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.. EMELEE~AITEEdD 1

.. OMO «HAINTEN» 2

.. 01 llPOEdPlKEI EKAOFEIITH dHMOKPATIA THI MAKE40NJAI 8

.. XEPI-XEPI 0 EAAHNAI KAI 0 MAKEdONAI 11

.. 01 IHMANTIKOTEPOI MAKEdONEI TOY 200v AInNA 12

II TO OYPAN]O TOZO llPArMATOllOIEI THN TPITH TOY IYNdIALKE'PH __ 13

.. MIA IYNANTHIH dIE&NIITDN ITH 8EIIMONIKH 14

II 0)([ ITOYI EN8EN KAI EN8EN 'PEYTO-ANTIE8NlKlITEI 16

II IHMITllI: Ox' avO'lTOI eOvrlalTpo{ 17

.. 300 ITPEMMATA LlDPEAN IE «OMOFENEII» ITH tPADPINA 19

.. EllEIAN 01 YllOFPAtPEI FIA TH dEH ITHN llEPlOXH

MEAlTHI-AXAAdAI 21

.. IYMllOl:lO BAAKANInN IYFFPAtPEDN ITHN AfJHNA 24

II EllITEAOYI 8A FINEI LllAX12PIIMOI KPATOYI - EKKAHIlAI; 25

.. «IlPAIINH KAPTA» AHO THN A YTOLlJOIKHIH 28

II NTOANO B'PMllENI. TO ANntPAIIITIKO XDP/o 29

II H EllLEKEY'H TOY XAPlAAOY tPADPAKH ITH LlHM. THI MAKELlONlAI __ 30

.. 0 IAPTZETAKHI KA1 0 E8NIKlIMOr TOY 32

.. ITO ImTI TOY KPEMAIMENOY LlEN MlAANE FIA IKOINI 33

nOAlTD:TIKA 0EMATA:

.. BANIAAAZAPOBA ~ 33

II MllAAKANIK - MllANIK. HKOMJKViJ01rrTTaT(J)vVTomwvMwceoovwv 34

.. nPDTOXPONIATlKA E8lMA ITO EMllOPlO 35

Ero ei;cbf{Jvllo elva: '1 '1PwlOa OlllTKtUa wro ra ZaviJ07EIIl «PovlTflopo» EOilTl11f<;

MipKa FKivoPIl «ElptjV'l FICIVlf»

YTIEyeYNO~ TOY MAKE~ONIKOY ENHMEPQTIKOY GEi\ TIOY NIKO~ ~AKEi\AAPIO~

~l£1)euvE,al alto ~uV't:aKTIl<]] E1rt1:g0ID'l1 d --'

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T ropa am; apx~ '0]<; 'tpi'O]<; XI- AtsTI]pioa<;.

ropa an<; crnYl!t<; rrov I!E"{UAroV aMo.yrov.

ropa crnv 1tayKoal!lo1toi1]crTj rrov 1tUV'trov.

Trope 1tOU 1] EUuoa Eivm 1CI}piaPXll OlKOVOI!IKit ouval!Tj Kat 1IapelyoV'ta<; <J'tagep6tTjtac; <J'ta BaAKelVla aUiJ. Km ).lU0r; TI] E upro1tai:Kit<; C vrocrTj<;.

Tcepo 9a 1tpt11:et 6Aol e!!Ei<; at NsoEM1]VE<; 1tOAiTE<;' va j30,,9ftaou!!E va YKpEI!tcr'touv 01 IPpaYl!oi, K!Il tn 'tl':iXTJ, 1tOU XOlpi~ouv 'tOU<; Moil<; troy BaAKavlroV Kal ~i J.l' au'tour; Kat 'tOY 1toAmal!6 xm m; t&&; rouq.

Tepu Eivat KaipOs va aymi.ur<r.m>!!E 6Aol J.la~i os Eva nE8io onou 00: ~ouv 1Ctl1 9a !!E'taKlvouV'tat EAdlaqXll, fu-epro:rol. Al'ttal!oi, tt-.(V~ 1pQI!JUI'tIl. aei. _ to&<; Kat on aMo f:t_o avCLYlOl ~ 0 y&IJypalP1KO xoopor;.

Tepo " lCOIVrovurooUCO'-'OJ.ltKit KIll 1tOAl'ttcrnKit av~ KIlt tuTlf!GPia crorou 'tOU 'tap<lYJ.lEvoo K!It YEl!o:rou u..0 ;roi.i~ur; Kat 9ucriE<; rozou 1tpt= va yiVet 'to ltpcOtO K<lt J.lovalltKO ).lU"1!<l KUeE 1l1]~KpiJ.'O] Kat 1tOAl'ttcrJ.lEvOU 1toAiTI].

Ta opellla'ta rov Fxotos N'ttA'tCjE~ xm tou Turvve ~(IV't6:vGKU 'tOU Pftya <1>epaiOU Kat 6:Mrov l!E"{aA.roV opcucnonov Kat otavooUflSVrov 1tOU l'tvvT]aav 'ta BaAIaivta Eivat K<ltpOr; va yivouv 1tpayl!<lnK6TI]ta.

E!!Ei<; 01 MaKGo6ve<; 1toAi'tE<; curou rou Kpcroix aUu Kt 1toAh£<; autou tOU Koouou, M!!E NAI, EIM.A1:TE Et.O, OTI YI1APXOYME, KAI on ~YNTHPm:AME MEU rrovz AIONEL THN YIIAP3i MAL, THN ILTOPIA MAL, TON nOi\lTI~MO MAL.

~V't<l<; a1t6 1tU1t1tOU 1tpo<; 1tU1t1tOU Cl'O]V MaKEoovia a'O] xoopa reov uuovuov apoyovcev I!<l<;, oTjA.cOVOU!!E Kat Ka't<lYpo:OOU!!E on stvci <T',(E'ttK6 !!E 'O]V U11:aP91I!<l<;, 'tl]V yA.cOaaa I!<lr;, 'tOY 1toAl'ttaI!6, tu ft9Tj Kat tn tlhl!<l, aAA.6: K!Il 'O]V aVyXPOVT] <JU1l!!EtOxf1 I!<l<; yw. 'to 6n <JU1!f3aivo oro KOtVroVlKO .. oAmKO Kat icropixo yiYVEcr9at tOU 't01tOU flaS·

t.ev EiV!Il ouva'tov 01 MaKeOovEr; va Aeillouv a1to tn aVyxpova 1tpO~Aftl!<lta, a1to rn etlXuptata K!Il ouaupe<J'ta yeyovora 'IOU MOU fl<l<; aMiJ. Kat '0]<; xropa<; 1tOU ~oU!!E.

'Erot crTt!!Epa !!E to 1tproto te1ixo<; tOU MaK&OOV1KoU EVTlIlGPID'tIK01J Ad,:riou, " ncpoocic fla<; E800 crTjl!<livo TI]v AaXtUPa, rnv eA.1tWa Kat TI]v maTI] on <JUfl!!Etf:t_OU!!E Icr6n1!<l oro KOlVroVlK6, 1tOAmKO xm IcrtOPIKO yiYVl':cr9at, '0]<; veoouPTt<; EAAaOar;, !!E TI] otKiJ fla<; yA.roaaa Kat TI]v olKiJ fla<; aicr9TjcrTj trov 1tpayJ1U'trov.

Elu:is £lpa1fT8 800> CroV'tavoi, 1l1tapxoullfu 0u,w!1aIfT8 Kat XP9CJ!9!Jau:. •• !

H l:YNTAKTIKH EIllTPOIlll

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2 SNHM€PWTIKD ASA TID

OMO «HAINTEN»

06E,D,lt1HETA MAKE,D,OHCKA QprAHlt13ALllt1JA

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H Evornxr] MUKWOVttci] OpyervOOcrT] (O.M.O.) «Hsrvrev» eivm 11 opycVOOcrT] 'tOOV MU1Ce06voov 'IT]~ BOUA.yupiue; KUt sivm nepinou Kan crav 'IT]V cvrimOtX'l opyaVOOcrT] ps 'to Ooprrvto T O~O 'tOOV MUKWOVOOV TTj~ EMcloue;.

H opyavoocrl] OMO «Hsrvrsv» 011- l.uOUPYTieIjKe altO 'tOY Lt6ytuV feoopyie~ Touoptow tOY AltpiAtO zou 1990 crnv ltOAll Lavtavcr1ct, ltEpiltou tva xpovo ~ta 'tT]v mri>crT] tOU UltO'tt9E~OU ultapKtou KO~~OUVlcrnKOU Kueecr'tcOto~ rou Tovrop ZioKO~ crt!] BouAyapia.

o Lt6ytaV feoopyie~ yevvi}9T]Ke oro Ilerplroi ~ 18 Maprtou rou 1938. To ~t~Aio 11:0U ErPUljle Aiyo ~a 'IT] 0lll.ltOupyia tOU OMO «1UtV'tev» EXet tOY ritAO «MAKE,D,OHVlJA HAA CE» «H MUKeoovia 11:avoo an' OA(1».

L' curo 'to I3tl3Aio U11:' onou 11:aipvoo Kat tn atotXeia 0 Lt6ytaV n:eptypa<pet ue

o LTO"'{lav JllMlEl anJ cro'(KEV'tproCJl] 0"1"0 1l0vacm)Pl TOll P6~ev (FOlKER)

AE11:tO~peta Kat cru<p"VI:UI 'to ncO~ Kat to Ylari E<p9ucruv ern 0lll.uOUPYia auTij~ 'tT]~ opyavoocrT]~. E1rlm]e; uva<pEpetut ere OUO"KOAn XPOVta 11:0U nepucrav Ot «nvunnpxrot» MUKeoovee; 'tT]~ BouA"'{apia~ ctn XPOVtU 'tT]e; K0f.lflOuVlcrntci]c; OtaKU~epVT]crT]e; U11:0 'tOY Tovrop Zi<PKO~ ~t KUt rqv mcOcrT] rou,

L'tT] O"UVBxEtU eu uvucpEpecil coo yivsrnt cra<pEcrtEpa ere crT]flUvttKO'tEpa enusin uuTijc; 'tT]C; tmopttci]c; UVUopo~,,~ KUt tEAEtcOvOvtU~ eu nEptypa\jloo ~ AEmo~psic OAn rn apepu ron xcrccrcnxo» 'tT]e; opyavrocrT]~ KUecO~ KUt to np6ypuf.lf.la 'tT]e;.

zronss rEOPrtEB TOMOBITEIN H MAKEJ!JONIA nAND sno OM

H Evoontci] " LUCJ7tEtprontci] MUKEOOVttci] Opyavoocrl] (O.M.O.) «HAINTEN» 0llf.llOupyi]9T]KE crn~ 14 AnptA.iou tOU 1990 crt!]v ltOAll LUvtaVCJ1ct) 'tT]~ BouA yupi~ 0"1"0 tf.l"f.la 'tT]~ MUKEOO~ roo Ihpiv, L'tT] O"Uveopiacrl] O"Uf.l~Eixav KueOOllYTJt~ KUt ~All a11:O 4 OpyUVcOcrEtc;:

1. BMPO (AvEl;ap'tT]'tT]) «HAINTEN»

2. H OpyavOOcrT] ytu 'IT]v un:epacrmcrT] tOOV OtKutrof.latOOv rov MUKE06voov tOU Ihpiv.

3. llOAtncrnKo~ - flopcpoonl(o~ crUUoyoe; «I'icvvs LuV'taVCJ1ct)>> arro to xoopt6 MiKpel30 Kat

4. H opyervOOcrT] KUta~O~rov MaKe06- vmv tOU tf.l"~tO~ 'tT]~ MUl(EOoviu~ tOU lltpiv.

L' uuTijv 'IT] cruvwpiacrT] 11 Evrontci] MaKEooVltci] Opvcveicn «OMO HAINTEN» teEcrE oo~ oxoao Kat crtOxO tT]~ va cpepEt xovrn OA.oU~ 'tOU~ MaKEoovee; zou Uqro1tVicrt!]KUV !!£ tu tOUVlKa 11:0U naAatOtEpa t9EcrUV 0 Txorce NttAtcrEI3, 0 Nnuucv fKpOUE~, 0 Txoprcs llEtpO~, 0 Turvvs Lavrcvoxu Kat ruot.

Bcosi tOU Kumcrcnxou 'tT]~ opyavoocrlle;, ~A.oe; 'tT]~ opyavoocrT]~ f.lltOpEi va "'{iVEt KaeE 11:0Ai'tT]~ 'tT]e; BouAyaptKije; ~1l~0- Kputiu~, avEl;ap'tT]'tu uno ~ 11:0AtnK~ TOU

M .... K€.A.,ONIKO SNHlvfSPCDTIKO A6A. TIO

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n€1rot9ijcr€IS, tT]V KOtvroVtlCij Kat OtKOVOl1tKi] 'tOU 9serT], tT] 9p1]crK€ia rou Kat tmcrlK(l, va I11]V Ex€t €KeEcr€t 'to MaK€OOvtKO Aao 11€ aVEvnI1€<; Kat avijetK€S npa,;Ets·

LUI1<Prova 11€ 'to npo-ypal1l1a, 1] opyuvoion 9a ayrovi!;ETat yta va npocreyyicrEt 'tOUS MaKEoovEC; Oxt IUlVO tT]C; BouAyapias illa Kat au'touc; xou I;OUV€ sc;ro ano aU-nlv cr€ 0/-..0. 'La !!Ep1] rou KOcr!!OU.

Auto nou EX€t !!€'YaAu't€P1] erT]l1acria va 'tOvtcreei €ivat on siuccrs avrieE'tOt cr€ KaeE aUayij ouvopev tT]C; BouAyapiac;, cs avri9EerT] 11€ aU"ta nou ypa<pov'tat crn<; E<P1]I1€piOES Kat aKoUyoV'tat crnv TV Kat oro paoto<provo tT]C; BOUA yapias oi onoloi j.lae; KatT]yopouv YIa «IIPOOO'tEC;», (<LX!crj.lUnKou9>, «Aurovouicrsq», «Exomcvoi IlpdK'tOPE9> K.A.n.

ttaz 4>6AIAME ITO KA TAn-A TIKO

To <petvQnropo tOU 1956 orcv ij01] Tj!!OUV j.lU91]-nl~ roo r uuvootou (<ilEYIo K. rla~OpO~» (jtTj !!€'Yw'1] aieoucra ron crx,oAelOU €iX€ u9El YlU va J.lUS !!lAijcrEt 1tUvro oro !.laKEOOvtKO l;ijtT]!!a 0 npc.1noc; ypai!!!a'tEa<; tT]<; IIEpt<pEpEtalCije; OpyaVO)crT]e; rou K.K.B. <no MnAa-yKOE~aV't 0 Mxop«; Ba7t'tcrapo~ aOeA<poe; rou !!€'YaAou MaKEo6- va notl]-nl oxo TO Mzcvoxo, NtKOAa Bn- 7t'tcrapo~. To 9Ej.lU tT]C; crui;TjtT]erT]<; Tj'tav «H Mcxsdovic crav y£roypa<ptri] EwOta». Ano tn Ae-yo!!£Va rou €KVCUpi(jtTjKa Kat cro 'tEAo<; 'tOU EKava OUO Epro-nlcr£l<;.

1. Ilou niJyav Ot apxaiot MaKEoovE<; orcv TjpSav ot Pcounioi (jtTj BaAKavtlCij XEPoovnoo;

2. I'urri ayrovi!;oV'tav 0 Fxorce N'tu'tcr£<p, 0 Nrcuurv rKpOUE~, 0 Fxopros rr€'tpo~, 0 ftUWE LaV'tUvO"KU Kat Ot IDOl O!!OWEa'tES MaKEOOVEe;;

Oi a7tavTI]cret<; rou Mnopu; BezroupO~ Tj'tav 1tOAU crUV'tOI1€e; Kat ent<pavetaKEc;, orrrv npc.1nl] epOOtT]erT] anUvtT]crE «oi apxaiot MaKEoovE<; ij'tav'EMl]VE9> Kat otT] oeU'tepl] on «0 Fxorcs N'tU'tOE<p Kat oi O!!OWEa'tES ron ij'tav BouAyapOt Kat ayrovi!;oV'tav yta rnv anet..eueEproerT] tT]<; MaKEoovia<; Kat tT]v npOOaptT]oT] tT]<; otT] BouAyapiw>.

o IIpo£opoc; TOll OMO «'HhV't£V» :E'tOyUlV

H LUVEOpiaerT] 'tOU K.K. BouAyapia<; onc; 10 rou NO!l!.l~Pl] rou 1989 apXtcre va E!.l<pavi!;€'tat l] apm rtov !!€'Y&.Arov aAAaYoov ornv IIOAtnlCij LK1]vij tT]<; BouAyapia<;.

'Enpsas 'tEAtKa va !.lnet Eva 'tuo<; ornv ava-yKaonlCij Kaeooit'YTJerT] rou 1)=0- nKOU TONTOP ZIBKOB.

'E1tp£1t£ va !.lnEl Eva 'tuo<; orouc netpaj.lUTIO!.loll<; rcev Ota<poprov et800v LOOlaAtO!.loll - unapK'tO<;, aVEpx0!!£VOC;, 1tpOOocunKo<;, OOPt!.loc;, pEaAtcrnKO<; Kat Onro<; aAAt<i><; anoKaAoUV'tat 'La 'teAeuTaia 35 xpovta OtaKU~EPV1]erT]<;, nEpiooo apKeTI] yta va 0- Ol]'YT]OEl rrtv BouAyapia (jtTj erT]I1€Ptvij XPEoxomn - 12 MtAtUpvn-otc; $ EC;ro'tEptKO XPE- 0<; <n1]V ~i>crT], aOEta !.layal;tU, 'tEAetronKi] Ota<peopa OE OAe<; rou; 't0J.!Eis tT]<; xowtovias. au'ta ijmv 'ta aKa'top9ro'ta rou Tovrop Zi~KO~ Kat rcov XlAtUorov cruvEpya'tOOv rou, Ilpomrvroq ru ~ijj.lU'La rou OE crx,eerT] 11€ tT]<; ~l]J.lOYpa<ptKEc; aUaYEC; E<pepav !!£YaAa anO'tcAEO!!a'ta.

'Hrcv a7t()(paOlO~OC; va C;£7tEpacrEl Kat 'tOY «Xlrxsp» crrrv npocrnageta va 01]!.ltoupyt'jO€t'to Ka9apo BouAyaptKO sBvoc;.

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KIU' amv Ixupnoe rou MaKeMvC; cs BouAyapo~ afjEaoo<; !l£'a toue; Tcrtyyavou; rouq EKaVe BouAyapouc;, Ka1tol~ 1tCpi- 000 illa~e rc ovoucru rrov Iloudxrov, xat au,o flC KOO,oe; cs VClCpOU<; Kat <pUAaKlOj.livoix, lCal apYOtepa OVOflUOe ,OU<; eOvtKa TOUPKOU<; cs <ffiOuAyapOU<; MOUaOUAJ.1aVOU<;»

L,OV NUCOAa N'E~e~ J.1EA.o<; ,OU K.K. oro Ilsrpitot xm cmv YUVaiKa ,OU 1tOU TJ,aY 1tpOOTIl ~aOEA<pl] 1l0U, ce OXEOl] !l' amo ,OU sinn:

- KOA10 oro 6EflU trov J.10UaouAj.Ulvoov ° Zi~lCO~ 6a a1taOel to Ke<pUA.l ,CU.

-- Turri; Me pOOTIlOe ~ a1tOpia.

- Turri 01 TOUPKOl TIl<; BouA.yapia<; Ssv eivet

aw1tepacrmmOl Tmyyavol, ooes Ilouaxo, xrn MalCe06ve<; va ,oue; ~<j>~c-r(l1 07too<; aa<; cruJ.1<j>Epel.

LTl]Y 1tAaTIl ,OOY TOUPKooV Tl]<; BouAyapiac; lCa6ctat Eva flCYaAo Kpdroc 1tOU Ssv 6a C1tttpE1vCl va yiyov-ral1tCtpaflUta crnv 1tAaTl] rrov 0IlOeevOOV rooc,

DOlOl sivct T OOPKOl; Ssv u1tapxouv TOUPlCOl uou nmrvre, aA.M e~laM~u.cr!!EvOt BouAyapot.

fta 1tOlouc; ~loMllla!!Evou<; BouA.yapou<; IlMe;; Eivm TOUpK01. Tocn x.povta a,a ~l~Aia Tl]S Ioropicq TIlS BouAyapiae; 1tavm ayaypaqlOl)V on OTI]v BouA.yapia ~oWe TOUPKOl, BouA.yapol, Tmyyavol, BA.<ixm Kat tiUo1 Moi ,oopa ~a<j>VlKa tipx.taav va ~aq>a~0v-ra1 01tooe; Kat 1taA.atO-repa eixav ~aq><lVlmci Kat oi MaKeOOvc; a1tO nc; a1toypatpEe; rou 1956Ka11965.

AEKa NOCIl~piou 1tOU 1989 TJ'av lJp£pOJ.1l]via a,a61l0s yta rov ClCOl]- 1l0Kpanall0 Tl]e; BOUA yapiae;, ° Tovrop Zi<PKO~ U1toxpe6J9t]KE va cxoucKpuvOci a1to Tl]V ltOAm!d) crKlJvTJ Tl]<; BouAyapiae;.

