. St. xii). and a goat (see chapter iv). while the twelve months of the year. right in the focus of the sun's rays in August. the hottest month in the year. the moon under her feet and a crown of twelve stars upon her head" (Eev. Of course the moon is under her feet. And as we find a man also (Aquarius) among the signs of the zodiac. There she stands. than could be said of any other of the twelve signs of the zodiac. than in a mud-hole. according "As the Lord said unto Moses. Now .74 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN incisors (Mother Eve) to masticate a pippin with her new and molars. is easily understood when viewed through an astro- nomical mirror. judging from her situation among the signs and her relative position to the sun. for it is more agreeable. or the twelve signs of the zodiac form her crown of twelve stars. to fancy or conceive of our first parents being formed among the stars. woman clothed with the sun. and both of these you will find represented in our zodiac and apparently (to a fanciful imagination) chasing each other through the heavens. John's marvelous figure of "a And again. which never before had been used. this may be Father Adam. and thus is clothed with the sun more brilliantly than that of any other sign. More appropriately may the astronomical virgin woman be said to be clothed with the sun. not to say honorable.
or of a woman pursued by a Dragon. related in in several mythological but was Persia represented on the celestial globes. The sun's crossing the equinoctial line in March. Serpent or Devil. etc. the Eevelator and mystigogue) this is not . Seldon. that the cross became a sacred emblem in nearly all the religions of the earth. Manobius. (all one according to St. Take for example the story. allegory.THE BIOGKAPHY OF SATAN mark! we are not becoming "wise above what 75 is for these things are all written. that the scenes which I have depicted as occurring in the starry heavens let it Now are not mere fanciful pictures of my own conjuring up. but in your almanacs. merely in your school-books.. We wonder. Eben. not written. Egypt. but are matters of actual record in the histories or sacred books of Persia. was an event of great moment to some of the ancient nations. and Scaliger. be noted here. . John. John describes the woman as being clothed with the sun and chased by a Dragon or Serpent (for both terms It will be recollected that St. (Note ad p. nations. 341). " copied from the skies. And Kircher. therefore. furnish evidence of its being referred to in astronomical works of several Manil. India and Rome. only found substantially histories. as it ushered in the thousand cannot blessings of Spring and Summer.
legend was born on the 25th first and has been long since the people of that country December as the birthday of Oxus the Savior and child of this virgin. flies into a desert isle to save her child from Python. accordthe Greeks. as represented by St. And the child of this virgin in the Persian of December. the ing to Burritt's "Geography of the Heavens. holding two "ears of corn" (wheat) in her hand.76 THE BIOGKAPHY OF SATAN are used. the Dragon of St." immediately after the rising of the virgin sign in the zodiac for August. The pursuer spoken of in this story is with the Persians. the God of darkness. according . see Eevelations xii). John. the Lucifer of Python of the Eomans. And he actually begins to raise his head above the horizon. to Scaliger. the Manitou of the American Indians. John and the Eygptian version of the same it story. and the Serpent or Dragon of the North Pole. the The Egyptian . the Serpent or Dragon while the Persians. had the virgin woman represented on their astronomical globes or planispheres with a child in her arms. In the Grecian version of the story Latona. which seeks to devour her child. Ahrimanes. the Obi of the Africans. and pours out a flood of water after her as she flees into the wilderness to save her child. and celebrated the 25th of is the Typhon of the Egyptians. being about to be confined. and with wings spread in the act of flying from her pursuer.
Now. John was not the author of the first edition of it.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN version fills 77 out the scene and represents the river Orion in the act of pouring out its waters just as the virgin appears above the horizon. Now Serpents or Dragons red.). which reminds us of St. we may venture to suggest that St. Plutarch tells us that the Egyptians painted their these figures are. it was said. John tells us the Dragon poured out after the woman and her all child. . represented in Burritt's Astronomy. India. chose the figure of the virgin to represent the fruitfulness of the earth. and to plenty. to drown and wash them away. bring forth a new-born child. including several nations (Persia. the season of fruitfulness figuratively. as it can be shown. and as the sun commenced rising at the 25th of December toward Spring. that the Pagan version of this is older than the Christian version. and is conceded. therefore. which is the river St. used in all our schools." (See Bevelations no sign in the zodiac on which so much fable has been foundxii). "The great red Dragon. etc. is Theon says there ed as that of the virgin. John's language. The ancients.
the last part So that we have and around. that Hell 78 . though they generally point the other way." Hell that is. and word.CHAPTER VIII ITS OEIGIN" HELL FIEST INSTITUTED IN THE SKIES AND DESCENT FBOM ABOVE Strange as it may seem. or Hell to of this H elion." which means "helion. therefore. Heaven and the other in Hell. the sun roundabout Hell.at least. or in the other direction. and this was as likely above as below. when they wish to indicate not reflecting that Dives and Lazarus would not have conversed together while one was its locality. notice there is a : Hell in this word at least it can be traced to Hell. was pronounced by the Greeks is synonymous with Acheron. been situated near together. The word astronomers use in 1 to indicate the sun in its highest point of ascension is perihelion. We can not think it strange. Now you may (peri-7&e-ion) it. about. which is translated Hell. Elios. it is nevertheless true. unless these two places had occupied contiguous localities. generally "peri. that even the Christian fabled Hell (like may be found most others of their venerated and Paganderived myths and mysteries) among the stars.
the Moses at same who appeared with For it is a Christ's transfiguration. if not Hell-fire. and both. though more. and hence means "the God-fire. . or Ades (for the Greek alphabet has no H) may be traced with still less difficulty to the sun for its origin. being separated only by an impassable gulf. the it is well- New known." "sun-fire. an Ammorian occurs Greek name for God or God-sun. as I have already stated. (the Greeks using the aspirate is fact that Elias instead of the H) about synonymous.THE BIOGEAPHY OF SATAN is 79 a pretty warm place. as some believe. And let me admonish the reader not to be alarmed if we should find good old Elias in Hell. and is so rendered in English. and es the fire. Hades. now. Ades analyzed is Ad. are located in the sun. frequently Testament for Hell. which will account for his face shining with such lustre at the transfiguration. And And in Ades. Well. with the Greek Acheron. which is rendered Hell by translators." It was the belief of some of the ancie. Hence it follows that Elias means Hell.nt nations (the Greeks.' generally the former only was located there. for instance) that Heaven and Hell were nearly contiguous.
Its geographical position was a fancied one beyond the South Pole. or Hell. that their dreaded and devastating winters came from that quarter. had his seat of empire there. A circumstance which facilitated or contributed to this superstition was that of its being beyond the purview or reach of the natural vision. was supposed or fancied to die.CHAPTER IX ORIGIN OF THE TRADITION RESPECTING "THE BOTTOMLESS PIT" The ''bottomless pit" had a different origin from that of Hades. ' Winter was supposed to come from the South. and hence "the Evil (rod. but it was born again or arose from the dead when it reappeared in Spring or . because it was observed to come upon them as the sun receded it southward. And the sun going down below the horizon out of sight in the Arctic regions so as to result in darkness. who produced the winters (known as "Winter God"). they ' hence called the "bottomless pit. and they could not conceive of its having any bottom. And as it was apparently situated below them. This location grew out of the persuasion of some of the ancients. which some imagined had some agency in sending the winter.
more properly. And thus was realized. and also the synonym of everything evil." was called "the Mountain of the Lord" as nearly every nation had its "Mountain of the Lord" or "Holy Mountain." . the North Pole as the supposed residence of "the Good God. not only "the Lamb of God taking away the sins of the world." or the sins of the "Winter." or the Lamb of March gathered up "the God. " And as "the Lamb and bore them away." but also the death and resurrection of the Son of God.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN arose 81 it again above the horizon." the fancied abode of demons and devils. or the sunGod. approached the of gates of Spring. While the South Pole was the great "bottomless pit." sins of the world. astronomically.
and hurled down headlong from the battlements of (and thus became a fallen angel). or Sirbonis. and a focus for the 82 . long prior to the era. This lake was chosen as the place of consignment for the great Arch-Demon or Arch-Enemy of the human race. Demons and evil genii of the Oriental nations. and "the underground world" beneath the earth. era mythological the Great Dragon. he was thrown. dawn the of the Christian According Oriental to of Egypt. when Devil. or Python Typhon was Heaven conquered by the archangel of Apollo. were at first confined to the skies or is starry heavens. situated at the foot of Mount Casius. body. hoofs and horns into lake Sibon.CHAPTER X OBIGIN OF THE BELIEF IN A "LAKE OF FIRE AND BEIMSTONE" The fact has been disclosed by the feregoing historical exegesis or sketch of Satanic biography that the capers and diabolical operations of the Devils. But it that in the course of important to observe time their sphere of to operations finally to was transferred the earth. because it had become a haunt for the most weird and wild imagination. or Serpent.
color and smell.e. And. putrefying vegetanauseating substances of various kinds. Hence it became universally execrated. did semi-annually. fable . and spread over the country for many miles around. there accumulated a scum bearing a strong analogy in taste. In fact. which from time immemorial has been the source of fear. and it is of debris. it reached this observe that it lake Sirbonis. let us as when the Nile overflowed its banks. Travelers and historians tell us that when the sun shone upon it this brilliant mirror-like floating substance. it deposited in the lake a great tion. as it receded into its channel by the subsidence of the current. that upon its stagnant waters. ascending upward. sulphur. vapor or miasma created and eliminated by the action of the sun upon the deposits of mud and slime around the margin of the lake. Bearing these facts in mind. and submerged it with its putrid waters. and from that circumstance was called "the lake of fire and brimstone. amount And a matter of fact or fable. some authors speak of it as being veritably and truly brimstone in solution i. gas. presented the appearance of being on fire.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN ideas that 83 most disagreeable and detestable association of ever nestled in the brain of a superstitious people. formed the imaginary smoke of the imaginary place (as it is fabled to be) Of endless torment." while the steam.. to that of brimstone or sulphur.
84 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN fiction. and other nocturnal lights pecular to the moist or humid atmosphere of climates. that the . dwellings. Will-'o-wisps." augmented and heightened by the glare of the host of Jack-'olanterns. credulous and of various countries. and superstitious people to the which now causes the pious Christian to "work out his salvation with fear and trembling. which the imagination and credulity of an age of superstitious fear could easily transform into "imps of darkness. together with the overflow of the lake. to believe that the great giant foe of bliss etc. and ignorant. Demon's home and a Devil's And as the inundation of the river." or evil genii and frightful hobgoblins. destroying cattle animals. natural for the childish superstition which held supreme sway three thousand five hundred years ago. was assumed as an axiom indisputable. it and other domestic was very easy and very human and human beatitude. warm finished the imaginary picture of a Hell. while the hideous noises issuing unceasingly from the mouths of the numerous denizens of this "frightful waste of waters. the imaginary Typhon had it something to do in producing these calamitous and direful events more especially as . often produced a great amount of damage.. became the ' habitation of various kinds of aquatic or amphibious monsters and noxious vermin. ' This lake being situated in a warm climate.
fully disclosed in the foregoing sketch of Satanic history the origin of the tradition. We of nearly four thousand years old. and that the smell of brimstone encountered upon their receding pathway." was too too merciful and too benigtranscendantly good.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN "righteous Apollo. This is all we know about the matter. not go to the trouble of burying priests and pickpockets in our country. the 85 God of the skies." have. then." with its imaginary . This tradition brings to mind the story of the Hibernian who." to be disposed of in accordance with his diabolical designs and infernal purposes. "Well. and the mark of diabolical footsteps on the floor. and the next morning they are gone. And here it may be mentioned that it was currently reported that human beings residing in the vicinity of the lake were occasionally borne away in the clutches of the hydra- headed Typhon "to parts unknown. and nothing more is observable but a strong scent of brimstone in the room." "What do you do with them when they die?" inquired a bystander. of a "lake fire and brimstone. when "we do they give up the ghost. remarked. disclosed unmistakably the damnable fate of these luckless human victims. nant to his creatures. to have any agency in such business. we lay out the defunct bodies in an open room. while in America hearing the funeral of a priest spoken of.