Mson cr' mrro ,0 diflU ,OOY 1tOAtnlCOOV Kat

1tp01taVTOS lCOtvooVlKOOV

(J)J..ayoov a1toqxxaiaalle

xm EflCls oi Mm(EOOVC; ~

on 11 1tOAU1t06l]TIl 11llEpa uatepa am) !lta 1tOAUX,pOVT] a1tpa~ta ijp6E Kat yta !-w<;, Em,EAOU<; ea ll1tOPOUIl/:: va 1tOUflC EkU6Epa On ciflUmE MaKeOOVES Kat on 11 ~UA yapl!d) KU~EPVT]Ol] 1tpE1tct cmtEA.ouc; vu emtpE'I'et va exoull/:: OlKE<; flUS OpyavOOoClS·

!:tl] LO<pla ° flOOPYOS LOAOUVcrKU 011!llOUPY11ae to BMPO (aVe~apTIl-ro) (HE3AB!I1CHA) «Hi\lNTEN» Kat EOcO oro Ihplv <pnaXTl]Kav flCptKES opyavooaet<;:

1. H opyavooOl] yta rnv U1tEpuamOl] rov olKatoollu,ooV rrov Mcxsoovorv rou Ihpiv

2. DOAmonKos - 1l0p<poonKOc; crUMOYOS «I'urvvs LavtavcrKU» altO ,0 XooP10 MiKPe~O. - .

3. Opy6.vooOl] Ka,a1ttca!!Evoov Muxedovorv tl]S M(l1(EOoviaS tOU Ihptv,

Eyoo Kat ° ltaA.l0S !lOU <plAOS F lOPvnrv Kocrcvrtvoll a1tO tl]V 1tOA11 !:av-ravcxn cvOta<pEp9ijlCall/:: va J.1tieouflC n aOl avepoo1tOS ij,av amos ° ft6lpyoS LoAoUVcrKU. 'Eroi cxoecotccus Ilta IlEpa tOU <1>E~pouapiou va nail/:: va rov ~poull/:: Otl] LO<pta. TEA1KU cruvaVTl]9ijKall/:: OtO cr1tin ,OU,

Zoucs a' Eva U1tOyClO Ilt1CpO Kal crKO"tClYO oooJ.1tino flC Mo ~AlVa lCpel3<ina EVTeA.OOS aeAta. Eixe OIlO>S Tl]A.E<p<Ovo. L,O 1ta-rooflU TJ-rav 1tCTa!lEYa apKeta ~$A.ia OM us MaKeOOVlKO lteptcx.0!lCVO. L,O ,oixo ciXe 'to MalCcOoVlKo E!l~A11flU flC ,0 AIOvt6.Pl. DA11 IlEpa cru~11,ouoaflC !la~i rou xrn may ,0 ppaou avaxooPllaaflC yta ,0 Ihpiv TJflUa,av criyoupot on ° LoAoUVcrKU TJ'av EvnS

MAK6AONIKO

6NHM6P(J)TIKO A€A. TIO 5

KaAOS I1atpuirrf]S MaKeb6vas Kat OXt BspxoPlcmlS·

H cuvrrvmon IlE tOV :EOAOUvUICU o'tTJ :Eoqlla f:flVe LuPPa"to ns np0T]Y0uilEYeS )1£pes dXa nuet oro I1oAtncrnKo crUAAr;yyO «Fxorcs N-rt).tcrep» eKe! ouvavrnou tva TJAIKtWiJf:vO tciiptO Kal tOV pW'tTJcra n mcrteiiouv ta )1£ATJ mrrou tOU LUAA&yOU, uou anUvtTjcrs Elri A£91;

E)!ris eifLame BouAyapoI 'tTJS

MaKeoovias·

- Eou n stem;

- Eyw e!J.lat MaKs06vas.

- Kat coro nou siom;

- Ano to Ilerpitoi.

- Ti uvepwnoS eivci aUTos, 0 [IWpyTJ Lo-

AOUVUICU rov l;avapw'tTJcra;

- Aq>TJcre rov mrrov -uou anavIDet- au"tos sivct untp 'tTJS aurovourp; MaKeoovias·

Auro; TJmv xm ° A&yoe; nou tOY entcncEql'tTJKa 0"tTJ :Eoq>la. H OKElvTJ tOU TJ"tav cruvexwe; mpaJ.lJ.lf:vTJ 0"tTJ OtaOTJAw<rT] Stnunprupinq il1I:pomu crnv BOUATJ yta avaYVWPI<rT] rcov OIKatOlJ.latWv 'tTJS McxedoviKTje; IlEtOv6tTj"t~ zou ~et cmv BouAyapia.

To a1t&yEUflU orcv aJCouoa ano TIS etOi}Oete; O"tTJv 'tTJAeopacrTj On "to BMPO (avel;6.P'tTJ"to) «1fAWtEY» Sa -n:popet ce olaOi}Aw<rT] olaflUpwpias il1I:POcrtu cro POUA-

To JlOvaanlPl TOll P6I;cv

yaplKo KotVOj30UAtO, OAll 'tTJ viixm oxeorououv "to n J.lnopoucrs va cru!lPei 'tTJv enOIlEVT] to 1tpwi 01"0 KtvtpO 'tTJe; Loq>lae;.

Orcv to npwi yiipw OTIS 1 Of] wpa eq>eacra l-mpomu to e9vtKO eeatpo exsi cuvavrnou noAAoUS OtKOUS ilae; 0J.lo'iOeUteS, Kovrn ~ dXav ila~EUtei Kat nOAAO! BouAyapOl s9vtKtotee; BepxO~loTes IlE OKOno va eil1l:0oicrouv tn ileATJ J.lae; va napaowcrow "to IjITJq>tO"J.la Otallapwpias 01"0 ~OUAyaplKo KOtvO~OUAtD.

Tupco crTIS 11 I;sKtvTjoallE npos rnv ~OUA yaplKi} ~OUATJ . Le OATJ 'tTJv oillpma 'tTJS nopeiae; aKoUyOV"tav ru crql"llpiYlla"ta Kat oi anOOOKtllacries ttov Bspxo~lcrtWV zou av OEY unTJPXav acrtuvoJ.lIK€c; ouvullEtc; va 'toue; cruyKpa'toUv ea 1I:tavollacrtav ere xepla, auto xou 'toue; npoKaAoOOe neptcootspo i}'tav on Kae' OAf] 'tTJV oillpKeta 'tTJS nopeias ellEie; TJllacrtav i}PEJ.lOI Kat 'to !lOVO zou KUVallE TJ'tav vc q>wvu~oullE cruvExwe; 'tTJ A£91 «Mcxeeovtc» ')'tan i}mv 'to J.lOVO nou J.las tOwE KOUpU')'lO.

Tu; EnOJ.lCVCS )1£pes XUpTJ ere Msou Ma~lKi}s Emxowovlcc xm ~amK6. 'tTJe; TTJAeopa<rT]e; rcov LKOnlwv OAOKAf]pOe; 0 MnKEOOvtKOc; KOOIlOC; ma rpic tllTJflUTa 'tTJe; MaICcOoviae; Kat OE OAOKATJpO tOV xoouo eiXav 'tTJv EUKatpia vu ¢Souv ')'ta aU"to 'to icroptxo Y€'YovOc;.

Lne; 14 A1tpv..tou TOU 1990 TJ)1£pa :Eu~~tO yiipw erne; 8 TO npwi OtTJV nOAll LaV"tUvO"Ktl J.la~EU'ti}KallE OMI 01 aKn~lcrt€c; ICal Ol opyavW't€c; OAillV TWV npoavaq>ep9€vrev opycvdicecov nou OPOUY cro TIlTJlla 'tTJe; Mcxsdovtc TOU Ihpiv IlE oxoxo vn xotEUSiivoullE ano KOlVOU tOY aywva Ilae;.

Mere altO nollie; ~l1'tfJOetc; Kal npotuOI;tc; ')'ta 'to OVOflU nou Sa O(vallE ornv opyUVW<rT] anoq>aoioallE oro ENnTIKH MAKEt.ONIKH OP[ ANnLH O.M.O. «Hi\INTEN».

I1ollie; Kat flUKPOxPOVCS cru~TJ'tfJOete; eni<rT]e; Eytvav Kat 'YIa to Kcrccrcnxo Kat to 1tp&ypallJ.la 'tTJe; OpyUvw<rT]S. TeAIKU OtaJ.lOpq>W6TjKS we; el;iJe;:

I .1

MA.KGAONIKO

6 6NHMGPW'IKO AGA .10

ApGpo7

To OMO «Hsrvrev» sivm eSeAovttlCij opyavecn KUt 'to KaSe !!SAo~ fLn:OPei vc an:oxropijoel fLE OtlCij 'tOU n:pro'to~ouAia.

KATA~TATIKO

nJr; EV(J)'Wojr; MaKeoovIKljr; OP'Iav(J)(51Jr; «YJ..,V7:ev» (57:0 7:JlljJla 7:1Jr; Maxeooviai; roo Ihpiv.

Apeoo 1

O.M.O. «Hsrvrsv» t:xet <JlC01I:6 vc £vrooet 6Aeue; roix; MaKe86v~, n:oAire~ TTl~ t.l]f.lOKp. TTl~ BouAyupiaC; es IToAtnonlCij Be<Jl].

ApGoo 2

LUfl<prova us to apSpo 19 TTl~ crofL<provia~ rou EMrlVKl yta ru IitKalroj.lara tou avSpronou Kat 'to apSpo 52 'tOU croVtaYj.laro~ TTl~ BouArapia~, 'to OMO «'HAtVtEV» Sa uyrovi~ELat yta TTlv un:epa<J1l:tcrTj 'troy OlKatro¢rrov TTle; MaKelioVtlCij~ j.l£lOv6TTlrac; 0TJ1 BouAyapia.

ApGpo 3

To OMO <<ffitVtEV» Sa coxei SpccrnpiomLa oro eccorspuco TTl~ Xrop~:

n. To OMO «HA1VtEV» Sa oT]fLtOupyiJael os KaSe Xropt6 ~exroptm6 romxo eopsc (ceKLlI1I1).

~. KaSe 'tomK~ <popta~ Sa KaSOOllYehat M6 otK6 rou acOfLU

y. To crovoMKo ocOfLa 'tOU OMO <<ffilVtEV» Sa KaSoollYehut an:o 'to Kevrpuco crofL~uAtO 7tOU Sa elipe'6et OTJ1v 1tOAT] Mn:AaYKoef3yKpavr.

ApGpo 4

MtAoC; TTle; opyavOJcrTjC; j.l1topei va eivm 0 Ka8tvac; xropic; liulKplcrTj O'tO <pUAe, 'tTlv yAdJaoa, 'tTlV SpT]<JlCeia KO!-lfLUttlCij ron:oStTTl<Jl] Kat K01VroVtlCij StOTt ps 'tTlv 1tpoiin:6Se<Jl] va !-IT]v t:xel pA.6.IjIet us avtvttfLE~ Kat avijS1Ke~ 1tpa~tc; rou~ MaKeo6vec;.

Apepos

H eyypa<pij 'troy VEroV ~v yive'tat fLE rnv 1tpooromlCij ncpoucta orov em~pouc; rom-

!co eopeo,

Apspa 6

To ~ltAOC; TTl~ opy<i:vro<JT]~ 7tOU Sa Karan:arnost to xcrccrcrixo, litaypa<perul U7tO nu-

n'pJ.

ApSpoS

To OMO HAtVt£V o£v emOtcOKet TTlv uUu')'l'] TTl~ ouvopunop; ypuJlflij~ TTl~ BouAyupia~.

Apspa 9

H opyavro<JT] Ssv Su XPT]crtJl01l:01ijaEt Piatu, emSettKa, avi]SIKa Kat 1tapavolla ~au j.I£ <JlC01I:0 vu e1tllilro~el roix; oroxouC; TTle;.

Apspo 10

To OMO 'HAVt't£V sivm avrlSe'to fLE KaSe AoyfJc; IilaKpt<Jl]C;, 1haXroP10JlOU, pcrotouou, oroP1Vt<JJlOU, a<poJloiro<J!]e; Kat Y£voKLoviae;.

Apepa 11

To OMO <<ffilVtEV» Sa IitaTTlPijoel 'to StlCairolla uu't01tP00010P10JlOU tOU K«lSe avSpro7tOU av~ap'tT]'ta a1to TTlv e9vtlCij Kat SpT]O"KElYtllCij tOU 'tam6TJl'ta.

Aospa 12

Ta fLEAT] 'tOU OMO «H/..tVt£V» eivat U7tOxperofL€va oe alieA<ptlCij AUT]AeyyUT], usrc~u'tOue;.

Apeoa 13

H opyavro<JT] 6a ~T]8<i:el l]8tKa Kat uAtKa ta avT]j.l1topa !!SAT] TTle; (KaramecrfL€va, uvnxnVOVtK«l a7tOAUOfL£Va a7t() TTlV 1i0UAela roue) x.n.

Apepa 14

To OMO «HAtVtEV» Sa UYn7tpoaro7teUELat oro e~rorepLKo oxo 'to Ksvrpuco LUJlPOUAtO IiT]Aaliij rov 1tpoelipo, 'tOY rpa!-lfLUrta Kat tOY u7te'6Buvo oxEoerov .

MkK6AONIKO

6NHM€PGJTIKD A€A TID 7

.i\0600 15

To KEVtP1KO oulll3ouAlO UlIOTEM:i'ral uno 11 ~11 I1£TU~U TWV onokov: I1posopo<; ovnnposopo<;, fpUflIlUT€a<;, Bnoucoq 0IUXS1PloTIj<; Kat YnruSuvo<; t.,111l. kX€OSWV.

1\060016

To KEVtplKO rUfl~OUAlO si<A.ty£'tal 11£ epllvepi) ljITJepoepopill KUeS xpovo.

1\060017

To OMO «ID.1Vt£V) ell ol£~ay£1 TO OUV€OPIO TOU KUI:lS xpovo on<; 2 Auyouorou o'tT] ylOp'ti) TOU ID.IVtSV, 'tT]V llfl€pa 1I0U to ) 903 ~eKiVT]os 11 snavuO'tIlOT] O'tT]V Mcxsoovic

.i\0600 18

To aVOYrIlTO KlleoOmnKo opyavo oe 0/.0 TO 0001111 TOU «OMO ID.tVtSV» eivrn TO ou-

VWPIO TOU KOl1flaTO<; oxou TO KEVtPIKO OUfl~OUAlO KUVSt anoAoytcrflO TOU tpyOU rou, To OUV€OPIO ei<A.tyet KEVtP1KO ouu~OUAtO TO oxoio Kileopil;et 'tT]V SEoll Kal 'til Klll:lijKOVta tWV ~V tOU.

.i\p600 19

o OMO «HAtVtSV» Sa XPllflawoOTdtllt 11110 ouvopofl€<; TWV ~v tOU, see"-OVttKE<; npooepopt<; Kilt uUOU<; "tponou<; XPllflllw06- 'tT]0T]<; crUflepwva 11£ "tOUt; VOflOUt; 'tT]t; t.,l1fl· 'tT]t; BouAyapia<;.

.i\p600 20

To OMO <<HAtVt£V) ea Exsl OIKO tOU uvot;(1:0 AoyaptllOllo os Tpune1;a 'tT]<; BouA.yapia<;.

TO IIPOrPAMMA

TtI<; EVWT1K1l<; MaKEMvucrl<; Opyo.VWmt<; «HAINTEN»

1. Li'lpot1101£oilft1'l Tlfr; MaKEOOvlKljr; Iatopiac; «at lloJ.mupov UE OIEDvlj rni1£EOO tau ueta~6par;

2. LilQ(pt5).a~1f tau Ilpoataaia "Ir; MaKeOoVlKljr; Imopiac; am] tnv 1Co.po.xapa~1f «a: tnv rnlurqpovlKlj rcapa1CJ.IfP0f{lOPIfUIf.

3. Y1Cour1jPl~'l eJ.et5Dlipwv 1CoJ.mKwv DtuEwv 110. "IV 1£powDIfUll a61XPOVWV liVaUaKTlKWV r&wv ae axtu1f ue "IV YliVrKlj llo).mKlj avti1Crv{1f "It; MaKeOovio.r;

4. To OMO «HJ.rVTliV» Do. oro."Ipei arliVOVr; oliUIIOVr; JlE okr; nt; 0p1avwUlilr; TWV MaKeOOvwv 1£OV (OVV ato li~WTEplKO.

5. To OMO «H).IVTEV» Do. uvvlipya(ETal JlE 0P1avwulilr;, uVMoyovr;, UVpPOVJ.lll, Koppara, Kpo.nKa lVunTovra, KVPlipv1julilr; tau ilia JlE pau1f TOV rt1Onpo ouilo10.

6. Tnv E1£iu1fp1f V1£OOoxlj tau "Iv pptifll!VU1f 1£POt1KEK).1fPtvwv 1£POUW1CWV Kat 1£P0t1W1rlKDT7jTWV.

7. AvnKliIPEV1Klj, APlipOl'f1£"l, PEo:J.runKlj «ca avli~ap"1"1 tU.1fPorpoP1fU1f, rniUllIIEr; avaKOIVWUlilr;, «ai liJ.eVDliP1f 1£pou{Jo.ul1 UE 0).0. TO. ptuo. po.{lKljr; 1£).l1P0f{l0P1fU1fr; tau E1rlK01- varvias;

8. To OMO «HJ.rVTEVJ> Do. ola"lpei Oeupovr; pE 0).0. ra 1£oJ.rnunKa lvunTovra tau Do. npooxassi ElolKot5r;, 1'0. va "fVWarorrolljUEl TO laroplKo 1£apu(}OV TOV Mo.KeOovlKOv t(}vovr;.

9. To OMO «HJ.rVTEVJ> Do. &xliI OIKO TOV EpP).1fPo. ""0.1 urppo.yfou..

10. To OMO «Havtev» Do. lip1o.arei y,a Tlfv Olt~ooO TIft; Bov).1apio.r; a1CO TIfV OIKOVOP1Klj, K01VWV1Klj, OIKo101rKlj tau 1£oJ.rnKIj «pion

11. To OMO «Havtevx Do. olQTlfpd Oeupovr; ue 0).0. ra Dp'luKlivnKa ooypara evror; TOV KpaTOVr; «a: ato li~(t)TliPIKO.

M)"KSAONIKO

8 6NHMSPCDTIKO A6A TIO

01 npOEAPIKEI EKAOrEI ITH AHMOKPATIA THI MAKEAONIAI

L~ 31 01crroi3Piou 1999 xpanUl'rOXOl~OT]K£ 0 xp£i:rros rUpos rrov ITPOE~PIKnN EKAOHlN crTI] ~TU.lOxpnriu TIlS MaKEoovias· 'EA.aJ3av f.L£po; crns f:KAoyf.c, 6 x:ollf!aTa, occ ollA.aoTJ Kat Ta Il£"{UAa KOf!f!aTa TllS BOUATJs·

• To VMRO TO lCUf3epvrov lCOIlf!a IlE UXO'I'~q>LO Eva yeo XOAlTIKO MaKE06va axo TIl LTpoUllltcra, TOV MnoplS TpalKOIjlOKI. Y x0'V" 0 Mxop«; OEY stvm coro TIlV lC1ipta 9pllO'lCEia rou KP6.roUS O"A.aO~ TIlV Op96009l XptcrnavtKij 9p"O'lCEia. Drcv elXa xOO ern LTpoullt'tcra 'tOY LEmellf3p" rou 1999 Kat 'to Ef!a9a f:lCei aUTO, proTllcra av U1t6.pXel xpof3AllIlU. Oi woi 6.v9pO:)1tOt Tllt; L'tPOUf!t'tcru 1l0U ax6.vT!]ouv, ytCln vc umipXEt xpof3A,"Ila; Tout; cruyx6.p"Ka yt' aun) mus TIl creon, 1tOU OEY avaKauOOuv 'tTjV XOAlTIKij fJ.f: TIl 9p11O'lCeia. Apaye O'TI]v EAMoa en 6.<p,,vav vc yiVet K6.1t0~ !J.1l op90oo~oS npoeopos TIlS ~"f!oKparias· <I>ucrtlC6. Oxt·

• H MlMOKPATIKH AATEPNATmA (DA) fJ.f: 'tOY BaaO..1} TOUltOUPK~OKl nou " KawyroyT] roo Eivat altO TI]V Knmopui. u xpoEKAoytKij ron olllAia oro zpodcrto T omp, O'TI] ltOA11 LKOma - L1C01tt£ (CKOI1JE) 1>1tooxeOT]Ke cro aKpoonlPw TOU, 'to ozoto altOTeMucrav xOAhes us KaTayroyi] alto ot~<pOpet; 1[£ptOXeS TIlS AtytaKijC; MaKeOovias, on en rotx; emenpa<poUv Ol 1[£pwuO'ieS XOU 0.IPllcrav 1CIJVT]"fl11J.Ev0L alto TO 'tOTE EUllVLlC6 avnbpacrnKo lCuSemroe;. 0 TcriA.£ avrpcst orov ICUf3EpVT]nKO ouvaomouo. Eivai amOc; nou cruvepaA.e roenE va eveyvroplmei 11 Tai'j3av axo rn ~"!LOKpana TllS MaKelioviae;.

• H ENru:H !:O!:IAMHMOKPATnN IlE TOV Tiro II&-rKoqxJKt. Eivm ro KOf!lla OXOU ~Ket 0 a1t£px0!L£Vot; xpoelipoe; Kipo fKf..t'(Kopoq> ncu ICUJ3EpVTJcre Tll xropa EVVea (9) xpOVta. Oi oocrw./J)ll!LOlCPo.-

rES eixav smxptvei Mova rnv lCUf3epVTJ~ orov avayvroptcrE 'to Kageenrot; TIlt; Ta'if36.v, fJ.f: avt<illaWa TIl xopijY11~ f!EYo.A"t; OtKOVOlltKijS !3oijgetat;.

• 0 !:1'Oytav Avrmp roo cI>IAEAEY0EPOY ~HMOKP ATIKOY KOMMATOL xpro"v rrpoeopot; TIlt; BOUAijC;.

E1ti~t; aaJ3av f.L£Poc; crov xpro'to rUpo Kat OUO aJ...J3aVLlCOi O'Uvouaolloi (U1tO'l'lV AAJ3avoi Kat OX! AAJ3avoq>rovot).

• 0 Mouap&fJ. NE'toim rou ICUJ3EPVllnlCoU pU;OG1taG'tlKoii KOf.lp.aTOC; DPA KO!1lla fJ.f: uvnxououvtcrtxf to£OAoyia. Eivm Eva altO tn 3 KOlllla'ta xou O'UIlfJ.f:TExEt O'TI]v lCUJ3epVl]~ Kat

• 0 Mouxaf!£vr Xa1o..1 TIle; flE'tPt01ta9oUe; ~1}f.lOKP«TlKit<; E'U1}f.lEpiac; PDP. Eivm TO KOlllla ltOU £iXe ouvepjnctsi naA.at6- TEpa fJ.f: 'tOUS OOOlaJ..OllIl0KPo.TEt; crnv ltpOllYOUIlEVTJ KUJ3EpVTJ<ITJ·

o AwinrToo rKEOpyKU:qlOKl Kal 0 VEOEK1£yEiC; IIpoEopoC; ntC; ~l1J1OKpa1'(aC; MltoplS TpaIKGq>GKl

M.\.K6AONIKO

6NHM6P([)TIKO AeA TIO 9

1'" rYPOE 31 OKT.QBPIOY 1999

01 E"f'YE"fpaJ.l!!ivOl 'l'1JljlO<pOpOl sivrn

1.610.338

L'tOV ltpciltO -rUpo ru tsAtKa unoreAicrlla'ta reov EKA.oyrov O"UIl<prova IlS rnv ENill:H LOLIAMHMOKPAH2N ffi}!!llstsixs to 63,7% rev IjITJ<pOljlOProv Kat m;pav 'ta S9t~ noooorn:

0"Kt aUa oro l>€'6tSPO -rUPO ea altEXOUV (ToUpKOt altOKaAOUV'tat EKE! Kat OXt 1l0UcrOUAIlUVOt Oltro~ ornv EUal>a).

To KOMMA TON TLIIT ANON uKoAoue11crE KUt UutO rnv ltOAmKl'] TIle; AIIOXHL. Tnv tl>Ea TIl~ AnO:xm: rnv xutUl>iKUcrE 0 =PXO!l£VOC; ltposl>poe; TIle; Ll11- 1l0Kpa'tiaC; Kipo (alto tOY Kuplllo) Txpt-yKOpo<p os EKtaKTIj cruVMSU91 tUltOU, 0

OIll1to'l'tl<pIOl "H KENTPIKH EKAOrIKH EITITPOIlH
(K.E.E.) avaKoivroaE on 'l'tl<PlGS TO 65%
TOOV 'l'1J<PO<POProv Kat onllival Ta &;tlS alIO-
- uJ.£a!!aTu:
1) Tho n€'tKO<OOKl 33% 32,71 (343.606 1J.I1;Qlot)
2)MlIOPtS_ TflatKOQlO"Kt 21% 20,86% (219.000 1VTiQlot)
3)BacriAt ToU7toupKoqJO"Kt 16% 15,54%
4)NooapE!! Nsrotm 15% 14,84%
5) Lt6ytUV A V't0Ql 11% 10,66%
6)MoUXallM XaAiAl 4% 4,35% H K.E.E. cvcxotvocs ltroe; alto ~ 85 EKA.O'YtK€~ ltEPt<ptp&tSc; crtl<; OltoieC; eivm xroptcr!!Ev1J 11 xropa, crE 9 ea E1tavaATj<peci 11 I>tal>lKacria rou ltpro'too -rUpou, 'A6yro npo~A11!!U'trov rrou um'jp;av OTIjv 1jITJqx><popia TIle; 31 OKtro ~P1J 'too 1999.

H EKAoylJ 'tOO ltporopou Ka9tEpro91JKE UltO 'to 1994 va yiVEtat U1tsueeiuc; altO 'to '}..a0 Kat crU!!<jIOOva IlS 'to O"XEnKo VOIlO, 'Yta va sKAE"{si Kaltota<; crov ltpro'to -rUpo xpEtIisetal va f:xSt cruyKEV'tprocre\ 'touMXt<TIOV 50% +1 rrov £Y¥E"fpall)ltvrov IjITJq>(){jlOprov, EYro oro 1>€'6'tspo -rUpo eJCUyeta\ &lCcivo~ ltOU f:x&\ O"UYKEV'tprocrE\ ~ 1tSptcrcr6tepse; '!ri1<po~, aplCEi va f:xet ljITJ<pim:\ 'to 50% +1 'tou'AuXtcr'tov rrov £Y¥EYpall)ltvrov.

'07troc; oveuevorcv Aomov I>cv ea KEpl>tse K{mOlOe; ffi}vl>uacrllo~ <TIOV lIPro'tO -rUpo Kat €tm m'jyav yta 'tOY I>€'6tEPO -rUpo I>uo U7t0'Y,,<ptOt 0 TITO nETKO«1>LKl ICUt 0 MIIOPIL TPAlK01>LKI. OI>€'6tEpoe; -rUpoe; ltpaY!!U'tOltOt,,91JKS <TIt<; 14 NOEIl~P(- 01). fla 'to l>€'6tepo -rUpo 0 Tozoupxc Kllpu;E 1>11!!0= TIl StOll 'too UltEP TIle; Ultoxile;·

To LlHMOKPATlKO KINHMA TON TOYPKnN ;EKaeaptcrE on oro ltpro'to -rUpo EiXE UltOOTI]pi~Et 'tOY Tounoupxoq-

YllpatOC; ltpOEl>pOC;.

I'ur 'tOY 1>€'6'tEPO -rUpo 0 Tho Ilsrxoom ESacrcp6:A.tcre TIlv U7tOcrtll PtS11 tOU «1>1- AeA.€'6eepol) Ll11Il0KpanKou KO!!!!Utoc;, rou LOmaltcrTIKOU Kouucro; Kat 'tOI) Ll11IlOKpanKou KOllllu'toc; rmv LEpj3roV.

2"'rYPOl:

Ttc 'tOY 1>€'6'tepo -rUpo 61troe; cvcxoivoce 0 ltpoel>poc; TIle; EIDTPOnHL ft61;;t<p AooKO<pcrKt, 0 TpalKo<pcrKt tAa~ 52,85% (591.972 '!ri1<p0~) tvavn tOU Tho Ilsrxoe- 0"Kt zou tAu~e 45,94% (514.599 '!ri1<pO~)

H ffi}llllS'toxil 'too eKA.oylKoU crOOlla'toe; "tav ave~ucr!!Ev1J KUt E<p'tacre oro 69,85% (1.l25.l541j1TJ<po<p6pot).

To cromaAl>l1!!oKpanKo KO!!!!a !l£'tU ~ woyt<; KU'tEeEcre 300 1tSpmoo attllcrEl<; ltpoc; sSE'taOll, I>cv EIlSWE tKaV07tOl11!lEvO cno 'tTlv tsAtKll KpiOll 'tTl<_; Em'tpo7t1le; Kat ltpocrE<puye oro Avcorcro LltKacrtllPlO I;TjtooV't~ 'tTlv ulCUproOll rtov a1to'twcr!!<i'trov.

H KENTPIKH EKAOnKH EIDTPOnH cr~ 19/11199 aKO!!U I>EY Eixe evexotvcocet tu a7to'twcr!!Uta rev woymv. AIl<pm~l1'touV'tal 7tepiltou 100 Eroe; 200.000 'Y,,<p01, Oxt SUKU'tU<pPOV1J'tO VOUIlSPO.

MAK€AONIKO

10 6NHM6PCDTIKO A6A. TID

TeAtJCU 'to ANQTATO MKAETHPIO uvcocoivcics 1t(()e; eO. 1tpbtel va. sncvcA111jl9ei Tj 'l'Tjljloljlopia os 199 eKAO')'IKU 'tflijucrc, 'ta oxotc flclA!a'ta stvoi 3laaKopma!lf;va cs 24 eKAoyIKSC; 1teptq>SpetE<; xm ouYlCeY'tproyOUY rUP(() vns 150.000 Ijfijq>oue;. To VMRO ~"1:11ae 1:11V 1tapai1:11<11l rou u- 1toupya6 3tlCatQ(l1)YTje; 1tOU ltpOSpxeTat a1to 1:11 L'll1flOlCPa.TIKij AA.'tepvanJ3a BA.clvto KcflltOq><11Cl ytan 3ev 1tapa069J1Kav 170.000 eKAoytKU Ptl3Aulpta <11:0t>e; lCa'toXOUe; 'toue;.

30.; rYPO~ 5 AEKEMBPIOY 1999

TeAtKU lCUT(() a1to 'tTj voeei.a 1tOU tytvs Kat alt' on q>aiVeTat Kat ane; lta.A.atOTepec; eKA.oyte; jwcvrououv a'tauea.A.iec;, ltpoolJAge o lCOOJ.lOS <11:a 230 eJCI...oytKUTfl"!la'ta yta va SavalJlTlq>lGet. l:ta iOta amu 't!l"ILU1:(l eiXav IJITlcpiO"et 145.000 t>1tEP tOU Tpa'ilC6q><11Cl Kat uovo 4.500 t>1tEp tot> rrtTKo<p<11Cl. Au." 1:11 cpopu ltp0mlAeav an<; lCUA1tee; hymePOt 'l'l1<pOq)oPOt. AA.A.cl Kat ltelA! to KOflfl<X rorv EomaA011!lOlCpatrov oev ,,'tUV ru:x,apt<1'tJlflSvo altO 1:11 OtaOllCaaia T(()V rooyroy. 0 rpitoe; rUPoe; tylVe oe eJCI...oytlCU 'tfl"fla'ta IJe :repwxte; 1tOU set Tj AAJ3aVlKi] Il£1OV01:11ta, 61troc; TO TttoPO, fKoani3ap, E'tpo'6yJca, KOUflclvOpo. '¥,,<pIO"UV 136.000 ltepi.1tou. Alto auraUc; oi 118.751 "tav ulttp TOU TpalKCxpaKl svco 3.367 i)'tav ulttp ton uno'l'iJq>IOU T(()Y O"Ocna.A.OTj~olCpa'troy TiTO IlerKO<pG1Ct.

~l1AaOiJ oev aA.A.a.;e 1:11Y ouoin T(()Y Cl.1tO'UJ..eaflcl't(()v T(()V eK1oyroy tOU o!:6ttpou yUPOU xm ttm EKAEX0HKE TEAIKA 0 MIIOPIE TPAIKO<IlLKI llP'OE~POE TID:

MIMOKP A TIAl: TID: MAKEL'lONIAl:.

tOpeS Kat ra unouovein
EAPKE YllOYPfEIA
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o rKAtYKOp0<P, "exnae" TO LOmaA.- 3Tjj.l01Cpan1C0 Kouuc 1tUY(() ata epsimn 1:11e; KOj.lflunKi]e; 'EY(()<11le; 1:11e; MaKeooviae;. ESeA.F:yTj 1tp(()9ultoupyoe; 1:11e; MaKe30viae; 'toy Irrvoixipto TOU 1991 lCat TO l:e1tTellPplO 1:11e; lOtae; xpovtcic; JCijpUSe 1:11V aveSUP1:11ai.a 1:11e; 1taTplO~ tOU. T pia xpOVla apyOTepa eSwYT1 1tpOe3poe; 1:11e; UYeSUP1:111:11e; ma MIMOKPATIAl: TID: MAKEL'lONIAl: alto'tTjY ltaAatcl nOYrKOEAAffiA.

Eivm 11 !lDVT] xropa (L'll1!lOKpana) a7to 1:11v O.~. 1:11e; ftOUYJCoaAal3iae; zou U1tDXrop11IJe oiXroc; 1t0A.ej.l0.

o rKAIYlCOpO<jl &Kave 3€K1:TJ to 1993 1:11v €YJCu'tU<11:u<11l 3uvuj.lE(()Y TOU OHE <11:0 wacpoe; 1:11e; xropac; TOU.

tvU..KeAoNIKO

GNHMGPWTIKO ABA. TIO 11

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o Kipo tux911KE Kata 'tJ1e; aVEsap'tJ1criae; rou Kocojlou, a1!oppi1!'tovtae; xnPO:M.11A.a 'tJ1V 1tPOO1t'ttKij 'tJ1e; 011lltOupyiae; !-ltae; Mcy6.A.lle; AA~aviae; ~ McyuA11e; rep~{-

ea Il1tOpOUaE va Sa:va~6.A.ct U1tOljlllcplo'tJ1'ta yta 1!pOEOpOe; tTlC; Ll.ll!-lOKpatiac; aAAU &v 1tpotilllla& to oPOIlO uuro 1tQU oxoAou911crav Ot6.CPOpOI aUo! 11yhEe; 67!roe; 0 I'tAtmv (1!apal'tij9TjKE a~ 31/12/99) T] 0 TIa1!avSpEoU. Ilou 1taAalOtEpa Ka'tJ1yopou-

cnv onv U1!l\PYllpo Kat 1troe; ea E1tPE1tE va 1tapal'tJ1eEi 0 M1tpet;VLEcp.

o a1!EpxollCVO<; 1tPO&OPOC; roe; EK 9au!!U'tOC; YAhroa& U1tO tTl OOAOCPOVlKij (/.1tO- 1tElpa evcvriov roo 'to 1995. MtXPI rors crnv EM6.oa xapaK'tJ1plt;OtaV ccv 1!a!-l1tOvnpoc, 0 E9vtKlatT]e;, 11 aA.c1tou. Ano 'tJ1 00- Ao<pOVlKij CVEpyEla Kat 1tEpa roe; EK 9aU!-la'toe; crnv EUaoa aMaSE 'to rponnpio Kat xapaKtJ1pt1;otav 0 !-lE'tpl.01ta~c;.

IlHFEl:: EAEyeEPOTYIllA, 23/10, 30/10, 31/10, 1/11, 2/11, 5/11, r/u, s/u. 13/11, is/u. 16111, 19/1l, 21/lJ, 29/11, 1/12, 2/12, 5/12, 6/12, 7/12, 12/12, 13/12, 16/12, 24/12-rov 1999

el{JrJl1. AyyeAlOI{JOpO<; 19/11/99.

XEPI . XEPI a EMHNAI KAI a MAKEaONAI

O 'EUllvae; U1!Oupyoe; EBvtKije; :t\!-luvae; K. :t\KTje; Tcroxa'tt;o1tOUAoe; 1tpay!!U't01tot11a£ !-lOVOT]!-ItPTj mClKEIjITj ern YEl'tOVlKij xffipa xut ouvavti]6T]K& !-It 'tOY ollOA.oyO 'tOO NIKOA.a KAlOuaEcp a~ 14 Ll.tKEIl~piou 1999 xm u-

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Kurd mv oomceljlTj roo crnv 1tOA11 kK07tlU zoo etvci 11 tpitTl ron E1ricrKE1jITj !!tan (1" tva ot6.crtJ1lla CVOc; Kat Kun 1tEp!7tou XPOVOO. 0 K. Taoxa'tt;o1touAoC; EiXE OO(jTjC; ilia aUvt0IlTj cruv6.V'tJ1(jTj us 'tOY U7tOUpyO El;fil'teplKffiv K. AA.Esa.v-rep Nruurpoe Kat tywe 0EK1:0C; a1to rov 1tproEhmoupyo 'tJ1C; Xffipae; K. i\loUmao rKWpyriEcpcrKt Kat tOY 1tpoeSpo 'tJ1C; BOUAt'Jc; ka~o KAiIlOCPcrKt. E- 1ti(jTjc; cruvavti]9TjKe !-It tOY YEO 1tpoeSpo tTle; Ll.llf1OKpatiac; 'tJ1C; MaKEOoviac; K. M1tOPlS T paiKOmpcrKt.

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12 GNHMGPCD,IKO AGA ,10

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etcrn]IlOV£~' uKu8Tjlla"iKoi, nOAtnoi Kat Ctv9pconot TCOV YPUllJ..LU'tCOV, COV 'tCXVciJv Kat TOU a9A.Tj'rtcrjlOU cr£ £~801Ul81aiu A.oY01:CXVual £1tt8£ciJ-

PT]ffil cr1:Tj 8TjllOKpana 1:T]<; Mnxeoovicq ljIijqnorrv yta 1:T]V avao£t9]'tcov npOOC01tlKO'tijTCOV nou cruvtj3aAav 01:TjV icropta 1:Tje; XciJpa<;.

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o MlotpKO<p yevvt)O!]K£ cr'tOu<; Ay.

Anocr'toA.ou<;, 1:T] ffilJlEPtvij naA.ala nElla. 'Et;T]cr£ ano 'to 1874 tco<; 'to 1926. L'>EYTEPOI: EpxELat 0 £navamtl1:Tj~ t&wA.6yo<; rKO'tOE N'teA.'tcr£<p (rOL\E .o.En4EB). 0 Fxorcs yEVVijO!]K£ oro KtAKt<; 'to 1872 xrn OKO'tciJO!]K£ cr1:Tj Mmivt'tcra (Kapuai) ~ k€pp£~ ano TOUPKlKO anocrnacrlUl A.iyo xpiv 1:T]v enavamaffil rou 1A1V'tEV 'to 1903.

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Meou crnv npciJ1:Tj 8eKa8a reov npootomxorntrov 'tou alffiva EPxoV'tat KUt aUOt aycoVtcr'tEe; 1:OU £SvlKOaneA.!:u9Epco'rtKOU ayciJva, oncoe; ° npo£8po~ 1:T]<; L'>TjjlOKpana<; 't01) KpowE(30u 'to 1903, NiKOA.a Kdpso, Ka9ciJe; ° EnUVUma1:T]S ron 1A.1V'tEV, Furvvs I:aV'tCtvcrKt n01) tOpao£ KUpicoS cr1:Tj 1tEP1oxT1'tOU II tpiv Kat 'tCOV I:EPprov , A8tall<ptcrpij1:T]'tU, Y£Yovo<; 'tOU alffivn ano"t!:A.£i 'to 8TjJlO'V1i<ptcrjla yta 1:T]v UV£~ap1:T]cria 1:T]S XciJPUS 1tOU O~ijX8TjK£ one; 8 rEn't£!-1~pio1) 1991, On01) 1tAeOV 1:01) 95% "tCtXO!]KE Ulttp. Etvm Tj jlOVT] xciJpa 1tOU cerocrXicr1:TjKE £tpTjVlKCt uno rnv aMo"t£ EVtaia nOUyKocrA.a~ia.

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GNHMGP(J)TIKO .A.ElA. TIO 13

TO OYPANIO TO:O nPArMATOnOIEI THN TPITH TOY IYNaIAIKE'lJH

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14 GNHM6P<DTIKO A6A TIO

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6NHM6PCDTIKO A6A TIO 15

ocv OtmKO xp1]l1o.ncrnKo KE«pUAo.tO xrn EKElVT] 7tOU rev PAhtEl 7tOAlTIKU, 011AaOi] 1.£vrvirrrucc cev Kpo.nKol1ovo7troAl<l.Ki] 7tOAlTIKi] Kat m:po.nronKi] lcr;o>, L'tT]V 11ta. m:piltTro(1) 0 OLE9vlcrI10<; sivci 1] cru!11to.pUTo.~1] us 'tOU<; o.Vo.tOAlKOU<; - OlKOV0l11KU 111] xuplo.pxou<; - I!11tEpta.Alcrl1oU<;, crnv ill1] 7tEpilttro(1), stvci 1] W1:!7to.pU9E(1) 7tPOlto. Kat Ki>PlU !lE o.UTOU<;, EltElOi] nuroi o.ltOtEAOUV EK«PpU(1) KUl cruyKEvtpro(1) Ku9E oojhvtonKi]<; xm Ku9& ll1ltEpl<l.AtcrnKi]<; Piu<;, 01 OLE- 9vtcrtE<; crt1) xropu l1u<; Ko.l c' OAe TOV KOcrl10 KaAOUvtat i]011 &lItto.KtlKU, tOta.ltEPo. !lETa tOY ytOuyKOcrAaptKO 1tOA£I10 1tOU UPXlcrE to 1991, vc 1tUpOUV 9E(1) UVU!lEOU 0' UUtE<; nc; ouo YPUI1I1E<;, Auto to lIPOPAl1l1U OEV 111t0-' psi VU TO 1to.po.KUI1'V&t 1] m:po.'tT]ytKT] crut;i]'tT](1) ytU tOY cromaAtOIlO i] yl<l. TU OlKOVO- 1l1KU UttTJfUITo. rou EP'Yat;O!lEVOU Ao.ou. To lOtO to 9EIlU 'tT]<; crut;i]'tT](1)<; "rc oomaAtcrnKU BaAKUVlU" to(j)(J"uv OTOV El(1)'Y11tTJ tOU EEK rn OUVUtot1)tU vu ~E«PUyEt U1tO TO KEvrpuco t;i]'tT]IlU roo 1tOAEIlOU, 01]Aaoi] rrov 1tUYKocrlltrov Otpo.t01twrov Kat rmv KUptroV 1tUYKoofltrov EX9prov m1!lEPU Kat va to ustU9EOEt oro E1tl7tWO EVO<; lIprotOyovou cvnKUmtaAtOfloU. H UnAoUm:EPl1 U1tUV'tT]Oll OtOV E9vtKtcrflo sivm 0 oocrtaAtcrfl0<;, xm m:u E9vtKtcrnKU BuAKuvta. 1] tEAtKi] U1tUV'tT](1) ElVat rn oocrtaAtcrnKU BaAKUvtU. 'Oflro<; 0 OOcrtaAtOfLo<; i]pge 1tUVTU !lE 011110- KpunKu attTJllD:tu. ~1]Aaoi] 1tOTE OEV t01tO- 9Eti]9!]lCE 0110toI10P«Pu evavnc OE OAcU<; toue; EKIlE'ta/J..mrE<;, ilia ~EXroptcrE rou; um:ou<; U1tO roix; «pEouMpxE<;, 'tT]V ucrnKi] 01]fLOKpunKi] Socrcropic UlIO 'tT]v ocournKi], TO «PLA07tOA£I10 U1tO 'to Elp1]Vo«pLAO o'tpo.'t01tWO roo 1111tEptaAtcrfLOU, tOta.itEpu OE cruv9i]KE<; E1tuvum:unKi]e; clfL7tro'tT]<; olIroe; crul1PuivEl m1!lEpu.