86 potentate THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN it being originally nothing more or less than lake Sirbonis with its fancy hatched ruler. stinging respecting worm which by infests that country (a fire-eater tradition). . the horny. being never known it to die. and started 44). not being seen to be immortal. after its death. as later researches show. hence. into the soil before it burrows down dies . "He who hath ears to hear let him hear. simply because." and was supposed to be one of the infernal agents in the employ of his Satanic Majesty. it It was supposed was found within the precincts of the "fiery lake." and no longer tremble with fear when he encounters the smell of brimstone. the redoubtable long-tailed. double-headed Typhon. iron-hoofed Typhon. ' ' The ' ' tradition : The worm that never dies (Mark ix had its origin likewise in Egypt. from the circumstance of a gnawing.
Some fancied its location in the sun. ' ' in its descent to the earth. but the opinion finally became under the earth. others referred its geographical position to the moon. it being a it ' ' the Old Jerusalem. Various and multifarious were the notions among the ancients with respect to the substantial whereabouts of the fabled Hell the after-death depository for wicked souls. present locality. Higgins' remarks relative to the ancient tradition with respect to its locality. xxi: 10) he saw the Jerusalem descend from God out of Heaven. others again imagined its unquenchable fires raged in the bowels of the earth. we suggest the propriety of . John tells and as we have shown by previous historical disclosures in this work.CHAPTER XI WHEBE IS HELL? ITS ANCIENT TEADITIONS BESPECTING CHAEACTEE AND LOCATION St. that "the lower or southern hemisphere which is . somewhat prevalent that it was hung or planted Mr. that Hell also descended from above the styling it it much older institution than New Jerusalem. "the under-ground whither it was removed several thousand years ago. New us (see Rev. to its ' ' We have followed We will now trace world.
The name for Hell among the ancient Celts was llfin.. beasts and wicked spirits. though many of the natives of that country held to a "lake of fire and brimstone." Mr. became imaginarily controlled by." the damned inmates being suspended on hooks fixed in the side of the pit. The ferocious Egyptian astrologers taught that Hell was a "bottomless pit." The ancient Buddhist and Mexicans believed in a Hell of "unquenchable angels." which shows that they also regarded it as a cold country. disease and death. decay. taught that Hell was a place of "dreadful darkness. as gods. while the upper hemisphere was the abode of celestial beings. now known as demons." itself as Hell. Higgins shows that many believed and a very cold place. tible This was perhaps before its combusfaggots had been lighted up or set on fire'." and was infested with venomous reptiles.88 THE BIOGEAPHY OF SATAN hid in darkness in winter. angels. The ancient Gauls and Britons. and the abode etc." inhabitants of cold countries taught that Hell was prepared for the Devil and his Here it may be remarked that the fire . which means "cold climate. and every kind of discomfort. Goths and Germans. than with respect to its locality. And no less various were the notions "with respect to its character. it to be a place of "utter darkness. and which is always attended with darkness. and consequently the abode of evil beings. etc. devils.
whether they hailed from the torrid or frigid zone.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN 89 a hot place a place of " glowing." So that Pluto's all who were captured and carried away to realms by old "Plug Ugly. melting heat. the inhabitants of warm climates taught that the place of consignment for the wicked was "as cold as a mountain of ice." while on the other hand. ." underwent a change of climate.
as we have just intimated. the unpropitious In their utter ignorance of all and natural causes. a superstitious age would naturally assign such things to imaginary beings. Both had a fabled existence in the external world among the physical elements long before the Devil was made an agent of punish- ment. and a Hell long existed before the remotest idea an importhat the conception of a Devil distinctly noted as was entertained that either had anything to do with or any connection with punishment in a future life. events of nature. restricted their sphere of operations to the physical world. the Manicheans long believed Hell to be the blissful abode of the righteous. we are credibly informed. Indeed. The first conception of evil and malevolent beings. or Hell a place of punishment for the wicked after death in the imaginations of the people. to the violent storms and destructive elements. 90 But no .CHAPTER XII ORIGIN" OP THE NOTION OF MAN'S EVIL THOUGHTS SATANIC AGENCY BEING PEOMPTED BY A DEVIL HAVING BEEN EESTEICTED TO THE PHENOMENA OF THE EXTEENAL WOELD Here we wish it tant historical fact.
THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN
thought se'ems to have been entertained, that the
anything to do with the thoughts or actions of men not even the most wicked and vicious; for
the reason that man's moral perceptions were not at that period sufficiently developed to observe any
nature and effects
good and bad actions. The of immoral actions had not
been as yet discovered; everything, as in the Jewish Bible, was ascribed to God. Their perception of
distinction or line of demarkation
between virtue and vice ran too low
(if they possessed any) to incite even the thought that any action or line of conduct that any man could
pursue, could be sufficiently bad or criminal to require any punishment to be sent after him, and inflicted on him after he left this world. Nor had
as sufficient yet acquired priesthood over the people to lead them to invent ascendency a Hell to punish delinquent pew-renters or tithe
As man's moral and expanded and ripened into perceptions grew the conviction that some actions were good and some bad to such a degree of difference as to require a separate and distinct source for their
institution of their getting up.
he began to look around him to find a way
of accounting for each class of actions separately. And as the heavens above and the great imaginary
THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN
abyss below the earth, were already peopled with
imaginary beings of different and opposite characters, it
to begin to
associate these beings with the actions of men,
to conclude that all
good actions were incited
by good beings or by "the good God," as they styled the Supreme Being,and all evil and immoral actions by the "evil Gi-od," "the master mischiefmaker." And the conception in this respect seems to have been at first wholly anthropomorphic and unspiritual, or sensuous at least local and
was thought, could
not influence the actions of
present with them. He was not then, as now, omnipresent, and invested with the omnipotent
though immeasurable distance both from him and from
tempt or seduce millions at a time, all over the globe at an
The Hindoos, Buddhists, Burmese, and some of the Chinese taught that the maleficent beings called devils or demons entered body,
minds of men, and from there rolled out their evil thoughts and prompted them to vicious actions. Most of the ancient
heels, into the
religious teachers of the Oriental schools taught
that "old king Satan" was supplied with a numerous train or retinue of inferior sub-devils, who acted as sub-agents in the work of decoying
and leading them into perdition.
THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN
Hindoo Bible (the Shaster), more than three thousand years old, teaches this doctrine, and tells
us that the demi-devils (or Devs, as it styles them, lacking but one syllable of making the Christian's
Devil), were completely under the control of the master demon or devil-in-chief, and entered the
minds of men at
his bidding ; but that they could
be ejected at any time by exorcisms and prayers of the priests, especially if the patients' pockets were well lined with " filthy lucre," which often
seemed to operate as a powerful charm in the way of dispelling the diabolical intruders from
"the inner man," and henceforth keeping them at
a respectable distance. Now, the foregoing notions of the Orientalists
and acknowledged by Christ and his Apostles as a part of the Christian plan of salvation. " No less than nine " times is Christ as out
to be fully recognized
and on several occasions as having a familiar chat with them. At one time he is said to have ousted seven at a clip. They were tumbled
nolens volens, pell mell, out of a respectable Christian lady whom we would naturally have
supposed was too high-minded "low company."
to entertain such
now termed Apocryphal. the founders of the Christian religion derived. which we 94 . written but a few centuries prior to the Christian era. or Mischna. their docand traditions on this subject. And from any The of their writings these sources. and "shod" with hoofs. and all conform approximately to the still more ancient Buddhists' doctrine of future rewards and punishments. in part. a formidable tail of unmemtionable. and the Talmuds.CHAPTER THE CHRISTIAN 'g DEVIL XIII WHENCE IMPORTED OR BORROWED We have stated. if not immeasurable length. Egyptian and Syrian traditions on this subject. in a previous chapter. Though we find the after-death primitive doctrines of the New Testament are an admixture of Babylonian or Chaldaic. The Egyptian Devil was a huge monster. panoplied with horns. first traces of it are found in the "lesser" or later prophets. in trines all probability. as we do not find the doctrine taught in penned previous to that era. that the primitive Jews did not teach the doctrine of future endless punishment they evidently knew nothing of the doctrine until after their exile to Babylon.
We have stated in founders of the Christian religion (perhaps while yet Jews) obtained their model for a Devil from the Baby- lonians during their bondage in the country. in Chaldea. He must have felt honored and exalted in the highest degree by such a peculiar favor being effect that the vouchsafed to his majesty." thougn it appears he doffed his tail for the convenience of inserting his legs into a pair of breeches. however. that he might join the respectable society which he accompanied as they went to attend a picnic at the house of Job. "Where did the Christian world obtain their Devil?" by .THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN his giddy rounds 95 suppose served as a kind of rudder as he "flew amongst the sons and daughters of men. and a rear appendage of lawless dimensions. that Christians have invested his long-tailed majesty also with some of the characteristics of the Egyptian Devil." but here is a case of the ascent from the ridiculous to the sublime. as they journeyed to make an important negotiation with that "servant of the Lord. hoofs. We frequently hear instances spoken of "of a descent from the sublime to the ridiculous. It is well to remark. presented in the account of Satan's becoming a "hail fellow well met" with the sons of Grod. as we find in the illustrated works of the early Christians he is represented with horns." Job. will We conclude our answer to the question.
on to the monstrous physical proidea of a Devil they Beelzebub. And thus the . the Devil of Syria. hoofs and a tail). admired the idea of having such a fearful ugly Devil (as he had horns. Greek mythology. tians from an us able writer who the tells "The ancient Egyp- had a Devil called Typhon. At the same time they gave him the malignant and ferocious character of engrafted into author of Evil. and hence engrafted his portions had obtained in Babylon. who became followers of Christ and the founders of the Christian system. afterward as the The later Jews." question is explicitly answered.96 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN extract presenting an on the subject.
the whole train of ideas and doctrines. .CHAPTEE XIV THE VARIOUS AFTER-DEATH PUNITIVE TEEMS THE NEW TESTAMENT. The Bible of the Christian speaks of A xii) . . v:22). Hell of darkness (Matt. as they have all their variously modified forms or modes of future endless post mortem punishment. of the Gospel plan of salvation. or lake of fire. and brimstone (Rev. in which the soul is eternally punished (Matt. and Jude a Hell of light at least of fire. are found likewise in the Pagan systems of mythology long antedating the inception of the. apparently. a bottomless Hell or pit (Rev. viii 22. x: 28) a Hell . and 2d Peter ii:4) an endless Hell (Matt. xivrlO). xviii: 8) an . seemingly. upper (impliedly) and a lower Hell (Psalms Ixxxvi: 13) a Hell. which we find incorpora- ted in the Christian Scriptures as a part. Christian religion. OF ORIENTAL ORIGIN It only OF now remains to be writers of the Christian New shown that the Testament must have copied from the ancient Pagans. 97 . xx:13. both of a Devil and Hell. a limited Hell (Kev. In fact. a Hell in which both body and soul are destroyed (Matt. xxv: 46). which must : emit light (Matt.