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Taplf).ciJ TOil OYPAN/OY TOEOY E.K. (FT() Avnparaume» tpelTTlpdJ. atnv IIMTElA APIJ:TOTEAOYI OT1/V 9EI1NlKH lfOlllfPO:YPaTOIlOIIjO'lK£ TOV lam. roo '98 lau rEnT. roo '99

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M.Io..K6.A,ONIKO

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e~TjpE Ken TOV POAO TIlS OAKKE (HOV 0.Vne9vUGcrnKo aywva. ncrtocro crnv YEVUCTj 1tOAmtdj tOU t01t09€TIlcrTJ €J.lELVE crnv Katu TIl YVW)lTJ )las 1tEptoptcr)l€vr) avtlKamtaAtcrntdj Kat EpyaticrnlCl] UnOIJl11 nou svozotsi os €va npwto Emneoo OM tOV "lClVTJ)lUnKO" xwpo.

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o EK1tpOaCOnos tOU "6t£9VtcrtiJ EpYUTIl", XapTJe; IIanaoonouAos uriC; napE)l~aelS tOU )ltAllae 11u TIl crTJJ,lacria TIlS aptcrtEpTjS ol£9VtcrntdjS evoTllTas ornv Ell<ioa Kat rovics J.lE €)lq>acrTJ TIlv avUYlCl] yta )lta " 61£9vTj TCOV npoootwv". ke auto to 1tVeU)lU

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OXI ITOYI EN0EN KAI EN0EN \lJEYTO-ANTIE0N IKIITEI

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LUV'tp6cplcraa Bsovc EcrU TIl xwpa cou TIlv OVOIlU~ElS rrr6M; To KOJ.1J.1a cou gecopEi TIl xwpa con rrr 6M;

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BIBAIOrPA¢lIA nou 90. Ilnopoucre va Ota~mri:

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H "tOUplCl~ 1CU~€PYl1OT! eu olumO"troOel on 7tp€7tel vn ulJ.6:~el TIS uvnATl'l'elS TIlS yUI 9Ellu"tu 07tWS:

• H 9uvun~ 7t0l~ KUI "tu j3aOIXYl~PI(I.

• H npoorcoic TIlS eA.eugepiaS ron MOU KUI TIlS OUIKiYl1OT!S rrov llierov.

• H xpocrcotc rcov av9pw7tlvWV OIKUlWfJ.O:"twv.

• To avolYflu rou «<PUK€AOU» nov !U'lOVO~"twv, fJ.EOU 0' €VU !:uvruyfJ.u 7tOU U7tUYOpeUel rnv U7tUp~ij roix.

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Axo eMTJVI~S 7tAeupas €Aa~e fi€p~ 0 7tPWMOUpyOS K. !:T]fllTllS Kal 0 u- 7toupyoS ~W"tePIKroV flropyoS ITu7tuvlip€ou. !:X€nKa us "to EAcriYKl stvci KUl "tu ltUpUKa'I(O ultoo7taollu"tu:

H 01]MoOl) T(I1) EllpomuiKOli I:llllfloUMou TOU AOll9:llflolipyOll (1991) 9S01t~l OTl 0 ClEflaClIlOe; TroV av9PW7tlVrov OtKaLWJ1(lTrov a7tO"t"ci.sl «aKpoyrovlaio AlGO» TIle; supronaiK1}e; CIllvspyaCJlac; Kal TroV Cl1.'&CJErov JlETa~li TIle; KOlv6TIJTae; Kal Trov KpaTO>v - JllWilv, aqlEVOe;, Ka900e; Ka1 Trov TpiTroV lroprov, aql&Ttpau. Ka1 TO Kro01K07tOl1j!1Ev0 KsiJlEVO TIle; I:llV91}K1Je; TIle; E.E., onroe; Tpo7t07tOl1]9tjK£ ClTO AIlCITSpVTaJ1, Ka90p~1 p1jTa Ta 6Sfi€Ala, nOALTtKa Kat VO,ltKa, TIle; KOtv6TIJTae;: Ttc; «aPlEe; TIle; cl.su6spias, TOll CJEflaGIlOO TroV OtKalrollaTrov T(I1) av9pro7tOll Kal TOll KpaTOlle; OtKaiOll» (apapa 6, 7tap. 1).

To ap9po 49 CIllJ17tI..1jpIDVS1 <<Ka9E loopa 7t0ll CJtfl&Tal TIS aplte; TOll ap6poll 6 Il7tOpEl va ~1jT1}CJEt va yiVS1 JlEMe; TIlS EE».

Ama ElVa1 0p1CJ!1Eva !J1jJ1&ia TOU ap9pOll OTIJv <<E» (7-12-99) 7tp1V TIll:llVWnt!J1j ClTO EAoiVKl TOO Ta(J(l1) TpiKKa 7t0ll ElVal JlEAoS TIlS KllE T(I1) I:YN, ll7tWeuVOS TOll TIl1]llaTOe; E~roTsp1K1}e; llOAlTlK1}e;.

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(lEroV Ellaoa Kat Too Kia ••• » <<E» 11/12199

MAKSAONIKO

18 ,BNHMBPCDTIKO ABA TIO

vttosoxn THE AnO<PAEHE ETHN TOYPKIA

• M€ navrryl.>ptcrp.ou<; l.>nOOE'leT}K€ 'to criiVOAO rou 'tOl.>PKlKOU 'tUnol.> 'tT}V napa'lwPT}crTj rou Kae€O"'tw'to<; l.>1to'Vijqna<; 'lwpa<; O"'tT}V Toupxia. Oi pEy6.A£S 'tOUPKlKE<; €q>T}Jl£PiO€<; avnl-um:on!l;;ouv 'tT}V anoq>acrTj 00<; ~po<; 'tT}<; ~ unxoaotnorp; 'tT}<; T oupKia<;, €VW 0 tcrAalltKO<; 'tUnoS e€oopd on eO. 'teed rspuu oro OtwYIlO rou nOAtnKOU IO"AUIl·

• H KOl.>pOncij €q>lJJl£pioa «Oi;YKt0up MzcKt<;» avnpE'toonil;;€t 'tT}v npoonnKij 'tT}<; EV'tuST}S 'tT}<; TOl.>pKia<; crqv E.E. ws KiVT}rpo yta 'toy -'t€PllanO"llo rorv umryopeuosmv 0"'tT} xpijcrTj 'tT}S KOl.>potKijs yAffiO"cras oru .MJvIE Kat crnv sK1taiOcucrTj. «ill» 12-12-99).

• Ilpw 'tT} O"l.>VUV'tT}crTj oro EAcrtVKl O"€ cuvrnCU~lJ roo L, AO"MV'tU<;, ~ou<; 'tT}S otoiKT}crTjS 'tT}<; 'EVoocrTj<; AvepwntvWV ~tKatWIlU'tooV, ornv «Auyij», onou us rpono anoAmo OT]AooVS on TJ «cupwna'lKij unO'VT}q>tO'tT}'ta 'tT}S Toupxlce; tvtcrxUSt 'tOY aywva flUS» (<<E» 11/12/99).

Av nupoupE l.>1to'VlJ 'to flSYMo EAAStllfla oTJIlOKpa'tias Kat O"n<; OW 'lwps<; yta n<; S8vtKE<; flStOvo'tT}'t€S. Av ltUpoupE l.>1tO'VTJ on 11 EUCt8a €Vomq>Ep€'tal ym n<; usiovc'tT}'ts<; 0"'tT}V Toupxiu aua ym 'tT}v EUCtoa OY ~N NEOTEPON AnO TO METOTIO, Av nupoupE Ulto'VT} rrtv Ulto'Vll rcov tM.11VlKWV KpUTIKWV napayoV'twv nou 111- MUV yta EMHNIKH MEIONOTHTA orqv TOYPKIA va rou; l.>1t€VeulliO"oo On lJ LYNE>HKH THL AnZANNHL ym rnv 11l~po Kat Ttv€oo I-ltAaSt Kat yta «J.lTJ uouO"OVAJ.lUVlKO tOaytvi] 1tATJeucrj!o», cr. 60. ApBpo 14. «at avijKoV'ts<; tt<; jlT} 1l0ucroUAJ.lUVlK<ls 1lSt0vo'tT}'t!1<; UmlKOot TOOpKOL .. », 0", 71. ApOpo 39.

TIHrH: (Alto 'to tM.T}vtKO ~t~Aio Kat O'lt 'tOUPKlKij pE'tuq>pacrTj «H LYN8HKH THL AnZANNHL TO NOMIKO KA8ELTnL TOY AIfAIOY KAI THL E>PAKHL - EK- 86o"Et<; Projnoouvn) Ftn va IlTJv Attt 0 K. E. Xa'lrioT}<; cr€ 'tTJAro1tTIKij €KnOIl1tT] O"tOV N'tEV'tZ on 'tu'latES rn otu~acr€ anD roupxtxf !_U;;Tuq>pacrTj ...

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• «To El.>poonatKO LVIl~OUAto l.>1t€VeuJ.l!l;;€l On TJ nlPlJcrTj rcov nOAl'tWV xprrnpizov nov OPto"€ 'to Evpoolta'llCo LVfl~OUAlO 'tTJ<; KOltGYXaYTj-<; o.no'tEMi 1tpoi.inoOEcrTj yta 'tTJV tvap~l1 olUnpayJ.!U'truO"€WV 1tpocrxwPllcrTj<; Kat on lJ 'tijPTJcrTj OAooV'tWV Kpt'tTJpkov 'tT}<; KOltflrxaYTj<; a1to't€Ati 'tTJ ~UcrTj yta 'tT}V npoO"xwPllcrTj ornv 'Evoxrr]» (<<E» 12-12-99).

vnosoxn THE AnO<PAEHE ITHN EJ\AA.1A

L'tT}V Elluoa 'to llALOK mat soxap1O"'tT}~0 uno 'to 'ttAtKO KEi!l€VO 'tOOV 15 xpnrrov - fltA<Ov 'tT}S E.E. Etvct c:uxaptO"'tTJ~o truro, we; Kat 0 f. Kaljlij<; Kat nolloi allot, nov ~Cti;St opouq yto. «anai'tT}crTj ym npoodo ern avOpwmva otKatffilla'ta» (<<E» 11112/99).

APAfE, fIAT! EINAI KAAO NA illEZEI H E.E. THN TOYPKIA fIA THN KATAITATHLH TON AN8PillIINON ~KAInMA TnN LTH fEITONIKH XQP A KAI OT Al'l H E.E. ITEI K.UI rIA

MJ...K6AONIKO

GNHM€PWTIKO A€A TIO 19

THN EAAAM 8 EnPEITAI 'EAN EITEMBALH TH~ E.E. ~T A E~nTEPIKA TmEMAML;

Kat ~ta 7tOU yivE'tat 1toM<; A&yO<; yw. nc; a7to<pucre~ 'tT]<; Ko1tEy',(uYT]<; 7tOU ea 1tpe- 7tet va eq>ap~Ocrel T] Toupxia, Ylun upaye T] EUuba bEY n<; e<pap~o1;El;

OPIL.MENA AP8P A ITEPI Tm KOI1ErxArID: nov TIP ArMA TOnOrn8HKE TON IOYNH TOY 1990 8A DAPOnIAWYN LE EnOMENO TEYXO~

300 ITPEMMATA AOPEAN IE «OMOrENEII» ITH <l>J\OPINA

To EUT]VlK6 KPU'tO<; a<p01J (J1)VQi1;El vc orspei 'tT]V e1tllJ'tpoqnl rcov MAKE~ONnN nOAlTIKnN IIPOL<I>YE1N, 'tou<; crspei 'tT]V EAAHN1KH 18ArENEIA, 'tou<; KU'tUKAeljle TIlV nepioucic roue, savacruvqi1;El TIlV 7tOAmKTj e7tOIKlcr~ou cr'tT] MAKE~ONlA Kat 8PAKH. Ilcpouoiccrrpce VOflOcrxeblO (v/cr) crn<; 17/12/99 oxo 'tOY U1tOupyo ESro'tepIKcl)v f. TIU1tavbPEOU, 'tOY u<pU7tOupyo EI;ro'tePIKcOV Tp, Nuom xai rov Y7toupy6 MaKebOvia<; - 8pUKT]<; f. MaYKPtroTll 7tepi ~6Vl~T]<; eyKa'tucr'tU<JT]<; <J'tT] B. EM6:oa KUI E1tuyyeA~nKTj<; U7tOKU'tUlJ'ta<JT]<; 500.000 OflOYEYcOV Kat «OIlOYEYcOv».

Ot liv9pro7tOl uuroi U7tO 'tT]V 7tpcOT]V Lo~tE'tlKTj 'Evoxrq au a7to1C'tijcrpuv amOIlU'to><; TIlV eM1']VlKi] leayevElU Kat eU 7tuipVOUV 'tT]V 7tpUcrtVT] KUp'tU epyacria<; Kat bT]IltOupyoilV'tal JdVT]'tPU 'YIU TIl flOvtIlT] eyKU't'ucr'tU<JT], 1[OU aMOU; <J'tT] MUKeOOvia, TIl 8p6.Kt] Kat La VT]crlU 'tOU B. Alyuiou. H EAAHNIKH I8AfENEIA 8A ~08EI EITE BPILKONTAl ~H LTHN EAAAM EITE TIAPAMENOYN ~TIL XilPEL Tm ITEPIOxm Tm MA ypm 8A.I\.AD:AL. TIUpUMT]An eU J.l7tOPOUv vu txouv KUI 'tT]V leUyevetU 07tOU olallevoUv. Tt' au'tou<; 7tOU npoxerrm va xucrouv 'tT]V 18ArENEIA rou 't01tOU 01tOU yEYY1'l6T]Kav TO vks 7tpopAhret 'tT] xopi]'YT]<JT] elblKOU beATIOU 'talYtO't'T]'tU<;. Le OM<; nc; 7tePI1tTcOcre~ OflW<;, 01 Uv6pro1tOl rrorol ea a7tOK'tOUV KUp'ta epyuma<; KUI eU ~1tOpOW va )l1tuivo1)V Kat VU lJyaivo1)V a1to 'tT]V Elliba oxore mrroi 'to eEAi]crOUY.

AnPEAN

OIKOnEAA - JlANEIA - ENOIKIA

L' uu'CoU<; 7tOU ea eyKa'tUlJ'taeOUV <J'tT]V EM6:oa Ilovi~ro<; 'to vk: 1tpOpA.e1tel TIl xopij'YT]<JT] oropeuv OlK01t60rov Kat 'tT] XOpi]yT]<JT] Klvij'tproV. LUf.l<prova f.lE 1J't00Xeia 1tOU nnpouciccs 0 U<pUltoupy6<; ESro'teplKcOV fp11YOPT]<; NtcO'tT]<; U1tO 'tou<; 150.000 alto rnv ltpcOT]v ~OplenKTj 'Evoicn 60.000 eyKatalJ'tu6T]Kav <J'tT] 8ecr/ViKT] Kat 1tepiltOU 30.000 ern 8pUKT] (E<PT]Il. 8ELlNlKH 18/12/99).

o 1)1toupy6<; MUKeOovia<; - 8pUKT]<; K. MaYKPtcOTIl<; ave<pepe 1t0><; «to 70% rcov 7tpompUyrov PpiCi1CctUt o rov pOpelOeMaOIKO XcOpo» KaM OAn mmi eu ij'Cuv, onrv 8A fYPIZAN rm:n or rHrENEIL MAKE~ONEL, sov roue Stvoruv 1'] ITEPIOnIA roue, eUV rouq savay-6pl1;av mcrro TI]V I8AfENEIA roue, zou aueuipctU roo; crtepT]aav 01 blK'ta'topIKoi Kat Ol «Snuoxpunxoi» V61l01 ebcO Kal 50 roon xpovta. Movo e.crt au yivouv morseroi on exouv uvepro1tlcrnKU xivqrpc yta 'tou<; EUT]ve<; 'tT]e; 1tpcOT]v ELL~. Movo rots bEY ea P6.1;oUf.lE opo 'YIn TIl 1lT] eyKatucrtacrij 'tou<; <J'tT] <I>AnPINA.

'Erot f.lE 'tT]V ltOAmKTj tOUe; au't'ij <pUiVeLaI 1t0><; 11 AlLXPH LKOYTIA zou YlVe'tUI Yla rouq AABANOYL elVUI KaeUpoe; KpanK6<; patcrtcrllOc;. AKOUe; sxei; LKOYTIA! TI EINAl LKOYDI~; TIroe; sivrn Suvnrov vu u1tapxouv bOUMt6<; yta rotx; «TIaA.IWOcr'tOUV'tE<;» xm 'YIa 'toue; AApayout:; Oxl;

MA.KeAONIKO

20 6NHM6PWTIKO A&\ TIO

Ilcx; E(vat ouvaTov va O(VETat TJ 1- 0ArENEIA cs avSpolJtOUS 'tT]S nEpt0xTlS 'tT]S MauPTJS 0O:A.aaaas Kat &X} a' au'tOus nou yEWT'JSTJKaV mlnno\) npos numtou OTT]V cI>MlPINA, 'tT]V KALTOPIA, ELlliLLA KTA.;

(I1ll'yrj: «E» 18/12/1999 aEA.. 5)

AUTO TO XPOVtKO Otua'tT]f!a aTI] VOna A.A.f3avla y(vovrat Kun0tES anaA.A.OTpuiJOEtS YT]S ce nEplOxts rrou nvrpcouv Kat os 'EA.A.TJVES 'tT]S AA.~av(as yta 1l£YUA.a tpya nou XPTJllCt'too<nouvrm Kut ano TI]V EM<ioa. Na n OijA.oocrE 0 'EA.A.TJvaS 1(\)~EPVTJnKOS EK1tpOaoonos K. Pt1t1taS: «Sa npenEt va Y(VE! I-lta OtUKptOT], ytari 'to sij'tT]l-la ElVat A.Eit'tO, avo.usee OTIS avaYKa1£l; anaA.A.oTpubaEtS yta ~UA.a tpya, Ta onoin Kat Ef!&ts XPTJl1aToOOTOUf.1E -TO STjTOUV oi iOlOt 01 ustovorucoi 'EA.A.T]VES- va yivouv UUTo. rn f.1EYUA.a tpya Kat a'ttS crK6mf!&S &KEiVES EYtPYEtEt; TOW opyUvoov TOll a:A..~aVtKOu Kpo.TOllS ij iaoos Kal 'tT]S a:A..j3avtKijc; OtKatocrUVT]c;. nou OOTJYouv cs acpaipEOT] TOOV 1t&ptoucrtaKWV cr'tOtXElooV ano 'EllTJVE9) (<<E», 7/12/99)

To WT]VtKO tcpUTOS OEY sivm ruxaio zou E1tEll~ivEt (JtT]V EOCl)'tEP1Kij OIKOVOlltlCo-noA.tnKij 'tT]S AA.~C;. 'EXEt tOlaV Ulpa ano 'tT]V 110AITIKH LKOIlIMOTIITAL nou unupxEt cr'tU tpyu 'tT]S MEAITIU: - AXAAl!AJ:. ij naA.at6u:pa O'tTJv KapotU (T ptl-lto) it Kat aA.A.a XOOPtU 'tT]S MaKEOOvias. 110AITIKH t!!1t&ptaA.tcrI10U XPTjOtIlOnotEi TJ EAAaOa &KEi nou 'tT]V naipvE!. EKEl nou OEY rnv naipvE! n·x· ps 'tT]V Toupxia aMitl;;Et mOT]. OTUV J1tA.UvE yta OtKOVO 1ltKT] otEicr01}(JTj era Ba:A..K1ivta Kat OTT] MaUpTJ 0iUaoou ~aoo TOO erolloeE'tT]~ou opyuYOU TOU LAE n KUvouv;

L'tT] 3~ OtUcrKEIJ'Il TOO LAE

(!:Ullj3oUA.1O AnOOT]lloo EA.A.TJvtoIlOU) nou

£rtVE ltpOcrq>aTa O'tT] 0Ea/vlKT], apxts ron t..ElCtl-l~PTj ron 1999, ltapEUpt9T]Kuv it taTEtA.ay J1TJvUllam IlETa9) illoov 0 K. Xpicr'tOOouAOS; 'to KKE, 0 oitllaPXOS 0EalviKT]r;

o 1lcp1llt01>P'Y6; E~CJl'TEP'KOOV Fp, Nl6Yn]; Kat 0 1l7[01>P'Y6; MaKEOoV~ 0paK1)S r.