(p. an examination of Mythological history will show that these ideas or conceptions. such as origin." etc. as myths appercompared with those found in the Christian Scriptures. his taking up his abode in the minds or souls of men. 177) : . etc. are of Pagan with the various Scripture notions and myths appertaining to a Devil or devils. tells us. or the chains in Hell (2d Peter Gates of Hell. 4) . by which he sometimes appears as a crawling or creeping serpent then as a roaring lion." their change of residence from the souls of men to the souls and stomachs of swine and other animals. THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN the keys of Hell (Eev. also. together : His being the author of evil.98 ix: 1) . with his troop or train of inferior second class Devils or evil spirits.. (Matt. xvi: 18). his leading or destroying or punishing them. in his work before mentioned. Pitrat. the saviors and saints casting them out of the temples of the "inner man. Mr. The Rev. and . the chains ii: of Hell. occasionally as an " Some of these notions angel of light. xx: 1) . etc. or conceptions have already been traced to Pagan origin. the various metamorphoses or changes of the Devil-in-Chief. the Now. The origin of others will be indicated as we proceed to speak of the several Pagan doctrines or taining to future endless punishment.. at other times as a flying dragon.
" The same author adds : "According to Plato (400 B." an "endless Hell. In the above extracts we have the Christian Bible doctrine of an "upper and a lower Hell. in which the common wicked were detained and tortured until they had expiated their faults. cessation or relief in their torments. and without any . and other enormous crimes. where great criminals were burnt and excruciated endlessly. in Tartarus shall be endlessly miserable (Hell). our author says: believed that there (in "The Pagans their Hell.C." "a fiery Hell. sacrilege.). at was a gate to which Eoman mythology) the frightful Tissiphon day and night. watched Here are disclosed several other Christian ideas of Hell : . 211).' and that Lucifer held the keys of the gates of Hell" (p." a "purgatory. and been purified enough to be admitted into the Elysium (Heaven) and the other the filthiest. the dead who have been guilty of murder. and the deepest cavern. 'seeking whom he might devour.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN "The Pagans 99 believed that in their Hell there were two principal abodes (an upper and a lower Hell).hope. shall be detained therein for a year" (p." etc. the one expiatory. Those whose crimes have not been so great. 175). the darkest. Again.
or "Yama lacerated by demons. our author "There are incessantly heard the rattle of chains dragged by wretched victims. with Gehenna. the numerous myths. Here are the chains spoken of in II Peter ii: 4. The Hindoo Vedas (written before Moses. But to or description of present a full history doctrines." Here we have presented "the bottomless pit. their groans. Hades. in order* to' expose them to be (the judge. or plunged into pits of flame." says : Speaking of Tartarus." where "the worm dieth not." parallel We in might continue to trace out the every minute particular. according to Mr. or gnawed by fiery worms. Infernus. Dow) informs us that : "judge of quick and dead") delivers over the trembling wicked souls to evil spirits. the various operations and machinations of in Hell. the Christian's Hell of "outer darkness. of relative to notions. and the strokes of the lashes that tear their flesh" (p. or the Fiery Pit. 134). 178). Sheol. conceptions or the the ancient superstitious Pagans after-death punishment of the wicked Tartarus.100 THE BIOGEAPHY OF SATAN "The Pagans Here is believed that the deepest dark- ness reigned in their Hell" (p. Tophet. . and the fire is not quenched.
101 Satans. and death's half-brother. or in vogue. Furies. and observe the similitude of their train of ideas in attempting to depict the underground world. rocks the fiery torrents swell. With pain. And now wild shouts and wailing dire. 60 B. Here stretched on iron beds the furies roar. one Pagan. Grenii. death. Pagan and how exactly he makes the Christian theory of Hell accord with that of the ancient heathen : "Beneath I saw a lake of burning fire. Serpents. Dragons. Tossing with tides of dark tempestuous wrath. formidable fiends the portals keep. Evil Spirits. * * * * and all around Briarens.O : Hell's dread mouth a thousand monsters wait. And close by. Grief weeps and vengeance bellows in the gate: Fierce. and direst superstitions enveloped the human mind a considerable portion of which we find copied into or rehearsed in the Christian Scriptures such an exposition would require a large volume. "At Hear the poet Virgil. darkest. flaming tide of Hell. . when the deepest. Here rolls And thundering the roaring. and the other Christian. Demons. Lerna's hissing monster stands. Fierce harpies scream and direful gorgons frowned." Now let us observe how successfully the Christian Pollock has taken lessons in the school of infernal ideas.. will conclude this branch of our subject by two We quotations from different poets. Wicked which were and currently believed in thousands of years ago. sleep.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN Devils.
THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN
shrieking infants swell the dreadful choir. sits in bloody robes the fury fell,
night and day to watch the gates of Hell. Here you begin terrific groans to hear, And sounding lashes rise upon the ear. On every side the damned their fetters grate,
curse 'mid clanking chains their wretched fate."
of the ancient heathen
I leave the reader to compare the effusions bard "with those of the
Christian, two thousand years later, and to determine for himself which is the most Paganish 01 fiendish. The proposition which sustains or
maintains the striking resemblance in the post mortem punishment theory of the ancient heathen
nations and those of the Christian Bible, written at a later period, is sustained by even Christian
of which we will present one proof. The well-known popular (English) Christian
clergyman, Mr. McKnight, in speaking of Christ's
parable of the rich man and Lazarus, says "It must be acknowledged that our Lord's
descriptions are not
drawn from' the writings
the Old Testament, but have a remarkable affinity
which the Grecian poets have as well as our Lord, represent the given. They, abodes of the blessed as lying contiguous to the regions of the damned, and separated only by a
to the description
great impassable river, or deep gulf situated in such a condition that the ghosts could talk from one to another from its opposite banks. The
THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN
says the souls of wicked men are tormented in flames. The Grecian mythologist
Plegethon, the river of
where they suffered torments." "He who hath ears to hear let him hear" how
a Christian divine thus affirms to the truth of our
proposition, that the Christian's Hell is a transcript
from Pagan tradition of heathen mythology.
THE DOCTEINE OF FUTUEE PUNISHMENT OF HEATHEN AND PEIESTLY OBIGIN, INVENTED BY PAGAN PBIESTS
The conception of future punishment, or rather the thought of turning it to practical account in the way of influencing the actions and
conduct of men, seems to have been
gested to the officiating priests of ancient
of interring the dead.
attending their "We are told that a
certain cemetery belonging to one of the principal cities of Egypt, being situated at a considerable
from the town, required the river Styx to be crossed in order to reach it; and before it could be crossed, the ferryman (Charon) must be satisfied by the payment of his fee. But in numerous cases the surviving relatives were too poor to raise it, and the fee had to be paid by the
public, or if not thus paid, the
body of the defunct
was thrown into the ditch to be devoured by dogs and vermin, or cast into the river Acheron, which means Hell at least Christian writers so interpret and translate it. Thus, this river was
the receptacle of the bodies of those who, on account of their vices, were excluded (so the
or rather its Supreme Ruler Jove. As here suggested. a standard which the priests themselves had instituted. To decide whether the defunct had led a life sufficiently virtuous to deserve an honorable interment. to see or look and thus means to see over or oversee. deserved to be decently consigned to the tomb. And thus literally originated the term and the sacradotal for Episcopacy now found in the Methodist and other churches. and conformed to. if poor. these Episcopes or priests were invested with the prerogative of deciding who." from the Greek and skopeo. were always honored with a decent burial at the public expense. men were chosen. when that conduct was measured by. For the accommodation of the instituted order of priesthood. it hence at once suggested to their minds the thought of carrying . And this dates the origin of the priest- hood and their officiating tabernacles or edifices temples and churches. while the righteous. a powerful influence upon the morals and conduct of the people. And observing that this moral discrimination with respect to the election of subjects for decent interment. towers or buildings were erected which are now known as temples and epi (over) churches. from their acceptable conduct through life. exerted.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN multitude 105 were taught) from the common obsequies of the dead and the favors of Heaven. called "Episcopes.
and in which the bodies were deposited. promising the credulous populace not only an honorable disposal of their bodily remains after death. was called to paradise the Elysian fields. which was regarded as a place of blissful sojournment.106 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN the principle or overt policy a step further. priests warned the a Into credulous. for endless punishment was not yet invented or thought of. was the place of consignment for the wicked or those who were not faithful in complying with the requisitions of the priests. through which they passed. And thus this river became the highway. while Tartarus. preparatory to their entrance into the abodes of superlative felicity. And this fact was elaborated into . but unending felicity in the world to come (as a reward for well-doing). or "the strait and narrow way" beyond the grave. or cemetery. beyond the river Acheron. They were only to be consigned to this fiery underground prison for a period proportionate punished eternally to their crimes. The graveyard. ignorant and superstitious populace they must be thrust as a penalty for any delinquency or neglect of duty they might be guilty of not to be however. to be occupied transiently. which country lay beyond the river Styx. The (a entrance to this post mortem prison this (Tartarus) was guarded by the mastiff Oerebus dog with the Tartarus hundred heads).
and splash the melted brimstone to reach to all eternity." as the priests lengthened the period of punishment from time to time as the public utility or their own cause and it. reveals as an important fact. Mythological history is exuberant with the evidence that the traditional scheme of punishment for human be- ings or human souls in another world for actions was invented by the priesthood as one of their auxiliary means of promoting the interests of their craft. if you please. joined with the priests. that the natural apprehension or suspicion of all those philosophic minds. observe that: And thus we A research into Oriental or ancient sacred history. Grecian writers. and out of this grew the doctrine of endless punishment or "eternal damnation. 107 and thus originated the doctrine of future punishment in Egypt." and kick. and likewise adopted the system as a more . And. the agents of Government. and the culprit told that he during the endless ages of eternity. according to committed in this. having long since investigated the nature of the priestcraft. or administrators of law.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN fiction. set down the doctrine of future endless punishment as the work of designing priests. craft seemed to suggest the necessity for until it was finally made was must "roll on a sea of fire. who. reduces the same to an important fact. and flounder. or.
To state the thing in brief. to prove it. . . ecclesiastical tribunals. known as : testimonies on this subject Greece. ' * We will first call The Geographer of Greece. namely. forms imprint upon their minds." And he says : appears to justify the invention for he multitude are restrained from vice by the punishments the gods are said to inflict upon "The and by those terrors and threatenings which certain dreadful words and monstrous offenders. to their assumed authority to prove authority. "the powers that be.108 effectual THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN manner of controlling the populace. priests and politicians "colleagued together.'7 He declares that " Plato (a Grecian priest) and the Brahmins." That I do not misrepresent when I aver that the Devil and Hell-fire doctrines were concocted by design- ing priests and pettifoggers. concerning the future punish- invented fables ments of Hell. India and up Strabo. to serve as bugbears to frighten their credulous and childish subjects into acquiescent submission it. These the legislators used as scare-crows to things . . and keeping them in subjection to the Government. We have some very ancient We have some ancient from Egypt." and invented the Devil and his domicile as scare-crows to frighten the ignorant superstitious to submissive allegiance masses into the quiet.
holiness and virtue. and of the infernal regions. It is impossible to conduct women and the gross multitude. by the precepts of reason and philosophy. of India). pious and upright. it seems to me. . or the fear of the gods. declares in like manner : "Since the multitude is ever fickle. are precisely the same which . irrational passions and violence.O. render them holy. They are not led by such means to piety.). there is no other way to keep them in order but by the fear of the invisible world on which account our ancestors. 109 They can not be governed by philosophical reasonings. acted wisely when they contrived to bring into popular belief the notions of the gods. The fiery torches and snakes of the furies and spears of the gods. ' ' but necessary to the and brutal populace. Book) Hist. "Hell "blind is useless to sages. Robinson remarks on the above (Geo. and to. full of lawless desires. the ancient Brahmins had adopted in India for the government of the great body of the people. Polybius. but this must be done by superstition. the historian (born 200 years B.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN terrify the childish multitude. and the whole ancient mythology are all fables employed as bugbears to overawe the credulous and simple" Mr. that these ideas. afterward (see adopted in Europe.
"For as we somtimes cure the body with unwholesome remedies. should not 'complain if we rank them with this class. India and Greece. and transmitted through Christian credulity and superstition down to the present day. Plutarch. and they were many. who in this still enlightened day and age of the world. If space would allow it. but of all who wrote on the subject thousands of years ago in Egypt. Dyonisius. Livy. as having been fabricated for the special benefit of the low. They all concur with Strabo and Polybius in representing the doctrines of Devils.110 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN So the whole secret is out. copied into the Christian Scriptures. and post mortem punishment. I might quote in proof from Cicero. Virgil. "but to frighten fools with. was not designed for sensible and intelligent And people. so we restrain those minds with false relations which will not "be . ignorant and superstitious populace. hold to this ancient superstition or myth. or (Zimseus Timaeus) illustration : The last named writer in figurative says. Seneca. Socrates. seeing that it is historically demonstrated that no other class of people fools. were expected to believe it but For this is the testimony not of one or two writers only. and Zimseus. when such as are most wholesome produce no effect. those good Christians. that the soul-roast- ing doctrine of the ancient Pagans.
Seneca Boman and The former Grecian tells and Cicero. Colonel Dow. even in that age and country." I will quote from one "silly fables." author relative to the prevalence of this superstition in India three thousand two hundred years ago. and by them agitate us with vain fears. the darkness. us that : "Those things made the infernal regions terrible..) also.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN persuaded by the truth. are all a fable with which the poets amuse themselves." say's : "The more learned Brahmins affirm that the . this declaration makes the doctrine of future punishment of very ancient existence. the river of and the judgment seat. in his "Dissertation on India.C. has found in the ancient sacred opinions.*' I will quote but two other writers. 111 There is. the prison. therefore.C. " As Homer's time was several hundred years by the other fictions. whom some chronologists place 900 B." flaming fire. to show how it was looked upon by the more remote intelligent classes of society. and B. This poet. Cicero ranks the doctrine of future punish- ment with and Plutarch places it with "fabulous stories. a necessity for instilling the dread of those foreign torments reserved to the criminals in Tartarus. is here represented as finding the doctrine in the then "ancient sacred opinions. which Homer (900 before Christ.
Pitrat. there is no sort of torment that was not invented by legislators." It will be observed..C. places the compilation of the Vedas at 1400 B. they were obliged to invent divine punishments for disobedience of what they gravely asserted to be divine laws.112 THE BIOGEAPHY OF SATAN is mentioned in the Vedas was only intended as a bugbear to enforce upon their minds the duties of morality. poets and philosophers. Allen. Mr. I will close my historical citations by brief quotations from two Christian writers. 0. and those bad conse- quences which invaribly follow wicked deeds. Mr." says: "Indeed. to establish this three-fold proposition: ." Very sensible thoughts indeed to issue from the minds of heathens more than three thousand . two hundred years ago for the Missionary. Rev. it making them better. The of Eev. the most demonstrative historical proof. in his "Pagan Origin Papalists' Doctrines. in order to secure obedience. to frighten the people under the false assumption of the truth is. but was rather to keep them down in : subjection" (p. while other writers assign it a much earlier date. For that Hell is no more Hell which than a consciousness of evil. D. Thayer says "Of course. 138). mystagogues. then that we have the most positive evidence. The Eev.
nor was expected that they would. the stepping-stones to the selfish ambition of the demagogues of both Church and State. as a head and bloody-bones/' to frighten those who might be simple or silly enough to believe it into loyal submission to their aspiring power that the credulous. and swell it to . That it was invented or hatched up by " rawdesigning priests and law-makers. the after-death penal retribution." and with reference to future punishment. simply because we found would burden the work. 113 endless That the doctrine of future torment. 3. 2.THE BIOGEAPHY OF SATAN 1. as And hence those it ofit was not designed subscribe for them. that we have omitted a direct reference to the authorities many it of the historical facts exhibited in the preceding pages of this work. banish all "He who fears. extensively preached and promulgated in was the the Pagan world long prior to the era of inauguration of Christianity. let him hear. who now to this doctrine as being they may a literal reality. although be called Christians. "We deem for it proper to remark here. ignorant and superstitious masses or classes of society might thus become the pliant tools. cannot in a strict hath ears to hear sense be called Sensible and intelligent people. The learned or intelligent classes society never believed the doctrine.
will consult the following works. Dupins. If the reader. . Creden. But in proof of our most important statements. Faber. Staffer. etc. Nonnus. with those already named. Kirker.114 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN size. he will find nearly all the facts contained in this book. Macrobius. Higgins. we have in most cases given the name and page of the author. Virgil. and many others of a similar character. Seldon. an inconvenient however. Bryant. Hyde. Scalinger. Boyer. Taylor. viz: Baily. Theon.
'below. TABTAKTJS. pigeons. and Hesiod speaks of it as being a "deep dark place. the name of the place where "The Lord's Holy People" were in the habit of sacrificing doves. is from the two Greek words ge or gen. under. as being in a hole somewhere in the earth perhaps 'Symm. "The earth. GEHENNA. ' and was the fancied abode of the wicked after death.. and always translated Hell. .es' Hole.CHAPTER XVI EXPLANATION OF HELL. used twelve times in the Greek. INFEBNUS. and sometimes their own children. Gehenna." and Hinnom. and was used to designate the fiery world "under or below the earth. HADES." Hence comes infernal. AND TOPHET The word Hell Anglo-Saxon word is the genitive case of the hole. It was believed to be "a dreadfully cold place." The word Tartarus is from Tartary. and was used with reference to the imaginary future home of the wicked. etc." The word infernus means inferior. being first used with reference to an imaginary abyss supposed to be located in Independent Tartary.
in order to drown their cries and shrieks." or rather is "The Valley Tophet Hinnom. And from these circumstances it came to represent the imaginary place for the punishment and torment of the wicked. "the land. It was afterwards used to designate a depository for the carcasses of dead animals and other filth." from Toph. The word Hades has been explained previous chapter.116 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN it Hence. beaten during the sacrifice of children (by the Lord's chosen people " as we have already stated). a "drum'' of (see Jer. 7: 31). simply means. in a' .
designed in lieu quisition on these points. will. in view of the philosophical axiom. and must ever continue to be. according to Webster). Assuming that he was made of nothing materials of which the whole universe was (the created. nothing. African or Caucasian? 3.CHAPTER XVII ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY-THEEB QUESTIONS FOR BELIEVERS IN POST MORTEM PUNISHMENT both a logical view and a moral view of the doctrine of future endless punishment There is which we have not space to present here. conclude this essay on We the "Biography of Satan. that everything must. a series of brief of an elaborate dis- and covering the ground to present a compendious and comprehensive view of the whole subject of post mortem punishment 1. was he originally composed. Who created the Devil. that he is still. possess the qualities of the materials of which it was originally composed? 117 . must we not hence conclude."" with questions. constituted. and also what is now his age? : 2. Malay. and when. Of what kinds of material Mongolian. What is his type or race. therefore. or created? 4.
or is he independent of. does he manage to "decoy millions of souls . THE BIOGRAPHY OP SATAN If. is " the Grand Adversary If ent on. how many more than Almighty and 8. however. are we not then compelled to set him down 6. Or if God was and filled all space by what process was room found for another omnipresent being? 10. omnipresent and Almighty Beings? 7. as self-created or self -existent? if so. of Souls" depend- also. And does it not then follow that we have two omnipotent. we not logically compelled to consider responsible for all his wicked. And here the correlative query arises. His Infernal Majesty was not created by God. Infinite Beings can exist at a time? existence of Or can we admii the one in any other sense than that implied in the Otaheitan tradition.118 5. how will we two dispose Infinite. how Or if his Satanship is not omnipotent. 11. God? are dependent on God. nefarious and diabolical deeds? 12. that "a Devil or God can dwell within a 9. And if two. God But if independent of God. God as a snake within a snake?" the first Omnipresent Being. of the philosophical absurdity of ing at the Almighty and Omnipotent Beings holdsame time the reins of universal government? 13. we would ask.
And if he did not know it." then is not God himself the author of Evil." as Christians teach. Or how can God hate evil and yet allow the Devil to exist.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN to endless ruin. and And if (as' we are notified in "Holy Writ") "it came to pass" once upon a time. how could he be omniscient or be the All-Wise-God? 22. and hence 18." 119 when "God wills that all should be saved V 1 14. when he possesses omnipotent is power. 19. there . And how could this primarily perfect is archangel fall in heaven where everything must be perf wi infallibly perfect ? 23. God or the Devil? 17. And if not self -existent does it not follow God must have created him? And if God did thus bring into existence "the Great Prime Mover of Evil. who tempted him and caused him to fall? Or how could he be tempted. there could have been no evil? 16. inasmuch as withthat 15. out a Devil (according to Orthodox showing). Or would God have created him if he had known that he would turn out to be so naughty. Who then is responsible for the existence of evil. when as yet there was no "Wicked One" to tempt him? 20. able to destroy him? And if the Devil is a "fallen angel. nefarious and diabolical? 21.