MayKPWmtS

BacrU..T]S llultaYEoopy67touwC;, 0 NilCOS KOOVcrruvc67tOUAOC; 'tOO Luvacrmal10u. EKEi XapaXTIlICE Kat Tj 1tOA.tnKij StOT] yta 'tT]V IauYEvEta TOOV 0IlOYEYWV tOOY EUitvoov. I't' uuTout; &v au U1tUPXOUV ours PfSEc;, ours riltom. L' uUTrj 'tT]V ltEpin:tOOOT] au ltUE!upinaTO T] ClUllqxovla LeyKEV. 0 npOEOpoc; TOU LAE AV'tptou ASEYC; OTjA.roVEt «Mar; A.Emouv CJXOA.Eia Kelt q>povncrTrjPta (JtT]V AA.l3avla», «A; KUvoof.1E llta ltpocrnuSEta, sElCtvwvrar; ano EOID KOVtu, va qmasoof.1E alCol-lT] Kat Ta J1tKpu tpya ltOU XPEtUS0V'tUt -OOPEUcrEOOC;, T]A.EK'tpoqxonallOu, op61l0UC;- ')'Ul va ltapa!!Eivoov a' uU'toUC; TOur; T6nooc; nou iITav mrvrors wTJvtKoi» (sic). <ill» 7/12/99

MAKeAONIKO

€iNHfvI€iPCDTIKD A€iA TID 21

EnEIAN 01 vnorPACDEI riA TH .dEH ITHN nEPIOXH MEJ\ITHI - A'X.AA.dAI

ria 'to 1996 u1toAoyi1;e'tat emcriUlCJlI; 11 avepyia a1to mv E:EYE oro 10.3% 1taveUalilKa (500.000 1t€pi1tou tivepOJ1tOl). T11 eAI~€pit 1tpcona YEW'YpacplKa 'tT]V 1taipv€! 11 1t€PIO;o1 'tT]~ t.unKij~ MaK€liovia~ i!€ 17.3%, €Vc.O 'to IlIKPO't€PO 1tOOOO"'to Ka'taypacpe'tal O"'tT]V 1t€ptoxfl 'tT]~ Kpn'tT]~ us 4% 1t€pi1tou (<<p» - 25/3/98). :E'tT]v Ksvrptxf Mcxeoovic 01 42.328 aVEpyol rou

'1990 au1;it8l]Kav O"E 76.361 'to 1995. To [(ito lilaO"'tT]lla, ornv Ava't. MaKEliovUx Kal0paK1j a1to 14.016 au1;it8l]KctV O"E 26.554.

o X€tf·l(:i>va~ 'tT]~ u1tctVa=1;T]~ ym 'tT] Muxsfiovic i:XP aPXlO"El a1tO TO 1912. :E' 01tOla Epya yivovtat 1tpOaAallj3avoV'tat 1tOA- 1£<; CPOPE<; Epya1;olJ.€VOl MO rnv 1I1t€lp0, 'tT] 0EaaaAia it Kat a1to aua flep11, onw<; Ex€! yiv€! ore spvocttictn ron AEKaV01tEliiou IT'toAEflatooe;. 'Erot Ot lilacpopOI ~ou1Eu'tE~ Kat unoupyoi floAEUOUV 'toue; litKO'6<; 'toue; €<p6crov 1i€V f11topEaav va TOUe; floAbvouv cr'tT] 0Eaaa1ia it O"'tT]V 'Hneipo rot»; IjIl1cpo(j)opoue; TOU~. 'Ercn 1tE't1lXaivouv Kat all.oue; crK01tOUs, roix; 1syOIJ.€VOUe; «EevtKOU9)· 'Oxt Ott €i!J.amE avtieE'tOl ps 'toue; Epya1;olJ.€VoUe; 1tOU exouv Epe€t atl]v 1tEPtoxfl fl<le; a11a ytari vc fl<lari1;€t 11 avepyia 'toue; vromoo; MaKEliOvEe; zou TOUe; 1tijpav 'tCl xcop<iCjna TOUe; ym vn (j)'t1ClX'touv Clura 'ta EpY0O"'tacrta;

To 1976-77 Eva o16K111PO flaKE1i6- VlKO XCOpto 'tT]e; tteptoxfle; IT'toAEllawctc;, 11 KaplitU (T PEIlIO) 16yco ron nAoUO"lOU U7t€- 1l6:<poue; O"E Alyvi'tT] ctVaYKacr'tT]KE va lJ.€'taKOlliaEt yta va crKacp'tei a1t6 Ta 'tEpamta fl11xavijfl<l'ta 'tT]e; KPOYIT c.OO"'tE va E1;opuX't€i 0 Atyvi'tT]e;.

To napaAoro 1i€V eiVat on

«xaAUO"'tT]KE» Eva XooPIO 1100 xrrroixorv a1- AU 01 npoO"1t6:eetE<; 1tOU yivoV'tctV it'tctV vc i!€TacpEp80uv Ot KaTOIKOl 6xt 1tpOe; 'ta j36- pstn a1M 1tPoc; ru vonc. 'OX!' 1tPoc; 'ta f,ltP11 eKEiva 1tOU 6AOl €iXctV 1tavtPSIjIEI Ka1tOla KOP11 it Ka1t01O y10 it EiXav <royy€V€ie; aUa 1tpOe; rc Ka'tco, To TPEfllO it'tctV TO tEAEU'taio

VO'tlO fl<lK€1i6VlKO XoopiO. Oi limlitKaoi€c; au'tsc; apXIO"av en! xouV'tac; xm cpuo"lK(1 fle KU1tOlOUe; EAa;(lO"'tOUe; O"UflflaXOUe; 'tT]e;, 01tW<; 1t,X, 'to lilOPtcrflEvo 1tpoElipo rou XCOPlOU leouVVT] T O'tcO'tcrta. EU"CUXc.OC; exEO'E 11 xouV'ta Kat IlmlKE 1tpoelipoe; 0 O"nouliayflEvo<;. yta rots, ovcuun Bafll3aKO:c; li11flOKpanKc.Ov 1tE- 1tOleijO'ECOV (ITA:EOK) Kl aKOA.oUe11O'e fllCl 1tOAt'ttKij WO"tE 'to XCOPIO va lJ.€'tacpEpeEi 1tpOe; 'tT]V IT'toAEllatlia. Ilcp' OAO nou 8ivctV 't1;aIllta OIKOlt€lia ctn KoiAa - Ko1;aVTte; 0 KO- 0'1l0e; npO'riIl11O"E va neptflEv€! va ltA.11Pc.OO'Et yta vc ayopuo"Et xropa<pta., va 1J.1t01lV oro crxeoto Kat va merEl ora f,ltP11 1[01) EmeUIJ.Ei. Kct av eixe neO"EI 11 XoUV'ta YPTJyopOtepa Kl o €V'tOA.o86Xoc; 'tT]e; ltpoc1ipoc; TOU XooPlOU OAOI 01 Ka'tOtKOI (ro 95%) Sa 1tijyawav 1tpOe; rnv IT'toAEllat1ia. 'E't0'1 'to xcop16 EylVE Mo xroptU IJ.E 'to 60% O"'tT]v IT'toAEfl<ltlia Kat 'to 40% crta KoiAa - Ko1;av,,<;, TO'tE O"UV'tPExav «e8vtlCoi AiryOl» yta vu 1t(IVE ot KUT01KOI ltpOe; m vonc. A1c' on cpaive'tat ouV'tPEx01lV Kat 1tUAt «EevtKoi A.OyOl.» yta vu yivEt 'to spyoO"'tamo cr'tT] MeAi'tT] <I>1roPlvac;. E1;aUou xopuecto; 1t0- At'ttKOi 'to ei1tav on: «H altocpaO'T] ym rnv 1C(ltacrKEUit SEP- 1l0TJAEKtP1KOU O"'taellou 'tT]e; t.EH ern <I>1ropwc, zou ea a1;I01tOlOuO"E 'ta romxd xorrdO"lla'ta Alyvi'tT], eAitcp8l] 'to 1988 ym AOyou<; K01VCOVl-

MA.KeAONIKO

22 6NHM6PWTIKO A€A TIO

UnOAOlltOl <ITO AlyvnropuXEio). Oatocro nptnEl vn cpo~acral mllwpa rcov t.avawv ...

Eni<r11<; oro CSXElllacr)!O 'tTJ<; £XEI npo~AccpeEi va MI'tOUP'Yl1crEI Kat 'tTJAcetp)!aV<r11 nou ea npoooepet 1;EatO VEpO cr'tTJ cl>A6Jplva Kat crn<;y6pro KOlVOTIj'tE<; (<<E» 8-3-97).

fl.1ll~a1;oull£ aKO)!T] on ° cr'taello<; npO~M1[£'tal va Ml'tOUP'Yl1crEl ).lE'ta cno rsccepc tro<; nME xpoVla (<<E» 12-6-97). 'Ero<; rors cpumKa 01 unocrxtcrEt<; Yla poucrcptna !Cal 01 au'tana'tE<; rcov aVEpyrov ea YE)!i1;ouv rn ypacp£ia rev auo ).lE'YaAU'tEProV KO)!)!a'trov. Na notou; rocp£Mi T] aVEpy(a, ~ui1;ow cruvcW"aEl<; nOAlTIKE<;, E9VtKE<;, avepromcrnKE<;.

:E'tTJ fl.IllKO)!).lUnKij Emrpomi zou stvm U1ttp rou EpyOU Kat zou EiXE KaTe~El crnv A9ijva yw. vc cruVav-rijcrEI rev ITPOEopo 'tTJ<; t.T])!OKpa'riae;, 'to :E'tE<pUvonouAo, rov IOUAT] roo '97, OEV <rU)!).lE'tEiXE 'to KKE.

l\paYE 01 aP!!OalOl £x0uv rrapEl urrolJlTl 'toue; xm 'tTJV av'rieE'tTJ anolJlT] nou ElCcppa<rTIjKE uno TT]V O)!6.0a ITEPI~Ov-rO<; 'tTJ<; AtCSXT]<; ITOAlTIcr)!OU cl>A6JP1Va<;, T] onoio E7tl<r11)!aiVEl on T] mtoupy(a 'tTJ<; !!ov6.0ae; 'tTJe; fl.EH «Sa alla~El 'tTJ YEro)!opcpia 'tTJ<; 1[£ploxTJe;, ea Em~pUVEl 'tTJV UYEia troy xurolxorv, ea £XEI E1tllttWcrEt<; <rTIj XAropwa Kat na.viaa Kat T] onota ava1t't1J91npoacptpEl ea etvci atPE~A", )!ovo).lEp"<; Kat ~ial1]» (<<E» 26/8/97). 1\paYE ).lE'ta ano 40-50 x;pOVlU [aro<;, ).lE'ta 'tTJV ucpai)!a91 tou Alyvi'tTJ uno 'tTJ 'YT] ).lU<;, n a01)AEt€<; Sa KUvOU).lE E).lEi;, rn nawtU ).lU<;, rc eyyovta ).lU<;; ea anOKataataeEi 1] cpU<r11; 0 Alyvi'tTJ<; aev sivcr avE~av-rAT]tOe;. META TO A YPIO TI;

Msou oro cl>M~6.p1] rou 1998 ).lEta ano )!ta ).lE'YaA1] ala).lUXT] £'twv emaav 01 unoypacpE<; xm U7tS'YpacpT] 1] 'tpOn01tOl1]nKij crU!!~<r11 YIU 'tTJV Ka'tacrKEU" rou AH:E (A't)!0-HMK-rP1KO<; Ltae)!o<;) napayroyij<; 1]AEK'tplKije; EVEPYEla<; ).lE'ta~ 'tTJe; t.EH xm 'tTJ promKije; KOlV01tpa~ia<; (<<E» 26/2/98) Kat 061h]1CE nPOKata~hl.

To tpyo 'tTJ<; fl.EH stvct )!ta npay).lUn!Co'tTJta, ea npt1t£t vc !!T]v usivet ore Xapna 1] ano<pa<r11 ron 0,4% em troy Elcrnpa~Eroy 'tTJ<; t.EH nou ea Kata~allital yta eventUSlalCa tpya croix; VOIlOue; Ko~aVT]e;,

IIapci T1'] ~dT(COOTJ Tn TE1.euTala xpOVla JI£ ru cpo.Tpa, or KaJllvciliES Trov aTIl0I]MKTPlKWV <Tta91lrov «qnVVOllV» aa9&VElES

KOU<; xm E9VtKoUe;» (<<E» 1-8-97, a. 4).

To 'ri)!1])!a 'tCOY atanpay)!atWaECOv ).lE 'tTJ pwcrtKT] Etatpla <rUIlCProvij9l]KE va sivet tOY AnplAlO ron 1997 ore 179,5 Ola. H laxUe; ea eiVat 330 MW. To Epynnxo Ksvrpo cl>AwplVa<; EnavaA.aIl~VEI on ouvrpsXOw «E9VtKoi Kat xowcovtxol Myol» «ill» 26-3-97). :E'to Al'YVln!CO KMpo Ko1;UVTj<; - ITtOAclUIwa<; - Auuvrntou "aT] napay£'tal to 75% 'tTJS 1]AcKTPlIol<; EVEpyEUle; 'tTJe; xwpm; (<<E» 4-6-97).

To o1]).lOOiEUJlQ. ~ava orrtv «E» (8-3- 97) )!WlEt yta Ka'taaJ(£U" oro «xwpo nou ea eivm 1] xotvorntu Mdi'tTJ<;, ).till nEploxTJ euaicr9l]'tTJ E9VtKa xrn ).lE Mova OlKOVO)!lKa npo~A").tara».

o voov voetreo. Toix; F:x,El ).l1tEl oro )!Un T] Mdi'tTJ 'to KMpo'l> rou MaxsdoviKOU Aywva. AUa aEV !CataAa~ Kan, 1] arriea 069l]KE O'E noJ..J..iJ. Xropui 6x;t 1l0VO ornv nEploxTJ cl>A6Jplvm; oXAiJ. !CUI atOUe; YEltO'V1K~ vo~. ElC).lE'tallEUov-ral 'to olKairo)!a rou MoD yw. Epyacria yw. vo nporoeouv rc ~pW).tlK6. 'tOUC; CSXEola nou eivm evnvnn Cl"tT]V ESvtKij JlUS unoatu<r11. ITpayIUIn ea a=CSXOAT]eoDV rUpro am 2.500- 4.000 urouc lCa'ta 'tTJ cp6.<r11 KatacrKEU"e; 'tTJe; Ilovaoa<;, EVW a'tTJ cpam] 'tTJ<; Acl'toupyia<; 'tTJe; Sa anacsxoAouv-rUl aE !lOVl!l1] ~<r11 1.000- 1.3000 crouc (300 am spyoorcoto Kl 01

MA..KsAONIKO

GNHMGPCDTIKO ASA TID 23

cI>AwptVae; Kat ApKaoiae;, TOU :leyofl£VOU «AtyvtTOcrrll.lOU», ltpOKEt~OU va uvnueronfocov Ta ltPO~),:l;flaTa pUltavCflje; Kat xspt~ovnKi]e; Ulto~u9fltCflje;. ~uflcpoova us TOUe; UltOAOYIOflOUe; TOU UltOUP1'elOU Avult~Tje;, Yla TTjV EltOf!EVTj nsvtcerin ea OtaTE90uv rcspbtou 16,2 Sic. oPX. H KaTavofl~ TOUe; ea yiVEt roc; Es~e;: Ko1;1lvTj 10.5 oto., ApKaliia 3.2 Kat cI>A.<OptVa 2.5 (<<E» 20-7- 97).

Alto TOUe; ~OUA£uTee; TOU v. cI>AWptvae; ftwpyo AtUVTj tOU IIALOK Kat XcpcAaflltO I1alta9avaoiou TTje; N .Ll. eXEt TE9e[ TO geflU TTje; evTOmOTTj'tae; yta rnv ltPOOATjIJlTj rcov Epya1;oflZvoov oro (J'ta9flo (<<E» .13-3- 98).

o 1oovae; LlpayoUflTje;, yevYTjflevoe; (j'tTj A~va TO 1878, anc; apxee; rou aunva elXE nst: «Na I;tp&'t& ncos av Tpec;ooJW va ao)(youJW TTl MaKsoovia. It MaK&oovia 9a "as !YWIfll. 0a "ac; !YWIfll MO TTl JlpWJ1ct 01t00 KUAlOJlaIYT&, 9a "as !YWIfll ano TTl Jl&TPIOTTtTa Kat ano TTlv lJI0qllOIYUVT). 9a "ac; AllTPcillfll ano TOV alGXpo TOV llltVO, 9a J1ctC; &l.zll9spcillfll. Av Tptl;oll"S va !Ycileoous TTl MaK&oovla. sJWl<; 9a aco9011- JW!».

Na y\an TJ A~va ~9sA.& 'tTj MaKEoovill, l'j9sA.& TO ltAOOOto UltEoacpoc; 'tTje;, 'tTj 'YTJ 'tTjC;, ta ltpo'i6VTa 'tTje; Kat qnJcrtKU OXt roix av9pwltouC;.

As flaS alta~ostKa9apa. TJK. Ba- 000 I1altaVOpEOu orcv MEt «To Epyo· i1jc;

EpyclT&S TTl'> AEH IYTO &1tlKiv&vvo tpyo TOOS

LlEH 0'tTj cI>AWptVa ytVSTctl Kat yta E9vlKOUC; A.OyOUC;. Av l'j'tav OTO XEpt 'tTjS LlEH, 0 oTa9floc; aUTOS unopai va ytVOTa.V aM.oU Kat ue UMO Kaucrtflo» TI ENNOEI; Tt }.tvE fluonKu altO TO Aao; Turri "Kpu~OVTat" nioro altO to oax'tUAO roue;

'000 yta 'tOY TomKO ~OUA£u~ cI>AWptvac; K. rtWP1'0 AlaVl] avacpEpet on crnv «ltePtO~ 'tTjC; MeAi'tTjC; Tj tPtxouoa aVeP1'ia sivrn 40% Kat OEY Exet yiVet Kaveva aveIt'tUstaKo EP1'O OAOKATJPO TOV 200 atwva. Ot ltEPlOXEC; PTjflUx9TjKaV alto rnv ltepi080 rou SflcpuAiou Kat mo ltPIV. Efvm xoopla ltOU eixav 3.000 KctTOiKOUC; Kat cr1'JflEpa Ta O~tWV1)!la xoopta siva! crov Kavaoa Kat rnv AuotpaAia. 0 ltAT]9uoflOr; X'tU1t1'j9TjKe altO ne; ltaAalES KU~ep~OEtc; 'tTjr; LlSstUs flOVO Kat flOVO yta to YAcoOcrtKO iliico}.la ltOU fltAOUOe» (<<E» 1 0/3/98).

Kat ouveXi1;st 0 lOtor; va Met: «Oi yeLTovee; txouv 2 ltapOflOlSe; }.lOVUOer; -nou cpaivOVTat- 1Cl efleic; Ka}.lia. LlTjA. Tj e1ttAoyl'j TOU cruyKeKpt}.levOu xwpou, TJ E1ttAoy~ 0'tT] cruyKeKptflEVTJ xpovua; anYfll'j, ave1;ap~toor; aUTwv ttov ltpaY!luTooV ltOU cruST]tuflE twpa, Eytvs yta Ka9apu e9vtKour; AOyOUS».

I1po09e-rst 0 LlpayaouKTJr; ~ouA£uTl'jr; tOU Luvaomoflou.

- I'i' uuro UltOO'tT]pi1;oo Kat Ta etotKU KiVl]tpn yta TO VOflO.

A14VTjr;: To KataAa~aivco Kat Xaipo!lat noAU ltOU to E1t1.OT]j.tUvate.

LUVexi1;et 0 AtllvTjs Kat Me!: «To eP1'O trlVe yta cruyKE1Cpt~OUS S9vtKOUe; AOyour; ltOU 7tOMoi ouvexU;ouv va ayvoouv TJgeAT]~a ~ va a7tocrtro1touv».

LYMITEPALMA: Dreoor; etAav va OtcOSouv TOUS xctolxoi»; TOU XooPlOU Tpsjuo crnv e1;opia OTjA. OtO VOTO, ytan ~E~ala 7tepaoav Ot Katpoi zon !lae; (J't€AVaV ern SePO~ota, srm 9tA.ouv - mcrsuouv on ea OltUOOUV TTj !laKSOOvtKTJ KOUA roupc O'tT]V lteptoxiJ MeAi'tT] - AxAaoa. Dflooe; 01 Mcxsoovse; 9a Kpa~oouv 'tT]V aStOltpeltEtU tOur;.

Nixoi; 1:.

M)..KSAONIKO

24 GNHM6PCDTIKO A,6A. TIO

IVMnOIIO BAAKANICN IVrrPA<I>ECN ITHN A0HNA

LTIlV AOi]va (}tt<; 3/12 xm 4/12/99 eAaj3a.v !1EP<X; oro Epya<mlpt BaAKavkov IT~oypucprov BaAlCuvtOt <ruyypa<p~ CiTO AIl<Pt9wTPO TOU Ynoupysiou Iloxmcuo». 'EA.a~ Ilep<x; Kal Ot 7 Xcilp~ rcov Bal..1Caviwv. T11 <ruvuVti]CiT) TIl lhopyuvrocrE TO E9Vt1CO Ksvrpo BI~Ai01).