" will not result in a victory in favor of "Old Nick" and his rebel host. as the Bible enjoins? Assuming that his Satanship had a beginning.120 THE BIOGRAPHY OF in SATAJST was "war flict Heaven." may not such bloody con- occur again and consequently all Grarrisonian non-resistants be compelled to leave. Can anything exceed the injustice of allowing the Devil to "transform himself into an angel of light. and the Old Dragon thus to drag himself on to the Emerald throne. and henceforth wield his demoniac power over the whole Heavenly host? 26. or have their feelings and principles outraged by the exhibition of carnage and blood. Or shall we conclude they will prefer not to enter such a blood-stained paradise. known important truths. may we ask what was the modus opemndi employed to make known his infernal existence. And what in security have we that the next "war made Heaven" among "the spirits of the just perfect. and bring all the Celestials under. they being in principle opposed to wars and fighting? 24. but in to " travel the broad road that leads preference destruction?" 25. whether it was by the current mode of making 27. him from a celestial being while in and hence impossible to know when to "resist" him." seeing that it is impossible to distinguish this character. that of divine revelation .
or whether he drew up with his fiery steed at the bar of the world in propia persona. Or whether. the allowed to ask) was Great Bottomless Pit first discovered or And when (may we be loroughi to light? 30." or "Polar Inlet?" 31. and thus announced his diabolical existence? 28.And do we not Divine Architect in constructing the demoniacal pit without a bottom. or by the right of "squatter title and discover the strongest proof of the matchless skill and wisdom of the sovereignty?" 32. Does he possess it in fee simple. And we would like to ask. it must long ere this have been full to overflowing? Though it may be asked. 35. being fledged (as Milton tells . And how was it brought to light? Did it turn up on a voyage of discovery for a "Northwestern Passage. provided for the purpose. . by what right does His Infernal Majesty hold his fiery pit or brimstone dominions. in the sides of the pit? 34.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN 121 by and through the Holy Ghost. Why is "Holy Writ" silent on this important matter? 29. what in the absence of a bottom prevents the impish inmates from falling through? Whether they are hung on hooks. seeing that without such a wise arrangement 33.
we would like to ask how one "Unwearied Adversary" can possibly attend to every son and daughter of Adam. new forever and ever? not carried. must be inces- employed in carrying off the sinful. reprobate souls. Do they ride." etc. 39. And if (as Buffom calculates) two hundred persons die every minute. And as the Bible speaks of the incumbent ruler of the nether kingdom in the singular num- ber as Satan. 40. in the way of decoying .. how many Imps. where there to be "gnashing of teeth" (or gums if no teeth). And were not the Great Bottomless Pit minus a bottom (seeing that thousands are daily dropping into it according to Orthodox preaching.000. and have been for six thousand years). we would like to ask. walk. fiery 38. souls amounting to tempted. and one hundred and fifty of these are precipitated into Pandemonium. 1. or dragged? 41. or Demi-Devils. Demons. crawl. their is home. pulled. and tumbling them overboard insantly to Tartarus. may we not suggest that those in the bottom must ere this have been totally smothered to death? 37. fly And are they coaxed to go. led. or conducted into Hades'? if Or how are they conveyed or hop? hired. "The Devil.000.122 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN us) they are required to "keep on the wing?"^ 36.000 (as all are we are taught).
And whether this time to eat and sleep. we ask whether he would not. have to engross all his time in drilling. whether. Sabbath? 46. training." so nothing Devill impossible with the 44. to do you 43. if he in his not omnipresent! Would he not have to'move "giddy ronnds" with the celerity of the telegraph to make calls but once per annum upon each son and daughter of Adam leaving him scarcely time as he hauls up to the humble domicile or gorgeous palace of each. 123 is into endless perdition. in order to dispose that as "nothing is impossible difficulty. would leave him any or even to rest upon the We would likewise query. with a see you. sir ? bow and " " Glad to scrape. and posting these auxiliary or subsidiary functionaries in their new vocation of soul-catching? 45. ' ' "How of this to assume. in that case. Or if the difficulty is attempted to be surmounted by supposing and assuming that his Satanic honor is supplied with a numerous retinue of subaltern imps or or second-class ficent pigmy demons (subordinate officers) to aid him in his maleenterprise. is Or are we with God. if any of the hobgoblin board .THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN them 42. do. in high latitudes or in northern climates (say the icy Polar regions).
And since we learn that God has decreed that "the wicked shall be punished in Hell. con- And should we not calculate on the danger of souls. and a co-worker with him! Or if the punishment of the wicked is to be set down as the Devil's doings exclusively. and achieve his hellish work. making their escape into paradise on some reprobate these occasions of their inevitably retarded in demon pursuers being their operations by the weather ? 1 48. and yet God assents to it by permitting him to exist 50. sequences might not ensue? 47.124 THE BIOGKAPHY OF SATAN demons should venture out from of soul-catching their intensely caloric fiery dominions while the thermometer is perhaps ranging at 50 or 75 below zero stiffened limbs. must we not therefore consider his Snakish Majesty as a truly faithful servant of the Lord. degrees and mayhap still more serious." and the Devil is his agent in performing the needful work. foreordained to destruction. then he is not acting . if not fatal. a bad cold. since he has declared "the wicked shall not go unpunished. Ought not God to be very thankful to old Harry Haulaway for taking the punishment of the wicked off his hands." and hence would have to punish them himself if the Devil did not! 49.
viz: that the Devil's "broad road" which so many "go in thereat. or are allowed 55. 125 and hence perform- ing his duty? 51. On the supreme sway and compels God Almighty to hold a subordinate rank under him. And may we not ask. And is it not the teachings of "Holy Writ" drew 57." seeing few tenants find their way to it. it is And does it not thence follow. that God. also. to enter it? May we not also consider the Christian "plan of salvation" a kind of lottery system or scheme. J ' lias he . that his Infernal or Satanic Omnipotence Mother Eve as the first prize? And since that " hit of good luck. then does it not follow that his 52." is much more thronged than the "narrow way that into leadeth unto life?" 54. and not the Devil. if we assume that God is really opposed to the Devil's operations and machinations. and to be a kind of secondary diabolical Majesty holds the Omnipotence? 53. who punishes the wicked the latter being only an agent? other hand. in which God and the Devil are the ticket holders the wicked constituting the ballots? 56. if it was not labor lost to so make "a house of many mansions.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN in conformity with God's will. And does not this follow from another assumption.
"Would . Or how long can they continue to exist after being destroyed? 63. if his power had not been curtailed?. If most "God's heritage" travel "the broad road which leadeth unto destruction. Is it not strange. that God should speak of the destruction of Hell in Hosea xii 14 (i. If the Devil. BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN not drawn the major portion of the small fry-^a much larger share than the Creator himself? 58. after the curtailment of his ubiquity or of his infinite power (as taught in Eev. as declared (in Matt. xxv 46). without being consumed. vi:8). how many souls do we suppose he would have left for God.. xxi: 41? 62. and after God had declared "All souls are mine. sheol. since it is the nature of fire to reduce all combustible substances to ashes? it not be a great acquisition in to find a substance that would tfcus chemical art 64. 59. ? can the wicked be punished after they are destroyed. that if the wicked are to be punished eternally in Hell.126 THE. as taught in Matt. How How can the souls of the wicked burn for- ever (see Matt xviii:8). : : the Greek for Hell) 61.e." still managed to decoy most of them into his fiery domicile." as "the Holy Scriptures" inform us then are we not to suppose there are "rooms to let" in "the house of many mansions?" 60.
not to mention an eternity? 68. if not physically. which is the worst to believe. I would not do it.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN 127 burn forever without being consumed. Is not Leigh Hunt right. How could a Being who is perfectly good and kind-hearted. which the most blood-thirsty tyrant who ever drenched the earth in 67. even though said writer may claim to be inspired? 69. when we talk of his punishing And do we not invest him with an inhuman. especially if it could be used for culinary purposes in countries where fuel is scarce? 65. for it would better become me to believe the angel a delusion than God monstrous. as we make him by considering him the author of eternal punishment?" 70. or to believe the who assigns him such a character. would spurn to own? For where in all history can the a demon-hearted villain be found name of who would burn an enemy even a week. punishing himself and thus himself suffer eternal misery and torment by such an act? . brutal and savage character. such a libel writer mistaken on the character of God. when he says: "If an angel were to tell me to believe in eternal punishment. punish one of Ms creatures without mentally. human blood. Then. Do we not make God a thousand times any being worse and more fiendish than the wickedest of his creatures for ever I 66.
THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN And is it not the climax of absurdity thus assume that God would or could punish himself in this manner? to 72. punish a being (especially one of his own children) a year. or mercy. Could a just God punish one of his creatures for acting out the impulses of that nature which he himself had endowed him with. to say nothing of eternity! 73. proclivity to dam- nation or destruction? 79. Would it not be impossible for post mortem punishment to serve either of these ends? 75. Omnipotent God. or give it up for a bad job? Is it not strange. or a God at all? . or make an example for others'? 74. that an Almighty and 77. of sympathy. and does not every human being do 76." and try it over again. Did God foresee man's If not. who "wills that all men should be saved. or even a day. a month. Or could a God with one spark justice. mankind were going and creation proved a failure. Would there be any sense in punishing a being for any other purpose than to reform him. why did he not knock the whole thing into "pi. how could he be omniscient." could not hit on some plan by which all could be saved? 78. this! When God (according to the Bible) saw that the greater portion of to destruction.128 71.
him to Must we not consider it a cruel act under such existence bring him into circumstances? Could any being possessing a spark of or sensibility. unending misery in a lake of fire? Or could he avoid hating a God knowing that he had consigned his wife or 84. We how can God punish any positively declared in soul eternally.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN 80." as the Bible might ask. 129 it. or doomed to suffer. whether he be God or man. Or could a man consistently be a father while holding such a doctrine as this? For how could any man of feeling or prin86. But presuming that lie did foresee and was unable to see this fatal tendency to ruin. when it is . Could any man ever smile if he really believed that he had a friend or relative suffering. as he must presume be if "few are saved. after child to the excruciating agonies of unquenchable fire? 85. and even probability of the greater them being lost. that one single soul was suffering the woeful tor- ments of Hell? 83. feeling be happy for a moment with the consciousness 82. consent to bring children into existence with ciple the liability portion of they will teaches? 87. should he not have refrained from bringing into existence? 81.
88. common justice. as it would be impossible for eternal consequences to grow out of any finite action either good or bad. Indeed. between stealing a penny and killing a man? 89." as taught in Tim. are we not warranted in conclud- ing that it would be morally impossible for a G-od of justice to inflict infinite punishment upon a mere finite being for any crime whatever. without overthrowing the last principle of moral equity and sense! 90. but the greater portion lost? 92. when we are told that they are not all saved. any time?" 91. Can punishing all there be any justice or sense in men alike in the world of woe. when there is such a vast difference in the nature of crime a world-wide difference tfrere is. especially as he And do we iii:21) "change their vile hearts at can (according to Phil. And what good does a belief in Hell or all future punishment do when nearly the crime . to represent him as punishing his not eternally. and even common make God egregiously inconsistent after he has commanded us to love our enemies. " " The Lord will not cast off forever" (Lam.130 ' ' THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN Ms Word. iv:10. iii:31). In what sense can Jesus Christ be the "Savior of all men. for example.
by putting the evil day of punishment so far off that the sinner can calculate on a hundred chances of it? dodging 94. threatening aspect of his master's cane suspended over his head? May not the to the denominated the Orthodox Bull Christian's Devil be properly " Dog or Scare- crow General he is Kingdom Come. Must we not conclude that a Christian possesses pretty strong proclivities to damnation. observing the. be said who refrains from evil or crime merely from fear of the Devil or a Hell? 95.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN committed 93. 99. does not the belief in a Devil or Hell rather furnish a license for crime. with any sense of truth. 1 ferocious Devil? Being thus frightened into Paradise. If so." seeing that employed to drive or scare free agents into Heaven? 97. can he receive the answer. 131 in the world is perpetrated by believers in endless misery? Indeed. seeing it requires two omnipotent powers to save . "Well done?" 98. poultry. to be virtuous. Can a man. or when he turns his face Heavenward because pursued by a fire-vindictive. Can a man truly be said to be free in any sense when chased into Heaven as a refugee from an all-devouring enemy. may not a dog be said to be refrains virtuous when he from depredations among 96.
" especially little of the raw material him remain "without as he must have had (of nothing) left to . as he has two passports to besides the fear of the Devil one is the Heaven." who pursues him day and night. he could do fire. and that of the Devil-driving pressure of the " Unwearied Adversary.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN Mm that of the All-loving and coaxing Father going before and saying "Come unto me all ye ends of the earth." and be saved. that if God wished it to punish his children. that notwithstanding two omnipotent powers are set to work upon the 100. roaring on his track like a lion? Seeing. without the aid of 103. the As we are would not have created him at all if he had known he would have turned out to be so diabolical and devilish. May we not reasonably conclude. or Devils. forgiveness of sins the other is the atonement 101. and that Omniscience told. but rather have let but form and void. yet but few reach the kingdom we but few are saved (the elect only). must we not conclude his creation was a blunder. which cancels them? 102. or Serpents? Serpent caused the sin of our first parents. then. are not hence to conclude that a Christian is pretty hard to save? Especially. Christian to get him into Heaven (one in front and the other in the rear).
And as this fruit was calculated to "make wise unto salvation. may we not ask how long they open" and came "to know would have had to "go it blind. they would never have known good from evil? 108. for the most important truth ever disclosed to mankind. we ask if he should not be pardoned." had they not stolen some of the sacred and forbidden fruit? 107. And. that . iii:l) must we not hence conclude he did ultimately help himself pretty freely to the luscious fruit? 106. as we are their eyes told. seeing that if they had not pilfered some of the tempting pippins. of. in view of the fact. that he must have ' ' And if the ruin of the race been pretty much of a gentleman and pretty well brought up thus to offer the fruit to others.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN make him 104. after 133 of making so many worlds ' ' this material? was caused (as we are told) by the Serpent presenting Mother Eve with an apple. and the lady first of all.Serpentship). And are we not compelled to conclude that it act of stealing was a very necessary and a very righteous and sinning. before helping himself? 105." and the Serpent "became wiser than any beast of the field" (see Gen. GUI' primeval parents "got good from evil" by eating the forbidden fruit (see Gen. iii: 22). Are we not therefore indebted to the "Father of lies" (his.
the great prime central wheel of Orthodoxy. the same which Brigham Young ." seeing that he instigated the act which led to this knowledge? 109. iii 22) ? can the Serpent-Devil be told justly charged with deceiving our first parents. "behold the to man is become ' ' : as one of us. when God himself thus admits he truth? 113. while the "Father of lies. would they not have been the veriest : make Adam and Eve "wise fools to refuse to eat. lying Snakeship was right." be as gods knowing good and evil. and inviting to the taste? Which told the truth." "ye shall (Gen. seeing "Adam lived nine hundred and thirty years and begat sons and daughters'?" Indeed." or talking Serpent. iii:4). and he (Omnipotence) to the trinity or family wrong when he announced of gods. declared. know good and evil 112. does not God (according to Moses) himself most explicitly admit that his 111. alias Moses imaginary the Serpent. "Ye that shall not surely die" (Gen. ii:14). especially as it was so luscious 110. How then (Gen. when the day thou eatest there- ' former told Adam "In the of thou shalt surely die" (Gen. God or the Devil. them the If the Serpent of Genesis is the Devil of Christendom.134 of "the THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN knowledge of good and evil. If eating the forbidden fruit was calcu- lated to as the gods. iii 5).
Is the Christian bard right. how did he travel previous to the fall. his head or his tail. On which did he walk. 135 " to whip them into Heaven. Devil. through the malicious agency of a Serpent (according to Orthodoxy). sin. who declares. Could not the great and dire calamity and curse which befell the human race. snakeproof. which enclosed the golden garden. have been easily and most effectually avoided by simply making the fence. and which he also declares makes more saints than all other means combined (the power of God not excepted). so as to " bruise his head" or decapitate him on his unwarrantable attempts to enter? 115.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN declares is after sinners with a "sharp stick." for their high- handed infractions of the divine commands? 114. so as to keep his Long-tailed Majesty out." 14) the question arises. iii to crawl ("upon thy belly shalt thou go. or did he hop or fly? 116. "God made the and the Devil made So God Almighty made a hole to put the Devil In?" 117. In order to become fully "wise unto . As : the Serpent after the fall-curse was doomed Gen. or else by placing the angel with the flaming sword at the gate before the fall of man instead of after. then why was nothing said about roasting or broiling our primitive parents in "the kingdom prepared for the Devil and his angels.
xii). What headway could the Serpent have made eating dust ("Dust thou shalt eat all the . an." should language the Serpent talked to "Was it a living or dead language? 118. and may this not be the reason he is now "the Grand Adversary" of Moses' God? 123. or to crawl. and honor How could it be a curse upon the Serpent serpents and lizards crawl fare as well as toads that hop.136 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN we not be informed what Mother Eve? in salvation. otherwise Satan proof they are both one. ' ' respects to old Job. Did the Serpent. furnish the first instance of walking without feet or legs. had he not some cause to complain for being rendered legless. Must we not suppose that Mother was surprised to hear a serpent talk. see Eev. or had the curse expired and his legs grown out when he came from " walking to and fro in the to pay his him with a visit? earth. 120. Or is it more of a curse for snakes or serpents to crawl than the hundreds of other species ol reptiles which travel in this wayf 122. act of If the Serpent-Devil lost all his legs by pure kindness in handing around the pippins instead of ill-manneredly monopolizing them all himself. to be doomed when that now animals that walk? 121. or shall Eve we (for conclude she was familiar with such oddities? 119.
father Adam or the Snake? 129. how could he be the subject Is it true that there is of a curse? 125. consumed the whole earth. : the ground for thy sake. and was mud. How much enmity exists between the Hindoo juggler and his snake which entwines around his neck and crawls through his bosom? 127. As father Adam was doomed is to eat the ground. Which may we suppose ate the most ground or dust. we ask if man had not become and short-lived by the curse.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN ' ' 137 days of thy life Gen. and did he grow lean or fat on such nutriment. iii: woman and the Serpent than at present exists between 15) rats mankind and hyenas. spindle-shanked tongue. " cursed in sorrow shalt thou eat of life" (Gren. not a molehill to stand upon? 128. we may ask. how long would it have been before the race would have multiplied to a sufficent extent to have eaten up and left all the ground. And why does not man continue to eat the ground now? . a substitute for dust in wet weather? 124. iii : 14) ? Must it not have been a pretty tedious operation with his longforked. but all his mortal. it all the days of thy iii 10). fall "Was the Devil a free agent before the or crawl? If not. future progency had continued to live here forever. now more enmity between the seed of the (see Gen. and polecats? 126.
THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN May we not conclude that it is because he got his eyes opened by the curse. and whether he made any resistance to the operation? 132. served as "the porch of entry" (as Erin expresses the idea) f Christ's permission as related . As we are told that the Devil on a certain occasion set Christ on a pinnacle of the temple. Were the countries? 136. aware many that it was an old heathen superstition of various 135. "as the Lord said unto Moses ?" 131. And also well read in the Bible. may we be allowed to be so curious as to inquire how the operation was performed whether he was carried like Habakuk by the hair of his head. stem or stern. as he quoted Scripture quite flippantly? 134.138 130. which end. a pretty able lawyer. And is it not rather dishonorable to the character God to an omnipotent and omnipresent represent him (as Christ is represented) of as following Satan about like a haltered sheep or an old associate? Evangelists. Must we not conclude that the Devil was from the skill and knowledge which he displayed in his arguments with Christ! 133. who relate so cases of Christ casting out devils. that he now possesses too much sense and intelligence to eat the ground. "When the devils entered the swine on (Luke viii:32).
Devils are and ever have been as scarce as June-bugs in December? 142. not the cause of this intimate relationship disclosed by the fact. And why is it that in countries where there are no priests. Is it not a historical fact." find a that superstition could always devil anywhere. Zimmgeus. and each indispensa- And is. would not render the pork speculation rather.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN 137. And should such diabolical occurrence it take place now-a-days. Polybius. while science could find it Why is him nowhere? 141. Does not this circumstance demonstrate that the priest and the Devil are a kind of Siamese twins. greases the gudgeons. been elevated to enable kingdoms of including those on the under side? to see "all the 140. 139 And had were devils the hogs been sold while the ensconsed in their "inner man. and more than all. keeps the priest's pockets replenished with "filthy lucre?" 144. a precarious business? 139. How high above this globular earth must Jesus and the Devil have. that the Devil superstition tends to keep the wheels of priestcraft in motion. inseparably connected ble to the other? 143. that Strabo. and various other Pagan . him this world. furnishes the oil." what discount should have been made to the buyer for tare (tear) so as to come at the net weight? 138.
hell-fire doctrines are those of Pagan and mere heathen superstition? then. that its Devil and origin. according to the Siamese? 148. priests and potentates'? 145. or the heathen Devil of Siam. And which should we consider the best and most reasonable being. concocted wholly and solely for the purpose of scaring the credulous. who . 146. ascend from Limbo to Paradise in the course of fourteen thousand years and his whole rebel host with him? 149. the ancient Pagan philosophers the notion of a Devil and a Hell were show.140 writers. the Bible God..e. ignorant and superstitious populace into obsequious subjection to "the powers that be" i. does it not thence As follow that all who now believe in this is superstition should be ranked in this class ? 147." or Plug Ugly himself. the Christian's God which they tell us punishes to all eternity. as more reasonable and merciful than the Christian's God. too. THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN who lived long bef ore* Christ. Which the most merciful and reason- able being. which only punishes a thousand years. And why does not the Christian Bible revelations reveal the important fact. inasmuch as he promises to let "Old Splitfoot. And must we not consider the Persian's God. spoke of a Devil and a Hell as being the invention of priests and law-makers. that fabricated to frighten fools with.