·EA.a~av !1EPOS:

1. Il>UTOS KOvyKOAt a11:o rnv AA~avia.

2. AVTOV NTOVTCiE<p Kat BA.6.VTO NTa~epocp, a11:0 TIl B01)Ayapia.

3. EOUT1;ev OuptKUP01) Kat Nrcuicv NEKoUAIl, a11:0 TTJ P01)J.lIlVia.

4. NtU~tVT AAIl11:axuPt, altO TIl LEp~ia.

5. NEVTIIl llCloupCieA Kat <llEpwrs TCittcreKoYAo1), a11:0 TTJV Toupxic.

6. Alto TIl bo11lloKpaTia TIle; MaKEl\oviae; eA.a~av !1EP<X; 000 croyypaCPEi<;. 0 11:pcilT<x; ijTav 0 Mero ltO~av6qxn<t xou eva a11:o ru ~1~Aia 't01) sivat J.lETa<ppaCiJ.1€vo rrru EMT)VlKU a11:o 'tt<; EKOOcrEu:; «ITapaTIlP11Tij9> Kat rivat 'to «Amonoprpuiro 't01) 9avUT01)). Kat 0 OMEPOS ijTav 0 TUcrKO lKEofYY1Cl£CPCi1Ct 11:01), altO 'tt<; EK06aEu:; «<lltli(}twp», exEt EKo09ri «To KOK1CtVO 6.Aoy0». H IlEtucppaCiT) eivut TOU BUCi1C01) KapaT1;u a11:o to NT'Il7tEVt (boEVllpOXcilpt) KUcrt0P1US. 0 AKa011J.lUlKOS TUCiKO rlCEOpy1Ct€!p01Ct yEVVij- 9T]KE oro xwpt6 Kepnotn (KpoVTaeA.O~O) TIle; 'EoEcrcras rnv uvot1;T) 'tOO 1935. kTII eu£AA.a tOU EIl<PuAiou ltOAeIlOO, ltaloi 11 XJ>Ovov, aVaYKU1;ETat va syKa'taAEiljlEt to xroptO rou svoee 0 n:atepw; tOU Katal5tcilK£tat Kat 11 Il11Tepa T01) ~plmcETat 0TllV ~opia. yorspu altO E<;l xpOvta ruxpallovije; Oti]v ltEptoxij TIle; BOlj30oivac;, TO 1952 EYKa9icrTatal opurnxn ern LKOma., On:ou Kat OAoKA11- pdrvsi 'tt<; Y1lIlVaataKee; ICat ltUVEmcrTIllltaKEC; TOU Ci1tOullee; crov KA6.Oo TIle; YlOUYKocrA.a~tKi]e; AoyoTE:XViaC; TOU Flcvcncmuiou TWV

LKomwv. Qe; <ruyypa<peae; npW'tOEIl<pavi1;E'tat 'to 1957 IlE TIl <ruUoyij Ot11Y11lluTWV «Illota =0 TO awJ.xwfLa», yta vn aKoAou- 9ijcrEt Ilta <ruVExtle; AOYOTEXVtKi] ltapayroyij zou ypijyopa TOV Ka9t£pcilvEt ern yIOUYKOcrA.a~tICU YPullllam roe; kvtxv uno TOUe; avnltpocrroltEUnKOtEpOUC; EKltpocrcilltouC; tWV ltE1;oyp&.<pwv TIle; ltpcilTIlC; usrcltOAElltKi]e; yEV\UC;. Kopuente; crnYllec; t01) ltAoumou Kat noAUllcip(pou- cnr(ypa<pIK01J t:OU epyo1), nou eXEt IlETacppa(}tEi cr' o~ nc; EUproltalKee; yAcilcrcr~, alt01:EAoUV rc llu9t(}topijllata /4vBpro7COI xai AVKOI (1960), TO[XOI (1962), Maiipoc L7COpOC; (1966) Kat ~Ej3a.iroC; To KOKKIVO til.o)'o xou Ol1llOOtciTIlKE yta 11:pcilTII <popu to 1975. «To KOKKIVO til.oyo», oro ozoto exEt ~aourrsi Kat to osvdpio Ollcilvull11e; ICtVllJ.lUtoypa<ptKi]e; rmvicc, rival 'to ltpcilto epyo tOU <ruyypacpea nou llETa<pp6.1;ETal (}ta EM11VlKU.

o METO ltO~avocpCi1Ct oijAwcrE oro tEAoe; reov Epyamcilv TIle; <ruVUVti]CiT)e; «No KUvOUIlE tn BaAICuvta KOIVO TOn:O avuyvwCille;, U1tEpj3a.ivOVTa<; Ta YAwomKu Ellltollta xrn f30116cilVTae; rou BaAKUvtOue; avayvcil(}t~ va uoipcorouv icr~ aC;iE9>.

7. A7r0 TIlV EAMoa <rullllETriXav 01 Psc TuAavUICT), BamAlle; lKOUPO"(lUVVT)C;, T11AellaX<X; Kciltcrtw;, Kcilcrtae; Moupo£Mc;.

AEttoUPYllcrE EKeECiT) ~KUVlKi]e; AoyOt£Xvlw; ero Y ltoupyrio Iloxmouo», IlE ~t~Aia BaAKUVlWV <ruyypacpEwv, zou exoov J.lETucppu(}tri ern EMllVlKU Kat ~1~Aia EAAijvrov cruy-ypa<pEwv, nou exouv IlETu<ppaersi OE <iMEe; YAcilcrcrEe; tWV BaAlCuvirov. LTO TEAoe; EyIVe UltOVOllij ~pa~eirov «Balkanika 1999». AuTij ijtav 11 Ilcitepll auv6.vti]Cill nou ylVETUt, ll1tpcilTII ijtav ltEpcrl crnv AA£';uvllpoultOAll·

EAEYBEPOTYIlIA (7/12/99)

MAK€AONIKO

BNHM€PWTIKO ABA TIO 25

EnlTEAOYI SA rlNEI LUAXQPIIMOI KPATOYI - EKKAHIIAI;

T OV ApXlEniOl<o1tO A6T]vwv Ll:pu<psif!, OtUi5EX91]Kl: 0 Mnrpo- 1tOAiTIjr;; t.11Il11'tpuioor;; XpiorooOllAor;;, 59 xpovwv, 1tOll sivrn «0 EKAEKTOL TnN EAAHNO'PYXnN» 01[(0r;; to-xupil;s'tut 11 1tPW11V vastanKi] <PlA01tOA.l:Il11 <puUuou «LTOXOL» (29/4/98) KUt IlUAtam aE 1tpro'tOaEAtOO KUt Ill: <pUl'toypa.<pia.

rou.

o XptO"'tOOOUAOr;; (crUll<Provu Ill: 'to «LTOXO» l:ivat 0 tvar;; U1tO roix; rpsu; «EU11V01jlUXOUr;; Il:pupxEr;; cxo rotx; onoiouq tiXl: npo~U1jlm 0 "l:'tOxor;;" nror;; 9a e!3Yatvl:» Kt l:1tt9uIlOilal: vu l:KA.eyEi. Ot uUOt OVO l:ivat 0 AA.l:~avopOllnoA.l:ror;; Av9tllOr;; Kat 0 0r)~v - AE~aoEiar;; IEpWVUIlOr;;.

o Xpta'toOOllAOr;; ELXl: a'tl:iA.l:t Kt sma'tOATJ oro «L't0XO», ce anuvt"IlO"ll TIjr;; npomO_i}aEroc; vn nupl:t, ~por;; oro «LllVEOptO yta roi»; 'EUTjVEC; Nsopripropec, zou tyWl: 0't0 AtoopiKt nep01».

H l:ma'tOATJ rou Xpta'tooouAou upo

o XpunOOO1Jlo; roc; Mrl1:p07toli"TllC; ATlIl1J"fPWOoC; G"TO O1>VEOpW no\) EKUV& ym 't"O\)C; 'Ell1Jvec; veouaprupe; G"TO AtOropiKl 0 «G"TOxoC;»

ftWPYOC; Ka1jlUA11C; TJmv 0 £1COOTIjC; TIjC; <paatanKi]c; <puMUoac; «L'tOxOr;;».

LUVExii;Et: «H 1tpro'to~ouAia oou yta TIj crUyKA11O"ll crnv tOtUl'tEPllna'tpiOa coo 'to AiliopiKt ano 27-29 Maiou 1997 ... AMU 1tp09mic; uon sivm vu Exro TIj ollva'toTIjta vu 1tapaKoAou9i}aro nc; l:pyacril::r;; rou LUVl:Sptou. Lar;; Wxo).lat Ku9E KaAO. KaAU Xpiorouyevvu. 0 E>Eoe; !Lai;i, con l:1l1jllJXro~l: 'EU11va. BOAoe;, 15 t.&Kell~piou 1996».

Kat ot rps«; 01troe; Met 0 «l:toXoe;» (15/4/98, a. 1 Kat 3) «01>VE~aAaV OTIjV Emmxia. ron Ioropucou LUVEOpiou yta roue '''EUIlvec; NeoIlUP'tlJPEC;", 0 XptcrtOOOUAOC; Ill:tElxe TIjC; OpyuvronKi]c; Em'tp01ti}c;, 1tapeupe911 a' auto Kat !LiA11al:, 0 IEpWVUIl0C; EatetAl: EK1tpoarono tOU Kat 0 A v9tllOC; to u1tOati}p~E Ill: 9EP!LU AOyta». Kat ncpcxnreo 11 <pamato<pllMUoa ypu<pm EtprovtKU yta «KOUAtOllpto.paiou9> K. t.A.

EKtOC; <j>1><nKU an' 'to <<L't0Xo» 1tOtoC; «O!Loy<iAaK'tor;;» rou Elxe ol1AcOaEt a1to 1tPW On 90. 1jITJ<piaet 'to XptO"'tOOOUAO; (Oi Mcxs- 06vec; uiw1jIwi;ovrat). Aa<paAcOC; 0 <iAA.oe;

. OtUO"ll!LOC; lEpuPX'1C;, 0 Aovooertvo; <I>AropiVTjC; 1tOll TIjA.l:<pwVTjae crUll<prova Ill: rnv «EAEYE>EPOTYIllA» (18-19/4/1998) 0"'t0 !L11'tP01toAi't"'1 t.l1llll'tpuiooC; XptO"'tOOOUAO, Atyovrac; rou xapaK'tTjptcrnKu: «Eiuai YEpovrac; Kt avTJll1tOPOC;, fL1topei vn IlllV TJp9a 0"'tTjV KT]oEia ron Lepa<peif!, aMU ernv 1jI11- <po<pOpia. 90. Ep9ro yto. XUpTJ con». 0 A UYOllcrTIVOe; Kuvruorrp; 07rroe; Ex0UIll: YPu1jIet Kat 1taAatO'tEpa, <dOPA» No 1, Ka'tuye'tat a1tO 'to vnot IIupoc; Kat 'tOY <pepuv ern <I>AcOptva yta suvonrouq MyOllC;. E<';eA.tyTj 'to 1967. Eivui TJOTJ 91 xpovrov Kt UutO 1t0l) 9wt 0- 1troc; <paivetat sivnt vn tOY oto.oex9Ei 0 zpro'tOcrUyKeAOC; ron (EAEYE>EPOTYIIIA 17/5/98).

Meou crov AnpiATj tvac; <iAA.o<; ispro~oc; rou KAi!La'to<; Kcvnorrq !llAoilal: 1tcpi «~aalA&i>aEt», eu'tUXWC; ppe9TjlCl: 0

M .... K€A,ONIKO

26 GNHM6P(DTIKO A6A. TIO

AlOpiO'T1lKt E1Ci X01lV't'ac; TO 1967 0'T1I cI>lOOplva "fla <dv\K01lC; WyOU9>

POUA.eunl<; Ililll]<; roo IIALOK 0 x, TscopyuiOl]<; !CUI avnJ.liAl]cre yta vc to PUAsl cr'tl] 6tcrlj 'tOU, rome va sl1tro6ei «e:u<JeptO"em.

Eltew~ 7tOAU "-Oros yiv6'tUl Yla OIUeops; 61C1CAl]cri.€<; a<; crljJ.l.6®O"OUJ.l6 EJ.l6l<; on l] Erul]O"ia TIj<; EllUoll<; U7t<lpxEl ocv au'to!CE<paAl] alto 'to 1833. Tore 01]J.lIOUpyf]6l]KUV 7tpOpAi]J.lata Kal to Ila'tplUJ)Xelo tl] xapaKnlPll;s E1CuvamanKij 7tpu91. H Ispc I:uvooo<; tl]<; 12/1111843 ~l]tOWS U7tO tl] I:uV'taKnKij ruvilioort « ... va !CaroP'Y1]6d 0- Aoqspro<; 0 ev E'tEl 1833 yev0J.l6VOS xrn )Itxpl 'touos U1tllJ)XCIlV OlOpyavUJJ.lO<; TIj<; Op60- 06sou Erullcrla<; tl]<; EllUoo<;, CIl<; avnf3aiVCIlV sl<; tou<; 6eiou<; Kat tepOu<; !Cuvova<; xrn til<; tepa<; ltapa06crel<; tl]C; Ka66AoU opeo06- SOU EW1]cria<; ... » «<E» 14/11/98).

o XplmOOooAo<; cr'tl]V rnoxTl tOO <<E~ - EAAHNON -XPII:TIANnN» TIjC; 67tfUXPOVl]C; ollCfa'topia<; 1ltav ypaJ.lJ.la'tEa<; tl]<; Ispu<; I:uvOOou, tl] oxorsrvr] SKclVl] ltSpiooo. «Evcc J.l1]'tP07tOAlTIj<; cv 7ti]yatVs SSOpto"fOS cr'tl] I'ucpo 6a i]tUV ola<popsnKij 1] 66crlj TIjS Eru1]cria<; J.UU; oro Ano ... » fuye J.l.6 mKpia 0 lta'tijp F. MsroM1]VO<; o"s ltpoO"<paTIj TIjAs01tTIKi] S1C7t0J.l7ti] (<<E» 1115/98).

o XPIO"tOOOUAoC; um':1CTI]O"s coven!Coue; U1toO"TIjpIKtEe; 07tCllC; TIj <paw. tCll<; J.lSAavi] ltapEu 1:OU «L'tOx01J», "to «eipep» rou

Tele-City K. IIA.sUp1] (EAEY0EPOTYIIIA 6/6/98). 01 AOrOl rou ltSP!()()"o'tspo J.IOW~ouv ltOAI'tl!Coi Kal J.laA10"1:U J.lEO"u crnv SKlCAl]criu napa xptO"naVlKoi. Ilroe; illtroe; va sSllYl]60uv xm "til XSlPOKP0nlJ.lCltU J.l6cra crnv Eru1]criu;

Kcrc tl]v svepOVlcrlj 'tou vsou ApXlSmcrK07tOU altoV'tse; i]"tIlV 0 Ilposopoe; tl]e; A1]J.loKpu"tia<; xm 0 ltpCll9ultoupyoe;.

EpyoAapiu sixs avaMpsl 1] <paO"Imo<puMaoa «rtOX09) rnv ultepucrmcrlj tOU sMllv0'IfUX0U XptmOOouAoU. Ka6s pooJ.t<ioa zou sK0106tav sixs lCl altO tva ap6po UltEP tOU XplmooouAoU. r·tO <puMo TIjC; 13/5/98 EAsys: «II ltpapXla 7taipVEl Ta 11- via TOU EM11VUJPOtl. Ell11VOP~la, 11 mo Tpavtl asia. 0 "rTOX0C;" OlKa..roVETaD). I:tO lOW <pUAAo AAl]POq>OpOUf.1ums on «0 XPII:TOt.OYAOI: EIXE TAX0EI YITEP TnN i1AAIKAPInN IlOY KTYIIHrAN TO KATOXIKO <l>YAAKIO THr EIIILKOIIHI:» Kat emnvei tOY «APXlS7tlcrKOltO - Kspcuvo», "tOY oxoio !Cat o"uyxap1]!Cs J.l6O"a O"TIjV 61C1CAT]cria J.lCll;i J.l.6 tOY Knuusvo, "tOY Kapa"t~aq>Ep1] K.a.

o XplmooouAoC; xapaKt1]pi!;sl tOY Ka1jlaA1] «sM1]VO!CSV"tptKO, sM1]VO'IfUXO, XP10"tOKSV'tPtKO, op6oooso» xm cruvSXi!;EI 0 XptmOOooAoC; on «£Xoof.l& UVU"YKT] alto 'tErounx; uv6proltoue; em"tEAouc; ... » (I:'tOxOC; 20/5/98).

r"to OB <puMo 'too mtc; 3/6/98 ava<pepsI 1troc; «EAAHNO'l'YXOI AEInMATIKOI 0A EEA<l>ANII:OYN OIlOIon KINH00YN KATA TOY XPII:TOAOYAOY».

o <<I:'tOx09> cruVsxi1;SI xm rou; 67t0- J.l.6VOUC; J.li]vec; va KaAU1t"tetat a7tO 'tt<; 01]A.ro- 0"Ct<; 'tOU XptmOOouAoU yta «Ayin LOq>ia» Kal "tETOUI, "fl' mrro cruvex.i~El 0"t0 <puMo TIjC; 26/8/98 VUXEl oAocrtAWT] <pClltoypa<pia rou apxlSmcrK07tOU xm tu av<iAoya cruveijJ.la"ta ylipCll-ytlpCll cno "to zoptpntro roo «Ileorj; Elli009) i] ~V rou «IlucrljC; EM~VCIlV E6vtKUJ"trov». 'OnCllC; «Ki\HPOI: - LTPATOI: - MOL», «BYZANTIO KAI i1AAI» x.n.

M)"K6AONIKO

€NHtvtepCDTIKO A€A. TIO 27

EfJNIKlETIKO - EOBINIITIKO nAPAI\HPHMA TOY MHTPonOlllTH ilHMH TPIAJl OE ITO ITI\I\AIIHTHPIO

TOY BOIIOY

Ot «EMTjV0'llUXeS» SE(JetS ron XP1- cr'tooouAou OCV etvui KePUUVOs; CV mSpiu. Av uvu'tPE~OUIlli (J'tTjV ltepiOOO rrov <JUMUATj'tTjpirov Su OOUIlli on rors ouv ).lTj'tpOltOAi'tTjS ~Tj).lTj'tpuiooS xt uU'tOS OlOPrUvro(Je <JUMUATjTI]ptO cro BOAO yw. 'tTj «MAKE~ONIA».

To crUvSTj).lU 'tTjS XOUV1:US «E~EAAHNnN - XPILTIANnN» 'to UV'ttKUrsorncs us 'to «E~ - @PIIT:KEIA - MAKE~ONIA». Tu ciXe ~aAet rote ).le 'tOY L'tUAtV ltOU OTj).llOUpyTj<Je 'tauS «MuKe06veS rcov LKomroV». 0 tcpOKijpUKUS rou eSvtlCl<J).lOU EXOV'tUS UKPOUTijP10 lCUpiroS ltatOUI rou Fuuvcciou ).ltAOUO"e ym «UAU'tPro'touS 'EMTjVeS» Kat ).ltATj<Je Y1U «SPUlClKO Kat ~AUXtK6 ltp6~ATj).lU».

Tu <JUveTj).lU'tU ij'tUV 'tU yvro<J'ta «H MUKeOOvia sivm eMTjvtKij», CVeD u1tijpxUV UpKe'tES ltAacr'ttKES crTj).lUtcS Kat ltUV6 us 'to crUvSTj).lU «EMits - Lep~ia, KOtVa crUvoPU». ("P" 12/3/94)

'EVUS aMoS MTj'tPOltOAi'tTjS zou omxpivetm ytu rc ).It<JaMOOO~U KTJPUy).lU'tU sivm 0 IIUV'tcA£i]).lOvac; 'tTjS @e<JO"UAOviKTJS o ozoioq rnv Tj).l£pu 'tTjS eSvtKije; sopnp; rorv EMijVroV (25/3/98) ltePUppOVeDV'tue; 'tTj qnAavSproltTj pijcrTj rou EuuyycJ...iou «uyaltU 'tOY nAllcriov oou ros emrrov», ~ij'tTjo"S CVeDmov rcov smcrijJ.1rov vu 15troxSouv UltO 'tTj XeDpu oi ~£V0t, AA.~0i, LKomuvoi lCl aMOl ~ProIlliPoi. 'Hrcv 0 iOtOS, nou ).lU~i us 'tOY 'tOte oij).lUpxo 'tTje; ltOATje; Nrtvo Koouonou-

. AO, Aiyu XPOvtU vopirspc, KU'tUPreDV'tuS nc; OtOUXEe; ron AltOcr'tOAOU lluuAou, KpuUyu~s cruvSijJ.1u'tu ern <JUMaATjTI]pm 'tTje; @s<J<Ju-

AoviKTJS Ku'ta rcov «UVeD).laAroV uno 'tTj <purpc roi»; LKOlttUVeDV» (<<E» 26/4/98).

Krn 0 lluv'tsAcij).lrov xupuK'tTjpi~E'tat UltO 'to «L'tOXO» (3/6/98) roe; sMTjV0'llUXOS Kat ultaPXBt Tj <pro'toypu<piu rou <J'tTjV npeD'tTj O"sAiou.

To MUWPE<J'tO tou «OYPANIOY TOSOY», ltOU 'IITj<piO"'tTjKS 0"'tTj B' LYN~ALKE'PH, reoAU <Jro(Ha EmcrTj).luivEl 'tu E~ije;: «To «O.T.», eivm uvriSs'to <Je KaSE nape~iu<JTj 'tTje; upms rou OlKateD).lU'tOS 'tTje; SpTjO"KsunKije; EAsuSSpiue; ij rou OtKateD).lU'tOe; 'tTje; uSEiae;. Tt' mrro 'to A.6yo rcocerm UltEP 'tTje; <JUV'tuy).lU'tlKije; ).lE'tUpp'6S).llO"lle; ym 'tOY ltAijpTj OtUXroptO").lO rou EMTjV. Kpa'tOUe; uno rnv opeOOo~Tj EMllvtKij EKKATl<Jic1.».

To sMllVtKO Kpa'tOS O).lille; IlE rotx; 0PrUV10").lOUe; rou cr'tTjP~Et oucovojuxn 'to «L'tOXO». 'Erot ocv UltapxEt <pUMO zou vu ).ll1v EXEt om<pT]).ltcrTj Kalt010e; KpU'tlKOe; opyUvt<Jlloe;. llupuSE'tOUIlli IlliP1KOUe;;

Lne; 6/5/98 Kat 27/5/980 OI1AI1.

Lnc; 20/5/98 UltuPXEt 0 tcrOAoytcrIlOe; 'tTje; EMI10PII<ID: TP AIIEZAL.

L'tle; 6/5/98 (oeU'tepTJ om<pT]1l1crTj) ytU 'to E@NIKO AAXEIO.

Lnc; 9/9/98 uvo.KoivrocrTj rou YIIOYPrElOY YrElAL KAI I1PONOIAL KAI TOY YIIOYPrElOY OlKONOMIKnN. Lnc; 9/9/98 unapXEl KUt OMEpTj uvcxowc» crTj nov DUTY FREE SHOPS.