without saving any from an imaginary Hell hereafter. the weakest portion of their natures. or the Devil who told him not to do it? 150. and they themselves would blush to own? 151. as it has made the Hell-fire superstition been to thousands miserable with foolish fears ? not the practice of representing God as damning a portion of the race had the evil effect also of causing men to damn each other. "God damn comes the "God lips daily in Is it not true. and thus is only a bugbear for weak-minded grown-up children? 155. Why is not the Devil now frequently seen and encountered as in the days of Martin Luther." in the Bible and the pulpit. 152. Is it not strange that men can ascribe to God a character which they know angels would spurn. damn you" heard from a thousand the streets! 154. Has not the principal effect of preaching make numerous Hells on earth. also. And has and thus the principal source the primary fountain of all profane swearing with which all is Christendom 153. . that the doctrine of endless punishment is only calculated to operate upon the "weak spots" of the weakest people in other words. is now cursed and demoralized from one end to the other? Is it not true that from you.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN told 141 Abraham to murder his son Isaac.
the priesthood* And may we not assume only excepted? Scriptural fact. viii:12).142 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN who threw Ms inkstand at Ms "devoted head. that the " march of science and infidelity" will soon drive him and his demon host back for into the dark ramparts of thousand years? 158. if there 161. after his Majesty has given up the ghost. whether it is not probable that some ingenious Yankee imp would soon construct an underground railroad and run the fiery prisoners? off or let out all . is And not the Hell. v:22. should we. not be informed the fiery first Hell spoken of in Matt. 157. and to see many professed is Mm Is daily? it 156. that neither Paul nor John make any mention of a 159. some evidence that Or. if it it is not an indispensible institution? 160. or the Hell of "outer darkness" (see Matt. another that society will prosper as well morally without a Devil. which Hell sinners are put into were. superstition. were a Hell." and who seriously relates several disputes and combats he had with him. not because his Snakish honor afraid of the daylight of science and infidelity? And may we not reasonably calculate. where there is to be "wailing and gnashing of teeth?" In conclusion. we would ask.
while bending over the battlements of Paradise. cast the Devil out of their Bibles (i. as the Devil and Hell-fire superstitions are? The foregoing queries are not intended to cast ridicule on the Christian Bible. obsolete baby-jumpers to frighten them.e. but simply to present the absurdities of the doctrine of future endless punishment in its true and strongest light. or any of its believers. into piety and Paradise. enough and thus permit the subjects of perdition to ascend to the regions of heavenly 163. . since the dawn and civiliza- tion. as several of the Christian of science sects have. 143 Or may we not reasonably conjecture that the angels in Heaven.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN 162. would be moved to shed tears to put out the fires of Hell. bliss ? And finally. and gazing into the awful pit below. deny his being recognized there) may we not reasonably hope that the time is not far distant when all sensible men can stand alone in the path of moral rectitude without the aid of such old..
Deep in the dark Tartarian gulf shall ever groan.APPENDIX THE WAR IET HEAVEN his angels fought against the was war in Heaven: Michael and Dragon. xii:7). and imprisoned them under mountains. and thereby "From our 1 sacred Hill (Holy Mountain) with fury thrown. is found in mythological traditions of ancient Greece. but there that has preserved in its traditions the story of "And a celestial battle or "war in Heaven. and the Dragon fought and his angels" (Eev. There is scarcely an Oriental nation whose religion has been commemorated in history. And the battle of the Titans ('children of Heaven) against the gods of Olympus in the other world." similar rebelled to that referred to in the above text. stirred against up a war in Heaven. Titan. And then we have in Egyptian traditions the story of 144 . accord- ing to the Eoman legends. where they Jupiter. But Jupiter prevailed and cast him and his rebel host over the battlements of Heaven (as Michael and his angels did the Dragon)." it And was the belief of the superstitious classes that it was the attempt of this infernal host to rise and liberate themselves which produced all the earthquakes and volcanoes.
THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN Typhon (the Devil) 145 rebelling and making war cut against Oshiret or Osyrus. between heat and cold. the scene was an A war broke out between the summer God and winter God. headed the starry host and conquered. With the Persians. who him to pieces. is sabacthani" being Eloi). the last syllable for Dragon. And of course St. a prayer to God in the Hebrew "Eloi language. John is his for the principal combatants in his Michael account of the celestial combat. Hence. which was simply a contest between the seasons of summer and winter that is. and Dragon his bad or wicked angel. is the Egyptian name for God. who seem to have the original copy or edition of the astronomical one. out of Paradise and became a Each had a retinue of subordinate angels. that the last syllable of Michael is el. which case is the Hebrew name for God lama genitive. John's case. it is the Hebrew God El in battle array against simply the Egyptian God On. The Chinese relate a battle between the inhabitants of the clouds and the stars the Lamb ("the Lamb of God that taketh away the sins of the world"). good angel. The winter God was hurled fallen angel. as in St. Now (the let it be noted here. And On. And here we will call attention to a curious circumsta&#& in the choice of names selected which St. story. John would represent that the Hebrew God or angel .
of Some and these were or very honorable. xvi 5). on the other hand. lofty names for God among the ancient Babylonians and Egyptians. Isra-el. Dag-on.146 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN the Babylonians. etc. they defied some of their own angels and ancient worthies by attaching to their names. They were thus God-ified or deified. The Drag-on. sacred titles or rather. the Hebrew title for God-eZ. Abad-on. El-ijah. etc. John should speak of Babylon (Babyl-on) as being "the mother of harlots and abomination" (Eev. : and rank Egypt with Sodom (Sod-om. because they had conquered and enslaved their ancestors). Dag-on. had occasion to refer to or speak of the God of either of these nations. as Gabri-el. as Typh-on. it is not to be wondered at that St. God. conquered. they would employ some oditms even devilish title as the Drag-on. Typh-on. Appolly-on. Michael. either at the commencement or termination. El-isha. and the Bible . they have stolen their sacred title for God. and rendered it odious by applying it to the Devil. God among On was also a name for And it is a curious Hebrew and the circumstance. In view of these facts. Pyth-on. But the Jews and Christians have dragged down their Gods and converted them into Devils. on and om being the same) and Gomorah. While. that whenever the Hebrew-descended Christians (hating as they did the Egyptians and Babylonians.
Dragon falling (from his angelship) cast into the bottomless pit John speaks of the and being (see Eev. ANGELS FALLING AND BECOMING THEEBBY CONVERTED INTO DEVILS AND DEAGONS has obtained wide acceptance in the Christian world. Dragon. and converted him into a Devil a fallen angel. practical or wicked out-working of their pent-up feelings of revenge. disdainful. please reflect upon these things. hoofs. odious. this And as to the Mystic Dragon came down from Heaven. And thus the great " enigma of the Mystery of Babylon" is solved.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN writers should use the 147 name of both Egypt and Babylon as synonymous for everything hateful. he how who assumed the license to metamorphose him from a God to a Devil. Reader. and cast him into the "bottomless pit. tore . John. And : did old Captain Dragon (Captain of the infernal goats) fall. xx 1). They Drag-ed him from the throne of God in the Babylonian and Egyptian heavens." And St. that the Devil alias the Dragon. his tail becoming entangled among the starry worlds. It was but the natural. according and Apocalyptic St." simply fell into the hands of Christendom in retaliation for the bondage endured at the hands of these nations in times past. belief is The "a fallen angel. or wicked. let us enquire? Why. and tail. armed with horns.
ception of The con- "fallen angels" is neither new nor orignal to the Christian Bible. ("We suggest that he must have been nearly all one-third of or rather that the story is all a tale). rebelled against (i. dark pit"). for according speaking.. Being once away up in the harvest month (August) by the procession of the equinoxes. No wonder that the " kingdom of Heaven suffered tail. violence" (see Eev." or pit of darkness." Brahma. The Hindoo three at least thousand years old Bible. astronomically literally true. precipitated into Ondera. until for the he sunk clear below the southern horizon into the "bottomless pit." the astronomical Dragon spreads over a large portion of the canopy. it is even so.). while the fourth chapter describes their mode of punishment. (the Vedas).148 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN them loose from their orbits and precipitated them down upon our little planet. . And as to his falling. embracing at least five large conis stellations. ("the deep." called. which consisted in being hurled down from their lofty positions in Paradise (because they "the trinity in Vishnu and Diva) and were unity. " to Burritt's Geography o the Heavens. he fell lower and lower. Dragon (now the sign for October) under the name of Scorpio.e. Heaven there to remain until "the Intercessor. gives in its third chapter a somewhat detailed account of the fall of angels. has fallen. it However.
however. The Persian tradition of fallen angels found in their Bible (the ZendAvesta). fall. 149 "The Lamb the Trinity. xii:2). to serve out their "thousand years' probation." which reminds us of St. John's Dragon being "bound for a thousand years" (see Rev.THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN also. who thereby became a "Peris" a . God. they had but one to Devil. is somewhat similar excepting that out of thirty different orders of angels." the second person in would plead for them and have them of delivered. having first.
Ancient religions and mythologies. 24. Brass serpent made by Moses a glaring infraction of the first commandment." Origin of. 54. After-death punishment invented by designing priests. Doctrines taught in. the other bad. After-death punishment. Brahmins affirm that the Hell in the Vedas was only a bug-bear. but no fiery pit punishment 32. 32. Cain not threatened with burning or frying for killing his brother. 6. 82. Pious Christians unable to explain doctrine of. After-death punishment source of painful unhappiness to millions of the human race. 46. of Oriental from Jewish creed. Assyrians and Persians honored two Gods. 88. . 94. 87. After-death primitive doctrines of the New Testament. 19. 151 evil genii. English Church historian. 63. 111. Belief in Devil obsession. Capers and diabolical operations of devils ancl Chaldean and Phoenician title for God. 113.INDEX Adam chased out of the garden. 16. After-death penalty. After-life punishment omitted 63. Battle of Titans against gods of Olympus. one good and the other evil. 144. Bottomless Pit the supposed abode of demons and devils. one good. After-death punitive terms of New Testament. Belief in a "Lake of Fire and Brimstone. Blasphemous caricatures upon a just God. origin. Ancients believed in two Gods. 20. 42. 82. was a place of "utter darkness" and Very Bishop Warburton. named. Ancient traditions respecting Hell. 97. 81. Belief ^that Hell cold. 40. 52.
from the skill and knowledge displayed in arguments with Christ. Devil an able lawyer. Dives and Lazarus. Distinction between moral and immoral actions. Devil could not influence men unless bodily present. Cross. 103. 138. 27. The. 61. 125. Devil not thought of in original Creation. Clarke. Christian theory. Adam. 34. One the lion's share Christian belief that the Devil was a "fallen angel." 147. whence imported or borrowed. is known as Guyotta. Devils in the Old Testament mean "Men and women as traducers. Christian Pollock takes lessons in the Pagan school of infernal ideas. a sacred emblem in nearly all religions. and not from below. 67. 45. Cicero ranks future punishment with silly fables. Devil is from above. 93. 75. 13. Devil obsession. 92. Belief in. Demon's home and a Devil's Hell. Christian's Devil. 101. Christian divine affirms the truth of the Statement that the Christian Hell is taken from Pagan tradition. Dr. 64. 94. Christian clergyman's mental explosion.152 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN Christ a "light to lighten the Gentiles. 20. Christ. Imaginary picture of. Devil. Daniel speaks of a great contest between a ram and a goat. 111. "The God of Peace. 74. 70. 72. in the island of Teneriffe. 51. 30. "casting out devils" nine times. Christ tells that Moses lifted up the Serpent as a type of Christ. has familiar chat with some of them. allows the Evil of power or empire." 49. the Peruvian bad God." 41. Distinction (first) of good and evil did not apply to men's moral action. Cupai. . 64." 50. Devil needed to scare people on the right track. Dawning 84. 28. him (Christ). The. Devil at first considered a God. Christian "plan of salvation" a kind of lottery system. of era of the Gospel Dispensation. 60.