AU'tEe; oi KpU'tlKES UltTjPEcrtcS !l1toPei vu O"E naVE K. XP1O"'tOOOuAE. llANTn}; Ern AEN l:E llAll.

KOAtO (To apSpo uu'tO Eixs ooSsi ern N.Z. ytu vc OTJ).lOcrtOltOtllSEi cru; 20/9/98)

k.L. APXES ron KUAoKUtptoU 0 rteDPrOS KU'llUAllS UltEOT]Il11O"E Kat Illi'ta uno 2-3 IlijVEe; KUt 11 qroMitou rou.

«nPAIINH KAPTA» AnO THN AYT0l110lKHIH

To OupavlO To;o ll1t&PUO'1t~s-rUl TU OIKUuOf1UTU Trov .;tvrov &PYUTIDV, 1t0ll lllt£lVU KUlll Ult&l..nwia TOlle; SO'1tpro;E o-rTJV EllAlOu. Y ltIlpUO'1tti;OJl&VO o-rTJV ouete, TO OtKuiro!1u TOlle; VU Eltti;TjGOllV, oiXIDS TUllTOXPOVU VU O'1tUGOllV TO !1EPOKUIlUTO TOll sllllVU EPYUT'T] (avoiyoV'tuC; £Tlfl T'T]V 1tOptu (fT0 pUTlfIG!10 KUl TO CPUGIGIlO), TO OupUVlO To;o E-.{Et TllV no1.1T1KJ] SSIJ'T] 1m teo IllO"SO KUt ilJ'T] KOlVroVlKJ] UGcpUAtG'T] 11U iG'T]

MJ<..K6AONIKO

28 6NHMSPCDTIKO ABA. TIO

EpyllGill, £IJ,;!Jvrov nol.lnOv Kill ;evrov EPYIlTOOV Kill nAt)plJ nOllTIKa OlKlllOOl'IlTIl GT01lS ~evo1lS EPYlh£S, f'ETa Ilnc> nllpllll0v!] mJAoyOll XPOVlK01l01llGnJIlllTOS GT1JV Ell.cllia. (Alto(mucr!!U UltO 'to IlOAITIKO MANIcDE~TO 1:OU OYPANIOY T020Y - E.K.).

ME rnv 3~ cruvOulOlCEIjITI rou OopcVIOU T6l;ou EuproltU1KO KiVl]!!U nou ltpuy!!U't01totij!htKE orn cDA6>ptvU 'tUT] rou 1999 ClltcxpacricrTllKE ltroe; to IloAITIKO Muvtosoro nou ljITIq>i~KE ~ 2~ cruvliulaKE\lfT] XClpUJ1&vSl otrv XOAITIKO VTOKOU!!fvTO XOU T] laxUe; rou cruVex;il;EtClI, Ape yta 'toue; ~evoue; EpyU- 1;o!!SVoue; 1tOU !!1tClivouv crnv eMT]VlKij smKpa'tsta T] 6eGl] opyaVCOGl]e; slvm u1J"tij 1tOU 1t€plypaljlU!!E 1tporrrOU!!SVCl.

Ilpocoatu WCOcrE aTll 1iT]!!OOI6"t11'tU T] U1tOllpyOe; EcrCOtEPIKOOV Bcoro IlCl1tavlipeou yeo crxWIO VO!!OU yta TIl «MEtClVaatEUO"T] KUl TIlV ltapa!!OvTJ illoOu1tOOV ~V EUT]VlKij Emxputsto;». Onou " xopijYllGl] TIle; aOEUlS nllpaJlOv!]S croix aA.A.OOU1toUe; eu liivEtat axo 'to Ife I: Eul KUI U1tO V

uoruvouic (oxcoe; laxUEl !!€XPI criJ!!Epa) KUl TIle; aOEUlS Epy(laias axo toue; Ka'ta TonollS vo!'apXES·

To apepo 47 rou crxEoiou VO!lOU 1tpOPA.e1tEI on 01 vo!!i!!(Oe; EyKu'tEaTllJ.levol G"t11 xoopa aUoliu1toi tx_ouv eA.EueEpia KtVllGl]e; Kat EYKUtaatUGl]e; (HO oUVOAO TIle; smKpatEtae;. nat6ao !!E XpOeOP1KO liul'tClYf.lCl, 'to onoio eKliiliEtal !!E 1tp6'tClGl] rcov UltOUPyoov E~COtf:PIKOOV, E6vtKije; A!!UVCle;, ~T]f.lOmae; Ta~T]e; Kat EcrCOTEP1KcOV, stvct Ouvatov vc a1tClyopeUE1:(l1 " 1tapa!!ovij ij EYKa'tCtataGl] uUoliuxoov ce opioueve; euaiaentEC (;) yecoypClq>IKee; 1tEPWXec; TIle; xoopae; (n.x. crUvopa). MEt~ (i).J.cov Sa liivEtIll «Pi1;U» alto 'to VOf.lCtPXl1 Kill atOUe; KaA.A.1UxvE<;.

~tO axtlilo vouou rou UltOUpyStoll EcrCO'tEP1KOOV 1tEptA.a!!PCtvEtIll EtblKO KEqXl)..alO zspi TIle; Elcroliou Kell napa!!ovije; G"t11 xoopa !!~ aA.A.OOa1tOOV KaA.A.ltmOOV, yta EpyacriCl ce K€v'tpa IitaOlCeliaGl]e;.

~tO apepo 32 avaq>epf:'tal on T] sicrolio<; uUoliultooV KaA.A.ltexvOOV 1tPOKel!l€vOU va EPYUGTOUV os Ktvtpa IitaOlCEOaGl]<; atT]V Euaou. =tp€7tEtal !!OVO av roo; XopT]Yllesi alista EPyucriae; UltO tOY oucsto v0f.lCtPXl1.

o Epyoom"e; nou =6ulJ.Ei vc U1tClcrxoAi]aEI uUoOCl1tO KaA.A.ltf:xvrl, U1tOfl<i:llit crxenKij aiTllGl] crnv up!!6Bta U1tT]pEcriu TIle; OllCEiue; VO!!ujJXiac;, ron ronou TIle; enarYeA!J(lnKije; TOll KU'tOlKiae;. H aiTllGl] 1tp€7ts1 vo cruvooeUEtat =0 'tu E91e; f:rrpucpa: .

• /OlonuaJ (JIJprpmvrrmro epyaaiai; atnv clhJVlJai leal fI1V eml1l1W/ y,lwaaa rov a.UodwroV, Bomp1/ptvo ae on ooop« TO ywieno TIlr; v7Coypatpr,r; Tmv a.Uoda7Cwv =0 roy apjl6t5,0 E)J..rrva ;cpO(evo.

• Koxaataan a,m.axoAoVjli:vmv 1/,.u;OwrWv «at a.Uooal!(:Ov (}ewp1/jliN'l =0 TOY apjl6t51O mOlIT1/ epyaaiai;

• Avriypatpo jllaOOAoyIJair; Karaaral1l1r; rov epyo06T1l' On 01 1/jlerJa7COi epya(OjlevOl eivai aarpoJ..zaptvol TO rW:vraio tpiunvo ria 1W;P1/ =aaxOAr,l1I1.

• EKKaOaplanKO anueianu: etpopku; a7CO TO 07C0[0 va 7CpOK67Cre1 'CO rJ",lwOi:v &t7j1710 ell76t51/pa, TO onoio 7C{Jf:tre1 va eivai T&TIX1JrMeno TOV aW:loiKevTov epyaTll. llUJT01WI1/TlKO vyeiar; KpaTlKOV V0170KOjI&iov TIlr; xwpar; 7tpotktxnr; rov a.Uo<iaTC06, 7CpOatpaTllr; EK.OOO"1/r; «ai 0XI tdpav TOV olwivov, Oemp1/pi:vo =0 fI1V oixeia ;rpo.;evIKl/ apxf/ Kill pE:rorppaap.tvo voutua; On &v 7taoxel weo voanua 7COV uxopei va ~(ffil Kfvdvvo Yla TIl o1/jlol7la vyeia, aVprpmva tu: Ta oreBvr, Oedoptva TIlr; llaYKol7plar; Opyavwl1I1r; Yyeku;

• Bepaiml1l1 too qr;oO~ On avoJ.o.pP6.ve1 nr; <iaTCaver; olafJ[Wl1I1r; TroV aJ.loo=wv PE-,(fJ1 va ,l6.f3ovv V0J11J.l1l aOela 1Wpaf10vr,r; r, av oev MifJovv pExpl va avaxmpr,l7ovv axo TIl xwpa.

• EJ"/V1/TlJai &7CZI7ToAr, rpWz:et;ar; 7W170V iaoo xpo; nr; tpiunvtaie; weoOoxer; rov aveldiKEVToV EpyaTll, ria fI1V K6:lv1f/1/ rwv avaj'Kwv tpO.PpaxevtlJair; 7CEp[0aJ..'I'1/r;. rJlafJiwO"1/r; Kal =wepow01/l1I1r; TOV a.Uooa- 7C06 I7T1l xwpa rov.

H Ctosta epyClcr~ XOp1lYEl'tal yta XPOVIKO liul~!J(l !!€XPI ~1 f.lT]voov Kal Ssv cvoveovsrct crU'tE emrpsnsrm allayi] epyoB6T1l Kat EiOoue; UXUCT",(OAT]Gl]e;.

(<<E» 15-12-99 av .. 22)

MAK€AONIKO

GNHM6PCDTIKO A6A TIO 29

NTOANO B'PMnENI.

TO ANTI<I>AIIITIKO XQPIO

L~ 29-8-98 01 KU,OIKOl LOU Euvou Nspou Ssv enS,pelJlUv vc KUmSSconv crte<jlavl cs )ltU nAUtetu onou PplcrKcYcUV tvu UYUA)lU tOU TIunU1tS-

rpou,

Auto ijtUV to eniflUXO OTJfleio usrc~U rrov Mcxedovorv KUl rorv 01tUorov LOU «L,OXOU».

Ano LTJv flUI 7tl.£upU atOXtKO~ ot 0- noiot VOfllSOUV on OAOI 01 OPOflOl ,ou~ stvct UVOlXtOt uovo KUl uovo YUIn sivct €M.TJVES Kat opow napaKPUnKU KUl uno LTJV ruT] nA.eupU MU1(e06vec; OnAta)ltvot )lE noM KOUpO:YlO Kat Suppoe; S,OtflOl VU oe~ouv on tOW OEV tivat TO <min TOll XpunoliOllloll tOW EivUl '1 KapotO: TOll MaKEOoVtKml t- 6v0llC;.

H SSOTJ LOU 1tpOSOpOU K. Krooru Lshcru Kat LOU xowonxou O"UflPoUAiou i)rev ~EKuSapT]: Kupiot, sicrs UVtmWflT],OI!

Le opioueve; crnnLte;, T] lCUtuatUOTJ nou smxpcrouoe ij,uv cpxsrc IiUcrKOAT]. H cerovoutc crnv JlSOTJ. 01 atOXtKoi lCunOta anYfli) lCu,u<pepuv va lCU1:USroow ,0 ate<pUVl utJ..iJ. to mlpav maro LTJv ilila crnYflij.

Ano LTJV OAT] <pUOTJ liev EA.e1.1tUV KUl 01 a,OXtlCOt lCA.T]PlKOi (cpaiVeLal on sivm TIc; floli~ EJClCA.T]crlu Kat "L1:0XOe;" VU navE flUI;i).

Amo zou nptnel oflroe; va rovicouus ij-ruv On oi MU1C€li6vec; liev txucruv OmE flla crnYJlij 1:0 Suppoe; 1:0ue;, tOue; to ~E1CUSUPlce» uno LTJv nproLTJ crnY)lij On nA.£ov liev aae; uvexoJluate, on 1J7tupxouv MaKe06vec; zou Sa 1:0Ue; txow nuv-ru Jl7tpocrtu tOue; KUSE cmYl1ij, oxou XPEUlatEi.

H un01:1lXiu 0Jlffie; rcov at0XtlCroV oev ataJluLTJae uovo cro Ewo Nspo, mlyav Kat

Nq.(lfJT1Kie; KaJ Bv(avnviC; anualec; ue TOVe; lUnUJ.oec; TOV Kavtubtn pa(i

aLTJv MeA.iLTJ xm eKe! pepuUI roix; unooex6l]Kav us to rpozo nou roue apllol;el. Kcvevc Jla lCavtva Ka<peveio oev ijtav UVOlX1:0, yUI va KaSiaouv va mow Ka<pe, (pA.£nete umlPXUV xm O"Uv-r~tOUxOl oro 010 <ptucrKO nou npocrnaSouaav va OT]JllOupyf]crOUV Ot cr1:0XtlCoi). Evrb, a1tO LTJv ruT] nA.eupu LTJe; nAa,et~, UmlPxav KutotKot LTJe; M€A.iLTJe; onou tOlVUV ptcrt1:a.A. oro MaKtOOVtKO rpnyoUlit. Eiliav Kat anoKuvav Ot KaT])ltvOt Kat ~EKiVl]aav vn <peUyouv fle tvuv veo a1:aSJlo yta Ka<jle Kat mo xropt6Iita.A.e~uv!!! Tov AYlO TIuvtcA.ei]JlOVU, £U1:Uxroe; yta aU1:0Ue; to crKS<pLTJlCUV KaA.O: KUt liev 1:0AJlT]aaV va ncrncoov to nool tOue; oro xropto. (Bepata tOUe; Ka1:aA.apatvro, 1:pete; <poptc; ptl;iA.t nUt! nOAu crE flUI JlSpa).

TAIKO MllOYAEB Ka.roIKoc; Svvov Nepob

1vtAK6AONIKO

30 GNHMGPWTIKO AGATIO

H EnlIKE\lJH TOY XAPII\AOY CDACPAKH ETH ~HM. THE MAKE~ONIAE

O E1rin~o<; npoeopo<; rou K.KE Xcpt/...aoe; cI>MopalC1le; emKecpaA~e; nvnnpooc.otteiae; TIle; K.E. rou Kouuc'toe; roo entcrK&p~KE TIl ilTJ~OKpa-ria 'tT]e; MaKeooviae; an<; 5.5.98 Kat ouvcvnWTJKe ~ rnv 1tOAtnlCTj Tlyecria TIle; xOOpae; nou emKEcpaA~e; llmv 0 Kipo fKAtYKOpOCP.

Msrn TIl cru~ijTIlCfT] us 'tOY 1tpoeopo TIle; XOOpac; ornv TIlA.eopaCfT] TIle; ilTJ~oKpa'tiae; o~Acooe 0 X.<P. ~a9J illrov rc e~~e;: «L~Tl~cra~ Kat 'to nproi ~ rqv !CUpia M~'tpe~a Kat 'tOOpa !lE 'tOY Ilpoeopo. 0 ITpoeOpo<;, ~ae; ElUIVtA.ape on TJ t.TJ~oKpa'tia TIle; MaKeooviae; OEV 'tpecpEt Ka~t6. ~AtIjfT] -cs fl6.poe; TIle; EA.Moae;. Lepe'tat tu aUvopa, 'tT]V av~ap'tT]cria Kat TIlv mcspmorntn 'tT]e; xOOpae:;. EiVett unep 'tT]e; napa1ttpa ava- 1t't"IX;TJe; nov axecrerov rtov OUO xropOOv. Mae:; ~cre 'tT]V Mota "ilTJ~OKpana TIle:; MeKEooviac;' nou 1tEptop{1;e'tat cmv emKpu'teta 'tT]e; xOOpae; rou, 'Eytve ~m yevtKO'tEpTJ aV'taAMYll anoljferov. Flurrsixo on eo. POTJ- 9Jlcret ern<; crxto"etc:; rorv 000 MOOV» (PIZOmALTID: 6-5-98).

Aec:; Kat 7tpOO'tT] cpopa aKoUo'tTjKav ano 'tOY Ilposdpo 'tT]e; L\illv10KPATIAL TID: MAKE.10NIAL 'te'totE<; ()TJMbaetc:;!

L'tT] ouvdvrqon au~ rcov ()OO cvnltpocrronetOOv, nou KpaTIlcre ltavro alto ()UO OOpee; ~'tav Kat 0 ID.iae:; AeyyepTJe:; ~AOUe; TIle; KE tou K.KE Kat rou ilteSvoue:; T~ll~a-

'toe;.

o Kipo fKAtYKOPOCP avacpepoflEVO<; oro 6e~ ron ovoucro; «lJ1toypa~~tcre on 1] xOOpa ron OEV ecpT]upe 'to ovouc Mnxedovlc. XPTJm~07to!Ou~ -eme- 'to ovouc 6TJ~OKpa'tia TIle:; MaKeOoviae:;, nou CfT]~aivet on ()EV avacpepo~cr'te crTIl MaKeOovia oro aUvoA.6 TIle:;, a:>J.iJ. CfTIJ MaKe()ovia Kp«l'to<; nou txet cruyK£Kpt~a aUvopa, cruyKeKptfi£vr1 emKpa'teta, ruV'tay~ Kat VO~OI><;. TooC;, acpou <JT]!lEicooe TIl ()t6.6ECfT] 'tT]t; t.TJJ.I- TIle:; MaKe()oviae:; ym av~ rorv crxtcrwJV us TIlV EA.M()a, rovics ~ t~cpa<JT] On TJ xmpa ron ()EV O!EK()tW rinotu altO TIlV EA.Moa, on avayvropi1;et xrn crt~at ru crUvopa TIle:;, TIlV eOVtlCTj TIle; av~aPTIlcria Kat 'tT]V e6acptlCTj TIle:; uxepciomru Kat on cpvsinn TIlv 07totaO~ltO'te ava~~ am ecrroteptci 0- ltowu611ltO'te illou KpCr."tOI><;».

EYNANTHEH ME TO EOE/~MOKPAnKO KOMMA

ITptv ano TIl Cl1JV1hrn]<JT] !lE rov Kipo r KAtyKOpOCP 0 X. cI>. Kat TJ avTI1tpooroneia tOU KO~~toe; tOU cruva~~Kg us avnltpocrroneia. rou !CUpepvT]nKou LOmaAOTJIlOKpanKOO Ko~~a'to<; 'tT]e:; t.TJ~· TIle:; MalCEOovia<;, orrrv oxotc cru~flE"teixav: T] IAiVlCa M~'tpgl3a. npog()poe:; 'tT]e:; Em'tpom'je:; ~ro'tePtKOOV rxtcrerov TIle:; BOUAiIe:; Kat ~AOe:; rou Ilposdpsioo TIle:; KE rou romaA.OTJ~KpanKOO KOIl~'tOe:;. 0 ft6pav ITelKocpma., emKecpaAiIe:; 'tOU T~iJ~'toe:; t.teSvOOv r.Xrogrov rou Ko~~'to<; Kat 0 Ncvo PoUl;tv, POUA.eu~e; rou Ko~~'to<; Kat I1poeOpoe:; TIle; KOtvoPoUA.eunlCTjt; Em'tpom']e; Lxtcrerov !lE 'to NATO. H IAiVKa M~TPgpa -~Ta9J aA.A.oovU1toypa~~tcre 'tT]V emeu~ia yta E7tacp~ Kat

MA.K6AONIKO

6NHM6PCDTIKD AGA TID 31

crXScrEl~ us 1:0 EUTjVlKO KOIVO~OUAtO. ("P" 6/5/98).

Exeivot 6sAoUY, 1'] EUuoo. oco 1:1']V no.ipva1:o.l·!1t01)ProvE1:o.l.

o Xo.ptAo.o~ CPAropaKTj~ sorocrE Kat cruV£V1:f:USTj <J1:T]V ECPTjll£pioo. «NO~o. MaKEV1:0VIo.».

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M)"K6AONIKO

32 6NHM6PCDTIKO AGA TIO

MrOIj/l] Tl]S :nol.l]S CKOnJE 1'£ TOV 8apMpl]

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~YNANTH~H ME TO ~O~/AA/rrIKO KOMMA

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AU1:€c; "tIS T]!!EPEc; f..1ryro 1'1]e; TIPnTOXPONlAL 01 ltOAtnlCoi a=%vouv !!T]vU!!a"ta KUI Elt' EUKatpiae; rou ltSpllklT]"tou millennium. EU'tUxroe; ma liuxyyEJ-!!(l"ta "tous ExoUV AlyO"tEPO E9vt1Clcr!!O cs cri>y1CPlClTJ us tn ltpoT]you!!EVa xpOVlU. 'Evas xou oro ltStcrl tou ExEl TOV E9vtlClcr!!6 xm tOY avn-!!(lKElioVlcr!!O sivrn 0 1tproT]V ltp6El\poe; 1'1]S ~T]!!olCparicu; nou !!lMJ.sl yta 1'T]Y ({ava1CtT]ClTJ 1'1]e; WTjVlK01'T]TUc; !!(l9), KUt(l<p€p€Tal evovdov 1'1]e; cru!!<provicu; rou EAcrlVKl aAAa Kat 1'1]S uVoxTlS 1'1]S ltOAl"tdae; a1tf:vavn crTouc; I;tvous, fl£ altOTWcr!!(l «vu KataK/..Ucr1'Et oAOK/..T]Poc, T] EMAie; altO SlCaTOVTa()Ee; x;V-.ul()ES Aa9po!!€TaV(lonov»,

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o K. LaP"tt;€TaKTJS alcr96.vETUI va ()lKUlrovE1al fl£ Elt' EUKatplae; tT]V ElticrKE'l'T]

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ITO InlTI TOY KPEMAIMENOY ~EN MIAANE riA IKOINI

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BANIA AAZAPOBA

~ 1 Le7tt. 1999 1] Bevic Aa~upo~

Iltu <provij IlUKe06vtKT] ..