Egyptian veneration for serpents. 47. 72. The. 42. 44. 20. 20.." a doctrine scouted by the hell. damned souls. 12. was not a part of ancient Jewish creed. Endless hell not taught in Old Testament. Doctrine of. has power to hurt the five vegetable proDoctrine of future punishment ducing months. Tartarus. the master mischief-maker. Effects of the. Egyptian name for God. 36. with horns. . 104. 107. 6. Hades. Doctrine of future punishment invented by Pagan priests. 47. Evil One sponsor of the evil actions of Nature. Evil and immoral actions ascribed to the "Evil God. The. 112. Egyptian Devil a huge monster. Doctrine of endless damnation. Eev. 22. for disobedience of divine laws. "Everlasting fire. 22. 19. 94. Gehenna and Tophet. Dragon." Fate of the. 29. 19." 91. the doctrine of endless punishment. 53. Elect (the) in heaven not sorry for damned in Endless damnation. Evil God. Early Jews did not teach doctrines of a Devil and a Hell. Doctrine of a personal 63. 69.INDEX lions of 153 Divine punishment. 115. Doctrine of endless torment preached in the Pagan world long before the Christian era. Doctrine of endless punishment. 6. Christian Church. hoofs and a formidable tail. Doctrine of after-death penalty has caused slaughter of mil- human race. Explanation of Hell. libel Doctrine of after-death punishment fastens disgraceful upon man. Edward. Dragon another title for the Devil. "Doomed. 'Effects of J. Doctrine of future endless punishment the work of designing priests. did not lose his omnipotent power. 62. evil agent not a tenet of Christianity. 113.
First conception of a Devil. ancient Celts was called Ilfin a cold clim- Hell infested with venomous reptiles. Growth of ideas regarding evil spirits. and a Hell of light. 28. Hell useless to sages. Ferryman Charon exacts a fee for conveying the the river Styx. 104. Fiery underground prison. 82." 44. 48. 80. Great Dragon. Hades or Hell had different origin than the Bottomless Pit. 42. God destroyed aoid reproduced. First transgression of man. God-like healing power ascribed to Moses' Serpent. Kev. 97. 28. Great Emperor of the smoky regions once considered a God. Hebrews had no conception of a place of endless torment. 88. 109. Gospel plan of salvation copied from ancient Pagan mythology. Gradual. 52. Geographical position of the Bottomless Pit. 68. 60. 22.154 THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN souls. title Fate of the "doomed. 79. 97. hurled headlong from the battlements of Heaven. 88. 87. 31. Hades traced to the sun for its origin. God and the Devil originally God the author of evil. i Bi Hell among the ate." 12. Great blunder to omit Devil's creation at the beginning. Higgins' remarks concerning the location of Hell. In Hindoo theology. The wicked consigned to it for a period proportionate to their crimes. 106. evil. twin-brothers. A. 78. 41. 'dead across "Fear hath Torment. applied to both God and the Devil. Hall. 45. damned Father. darkness. author of God the "father of lies. . Robert. but necessary to the blind and brutal populace. first instituted in the skies." 11. 29. 34. Hell-scaring system of frightening people into piety. The. ferocious beasts and wicked Hell Hell o'f spirits. 61. 80. not the Devil. God.
How can God hate evil and allow the Devil to exist? 119. 49. 76. Hindoo Bible teaches doctrine of decoying souls into perdiHindoos. Lucifer." 115. Man's evil thoughts.INDEX tion. Origin of the notion." 84. executor of God's wrath. 113. of. Limited Hell and an endless Hell." Jehovah pours threats. 146." 120. used to designate the fiery world "under or below the earth. 33. Manicheans believed Hell to be a blissful abode of the righteous. Job states that the Lord creates evil as well as good. "Lake of Fire and Brimstone. 93. Isaiah dubs the Devil as "Lucifer. 90. . the Devil of Syria. 43. 83. 144. 12. their exile to Babylon. Jews believed evil spirits infested minds of men. Jesus Christ be the "Savior of all men?" 130. 36. Jews and Christians converted their Gods into Devils. 155 Hindoo Bible account of the fall of the angels. Line of separation between virtue and vice. the wicked be punished after they are destroyed? Infernus. 148." description of. 94. 97. 90. Son of the UTorning. curses and wrathful imprecations upon the people. and gave him the title "Beelzebub. 60." 96. 12. 29. Latona flies into the desert to save her child from Python. How cm How can 126. Intelligent classes of society never believed the doctrine of endless punishment. Jews knew no doctrine of endless punishment until after Jewish Scriptures. Burmese and Chinese believed that devils entered into the minds of men. Jupiter casts rebels over battlements of Heaven. the idea of a Devil. Jehovah's direful vengeance. 92. Jewish followers of Christ adopted. Injustice of allowing the Devil to transform himself into an "angel of light. Inhabitants of the "Lake of Fire and Brimstone. No allusion to a Devil in the.
98. Original meaning of the word Hell. Post-mortem punishment invests character. 21. 91. Peculiar circumstances attending mode of interring the dead. Moses' serpent intended as an emblem of Deity. Origin of "the worm that never dies. Post-mortem punishment cause of war of the Crusades. 40. 21. 25. Pious Christians unable to explain origin of doctrine of after-death punishment. Original conception of a Devil or evil genius. Postmortem penalty converts Christians into cowards. the Peruvian good God. 20. Mr. Noah a preacher tion. Mosaic Dispensation 'dealt in temporal rewards and punishments. Model for the Christian Devil borrowed from the Babylonians. 105. 16." 86. Plutarch. Mithra the Mediator. Milman. Names and titles applied to the Devil were also applied by the Jews to God. 66. 62.. Mayer. 40. 70. 78. Grecian philosopher and historian. of Partialists' Doctrines. 40. 37. 52. by the Egyptian priests. 62. Prof. 95. Moses makes a serpent of brass designed to represent Jehovah. Natural evil preceded the recognition of moral evil. 59. . defender of the Christian faith. 51. and Pagan-derived myths and mysteries. Origin of the term for Episcopacy in Methodists other churches. Pagan Origin Pagan origin Devil. of the Scripture myths appertaining to the Paley. Post-mortem punishment cause of Spanish Inquisition. 33. 29. Plutarch says the Egyptians painted their serpents or 'dragons red.. not of endless damna- Origin of evil and the Devil.THE BIOGRAPiT OF SATAN Man's moral perceptions grow and expand. 77.. Christian Church historian. 40. of Dutch Reformed Church. Deity with dishonorable 21. Dr. 64. Pacha-Carnac. 104. of righeousness.
Serpent is not a Devil. 29. Soul-roasting doctrine of ancient Pagans copied into the Christian Scriptures. Satan. 56. Eev. Eesemblance in the after-death punishment of ancient nations and the Christian Bible. 15. Prince of Darkness. . in Hebrew theocracy. "The Prince of Darkness. 34. Eiver Styx "the strait and narrow way" to paradise be- yond the grave. 43. 56. 106. 108. Strabo declares that Plato. 30. an order of angels. The. Pitrat's "Pagan Origin of Papalists' Doctrines.INDEX to punish delinquent pew-renters. 51. Grecian priest. and the Brahmins invented fables concerning. 91. 134. Prophet Jeremiah says that God lied. 102. Serpent the emblem of eternity and immortality. Society not improved morally by introducing the Devil into the world. name of an Egyptian God. 157 Priesthood did not have sufficient power to invent a Hell Prime evil agent not known in the early ages. Eesistless fascinating powers of the serpent. Questions for believers in post-mortem punishment." 112. 110. Serpent of Genesis the Devil of Christendom. 117. ~ Serpent supposed by Oriental nations to possess wonderful sanative powers. Superstitious doctrines. Satan restricted to phenomena of the external world. John and the great Eed Dragon. Serapis. 70. Tail 7. 47. 35." 50. permitted to carry off nearly the souls God created for his own glory. 67. 58. Satan the founder of wisdom. 54. Serpent a popular emblem among the Jews for God. St. all Proof that early Jews had no conception of the existence of a Devil. Satan not invested with the odious character now represented by Christians. 48." 95. of the Egyptian Devil served as a rudder as he "flew his giddy rounds. Seraphim. 55. Scaring sinners into saints. 90.future punishments.
144. beyond the river Acheron. What modus operandi was employed to make the Devil divulge his existence? 120. 49. Watson. 61.Bottomless Pit. Tartarus. Titles 99. What right or title has His Infernal Majesty to hold his fiery pit? 121. 29. twin-brother of Osyrus. WTio created the Devil. 80. defender of the Christian faith against Paine's Age What kind of materials of Reason. Noah and family only excepted? 33. the Devil a Mongolian. Moses' foster-mother. among the ancients respecting the location War War Was between the summer God and the winter God. souls . Thermuthis. Tradition respecting the *. Temples and churches erected for the accommodation of the priesthood. guardian of the gates of Cerebus. Bishop. common to Christ and Tophet. named for a serpent. Yama." delivers wicked to evil spirits. 106. "Winter Wicked Devil not taught in the . 106. (Devil) Various notions of Hell. 145. Typho. God hurled out of Paradise. and what is now his age? 117. 38. 87. Where did the Christian world obtain their Devil? 95. 145. 105. Where was the Devil when the whole world v/as drowned for its wickedness. Tissiphon the frightful watched the gate to the Pagan Hell day and night. African or Caucasian? 117. in Heaven. Typhon making war against Osyrus. 41. the sacrifice of children. was the Devil composed of or cre- ated? 117. 115. Tissiphon. the malignant." Origin of. 145. 56. 116.Old Testament. the place of consignment for the wicked. THE BIOGRAPHY OF SATAN an imaginary abyss supposed to be located m Tartary. a drum beater during the Devil. Judge of "quick and dead.158 Ta'rtarus.
The biography of .
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO 20 516 227 377 SWIFT AH. .
N[ TH .