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a'tTlv tatvia rou MlxaijA Movrcepcxi «Ilpw 'tTl ~poxil» 1£0U eiXe mipet to Xpuco Aiovtdpt oro KtVTjllatoypa<ptKO <Vecrnj3aA 'tTlS BCVen~ to 1994. H Buvtn eK7tp0crOO1tT]crE 'tTl ,-).Tjll . 'tTl£ MuKeoovia~ IlE aSlOOl1!J.clro'tTl emroxia oro OulOl1I!O <PEcrn~aA c6vOIlOUcrtKijS EUROMUSICA '90 crnv Chitta de Castello OtTtV JtaAia, an£ 22 Maiou 1999.

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MAKeAONIKO

34 GNHM6PQ)TIKO A a>.. TIO

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LOVA"tava fKOyKOU

nPQTOXPONIATIKA E01MA ITO EMnOPIO

O 1troc; Ka9E xpovo ETcrt Kat <pewS ava~iroOE 7tMt TO 7taA.10 mrtpo- 7tapaooTo e91flO 'tT)C; «EcrKac;» 010 E!lnoptO ttov KaiAapirov.

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M)"KeAONIKO

BNHM6PCDTIKO ABA TIO 35

nota Imujl1to ron XCOptoU ea O"U(; 'to IlE'ta<ppUo"El:

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Kat !lla Kat ava<pEpOllaO"'tE yta TIlv 0IlOP<PTj aun'} KOj.tTj reov KaiAapicov, Tj yvco<m'j !lnuv'ta TIl~ <I>AWptva~ j.tE rn XUAKlva, nou ru 'tEAEu'taia xpOV1a aKOUO"TIlKE 'tOO"O noAU 13EV sivm TIl~ <I>A.cOpIVa~ aJJ.iJ. ron Ej.tnopiou Ko~uVI]~. 00"0 Yla rouq napa13oO"laKOU~ O"K01toU~ zou na~ouv nOMoi an' au'tou~ sivm ano ~ ltEPtoXS~ TIl~ <I>A.cOpIVae; OltCOe; 'to yvcoo'to zooorevo iI «AEPi:vrtKO}} OE weoe; napU<ppaOTj, 01 'thAOI rmv KO!l!laTIOOv nuvrcoe; stvor Aiyo y1UAav't~i. ria TIl cruyKEKP1J.tf:vTJ !lnuv'tcl OltCO~ Kat Yla ~ aAA.E~ IlltavrE~ us XaAKlVa ltVE1Jma cxo TIl MaKEi30via Sa avmpEpSOUj.tE AE1t'tOj.tEPEtaKU OE Eno!lEVa'tEUw·

TO rN!2ITO KAPNABAJI./ TOY EYNOYNEPOY

1:E AiYE~ EP13ollu13E~ alto rropn nATjma~ouv at anOKptE~ Kat O"E Kanota !li:PTj TIl~ EMu13a~ E13w Kat KUlpO npOE'tOlfLU~OUV 1t1)PE'tC013W~ TIl 131K1l 'tOu~ KapVapaA.1K1l <plso'ta.

Eust; oae; zporetvouus aVE1t1<puAaxtu TIl yvcocrn'} KapVapaA.1K1l <pl£cr'ta rou Euvou NEPOU <I>AWptvae; nou yiVE'tat E13W Kat noA.A.a xpoVta ornv ltAa'tEia ron XCOptoU j.tE IlEYUATj E1t1roxia.

To KapvapuAI rou Euvou NEPOU opvuvovenn us !lEYUAO j.tEpUKl alto El13lK1l KapvapaA.1K1l emrpoxn non stvm ltOAU S!iltEtpll crE SSf.lU'ta KapVapaA.l0U, a~~El 'tOY Kono va 'to EmO"KE<P'tOU us.

MA..K6AONITIKO AHMOTIKO TPA..rOY AI

Tt sivai xa: 1COIO Oewpeiral b'lWJTlKO ,parOVr51 ;

Iiore eva ,parova, Oewpeiral r5'1POilKO teat 1COUOI; KazpO-; 1Cpbcel va nepdaet ria va "Iivel 'I ).ai"Ktj I;VPWU1f. va 'pOel 'I wpipavu'I tau ,ilo-; 'I bzaXPOV1Ktj avayvdJPIU1f;

O IlOVO~ lKUVOe; va 0c00"E! anavn'}cr~ 0"' OAa awu tu Epcon'}f.lU'ta etvci 0 iOtoe; 0 13llj.tl0UpyOe;, 13llA.a13iI 0 A.aO~, o a:n:A.6~ uvSPO)1toc;, 0 uvSpco-

yOU131 va napE! TIl <pOPlla ron xrn va KaStEpcoSEi <iTI]V A.aIK1l IjIUxft orrv 01l!lOTIKO.

Aao<; xropi<; y'Mi)(JeJa, 1tllpllomeJEtS. t191t Kill failla, Tpayoliolll, 011- laot') ICJTOpia Kal 1tOJ..ITleJIlO stval KIlTaOIKlleJIlEvO<; eJE Il!j)6:VElIl.

H <p'tcoxiI 13111-l0'tlK1l :n:apu- 000Tj o131]yGi avano<pE1JK'ta KUel O"TIl j.tEiroOTj rou 'I'UXtcrj.tOU KUl crTIlv ltOAmcrnK1l UYVOlU nou yw_ rrtv avanAiIpcocriI TIle; orpsoovrca cs ~f:y~ 1t1lyEc; nOAmcrfLou, j.tE anOTSAEO"l-la rqv ano~f:ycocriI roue, Aaoe; nou ~EXVUEI ~ p~Ee; Kat ~ napa06o"Etc; rou eivm Aaoe; EK'tESE1!-lf:vO~ Kat a13uvafL~ ce KUSE ~EVO<PEPTO xm 'I'WTIKO. Meon ce OA.a awu xm 'to 131]f.lOTIKO 'tpaYOUOI XPEtU~E'tal YEPU SE!li:Ala ym va j.tnopci nuvco 0" ' au'tu 0 A.aOe; va xn~El xutvouptn 'tpayouola av<iA.oya j.tE roue vsoix; rpcnouq ~coiI~ zou

no~ rou XCOpIOU.

IIme; f.lnopouj.tE va KaeopiO"ouj.tE Kat va E1tE~Y1lO"OUj.tE MOtEe; oncoe; sivrn 'to I1APON i] 'to IIAPEAeON Kat ltme; IlltOPOUV awEc; va cruvOESOUV j.tE'ta~ roix.

o Thomas S. Eliot ciXE nE! «To Ilnpov Etvci IIOAU IIapEAeOV Kat Aiyo Mwov}} Msou ano aUT1l TIlV altAi] 0"K€'!'1l I-lltOpOUj.tE va 00llY1lSoUj.tE oro crul-lnEpnoun o.n 0 pamKOe; napuyovr~ xou xneOp~El rnv a~ia rou aUJe..,TIKOU qxnvousvou rou 0llfLOTIKOU rpuyoudtou sivrn 11 131upKEm Kat 1] avroxft rou oro xpOVO, ltpuYf.la zou Eivat altapaiTIl'to, coors 'to rpc-

M)"K6AONIKO

36 6NHM€PWTIKO ABA. TIO

&fHpaVU;ovral J.!Scra ern n:Ao.iOLU TT}e; KOlVWVltale; aVa7m)~1]e;

o y&wypa<ptKOC; xoopOe; TT}e; Mcxefioviae; ftc 6Ae<; ru; <puMe; zou xcroucououv Ka'ta KUlpOUe; 0& curov 1;oucrav 0& OUVEhlK&e; OUvcxoue; Kat j.laKpO;WOVl]e; 1tpoo1taSaae; YUl &m~iwoTj 0' nuro 'to 'tapayJ.!Sv0 BUA.KUVlKO crnupodpoui, Aurf Tj 'tUPIlY~ Em~iwcrl] UMa Kat ouj.lPiwcrl] OAWV curdrv trov AIlOOV Kilt 'tWV :n:OAtncrflOOv OUXVa OUVoeC'tat f1C TT}V OTjftonlCij :n:upaOOcrl] Kat zpomrvreov j.l& 'til rpayoUota J.!Soa ora oxoia :n:Eptypa<pC'tat Tj toropin aUlou roo 't01tOU ota J.!Soou rcov atoovwv one; OUOKOAe<; onyJ.!Se;, sncvcOlacrEt<;, 1tOAcf1O!, Sava'to!, a.'),J..fJ. Kill one; CUXaptOlEe; 01troe; OTT} yEvvT]OTj, 'tOY ePW'tIl, 'tOY yallO Kat TT} oTjlltoUPYia.

Msou OE OAT] aun'j TT} /-lUKpaiwVl] tcropla rou 'to Mcxsoovtrnco ~Tj!lOTIKO rpcYOUOt &K<ppa1;u TT}V uvaYKTJ Kilt TT}V paSta aywvia au'tou rou AaOU yta cm~irocrl], ytu uvayvooptOTj, yta cA£u9Epia Kat au'toe; eivci o AOyOe; 1tOU 'to Mcocsdovtruco Tpayoullt stvni roco :n:Aoumo 1totonKa Kat 1tOOOnKa.

10we; :n:ouSEVa uAAoU orov xoopo {;vue; ?t.aOe; IlEV e:n:alJl& aKO/-lU Kat ol]f1Cpa VIl ll1]fltoUPYEi 1tapallocnaKo 'tpayoullt 1tOU stvat ouvu<paoj.l£vo f.I£ rnv cm9uj.lia rou yta avayvooptcrl] Kat 0&J3aOfl6 all.a Kat yLU eva rpono cmKotvroviae; j.I£'t~ uv9poo:n:rov Kilt :n:oAtTIOllOOv :n:ou 11 f10ipa KUt 1] oKA11PiI tOloptKiI :n:paY/-lUTIKOll]'ta 't0U<; uvaYKaoE va 1;ouv 010 :n:EptSropto Jrot ornv OUV&tIlTjOlUlCij . Kat IJIUXllCij rou; a:n:ofWvroOTj Ka'tw MO ~eva aKouolla'ta f1C ~EVl] yMlooa (TT}V «Kouusvn n.c.Ooaa») Kilt Ka'tw alto J30uj3ci 'tpayoooLU «(fpayouoLU ~ixroe; A6ytm> ).

Aun'j Eivat !1ExPt KUl ol]f1Cpa Tj Mnxeoovtrucr] I1apalloOTj, EivUl 1lvU7tIlPK'tE<; tcropisc, avi>n:apK'ta ptOO/-lU'ta, <pavraallata ron ltllpE'ASovroe; 1tOU ltOte OEV e1;11ouv, ltOtE IlEV j.liATjOUV, 1tOtE IlEV yAtvrl]auv, :n:Ot{; IlEV 'tpayoOOl]auv.

Bupta a.'),J..fJ. xm ouy;wovwe; uv6:Aa<PPl] II KAT]POVOflul rcov Yl]'YEVOOV a?t.aJ36<provrov iI p?t.axo<provrov 't1]e; MaKElloviac; nou ltOMa a1to til tpayOUOLU rou; SEwpouvrat aKolla KUt ofIf1Cpa, 0"'t1]V aPXiI TT}e; rpirrp;

XlAte'tl]pwae; avU1tapK'ta a1tayopEUftEveL 1] ~eva a' uurov 'tOY xOOpo.

EcJ!:it; IUtopEiTE va IldYC'tE TOUe; dnavE Ta TpaY01l0Ul aae; Ollroc; ;SXa:<rtE Ta. EaEic; IlTCOPEl1:E va yElatE TOUe; EmUVE TU YA£vtUl aue; ollroe; ~CXa<rtE Ta.

EaEit; IlTCOPElTE vu IltMl'tE TOVe; EmuvE TlJv yJ...OOacfU auc; ollroC; ~SXaO'TE 't1]V. l:TIJ MaKElloVla IlltopEiTE va 1;1'jaETE TOlle; EUrUVE

TOVe; MUKEOOVEe; Ollroc; SSXa:6TE'tOlle;.

TEAlKa n yivavE OAot nutoi oi rrv- 9prolto!, 1tOU rrirtav ra rpayouota tOUe;; H &M1]VtlCij EmoTiIflTj 'tl]e; Aaoypa<piae; aMa Kilt 1] ltOAttal OtUV01]OTj EOOO Kat 1tOMa ;WOVLU ouVEtllT]ra Kat :n:poypafl,j.laTIOJ.!Sva ~Xt )lOVO cpveirm va Kamyp6.<pEt Kat vc npop6:M.ct aUTOv TOV 1tOAmOnKO ltAoUrO, UMa Kat :n:ollie; <pap{;e; E~ani;AuoE aypto otroyfl,O yta 'tl]v e<;a<p6:vtofI 'tOU. L'tl]V :n:po01ta9ua rotx; vn OlKatoAoyfIaow Ta aOtKatOA,Oyl]ra Kilt va spunveucouv TO yCYOVoe; autO Kavow TO TpaytKo M9o<; va XAPIZOYN xnTa KatpoUc; aUlO TO ltOAmonKo 1tAoUrO MAse; <popEe; crou; L{;PJ3ouc; Kat aAAec; Oloue; BouAyapOUe;.

MT]v 1taTE /-lUKpm Il{;OlE flOVO n Mu ol]f1Cpa 1] EMllvtKfI Ilt1tAwfl,arla yta TOUe; Iloucxoo; 'tl]C; 0paKl]e; «Hrcv M9o<; /-lUe; 1tOU TOUe; PU;af1C orqv aYKuAta TWV ToupKWV». EUtUXooe; zou TO KaT6:Aapav. MiIltwe; aupto nouv TO Wto Kat yteL 'tl] MaK&OOYtlCij 1tapalloOTJ; Ae; avuAoytOloUv o,n, 6n YEVvtETat Kat 1tE9aiv&t O'tl] Mcxsdoviu aviIKEt a' aun'jv ..

LiIf1CPa, TO 2000, 0& fl,LU EMalla teonuo J.Li;Aoc; 'tl]e; Eupw1taIlCije; KOlvO'tl]tac;, f1C av9l]pa oucovouin Kat KotvrovtKfI EUT]f1Cpia, 01 tspoi Kat aypa<pot vouoi -rn iI9lJ Kat rc E9t/-lU- Kat f1U1;i fl,' aUla Kat ru rpayouoLU Sa ltp{;1tU va Bpoov rnv 1tOAtncrnlCij TOUe; avayvooplcrlJ Kat otKairoOTj O'tl] j3cicrl] TOU aEJ3aOfl,OU 'tl]e; 1toAmonKfIe; KATjpOVOfl,tae; OAwV trov ?t.aoov 'tl]e; Eupc.01tl]e;.

AKOAoU90uv OUO tpayoooLU 0& EAEi>9Ep1] f1C'ta<ppaO"l] til oxoia ;wovoAoyouvrm nspbrou Ola TEAT] TOU 190U cuovc, To npOOTo cvceepenn a' eva 1tuALK<Xpt 1tOU

MJo..K6AONIKO

6NHM6PWTIKD A~ TID 37

O"KOtroST]Ke uno tOUS Toupxoix; crov lJZYaAUtepO noruuo tT]S Mcxeoovicc, tOY BnpoapT] ( A~toS ), Kat TO oEirl'l:po acpT]yeital uic tcroptc zoo e~eA[aaetat oro l3ouvo Kapa Kcuev (Bspjno ). Kat rc OUO aU'ta rpu-

youota rra[~ov'tUl Kat xopruOV'tat ce ylli'tla tT]S ollnKi]s MaKeoov[as, arravta rprryouOLOUVtal, 'to rrpro'to siva; oupro Kat to orurspo npvo ~rra·ipa'tae.

TO repA..KI mNel NepO CTO &)..P l>oJ,..PI

Meope to I'spcxt rriv£l vepo oro Bapoapl Mrops 'to f epalG nivsi vspo cro Bapoapl Furvvs, Furvvs ue tOY aa1tpo con Wl)lO Turvve, I'urvvs CPPOVllLO npvuxi.

To 1taAlKapl va 1tEpaaEt !1E svvur ~apta tpaUlLata !1E svvta ~apul rpcuucm oAa ano acpaipES. Furvve, Furvvs ue TOV aanpo coo Wl~O

Turvve, Fuivve CPPOvtlLO apvaKt

MroPE, F EpaKt uou EcrU 1taAtKapl cptEproto MroPE lLij1troS Eioes to 1taAtKapt va nspvcet ; Turvve, I'tcvve !1E toy ncnpo cou WtlLO Furvve, Turvvs cPpOVl~O apvalG

Kat 11 otKatT] rrA11"f1llLE lLaxaipt X'tUmJfWtl Kui 11 OEKatT] 1tAl]')'ij !1E J.Laxaipt X'tUmJfWtl Turvve, ftaWE!1E tOV aanpo oou WtJ.L6

M(J)pe COKO" me

&ONT)" NA &A..PNT)"PO

MroPE oro KOA1riE ~oV'ta vu Bcpvrcpo I'uivvs, Furvvs J.L1tEAO YKpt..o

Fuivvs, I'uivve KPOtKO ytaYKVE

ftOUVaK V'ta1tOJ.LivE a'Vtt~Et AlOUn pnvt a'V'tt~E't AtOU'tl pcvt eire xonpcoout

F urvve, I' «rvvs J.L1tEAO YKPAO

I'urvve, I'urvvs KPO'tKO yuiYKVE

Mope ot aOKOA.e 't1. )'tOuvataKo mAe MOPE VE n ~iV'tE ytOUVaK vrn 1tOJ.LiVE Furvve, Fuivve J.L1ttAo YKPAO

Fuivvs, Tuivve KPO'tKO ytayKVe

A vrsoe ropcvc co vo~ npozovtevc A vrece rcpcvn co vo~ npoxovrsvc Tuivvs, Furvvs J.L1tEAO YKPAO Turvvs, Furvve KpO'tKO ytaYKVe

MnPOYCKO KP)"CI Mzpotxrxo Kpaai KOKKtVO to ayopl oou KOtlLij6TjKE

oro ~ouvo Kopc Kuusv (Bspuio) a' tva ~EPO PWKt oiXroS vspo.

Ilspcocvs oi KAtcpteS

rnv Kana ron rnv 1CA.tIjJavE os KaAij 't1.~ij rnv nOllAijaavE aE lLta Kpua ta~Epva.

LtT]V ta~tpva rnv nouAijaave yta AEuKO ouvato pari

"flO. AeuKO ouyatO pcxt

Kat KaSapo xpnoi KOKKtVO.

Kt av mv Kana tOU rnv nijpavE as sivm YEPO to natoi uou

as sivm yepo to 1tawi uou

Kat ruT] Ka1ta Sa ~POUftE.

NT)"<:PINO &INO TCP&eHO Nrcewo ~ivo tap~EVo J.L6~taEto 't1. e ~aa1taA.o

va Kapa Ka~ 1tAaVlVa

vc aou~ ptvrn J.L1teS Bovrc

Mt 1tOI1VaA.e alvtOUtat YKOUVTIJtEtO 110U YKO OUKpaA.e vn apVTo uou )'Ko 1tpoV'taA.e

130 tvtva AavtVa !1EUva.

Bo !1Eava uou YKO rrpovtaA.e sa J.L1tEAa ALOura paKta (otS) t POUtVO ~ivo taP~EVO.

AKO 110U )'KO ~EA.e YKOUVTEtO vEKa III E 1;i~o 110l1TOetO (oLS) V'tpOU)'KO Kt YKouVTe vnrvrsue.

01 rp8oyyol fie evtovn yparpt7 xpooipovral1raxux

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. 0JilXJ..'l Kataxvui

Ilou YEVVIJ(fE 'tTl ZOPA. Auytl cm.v MaKEOovia. lla10i 'tTIt; avu"(h."1lt;, Katpov GTtJiUOI ENHMEPllTIKO AEATIO 'tomo 'to PtPAio •

. Tcscpu, 7t1)proJi~VO yKMtt;. (brovt) yta ~1Il;

TOl)t; NTOmOYI: MAKE,10NEI: •. KuOE f:1tOXtl Kat ytvva, 01tAo a1tO 1ttva.

Y1U .VUGa~ ~Epa, 'tTIV paGUV1GJLEvtJ.

I:av IEplJitUOa G'tTIV paAKIlV1Kt} ElJ..O:oll nil 'ta ihKU Jia; 1tPUYfllltU, 'til OlKaul Jia;

I:'ta PtlJ1a'ta TOl) Kp'(JTE, 't0l) fipma TTl; nE))..a;; I:'t' DpllJia rou rKO'TGE, -eou npwTou KUKIO'tcl>'tTI. ME vEa OroptU, ;trop£; KaTaAaAtU Kat ~tlAla,

01 yt01 rou rKUvru, 01 KOPE; 't0l) I:UVTUmru, ypaljlOl)VE 1tlKPU "fIll TOV ... IjIM1) 'HAlO.

YJ1VOVV 'tOY AvOpro1tO, TOV ~f:XaGfltvo Aiu. Kruxouv TO\' paTm(Jllo, TOV 1tIlOlaG}ltVO c}>oipo Tpa~ovv Jl1tPo~'tO:, 'ta yvtJG!a 1toului

Tlou lp&PVOUV (JtElp!1Vl a1to utli .

rKOpE rtcMijla 'tal AEPtv'tE; KUGJ!01tOAtTE; na 'tTIv Oll01 (fat; 1tp6>Ta A.GuOEP1U

N1KllGTE Ttlv OEUia, TTlv XE1POTEP'l <JIiMxllui. "Ki IlV oeV J11t0pd<; va KavEl<; TTl ~Tj GOU lliro<; 'tTIv ef:~ clGE ~a (JtlXo EOjO

. Na f:1tuva(J't'Il'Tt}GEl ytIl atva ... "

rUl Tllv Alil9Ela, Jill Tt}v MipKIl, Tllv arill

Na Ji~PIUGOUJ1E erov 't01tO Jill<; T1lV 'ToGTt a()lKta.

XPONIA nOAAA VTOVal(JKSt;

AtKa XIAUI.&t; Xl)(iJJlaTO. Rainbow - Evpw1taiifa